Bible: Lev 17-26
The Slaughter of Animals
17:8 “You are to say to them: ‘Any man 16 from the house of Israel or 17 from the foreigners who reside 18 in their 19 midst, who offers 20 a burnt offering or a sacrifice 17:9 but does not bring it to the entrance of the Meeting Tent to offer it 21 to the
Prohibition against Eating Blood
17:10 “‘Any man 23 from the house of Israel or from the foreigners who reside 24 in their 25 midst who eats any blood, I will set my face against that person who eats the blood, and I will cut him off from the midst of his people, 26 17:11 for the life of every living thing 27 is in the blood. 28 So I myself have assigned it to you 29 on the altar to make atonement for your lives, for the blood makes atonement by means of the life. 30 17:12 Therefore, I have said to the Israelites: No person among you is to eat blood, 31 and no resident foreigner who lives among you is to eat blood. 32
17:13 “‘Any man from the Israelites 33 or from the foreigners who reside 34 in their 35 midst who hunts a wild animal 36 or a bird that may be eaten 37 must pour out its blood and cover it with soil, 17:14 for the life of all flesh is its blood. 38 So I have said to the Israelites: You must not eat the blood of any living thing 39 because the life of every living thing is its blood – all who eat it will be cut off. 40
Regulations for Eating Carcasses
17:15 “‘Any person 41 who eats an animal that has died of natural causes 42 or an animal torn by beasts, whether a native citizen or a foreigner, 43 must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening; then he becomes clean. 17:16 But if he does not wash his clothes 44 and does not bathe his body, he will bear his punishment for iniquity.’” 45
Exhortation to Obedience and Life
Laws of Sexual Relations
18:6 “‘No man is to approach any close relative 53 to have sexual intercourse with her. 54 I am the
18:19 “‘You must not approach a woman in her menstrual impurity 73 to have sexual intercourse with her. 18:20 You must not have sexual intercourse 74 with the wife of your fellow citizen to become unclean with her. 18:21 You must not give any of your children as an offering to Molech, 75 so that you do not profane 76 the name of your God. I am the
Warning against the Abominations of the Nations
18:24 “‘Do not defile yourselves with any of these things, for the nations which I am about to drive out before you 82 have been defiled with all these things. 18:25 Therefore 83 the land has become unclean and I have brought the punishment for its iniquity upon it, 84 so that the land has vomited out its inhabitants. 18:26 You yourselves must obey 85 my statutes and my regulations and must not do any of these abominations, both the native citizen and the resident foreigner in your midst, 86 18:27 for the people who were in the land before you have done all these abominations, 87 and the land has become unclean. 18:28 So do not make the land vomit you out because you defile it 88 just as it has vomited out the nations 89 that were before you. 18:29 For if anyone does any of these abominations, the persons who do them will be cut off from the midst of their people. 90 18:30 You must obey my charge to not practice any of the abominable statutes 91 that have been done before you, so that you do not 92 defile yourselves by them. I am the
Religious and Social Regulations
Eating the Peace Offering
19:5 “‘When you sacrifice a peace offering sacrifice to the
Leaving the Gleanings
19:9 “‘When you gather in the harvest 104 of your land, you must not completely harvest the corner of your field, 105 and you must not gather up the gleanings of your harvest. 19:10 You must not pick your vineyard bare, 106 and you must not gather up the fallen grapes of your vineyard. You must leave them for the poor and the foreigner. I am the
19:11 “‘You must not steal, you must not tell lies, and you must not deal falsely with your fellow citizen. 107 19:12 You must not swear falsely 108 in my name, so that you do not profane 109 the name of your God. I am the
Justice, Love, and Propriety
19:15 “‘You 114 must not deal unjustly in judgment: 115 you must neither show partiality to the poor nor honor the rich. 116 You must judge your fellow citizen fairly. 117 19:16 You must not go about as a slanderer among your people. 118 You must not stand idly by when your neighbor’s life is at stake. 119 I am the
Lying with a Slave Woman
19:20 “‘When a man has sexual intercourse with a woman, 126 although she is a slave woman designated for another man and she has not yet been ransomed, or freedom has not been granted to her, there will be an obligation to pay compensation. 127 They must not be put to death, because she was not free. 19:21 He must bring his guilt offering to the
The Produce of Fruit Trees
19:23 “‘When you enter the land and plant any fruit tree, 132 you must consider its fruit to be forbidden. 133 Three years it will be forbidden to you; 134 it must not be eaten. 19:24 In the fourth year all its fruit will be holy, praise offerings 135 to the
Blood, Hair, and Body
19:26 “‘You must not eat anything with the blood still in it. 137 You must not practice either divination or soothsaying. 138 19:27 You must not round off the corners of the hair on your head or ruin the corners of your beard. 139 19:28 You must not slash your body for a dead person 140 or incise a tattoo on yourself. 141 I am the
Purity, Honor, Respect, and Honesty
19:30 “‘You must keep my Sabbaths and fear my sanctuary. I am the
Prohibitions against Illegitimate Family Worship
Prohibition against Spiritists and Mediums 162
20:6 “‘The person who turns to the spirits of the dead and familiar spirits 163 to commit prostitution by going after them, I will set my face 164 against that person and cut him off from the midst of his people.
Exhortation to Holiness and Obedience
20:7 “‘You must sanctify yourselves and be holy, because I am the
Family Life and Sexual Prohibitions 166
20:9 “‘If anyone 167 curses his father and mother 168 he must be put to death. He has cursed his father and mother; his blood guilt is on himself. 169 20:10 If a man 170 commits adultery with his neighbor’s wife, 171 both the adulterer and the adulteress must be put to death. 20:11 If a man has sexual intercourse with his father’s wife, he has exposed his father’s nakedness. 172 Both of them must be put to death; their blood guilt is on themselves. 173 20:12 If a man has sexual intercourse with his daughter-in-law, both of them must be put to death. They have committed perversion; 174 their blood guilt is on themselves. 20:13 If a man has sexual intercourse with a male as one has sexual intercourse with a woman, 175 the two of them have committed an abomination. They must be put to death; their blood guilt is on themselves. 20:14 If a man has sexual intercourse with both a woman and her mother, 176 it is lewdness. 177 Both he and they must be burned to death, 178 so there is no lewdness in your midst. 20:15 If a man has sexual intercourse 179 with any animal, he must be put to death, and you must kill the animal. 20:16 If a woman approaches any animal to have sexual intercourse with it, 180 you must kill the woman, and the animal must be put to death; their blood guilt is on themselves.
20:17 “‘If a man has sexual intercourse with 181 his sister, whether the daughter of his father or his mother, so that he sees her nakedness and she sees his nakedness, it is a disgrace. They must be cut off in the sight of the children of their people. 182 He has exposed his sister’s nakedness; he will bear his punishment for iniquity. 183 20:18 If a man has sexual intercourse with a menstruating woman and uncovers her nakedness, he has laid bare her fountain of blood and she has exposed the fountain of her blood, so both of them 184 must be cut off from the midst of their people. 20:19 You must not expose the nakedness of your mother’s sister and your father’s sister, for such a person has laid bare his own close relative. 185 They must bear their punishment for iniquity. 186 20:20 If a man has sexual intercourse with his aunt, he has exposed his uncle’s nakedness; they must bear responsibility for their sin, they will die childless. 20:21 If a man has sexual intercourse with 187 his brother’s wife, it is indecency. He has exposed his brother’s nakedness; 188 they will be childless.
Exhortation to Holiness and Obedience
20:22 “‘You must be sure to obey all my statutes and regulations, 189 so that 190 the land to which I am about to bring you to take up residence there does not vomit you out. 20:23 You must not walk in the statutes of the nation 191 which I am about to drive out before you, because they have done all these things and I am filled with disgust against them. 20:24 So I have said to you: You yourselves will possess their land and I myself will give it to you for a possession, a land flowing with milk and honey. I am the
Prohibition against Spiritists and Mediums
Rules for the Priests
21:6 “‘They must be holy to their God, and they must not profane 207 the name of their God, because they are the ones who present the
Rules for the High Priest
21:10 “‘The high 216 priest – who is greater than his brothers, on whose head the anointing oil is poured, who has been ordained 217 to wear the priestly garments – must neither dishevel the hair of his head nor tear his garments. 218 21:11 He must not go where there is any dead person; 219 he must not defile himself even for his father and his mother. 21:12 He must not go out from the sanctuary and must not profane 220 the sanctuary of his God, because the dedication of the anointing oil of his God is on him. I am the
Rules for the Priesthood
Regulations for the Eating of Priestly Stipends
22:10 “‘No lay person 256 may eat anything holy. Neither a priest’s lodger 257 nor a hired laborer may eat anything holy, 22:11 but if a priest buys a person with his own money, 258 that person 259 may eat the holy offerings, 260 and those born in the priest’s 261 own house may eat his food. 262 22:12 If a priest’s daughter marries a lay person, 263 she may not eat the holy contribution offerings, 264 22:13 but if a priest’s daughter is a widow or divorced, and she has no children so that she returns to live in 265 her father’s house as in her youth, 266 she may eat from her father’s food, but no lay person may eat it.
22:14 “‘If a man eats a holy offering by mistake, 267 he must add one fifth to it and give the holy offering to the priest. 268 22:15 They 269 must not profane the holy offerings which the Israelites contribute 270 to the
Regulations for Offering Votive and Freewill Offerings
22:22 “‘You must not present to the
22:31 “You must be sure to do my commandments. 298 I am the
Regulations for Israel’s Appointed Times
The Weekly Sabbath
23:3 “‘Six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there must be a Sabbath of complete rest, 301 a holy assembly. You must not do any work; it is a Sabbath to the
The Festival of Passover and Unleavened Bread
23:4 “‘These are the
The Presentation of First Fruits
The Festival of Weeks
23:15 “‘You must count for yourselves seven weeks from the day after the Sabbath, from the day you bring the wave offering sheaf; they must be complete weeks. 317 23:16 You must count fifty days – until the day after the seventh Sabbath – and then 318 you must present a new grain offering to the
23:21 “‘On this very day you must proclaim an assembly; it is to be a holy assembly for you. 330 You must not do any regular work. This is a perpetual statute in all the places where you live throughout your generations. 331 23:22 When you gather in the harvest 332 of your land, you must not completely harvest the corner of your field, 333 and you must not gather up the gleanings of your harvest. You must leave them for the poor and the foreigner. I am the
The Festival of Horn Blasts
The Day of Atonement
The Festival of Booths
23:37 “‘These are the appointed times of the
23:39 “‘On 355 the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you gather in the produce of the land, you must celebrate a pilgrim festival of the
23:44 So Moses spoke to the Israelites about the appointed times of the
Regulations for the Lampstand and Table of Bread
24:5 “You must take choice wheat flour 366 and bake twelve loaves; 367 there must be two tenths of an ephah of flour in 368 each loaf, 24:6 and you must set them in two rows, six in a row, 369 on the ceremonially pure table before the
A Case of Blaspheming the Name
24:10 Now 378 an Israelite woman’s son whose father was an Egyptian went out among the Israelites, and the Israelite woman’s son and an Israelite man 379 had a fight in the camp. 24:11 The Israelite woman’s son misused the Name and cursed, 380 so they brought him to Moses. (Now his mother’s name was Shelomith daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan.) 24:12 So they placed him in custody until they were able 381 to make a clear legal decision for themselves based on words from the mouth of the
24:13 Then the
24:17 “‘If a man beats any person to death, 387 he must be put to death. 24:18 One who beats an animal to death 388 must make restitution for it, life for life. 389 24:19 If a man inflicts an injury on 390 his fellow citizen, 391 just as he has done it must be done to him – 24:20 fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth – just as he inflicts an injury on another person 392 that same injury 393 must be inflicted on him. 24:21 One who beats an animal to death 394 must make restitution for it, but 395 one who beats a person to death must be put to death. 24:22 There will be one regulation 396 for you, whether a foreigner or a native citizen, for I am the
24:23 Then Moses spoke to the Israelites and they brought the one who cursed outside the camp and stoned him with stones. So the Israelites did just as the
Regulations for the Sabbatical Year
Regulations for the Jubilee Year of Release
25:8 “‘You must count off 405 seven weeks of years, seven times seven years, 406 and the days of the seven weeks of years will amount to forty-nine years. 407 25:9 You must sound loud horn blasts 408 – in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, on the Day of Atonement – you must sound the horn in your entire land. 25:10 So you must consecrate the fiftieth year, 409 and you must proclaim a release 410 in the land for all its inhabitants. That year will be your jubilee; 411 each one of you must return 412 to his property and each one of you must return to his clan. 25:11 That fiftieth year will be your jubilee; you must not sow the land, harvest its aftergrowth, or pick the grapes of its unpruned vines. 413 25:12 Because that year is a jubilee, it will be holy to you – you may eat its produce 414 from the field.
Release of Landed Property
25:13 “‘In this year of jubilee you must each return 415 to your property. 25:14 If you make a sale 416 to your fellow citizen 417 or buy 418 from your fellow citizen, no one is to wrong his brother. 419 25:15 You may buy it from your fellow citizen according to the number of years since 420 the last jubilee; he may sell it to you according to the years of produce that are left. 421 25:16 The more years there are, 422 the more you may make its purchase price, and the fewer years there are, 423 the less you must make its purchase price, because he is only selling to you a number of years of 424 produce. 25:17 No one is to oppress his fellow citizen, 425 but you must fear your God, because I am the
25:19 “‘The land will give its fruit and you may eat until you are satisfied, 428 and you may live securely in the land. 25:20 If you say, ‘What will we eat in the seventh year if we do not sow and gather our produce?’ 25:21 I will command my blessing for you in the sixth year so that it may yield 429 the produce 430 for three years, 25:22 and you may sow the eighth year and eat from that sixth year’s produce 431 – old produce. Until you bring in the ninth year’s produce, 432 you may eat old produce. 25:23 The land must not be sold without reclaim 433 because the land belongs to me, for you are foreigners and residents with me. 434 25:24 In all your landed property 435 you must provide for the right of redemption of the land. 436
25:25 “‘If your brother becomes impoverished and sells some of his property, his near redeemer is to come to you and redeem what his brother sold. 437 25:26 If a man has no redeemer, but he prospers 438 and gains enough for its redemption, 439 25:27 he is to calculate the value of the years it was sold, 440 refund the balance 441 to the man to whom he had sold it, and return to his property. 25:28 If he has not prospered enough to refund 442 a balance to him, then what he sold 443 will belong to 444 the one who bought it until the jubilee year, but it must revert 445 in the jubilee and the original owner 446 may return to his property.
Release of Houses
25:29 “‘If a man sells a residential house in a walled city, 447 its right of redemption must extend 448 until one full year from its sale; 449 its right of redemption must extend to a full calendar year. 450 25:30 If it is not redeemed before the full calendar year is ended, 451 the house in the walled city 452 will belong without reclaim 453 to the one who bought it throughout his generations; it will not revert in the jubilee. 25:31 The houses of villages, however, 454 which have no wall surrounding them 455 must be considered as the field 456 of the land; they will have the right of redemption and must revert in the jubilee. 25:32 As for 457 the cities of the Levites, the houses in the cities which they possess, 458 the Levites must have a perpetual right of redemption. 25:33 Whatever someone among the Levites might redeem – the sale of a house which is his property in a city – must revert in the jubilee, 459 because the houses of the cities of the Levites are their property in the midst of the Israelites. 25:34 Moreover, 460 the open field areas of their cities 461 must not be sold, because that is their perpetual possession.
Debt and Slave Regulations
25:35 “‘If your brother 462 becomes impoverished and is indebted to you, 463 you must support 464 him; he must live 465 with you like a foreign resident. 466 25:36 Do not take interest or profit from him, 467 but you must fear your God and your brother must live 468 with you. 25:37 You must not lend him your money at interest and you must not sell him food for profit. 469 25:38 I am the
25:39 “‘If your brother becomes impoverished with regard to you so that he sells himself to you, you must not subject him to slave service. 471 25:40 He must be with you as a hired worker, as a resident foreigner; 472 he must serve with you until the year of jubilee, 25:41 but then 473 he may go free, 474 he and his children with him, and may return to his family and to the property of his ancestors. 475 25:42 Since they are my servants whom I brought out from the land of Egypt, they must not be sold in a slave sale. 476 25:43 You must not rule over him harshly, 477 but you must fear your God.
25:44 “‘As for your male and female slaves 478 who may belong to you – you may buy male and female slaves from the nations all around you. 479 25:45 Also you may buy slaves 480 from the children of the foreigners who reside with you, and from their families that are 481 with you, whom they have fathered in your land, they may become your property. 25:46 You may give them as inheritance to your children after you to possess as property. You may enslave them perpetually. However, as for your brothers the Israelites, no man may rule over his brother harshly. 482
25:47 “‘If a resident foreigner who is with you prospers 483 and your brother becomes impoverished with regard to him so that 484 he sells himself to a resident foreigner who is with you or to a member 485 of a foreigner’s family, 25:48 after he has sold himself he retains a right of redemption. 486 One of his brothers may redeem him, 25:49 or his uncle or his cousin 487 may redeem him, or anyone of the rest of his blood relatives – his family 488 – may redeem him, or if 489 he prospers he may redeem himself. 25:50 He must calculate with the one who bought him the number of years 490 from the year he sold himself to him until the jubilee year, and the cost of his sale must correspond to the number of years, according to the rate of wages a hired worker would have earned while with him. 491 25:51 If there are still many years, in keeping with them 492 he must refund most of the cost of his purchase for his redemption, 25:52 but if only a few years remain 493 until the jubilee, he must calculate for himself in keeping with the remaining years and refund it for his redemption. 25:53 He must be with the one who bought him 494 like a yearly hired worker. 495 The one who bought him 496 must not rule over him harshly in your sight. 25:54 If, however, 497 he is not redeemed in these ways, he must go free 498 in the jubilee year, he and his children with him, 25:55 because the Israelites are my own servants; 499 they are my servants whom I brought out from the land of Egypt. I am the
Exhortation to Obedience
26:1 “‘You must not make for yourselves idols, 500 so you must not set up for yourselves a carved image or a pillar, and you must not place a sculpted stone in your land to bow down before 501 it, for I am the
The Benefits of Obedience
26:3 “‘If you walk in my statutes and are sure to obey my commandments, 503 26:4 I will give you your rains in their time so that 504 the land will give its yield and the trees of the field will produce their fruit. 505 26:5 Threshing season will extend for you until the season for harvesting grapes, 506 and the season for harvesting grapes will extend until sowing season, so 507 you will eat your bread until you are satisfied, 508 and you will live securely in your land. 26:6 I will grant peace in the land so that 509 you will lie down to sleep without anyone terrifying you. 510 I will remove harmful animals 511 from the land, and no sword of war 512 will pass through your land. 26:7 You will pursue your enemies and they will fall before you by the sword. 513 26:8 Five of you will pursue a hundred, and a hundred of you will pursue ten thousand, and your enemies will fall before you by the sword. 26:9 I will turn to you, make you fruitful, multiply you, and maintain 514 my covenant with you. 26:10 You will still be eating stored produce from the previous year 515 and will have to clean out what is stored from the previous year to make room for new. 516
26:11 “‘I will put my tabernacle 517 in your midst and I will not abhor you. 518 26:12 I will walk among you, and I will be your God and you will be my people. 26:13 I am the
The Consequences of Disobedience
26:14 “‘If, however, 521 you do not obey me and keep 522 all these commandments – 26:15 if you reject my statutes and abhor my regulations so that you do not keep 523 all my commandments and you break my covenant – 26:16 I for my part 524 will do this to you: I will inflict horror on you, consumption and fever, which diminish eyesight and drain away the vitality of life. 525 You will sow your seed in vain because 526 your enemies will eat it. 527 26:17 I will set my face against you. You will be struck down before your enemies, those who hate you will rule over you, and you will flee when there is no one pursuing you.
26:18 “‘If, in spite of all these things, 528 you do not obey me, I will discipline you seven times more on account of your sins. 529 26:19 I will break your strong pride and make your sky like iron and your land like bronze. 26:20 Your strength will be used up in vain, your land will not give its yield, and the trees of the land 530 will not produce their fruit.
26:21 “‘If you walk in hostility against me 531 and are not willing to obey me, I will increase your affliction 532 seven times according to your sins. 26:22 I will send the wild animals 533 against you and they will bereave you of your children, 534 annihilate your cattle, and diminish your population 535 so that your roads will become deserted.
26:23 “‘If in spite of these things 536 you do not allow yourselves to be disciplined and you walk in hostility against me, 537 26:24 I myself will also walk in hostility against you and strike you 538 seven times on account of your sins. 26:25 I will bring on you an avenging sword, a covenant vengeance. 539 Although 540 you will gather together into your cities, I will send pestilence among you and you will be given into enemy hands. 541 26:26 When I break off your supply of bread, 542 ten women will bake your bread in one oven; they will ration your bread by weight, 543 and you will eat and not be satisfied.
26:27 “‘If in spite of this 544 you do not obey me but walk in hostility against me, 545 26:28 I will walk in hostile rage against you 546 and I myself will also discipline you seven times on account of your sins. 26:29 You will eat the flesh of your sons and the flesh of your daughters. 547 26:30 I will destroy your high places and cut down your incense altars, 548 and I will stack your dead bodies on top of the lifeless bodies of your idols. 549 I will abhor you. 550 26:31 I will lay your cities waste 551 and make your sanctuaries desolate, and I will refuse to smell your soothing aromas. 26:32 I myself will make the land desolate and your enemies who live in it will be appalled. 26:33 I will scatter you among the nations and unsheathe the sword 552 after you, so your land will become desolate and your cities will become a waste.
26:34 “‘Then the land will make up for 553 its Sabbaths all the days it lies desolate while you are in the land of your enemies; then the land will rest and make up its Sabbaths. 26:35 All the days of the desolation it will have the rest it did not have 554 on your Sabbaths when you lived on it.
26:36 “‘As for 555 the ones who remain among you, I will bring despair into their hearts in the lands of their enemies. The sound of a blowing leaf will pursue them, and they will flee as one who flees the sword and fall down even though there is no pursuer. 26:37 They will stumble over each other as those who flee before a sword, though 556 there is no pursuer, and there will be no one to take a stand 557 for you before your enemies. 26:38 You will perish among the nations; the land of your enemies will consume you.
Restoration through Confession and Repentance
26:39 “‘As for the ones who remain among you, they will rot away because of 558 their iniquity in the lands of your enemies, and they will also rot away because of their ancestors’ 559 iniquities which are with them. 26:40 However, when 560 they confess their iniquity and their ancestors’ iniquity which they committed by trespassing against me, 561 by which they also walked 562 in hostility against me 563 26:41 (and I myself will walk in hostility against them and bring them into the land of their enemies), and 564 then their uncircumcised hearts become humbled and they make up for 565 their iniquity, 26:42 I will remember my covenant with Jacob and also my covenant with Isaac and also my covenant with Abraham, 566 and I will remember the land. 26:43 The land will be abandoned by them 567 in order that it may make up for 568 its Sabbaths while it is made desolate 569 without them, 570 and they will make up for their iniquity because 571 they have rejected my regulations and have abhorred 572 my statutes. 26:44 In spite of this, however, when they are in the land of their enemies I will not reject them and abhor them to make a complete end of them, to break my covenant with them, for I am the