Bible: Judges 1:1-2:5

Judah Takes the Lead

1:1 After Joshua died, the Israelites asked 1  the Lord, “Who should lead the invasion against the Canaanites and launch the attack? 2  1:2 The Lord said, “The men of Judah should take the lead. 3  Be sure of this! I am handing the land over to them.” 4  1:3 The men of Judah said to their relatives, the men of Simeon, 5 Invade our allotted land with us and help us attack the Canaanites. 6  Then we 7  will go with you into your allotted land.” So the men of Simeon went with them.

1:4 The men of Judah attacked, 8  and the Lord handed the Canaanites and Perizzites over to them. They killed ten thousand men at Bezek. 1:5 They met 9  Adoni-Bezek at Bezek and fought him. They defeated the Canaanites and Perizzites. 1:6 When Adoni-Bezek ran away, they chased him and captured him. Then they cut off his thumbs and big toes. 1:7 Adoni-Bezek said, “Seventy kings, with thumbs and big toes cut off, used to lick up 10  food scraps 11  under my table. God has repaid me for what I did to them.” 12  They brought him to Jerusalem, 13  where he died. 1:8 The men of Judah attacked Jerusalem and captured it. They put the sword to it and set the city on fire.

1:9 Later the men of Judah went down to attack the Canaanites living in the hill country, the Negev, and the lowlands. 14  1:10 The men of Judah attacked the Canaanites living in Hebron. (Hebron used to be called Kiriath Arba.) They killed Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai. 1:11 From there they attacked the people of Debir. 15  (Debir used to be called Kiriath Sepher.) 1:12 Caleb said, “To the man who attacks and captures Kiriath Sepher I will give my daughter Acsah as a wife.” 1:13 When Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother, 16  captured it, Caleb 17  gave him his daughter Acsah as a wife.

1:14 One time Acsah 18  came and charmed her father 19  so she could ask him for some land. When she got down from her donkey, Caleb said to her, “What would you like? 1:15 She answered, “Please give me a special present. 20  Since you have given me land in the Negev, now give me springs of water.” So Caleb gave her both the upper and lower springs. 21 

1:16 Now the descendants of the Kenite, Mosesfather-in-law, went up with the people of Judah from the City of Date Palm Trees to Arad in the desert of Judah, 22  located in the Negev. 23  They went and lived with the people of Judah. 24 

1:17 The men of Judah went with their brothers the men of Simeon 25  and defeated the Canaanites living in Zephath. They wiped out Zephath. 26  So people now call the city Hormah. 27  1:18 The men of Judah captured Gaza, Ashkelon, Ekron, and the territory surrounding each of these cities. 28 

1:19 The Lord was with the men of Judah. They conquered 29  the hill country, but they could not 30  conquer the people living in the coastal plain, because they had chariots with iron-rimmed wheels. 31  1:20 Caleb received 32  Hebron, just as Moses had promised. He drove out the three Anakites. 1:21 The men of Benjamin, however, did not conquer the Jebusites living in Jerusalem. 33  The Jebusites live with the people of Benjamin in Jerusalem to this very day. 34 

Partial Success

1:22 When the men 35  of Joseph attacked 36  Bethel, 37  the Lord was with them. 1:23 When the men of Joseph spied out Bethel (it used to be called Luz), 1:24 the spies spotted 38  a man leaving the city. They said to him, “If you show us a secret entrance into the city, we will reward you.” 1:25 He showed them a secret entrance into the city, and they put the city to the sword. But they let the man and his extended family leave safely. 1:26 He 39  moved to Hittite country and built a city. He named it Luz, and it has kept that name to this very day.

1:27 The men of Manasseh did not conquer Beth Shan, Taanach, or their surrounding towns. Nor did they conquer the people living in Dor, Ibleam, Megiddo 40  or their surrounding towns. 41  The Canaanites managed 42  to remain in those areas. 43  1:28 Whenever Israel was strong militarily, they forced the Canaanites to do hard labor, but they never totally conquered them.

1:29 The men of Ephraim did not conquer the Canaanites living in Gezer. The Canaanites lived among them in Gezer.

1:30 The men of Zebulun did not conquer the people living in Kitron and Nahalol. 44  The Canaanites lived among them and were forced to do hard labor.

1:31 The men of Asher did not conquer the people living in Acco or Sidon, 45  nor did they conquer Ahlab, Aczib, Helbah, Aphek, or Rehob. 46  1:32 The people of Asher live among the Canaanites residing in the land because they did not conquer them.

1:33 The men of Naphtali did not conquer the people living in Beth Shemesh or Beth Anath. 47  They live among the Canaanites residing in the land. The Canaanites 48  living in Beth Shemesh and Beth Anath were forced to do hard labor for them.

1:34 The Amorites forced the people of Dan to live in the hill country. They did not allow them to live in 49  the coastal plain. 1:35 The Amorites managed 50  to remain in Har Heres, 51  Aijalon, and Shaalbim. Whenever the tribe of Joseph was strong militarily, 52  the Amorites were forced to do hard labor. 1:36 The border of Amorite territory ran from the Scorpion Ascent 53  to Sela and on up. 54 

Confrontation and Repentance at Bokim

2:1 The Lord’s angelic messenger 55  went up from Gilgal to Bokim. He said, “I brought you up from Egypt and led you into the land I had solemnly promised to give to your ancestors. 56  I said, ‘I will never break my agreement 57  with you, 2:2 but you must not make an agreement with the people who live in this land. You should tear down the altars where they worship.’ 58  But you have disobeyed me. 59  Why would you do such a thing? 60  2:3 At that time I also warned you, 61  ‘If you disobey, 62  I will not drive out the Canaanites 63  before you. They will ensnare you 64  and their gods will lure you away.’ 65 

2:4 When the Lord’s messenger finished speaking these words to all the Israelites, the people wept loudly. 66  2:5 They named that place Bokim 67  and offered sacrifices to the Lord there.

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