Bible: Leviticus 1-16

Introduction to the Sacrificial Regulations

1:1 Then the Lord called to Moses and spoke to him 1  from the Meeting Tent: 2  1:2 Speak to the Israelites and tell them, ‘When 3  someone 4  among you presents an offering 5  to the Lord, 6  you 7  must present your offering from the domesticated animals, either from the herd or from the flock. 8 

Burnt Offering Regulations: Animal from the Herd

1:3‘If his offering is a burnt offering 9  from the herd he must present it as a flawless male; he must present it at the entrance 10  of the Meeting Tent for its 11  acceptance before the Lord. 1:4 He must lay his hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it will be accepted for him to make atonement 12  on his behalf. 1:5 Then the one presenting the offering 13  must slaughter the bull 14  before the Lord, and the sons of Aaron, the priests, must present the blood and splash 15  the blood against the sides of the altar which is at the entrance of the Meeting Tent. 1:6 Next, the one presenting the offering 16  must skin the burnt offering and cut it into parts, 1:7 and the sons of Aaron, the priest, 17  must put fire on the altar and arrange wood on the fire. 1:8 Then the sons of Aaron, the priests, must arrange the parts with the head and the suet 18  on the wood that is in the fire on the altar. 19  1:9 Finally, the one presenting the offering 20  must wash its entrails and its legs in water and the priest must offer all of it up in smoke on the altar 21 it is 22  a burnt offering, a gift 23  of a soothing aroma to the Lord.

Animal from the Flock

1:10‘If his offering is from the flock for a burnt offering 24 from the sheep or the goats – he must present a flawless male, 1:11 and must slaughter it on the north side of the altar before the Lord, and the sons of Aaron, the priests, will splash its blood against the altar’s sides. 1:12 Next, the one presenting the offering 25  must cut it into parts, with its head and its suet, and the priest must arrange them on the wood which is in the fire, on the altar. 1:13 Then the one presenting the offering must wash the entrails and the legs in water, and the priest must present all of it and offer it up in smoke on the altar – it is a burnt offering, a gift of a soothing aroma to the Lord.

From the Birds

1:14‘If his offering to the Lord is a burnt offering from the birds, 26  he must present his offering from the turtledoves or from the young pigeons. 27  1:15 The priest must present it at the altar, pinch off 28  its head and offer the head 29  up in smoke on the altar, and its blood must be drained out against the side of the altar. 1:16 Then the priest 30  must remove its entrails by cutting off its tail feathers, 31  and throw them 32  to the east side of the altar into the place of fatty ashes, 1:17 and tear it open by its wings without dividing it into two parts. 33  Finally, the priest must offer it up in smoke on the altar on the wood which is in the fire – it is a burnt offering, a gift of a soothing aroma to the Lord.

Grain Offering Regulations: Offering of Raw Flour

2:1‘When a person presents a grain offering 34  to the Lord, his offering must consist of choice wheat flour, 35  and he must pour olive oil on it and put frankincense 36  on it. 2:2 Then he must bring it to the sons of Aaron, the priests, and the priest 37  must scoop out from there a handful of its choice wheat flour and some of its olive oil in addition to all of its frankincense, and the priest must offer its memorial portion 38  up in smoke on the altar – it is 39  a gift of a soothing aroma to the Lord. 2:3 The remainder of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and to his sons 40 it is 41  most holy 42  from the gifts of the Lord.

Processed Grain Offerings

2:4‘When you present an offering of grain baked in an oven, it must be made of 43  choice wheat flour baked into unleavened loaves 44  mixed with olive oil or 45  unleavened wafers smeared 46  with olive oil. 2:5 If your offering is a grain offering made on the griddle, it must be choice wheat flour mixed with olive oil, unleavened. 2:6 Crumble it in pieces 47  and pour olive oil on it – it is a grain offering. 2:7 If your offering is a grain offering made in a pan, 48  it must be made of choice wheat flour deep fried in olive oil. 49 

2:8‘You must bring the grain offering that must be made from these to the Lord. Present it to the priest, 50  and he will bring it to the altar. 2:9 Then the priest must take up 51  from the grain offering its memorial portion and offer it up in smoke on the altar – it is 52  a gift of a soothing aroma to the Lord. 2:10 The remainder of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and to his sons – it is 53  most holy from the gifts of the Lord.

Additional Grain Offering Regulations

2:11‘No grain offering which you present to the Lord can be made with yeast, 54  for you must not offer up in smoke any yeast or honey as a gift to the Lord. 55  2:12 You can present them to the Lord as an offering of first fruit, 56  but they must not go up to the altar for a soothing aroma. 2:13 Moreover, you must season every one of your grain offerings with salt; you must not allow the salt of the covenant of your God to be missing from your grain offering 57 on every one of your grain offerings you must present salt.

2:14‘If you present a grain offering of first ripe grain to the Lord, you must present your grain offering of first ripe grain as soft kernels roasted in fire – crushed bits of fresh grain. 58  2:15 And you must put olive oil on it and set frankincense on it – it is a grain offering. 2:16 Then the priest must offer its memorial portion up in smoke – some of its crushed bits, some of its olive oil, in addition to all of its frankincense – it is 59  a gift to the Lord.

Peace Offering Regulations: Animal from the Herd

3:1‘Now if his offering is a peace offering sacrifice, 60  if he presents an offering from the herd, he must present before the Lord a flawless male or a female. 61  3:2 He must lay his hand on the head of his offering and slaughter it at the entrance of the Meeting Tent, and the sons of Aaron, the priests, must splash the blood against the altar’s sides. 62  3:3 Then the one presenting the offering 63  must present a gift to the Lord from the peace offering sacrifice: He must remove the fat that covers the entrails and all the fat that surrounds the entrails, 64  3:4 the two kidneys with the fat on their sinews, and the protruding lobe on the liver (which he is to remove along with the kidneys). 65  3:5 Then the sons of Aaron must offer it up in smoke on the altar atop the burnt offering that is on the wood in the fire as a gift of a soothing aroma to the Lord. 66 

Animal from the Flock

3:6‘If his offering for a peace offering sacrifice to the Lord is from the flock, he must present a flawless male or female. 67  3:7 If he presents a sheep as his offering, he must present it before the Lord. 3:8 He must lay his hand on the head of his offering and slaughter it before the Meeting Tent, and the sons of Aaron must splash 68  its blood against the altar’s sides. 3:9 Then he must present a gift to the Lord from the peace offering sacrifice: He must remove all the fatty tail up to the end of the spine, the fat covering the entrails, and all the fat on the entrails, 69  3:10 the two kidneys with the fat on their sinews, and the protruding lobe on the liver (which he is to remove along with the kidneys). 70  3:11 Then the priest must offer it up in smoke on the altar as a food gift to the Lord. 71 

3:12‘If his offering is a goat he must present it before the Lord, 3:13 lay his hand on its head, and slaughter it before the Meeting Tent, and the sons of Aaron must splash its blood against the altar’s sides. 3:14 Then he must present from it his offering as a gift to the Lord: the fat which covers the entrails and all the fat on the entrails, 72  3:15 the two kidneys with the fat on their sinews, and the protruding lobe on the liver (which he is to remove along with the kidneys). 73  3:16 Then the priest must offer them up in smoke on the altar as a food gift for a soothing aroma – all the fat belongs to the Lord. 3:17 This is 74  a perpetual statute throughout your generations 75  in all the places where you live: You must never eat any fat or any blood.’ 76 

Sin Offering Regulations

4:1 Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 77  4:2 Tell the Israelites, ‘When a person sins by straying unintentionally 78  from any of the Lord’s commandments which must not be violated, and violates any 79  one of them 80 

For the Priest

4:3‘If the high priest 81  sins so that the people are guilty, 82  on account of the sin he has committed he must present a flawless young bull to the Lord 83  for a sin offering. 84  4:4 He must bring the bull to the entrance of the Meeting Tent before the Lord, lay his hand on the head of the bull, and slaughter the bull before the Lord. 4:5 Then that high priest must take some of the blood 85  of the bull and bring it to the Meeting Tent. 4:6 The priest must dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle 86  some of it 87  seven times before the Lord toward 88  the front of the veil-canopy 89  of the sanctuary. 4:7 The priest must put some of the blood on the horns of the altar of fragrant incense that is before the Lord in the Meeting Tent, and all the rest of the bull’s blood he must pour out at the base of the altar of burnt offering that is at the entrance of the Meeting Tent.

4:8‘Then he must take up all the fat from the sin offering bull: 90  the fat covering the entrails 91  and all the fat surrounding the entrails, 92  4:9 the two kidneys with the fat on their sinews, and the protruding lobe on the liver (which he is to remove along with the kidneys) 93  4:10 – just as it is taken from the ox of the peace offering sacrifice 94  – and the priest must offer them up in smoke on the altar of burnt offering. 4:11 But the hide of the bull, all its flesh along with its head and its legs, its entrails, and its dung 4:12 all the rest of the bull 95 he must bring outside the camp 96  to a ceremonially clean place, 97  to the fatty ash pile, 98  and he must burn 99  it on a wood fire; it must be burned on the fatty ash pile.

For the Whole Congregation

4:13‘If the whole congregation of Israel strays unintentionally 100  and the matter is not noticed by 101  the assembly, and they violate one of the Lord’s commandments, which must not be violated, 102  so they become guilty, 4:14 the assembly must present a young bull for a sin offering when the sin they have committed 103  becomes known. They must bring it before the Meeting Tent, 4:15 the elders of the congregation must lay their hands on the head of the bull before the Lord, and someone must slaughter 104  the bull before the Lord. 4:16 Then the high priest 105  must bring some of the blood of the bull to the Meeting Tent, 4:17 and that priest must dip his finger in the blood 106  and sprinkle 107  some of the blood seven times 108  before the Lord toward 109  the front of the veil-canopy. 110  4:18 He must put some of the blood on the horns of the altar 111  which is before the Lord in the Meeting Tent, and all the rest of the blood he must pour out at the base of the altar of burnt offering that is at the entrance of the Meeting Tent.

4:19‘Then the priest 112  must take all its fat 113  and offer the fat 114  up in smoke on the altar. 4:20 He must do with the rest of the bull just as he did with the bull of the sin offering; this is what he must do with it. 115  So the priest will make atonement 116  on their behalf and they will be forgiven. 117  4:21 He 118  must bring the rest of the bull outside the camp 119  and burn it just as he burned the first bull – it is the sin offering of the assembly.

For the Leader

4:22‘Whenever 120  a leader, by straying unintentionally, 121  sins and violates one of the commandments of the Lord his God which must not be violated, 122  and he pleads guilty, 4:23 or his sin that he committed 123  is made known to him, 124  he must bring a flawless male goat as his offering. 125  4:24 He must lay his hand on the head of the male goat and slaughter 126  it in the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered before the Lordit is a sin offering. 4:25 Then the priest must take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and he must pour out the rest of its blood at the base of the altar of burnt offering. 4:26 Then the priest 127  must offer all of its fat up in smoke on the altar like the fat of the peace offering sacrifice. So the priest will make atonement 128  on his behalf for 129  his sin and he will be forgiven. 130 

For the Common Person

4:27‘If an ordinary individual 131  sins by straying unintentionally 132  when he violates one of the Lord’s commandments which must not be violated, 133  and he pleads guilty 4:28 or his sin that he committed 134  is made known to him, 135  he must bring a flawless female goat 136  as his offering for the sin 137  that he committed. 4:29 He must lay his hand on the head of the sin offering and slaughter 138  the sin offering in the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered. 4:30 Then the priest must take some of its blood with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and he must pour out all the rest of its blood at the base of the altar. 4:31 Then he must remove all of its fat (just as fat was removed from the peace offering sacrifice) and the priest must offer it up in smoke on the altar for a soothing aroma to the Lord. So the priest will make atonement 139  on his behalf and he will be forgiven. 140 

4:32‘But if he brings a sheep as his offering, for a sin offering, he must bring a flawless female. 4:33 He must lay his hand on the head of the sin offering and slaughter it for a sin offering in the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered. 4:34 Then the priest must take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and he must pour out all the rest of its blood at the base of the altar. 4:35 Then the one who brought the offering 141  must remove all its fat (just as the fat of the sheep is removed from the peace offering sacrifice) and the priest must offer them up in smoke on the altar on top of the other gifts of the Lord. So the priest will make atonement 142  on his behalf for his sin which he has committed and he will be forgiven. 143 

Additional Sin Offering Regulations

5:1‘When a person sins 144  in that he hears a public curse against one who fails to testify 145  and he is a witness (he either saw or knew what had happened 146 ) and he does not make it known, 147  then he will bear his punishment for iniquity. 148  5:2 Or when there is 149  a person who touches anything ceremonially 150  unclean, whether the carcass of an unclean wild animal, or the carcass of an unclean domesticated animal, or the carcass of an unclean creeping thing, even if he did not realize it, 151  but he himself has become unclean and is guilty; 152  5:3 or when he touches human uncleanness with regard to anything by which he can become unclean, 153  even if he did not realize it, but he himself has later come to know it and is guilty; 5:4 or when a person swears an oath, speaking thoughtlessly 154  with his lips, whether to do evil or to do good, with regard to anything which the individual might speak thoughtlessly in an oath, even if he did not realize it, but he himself has later come to know it and is guilty with regard to one of these oaths 155  5:5 when an individual becomes guilty with regard to one of these things 156  he must confess how he has sinned, 157  5:6 and he must bring his penalty for guilt 158  to the Lord for his sin that he has committed, a female from the flock, whether a female sheep or a female goat, for a sin offering. So the priest will make atonement 159  on his behalf for 160  his sin.

5:7‘If he cannot afford an animal from the flock, 161  he must bring his penalty for guilt for his sin that he has committed, 162  two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 163  to the Lord, one for a sin offering and one for a burnt offering. 5:8 He must bring them to the priest and present first the one that is for a sin offering. The priest 164  must pinch 165  its head at the nape of its neck, but must not sever the head from the body. 166  5:9 Then he must sprinkle 167  some of the blood of the sin offering on the wall of the altar, and the remainder of the blood 168  must be squeezed out at the base of the altar – it is a sin offering. 5:10 The second bird 169  he must make a burnt offering according to the standard regulation. 170  So the priest will make atonement 171  on behalf of this person for 172  his sin which he has committed, and he will be forgiven. 173 

5:11‘If he cannot afford 174  two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 175  he must bring as his offering for his sin which he has committed 176  a tenth of an ephah 177  of choice wheat flour 178  for a sin offering. He must not place olive oil on it and he must not put frankincense on it, because it is a sin offering. 5:12 He must bring it to the priest and the priest must scoop out from it a handful as its memorial portion 179  and offer it up in smoke on the altar on top of the other gifts of the Lordit is a sin offering. 5:13 So the priest will make atonement 180  on his behalf for his sin which he has committed by doing one of these things, 181  and he will be forgiven. 182  The remainder of the offering 183  will belong to the priest like the grain offering.’ 184 

Guilt Offering Regulations: Known Trespass

5:14 Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 185  5:15 When a person commits a trespass 186  and sins by straying unintentionally 187  from the regulations about the Lord’s holy things, 188  then he must bring his penalty for guilt 189  to the Lord, a flawless ram from the flock, convertible into silver shekels according to the standard of the sanctuary shekel, 190  for a guilt offering. 191  5:16 And whatever holy thing he violated 192  he must restore and must add one fifth to it and give it to the priest. So the priest will make atonement 193  on his behalf with the guilt offering ram and he will be forgiven.” 194 

Unknown trespass

5:17If a person sins and violates any of the Lord’s commandments which must not be violated 195  (although he did not know it at the time, 196  but later realizes he is guilty), then he will bear his punishment for iniquity 197  5:18 and must bring a flawless ram from the flock, convertible into silver shekels, 198  for a guilt offering to the priest. So the priest will make atonement 199  on his behalf for his error which he committed 200  (although he himself had not known it) and he will be forgiven. 201  5:19 It is a guilt offering; he was surely guilty before the Lord.”

Trespass by Deception and False Oath

6:1 202  Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 203  6:2 When a person sins and commits a trespass 204  against the Lord by deceiving his fellow citizen 205  in regard to something held in trust, or a pledge, or something stolen, or by extorting something from his fellow citizen, 206  6:3 or has found something lost and denies it and swears falsely 207  concerning any one of the things that someone might do to sin 208  6:4 when it happens that he sins and he is found guilty, 209  then he must return whatever he had stolen, or whatever he had extorted, or the thing that he had held in trust, 210  or the lost thing that he had found, 6:5 or anything about which he swears falsely. 211  He must restore it in full 212  and add one fifth to it; he must give it to its owner when he is found guilty. 213  6:6 Then he must bring his guilt offering to the Lord, a flawless ram from the flock, convertible into silver shekels, 214  for a guilt offering to the priest. 6:7 So the priest will make atonement 215  on his behalf before the Lord and he will be forgiven 216  for whatever he has done to become guilty.” 217 

Sacrificial Instructions for the Priests: The Burnt Offering

6:8 218  Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 219  6:9 Command Aaron and his sons, ‘This is the law of the burnt offering. The burnt offering is to remain on the hearth 220  on the altar all night until morning, and the fire of the altar must be kept burning on it. 221  6:10 Then the priest must put on his linen robe and must put linen leggings 222  over his bare flesh, and he must take up the fatty ashes of the burnt offering that the fire consumed on the altar, 223  and he must place them 224  beside the altar. 6:11 Then he must take off his clothes and put on other clothes, and he must bring the fatty ashes outside the camp to a ceremonially 225  clean place, 6:12 but the fire which is on the altar must be kept burning on it. 226  It must not be extinguished. So the priest must kindle wood on it morning by morning, and he must arrange the burnt offering on it and offer the fat of the peace offering up in smoke on it. 6:13 A continual fire must be kept burning on the altar. It must not be extinguished.

The Grain Offering of the Common Person

6:14‘This is the law of the grain offering. The sons of Aaron are to present it 227  before the Lord in front of the altar, 6:15 and the priest 228  must take up with his hand some of the choice wheat flour of the grain offering 229  and some of its olive oil, and all of the frankincense that is on the grain offering, and he must offer its memorial portion 230  up in smoke on the altar 231  as a soothing aroma to the Lord. 232  6:16 Aaron and his sons are to eat what is left over from it. It must be eaten unleavened in a holy place; they are to eat it in the courtyard of the Meeting Tent. 6:17 It must not be baked with yeast. 233  I have given it as their portion from my gifts. It is most holy, 234  like the sin offering and the guilt offering. 6:18 Every male among the sons of Aaron may eat it. It is a perpetual allotted portion 235  throughout your generations 236  from the gifts of the Lord. Anyone who touches these gifts 237  must be holy.’ 238 

The Grain Offering of the Priests

6:19 Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 239  6:20 This is the offering of Aaron and his sons which they must present to the Lord on the day when he is anointed: a tenth of an ephah 240  of choice wheat flour 241  as a continual grain offering, half of it in the morning and half of it in the evening. 6:21 It must be made with olive oil on a griddle and you must bring it well soaked, 242  so you must present a grain offering of broken pieces 243  as a soothing aroma to the Lord. 6:22 The high priest who succeeds him 244  from among his sons must do it. It is a perpetual statute; it must be offered up in smoke as a whole offering to the Lord. 6:23 Every grain offering of a priest must be a whole offering; it must not be eaten.”

The Sin Offering

6:24 Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 245  6:25 Tell Aaron and his sons, ‘This is the law of the sin offering. In the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered the sin offering must be slaughtered before the Lord. It is most holy. 246  6:26 The priest who offers it for sin is to eat it. It must be eaten in a holy place, in the court of the Meeting Tent. 6:27 Anyone who touches its meat must be holy, and whoever spatters some of its blood on a garment, 247  you must wash 248  whatever he spatters it on in a holy place. 6:28 Any clay vessel it is boiled in must be broken, and if it was boiled in a bronze vessel, then that vessel 249  must be rubbed out and rinsed in water. 6:29 Any male among the priests may eat it. It is most holy. 250  6:30 But any sin offering from which some of its blood is brought into the Meeting Tent to make atonement in the sanctuary must not be eaten. It must be burned up in the fire. 251 

The Guilt Offering

7:1‘This is the law of the guilt offering. It is most holy. 7:2 In the place where they slaughter the burnt offering they must slaughter the guilt offering, and the officiating priest 252  must splash 253  the blood against the altar’s sides. 7:3 Then the one making the offering 254  must present all its fat: the fatty tail, the fat covering the entrails, 7:4 the two kidneys and the fat on their sinews, and the protruding lobe on the liver (which he must remove along with the kidneys). 255  7:5 Then the priest must offer them up in smoke on the altar 256  as a gift to the Lord. It is a guilt offering. 7:6 Any male among the priests may eat it. It must be eaten in a holy place. It is most holy. 257  7:7 The law is the same for the sin offering and the guilt offering; 258  it belongs to the priest who makes atonement with it.

Priestly Portions of Burnt and Grain Offerings

7:8‘As for the priest who presents someone’s burnt offering, the hide of that burnt offering which he presented belongs to him. 7:9 Every grain offering which is baked in the oven or 259  made in the pan 260  or on the griddle belongs to the priest who presented it. 7:10 Every grain offering, whether mixed with olive oil or dry, belongs to all the sons of Aaron, each one alike. 261 

The Peace Offering

7:11‘This is the law of the peace offering sacrifice which he 262  is to present to the Lord. 7:12 If he presents it on account of thanksgiving, 263  along with the thank offering sacrifice he must present unleavened loaves mixed with olive oil, unleavened wafers smeared with olive oil, 264  and well soaked 265  ring-shaped loaves made of choice wheat flour 266  mixed with olive oil. 7:13 He must present this grain offering 267  in addition to ring-shaped loaves of leavened bread which regularly accompany 268  the sacrifice of his thanksgiving peace offering. 7:14 He must present one of each kind of grain offering 269  as a contribution offering 270  to the Lord; it belongs to the priest who splashes the blood of the peace offering. 7:15 The meat of his 271  thanksgiving peace offering must be eaten on the day of his offering; he must not set any of it aside until morning.

7:16‘If his offering is a votive or freewill sacrifice, 272  it may be eaten on the day he presents his sacrifice, and also the leftovers from it may be eaten on the next day, 273  7:17 but the leftovers from the meat of the sacrifice must be burned up in the fire 274  on the third day. 7:18 If some of the meat of his peace offering sacrifice is ever eaten on the third day it will not be accepted; it will not be accounted to the one who presented it, since it is spoiled, 275  and the person who eats from it will bear his punishment for iniquity. 276  7:19 The meat which touches anything ceremonially 277  unclean must not be eaten; it must be burned up in the fire. As for ceremonially clean meat, 278  everyone who is ceremonially clean may eat the meat. 7:20 The person who eats meat from the peace offering sacrifice which belongs to the Lord while his uncleanness persists 279  will be cut off from his people. 280  7:21 When a person touches anything unclean (whether human uncleanness, or an unclean animal, or an unclean detestable creature) 281  and eats some of the meat of the peace offering sacrifice which belongs to the Lord, that person will be cut off from his people.’ 282 

Sacrificial Instructions for the Common People: Fat and Blood

7:22 Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 283  7:23 Tell the Israelites, ‘You must not eat any fat of an ox, sheep, or goat. 7:24 Moreover, the fat of an animal that has died of natural causes 284  and the fat of an animal torn by beasts may be used for any other purpose, 285  but you must certainly never eat it. 7:25 If anyone eats fat from the animal from which he presents a gift to the Lord, that person will be cut off from his people. 286  7:26 And you must not eat any blood of the birds or the domesticated land animals in any of the places where you live. 287  7:27 Any person who eats any blood – that person will be cut off from his people.’ 288 

Priestly Portions of Peace Offerings

7:28 Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 289  7:29 Tell the Israelites, ‘The one who presents his peace offering sacrifice to the Lord must bring his offering to the Lord from his peace offering sacrifice. 7:30 With his own hands he must bring the Lord’s gifts. He must bring the fat with the breast 290  to wave the breast as a wave offering before the Lord, 291  7:31 and the priest must offer the fat up in smoke on the altar, but the breast will belong to Aaron and his sons. 7:32 The right thigh you must give as a contribution offering 292  to the priest from your peace offering sacrifices. 7:33 The one from Aaron’s sons who presents the blood of the peace offering and fat will have the right thigh as his share, 7:34 for the breast of the wave offering and the thigh of the contribution offering I have taken from the Israelites out of their peace offering sacrifices and have given them to Aaron the priest and to his sons from the people of Israel as a perpetual allotted portion.’ 293 

7:35 This is the allotment of Aaron and the allotment of his sons from the Lord’s gifts on the day Moses 294  presented them to serve as priests 295  to the Lord. 7:36 This is what the Lord commanded to give to them from the Israelites on the day Moses 296  anointed them 297  – a perpetual allotted portion throughout their generations. 298 

Summary of Sacrificial Regulations in Leviticus 6:8-7:36

7:37 This is the law 299  for the burnt offering, the grain offering, 300  the sin offering, the guilt offering, the ordination offering, 301  and the peace offering sacrifice, 7:38 which the Lord commanded Moses on Mount Sinai on the day he commanded the Israelites to present their offerings to the Lord in the wilderness of Sinai.

Ordination of the Priests

8:1 Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 302  8:2 Take Aaron and his sons with him, and the garments, the anointing oil, the sin offering bull, the two rams, and the basket of unleavened bread, 8:3 and assemble the whole congregation at the entrance of the Meeting Tent.” 303  8:4 So Moses did just as the Lord commanded him, and the congregation assembled at the entrance of the Meeting Tent. 8:5 Then Moses said to the congregation: “This is what the Lord has commanded to be done.”

Clothing Aaron

8:6 So Moses brought Aaron and his sons forward and washed them with water. 8:7 Then he 304  put the tunic 305  on Aaron, 306  wrapped the sash around him, 307  and clothed him with the robe. 308  Next he put the ephod on him 309  and placed on him 310  the decorated band of the ephod, and fastened the ephod closely to him with the band. 311  8:8 He then set the breastpiece 312  on him and put the Urim and Thummim 313  into the breastpiece. 8:9 Finally, he set the turban 314  on his head and attached the gold plate, the holy diadem, 315  to the front of the turban just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Anointing the Tabernacle and Aaron, and Clothing Aaron’s Sons

8:10 Then Moses took the anointing oil and anointed the tabernacle and everything in it, and so consecrated them. 316  8:11 Next he sprinkled some of it on the altar seven times and so anointed the altar, all its vessels, and the wash basin and its stand to consecrate them. 8:12 He then poured some of the anointing oil on the head of Aaron and anointed him to consecrate him. 8:13 Moses also brought forward Aaron’s sons, clothed them with tunics, wrapped sashes around them, 317  and wrapped headbands on them 318  just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Consecration Offerings

8:14 Then he brought near the sin offering bull 319  and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the sin offering bull, 8:15 and he slaughtered it. 320  Moses then took the blood and put it all around on the horns of the altar with his finger and decontaminated the altar, 321  and he poured out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar and so consecrated it to make atonement on it. 322  8:16 Then he 323  took all the fat on the entrails, the protruding lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys and their fat, 324  and Moses offered it all up in smoke on the altar, 325  8:17 but the rest of the bull – its hide, its flesh, and its dung – he completely burned up 326  outside the camp just as the Lord had commanded Moses. 327 

8:18 Then he presented the burnt offering ram and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram, 8:19 and he slaughtered it. 328  Moses then splashed the blood against the altar’s sides. 8:20 Then he 329  cut the ram into parts, 330  and Moses offered the head, the parts, and the suet up in smoke, 8:21 but the entrails and the legs he washed with water, 331  and Moses offered the whole ram up in smoke on the altar – it was a burnt offering for a soothing aroma, a gift to the Lord, just as the Lord had commanded Moses. 332 

8:22 Then he presented the second ram, the ram of ordination, 333  and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram 8:23 and he slaughtered it. 334  Moses then took some of its blood and put it on Aaron’s right earlobe, 335  on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe 336  of his right foot. 8:24 Next he brought Aaron’s sons forward, and Moses put some of the blood on their right earlobes, on their right thumbs, and on the big toes of their right feet, and Moses splashed the rest of the blood against the altar’s sides.

8:25 Then he took the fat (the fatty tail, 337  all the fat on the entrails, the protruding lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys and their fat 338 ) and the right thigh, 339  8:26 and from the basket of unleavened bread that was before the Lord he took one unleavened loaf, one loaf of bread mixed with olive oil, and one wafer, 340  and placed them on the fat parts and on the right thigh. 8:27 He then put all of them on the palms 341  of Aaron and his sons, who waved 342  them as a wave offering before the Lord. 343  8:28 Moses then took them from their palms and offered them up in smoke on the altar 344  on top of the burnt offering – they were an ordination offering for a soothing aroma; it was a gift to the Lord. 8:29 Finally, Moses took the breast and waved it as a wave offering before the Lord from the ram of ordination. It was Mosesshare just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Anointing Aaron, his Sons, and their Garments

8:30 Then Moses took some of the anointing oil and some of the blood which was on the altar and sprinkled it on Aaron and his garments, and on his sons and his sonsgarments with him. So he consecrated Aaron, his garments, and his sons and his sonsgarments with him. 8:31 Then Moses said to Aaron and his sons, “Boil the meat at the entrance of the Meeting Tent, and there you are to eat it and the bread which is in the ordination offering basket, just as I have commanded, 345  saying, ‘Aaron and his sons are to eat it,’ 8:32 but the remainder of the meat and the bread 346  you must burn with fire. 8:33 And you must not go out from the entrance of the Meeting Tent for seven days, until the day when your days of ordination are completed, because you must be ordained over a seven-day period. 347  8:34 What has been done 348  on this day the Lord has commanded to be done 349  to make atonement for you. 8:35 You must reside at the entrance of the Meeting Tent day and night for seven days and keep the charge of the Lord so that you will not die, for this is what I have been commanded.” 8:36 So Aaron and his sons did all the things the Lord had commanded through 350  Moses.

Inauguration of Tabernacle Worship

9:1 On the eighth day 351  Moses summoned 352  Aaron and his sons and the elders of Israel, 9:2 and said to Aaron, “Take for yourself a bull calf for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering, both flawless, and present them before the Lord. 9:3 Then tell the Israelites: ‘Take a male goat 353  for a sin offering and a calf and lamb, both a year old and flawless, 354  for a burnt offering, 9:4 and an ox and a ram for peace offerings to sacrifice before the Lord, and a grain offering mixed with olive oil, for today the Lord is going to appear 355  to you.’ 9:5 So they took what Moses had commanded to the front of 356  the Meeting Tent and the whole congregation presented them and stood before the Lord. 9:6 Then Moses said, “This is what the Lord has commanded you to do 357  so that the glory of the Lord may appear 358  to you.” 9:7 Moses then said to Aaron, “Approach the altar and make your sin offering and your burnt offering, and make atonement on behalf of yourself and on behalf of the people; 359  and also make the people’s offering and make atonement on behalf of them just as the Lord has commanded.”

The Sin Offering for the Priests

9:8 So Aaron approached the altar and slaughtered the sin offering calf which was for himself. 9:9 Then Aaron’s sons presented the blood to him and he dipped his finger in the blood and put it on the horns of the altar, and the rest of the blood he poured out at the base of the altar. 9:10 The fat and the kidneys and the protruding lobe of 360  the liver from the sin offering he offered up in smoke on the altar just as the Lord had commanded Moses, 9:11 but the flesh and the hide he completely burned up 361  outside the camp. 362 

The Burnt Offering for the Priests

9:12 He then slaughtered the burnt offering, and his sons 363  handed 364  the blood to him and he splashed 365  it against the altar’s sides. 9:13 The burnt offering itself they handed 366  to him by its parts, including the head, 367  and he offered them up in smoke on the altar, 9:14 and he washed the entrails and the legs and offered them up in smoke on top of the burnt offering on the altar.

The Offerings for the People

9:15 Then he presented the people’s offering. He took the sin offering male goat which was for the people, slaughtered it, and performed a decontamination rite with it 368  like the first one. 369  9:16 He then presented the burnt offering, and did it according to the standard regulation. 370  9:17 Next he presented the grain offering, filled his hand with some of it, and offered it up in smoke on the altar in addition to the morning burnt offering. 371  9:18 Then he slaughtered the ox and the ram – the peace offering sacrifices which were for the people – and Aaron’s sons handed 372  the blood to him and he splashed it against the altar’s sides. 9:19 As for the fat parts from the ox and from the ram 373  (the fatty tail, the fat covering the entrails, 374  the kidneys, and the protruding lobe of the liver), 9:20 they 375  set those on the breasts and he offered the fat parts up in smoke on the altar. 9:21 Finally Aaron waved the breasts and the right thigh as a wave offering before the Lord just as Moses had commanded.

9:22 Then Aaron lifted up his hands toward the people and blessed them and descended from making the sin offering, the burnt offering, and the peace offering. 9:23 Moses and Aaron then entered into the Meeting Tent. When they came out, they blessed the people, and the glory of the Lord appeared to all the people. 9:24 Then fire went out from the presence of the Lord 376  and consumed the burnt offering and the fat parts on the altar, and all the people saw it, so they shouted loudly and fell down with their faces to the ground. 377 

Nadab and Abihu

10:1 Then 378  Aaron’s sons, Nadab and Abihu, each took his fire pan and put fire in it, set incense on it, and presented strange fire 379  before the Lord, which he had not commanded them to do. 10:2 So fire went out from the presence of the Lord 380  and consumed them so that they died before the Lord. 10:3 Moses then said to Aaron, “This is what the Lord spoke: ‘Among the ones close to me I will show myself holy, 381  and in the presence of all the people I will be honored.’” 382  So Aaron kept silent. 10:4 Moses then called to Mishael and Elzaphan, the sons of Uzziel, Aaron’s uncle, and said to them, “Come near, carry your brothers away from the front of the sanctuary to a place outside the camp.” 10:5 So they came near and carried them away in their tunics to a place outside the camp just as Moses had spoken. 10:6 Then Moses said to Aaron and to Eleazar and Ithamar his other two sons, “Do not 383  dishevel the hair of your heads 384  and do not tear your garments, so that you do not die and so that wrath does not come on the whole congregation. Your brothers, all the house of Israel, are to mourn the burning which the Lord has caused, 385  10:7 but you must not go out from the entrance of the Meeting Tent lest you die, for the Lord’s anointing oil is on you.” So they acted according to the word of Moses.

Perpetual Statutes the Lord Spoke to Aaron

10:8 Then the Lord spoke to Aaron, 10:9 Do not drink wine or strong drink, you and your sons with you, when you enter into the Meeting Tent, so that you do not die, which is a perpetual statute throughout your generations, 386  10:10 as well as 387  to distinguish between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean, 388  10:11 and to teach the Israelites all the statutes that the Lord has spoken to them through 389  Moses.”

Perpetual Statutes Moses spoke to Aaron

10:12 Then Moses spoke to Aaron and to Eleazar and Ithamar, his remaining sons, “Take the grain offering which remains from the gifts of the Lord and eat it unleavened beside the altar, for it is most holy. 10:13 You must eat it in a holy place because it is your allotted portion 390  and the allotted portion of your sons from the gifts 391  of the Lord, for this is what I have been commanded. 392  10:14 Also, the breast of the wave offering and the thigh of the contribution offering you must eat in a ceremonially 393  clean place, you and your sons and daughters with you, for they have been given as your allotted portion and the allotted portion of your sons from the peace offering sacrifices of the Israelites. 394  10:15 The thigh of the contribution offering and the breast of the wave offering they must bring in addition to the gifts of the fat parts to wave them as a wave offering before the Lord, and it will belong to you and your sons with you for a perpetual statute just as the Lord has commanded.”

The Problem with the Inaugural Sin Offering

10:16 Later Moses sought diligently for the sin offering male goat, 395  but it had actually been burnt. 396  So he became angry at Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron’s remaining sons, saying, 10:17 Why did you not eat the sin offering in the sanctuary? For it is most holy and he gave it to you to bear the iniquity of the congregation, 397  to make atonement on their behalf before the Lord. 10:18 See here! 398  Its blood was not brought into the holy place within! 399  You should certainly have eaten it in the sanctuary just as I commanded! 10:19 But Aaron spoke to Moses, “See here! 400  Just today they presented their sin offering and their burnt offering before the Lord and such things as these have happened to me! If I had eaten a sin offering today would the Lord have been pleased? 401  10:20 When Moses heard this explanation, he was satisfied. 402 

Clean and Unclean Land Creatures

11:1 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying to them, 11:2 Tell the Israelites: ‘This is the kind of creature you may eat from among all the animals 403  that are on the land. 11:3 You may eat any among the animals that has a divided hoof (the hooves are completely split in two 404 ) and that also chews the cud. 405  11:4 However, you must not eat these 406  from among those that chew the cud and have divided hooves: The camel is unclean to you 407  because it chews the cud 408  even though its hoof is not divided. 409  11:5 The rock badger 410  is unclean to you because it chews the cud even though its hoof is not divided. 11:6 The hare is unclean to you because it chews the cud even though its hoof is not divided. 11:7 The pig is unclean to you because its hoof is divided (the hoof is completely split in two 411 ), even though it does not chew the cud. 412  11:8 You must not eat from their meat and you must not touch their carcasses; 413  they are unclean to you.

Clean and Unclean Water Creatures

11:9‘These you can eat from all creatures that are in the water: Any creatures in the water that have both fins and scales, 414  whether in the seas or in the streams, 415  you may eat. 11:10 But any creatures that do not have both fins and scales, whether in the seas or in the streams, from all the swarming things of the water and from all the living creatures that are in the water, are detestable to you. 11:11 Since they are detestable to you, you must not eat their meat and their carcass you must detest. 11:12 Any creature in the water that does not have both fins and scales is detestable to you.

Clean and Unclean Birds

11:13‘These you are to detest from among the birds – they must not be eaten, because they are detestable: 416  the griffon vulture, the bearded vulture, the black vulture, 11:14 the kite, the buzzard of any kind, 417  11:15 every kind of crow, 418  11:16 the eagle owl, 419  the short-eared owl, the long-eared owl, the hawk of any kind, 11:17 the little owl, the cormorant, the screech owl, 11:18 the white owl, the scops owl, the osprey, 11:19 the stork, the heron of any kind, the hoopoe, and the bat.

Clean and Unclean Insects

11:20‘Every winged swarming thing that walks on all fours 420  is detestable to you. 11:21 However, this you may eat from all the winged swarming things that walk on all fours, which have jointed legs 421  to hop with on the land. 11:22 These you may eat from them: 422  the locust of any kind, the bald locust of any kind, the cricket of any kind, the grasshopper of any kind. 11:23 But any other winged swarming thing that has four legs is detestable to you.

Carcass Uncleanness

11:24‘By these 423  you defile yourselves; anyone who touches their carcass will be unclean until the evening, 11:25 and anyone who carries their carcass must wash his clothes and will be unclean until the evening.

Inedible Land Quadrupeds

11:26‘All 424  animals that divide the hoof but it is not completely split in two 425  and do not chew the cud 426  are unclean to you; anyone who touches them becomes unclean. 427  11:27 All that walk on their paws among all the creatures that walk on all fours 428  are unclean to you. Anyone who touches their carcass will be unclean until the evening, 11:28 and the one who carries their carcass must wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening; they are unclean to you.

Creatures that Swarm on the Land

11:29‘Now this is what is unclean to you among the swarming things that swarm on the land: 429  the rat, the mouse, the large lizard of any kind, 11:30 the Mediterranean gecko, the spotted lizard, the wall gecko, the skink, and the chameleon. 11:31 These are the ones that are unclean to you among all the swarming things. Anyone who touches them when they die will be unclean until evening. 11:32 Also, anything they fall on 430  when they die will become unclean – any wood vessel or garment or article of leather or sackcloth. Any such vessel with which work is done must be immersed in water 431  and will be unclean until the evening. Then it will become clean. 11:33 As for any clay vessel they fall into, 432  everything in it 433  will become unclean and you must break it. 11:34 Any food that may be eaten which becomes soaked with water 434  will become unclean. Anything drinkable 435  in any such vessel will become unclean. 436  11:35 Anything their carcass may fall on will become unclean. An oven or small stove must be smashed to pieces; they are unclean, and they will stay unclean 437  to you. 11:36 However, a spring or a cistern which collects water 438  will be clean, but one who touches their carcass will be unclean. 11:37 Now, if such a carcass falls on any sowing seed which is to be sown, 439  it is clean, 11:38 but if water is put on the seed and such a carcass falls on it, it is unclean to you.

Edible Land Quadrupeds

11:39‘Now if an animal 440  that you may eat dies, 441  whoever touches its carcass will be unclean until the evening. 11:40 One who eats from its carcass must wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening, and whoever carries its carcass must wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening. 11:41 Every swarming thing that swarms on the land is detestable; it must not be eaten. 11:42 You must not eat anything that crawls 442  on its belly or anything that walks on all fours or on any number of legs 443  of all the swarming things that swarm on the land, because they are detestable. 11:43 Do not make yourselves detestable by any of the swarming things. 444  You must not defile yourselves by them and become unclean by them, 11:44 for I am the Lord your God and you are to sanctify yourselves and be holy because I am holy. You must not defile yourselves by any of the swarming things that creep on the ground, 11:45 for I am the Lord who brought you up from the land of Egypt to be your God, 445  and you are to be holy because I am holy. 11:46 This is the law 446  of the land animals, the birds, all the living creatures that move in the water, and all the creatures 447  that swarm on the land, 11:47 to distinguish between the unclean and the clean, between the living creatures that may be eaten and the living creatures that must not be eaten.’

Purification of a Woman after Childbirth

12:1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 12:2 Tell the Israelites, ‘When a woman produces offspring 448  and bears a male child, 449  she will be unclean seven days, as she is unclean during the days of her menstruation. 450  12:3 On 451  the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin 452  must be circumcised. 12:4 Then she will remain 453  thirty-three days in blood purity. 454  She must not touch anything holy and she must not enter the sanctuary until the days of her purification are fulfilled. 455  12:5 If she bears a female child, she will be impure fourteen days as during her menstrual flow, and she will remain sixty-six days in 456  blood purity. 457 

12:6‘When 458  the days of her purification are completed for a son or for a daughter, she must bring a one year old lamb 459  for a burnt offering 460  and a young pigeon or turtledove for a sin offering 461  to the entrance of the Meeting Tent, to the priest. 12:7 The priest 462  is to present it before the Lord and make atonement 463  on her behalf, and she will be clean 464  from her flow of blood. 465  This is the law of the one who bears a child, for the male or the female child. 12:8 If she cannot afford a sheep, 466  then she must take two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 467  one for a burnt offering and one for a sin offering, and the priest is to make atonement on her behalf, and she will be clean.’ 468 

Infections on the Skin

13:1 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron: 13:2 When someone has 469  a swelling 470  or a scab 471  or a bright spot 472  on the skin of his body 473  that may become a diseased infection, 474  he must be brought to Aaron the priest or one of his sons, the priests. 475  13:3 The priest must then examine the infection 476  on the skin of the body, and if the hair 477  in the infection has turned white and the infection appears to be deeper than the skin of the body, 478  then it is a diseased infection, 479  so when the priest examines it 480  he must pronounce the person unclean. 481 

A Bright Spot on the Skin

13:4If 482  it is a white bright spot on the skin of his body, but it does not appear to be deeper than the skin, 483  and the hair has not turned white, then the priest is to quarantine the person with the infection for seven days. 484  13:5 The priest must then examine it on the seventh day, and if, 485  as far as he can see, the infection has stayed the same 486  and has not spread on the skin, 487  then the priest is to quarantine the person for another seven days. 488  13:6 The priest must then examine it again on the seventh day, 489  and if 490  the infection has faded and has not spread on the skin, then the priest is to pronounce the person clean. 491  It is a scab, 492  so he must wash his clothes 493  and be clean. 13:7 If, however, the scab is spreading further 494  on the skin after he has shown himself to the priest for his purification, then he must show himself to the priest a second time. 13:8 The priest must then examine it, 495  and if 496  the scab has spread on the skin, then the priest is to pronounce the person unclean. 497  It is a disease.

A Swelling on the Skin

13:9When someone has a diseased infection, 498  he must be brought to the priest. 13:10 The priest will then examine it, 499  and if 500  a white swelling is on the skin, it has turned the hair white, and there is raw flesh in the swelling, 501  13:11 it is a chronic 502  disease on the skin of his body, 503  so the priest is to pronounce him unclean. 504  The priest 505  must not merely quarantine him, for he is unclean. 506  13:12 If, however, the disease breaks out 507  on the skin so that the disease covers all the skin of the person with the infection 508  from his head to his feet, as far as the priest can see, 509  13:13 the priest must then examine it, 510  and if 511  the disease covers his whole body, he is to pronounce the person with the infection clean. 512  He has turned all white, so he is clean. 513  13:14 But whenever raw flesh appears in it 514  he will be unclean, 13:15 so the priest is to examine the raw flesh 515  and pronounce him unclean 516 it is diseased. 13:16 If, however, 517  the raw flesh once again turns white, 518  then he must come to the priest. 13:17 The priest will then examine it, 519  and if 520  the infection has turned white, the priest is to pronounce the person with the infection clean 521 he is clean.

A Boil on the Skin

13:18When someone’s body has a boil on its skin 522  and it heals, 13:19 and in the place of the boil there is a white swelling or a reddish white bright spot, he must show himself to the priest. 523  13:20 The priest will then examine it, 524  and if 525  it appears to be deeper than the skin 526  and its hair has turned white, then the priest is to pronounce the person unclean. 527  It is a diseased infection that has broken out in the boil. 528  13:21 If, however, 529  the priest examines it, and 530  there is no white hair in it, it is not deeper than the skin, and it has faded, then the priest is to quarantine him for seven days. 531  13:22 If 532  it is spreading further 533  on the skin, then the priest is to pronounce him unclean. 534  It is an infection. 13:23 But if the bright spot stays in its place and has not spread, 535  it is the scar of the boil, so the priest is to pronounce him clean. 536 

A Burn on the Skin

13:24When a body has a burn on its skin 537  and the raw area of the burn becomes a reddish white or white bright spot, 13:25 the priest must examine it, 538  and if 539  the hair has turned white in the bright spot and it appears to be deeper than the skin, 540  it is a disease that has broken out in the burn. 541  The priest is to pronounce the person unclean. 542  It is a diseased infection. 543  13:26 If, however, 544  the priest examines it and 545  there is no white hair in the bright spot, it is not deeper than the skin, 546  and it has faded, then the priest is to quarantine him for seven days. 547  13:27 The priest must then examine it on the seventh day, and if it is spreading further 548  on the skin, then the priest is to pronounce him unclean. It is a diseased infection. 549  13:28 But if the bright spot stays in its place, has not spread on the skin, 550  and it has faded, then it is the swelling of the burn, so the priest is to pronounce him clean, 551  because it is the scar of the burn.

Scall on the Head or in the Beard

13:29When a man or a woman has an infection on the head or in the beard, 552  13:30 the priest is to examine the infection, 553  and if 554  it appears to be deeper than the skin 555  and the hair in it is reddish yellow and thin, then the priest is to pronounce the person unclean. 556  It is scall, 557  a disease of the head or the beard. 558  13:31 But if the priest examines the scall infection and it does not appear to be deeper than the skin, 559  and there is no black hair in it, then the priest is to quarantine the person with the scall infection for seven days. 560  13:32 The priest must then examine the infection on the seventh day, and if 561  the scall has not spread, there is no reddish yellow hair in it, and the scall does not appear to be deeper than the skin, 562  13:33 then the individual is to shave himself, 563  but he must not shave the area affected by the scall, 564  and the priest is to quarantine the person with the scall for another seven days. 565  13:34 The priest must then examine the scall on the seventh day, and if 566  the scall has not spread on the skin and it does not appear to be deeper than the skin, 567  then the priest is to pronounce him clean. 568  So he is to wash his clothes and be clean. 13:35 If, however, the scall spreads further 569  on the skin after his purification, 13:36 then the priest is to examine it, and if 570  the scall has spread on the skin the priest is not to search further for reddish yellow hair. 571  The person 572  is unclean. 13:37 If, as far as the priest can see, the scall has stayed the same 573  and black hair has sprouted in it, the scall has been healed; the person is clean. So the priest is to pronounce him clean. 574 

Bright White Spots on the Skin

13:38When a man or a woman has bright spots – white bright spots – on the skin of their body, 13:39 the priest is to examine them, 575  and if 576  the bright spots on the skin of their body are faded white, it is a harmless rash that has broken out on the skin. The person is clean. 577 

Baldness on the Head

13:40When a man’s head is bare so that he is balding in back, 578  he is clean. 13:41 If his head is bare on the forehead 579  so that he is balding in front, 580  he is clean. 13:42 But if there is a reddish white infection in the back or front bald area, it is a disease breaking out in his back or front bald area. 13:43 The priest is to examine it, 581  and if 582  the swelling of the infection is reddish white in the back or front bald area like the appearance of a disease on the skin of the body, 583  13:44 he is a diseased man. He is unclean. The priest must surely pronounce him unclean because of his infection on his head. 584 

The Life of the Person with Skin Disease

13:45As for the diseased person who has the infection, 585  his clothes must be torn, the hair of his head must be unbound, he must cover his mustache, 586  and he must call out ‘Unclean! Unclean!’ 13:46 The whole time he has the infection 587  he will be continually unclean. He must live in isolation, and his place of residence must be outside the camp.

Infections in Garments, Cloth, or Leather

13:47When a garment has a diseased infection in it, 588  whether a wool or linen garment, 589  13:48 or in the warp or woof 590  of the linen or the wool, or in leather or anything made of leather, 591  13:49 if the infection 592  in the garment or leather or warp or woof or any article of leather is yellowish green or reddish, it is a diseased infection and it must be shown to the priest. 13:50 The priest is to examine and then quarantine the article with the infection for seven days. 593  13:51 He must then examine the infection on the seventh day. If the infection has spread in the garment, or in the warp, or in the woof, or in the leather – whatever the article into which the leather was made 594 the infection is a malignant disease. It is unclean. 13:52 He must burn the garment or the warp or the woof, whether wool or linen, or any article of leather which has the infection in it. Because it is a malignant disease it must be burned up in the fire. 13:53 But if the priest examines it and 595  the infection has not spread in the garment or in the warp or in the woof or in any article of leather, 13:54 the priest is to command that they wash whatever has the infection and quarantine it for another seven days. 596  13:55 The priest must then examine it after the infection has been washed out, and if 597  the infection has not changed its appearance 598  even though the infection has not spread, it is unclean. You must burn it up in the fire. It is a fungus, whether on the back side or front side of the article. 599  13:56 But if the priest has examined it and 600  the infection has faded after it has been washed, he is to tear it out of 601  the garment or the leather or the warp or the woof. 13:57 Then if 602  it still appears again in the garment or the warp or the woof, or in any article of leather, it is an outbreak. Whatever has the infection in it you must burn up in the fire. 13:58 But the garment or the warp or the woof or any article of leather which you wash and infection disappears from it 603  is to be washed a second time and it will be clean.”

Summary of Infection Regulations

13:59 This is the law 604  of the diseased infection in the garment of wool or linen, or the warp or woof, or any article of leather, for pronouncing it clean or unclean. 605 

Purification of Diseased Skin Infections

14:1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 14:2 This is the law of the diseased person on the day of his purification, when 606  he is brought to the priest. 607  14:3 The priest is to go outside the camp and examine the infection. 608  If the infection of the diseased person has been healed, 609  14:4 then the priest will command that two live clean birds, a piece of cedar wood, a scrap of crimson fabric, 610  and some twigs of hyssop 611  be taken up 612  for the one being cleansed. 613  14:5 The priest will then command that one bird be slaughtered 614  into a clay vessel over fresh water. 615  14:6 Then 616  he is to take the live bird along with the piece of cedar wood, the scrap of crimson fabric, and the twigs of hyssop, and he is to dip them and the live bird in the blood of the bird slaughtered over the fresh water, 14:7 and sprinkle it seven times on the one being cleansed 617  from the disease, pronounce him clean, 618  and send the live bird away over the open countryside. 619 

The Seven Days of Purification

14:8The one being cleansed 620  must then wash his clothes, shave off all his hair, and bathe in water, and so be clean. 621  Then afterward he may enter the camp, but he must live outside his tent seven days. 14:9 When the seventh day comes 622  he must shave all his hair – his head, his beard, his eyebrows, all his hair – and he must wash his clothes, bathe his body in water, and so be clean. 623 

The Eighth Day Atonement Rituals

14:10On the eighth day he 624  must take two flawless male lambs, one flawless yearling female lamb, three-tenths of an ephah of choice wheat flour as a grain offering mixed with olive oil, 625  and one log of olive oil, 626  14:11 and the priest who pronounces him clean will have the man who is being cleansed stand along with these offerings 627  before the Lord at the entrance of the Meeting Tent.

14:12The priest is to take one male lamb 628  and present it for a guilt offering 629  along with the log of olive oil and present them as a wave offering before the Lord. 630  14:13 He must then slaughter 631  the male lamb in the place where 632  the sin offering 633  and the burnt offering 634  are slaughtered, 635  in the sanctuary, because, like the sin offering, the guilt offering belongs to the priest; 636  it is most holy. 14:14 Then the priest is to take some of the blood of the guilt offering and put it on the right earlobe of the one being cleansed, 637  on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe 638  of his right foot. 14:15 The priest will then take some of the log of olive oil and pour it into his own left hand. 639  14:16 Then the priest is to dip his right forefinger into the olive oil 640  that is in his left hand, and sprinkle some of the olive oil with his finger seven times before the Lord. 14:17 The priest will then put some of the rest of the olive oil that is in his hand 641  on the right earlobe of the one being cleansed, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on the blood of the guilt offering, 14:18 and the remainder of the olive oil 642  that is in his hand the priest is to put on the head of the one being cleansed. So the priest is to make atonement for him before the Lord.

14:19The priest must then perform the sin offering 643  and make atonement for the one being cleansed from his impurity. After that he 644  is to slaughter the burnt offering, 14:20 and the priest is to offer 645  the burnt offering and the grain offering on the altar. So the priest is to make atonement for him and he will be clean.

The Eighth Day Atonement Rituals for the Poor Person

14:21If the person is poor and does not have sufficient means, 646  he must take one male lamb as a guilt offering for a wave offering to make atonement for himself, one-tenth of an ephah of choice wheat flour mixed with olive oil for a grain offering, a log of olive oil, 647  14:22 and two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 648  which are within his means. 649  One will be a sin offering and the other a burnt offering. 650 

14:23On the eighth day he must bring them for his purification to the priest at the entrance 651  of the Meeting Tent before the Lord, 14:24 and the priest is to take the male lamb of the guilt offering and the log of olive oil and wave them 652  as a wave offering before the Lord. 14:25 Then he is to slaughter the male lamb of the guilt offering, and the priest is to take some of the blood of the guilt offering and put it on the right earlobe of the one being cleansed, 653  on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe 654  of his right foot. 14:26 The priest will then pour some of the olive oil into his own left hand, 655  14:27 and sprinkle some of the olive oil that is in his left hand with his right forefinger 656  seven times before the Lord. 14:28 Then the priest is to put some of the olive oil that is in his hand 657  on the right earlobe of the one being cleansed, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on the place of the blood of the guilt offering, 14:29 and the remainder of the olive oil that is in the hand 658  of the priest he is to put 659  on the head of the one being cleansed to make atonement for him before the Lord.

14:30He will then make one of the turtledoves 660  or young pigeons, which are within his means, 661  14:31 a sin offering and the other a burnt offering along with the grain offering. 662  So the priest is to make atonement for the one being cleansed before the Lord. 14:32 This is the law of the one in whom there is a diseased infection, 663  who does not have sufficient means for his purification.” 664 

Purification of Disease-Infected Houses

14:33 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron: 14:34 When you enter the land of Canaan which I am about to give 665  to you for a possession, and I put 666  a diseased infection in a house in the land you are to possess, 667  14:35 then whoever owns the house 668  must come and declare to the priest, ‘Something like an infection is visible to me in the house.’ 14:36 Then the priest will command that the house be cleared 669  before the priest enters to examine the infection 670  so that everything in the house 671  does not become unclean, 672  and afterward 673  the priest will enter to examine the house. 14:37 He is to examine the infection, and if 674  the infection in the walls of the house consists of yellowish green or reddish eruptions, 675  and it appears to be deeper than the surface of the wall, 676  14:38 then the priest is to go out of the house to the doorway of the house and quarantine the house for seven days. 677  14:39 The priest must return on the seventh day and examine it, and if 678  the infection has spread in the walls of the house, 14:40 then the priest is to command that the stones that had the infection in them be pulled and thrown 679  outside the city 680  into an unclean place. 14:41 Then he is to have the house scraped 681  all around on the inside, 682  and the plaster 683  which is scraped off 684  must be dumped outside the city 685  into an unclean place. 14:42 They are then to take other stones and replace those stones, 686  and he is to take other plaster and replaster the house.

14:43If the infection returns and breaks out in the house after he has pulled out the stones, scraped the house, and it is replastered, 687  14:44 the priest is to come and examine it, and if 688  the infection has spread in the house, it is a malignant disease in the house. It is unclean. 14:45 He must tear down the house, 689  its stones, its wood, and all the plaster of the house, and bring all of it 690  outside the city to an unclean place. 14:46 Anyone who enters 691  the house all the days the priest 692  has quarantined it will be unclean until evening. 14:47 Anyone who lies down in the house must wash his clothes. Anyone who eats in the house must wash his clothes.

14:48If, however, the priest enters 693  and examines it, and the 694  infection has not spread in the house after the house has been replastered, then the priest is to pronounce the house clean because the infection has been healed. 14:49 Then he 695  is to take two birds, a piece of cedar wood, a scrap of crimson fabric, and some twigs of hyssop 696  to decontaminate 697  the house, 14:50 and he is to slaughter one bird into a clay vessel over fresh water. 698  14:51 He must then take the piece of cedar wood, the twigs of hyssop, the scrap of crimson fabric, and the live bird, and dip them in the blood of the slaughtered bird and in the fresh water, and sprinkle the house seven times. 14:52 So he is to decontaminate the house with the blood of the bird, the fresh water, the live bird, the piece of cedar wood, the twigs of hyssop, and the scrap of crimson fabric, 14:53 and he is to send the live bird away outside the city 699  into the open countryside. So he is to make atonement for the house and it will be clean.

Summary of Purification Regulations for Infections

14:54This is the law for all diseased infections, for scall, 700  14:55 for the diseased garment, 701  for the house, 702  14:56 for the swelling, 703  for the scab, 704  and for the bright spot, 705  14:57 to teach when something is unclean and when it is clean. 706  This is the law for dealing with infectious disease.” 707 

Male Bodily Discharges

15:1 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron: 15:2 Speak to the Israelites and tell them, ‘When any man 708  has a discharge 709  from his body, 710  his discharge is unclean. 15:3 Now this is his uncleanness in regard to his discharge 711 whether his body secretes his discharge or blocks his discharge, he is unclean. All the days that his body has a discharge or his body blocks his discharge, 712  this is his uncleanness. 713 

15:4‘Any bed the man with a discharge lies on will be unclean, 714  and any furniture he sits on will be unclean. 715  15:5 Anyone who touches his bed 716  must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 717  15:6 The one who sits on the furniture the man with a discharge sits on must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:7 The one who touches the body 718  of the man with a discharge must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:8 If the man with a discharge spits on a person who is ceremonially clean, 719  that person must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:9 Any means of riding 720  the man with a discharge rides on will be unclean. 15:10 Anyone who touches anything that was under him 721  will be unclean until evening, and the one who carries those items 722  must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:11 Anyone whom the man with the discharge touches without having rinsed his hands in water 723  must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:12 A clay vessel 724  which the man with the discharge touches must be broken, and any wooden utensil must be rinsed in water.

Purity Regulations for Male Bodily Discharges

15:13‘When the man with the discharge becomes clean from his discharge he is to count off for himself seven days for his purification, and he must wash his clothes, bathe in fresh water, 725  and be clean. 15:14 Then on the eighth day he is to take for himself two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 726  and he is to present himself 727  before the Lord at the entrance of the Meeting Tent and give them to the priest, 15:15 and the priest is to make one of them a sin offering 728  and the other a burnt offering. 729  So the priest 730  is to make atonement for him before the Lord for 731  his discharge.

15:16‘When a man has a seminal emission, 732  he must bathe his whole body in water 733  and be unclean until evening, 15:17 and he must wash in water any clothing or leather that has semen on it, and it will be unclean until evening. 15:18 When a man has sexual intercourse with a woman and there is a seminal emission, 734  they must bathe in water and be unclean until evening.

Female Bodily Discharges

15:19‘When a woman has a discharge 735  and her discharge is blood from her body, 736  she is to be in her menstruation 737  seven days, and anyone who touches her will be unclean until evening. 15:20 Anything she lies on during her menstruation will be unclean, and anything she sits on will be unclean. 15:21 Anyone who touches her bed must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:22 Anyone who touches any furniture she sits on must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:23 If there is something on the bed or on the furniture she sits on, 738  when he touches it 739  he will be unclean until evening, 15:24 and if a man actually has sexual intercourse with her so that her menstrual impurity touches him, 740  then he will be unclean seven days and any bed he lies on will be unclean.

15:25‘When a woman’s discharge of blood flows 741  many days not at the time of her menstruation, or if it flows beyond the time of her menstruation, 742  all the days of her discharge of impurity will be like the days of her menstruation – she is unclean. 15:26 Any bed she lies on all the days of her discharge will be to her like the bed of her menstruation, any furniture she sits on will be unclean like the impurity of her menstruation, 15:27 and anyone who touches them will be unclean, and he must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 743 

Purity Regulations from Female Bodily Discharges

15:28‘If 744  she becomes clean from her discharge, then she is to count off for herself seven days, and afterward she will be clean. 15:29 Then on the eighth day she must take for herself two turtledoves or two young pigeons 745  and she must bring them to the priest at the entrance of the Meeting Tent, 15:30 and the priest is to make one a sin offering and the other a burnt offering. 746  So the priest 747  is to make atonement for her before the Lord from her discharge of impurity.

Summary of Purification Regulations for Bodily Discharges

15:31‘Thus you 748  are to set the Israelites apart from their impurity so that they 749  do not die in their impurity by defiling my tabernacle which is in their midst. 15:32 This is the law of the one with a discharge: the one who has a seminal emission 750  and becomes unclean by it, 751  15:33 the one who is sick in her menstruation, the one with a discharge, whether male or female, 752  and a man 753  who has sexual intercourse with an unclean woman.’

The Day of Atonement

16:1 The Lord spoke to Moses after the death of Aaron’s two sons when they approached the presence of the Lord 754  and died, 16:2 and the Lord said to Moses: “Tell Aaron your brother that he must not enter at any time into the holy place inside the veil-canopy 755  in front of the atonement plate 756  that is on the ark so that he may not die, for I will appear in the cloud over the atonement plate.

Day of Atonement Offerings

16:3In this way Aaron is to enter into the sanctuary – with a young bull 757  for a sin offering 758  and a ram for a burnt offering. 759  16:4 He must put on a holy linen tunic, 760  linen leggings are to cover his body, 761  and he is to wrap himself with a linen sash 762  and wrap his head with a linen turban. 763  They are holy garments, so he must bathe 764  his body in water and put them on. 16:5 He must also take 765  two male goats 766  from the congregation of the Israelites for a sin offering and one ram for a burnt offering. 16:6 Then Aaron is to present the sin offering bull which is for himself and is to make atonement on behalf of himself and his household. 16:7 He must then take the two goats 767  and stand them before the Lord at the entrance of the Meeting Tent, 16:8 and Aaron is to cast lots over the two goats, 768  one lot for the Lord and one lot for Azazel. 769  16:9 Aaron must then present the goat which has been designated by lot for the Lord, 770  and he is to make it a sin offering, 16:10 but the goat which has been designated by lot for Azazel is to be stood alive 771  before the Lord to make atonement on it by sending it away to Azazel into the wilderness. 772 

The Sin Offering Sacrificial Procedures

16:11Aaron is to present the sin offering bull which is for himself, and he is to make atonement on behalf of himself and his household. He is to slaughter the sin offering bull which is for himself, 16:12 and take a censer full of coals of fire from the altar before the Lord 773  and a full double handful of finely ground fragrant incense, 774  and bring them inside the veil-canopy. 775  16:13 He must then put the incense on the fire before the Lord, and the cloud of incense will cover the atonement plate which is above the ark of the testimony, 776  so that he will not die. 777  16:14 Then he is to take some of the blood of the bull and sprinkle it with his finger on the eastern face of the atonement plate, 778  and in front of the atonement plate he is to sprinkle some of the blood seven times with his finger. 779 

16:15He must then slaughter the sin offering goat which is for the people. He is to bring its blood inside the veil-canopy, 780  and he is to do with its blood just as he did to the blood of the bull: He is to sprinkle it on the atonement plate and in front of the atonement plate. 16:16 So 781  he is to make atonement for the holy place from the impurities of the Israelites and from their transgressions with regard to all their sins, 782  and thus he is to do for the Meeting Tent which resides with them in the midst of their impurities. 16:17 Nobody is to be in the Meeting Tent 783  when he enters to make atonement in the holy place until he goes out, and he has made atonement on his behalf, on behalf of his household, and on behalf of the whole assembly of Israel.

16:18Then 784  he is to go out to the altar which is before the Lord and make atonement for it. He is to take 785  some of the blood of the bull and some of the blood of the goat, and put it all around on the horns of the altar. 16:19 Then he is to sprinkle on it some of the blood with his finger seven times, and cleanse and consecrate it 786  from the impurities of the Israelites.

The Live Goat Ritual Procedures

16:20When he has finished purifying the holy place, 787  the Meeting Tent, and the altar, he is to present the live goat. 16:21 Aaron is to lay his two hands on the head of the live goat and confess over it all the iniquities of the Israelites and all their transgressions in regard to all their sins, 788  and thus he is to put them 789  on the head of the goat and send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a man standing ready. 790  16:22 The goat is to bear on itself all their iniquities into an inaccessible land, 791  so he is to send the goat away 792  in the wilderness.

The Concluding Rituals

16:23Aaron must then enter 793  the Meeting Tent and take off the linen garments which he had put on when he entered the sanctuary, and leave them there. 16:24 Then he must bathe his body in water in a holy place, put on his clothes, and go out and make his burnt offering and the people’s burnt offering. So he is to make atonement 794  on behalf of himself and the people. 795 

16:25Then he is to offer up the fat of the sin offering 796  in smoke on the altar, 16:26 and the one who sent the goat away to Azazel 797  must wash his clothes, bathe his body in water, and afterward he may reenter the camp. 16:27 The bull of the sin offering and the goat of the sin offering, whose blood was brought to make atonement in the holy place, must be brought outside the camp 798  and their hide, their flesh, and their dung must be burned up, 799  16:28 and the one who burns them must wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward he may reenter the camp.

Review of the Day of Atonement

16:29This is to be a perpetual statute for you. 800  In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you must humble yourselves 801  and do no work of any kind, 802  both the native citizen and the foreigner who resides 803  in your midst, 16:30 for on this day atonement is to be made for you to cleanse you from all your sins; you must be clean before the Lord. 804  16:31 It is to be a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you must humble yourselves. 805  It is a perpetual statute. 806 

16:32The priest who is anointed and ordained to act as high priest in place of his father 807  is to make atonement. He is to put on the linen garments, the holy garments, 16:33 and he is to purify 808  the Most Holy Place, 809  he is to purify the Meeting Tent and the altar, 810  and he is to make atonement for 811  the priests and for all the people of the assembly. 16:34 This is to be a perpetual statute for you 812  to make atonement for the Israelites for 813  all their sins once a year.” 814  So he did just as the Lord had commanded Moses. 815 

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