A Divine Decision
2:20 The Lord was furious with Israel. 1 He said, “This nation 2 has violated the terms of the agreement I made with their ancestors 3 by disobeying me. 4 2:21 So I will no longer remove before them any of the nations that Joshua left unconquered when he died. 2:22 Joshua left those nations 5 to test 6 Israel. I wanted to see 7 whether or not the people 8 would carefully walk in the path 9 marked out by 10 the Lord, as their ancestors 11 were careful to do.” 2:23 This is why 12 the Lord permitted these nations to remain and did not conquer them immediately; 13 he did not hand them over to Joshua.
3:1 These were the nations the Lord permitted to remain so he could use them to test Israel – he wanted to test all those who had not experienced battle against the Canaanites. 14 3:2 He left those nations simply because he wanted to teach the subsequent generations of Israelites, who had not experienced the earlier battles, how to conduct holy war. 15 3:3 These were the nations: 16 the five lords of the Philistines, all the Canaanites, the Sidonians, and the Hivites living in Mount Lebanon, from Mount Baal Hermon to Lebo-Hamath. 17 3:4 They were left to test Israel, so the Lord would know if his people would obey the commands he gave their ancestors through Moses. 18
3:5 The Israelites lived among the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites. 3:6 They took the Canaanites’ daughters as wives and gave their daughters to the Canaanites; 19 they worshiped 20 their gods as well.