Bible: Matt 21-23
The Triumphal Entry
21:1 Now 1 when they approached Jerusalem 2 and came to Bethphage, 3 at the Mount of Olives, 4 Jesus sent two disciples, 21:2 telling them, “Go to the village ahead of you. 5 Right away you will find a donkey tied there, and a colt with her. Untie them and bring them to me. 21:3 If anyone says anything to you, you are to say, ‘The Lord needs them,’ 6 and he will send them at once.” 21:4 This 7 took place to fulfill what was spoken by the prophet: 8
21:5 “Tell the people of Zion, 9
‘Look, your king is coming to you,
unassuming and seated on a donkey,
and on a colt, the foal of a donkey.’” 10
21:6 So 11 the disciples went and did as Jesus had instructed them. 21:7 They brought the donkey and the colt and placed their cloaks 12 on them, and he sat on them. 21:8 A 13 very large crowd spread their cloaks on the road. Others cut branches from the trees and spread them on the road. 21:9 The crowds that went ahead of him and those following kept shouting, 14 “Hosanna 15 to the Son of David! Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord! 16 Hosanna in the highest!” 21:10 As he entered Jerusalem the whole city was thrown into an uproar, 17 saying, “Who is this?” 21:11 And the crowds were saying, “This is the prophet Jesus, from Nazareth 18 in Galilee.”
Cleansing the Temple
21:12 Then 19 Jesus entered the temple area 20 and drove out all those who were selling and buying in the temple courts, 21 and turned over the tables of the money changers and the chairs of those selling doves. 21:13 And he said to them, “It is written, ‘My house will be called a house of prayer,’ 22 but you are turning it into a den 23 of robbers!” 24
21:14 The blind and lame came to him in the temple courts, and he healed them. 21:15 But when the chief priests and the experts in the law 25 saw the wonderful things he did and heard the children crying out in the temple courts, 26 “Hosanna to the Son of David,” they became indignant 21:16 and said to him, “Do you hear what they are saying?” Jesus said to them, “Yes. Have you never read, ‘Out of the mouths of children and nursing infants you have prepared praise for yourself’?” 27 21:17 And leaving them, he went out of the city to Bethany and spent the night there.
The Withered Fig Tree
21:18 Now early in the morning, as he returned to the city, he was hungry. 21:19 After noticing a fig tree 28 by the road he went to it, but found nothing on it except leaves. He said to it, “Never again will there be fruit from you!” And the fig tree withered at once. 21:20 When the disciples saw it they were amazed, saying, “How did the fig tree wither so quickly?” 21:21 Jesus 29 answered them, “I tell you the truth, 30 if you have faith and do not doubt, not only will you do what was done to the fig tree, but even if you say to this mountain, ‘Be lifted up and thrown into the sea,’ it will happen. 21:22 And whatever you ask in prayer, if you believe, 31 you will receive.”
The Authority of Jesus
21:23 Now after Jesus 32 entered the temple courts, 33 the chief priests and elders of the people came up to him as he was teaching and said, “By what authority 34 are you doing these things, and who gave you this authority?” 21:24 Jesus 35 answered them, “I will also ask you one question. If you answer me then I will also tell you by what authority I do these things. 21:25 Where did John’s baptism come from? From heaven or from people?” 36 They discussed this among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will say, ‘Then why did you not believe him?’ 21:26 But if we say, ‘From people,’ we fear the crowd, for they all consider John to be a prophet.” 21:27 So 37 they answered Jesus, 38 “We don’t know.” 39 Then he said to them, “Neither will I tell you 40 by what authority 41 I am doing these things.
The Parable of the Two Sons
21:28 “What 42 do you think? A man had two sons. He went to the first and said, ‘Son, go and work in the vineyard today.’ 21:29 The boy answered, 43 ‘I will not.’ But later he had a change of heart 44 and went. 21:30 The father 45 went to the other son and said the same thing. This boy answered, 46 ‘I will, sir,’ but did not go. 21:31 Which of the two did his father’s will?” They said, “The first.” 47 Jesus said to them, “I tell you the truth, 48 tax collectors 49 and prostitutes will go ahead of you into the kingdom of God! 21:32 For John came to you in the way of righteousness, and you did not believe him. But the tax collectors and prostitutes did believe. Although 50 you saw this, you did not later change your minds 51 and believe him.
The Parable of the Tenants
21:33 “Listen to another parable: There was a landowner 52 who planted a vineyard. 53 He put a fence around it, dug a pit for its winepress, and built a watchtower. Then 54 he leased it to tenant farmers 55 and went on a journey. 21:34 When the harvest time was near, he sent his slaves 56 to the tenants to collect his portion of the crop. 57 21:35 But the tenants seized his slaves, beat one, 58 killed another, and stoned another. 21:36 Again he sent other slaves, more than the first, and they treated them the same way. 21:37 Finally he sent his son to them, 59 saying, ‘They will respect my son.’ 21:38 But when the tenants saw the son, they said to themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let’s kill him and get his inheritance!’ 21:39 So 60 they seized him, 61 threw him out of the vineyard, 62 and killed him. 21:40 Now when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants?” 21:41 They said to him, “He will utterly destroy those evil men! Then he will lease the vineyard to other tenants who will give him his portion at the harvest.”
21:42 Jesus said to them, “Have you never read in the scriptures:
‘The stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone. 63
This is from the Lord, and it is marvelous in our eyes’? 64
21:43 For this reason I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken from you and given to a people 65 who will produce its fruit. 21:44 The one who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, and the one on whom it falls will be crushed.” 66 21:45 When 67 the chief priests and the Pharisees 68 heard his parables, they realized that he was speaking about them. 21:46 They wanted to arrest him, but they were afraid of the crowds, because the crowds 69 regarded him as a prophet.
The Parable of the Wedding Banquet
22:1 Jesus spoke 70 to them again in parables, saying: 22:2 “The kingdom of heaven can be compared to a king who gave a wedding banquet for his son. 22:3 He sent his slaves 71 to summon those who had been invited to the banquet, but they would not come. 22:4 Again he sent other slaves, saying, ‘Tell those who have been invited, “Look! The feast I have prepared for you is ready. 72 My oxen and fattened cattle have been slaughtered, and everything is ready. Come to the wedding banquet.”’ 22:5 But they were indifferent and went away, one to his farm, another to his business. 22:6 The 73 rest seized his slaves, insolently mistreated them, and killed them. 22:7 The 74 king was furious! He sent his soldiers, and they put those murderers to death 75 and set their city 76 on fire. 22:8 Then he said to his slaves, ‘The wedding is ready, but the ones who had been invited were not worthy. 22:9 So go into the main streets and invite everyone you find to the wedding banquet.’ 22:10 And those slaves went out into the streets and gathered all they found, both bad and good, and the wedding hall was filled with guests. 22:11 But when the king came in to see the wedding guests, he saw a man there who was not wearing wedding clothes. 22:12 And he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you get in here without wedding clothes?’ But he had nothing to say. 77 22:13 Then the king said to his attendants, ‘Tie him up hand and foot and throw him into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth!’ 22:14 For many are called, but few are chosen.”
Paying Taxes to Caesar
22:15 Then the Pharisees 78 went out and planned together to entrap him with his own words. 79 22:16 They sent to him their disciples along with the Herodians, 80 saying, “Teacher, we know that you are truthful, and teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. 81 You do not court anyone’s favor because you show no partiality. 82 22:17 Tell us then, what do you think? Is it right 83 to pay taxes 84 to Caesar 85 or not?”
22:18 But Jesus realized their evil intentions and said, “Hypocrites! Why are you testing me? 22:19 Show me the coin used for the tax.” So 86 they brought him a denarius. 87 22:20 Jesus 88 said to them, “Whose image 89 is this, and whose inscription?” 22:21 They replied, 90 “Caesar’s.” He said to them, 91 “Then give to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” 92 22:22 Now when they heard this they were stunned, 93 and they left him and went away.
Marriage and the Resurrection
22:23 The same day Sadducees 94 (who say there is no resurrection) 95 came to him and asked him, 96 22:24 “Teacher, Moses said, ‘If a man dies without having children, his brother must marry the widow and father children 97 for his brother.’ 98 22:25 Now there were seven brothers among us. The first one married and died, and since he had no children he left his wife to his brother. 22:26 The second did the same, and the third, down to the seventh. 22:27 Last 99 of all, the woman died. 22:28 In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife of the seven will she be? For they all had married her.” 100 22:29 Jesus 101 answered them, “You are deceived, 102 because you don’t know the scriptures or the power of God. 22:30 For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels 103 in heaven. 22:31 Now as for the resurrection of the dead, have you not read what was spoken to you by God, 104 22:32 ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? 105 He is not the God of the dead but of the living!” 106 22:33 When the crowds heard this, they were amazed at his teaching.
The Greatest Commandment
22:34 Now when the Pharisees 107 heard that he had silenced the Sadducees, 108 they assembled together. 109 22:35 And one of them, an expert in religious law, 110 asked him a question to test 111 him: 22:36 “Teacher, which commandment in the law is the greatest?” 112 22:37 Jesus 113 said to him, “‘Love 114 the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ 115 22:38 This is the first and greatest 116 commandment. 22:39 The second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ 117 22:40 All the law and the prophets depend 118 on these two commandments.”
The Messiah: David’s Son and Lord
22:41 While 119 the Pharisees 120 were assembled, Jesus asked them a question: 121 22:42 “What do you think about the Christ? 122 Whose son is he?” They said, “The son of David.” 123 22:43 He said to them, “How then does David by the Spirit call him ‘Lord,’ saying,
22:44 ‘The Lord said to my lord, 124
“Sit at my right hand,
until I put your enemies under your feet”’? 125
23:1 Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples, 23:2 “The 128 experts in the law 129 and the Pharisees 130 sit on Moses’ seat. 23:3 Therefore pay attention to what they tell you and do it. But do not do what they do, for they do not practice what they teach. 131 23:4 They 132 tie up heavy loads, hard to carry, and put them on men’s shoulders, but they themselves are not willing even to lift a finger to move them. 23:5 They 133 do all their deeds to be seen by people, for they make their phylacteries 134 wide and their tassels 135 long. 23:6 They 136 love the place of honor at banquets and the best seats in the synagogues 137 23:7 and elaborate greetings 138 in the marketplaces, and to have people call them ‘Rabbi.’ 23:8 But you are not to be called ‘Rabbi,’ for you have one Teacher and you are all brothers. 23:9 And call no one your ‘father’ on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven. 23:10 Nor are you to be called ‘teacher,’ for you have one teacher, the Christ. 139 23:11 The 140 greatest among you will be your servant. 23:12 And whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.
23:13 “But woe to you, experts in the law 141 and you Pharisees, hypocrites! 142 You keep locking people out of the kingdom of heaven! 143 For you neither enter nor permit those trying to enter to go in.23:14 [[EMPTY]] 144
23:15 “Woe to you, experts in the law 145 and you Pharisees, hypocrites! You cross land and sea to make one convert, 146 and when you get one, 147 you make him twice as much a child of hell 148 as yourselves!
23:16 “Woe to you, blind guides, who say, ‘Whoever swears by the temple is bound by nothing. 149 But whoever swears by the gold of the temple is bound by the oath.’ 23:17 Blind fools! Which is greater, the gold or the temple that makes the gold sacred? 23:18 And, ‘Whoever swears by the altar is bound by nothing. 150 But if anyone swears by the gift on it he is bound by the oath.’ 23:19 You are blind! For which is greater, the gift or the altar that makes the gift sacred? 23:20 So whoever swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it. 23:21 And whoever swears by the temple swears by it and the one who dwells in it. 23:22 And whoever swears by heaven swears by the throne of God and the one who sits on it.
23:23 “Woe to you, experts in the law 151 and you Pharisees, hypocrites! You give a tenth 152 of mint, dill, and cumin, 153 yet you neglect what is more important in the law – justice, mercy, and faithfulness! You 154 should have done these things without neglecting the others. 23:24 Blind guides! You strain out a gnat yet swallow a camel! 155
23:25 “Woe to you, experts in the law 156 and you Pharisees, hypocrites! You clean the outside of the cup and the dish, but inside they are full of greed and self-indulgence. 23:26 Blind Pharisee! First clean the inside of the cup, 157 so that the outside may become clean too!
23:27 “Woe to you, experts in the law 158 and you Pharisees, hypocrites! You are like whitewashed tombs that look beautiful on the outside but inside are full of the bones of the dead and of everything unclean. 159 23:28 In the same way, on the outside you look righteous to people, but inside you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness.
23:29 “Woe to you, experts in the law 160 and you Pharisees, hypocrites! You 161 build tombs for the prophets and decorate the graves 162 of the righteous. 23:30 And you say, ‘If we had lived in the days of our ancestors, 163 we would not have participated with them in shedding the blood of the prophets.’ 23:31 By saying this you testify against yourselves that you are descendants of those who murdered the prophets. 23:32 Fill up then the measure of your ancestors! 23:33 You snakes, you offspring of vipers! How will you escape being condemned to hell? 164
23:34 “For this reason I 165 am sending you prophets and wise men and experts in the law, 166 some of whom you will kill and crucify, 167 and some you will flog 168 in your synagogues 169 and pursue from town to town, 23:35 so that on you will come all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah son of Barachiah, 170 whom you murdered between the temple and the altar. 23:36 I tell you the truth, 171 this generation will be held responsible for all these things! 172
Judgment on Israel
23:37 “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, 173 you who kill the prophets and stone those who are sent to you! 174 How often I have longed 175 to gather your children together as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but 176 you would have none of it! 177 23:38 Look, your house is left to you desolate! 23:39 For I tell you, you will not see me from now until you say, ‘Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord!’” 178