Bible: Zechariah 1:7-6:8

The Introduction to the Visions

1:7 On the twenty-fourth day of the eleventh month, the month Shebat, in Dariussecond year, 1  the word of the Lord came to the prophet Zechariah son of Berechiah son of Iddo, as follows:

The Content of the First Vision

1:8 I was attentive that night and saw a man seated 2  on a red horse that stood among some myrtle trees 3  in the ravine. Behind him were red, sorrel, 4  and white horses.

The Interpretation of the First Vision

1:9 Then I asked one nearby, “What are these, sir?” The angelic messenger 5  who replied to me said, “I will show you what these are.” 1:10 Then the man standing among the myrtle trees spoke up and said, “These are the ones whom the Lord has sent to walk about 6  on the earth.” 1:11 The riders then agreed with the angel of the Lord, 7  who was standing among the myrtle trees, “We have been walking about on the earth, and now everything is at rest and quiet.” 1:12 The angel of the Lord then asked, Lord who rules over all, 8  how long before you have compassion on Jerusalem 9  and the other cities of Judah which you have been so angry with for these seventy years? 10  1:13 The Lord then addressed good, comforting words to the angelic messenger who was speaking to me. 1:14 Turning to me, the messenger then said, “Cry out that the Lord who rules over all says, ‘I am very much moved 11  for Jerusalem and for Zion. 1:15 But I am greatly displeased with the nations that take my grace for granted. 12  I was a little displeased with them, but they have only made things worse for themselves.

The Oracle of Response

1:16‘Therefore,’ says the Lord, ‘I have become compassionate 13  toward Jerusalem 14  and will rebuild my temple 15  in it,’ says the Lord who rules over all. ‘Once more a surveyor’s measuring line will be stretched out over Jerusalem.’ 1:17 Speak up again with the message of the Lord who rules over all: ‘My cities will once more overflow with prosperity, and once more the Lord will comfort Zion and validate his choice of Jerusalem.’

Vision Two: The Four Horns

1:18 16  Once again I looked and this time I saw four horns. 1:19 So I asked the angelic messenger 17  who spoke with me, “What are these?” He replied, “These are the horns 18  that have scattered Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem.” 19  1:20 Next the Lord showed me four blacksmiths. 20  1:21 I asked, “What are these going to do?” He answered, “These horns are the ones that have scattered Judah so that there is no one to be seen. 21  But the blacksmiths have come to terrify Judah’s enemies 22  and cut off the horns of the nations that have thrust themselves against the land of Judah in order to scatter its people.” 23 

Vision Three: The Surveyor

2:1 I looked again, and there was a man with a measuring line in his hand. 2:2 I asked, “Where are you going?” He replied, “To measure Jerusalem 24  in order to determine its width and its length.” 2:3 At this point the angelic messenger 25  who spoke to me went out, and another messenger came to meet him 2:4 and said to him, “Hurry, speak to this young man 26  as follows: ‘Jerusalem will no longer be enclosed by walls 27  because of the multitude of people and animals there. 2:5 But I (the Lord says) will be a wall of fire surrounding Jerusalem 28  and the source of glory in her midst.’

2:6You there! 29  Flee from the northland!” says the Lord, “for like the four winds of heaven 30  I have scattered you,” says the Lord. 2:7 Escape, Zion, you who live among the Babylonians! 31  2:8 For the Lord who rules over all says to me that for his own glory 32  he has sent me to the nations that plundered you – for anyone who touches you touches the pupil 33  of his 34  eye. 2:9 I am about to punish them 35  in such a way,” he says, “that they will be looted by their own slaves.” Then you will know that the Lord who rules over all has sent me.

2:10Sing out and be happy, Zion my daughter! 36  For look, I have come; I will settle in your midst,” says the Lord. 2:11 Many nations will join themselves to the Lord on the day of salvation, 37  and they will also be my 38  people. Indeed, I will settle in the midst of you all.” Then you will know that the Lord who rules over all has sent me to you. 2:12 The Lord will take possession of 39  Judah as his portion in the holy land and he will choose Jerusalem once again. 2:13 Be silent in the Lord’s presence, all people everywhere, 40  for he is being moved to action in his holy dwelling place. 41 

Vision Four: The Priest

3:1 Next I saw Joshua the high priest 42  standing before the angel of the Lord, with Satan 43  standing at his right hand to accuse him. 3:2 The Lord 44  said to Satan, “May the Lord rebuke you, Satan! May the Lord, who has chosen Jerusalem, 45  rebuke you! Isn’t this man like a burning stick snatched from the fire? 3:3 Now Joshua was dressed in filthy clothes 46  as he stood there before the angel. 3:4 The angel 47  spoke up to those standing all around, “Remove his filthy clothes.” Then he said to Joshua, “I have freely forgiven your iniquity and will dress you 48  in fine clothing.” 3:5 Then I spoke up, “Let a clean turban be put on his head.” So they put a clean turban on his head and clothed him, while the angel of the Lord stood nearby. 3:6 Then the angel of the Lord exhorted Joshua solemnly: 3:7 The Lord who rules over all says, ‘If you live 49  and work according to my requirements, you will be able to preside over my temple 50  and attend to my courtyards, and I will allow you to come and go among these others who are standing by you. 3:8 Listen now, Joshua the high priest, both you and your colleagues who are sitting before you, all of you 51  are a symbol that I am about to introduce my servant, the Branch. 52  3:9 As for the stone 53  I have set before Joshua – on the one stone there are seven eyes. 54  I am about to engrave an inscription on it,’ says the Lord who rules over all, ‘to the effect that I will remove the iniquity of this land in a single day. 55  3:10 In that day,’ says the Lord who rules over all, ‘everyone will invite his friend to fellowship under his vine and under his fig tree.’ 56 

Vision Five: The Menorah

4:1 The angelic messenger 57  who had been speaking with me then returned and woke me, as a person is wakened from sleep. 4:2 He asked me, “What do you see?” I replied, 58 I see a menorah of pure gold with a receptacle at the top and seven lamps, with fourteen pipes going to the lamps. 4:3 There are also two olive trees beside it, one on the right of the receptacle and the other on the left.” 59  4:4 Then I asked the messenger who spoke with me, “What are these, 60  sir? 4:5 He replied, “Don’t you know what these are?” So I responded, “No, sir.” 4:6 Therefore he told me, “These signify the word of the Lord to Zerubbabel: ‘Not by strength and not by power, but by my Spirit,’ 61  says the Lord who rules over all.”

Oracle of Response

4:7What are you, you great mountain? 62  Because of Zerubbabel you will become a level plain! And he will bring forth the temple 63  capstone with shoutings of ‘Grace! Grace!’ 64  because of this.” 4:8 Moreover, the word of the Lord came to me as follows: 4:9 The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundations of this temple, 65  and his hands will complete it.” Then you will know that the Lord who rules over all has sent me to you. 4:10 For who dares make light of small beginnings? These seven eyes 66  will joyfully look on the tin tablet 67  in Zerubbabel’s hand. (These are the eyes of the Lord, which constantly range across the whole earth.)

4:11 Next I asked the messenger, “What are these two olive trees on the right and the left of the menorah? 4:12 Before he could reply I asked again, “What are these two extensions 68  of the olive trees, which are emptying out the golden oil through the two golden pipes? 4:13 He replied, “Don’t you know what these are?” And I said, “No, sir.” 4:14 So he said, “These are the two anointed ones 69  who stand by the Lord of the whole earth.”

Vision Six: The Flying Scroll

5:1 Then I turned to look, and there was a flying scroll! 5:2 Someone asked me, “What do you see?” I replied, “I see a flying scroll thirty feet long and fifteen feet wide.” 70  5:3 The speaker went on to say, “This is a curse 71  traveling across the whole earth. For example, according to the curse whoever steals 72  will be removed from the community; or on the other hand (according to the curse) whoever swears falsely will suffer the same fate.” 5:4 I will send it out,” says the Lord who rules over all, “and it will enter the house of the thief and of the person who swears falsely in my name. It will land in the middle of his house and destroy both timber and stones.”

Vision Seven: The Ephah

5:5 After this the angelic messenger 73  who had been speaking to me went out and said, “Look, see what is leaving.” 5:6 I asked, “What is it?” And he replied, “It is a basket for measuring grain 74  that is moving away from here.” Moreover, he said, “This is their ‘eye 75  throughout all the earth.” 5:7 Then a round lead cover was raised up, revealing a woman sitting inside the basket. 5:8 He then said, “This woman represents wickedness,” and he pushed her down into the basket and placed the lead cover on top. 5:9 Then I looked again and saw two women 76  going forth with the wind in their wings (they had wings like those of a stork) and they lifted up the basket between the earth and the sky. 5:10 I asked the messenger who was speaking to me, “Where are they taking the basket? 5:11 He replied, “To build a temple 77  for her in the land of Babylonia. 78  When it is finished, she will be placed there in her own residence.”

Vision Eight: The Chariots

6:1 Once more I looked, and this time I saw four chariots emerging from between two mountains of bronze. 79  6:2 Harnessed to the first chariot were red horses, to the second black horses, 6:3 to the third white horses, and to the fourth spotted horses, all of them strong. 80  6:4 Then I asked the angelic messenger 81  who was speaking with me, “What are these, sir? 6:5 The messenger replied, “These are the four spirits 82  of heaven that have been presenting themselves before the Lord of all the earth. 6:6 The chariot with the black horses is going to the north country and the white ones are going after them, but the spotted ones are going to the south country. 6:7 All these strong ones 83  are scattering; they have sought permission to go and walk about over the earth.” The Lord had said, “Go! Walk about over the earth!” So they are doing so. 6:8 Then he cried out to me, “Look! The ones going to the northland have brought me 84  peace about the northland.” 85 

NET Bible Study Environment