Bible: Judges 1-5
Judah Takes the Lead
1:1 After Joshua died, the Israelites asked 1 the
1:4 The men of Judah attacked, 8 and the
1:9 Later the men of Judah went down to attack the Canaanites living in the hill country, the Negev, and the lowlands. 14 1:10 The men of Judah attacked the Canaanites living in Hebron. (Hebron used to be called Kiriath Arba.) They killed Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai. 1:11 From there they attacked the people of Debir. 15 (Debir used to be called Kiriath Sepher.) 1:12 Caleb said, “To the man who attacks and captures Kiriath Sepher I will give my daughter Acsah as a wife.” 1:13 When Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother, 16 captured it, Caleb 17 gave him his daughter Acsah as a wife.
1:14 One time Acsah 18 came and charmed her father 19 so she could ask him for some land. When she got down from her donkey, Caleb said to her, “What would you like?” 1:15 She answered, “Please give me a special present. 20 Since you have given me land in the Negev, now give me springs of water.” So Caleb gave her both the upper and lower springs. 21
1:16 Now the descendants of the Kenite, Moses’ father-in-law, went up with the people of Judah from the City of Date Palm Trees to Arad in the desert of Judah, 22 located in the Negev. 23 They went and lived with the people of Judah. 24
1:17 The men of Judah went with their brothers the men of Simeon 25 and defeated the Canaanites living in Zephath. They wiped out Zephath. 26 So people now call the city Hormah. 27 1:18 The men of Judah captured Gaza, Ashkelon, Ekron, and the territory surrounding each of these cities. 28
1:22 When the men 35 of Joseph attacked 36 Bethel, 37 the
1:27 The men of Manasseh did not conquer Beth Shan, Taanach, or their surrounding towns. Nor did they conquer the people living in Dor, Ibleam, Megiddo 40 or their surrounding towns. 41 The Canaanites managed 42 to remain in those areas. 43 1:28 Whenever Israel was strong militarily, they forced the Canaanites to do hard labor, but they never totally conquered them.
1:29 The men of Ephraim did not conquer the Canaanites living in Gezer. The Canaanites lived among them in Gezer.
1:30 The men of Zebulun did not conquer the people living in Kitron and Nahalol. 44 The Canaanites lived among them and were forced to do hard labor.
1:31 The men of Asher did not conquer the people living in Acco or Sidon, 45 nor did they conquer Ahlab, Aczib, Helbah, Aphek, or Rehob. 46 1:32 The people of Asher live among the Canaanites residing in the land because they did not conquer them.
1:33 The men of Naphtali did not conquer the people living in Beth Shemesh or Beth Anath. 47 They live among the Canaanites residing in the land. The Canaanites 48 living in Beth Shemesh and Beth Anath were forced to do hard labor for them.
1:34 The Amorites forced the people of Dan to live in the hill country. They did not allow them to live in 49 the coastal plain. 1:35 The Amorites managed 50 to remain in Har Heres, 51 Aijalon, and Shaalbim. Whenever the tribe of Joseph was strong militarily, 52 the Amorites were forced to do hard labor. 1:36 The border of Amorite territory ran from the Scorpion Ascent 53 to Sela and on up. 54
Confrontation and Repentance at Bokim
The End of an Era
2:6 When Joshua dismissed 68 the people, the Israelites went to their allotted portions of territory, 69 intending to take possession of the land. 2:7 The people worshiped 70 the
A Monotonous Cycle
2:11 The Israelites did evil before 79 the
A Divine Decision
3:1 These were the nations the
3:5 The Israelites lived among the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites. 3:6 They took the Canaanites’ daughters as wives and gave their daughters to the Canaanites; 125 they worshiped 126 their gods as well.
Othniel: A Model Leader
3:7 The Israelites did evil in the
Deceit, Assassination, and Deliverance
3:12 The Israelites again did evil in the
3:15 When the Israelites cried out for help to the
3:18 After Ehud brought the tribute payment, he dismissed the people who had carried it. 146 3:19 But he went back 147 once he reached 148 the carved images 149 at Gilgal. He said to Eglon, 150 “I have a secret message for you, O king.” Eglon 151 said, “Be quiet!” 152 All his attendants left. 3:20 When Ehud approached him, he was sitting in his well-ventilated 153 upper room all by himself. Ehud said, “I have a message from God 154 for you.” When Eglon rose up from his seat, 155 3:21 Ehud reached with his left hand, pulled the sword from his right thigh, and drove it into Eglon’s 156 belly. 3:22 The handle went in after the blade, and the fat closed around the blade, for Ehud 157 did not pull the sword out of his belly. 158 3:23 As Ehud went out into the vestibule, 159 he closed the doors of the upper room behind him and locked them.
3:24 When Ehud had left, Eglon’s 160 servants came and saw the locked doors of the upper room. They said, “He must be relieving himself 161 in the well-ventilated inner room.” 162 3:25 They waited so long they were embarrassed, but he still did not open the doors of the upper room. Finally they took the key and opened the doors. 163 Right before their eyes was their master, sprawled out dead on the floor! 164 3:26 Now Ehud had escaped while they were delaying. When he passed the carved images, he escaped to Seirah.
3:27 When he reached Seirah, 165 he blew a trumpet 166 in the Ephraimite hill country. The Israelites went down with him from the hill country, with Ehud in the lead. 167 3:28 He said to them, “Follow me, for the
Deborah Summons Barak
4:1 The Israelites again did evil in the
4:4 Now Deborah, a prophetess, 182 wife of Lappidoth, was 183 leading 184 Israel at that time. 4:5 She would sit 185 under the Date Palm Tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel 186 in the Ephraimite hill country. The Israelites would come up to her to have their disputes settled. 187
4:6 She summoned 188 Barak son of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali. She said to him, “Is it not true that the
4:12 When Sisera heard 196 that Barak son of Abinoam had gone up to Mount Tabor, 4:13 he 197 ordered 198 all his chariotry – nine hundred chariots with iron-rimmed wheels – and all the troops he had with him to go from Harosheth-Haggoyim to the River Kishon. 4:14 Deborah said to Barak, “Spring into action, 199 for this is the day the
4:17 Now Sisera ran away on foot to the tent of Jael, wife of Heber the Kenite, for King Jabin of Hazor 207 and the family of Heber the Kenite had made a peace treaty. 208 4:18 Jael came out to welcome Sisera. She said to him, “Stop and rest, 209 my lord. Stop and rest with me. Don’t be afraid.” So Sisera 210 stopped to rest in her tent, and she put a blanket over him. 4:19 He said to her, “Give me a little water to drink, because I’m thirsty.” She opened a goatskin container of milk and gave him some milk to drink. Then she covered him up again. 4:20 He said to her, “Stand watch at the entrance to the tent. If anyone comes along and asks you, ‘Is there a man here?’ say ‘No.’” 4:21 Then Jael wife of Heber took a tent peg in one hand and a hammer in the other. 211 She crept up on him, drove the tent peg through his temple into the ground 212 while he was asleep from exhaustion, 213 and he died. 4:22 Now Barak was chasing Sisera. Jael went out to welcome him. She said to him, “Come here and I will show you the man you are searching for.” He went with her into the tent, 214 and there he saw Sisera sprawled out dead 215 with the tent peg in his temple.
Celebrating the Victory in Song
5:1 On that day Deborah and Barak son of Abinoam sang this victory song: 219
5:2 “When the leaders took the lead 220 in Israel,
When the people answered the call to war –
5:3 Hear, O kings!
Pay attention, O rulers!
I will sing to the
I will sing 222 to the
when you marched from Edom’s plains,
the earth shook, the heavens poured down,
the clouds poured down rain. 224
5:6 In the days of Shamgar son of Anath,
travelers 229 had to go on winding side roads.
they were scarce in Israel,
until you 232 arose, Deborah,
until you arose as a motherly protector 233 in Israel.
5:8 God chose new leaders, 234
then fighters appeared in the city gates; 235
but, I swear, not a shield or spear could be found, 236
among forty military units 237 in Israel.
5:9 My heart went out 238 to Israel’s leaders,
to the people who answered the call to war.
5:10 You who ride on light-colored female donkeys,
who sit on saddle blankets, 239
you who walk on the road, pay attention!
there they tell of 242 the Lord’s victorious deeds,
the victorious deeds of his warriors 243 in Israel.
5:12 Wake up, wake up, Deborah!
Wake up, wake up, sing a song!
Get up, Barak!
Capture your prisoners of war, 244 son of Abinoam!
5:14 They came from Ephraim, who uprooted Amalek, 250
they follow 251 after you, Benjamin, with your soldiers.
From Makir leaders came down,
5:15 Issachar’s leaders were with Deborah,
into the valley they were sent under Barak’s command. 256
5:16 Why do you remain among the sheepfolds, 259
As for the clans of Reuben – there was intense searching of heart.
5:17 Gilead stayed put 262 beyond the Jordan River.
As for Dan – why did he seek temporary employment in the shipyards? 263
Asher remained 264 on the seacoast,
5:18 The men of Zebulun were not concerned about their lives; 267
Naphtali charged on to the battlefields. 268
5:19 Kings came, they fought;
the kings of Canaan fought,
at Taanach by the waters of Megiddo, 269
but 270 they took no silver as plunder.
from their paths in the heavens 273 they fought against Sisera.
5:21 The Kishon River carried them off;
the river confronted them 274 – the Kishon River.
Step on the necks of the strong! 275
the stallions galloped madly. 278
because they did not come to help in the
to help in the
5:24 The most rewarded 285 of women should be Jael,
the wife of Heber the Kenite!
She should be the most rewarded of women who live in tents.
5:25 He asked for water,
and she gave him milk;
in a bowl fit for a king, 286
she served him curds.
5:26 Her left 287 hand reached for the tent peg,
her right hand for the workmen’s hammer.
She “hammered” 288 Sisera,
she shattered his skull, 289
she smashed his head, 290
she drove the tent peg through his temple. 291
5:27 Between her feet he collapsed,
between her feet he collapsed and fell limp,
in the spot where he collapsed,
there he fell limp – violently murdered! 294
5:28 Through the window she looked;
Sisera’s mother cried out through the lattice:
‘Why is his chariot so slow to return?
Why are the hoofbeats of his chariot-horses 295 delayed?’
5:29 The wisest of her ladies 296 answer;
indeed she even thinks to herself,
5:30 ‘No doubt they are gathering and dividing the plunder 297 –
a girl or two for each man to rape! 298
Sisera is grabbing up colorful cloth, 299
he is grabbing up colorful embroidered cloth, 300
two pieces of colorful embroidered cloth,
for the neck of the plunderer!’ 301
5:31 May all your enemies perish like this, O
But may those who love you shine
like the rising sun at its brightest!” 302
And the land had rest for forty years.