Bible: Rom 5-6

The Expectation of Justification

5:1 1 Therefore, since we have been declared righteous by faith, we have 2  peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, 5:2 through whom we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we rejoice 3  in the hope of God’s glory. 5:3 Not 4  only this, but we also rejoice in sufferings, knowing that suffering produces endurance, 5:4 and endurance, character, and character, hope. 5:5 And hope does not disappoint, because the love of God 5  has been poured out 6  in our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us.

5:6 For while we were still helpless, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. 5:7 (For rarely will anyone die for a righteous person, though for a good person perhaps someone might possibly dare to die.) 7  5:8 But God demonstrates his own love for us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. 5:9 Much more then, because we have now been declared righteous 8  by his blood, 9  we will be saved through him from God’s wrath. 10  5:10 For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son, how much more, since we have been reconciled, will we be saved by his life? 5:11 Not 11  only this, but we also rejoice 12  in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received this reconciliation.

The Amplification of Justification

5:12 So then, just as sin entered the world through one man and death through sin, and so death spread to all people 13  because 14  all sinned 5:13 for before the law was given, 15  sin was in the world, but there is no accounting for sin 16  when there is no law. 5:14 Yet death reigned from Adam until Moses even over those who did not sin in the same way that Adam (who is a type 17  of the coming one) transgressed. 18  5:15 But the gracious gift is not like the transgression. 19  For if the many died through the transgression of the one man, 20  how much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one man Jesus Christ multiply to the many! 5:16 And the gift is not like the one who sinned. 21  For judgment, resulting from the one transgression, 22  led to condemnation, but 23  the gracious gift from the many failures 24  led to justification. 5:17 For if, by the transgression of the one man, 25  death reigned through the one, how much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one, Jesus Christ!

5:18 Consequently, 26  just as condemnation 27  for all people 28  came 29  through one transgression, 30  so too through the one righteous act 31  came righteousness leading to life 32  for all people. 5:19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man 33  many 34  were made sinners, so also through the obedience of one man 35  many 36  will be made righteous. 5:20 Now the law came in 37  so that the transgression 38  may increase, but where sin increased, grace multiplied all the more, 5:21 so that just as sin reigned in death, so also grace will reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

The Believer’s Freedom from Sin’s Domination

6:1 What shall we say then? Are we to remain in sin so that grace may increase? 6:2 Absolutely not! How can we who died to sin still live in it? 6:3 Or do you not know that as many as were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? 6:4 Therefore we have been buried with him through baptism into death, in order that just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we too may live a new life. 39 

6:5 For if we have become united with him in the likeness of his death, we will certainly also be united in the likeness of his resurrection. 40  6:6 We know that 41  our old man was crucified with him so that the body of sin would no longer dominate us, 42  so that we would no longer be enslaved to sin. 6:7 (For someone who has died has been freed from sin.) 43 

6:8 Now if we died with Christ, we believe that we will also live with him. 6:9 We know 44  that since Christ has been raised from the dead, he is never going to die 45  again; death no longer has mastery over him. 6:10 For the death he died, he died to sin once for all, but the life he lives, he lives to God. 6:11 So you too consider yourselves 46  dead to sin, but 47  alive to God in Christ Jesus.

6:12 Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body so that you obey its desires, 6:13 and do not present your members to sin as instruments 48  to be used for unrighteousness, 49  but present yourselves to God as those who are alive from the dead and your members to God as instruments 50  to be used for righteousness. 6:14 For sin will have no mastery over you, because you are not under law but under grace.

The Believer’s Enslavement to God’s Righteousness

6:15 What then? Shall we sin because we are not under law but under grace? Absolutely not! 6:16 Do you not know that if you present yourselves 51  as obedient slaves, 52  you are slaves of the one you obey, either of sin resulting in death, or obedience resulting in righteousness? 53  6:17 But thanks be to God that though you were slaves to sin, you obeyed 54  from the heart that pattern 55  of teaching you were entrusted to, 6:18 and having been freed from sin, you became enslaved to righteousness. 6:19 (I am speaking in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh.) 56  For just as you once presented your members as slaves to impurity and lawlessness leading to more lawlessness, so now present your members as slaves to righteousness leading to sanctification. 6:20 For when you were slaves of sin, you were free with regard to righteousness.

6:21 So what benefit 57  did you then reap 58  from those things that you are now ashamed of? For the end of those things is death. 6:22 But now, freed 59  from sin and enslaved to God, you have your benefit 60  leading to sanctification, and the end is eternal life. 6:23 For the payoff 61  of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

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