Bible: Romans 5-7
The Expectation of Justification
5:1 1 Therefore, since we have been declared righteous by faith, we have 2 peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, 5:2 through whom we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we rejoice 3 in the hope of God’s glory. 5:3 Not 4 only this, but we also rejoice in sufferings, knowing that suffering produces endurance, 5:4 and endurance, character, and character, hope. 5:5 And hope does not disappoint, because the love of God 5 has been poured out 6 in our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us.
5:6 For while we were still helpless, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. 5:7 (For rarely will anyone die for a righteous person, though for a good person perhaps someone might possibly dare to die.) 7 5:8 But God demonstrates his own love for us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. 5:9 Much more then, because we have now been declared righteous 8 by his blood, 9 we will be saved through him from God’s wrath. 10 5:10 For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son, how much more, since we have been reconciled, will we be saved by his life? 5:11 Not 11 only this, but we also rejoice 12 in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received this reconciliation.
The Amplification of Justification
5:12 So then, just as sin entered the world through one man and death through sin, and so death spread to all people 13 because 14 all sinned – 5:13 for before the law was given, 15 sin was in the world, but there is no accounting for sin 16 when there is no law. 5:14 Yet death reigned from Adam until Moses even over those who did not sin in the same way that Adam (who is a type 17 of the coming one) transgressed. 18 5:15 But the gracious gift is not like the transgression. 19 For if the many died through the transgression of the one man, 20 how much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one man Jesus Christ multiply to the many! 5:16 And the gift is not like the one who sinned. 21 For judgment, resulting from the one transgression, 22 led to condemnation, but 23 the gracious gift from the many failures 24 led to justification. 5:17 For if, by the transgression of the one man, 25 death reigned through the one, how much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one, Jesus Christ!
5:18 Consequently, 26 just as condemnation 27 for all people 28 came 29 through one transgression, 30 so too through the one righteous act 31 came righteousness leading to life 32 for all people. 5:19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man 33 many 34 were made sinners, so also through the obedience of one man 35 many 36 will be made righteous. 5:20 Now the law came in 37 so that the transgression 38 may increase, but where sin increased, grace multiplied all the more, 5:21 so that just as sin reigned in death, so also grace will reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
The Believer’s Freedom from Sin’s Domination
6:1 What shall we say then? Are we to remain in sin so that grace may increase? 6:2 Absolutely not! How can we who died to sin still live in it? 6:3 Or do you not know that as many as were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? 6:4 Therefore we have been buried with him through baptism into death, in order that just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we too may live a new life. 39
6:5 For if we have become united with him in the likeness of his death, we will certainly also be united in the likeness of his resurrection. 40 6:6 We know that 41 our old man was crucified with him so that the body of sin would no longer dominate us, 42 so that we would no longer be enslaved to sin. 6:7 (For someone who has died has been freed from sin.) 43
6:8 Now if we died with Christ, we believe that we will also live with him. 6:9 We know 44 that since Christ has been raised from the dead, he is never going to die 45 again; death no longer has mastery over him. 6:10 For the death he died, he died to sin once for all, but the life he lives, he lives to God. 6:11 So you too consider yourselves 46 dead to sin, but 47 alive to God in Christ Jesus.
6:12 Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body so that you obey its desires, 6:13 and do not present your members to sin as instruments 48 to be used for unrighteousness, 49 but present yourselves to God as those who are alive from the dead and your members to God as instruments 50 to be used for righteousness. 6:14 For sin will have no mastery over you, because you are not under law but under grace.
The Believer’s Enslavement to God’s Righteousness
6:15 What then? Shall we sin because we are not under law but under grace? Absolutely not! 6:16 Do you not know that if you present yourselves 51 as obedient slaves, 52 you are slaves of the one you obey, either of sin resulting in death, or obedience resulting in righteousness? 53 6:17 But thanks be to God that though you were slaves to sin, you obeyed 54 from the heart that pattern 55 of teaching you were entrusted to, 6:18 and having been freed from sin, you became enslaved to righteousness. 6:19 (I am speaking in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh.) 56 For just as you once presented your members as slaves to impurity and lawlessness leading to more lawlessness, so now present your members as slaves to righteousness leading to sanctification. 6:20 For when you were slaves of sin, you were free with regard to righteousness.
6:21 So what benefit 57 did you then reap 58 from those things that you are now ashamed of? For the end of those things is death. 6:22 But now, freed 59 from sin and enslaved to God, you have your benefit 60 leading to sanctification, and the end is eternal life. 6:23 For the payoff 61 of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
The Believer’s Relationship to the Law
7:1 Or do you not know, brothers and sisters 62 (for I am speaking to those who know the law), that the law is lord over a person 63 as long as he lives? 7:2 For a married woman is bound by law to her husband as long as he lives, but if her 64 husband dies, she is released from the law of the marriage. 65 7:3 So then, 66 if she is joined to another man while her husband is alive, she will be called an adulteress. But if her 67 husband dies, she is free from that law, and if she is joined to another man, she is not an adulteress. 7:4 So, my brothers and sisters, 68 you also died to the law through the body of Christ, so that you could be joined to another, to the one who was raised from the dead, to bear fruit to God. 69 7:5 For when we were in the flesh, 70 the sinful desires, 71 aroused by the law, were active in the members of our body 72 to bear fruit for death. 7:6 But now we have been released from the law, because we have died 73 to what controlled us, so that we may serve in the new life of the Spirit and not under the old written code. 74
7:7 What shall we say then? Is the law sin? Absolutely not! Certainly, I 75 would not have known sin except through the law. For indeed I would not have known what it means to desire something belonging to someone else 76 if the law had not said, “Do not covet.” 77 7:8 But sin, seizing the opportunity through the commandment, produced in me all kinds of wrong desires. 78 For apart from the law, sin is dead. 7:9 And I was once alive apart from the law, but with the coming of the commandment sin became alive 7:10 and I died. So 79 I found that the very commandment that was intended to bring life brought death! 80 7:11 For sin, seizing the opportunity through the commandment, deceived me and through it I died. 81 7:12 So then, the law is holy, and the commandment is holy, righteous, and good.
7:13 Did that which is good, then, become death to me? Absolutely not! But sin, so that it would be shown to be sin, produced death in me through what is good, so that through the commandment sin would become utterly sinful. 7:14 For we know that the law is spiritual – but I am unspiritual, sold into slavery to sin. 82 7:15 For I don’t understand what I am doing. For I do not do what I want – instead, I do what I hate. 83 7:16 But if I do what I don’t want, I agree that the law is good. 84 7:17 But now it is no longer me doing it, but sin that lives in me. 7:18 For I know that nothing good lives in me, that is, in my flesh. For I want to do the good, but I cannot do it. 85 7:19 For I do not do the good I want, but I do the very evil I do not want! 7:20 Now if I do what I do not want, it is no longer me doing it but sin that lives in me.
7:21 So, I find the law that when I want to do good, evil is present with me. 7:22 For I delight in the law of God in my inner being. 7:23 But I see a different law in my members waging war against the law of my mind and making me captive to the law of sin that is in my members. 7:24 Wretched man that I am! Who will rescue me from this body of death? 7:25 Thanks be 86 to God through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, 87 I myself serve the law of God with my mind, but 88 with my flesh I serve 89 the law of sin.