Bible: Job 38-41

VI. The Divine Speeches (38:1-42:6)

The Lord’s First Speech 1 

38:1 Then the Lord answered Job out of the whirlwind: 2 

38:2Who is this 3  who darkens counsel 4 

with words without knowledge?

38:3 Get ready for a difficult task 5  like a man;

I will question you

and you will inform me!

God’s questions to Job

38:4Where were you

when I laid the foundation 6  of the earth?

Tell me, 7  if you possess understanding!

38:5 Who set its measurements – if 8  you know

or who stretched a measuring line across it?

38:6 On what 9  were its bases 10  set,

or who laid its cornerstone

38:7 when the morning stars 11  sang 12  in chorus, 13 

and all the sons of God 14  shouted for joy?

38:8Who shut up 15  the sea with doors

when it burst forth, 16  coming out of the womb,

38:9 when I made 17  the storm clouds its garment,

and thick darkness its swaddling band, 18 

38:10 when I prescribed 19  its limits,

and set 20  in place its bolts and doors,

38:11 when I said, ‘To here you may come 21 

and no farther, 22 

here your proud waves will be confined? 23 

38:12 Have you ever in your life 24  commanded the morning,

or made the dawn know 25  its place,

38:13 that it might seize the corners of the earth, 26 

and shake the wicked out of it?

38:14 The earth takes shape like clay under a seal; 27 

its features 28  are dyed 29  like a garment.

38:15 Then from the wicked the light is withheld,

and the arm raised in violence 30  is broken. 31 

38:16 Have you gone to the springs that fill the sea, 32 

or walked about in the recesses of the deep?

38:17 Have the gates of death been revealed to you? 33 

Have you seen the gates of deepest darkness? 34 

38:18 Have you considered the vast expanses of the earth?

Tell me, if you know it all!

38:19In what direction 35  does light reside,

and darkness, where is its place,

38:20 that you may take them to their borders

and perceive the pathways to their homes? 36 

38:21 You know, for you were born before them; 37 

and the number of your days is great!

38:22 Have you entered the storehouse 38  of the snow,

or seen the armory 39  of the hail,

38:23 which I reserve for the time of trouble,

for the day of war and battle? 40 

38:24 In what direction is lightning 41  dispersed,

or the east winds scattered over the earth?

38:25 Who carves out a channel for the heavy rains,

and a path for the rumble of thunder,

38:26 to cause it to rain on an uninhabited land, 42 

a desert where there are no human beings, 43 

38:27 to satisfy a devastated and desolate land,

and to cause it to sprout with vegetation? 44 

38:28 Does the rain have a father,

or who has fathered the drops of the dew?

38:29 From whose womb does the ice emerge,

and the frost from the sky, 45  who gives birth to it,

38:30 when the waters become hard 46  like stone,

when the surface of the deep is frozen solid?

38:31 Can you tie the bands 47  of the Pleiades,

or release the cords of Orion?

38:32 Can you lead out

the constellations 48  in their seasons,

or guide the Bear with its cubs? 49 

38:33 Do you know the laws of the heavens,

or can you set up their rule over the earth?

38:34 Can you raise your voice to the clouds

so that a flood of water covers you? 50 

38:35 Can you send out lightning bolts, and they go?

Will they say to you, ‘Here we are’?

38:36 Who has put wisdom in the heart, 51 

or has imparted understanding to the mind?

38:37 Who by wisdom can count the clouds,

and who can tip over 52  the water jars of heaven,

38:38 when the dust hardens 53  into a mass,

and the clumps of earth stick together?

38:39Do you hunt prey for the lioness,

and satisfy the appetite 54  of the lions,

38:40 when they crouch in their dens,

when they wait in ambush in the thicket?

38:41 Who prepares prey for the raven,

when its young cry out to God

and wander about 55  for lack of food?

39:1Are you acquainted with the way 56 

the mountain goats 57  give birth?

Do you watch as the wild deer give birth to their young?

39:2 Do you count the months they must fulfill,

and do you know the time they give birth? 58 

39:3 They crouch, they bear 59  their young,

they bring forth the offspring they have carried. 60 

39:4 Their young grow strong, and grow up in the open; 61 

they go off, and do not return to them.

39:5 Who let the wild donkey go free?

Who released the bonds of the donkey,

39:6 to whom I appointed the steppe for its home,

the salt wastes as its dwelling place?

39:7 It scorns the tumult in the town;

it does not hear the shouts of a driver. 62 

39:8 It ranges the hills as its pasture,

and searches after every green plant.

39:9 Is the wild ox willing to be your servant?

Will it spend the night at your feeding trough?

39:10 Can you bind the wild ox 63  to a furrow with its rope,

will it till the valleys, following after you?

39:11 Will you rely on it because its strength is great?

Will you commit 64  your labor to it?

39:12 Can you count on 65  it to bring in 66  your grain, 67 

and gather the grain 68  to your threshing floor? 69 

39:13 70 

The wings of the ostrich 71  flap with joy, 72 

but are they the pinions and plumage of a stork? 73 

39:14 For she leaves 74  her eggs on the ground,

and lets them be warmed on the soil.

39:15 She forgets that a foot might crush them,

or that a wild animal 75  might trample them.

39:16 She is harsh 76  with her young,

as if they were not hers;

she is unconcerned

about the uselessness of her labor.

39:17 For God deprived her of wisdom,

and did not impart understanding to her.

39:18 But as soon as she springs up, 77 

she laughs at the horse and its rider.

39:19Do you give the horse its strength?

Do you clothe its neck with a mane? 78 

39:20 Do you make it leap 79  like a locust?

Its proud neighing 80  is terrifying!

39:21 It 81  paws the ground in the valley, 82 

exulting mightily, 83 

it goes out to meet the weapons.

39:22 It laughs at fear and is not dismayed;

it does not shy away from the sword.

39:23 On it the quiver rattles;

the lance and javelin 84  flash.

39:24 In excitement and impatience it consumes the ground; 85 

it cannot stand still 86  when the trumpet is blown.

39:25 At the sound of the trumpet, it says, ‘Aha!’

And from a distance it catches the scent of battle,

the thunderous shouting of commanders,

and the battle cries.

39:26Is it by your understanding that the hawk soars, 87 

and spreads its wings toward the south?

39:27 Is it at your command 88  that the eagle soars,

and builds its nest on high?

39:28 It lives on a rock and spends the night there,

on a rocky crag 89  and a fortress. 90 

39:29 From there it spots 91  its prey, 92 

its eyes gaze intently from a distance.

39:30 And its young ones devour the blood,

and where the dead carcasses 93  are,

there it is.”

Job’s Reply to God’s Challenge

40:1 Then the Lord answered Job:

40:2Will the one who contends 94  with the Almighty correct him? 95 

Let the person who accuses God give him an answer!

40:3 Then Job answered the Lord:

40:4Indeed, I am completely unworthy 96 how could I reply to you?

I put 97  my hand over my mouth to silence myself. 98 

40:5 I have spoken once, but I cannot answer;

twice, but I will say no more.” 99 

The Lord’s Second Speech 100 

40:6 Then the Lord answered Job from the whirlwind:

40:7Get ready for a difficult task 101  like a man.

I will question you and you will inform me!

40:8 Would you indeed annul 102  my justice?

Would you declare me guilty so that you might be right?

40:9 Do you have an arm as powerful as God’s, 103 

and can you thunder with a voice like his?

40:10 Adorn yourself, then, with majesty and excellency,

and clothe yourself with glory and honor!

40:11 Scatter abroad 104  the abundance 105  of your anger.

Look at every proud man 106  and bring him low;

40:12 Look at every proud man and abase him;

crush the wicked on the spot! 107 

40:13 Hide them in the dust 108  together,

imprison 109  them 110  in the grave. 111 

40:14 Then I myself will acknowledge 112  to you

that your own right hand can save you. 113 

The Description of Behemoth 114 

40:15Look now at Behemoth, 115  which I made as 116  I made you;

it eats grass like the ox.

40:16 Look 117  at its strength in its loins,

and its power in the muscles of its belly.

40:17 It makes its tail stiff 118  like a cedar,

the sinews of its thighs are tightly wound.

40:18 Its bones are tubes of bronze,

its limbs like bars of iron.

40:19 It ranks first among the works of God, 119 

the One who made it

has furnished it with a sword. 120 

40:20 For the hills bring it food, 121 

where all the wild animals play.

40:21 Under the lotus trees it lies,

in the secrecy of the reeds and the marsh.

40:22 The lotus trees conceal it in their 122  shadow;

the poplars by the stream conceal it.

40:23 If the river rages, 123  it is not disturbed,

it is secure, 124  though the Jordan

should surge up to its mouth.

40:24 Can anyone catch it by its eyes, 125 

or pierce its nose with a snare? 126 

The Description of Leviathan

41:1 127  “Can you pull in 128  Leviathan with a hook,

and tie down 129  its tongue with a rope?

41:2 Can you put a cord through its nose,

or pierce its jaw with a hook?

41:3 Will it make numerous supplications to you, 130 

will it speak to you with tender words? 131 

41:4 Will it make a pact 132  with you,

so you could take it 133  as your slave for life?

41:5 Can you play 134  with it, like a bird,

or tie it on a leash 135  for your girls?

41:6 Will partners 136  bargain 137  for it?

Will they divide it up 138  among the merchants?

41:7 Can you fill its hide with harpoons

or its head with fishing spears?

41:8 If you lay your hand on it,

you will remember 139  the fight,

and you will never do it again!

41:9 140  See, his expectation is wrong, 141 

he is laid low even at the sight of it. 142 

41:10 Is it not fierce 143  when it is awakened?

Who is he, then, who can stand before it? 144 

41:11 (Who has confronted 145  me that I should repay? 146 

Everything under heaven belongs to me!) 147 

41:12 I will not keep silent about its limbs,

and the extent of its might,

and the grace of its arrangement. 148 

41:13 Who can uncover its outer covering? 149 

Who can penetrate to the inside of its armor? 150 

41:14 Who can open the doors of its mouth? 151 

Its teeth all around are fearsome.

41:15 Its back 152  has rows of shields,

shut up closely 153  together as with a seal;

41:16 each one is so close to the next 154 

that no air can come between them.

41:17 They lock tightly together, one to the next; 155 

they cling together and cannot be separated.

41:18 Its snorting throws out flashes of light;

its eyes are like the red glow 156  of dawn.

41:19 Out of its mouth go flames, 157 

sparks of fire shoot forth!

41:20 Smoke streams from its nostrils

as from a boiling pot over burning 158  rushes.

41:21 Its breath sets coals ablaze

and a flame shoots from its mouth.

41:22 Strength lodges in its neck,

and despair 159  runs before it.

41:23 The folds 160  of its flesh are tightly joined;

they are firm on it, immovable. 161 

41:24 Its heart 162  is hard as rock,

hard as a lower millstone.

41:25 When it rises up, the mighty are terrified,

at its thrashing about they withdraw. 163 

41:26 Whoever strikes it with a sword 164 

will have no effect, 165 

nor with the spear, arrow, or dart.

41:27 It regards iron as straw

and bronze as rotten wood.

41:28 Arrows 166  do not make it flee;

slingstones become like chaff to it.

41:29 A club is counted 167  as a piece of straw;

it laughs at the rattling of the lance.

41:30 Its underparts 168  are the sharp points of potsherds,

it leaves its mark in the mud

like a threshing sledge. 169 

41:31 It makes the deep boil like a cauldron

and stirs up the sea like a pot of ointment, 170 

41:32 It leaves a glistening wake behind it;

one would think the deep had a head of white hair.

41:33 The likes of it is not on earth,

a creature 171  without fear.

41:34 It looks on every haughty being;

it is king over all that are proud.” 172 

NET Bible Study Environment