Bible: John 18:1-19:42

Betrayal and Arrest

18:1 When he had said these things, 1  Jesus went out with his disciples across the Kidron Valley. 2  There was an orchard 3  there, and he and his disciples went into it. 18:2 (Now Judas, the one who betrayed him, knew the place too, because Jesus had met there many times 4  with his disciples.) 5  18:3 So Judas obtained a squad of soldiers 6  and some officers of the chief priests and Pharisees. 7  They came to the orchard 8  with lanterns 9  and torches and weapons.

18:4 Then Jesus, because he knew everything that was going to happen to him, 10  came and asked them, “Who are you looking for? 11  18:5 They replied, 12 Jesus the Nazarene.” He told them, “I am he.” (Now Judas, the one who betrayed him, was standing there with them.) 13  18:6 So when Jesus 14  said to them, “I am he,” they retreated 15  and fell to the ground. 16  18:7 Then Jesus 17  asked them again, “Who are you looking for?” And they said, “Jesus the Nazarene.” 18:8 Jesus replied, 18 I told you that I am he. If you are looking for 19  me, let these men 20  go.” 21  18:9 He said this 22  to fulfill the word he had spoken, 23  “I have not lost a single one of those whom you gave me.” 24 

18:10 Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, pulled it out and struck the high priest’s slave, 25  cutting off his right ear. 26  (Now the slave’s name was Malchus.) 27  18:11 But Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword back into its sheath! Am I not to drink the cup that the Father has given me? 28 

Jesus Before Annas

18:12 Then the squad of soldiers 29  with their commanding officer 30  and the officers of the Jewish leaders 31  arrested 32  Jesus and tied him up. 33  18:13 They 34  brought him first to Annas, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year. 35  18:14 (Now it was Caiaphas who had advised 36  the Jewish leaders 37  that it was to their advantage that one man die for the people.) 38 

Peter’s First Denial

18:15 Simon Peter and another disciple followed them as they brought Jesus to Annas. 39  (Now the other disciple 40  was acquainted with the high priest, and he went with Jesus into the high priest’s courtyard.) 41  18:16 But Simon Peter was left standing outside by the door. So the other disciple who was acquainted with the high priest came out and spoke to the slave girl who watched the door, 42  and brought Peter inside. 18:17 The girl 43  who was the doorkeeper said to Peter, “You’re not one of this man’s disciples too, are you?” 44  He replied, 45 I am not.” 18:18 (Now the slaves 46  and the guards 47  were standing around a charcoal fire they had made, warming themselves because it was cold. 48  Peter also was standing with them, warming himself.) 49 

Jesus Questioned by Annas

18:19 While this was happening, 50  the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and about his teaching. 51  18:20 Jesus replied, 52 I have spoken publicly to the world. I always taught in the synagogues 53  and in the temple courts, 54  where all the Jewish people 55  assemble together. I 56  have said nothing in secret. 18:21 Why do you ask me? Ask those who heard what I said. 57  They 58  know what I said.” 18:22 When Jesus 59  had said this, one of the high priest’s officers who stood nearby struck him on the face and said, 60 Is that the way you answer the high priest? 18:23 Jesus replied, 61 If I have said something wrong, 62  confirm 63  what is wrong. 64  But if I spoke correctly, why strike me? 18:24 Then Annas sent him, still tied up, 65  to Caiaphas the high priest. 66 

Peter’s Second and Third Denials

18:25 Meanwhile Simon Peter was standing in the courtyard 67  warming himself. They said to him, “You aren’t one of his disciples too, are you?” 68  Peter 69  denied it: “I am not! 18:26 One of the high priest’s slaves, 70  a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, 71  said, “Did I not see you in the orchard 72  with him? 73  18:27 Then Peter denied it again, and immediately a rooster crowed. 74 

Jesus Brought Before Pilate

18:28 Then they brought Jesus from Caiaphas to the Roman governor’s residence. 75  (Now it was very early morning.) 76  They 77  did not go into the governor’s residence 78  so they would not be ceremonially defiled, but could eat the Passover meal. 18:29 So Pilate came outside to them and said, “What accusation 79  do you bring against this man? 80  18:30 They replied, 81 If this man 82  were not a criminal, 83  we would not have handed him over to you.” 84 

18:31 Pilate told them, 85 Take him yourselves and pass judgment on him 86  according to your own law!” 87  The Jewish leaders 88  replied, 89 We cannot legally put anyone to death.” 90  18:32 (This happened 91  to fulfill the word Jesus had spoken when he indicated 92  what kind of death he was going to die. 93 )

Pilate Questions Jesus

18:33 So Pilate went back into the governor’s residence, 94  summoned Jesus, and asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews? 95  18:34 Jesus replied, 96 Are you saying this on your own initiative, 97  or have others told you about me? 18:35 Pilate answered, “I am not a Jew, am I? 98  Your own people 99  and your chief priests handed you over 100  to me. What have you done?

18:36 Jesus replied, “My kingdom is not from this world. If my kingdom were from this world, my servants would be fighting to keep me from being 101  handed over 102  to the Jewish authorities. 103  But as it is, 104  my kingdom is not from here.” 18:37 Then Pilate said, 105 So you are a king!” Jesus replied, “You say that I am a king. For this reason I was born, and for this reason I came into the world – to testify to the truth. Everyone who belongs to the truth listens to 106  my voice.” 18:38 Pilate asked, 107 What is truth?” 108 

When he had said this he went back outside to the Jewish leaders 109  and announced, 110 I find no basis for an accusation 111  against him. 18:39 But it is your custom that I release one prisoner 112  for you at the Passover. 113  So do you want me to release for you the king of the Jews? 18:40 Then they shouted back, 114 Not this man, 115  but Barabbas!” 116  (Now Barabbas was a revolutionary. 117 ) 118 

Pilate Tries to Release Jesus

19:1 Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged severely. 119  19:2 The soldiers 120  braided 121  a crown of thorns 122  and put it on his head, and they clothed him in a purple robe. 123  19:3 They 124  came up to him again and again 125  and said, “Hail, king of the Jews!” 126  And they struck him repeatedly 127  in the face.

19:4 Again Pilate went out and said to the Jewish leaders, 128 Look, I am bringing him out to you, so that you may know that I find no reason for an accusation 129  against him.” 19:5 So Jesus came outside, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. 130  Pilate 131  said to them, “Look, here is the man! 132  19:6 When the chief priests and their officers saw him, they shouted out, “Crucify 133  him! Crucify him!” 134  Pilate said, 135 You take him and crucify him! 136  Certainly 137  I find no reason for an accusation 138  against him! 19:7 The Jewish leaders 139  replied, 140 We have a law, 141  and according to our law he ought to die, because he claimed to be the Son of God! 142 

19:8 When Pilate heard what they said, 143  he was more afraid than ever, 144  19:9 and he went back into the governor’s residence 145  and said to Jesus, “Where do you come from?” But Jesus gave him no answer. 19:10 So Pilate said, 146 Do you refuse to speak to me? Don’t you know I have the authority 147  to release you, and to crucify you? 148  19:11 Jesus replied, “You would have no authority 149  over me at all, unless it was given to you from above. Therefore the one who handed me over to you 150  is guilty of greater sin.” 151 

19:12 From this point on, Pilate tried 152  to release him. But the Jewish leaders 153  shouted out, 154 If you release this man, 155  you are no friend of Caesar! 156  Everyone who claims to be a king 157  opposes Caesar! 19:13 When Pilate heard these words he brought Jesus outside and sat down on the judgment seat 158  in the place called “The Stone Pavement 159  (Gabbatha in 160  Aramaic). 161  19:14 (Now it was the day of preparation 162  for the Passover, about noon. 163 ) 164  Pilate 165  said to the Jewish leaders, 166 Look, here is your king!

19:15 Then they 167  shouted out, “Away with him! Away with him! 168  Crucify 169  him!” Pilate asked, 170 Shall I crucify your king?” The high priests replied, “We have no king except Caesar! 19:16 Then Pilate 171  handed him over 172  to them to be crucified.

The Crucifixion

So they took Jesus, 19:17 and carrying his own cross 173  he went out to the place called “The Place of the Skull 174  (called in Aramaic 175  Golgotha). 176  19:18 There they 177  crucified 178  him along with two others, 179  one on each side, with Jesus in the middle. 19:19 Pilate also had a notice 180  written and fastened to the cross, 181  which read: 182  “Jesus the Nazarene, the king of the Jews.” 19:20 Thus many of the Jewish residents of Jerusalem 183  read this notice, 184  because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the notice was written in Aramaic, 185  Latin, and Greek. 19:21 Then the chief priests of the Jews 186  said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The king of the Jews,’ but rather, ‘This man said, I am king of the Jews.’ 19:22 Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”

19:23 Now when the soldiers crucified 187  Jesus, they took his clothes and made four shares, one for each soldier, 188  and the tunic 189  remained. (Now the tunic 190  was seamless, woven from top to bottom as a single piece.) 191  19:24 So the soldiers said to one another, “Let’s not tear it, but throw dice 192  to see who will get it.” 193  This took place 194  to fulfill the scripture that says,They divided my garments among them, and for my clothing they threw dice.” 195  So the soldiers did these things.

19:25 Now standing beside Jesuscross were his mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 196  19:26 So when Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing there, he said to his mother, “Woman, 197  look, here is your son! 19:27 He then said to his disciple, “Look, here is your mother!” From that very time 198  the disciple took her into his own home.

Jesus’ Death

19:28 After this Jesus, realizing that by this time 199  everything was completed, 200  said (in order to fulfill the scripture), 201  “I am thirsty! 202  19:29 A jar full of sour wine 203  was there, so they put a sponge soaked in sour wine on a branch of hyssop 204  and lifted it 205  to his mouth. 19:30 When 206  he had received the sour wine, Jesus said, “It is completed!” 207  Then he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. 208 

19:31 Then, because it was the day of preparation, so that the bodies should not stay on the crosses on the Sabbath 209  (for that Sabbath was an especially important one), 210  the Jewish leaders 211  asked Pilate to have the victimslegs 212  broken 213  and the bodies taken down. 214  19:32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the two men who had been crucified 215  with Jesus, 216  first the one and then the other. 217  19:33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 19:34 But one of the soldiers pierced 218  his side with a spear, and blood and water 219  flowed out immediately. 19:35 And the person who saw it 220  has testified (and his testimony is true, and he 221  knows that he is telling the truth), 222  so that you also may believe. 19:36 For these things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled, “Not a bone of his will be broken.” 223  19:37 And again another scripture says, “They will look on the one whom they have pierced.” 224 

Jesus’ Burial

19:38 After this, Joseph of Arimathea, a disciple of Jesus (but secretly, because he feared the Jewish leaders 225 ), 226  asked Pilate if he could remove the body of Jesus. Pilate 227  gave him permission, so he went and took the body away. 228  19:39 Nicodemus, the man who had previously come to Jesus 229  at night, 230  accompanied Joseph, 231  carrying a mixture of myrrh and aloes 232  weighing about seventy-five pounds. 233  19:40 Then they took Jesusbody and wrapped it, with the aromatic spices, 234  in strips of linen cloth 235  according to Jewish burial customs. 236  19:41 Now at the place where Jesus 237  was crucified 238  there was a garden, 239  and in the garden 240  was a new tomb where no one had yet been buried. 241  19:42 And so, because it was the Jewish day of preparation 242  and the tomb was nearby, 243  they placed Jesusbody there.

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