Bible: Leviticus 12-15

Purification of a Woman after Childbirth

12:1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 12:2 Tell the Israelites, ‘When a woman produces offspring 1  and bears a male child, 2  she will be unclean seven days, as she is unclean during the days of her menstruation. 3  12:3 On 4  the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin 5  must be circumcised. 12:4 Then she will remain 6  thirty-three days in blood purity. 7  She must not touch anything holy and she must not enter the sanctuary until the days of her purification are fulfilled. 8  12:5 If she bears a female child, she will be impure fourteen days as during her menstrual flow, and she will remain sixty-six days in 9  blood purity. 10 

12:6‘When 11  the days of her purification are completed for a son or for a daughter, she must bring a one year old lamb 12  for a burnt offering 13  and a young pigeon or turtledove for a sin offering 14  to the entrance of the Meeting Tent, to the priest. 12:7 The priest 15  is to present it before the Lord and make atonement 16  on her behalf, and she will be clean 17  from her flow of blood. 18  This is the law of the one who bears a child, for the male or the female child. 12:8 If she cannot afford a sheep, 19  then she must take two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 20  one for a burnt offering and one for a sin offering, and the priest is to make atonement on her behalf, and she will be clean.’ 21 

Infections on the Skin

13:1 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron: 13:2 When someone has 22  a swelling 23  or a scab 24  or a bright spot 25  on the skin of his body 26  that may become a diseased infection, 27  he must be brought to Aaron the priest or one of his sons, the priests. 28  13:3 The priest must then examine the infection 29  on the skin of the body, and if the hair 30  in the infection has turned white and the infection appears to be deeper than the skin of the body, 31  then it is a diseased infection, 32  so when the priest examines it 33  he must pronounce the person unclean. 34 

A Bright Spot on the Skin

13:4If 35  it is a white bright spot on the skin of his body, but it does not appear to be deeper than the skin, 36  and the hair has not turned white, then the priest is to quarantine the person with the infection for seven days. 37  13:5 The priest must then examine it on the seventh day, and if, 38  as far as he can see, the infection has stayed the same 39  and has not spread on the skin, 40  then the priest is to quarantine the person for another seven days. 41  13:6 The priest must then examine it again on the seventh day, 42  and if 43  the infection has faded and has not spread on the skin, then the priest is to pronounce the person clean. 44  It is a scab, 45  so he must wash his clothes 46  and be clean. 13:7 If, however, the scab is spreading further 47  on the skin after he has shown himself to the priest for his purification, then he must show himself to the priest a second time. 13:8 The priest must then examine it, 48  and if 49  the scab has spread on the skin, then the priest is to pronounce the person unclean. 50  It is a disease.

A Swelling on the Skin

13:9When someone has a diseased infection, 51  he must be brought to the priest. 13:10 The priest will then examine it, 52  and if 53  a white swelling is on the skin, it has turned the hair white, and there is raw flesh in the swelling, 54  13:11 it is a chronic 55  disease on the skin of his body, 56  so the priest is to pronounce him unclean. 57  The priest 58  must not merely quarantine him, for he is unclean. 59  13:12 If, however, the disease breaks out 60  on the skin so that the disease covers all the skin of the person with the infection 61  from his head to his feet, as far as the priest can see, 62  13:13 the priest must then examine it, 63  and if 64  the disease covers his whole body, he is to pronounce the person with the infection clean. 65  He has turned all white, so he is clean. 66  13:14 But whenever raw flesh appears in it 67  he will be unclean, 13:15 so the priest is to examine the raw flesh 68  and pronounce him unclean 69 it is diseased. 13:16 If, however, 70  the raw flesh once again turns white, 71  then he must come to the priest. 13:17 The priest will then examine it, 72  and if 73  the infection has turned white, the priest is to pronounce the person with the infection clean 74 he is clean.

A Boil on the Skin

13:18When someone’s body has a boil on its skin 75  and it heals, 13:19 and in the place of the boil there is a white swelling or a reddish white bright spot, he must show himself to the priest. 76  13:20 The priest will then examine it, 77  and if 78  it appears to be deeper than the skin 79  and its hair has turned white, then the priest is to pronounce the person unclean. 80  It is a diseased infection that has broken out in the boil. 81  13:21 If, however, 82  the priest examines it, and 83  there is no white hair in it, it is not deeper than the skin, and it has faded, then the priest is to quarantine him for seven days. 84  13:22 If 85  it is spreading further 86  on the skin, then the priest is to pronounce him unclean. 87  It is an infection. 13:23 But if the bright spot stays in its place and has not spread, 88  it is the scar of the boil, so the priest is to pronounce him clean. 89 

A Burn on the Skin

13:24When a body has a burn on its skin 90  and the raw area of the burn becomes a reddish white or white bright spot, 13:25 the priest must examine it, 91  and if 92  the hair has turned white in the bright spot and it appears to be deeper than the skin, 93  it is a disease that has broken out in the burn. 94  The priest is to pronounce the person unclean. 95  It is a diseased infection. 96  13:26 If, however, 97  the priest examines it and 98  there is no white hair in the bright spot, it is not deeper than the skin, 99  and it has faded, then the priest is to quarantine him for seven days. 100  13:27 The priest must then examine it on the seventh day, and if it is spreading further 101  on the skin, then the priest is to pronounce him unclean. It is a diseased infection. 102  13:28 But if the bright spot stays in its place, has not spread on the skin, 103  and it has faded, then it is the swelling of the burn, so the priest is to pronounce him clean, 104  because it is the scar of the burn.

Scall on the Head or in the Beard

13:29When a man or a woman has an infection on the head or in the beard, 105  13:30 the priest is to examine the infection, 106  and if 107  it appears to be deeper than the skin 108  and the hair in it is reddish yellow and thin, then the priest is to pronounce the person unclean. 109  It is scall, 110  a disease of the head or the beard. 111  13:31 But if the priest examines the scall infection and it does not appear to be deeper than the skin, 112  and there is no black hair in it, then the priest is to quarantine the person with the scall infection for seven days. 113  13:32 The priest must then examine the infection on the seventh day, and if 114  the scall has not spread, there is no reddish yellow hair in it, and the scall does not appear to be deeper than the skin, 115  13:33 then the individual is to shave himself, 116  but he must not shave the area affected by the scall, 117  and the priest is to quarantine the person with the scall for another seven days. 118  13:34 The priest must then examine the scall on the seventh day, and if 119  the scall has not spread on the skin and it does not appear to be deeper than the skin, 120  then the priest is to pronounce him clean. 121  So he is to wash his clothes and be clean. 13:35 If, however, the scall spreads further 122  on the skin after his purification, 13:36 then the priest is to examine it, and if 123  the scall has spread on the skin the priest is not to search further for reddish yellow hair. 124  The person 125  is unclean. 13:37 If, as far as the priest can see, the scall has stayed the same 126  and black hair has sprouted in it, the scall has been healed; the person is clean. So the priest is to pronounce him clean. 127 

Bright White Spots on the Skin

13:38When a man or a woman has bright spots – white bright spots – on the skin of their body, 13:39 the priest is to examine them, 128  and if 129  the bright spots on the skin of their body are faded white, it is a harmless rash that has broken out on the skin. The person is clean. 130 

Baldness on the Head

13:40When a man’s head is bare so that he is balding in back, 131  he is clean. 13:41 If his head is bare on the forehead 132  so that he is balding in front, 133  he is clean. 13:42 But if there is a reddish white infection in the back or front bald area, it is a disease breaking out in his back or front bald area. 13:43 The priest is to examine it, 134  and if 135  the swelling of the infection is reddish white in the back or front bald area like the appearance of a disease on the skin of the body, 136  13:44 he is a diseased man. He is unclean. The priest must surely pronounce him unclean because of his infection on his head. 137 

The Life of the Person with Skin Disease

13:45As for the diseased person who has the infection, 138  his clothes must be torn, the hair of his head must be unbound, he must cover his mustache, 139  and he must call out ‘Unclean! Unclean!’ 13:46 The whole time he has the infection 140  he will be continually unclean. He must live in isolation, and his place of residence must be outside the camp.

Infections in Garments, Cloth, or Leather

13:47When a garment has a diseased infection in it, 141  whether a wool or linen garment, 142  13:48 or in the warp or woof 143  of the linen or the wool, or in leather or anything made of leather, 144  13:49 if the infection 145  in the garment or leather or warp or woof or any article of leather is yellowish green or reddish, it is a diseased infection and it must be shown to the priest. 13:50 The priest is to examine and then quarantine the article with the infection for seven days. 146  13:51 He must then examine the infection on the seventh day. If the infection has spread in the garment, or in the warp, or in the woof, or in the leather – whatever the article into which the leather was made 147 the infection is a malignant disease. It is unclean. 13:52 He must burn the garment or the warp or the woof, whether wool or linen, or any article of leather which has the infection in it. Because it is a malignant disease it must be burned up in the fire. 13:53 But if the priest examines it and 148  the infection has not spread in the garment or in the warp or in the woof or in any article of leather, 13:54 the priest is to command that they wash whatever has the infection and quarantine it for another seven days. 149  13:55 The priest must then examine it after the infection has been washed out, and if 150  the infection has not changed its appearance 151  even though the infection has not spread, it is unclean. You must burn it up in the fire. It is a fungus, whether on the back side or front side of the article. 152  13:56 But if the priest has examined it and 153  the infection has faded after it has been washed, he is to tear it out of 154  the garment or the leather or the warp or the woof. 13:57 Then if 155  it still appears again in the garment or the warp or the woof, or in any article of leather, it is an outbreak. Whatever has the infection in it you must burn up in the fire. 13:58 But the garment or the warp or the woof or any article of leather which you wash and infection disappears from it 156  is to be washed a second time and it will be clean.”

Summary of Infection Regulations

13:59 This is the law 157  of the diseased infection in the garment of wool or linen, or the warp or woof, or any article of leather, for pronouncing it clean or unclean. 158 

Purification of Diseased Skin Infections

14:1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 14:2 This is the law of the diseased person on the day of his purification, when 159  he is brought to the priest. 160  14:3 The priest is to go outside the camp and examine the infection. 161  If the infection of the diseased person has been healed, 162  14:4 then the priest will command that two live clean birds, a piece of cedar wood, a scrap of crimson fabric, 163  and some twigs of hyssop 164  be taken up 165  for the one being cleansed. 166  14:5 The priest will then command that one bird be slaughtered 167  into a clay vessel over fresh water. 168  14:6 Then 169  he is to take the live bird along with the piece of cedar wood, the scrap of crimson fabric, and the twigs of hyssop, and he is to dip them and the live bird in the blood of the bird slaughtered over the fresh water, 14:7 and sprinkle it seven times on the one being cleansed 170  from the disease, pronounce him clean, 171  and send the live bird away over the open countryside. 172 

The Seven Days of Purification

14:8The one being cleansed 173  must then wash his clothes, shave off all his hair, and bathe in water, and so be clean. 174  Then afterward he may enter the camp, but he must live outside his tent seven days. 14:9 When the seventh day comes 175  he must shave all his hair – his head, his beard, his eyebrows, all his hair – and he must wash his clothes, bathe his body in water, and so be clean. 176 

The Eighth Day Atonement Rituals

14:10On the eighth day he 177  must take two flawless male lambs, one flawless yearling female lamb, three-tenths of an ephah of choice wheat flour as a grain offering mixed with olive oil, 178  and one log of olive oil, 179  14:11 and the priest who pronounces him clean will have the man who is being cleansed stand along with these offerings 180  before the Lord at the entrance of the Meeting Tent.

14:12The priest is to take one male lamb 181  and present it for a guilt offering 182  along with the log of olive oil and present them as a wave offering before the Lord. 183  14:13 He must then slaughter 184  the male lamb in the place where 185  the sin offering 186  and the burnt offering 187  are slaughtered, 188  in the sanctuary, because, like the sin offering, the guilt offering belongs to the priest; 189  it is most holy. 14:14 Then the priest is to take some of the blood of the guilt offering and put it on the right earlobe of the one being cleansed, 190  on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe 191  of his right foot. 14:15 The priest will then take some of the log of olive oil and pour it into his own left hand. 192  14:16 Then the priest is to dip his right forefinger into the olive oil 193  that is in his left hand, and sprinkle some of the olive oil with his finger seven times before the Lord. 14:17 The priest will then put some of the rest of the olive oil that is in his hand 194  on the right earlobe of the one being cleansed, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on the blood of the guilt offering, 14:18 and the remainder of the olive oil 195  that is in his hand the priest is to put on the head of the one being cleansed. So the priest is to make atonement for him before the Lord.

14:19The priest must then perform the sin offering 196  and make atonement for the one being cleansed from his impurity. After that he 197  is to slaughter the burnt offering, 14:20 and the priest is to offer 198  the burnt offering and the grain offering on the altar. So the priest is to make atonement for him and he will be clean.

The Eighth Day Atonement Rituals for the Poor Person

14:21If the person is poor and does not have sufficient means, 199  he must take one male lamb as a guilt offering for a wave offering to make atonement for himself, one-tenth of an ephah of choice wheat flour mixed with olive oil for a grain offering, a log of olive oil, 200  14:22 and two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 201  which are within his means. 202  One will be a sin offering and the other a burnt offering. 203 

14:23On the eighth day he must bring them for his purification to the priest at the entrance 204  of the Meeting Tent before the Lord, 14:24 and the priest is to take the male lamb of the guilt offering and the log of olive oil and wave them 205  as a wave offering before the Lord. 14:25 Then he is to slaughter the male lamb of the guilt offering, and the priest is to take some of the blood of the guilt offering and put it on the right earlobe of the one being cleansed, 206  on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe 207  of his right foot. 14:26 The priest will then pour some of the olive oil into his own left hand, 208  14:27 and sprinkle some of the olive oil that is in his left hand with his right forefinger 209  seven times before the Lord. 14:28 Then the priest is to put some of the olive oil that is in his hand 210  on the right earlobe of the one being cleansed, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on the place of the blood of the guilt offering, 14:29 and the remainder of the olive oil that is in the hand 211  of the priest he is to put 212  on the head of the one being cleansed to make atonement for him before the Lord.

14:30He will then make one of the turtledoves 213  or young pigeons, which are within his means, 214  14:31 a sin offering and the other a burnt offering along with the grain offering. 215  So the priest is to make atonement for the one being cleansed before the Lord. 14:32 This is the law of the one in whom there is a diseased infection, 216  who does not have sufficient means for his purification.” 217 

Purification of Disease-Infected Houses

14:33 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron: 14:34 When you enter the land of Canaan which I am about to give 218  to you for a possession, and I put 219  a diseased infection in a house in the land you are to possess, 220  14:35 then whoever owns the house 221  must come and declare to the priest, ‘Something like an infection is visible to me in the house.’ 14:36 Then the priest will command that the house be cleared 222  before the priest enters to examine the infection 223  so that everything in the house 224  does not become unclean, 225  and afterward 226  the priest will enter to examine the house. 14:37 He is to examine the infection, and if 227  the infection in the walls of the house consists of yellowish green or reddish eruptions, 228  and it appears to be deeper than the surface of the wall, 229  14:38 then the priest is to go out of the house to the doorway of the house and quarantine the house for seven days. 230  14:39 The priest must return on the seventh day and examine it, and if 231  the infection has spread in the walls of the house, 14:40 then the priest is to command that the stones that had the infection in them be pulled and thrown 232  outside the city 233  into an unclean place. 14:41 Then he is to have the house scraped 234  all around on the inside, 235  and the plaster 236  which is scraped off 237  must be dumped outside the city 238  into an unclean place. 14:42 They are then to take other stones and replace those stones, 239  and he is to take other plaster and replaster the house.

14:43If the infection returns and breaks out in the house after he has pulled out the stones, scraped the house, and it is replastered, 240  14:44 the priest is to come and examine it, and if 241  the infection has spread in the house, it is a malignant disease in the house. It is unclean. 14:45 He must tear down the house, 242  its stones, its wood, and all the plaster of the house, and bring all of it 243  outside the city to an unclean place. 14:46 Anyone who enters 244  the house all the days the priest 245  has quarantined it will be unclean until evening. 14:47 Anyone who lies down in the house must wash his clothes. Anyone who eats in the house must wash his clothes.

14:48If, however, the priest enters 246  and examines it, and the 247  infection has not spread in the house after the house has been replastered, then the priest is to pronounce the house clean because the infection has been healed. 14:49 Then he 248  is to take two birds, a piece of cedar wood, a scrap of crimson fabric, and some twigs of hyssop 249  to decontaminate 250  the house, 14:50 and he is to slaughter one bird into a clay vessel over fresh water. 251  14:51 He must then take the piece of cedar wood, the twigs of hyssop, the scrap of crimson fabric, and the live bird, and dip them in the blood of the slaughtered bird and in the fresh water, and sprinkle the house seven times. 14:52 So he is to decontaminate the house with the blood of the bird, the fresh water, the live bird, the piece of cedar wood, the twigs of hyssop, and the scrap of crimson fabric, 14:53 and he is to send the live bird away outside the city 252  into the open countryside. So he is to make atonement for the house and it will be clean.

Summary of Purification Regulations for Infections

14:54This is the law for all diseased infections, for scall, 253  14:55 for the diseased garment, 254  for the house, 255  14:56 for the swelling, 256  for the scab, 257  and for the bright spot, 258  14:57 to teach when something is unclean and when it is clean. 259  This is the law for dealing with infectious disease.” 260 

Male Bodily Discharges

15:1 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron: 15:2 Speak to the Israelites and tell them, ‘When any man 261  has a discharge 262  from his body, 263  his discharge is unclean. 15:3 Now this is his uncleanness in regard to his discharge 264 whether his body secretes his discharge or blocks his discharge, he is unclean. All the days that his body has a discharge or his body blocks his discharge, 265  this is his uncleanness. 266 

15:4‘Any bed the man with a discharge lies on will be unclean, 267  and any furniture he sits on will be unclean. 268  15:5 Anyone who touches his bed 269  must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 270  15:6 The one who sits on the furniture the man with a discharge sits on must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:7 The one who touches the body 271  of the man with a discharge must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:8 If the man with a discharge spits on a person who is ceremonially clean, 272  that person must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:9 Any means of riding 273  the man with a discharge rides on will be unclean. 15:10 Anyone who touches anything that was under him 274  will be unclean until evening, and the one who carries those items 275  must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:11 Anyone whom the man with the discharge touches without having rinsed his hands in water 276  must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:12 A clay vessel 277  which the man with the discharge touches must be broken, and any wooden utensil must be rinsed in water.

Purity Regulations for Male Bodily Discharges

15:13‘When the man with the discharge becomes clean from his discharge he is to count off for himself seven days for his purification, and he must wash his clothes, bathe in fresh water, 278  and be clean. 15:14 Then on the eighth day he is to take for himself two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 279  and he is to present himself 280  before the Lord at the entrance of the Meeting Tent and give them to the priest, 15:15 and the priest is to make one of them a sin offering 281  and the other a burnt offering. 282  So the priest 283  is to make atonement for him before the Lord for 284  his discharge.

15:16‘When a man has a seminal emission, 285  he must bathe his whole body in water 286  and be unclean until evening, 15:17 and he must wash in water any clothing or leather that has semen on it, and it will be unclean until evening. 15:18 When a man has sexual intercourse with a woman and there is a seminal emission, 287  they must bathe in water and be unclean until evening.

Female Bodily Discharges

15:19‘When a woman has a discharge 288  and her discharge is blood from her body, 289  she is to be in her menstruation 290  seven days, and anyone who touches her will be unclean until evening. 15:20 Anything she lies on during her menstruation will be unclean, and anything she sits on will be unclean. 15:21 Anyone who touches her bed must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:22 Anyone who touches any furniture she sits on must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:23 If there is something on the bed or on the furniture she sits on, 291  when he touches it 292  he will be unclean until evening, 15:24 and if a man actually has sexual intercourse with her so that her menstrual impurity touches him, 293  then he will be unclean seven days and any bed he lies on will be unclean.

15:25‘When a woman’s discharge of blood flows 294  many days not at the time of her menstruation, or if it flows beyond the time of her menstruation, 295  all the days of her discharge of impurity will be like the days of her menstruation – she is unclean. 15:26 Any bed she lies on all the days of her discharge will be to her like the bed of her menstruation, any furniture she sits on will be unclean like the impurity of her menstruation, 15:27 and anyone who touches them will be unclean, and he must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 296 

Purity Regulations from Female Bodily Discharges

15:28‘If 297  she becomes clean from her discharge, then she is to count off for herself seven days, and afterward she will be clean. 15:29 Then on the eighth day she must take for herself two turtledoves or two young pigeons 298  and she must bring them to the priest at the entrance of the Meeting Tent, 15:30 and the priest is to make one a sin offering and the other a burnt offering. 299  So the priest 300  is to make atonement for her before the Lord from her discharge of impurity.

Summary of Purification Regulations for Bodily Discharges

15:31‘Thus you 301  are to set the Israelites apart from their impurity so that they 302  do not die in their impurity by defiling my tabernacle which is in their midst. 15:32 This is the law of the one with a discharge: the one who has a seminal emission 303  and becomes unclean by it, 304  15:33 the one who is sick in her menstruation, the one with a discharge, whether male or female, 305  and a man 306  who has sexual intercourse with an unclean woman.’

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