Bible: John 12-21
12:1 Then, six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus lived, whom he 1 had raised from the dead. 12:2 So they prepared a dinner for Jesus 2 there. Martha 3 was serving, and Lazarus was among those present at the table 4 with him. 12:3 Then Mary took three quarters of a pound 5 of expensive aromatic oil from pure nard 6 and anointed the feet of Jesus. She 7 then wiped his feet dry with her hair. (Now the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfumed oil.) 8 12:4 But Judas Iscariot, one of his disciples (the one who was going to betray him) 9 said, 12:5 “Why wasn’t this oil sold for three hundred silver coins 10 and the money 11 given to the poor?” 12:6 (Now Judas 12 said this not because he was concerned about the poor, but because he was a thief. As keeper of the money box, 13 he used to steal what was put into it.) 14 12:7 So Jesus said, “Leave her alone. She has kept it for the day of my burial. 15 12:8 For you will always have the poor with you, but you will not always have me!” 16
12:9 Now a large crowd of Judeans 17 learned 18 that Jesus 19 was there, and so they came not only because of him 20 but also to see Lazarus whom he had raised from the dead. 12:10 So the chief priests planned to kill Lazarus too, 21 12:11 for on account of him many of the Jewish people from Jerusalem 22 were going away and believing in Jesus.
The Triumphal Entry
12:12 The next day the large crowd that had come to the feast heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem. 23 12:13 So they took branches of palm trees 24 and went out to meet him. They began to shout, 25 “Hosanna! 26 Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord! 27 Blessed is 28 the king of Israel!” 12:14 Jesus found a young donkey 29 and sat on it, just as it is written, 12:15 “Do not be afraid, people of Zion; 30 look, your king is coming, seated on a donkey’s colt!” 31 12:16 (His disciples did not understand these things when they first happened, 32 but when Jesus was glorified, 33 then they remembered that these things were written about him and that these things had happened 34 to him.) 35
12:17 So the crowd who had been with him when he called Lazarus out of the tomb and raised him from the dead were continuing to testify about it. 36 12:18 Because they had heard that Jesus 37 had performed this miraculous sign, the crowd went out to meet him. 12:19 Thus the Pharisees 38 said to one another, “You see that you can do nothing. Look, the world has run off after him!”
12:20 Now some Greeks 39 were among those who had gone up to worship at the feast. 12:21 So these approached Philip, 40 who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, and requested, 41 “Sir, we would like to see Jesus.” 12:22 Philip went and told Andrew, and they both 42 went and told Jesus. 12:23 Jesus replied, 43 “The time 44 has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. 45 12:24 I tell you the solemn truth, 46 unless a kernel of wheat falls into the ground and dies, it remains by itself alone. 47 But if it dies, it produces 48 much grain. 49 12:25 The one who loves his life 50 destroys 51 it, and the one who hates his life in this world guards 52 it for eternal life. 12:26 If anyone wants to serve me, he must follow 53 me, and where I am, my servant will be too. 54 If anyone serves me, the Father will honor him.
12:27 “Now my soul is greatly distressed. And what should I say? ‘Father, deliver me 55 from this hour’? 56 No, but for this very reason I have come to this hour. 57 12:28 Father, glorify your name.” Then a voice came from heaven, 58 “I have glorified it, 59 and I will glorify it 60 again.” 12:29 The crowd that stood there and heard the voice 61 said that it had thundered. Others said that an angel had spoken to him. 62 12:30 Jesus said, 63 “This voice has not come for my benefit 64 but for yours. 12:31 Now is the judgment of this world; now the ruler of this world 65 will be driven out. 66 12:32 And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people 67 to myself.” 12:33 (Now he said this to indicate clearly what kind of death he was going to die.) 68
12:34 Then the crowd responded, 69 “We have heard from the law that the Christ 70 will remain forever. 71 How 72 can you say, ‘The Son of Man must be lifted up’? Who is this Son of Man?” 12:35 Jesus replied, 73 “The light is with you for a little while longer. 74 Walk while you have the light, so that the darkness may not overtake you. 75 The one who walks in the darkness does not know where he is going. 12:36 While you have the light, believe in the light, so that you may become sons of light.” 76 When Jesus had said these things, he went away and hid himself from them.
The Outcome of Jesus’ Public Ministry Foretold
12:37 Although Jesus 77 had performed 78 so many miraculous signs before them, they still refused to believe in him, 12:38 so that the word 79 of Isaiah the prophet would be fulfilled. He said, 80 “Lord, who has believed our message, and to whom has the arm of the Lord 81 been revealed?” 82 12:39 For this reason they could not believe, 83 because again Isaiah said,
12:40 “He has blinded their eyes
and hardened their heart, 84
so that they would not see with their eyes
and understand with their heart, 85
12:41 Isaiah said these things because he saw Christ’s 88 glory, and spoke about him.
12:42 Nevertheless, even among the rulers 89 many believed in him, but because of the Pharisees 90 they would not confess Jesus to be the Christ, 91 so that they would not be put out of 92 the synagogue. 93 12:43 For they loved praise 94 from men more than praise 95 from God.
Jesus’ Final Public Words
12:44 But Jesus shouted out, 96 “The one who believes in me does not believe in me, but in the one who sent me, 97 12:45 and the one who sees me sees the one who sent me. 98 12:46 I have come as a light into the world, so that everyone who believes in me should not remain in darkness. 12:47 If anyone 99 hears my words and does not obey them, 100 I do not judge him. For I have not come to judge the world, but to save the world. 101 12:48 The one who rejects me and does not accept 102 my words has a judge; 103 the word 104 I have spoken will judge him at the last day. 12:49 For I have not spoken from my own authority, 105 but the Father himself who sent me has commanded me 106 what I should say and what I should speak. 12:50 And I know that his commandment is eternal life. 107 Thus the things I say, I say just as the Father has told me.” 108
Washing the Disciples’ Feet
13:1 Just before the Passover feast, Jesus knew that his time 109 had come to depart 110 from this world to the Father. Having loved his own who were in the world, he now loved them to the very end. 111 13:2 The evening meal 112 was in progress, and the devil had already put into the heart 113 of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, that he should betray 114 Jesus. 115 13:3 Because Jesus 116 knew that the Father had handed all things over to him, 117 and that he had come from God and was going back to God, 13:4 he got up from the meal, removed 118 his outer clothes, 119 took a towel and tied it around himself. 120 13:5 He poured water into the washbasin and began to wash the disciples’ feet and to dry them with the towel he had wrapped around himself. 121
13:6 Then he came to Simon Peter. Peter 122 said to him, “Lord, are you going to wash 123 my feet?” 13:7 Jesus replied, 124 “You do not understand 125 what I am doing now, but you will understand 126 after these things.” 13:8 Peter said to him, “You will never wash my feet!” 127 Jesus replied, 128 “If I do not wash you, you have no share with me.” 129 13:9 Simon Peter said to him, “Lord, wash 130 not only my feet, but also my hands and my head!” 13:10 Jesus replied, 131 “The one who has bathed needs only to wash his feet, 132 but is completely 133 clean. 134 And you disciples 135 are clean, but not every one of you.” 13:11 (For Jesus 136 knew the one who was going to betray him. For this reason he said, “Not every one of you is 137 clean.”) 138
13:12 So when Jesus 139 had washed their feet and put his outer clothing back on, he took his place at the table 140 again and said to them, “Do you understand 141 what I have done for you? 13:13 You call me ‘Teacher’ and ‘Lord,’ and do so correctly, 142 for that is what I am. 143 13:14 If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you too ought to wash one another’s feet. 13:15 For I have given you an example 144 – you should do just as I have done for you. 13:16 I tell you the solemn truth, 145 the slave 146 is not greater than his master, nor is the one who is sent as a messenger 147 greater than the one who sent him. 13:17 If you understand 148 these things, you will be blessed if you do them.
The Announcement of Jesus’ Betrayal
13:18 “What I am saying does not refer to all of you. I know the ones I have chosen. But this is to fulfill the scripture, 149 ‘The one who eats my bread 150 has turned against me.’ 151 13:19 I am telling you this now, 152 before it happens, so that when it happens you may believe 153 that I am he. 154 13:20 I tell you the solemn truth, 155 whoever accepts 156 the one I send accepts me, and whoever accepts me accepts the one who sent me.” 157
13:21 When he had said these things, Jesus was greatly distressed 158 in spirit, and testified, 159 “I tell you the solemn truth, 160 one of you will betray me.” 161 13:22 The disciples began to look at one another, worried and perplexed 162 to know which of them he was talking about. 13:23 One of his disciples, the one Jesus loved, 163 was at the table 164 to the right of Jesus in a place of honor. 165 13:24 So Simon Peter 166 gestured to this disciple 167 to ask Jesus 168 who it was he was referring to. 169 13:25 Then the disciple whom Jesus loved 170 leaned back against Jesus’ chest and asked him, “Lord, who is it?” 13:26 Jesus replied, 171 “It is the one to whom I will give this piece of bread 172 after I have dipped it in the dish.” 173 Then he dipped the piece of bread in the dish 174 and gave it to Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son. 13:27 And after Judas 175 took the piece of bread, Satan entered into him. 176 Jesus said to him, 177 “What you are about to do, do quickly.” 13:28 (Now none of those present at the table 178 understood 179 why Jesus 180 said this to Judas. 181 13:29 Some thought that, because Judas had the money box, Jesus was telling him to buy whatever they needed for the feast, 182 or to give something to the poor.) 183 13:30 Judas 184 took the piece of bread and went out immediately. (Now it was night.) 185
The Prediction of Peter’s Denial
13:31 When 186 Judas 187 had gone out, Jesus said, “Now the Son of Man is glorified, and God is glorified in him. 13:32 If God is glorified in him, 188 God will also glorify him in himself, and he will glorify him right away. 189 13:33 Children, I am still with you for a little while. You will look for me, 190 and just as I said to the Jewish religious leaders, 191 ‘Where I am going you cannot come,’ 192 now I tell you the same. 193
13:34 “I give you a new commandment – to love 194 one another. Just as I have loved you, you also are to love one another. 195 13:35 Everyone 196 will know by this that you are my disciples – if you have love for one another.”
13:36 Simon Peter said to him, “Lord, where are you going?” Jesus replied, 197 “Where I am going, you cannot follow me now, but you will follow later.” 13:37 Peter said to him, “Lord, why can’t I follow you now? I will lay down my life for you!” 198 13:38 Jesus answered, “Will you lay down your life for me? 199 I tell you the solemn truth, 200 the rooster will not crow until you have denied me three times!
Jesus’ Parting Words to His Disciples
14:1 “Do not let your hearts be distressed. 201 You believe in God; 202 believe also in me. 14:2 There are many dwelling places 203 in my Father’s house. 204 Otherwise, I would have told you, because 205 I am going away to make ready 206 a place for you. 207 14:3 And if I go and make ready 208 a place for you, I will come again and take you 209 to be with me, 210 so that where I am you may be too. 14:4 And you know the way where I am going.” 211
14:5 Thomas said, 212 “Lord, we don’t know where you are going. How can we know the way?” 14:6 Jesus replied, 213 “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. 214 No one comes to the Father except through me. 14:7 If you have known me, you will know my Father too. 215 And from now on you do know him and have seen him.”
14:8 Philip said, 216 “Lord, show us the Father, and we will be content.” 217 14:9 Jesus replied, 218 “Have I been with you for so long, and you have not known 219 me, Philip? The person who has seen me has seen the Father! How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? 14:10 Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father is in me? 220 The words that I say to you, I do not speak on my own initiative, 221 but the Father residing in me performs 222 his miraculous deeds. 223 14:11 Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father is in me, but if you do not believe me, 224 believe because of the miraculous deeds 225 themselves. 14:12 I tell you the solemn truth, 226 the person who believes in me will perform 227 the miraculous deeds 228 that I am doing, 229 and will perform 230 greater deeds 231 than these, because I am going to the Father. 14:13 And I will do whatever you ask in my name, 232 so that the Father may be glorified 233 in the Son. 14:14 If you ask me anything in my name, I will do it.
Teaching on the Holy Spirit
14:15 “If you love me, you will obey 234 my commandments. 235 14:16 Then 236 I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Advocate 237 to be with you forever – 14:17 the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot accept, 238 because it does not see him or know him. But you know him, because he resides 239 with you and will be 240 in you.
14:18 “I will not abandon 241 you as orphans, 242 I will come to you. 243 14:19 In a little while 244 the world will not see me any longer, but you will see me; because I live, you will live too. 14:20 You will know at that time 245 that I am in my Father and you are in me and I am in you. 14:21 The person who has my commandments and obeys 246 them is the one who loves me. 247 The one 248 who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I will love him and will reveal 249 myself to him.”
14:22 “Lord,” Judas (not Judas Iscariot) 250 said, 251 “what has happened that you are going to reveal 252 yourself to us and not to the world?” 14:23 Jesus replied, 253 “If anyone loves me, he will obey 254 my word, and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and take up residence with him. 255 14:24 The person who does not love me does not obey 256 my words. And the word 257 you hear is not mine, but the Father’s who sent me.
14:25 “I have spoken these things while staying 258 with you. 14:26 But the Advocate, 259 the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you 260 everything, 261 and will cause you to remember everything 262 I said to you.
14:27 “Peace I leave with you; 263 my peace I give to you; I do not give it 264 to you as the world does. 265 Do not let your hearts be distressed or lacking in courage. 266 14:28 You heard me say to you, 267 ‘I am going away and I am coming back to you.’ If you loved me, you would be glad 268 that I am going to the Father, because the Father is greater than I am. 269 14:29 I have told you now before it happens, so that when it happens you may believe. 270 14:30 I will not speak with you much longer, 271 for the ruler of this world is coming. 272 He has no power over me, 273 14:31 but I am doing just what the Father commanded me, so that the world may know 274 that I love the Father. 275 Get up, let us go from here.” 276
The Vine and the Branches
15:1 “I am the true vine 277 and my Father is the gardener. 278 15:2 He takes away 279 every branch that does not bear 280 fruit in me. He 281 prunes 282 every branch that bears 283 fruit so that it will bear more fruit. 15:3 You are clean already 284 because of the word that I have spoken to you. 15:4 Remain 285 in me, and I will remain in you. 286 Just as the branch cannot bear fruit by itself, 287 unless it remains 288 in 289 the vine, so neither can you unless you remain 290 in me.
15:5 “I am the vine; you are the branches. The one who remains 291 in me – and I in him – bears 292 much fruit, 293 because apart from me you can accomplish 294 nothing. 15:6 If anyone does not remain 295 in me, he is thrown out like a branch, and dries up; and such branches are gathered up and thrown into the fire, 296 and are burned up. 297 15:7 If you remain 298 in me and my words remain 299 in you, ask whatever you want, and it will be done for you. 300 15:8 My Father is honored 301 by this, that 302 you bear 303 much fruit and show that you are 304 my disciples.
15:9 “Just as the Father has loved me, I have also loved you; remain 305 in my love. 15:10 If you obey 306 my commandments, you will remain 307 in my love, just as I have obeyed 308 my Father’s commandments and remain 309 in his love. 15:11 I have told you these things 310 so that my joy may be in you, and your joy may be complete. 15:12 My commandment is this – to love one another just as I have loved you. 311 15:13 No one has greater love than this – that one lays down his life 312 for his friends. 15:14 You are my friends 313 if you do what I command you. 15:15 I no longer call you slaves, 314 because the slave does not understand 315 what his master is doing. But I have called you friends, because I have revealed to you everything 316 I heard 317 from my Father. 15:16 You did not choose me, but I chose you 318 and appointed you to go and bear 319 fruit, fruit that remains, 320 so that whatever you ask the Father in my name he will give you. 15:17 This 321 I command you – to love one another.
The World’s Hatred
15:18 “If the world hates you, be aware 322 that it hated me first. 323 15:19 If you belonged to the world, 324 the world would love you as its own. 325 However, because you do not belong to the world, 326 but I chose you out of the world, for this reason 327 the world hates you. 328 15:20 Remember what 329 I told you, ‘A slave 330 is not greater than his master.’ 331 If they persecuted me, they will also persecute you. If they obeyed 332 my word, they will obey 333 yours too. 15:21 But they will do all these things to you on account of 334 my name, because they do not know the one who sent me. 335 15:22 If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not be guilty of sin. 336 But they no longer have any excuse for their sin. 15:23 The one who hates me hates my Father too. 15:24 If I had not performed 337 among them the miraculous deeds 338 that no one else did, they would not be guilty of sin. 339 But now they have seen the deeds 340 and have hated both me and my Father. 341 15:25 Now this happened 342 to fulfill the word that is written in their law, ‘They hated me without reason.’ 343 15:26 When the Advocate 344 comes, whom I will send you from the Father – the Spirit of truth who goes out from the Father – he 345 will testify about me, 15:27 and you also will testify, because you have been with me from the beginning.
16:1 “I have told you all these things so that you will not fall away. 346 16:2 They will put you out of 347 the synagogue, 348 yet a time 349 is coming when the one who kills you will think he is offering service to God. 350 16:3 They 351 will do these things because they have not known the Father or me. 352 16:4 But I have told you these things 353 so that when their time 354 comes, you will remember that I told you about them. 355
“I did not tell you these things from the beginning because I was with you. 356 16:5 But now I am going to the one who sent me, 357 and not one of you is asking me, ‘Where are you going?’ 358 16:6 Instead your hearts are filled with sadness 359 because I have said these things to you. 16:7 But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I am going away. For if I do not go away, the Advocate 360 will not come to you, but if I go, I will send him to you. 16:8 And when he 361 comes, he will prove the world wrong 362 concerning sin and 363 righteousness and 364 judgment – 16:9 concerning sin, because 365 they do not believe in me; 366 16:10 concerning righteousness, 367 because 368 I am going to the Father and you will see me no longer; 16:11 and concerning judgment, 369 because 370 the ruler of this world 371 has been condemned. 372
16:12 “I have many more things to say to you, 373 but you cannot bear 374 them now. 16:13 But when he, 375 the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide 376 you into all truth. 377 For he will not speak on his own authority, 378 but will speak whatever he hears, and will tell you 379 what is to come. 380 16:14 He 381 will glorify me, 382 because he will receive 383 from me what is mine 384 and will tell it to you. 385 16:15 Everything that the Father has is mine; that is why I said the Spirit 386 will receive from me what is mine 387 and will tell it to you. 388 16:16 In a little while you 389 will see me no longer; again after a little while, you 390 will see me.” 391
16:17 Then some of his disciples said to one another, “What is the meaning of what he is saying, 392 ‘In a little while you 393 will not see me; again after a little while, you 394 will see me,’ and, ‘because I am going to the Father’?” 395 16:18 So they kept on repeating, 396 “What is the meaning of what he says, 397 ‘In a little while’? 398 We do not understand 399 what he is talking about.” 400
16:19 Jesus could see 401 that they wanted to ask him about these things, 402 so 403 he said to them, “Are you asking 404 each other about this – that I said, ‘In a little while you 405 will not see me; again after a little while, you 406 will see me’? 16:20 I tell you the solemn truth, 407 you will weep 408 and wail, 409 but the world will rejoice; you will be sad, 410 but your sadness will turn into 411 joy. 16:21 When a woman gives birth, she has distress 412 because her time 413 has come, but when her child is born, she no longer remembers the suffering because of her joy that a human being 414 has been born into the world. 415 16:22 So also you have sorrow 416 now, but I will see you again, and your hearts will rejoice, and no one will take your joy away from you. 417 16:23 At that time 418 you will ask me nothing. I tell you the solemn truth, 419 whatever you ask the Father in my name he will give you. 420 16:24 Until now you have not asked for anything in my name. Ask and you will receive it, 421 so that your joy may be complete.
16:25 “I have told you these things in obscure figures of speech; 422 a time 423 is coming when I will no longer speak to you in obscure figures, but will tell you 424 plainly 425 about the Father. 16:26 At that time 426 you will ask in my name, and I do not say 427 that I will ask the Father on your behalf. 16:27 For the Father himself loves you, because you have loved me and have believed that I came from God. 428 16:28 I came from the Father and entered into the world, but in turn, 429 I am leaving the world and going back to the Father.” 430
16:29 His disciples said, “Look, now you are speaking plainly 431 and not in obscure figures of speech! 432 16:30 Now we know that you know everything 433 and do not need anyone 434 to ask you anything. 435 Because of this 436 we believe that you have come from God.”
16:31 Jesus replied, 437 “Do you now believe? 16:32 Look, a time 438 is coming – and has come – when you will be scattered, each one to his own home, 439 and I will be left alone. 440 Yet 441 I am not alone, because my Father 442 is with me. 16:33 I have told you these things so that in me you may have peace. In the world you have trouble and suffering, 443 but take courage 444 – I have conquered the world.” 445
Jesus Prays for the Father to Glorify Him
17:1 When Jesus had finished saying these things, he looked upward 446 to heaven 447 and said, “Father, the time 448 has come. Glorify your Son, so that your 449 Son may glorify you – 17:2 just as you have given him authority over all humanity, 450 so that he may give eternal life to everyone you have given him. 451 17:3 Now this 452 is eternal life 453 – that they know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, 454 whom you sent. 17:4 I glorified you on earth by completing 455 the work you gave me to do. 456 17:5 And now, Father, glorify me at your side 457 with the glory I had with you before the world was created. 458
Jesus Prays for the Disciples
17:6 “I have revealed 459 your name to the men 460 you gave me out of the world. They belonged to you, 461 and you gave them to me, and they have obeyed 462 your word. 17:7 Now they understand 463 that everything 464 you have given me comes from you, 17:8 because I have given them the words you have given me. They 465 accepted 466 them 467 and really 468 understand 469 that I came from you, and they believed that you sent me. 17:9 I am praying 470 on behalf of them. I am not praying 471 on behalf of the world, but on behalf of those you have given me, because they belong to you. 472 17:10 Everything 473 I have belongs to you, 474 and everything you have belongs to me, 475 and I have been glorified by them. 476 17:11 I 477 am no longer in the world, but 478 they are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, keep them safe 479 in your name 480 that you have given me, so that they may be one just as we are one. 481 17:12 When I was with them I kept them safe 482 and watched over them 483 in your name 484 that you have given me. Not one 485 of them was lost except the one destined for destruction, 486 so that the scripture could be fulfilled. 487 17:13 But now I am coming to you, and I am saying these things in the world, so they may experience 488 my joy completed 489 in themselves. 17:14 I have given them your word, 490 and the world has hated them, because they do not belong to the world, 491 just as I do not belong to the world. 492 17:15 I am not asking you to take them out of the world, but that you keep them safe 493 from the evil one. 494 17:16 They do not belong to the world 495 just as I do not belong to the world. 496 17:17 Set them apart 497 in the truth; your word is truth. 17:18 Just as you sent me into the world, so I sent them into the world. 498 17:19 And I set myself apart 499 on their behalf, 500 so that they too may be truly set apart. 501
Jesus Prays for Believers Everywhere
17:20 “I am not praying 502 only on their behalf, but also on behalf of those who believe 503 in me through their testimony, 504 17:21 that they will all be one, just as you, Father, are in me and I am in you. I pray 505 that they will be in us, so that the world will believe that you sent me. 17:22 The glory 506 you gave to me I have given to them, that they may be one just as we are one – 17:23 I in them and you in me – that they may be completely one, 507 so that the world will know that you sent me, and you have loved them just as you have loved me.
17:24 “Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am, 508 so that they can see my glory that you gave me because you loved me before the creation of the world 509 . 17:25 Righteous Father, even if the world does not know you, I know you, and these men 510 know that you sent me. 17:26 I made known your name to them, and I will continue to make it known, 511 so that the love you have loved me with may be in them, and I may be in them.”
Betrayal and Arrest
18:1 When he had said these things, 512 Jesus went out with his disciples across the Kidron Valley. 513 There was an orchard 514 there, and he and his disciples went into it. 18:2 (Now Judas, the one who betrayed him, knew the place too, because Jesus had met there many times 515 with his disciples.) 516 18:3 So Judas obtained a squad of soldiers 517 and some officers of the chief priests and Pharisees. 518 They came to the orchard 519 with lanterns 520 and torches and weapons.
18:4 Then Jesus, because he knew everything that was going to happen to him, 521 came and asked them, “Who are you looking for?” 522 18:5 They replied, 523 “Jesus the Nazarene.” He told them, “I am he.” (Now Judas, the one who betrayed him, was standing there with them.) 524 18:6 So when Jesus 525 said to them, “I am he,” they retreated 526 and fell to the ground. 527 18:7 Then Jesus 528 asked them again, “Who are you looking for?” And they said, “Jesus the Nazarene.” 18:8 Jesus replied, 529 “I told you that I am he. If you are looking for 530 me, let these men 531 go.” 532 18:9 He said this 533 to fulfill the word he had spoken, 534 “I have not lost a single one of those whom you gave me.” 535
18:10 Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, pulled it out and struck the high priest’s slave, 536 cutting off his right ear. 537 (Now the slave’s name was Malchus.) 538 18:11 But Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword back into its sheath! Am I not to drink the cup that the Father has given me?” 539
Jesus Before Annas
18:12 Then the squad of soldiers 540 with their commanding officer 541 and the officers of the Jewish leaders 542 arrested 543 Jesus and tied him up. 544 18:13 They 545 brought him first to Annas, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year. 546 18:14 (Now it was Caiaphas who had advised 547 the Jewish leaders 548 that it was to their advantage that one man die for the people.) 549
Peter’s First Denial
18:15 Simon Peter and another disciple followed them as they brought Jesus to Annas. 550 (Now the other disciple 551 was acquainted with the high priest, and he went with Jesus into the high priest’s courtyard.) 552 18:16 But Simon Peter was left standing outside by the door. So the other disciple who was acquainted with the high priest came out and spoke to the slave girl who watched the door, 553 and brought Peter inside. 18:17 The girl 554 who was the doorkeeper said to Peter, “You’re not one of this man’s disciples too, are you?” 555 He replied, 556 “I am not.” 18:18 (Now the slaves 557 and the guards 558 were standing around a charcoal fire they had made, warming themselves because it was cold. 559 Peter also was standing with them, warming himself.) 560
Jesus Questioned by Annas
18:19 While this was happening, 561 the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and about his teaching. 562 18:20 Jesus replied, 563 “I have spoken publicly to the world. I always taught in the synagogues 564 and in the temple courts, 565 where all the Jewish people 566 assemble together. I 567 have said nothing in secret. 18:21 Why do you ask me? Ask those who heard what I said. 568 They 569 know what I said.” 18:22 When Jesus 570 had said this, one of the high priest’s officers who stood nearby struck him on the face and said, 571 “Is that the way you answer the high priest?” 18:23 Jesus replied, 572 “If I have said something wrong, 573 confirm 574 what is wrong. 575 But if I spoke correctly, why strike me?” 18:24 Then Annas sent him, still tied up, 576 to Caiaphas the high priest. 577
Peter’s Second and Third Denials
18:25 Meanwhile Simon Peter was standing in the courtyard 578 warming himself. They said to him, “You aren’t one of his disciples too, are you?” 579 Peter 580 denied it: “I am not!” 18:26 One of the high priest’s slaves, 581 a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, 582 said, “Did I not see you in the orchard 583 with him?” 584 18:27 Then Peter denied it again, and immediately a rooster crowed. 585
Jesus Brought Before Pilate
18:28 Then they brought Jesus from Caiaphas to the Roman governor’s residence. 586 (Now it was very early morning.) 587 They 588 did not go into the governor’s residence 589 so they would not be ceremonially defiled, but could eat the Passover meal. 18:29 So Pilate came outside to them and said, “What accusation 590 do you bring against this man?” 591 18:30 They replied, 592 “If this man 593 were not a criminal, 594 we would not have handed him over to you.” 595
18:31 Pilate told them, 596 “Take him yourselves and pass judgment on him 597 according to your own law!” 598 The Jewish leaders 599 replied, 600 “We cannot legally put anyone to death.” 601 18:32 (This happened 602 to fulfill the word Jesus had spoken when he indicated 603 what kind of death he was going to die. 604 )
Pilate Questions Jesus
18:33 So Pilate went back into the governor’s residence, 605 summoned Jesus, and asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?” 606 18:34 Jesus replied, 607 “Are you saying this on your own initiative, 608 or have others told you about me?” 18:35 Pilate answered, “I am not a Jew, am I? 609 Your own people 610 and your chief priests handed you over 611 to me. What have you done?”
18:36 Jesus replied, “My kingdom is not from this world. If my kingdom were from this world, my servants would be fighting to keep me from being 612 handed over 613 to the Jewish authorities. 614 But as it is, 615 my kingdom is not from here.” 18:37 Then Pilate said, 616 “So you are a king!” Jesus replied, “You say that I am a king. For this reason I was born, and for this reason I came into the world – to testify to the truth. Everyone who belongs to the truth listens to 617 my voice.” 18:38 Pilate asked, 618 “What is truth?” 619
When he had said this he went back outside to the Jewish leaders 620 and announced, 621 “I find no basis for an accusation 622 against him. 18:39 But it is your custom that I release one prisoner 623 for you at the Passover. 624 So do you want me to release for you the king of the Jews?” 18:40 Then they shouted back, 625 “Not this man, 626 but Barabbas!” 627 (Now Barabbas was a revolutionary. 628 ) 629
Pilate Tries to Release Jesus
19:1 Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged severely. 630 19:2 The soldiers 631 braided 632 a crown of thorns 633 and put it on his head, and they clothed him in a purple robe. 634 19:3 They 635 came up to him again and again 636 and said, “Hail, king of the Jews!” 637 And they struck him repeatedly 638 in the face.
19:4 Again Pilate went out and said to the Jewish leaders, 639 “Look, I am bringing him out to you, so that you may know that I find no reason for an accusation 640 against him.” 19:5 So Jesus came outside, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. 641 Pilate 642 said to them, “Look, here is the man!” 643 19:6 When the chief priests and their officers saw him, they shouted out, “Crucify 644 him! Crucify him!” 645 Pilate said, 646 “You take him and crucify him! 647 Certainly 648 I find no reason for an accusation 649 against him!” 19:7 The Jewish leaders 650 replied, 651 “We have a law, 652 and according to our law he ought to die, because he claimed to be the Son of God!” 653
19:8 When Pilate heard what they said, 654 he was more afraid than ever, 655 19:9 and he went back into the governor’s residence 656 and said to Jesus, “Where do you come from?” But Jesus gave him no answer. 19:10 So Pilate said, 657 “Do you refuse to speak to me? Don’t you know I have the authority 658 to release you, and to crucify you?” 659 19:11 Jesus replied, “You would have no authority 660 over me at all, unless it was given to you from above. Therefore the one who handed me over to you 661 is guilty of greater sin.” 662
19:12 From this point on, Pilate tried 663 to release him. But the Jewish leaders 664 shouted out, 665 “If you release this man, 666 you are no friend of Caesar! 667 Everyone who claims to be a king 668 opposes Caesar!” 19:13 When Pilate heard these words he brought Jesus outside and sat down on the judgment seat 669 in the place called “The Stone Pavement” 670 (Gabbatha in 671 Aramaic). 672 19:14 (Now it was the day of preparation 673 for the Passover, about noon. 674 ) 675 Pilate 676 said to the Jewish leaders, 677 “Look, here is your king!”
19:15 Then they 678 shouted out, “Away with him! Away with him! 679 Crucify 680 him!” Pilate asked, 681 “Shall I crucify your king?” The high priests replied, “We have no king except Caesar!” 19:16 Then Pilate 682 handed him over 683 to them to be crucified.
So they took Jesus, 19:17 and carrying his own cross 684 he went out to the place called “The Place of the Skull” 685 (called in Aramaic 686 Golgotha). 687 19:18 There they 688 crucified 689 him along with two others, 690 one on each side, with Jesus in the middle. 19:19 Pilate also had a notice 691 written and fastened to the cross, 692 which read: 693 “Jesus the Nazarene, the king of the Jews.” 19:20 Thus many of the Jewish residents of Jerusalem 694 read this notice, 695 because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the notice was written in Aramaic, 696 Latin, and Greek. 19:21 Then the chief priests of the Jews 697 said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The king of the Jews,’ but rather, ‘This man said, I am king of the Jews.’” 19:22 Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”
19:23 Now when the soldiers crucified 698 Jesus, they took his clothes and made four shares, one for each soldier, 699 and the tunic 700 remained. (Now the tunic 701 was seamless, woven from top to bottom as a single piece.) 702 19:24 So the soldiers said to one another, “Let’s not tear it, but throw dice 703 to see who will get it.” 704 This took place 705 to fulfill the scripture that says, “They divided my garments among them, and for my clothing they threw dice.” 706 So the soldiers did these things.
19:25 Now standing beside Jesus’ cross were his mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 707 19:26 So when Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing there, he said to his mother, “Woman, 708 look, here is your son!” 19:27 He then said to his disciple, “Look, here is your mother!” From that very time 709 the disciple took her into his own home.
19:28 After this Jesus, realizing that by this time 710 everything was completed, 711 said (in order to fulfill the scripture), 712 “I am thirsty!” 713 19:29 A jar full of sour wine 714 was there, so they put a sponge soaked in sour wine on a branch of hyssop 715 and lifted it 716 to his mouth. 19:30 When 717 he had received the sour wine, Jesus said, “It is completed!” 718 Then he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. 719
19:31 Then, because it was the day of preparation, so that the bodies should not stay on the crosses on the Sabbath 720 (for that Sabbath was an especially important one), 721 the Jewish leaders 722 asked Pilate to have the victims’ legs 723 broken 724 and the bodies taken down. 725 19:32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the two men who had been crucified 726 with Jesus, 727 first the one and then the other. 728 19:33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 19:34 But one of the soldiers pierced 729 his side with a spear, and blood and water 730 flowed out immediately. 19:35 And the person who saw it 731 has testified (and his testimony is true, and he 732 knows that he is telling the truth), 733 so that you also may believe. 19:36 For these things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled, “Not a bone of his will be broken.” 734 19:37 And again another scripture says, “They will look on the one whom they have pierced.” 735
19:38 After this, Joseph of Arimathea, a disciple of Jesus (but secretly, because he feared the Jewish leaders 736 ), 737 asked Pilate if he could remove the body of Jesus. Pilate 738 gave him permission, so he went and took the body away. 739 19:39 Nicodemus, the man who had previously come to Jesus 740 at night, 741 accompanied Joseph, 742 carrying a mixture of myrrh and aloes 743 weighing about seventy-five pounds. 744 19:40 Then they took Jesus’ body and wrapped it, with the aromatic spices, 745 in strips of linen cloth 746 according to Jewish burial customs. 747 19:41 Now at the place where Jesus 748 was crucified 749 there was a garden, 750 and in the garden 751 was a new tomb where no one had yet been buried. 752 19:42 And so, because it was the Jewish day of preparation 753 and the tomb was nearby, 754 they placed Jesus’ body there.
20:1 Now very early on the first day of the week, 755 while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene 756 came to the tomb and saw that the stone had been moved away from the entrance. 757 20:2 So she went running 758 to Simon Peter and the other disciple whom Jesus loved and told them, “They have taken the Lord from the tomb, and we don’t know where they have put him!” 20:3 Then Peter and the other disciple set out to go to the tomb. 759 20:4 The two were running together, but the other disciple ran faster than Peter 760 and reached the tomb first. 761 20:5 He bent down 762 and saw the strips of linen cloth lying there, 763 but he did not go in. 20:6 Then Simon Peter, who had been following him, arrived and went right into the tomb. He saw 764 the strips of linen cloth lying there, 20:7 and the face cloth, 765 which had been around Jesus’ head, not lying with the strips of linen cloth but rolled up in a place by itself. 766 20:8 Then the other disciple, who had reached the tomb first, came in, and he saw and believed. 767 20:9 (For they did not yet understand 768 the scripture that Jesus 769 must rise from the dead.) 770
Jesus’ Appearance to Mary Magdalene
20:10 So the disciples went back to their homes. 20:11 But Mary stood outside the tomb weeping. As she wept, she bent down and looked into the tomb. 20:12 And she saw two angels in white sitting where Jesus’ body had been lying, one at the head and one at the feet. 20:13 They said 771 to her, “Woman, 772 why are you weeping?” Mary replied, 773 “They have taken my Lord away, and I do not know where they have put him!” 20:14 When she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, 774 but she did not know that it was Jesus.
20:15 Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Who are you looking for?” Because she 775 thought he was the gardener, she said to him, “Sir, if you have carried him away, tell me where you have put him, and I will take him.” 20:16 Jesus said to her, “Mary.” She 776 turned and said to him in Aramaic, 777 “Rabboni” 778 (which means Teacher). 779 20:17 Jesus replied, 780 “Do not touch me, for I have not yet ascended to my Father. Go to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’” 20:18 Mary Magdalene came and informed the disciples, “I have seen the Lord!” And she told them 781 what 782 Jesus 783 had said to her. 784
Jesus’ Appearance to the Disciples
20:19 On the evening of that day, the first day of the week, the disciples had gathered together 785 and locked the doors 786 of the place 787 because they were afraid of the Jewish leaders. 788 Jesus came and stood among them and said to them, “Peace be with you.” 20:20 When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side. Then the disciples rejoiced when they saw the Lord. 789 20:21 So Jesus said to them again, “Peace be with you. Just as the Father has sent me, I also send you.” 20:22 And after he said this, he breathed on them and said, 790 “Receive the Holy Spirit. 791 20:23 If you forgive anyone’s sins, they are forgiven; 792 if you retain anyone’s sins, they are retained.” 793
The Response of Thomas
20:24 Now Thomas (called Didymus), 794 one of the twelve, was not with them when Jesus came. 20:25 The other disciples told him, “We have seen the Lord!” But he replied, 795 “Unless I see the wounds 796 from the nails in his hands, and put my finger into the wounds from the nails, and put my hand into his side, I will never believe it!” 797
20:26 Eight days later the disciples were again together in the house, 798 and Thomas was with them. Although the doors were locked, 799 Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you!” 20:27 Then he said to Thomas, “Put 800 your finger here, and examine 801 my hands. Extend 802 your hand and put it 803 into my side. Do not continue in your unbelief, but believe.” 804 20:28 Thomas replied to him, 805 “My Lord and my God!” 806 20:29 Jesus said to him, “Have you believed because you have seen me? Blessed are the people 807 who have not seen and yet have believed.” 808
20:30 Now Jesus performed 809 many other miraculous signs in the presence of the 810 disciples, which are not recorded 811 in this book. 812 20:31 But these 813 are recorded 814 so that you may believe 815 that Jesus is the Christ, 816 the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name. 817
Jesus’ Appearance to the Disciples in Galilee
21:1 After this 818 Jesus revealed himself again to the disciples by the Sea of Tiberias. 819 Now this is how he did so. 820 21:2 Simon Peter, Thomas 821 (called Didymus), 822 Nathanael 823 (who was from Cana 824 in Galilee), the sons 825 of Zebedee, 826 and two other disciples 827 of his were together. 21:3 Simon Peter told them, “I am going fishing.” “We will go with you,” they replied. 828 They went out and got into the boat, but that night they caught nothing.
21:4 When it was already very early morning, Jesus stood on the beach, but the disciples did not know that it was Jesus. 21:5 So Jesus said to them, “Children, you don’t have any fish, 829 do you?” 830 They replied, 831 “No.” 21:6 He told them, “Throw your net on the right side of the boat, and you will find some.” 832 So they threw the net, 833 and were not able to pull it in because of the large number of fish.
21:7 Then the disciple whom 834 Jesus loved 835 said to Peter, “It is the Lord!” So Simon Peter, when he heard that it was the Lord, tucked in his outer garment (for he had nothing on underneath it), 836 and plunged 837 into the sea. 21:8 Meanwhile the other disciples came with the boat, dragging the net full of fish, for they were not far from land, only about a hundred yards. 838
21:9 When they got out on the beach, 839 they saw a charcoal fire ready 840 with a fish placed on it, and bread. 21:10 Jesus said, 841 “Bring some of the fish you have just now caught.” 21:11 So Simon Peter went aboard and pulled the net to shore. It was 842 full of large fish, one hundred fifty-three, 843 but although there were so many, the net was not torn. 21:12 “Come, have breakfast,” Jesus said. 844 But none of the disciples dared to ask him, “Who are you?” because they knew it was the Lord. 21:13 Jesus came and took the bread and gave it to them, and did the same with the fish. 21:14 This was now the third time Jesus was revealed to the disciples after he was raised from the dead.
21:15 Then when they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of John, 845 do you love me more than these do?” 846 He replied, 847 “Yes, Lord, you know I love you.” 848 Jesus 849 told him, “Feed my lambs.” 21:16 Jesus 850 said 851 a second time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” He replied, 852 “Yes, Lord, you know I love you.” Jesus 853 told him, “Shepherd my sheep.” 21:17 Jesus 854 said 855 a third time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” Peter was distressed 856 that Jesus 857 asked 858 him a third time, “Do you love me?” and said, 859 “Lord, you know everything. You know that I love you.” Jesus 860 replied, 861 “Feed my sheep. 21:18 I tell you the solemn truth, 862 when you were young, you tied your clothes around you 863 and went wherever you wanted, but when you are old, you will stretch out your hands, and others will tie you up 864 and bring you where you do not want to go.” 21:19 (Now Jesus 865 said this to indicate clearly by what kind of death Peter 866 was going to glorify God.) 867 After he said this, Jesus told Peter, 868 “Follow me.”
Peter and the Disciple Jesus Loved
21:20 Peter turned around and saw the disciple whom Jesus loved following them. 869 (This was the disciple 870 who had leaned back against Jesus’ 871 chest at the meal and asked, 872 “Lord, who is the one who is going to betray you?”) 873 21:21 So when Peter saw him, 874 he asked Jesus, “Lord, what about him?” 21:22 Jesus replied, 875 “If I want him to live 876 until I come back, 877 what concern is that of yours? You follow me!” 21:23 So the saying circulated 878 among the brothers and sisters 879 that this disciple was not going to die. But Jesus did not say to him that he was not going to die, but rather, “If I want him to live 880 until I come back, 881 what concern is that of yours?”
A Final Note
21:24 This is the disciple who testifies about these things and has written these things, and we know that his testimony is true. 21:25 There are many other things that Jesus did. If every one of them were written down, 882 I suppose the whole world 883 would not have room for the books that would be written. 884