Bible: Joshua 10-12

Israel Defeats an Amorite Coalition

10:1 Adoni-Zedek, king of Jerusalem, 1  heard how Joshua captured Ai and annihilated it and its king as he did Jericho 2  and its king. 3  He also heard how 4  the people of Gibeon made peace with Israel and lived among them. 10:2 All Jerusalem was terrified 5  because Gibeon was a large city, like one of the royal cities. It was larger than Ai and all its men were warriors. 10:3 So King Adoni-Zedek of Jerusalem sent this message to King Hoham of Hebron, King Piram of Jarmuth, King Japhia of Lachish, and King Debir of Eglon: 10:4 Come to my aid 6  so we can attack Gibeon, for it has made peace with Joshua and the Israelites.” 10:5 So the five Amorite kings (the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish, and Eglon) and all their troops gathered together and advanced. They deployed their troops and fought against Gibeon. 7 

10:6 The men of Gibeon sent this message to Joshua at the camp in Gilgal, “Do not abandon 8  your subjects! 9  Rescue us! Help us! For all the Amorite kings living in the hill country are attacking us.” 10  10:7 So Joshua and his whole army, including the bravest warriors, marched up from Gilgal. 11  10:8 The Lord told Joshua, “Don’t be afraid of them, for I am handing them over to you. 12  Not one of them can resist you.” 13  10:9 Joshua attacked them by surprise after marching all night from Gilgal. 14  10:10 The Lord routed 15  them before Israel. Israel 16  thoroughly defeated them 17  at Gibeon. They chased them up the road to the pass 18  of Beth Horon and struck them down all the way to Azekah and Makkedah. 10:11 As they fled from Israel on the slope leading down from 19  Beth Horon, the Lord threw down on them large hailstones from the sky, 20  all the way to Azekah. They died – in fact, more died from the hailstones than the Israelites killed with the sword.

10:12 The day the Lord delivered the Amorites over to the Israelites, Joshua prayed to the Lord before Israel: 21 

“O sun, stand still over Gibeon!

O moon, over the Valley of Aijalon!

10:13 The sun stood still and the moon stood motionless while the nation took vengeance on its enemies. The event is recorded in the Scroll of the Upright One. 22  The sun stood motionless in the middle of the sky and did not set for about a full day. 23  10:14 There has not been a day like it before or since. The Lord obeyed 24  a man, for the Lord fought for Israel! 10:15 Then Joshua and all Israel returned to the camp at Gilgal.

10:16 The five Amorite kings 25  ran away and hid in the cave at Makkedah. 10:17 Joshua was told, “The five kings have been found hiding in the cave at Makkedah.” 10:18 Joshua said, “Roll large stones over the mouth of the cave and post guards in front of it. 26  10:19 But don’t you delay! Chase your enemies and catch them! 27  Don’t allow them to retreat to 28  their cities, for the Lord your God is handing them over to you.” 29  10:20 Joshua and the Israelites almost totally wiped them out, but some survivors did escape to the fortified cities. 30  10:21 Then the whole army safely returned to Joshua at the camp in Makkedah. 31  No one 32  dared threaten the Israelites. 33  10:22 Joshua said, “Open the cave’s mouth and bring the five kings 34  out of the cave to me.” 10:23 They did as ordered; 35  they brought the five kings 36  out of the cave to him – the kings of Jerusalem, 37  Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish, and Eglon. 10:24 When they brought the kings out to Joshua, he 38  summoned all the men of Israel and said to the commanders of the troops who accompanied him, “Come here 39  and put your feet on the necks of these kings.” So they came up 40  and put their feet on their necks. 10:25 Then Joshua said to them, “Don’t be afraid and don’t panic! 41  Be strong and brave, for the Lord will do the same thing to all your enemies you fight. 10:26 Then Joshua executed them 42  and hung them on five trees. They were left hanging on the trees until evening. 10:27 At sunset Joshua ordered his men to take them down from the trees. 43  They threw them into the cave where they had hidden and piled large stones over the mouth of the cave. (They remain to this very day.) 44 

Joshua Launches a Southern Campaign

10:28 That day Joshua captured Makkedah and put the sword to it and its king. He annihilated everyone who lived in it; he left no survivors. He did to its king what he had done to the king of Jericho. 45 

10:29 Joshua and all Israel marched from Makkedah to Libnah and fought against it. 46  10:30 The Lord handed it and its king over to Israel, and Israel 47  put the sword to all who lived there; they 48  left no survivors. They 49  did to its king what they 50  had done to the king of Jericho. 51 

10:31 Joshua and all Israel marched from Libnah to Lachish. He deployed his troops 52  and fought against it. 10:32 The Lord handed Lachish over to Israel and they 53  captured it on the second day. They put the sword to all who lived there, just as they had done to Libnah. 10:33 Then King Horam of Gezer came up to help Lachish, but Joshua struck down him and his army 54  until no survivors remained.

10:34 Joshua and all Israel marched from Lachish to Eglon. They deployed troops 55  and fought against it. 10:35 That day they captured it and put the sword to all who lived there. That day they 56  annihilated it just as they 57  had done to Lachish.

10:36 Joshua and all Israel marched up from Eglon to Hebron and fought against it. 10:37 They captured it and put the sword to its king, all its surrounding cities, and all who lived in it; they 58  left no survivors. As they 59  had done at Eglon, they 60  annihilated it and all who lived there.

10:38 Joshua and all Israel turned to Debir and fought against it. 10:39 They 61  captured it, its king, and all its surrounding cities and put the sword to them. They annihilated everyone who lived there; they 62  left no survivors. They 63  did to Debir and its king what they 64  had done to Libnah and its king and to Hebron. 65 

10:40 Joshua defeated the whole land, including the hill country, the Negev, the lowlands, 66  the slopes, and all their kings. He left no survivors. He annihilated everything that breathed, just as the Lord God of Israel had commanded. 10:41 Joshua conquered the area between Kadesh Barnea and Gaza and the whole region of Goshen, all the way to Gibeon. 67  10:42 Joshua captured in one campaign 68  all these kings and their lands, for the Lord God of Israel fought for Israel. 10:43 Then Joshua and all Israel returned to the camp at Gilgal.

Israel Defeats a Northern Coalition

11:1 When King Jabin of Hazor 69  heard the news, he organized a coalition, including 70  King Jobab of Madon, the king of Shimron, the king of Acshaph, 11:2 and the northern kings who ruled in 71  the hill country, the Arabah south of Kinnereth, 72  the lowlands, and the heights of Dor to the west. 11:3 Canaanites came 73  from the east and west; Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, and Jebusites from the hill country; and Hivites from below Hermon in the area 74  of Mizpah. 11:4 These kings came out with their armies; they were as numerous as the sand on the seashore and had a large number of horses and chariots. 75  11:5 All these kings gathered and joined forces 76  at the Waters of Merom to fight Israel.

11:6 The Lord told Joshua, “Don’t be afraid of them, for about this time tomorrow I will cause all of them to lie dead before Israel. You must hamstring their horses and burn 77  their chariots.” 11:7 Joshua and his whole army caught them by surprise at the Waters of Merom and attacked them. 78  11:8 The Lord handed them over to Israel and they struck them down and chased them all the way to Greater Sidon, 79  Misrephoth Maim, 80  and the Mizpah Valley to the east. They struck them down until no survivors remained. 11:9 Joshua did to them as the Lord had commanded him; he hamstrung their horses and burned 81  their chariots.

11:10 At that time Joshua turned, captured Hazor, 82  and struck down its king with the sword, for Hazor was at that time 83  the leader of all these kingdoms. 11:11 They annihilated everyone who lived there with the sword 84 no one who breathed remained – and burned 85  Hazor.

11:12 Joshua captured all these royal cities and all their kings and annihilated them with the sword, 86  as Moses the Lord’s servant had commanded. 11:13 But Israel did not burn any of the cities located on mounds, 87  except for Hazor; 88  it was the only one Joshua burned. 11:14 The Israelites plundered all the goods of these cities and the cattle, but they totally destroyed all the people 89  and allowed no one who breathed to live. 11:15 Moses the Lord’s servant passed on the Lord’s commands to Joshua, and Joshua did as he was told. He did not ignore any of the commands the Lord had given Moses. 90 

A Summary of Israel’s Victories

11:16 Joshua conquered the whole land, 91  including the hill country, all the Negev, all the land of Goshen, the lowlands, 92  the Arabah, the hill country of Israel and its lowlands, 11:17 from Mount Halak on up to Seir, as far as Baal Gad in the Lebanon Valley below Mount Hermon. He captured all their kings and executed them. 93  11:18 Joshua campaigned against 94  these kings for quite some time. 95  11:19 No city made peace with the Israelites (except the Hivites living in Gibeon); 96  they had to conquer all of them, 97  11:20 for the Lord determined to make them obstinate so they would attack Israel. He wanted Israel to annihilate them without mercy, as he had instructed Moses. 98 

11:21 At that time Joshua attacked and eliminated the Anakites from the hill country 99 from Hebron, Debir, Anab, and all the hill country of Judah and Israel. 100  Joshua annihilated them and their cities. 11:22 No Anakites were left in Israelite territory, though some remained in Gaza, Gath, and Ashdod. 11:23 Joshua conquered 101  the whole land, just as the Lord had promised Moses, 102  and he assigned Israel their tribal portions. 103  Then the land was free of war.

12:1 Now these are the kings of the land whom the Israelites defeated and drove from their land 104  on the east side of the Jordan, 105  from the Arnon Valley to Mount Hermon, including all the eastern Arabah:

12:2 King Sihon of the Amorites who lived 106  in Heshbon and ruled from Aroer (on the edge of the Arnon Valley) – including the city in the middle of the valley 107  and half of Gilead – all the way to the Jabbok Valley bordering Ammonite territory. 12:3 His kingdom included 108  the eastern Arabah from the Sea of Kinnereth 109  to the Sea of the Arabah (the Salt Sea), 110  including the route to Beth Jeshimoth and the area southward below the slopes of Pisgah.

12:4 The territory of King Og of Bashan, one of the few remaining Rephaites, 111  who lived 112  in Ashtaroth and Edrei 12:5 and ruled over Mount Hermon, Salecah, all of Bashan to the border of the Geshurites and Maacathites, and half of Gilead as far as the border of King Sihon of Heshbon.

12:6 Moses the Lord’s servant and the Israelites defeated them and Moses the Lord’s servant assigned their land 113  to Reuben, Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh.

12:7 These are the kings of the land whom Joshua and the Israelites defeated on the west side of the Jordan, from Baal Gad in the Lebanon Valley to Mount Halak on up to Seir. Joshua assigned this territory to the Israelite tribes, 114  12:8 including the hill country, the lowlands, 115  the Arabah, the slopes, the wilderness, and the Negev – the land of 116  the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites:

12:9 the king of Jericho 117  (one),

the king of Ai – located near Bethel – (one),

12:10 the king of Jerusalem 118  (one),

the king of Hebron (one),

12:11 the king of Jarmuth (one),

the king of Lachish (one),

12:12 the king of Eglon (one),

the king of Gezer (one),

12:13 the king of Debir (one),

the king of Geder (one),

12:14 the king of Hormah (one),

the king of Arad (one),

12:15 the king of Libnah (one),

the king of Adullam (one),

12:16 the king of Makkedah (one),

the king of Bethel 119  (one),

12:17 the king of Tappuah (one),

the king of Hepher (one),

12:18 the king of Aphek (one),

the king of Lasharon (one),

12:19 the king of Madon (one),

the king of Hazor 120  (one),

12:20 the king of Shimron Meron (one),

the king of Acshaph (one),

12:21 the king of Taanach (one),

the king of Megiddo 121  (one),

12:22 the king of Kedesh (one),

the king of Jokneam near Carmel (one),

12:23 the king of Dor – near Naphath Dor – (one),

the king of Goyim – near Gilgal – (one),

12:24 the king of Tirzah (one),

a total of thirty-one kings.

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