Bible: Leviticus 1-16
Introduction to the Sacrificial Regulations
1:1 Then the
Burnt Offering Regulations: Animal from the Herd
1:3 “‘If his offering is a burnt offering 9 from the herd he must present it as a flawless male; he must present it at the entrance 10 of the Meeting Tent for its 11 acceptance before the
Animal from the Flock
1:10 “‘If his offering is from the flock for a burnt offering 24 – from the sheep or the goats – he must present a flawless male, 1:11 and must slaughter it on the north side of the altar before the
From the Birds
1:14 “‘If his offering to the
Grain Offering Regulations: Offering of Raw Flour
2:1 “‘When a person presents a grain offering 34 to the
Processed Grain Offerings
2:4 “‘When you present an offering of grain baked in an oven, it must be made of 43 choice wheat flour baked into unleavened loaves 44 mixed with olive oil or 45 unleavened wafers smeared 46 with olive oil. 2:5 If your offering is a grain offering made on the griddle, it must be choice wheat flour mixed with olive oil, unleavened. 2:6 Crumble it in pieces 47 and pour olive oil on it – it is a grain offering. 2:7 If your offering is a grain offering made in a pan, 48 it must be made of choice wheat flour deep fried in olive oil. 49
2:8 “‘You must bring the grain offering that must be made from these to the
Additional Grain Offering Regulations
2:11 “‘No grain offering which you present to the
2:14 “‘If you present a grain offering of first ripe grain to the
Peace Offering Regulations: Animal from the Herd
3:1 “‘Now if his offering is a peace offering sacrifice, 60 if he presents an offering from the herd, he must present before the
Animal from the Flock
3:6 “‘If his offering for a peace offering sacrifice to the
3:12 “‘If his offering is a goat he must present it before the
Sin Offering Regulations
4:1 Then the
For the Priest
4:3 “‘If the high priest 81 sins so that the people are guilty, 82 on account of the sin he has committed he must present a flawless young bull to the
4:8 “‘Then he must take up all the fat from the sin offering bull: 90 the fat covering the entrails 91 and all the fat surrounding the entrails, 92 4:9 the two kidneys with the fat on their sinews, and the protruding lobe on the liver (which he is to remove along with the kidneys) 93 4:10 – just as it is taken from the ox of the peace offering sacrifice 94 – and the priest must offer them up in smoke on the altar of burnt offering. 4:11 But the hide of the bull, all its flesh along with its head and its legs, its entrails, and its dung – 4:12 all the rest of the bull 95 – he must bring outside the camp 96 to a ceremonially clean place, 97 to the fatty ash pile, 98 and he must burn 99 it on a wood fire; it must be burned on the fatty ash pile.
For the Whole Congregation
4:13 “‘If the whole congregation of Israel strays unintentionally 100 and the matter is not noticed by 101 the assembly, and they violate one of the Lord’s commandments
4:19 “‘Then the priest 112 must take all its fat 113 and offer the fat 114 up in smoke on the altar. 4:20 He must do with the rest of the bull just as he did with the bull of the sin offering; this is what he must do with it. 115 So the priest will make atonement 116 on their behalf and they will be forgiven. 117 4:21 He 118 must bring the rest of the bull outside the camp 119 and burn it just as he burned the first bull – it is the sin offering of the assembly.
For the Leader
4:22 “‘Whenever 120 a leader, by straying unintentionally, 121 sins and violates one of the commandments of the
For the Common Person
4:27 “‘If an ordinary individual 131 sins by straying unintentionally 132 when he violates one of the Lord’s commandments which must not be violated, 133 and he pleads guilty 4:28 or his sin that he committed 134 is made known to him, 135 he must bring a flawless female goat 136 as his offering for the sin 137 that he committed. 4:29 He must lay his hand on the head of the sin offering and slaughter 138 the sin offering in the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered. 4:30 Then the priest must take some of its blood with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and he must pour out all the rest of its blood at the base of the altar. 4:31 Then he must remove all of its fat (just as fat was removed from the peace offering sacrifice) and the priest must offer it up in smoke on the altar for a soothing aroma to the
4:32 “‘But if he brings a sheep as his offering, for a sin offering, he must bring a flawless female. 4:33 He must lay his hand on the head of the sin offering and slaughter it for a sin offering in the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered. 4:34 Then the priest must take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and he must pour out all the rest of its blood at the base of the altar. 4:35 Then the one who brought the offering 141 must remove all its fat (just as the fat of the sheep is removed from the peace offering sacrifice) and the priest must offer them up in smoke on the altar on top of the other gifts of the
Additional Sin Offering Regulations
5:1 “‘When a person sins 144 in that he hears a public curse against one who fails to testify 145 and he is a witness (he either saw or knew what had happened 146 ) and he does not make it known, 147 then he will bear his punishment for iniquity. 148 5:2 Or when there is 149 a person who touches anything ceremonially 150 unclean, whether the carcass of an unclean wild animal, or the carcass of an unclean domesticated animal, or the carcass of an unclean creeping thing, even if he did not realize it, 151 but he himself has become unclean and is guilty; 152 5:3 or when he touches human uncleanness with regard to anything by which he can become unclean, 153 even if he did not realize it, but he himself has later come to know it and is guilty; 5:4 or when a person swears an oath, speaking thoughtlessly 154 with his lips, whether to do evil or to do good, with regard to anything which the individual might speak thoughtlessly in an oath, even if he did not realize it, but he himself has later come to know it and is guilty with regard to one of these oaths 155 – 5:5 when an individual becomes guilty with regard to one of these things 156 he must confess how he has sinned, 157 5:6 and he must bring his penalty for guilt 158 to the
5:7 “‘If he cannot afford an animal from the flock, 161 he must bring his penalty for guilt for his sin that he has committed, 162 two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 163 to the
5:11 “‘If he cannot afford 174 two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 175 he must bring as his offering for his sin which he has committed 176 a tenth of an ephah 177 of choice wheat flour 178 for a sin offering. He must not place olive oil on it and he must not put frankincense on it, because it is a sin offering. 5:12 He must bring it to the priest and the priest must scoop out from it a handful as its memorial portion 179 and offer it up in smoke on the altar on top of the other gifts of the
Guilt Offering Regulations: Known Trespass
5:14 Then the
5:17 “If a person sins and violates any of the Lord’s commandments which must not be violated 195 (although he did not know it at the time, 196 but later realizes he is guilty), then he will bear his punishment for iniquity 197 5:18 and must bring a flawless ram from the flock, convertible into silver shekels, 198 for a guilt offering to the priest. So the priest will make atonement 199 on his behalf for his error which he committed 200 (although he himself had not known it) and he will be forgiven. 201 5:19 It is a guilt offering; he was surely guilty before the
Trespass by Deception and False Oath
6:1 202 Then the
Sacrificial Instructions for the Priests: The Burnt Offering
6:8 218 Then the
The Grain Offering of the Common Person
6:14 “‘This is the law of the grain offering. The sons of Aaron are to present it 227 before the
The Grain Offering of the Priests
6:19 Then the
The Sin Offering
6:24 Then the
The Guilt Offering
7:1 “‘This is the law of the guilt offering. It is most holy. 7:2 In the place where they slaughter the burnt offering they must slaughter the guilt offering, and the officiating priest 252 must splash 253 the blood against the altar’s sides. 7:3 Then the one making the offering 254 must present all its fat: the fatty tail, the fat covering the entrails, 7:4 the two kidneys and the fat on their sinews, and the protruding lobe on the liver (which he must remove along with the kidneys). 255 7:5 Then the priest must offer them up in smoke on the altar 256 as a gift to the
Priestly Portions of Burnt and Grain Offerings
7:8 “‘As for the priest who presents someone’s burnt offering, the hide of that burnt offering which he presented belongs to him. 7:9 Every grain offering which is baked in the oven or 259 made in the pan 260 or on the griddle belongs to the priest who presented it. 7:10 Every grain offering, whether mixed with olive oil or dry, belongs to all the sons of Aaron, each one alike. 261
The Peace Offering
7:11 “‘This is the law of the peace offering sacrifice which he 262 is to present to the
7:16 “‘If his offering is a votive or freewill sacrifice, 272 it may be eaten on the day he presents his sacrifice, and also the leftovers from it may be eaten on the next day, 273 7:17 but the leftovers from the meat of the sacrifice must be burned up in the fire 274 on the third day. 7:18 If some of the meat of his peace offering sacrifice is ever eaten on the third day it will not be accepted; it will not be accounted to the one who presented it, since it is spoiled, 275 and the person who eats from it will bear his punishment for iniquity. 276 7:19 The meat which touches anything ceremonially 277 unclean must not be eaten; it must be burned up in the fire. As for ceremonially clean meat, 278 everyone who is ceremonially clean may eat the meat. 7:20 The person who eats meat from the peace offering sacrifice which belongs to the
Sacrificial Instructions for the Common People: Fat and Blood
7:22 Then the
Priestly Portions of Peace Offerings
7:28 Then the
7:35 This is the allotment of Aaron and the allotment of his sons from the
Summary of Sacrificial Regulations in Leviticus 6:8-7:36
7:37 This is the law 299 for the burnt offering, the grain offering, 300 the sin offering, the guilt offering, the ordination offering, 301 and the peace offering sacrifice, 7:38 which the
Ordination of the Priests
8:1 Then the
8:6 So Moses brought Aaron and his sons forward and washed them with water. 8:7 Then he 304 put the tunic 305 on Aaron, 306 wrapped the sash around him, 307 and clothed him with the robe. 308 Next he put the ephod on him 309 and placed on him 310 the decorated band of the ephod, and fastened the ephod closely to him with the band. 311 8:8 He then set the breastpiece 312 on him and put the Urim and Thummim 313 into the breastpiece. 8:9 Finally, he set the turban 314 on his head and attached the gold plate, the holy diadem, 315 to the front of the turban just as the
Anointing the Tabernacle and Aaron, and Clothing Aaron’s Sons
8:10 Then Moses took the anointing oil and anointed the tabernacle and everything in it, and so consecrated them. 316 8:11 Next he sprinkled some of it on the altar seven times and so anointed the altar, all its vessels, and the wash basin and its stand to consecrate them. 8:12 He then poured some of the anointing oil on the head of Aaron and anointed him to consecrate him. 8:13 Moses also brought forward Aaron’s sons, clothed them with tunics, wrapped sashes around them, 317 and wrapped headbands on them 318 just as the
8:14 Then he brought near the sin offering bull 319 and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the sin offering bull, 8:15 and he slaughtered it. 320 Moses then took the blood and put it all around on the horns of the altar with his finger and decontaminated the altar, 321 and he poured out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar and so consecrated it to make atonement on it. 322 8:16 Then he 323 took all the fat on the entrails, the protruding lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys and their fat, 324 and Moses offered it all up in smoke on the altar, 325 8:17 but the rest of the bull – its hide, its flesh, and its dung – he completely burned up 326 outside the camp just as the
8:18 Then he presented the burnt offering ram and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram, 8:19 and he slaughtered it. 328 Moses then splashed the blood against the altar’s sides. 8:20 Then he 329 cut the ram into parts, 330 and Moses offered the head, the parts, and the suet up in smoke, 8:21 but the entrails and the legs he washed with water, 331 and Moses offered the whole ram up in smoke on the altar – it was a burnt offering for a soothing aroma, a gift to the
8:22 Then he presented the second ram, the ram of ordination, 333 and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram 8:23 and he slaughtered it. 334 Moses then took some of its blood and put it on Aaron’s right earlobe, 335 on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe 336 of his right foot. 8:24 Next he brought Aaron’s sons forward, and Moses put some of the blood on their right earlobes, on their right thumbs, and on the big toes of their right feet, and Moses splashed the rest of the blood against the altar’s sides.
8:25 Then he took the fat (the fatty tail, 337 all the fat on the entrails, the protruding lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys and their fat 338 ) and the right thigh, 339 8:26 and from the basket of unleavened bread that was before the
Anointing Aaron, his Sons, and their Garments
8:30 Then Moses took some of the anointing oil and some of the blood which was on the altar and sprinkled it on Aaron and his garments, and on his sons and his sons’ garments with him. So he consecrated Aaron, his garments, and his sons and his sons’ garments with him. 8:31 Then Moses said to Aaron and his sons, “Boil the meat at the entrance of the Meeting Tent, and there you are to eat it and the bread which is in the ordination offering basket, just as I have commanded, 345 saying, ‘Aaron and his sons are to eat it,’ 8:32 but the remainder of the meat and the bread 346 you must burn with fire. 8:33 And you must not go out from the entrance of the Meeting Tent for seven days, until the day when your days of ordination are completed, because you must be ordained over a seven-day period. 347 8:34 What has been done 348 on this day the
Inauguration of Tabernacle Worship
9:1 On the eighth day 351 Moses summoned 352 Aaron and his sons and the elders of Israel, 9:2 and said to Aaron, “Take for yourself a bull calf for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering, both flawless, and present them before the
The Sin Offering for the Priests
9:8 So Aaron approached the altar and slaughtered the sin offering calf which was for himself. 9:9 Then Aaron’s sons presented the blood to him and he dipped his finger in the blood and put it on the horns of the altar, and the rest of the blood he poured out at the base of the altar. 9:10 The fat and the kidneys and the protruding lobe of 360 the liver from the sin offering he offered up in smoke on the altar just as the
The Burnt Offering for the Priests
9:12 He then slaughtered the burnt offering, and his sons 363 handed 364 the blood to him and he splashed 365 it against the altar’s sides. 9:13 The burnt offering itself they handed 366 to him by its parts, including the head, 367 and he offered them up in smoke on the altar, 9:14 and he washed the entrails and the legs and offered them up in smoke on top of the burnt offering on the altar.
The Offerings for the People
9:15 Then he presented the people’s offering. He took the sin offering male goat which was for the people, slaughtered it, and performed a decontamination rite with it 368 like the first one. 369 9:16 He then presented the burnt offering, and did it according to the standard regulation. 370 9:17 Next he presented the grain offering, filled his hand with some of it, and offered it up in smoke on the altar in addition to the morning burnt offering. 371 9:18 Then he slaughtered the ox and the ram – the peace offering sacrifices which were for the people – and Aaron’s sons handed 372 the blood to him and he splashed it against the altar’s sides. 9:19 As for the fat parts from the ox and from the ram 373 (the fatty tail, the fat covering the entrails, 374 the kidneys, and the protruding lobe of the liver), 9:20 they 375 set those on the breasts and he offered the fat parts up in smoke on the altar. 9:21 Finally Aaron waved the breasts and the right thigh as a wave offering before the
9:22 Then Aaron lifted up his hands toward the people and blessed them and descended from making the sin offering, the burnt offering, and the peace offering. 9:23 Moses and Aaron then entered into the Meeting Tent. When they came out, they blessed the people, and the glory of the
Nadab and Abihu
10:1 Then 378 Aaron’s sons, Nadab and Abihu, each took his fire pan and put fire in it, set incense on it, and presented strange fire 379 before the
Perpetual Statutes the Lord Spoke to Aaron
10:8 Then the
Perpetual Statutes Moses spoke to Aaron
10:12 Then Moses spoke to Aaron and to Eleazar and Ithamar, his remaining sons, “Take the grain offering which remains from the gifts of the
The Problem with the Inaugural Sin Offering
10:16 Later Moses sought diligently for the sin offering male goat, 395 but it had actually been burnt. 396 So he became angry at Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron’s remaining sons, saying, 10:17 “Why did you not eat the sin offering in the sanctuary? For it is most holy and he gave it to you to bear the iniquity of the congregation, 397 to make atonement on their behalf before the
Clean and Unclean Land Creatures
Clean and Unclean Water Creatures
11:9 “‘These you can eat from all creatures that are in the water: Any creatures in the water that have both fins and scales, 414 whether in the seas or in the streams, 415 you may eat. 11:10 But any creatures that do not have both fins and scales, whether in the seas or in the streams, from all the swarming things of the water and from all the living creatures that are in the water, are detestable to you. 11:11 Since they are detestable to you, you must not eat their meat and their carcass you must detest. 11:12 Any creature in the water that does not have both fins and scales is detestable to you.
Clean and Unclean Birds
11:13 “‘These you are to detest from among the birds – they must not be eaten, because they are detestable: 416 the griffon vulture, the bearded vulture, the black vulture, 11:14 the kite, the buzzard of any kind, 417 11:15 every kind of crow, 418 11:16 the eagle owl, 419 the short-eared owl, the long-eared owl, the hawk of any kind, 11:17 the little owl, the cormorant, the screech owl, 11:18 the white owl, the scops owl, the osprey, 11:19 the stork, the heron of any kind, the hoopoe, and the bat.
Clean and Unclean Insects
11:20 “‘Every winged swarming thing that walks on all fours 420 is detestable to you. 11:21 However, this you may eat from all the winged swarming things that walk on all fours, which have jointed legs 421 to hop with on the land. 11:22 These you may eat from them: 422 the locust of any kind, the bald locust of any kind, the cricket of any kind, the grasshopper of any kind. 11:23 But any other winged swarming thing that has four legs is detestable to you.
11:24 “‘By these 423 you defile yourselves; anyone who touches their carcass will be unclean until the evening, 11:25 and anyone who carries their carcass must wash his clothes and will be unclean until the evening.
Inedible Land Quadrupeds
11:26 “‘All 424 animals that divide the hoof but it is not completely split in two 425 and do not chew the cud 426 are unclean to you; anyone who touches them becomes unclean. 427 11:27 All that walk on their paws among all the creatures that walk on all fours 428 are unclean to you. Anyone who touches their carcass will be unclean until the evening, 11:28 and the one who carries their carcass must wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening; they are unclean to you.
Creatures that Swarm on the Land
11:29 “‘Now this is what is unclean to you among the swarming things that swarm on the land: 429 the rat, the mouse, the large lizard of any kind, 11:30 the Mediterranean gecko, the spotted lizard, the wall gecko, the skink, and the chameleon. 11:31 These are the ones that are unclean to you among all the swarming things. Anyone who touches them when they die will be unclean until evening. 11:32 Also, anything they fall on 430 when they die will become unclean – any wood vessel or garment or article of leather or sackcloth. Any such vessel with which work is done must be immersed in water 431 and will be unclean until the evening. Then it will become clean. 11:33 As for any clay vessel they fall into, 432 everything in it 433 will become unclean and you must break it. 11:34 Any food that may be eaten which becomes soaked with water 434 will become unclean. Anything drinkable 435 in any such vessel will become unclean. 436 11:35 Anything their carcass may fall on will become unclean. An oven or small stove must be smashed to pieces; they are unclean, and they will stay unclean 437 to you. 11:36 However, a spring or a cistern which collects water 438 will be clean, but one who touches their carcass will be unclean. 11:37 Now, if such a carcass falls on any sowing seed which is to be sown, 439 it is clean, 11:38 but if water is put on the seed and such a carcass falls on it, it is unclean to you.
Edible Land Quadrupeds
11:39 “‘Now if an animal 440 that you may eat dies, 441 whoever touches its carcass will be unclean until the evening. 11:40 One who eats from its carcass must wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening, and whoever carries its carcass must wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening. 11:41 Every swarming thing that swarms on the land is detestable; it must not be eaten. 11:42 You must not eat anything that crawls 442 on its belly or anything that walks on all fours or on any number of legs 443 of all the swarming things that swarm on the land, because they are detestable. 11:43 Do not make yourselves detestable by any of the swarming things. 444 You must not defile yourselves by them and become unclean by them, 11:44 for I am the
Purification of a Woman after Childbirth
12:6 “‘When 458 the days of her purification are completed for a son or for a daughter, she must bring a one year old lamb 459 for a burnt offering 460 and a young pigeon or turtledove for a sin offering 461 to the entrance of the Meeting Tent, to the priest. 12:7 The priest 462 is to present it before the
Infections on the Skin
A Bright Spot on the Skin
13:4 “If 482 it is a white bright spot on the skin of his body, but it does not appear to be deeper than the skin, 483 and the hair has not turned white, then the priest is to quarantine the person with the infection for seven days. 484 13:5 The priest must then examine it on the seventh day, and if, 485 as far as he can see, the infection has stayed the same 486 and has not spread on the skin, 487 then the priest is to quarantine the person for another seven days. 488 13:6 The priest must then examine it again on the seventh day, 489 and if 490 the infection has faded and has not spread on the skin, then the priest is to pronounce the person clean. 491 It is a scab, 492 so he must wash his clothes 493 and be clean. 13:7 If, however, the scab is spreading further 494 on the skin after he has shown himself to the priest for his purification, then he must show himself to the priest a second time. 13:8 The priest must then examine it, 495 and if 496 the scab has spread on the skin, then the priest is to pronounce the person unclean. 497 It is a disease.
A Swelling on the Skin
13:9 “When someone has a diseased infection, 498 he must be brought to the priest. 13:10 The priest will then examine it, 499 and if 500 a white swelling is on the skin, it has turned the hair white, and there is raw flesh in the swelling, 501 13:11 it is a chronic 502 disease on the skin of his body, 503 so the priest is to pronounce him unclean. 504 The priest 505 must not merely quarantine him, for he is unclean. 506 13:12 If, however, the disease breaks out 507 on the skin so that the disease covers all the skin of the person with the infection 508 from his head to his feet, as far as the priest can see, 509 13:13 the priest must then examine it, 510 and if 511 the disease covers his whole body, he is to pronounce the person with the infection clean. 512 He has turned all white, so he is clean. 513 13:14 But whenever raw flesh appears in it 514 he will be unclean, 13:15 so the priest is to examine the raw flesh 515 and pronounce him unclean 516 – it is diseased. 13:16 If, however, 517 the raw flesh once again turns white, 518 then he must come to the priest. 13:17 The priest will then examine it, 519 and if 520 the infection has turned white, the priest is to pronounce the person with the infection clean 521 – he is clean.
A Boil on the Skin
13:18 “When someone’s body has a boil on its skin 522 and it heals, 13:19 and in the place of the boil there is a white swelling or a reddish white bright spot, he must show himself to the priest. 523 13:20 The priest will then examine it, 524 and if 525 it appears to be deeper than the skin 526 and its hair has turned white, then the priest is to pronounce the person unclean. 527 It is a diseased infection that has broken out in the boil. 528 13:21 If, however, 529 the priest examines it, and 530 there is no white hair in it, it is not deeper than the skin, and it has faded, then the priest is to quarantine him for seven days. 531 13:22 If 532 it is spreading further 533 on the skin, then the priest is to pronounce him unclean. 534 It is an infection. 13:23 But if the bright spot stays in its place and has not spread, 535 it is the scar of the boil, so the priest is to pronounce him clean. 536
A Burn on the Skin
13:24 “When a body has a burn on its skin 537 and the raw area of the burn becomes a reddish white or white bright spot, 13:25 the priest must examine it, 538 and if 539 the hair has turned white in the bright spot and it appears to be deeper than the skin, 540 it is a disease that has broken out in the burn. 541 The priest is to pronounce the person unclean. 542 It is a diseased infection. 543 13:26 If, however, 544 the priest examines it and 545 there is no white hair in the bright spot, it is not deeper than the skin, 546 and it has faded, then the priest is to quarantine him for seven days. 547 13:27 The priest must then examine it on the seventh day, and if it is spreading further 548 on the skin, then the priest is to pronounce him unclean. It is a diseased infection. 549 13:28 But if the bright spot stays in its place, has not spread on the skin, 550 and it has faded, then it is the swelling of the burn, so the priest is to pronounce him clean, 551 because it is the scar of the burn.
Scall on the Head or in the Beard
13:29 “When a man or a woman has an infection on the head or in the beard, 552 13:30 the priest is to examine the infection, 553 and if 554 it appears to be deeper than the skin 555 and the hair in it is reddish yellow and thin, then the priest is to pronounce the person unclean. 556 It is scall, 557 a disease of the head or the beard. 558 13:31 But if the priest examines the scall infection and it does not appear to be deeper than the skin, 559 and there is no black hair in it, then the priest is to quarantine the person with the scall infection for seven days. 560 13:32 The priest must then examine the infection on the seventh day, and if 561 the scall has not spread, there is no reddish yellow hair in it, and the scall does not appear to be deeper than the skin, 562 13:33 then the individual is to shave himself, 563 but he must not shave the area affected by the scall, 564 and the priest is to quarantine the person with the scall for another seven days. 565 13:34 The priest must then examine the scall on the seventh day, and if 566 the scall has not spread on the skin and it does not appear to be deeper than the skin, 567 then the priest is to pronounce him clean. 568 So he is to wash his clothes and be clean. 13:35 If, however, the scall spreads further 569 on the skin after his purification, 13:36 then the priest is to examine it, and if 570 the scall has spread on the skin the priest is not to search further for reddish yellow hair. 571 The person 572 is unclean. 13:37 If, as far as the priest can see, the scall has stayed the same 573 and black hair has sprouted in it, the scall has been healed; the person is clean. So the priest is to pronounce him clean. 574
Bright White Spots on the Skin
13:38 “When a man or a woman has bright spots – white bright spots – on the skin of their body, 13:39 the priest is to examine them, 575 and if 576 the bright spots on the skin of their body are faded white, it is a harmless rash that has broken out on the skin. The person is clean. 577
Baldness on the Head
13:40 “When a man’s head is bare so that he is balding in back, 578 he is clean. 13:41 If his head is bare on the forehead 579 so that he is balding in front, 580 he is clean. 13:42 But if there is a reddish white infection in the back or front bald area, it is a disease breaking out in his back or front bald area. 13:43 The priest is to examine it, 581 and if 582 the swelling of the infection is reddish white in the back or front bald area like the appearance of a disease on the skin of the body, 583 13:44 he is a diseased man. He is unclean. The priest must surely pronounce him unclean because of his infection on his head. 584
The Life of the Person with Skin Disease
13:45 “As for the diseased person who has the infection, 585 his clothes must be torn, the hair of his head must be unbound, he must cover his mustache, 586 and he must call out ‘Unclean! Unclean!’ 13:46 The whole time he has the infection 587 he will be continually unclean. He must live in isolation, and his place of residence must be outside the camp.
Infections in Garments, Cloth, or Leather
13:47 “When a garment has a diseased infection in it, 588 whether a wool or linen garment, 589 13:48 or in the warp or woof 590 of the linen or the wool, or in leather or anything made of leather, 591 13:49 if the infection 592 in the garment or leather or warp or woof or any article of leather is yellowish green or reddish, it is a diseased infection and it must be shown to the priest. 13:50 The priest is to examine and then quarantine the article with the infection for seven days. 593 13:51 He must then examine the infection on the seventh day. If the infection has spread in the garment, or in the warp, or in the woof, or in the leather – whatever the article into which the leather was made 594 – the infection is a malignant disease. It is unclean. 13:52 He must burn the garment or the warp or the woof, whether wool or linen, or any article of leather which has the infection in it. Because it is a malignant disease it must be burned up in the fire. 13:53 But if the priest examines it and 595 the infection has not spread in the garment or in the warp or in the woof or in any article of leather, 13:54 the priest is to command that they wash whatever has the infection and quarantine it for another seven days. 596 13:55 The priest must then examine it after the infection has been washed out, and if 597 the infection has not changed its appearance 598 even though the infection has not spread, it is unclean. You must burn it up in the fire. It is a fungus, whether on the back side or front side of the article. 599 13:56 But if the priest has examined it and 600 the infection has faded after it has been washed, he is to tear it out of 601 the garment or the leather or the warp or the woof. 13:57 Then if 602 it still appears again in the garment or the warp or the woof, or in any article of leather, it is an outbreak. Whatever has the infection in it you must burn up in the fire. 13:58 But the garment or the warp or the woof or any article of leather which you wash and infection disappears from it 603 is to be washed a second time and it will be clean.”
Summary of Infection Regulations
Purification of Diseased Skin Infections
The Seven Days of Purification
14:8 “The one being cleansed 620 must then wash his clothes, shave off all his hair, and bathe in water, and so be clean. 621 Then afterward he may enter the camp, but he must live outside his tent seven days. 14:9 When the seventh day comes 622 he must shave all his hair – his head, his beard, his eyebrows, all his hair – and he must wash his clothes, bathe his body in water, and so be clean. 623
The Eighth Day Atonement Rituals
14:10 “On the eighth day he 624 must take two flawless male lambs, one flawless yearling female lamb, three-tenths of an ephah of choice wheat flour as a grain offering mixed with olive oil, 625 and one log of olive oil, 626 14:11 and the priest who pronounces him clean will have the man who is being cleansed stand along with these offerings 627 before the
14:12 “The priest is to take one male lamb 628 and present it for a guilt offering 629 along with the log of olive oil and present them as a wave offering before the
14:19 “The priest must then perform the sin offering 643 and make atonement for the one being cleansed from his impurity. After that he 644 is to slaughter the burnt offering, 14:20 and the priest is to offer 645 the burnt offering and the grain offering on the altar. So the priest is to make atonement for him and he will be clean.
The Eighth Day Atonement Rituals for the Poor Person
14:21 “If the person is poor and does not have sufficient means, 646 he must take one male lamb as a guilt offering for a wave offering to make atonement for himself, one-tenth of an ephah of choice wheat flour mixed with olive oil for a grain offering, a log of olive oil, 647 14:22 and two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 648 which are within his means. 649 One will be a sin offering and the other a burnt offering. 650
14:23 “On the eighth day he must bring them for his purification to the priest at the entrance 651 of the Meeting Tent before the
14:30 “He will then make one of the turtledoves 660 or young pigeons, which are within his means, 661 14:31 a sin offering and the other a burnt offering along with the grain offering. 662 So the priest is to make atonement for the one being cleansed before the
Purification of Disease-Infected Houses
14:33 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron: 14:34 “When you enter the land of Canaan which I am about to give 665 to you for a possession, and I put 666 a diseased infection in a house in the land you are to possess, 667 14:35 then whoever owns the house 668 must come and declare to the priest, ‘Something like an infection is visible to me in the house.’ 14:36 Then the priest will command that the house be cleared 669 before the priest enters to examine the infection 670 so that everything in the house 671 does not become unclean, 672 and afterward 673 the priest will enter to examine the house. 14:37 He is to examine the infection, and if 674 the infection in the walls of the house consists of yellowish green or reddish eruptions, 675 and it appears to be deeper than the surface of the wall, 676 14:38 then the priest is to go out of the house to the doorway of the house and quarantine the house for seven days. 677 14:39 The priest must return on the seventh day and examine it, and if 678 the infection has spread in the walls of the house, 14:40 then the priest is to command that the stones that had the infection in them be pulled and thrown 679 outside the city 680 into an unclean place. 14:41 Then he is to have the house scraped 681 all around on the inside, 682 and the plaster 683 which is scraped off 684 must be dumped outside the city 685 into an unclean place. 14:42 They are then to take other stones and replace those stones, 686 and he is to take other plaster and replaster the house.
14:43 “If the infection returns and breaks out in the house after he has pulled out the stones, scraped the house, and it is replastered, 687 14:44 the priest is to come and examine it, and if 688 the infection has spread in the house, it is a malignant disease in the house. It is unclean. 14:45 He must tear down the house, 689 its stones, its wood, and all the plaster of the house, and bring all of it 690 outside the city to an unclean place. 14:46 Anyone who enters 691 the house all the days the priest 692 has quarantined it will be unclean until evening. 14:47 Anyone who lies down in the house must wash his clothes. Anyone who eats in the house must wash his clothes.
14:48 “If, however, the priest enters 693 and examines it, and the 694 infection has not spread in the house after the house has been replastered, then the priest is to pronounce the house clean because the infection has been healed. 14:49 Then he 695 is to take two birds, a piece of cedar wood, a scrap of crimson fabric, and some twigs of hyssop 696 to decontaminate 697 the house, 14:50 and he is to slaughter one bird into a clay vessel over fresh water. 698 14:51 He must then take the piece of cedar wood, the twigs of hyssop, the scrap of crimson fabric, and the live bird, and dip them in the blood of the slaughtered bird and in the fresh water, and sprinkle the house seven times. 14:52 So he is to decontaminate the house with the blood of the bird, the fresh water, the live bird, the piece of cedar wood, the twigs of hyssop, and the scrap of crimson fabric, 14:53 and he is to send the live bird away outside the city 699 into the open countryside. So he is to make atonement for the house and it will be clean.
Summary of Purification Regulations for Infections
14:54 “This is the law for all diseased infections, for scall, 700 14:55 for the diseased garment, 701 for the house, 702 14:56 for the swelling, 703 for the scab, 704 and for the bright spot, 705 14:57 to teach when something is unclean and when it is clean. 706 This is the law for dealing with infectious disease.” 707
Male Bodily Discharges
15:4 “‘Any bed the man with a discharge lies on will be unclean, 714 and any furniture he sits on will be unclean. 715 15:5 Anyone who touches his bed 716 must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 717 15:6 The one who sits on the furniture the man with a discharge sits on must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:7 The one who touches the body 718 of the man with a discharge must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:8 If the man with a discharge spits on a person who is ceremonially clean, 719 that person must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:9 Any means of riding 720 the man with a discharge rides on will be unclean. 15:10 Anyone who touches anything that was under him 721 will be unclean until evening, and the one who carries those items 722 must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:11 Anyone whom the man with the discharge touches without having rinsed his hands in water 723 must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:12 A clay vessel 724 which the man with the discharge touches must be broken, and any wooden utensil must be rinsed in water.
Purity Regulations for Male Bodily Discharges
15:13 “‘When the man with the discharge becomes clean from his discharge he is to count off for himself seven days for his purification, and he must wash his clothes, bathe in fresh water, 725 and be clean. 15:14 Then on the eighth day he is to take for himself two turtledoves or two young pigeons, 726 and he is to present himself 727 before the
15:16 “‘When a man has a seminal emission, 732 he must bathe his whole body in water 733 and be unclean until evening, 15:17 and he must wash in water any clothing or leather that has semen on it, and it will be unclean until evening. 15:18 When a man has sexual intercourse with a woman and there is a seminal emission, 734 they must bathe in water and be unclean until evening.
Female Bodily Discharges
15:19 “‘When a woman has a discharge 735 and her discharge is blood from her body, 736 she is to be in her menstruation 737 seven days, and anyone who touches her will be unclean until evening. 15:20 Anything she lies on during her menstruation will be unclean, and anything she sits on will be unclean. 15:21 Anyone who touches her bed must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:22 Anyone who touches any furniture she sits on must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 15:23 If there is something on the bed or on the furniture she sits on, 738 when he touches it 739 he will be unclean until evening, 15:24 and if a man actually has sexual intercourse with her so that her menstrual impurity touches him, 740 then he will be unclean seven days and any bed he lies on will be unclean.
15:25 “‘When a woman’s discharge of blood flows 741 many days not at the time of her menstruation, or if it flows beyond the time of her menstruation, 742 all the days of her discharge of impurity will be like the days of her menstruation – she is unclean. 15:26 Any bed she lies on all the days of her discharge will be to her like the bed of her menstruation, any furniture she sits on will be unclean like the impurity of her menstruation, 15:27 and anyone who touches them will be unclean, and he must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening. 743
Purity Regulations from Female Bodily Discharges
15:28 “‘If 744 she becomes clean from her discharge, then she is to count off for herself seven days, and afterward she will be clean. 15:29 Then on the eighth day she must take for herself two turtledoves or two young pigeons 745 and she must bring them to the priest at the entrance of the Meeting Tent, 15:30 and the priest is to make one a sin offering and the other a burnt offering. 746 So the priest 747 is to make atonement for her before the
Summary of Purification Regulations for Bodily Discharges
15:31 “‘Thus you 748 are to set the Israelites apart from their impurity so that they 749 do not die in their impurity by defiling my tabernacle which is in their midst. 15:32 This is the law of the one with a discharge: the one who has a seminal emission 750 and becomes unclean by it, 751 15:33 the one who is sick in her menstruation, the one with a discharge, whether male or female, 752 and a man 753 who has sexual intercourse with an unclean woman.’”
The Day of Atonement
Day of Atonement Offerings
16:3 “In this way Aaron is to enter into the sanctuary – with a young bull 757 for a sin offering 758 and a ram for a burnt offering. 759 16:4 He must put on a holy linen tunic, 760 linen leggings are to cover his body, 761 and he is to wrap himself with a linen sash 762 and wrap his head with a linen turban. 763 They are holy garments, so he must bathe 764 his body in water and put them on. 16:5 He must also take 765 two male goats 766 from the congregation of the Israelites for a sin offering and one ram for a burnt offering. 16:6 Then Aaron is to present the sin offering bull which is for himself and is to make atonement on behalf of himself and his household. 16:7 He must then take the two goats 767 and stand them before the
The Sin Offering Sacrificial Procedures
16:11 “Aaron is to present the sin offering bull which is for himself, and he is to make atonement on behalf of himself and his household. He is to slaughter the sin offering bull which is for himself, 16:12 and take a censer full of coals of fire from the altar before the
16:15 “He must then slaughter the sin offering goat which is for the people. He is to bring its blood inside the veil-canopy, 780 and he is to do with its blood just as he did to the blood of the bull: He is to sprinkle it on the atonement plate and in front of the atonement plate. 16:16 So 781 he is to make atonement for the holy place from the impurities of the Israelites and from their transgressions with regard to all their sins, 782 and thus he is to do for the Meeting Tent which resides with them in the midst of their impurities. 16:17 Nobody is to be in the Meeting Tent 783 when he enters to make atonement in the holy place until he goes out, and he has made atonement on his behalf, on behalf of his household, and on behalf of the whole assembly of Israel.
16:18 “Then 784 he is to go out to the altar which is before the
The Live Goat Ritual Procedures
16:20 “When he has finished purifying the holy place, 787 the Meeting Tent, and the altar, he is to present the live goat. 16:21 Aaron is to lay his two hands on the head of the live goat and confess over it all the iniquities of the Israelites and all their transgressions in regard to all their sins, 788 and thus he is to put them 789 on the head of the goat and send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a man standing ready. 790 16:22 The goat is to bear on itself all their iniquities into an inaccessible land, 791 so he is to send the goat away 792 in the wilderness.
The Concluding Rituals
16:23 “Aaron must then enter 793 the Meeting Tent and take off the linen garments which he had put on when he entered the sanctuary, and leave them there. 16:24 Then he must bathe his body in water in a holy place, put on his clothes, and go out and make his burnt offering and the people’s burnt offering. So he is to make atonement 794 on behalf of himself and the people. 795
16:25 “Then he is to offer up the fat of the sin offering 796 in smoke on the altar, 16:26 and the one who sent the goat away to Azazel 797 must wash his clothes, bathe his body in water, and afterward he may reenter the camp. 16:27 The bull of the sin offering and the goat of the sin offering, whose blood was brought to make atonement in the holy place, must be brought outside the camp 798 and their hide, their flesh, and their dung must be burned up, 799 16:28 and the one who burns them must wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward he may reenter the camp.
Review of the Day of Atonement
16:29 “This is to be a perpetual statute for you. 800 In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you must humble yourselves 801 and do no work of any kind, 802 both the native citizen and the foreigner who resides 803 in your midst, 16:30 for on this day atonement is to be made for you to cleanse you from all your sins; you must be clean before the
16:32 “The priest who is anointed and ordained to act as high priest in place of his father 807 is to make atonement. He is to put on the linen garments, the holy garments, 16:33 and he is to purify 808 the Most Holy Place, 809 he is to purify the Meeting Tent and the altar, 810 and he is to make atonement for 811 the priests and for all the people of the assembly. 16:34 This is to be a perpetual statute for you 812 to make atonement for the Israelites for 813 all their sins once a year.” 814 So he did just as the