Bible: Luke 1:1-4:13
1:1 Now 1 many have undertaken to compile an account 2 of the things 3 that have been fulfilled 4 among us, 1:2 like the accounts 5 passed on 6 to us by those who were eyewitnesses and servants of the word 7 from the beginning. 8 1:3 So 9 it seemed good to me as well, 10 because I have followed 11 all things carefully from the beginning, to write an orderly account 12 for you, most excellent Theophilus, 1:4 so that you may know for certain 13 the things you were taught. 14
Birth Announcement of John the Baptist
1:5 During the reign 15 of Herod 16 king of Judea, there lived a priest named Zechariah who belonged to 17 the priestly division of Abijah, 18 and he had a wife named Elizabeth, 19 who was a descendant of Aaron. 20 1:6 They 21 were both righteous in the sight of God, following 22 all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blamelessly. 23 1:7 But they did not have a child, because Elizabeth was barren, 24 and they were both very old. 25
1:8 Now 26 while Zechariah 27 was serving as priest before God when his division was on duty, 28 1:9 he was chosen by lot, according to the custom of the priesthood, 29 to enter 30 the holy place 31 of the Lord and burn incense. 1:10 Now 32 the whole crowd 33 of people were praying outside at the hour of the incense offering. 34 1:11 An 35 angel of the Lord, 36 standing on the right side of the altar of incense, appeared 37 to him. 1:12 And Zechariah, visibly shaken when he saw the angel, 38 was seized with fear. 39 1:13 But the angel said to him, “Do not be afraid, Zechariah, for your prayer has been heard, 40 and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son; you 41 will name him John. 42 1:14 Joy and gladness will come 43 to you, and many will rejoice at 44 his birth, 45 1:15 for he will be great in the sight of 46 the Lord. He 47 must never drink wine or strong drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit, even before his birth. 48 1:16 He 49 will turn 50 many of the people 51 of Israel to the Lord their God. 1:17 And he will go as forerunner before the Lord 52 in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers back to their children and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just, 53 to make ready for the Lord a people prepared for him.”
1:18 Zechariah 54 said to the angel, “How can I be sure of this? 55 For I am an old man, and my wife is old as well.” 56 1:19 The 57 angel answered him, “I am Gabriel, who stands 58 in the presence of God, and I was sent to speak to you and to bring 59 you this good news. 1:20 And now, 60 because you did not believe my words, which will be fulfilled in their time, 61 you will be silent, unable to speak, 62 until the day these things take place.”
1:21 Now 63 the people were waiting for Zechariah, and they began to wonder 64 why he was delayed in the holy place. 65 1:22 When 66 he came out, he was not able to speak to them. They 67 realized that he had seen a vision 68 in the holy place, 69 because 70 he was making signs to them and remained unable to speak. 71 1:23 When his time of service was over, 72 he went to his home.
1:24 After some time 73 his wife Elizabeth became pregnant, 74 and for five months she kept herself in seclusion. 75 She said, 76 1:25 “This is what 77 the Lord has done for me at the time 78 when he has been gracious to me, 79 to take away my disgrace 80 among people.” 81
Birth Announcement of Jesus the Messiah
1:26 In the sixth month of Elizabeth’s pregnancy, 82 the angel Gabriel 83 was sent by 84 God to a town of Galilee called Nazareth, 85 1:27 to a virgin engaged 86 to a man whose name was Joseph, a descendant of David, 87 and the virgin’s name was Mary. 1:28 The 88 angel 89 came 90 to her and said, “Greetings, favored one, 91 the Lord is with you!” 92 1:29 But 93 she was greatly troubled 94 by his words and began to wonder about the meaning of this greeting. 95 1:30 So 96 the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, 97 Mary, for you have found favor 98 with God! 1:31 Listen: 99 You will become pregnant 100 and give birth to 101 a son, and you will name him 102 Jesus. 103 1:32 He 104 will be great, 105 and will be called the Son of the Most High, 106 and the Lord God will give him the throne of his father 107 David. 1:33 He 108 will reign over the house of Jacob 109 forever, and his kingdom will never end.” 1:34 Mary 110 said to the angel, “How will this be, since I have not had sexual relations with 111 a man?” 1:35 The angel replied, 112 “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow 113 you. Therefore the child 114 to be born 115 will be holy; 116 he will be called the Son of God.
1:36 “And look, 117 your relative 118 Elizabeth has also become pregnant with 119 a son in her old age – although she was called barren, she is now in her sixth month! 120 1:37 For nothing 121 will be impossible with God.” 1:38 So 122 Mary said, “Yes, 123 I am a servant 124 of the Lord; let this happen to me 125 according to your word.” 126 Then 127 the angel departed from her.
Mary and Elizabeth
1:39 In those days 128 Mary got up and went hurriedly into the hill country, to a town of Judah, 129 1:40 and entered Zechariah’s house and greeted Elizabeth. 1:41 When 130 Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby leaped 131 in her 132 womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 133 1:42 She 134 exclaimed with a loud voice, 135 “Blessed are you among women, 136 and blessed is the child 137 in your womb! 1:43 And who am I 138 that the mother of my Lord should come and visit me? 1:44 For the instant 139 the sound of your greeting reached my ears, 140 the baby in my womb leaped for joy. 141 1:45 And blessed 142 is she who believed that 143 what was spoken to her by 144 the Lord would be fulfilled.” 145
Mary’s Hymn of Praise
1:47 and my spirit has begun to rejoice 150 in God my Savior,
1:48 because he has looked upon the humble state of his servant. 151
1:49 because he who is mighty 155 has done great things for me, and holy is his name;
The Birth of John
1:57 Now the time came 173 for Elizabeth to have her baby, 174 and she gave birth to a son. 1:58 Her 175 neighbors and relatives heard that the Lord had shown 176 great mercy to her, and they rejoiced 177 with her.
1:59 On 178 the eighth day 179 they came to circumcise the child, and they wanted to name 180 him Zechariah after his father. 1:60 But 181 his mother replied, 182 “No! He must be named 183 John.” 184 1:61 They 185 said to her, “But 186 none of your relatives bears this name.” 187 1:62 So 188 they made signs to the baby’s 189 father, 190 inquiring what he wanted to name his son. 191 1:63 He 192 asked for a writing tablet 193 and wrote, 194 “His name is John.” And they were all amazed. 195 1:64 Immediately 196 Zechariah’s 197 mouth was opened and his tongue 198 released, 199 and he spoke, blessing God. 1:65 All 200 their neighbors were filled with fear, and throughout the entire hill country of Judea all these things were talked about. 1:66 All 201 who heard these things 202 kept them in their hearts, 203 saying, “What then will this child be?” 204 For the Lord’s hand 205 was indeed with him.
Zechariah’s Praise and Prediction
1:68 “Blessed 208 be the Lord God of Israel,
1:70 as he spoke through the mouth of his holy prophets from long ago, 215
and from the hand of all who hate us.
and to remember his holy covenant 221 –
This oath grants 224
1:74 that we, being rescued from the hand of our 225 enemies,
may serve him without fear, 226
1:79 to give light to those who sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, 240
to guide our feet into the way 241 of peace.”
The Census and the Birth of Jesus
2:1 Now 246 in those days a decree 247 went out from Caesar 248 Augustus 249 to register 250 all the empire 251 for taxes. 2:2 This was the first registration, taken when Quirinius was governor 252 of Syria. 2:3 Everyone 253 went to his own town 254 to be registered. 2:4 So 255 Joseph also went up from the town of Nazareth 256 in Galilee to Judea, to the city 257 of David called Bethlehem, 258 because he was of the house 259 and family line 260 of David. 2:5 He went 261 to be registered with Mary, who was promised in marriage to him, 262 and who was expecting a child. 2:6 While 263 they were there, the time came for her to deliver her child. 264 2:7 And she gave birth to her firstborn son and wrapped him in strips of cloth 265 and laid him in a manger, 266 because there was no place for them in the inn. 267
The Shepherds’ Visit
2:8 Now 268 there were shepherds 269 nearby 270 living out in the field, keeping guard 271 over their flock at night. 2:9 An 272 angel of the Lord 273 appeared to 274 them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were absolutely terrified. 275 2:10 But the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid! Listen carefully, 276 for I proclaim to you good news 277 that brings great joy to all the people: 2:11 Today 278 your Savior is born in the city 279 of David. 280 He is Christ 281 the Lord. 2:12 This 282 will be a sign 283 for you: You will find a baby wrapped in strips of cloth and lying in a manger.” 284 2:13 Suddenly 285 a vast, heavenly army 286 appeared with the angel, praising God and saying,
2:14 “Glory 287 to God in the highest,
2:15 When 290 the angels left them and went back to heaven, the shepherds said to one another, “Let us go over to Bethlehem 291 and see this thing that has taken place, that the Lord 292 has made known to us.” 2:16 So they hurried off and located Mary and Joseph, and found the baby lying in a manger. 293 2:17 When 294 they saw him, 295 they related what they had been told 296 about this child, 2:18 and all who heard it were astonished 297 at what the shepherds said. 2:19 But Mary treasured up all these words, pondering in her heart what they might mean. 298 2:20 So 299 the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising 300 God for all they had heard and seen; everything was just as they had been told. 301
Jesus’ Presentation at the Temple
2:22 Now 304 when the time came for their 305 purification according to the law of Moses, Joseph and Mary 306 brought Jesus 307 up to Jerusalem 308 to present him to the Lord 2:23 (just as it is written in the law of the Lord, “Every firstborn male 309 will be set apart to the Lord” 310 ), 2:24 and to offer a sacrifice according to what is specified in the law of the Lord, a pair of doves 311 or two young pigeons. 312
The Prophecy of Simeon
2:25 Now 313 there was a man in Jerusalem 314 named Simeon who was righteous 315 and devout, looking for the restoration 316 of Israel, and the Holy Spirit 317 was upon him. 2:26 It 318 had been revealed 319 to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not die 320 before 321 he had seen the Lord’s Christ. 322 2:27 So 323 Simeon, 324 directed by the Spirit, 325 came into the temple courts, 326 and when the parents brought in the child Jesus to do for him what was customary according to the law, 327 2:28 Simeon 328 took him in his arms and blessed God, saying, 329
2:30 For my eyes have seen your salvation 335
2:31 that you have prepared in the presence of all peoples: 336
2:32 a light, 337
for revelation to the Gentiles,
and for glory 338 to your people Israel.”
2:33 So 339 the child’s 340 father 341 and mother were amazed 342 at what was said about him. 2:34 Then 343 Simeon blessed them and said to his mother Mary, “Listen carefully: 344 This child 345 is destined to be the cause of the falling and rising 346 of many in Israel and to be a sign that will be rejected. 347 2:35 Indeed, as a result of him the thoughts 348 of many hearts will be revealed 349 – and a sword 350 will pierce your own soul as well!” 351
The Testimony of Anna
2:36 There was also a prophetess, Anna the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was very old, 352 having been married to her husband for seven years until his death. 2:37 She had lived as a widow since then for eighty-four years. 353 She never left the temple, worshiping with fasting and prayer night and day. 354 2:38 At that moment, 355 she came up to them 356 and began to give thanks to God and to speak 357 about the child 358 to all who were waiting for the redemption of Jerusalem. 359
2:39 So 360 when Joseph and Mary 361 had performed 362 everything according to the law of the Lord, 363 they returned to Galilee, to their own town 364 of Nazareth. 365 2:40 And the child grew and became strong, 366 filled with wisdom, 367 and the favor 368 of God 369 was upon him.
Jesus in the Temple
2:41 Now 370 Jesus’ 371 parents went to Jerusalem 372 every 373 year for the feast of the Passover. 374 2:42 When 375 he was twelve years old, 376 they went up 377 according to custom. 2:43 But 378 when the feast was over, 379 as they were returning home, 380 the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem. His 381 parents 382 did not know it, 2:44 but (because they assumed that he was in their group of travelers) 383 they went a day’s journey. Then 384 they began to look for him among their relatives and acquaintances. 385 2:45 When 386 they did not find him, they returned to Jerusalem 387 to look for him. 2:46 After 388 three days 389 they found him in the temple courts, 390 sitting among the teachers, 391 listening to them and asking them questions. 2:47 And all who heard Jesus 392 were astonished 393 at his understanding and his answers. 2:48 When 394 his parents 395 saw him, they were overwhelmed. His 396 mother said to him, “Child, 397 why have you treated 398 us like this? Look, your father and I have been looking for you anxiously.” 399 2:49 But 400 he replied, 401 “Why were you looking for me? 402 Didn’t you know that I must be in my Father’s house?” 403 2:50 Yet 404 his parents 405 did not understand 406 the remark 407 he made 408 to them. 2:51 Then 409 he went down with them and came to Nazareth, 410 and was obedient 411 to them. But 412 his mother kept all these things 413 in her heart. 414
2:52 And Jesus increased 415 in wisdom and in stature, and in favor with God and with people.
The Ministry of John the Baptist
3:1 In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, 416 when Pontius Pilate 417 was governor of Judea, and Herod 418 was tetrarch 419 of Galilee, and his brother Philip 420 was tetrarch of the region of Iturea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias 421 was tetrarch of Abilene, 3:2 during the high priesthood 422 of Annas and Caiaphas, the word 423 of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness. 424 3:3 He 425 went into all the region around the Jordan River, 426 preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. 427
3:4 As it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet,
‘Prepare the way for the Lord,
make 430 his paths straight.
3:5 Every valley will be filled, 431
and every mountain and hill will be brought low,
and the crooked will be made straight,
and the rough ways will be made smooth,
3:7 So John 434 said to the crowds 435 that came out to be baptized by him, “You offspring of vipers! 436 Who warned you to flee 437 from the coming wrath? 3:8 Therefore produce 438 fruit 439 that proves your repentance, and don’t begin to say 440 to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father.’ 441 For I tell you that God can raise up children for Abraham from these stones! 442 3:9 Even now the ax is laid at the root of the trees, 443 and every tree that does not produce good fruit will be 444 cut down and thrown into the fire.”
3:10 So 445 the crowds were asking 446 him, “What then should we do?” 3:11 John 447 answered them, 448 “The person who has two tunics 449 must share with the person who has none, and the person who has food must do likewise.” 3:12 Tax collectors 450 also came to be baptized, and they said to him, “Teacher, what should we do?” 3:13 He told them, “Collect no more 451 than you are required to.” 452 3:14 Then some soldiers 453 also asked him, “And as for us – what should we do?” 454 He told them, “Take money from no one by violence 455 or by false accusation, 456 and be content with your pay.”
3:15 While the people were filled with anticipation 457 and they all wondered 458 whether perhaps John 459 could be the Christ, 460 3:16 John answered them all, 461 “I baptize you with water, 462 but one more powerful than I am is coming – I am not worthy 463 to untie the strap 464 of his sandals. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. 465 3:17 His winnowing fork 466 is in his hand to clean out his threshing floor and to gather the wheat into his storehouse, 467 but the chaff he will burn up with inextinguishable fire.” 468
3:18 And in this way, 469 with many other exhortations, John 470 proclaimed good news to the people. 3:19 But when John rebuked Herod 471 the tetrarch 472 because of Herodias, his brother’s wife, 473 and because of all the evil deeds 474 that he had done, 3:20 Herod added this to them all: He locked up John in prison.
The Baptism of Jesus
3:21 Now when 475 all the people were baptized, Jesus also was baptized. And while he was praying, 476 the heavens 477 opened, 3:22 and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form like a dove. 478 And a voice came from heaven, “You are my one dear Son; 479 in you I take great delight.” 480
The Genealogy of Jesus
3:23 So 481 Jesus, when he began his ministry, 482 was about thirty years old. He was 483 the son (as was supposed) 484 of Joseph, the son 485 of Heli, 3:24 the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph, 3:25 the son of Mattathias, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son of Naggai, 3:26 the son of Maath, the son of Mattathias, the son of Semein, the son of Josech, the son of Joda, 3:27 the son of Joanan, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, 486 the son of Shealtiel, 487 the son of Neri, 488 3:28 the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmadam, the son of Er, 3:29 the son of Joshua, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, 3:30 the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonam, the son of Eliakim, 3:31 the son of Melea, the son of Menna, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan, 489 the son of David, 490 3:32 the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Sala, 491 the son of Nahshon, 3:33 the son of Amminadab, the son of Admin, the son of Arni, 492 the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, 3:34 the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, 493 the son of Nahor, 3:35 the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Eber, the son of Shelah, 3:36 the son of Cainan, 494 the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, 3:37 the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalalel, 495 the son of Kenan, 496 3:38 the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God. 497
The Temptation of Jesus
4:1 Then 498 Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan River 499 and was led by the Spirit 500 in 501 the wilderness, 502 4:2 where for forty days he endured temptations 503 from the devil. He 504 ate nothing 505 during those days, and when they were completed, 506 he was famished. 4:3 The devil said to him, “If 507 you are the Son of God, command this stone to become bread.” 508 4:4 Jesus answered him, “It is written, ‘Man 509 does not live by bread alone.’” 510
4:5 Then 511 the devil 512 led him up 513 to a high place 514 and showed him in a flash all the kingdoms of the world. 4:6 And he 515 said to him, “To you 516 I will grant this whole realm 517 – and the glory that goes along with it, 518 for it has been relinquished 519 to me, and I can give it to anyone I wish. 4:7 So then, if 520 you will worship 521 me, all this will be 522 yours.” 4:8 Jesus 523 answered him, 524 “It is written, ‘You are to worship 525 the Lord 526 your God and serve only him.’” 527
4:9 Then 528 the devil 529 brought him to Jerusalem, 530 had him stand 531 on the highest point of the temple, 532 and said to him, “If 533 you are the Son of God, throw yourself down from here, 4:10 for it is written, ‘He will command his angels concerning you, to protect you,’ 534 4:11 and ‘with their hands they will lift you up, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.’” 535 4:12 Jesus 536 answered him, 537 “It is said, ‘You are not to put the Lord your God to the test.’” 538 4:13 So 539 when the devil 540 had completed every temptation, he departed from him until a more opportune time. 541