Bible: Leviticus 13-14

Infections on the Skin

13:1 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron: 13:2 When someone has 1  a swelling 2  or a scab 3  or a bright spot 4  on the skin of his body 5  that may become a diseased infection, 6  he must be brought to Aaron the priest or one of his sons, the priests. 7  13:3 The priest must then examine the infection 8  on the skin of the body, and if the hair 9  in the infection has turned white and the infection appears to be deeper than the skin of the body, 10  then it is a diseased infection, 11  so when the priest examines it 12  he must pronounce the person unclean. 13 

A Bright Spot on the Skin

13:4If 14  it is a white bright spot on the skin of his body, but it does not appear to be deeper than the skin, 15  and the hair has not turned white, then the priest is to quarantine the person with the infection for seven days. 16  13:5 The priest must then examine it on the seventh day, and if, 17  as far as he can see, the infection has stayed the same 18  and has not spread on the skin, 19  then the priest is to quarantine the person for another seven days. 20  13:6 The priest must then examine it again on the seventh day, 21  and if 22  the infection has faded and has not spread on the skin, then the priest is to pronounce the person clean. 23  It is a scab, 24  so he must wash his clothes 25  and be clean. 13:7 If, however, the scab is spreading further 26  on the skin after he has shown himself to the priest for his purification, then he must show himself to the priest a second time. 13:8 The priest must then examine it, 27  and if 28  the scab has spread on the skin, then the priest is to pronounce the person unclean. 29  It is a disease.

A Swelling on the Skin

13:9When someone has a diseased infection, 30  he must be brought to the priest. 13:10 The priest will then examine it, 31  and if 32  a white swelling is on the skin, it has turned the hair white, and there is raw flesh in the swelling, 33  13:11 it is a chronic 34  disease on the skin of his body, 35  so the priest is to pronounce him unclean. 36  The priest 37  must not merely quarantine him, for he is unclean. 38  13:12 If, however, the disease breaks out 39  on the skin so that the disease covers all the skin of the person with the infection 40  from his head to his feet, as far as the priest can see, 41  13:13 the priest must then examine it, 42  and if 43  the disease covers his whole body, he is to pronounce the person with the infection clean. 44  He has turned all white, so he is clean. 45  13:14 But whenever raw flesh appears in it 46  he will be unclean, 13:15 so the priest is to examine the raw flesh 47  and pronounce him unclean 48 it is diseased. 13:16 If, however, 49  the raw flesh once again turns white, 50  then he must come to the priest. 13:17 The priest will then examine it, 51  and if 52  the infection has turned white, the priest is to pronounce the person with the infection clean 53 he is clean.

A Boil on the Skin

13:18When someone’s body has a boil on its skin 54  and it heals, 13:19 and in the place of the boil there is a white swelling or a reddish white bright spot, he must show himself to the priest. 55  13:20 The priest will then examine it, 56  and if 57  it appears to be deeper than the skin 58  and its hair has turned white, then the priest is to pronounce the person unclean. 59  It is a diseased infection that has broken out in the boil. 60  13:21 If, however, 61  the priest examines it, and 62  there is no white hair in it, it is not deeper than the skin, and it has faded, then the priest is to quarantine him for seven days. 63  13:22 If 64  it is spreading further 65  on the skin, then the priest is to pronounce him unclean. 66  It is an infection. 13:23 But if the bright spot stays in its place and has not spread, 67  it is the scar of the boil, so the priest is to pronounce him clean. 68 

A Burn on the Skin

13:24When a body has a burn on its skin 69  and the raw area of the burn becomes a reddish white or white bright spot, 13:25 the priest must examine it, 70  and if 71  the hair has turned white in the bright spot and it appears to be deeper than the skin, 72  it is a disease that has broken out in the burn. 73  The priest is to pronounce the person unclean. 74  It is a diseased infection. 75  13:26 If, however, 76  the priest examines it and 77  there is no white hair in the bright spot, it is not deeper than the skin, 78  and it has faded, then the priest is to quarantine him for seven days. 79  13:27 The priest must then examine it on the seventh day, and if it is spreading further 80  on the skin, then the priest is to pronounce him unclean. It is a diseased infection. 81  13:28 But if the bright spot stays in its place, has not spread on the skin, 82  and it has faded, then it is the swelling of the burn, so the priest is to pronounce him clean, 83  because it is the scar of the burn.

Scall on the Head or in the Beard

13:29When a man or a woman has an infection on the head or in the beard, 84  13:30 the priest is to examine the infection, 85  and if 86  it appears to be deeper than the skin 87  and the hair in it is reddish yellow and thin, then the priest is to pronounce the person unclean. 88  It is scall, 89  a disease of the head or the beard. 90  13:31 But if the priest examines the scall infection and it does not appear to be deeper than the skin, 91  and there is no black hair in it, then the priest is to quarantine the person with the scall infection for seven days. 92  13:32 The priest must then examine the infection on the seventh day, and if 93  the scall has not spread, there is no reddish yellow hair in it, and the scall does not appear to be deeper than the skin, 94  13:33 then the individual is to shave himself, 95  but he must not shave the area affected by the scall, 96  and the priest is to quarantine the person with the scall for another seven days. 97  13:34 The priest must then examine the scall on the seventh day, and if 98  the scall has not spread on the skin and it does not appear to be deeper than the skin, 99  then the priest is to pronounce him clean. 100  So he is to wash his clothes and be clean. 13:35 If, however, the scall spreads further 101  on the skin after his purification, 13:36 then the priest is to examine it, and if 102  the scall has spread on the skin the priest is not to search further for reddish yellow hair. 103  The person 104  is unclean. 13:37 If, as far as the priest can see, the scall has stayed the same 105  and black hair has sprouted in it, the scall has been healed; the person is clean. So the priest is to pronounce him clean. 106 

Bright White Spots on the Skin

13:38When a man or a woman has bright spots – white bright spots – on the skin of their body, 13:39 the priest is to examine them, 107  and if 108  the bright spots on the skin of their body are faded white, it is a harmless rash that has broken out on the skin. The person is clean. 109 

Baldness on the Head

13:40When a man’s head is bare so that he is balding in back, 110  he is clean. 13:41 If his head is bare on the forehead 111  so that he is balding in front, 112  he is clean. 13:42 But if there is a reddish white infection in the back or front bald area, it is a disease breaking out in his back or front bald area. 13:43 The priest is to examine it, 113  and if 114  the swelling of the infection is reddish white in the back or front bald area like the appearance of a disease on the skin of the body, 115  13:44 he is a diseased man. He is unclean. The priest must surely pronounce him unclean because of his infection on his head. 116 

The Life of the Person with Skin Disease

13:45As for the diseased person who has the infection, 117  his clothes must be torn, the hair of his head must be unbound, he must cover his mustache, 118  and he must call out ‘Unclean! Unclean!’ 13:46 The whole time he has the infection 119  he will be continually unclean. He must live in isolation, and his place of residence must be outside the camp.

Infections in Garments, Cloth, or Leather

13:47When a garment has a diseased infection in it, 120  whether a wool or linen garment, 121  13:48 or in the warp or woof 122  of the linen or the wool, or in leather or anything made of leather, 123  13:49 if the infection 124  in the garment or leather or warp or woof or any article of leather is yellowish green or reddish, it is a diseased infection and it must be shown to the priest. 13:50 The priest is to examine and then quarantine the article with the infection for seven days. 125  13:51 He must then examine the infection on the seventh day. If the infection has spread in the garment, or in the warp, or in the woof, or in the leather – whatever the article into which the leather was made 126 the infection is a malignant disease. It is unclean. 13:52 He must burn the garment or the warp or the woof, whether wool or linen, or any article of leather which has the infection in it. Because it is a malignant disease it must be burned up in the fire. 13:53 But if the priest examines it and 127  the infection has not spread in the garment or in the warp or in the woof or in any article of leather, 13:54 the priest is to command that they wash whatever has the infection and quarantine it for another seven days. 128  13:55 The priest must then examine it after the infection has been washed out, and if 129  the infection has not changed its appearance 130  even though the infection has not spread, it is unclean. You must burn it up in the fire. It is a fungus, whether on the back side or front side of the article. 131  13:56 But if the priest has examined it and 132  the infection has faded after it has been washed, he is to tear it out of 133  the garment or the leather or the warp or the woof. 13:57 Then if 134  it still appears again in the garment or the warp or the woof, or in any article of leather, it is an outbreak. Whatever has the infection in it you must burn up in the fire. 13:58 But the garment or the warp or the woof or any article of leather which you wash and infection disappears from it 135  is to be washed a second time and it will be clean.”

Summary of Infection Regulations

13:59 This is the law 136  of the diseased infection in the garment of wool or linen, or the warp or woof, or any article of leather, for pronouncing it clean or unclean. 137 

Purification of Diseased Skin Infections

14:1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 14:2 This is the law of the diseased person on the day of his purification, when 138  he is brought to the priest. 139  14:3 The priest is to go outside the camp and examine the infection. 140  If the infection of the diseased person has been healed, 141  14:4 then the priest will command that two live clean birds, a piece of cedar wood, a scrap of crimson fabric, 142  and some twigs of hyssop 143  be taken up 144  for the one being cleansed. 145  14:5 The priest will then command that one bird be slaughtered 146  into a clay vessel over fresh water. 147  14:6 Then 148  he is to take the live bird along with the piece of cedar wood, the scrap of crimson fabric, and the twigs of hyssop, and he is to dip them and the live bird in the blood of the bird slaughtered over the fresh water, 14:7 and sprinkle it seven times on the one being cleansed 149  from the disease, pronounce him clean, 150  and send the live bird away over the open countryside. 151 

The Seven Days of Purification

14:8The one being cleansed 152  must then wash his clothes, shave off all his hair, and bathe in water, and so be clean. 153  Then afterward he may enter the camp, but he must live outside his tent seven days. 14:9 When the seventh day comes 154  he must shave all his hair – his head, his beard, his eyebrows, all his hair – and he must wash his clothes, bathe his body in water, and so be clean. 155 

The Eighth Day Atonement Rituals

14:10On the eighth day he 156  must take two flawless male lambs, one flawless yearling female lamb, three-tenths of an ephah of choice wheat flour as a grain offering mixed with olive oil, 157  and one log of olive oil, 158  14:11 and the priest who pronounces him clean will have the man who is being cleansed stand along with these offerings 159  before the Lord at the entrance of the Meeting Tent.

14:12The priest is to take one male lamb 160  and present it for a guilt offering 161  along with the log of olive oil and present them as a wave offering before the Lord. 162  14:13 He must then slaughter 163  the male lamb in the place where 164  the sin offering 165  and the burnt offering 166  are slaughtered, 167  in the sanctuary, because, like the sin offering, the guilt offering belongs to the priest; 168  it is most holy. 14:14 Then the priest is to take some of the blood of the guilt offering and put it on the right earlobe of the one being cleansed, 169  on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe 170  of his right foot. 14:15 The priest will then take some of the log of olive oil and pour it into his own left hand. 171  14:16 Then the priest is to dip his right forefinger into the olive oil 172  that is in his left hand, and sprinkle some of the olive oil with his finger seven times before the Lord. 14:17 The priest will then put some of the rest of the olive oil that is in his hand 173  on the right earlobe of the one being cleansed, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on the blood of the guilt offering, 14:18 and the remainder of the olive oil 174  that is in his hand the priest is to put on the head of the one being cleansed. So the priest is to make atonement for him before the Lord.

14:19The priest must then perform the sin offering 175  and make atonement for the one being cleansed from his impurity. After that he 176  is to slaughter the burnt offering, 14:20 and the priest is to offer 177  the burnt offering and the grain offering on the altar. So the priest is to make atonement for him and he will be clean.

The Eighth Day Atonement Rituals for the Poor Person

14:21If the person is poor and does not have sufficient means, 178  he must take one male lamb as a guilt offering for a wave offering to make atonement for himself, one-tenth of an ephah of choice wheat flour mixed with olive oil for a grain offering, a log of olive oil, 179  14:22 and two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 180  which are within his means. 181  One will be a sin offering and the other a burnt offering. 182 

14:23On the eighth day he must bring them for his purification to the priest at the entrance 183  of the Meeting Tent before the Lord, 14:24 and the priest is to take the male lamb of the guilt offering and the log of olive oil and wave them 184  as a wave offering before the Lord. 14:25 Then he is to slaughter the male lamb of the guilt offering, and the priest is to take some of the blood of the guilt offering and put it on the right earlobe of the one being cleansed, 185  on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe 186  of his right foot. 14:26 The priest will then pour some of the olive oil into his own left hand, 187  14:27 and sprinkle some of the olive oil that is in his left hand with his right forefinger 188  seven times before the Lord. 14:28 Then the priest is to put some of the olive oil that is in his hand 189  on the right earlobe of the one being cleansed, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on the place of the blood of the guilt offering, 14:29 and the remainder of the olive oil that is in the hand 190  of the priest he is to put 191  on the head of the one being cleansed to make atonement for him before the Lord.

14:30He will then make one of the turtledoves 192  or young pigeons, which are within his means, 193  14:31 a sin offering and the other a burnt offering along with the grain offering. 194  So the priest is to make atonement for the one being cleansed before the Lord. 14:32 This is the law of the one in whom there is a diseased infection, 195  who does not have sufficient means for his purification.” 196 

Purification of Disease-Infected Houses

14:33 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron: 14:34 When you enter the land of Canaan which I am about to give 197  to you for a possession, and I put 198  a diseased infection in a house in the land you are to possess, 199  14:35 then whoever owns the house 200  must come and declare to the priest, ‘Something like an infection is visible to me in the house.’ 14:36 Then the priest will command that the house be cleared 201  before the priest enters to examine the infection 202  so that everything in the house 203  does not become unclean, 204  and afterward 205  the priest will enter to examine the house. 14:37 He is to examine the infection, and if 206  the infection in the walls of the house consists of yellowish green or reddish eruptions, 207  and it appears to be deeper than the surface of the wall, 208  14:38 then the priest is to go out of the house to the doorway of the house and quarantine the house for seven days. 209  14:39 The priest must return on the seventh day and examine it, and if 210  the infection has spread in the walls of the house, 14:40 then the priest is to command that the stones that had the infection in them be pulled and thrown 211  outside the city 212  into an unclean place. 14:41 Then he is to have the house scraped 213  all around on the inside, 214  and the plaster 215  which is scraped off 216  must be dumped outside the city 217  into an unclean place. 14:42 They are then to take other stones and replace those stones, 218  and he is to take other plaster and replaster the house.

14:43If the infection returns and breaks out in the house after he has pulled out the stones, scraped the house, and it is replastered, 219  14:44 the priest is to come and examine it, and if 220  the infection has spread in the house, it is a malignant disease in the house. It is unclean. 14:45 He must tear down the house, 221  its stones, its wood, and all the plaster of the house, and bring all of it 222  outside the city to an unclean place. 14:46 Anyone who enters 223  the house all the days the priest 224  has quarantined it will be unclean until evening. 14:47 Anyone who lies down in the house must wash his clothes. Anyone who eats in the house must wash his clothes.

14:48If, however, the priest enters 225  and examines it, and the 226  infection has not spread in the house after the house has been replastered, then the priest is to pronounce the house clean because the infection has been healed. 14:49 Then he 227  is to take two birds, a piece of cedar wood, a scrap of crimson fabric, and some twigs of hyssop 228  to decontaminate 229  the house, 14:50 and he is to slaughter one bird into a clay vessel over fresh water. 230  14:51 He must then take the piece of cedar wood, the twigs of hyssop, the scrap of crimson fabric, and the live bird, and dip them in the blood of the slaughtered bird and in the fresh water, and sprinkle the house seven times. 14:52 So he is to decontaminate the house with the blood of the bird, the fresh water, the live bird, the piece of cedar wood, the twigs of hyssop, and the scrap of crimson fabric, 14:53 and he is to send the live bird away outside the city 231  into the open countryside. So he is to make atonement for the house and it will be clean.

Summary of Purification Regulations for Infections

14:54This is the law for all diseased infections, for scall, 232  14:55 for the diseased garment, 233  for the house, 234  14:56 for the swelling, 235  for the scab, 236  and for the bright spot, 237  14:57 to teach when something is unclean and when it is clean. 238  This is the law for dealing with infectious disease.” 239 

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