Bible: Lev 17-26

The Slaughter of Animals

17:1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 17:2 Speak to Aaron, his sons, and all the Israelites, and tell them: ‘This is the word that the Lord has commanded: 17:3 Blood guilt 1  will be accounted to any man 2  from the house of Israel 3  who slaughters an ox or a lamb or a goat inside the camp or outside the camp, 4  17:4 but has not brought it to the entrance of the Meeting Tent 5  to present it as 6  an offering to the Lord before the tabernacle of the Lord. He has shed blood, so that man will be cut off from the midst of his people. 7  17:5 This is so that 8  the Israelites will bring their sacrifices that they are sacrificing in the open field 9  to the Lord at the entrance of the Meeting Tent to the priest and sacrifice them there as peace offering sacrifices to the Lord. 17:6 The priest is to splash 10  the blood on the altar 11  of the Lord at the entrance of the Meeting Tent, and offer the fat up in smoke for a soothing aroma to the Lord. 17:7 So they must no longer offer 12  their sacrifices to the goat demons, 13  acting like prostitutes by going after them. 14  This is to be a perpetual statute for them throughout their generations. 15 

17:8You are to say to them: ‘Any man 16  from the house of Israel or 17  from the foreigners who reside 18  in their 19  midst, who offers 20  a burnt offering or a sacrifice 17:9 but does not bring it to the entrance of the Meeting Tent to offer it 21  to the Lordthat person will be cut off from his people. 22 

Prohibition against Eating Blood

17:10‘Any man 23  from the house of Israel or from the foreigners who reside 24  in their 25  midst who eats any blood, I will set my face against that person who eats the blood, and I will cut him off from the midst of his people, 26  17:11 for the life of every living thing 27  is in the blood. 28  So I myself have assigned it to you 29  on the altar to make atonement for your lives, for the blood makes atonement by means of the life. 30  17:12 Therefore, I have said to the Israelites: No person among you is to eat blood, 31  and no resident foreigner who lives among you is to eat blood. 32 

17:13‘Any man from the Israelites 33  or from the foreigners who reside 34  in their 35  midst who hunts a wild animal 36  or a bird that may be eaten 37  must pour out its blood and cover it with soil, 17:14 for the life of all flesh is its blood. 38  So I have said to the Israelites: You must not eat the blood of any living thing 39  because the life of every living thing is its blood – all who eat it will be cut off. 40 

Regulations for Eating Carcasses

17:15‘Any person 41  who eats an animal that has died of natural causes 42  or an animal torn by beasts, whether a native citizen or a foreigner, 43  must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening; then he becomes clean. 17:16 But if he does not wash his clothes 44  and does not bathe his body, he will bear his punishment for iniquity.’ 45 

Exhortation to Obedience and Life

18:1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 18:2 Speak to the Israelites and tell them, ‘I am the Lord your God! 18:3 You must not do as they do in the land of Egypt where you have been living, 46  and you must not do as they do in the land of Canaan into which I am about to bring you; 47  you must not 48  walk in their statutes. 18:4 You must observe my regulations 49  and you must be sure to walk in my statutes. 50  I am the Lord your God. 18:5 So you must keep 51  my statutes and my regulations; anyone who does so will live by keeping them. 52  I am the Lord.

Laws of Sexual Relations

18:6‘No man is to approach any close relative 53  to have sexual intercourse with her. 54  I am the Lord. 55  18:7 You must not 56  expose your father’s nakedness by having sexual intercourse with your mother. 57  She is your mother; you must not have intercourse with her. 18:8 You must not have sexual intercourse with your father’s wife; she is your father’s nakedness. 58  18:9 You must not have sexual intercourse with your sister, whether she is your father’s daughter or your mother’s daughter, 59  whether she is born in the same household or born outside it; 60  you must not have sexual intercourse with either of them. 61  18:10 You must not expose the nakedness of your son’s daughter or your daughter’s daughter by having sexual intercourse with them, because they are your own nakedness. 62  18:11 You must not have sexual intercourse with the daughter of your father’s wife born of your father; she is your sister. You must not have intercourse with her. 63  18:12 You must not have sexual intercourse with your father’s sister; she is your father’s flesh. 64  18:13 You must not have sexual intercourse with your mother’s sister, because she is your mother’s flesh. 18:14 You must not expose the nakedness of your father’s brother; you must not approach his wife to have sexual intercourse with her. 65  She is your aunt. 66  18:15 You must not have sexual intercourse with your daughter-in-law; she is your son’s wife. You must not have intercourse with her. 18:16 You must not have sexual intercourse with your brother’s wife; she is your brother’s nakedness. 67  18:17 You must not have sexual intercourse with both a woman and her daughter; you must not take as wife either her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter to have intercourse with them. 68  They are closely related to her 69 it is lewdness. 70  18:18 You must not take a woman in marriage and then marry her sister as a rival wife 71  while she is still alive, 72  to have sexual intercourse with her.

18:19‘You must not approach a woman in her menstrual impurity 73  to have sexual intercourse with her. 18:20 You must not have sexual intercourse 74  with the wife of your fellow citizen to become unclean with her. 18:21 You must not give any of your children as an offering to Molech, 75  so that you do not profane 76  the name of your God. I am the Lord! 18:22 You must not have sexual intercourse with a male as one has sexual intercourse with a woman; 77  it is a detestable act. 78  18:23 You must not have sexual intercourse 79  with any animal to become defiled with it, and a woman must not stand before an animal to have sexual intercourse with it; 80  it is a perversion. 81 

Warning against the Abominations of the Nations

18:24‘Do not defile yourselves with any of these things, for the nations which I am about to drive out before you 82  have been defiled with all these things. 18:25 Therefore 83  the land has become unclean and I have brought the punishment for its iniquity upon it, 84  so that the land has vomited out its inhabitants. 18:26 You yourselves must obey 85  my statutes and my regulations and must not do any of these abominations, both the native citizen and the resident foreigner in your midst, 86  18:27 for the people who were in the land before you have done all these abominations, 87  and the land has become unclean. 18:28 So do not make the land vomit you out because you defile it 88  just as it has vomited out the nations 89  that were before you. 18:29 For if anyone does any of these abominations, the persons who do them will be cut off from the midst of their people. 90  18:30 You must obey my charge to not practice any of the abominable statutes 91  that have been done before you, so that you do not 92  defile yourselves by them. I am the Lord your God.’

Religious and Social Regulations

19:1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 19:2 Speak to the whole congregation of the Israelites and tell them, ‘You must be holy because I, the Lord your God, am holy. 19:3 Each of you must respect his mother and his father, 93  and you must keep my Sabbaths. I am the Lord your God. 19:4 Do not turn to idols, 94  and you must not make for yourselves gods of cast metal. I am the Lord your God.

Eating the Peace Offering

19:5‘When you sacrifice a peace offering sacrifice to the Lord, you must sacrifice it so that it is accepted for you. 95  19:6 It must be eaten on the day of your sacrifice and on the following day, 96  but what is left over until the third day must be burned up. 97  19:7 If, however, it is eaten 98  on the third day, it is spoiled, 99  it will not be accepted, 19:8 and the one who eats it will bear his punishment for iniquity 100  because he has profaned 101  what is holy to the Lord. 102  That person will be cut off from his people. 103 

Leaving the Gleanings

19:9‘When you gather in the harvest 104  of your land, you must not completely harvest the corner of your field, 105  and you must not gather up the gleanings of your harvest. 19:10 You must not pick your vineyard bare, 106  and you must not gather up the fallen grapes of your vineyard. You must leave them for the poor and the foreigner. I am the Lord your God.

Dealing Honestly

19:11‘You must not steal, you must not tell lies, and you must not deal falsely with your fellow citizen. 107  19:12 You must not swear falsely 108  in my name, so that you do not profane 109  the name of your God. I am the Lord. 19:13 You must not oppress your neighbor or commit robbery against him. 110  You must not withhold 111  the wages of the hired laborer overnight until morning. 19:14 You must not curse a deaf person or put a stumbling block in front of a blind person. 112  You must fear 113  your God; I am the Lord.

Justice, Love, and Propriety

19:15‘You 114  must not deal unjustly in judgment: 115  you must neither show partiality to the poor nor honor the rich. 116  You must judge your fellow citizen fairly. 117  19:16 You must not go about as a slanderer among your people. 118  You must not stand idly by when your neighbor’s life is at stake. 119  I am the Lord. 19:17 You must not hate your brother in your heart. You must surely reprove your fellow citizen so that you do not incur sin on account of him. 120  19:18 You must not take vengeance or bear a grudge 121  against the children of your people, but you must love your neighbor as yourself. 122  I am the Lord. 19:19 You must keep my statutes. You must not allow two different kinds of your animals to breed, 123  you must not sow your field with two different kinds of seed, and you must not wear 124  a garment made of two different kinds of fabric. 125 

Lying with a Slave Woman

19:20‘When a man has sexual intercourse with a woman, 126  although she is a slave woman designated for another man and she has not yet been ransomed, or freedom has not been granted to her, there will be an obligation to pay compensation. 127  They must not be put to death, because she was not free. 19:21 He must bring his guilt offering to the Lord at the entrance of the Meeting Tent, a guilt offering ram, 128  19:22 and the priest is to make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt offering before the Lord for his sin that he has committed, 129  and he will be forgiven 130  of his sin 131  that he has committed.

The Produce of Fruit Trees

19:23‘When you enter the land and plant any fruit tree, 132  you must consider its fruit to be forbidden. 133  Three years it will be forbidden to you; 134  it must not be eaten. 19:24 In the fourth year all its fruit will be holy, praise offerings 135  to the Lord. 19:25 Then in the fifth year you may eat its fruit to add its produce to your harvest. 136  I am the Lord your God.

Blood, Hair, and Body

19:26‘You must not eat anything with the blood still in it. 137  You must not practice either divination or soothsaying. 138  19:27 You must not round off the corners of the hair on your head or ruin the corners of your beard. 139  19:28 You must not slash your body for a dead person 140  or incise a tattoo on yourself. 141  I am the Lord. 19:29 Do not profane your daughter by making her a prostitute, 142  so that the land does not practice prostitution and become full of lewdness. 143 

Purity, Honor, Respect, and Honesty

19:30‘You must keep my Sabbaths and fear my sanctuary. I am the Lord. 19:31 Do not turn to the spirits of the dead and do not seek familiar spirits 144  to become unclean by them. I am the Lord your God. 19:32 You must stand up in the presence of the aged, honor the presence of an elder, and fear your God. I am the Lord. 19:33 When a foreigner resides 145  with you in your land, you must not oppress him. 19:34 The foreigner who resides with you must be to you like a native citizen among you; so 146  you must love him as yourself, because you were foreigners in the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God. 19:35 You must not do injustice in the regulation of measures, whether of length, weight, or volume. 147  19:36 You must have honest balances, 148  honest weights, an honest ephah, and an honest hin. 149  I am the Lord your God who brought you out from the land of Egypt. 19:37 You must be sure to obey all my statutes and regulations. 150  I am the Lord.’

Prohibitions against Illegitimate Family Worship

20:1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 20:2 You are to say to the Israelites, ‘Any man from the Israelites or from the foreigners who reside in Israel 151  who gives any of his children 152  to Molech 153  must be put to death; the people of the land must pelt him with stones. 154  20:3 I myself will set my face 155  against that man and cut him off from the midst of his people, 156  because he has given some of his children to Molech and thereby defiled my sanctuary and profaned my holy name. 157  20:4 If, however, the people of the land shut their eyes 158  to that man 159  when he gives some of his children to Molech so that they do not put him to death, 20:5 I myself will set my face against that man and his clan. I will cut off from the midst of their people both him and all who follow after him in spiritual prostitution, 160  to commit prostitution by worshiping Molech. 161 

Prohibition against Spiritists and Mediums 162 

20:6‘The person who turns to the spirits of the dead and familiar spirits 163  to commit prostitution by going after them, I will set my face 164  against that person and cut him off from the midst of his people.

Exhortation to Holiness and Obedience

20:7‘You must sanctify yourselves and be holy, because I am the Lord your God. 20:8 You must be sure to obey my statutes. 165  I am the Lord who sanctifies you.

Family Life and Sexual Prohibitions 166 

20:9‘If anyone 167  curses his father and mother 168  he must be put to death. He has cursed his father and mother; his blood guilt is on himself. 169  20:10 If a man 170  commits adultery with his neighbor’s wife, 171  both the adulterer and the adulteress must be put to death. 20:11 If a man has sexual intercourse with his father’s wife, he has exposed his father’s nakedness. 172  Both of them must be put to death; their blood guilt is on themselves. 173  20:12 If a man has sexual intercourse with his daughter-in-law, both of them must be put to death. They have committed perversion; 174  their blood guilt is on themselves. 20:13 If a man has sexual intercourse with a male as one has sexual intercourse with a woman, 175  the two of them have committed an abomination. They must be put to death; their blood guilt is on themselves. 20:14 If a man has sexual intercourse with both a woman and her mother, 176  it is lewdness. 177  Both he and they must be burned to death, 178  so there is no lewdness in your midst. 20:15 If a man has sexual intercourse 179  with any animal, he must be put to death, and you must kill the animal. 20:16 If a woman approaches any animal to have sexual intercourse with it, 180  you must kill the woman, and the animal must be put to death; their blood guilt is on themselves.

20:17‘If a man has sexual intercourse with 181  his sister, whether the daughter of his father or his mother, so that he sees her nakedness and she sees his nakedness, it is a disgrace. They must be cut off in the sight of the children of their people. 182  He has exposed his sister’s nakedness; he will bear his punishment for iniquity. 183  20:18 If a man has sexual intercourse with a menstruating woman and uncovers her nakedness, he has laid bare her fountain of blood and she has exposed the fountain of her blood, so both of them 184  must be cut off from the midst of their people. 20:19 You must not expose the nakedness of your mother’s sister and your father’s sister, for such a person has laid bare his own close relative. 185  They must bear their punishment for iniquity. 186  20:20 If a man has sexual intercourse with his aunt, he has exposed his uncle’s nakedness; they must bear responsibility for their sin, they will die childless. 20:21 If a man has sexual intercourse with 187  his brother’s wife, it is indecency. He has exposed his brother’s nakedness; 188  they will be childless.

Exhortation to Holiness and Obedience

20:22‘You must be sure to obey all my statutes and regulations, 189  so that 190  the land to which I am about to bring you to take up residence there does not vomit you out. 20:23 You must not walk in the statutes of the nation 191  which I am about to drive out before you, because they have done all these things and I am filled with disgust against them. 20:24 So I have said to you: You yourselves will possess their land and I myself will give it to you for a possession, a land flowing with milk and honey. I am the Lord your God who has set you apart from the other peoples. 192  20:25 Therefore you must distinguish 193  between the clean animal and the unclean, and between the unclean bird and the clean, and you must not make yourselves detestable by means of an animal or bird or anything that creeps on the ground – creatures 194  I have distinguished for you as unclean. 195  20:26 You must be holy to me because I, the Lord, am holy, and I have set you apart from the other peoples to be mine.

Prohibition against Spiritists and Mediums

20:27‘A man or woman who 196  has in them a spirit of the dead or a familiar spirit 197  must be put to death. They must pelt them with stones; 198  their blood guilt is on themselves.’

Rules for the Priests

21:1 The Lord said to Moses: “Say to the priests, the sons of Aaron – say to them, ‘For a dead person 199  no priest 200  is to defile himself among his people, 201  21:2 except for his close relative who is near to him: 202  his mother, his father, his son, his daughter, his brother, 21:3 and his virgin sister who is near to him, 203  who has no husband; he may defile himself for her. 21:4 He must not defile himself as a husband among his people so as to profane himself. 204  21:5 Priests 205  must not have a bald spot shaved on their head, they must not shave the corner of their beard, and they must not cut slashes in their body. 206 

21:6‘They must be holy to their God, and they must not profane 207  the name of their God, because they are the ones who present the Lord’s gifts, 208  the food of their God. Therefore they must be holy. 209  21:7 They must not take a wife defiled by prostitution, 210  nor are they to take a wife divorced from her husband, 211  for the priest 212  is holy to his God. 213  21:8 You must sanctify him because he presents the food of your God. He must be holy to you because I, the Lord who sanctifies you all, 214  am holy. 21:9 If a daughter of a priest profanes herself by engaging in prostitution, she is profaning her father. She must be burned to death. 215 

Rules for the High Priest

21:10‘The high 216  priest – who is greater than his brothers, on whose head the anointing oil is poured, who has been ordained 217  to wear the priestly garments – must neither dishevel the hair of his head nor tear his garments. 218  21:11 He must not go where there is any dead person; 219  he must not defile himself even for his father and his mother. 21:12 He must not go out from the sanctuary and must not profane 220  the sanctuary of his God, because the dedication of the anointing oil of his God is on him. I am the Lord. 21:13 He must take a wife who is a virgin. 221  21:14 He must not marry 222  a widow, a divorced woman, or one profaned by prostitution; he may only take a virgin from his people 223  as a wife. 21:15 He must not profane his children among his people, 224  for I am the Lord who sanctifies him.’

Rules for the Priesthood

21:16 The Lord spoke to Moses: 21:17 Tell Aaron, ‘No man from your descendants throughout their generations 225  who has a physical flaw 226  is to approach to present the food of his God. 21:18 Certainly 227  no man who has a physical flaw is to approach: a blind man, or one who is lame, or one with a slit nose, 228  or a limb too long, 21:19 or a man who has had a broken leg or arm, 229  21:20 or a hunchback, or a dwarf, 230  or one with a spot in his eye, 231  or a festering eruption, or a feverish rash, 232  or a crushed testicle. 21:21 No man from the descendants of Aaron the priest who has a physical flaw may step forward 233  to present the Lord’s gifts; he has a physical flaw, so he must not step forward to present the food of his God. 21:22 He may eat both the most holy and the holy food of his God, 21:23 but he must not go into the veil-canopy 234  or step forward to the altar because he has a physical flaw. Thus 235  he must not profane my holy places, for I am the Lord who sanctifies them.’

21:24 So 236  Moses spoke these things 237  to Aaron, his sons, and all the Israelites.

Regulations for the Eating of Priestly Stipends

22:1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 22:2 Tell Aaron and his sons that they must deal respectfully with the holy offerings 238  of the Israelites, which they consecrate to me, so that they do not profane my holy name. 239  I am the Lord. 22:3 Say to them, ‘Throughout your generations, 240  if any man from all your descendants approaches the holy offerings which the Israelites consecrate 241  to the Lord while he is impure, 242  that person must be cut off from before me. 243  I am the Lord. 22:4 No man 244  from the descendants of Aaron who is diseased or has a discharge 245  may eat the holy offerings until he becomes clean. The one 246  who touches anything made unclean by contact with a dead person, 247  or a man who has a seminal emission, 248  22:5 or a man who touches a swarming thing by which he becomes unclean, 249  or touches a person 250  by which he becomes unclean, whatever that person’s impurity 251  22:6 the person who touches any of these 252  will be unclean until evening and must not eat from the holy offerings unless he has bathed his body in water. 22:7 When the sun goes down he will be clean, and afterward he may eat from the holy offerings, because they are his food. 22:8 He must not eat an animal that has died of natural causes 253  or an animal torn by beasts and thus become unclean by it. I am the Lord. 22:9 They must keep my charge so that they do not incur sin on account of it 254  and therefore die 255  because they profane it. I am the Lord who sanctifies them.

22:10‘No lay person 256  may eat anything holy. Neither a priest’s lodger 257  nor a hired laborer may eat anything holy, 22:11 but if a priest buys a person with his own money, 258  that person 259  may eat the holy offerings, 260  and those born in the priest’s 261  own house may eat his food. 262  22:12 If a priest’s daughter marries a lay person, 263  she may not eat the holy contribution offerings, 264  22:13 but if a priest’s daughter is a widow or divorced, and she has no children so that she returns to live in 265  her father’s house as in her youth, 266  she may eat from her father’s food, but no lay person may eat it.

22:14‘If a man eats a holy offering by mistake, 267  he must add one fifth to it and give the holy offering to the priest. 268  22:15 They 269  must not profane the holy offerings which the Israelites contribute 270  to the Lord, 271  22:16 and so cause them to incur a penalty for guilt 272  when they eat their holy offerings, 273  for I am the Lord who sanctifies them.’

Regulations for Offering Votive and Freewill Offerings

22:17 The Lord spoke to Moses: 22:18 Speak to Aaron, his sons, and all the Israelites and tell them, ‘When any man 274  from the house of Israel or from the foreigners in Israel 275  presents his offering for any of the votive or freewill offerings which they present to the Lord as a burnt offering, 22:19 if it is to be acceptable for your benefit 276  it must be a flawless male from the cattle, sheep, or goats. 22:20 You must not present anything that has a flaw, 277  because it will not be acceptable for your benefit. 278  22:21 If a man presents a peace offering sacrifice to the Lord for a special votive offering 279  or for a freewill offering from the herd or the flock, it must be flawless to be acceptable; 280  it must have no flaw. 281 

22:22‘You must not present to the Lord something blind, or with a broken bone, or mutilated, or with a running sore, 282  or with a festering eruption, or with a feverish rash. 283  You must not give any of these as a gift 284  on the altar to the Lord. 22:23 As for an ox 285  or a sheep with a limb too long or stunted, 286  you may present it as a freewill offering, but it will not be acceptable for a votive offering. 287  22:24 You must not present to the Lord something with testicles that are bruised, crushed, torn, or cut off; 288  you must not do this in your land. 22:25 Even from a foreigner 289  you must not present the food of your God from such animals as these, for they are ruined and flawed; 290  they will not be acceptable for your benefit.’

22:26 The Lord spoke to Moses: 22:27 When an ox, lamb, or goat is born, it must be under the care of 291  its mother seven days, but from the eighth day onward it will be acceptable as an offering gift 292  to the Lord. 22:28 You must not slaughter an ox or a sheep and its young 293  on the same day. 294  22:29 When you sacrifice a thanksgiving offering to the Lord, you must sacrifice it so that it is acceptable for your benefit. 295  22:30 On that very day 296  it must be eaten; you must not leave any part of it 297  over until morning. I am the Lord.

22:31You must be sure to do my commandments. 298  I am the Lord. 22:32 You must not profane my holy name, and I will be sanctified in the midst of the Israelites. I am the Lord who sanctifies you, 22:33 the one who brought you out from the land of Egypt to be your God. 299  I am the Lord.”

Regulations for Israel’s Appointed Times

23:1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 23:2 Speak to the Israelites and tell them, ‘These are the Lord’s appointed times which you must proclaim as holy assemblies – my appointed times: 300 

The Weekly Sabbath

23:3‘Six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there must be a Sabbath of complete rest, 301  a holy assembly. You must not do any work; it is a Sabbath to the Lord in all the places where you live.

The Festival of Passover and Unleavened Bread

23:4‘These are the Lord’s appointed times, holy assemblies, which you must proclaim at their appointed time. 23:5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, at twilight, 302  is a Passover offering to the Lord. 23:6 Then on the fifteenth day of the same month 303  will be the festival of unleavened bread to the Lord; seven days you must eat unleavened bread. 23:7 On the first day there will be a holy assembly for you; you must not do any regular work. 304  23:8 You must present a gift to the Lord for seven days, and the seventh day is a holy assembly; you must not do any regular work.’

The Presentation of First Fruits

23:9 The Lord spoke to Moses: 23:10 Speak to the Israelites and tell them, ‘When you enter the land that I am about to give to you and you gather in its harvest, 305  then you must bring the sheaf of the first portion of your harvest 306  to the priest, 23:11 and he must wave the sheaf before the Lord to be accepted for your benefit 307  – on the day after the Sabbath the priest is to wave it. 308  23:12 On the day you wave the sheaf you must also offer 309  a flawless yearling lamb 310  for a burnt offering to the Lord, 23:13 along with its grain offering, two tenths of an ephah of 311  choice wheat flour 312  mixed with olive oil, as a gift to the Lord, a soothing aroma, 313  and its drink offering, one fourth of a hin of wine. 314  23:14 You must not eat bread, roasted grain, or fresh grain until this very day, 315  until you bring the offering of your God. This is a perpetual statute throughout your generations 316  in all the places where you live.

The Festival of Weeks

23:15‘You must count for yourselves seven weeks from the day after the Sabbath, from the day you bring the wave offering sheaf; they must be complete weeks. 317  23:16 You must count fifty days – until the day after the seventh Sabbath – and then 318  you must present a new grain offering to the Lord. 23:17 From the places where you live you must bring two loaves of 319  bread for a wave offering; they must be made from two tenths of an ephah of fine wheat flour, baked with yeast, 320  as first fruits to the Lord. 23:18 Along with the loaves of bread, 321  you must also present seven flawless yearling lambs, 322  one young bull, 323  and two rams. 324  They are to be a burnt offering to the Lord along with their grain offering 325  and drink offerings, a gift of a soothing aroma to the Lord. 326  23:19 You must also offer 327  one male goat 328  for a sin offering and two yearling lambs for a peace offering sacrifice, 23:20 and the priest is to wave them – the two lambs 329  – along with the bread of the first fruits, as a wave offering before the Lord; they will be holy to the Lord for the priest.

23:21‘On this very day you must proclaim an assembly; it is to be a holy assembly for you. 330  You must not do any regular work. This is a perpetual statute in all the places where you live throughout your generations. 331  23:22 When you gather in the harvest 332  of your land, you must not completely harvest the corner of your field, 333  and you must not gather up the gleanings of your harvest. You must leave them for the poor and the foreigner. I am the Lord your God.’ 334 

The Festival of Horn Blasts

23:23 The Lord spoke to Moses: 23:24 Tell the Israelites, ‘In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you must have a complete rest, a memorial announced by loud horn blasts, 335  a holy assembly. 23:25 You must not do any regular work, but 336  you must present a gift to the Lord.’

The Day of Atonement

23:26 The Lord spoke to Moses: 23:27 The 337  tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. 338  It is to be a holy assembly for you, and you must humble yourselves 339  and present a gift to the Lord. 23:28 You must not do any work on this particular day, 340  because it is a day of atonement to make atonement for yourselves 341  before the Lord your God. 23:29 Indeed, 342  any person who does not behave with humility on this particular day will be cut off from his people. 343  23:30 As for any person 344  who does any work on this particular day, I will exterminate 345  that person from the midst of his people! 346  23:31 You must not do any work. This is a perpetual statute throughout your generations 347  in all the places where you live. 23:32 It is a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you must humble yourselves on the ninth day of the month in the evening, from evening until evening you must observe your Sabbath.” 348 

The Festival of Booths

23:33 The Lord spoke to Moses: 23:34 Tell the Israelites, ‘On the fifteenth day of this seventh month is the Festival of Temporary Shelters 349  for seven days to the Lord. 23:35 On the first day is a holy assembly; you must do no regular work. 350  23:36 For seven days you must present a gift to the Lord. On the eighth day there is to be a holy assembly for you, and you must present a gift to the Lord. It is a solemn assembly day; 351  you must not do any regular work.

23:37‘These are the appointed times of the Lord that you must proclaim as holy assemblies to present a gift to the Lordburnt offering, grain offering, sacrifice, and drink offerings, 352  each day according to its regulation, 353  23:38 besides 354  the Sabbaths of the Lord and all your gifts, votive offerings, and freewill offerings which you must give to the Lord.

23:39‘On 355  the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you gather in the produce of the land, you must celebrate a pilgrim festival of the Lord for seven days. On the first day is a complete rest and on the eighth day is complete rest. 23:40 On the first day you must take for yourselves branches from majestic trees 356 palm branches, branches of leafy trees, and willows of the brook – and you must rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days. 23:41 You must celebrate it as a pilgrim festival to the Lord for seven days in the year. This is a perpetual statute throughout your generations; 357  you must celebrate it in the seventh month. 23:42 You must live in temporary shelters 358  for seven days; every native citizen in Israel must live in temporary shelters, 23:43 so that your future generations may know that I made the Israelites live in temporary shelters when I brought them out from the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.’

23:44 So Moses spoke to the Israelites about the appointed times of the Lord. 359 

Regulations for the Lampstand and Table of Bread

24:1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 24:2 Command the Israelites to bring 360  to you pure oil of beaten olives for the light, to make a lamp burn continually. 361  24:3 Outside the veil-canopy 362  of the congregation in the Meeting Tent Aaron 363  must arrange it from evening until morning before the Lord continually. This is a perpetual statute throughout your generations. 364  24:4 On the ceremonially pure lampstand 365  he must arrange the lamps before the Lord continually.

24:5You must take choice wheat flour 366  and bake twelve loaves; 367  there must be two tenths of an ephah of flour in 368  each loaf, 24:6 and you must set them in two rows, six in a row, 369  on the ceremonially pure table before the Lord. 24:7 You must put pure frankincense 370  on each row, 371  and it will become a memorial portion 372  for the bread, a gift 373  to the Lord. 24:8 Each Sabbath day 374  Aaron 375  must arrange it before the Lord continually; this portion 376  is from the Israelites as a perpetual covenant. 24:9 It will belong to Aaron and his sons, and they must eat it in a holy place because it is most holy to him, a perpetual allotted portion 377  from the gifts of the Lord.”

A Case of Blaspheming the Name

24:10 Now 378  an Israelite woman’s son whose father was an Egyptian went out among the Israelites, and the Israelite woman’s son and an Israelite man 379  had a fight in the camp. 24:11 The Israelite woman’s son misused the Name and cursed, 380  so they brought him to Moses. (Now his mother’s name was Shelomith daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan.) 24:12 So they placed him in custody until they were able 381  to make a clear legal decision for themselves based on words from the mouth of the Lord. 382 

24:13 Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 24:14 Bring the one who cursed outside the camp, and all who heard him are to lay their hands on his head, and the whole congregation is to stone him to death. 383  24:15 Moreover, 384  you are to tell the Israelites, ‘If any man curses his God 385  he will bear responsibility for his sin, 24:16 and one who misuses 386  the name of the Lord must surely be put to death. The whole congregation must surely stone him, whether he is a foreigner or a native citizen; when he misuses the Name he must be put to death.

24:17‘If a man beats any person to death, 387  he must be put to death. 24:18 One who beats an animal to death 388  must make restitution for it, life for life. 389  24:19 If a man inflicts an injury on 390  his fellow citizen, 391  just as he has done it must be done to him – 24:20 fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth – just as he inflicts an injury on another person 392  that same injury 393  must be inflicted on him. 24:21 One who beats an animal to death 394  must make restitution for it, but 395  one who beats a person to death must be put to death. 24:22 There will be one regulation 396  for you, whether a foreigner or a native citizen, for I am the Lord your God.’

24:23 Then Moses spoke to the Israelites and they brought the one who cursed outside the camp and stoned him with stones. So the Israelites did just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Regulations for the Sabbatical Year

25:1 The Lord spoke to Moses at Mount Sinai: 25:2 Speak to the Israelites and tell them, ‘When you enter the land that I am giving you, the land must observe a Sabbath 397  to the Lord. 25:3 Six years you may sow your field, and six years you may prune your vineyard and gather the produce, 398  25:4 but in the seventh year the land must have a Sabbath of complete rest 399 a Sabbath to the Lord. You must not sow your field or 400  prune your vineyard. 25:5 You must not gather in the aftergrowth of your harvest and you must not pick the grapes of your unpruned 401  vines; the land must have a year of complete rest. 25:6 You may have the Sabbath produce 402  of the land to eat – you, your male servant, your female servant, your hired worker, the resident foreigner who stays with you, 403  25:7 your cattle, and the wild animals that are in your land – all its produce will be for you 404  to eat.

Regulations for the Jubilee Year of Release

25:8‘You must count off 405  seven weeks of years, seven times seven years, 406  and the days of the seven weeks of years will amount to forty-nine years. 407  25:9 You must sound loud horn blasts 408 in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, on the Day of Atonement – you must sound the horn in your entire land. 25:10 So you must consecrate the fiftieth year, 409  and you must proclaim a release 410  in the land for all its inhabitants. That year will be your jubilee; 411  each one of you must return 412  to his property and each one of you must return to his clan. 25:11 That fiftieth year will be your jubilee; you must not sow the land, harvest its aftergrowth, or pick the grapes of its unpruned vines. 413  25:12 Because that year is a jubilee, it will be holy to you – you may eat its produce 414  from the field.

Release of Landed Property

25:13‘In this year of jubilee you must each return 415  to your property. 25:14 If you make a sale 416  to your fellow citizen 417  or buy 418  from your fellow citizen, no one is to wrong his brother. 419  25:15 You may buy it from your fellow citizen according to the number of years since 420  the last jubilee; he may sell it to you according to the years of produce that are left. 421  25:16 The more years there are, 422  the more you may make its purchase price, and the fewer years there are, 423  the less you must make its purchase price, because he is only selling to you a number of years of 424  produce. 25:17 No one is to oppress his fellow citizen, 425  but you must fear your God, because I am the Lord your God. 25:18 You must obey my statutes and my regulations; you must be sure to keep them 426  so that you may live securely in the land. 427 

25:19‘The land will give its fruit and you may eat until you are satisfied, 428  and you may live securely in the land. 25:20 If you say, ‘What will we eat in the seventh year if we do not sow and gather our produce?’ 25:21 I will command my blessing for you in the sixth year so that it may yield 429  the produce 430  for three years, 25:22 and you may sow the eighth year and eat from that sixth year’s produce 431 old produce. Until you bring in the ninth year’s produce, 432  you may eat old produce. 25:23 The land must not be sold without reclaim 433  because the land belongs to me, for you are foreigners and residents with me. 434  25:24 In all your landed property 435  you must provide for the right of redemption of the land. 436 

25:25‘If your brother becomes impoverished and sells some of his property, his near redeemer is to come to you and redeem what his brother sold. 437  25:26 If a man has no redeemer, but he prospers 438  and gains enough for its redemption, 439  25:27 he is to calculate the value of the years it was sold, 440  refund the balance 441  to the man to whom he had sold it, and return to his property. 25:28 If he has not prospered enough to refund 442  a balance to him, then what he sold 443  will belong to 444  the one who bought it until the jubilee year, but it must revert 445  in the jubilee and the original owner 446  may return to his property.

Release of Houses

25:29‘If a man sells a residential house in a walled city, 447  its right of redemption must extend 448  until one full year from its sale; 449  its right of redemption must extend to a full calendar year. 450  25:30 If it is not redeemed before the full calendar year is ended, 451  the house in the walled city 452  will belong without reclaim 453  to the one who bought it throughout his generations; it will not revert in the jubilee. 25:31 The houses of villages, however, 454  which have no wall surrounding them 455  must be considered as the field 456  of the land; they will have the right of redemption and must revert in the jubilee. 25:32 As for 457  the cities of the Levites, the houses in the cities which they possess, 458  the Levites must have a perpetual right of redemption. 25:33 Whatever someone among the Levites might redeem – the sale of a house which is his property in a city – must revert in the jubilee, 459  because the houses of the cities of the Levites are their property in the midst of the Israelites. 25:34 Moreover, 460  the open field areas of their cities 461  must not be sold, because that is their perpetual possession.

Debt and Slave Regulations

25:35‘If your brother 462  becomes impoverished and is indebted to you, 463  you must support 464  him; he must live 465  with you like a foreign resident. 466  25:36 Do not take interest or profit from him, 467  but you must fear your God and your brother must live 468  with you. 25:37 You must not lend him your money at interest and you must not sell him food for profit. 469  25:38 I am the Lord your God who brought you out from the land of Egypt to give you the land of Canaan – to be your God. 470 

25:39‘If your brother becomes impoverished with regard to you so that he sells himself to you, you must not subject him to slave service. 471  25:40 He must be with you as a hired worker, as a resident foreigner; 472  he must serve with you until the year of jubilee, 25:41 but then 473  he may go free, 474  he and his children with him, and may return to his family and to the property of his ancestors. 475  25:42 Since they are my servants whom I brought out from the land of Egypt, they must not be sold in a slave sale. 476  25:43 You must not rule over him harshly, 477  but you must fear your God.

25:44‘As for your male and female slaves 478  who may belong to you – you may buy male and female slaves from the nations all around you. 479  25:45 Also you may buy slaves 480  from the children of the foreigners who reside with you, and from their families that are 481  with you, whom they have fathered in your land, they may become your property. 25:46 You may give them as inheritance to your children after you to possess as property. You may enslave them perpetually. However, as for your brothers the Israelites, no man may rule over his brother harshly. 482 

25:47‘If a resident foreigner who is with you prospers 483  and your brother becomes impoverished with regard to him so that 484  he sells himself to a resident foreigner who is with you or to a member 485  of a foreigner’s family, 25:48 after he has sold himself he retains a right of redemption. 486  One of his brothers may redeem him, 25:49 or his uncle or his cousin 487  may redeem him, or anyone of the rest of his blood relatives – his family 488 may redeem him, or if 489  he prospers he may redeem himself. 25:50 He must calculate with the one who bought him the number of years 490  from the year he sold himself to him until the jubilee year, and the cost of his sale must correspond to the number of years, according to the rate of wages a hired worker would have earned while with him. 491  25:51 If there are still many years, in keeping with them 492  he must refund most of the cost of his purchase for his redemption, 25:52 but if only a few years remain 493  until the jubilee, he must calculate for himself in keeping with the remaining years and refund it for his redemption. 25:53 He must be with the one who bought him 494  like a yearly hired worker. 495  The one who bought him 496  must not rule over him harshly in your sight. 25:54 If, however, 497  he is not redeemed in these ways, he must go free 498  in the jubilee year, he and his children with him, 25:55 because the Israelites are my own servants; 499  they are my servants whom I brought out from the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.

Exhortation to Obedience

26:1‘You must not make for yourselves idols, 500  so you must not set up for yourselves a carved image or a pillar, and you must not place a sculpted stone in your land to bow down before 501  it, for I am the Lord your God. 26:2 You must keep my Sabbaths and reverence 502  my sanctuary. I am the Lord.

The Benefits of Obedience

26:3‘If you walk in my statutes and are sure to obey my commandments, 503  26:4 I will give you your rains in their time so that 504  the land will give its yield and the trees of the field will produce their fruit. 505  26:5 Threshing season will extend for you until the season for harvesting grapes, 506  and the season for harvesting grapes will extend until sowing season, so 507  you will eat your bread until you are satisfied, 508  and you will live securely in your land. 26:6 I will grant peace in the land so that 509  you will lie down to sleep without anyone terrifying you. 510  I will remove harmful animals 511  from the land, and no sword of war 512  will pass through your land. 26:7 You will pursue your enemies and they will fall before you by the sword. 513  26:8 Five of you will pursue a hundred, and a hundred of you will pursue ten thousand, and your enemies will fall before you by the sword. 26:9 I will turn to you, make you fruitful, multiply you, and maintain 514  my covenant with you. 26:10 You will still be eating stored produce from the previous year 515  and will have to clean out what is stored from the previous year to make room for new. 516 

26:11‘I will put my tabernacle 517  in your midst and I will not abhor you. 518  26:12 I will walk among you, and I will be your God and you will be my people. 26:13 I am the Lord your God who brought you out from the land of Egypt, from being their slaves, 519  and I broke the bars of your yoke and caused you to walk upright. 520 

The Consequences of Disobedience

26:14‘If, however, 521  you do not obey me and keep 522  all these commandments 26:15 if you reject my statutes and abhor my regulations so that you do not keep 523  all my commandments and you break my covenant 26:16 I for my part 524  will do this to you: I will inflict horror on you, consumption and fever, which diminish eyesight and drain away the vitality of life. 525  You will sow your seed in vain because 526  your enemies will eat it. 527  26:17 I will set my face against you. You will be struck down before your enemies, those who hate you will rule over you, and you will flee when there is no one pursuing you.

26:18‘If, in spite of all these things, 528  you do not obey me, I will discipline you seven times more on account of your sins. 529  26:19 I will break your strong pride and make your sky like iron and your land like bronze. 26:20 Your strength will be used up in vain, your land will not give its yield, and the trees of the land 530  will not produce their fruit.

26:21‘If you walk in hostility against me 531  and are not willing to obey me, I will increase your affliction 532  seven times according to your sins. 26:22 I will send the wild animals 533  against you and they will bereave you of your children, 534  annihilate your cattle, and diminish your population 535  so that your roads will become deserted.

26:23‘If in spite of these things 536  you do not allow yourselves to be disciplined and you walk in hostility against me, 537  26:24 I myself will also walk in hostility against you and strike you 538  seven times on account of your sins. 26:25 I will bring on you an avenging sword, a covenant vengeance. 539  Although 540  you will gather together into your cities, I will send pestilence among you and you will be given into enemy hands. 541  26:26 When I break off your supply of bread, 542  ten women will bake your bread in one oven; they will ration your bread by weight, 543  and you will eat and not be satisfied.

26:27‘If in spite of this 544  you do not obey me but walk in hostility against me, 545  26:28 I will walk in hostile rage against you 546  and I myself will also discipline you seven times on account of your sins. 26:29 You will eat the flesh of your sons and the flesh of your daughters. 547  26:30 I will destroy your high places and cut down your incense altars, 548  and I will stack your dead bodies on top of the lifeless bodies of your idols. 549  I will abhor you. 550  26:31 I will lay your cities waste 551  and make your sanctuaries desolate, and I will refuse to smell your soothing aromas. 26:32 I myself will make the land desolate and your enemies who live in it will be appalled. 26:33 I will scatter you among the nations and unsheathe the sword 552  after you, so your land will become desolate and your cities will become a waste.

26:34‘Then the land will make up for 553  its Sabbaths all the days it lies desolate while you are in the land of your enemies; then the land will rest and make up its Sabbaths. 26:35 All the days of the desolation it will have the rest it did not have 554  on your Sabbaths when you lived on it.

26:36‘As for 555  the ones who remain among you, I will bring despair into their hearts in the lands of their enemies. The sound of a blowing leaf will pursue them, and they will flee as one who flees the sword and fall down even though there is no pursuer. 26:37 They will stumble over each other as those who flee before a sword, though 556  there is no pursuer, and there will be no one to take a stand 557  for you before your enemies. 26:38 You will perish among the nations; the land of your enemies will consume you.

Restoration through Confession and Repentance

26:39‘As for the ones who remain among you, they will rot away because of 558  their iniquity in the lands of your enemies, and they will also rot away because of their ancestors 559  iniquities which are with them. 26:40 However, when 560  they confess their iniquity and their ancestorsiniquity which they committed by trespassing against me, 561  by which they also walked 562  in hostility against me 563  26:41 (and I myself will walk in hostility against them and bring them into the land of their enemies), and 564  then their uncircumcised hearts become humbled and they make up for 565  their iniquity, 26:42 I will remember my covenant with Jacob and also my covenant with Isaac and also my covenant with Abraham, 566  and I will remember the land. 26:43 The land will be abandoned by them 567  in order that it may make up for 568  its Sabbaths while it is made desolate 569  without them, 570  and they will make up for their iniquity because 571  they have rejected my regulations and have abhorred 572  my statutes. 26:44 In spite of this, however, when they are in the land of their enemies I will not reject them and abhor them to make a complete end of them, to break my covenant with them, for I am the Lord their God. 26:45 I will remember for them the covenant with their ancestors 573  whom I brought out from the land of Egypt in the sight of the nations to be their God. I am the Lord.’

Summary Colophon

26:46 These are the statutes, regulations, and instructions which the Lord established 574  between himself and the Israelites at Mount Sinai through 575  Moses.

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