Bible: Leviticus 5

Additional Sin Offering Regulations

5:1‘When a person sins 1  in that he hears a public curse against one who fails to testify 2  and he is a witness (he either saw or knew what had happened 3 ) and he does not make it known, 4  then he will bear his punishment for iniquity. 5  5:2 Or when there is 6  a person who touches anything ceremonially 7  unclean, whether the carcass of an unclean wild animal, or the carcass of an unclean domesticated animal, or the carcass of an unclean creeping thing, even if he did not realize it, 8  but he himself has become unclean and is guilty; 9  5:3 or when he touches human uncleanness with regard to anything by which he can become unclean, 10  even if he did not realize it, but he himself has later come to know it and is guilty; 5:4 or when a person swears an oath, speaking thoughtlessly 11  with his lips, whether to do evil or to do good, with regard to anything which the individual might speak thoughtlessly in an oath, even if he did not realize it, but he himself has later come to know it and is guilty with regard to one of these oaths 12  5:5 when an individual becomes guilty with regard to one of these things 13  he must confess how he has sinned, 14  5:6 and he must bring his penalty for guilt 15  to the Lord for his sin that he has committed, a female from the flock, whether a female sheep or a female goat, for a sin offering. So the priest will make atonement 16  on his behalf for 17  his sin.

5:7‘If he cannot afford an animal from the flock, 18  he must bring his penalty for guilt for his sin that he has committed, 19  two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 20  to the Lord, one for a sin offering and one for a burnt offering. 5:8 He must bring them to the priest and present first the one that is for a sin offering. The priest 21  must pinch 22  its head at the nape of its neck, but must not sever the head from the body. 23  5:9 Then he must sprinkle 24  some of the blood of the sin offering on the wall of the altar, and the remainder of the blood 25  must be squeezed out at the base of the altar – it is a sin offering. 5:10 The second bird 26  he must make a burnt offering according to the standard regulation. 27  So the priest will make atonement 28  on behalf of this person for 29  his sin which he has committed, and he will be forgiven. 30 

5:11‘If he cannot afford 31  two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 32  he must bring as his offering for his sin which he has committed 33  a tenth of an ephah 34  of choice wheat flour 35  for a sin offering. He must not place olive oil on it and he must not put frankincense on it, because it is a sin offering. 5:12 He must bring it to the priest and the priest must scoop out from it a handful as its memorial portion 36  and offer it up in smoke on the altar on top of the other gifts of the Lordit is a sin offering. 5:13 So the priest will make atonement 37  on his behalf for his sin which he has committed by doing one of these things, 38  and he will be forgiven. 39  The remainder of the offering 40  will belong to the priest like the grain offering.’ 41 

Guilt Offering Regulations: Known Trespass

5:14 Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 42  5:15 When a person commits a trespass 43  and sins by straying unintentionally 44  from the regulations about the Lord’s holy things, 45  then he must bring his penalty for guilt 46  to the Lord, a flawless ram from the flock, convertible into silver shekels according to the standard of the sanctuary shekel, 47  for a guilt offering. 48  5:16 And whatever holy thing he violated 49  he must restore and must add one fifth to it and give it to the priest. So the priest will make atonement 50  on his behalf with the guilt offering ram and he will be forgiven.” 51 

Unknown trespass

5:17If a person sins and violates any of the Lord’s commandments which must not be violated 52  (although he did not know it at the time, 53  but later realizes he is guilty), then he will bear his punishment for iniquity 54  5:18 and must bring a flawless ram from the flock, convertible into silver shekels, 55  for a guilt offering to the priest. So the priest will make atonement 56  on his behalf for his error which he committed 57  (although he himself had not known it) and he will be forgiven. 58  5:19 It is a guilt offering; he was surely guilty before the Lord.”

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