Bible: Leviticus 8-10

Ordination of the Priests

8:1 Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 1  8:2 Take Aaron and his sons with him, and the garments, the anointing oil, the sin offering bull, the two rams, and the basket of unleavened bread, 8:3 and assemble the whole congregation at the entrance of the Meeting Tent.” 2  8:4 So Moses did just as the Lord commanded him, and the congregation assembled at the entrance of the Meeting Tent. 8:5 Then Moses said to the congregation: “This is what the Lord has commanded to be done.”

Clothing Aaron

8:6 So Moses brought Aaron and his sons forward and washed them with water. 8:7 Then he 3  put the tunic 4  on Aaron, 5  wrapped the sash around him, 6  and clothed him with the robe. 7  Next he put the ephod on him 8  and placed on him 9  the decorated band of the ephod, and fastened the ephod closely to him with the band. 10  8:8 He then set the breastpiece 11  on him and put the Urim and Thummim 12  into the breastpiece. 8:9 Finally, he set the turban 13  on his head and attached the gold plate, the holy diadem, 14  to the front of the turban just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Anointing the Tabernacle and Aaron, and Clothing Aaron’s Sons

8:10 Then Moses took the anointing oil and anointed the tabernacle and everything in it, and so consecrated them. 15  8:11 Next he sprinkled some of it on the altar seven times and so anointed the altar, all its vessels, and the wash basin and its stand to consecrate them. 8:12 He then poured some of the anointing oil on the head of Aaron and anointed him to consecrate him. 8:13 Moses also brought forward Aaron’s sons, clothed them with tunics, wrapped sashes around them, 16  and wrapped headbands on them 17  just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Consecration Offerings

8:14 Then he brought near the sin offering bull 18  and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the sin offering bull, 8:15 and he slaughtered it. 19  Moses then took the blood and put it all around on the horns of the altar with his finger and decontaminated the altar, 20  and he poured out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar and so consecrated it to make atonement on it. 21  8:16 Then he 22  took all the fat on the entrails, the protruding lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys and their fat, 23  and Moses offered it all up in smoke on the altar, 24  8:17 but the rest of the bull – its hide, its flesh, and its dung – he completely burned up 25  outside the camp just as the Lord had commanded Moses. 26 

8:18 Then he presented the burnt offering ram and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram, 8:19 and he slaughtered it. 27  Moses then splashed the blood against the altar’s sides. 8:20 Then he 28  cut the ram into parts, 29  and Moses offered the head, the parts, and the suet up in smoke, 8:21 but the entrails and the legs he washed with water, 30  and Moses offered the whole ram up in smoke on the altar – it was a burnt offering for a soothing aroma, a gift to the Lord, just as the Lord had commanded Moses. 31 

8:22 Then he presented the second ram, the ram of ordination, 32  and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram 8:23 and he slaughtered it. 33  Moses then took some of its blood and put it on Aaron’s right earlobe, 34  on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe 35  of his right foot. 8:24 Next he brought Aaron’s sons forward, and Moses put some of the blood on their right earlobes, on their right thumbs, and on the big toes of their right feet, and Moses splashed the rest of the blood against the altar’s sides.

8:25 Then he took the fat (the fatty tail, 36  all the fat on the entrails, the protruding lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys and their fat 37 ) and the right thigh, 38  8:26 and from the basket of unleavened bread that was before the Lord he took one unleavened loaf, one loaf of bread mixed with olive oil, and one wafer, 39  and placed them on the fat parts and on the right thigh. 8:27 He then put all of them on the palms 40  of Aaron and his sons, who waved 41  them as a wave offering before the Lord. 42  8:28 Moses then took them from their palms and offered them up in smoke on the altar 43  on top of the burnt offering – they were an ordination offering for a soothing aroma; it was a gift to the Lord. 8:29 Finally, Moses took the breast and waved it as a wave offering before the Lord from the ram of ordination. It was Mosesshare just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Anointing Aaron, his Sons, and their Garments

8:30 Then Moses took some of the anointing oil and some of the blood which was on the altar and sprinkled it on Aaron and his garments, and on his sons and his sonsgarments with him. So he consecrated Aaron, his garments, and his sons and his sonsgarments with him. 8:31 Then Moses said to Aaron and his sons, “Boil the meat at the entrance of the Meeting Tent, and there you are to eat it and the bread which is in the ordination offering basket, just as I have commanded, 44  saying, ‘Aaron and his sons are to eat it,’ 8:32 but the remainder of the meat and the bread 45  you must burn with fire. 8:33 And you must not go out from the entrance of the Meeting Tent for seven days, until the day when your days of ordination are completed, because you must be ordained over a seven-day period. 46  8:34 What has been done 47  on this day the Lord has commanded to be done 48  to make atonement for you. 8:35 You must reside at the entrance of the Meeting Tent day and night for seven days and keep the charge of the Lord so that you will not die, for this is what I have been commanded.” 8:36 So Aaron and his sons did all the things the Lord had commanded through 49  Moses.

Inauguration of Tabernacle Worship

9:1 On the eighth day 50  Moses summoned 51  Aaron and his sons and the elders of Israel, 9:2 and said to Aaron, “Take for yourself a bull calf for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering, both flawless, and present them before the Lord. 9:3 Then tell the Israelites: ‘Take a male goat 52  for a sin offering and a calf and lamb, both a year old and flawless, 53  for a burnt offering, 9:4 and an ox and a ram for peace offerings to sacrifice before the Lord, and a grain offering mixed with olive oil, for today the Lord is going to appear 54  to you.’ 9:5 So they took what Moses had commanded to the front of 55  the Meeting Tent and the whole congregation presented them and stood before the Lord. 9:6 Then Moses said, “This is what the Lord has commanded you to do 56  so that the glory of the Lord may appear 57  to you.” 9:7 Moses then said to Aaron, “Approach the altar and make your sin offering and your burnt offering, and make atonement on behalf of yourself and on behalf of the people; 58  and also make the people’s offering and make atonement on behalf of them just as the Lord has commanded.”

The Sin Offering for the Priests

9:8 So Aaron approached the altar and slaughtered the sin offering calf which was for himself. 9:9 Then Aaron’s sons presented the blood to him and he dipped his finger in the blood and put it on the horns of the altar, and the rest of the blood he poured out at the base of the altar. 9:10 The fat and the kidneys and the protruding lobe of 59  the liver from the sin offering he offered up in smoke on the altar just as the Lord had commanded Moses, 9:11 but the flesh and the hide he completely burned up 60  outside the camp. 61 

The Burnt Offering for the Priests

9:12 He then slaughtered the burnt offering, and his sons 62  handed 63  the blood to him and he splashed 64  it against the altar’s sides. 9:13 The burnt offering itself they handed 65  to him by its parts, including the head, 66  and he offered them up in smoke on the altar, 9:14 and he washed the entrails and the legs and offered them up in smoke on top of the burnt offering on the altar.

The Offerings for the People

9:15 Then he presented the people’s offering. He took the sin offering male goat which was for the people, slaughtered it, and performed a decontamination rite with it 67  like the first one. 68  9:16 He then presented the burnt offering, and did it according to the standard regulation. 69  9:17 Next he presented the grain offering, filled his hand with some of it, and offered it up in smoke on the altar in addition to the morning burnt offering. 70  9:18 Then he slaughtered the ox and the ram – the peace offering sacrifices which were for the people – and Aaron’s sons handed 71  the blood to him and he splashed it against the altar’s sides. 9:19 As for the fat parts from the ox and from the ram 72  (the fatty tail, the fat covering the entrails, 73  the kidneys, and the protruding lobe of the liver), 9:20 they 74  set those on the breasts and he offered the fat parts up in smoke on the altar. 9:21 Finally Aaron waved the breasts and the right thigh as a wave offering before the Lord just as Moses had commanded.

9:22 Then Aaron lifted up his hands toward the people and blessed them and descended from making the sin offering, the burnt offering, and the peace offering. 9:23 Moses and Aaron then entered into the Meeting Tent. When they came out, they blessed the people, and the glory of the Lord appeared to all the people. 9:24 Then fire went out from the presence of the Lord 75  and consumed the burnt offering and the fat parts on the altar, and all the people saw it, so they shouted loudly and fell down with their faces to the ground. 76 

Nadab and Abihu

10:1 Then 77  Aaron’s sons, Nadab and Abihu, each took his fire pan and put fire in it, set incense on it, and presented strange fire 78  before the Lord, which he had not commanded them to do. 10:2 So fire went out from the presence of the Lord 79  and consumed them so that they died before the Lord. 10:3 Moses then said to Aaron, “This is what the Lord spoke: ‘Among the ones close to me I will show myself holy, 80  and in the presence of all the people I will be honored.’” 81  So Aaron kept silent. 10:4 Moses then called to Mishael and Elzaphan, the sons of Uzziel, Aaron’s uncle, and said to them, “Come near, carry your brothers away from the front of the sanctuary to a place outside the camp.” 10:5 So they came near and carried them away in their tunics to a place outside the camp just as Moses had spoken. 10:6 Then Moses said to Aaron and to Eleazar and Ithamar his other two sons, “Do not 82  dishevel the hair of your heads 83  and do not tear your garments, so that you do not die and so that wrath does not come on the whole congregation. Your brothers, all the house of Israel, are to mourn the burning which the Lord has caused, 84  10:7 but you must not go out from the entrance of the Meeting Tent lest you die, for the Lord’s anointing oil is on you.” So they acted according to the word of Moses.

Perpetual Statutes the Lord Spoke to Aaron

10:8 Then the Lord spoke to Aaron, 10:9 Do not drink wine or strong drink, you and your sons with you, when you enter into the Meeting Tent, so that you do not die, which is a perpetual statute throughout your generations, 85  10:10 as well as 86  to distinguish between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean, 87  10:11 and to teach the Israelites all the statutes that the Lord has spoken to them through 88  Moses.”

Perpetual Statutes Moses spoke to Aaron

10:12 Then Moses spoke to Aaron and to Eleazar and Ithamar, his remaining sons, “Take the grain offering which remains from the gifts of the Lord and eat it unleavened beside the altar, for it is most holy. 10:13 You must eat it in a holy place because it is your allotted portion 89  and the allotted portion of your sons from the gifts 90  of the Lord, for this is what I have been commanded. 91  10:14 Also, the breast of the wave offering and the thigh of the contribution offering you must eat in a ceremonially 92  clean place, you and your sons and daughters with you, for they have been given as your allotted portion and the allotted portion of your sons from the peace offering sacrifices of the Israelites. 93  10:15 The thigh of the contribution offering and the breast of the wave offering they must bring in addition to the gifts of the fat parts to wave them as a wave offering before the Lord, and it will belong to you and your sons with you for a perpetual statute just as the Lord has commanded.”

The Problem with the Inaugural Sin Offering

10:16 Later Moses sought diligently for the sin offering male goat, 94  but it had actually been burnt. 95  So he became angry at Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron’s remaining sons, saying, 10:17 Why did you not eat the sin offering in the sanctuary? For it is most holy and he gave it to you to bear the iniquity of the congregation, 96  to make atonement on their behalf before the Lord. 10:18 See here! 97  Its blood was not brought into the holy place within! 98  You should certainly have eaten it in the sanctuary just as I commanded! 10:19 But Aaron spoke to Moses, “See here! 99  Just today they presented their sin offering and their burnt offering before the Lord and such things as these have happened to me! If I had eaten a sin offering today would the Lord have been pleased? 100  10:20 When Moses heard this explanation, he was satisfied. 101 

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