Bible: Luke 20
The Authority of Jesus
20:1 Now one 1 day, as Jesus 2 was teaching the people in the temple courts 3 and proclaiming 4 the gospel, the chief priests and the experts in the law 5 with the elders came up 6 20:2 and said to him, 7 “Tell us: By what authority 8 are you doing these things? 9 Or who it is who gave you this authority?” 20:3 He answered them, 10 “I will also ask you a question, and you tell me: 20:4 John’s baptism 11 – was it from heaven or from people?” 12 20:5 So 13 they discussed it with one another, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will say, ‘Why did you not believe him?’ 20:6 But if we say, ‘From people,’ all the people will stone us, because they are convinced that John was a prophet.” 20:7 So 14 they replied that they did not know 15 where it came from. 20:8 Then 16 Jesus said to them, “Neither will I tell you 17 by whose authority 18 I do these things.”
The Parable of the Tenants
20:9 Then 19 he began to tell the people this parable: “A man 20 planted a vineyard, 21 leased it to tenant farmers, 22 and went on a journey for a long time. 20:10 When harvest time came, he sent a slave 23 to the tenants so that they would give 24 him his portion of the crop. 25 However, the tenants beat his slave 26 and sent him away empty-handed. 20:11 So 27 he sent another slave. They beat this one too, treated him outrageously, and sent him away empty-handed. 28 20:12 So 29 he sent still a third. They even wounded this one, and threw him out. 20:13 Then 30 the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What should I do? I will send my one dear son; 31 perhaps they will respect him.’ 20:14 But when the tenants saw him, they said to one another, ‘This is the heir; let’s kill him so the inheritance will be ours!’ 20:15 So 32 they threw him out of the vineyard and killed 33 him. What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them? 20:16 He will come and destroy 34 those tenants and give the vineyard to others.” 35 When the people 36 heard this, they said, “May this never happen!” 37 20:17 But Jesus 38 looked straight at them and said, “Then what is the meaning of that which is written: ‘The stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone’? 39 20:18 Everyone who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, 40 and the one on whom it falls will be crushed.” 41 20:19 Then 42 the experts in the law 43 and the chief priests wanted to arrest 44 him that very hour, because they realized he had told this parable against them. But 45 they were afraid of the people.
Paying Taxes to Caesar
20:20 Then 46 they watched him carefully and sent spies who pretended to be sincere. 47 They wanted to take advantage of what he might say 48 so that they could deliver him up to the authority and jurisdiction 49 of the governor. 20:21 Thus 50 they asked him, “Teacher, we know that you speak and teach correctly, 51 and show no partiality, but teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. 52 20:22 Is it right 53 for us to pay the tribute tax 54 to Caesar 55 or not?” 20:23 But Jesus 56 perceived their deceit 57 and said to them, 20:24 “Show me a denarius. 58 Whose image 59 and inscription are on it?” 60 They said, “Caesar’s.” 20:25 So 61 he said to them, “Then give to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” 62 20:26 Thus 63 they were unable in the presence of the people to trap 64 him with his own words. 65 And stunned 66 by his answer, they fell silent.
Marriage and the Resurrection
20:27 Now some Sadducees 67 (who contend that there is no resurrection) 68 came to him. 20:28 They asked him, 69 “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies leaving a wife but no children, that man 70 must marry 71 the widow and father children 72 for his brother. 73 20:29 Now there were seven brothers. The first one married a woman 74 and died without children. 20:30 The second 75 20:31 and then the third married her, and in this same way all seven died, leaving no children. 20:32 Finally the woman died too. 20:33 In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife will the woman be? 76 For all seven had married her.” 77
20:34 So 78 Jesus said to them, “The people of this age 79 marry and are given in marriage. 20:35 But those who are regarded as worthy to share in 80 that age and in the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage. 81 20:36 In fact, they can no longer die, because they are equal to angels 82 and are sons of God, since they are 83 sons 84 of the resurrection. 20:37 But even Moses revealed that the dead are raised 85 in the passage about the bush, 86 where he calls the Lord the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob. 87 20:38 Now he is not God of the dead, but of the living, 88 for all live before him.” 89 20:39 Then 90 some of the experts in the law 91 answered, “Teacher, you have spoken well!” 92 20:40 For they did not dare any longer to ask 93 him anything.
The Messiah: David’s Son and Lord
‘The Lord said to my 97 lord,
“Sit at my right hand,
20:43 until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”’ 98
20:44 If David then calls him ‘Lord,’ how can he be his son?” 99
Jesus Warns the Disciples against Pride
20:45 As 100 all the people were listening, Jesus 101 said to his disciples, 20:46 “Beware 102 of the experts in the law. 103 They 104 like walking around in long robes, and they love elaborate greetings 105 in the marketplaces and the best seats 106 in the synagogues 107 and the places of honor at banquets. 20:47 They 108 devour 109 widows’ property, 110 and as a show make long prayers. They will receive a more severe punishment.”