Bible: Jos 10-12
Israel Defeats an Amorite Coalition
10:1 Adoni-Zedek, king of Jerusalem, 1 heard how Joshua captured Ai and annihilated it and its king as he did Jericho 2 and its king. 3 He also heard how 4 the people of Gibeon made peace with Israel and lived among them. 10:2 All Jerusalem was terrified 5 because Gibeon was a large city, like one of the royal cities. It was larger than Ai and all its men were warriors. 10:3 So King Adoni-Zedek of Jerusalem sent this message to King Hoham of Hebron, King Piram of Jarmuth, King Japhia of Lachish, and King Debir of Eglon: 10:4 “Come to my aid 6 so we can attack Gibeon, for it has made peace with Joshua and the Israelites.” 10:5 So the five Amorite kings (the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish, and Eglon) and all their troops gathered together and advanced. They deployed their troops and fought against Gibeon. 7
10:6 The men of Gibeon sent this message to Joshua at the camp in Gilgal, “Do not abandon 8 your subjects! 9 Rescue us! Help us! For all the Amorite kings living in the hill country are attacking us.” 10 10:7 So Joshua and his whole army, including the bravest warriors, marched up from Gilgal. 11 10:8 The
10:12 The day the
“O sun, stand still over Gibeon!
O moon, over the Valley of Aijalon!”
10:13 The sun stood still and the moon stood motionless while the nation took vengeance on its enemies. The event is recorded in the Scroll of the Upright One. 22 The sun stood motionless in the middle of the sky and did not set for about a full day. 23 10:14 There has not been a day like it before or since. The
10:16 The five Amorite kings 25 ran away and hid in the cave at Makkedah. 10:17 Joshua was told, “The five kings have been found hiding in the cave at Makkedah.” 10:18 Joshua said, “Roll large stones over the mouth of the cave and post guards in front of it. 26 10:19 But don’t you delay! Chase your enemies and catch them! 27 Don’t allow them to retreat to 28 their cities, for the
Joshua Launches a Southern Campaign
10:28 That day Joshua captured Makkedah and put the sword to it and its king. He annihilated everyone who lived in it; he left no survivors. He did to its king what he had done to the king of Jericho. 45
10:29 Joshua and all Israel marched from Makkedah to Libnah and fought against it. 46 10:30 The
10:31 Joshua and all Israel marched from Libnah to Lachish. He deployed his troops 52 and fought against it. 10:32 The
10:34 Joshua and all Israel marched from Lachish to Eglon. They deployed troops 55 and fought against it. 10:35 That day they captured it and put the sword to all who lived there. That day they 56 annihilated it just as they 57 had done to Lachish.
10:36 Joshua and all Israel marched up from Eglon to Hebron and fought against it. 10:37 They captured it and put the sword to its king, all its surrounding cities, and all who lived in it; they 58 left no survivors. As they 59 had done at Eglon, they 60 annihilated it and all who lived there.
10:38 Joshua and all Israel turned to Debir and fought against it. 10:39 They 61 captured it, its king, and all its surrounding cities and put the sword to them. They annihilated everyone who lived there; they 62 left no survivors. They 63 did to Debir and its king what they 64 had done to Libnah and its king and to Hebron. 65
10:40 Joshua defeated the whole land, including the hill country, the Negev, the lowlands, 66 the slopes, and all their kings. He left no survivors. He annihilated everything that breathed, just as the
Israel Defeats a Northern Coalition
11:1 When King Jabin of Hazor 69 heard the news, he organized a coalition, including 70 King Jobab of Madon, the king of Shimron, the king of Acshaph, 11:2 and the northern kings who ruled in 71 the hill country, the Arabah south of Kinnereth, 72 the lowlands, and the heights of Dor to the west. 11:3 Canaanites came 73 from the east and west; Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, and Jebusites from the hill country; and Hivites from below Hermon in the area 74 of Mizpah. 11:4 These kings came out with their armies; they were as numerous as the sand on the seashore and had a large number of horses and chariots. 75 11:5 All these kings gathered and joined forces 76 at the Waters of Merom to fight Israel.
11:10 At that time Joshua turned, captured Hazor, 82 and struck down its king with the sword, for Hazor was at that time 83 the leader of all these kingdoms. 11:11 They annihilated everyone who lived there with the sword 84 – no one who breathed remained – and burned 85 Hazor.
11:12 Joshua captured all these royal cities and all their kings and annihilated them with the sword, 86 as Moses the
A Summary of Israel’s Victories
11:16 Joshua conquered the whole land, 91 including the hill country, all the Negev, all the land of Goshen, the lowlands, 92 the Arabah, the hill country of Israel and its lowlands, 11:17 from Mount Halak on up to Seir, as far as Baal Gad in the Lebanon Valley below Mount Hermon. He captured all their kings and executed them. 93 11:18 Joshua campaigned against 94 these kings for quite some time. 95 11:19 No city made peace with the Israelites (except the Hivites living in Gibeon); 96 they had to conquer all of them, 97 11:20 for the
11:21 At that time Joshua attacked and eliminated the Anakites from the hill country 99 – from Hebron, Debir, Anab, and all the hill country of Judah and Israel. 100 Joshua annihilated them and their cities. 11:22 No Anakites were left in Israelite territory, though some remained in Gaza, Gath, and Ashdod. 11:23 Joshua conquered 101 the whole land, just as the
12:1 Now these are the kings of the land whom the Israelites defeated and drove from their land 104 on the east side of the Jordan, 105 from the Arnon Valley to Mount Hermon, including all the eastern Arabah:
12:2 King Sihon of the Amorites who lived 106 in Heshbon and ruled from Aroer (on the edge of the Arnon Valley) – including the city in the middle of the valley 107 and half of Gilead – all the way to the Jabbok Valley bordering Ammonite territory. 12:3 His kingdom included 108 the eastern Arabah from the Sea of Kinnereth 109 to the Sea of the Arabah (the Salt Sea), 110 including the route to Beth Jeshimoth and the area southward below the slopes of Pisgah.
12:4 The territory of King Og of Bashan, one of the few remaining Rephaites, 111 who lived 112 in Ashtaroth and Edrei 12:5 and ruled over Mount Hermon, Salecah, all of Bashan to the border of the Geshurites and Maacathites, and half of Gilead as far as the border of King Sihon of Heshbon.
12:6 Moses the
12:7 These are the kings of the land whom Joshua and the Israelites defeated on the west side of the Jordan, from Baal Gad in the Lebanon Valley to Mount Halak on up to Seir. Joshua assigned this territory to the Israelite tribes, 114 12:8 including the hill country, the lowlands, 115 the Arabah, the slopes, the wilderness, and the Negev – the land of 116 the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites:
12:9 the king of Jericho 117 (one),
the king of Ai – located near Bethel – (one),
12:10 the king of Jerusalem 118 (one),
the king of Hebron (one),
12:11 the king of Jarmuth (one),
the king of Lachish (one),
12:12 the king of Eglon (one),
the king of Gezer (one),
12:13 the king of Debir (one),
the king of Geder (one),
12:14 the king of Hormah (one),
the king of Arad (one),
12:15 the king of Libnah (one),
the king of Adullam (one),
12:16 the king of Makkedah (one),
the king of Bethel 119 (one),
12:17 the king of Tappuah (one),
the king of Hepher (one),
12:18 the king of Aphek (one),
the king of Lasharon (one),
12:19 the king of Madon (one),
the king of Hazor 120 (one),
12:20 the king of Shimron Meron (one),
the king of Acshaph (one),
12:21 the king of Taanach (one),
the king of Megiddo 121 (one),
12:22 the king of Kedesh (one),
the king of Jokneam near Carmel (one),
12:23 the king of Dor – near Naphath Dor – (one),
the king of Goyim – near Gilgal – (one),
12:24 the king of Tirzah (one),
a total of thirty-one kings.