Bible: Job 38-42
VI. The Divine Speeches (38:1-42:6)The Lord’s First Speech 1
38:1 Then the
with words without knowledge?
38:3 Get ready for a difficult task 5 like a man;
I will question you
and you will inform me!
God’s questions to Job
38:4 “Where were you
when I laid the foundation 6 of the earth?
Tell me, 7 if you possess understanding!
38:5 Who set its measurements – if 8 you know –
or who stretched a measuring line across it?
or who laid its cornerstone –
and all the sons of God 14 shouted for joy?
38:8 “Who shut up 15 the sea with doors
when it burst forth, 16 coming out of the womb,
38:9 when I made 17 the storm clouds its garment,
and thick darkness its swaddling band, 18
38:10 when I prescribed 19 its limits,
and set 20 in place its bolts and doors,
38:11 when I said, ‘To here you may come 21
and no farther, 22
here your proud waves will be confined’? 23
38:12 Have you ever in your life 24 commanded the morning,
or made the dawn know 25 its place,
38:13 that it might seize the corners of the earth, 26
and shake the wicked out of it?
38:14 The earth takes shape like clay under a seal; 27
38:15 Then from the wicked the light is withheld,
38:16 Have you gone to the springs that fill the sea, 32
or walked about in the recesses of the deep?
38:17 Have the gates of death been revealed to you? 33
Have you seen the gates of deepest darkness? 34
38:18 Have you considered the vast expanses of the earth?
Tell me, if you know it all!
38:19 “In what direction 35 does light reside,
and darkness, where is its place,
38:20 that you may take them to their borders
and perceive the pathways to their homes? 36
38:21 You know, for you were born before them; 37
and the number of your days is great!
38:22 Have you entered the storehouse 38 of the snow,
or seen the armory 39 of the hail,
38:23 which I reserve for the time of trouble,
for the day of war and battle? 40
38:24 In what direction is lightning 41 dispersed,
or the east winds scattered over the earth?
38:25 Who carves out a channel for the heavy rains,
and a path for the rumble of thunder,
38:26 to cause it to rain on an uninhabited land, 42
a desert where there are no human beings, 43
38:27 to satisfy a devastated and desolate land,
and to cause it to sprout with vegetation? 44
38:28 Does the rain have a father,
or who has fathered the drops of the dew?
38:29 From whose womb does the ice emerge,
and the frost from the sky, 45 who gives birth to it,
38:30 when the waters become hard 46 like stone,
when the surface of the deep is frozen solid?
38:31 Can you tie the bands 47 of the Pleiades,
or release the cords of Orion?
38:32 Can you lead out
the constellations 48 in their seasons,
or guide the Bear with its cubs? 49
38:33 Do you know the laws of the heavens,
or can you set up their rule over the earth?
38:34 Can you raise your voice to the clouds
so that a flood of water covers you? 50
38:35 Can you send out lightning bolts, and they go?
Will they say to you, ‘Here we are’?
38:36 Who has put wisdom in the heart, 51
or has imparted understanding to the mind?
38:37 Who by wisdom can count the clouds,
and who can tip over 52 the water jars of heaven,
38:38 when the dust hardens 53 into a mass,
and the clumps of earth stick together?
38:39 “Do you hunt prey for the lioness,
and satisfy the appetite 54 of the lions,
38:40 when they crouch in their dens,
when they wait in ambush in the thicket?
38:41 Who prepares prey for the raven,
when its young cry out to God
and wander about 55 for lack of food?
39:1 “Are you acquainted with the way 56
the mountain goats 57 give birth?
Do you watch as the wild deer give birth to their young?
39:2 Do you count the months they must fulfill,
and do you know the time they give birth? 58
39:3 They crouch, they bear 59 their young,
they bring forth the offspring they have carried. 60
39:4 Their young grow strong, and grow up in the open; 61
they go off, and do not return to them.
39:5 Who let the wild donkey go free?
Who released the bonds of the donkey,
39:6 to whom I appointed the steppe for its home,
the salt wastes as its dwelling place?
39:7 It scorns the tumult in the town;
it does not hear the shouts of a driver. 62
39:8 It ranges the hills as its pasture,
and searches after every green plant.
39:9 Is the wild ox willing to be your servant?
Will it spend the night at your feeding trough?
39:10 Can you bind the wild ox 63 to a furrow with its rope,
will it till the valleys, following after you?
39:11 Will you rely on it because its strength is great?
Will you commit 64 your labor to it?39:13 70
but are they the pinions and plumage of a stork? 73
39:14 For she leaves 74 her eggs on the ground,
and lets them be warmed on the soil.
39:15 She forgets that a foot might crush them,
or that a wild animal 75 might trample them.
39:16 She is harsh 76 with her young,
as if they were not hers;
she is unconcerned
about the uselessness of her labor.
39:17 For God deprived her of wisdom,
and did not impart understanding to her.
39:18 But as soon as she springs up, 77
she laughs at the horse and its rider.
39:19 “Do you give the horse its strength?
Do you clothe its neck with a mane? 78
39:20 Do you make it leap 79 like a locust?
Its proud neighing 80 is terrifying!
exulting mightily, 83
it goes out to meet the weapons.
39:22 It laughs at fear and is not dismayed;
it does not shy away from the sword.
39:23 On it the quiver rattles;
the lance and javelin 84 flash.
39:24 In excitement and impatience it consumes the ground; 85
it cannot stand still 86 when the trumpet is blown.
39:25 At the sound of the trumpet, it says, ‘Aha!’
And from a distance it catches the scent of battle,
the thunderous shouting of commanders,
and the battle cries.
39:26 “Is it by your understanding that the hawk soars, 87
and spreads its wings toward the south?
39:27 Is it at your command 88 that the eagle soars,
and builds its nest on high?
39:28 It lives on a rock and spends the night there,
its eyes gaze intently from a distance.
39:30 And its young ones devour the blood,
and where the dead carcasses 93 are,
there it is.”
Job’s Reply to God’s Challenge
40:1 Then the
Let the person who accuses God give him an answer!”
40:3 Then Job answered the
40:4 “Indeed, I am completely unworthy 96 – how could I reply to you?
40:5 I have spoken once, but I cannot answer;
twice, but I will say no more.” 99
The Lord’s Second Speech 100
40:6 Then the
40:7 “Get ready for a difficult task 101 like a man.
I will question you and you will inform me!
40:8 Would you indeed annul 102 my justice?
Would you declare me guilty so that you might be right?
40:9 Do you have an arm as powerful as God’s, 103
and can you thunder with a voice like his?
40:10 Adorn yourself, then, with majesty and excellency,
and clothe yourself with glory and honor!
Look at every proud man 106 and bring him low;
40:12 Look at every proud man and abase him;
crush the wicked on the spot! 107
40:13 Hide them in the dust 108 together,
40:14 Then I myself will acknowledge 112 to you
that your own right hand can save you. 113
The Description of Behemoth 114
it eats grass like the ox.
40:16 Look 117 at its strength in its loins,
and its power in the muscles of its belly.
40:17 It makes its tail stiff 118 like a cedar,
the sinews of its thighs are tightly wound.
40:18 Its bones are tubes of bronze,
its limbs like bars of iron.
40:19 It ranks first among the works of God, 119
the One who made it
has furnished it with a sword. 120
40:20 For the hills bring it food, 121
where all the wild animals play.
40:21 Under the lotus trees it lies,
in the secrecy of the reeds and the marsh.
40:22 The lotus trees conceal it in their 122 shadow;
the poplars by the stream conceal it.
40:23 If the river rages, 123 it is not disturbed,
it is secure, 124 though the Jordan
should surge up to its mouth.
40:24 Can anyone catch it by its eyes, 125
or pierce its nose with a snare? 126
The Description of Leviathan
and tie down 129 its tongue with a rope?
41:2 Can you put a cord through its nose,
or pierce its jaw with a hook?
41:3 Will it make numerous supplications to you, 130
will it speak to you with tender words? 131
41:4 Will it make a pact 132 with you,
so you could take it 133 as your slave for life?
41:5 Can you play 134 with it, like a bird,
or tie it on a leash 135 for your girls?
Will they divide it up 138 among the merchants?
41:7 Can you fill its hide with harpoons
or its head with fishing spears?
41:8 If you lay your hand on it,
you will remember 139 the fight,
and you will never do it again!
he is laid low even at the sight of it. 142
41:10 Is it not fierce 143 when it is awakened?
Who is he, then, who can stand before it? 144
Everything under heaven belongs to me!) 147
41:12 I will not keep silent about its limbs,
and the extent of its might,
and the grace of its arrangement. 148
41:13 Who can uncover its outer covering? 149
Who can penetrate to the inside of its armor? 150
41:14 Who can open the doors of its mouth? 151
Its teeth all around are fearsome.
41:15 Its back 152 has rows of shields,
shut up closely 153 together as with a seal;
41:16 each one is so close to the next 154
that no air can come between them.
41:17 They lock tightly together, one to the next; 155
they cling together and cannot be separated.
41:18 Its snorting throws out flashes of light;
its eyes are like the red glow 156 of dawn.
41:19 Out of its mouth go flames, 157
sparks of fire shoot forth!
41:20 Smoke streams from its nostrils
as from a boiling pot over burning 158 rushes.
41:21 Its breath sets coals ablaze
and a flame shoots from its mouth.
41:22 Strength lodges in its neck,
and despair 159 runs before it.
41:23 The folds 160 of its flesh are tightly joined;
they are firm on it, immovable. 161
41:24 Its heart 162 is hard as rock,
hard as a lower millstone.
41:25 When it rises up, the mighty are terrified,
at its thrashing about they withdraw. 163
41:26 Whoever strikes it with a sword 164
will have no effect, 165
nor with the spear, arrow, or dart.
41:27 It regards iron as straw
and bronze as rotten wood.
41:28 Arrows 166 do not make it flee;
slingstones become like chaff to it.
41:29 A club is counted 167 as a piece of straw;
it laughs at the rattling of the lance.
41:30 Its underparts 168 are the sharp points of potsherds,
it leaves its mark in the mud
like a threshing sledge. 169
41:31 It makes the deep boil like a cauldron
and stirs up the sea like a pot of ointment, 170
41:32 It leaves a glistening wake behind it;
one would think the deep had a head of white hair.
41:33 The likes of it is not on earth,
a creature 171 without fear.
41:34 It looks on every haughty being;
it is king over all that are proud.” 172
42:1 Then Job answered the
42:2 “I know that you can do all things;
no purpose of yours can be thwarted;
42:3 you asked, 173
‘Who is this who darkens counsel
things too wonderful for me to know. 176
42:4 You said, 177
‘Pay attention, and I will speak;
I will question you, and you will answer me.’
42:5 I had heard of you by the hearing of the ear,
but now my eye has seen you. 178
42:6 Therefore I despise myself, 179
and I repent in dust and ashes!
VII. The Epilogue (42:7-17)
42:7 After the
42:9 So they went, Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite, and did just as the
42:10 So the
42:12 So the
42:16 After this Job lived 140 years; he saw his children and their children to the fourth generation. 42:17 And so Job died, old and full of days.