Bible: Romans 9:1-10:21

9:1

Israel’s Rejection Considered

1 

I am telling the truth in Christ (I am not lying!), for my conscience assures me 2  in the Holy Spirit 9:2 I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. 3  9:3 For I could wish 4  that I myself were accursed – cut off from Christ – for the sake of my people, 5  my fellow countrymen, 6  9:4 who are Israelites. To them belong 7  the adoption as sons, 8  the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the temple worship, 9  and the promises. 9:5 To them belong the patriarchs, 10  and from them, 11  by human descent, 12  came the Christ, 13  who is God over all, blessed forever! 14  Amen.

9:6 It is not as though the word of God had failed. For not all those who are descended from Israel are truly Israel, 15  9:7 nor are all the children Abraham’s true descendants; ratherthrough Isaac will your descendants be counted.” 16  9:8 This means 17  it is not the children of the flesh 18  who are the children of God; rather, the children of promise are counted as descendants. 9:9 For this is what the promise declared: 19 About a year from now 20  I will return and Sarah will have a son.” 21  9:10 Not only that, but when Rebekah had conceived children by one man, 22  our ancestor Isaac 9:11 even before they were born or had done anything good or bad (so that God’s purpose in election 23  would stand, not by works but by 24  his calling) 25  9:12 26  it was said to her, “The older will serve the younger,” 27  9:13 just as it is written: “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.” 28 

9:14 What shall we say then? Is there injustice with God? Absolutely not! 9:15 For he says to Moses: “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.” 29  9:16 So then, 30  it does not depend on human desire or exertion, 31  but on God who shows mercy. 9:17 For the scripture says to Pharaoh: 32 For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I may demonstrate my power in you, and that my name may be proclaimed in all the earth.” 33  9:18 So then, 34  God 35  has mercy on whom he chooses to have mercy, and he hardens whom he chooses to harden. 36 

9:19 You will say to me then, “Why does he still find fault? For who has ever resisted his will? 9:20 But who indeed are you – a mere human being 37 to talk back to God? 38  Does what is molded say to the molder, “Why have you made me like this? 39  9:21 Has the potter no right to make from the same lump of clay 40  one vessel for special use and another for ordinary use? 41  9:22 But what if God, willing to demonstrate his wrath and to make known his power, has endured with much patience the objects 42  of wrath 43  prepared for destruction? 44  9:23 And what if he is willing to make known the wealth of his glory on the objects 45  of mercy that he has prepared beforehand for glory 9:24 even us, whom he has called, not only from the Jews but also from the Gentiles? 9:25 As he also says in Hosea:

I will call those who were not my people, ‘My people,’ and I will call her who was unloved, 46  ‘My beloved. 47 

9:26And in the very place 48  where it was said to them, ‘You are not my people,

there they will be calledsons of the living God.’ 49 

9:27 And Isaiah cries out on behalf of Israel, “Though the number of the children 50  of Israel are as the sand of the sea, only the remnant will be saved, 9:28 for the Lord will execute his sentence on the earth completely and quickly.” 51  9:29 Just 52  as Isaiah predicted,

If the Lord of armies 53  had not left us descendants,

we would have become like Sodom,

and we would have resembled Gomorrah.” 54 

Israel’s Rejection Culpable

9:30 What shall we say then? – that the Gentiles who did not pursue righteousness obtained it, that is, a righteousness that is by faith, 9:31 but Israel even though pursuing 55  a law of righteousness 56  did not attain it. 57  9:32 Why not? Because they pursued 58  it not by faith but (as if it were possible) by works. 59  They stumbled over the stumbling stone, 60  9:33 just as it is written,

Look, I am laying in Zion a stone that will cause people to stumble

and a rock that will make them fall, 61 

yet the one who believes in him will not be put to shame. 62 

10:1 Brothers and sisters, 63  my heart’s desire and prayer to God on behalf of my fellow Israelites 64  is for their salvation. 10:2 For I can testify that they are zealous for God, 65  but their zeal is not in line with the truth. 66  10:3 For ignoring the righteousness that comes from God, and seeking instead to establish their own righteousness, they did not submit to God’s righteousness. 10:4 For Christ is the end of the law, with the result that there is righteousness for everyone who believes.

10:5 For Moses writes about the righteousness that is by the law: “The one who does these things will live by them.” 67  10:6 But the righteousness that is by faith says: “Do not say in your heart, 68 Who will ascend into heaven?’” 69  (that is, to bring Christ down) 10:7 orWho will descend into the abyss? 70  (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead). 10:8 But what does it say? “The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart 71  (that is, the word of faith that we preach), 10:9 because if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord 72  and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. 10:10 For with the heart one believes and thus has righteousness 73  and with the mouth one confesses and thus has salvation. 74  10:11 For the scripture says, “Everyone who believes in him will not be put to shame.” 75  10:12 For there is no distinction between the Jew and the Greek, for the same Lord is Lord of all, who richly blesses all who call on him. 10:13 For everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved. 76 

10:14 How are they to call on one they have not believed in? And how are they to believe in one they have not heard of? And how are they to hear without someone preaching to them 77 ? 10:15 And how are they to preach unless they are sent? As it is written, “How timely 78  is the arrival 79  of those who proclaim the good news.” 80  10:16 But not all have obeyed the good news, for Isaiah says, “Lord, who has believed our report? 81  10:17 Consequently faith comes from what is heard, and what is heard comes through the preached word 82  of Christ. 83 

10:18 But I ask, have they 84  not heard? 85  Yes, they have: 86  Their voice has gone out to all the earth, and their words to the ends of the world. 87  10:19 But again I ask, didn’t Israel understand? 88  First Moses says, “I will make you jealous by those who are not a nation; with a senseless nation I will provoke you to anger.” 89  10:20 And Isaiah is even bold enough to say, “I was found by those who did not seek me; I became well known to those who did not ask for me.” 90  10:21 But about Israel he says, “All day long I held out my hands to this disobedient and stubborn people! 91 

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