Bible: Luke 22-23
Judas’ Decision to Betray Jesus
22:1 Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread, 1 which is called the Passover, was approaching. 22:2 The 2 chief priests and the experts in the law 3 were trying to find some way 4 to execute 5 Jesus, 6 for they were afraid of the people. 7
22:3 Then 8 Satan 9 entered Judas, the one called Iscariot, who was one of the twelve. 10 22:4 He went away and discussed with the chief priests and officers of the temple guard 11 how he might 12 betray Jesus, 13 handing him over to them. 14 22:5 They 15 were delighted 16 and arranged to give him money. 17 22:6 So 18 Judas 19 agreed and began looking for an opportunity to betray Jesus 20 when no crowd was present. 21
22:7 Then the day for the feast 22 of Unleavened Bread came, on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed. 23 22:8 Jesus 24 sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and prepare the Passover 25 for us to eat.” 26 22:9 They 27 said to him, “Where do you want us to prepare 28 it?” 22:10 He said to them, “Listen, 29 when you have entered the city, a man carrying a jar of water 30 will meet you. 31 Follow him into the house that he enters, 22:11 and tell the owner of the house, 32 ‘The Teacher says to you, “Where is the guest room where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?”’ 22:12 Then he will show you a large furnished room upstairs. Make preparations there.” 22:13 So 33 they went and found things 34 just as he had told them, 35 and they prepared the Passover.
The Lord’s Supper
22:14 Now 36 when the hour came, Jesus 37 took his place at the table 38 and the apostles joined 39 him. 22:15 And he said to them, “I have earnestly desired 40 to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 22:16 For I tell you, I will not eat it again 41 until it is fulfilled 42 in the kingdom of God.” 43 22:17 Then 44 he took a cup, 45 and after giving thanks he said, “Take this and divide it among yourselves. 22:18 For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit 46 of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” 47 22:19 Then 48 he took bread, and after giving thanks he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body 49 which is given for you. 50 Do this in remembrance of me.” 22:20 And in the same way he took 51 the cup after they had eaten, 52 saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant 53 in my blood.
A Final Discourse
22:21 “But look, the hand of the one who betrays 54 me is with me on the table. 55 22:22 For the Son of Man is to go just as it has been determined, 56 but woe to that man by whom he is betrayed!” 22:23 So 57 they began to question one another as to which of them it could possibly be who would do this.
22:24 A dispute also started 58 among them over which of them was to be regarded as the greatest. 59 22:25 So 60 Jesus 61 said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them, and those in authority over them are called ‘benefactors.’ 62 22:26 Not so with you; 63 instead the one who is greatest among you must become like the youngest, and the leader 64 like the one who serves. 65 22:27 For who is greater, the one who is seated at the table, 66 or the one who serves? Is it not 67 the one who is seated at the table? But I am among you as one 68 who serves.
22:28 “You are the ones who have remained 69 with me in my trials. 22:29 Thus 70 I grant 71 to you a kingdom, 72 just as my Father granted to me, 22:30 that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and you will sit 73 on thrones judging 74 the twelve tribes of Israel.
22:31 “Simon, 75 Simon, pay attention! 76 Satan has demanded to have you all, 77 to sift you like wheat, 78 22:32 but I have prayed for you, Simon, 79 that your faith may not fail. 80 When 81 you have turned back, 82 strengthen 83 your brothers.” 22:33 But Peter 84 said to him, “Lord, I am ready to go with you both to prison and to death!” 85 22:34 Jesus replied, 86 “I tell you, Peter, the rooster will not crow 87 today until you have denied 88 three times that you know me.”
22:35 Then 89 Jesus 90 said to them, “When I sent you out with no money bag, 91 or traveler’s bag, 92 or sandals, you didn’t lack 93 anything, did you?” They replied, 94 “Nothing.” 22:36 He said to them, “But now, the one who 95 has a money bag must take it, and likewise a traveler’s bag 96 too. And the one who has no sword must sell his cloak and buy one. 22:37 For I tell you that this scripture must be 97 fulfilled in me, ‘And he was counted with the transgressors.’ 98 For what is written about me is being fulfilled.” 99 22:38 So 100 they said, “Look, Lord, here are two swords.” 101 Then he told them, “It is enough.” 102
On the Mount of Olives
22:39 Then 103 Jesus 104 went out and made his way, 105 as he customarily did, to the Mount of Olives, 106 and the disciples followed him. 22:40 When he came to the place, 107 he said to them, “Pray that you will not fall into temptation.” 108 22:41 He went away from them about a stone’s throw, knelt down, and prayed, 22:42 “Father, if you are willing, take 109 this cup 110 away from me. Yet not my will but yours 111 be done.” 22:43 [Then an angel from heaven appeared to him and strengthened him. 22:44 And in his anguish 112 he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground.] 113 22:45 When 114 he got up from prayer, he came to the disciples and found them sleeping, exhausted 115 from grief. 22:46 So 116 he said to them, “Why are you sleeping? Get up and pray that you will not fall into temptation!” 117
Betrayal and Arrest
22:47 While he was still speaking, suddenly a crowd appeared, 118 and the man named Judas, one of the twelve, was leading them. He walked up 119 to Jesus to kiss him. 120 22:48 But Jesus said to him, “Judas, would you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?” 121 22:49 When 122 those who were around him saw what was about to happen, they said, “Lord, should 123 we use our swords?” 124 22:50 Then 125 one of them 126 struck the high priest’s slave, 127 cutting off his right ear. 22:51 But Jesus said, 128 “Enough of this!” And he touched the man’s 129 ear and healed 130 him. 22:52 Then 131 Jesus said to the chief priests, the officers of the temple guard, 132 and the elders who had come out to get him, “Have you come out with swords and clubs like you would against an outlaw? 133 22:53 Day after day when I was with you in the temple courts, 134 you did not arrest me. 135 But this is your hour, 136 and that of the power 137 of darkness!”
Jesus’ Condemnation and Peter’s Denials
22:54 Then 138 they arrested 139 Jesus, 140 led him away, and brought him into the high priest’s house. 141 But Peter was following at a distance. 22:55 When they had made a fire in the middle of the courtyard and sat down together, Peter sat down among them. 22:56 Then a slave girl, 142 seeing him as he sat in the firelight, stared at him and said, “This man was with him too!” 22:57 But Peter 143 denied it: “Woman, 144 I don’t know 145 him!” 22:58 Then 146 a little later someone else 147 saw him and said, “You are one of them too.” But Peter said, “Man, 148 I am not!” 22:59 And after about an hour still another insisted, 149 “Certainly this man was with him, because he too is a Galilean.” 150 22:60 But Peter said, “Man, I don’t know what you’re talking about!” At that moment, 151 while he was still speaking, a rooster crowed. 152 22:61 Then 153 the Lord turned and looked straight at Peter, and Peter remembered the word of the Lord, 154 how he had said to him, “Before a rooster crows today, you will deny me three times.” 22:62 And he went outside and wept bitterly. 155
22:63 Now 156 the men who were holding Jesus 157 under guard began to mock him and beat him. 22:64 They 158 blindfolded him and asked him repeatedly, 159 “Prophesy! Who hit you?” 160 22:65 They also said many other things against him, reviling 161 him.
22:66 When day came, the council of the elders of the people gathered together, both the chief priests and the experts in the law. 162 Then 163 they led Jesus 164 away to their council 165 22:67 and said, “If 166 you are the Christ, 167 tell us.” But he said to them, “If 168 I tell you, you will not 169 believe, 22:68 and if 170 I ask you, you will not 171 answer. 22:69 But from now on 172 the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand 173 of the power 174 of God.” 22:70 So 175 they all said, “Are you the Son of God, 176 then?” He answered 177 them, “You say 178 that I am.” 22:71 Then 179 they said, “Why do we need further testimony? We have heard it ourselves 180 from his own lips!” 181
Jesus Brought Before Pilate
23:1 Then 182 the whole group of them rose up and brought Jesus 183 before Pilate. 184 23:2 They 185 began to accuse 186 him, saying, “We found this man subverting 187 our nation, forbidding 188 us to pay the tribute tax 189 to Caesar 190 and claiming that he himself is Christ, 191 a king.” 23:3 So 192 Pilate asked Jesus, 193 “Are you the king 194 of the Jews?” He replied, “You say so.” 195 23:4 Then 196 Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds, “I find no basis for an accusation 197 against this man.” 23:5 But they persisted 198 in saying, “He incites 199 the people by teaching throughout all Judea. It started in Galilee and ended up here!” 200
Jesus Brought Before Herod
23:6 Now when Pilate heard this, he asked whether the man was a Galilean. 23:7 When 201 he learned that he was from Herod’s jurisdiction, 202 he sent him over to Herod, 203 who also happened to be in Jerusalem 204 at that time. 23:8 When 205 Herod saw Jesus, he was very glad, for he had long desired to see him, because he had heard about him and was hoping to see him perform 206 some miraculous sign. 207 23:9 So 208 Herod 209 questioned him at considerable length; Jesus 210 gave him no answer. 23:10 The chief priests and the experts in the law 211 were there, vehemently accusing him. 212 23:11 Even Herod with his soldiers treated him with contempt and mocked him. Then, 213 dressing him in elegant clothes, 214 Herod 215 sent him back to Pilate. 23:12 That very day Herod and Pilate became friends with each other, 216 for prior to this they had been enemies. 217
Jesus Brought Before the Crowd
23:13 Then 218 Pilate called together the chief priests, the 219 rulers, and the people, 23:14 and said to them, “You brought me this man as one who was misleading 220 the people. When I examined him before you, I 221 did not find this man guilty 222 of anything you accused him of doing. 23:15 Neither did Herod, for he sent him back to us. Look, he has done nothing 223 deserving death. 224 23:16 I will therefore have him flogged 225 and release him.”23:17 [[EMPTY]] 226
23:18 But they all shouted out together, 227 “Take this man 228 away! Release Barabbas for us!” 23:19 (This 229 was a man who had been thrown into prison for an insurrection 230 started in the city, and for murder.) 231 23:20 Pilate addressed them once again because he wanted 232 to release Jesus. 23:21 But they kept on shouting, 233 “Crucify, crucify 234 him!” 23:22 A third time he said to them, “Why? What wrong has he done? I have found him guilty 235 of no crime deserving death. 236 I will therefore flog 237 him and release him.” 23:23 But they were insistent, 238 demanding with loud shouts that he be crucified. And their shouts prevailed. 23:24 So 239 Pilate 240 decided 241 that their demand should be granted. 23:25 He released the man they asked for, who had been thrown in prison for insurrection and murder. But he handed Jesus over 242 to their will. 243
23:26 As 244 they led him away, they seized Simon of Cyrene, 245 who was coming in from the country. 246 They placed the cross on his back and made him carry it behind Jesus. 247 23:27 A great number of the people followed him, among them women 248 who were mourning 249 and wailing for him. 23:28 But Jesus turned to them and said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, 250 do not weep for me, but weep for yourselves 251 and for your children. 23:29 For this is certain: 252 The days are coming when they will say, ‘Blessed are the barren, the wombs that never bore children, and the breasts that never nursed!’ 253 23:30 Then they will begin to say to the mountains, 254 ‘Fall on us!’ and to the hills, ‘Cover us!’ 255 23:31 For if such things are done 256 when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?” 257
23:32 Two other criminals 258 were also led away to be executed with him. 23:33 So 259 when they came to the place that is called “The Skull,” 260 they crucified 261 him there, along with the criminals, one on his right and one on his left. 23:34 [But Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they don’t know what they are doing.”] 262 Then 263 they threw dice 264 to divide his clothes. 265 23:35 The people also stood there watching, but the rulers ridiculed 266 him, saying, “He saved others. Let him save 267 himself if 268 he is the Christ 269 of God, his chosen one!” 23:36 The soldiers also mocked him, coming up and offering him sour wine, 270 23:37 and saying, “If 271 you are the king of the Jews, save yourself!” 23:38 There was also an inscription 272 over him, “This is the king of the Jews.”
23:39 One of the criminals who was hanging there railed at him, saying, “Aren’t 273 you the Christ? 274 Save yourself and us!” 23:40 But the other rebuked him, saying, 275 “Don’t 276 you fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? 277 23:41 And we rightly so, for we are getting what we deserve for what we did, but this man has done nothing 278 wrong.” 23:42 Then 279 he said, “Jesus, remember me 280 when you come in 281 your kingdom.” 23:43 And Jesus 282 said to him, “I tell you the truth, 283 today 284 you will be with me in paradise.” 285
23:44 It was now 286 about noon, 287 and darkness came over the whole land until three in the afternoon, 288 23:45 because the sun’s light failed. 289 The temple curtain 290 was torn in two. 23:46 Then Jesus, calling out with a loud voice, said, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!” 291 And after he said this he breathed his last.
23:47 Now when the centurion 292 saw what had happened, he praised God and said, “Certainly this man was innocent!” 293 23:48 And all the crowds that had assembled for this spectacle, when they saw what had taken place, returned home beating their breasts. 294 23:49 And all those who knew Jesus 295 stood at a distance, and the women who had followed him from Galilee saw 296 these things.
23:50 Now 297 there was a man named Joseph who was a member of the council, 298 a good and righteous man. 23:51 (He 299 had not consented 300 to their plan and action.) He 301 was from the Judean town 302 of Arimathea, and was looking forward to 303 the kingdom of God. 304 23:52 He went to Pilate and asked for the body 305 of Jesus. 23:53 Then 306 he took it down, wrapped it in a linen cloth, 307 and placed it 308 in a tomb cut out of the rock, 309 where no one had yet been buried. 310 23:54 It was the day of preparation 311 and the Sabbath was beginning. 312 23:55 The 313 women who had accompanied Jesus 314 from Galilee followed, and they saw the tomb and how his body was laid in it. 23:56 Then 315 they returned and prepared aromatic spices 316 and perfumes. 317
On the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment. 318