Bible: Lev 16-17

The Day of Atonement

16:1 The Lord spoke to Moses after the death of Aaron’s two sons when they approached the presence of the Lord 1  and died, 16:2 and the Lord said to Moses: “Tell Aaron your brother that he must not enter at any time into the holy place inside the veil-canopy 2  in front of the atonement plate 3  that is on the ark so that he may not die, for I will appear in the cloud over the atonement plate.

Day of Atonement Offerings

16:3In this way Aaron is to enter into the sanctuary – with a young bull 4  for a sin offering 5  and a ram for a burnt offering. 6  16:4 He must put on a holy linen tunic, 7  linen leggings are to cover his body, 8  and he is to wrap himself with a linen sash 9  and wrap his head with a linen turban. 10  They are holy garments, so he must bathe 11  his body in water and put them on. 16:5 He must also take 12  two male goats 13  from the congregation of the Israelites for a sin offering and one ram for a burnt offering. 16:6 Then Aaron is to present the sin offering bull which is for himself and is to make atonement on behalf of himself and his household. 16:7 He must then take the two goats 14  and stand them before the Lord at the entrance of the Meeting Tent, 16:8 and Aaron is to cast lots over the two goats, 15  one lot for the Lord and one lot for Azazel. 16  16:9 Aaron must then present the goat which has been designated by lot for the Lord, 17  and he is to make it a sin offering, 16:10 but the goat which has been designated by lot for Azazel is to be stood alive 18  before the Lord to make atonement on it by sending it away to Azazel into the wilderness. 19 

The Sin Offering Sacrificial Procedures

16:11Aaron is to present the sin offering bull which is for himself, and he is to make atonement on behalf of himself and his household. He is to slaughter the sin offering bull which is for himself, 16:12 and take a censer full of coals of fire from the altar before the Lord 20  and a full double handful of finely ground fragrant incense, 21  and bring them inside the veil-canopy. 22  16:13 He must then put the incense on the fire before the Lord, and the cloud of incense will cover the atonement plate which is above the ark of the testimony, 23  so that he will not die. 24  16:14 Then he is to take some of the blood of the bull and sprinkle it with his finger on the eastern face of the atonement plate, 25  and in front of the atonement plate he is to sprinkle some of the blood seven times with his finger. 26 

16:15He must then slaughter the sin offering goat which is for the people. He is to bring its blood inside the veil-canopy, 27  and he is to do with its blood just as he did to the blood of the bull: He is to sprinkle it on the atonement plate and in front of the atonement plate. 16:16 So 28  he is to make atonement for the holy place from the impurities of the Israelites and from their transgressions with regard to all their sins, 29  and thus he is to do for the Meeting Tent which resides with them in the midst of their impurities. 16:17 Nobody is to be in the Meeting Tent 30  when he enters to make atonement in the holy place until he goes out, and he has made atonement on his behalf, on behalf of his household, and on behalf of the whole assembly of Israel.

16:18Then 31  he is to go out to the altar which is before the Lord and make atonement for it. He is to take 32  some of the blood of the bull and some of the blood of the goat, and put it all around on the horns of the altar. 16:19 Then he is to sprinkle on it some of the blood with his finger seven times, and cleanse and consecrate it 33  from the impurities of the Israelites.

The Live Goat Ritual Procedures

16:20When he has finished purifying the holy place, 34  the Meeting Tent, and the altar, he is to present the live goat. 16:21 Aaron is to lay his two hands on the head of the live goat and confess over it all the iniquities of the Israelites and all their transgressions in regard to all their sins, 35  and thus he is to put them 36  on the head of the goat and send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a man standing ready. 37  16:22 The goat is to bear on itself all their iniquities into an inaccessible land, 38  so he is to send the goat away 39  in the wilderness.

The Concluding Rituals

16:23Aaron must then enter 40  the Meeting Tent and take off the linen garments which he had put on when he entered the sanctuary, and leave them there. 16:24 Then he must bathe his body in water in a holy place, put on his clothes, and go out and make his burnt offering and the people’s burnt offering. So he is to make atonement 41  on behalf of himself and the people. 42 

16:25Then he is to offer up the fat of the sin offering 43  in smoke on the altar, 16:26 and the one who sent the goat away to Azazel 44  must wash his clothes, bathe his body in water, and afterward he may reenter the camp. 16:27 The bull of the sin offering and the goat of the sin offering, whose blood was brought to make atonement in the holy place, must be brought outside the camp 45  and their hide, their flesh, and their dung must be burned up, 46  16:28 and the one who burns them must wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward he may reenter the camp.

Review of the Day of Atonement

16:29This is to be a perpetual statute for you. 47  In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you must humble yourselves 48  and do no work of any kind, 49  both the native citizen and the foreigner who resides 50  in your midst, 16:30 for on this day atonement is to be made for you to cleanse you from all your sins; you must be clean before the Lord. 51  16:31 It is to be a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you must humble yourselves. 52  It is a perpetual statute. 53 

16:32The priest who is anointed and ordained to act as high priest in place of his father 54  is to make atonement. He is to put on the linen garments, the holy garments, 16:33 and he is to purify 55  the Most Holy Place, 56  he is to purify the Meeting Tent and the altar, 57  and he is to make atonement for 58  the priests and for all the people of the assembly. 16:34 This is to be a perpetual statute for you 59  to make atonement for the Israelites for 60  all their sins once a year.” 61  So he did just as the Lord had commanded Moses. 62 

The Slaughter of Animals

17:1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 17:2 Speak to Aaron, his sons, and all the Israelites, and tell them: ‘This is the word that the Lord has commanded: 17:3 Blood guilt 63  will be accounted to any man 64  from the house of Israel 65  who slaughters an ox or a lamb or a goat inside the camp or outside the camp, 66  17:4 but has not brought it to the entrance of the Meeting Tent 67  to present it as 68  an offering to the Lord before the tabernacle of the Lord. He has shed blood, so that man will be cut off from the midst of his people. 69  17:5 This is so that 70  the Israelites will bring their sacrifices that they are sacrificing in the open field 71  to the Lord at the entrance of the Meeting Tent to the priest and sacrifice them there as peace offering sacrifices to the Lord. 17:6 The priest is to splash 72  the blood on the altar 73  of the Lord at the entrance of the Meeting Tent, and offer the fat up in smoke for a soothing aroma to the Lord. 17:7 So they must no longer offer 74  their sacrifices to the goat demons, 75  acting like prostitutes by going after them. 76  This is to be a perpetual statute for them throughout their generations. 77 

17:8You are to say to them: ‘Any man 78  from the house of Israel or 79  from the foreigners who reside 80  in their 81  midst, who offers 82  a burnt offering or a sacrifice 17:9 but does not bring it to the entrance of the Meeting Tent to offer it 83  to the Lordthat person will be cut off from his people. 84 

Prohibition against Eating Blood

17:10‘Any man 85  from the house of Israel or from the foreigners who reside 86  in their 87  midst who eats any blood, I will set my face against that person who eats the blood, and I will cut him off from the midst of his people, 88  17:11 for the life of every living thing 89  is in the blood. 90  So I myself have assigned it to you 91  on the altar to make atonement for your lives, for the blood makes atonement by means of the life. 92  17:12 Therefore, I have said to the Israelites: No person among you is to eat blood, 93  and no resident foreigner who lives among you is to eat blood. 94 

17:13‘Any man from the Israelites 95  or from the foreigners who reside 96  in their 97  midst who hunts a wild animal 98  or a bird that may be eaten 99  must pour out its blood and cover it with soil, 17:14 for the life of all flesh is its blood. 100  So I have said to the Israelites: You must not eat the blood of any living thing 101  because the life of every living thing is its blood – all who eat it will be cut off. 102 

Regulations for Eating Carcasses

17:15‘Any person 103  who eats an animal that has died of natural causes 104  or an animal torn by beasts, whether a native citizen or a foreigner, 105  must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until evening; then he becomes clean. 17:16 But if he does not wash his clothes 106  and does not bathe his body, he will bear his punishment for iniquity.’ 107 

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