Bible: Romans 1:18-3:23
The Condemnation of the Unrighteous
1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of people 1 who suppress the truth by their 2 unrighteousness, 3 1:19 because what can be known about God is plain to them, 4 because God has made it plain to them. 1:20 For since the creation of the world his invisible attributes – his eternal power and divine nature – have been clearly seen, because they are understood through what has been made. So people 5 are without excuse. 1:21 For although they knew God, they did not glorify him as God or give him thanks, but they became futile in their thoughts and their senseless hearts 6 were darkened. 1:22 Although they claimed 7 to be wise, they became fools 1:23 and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for an image resembling mortal human beings 8 or birds or four-footed animals 9 or reptiles.
1:24 Therefore God gave them over 10 in the desires of their hearts to impurity, to dishonor 11 their bodies among themselves. 12 1:25 They 13 exchanged the truth of God for a lie 14 and worshiped and served the creation 15 rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever! Amen.
1:26 For this reason God gave them over to dishonorable passions. For their women exchanged the natural sexual relations for unnatural ones, 16 1:27 and likewise the men also abandoned natural relations with women 17 and were inflamed in their passions 18 for one another. Men 19 committed shameless acts with men and received in themselves the due penalty for their error.
1:28 And just as they did not see fit to acknowledge God, 20 God gave them over to a depraved mind, to do what should not be done. 21 1:29 They are filled 22 with every kind of unrighteousness, wickedness, covetousness, malice. They are rife with 23 envy, murder, strife, deceit, hostility. They are gossips, 1:30 slanderers, haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, contrivers of all sorts of evil, disobedient to parents, 1:31 senseless, covenant-breakers, 24 heartless, ruthless. 1:32 Although they fully know 25 God’s righteous decree that those who practice such things deserve to die, 26 they not only do them but also approve of those who practice them. 27
The Condemnation of the Moralist 28
2:1 Therefore 29 you are without excuse, 30 whoever you are, 31 when you judge someone else. 32 For on whatever grounds 33 you judge another, you condemn yourself, because you who judge practice the same things. 2:2 Now we know that God’s judgment is in accordance with truth 34 against those who practice such things. 2:3 And do you think, 35 whoever you are, when you judge 36 those who practice such things and yet do them yourself, 37 that you will escape God’s judgment? 2:4 Or do you have contempt for the wealth of his kindness, forbearance, and patience, and yet do not know 38 that God’s kindness leads you to repentance? 2:5 But because of your stubbornness 39 and your unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath for yourselves in the day of wrath, when God’s righteous judgment is revealed! 40 2:6 He 41 will reward 42 each one according to his works: 43 2:7 eternal life to those who by perseverance in good works seek glory and honor and immortality, 2:8 but 44 wrath and anger to those who live in selfish ambition 45 and do not obey the truth but follow 46 unrighteousness. 2:9 There will be 47 affliction and distress on everyone 48 who does evil, on the Jew first and also the Greek, 49 2:10 but 50 glory and honor and peace for everyone who does good, for the Jew first and also the Greek. 2:11 For there is no partiality with God. 2:12 For all who have sinned apart from the law 51 will also perish apart from the law, and all who have sinned under the law will be judged by the law. 2:13 For it is not those who hear the law who are righteous before God, but those who do the law will be declared righteous. 52 2:14 For whenever the Gentiles, 53 who do not have the law, do by nature 54 the things required by the law, 55 these who do not have the law are a law to themselves. 2:15 They 56 show that the work of the law is written 57 in their hearts, as their conscience bears witness and their conflicting thoughts accuse or else defend 58 them, 59 2:16 on the day when God will judge 60 the secrets of human hearts, 61 according to my gospel 62 through Christ Jesus.
The Condemnation of the Jew
2:17 But if you call yourself a Jew and rely on the law 63 and boast of your relationship to God 64 2:18 and know his will 65 and approve the superior things because you receive instruction from the law, 66 2:19 and if you are convinced 67 that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness, 2:20 an educator of the senseless, a teacher of little children, because you have in the law the essential features of knowledge and of the truth – 2:21 therefore 68 you who teach someone else, do you not teach yourself? You who preach against stealing, do you steal? 2:22 You who tell others not to commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor 69 idols, do you rob temples? 2:23 You who boast in the law dishonor God by transgressing the law! 2:24 For just as it is written, “the name of God is being blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you.” 70
2:25 For circumcision 71 has its value if you practice the law, but 72 if you break the law, 73 your circumcision has become uncircumcision. 2:26 Therefore if the uncircumcised man obeys 74 the righteous requirements of the law, will not his uncircumcision be regarded as circumcision? 2:27 And will not the physically uncircumcised man 75 who keeps the law judge you who, despite 76 the written code 77 and circumcision, transgress the law? 2:28 For a person is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision something that is outward in the flesh, 2:29 but someone is a Jew who is one inwardly, and circumcision is of the heart 78 by the Spirit 79 and not by the written code. 80 This person’s 81 praise is not from people but from God.
3:1 Therefore what advantage does the Jew have, or what is the value of circumcision? 3:2 Actually, there are many advantages. 82 First of all, 83 the Jews 84 were entrusted with the oracles of God. 85 3:3 What then? If some did not believe, does their unbelief nullify the faithfulness of God? 3:4 Absolutely not! Let God be proven true, and every human being 86 shown up as a liar, 87 just as it is written: “so that you will be justified 88 in your words and will prevail when you are judged.” 89
3:5 But if our unrighteousness demonstrates 90 the righteousness of God, what shall we say? The God who inflicts wrath is not unrighteous, is he? 91 (I am speaking in human terms.) 92 3:6 Absolutely not! For otherwise how could God judge the world? 3:7 For if by my lie the truth of God enhances 93 his glory, why am I still actually being judged as a sinner? 3:8 And why not say, “Let us do evil so that good may come of it”? – as some who slander us allege that we say. 94 (Their 95 condemnation is deserved!)
The Condemnation of the World
3:9 What then? Are we better off? Certainly not, for we have already charged that Jews and Greeks alike are all under sin, 3:10 just as it is written:
“There is no one righteous, not even one,
3:11 there is no one who understands,
there is no one who seeks God.
3:12 All have turned away,
together they have become worthless;
there is no one who shows kindness, not even one.” 96
3:13 “Their throats are open graves, 97
they deceive with their tongues,
the poison of asps is under their lips.” 98
3:15 “Their feet are swift to shed blood,
3:16 ruin and misery are in their paths,
3:17 and the way of peace they have not known.” 101
3:18 “There is no fear of God before their eyes.” 102
3:19 Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under 103 the law, so that every mouth may be silenced and the whole world may be held accountable to God. 3:20 For no one is declared righteous before him 104 by the works of the law, 105 for through the law comes 106 the knowledge of sin. 3:21 But now 107 apart from the law the righteousness of God (which is attested by the law and the prophets) 108 has been disclosed – 3:22 namely, the righteousness of God through the faithfulness of Jesus Christ 109 for all who believe. For there is no distinction, 3:23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.