Bible: John 18:1-19:42
Betrayal and Arrest
18:1 When he had said these things, 1 Jesus went out with his disciples across the Kidron Valley. 2 There was an orchard 3 there, and he and his disciples went into it. 18:2 (Now Judas, the one who betrayed him, knew the place too, because Jesus had met there many times 4 with his disciples.) 5 18:3 So Judas obtained a squad of soldiers 6 and some officers of the chief priests and Pharisees. 7 They came to the orchard 8 with lanterns 9 and torches and weapons.
18:4 Then Jesus, because he knew everything that was going to happen to him, 10 came and asked them, “Who are you looking for?” 11 18:5 They replied, 12 “Jesus the Nazarene.” He told them, “I am he.” (Now Judas, the one who betrayed him, was standing there with them.) 13 18:6 So when Jesus 14 said to them, “I am he,” they retreated 15 and fell to the ground. 16 18:7 Then Jesus 17 asked them again, “Who are you looking for?” And they said, “Jesus the Nazarene.” 18:8 Jesus replied, 18 “I told you that I am he. If you are looking for 19 me, let these men 20 go.” 21 18:9 He said this 22 to fulfill the word he had spoken, 23 “I have not lost a single one of those whom you gave me.” 24
18:10 Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, pulled it out and struck the high priest’s slave, 25 cutting off his right ear. 26 (Now the slave’s name was Malchus.) 27 18:11 But Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword back into its sheath! Am I not to drink the cup that the Father has given me?” 28
Jesus Before Annas
18:12 Then the squad of soldiers 29 with their commanding officer 30 and the officers of the Jewish leaders 31 arrested 32 Jesus and tied him up. 33 18:13 They 34 brought him first to Annas, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year. 35 18:14 (Now it was Caiaphas who had advised 36 the Jewish leaders 37 that it was to their advantage that one man die for the people.) 38
Peter’s First Denial
18:15 Simon Peter and another disciple followed them as they brought Jesus to Annas. 39 (Now the other disciple 40 was acquainted with the high priest, and he went with Jesus into the high priest’s courtyard.) 41 18:16 But Simon Peter was left standing outside by the door. So the other disciple who was acquainted with the high priest came out and spoke to the slave girl who watched the door, 42 and brought Peter inside. 18:17 The girl 43 who was the doorkeeper said to Peter, “You’re not one of this man’s disciples too, are you?” 44 He replied, 45 “I am not.” 18:18 (Now the slaves 46 and the guards 47 were standing around a charcoal fire they had made, warming themselves because it was cold. 48 Peter also was standing with them, warming himself.) 49
Jesus Questioned by Annas
18:19 While this was happening, 50 the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and about his teaching. 51 18:20 Jesus replied, 52 “I have spoken publicly to the world. I always taught in the synagogues 53 and in the temple courts, 54 where all the Jewish people 55 assemble together. I 56 have said nothing in secret. 18:21 Why do you ask me? Ask those who heard what I said. 57 They 58 know what I said.” 18:22 When Jesus 59 had said this, one of the high priest’s officers who stood nearby struck him on the face and said, 60 “Is that the way you answer the high priest?” 18:23 Jesus replied, 61 “If I have said something wrong, 62 confirm 63 what is wrong. 64 But if I spoke correctly, why strike me?” 18:24 Then Annas sent him, still tied up, 65 to Caiaphas the high priest. 66
Peter’s Second and Third Denials
18:25 Meanwhile Simon Peter was standing in the courtyard 67 warming himself. They said to him, “You aren’t one of his disciples too, are you?” 68 Peter 69 denied it: “I am not!” 18:26 One of the high priest’s slaves, 70 a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, 71 said, “Did I not see you in the orchard 72 with him?” 73 18:27 Then Peter denied it again, and immediately a rooster crowed. 74
Jesus Brought Before Pilate
18:28 Then they brought Jesus from Caiaphas to the Roman governor’s residence. 75 (Now it was very early morning.) 76 They 77 did not go into the governor’s residence 78 so they would not be ceremonially defiled, but could eat the Passover meal. 18:29 So Pilate came outside to them and said, “What accusation 79 do you bring against this man?” 80 18:30 They replied, 81 “If this man 82 were not a criminal, 83 we would not have handed him over to you.” 84
18:31 Pilate told them, 85 “Take him yourselves and pass judgment on him 86 according to your own law!” 87 The Jewish leaders 88 replied, 89 “We cannot legally put anyone to death.” 90 18:32 (This happened 91 to fulfill the word Jesus had spoken when he indicated 92 what kind of death he was going to die. 93 )
Pilate Questions Jesus
18:33 So Pilate went back into the governor’s residence, 94 summoned Jesus, and asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?” 95 18:34 Jesus replied, 96 “Are you saying this on your own initiative, 97 or have others told you about me?” 18:35 Pilate answered, “I am not a Jew, am I? 98 Your own people 99 and your chief priests handed you over 100 to me. What have you done?”
18:36 Jesus replied, “My kingdom is not from this world. If my kingdom were from this world, my servants would be fighting to keep me from being 101 handed over 102 to the Jewish authorities. 103 But as it is, 104 my kingdom is not from here.” 18:37 Then Pilate said, 105 “So you are a king!” Jesus replied, “You say that I am a king. For this reason I was born, and for this reason I came into the world – to testify to the truth. Everyone who belongs to the truth listens to 106 my voice.” 18:38 Pilate asked, 107 “What is truth?” 108
When he had said this he went back outside to the Jewish leaders 109 and announced, 110 “I find no basis for an accusation 111 against him. 18:39 But it is your custom that I release one prisoner 112 for you at the Passover. 113 So do you want me to release for you the king of the Jews?” 18:40 Then they shouted back, 114 “Not this man, 115 but Barabbas!” 116 (Now Barabbas was a revolutionary. 117 ) 118
Pilate Tries to Release Jesus
19:1 Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged severely. 119 19:2 The soldiers 120 braided 121 a crown of thorns 122 and put it on his head, and they clothed him in a purple robe. 123 19:3 They 124 came up to him again and again 125 and said, “Hail, king of the Jews!” 126 And they struck him repeatedly 127 in the face.
19:4 Again Pilate went out and said to the Jewish leaders, 128 “Look, I am bringing him out to you, so that you may know that I find no reason for an accusation 129 against him.” 19:5 So Jesus came outside, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. 130 Pilate 131 said to them, “Look, here is the man!” 132 19:6 When the chief priests and their officers saw him, they shouted out, “Crucify 133 him! Crucify him!” 134 Pilate said, 135 “You take him and crucify him! 136 Certainly 137 I find no reason for an accusation 138 against him!” 19:7 The Jewish leaders 139 replied, 140 “We have a law, 141 and according to our law he ought to die, because he claimed to be the Son of God!” 142
19:8 When Pilate heard what they said, 143 he was more afraid than ever, 144 19:9 and he went back into the governor’s residence 145 and said to Jesus, “Where do you come from?” But Jesus gave him no answer. 19:10 So Pilate said, 146 “Do you refuse to speak to me? Don’t you know I have the authority 147 to release you, and to crucify you?” 148 19:11 Jesus replied, “You would have no authority 149 over me at all, unless it was given to you from above. Therefore the one who handed me over to you 150 is guilty of greater sin.” 151
19:12 From this point on, Pilate tried 152 to release him. But the Jewish leaders 153 shouted out, 154 “If you release this man, 155 you are no friend of Caesar! 156 Everyone who claims to be a king 157 opposes Caesar!” 19:13 When Pilate heard these words he brought Jesus outside and sat down on the judgment seat 158 in the place called “The Stone Pavement” 159 (Gabbatha in 160 Aramaic). 161 19:14 (Now it was the day of preparation 162 for the Passover, about noon. 163 ) 164 Pilate 165 said to the Jewish leaders, 166 “Look, here is your king!”
19:15 Then they 167 shouted out, “Away with him! Away with him! 168 Crucify 169 him!” Pilate asked, 170 “Shall I crucify your king?” The high priests replied, “We have no king except Caesar!” 19:16 Then Pilate 171 handed him over 172 to them to be crucified.
So they took Jesus, 19:17 and carrying his own cross 173 he went out to the place called “The Place of the Skull” 174 (called in Aramaic 175 Golgotha). 176 19:18 There they 177 crucified 178 him along with two others, 179 one on each side, with Jesus in the middle. 19:19 Pilate also had a notice 180 written and fastened to the cross, 181 which read: 182 “Jesus the Nazarene, the king of the Jews.” 19:20 Thus many of the Jewish residents of Jerusalem 183 read this notice, 184 because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the notice was written in Aramaic, 185 Latin, and Greek. 19:21 Then the chief priests of the Jews 186 said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The king of the Jews,’ but rather, ‘This man said, I am king of the Jews.’” 19:22 Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”
19:23 Now when the soldiers crucified 187 Jesus, they took his clothes and made four shares, one for each soldier, 188 and the tunic 189 remained. (Now the tunic 190 was seamless, woven from top to bottom as a single piece.) 191 19:24 So the soldiers said to one another, “Let’s not tear it, but throw dice 192 to see who will get it.” 193 This took place 194 to fulfill the scripture that says, “They divided my garments among them, and for my clothing they threw dice.” 195 So the soldiers did these things.
19:25 Now standing beside Jesus’ cross were his mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 196 19:26 So when Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing there, he said to his mother, “Woman, 197 look, here is your son!” 19:27 He then said to his disciple, “Look, here is your mother!” From that very time 198 the disciple took her into his own home.
19:28 After this Jesus, realizing that by this time 199 everything was completed, 200 said (in order to fulfill the scripture), 201 “I am thirsty!” 202 19:29 A jar full of sour wine 203 was there, so they put a sponge soaked in sour wine on a branch of hyssop 204 and lifted it 205 to his mouth. 19:30 When 206 he had received the sour wine, Jesus said, “It is completed!” 207 Then he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. 208
19:31 Then, because it was the day of preparation, so that the bodies should not stay on the crosses on the Sabbath 209 (for that Sabbath was an especially important one), 210 the Jewish leaders 211 asked Pilate to have the victims’ legs 212 broken 213 and the bodies taken down. 214 19:32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the two men who had been crucified 215 with Jesus, 216 first the one and then the other. 217 19:33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 19:34 But one of the soldiers pierced 218 his side with a spear, and blood and water 219 flowed out immediately. 19:35 And the person who saw it 220 has testified (and his testimony is true, and he 221 knows that he is telling the truth), 222 so that you also may believe. 19:36 For these things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled, “Not a bone of his will be broken.” 223 19:37 And again another scripture says, “They will look on the one whom they have pierced.” 224
19:38 After this, Joseph of Arimathea, a disciple of Jesus (but secretly, because he feared the Jewish leaders 225 ), 226 asked Pilate if he could remove the body of Jesus. Pilate 227 gave him permission, so he went and took the body away. 228 19:39 Nicodemus, the man who had previously come to Jesus 229 at night, 230 accompanied Joseph, 231 carrying a mixture of myrrh and aloes 232 weighing about seventy-five pounds. 233 19:40 Then they took Jesus’ body and wrapped it, with the aromatic spices, 234 in strips of linen cloth 235 according to Jewish burial customs. 236 19:41 Now at the place where Jesus 237 was crucified 238 there was a garden, 239 and in the garden 240 was a new tomb where no one had yet been buried. 241 19:42 And so, because it was the Jewish day of preparation 242 and the tomb was nearby, 243 they placed Jesus’ body there.