Bible: Leviticus 14-16
Purification of Diseased Skin Infections
The Seven Days of Purification
14:8 “The one being cleansed 15 must then wash his clothes, shave off all his hair, and bathe in water, and so be clean. 16 Then afterward he may enter the camp, but he must live outside his tent seven days. 14:9 When the seventh day comes 17 he must shave all his hair – his head, his beard, his eyebrows, all his hair – and he must wash his clothes, bathe his body in water, and so be clean. 18
The Eighth Day Atonement Rituals
14:10 “On the eighth day he 19 must take two flawless male lambs, one flawless yearling female lamb, three-tenths of an ephah of choice wheat flour as a grain offering mixed with olive oil, 20 and one log of olive oil, 21 14:11 and the priest who pronounces him clean will have the man who is being cleansed stand along with these offerings 22 before the
14:12 “The priest is to take one male lamb 23 and present it for a guilt offering 24 along with the log of olive oil and present them as a wave offering before the
14:19 “The priest must then perform the sin offering 38 and make atonement for the one being cleansed from his impurity. After that he 39 is to slaughter the burnt offering, 14:20 and the priest is to offer 40 the burnt offering and the grain offering on the altar. So the priest is to make atonement for him and he will be clean.
The Eighth Day Atonement Rituals for the Poor Person
14:21 “If the person is poor and does not have sufficient means, 41 he must take one male lamb as a guilt offering for a wave offering to make atonement for himself, one-tenth of an ephah of choice wheat flour mixed with olive oil for a grain offering, a log of olive oil, 42 14:22 and two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 43 which are within his means. 44 One will be a sin offering and the other a burnt offering. 45
14:23 “On the eighth day he must bring them for his purification to the priest at the entrance 46 of the Meeting Tent before the
14:30 “He will then make one of the turtledoves 55 or young pigeons, which are within his means, 56 14:31 a sin offering and the other a burnt offering along with the grain offering. 57 So the priest is to make atonement for the one being cleansed before the
Purification of Disease-Infected Houses
14:33 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron: 14:34 “When you enter the land of Canaan which I am about to give 60 to you for a possession, and I put 61 a diseased infection in a house in the land you are to possess, 62 14:35 then whoever owns the house 63 must come and declare to the priest, ‘Something like an infection is visible to me in the house.’ 14:36 Then the priest will command that the house be cleared 64 before the priest enters to examine the infection 65 so that everything in the house 66 does not become unclean, 67 and afterward 68 the priest will enter to examine the house. 14:37 He is to examine the infection, and if 69 the infection in the walls of the house consists of yellowish green or reddish eruptions, 70 and it appears to be deeper than the surface of the wall, 71 14:38 then the priest is to go out of the house to the doorway of the house and quarantine the house for seven days. 72 14:39 The priest must return on the seventh day and examine it, and if 73 the infection has spread in the walls of the house, 14:40 then the priest is to command that the stones that had the infection in them be pulled and thrown 74 outside the city 75 into an unclean place. 14:41 Then he is to have the house scraped 76 all around on the inside, 77 and the plaster 78 which is scraped off 79 must be dumped outside the city 80 into an unclean place. 14:42 They are then to take other stones and replace those stones, 81 and he is to take other plaster and replaster the house.
14:43 “If the infection returns and breaks out in the house after he has pulled out the stones, scraped the house, and it is replastered, 82 14:44 the priest is to come and examine it, and if 83 the infection has spread in the house, it is a malignant disease in the house. It is unclean. 14:45 He must tear down the house, 84 its stones, its wood, and all the plaster of the house, and bring all of it 85 outside the city to an unclean place. 14:46 Anyone who enters 86 the house all the days the priest 87 has quarantined it will be unclean until evening. 14:47 Anyone who lies down in the house must wash his clothes. Anyone who eats in the house must wash his clothes.
14:48 “If, however, the priest enters 88 and examines it, and the 89 infection has not spread in the house after the house has been replastered, then the priest is to pronounce the house clean because the infection has been healed. 14:49 Then he 90 is to take two birds, a piece of cedar wood, a scrap of crimson fabric, and some twigs of hyssop 91 to decontaminate 92 the house, 14:50 and he is to slaughter one bird into a clay vessel over fresh water. 93 14:51 He must then take the piece of cedar wood, the twigs of hyssop, the scrap of crimson fabric, and the live bird, and dip them in the blood of the slaughtered bird and in the fresh water, and sprinkle the house seven times. 14:52 So he is to decontaminate the house with the blood of the bird, the fresh water, the live bird, the piece of cedar wood, the twigs of hyssop, and the scrap of crimson fabric, 14:53 and he is to send the live bird away outside the city 94 into the open countryside. So he is to make atonement for the house and it will be clean.
Summary of Purification Regulations for Infections
14:54 “This is the law for all diseased infections, for scall, 95 14:55 for the diseased garment, 96 for the house, 97 14:56 for the swelling, 98 for the scab, 99 and for the bright spot, 100 14:57 to teach when something is unclean and when it is clean. 101 This is the law for dealing with infectious disease.” 102
Male Bodily Discharges
15:4 “‘Any bed the man with a discharge lies on will be unclean, 109 and any furniture he sits on will be unclean. 110 15:5 Anyone who touches his bed 111 must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 112 15:6 The one who sits on the furniture the man with a discharge sits on must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:7 The one who touches the body 113 of the man with a discharge must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:8 If the man with a discharge spits on a person who is ceremonially clean, 114 that person must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:9 Any means of riding 115 the man with a discharge rides on will be unclean. 15:10 Anyone who touches anything that was under him 116 will be unclean until evening, and the one who carries those items 117 must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:11 Anyone whom the man with the discharge touches without having rinsed his hands in water 118 must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:12 A clay vessel 119 which the man with the discharge touches must be broken, and any wooden utensil must be rinsed in water.
Purity Regulations for Male Bodily Discharges
15:13 “‘When the man with the discharge becomes clean from his discharge he is to count off for himself seven days for his purification, and he must wash his clothes, bathe in fresh water, 120 and be clean. 15:14 Then on the eighth day he is to take for himself two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 121 and he is to present himself 122 before the
15:16 “‘When a man has a seminal emission, 127 he must bathe his whole body in water 128 and be unclean until evening, 15:17 and he must wash in water any clothing or leather that has semen on it, and it will be unclean until evening. 15:18 When a man has sexual intercourse with a woman and there is a seminal emission, 129 they must bathe in water and be unclean until evening.
Female Bodily Discharges
15:19 “‘When a woman has a discharge 130 and her discharge is blood from her body, 131 she is to be in her menstruation 132 seven days, and anyone who touches her will be unclean until evening. 15:20 Anything she lies on during her menstruation will be unclean, and anything she sits on will be unclean. 15:21 Anyone who touches her bed must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:22 Anyone who touches any furniture she sits on must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:23 If there is something on the bed or on the furniture she sits on, 133 when he touches it 134 he will be unclean until evening, 15:24 and if a man actually has sexual intercourse with her so that her menstrual impurity touches him, 135 then he will be unclean seven days and any bed he lies on will be unclean.
15:25 “‘When a woman’s discharge of blood flows 136 many days not at the time of her menstruation, or if it flows beyond the time of her menstruation, 137 all the days of her discharge of impurity will be like the days of her menstruation – she is unclean. 15:26 Any bed she lies on all the days of her discharge will be to her like the bed of her menstruation, any furniture she sits on will be unclean like the impurity of her menstruation, 15:27 and anyone who touches them will be unclean, and he must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 138
Purity Regulations from Female Bodily Discharges
15:28 “‘If 139 she becomes clean from her discharge, then she is to count off for herself seven days, and afterward she will be clean. 15:29 Then on the eighth day she must take for herself two turtledoves or two young pigeons 140 and she must bring them to the priest at the entrance of the Meeting Tent, 15:30 and the priest is to make one a sin offering and the other a burnt offering. 141 So the priest 142 is to make atonement for her before the
Summary of Purification Regulations for Bodily Discharges
15:31 “‘Thus you 143 are to set the Israelites apart from their impurity so that they 144 do not die in their impurity by defiling my tabernacle which is in their midst. 15:32 This is the law of the one with a discharge: the one who has a seminal emission 145 and becomes unclean by it, 146 15:33 the one who is sick in her menstruation, the one with a discharge, whether male or female, 147 and a man 148 who has sexual intercourse with an unclean woman.’”
The Day of Atonement
Day of Atonement Offerings
16:3 “In this way Aaron is to enter into the sanctuary – with a young bull 152 for a sin offering 153 and a ram for a burnt offering. 154 16:4 He must put on a holy linen tunic, 155 linen leggings are to cover his body, 156 and he is to wrap himself with a linen sash 157 and wrap his head with a linen turban. 158 They are holy garments, so he must bathe 159 his body in water and put them on. 16:5 He must also take 160 two male goats 161 from the congregation of the Israelites for a sin offering and one ram for a burnt offering. 16:6 Then Aaron is to present the sin offering bull which is for himself and is to make atonement on behalf of himself and his household. 16:7 He must then take the two goats 162 and stand them before the
The Sin Offering Sacrificial Procedures
16:11 “Aaron is to present the sin offering bull which is for himself, and he is to make atonement on behalf of himself and his household. He is to slaughter the sin offering bull which is for himself, 16:12 and take a censer full of coals of fire from the altar before the
16:15 “He must then slaughter the sin offering goat which is for the people. He is to bring its blood inside the veil-canopy, 175 and he is to do with its blood just as he did to the blood of the bull: He is to sprinkle it on the atonement plate and in front of the atonement plate. 16:16 So 176 he is to make atonement for the holy place from the impurities of the Israelites and from their transgressions with regard to all their sins, 177 and thus he is to do for the Meeting Tent which resides with them in the midst of their impurities. 16:17 Nobody is to be in the Meeting Tent 178 when he enters to make atonement in the holy place until he goes out, and he has made atonement on his behalf, on behalf of his household, and on behalf of the whole assembly of Israel.
16:18 “Then 179 he is to go out to the altar which is before the
The Live Goat Ritual Procedures
16:20 “When he has finished purifying the holy place, 182 the Meeting Tent, and the altar, he is to present the live goat. 16:21 Aaron is to lay his two hands on the head of the live goat and confess over it all the iniquities of the Israelites and all their transgressions in regard to all their sins, 183 and thus he is to put them 184 on the head of the goat and send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a man standing ready. 185 16:22 The goat is to bear on itself all their iniquities into an inaccessible land, 186 so he is to send the goat away 187 in the wilderness.
The Concluding Rituals
16:23 “Aaron must then enter 188 the Meeting Tent and take off the linen garments which he had put on when he entered the sanctuary, and leave them there. 16:24 Then he must bathe his body in water in a holy place, put on his clothes, and go out and make his burnt offering and the people’s burnt offering. So he is to make atonement 189 on behalf of himself and the people. 190
16:25 “Then he is to offer up the fat of the sin offering 191 in smoke on the altar, 16:26 and the one who sent the goat away to Azazel 192 must wash his clothes, bathe his body in water, and afterward he may reenter the camp. 16:27 The bull of the sin offering and the goat of the sin offering, whose blood was brought to make atonement in the holy place, must be brought outside the camp 193 and their hide, their flesh, and their dung must be burned up, 194 16:28 and the one who burns them must wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward he may reenter the camp.
Review of the Day of Atonement
16:29 “This is to be a perpetual statute for you. 195 In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you must humble yourselves 196 and do no work of any kind, 197 both the native citizen and the foreigner who resides 198 in your midst, 16:30 for on this day atonement is to be made for you to cleanse you from all your sins; you must be clean before the
16:32 “The priest who is anointed and ordained to act as high priest in place of his father 202 is to make atonement. He is to put on the linen garments, the holy garments, 16:33 and he is to purify 203 the Most Holy Place, 204 he is to purify the Meeting Tent and the altar, 205 and he is to make atonement for 206 the priests and for all the people of the assembly. 16:34 This is to be a perpetual statute for you 207 to make atonement for the Israelites for 208 all their sins once a year.” 209 So he did just as the