Bible: Leviticus 14-16

Purification of Diseased Skin Infections

14:1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 14:2 This is the law of the diseased person on the day of his purification, when 1  he is brought to the priest. 2  14:3 The priest is to go outside the camp and examine the infection. 3  If the infection of the diseased person has been healed, 4  14:4 then the priest will command that two live clean birds, a piece of cedar wood, a scrap of crimson fabric, 5  and some twigs of hyssop 6  be taken up 7  for the one being cleansed. 8  14:5 The priest will then command that one bird be slaughtered 9  into a clay vessel over fresh water. 10  14:6 Then 11  he is to take the live bird along with the piece of cedar wood, the scrap of crimson fabric, and the twigs of hyssop, and he is to dip them and the live bird in the blood of the bird slaughtered over the fresh water, 14:7 and sprinkle it seven times on the one being cleansed 12  from the disease, pronounce him clean, 13  and send the live bird away over the open countryside. 14 

The Seven Days of Purification

14:8The one being cleansed 15  must then wash his clothes, shave off all his hair, and bathe in water, and so be clean. 16  Then afterward he may enter the camp, but he must live outside his tent seven days. 14:9 When the seventh day comes 17  he must shave all his hair – his head, his beard, his eyebrows, all his hair – and he must wash his clothes, bathe his body in water, and so be clean. 18 

The Eighth Day Atonement Rituals

14:10On the eighth day he 19  must take two flawless male lambs, one flawless yearling female lamb, three-tenths of an ephah of choice wheat flour as a grain offering mixed with olive oil, 20  and one log of olive oil, 21  14:11 and the priest who pronounces him clean will have the man who is being cleansed stand along with these offerings 22  before the Lord at the entrance of the Meeting Tent.

14:12The priest is to take one male lamb 23  and present it for a guilt offering 24  along with the log of olive oil and present them as a wave offering before the Lord. 25  14:13 He must then slaughter 26  the male lamb in the place where 27  the sin offering 28  and the burnt offering 29  are slaughtered, 30  in the sanctuary, because, like the sin offering, the guilt offering belongs to the priest; 31  it is most holy. 14:14 Then the priest is to take some of the blood of the guilt offering and put it on the right earlobe of the one being cleansed, 32  on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe 33  of his right foot. 14:15 The priest will then take some of the log of olive oil and pour it into his own left hand. 34  14:16 Then the priest is to dip his right forefinger into the olive oil 35  that is in his left hand, and sprinkle some of the olive oil with his finger seven times before the Lord. 14:17 The priest will then put some of the rest of the olive oil that is in his hand 36  on the right earlobe of the one being cleansed, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on the blood of the guilt offering, 14:18 and the remainder of the olive oil 37  that is in his hand the priest is to put on the head of the one being cleansed. So the priest is to make atonement for him before the Lord.

14:19The priest must then perform the sin offering 38  and make atonement for the one being cleansed from his impurity. After that he 39  is to slaughter the burnt offering, 14:20 and the priest is to offer 40  the burnt offering and the grain offering on the altar. So the priest is to make atonement for him and he will be clean.

The Eighth Day Atonement Rituals for the Poor Person

14:21If the person is poor and does not have sufficient means, 41  he must take one male lamb as a guilt offering for a wave offering to make atonement for himself, one-tenth of an ephah of choice wheat flour mixed with olive oil for a grain offering, a log of olive oil, 42  14:22 and two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 43  which are within his means. 44  One will be a sin offering and the other a burnt offering. 45 

14:23On the eighth day he must bring them for his purification to the priest at the entrance 46  of the Meeting Tent before the Lord, 14:24 and the priest is to take the male lamb of the guilt offering and the log of olive oil and wave them 47  as a wave offering before the Lord. 14:25 Then he is to slaughter the male lamb of the guilt offering, and the priest is to take some of the blood of the guilt offering and put it on the right earlobe of the one being cleansed, 48  on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe 49  of his right foot. 14:26 The priest will then pour some of the olive oil into his own left hand, 50  14:27 and sprinkle some of the olive oil that is in his left hand with his right forefinger 51  seven times before the Lord. 14:28 Then the priest is to put some of the olive oil that is in his hand 52  on the right earlobe of the one being cleansed, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on the place of the blood of the guilt offering, 14:29 and the remainder of the olive oil that is in the hand 53  of the priest he is to put 54  on the head of the one being cleansed to make atonement for him before the Lord.

14:30He will then make one of the turtledoves 55  or young pigeons, which are within his means, 56  14:31 a sin offering and the other a burnt offering along with the grain offering. 57  So the priest is to make atonement for the one being cleansed before the Lord. 14:32 This is the law of the one in whom there is a diseased infection, 58  who does not have sufficient means for his purification.” 59 

Purification of Disease-Infected Houses

14:33 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron: 14:34 When you enter the land of Canaan which I am about to give 60  to you for a possession, and I put 61  a diseased infection in a house in the land you are to possess, 62  14:35 then whoever owns the house 63  must come and declare to the priest, ‘Something like an infection is visible to me in the house.’ 14:36 Then the priest will command that the house be cleared 64  before the priest enters to examine the infection 65  so that everything in the house 66  does not become unclean, 67  and afterward 68  the priest will enter to examine the house. 14:37 He is to examine the infection, and if 69  the infection in the walls of the house consists of yellowish green or reddish eruptions, 70  and it appears to be deeper than the surface of the wall, 71  14:38 then the priest is to go out of the house to the doorway of the house and quarantine the house for seven days. 72  14:39 The priest must return on the seventh day and examine it, and if 73  the infection has spread in the walls of the house, 14:40 then the priest is to command that the stones that had the infection in them be pulled and thrown 74  outside the city 75  into an unclean place. 14:41 Then he is to have the house scraped 76  all around on the inside, 77  and the plaster 78  which is scraped off 79  must be dumped outside the city 80  into an unclean place. 14:42 They are then to take other stones and replace those stones, 81  and he is to take other plaster and replaster the house.

14:43If the infection returns and breaks out in the house after he has pulled out the stones, scraped the house, and it is replastered, 82  14:44 the priest is to come and examine it, and if 83  the infection has spread in the house, it is a malignant disease in the house. It is unclean. 14:45 He must tear down the house, 84  its stones, its wood, and all the plaster of the house, and bring all of it 85  outside the city to an unclean place. 14:46 Anyone who enters 86  the house all the days the priest 87  has quarantined it will be unclean until evening. 14:47 Anyone who lies down in the house must wash his clothes. Anyone who eats in the house must wash his clothes.

14:48If, however, the priest enters 88  and examines it, and the 89  infection has not spread in the house after the house has been replastered, then the priest is to pronounce the house clean because the infection has been healed. 14:49 Then he 90  is to take two birds, a piece of cedar wood, a scrap of crimson fabric, and some twigs of hyssop 91  to decontaminate 92  the house, 14:50 and he is to slaughter one bird into a clay vessel over fresh water. 93  14:51 He must then take the piece of cedar wood, the twigs of hyssop, the scrap of crimson fabric, and the live bird, and dip them in the blood of the slaughtered bird and in the fresh water, and sprinkle the house seven times. 14:52 So he is to decontaminate the house with the blood of the bird, the fresh water, the live bird, the piece of cedar wood, the twigs of hyssop, and the scrap of crimson fabric, 14:53 and he is to send the live bird away outside the city 94  into the open countryside. So he is to make atonement for the house and it will be clean.

Summary of Purification Regulations for Infections

14:54This is the law for all diseased infections, for scall, 95  14:55 for the diseased garment, 96  for the house, 97  14:56 for the swelling, 98  for the scab, 99  and for the bright spot, 100  14:57 to teach when something is unclean and when it is clean. 101  This is the law for dealing with infectious disease.” 102 

Male Bodily Discharges

15:1 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron: 15:2 Speak to the Israelites and tell them, ‘When any man 103  has a discharge 104  from his body, 105  his discharge is unclean. 15:3 Now this is his uncleanness in regard to his discharge 106 whether his body secretes his discharge or blocks his discharge, he is unclean. All the days that his body has a discharge or his body blocks his discharge, 107  this is his uncleanness. 108 

15:4‘Any bed the man with a discharge lies on will be unclean, 109  and any furniture he sits on will be unclean. 110  15:5 Anyone who touches his bed 111  must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 112  15:6 The one who sits on the furniture the man with a discharge sits on must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:7 The one who touches the body 113  of the man with a discharge must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:8 If the man with a discharge spits on a person who is ceremonially clean, 114  that person must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:9 Any means of riding 115  the man with a discharge rides on will be unclean. 15:10 Anyone who touches anything that was under him 116  will be unclean until evening, and the one who carries those items 117  must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:11 Anyone whom the man with the discharge touches without having rinsed his hands in water 118  must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:12 A clay vessel 119  which the man with the discharge touches must be broken, and any wooden utensil must be rinsed in water.

Purity Regulations for Male Bodily Discharges

15:13‘When the man with the discharge becomes clean from his discharge he is to count off for himself seven days for his purification, and he must wash his clothes, bathe in fresh water, 120  and be clean. 15:14 Then on the eighth day he is to take for himself two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 121  and he is to present himself 122  before the Lord at the entrance of the Meeting Tent and give them to the priest, 15:15 and the priest is to make one of them a sin offering 123  and the other a burnt offering. 124  So the priest 125  is to make atonement for him before the Lord for 126  his discharge.

15:16‘When a man has a seminal emission, 127  he must bathe his whole body in water 128  and be unclean until evening, 15:17 and he must wash in water any clothing or leather that has semen on it, and it will be unclean until evening. 15:18 When a man has sexual intercourse with a woman and there is a seminal emission, 129  they must bathe in water and be unclean until evening.

Female Bodily Discharges

15:19‘When a woman has a discharge 130  and her discharge is blood from her body, 131  she is to be in her menstruation 132  seven days, and anyone who touches her will be unclean until evening. 15:20 Anything she lies on during her menstruation will be unclean, and anything she sits on will be unclean. 15:21 Anyone who touches her bed must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:22 Anyone who touches any furniture she sits on must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:23 If there is something on the bed or on the furniture she sits on, 133  when he touches it 134  he will be unclean until evening, 15:24 and if a man actually has sexual intercourse with her so that her menstrual impurity touches him, 135  then he will be unclean seven days and any bed he lies on will be unclean.

15:25‘When a woman’s discharge of blood flows 136  many days not at the time of her menstruation, or if it flows beyond the time of her menstruation, 137  all the days of her discharge of impurity will be like the days of her menstruation – she is unclean. 15:26 Any bed she lies on all the days of her discharge will be to her like the bed of her menstruation, any furniture she sits on will be unclean like the impurity of her menstruation, 15:27 and anyone who touches them will be unclean, and he must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 138 

Purity Regulations from Female Bodily Discharges

15:28‘If 139  she becomes clean from her discharge, then she is to count off for herself seven days, and afterward she will be clean. 15:29 Then on the eighth day she must take for herself two turtledoves or two young pigeons 140  and she must bring them to the priest at the entrance of the Meeting Tent, 15:30 and the priest is to make one a sin offering and the other a burnt offering. 141  So the priest 142  is to make atonement for her before the Lord from her discharge of impurity.

Summary of Purification Regulations for Bodily Discharges

15:31‘Thus you 143  are to set the Israelites apart from their impurity so that they 144  do not die in their impurity by defiling my tabernacle which is in their midst. 15:32 This is the law of the one with a discharge: the one who has a seminal emission 145  and becomes unclean by it, 146  15:33 the one who is sick in her menstruation, the one with a discharge, whether male or female, 147  and a man 148  who has sexual intercourse with an unclean woman.’

The Day of Atonement

16:1 The Lord spoke to Moses after the death of Aaron’s two sons when they approached the presence of the Lord 149  and died, 16:2 and the Lord said to Moses: “Tell Aaron your brother that he must not enter at any time into the holy place inside the veil-canopy 150  in front of the atonement plate 151  that is on the ark so that he may not die, for I will appear in the cloud over the atonement plate.

Day of Atonement Offerings

16:3In this way Aaron is to enter into the sanctuary – with a young bull 152  for a sin offering 153  and a ram for a burnt offering. 154  16:4 He must put on a holy linen tunic, 155  linen leggings are to cover his body, 156  and he is to wrap himself with a linen sash 157  and wrap his head with a linen turban. 158  They are holy garments, so he must bathe 159  his body in water and put them on. 16:5 He must also take 160  two male goats 161  from the congregation of the Israelites for a sin offering and one ram for a burnt offering. 16:6 Then Aaron is to present the sin offering bull which is for himself and is to make atonement on behalf of himself and his household. 16:7 He must then take the two goats 162  and stand them before the Lord at the entrance of the Meeting Tent, 16:8 and Aaron is to cast lots over the two goats, 163  one lot for the Lord and one lot for Azazel. 164  16:9 Aaron must then present the goat which has been designated by lot for the Lord, 165  and he is to make it a sin offering, 16:10 but the goat which has been designated by lot for Azazel is to be stood alive 166  before the Lord to make atonement on it by sending it away to Azazel into the wilderness. 167 

The Sin Offering Sacrificial Procedures

16:11Aaron is to present the sin offering bull which is for himself, and he is to make atonement on behalf of himself and his household. He is to slaughter the sin offering bull which is for himself, 16:12 and take a censer full of coals of fire from the altar before the Lord 168  and a full double handful of finely ground fragrant incense, 169  and bring them inside the veil-canopy. 170  16:13 He must then put the incense on the fire before the Lord, and the cloud of incense will cover the atonement plate which is above the ark of the testimony, 171  so that he will not die. 172  16:14 Then he is to take some of the blood of the bull and sprinkle it with his finger on the eastern face of the atonement plate, 173  and in front of the atonement plate he is to sprinkle some of the blood seven times with his finger. 174 

16:15He must then slaughter the sin offering goat which is for the people. He is to bring its blood inside the veil-canopy, 175  and he is to do with its blood just as he did to the blood of the bull: He is to sprinkle it on the atonement plate and in front of the atonement plate. 16:16 So 176  he is to make atonement for the holy place from the impurities of the Israelites and from their transgressions with regard to all their sins, 177  and thus he is to do for the Meeting Tent which resides with them in the midst of their impurities. 16:17 Nobody is to be in the Meeting Tent 178  when he enters to make atonement in the holy place until he goes out, and he has made atonement on his behalf, on behalf of his household, and on behalf of the whole assembly of Israel.

16:18Then 179  he is to go out to the altar which is before the Lord and make atonement for it. He is to take 180  some of the blood of the bull and some of the blood of the goat, and put it all around on the horns of the altar. 16:19 Then he is to sprinkle on it some of the blood with his finger seven times, and cleanse and consecrate it 181  from the impurities of the Israelites.

The Live Goat Ritual Procedures

16:20When he has finished purifying the holy place, 182  the Meeting Tent, and the altar, he is to present the live goat. 16:21 Aaron is to lay his two hands on the head of the live goat and confess over it all the iniquities of the Israelites and all their transgressions in regard to all their sins, 183  and thus he is to put them 184  on the head of the goat and send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a man standing ready. 185  16:22 The goat is to bear on itself all their iniquities into an inaccessible land, 186  so he is to send the goat away 187  in the wilderness.

The Concluding Rituals

16:23Aaron must then enter 188  the Meeting Tent and take off the linen garments which he had put on when he entered the sanctuary, and leave them there. 16:24 Then he must bathe his body in water in a holy place, put on his clothes, and go out and make his burnt offering and the people’s burnt offering. So he is to make atonement 189  on behalf of himself and the people. 190 

16:25Then he is to offer up the fat of the sin offering 191  in smoke on the altar, 16:26 and the one who sent the goat away to Azazel 192  must wash his clothes, bathe his body in water, and afterward he may reenter the camp. 16:27 The bull of the sin offering and the goat of the sin offering, whose blood was brought to make atonement in the holy place, must be brought outside the camp 193  and their hide, their flesh, and their dung must be burned up, 194  16:28 and the one who burns them must wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward he may reenter the camp.

Review of the Day of Atonement

16:29This is to be a perpetual statute for you. 195  In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you must humble yourselves 196  and do no work of any kind, 197  both the native citizen and the foreigner who resides 198  in your midst, 16:30 for on this day atonement is to be made for you to cleanse you from all your sins; you must be clean before the Lord. 199  16:31 It is to be a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you must humble yourselves. 200  It is a perpetual statute. 201 

16:32The priest who is anointed and ordained to act as high priest in place of his father 202  is to make atonement. He is to put on the linen garments, the holy garments, 16:33 and he is to purify 203  the Most Holy Place, 204  he is to purify the Meeting Tent and the altar, 205  and he is to make atonement for 206  the priests and for all the people of the assembly. 16:34 This is to be a perpetual statute for you 207  to make atonement for the Israelites for 208  all their sins once a year.” 209  So he did just as the Lord had commanded Moses. 210 

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