6:1 Now Jericho 1 was shut tightly 2 because of the Israelites. No one was allowed to leave or enter. 3 6:2 The Lord told Joshua, “See, I am about to defeat Jericho for you, 4 along with its king and its warriors. 6:3 Have all the warriors march around the city one time; 5 do this for six days. 6:4 Have seven priests carry seven rams’ horns 6 in front of the ark. On the seventh day march around the city seven times, while the priests blow the horns. 6:5 When you hear the signal from the ram’s horn, 7 have the whole army give a loud battle cry. 8 Then the city wall will collapse 9 and the warriors should charge straight ahead.” 10
6:6 So Joshua son of Nun summoned the priests and instructed them, “Pick up the ark of the covenant, and seven priests must carry seven rams’ horns in front of the ark of the Lord.” 6:7 And he told 11 the army, 12 “Move ahead 13 and march around the city, with armed troops going ahead of the ark of the Lord.”
6:8 When Joshua gave the army its orders, 14 the seven priests carrying the seven rams’ horns before the Lord moved ahead and blew the horns as the ark of the covenant of the Lord followed behind. 6:9 Armed troops marched ahead of the priests blowing the horns, while the rear guard followed along behind the ark blowing rams’ horns. 6:10 Now Joshua had instructed the army, 15 “Do not give a battle cry 16 or raise your voices; say nothing 17 until the day I tell you, ‘Give the battle cry.’ 18 Then give the battle cry!” 19 6:11 So Joshua made sure they marched the ark of the Lord around the city one time. 20 Then they went back to the camp and spent the night there. 21
6:12 Bright and early the next morning Joshua had the priests pick up the ark of the Lord. 22 6:13 The seven priests carrying the seven rams’ horns before the ark of the Lord marched along blowing their horns. Armed troops marched ahead of them, while the rear guard followed along behind the ark of the Lord blowing rams’ horns. 6:14 They marched around the city one time on the second day, then returned to the camp. They did this six days in all.
6:15 On the seventh day they were up at the crack of dawn 23 and marched around the city as before – only this time they marched around it seven times. 24 6:16 The seventh time around, the priests blew the rams’ horns and Joshua told the army, 25 “Give the battle cry, 26 for the Lord is handing the city over to you! 27 6:17 The city and all that is in it must be set apart for the Lord, 28 except for Rahab the prostitute and all who are with her in her house, because she hid the spies 29 we sent. 6:18 But be careful when you are setting apart the riches for the Lord. If you take any of it, you will make the Israelite camp subject to annihilation and cause a disaster. 30 6:19 All the silver and gold, as well as bronze and iron items, belong to the Lord. 31 They must go into the Lord’s treasury.”
6:20 The rams’ horns sounded 32 and when the army 33 heard the signal, 34 they gave a loud battle cry. 35 The wall collapsed 36 and the warriors charged straight ahead into the city and captured it. 37 6:21 They annihilated with the sword everything that breathed in the city, 38 including men and women, young and old, as well as cattle, sheep, and donkeys. 6:22 Joshua told the two men who had spied on the land, “Enter the prostitute’s house 39 and bring out the woman and all who belong to her as you promised her.” 40 6:23 So the young spies went and brought out Rahab, her father, mother, brothers, and all who belonged to her. They brought out her whole family and took them to a place outside 41 the Israelite camp. 6:24 But they burned 42 the city and all that was in it, except for the silver, gold, and bronze and iron items they put in the treasury of the Lord’s house. 43 6:25 Yet Joshua spared 44 Rahab the prostitute, her father’s family, 45 and all who belonged to her. She lives in Israel 46 to this very day because she hid the messengers Joshua sent to spy on Jericho. 47 6:26 At that time Joshua made this solemn declaration: 48 “The man who attempts to rebuild 49 this city of Jericho 50 will stand condemned before the Lord. 51 He will lose his firstborn son when he lays its foundations and his youngest son when he erects its gates!” 52 6:27 The Lord was with Joshua and he became famous throughout the land. 53
Achan Sins and is Punished
7:1 But the Israelites disobeyed the command about the city’s riches. 54 Achan son of Carmi, son of Zabdi, 55 son of Zerah, from the tribe of Judah, stole some of the riches. 56 The Lord was furious with the Israelites. 57
7:2 Joshua sent men from Jericho 58 to Ai (which is located near Beth Aven, east of Bethel 59 ) and instructed them, “Go up and spy on the land.” So the men went up and spied on Ai. 7:3 They returned and reported to Joshua, 60 “Don’t send the whole army. 61 About two or three thousand men are adequate to defeat Ai. 62 Don’t tire out the whole army, for Ai is small.” 63
7:4 So about three thousand men went up, but they fled from the men of Ai. 7:5 The men of Ai killed about thirty-six of them and chased them from in front of the city gate all the way to the fissures 64 and defeated them on the steep slope. 65 The people’s 66 courage melted away like water. 67
7:6 Joshua tore his clothes; 68 he and the leaders 69 of Israel lay face down on the ground before the ark of the Lord until evening 70 and threw dirt on their heads. 71 7:7 Joshua prayed, 72 “O, Master, Lord! Why did you bring these people across the Jordan to hand us over to the Amorites so they could destroy us? 7:8 If only we had been satisfied to live on the other side of the Jordan! O Lord, what can I say now that Israel has retreated 73 before its enemies? 7:9 When the Canaanites and all who live in the land hear about this, they will turn against us and destroy the very memory of us 74 from the earth. What will you do to protect your great reputation?” 75
7:10 The Lord responded 76 to Joshua, “Get up! Why are you lying there face down? 77 7:11 Israel has sinned; they have violated my covenantal commandment! 78 They have taken some of the riches; 79 they have stolen them and deceitfully put them among their own possessions. 80 7:12 The Israelites are unable to stand before their enemies; they retreat because they have become subject to annihilation. 81 I will no longer be with you, 82 unless you destroy what has contaminated you. 83 7:13 Get up! Ritually consecrate the people and tell them this: ‘Ritually consecrate yourselves for tomorrow, because the Lord God of Israel says, “You are contaminated, 84 O Israel! You will not be able to stand before your enemies until you remove what is contaminating you.” 85 7:14 In the morning you must approach in tribal order. 86 The tribe the Lord selects 87 must approach by clans. The clan the Lord selects must approach by families. 88 The family the Lord selects must approach man by man. 89 7:15 The one caught with the riches 90 must be burned up 91 along with all who belong to him, because he violated the Lord’s covenant and did such a disgraceful thing in Israel.’”
7:16 Bright and early the next morning Joshua made Israel approach in tribal order 92 and the tribe of Judah was selected. 7:17 He then made the clans of Judah approach and the clan of the Zerahites was selected. He made the clan of the Zerahites approach and Zabdi 93 was selected. 94 7:18 He then made Zabdi’s 95 family approach man by man 96 and Achan son of Carmi, son of Zabdi, son of Zerah, from the tribe of Judah, was selected. 7:19 So Joshua said to Achan, “My son, honor 97 the Lord God of Israel and give him praise! Tell me what you did; don’t hide anything from me!” 7:20 Achan told Joshua, “It is true. I have sinned against the Lord God of Israel in this way: 98 7:21 I saw among the goods we seized a nice robe from Babylon, 99 two hundred silver pieces, 100 and a bar of gold weighing fifty shekels. I wanted them, so I took them. They are hidden in the ground right in the middle of my tent with the silver underneath.”
7:22 Joshua sent messengers who ran to the tent. The things were hidden right in his tent, with the silver underneath. 101 7:23 They took it all from the middle of the tent, brought it to Joshua and all the Israelites, and placed 102 it before the Lord. 7:24 Then Joshua and all Israel took Achan, son of Zerah, along with the silver, the robe, the bar of gold, his sons, daughters, ox, donkey, sheep, tent, and all that belonged to him and brought them up to the Valley of Disaster. 103 7:25 Joshua said, “Why have you brought disaster 104 on us? The Lord will bring disaster on you today!” All Israel stoned him to death. (They also stoned and burned the others.) 105 7:26 Then they erected over him a large pile of stones (it remains to this very day 106 ) and the Lord’s anger subsided. So that place is called the Valley of Disaster to this very day.
Israel Conquers Ai
8:1 The Lord told Joshua, “Don’t be afraid and don’t panic! 107 Take the whole army with you and march against Ai! 108 See, I am handing over to you 109 the king of Ai, along with his people, city, and land. 8:2 Do to Ai and its king what you did to Jericho 110 and its king, except you may plunder its goods and cattle. Set an ambush behind the city!”
8:3 Joshua and the whole army marched against Ai. 111 Joshua selected thirty thousand brave warriors and sent them out at night. 8:4 He told 112 them, “Look, set an ambush behind the city. Don’t go very far from the city; all of you be ready! 8:5 I and all the troops 113 who are with me will approach the city. When they come out to fight us like before, we will retreat from them. 8:6 They will attack 114 us until we have lured them from the city, for they will say, ‘They are retreating from us like before.’ We will retreat from them. 8:7 Then you rise up from your hiding place 115 and seize 116 the city. The Lord your God will hand it over to you. 8:8 When you capture the city, set it 117 on fire. Do as the Lord says! See, I have given you orders.” 118 8:9 Joshua sent them away and they went to their hiding place 119 west of Ai, between Bethel 120 and Ai. 121 Joshua spent that night with the army. 122
8:10 Bright and early the next morning Joshua gathered 123 the army, 124 and he and the leaders 125 of Israel marched 126 at the head of it 127 to Ai. 8:11 All the troops that were with him marched up and drew near the city. 128 They camped north of Ai on the other side of the valley. 129 8:12 He took five thousand men and set an ambush west of the city between Bethel 130 and Ai. 8:13 The army was in position – the main army north of the city and the rear guard west of the city. That night Joshua went into 131 the middle of the valley.
8:14 When the king of Ai saw Israel, he and his whole army quickly got up the next day and went out to fight Israel at the meeting place near the Arabah. 132 But he did not realize 133 men were hiding behind the city. 134 8:15 Joshua and all Israel pretended to be defeated by them and they retreated along the way to the desert. 8:16 All the reinforcements 135 in Ai 136 were ordered 137 to chase them; they chased Joshua and were lured away from the city. 8:17 No men were left in Ai or Bethel; 138 they all went out after Israel. 139 They left the city wide open and chased Israel.
8:18 The Lord told Joshua, “Hold out toward Ai the curved sword in your hand, for I am handing the city 140 over to you.” So Joshua held out toward Ai the curved sword in his hand. 8:19 When he held out his hand, the men waiting in ambush rose up quickly from their place and attacked. 141 They entered the city, captured it, and immediately set it on fire. 8:20 When the men of Ai turned around, they saw 142 the smoke from the city ascending into the sky and were so shocked they were unable to flee in any direction. 143 In the meantime the men who were retreating to the desert turned against their pursuers. 8:21 When Joshua and all Israel saw that the men in ambush had captured the city and that the city was going up in smoke, 144 they turned around and struck down the men of Ai. 8:22 At the same time the men who had taken the city came out to fight, and the men of Ai were trapped in the middle. 145 The Israelites struck them down, leaving no survivors or refugees. 8:23 But they captured the king of Ai alive and brought him to Joshua.
8:24 When Israel had finished killing all the men 146 of Ai who had chased them toward the desert 147 (they all fell by the sword), 148 all Israel returned to Ai and put the sword to it. 8:25 Twelve thousand men and women died 149 that day, including all the men of Ai. 8:26 Joshua kept holding out his curved sword until Israel had annihilated all who lived in Ai. 150 8:27 But Israel did plunder the cattle and the goods of the city, in accordance with the Lord’s orders to Joshua. 151 8:28 Joshua burned Ai and made it a permanently uninhabited mound (it remains that way to this very day). 152 8:29 He hung the king of Ai on a tree, leaving him exposed until evening. 153 At sunset Joshua ordered that his corpse be taken down from the tree. 154 They threw it down at the entrance of the city gate and erected over it a large pile of stones (it remains to this very day). 155
8:30 Then Joshua built an altar for the Lord God of Israel on Mount Ebal, 8:31 just as Moses the Lord’s servant had commanded the Israelites. As described in the law scroll of Moses, it was made with uncut stones untouched by an iron tool. 156 They offered burnt sacrifices on it and sacrificed tokens of peace. 157 8:32 There, in the presence of the Israelites, Joshua inscribed on the stones a duplicate of the law written by Moses. 158 8:33 All the people, 159 rulers, 160 leaders, and judges were standing on either side of the ark, in front of the Levitical priests who carried the ark of the covenant of the Lord. Both resident foreigners and native Israelites were there. 161 Half the people stood in front of Mount Gerizim and the other half in front of Mount Ebal, as Moses the Lord’s servant had previously instructed to them to do for the formal blessing ceremony. 162 8:34 Then 163 Joshua read aloud all the words of the law, including the blessings and the curses, just as they are written in the law scroll. 8:35 Joshua read aloud every commandment Moses had given 164 before the whole assembly of Israel, including the women, children, and resident foreigners who lived among them. 165
The Gibeonites Deceive Israel
9:1 When the news reached all the kings on the west side of the Jordan 166 – in the hill country, the lowlands, 167 and all along the Mediterranean coast 168 as far as 169 Lebanon (including the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites) – 9:2 they formed an alliance to fight against Joshua and Israel. 170
9:3 When the residents of Gibeon heard what Joshua did to Jericho 171 and Ai, 9:4 they did something clever. They collected some provisions 172 and put worn-out sacks on their donkeys, along with worn-out wineskins that were ripped and patched. 9:5 They had worn-out, patched sandals on their feet and dressed in worn-out clothes. All their bread 173 was dry and hard. 174 9:6 They came to Joshua at the camp in Gilgal and said to him and the men of Israel, “We have come from a distant land. Make a treaty with us.” 9:7 The men of Israel said to the Hivites, “Perhaps you live near us. 175 So how can we make a treaty with you?” 9:8 But they said to Joshua, “We are willing to be your subjects.” 176 So Joshua said to them, “Who are you and where do you come from?” 9:9 They told him, “Your subjects 177 have come from a very distant land because of the reputation 178 of the Lord your God, for we have heard the news about all he did in Egypt 179 9:10 and all he did to the two Amorite kings on the other side of the Jordan – King Sihon of Heshbon and King Og of Bashan in Ashtaroth. 9:11 Our leaders and all who live in our land told us, ‘Take provisions for your journey and go meet them. Tell them, “We are willing to be your subjects. 180 Make a treaty with us.”’ 9:12 This bread of ours was warm when we packed it in our homes the day we started out to meet you, 181 but now it is dry and hard. 182 9:13 These wineskins we filled were brand new, but look how they have ripped. Our clothes and sandals have worn out because it has been a very long journey.” 9:14 The men examined 183 some of their provisions, but they failed to ask the Lord’s advice. 184 9:15 Joshua made a peace treaty with them and agreed to let them live. The leaders of the community 185 sealed it with an oath. 186
9:16 Three days after they made the treaty with them, the Israelites found out they were from the local area and lived nearby. 187 9:17 So the Israelites set out and on the third day arrived at their cities – Gibeon, Kephirah, Beeroth, and Kiriath Jearim. 9:18 The Israelites did not attack them because the leaders of the community had sworn an oath to them in the name of the Lord God of Israel. 188 The whole community criticized 189 the leaders, 9:19 but all the leaders told the whole community, “We swore an oath to them in the name of 190 the Lord God of Israel. So now we can’t hurt 191 them! 9:20 We must let them live so we can escape the curse attached to the oath we swore to them.” 192 9:21 The leaders then added, 193 “Let them live.” So they became 194 woodcutters and water carriers for the whole community, as the leaders had decided. 195 9:22 196
Joshua summoned the Gibeonites 197 and said to them, “Why did you trick 198 us by saying, ‘We live far away from you,’ when you really live nearby? 199 9:23 Now you are condemned to perpetual servitude as woodcutters and water carriers for the house of my God.” 200 9:24 They said to Joshua, “It was carefully reported to your subjects 201 how the Lord your God commanded Moses his servant to assign you the whole land and to destroy all who live in the land from before you. Because of you we were terrified 202 we would lose our lives, so we did this thing. 9:25 So now we are in your power. 203 Do to us what you think is good and appropriate. 204 9:26 Joshua did as they said; he kept the Israelites from killing them 205 9:27 and that day made them woodcutters and water carriers for the community and for the altar of the Lord at the divinely chosen site. (They continue in that capacity to this very day.) 206
Israel Defeats an Amorite Coalition
10:1 Adoni-Zedek, king of Jerusalem, 207 heard how Joshua captured Ai and annihilated it and its king as he did Jericho 208 and its king. 209 He also heard how 210 the people of Gibeon made peace with Israel and lived among them. 10:2 All Jerusalem was terrified 211 because Gibeon was a large city, like one of the royal cities. It was larger than Ai and all its men were warriors. 10:3 So King Adoni-Zedek of Jerusalem sent this message to King Hoham of Hebron, King Piram of Jarmuth, King Japhia of Lachish, and King Debir of Eglon: 10:4 “Come to my aid 212 so we can attack Gibeon, for it has made peace with Joshua and the Israelites.” 10:5 So the five Amorite kings (the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish, and Eglon) and all their troops gathered together and advanced. They deployed their troops and fought against Gibeon. 213
10:6 The men of Gibeon sent this message to Joshua at the camp in Gilgal, “Do not abandon 214 your subjects! 215 Rescue us! Help us! For all the Amorite kings living in the hill country are attacking us.” 216 10:7 So Joshua and his whole army, including the bravest warriors, marched up from Gilgal. 217 10:8 The Lord told Joshua, “Don’t be afraid of them, for I am handing them over to you. 218 Not one of them can resist you.” 219 10:9 Joshua attacked them by surprise after marching all night from Gilgal. 220 10:10 The Lord routed 221 them before Israel. Israel 222 thoroughly defeated them 223 at Gibeon. They chased them up the road to the pass 224 of Beth Horon and struck them down all the way to Azekah and Makkedah. 10:11 As they fled from Israel on the slope leading down from 225 Beth Horon, the Lord threw down on them large hailstones from the sky, 226 all the way to Azekah. They died – in fact, more died from the hailstones than the Israelites killed with the sword.
10:12 The day the Lord delivered the Amorites over to the Israelites, Joshua prayed to the Lord before Israel: 227
“O sun, stand still over Gibeon!
O moon, over the Valley of Aijalon!”
10:13 The sun stood still and the moon stood motionless while the nation took vengeance on its enemies. The event is recorded in the Scroll of the Upright One. 228 The sun stood motionless in the middle of the sky and did not set for about a full day. 229 10:14 There has not been a day like it before or since. The Lord obeyed 230 a man, for the Lord fought for Israel! 10:15 Then Joshua and all Israel returned to the camp at Gilgal.
10:16 The five Amorite kings 231 ran away and hid in the cave at Makkedah. 10:17 Joshua was told, “The five kings have been found hiding in the cave at Makkedah.” 10:18 Joshua said, “Roll large stones over the mouth of the cave and post guards in front of it. 232 10:19 But don’t you delay! Chase your enemies and catch them! 233 Don’t allow them to retreat to 234 their cities, for the Lord your God is handing them over to you.” 235 10:20 Joshua and the Israelites almost totally wiped them out, but some survivors did escape to the fortified cities. 236 10:21 Then the whole army safely returned to Joshua at the camp in Makkedah. 237 No one 238 dared threaten the Israelites. 239 10:22 Joshua said, “Open the cave’s mouth and bring the five kings 240 out of the cave to me.” 10:23 They did as ordered; 241 they brought the five kings 242 out of the cave to him – the kings of Jerusalem, 243 Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish, and Eglon. 10:24 When they brought the kings out to Joshua, he 244 summoned all the men of Israel and said to the commanders of the troops who accompanied him, “Come here 245 and put your feet on the necks of these kings.” So they came up 246 and put their feet on their necks. 10:25 Then Joshua said to them, “Don’t be afraid and don’t panic! 247 Be strong and brave, for the Lord will do the same thing to all your enemies you fight. 10:26 Then Joshua executed them 248 and hung them on five trees. They were left hanging on the trees until evening. 10:27 At sunset Joshua ordered his men to take them down from the trees. 249 They threw them into the cave where they had hidden and piled large stones over the mouth of the cave. (They remain to this very day.) 250
Joshua Launches a Southern Campaign
10:28 That day Joshua captured Makkedah and put the sword to it and its king. He annihilated everyone who lived in it; he left no survivors. He did to its king what he had done to the king of Jericho. 251
10:29 Joshua and all Israel marched from Makkedah to Libnah and fought against it. 252 10:30 The Lord handed it and its king over to Israel, and Israel 253 put the sword to all who lived there; they 254 left no survivors. They 255 did to its king what they 256 had done to the king of Jericho. 257
10:31 Joshua and all Israel marched from Libnah to Lachish. He deployed his troops 258 and fought against it. 10:32 The Lord handed Lachish over to Israel and they 259 captured it on the second day. They put the sword to all who lived there, just as they had done to Libnah. 10:33 Then King Horam of Gezer came up to help Lachish, but Joshua struck down him and his army 260 until no survivors remained.
10:34 Joshua and all Israel marched from Lachish to Eglon. They deployed troops 261 and fought against it. 10:35 That day they captured it and put the sword to all who lived there. That day they 262 annihilated it just as they 263 had done to Lachish.
10:36 Joshua and all Israel marched up from Eglon to Hebron and fought against it. 10:37 They captured it and put the sword to its king, all its surrounding cities, and all who lived in it; they 264 left no survivors. As they 265 had done at Eglon, they 266 annihilated it and all who lived there.
10:38 Joshua and all Israel turned to Debir and fought against it. 10:39 They 267 captured it, its king, and all its surrounding cities and put the sword to them. They annihilated everyone who lived there; they 268 left no survivors. They 269 did to Debir and its king what they 270 had done to Libnah and its king and to Hebron. 271
10:40 Joshua defeated the whole land, including the hill country, the Negev, the lowlands, 272 the slopes, and all their kings. He left no survivors. He annihilated everything that breathed, just as the Lord God of Israel had commanded. 10:41 Joshua conquered the area between Kadesh Barnea and Gaza and the whole region of Goshen, all the way to Gibeon. 273 10:42 Joshua captured in one campaign 274 all these kings and their lands, for the Lord God of Israel fought for Israel. 10:43 Then Joshua and all Israel returned to the camp at Gilgal.
Israel Defeats a Northern Coalition
11:1 When King Jabin of Hazor 275 heard the news, he organized a coalition, including 276 King Jobab of Madon, the king of Shimron, the king of Acshaph, 11:2 and the northern kings who ruled in 277 the hill country, the Arabah south of Kinnereth, 278 the lowlands, and the heights of Dor to the west. 11:3 Canaanites came 279 from the east and west; Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, and Jebusites from the hill country; and Hivites from below Hermon in the area 280 of Mizpah. 11:4 These kings came out with their armies; they were as numerous as the sand on the seashore and had a large number of horses and chariots. 281 11:5 All these kings gathered and joined forces 282 at the Waters of Merom to fight Israel.
11:6 The Lord told Joshua, “Don’t be afraid of them, for about this time tomorrow I will cause all of them to lie dead before Israel. You must hamstring their horses and burn 283 their chariots.” 11:7 Joshua and his whole army caught them by surprise at the Waters of Merom and attacked them. 284 11:8 The Lord handed them over to Israel and they struck them down and chased them all the way to Greater Sidon, 285 Misrephoth Maim, 286 and the Mizpah Valley to the east. They struck them down until no survivors remained. 11:9 Joshua did to them as the Lord had commanded him; he hamstrung their horses and burned 287 their chariots.
11:10 At that time Joshua turned, captured Hazor, 288 and struck down its king with the sword, for Hazor was at that time 289 the leader of all these kingdoms. 11:11 They annihilated everyone who lived there with the sword 290 – no one who breathed remained – and burned 291 Hazor.
11:12 Joshua captured all these royal cities and all their kings and annihilated them with the sword, 292 as Moses the Lord’s servant had commanded. 11:13 But Israel did not burn any of the cities located on mounds, 293 except for Hazor; 294 it was the only one Joshua burned. 11:14 The Israelites plundered all the goods of these cities and the cattle, but they totally destroyed all the people 295 and allowed no one who breathed to live. 11:15 Moses the Lord’s servant passed on the Lord’s commands to Joshua, and Joshua did as he was told. He did not ignore any of the commands the Lord had given Moses. 296
A Summary of Israel’s Victories
11:16 Joshua conquered the whole land, 297 including the hill country, all the Negev, all the land of Goshen, the lowlands, 298 the Arabah, the hill country of Israel and its lowlands, 11:17 from Mount Halak on up to Seir, as far as Baal Gad in the Lebanon Valley below Mount Hermon. He captured all their kings and executed them. 299 11:18 Joshua campaigned against 300 these kings for quite some time. 301 11:19 No city made peace with the Israelites (except the Hivites living in Gibeon); 302 they had to conquer all of them, 303 11:20 for the Lord determined to make them obstinate so they would attack Israel. He wanted Israel to annihilate them without mercy, as he had instructed Moses. 304
11:21 At that time Joshua attacked and eliminated the Anakites from the hill country 305 – from Hebron, Debir, Anab, and all the hill country of Judah and Israel. 306 Joshua annihilated them and their cities. 11:22 No Anakites were left in Israelite territory, though some remained in Gaza, Gath, and Ashdod. 11:23 Joshua conquered 307 the whole land, just as the Lord had promised Moses, 308 and he assigned Israel their tribal portions. 309 Then the land was free of war.