Bible: Nahum 1-3
1:1 The oracle against Nineveh; 1
the book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite: 2
God Takes Vengeance against His Enemies
he sustains his rage 7 against his enemies.
The Divine Warrior Destroys His Enemies but Protects His People
He marches out 12 in the whirlwind and the raging storm;
he makes all the rivers 18 run dry.
Bashan and Carmel wither; 19
the blossom of Lebanon withers.
1:5 The mountains tremble before him, 20
the hills convulse; 21
the earth is laid waste 22 before him,
His wrath is poured out like volcanic fire,
1:8 But with an overwhelming flood 37
he will make a complete end of Nineveh; 38
he will drive 39 his enemies into darkness.
Denunciation and Destruction of Nineveh
1:10 Surely they will be totally consumed 45
like the drink of drunkards, 48
like very 49 dry stubble.
1:11 From you, O Nineveh, 50 one has marched forth who plots evil against the
a wicked military strategist. 51
Oracle of Deliverance to Judah
1:12 This is what the
Although I afflicted you,
I will afflict you no more. 60
Oracle of Judgment against the King of Nineveh
“Your dynasty will come to an end. 68
I will destroy the idols and images in the temples of your gods.
Proclamation of the Deliverance of Judah
A messenger is proclaiming deliverance: 73
“Celebrate your sacred festivals, O Judah!
Fulfill your sacred vows to praise God! 74
Proclamation of the Destruction of Nineveh
2:1 The watchmen of Nineveh shout: 81
Watch the road!
Prepare yourselves for battle! 87
Muster your mighty strength!” 88
as well as 91 the majesty of Israel,
and have destroyed their fields. 94
Prophetic Vision of the Fall of Nineveh
2:3 The shields of his warriors are dyed red; 95
the mighty soldiers are dressed in scarlet garments. 96
they rush back and forth 106 in the broad plazas;
they rush to the city wall 115
2:6 The sluice gates 118 are opened;
she cries out: 134 “Stop! Stop!” –
but no one turns back. 135
2:9 Her conquerors cry out: 136
“Plunder the silver! Plunder the gold!”
There is no end to the treasure;
riches of every kind of precious thing.
2:10 Destruction, devastation, and desolation! 137
Their hearts faint, 138
their knees tremble, 139
Taunt against the Once-Mighty Lion
2:11 Where now is the den of the lions, 144
the feeding place 145 of the young lions,
and no one disturbed them? 149
2:12 The lion tore apart as much prey as his cubs needed 150
and strangled prey to provide food 151 for his lionesses;
he filled 152 his lairs with prey
and his dens with torn flesh.
Battle Cry of the Divine Warrior
the sword will devour your young lions; 157
you will no longer prey upon the land; 158
the voices of your messengers 159 will no longer be heard.”
Reason for Judgment: Sins of Nineveh
3:1 Woe to the city guilty of bloodshed! 160
She is full of lies; 161
she is filled with plunder; 162
she has hoarded her spoil! 163
Portrayal of the Destruction of Nineveh
3:2 The chariot drivers will crack their whips; 164
the chariot wheels will shake the ground; 165
There will be many people slain; 176
there will be piles of the dead,
and countless casualties 177 –
so many that people 178 will stumble over the corpses.
Taunt against the Harlot City
a seductive mistress who practices sorcery, 181
and entices peoples by her sorcery 185 –
3:5 I am against you,” declares the
“I will strip off your clothes! 187
I will show your nakedness to the nations
and your shame to the kingdoms;
3:6 I will pelt you with filth; 188
I will treat you with contempt;
I will make you a public spectacle.
3:7 Everyone who sees you will turn away from you in disgust;
they will say, ‘Nineveh has been devastated!
Who will lament for her?’
There will be no one to comfort you!” 189
Nineveh Will Suffer the Same Fate as Thebes
she was located on the banks of the Nile;
the waters surrounded her,
the water 194 was her wall.
3:10 Yet she went into captivity as an exile; 201
even her infants were smashed to pieces 202 at the head of every street.
all her dignitaries were bound with chains.
3:11 You too will act like drunkards; 205
you will go into hiding; 206
you too will seek refuge from the enemy.
The Assyrian Defenses Will Fail
3:13 Your warriors will be like women in your midst;
the gates of your land will be wide open 213 to your enemies;
3:14 Draw yourselves water for a siege! 216
Strengthen your fortifications!
Trample the mud 217 and tread the clay!
Make mud bricks to strengthen your walls! 218
3:15 There the fire will consume 219 you;
the sword will cut you down;
it will devour 220 you like the young locust would.
The Assyrian Defenders Will Flee
Multiply yourself 221 like the young locust;
multiply yourself like the flying locust!
3:16 Increase 222 your merchants more than the stars of heaven!
3:17 Your courtiers 225 are like locusts,
your officials 226 are like a swarm of locusts!
They encamp in the walls on a cold day,
3:18 Your shepherds 231 are sleeping, O king of Assyria!
Your people are scattered like sheep 234 on the mountains
and there is no one to regather them!
3:19 Your destruction is like an incurable wound; 235
your demise is like a fatal injury! 236
for no one ever escaped your endless cruelty! 239