Bible: John 18-21

Betrayal and Arrest

18:1 When he had said these things, 1  Jesus went out with his disciples across the Kidron Valley. 2  There was an orchard 3  there, and he and his disciples went into it. 18:2 (Now Judas, the one who betrayed him, knew the place too, because Jesus had met there many times 4  with his disciples.) 5  18:3 So Judas obtained a squad of soldiers 6  and some officers of the chief priests and Pharisees. 7  They came to the orchard 8  with lanterns 9  and torches and weapons.

18:4 Then Jesus, because he knew everything that was going to happen to him, 10  came and asked them, “Who are you looking for? 11  18:5 They replied, 12 Jesus the Nazarene.” He told them, “I am he.” (Now Judas, the one who betrayed him, was standing there with them.) 13  18:6 So when Jesus 14  said to them, “I am he,” they retreated 15  and fell to the ground. 16  18:7 Then Jesus 17  asked them again, “Who are you looking for?” And they said, “Jesus the Nazarene.” 18:8 Jesus replied, 18 I told you that I am he. If you are looking for 19  me, let these men 20  go.” 21  18:9 He said this 22  to fulfill the word he had spoken, 23  “I have not lost a single one of those whom you gave me.” 24 

18:10 Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, pulled it out and struck the high priest’s slave, 25  cutting off his right ear. 26  (Now the slave’s name was Malchus.) 27  18:11 But Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword back into its sheath! Am I not to drink the cup that the Father has given me? 28 

Jesus Before Annas

18:12 Then the squad of soldiers 29  with their commanding officer 30  and the officers of the Jewish leaders 31  arrested 32  Jesus and tied him up. 33  18:13 They 34  brought him first to Annas, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year. 35  18:14 (Now it was Caiaphas who had advised 36  the Jewish leaders 37  that it was to their advantage that one man die for the people.) 38 

Peter’s First Denial

18:15 Simon Peter and another disciple followed them as they brought Jesus to Annas. 39  (Now the other disciple 40  was acquainted with the high priest, and he went with Jesus into the high priest’s courtyard.) 41  18:16 But Simon Peter was left standing outside by the door. So the other disciple who was acquainted with the high priest came out and spoke to the slave girl who watched the door, 42  and brought Peter inside. 18:17 The girl 43  who was the doorkeeper said to Peter, “You’re not one of this man’s disciples too, are you?” 44  He replied, 45 I am not.” 18:18 (Now the slaves 46  and the guards 47  were standing around a charcoal fire they had made, warming themselves because it was cold. 48  Peter also was standing with them, warming himself.) 49 

Jesus Questioned by Annas

18:19 While this was happening, 50  the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and about his teaching. 51  18:20 Jesus replied, 52 I have spoken publicly to the world. I always taught in the synagogues 53  and in the temple courts, 54  where all the Jewish people 55  assemble together. I 56  have said nothing in secret. 18:21 Why do you ask me? Ask those who heard what I said. 57  They 58  know what I said.” 18:22 When Jesus 59  had said this, one of the high priest’s officers who stood nearby struck him on the face and said, 60 Is that the way you answer the high priest? 18:23 Jesus replied, 61 If I have said something wrong, 62  confirm 63  what is wrong. 64  But if I spoke correctly, why strike me? 18:24 Then Annas sent him, still tied up, 65  to Caiaphas the high priest. 66 

Peter’s Second and Third Denials

18:25 Meanwhile Simon Peter was standing in the courtyard 67  warming himself. They said to him, “You aren’t one of his disciples too, are you?” 68  Peter 69  denied it: “I am not! 18:26 One of the high priest’s slaves, 70  a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, 71  said, “Did I not see you in the orchard 72  with him? 73  18:27 Then Peter denied it again, and immediately a rooster crowed. 74 

Jesus Brought Before Pilate

18:28 Then they brought Jesus from Caiaphas to the Roman governor’s residence. 75  (Now it was very early morning.) 76  They 77  did not go into the governor’s residence 78  so they would not be ceremonially defiled, but could eat the Passover meal. 18:29 So Pilate came outside to them and said, “What accusation 79  do you bring against this man? 80  18:30 They replied, 81 If this man 82  were not a criminal, 83  we would not have handed him over to you.” 84 

18:31 Pilate told them, 85 Take him yourselves and pass judgment on him 86  according to your own law!” 87  The Jewish leaders 88  replied, 89 We cannot legally put anyone to death.” 90  18:32 (This happened 91  to fulfill the word Jesus had spoken when he indicated 92  what kind of death he was going to die. 93 )

Pilate Questions Jesus

18:33 So Pilate went back into the governor’s residence, 94  summoned Jesus, and asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews? 95  18:34 Jesus replied, 96 Are you saying this on your own initiative, 97  or have others told you about me? 18:35 Pilate answered, “I am not a Jew, am I? 98  Your own people 99  and your chief priests handed you over 100  to me. What have you done?

18:36 Jesus replied, “My kingdom is not from this world. If my kingdom were from this world, my servants would be fighting to keep me from being 101  handed over 102  to the Jewish authorities. 103  But as it is, 104  my kingdom is not from here.” 18:37 Then Pilate said, 105 So you are a king!” Jesus replied, “You say that I am a king. For this reason I was born, and for this reason I came into the world – to testify to the truth. Everyone who belongs to the truth listens to 106  my voice.” 18:38 Pilate asked, 107 What is truth?” 108 

When he had said this he went back outside to the Jewish leaders 109  and announced, 110 I find no basis for an accusation 111  against him. 18:39 But it is your custom that I release one prisoner 112  for you at the Passover. 113  So do you want me to release for you the king of the Jews? 18:40 Then they shouted back, 114 Not this man, 115  but Barabbas!” 116  (Now Barabbas was a revolutionary. 117 ) 118 

Pilate Tries to Release Jesus

19:1 Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged severely. 119  19:2 The soldiers 120  braided 121  a crown of thorns 122  and put it on his head, and they clothed him in a purple robe. 123  19:3 They 124  came up to him again and again 125  and said, “Hail, king of the Jews!” 126  And they struck him repeatedly 127  in the face.

19:4 Again Pilate went out and said to the Jewish leaders, 128 Look, I am bringing him out to you, so that you may know that I find no reason for an accusation 129  against him.” 19:5 So Jesus came outside, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. 130  Pilate 131  said to them, “Look, here is the man! 132  19:6 When the chief priests and their officers saw him, they shouted out, “Crucify 133  him! Crucify him!” 134  Pilate said, 135 You take him and crucify him! 136  Certainly 137  I find no reason for an accusation 138  against him! 19:7 The Jewish leaders 139  replied, 140 We have a law, 141  and according to our law he ought to die, because he claimed to be the Son of God! 142 

19:8 When Pilate heard what they said, 143  he was more afraid than ever, 144  19:9 and he went back into the governor’s residence 145  and said to Jesus, “Where do you come from?” But Jesus gave him no answer. 19:10 So Pilate said, 146 Do you refuse to speak to me? Don’t you know I have the authority 147  to release you, and to crucify you? 148  19:11 Jesus replied, “You would have no authority 149  over me at all, unless it was given to you from above. Therefore the one who handed me over to you 150  is guilty of greater sin.” 151 

19:12 From this point on, Pilate tried 152  to release him. But the Jewish leaders 153  shouted out, 154 If you release this man, 155  you are no friend of Caesar! 156  Everyone who claims to be a king 157  opposes Caesar! 19:13 When Pilate heard these words he brought Jesus outside and sat down on the judgment seat 158  in the place called “The Stone Pavement 159  (Gabbatha in 160  Aramaic). 161  19:14 (Now it was the day of preparation 162  for the Passover, about noon. 163 ) 164  Pilate 165  said to the Jewish leaders, 166 Look, here is your king!

19:15 Then they 167  shouted out, “Away with him! Away with him! 168  Crucify 169  him!” Pilate asked, 170 Shall I crucify your king?” The high priests replied, “We have no king except Caesar! 19:16 Then Pilate 171  handed him over 172  to them to be crucified.

The Crucifixion

So they took Jesus, 19:17 and carrying his own cross 173  he went out to the place called “The Place of the Skull 174  (called in Aramaic 175  Golgotha). 176  19:18 There they 177  crucified 178  him along with two others, 179  one on each side, with Jesus in the middle. 19:19 Pilate also had a notice 180  written and fastened to the cross, 181  which read: 182  “Jesus the Nazarene, the king of the Jews.” 19:20 Thus many of the Jewish residents of Jerusalem 183  read this notice, 184  because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the notice was written in Aramaic, 185  Latin, and Greek. 19:21 Then the chief priests of the Jews 186  said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The king of the Jews,’ but rather, ‘This man said, I am king of the Jews.’ 19:22 Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”

19:23 Now when the soldiers crucified 187  Jesus, they took his clothes and made four shares, one for each soldier, 188  and the tunic 189  remained. (Now the tunic 190  was seamless, woven from top to bottom as a single piece.) 191  19:24 So the soldiers said to one another, “Let’s not tear it, but throw dice 192  to see who will get it.” 193  This took place 194  to fulfill the scripture that says,They divided my garments among them, and for my clothing they threw dice.” 195  So the soldiers did these things.

19:25 Now standing beside Jesuscross were his mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 196  19:26 So when Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing there, he said to his mother, “Woman, 197  look, here is your son! 19:27 He then said to his disciple, “Look, here is your mother!” From that very time 198  the disciple took her into his own home.

Jesus’ Death

19:28 After this Jesus, realizing that by this time 199  everything was completed, 200  said (in order to fulfill the scripture), 201  “I am thirsty! 202  19:29 A jar full of sour wine 203  was there, so they put a sponge soaked in sour wine on a branch of hyssop 204  and lifted it 205  to his mouth. 19:30 When 206  he had received the sour wine, Jesus said, “It is completed!” 207  Then he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. 208 

19:31 Then, because it was the day of preparation, so that the bodies should not stay on the crosses on the Sabbath 209  (for that Sabbath was an especially important one), 210  the Jewish leaders 211  asked Pilate to have the victimslegs 212  broken 213  and the bodies taken down. 214  19:32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the two men who had been crucified 215  with Jesus, 216  first the one and then the other. 217  19:33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 19:34 But one of the soldiers pierced 218  his side with a spear, and blood and water 219  flowed out immediately. 19:35 And the person who saw it 220  has testified (and his testimony is true, and he 221  knows that he is telling the truth), 222  so that you also may believe. 19:36 For these things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled, “Not a bone of his will be broken.” 223  19:37 And again another scripture says, “They will look on the one whom they have pierced.” 224 

Jesus’ Burial

19:38 After this, Joseph of Arimathea, a disciple of Jesus (but secretly, because he feared the Jewish leaders 225 ), 226  asked Pilate if he could remove the body of Jesus. Pilate 227  gave him permission, so he went and took the body away. 228  19:39 Nicodemus, the man who had previously come to Jesus 229  at night, 230  accompanied Joseph, 231  carrying a mixture of myrrh and aloes 232  weighing about seventy-five pounds. 233  19:40 Then they took Jesusbody and wrapped it, with the aromatic spices, 234  in strips of linen cloth 235  according to Jewish burial customs. 236  19:41 Now at the place where Jesus 237  was crucified 238  there was a garden, 239  and in the garden 240  was a new tomb where no one had yet been buried. 241  19:42 And so, because it was the Jewish day of preparation 242  and the tomb was nearby, 243  they placed Jesusbody there.

The Resurrection

20:1 Now very early on the first day of the week, 244  while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene 245  came to the tomb and saw that the stone had been moved away from the entrance. 246  20:2 So she went running 247  to Simon Peter and the other disciple whom Jesus loved and told them, “They have taken the Lord from the tomb, and we don’t know where they have put him! 20:3 Then Peter and the other disciple set out to go to the tomb. 248  20:4 The two were running together, but the other disciple ran faster than Peter 249  and reached the tomb first. 250  20:5 He bent down 251  and saw the strips of linen cloth lying there, 252  but he did not go in. 20:6 Then Simon Peter, who had been following him, arrived and went right into the tomb. He saw 253  the strips of linen cloth lying there, 20:7 and the face cloth, 254  which had been around Jesushead, not lying with the strips of linen cloth but rolled up in a place by itself. 255  20:8 Then the other disciple, who had reached the tomb first, came in, and he saw and believed. 256  20:9 (For they did not yet understand 257  the scripture that Jesus 258  must rise from the dead.) 259 

Jesus’ Appearance to Mary Magdalene

20:10 So the disciples went back to their homes. 20:11 But Mary stood outside the tomb weeping. As she wept, she bent down and looked into the tomb. 20:12 And she saw two angels in white sitting where Jesusbody had been lying, one at the head and one at the feet. 20:13 They said 260  to her, “Woman, 261  why are you weeping?” Mary replied, 262 They have taken my Lord away, and I do not know where they have put him! 20:14 When she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, 263  but she did not know that it was Jesus.

20:15 Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Who are you looking for?” Because she 264  thought he was the gardener, she said to him, “Sir, if you have carried him away, tell me where you have put him, and I will take him.” 20:16 Jesus said to her, “Mary.” She 265  turned and said to him in Aramaic, 266 Rabboni 267  (which means Teacher). 268  20:17 Jesus replied, 269 Do not touch me, for I have not yet ascended to my Father. Go to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’ 20:18 Mary Magdalene came and informed the disciples, “I have seen the Lord!” And she told them 270  what 271  Jesus 272  had said to her. 273 

Jesus’ Appearance to the Disciples

20:19 On the evening of that day, the first day of the week, the disciples had gathered together 274  and locked the doors 275  of the place 276  because they were afraid of the Jewish leaders. 277  Jesus came and stood among them and said to them, “Peace be with you.” 20:20 When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side. Then the disciples rejoiced when they saw the Lord. 278  20:21 So Jesus said to them again, “Peace be with you. Just as the Father has sent me, I also send you.” 20:22 And after he said this, he breathed on them and said, 279 Receive the Holy Spirit. 280  20:23 If you forgive anyone’s sins, they are forgiven; 281  if you retain anyone’s sins, they are retained.” 282 

The Response of Thomas

20:24 Now Thomas (called Didymus), 283  one of the twelve, was not with them when Jesus came. 20:25 The other disciples told him, “We have seen the Lord!” But he replied, 284 Unless I see the wounds 285  from the nails in his hands, and put my finger into the wounds from the nails, and put my hand into his side, I will never believe it! 286 

20:26 Eight days later the disciples were again together in the house, 287  and Thomas was with them. Although the doors were locked, 288  Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you! 20:27 Then he said to Thomas, “Put 289  your finger here, and examine 290  my hands. Extend 291  your hand and put it 292  into my side. Do not continue in your unbelief, but believe.” 293  20:28 Thomas replied to him, 294 My Lord and my God! 295  20:29 Jesus said to him, “Have you believed because you have seen me? Blessed are the people 296  who have not seen and yet have believed.” 297 

20:30 Now Jesus performed 298  many other miraculous signs in the presence of the 299  disciples, which are not recorded 300  in this book. 301  20:31 But these 302  are recorded 303  so that you may believe 304  that Jesus is the Christ, 305  the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name. 306 

Jesus’ Appearance to the Disciples in Galilee

21:1 After this 307  Jesus revealed himself again to the disciples by the Sea of Tiberias. 308  Now this is how he did so. 309  21:2 Simon Peter, Thomas 310  (called Didymus), 311  Nathanael 312  (who was from Cana 313  in Galilee), the sons 314  of Zebedee, 315  and two other disciples 316  of his were together. 21:3 Simon Peter told them, “I am going fishing.” “We will go with you,” they replied. 317  They went out and got into the boat, but that night they caught nothing.

21:4 When it was already very early morning, Jesus stood on the beach, but the disciples did not know that it was Jesus. 21:5 So Jesus said to them, “Children, you don’t have any fish, 318  do you?” 319  They replied, 320 No.” 21:6 He told them, “Throw your net on the right side of the boat, and you will find some.” 321  So they threw the net, 322  and were not able to pull it in because of the large number of fish.

21:7 Then the disciple whom 323  Jesus loved 324  said to Peter, “It is the Lord!” So Simon Peter, when he heard that it was the Lord, tucked in his outer garment (for he had nothing on underneath it), 325  and plunged 326  into the sea. 21:8 Meanwhile the other disciples came with the boat, dragging the net full of fish, for they were not far from land, only about a hundred yards. 327 

21:9 When they got out on the beach, 328  they saw a charcoal fire ready 329  with a fish placed on it, and bread. 21:10 Jesus said, 330 Bring some of the fish you have just now caught.” 21:11 So Simon Peter went aboard and pulled the net to shore. It was 331  full of large fish, one hundred fifty-three, 332  but although there were so many, the net was not torn. 21:12 Come, have breakfast,” Jesus said. 333  But none of the disciples dared to ask him, “Who are you?” because they knew it was the Lord. 21:13 Jesus came and took the bread and gave it to them, and did the same with the fish. 21:14 This was now the third time Jesus was revealed to the disciples after he was raised from the dead.

Peter’s Restoration

21:15 Then when they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of John, 334  do you love me more than these do?” 335  He replied, 336 Yes, Lord, you know I love you.” 337  Jesus 338  told him, “Feed my lambs.” 21:16 Jesus 339  said 340  a second time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” He replied, 341 Yes, Lord, you know I love you.” Jesus 342  told him, “Shepherd my sheep.” 21:17 Jesus 343  said 344  a third time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” Peter was distressed 345  that Jesus 346  asked 347  him a third time, “Do you love me?” and said, 348 Lord, you know everything. You know that I love you.” Jesus 349  replied, 350 Feed my sheep. 21:18 I tell you the solemn truth, 351  when you were young, you tied your clothes around you 352  and went wherever you wanted, but when you are old, you will stretch out your hands, and others will tie you up 353  and bring you where you do not want to go.” 21:19 (Now Jesus 354  said this to indicate clearly by what kind of death Peter 355  was going to glorify God.) 356  After he said this, Jesus told Peter, 357 Follow me.”

Peter and the Disciple Jesus Loved

21:20 Peter turned around and saw the disciple whom Jesus loved following them. 358  (This was the disciple 359  who had leaned back against Jesus’ 360  chest at the meal and asked, 361 Lord, who is the one who is going to betray you?”) 362  21:21 So when Peter saw him, 363  he asked Jesus, “Lord, what about him? 21:22 Jesus replied, 364 If I want him to live 365  until I come back, 366  what concern is that of yours? You follow me! 21:23 So the saying circulated 367  among the brothers and sisters 368  that this disciple was not going to die. But Jesus did not say to him that he was not going to die, but rather, “If I want him to live 369  until I come back, 370  what concern is that of yours?

A Final Note

21:24 This is the disciple who testifies about these things and has written these things, and we know that his testimony is true. 21:25 There are many other things that Jesus did. If every one of them were written down, 371  I suppose the whole world 372  would not have room for the books that would be written. 373 

NET Bible Study Environment