Bible: Job 1-20

I. The Prologue (1:1-2:13)

Job’s Good Life 1  2 

1:1 There was a man 3  in the land of Uz 4  whose 5  name was Job. 6  And that man was pure 7  and upright, 8  one who feared God and turned away from evil. 9  1:2 Seven 10  sons and three daughters were born to him. 11  1:3 His possessions 12  included 13  7,000 sheep, 3,000 camels, 500 yoke of oxen, and 500 female donkeys; in addition he had a very great household. 14  Thus he 15  was the greatest of all the people in the east. 16 

1:4 Now his sons used to go 17  and hold 18  a feast in the house of each one in turn, 19  and they would send and invite 20  their three 21  sisters to eat and to drink with them. 1:5 When 22  the days of their feasting were finished, 23  Job would send 24  for them and sanctify 25  them; he would get up early 26  in the morning and offer burnt offerings according to 27  the number of them all. For Job thought, “Perhaps 28  my children 29  have sinned and cursed 30  God in their hearts.” This was Job’s customary practice. 31 

Satan’s Accusation of Job 32 

1:6 Now the day came when 33  the sons of God 34  came to present themselves before 35  the Lordand Satan 36  also arrived among them. 1:7 The Lord said to Satan, “Where have you come from?” 37  And Satan answered the Lord, 38  “From roving about 39  on the earth, and from walking back and forth across it.” 40  1:8 So the Lord said to Satan, “Have you considered 41  my servant Job? There 42  is no one like him on the earth, a pure and upright man, one who fears God and turns away 43  from evil.”

1:9 Then Satan answered the Lord, “Is it for nothing that Job fears God? 44  1:10 Have you 45  not made a hedge 46  around him and his household and all that he has on every side? You have blessed 47  the work of his hands, and his livestock 48  have increased 49  in the land. 1:11 But 50  extend your hand and strike 51  everything he has, and he will no doubt 52  curse you 53  to your face!

1:12 So the Lord said to Satan, “All right then, 54  everything he has is 55  in your power. 56  Only do not extend your hand against the man himself!” 57  So Satan went out 58  from the presence of the Lord. 59 

Job’s Integrity in Adversity 60 

1:13 Now the day 61  came when Job’s 62  sons and daughters were eating and drinking wine in their oldest brother’s house, 1:14 and a messenger came to Job, saying, “The oxen were plowing 63  and the donkeys were grazing beside them, 1:15 and the Sabeans 64  swooped down 65  and carried them all away, and they killed 66  the servants with the sword! 67  And I – only I alone 68  – escaped to tell you!”

1:16 While this one was still speaking, 69  another messenger arrived 70  and said, “The fire of God 71  has fallen from heaven 72  and has burned up the sheep and the servants – it has consumed them! And I – only I alone – escaped to tell you!”

1:17 While this one was still speaking another messenger arrived and said, “The Chaldeans 73  formed three bands and made a raid 74  on the camels and carried them all away, and they killed the servants with the sword! 75  And I – only I alone – escaped to tell you!”

1:18 While this one was still speaking another messenger arrived and said, “Your sons and your daughters were eating and drinking wine in their oldest brother’s house, 1:19 and suddenly 76  a great wind 77  swept across 78  the wilderness and struck the four corners of the house, and it fell on the young people, and they died! And I – only I alone – escaped to tell you!”

1:20 Then Job got up 79  and tore his robe. 80  He shaved his head, 81  and then he threw himself down with his face to the ground. 82  1:21 He said, “Naked 83  I came from my mother’s womb, and naked I will return there. 84  The Lord gives, and the Lord takes away. 85  May the name of the Lord 86  be blessed! 1:22 In all this Job did not sin, nor did he charge God with moral impropriety. 87 

Satan’s Additional Charge

2:1 Again the day came when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan also arrived among them to present himself before the Lord. 88  2:2 And the Lord said to Satan, “Where do you come from?” Satan answered the Lord, 89  “From roving about on the earth, and from walking back and forth across it.” 90  2:3 Then the Lord said to Satan, “Have you considered my servant Job? For there is no one like him on the earth, a pure and upright man, one who fears God and turns away from evil. And he still holds firmly 91  to his integrity, 92  so that 93  you stirred me up to destroy him 94  without reason.” 95 

2:4 But 96  Satan answered the Lord, “Skin for 97  skin! 98  Indeed, a man will give up 99  all that he has to save his life! 100  2:5 But extend your hand and strike his bone and his flesh, 101  and he will no doubt 102  curse you to your face!

2:6 So the Lord said to Satan, “All right, 103  he is 104  in your power; 105  only preserve 106  his life.”

Job’s Integrity in Suffering

2:7 So Satan went out from the presence of the Lord, and he afflicted 107  Job with a malignant ulcer 108  from the sole of his feet to the top of his head. 109  2:8 Job took a shard of broken pottery to scrape 110  himself 111  with while he was sitting 112  among the ashes. 113 

2:9 Then 114  his wife said to him, “Are you still holding firmly to your integrity? 115  Curse 116  God, and die! 117  2:10 But he replied, 118 You’re talking like one of the godless 119  women would do! Should we receive 120  what is good from God, and not also 121  receive 122  what is evil?” 123  In all this Job did not sin by what he said. 124 

The Visit of Job’s Friends 125 

2:11 When Job’s three friends heard about all this calamity that had happened to him, each of them came from his own country 126 Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite. 127  They met together 128  to come to show sympathy 129  for him and to console 130  him. 2:12 But when they gazed intently 131  from a distance but did not recognize 132  him, they began to weep loudly. Each of them tore his robes, and they threw dust into the air over their heads. 133  2:13 Then they sat down with him on the ground for seven days and seven nights, yet no one spoke a word to him, for they saw that his pain 134  was very great. 135 

II. Job’s Dialogue With His Friends
(3:1-27:33) 136 

Job Regrets His Birth

3:1 After this Job opened his mouth 137  and cursed 138  the day he was born. 139  3:2 Job spoke up 140  and said:

3:3Let the day on which 141  I was born 142  perish,

and the night that said, 143 

‘A man 144  has been conceived!’ 145 

3:4 That day 146 let it be darkness; 147 

let not God on high regard 148  it,

nor let light shine 149  on it!

3:5 Let darkness and the deepest

shadow 150  claim it; 151 

let a cloud settle on it;

let whatever blackens the day 152  terrify it!

3:6 That night – let darkness seize 153  it;

let it not be included 154  among the days of the year;

let it not enter among the number of the months! 155 

3:7 Indeed, 156  let that night be barren; 157 

let no shout of joy 158  penetrate 159  it!

3:8 Let those who curse the day 160  curse it 161 

those who are prepared to rouse 162  Leviathan. 163 

3:9 Let its morning stars 164  be darkened;

let it wait 165  for daylight but find none, 166 

nor let it see the first rays 167  of dawn,

3:10 because it 168  did not shut the doors 169  of my mother’s womb on me, 170 

nor did it hide trouble 171  from my eyes!

Job Wishes He Had Died at Birth 172 

3:11Why did I not 173  die 174  at birth, 175 

and why did I not expire

as 176  I came out of the womb?

3:12 Why did the knees welcome me, 177 

and why were there 178  two breasts 179 

that I might nurse at them? 180 

3:13 For now 181  I would be lying down

and 182  would be quiet, 183 

I would be asleep and then at peace 184 

3:14 with kings and counselors of the earth

who built for themselves places now desolate, 185 

3:15 or with princes who possessed gold, 186 

who filled their palaces 187  with silver.

3:16 Or why 188  was 189  I not buried 190 

like a stillborn infant, 191 

like infants 192  who have never seen the light? 193 

3:17 There 194  the wicked 195  cease 196  from turmoil, 197 

and there the weary 198  are at rest.

3:18 There 199  the prisoners 200  relax 201  together; 202 

they do not hear the voice of the oppressor. 203 

3:19 Small and great are 204  there,

and the slave is free 205  from his master. 206 

Longing for Death 207 

3:20Why does God 208  give 209  light to one who is in misery, 210 

and life to those 211  whose soul is bitter,

3:21 to 212  those who wait 213  for death that 214  does not come,

and search for it 215 

more than for hidden treasures,

3:22 who rejoice 216  even to jubilation, 217 

and are exultant 218  when 219  they find the grave? 220 

3:23 Why is light given 221  to a man 222 

whose way is hidden, 223 

and whom God has hedged in? 224 

3:24 For my sighing comes in place of 225  my food, 226 

and my groanings 227  flow forth like water. 228 

3:25 For the very thing I dreaded 229  has happened 230  to me,

and what I feared has come upon me. 231 

3:26 I have no ease, 232  I have no quietness;

I cannot rest; 233  turmoil has come upon me.” 234 

Eliphaz Begins to Speak 235 

4:1 Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered: 236 

4:2If someone 237  should attempt 238  a word with you,

will you be impatient? 239 

But who can refrain from speaking 240 ?

4:3 Look, 241  you have instructed 242  many;

you have strengthened 243  feeble hands. 244 

4:4 Your words have supported 245  those

who stumbled, 246 

and you have strengthened the knees

that gave way. 247 

4:5 But now the same thing 248  comes to you,

and you are discouraged; 249 

it strikes you,

and you are terrified. 250 

4:6 Is not your piety 251  your confidence, 252 

and your blameless ways your hope? 253 

4:7 Call to mind now: 254 

Who, 255  being innocent, ever perished? 256 

And where were upright people 257  ever destroyed? 258 

4:8 Even as I have seen, 259  those who plow 260  iniquity 261 

and those who sow trouble reap the same. 262 

4:9 By the breath 263  of God they perish, 264 

and by the blast 265  of his anger they are consumed.

4:10 There is 266  the roaring of the lion 267 

and the growling 268  of the young lion,

but the teeth of the young lions are broken. 269 

4:11 The mighty lion 270  perishes 271  for lack of prey,

and the cubs of the lioness 272  are scattered.

Ungodly Complainers Provoke God’s Wrath

4:12Now a word was secretly 273  brought 274  to me,

and my ear caught 275  a whisper 276  of it.

4:13 In the troubling thoughts 277  of the dreams 278  in the night

when a deep sleep 279  falls on men,

4:14 a trembling 280  gripped me – and a terror! –

and made all my bones shake. 281 

4:15 Then a breath of air 282  passes 283  by my face;

it makes 284  the hair of my flesh stand up.

4:16 It stands still, 285 

but I cannot recognize 286  its appearance;

an image is before my eyes,

and I hear a murmuring voice: 287 

4:17Is 288  a mortal man 289  righteous 290  before 291  God?

Or a man pure 292  before his Creator? 293 

4:18 If 294  God 295  puts no trust in 296  his servants 297 

and attributes 298  folly 299  to his angels,

4:19 how much more to those who live in houses of clay, 300 

whose foundation is in the dust,

who are crushed 301  like 302  a moth?

4:20 They are destroyed 303  between morning and evening; 304 

they perish forever 305  without anyone regarding it. 306 

4:21 Is not their excess wealth 307  taken away from them? 308 

They die, 309  yet without attaining wisdom. 310 

5:1Call now! 311  Is there anyone who will answer you? 312 

To which of the holy ones 313  will you turn? 314 

5:2 For 315  wrath kills the foolish person, 316 

and anger 317  slays the silly one.

5:3 I myself 318  have seen the fool 319  taking root,

but suddenly I cursed his place of residence. 320 

5:4 His children are far 321  from safety,

and they are crushed 322  at the place where judgment is rendered, 323 

nor is there anyone to deliver them. 324 

5:5 The hungry 325  eat up his harvest, 326 

and take it even from behind the thorns, 327 

and the thirsty 328  swallow up 329  their fortune. 330 

5:6 For evil does not come up from the dust, 331 

nor does trouble spring up from the ground,

5:7 but people 332  are born 333  to trouble,

as surely as the sparks 334  fly 335  upward. 336 

Blessings for the One Who Seeks God 337 

5:8But 338  as for me, 339  I would seek 340  God, 341 

and to God 342  I would set forth my case. 343 

5:9 He does 344  great and unsearchable 345  things,

marvelous things without 346  number; 347 

5:10 he gives 348  rain on the earth, 349 

and sends 350  water on the fields; 351 

5:11 he sets 352  the lowly 353  on high,

that those who mourn 354  are raised 355  to safety.

5:12 He frustrates 356  the plans 357  of the crafty 358 

so that 359  their hands cannot accomplish

what they had planned! 360 

5:13 He catches 361  the wise in their own craftiness, 362 

and the counsel of the cunning 363  is brought to a quick end. 364 

5:14 They meet with darkness in the daytime, 365 

and grope about 366  in the noontime as if it were night. 367 

5:15 So he saves 368  from the sword that comes from their mouth, 369 

even 370  the poor from the hand of the powerful.

5:16 Thus the poor have hope,

and iniquity 371  shuts its mouth. 372 

5:17Therefore, 373  blessed 374  is the man whom God corrects, 375 

so do not despise the discipline 376  of the Almighty. 377 

5:18 For 378  he 379  wounds, 380  but he also bandages;

he strikes, but his hands also heal.

5:19 He will deliver you 381  from six calamities;

yes, in seven 382  no evil will touch you.

5:20 In time of famine 383  he will redeem you from death,

and in time of war from the power of the sword. 384 

5:21 You will be protected 385  from malicious gossip, 386 

and will not be afraid of the destruction 387  when it comes.

5:22 You will laugh at destruction and famine 388 

and need not 389  be afraid of the beasts of the earth.

5:23 For you will have a pact with the stones 390  of the field,

and the wild animals 391  will be at peace 392  with you.

5:24 And 393  you will know 394  that your home 395 

will be secure, 396 

and when you inspect 397  your domains,

you will not be missing 398  anything.

5:25 You will also know that your children 399  will be numerous,

and your descendants 400  like the grass of the earth.

5:26 You will come to your grave in a full age, 401 

As stacks of grain are harvested in their season.

5:27 Look, we have investigated this, so it is true.

Hear it, 402  and apply it for your own 403  good.” 404 

Job Replies to Eliphaz

6:1 Then Job responded: 405 

6:2Oh, 406  if only my grief 407  could be weighed, 408 

and my misfortune laid 409  on the scales too! 410 

6:3 But because it is heavier 411  than the sand 412  of the sea,

that is why my words have been wild. 413 

6:4 For the arrows 414  of the Almighty 415  are within me;

my spirit 416  drinks their poison; 417 

God’s sudden terrors 418  are arrayed 419  against me.

Complaints Reflect Suffering

6:5Does the wild donkey 420  bray 421  when it is near grass? 422 

Or 423  does the ox low near its fodder? 424 

6:6 Can food that is tasteless 425  be eaten without salt?

Or is there any taste in the white 426  of an egg?

6:7 I 427  have refused 428  to touch such things; 429 

they are like loathsome food to me. 430 

A Cry for Death

6:8Oh that 431  my request would be realized, 432 

and that God would grant me what I long for! 433 

6:9 And that God would be willing 434  to crush me,

that he would let loose 435  his hand

and 436  kill me. 437 

6:10 Then I would yet have my comfort, 438 

then 439  I would rejoice, 440 

in spite of pitiless pain, 441 

for 442  I have not concealed the words 443  of the Holy One. 444 

6:11 What is my strength, that I should wait? 445 

and what is my end, 446 

that I should prolong my life?

6:12 Is my strength like that of stones? 447 

or is my flesh made of bronze?

6:13 Is 448  not my power to help myself nothing,

and has not every resource 449  been driven from me?

Disappointing Friends

6:14To the one in despair, kindness 450  should come from his friend 451 

even if 452  he forsakes the fear of the Almighty.

6:15 My brothers 453  have been as treacherous 454  as a seasonal stream, 455 

and as the riverbeds of the intermittent streams 456 

that flow away. 457 

6:16 They 458  are dark 459  because of ice;

snow is piled 460  up over them. 461 

6:17 When they are scorched, 462  they dry up,

when it is hot, they vanish 463  from their place.

6:18 Caravans 464  turn aside from their routes;

they go 465  into the wasteland 466  and perish. 467 

6:19 The caravans of Tema 468  looked intently 469  for these streams; 470 

the traveling merchants 471  of Sheba hoped for them.

6:20 They were distressed, 472 

because each one had been 473  so confident;

they arrived there, 474  but were disappointed.

6:21 For now 475  you have become like these streams that are no help; 476 

you see a terror, 477  and are afraid.

Friends’ Fears

6:22Have I 478  ever said, 479 Give me something,

and from your fortune 480  make gifts 481  in my favor’?

6:23 Or ‘Deliver me 482  from the enemy’s power, 483 

and from the hand of tyrants 484  ransom 485  me’?

No Sin Discovered

6:24Teach 486  me and I, for my part, 487  will be silent;

explain to me 488  how I have been mistaken. 489 

6:25 How painful 490  are honest words!

But 491  what does your reproof 492  prove? 493 

6:26 Do you intend to criticize mere words,

and treat 494  the words of a despairing man as wind?

6:27 Yes, you would gamble 495  for the fatherless,

and auction off 496  your friend.

Other Explanation

6:28Now then, be good enough to look 497  at me; 498 

and I will not 499  lie to your face!

6:29 Relent, 500  let there be no falsehood; 501 

reconsider, 502  for my righteousness is intact! 503 

6:30 Is there any falsehood 504  on my lips?

Can my mouth 505  not discern evil things? 506 

The Brevity of Life

7:1Does not humanity have hard service 507  on earth?

Are not their days also

like the days of a hired man? 508 

7:2 Like a servant 509  longing for the evening shadow, 510 

and like a hired man looking 511  for his wages, 512 

7:3 thus 513  I have been made to inherit 514 

months of futility, 515 

and nights of sorrow 516 

have been appointed 517  to me.

7:4 If I lie down, I say, 518 When will I arise?’,

and the night stretches on 519 

and I toss and turn restlessly 520 

until the day dawns.

7:5 My body 521  is clothed 522  with worms 523  and dirty scabs; 524 

my skin is broken 525  and festering.

7:6 My days 526  are swifter 527  than a weaver’s shuttle 528 

and they come to an end without hope. 529 

7:7 Remember 530  that my life is but a breath,

that 531  my eyes will never again 532  see happiness.

7:8 The eye of him who sees me now will see me no more; 533 

your eyes will look for me, but I will be gone. 534 

7:9 As 535  a cloud is dispersed and then disappears, 536 

so the one who goes down to the grave 537 

does not come up again. 538 

7:10 He returns no more to his house,

nor does his place of residence 539  know him 540  any more.

Job Remonstrates with God

7:11Therefore, 541  I will not refrain my mouth; 542 

I will speak in the anguish of my spirit;

I will complain 543  in the bitterness of my soul.

7:12 Am I the sea, or the creature of the deep, 544 

that you must put 545  me under guard? 546 

7:13 If 547  I say, 548 My bed will comfort me, 549 

my couch will ease 550  my complaint,”

7:14 then you scare me 551  with dreams

and terrify 552  me with 553  visions,

7:15 so that I 554  would prefer 555  strangling, 556 

and 557  death 558  more 559  than life. 560 

7:16 I loathe 561  it; 562  I do not want to live forever;

leave me alone, 563  for my days are a vapor! 564 

Insignificance of Humans

7:17What is mankind 565  that you make so much of them, 566 

and that you pay attention 567  to them?

7:18 And that you visit 568  them every morning,

and try 569  them every moment? 570 

7:19 Will you never 571  look away from me, 572 

will you not let me alone 573 

long enough to swallow my spittle?

7:20 If 574  I have sinned – what have I done to you, 575 

O watcher of men? 576 

Why have you set me as your target? 577 

Have I become a burden to you? 578 

7:21 And why do you not pardon my transgression,

and take away my iniquity?

For now I will lie down in the dust, 579 

and you will seek me diligently, 580 

but I will be gone.”

Bildad’s First Speech to Job 581 

8:1 Then Bildad the Shuhite spoke up and said:

8:2How long will you speak these things, 582 

seeing 583  that the words of your mouth

are like a great 584  wind? 585 

8:3 Does God pervert 586  justice? 587 

Or does the Almighty pervert 588  what is right?

8:4 If 589  your children sinned against him,

he gave them over 590  to the penalty 591  of their sin.

8:5 But 592  if you will look 593  to God,

and make your supplication 594  to the Almighty,

8:6 if you become 595  pure 596  and upright, 597 

even now he will rouse himself 598  for you,

and will restore 599  your righteous abode. 600 

8:7 Your beginning 601  will seem so small,

since your future will flourish. 602 

8:8For inquire now of the former 603  generation,

and pay attention 604  to the findings 605 

of their ancestors; 606 

8:9 For we were born yesterday 607  and do not have knowledge,

since our days on earth are but a shadow. 608 

8:10 Will they not 609  instruct you and 610  speak to you,

and bring forth words 611 

from their understanding? 612 

8:11 Can the papyrus plant grow tall 613  where there is no marsh?

Can reeds flourish 614  without water?

8:12 While they are still beginning to flower 615 

and not ripe for cutting, 616 

they can wither away 617 

faster 618  than any grass! 619 

8:13 Such is the destiny 620  of all who forget God;

the hope of the godless 621  perishes,

8:14 whose 622  trust 623  is in something futile, 624 

whose security is a spider’s web. 625 

8:15 He leans against his house but it does not hold up, 626 

he takes hold 627  of it but it does not stand.

8:16 He is a well-watered plant 628  in 629  the sun,

its shoots spread 630  over its garden. 631 

8:17 It wraps its roots around a heap 632  of stones 633 

and it looks 634  for a place among stones. 635 

8:18 If he is uprooted 636  from his place,

then that place 637  will disown him, saying, 638 

‘I have never seen you!’

8:19 Indeed, this is the joy of his way, 639 

and out of the earth 640  others spring up. 641 

8:20Surely, God does not reject a blameless man, 642 

nor does he grasp the hand 643 

of the evildoers.

8:21 He will yet 644  fill your mouth with laughter, 645 

and your lips with gladness.

8:22 Those who hate you 646  will be clothed with shame, 647 

and the tent of the wicked will be no more.”

Job’s Reply to Bildad 648 

9:1 Then Job answered:

9:2Truly, 649  I know that this is so.

But how 650  can a human 651  be just before 652  God? 653 

9:3 If someone wishes 654  to contend 655  with him,

he cannot answer 656  him one time in a thousand.

9:4 He is wise in heart 657  and mighty 658  in strength 659 

who has resisted 660  him and remained safe? 661 

9:5 He who removes mountains suddenly, 662 

who overturns them in his anger; 663 

9:6 he who shakes the earth out of its place 664 

so that its pillars tremble; 665 

9:7 he who commands the sun and 666  it does not shine 667 

and seals up 668  the stars;

9:8 he alone spreads out the heavens,

and treads 669  on the waves of the sea; 670 

9:9 he makes the Bear, 671  Orion, 672  and the Pleiades, 673 

and the constellations of the southern sky; 674 

9:10 he does great and unsearchable things, 675 

and wonderful things without number.

9:11 If 676  he passes by me, I cannot see 677  him, 678 

if he goes by, I cannot perceive him. 679 

9:12 If he snatches away, 680  who can turn him back? 681 

Who dares to say to him, ‘What are you doing?’

9:13 God does not restrain his anger; 682 

under him the helpers of Rahab 683  lie crushed. 684 

The Impossibility of Facing God in Court

9:14How much less, 685  then, can I answer him 686 

and choose my words 687  to argue 688  with 689  him! 690 

9:15 Although 691  I am innocent, 692 

I could not answer him; 693 

I could only plead 694  with my judge 695  for mercy.

9:16 If I summoned him, and he answered me, 696 

I would not believe 697 

that he would be listening to my voice

9:17 he who 698  crushes 699  me with a tempest,

and multiplies my wounds for no reason. 700 

9:18 He does not allow 701  me to recover 702  my breath,

for he fills 703  me with bitterness.

9:19 If it is a matter of strength, 704 

most certainly 705  he is the strong one!

And if it is a matter of justice,

he will say, ‘Who will summon me?’ 706 

9:20 Although I am innocent, 707 

my mouth 708  would condemn me; 709 

although I am blameless,

it would declare me perverse. 710 

9:21 I am blameless. 711  I do not know myself. 712 

I despise my life.

Accusation of God’s Justice

9:22It is all one! 713  That is why I say, 714 

‘He destroys the blameless and the guilty.’

9:23 If a scourge brings sudden death, 715 

he mocks 716  at the despair 717  of the innocent. 718 

9:24 If a land 719  has been given

into the hand of a wicked man, 720 

he covers 721  the faces of its judges; 722 

if it is not he, then who is it? 723 

Renewed Complaint

9:25My days 724  are swifter than a runner, 725 

they speed by without seeing happiness.

9:26 They glide by 726  like reed 727  boats,

like an eagle that swoops 728  down on its prey. 729 

9:27 If I say, 730 I will 731  forget my complaint,

I will change my expression 732  and be cheerful,’ 733 

9:28 I dread 734  all my sufferings, 735 

for 736  I know that you do not hold me blameless. 737 

9:29 If I am guilty, 738 

why then 739  weary myself 740  in vain? 741 

9:30 If I wash myself with snow water, 742 

and make my hands clean with lye, 743 

9:31 then you plunge me into a slimy pit 744 

and my own clothes abhor me.

9:32 For he 745  is not a human being like I am,

that 746  I might answer him,

that we might come 747  together in judgment.

9:33 Nor is there an arbiter 748  between us,

who 749  might lay 750  his hand on us both, 751 

9:34 who 752  would take his 753  rod 754  away from me

so that his terror 755  would not make me afraid.

9:35 Then 756  would I speak and not fear him,

but it is not so with me. 757 

An Appeal for Revelation

10:1I 758  am weary 759  of my life;

I will complain without restraint; 760 

I will speak in the bitterness of my soul.

10:2 I will say to God, ‘Do not condemn 761  me;

tell me 762  why you are contending 763  with me.’

10:3 Is it good for you 764  to oppress, 765 

to 766  despise the work of your hands,

while 767  you smile 768 

on the schemes of the wicked?

Motivations of God

10:4Do you have eyes of flesh, 769 

or do you see 770  as a human being sees? 771 

10:5 Are your days like the days of a mortal,

or your years like the years 772  of a mortal,

10:6 that 773  you must search out 774  my iniquity,

and inquire about my sin,

10:7 although you know 775  that I am not guilty,

and that there is no one who can deliver 776 

out of your hand?

Contradictions in God’s Dealings

10:8Your hands have shaped 777  me and made me,

but 778  now you destroy me completely. 779 

10:9 Remember that you have made me as with 780  the clay;

will 781  you return me to dust?

10:10 Did you not pour 782  me out like milk,

and curdle 783  me like cheese? 784 

10:11 You clothed 785  me with skin and flesh

and knit me together 786  with bones and sinews.

10:12 You gave me 787  life and favor, 788 

and your intervention 789  watched over my spirit.

10:13But these things 790  you have concealed in your heart;

I know that this 791  is with you: 792 

10:14 If I sinned, then you would watch me

and you would not acquit me of my iniquity.

10:15 If I am guilty, 793  woe 794  to me,

and if I am innocent, I cannot lift my head; 795 

I am full of shame, 796 

and satiated with my affliction. 797 

10:16 If I lift myself up, 798 

you hunt me as a fierce lion, 799 

and again 800  you display your power 801  against me.

10:17 You bring new witnesses 802  against me,

and increase your anger against me;

relief troops 803  come against me.

An Appeal for Relief

10:18Why then did you bring me out from the womb?

I should have died 804 

and no eye would have seen me!

10:19 I should have been as though I had never existed; 805 

I should have been carried

right from the womb to the grave!

10:20 Are not my days few? 806 

Cease, 807  then, and leave 808  me alone, 809 

that I may find a little comfort, 810 

10:21 before I depart, never to return, 811 

to the land of darkness

and the deepest shadow, 812 

10:22 to the land of utter darkness,

like the deepest darkness,

and the deepest shadow and disorder, 813 

where even the light 814  is like darkness.” 815 

Zophar’s First Speech to Job 816 

11:1 Then Zophar the Naamathite spoke up and said:

11:2Should not this 817  abundance of words be answered, 818 

or should this 819  talkative man 820 

be vindicated? 821 

11:3 Will your idle talk 822  reduce people to silence, 823 

and will no one rebuke 824  you when you mock? 825 

11:4 For you have said, ‘My teaching 826  is flawless,

and I am pure in your sight.’

11:5 But if only God would speak, 827 

if only he would open his lips against you, 828 

11:6 and reveal to you the secrets of wisdom

for true wisdom has two sides 829 

so that you would know 830 

that God has forgiven some of your sins. 831 

11:7Can you discover 832  the essence 833  of God?

Can you find out 834 

the perfection of the Almighty? 835 

11:8 It is higher 836  than the heavens – what can you do?

It is deeper than Sheol 837 what can you know?

11:9 Its measure is longer than the earth,

and broader than the sea.

11:10 If he comes by 838  and confines 839  you 840 

and convenes a court, 841 

then who can prevent 842  him?

11:11 For he 843  knows deceitful 844  men;

when he sees evil, will he not 845  consider it? 846 

11:12 But an empty man will become wise,

when a wild donkey’s colt is born a human being. 847 

11:13As for you, 848  if you prove faithful, 849 

and if 850  you stretch out your hands toward him, 851 

11:14 if 852  iniquity is in your hand – put it far away, 853 

and do not let evil reside in your tents.

11:15 For 854  then you will lift up your face

without 855  blemish; 856 

you will be securely established 857 

and will not fear.

11:16 For you 858  will forget your trouble; 859 

you will remember it

like water that 860  has flowed away.

11:17 And life 861  will be brighter 862  than the noonday;

though there be darkness, 863 

it will be like the morning.

11:18 And you will be secure, because there is hope;

you will be protected 864 

and will take your rest in safety.

11:19 You will lie down with 865  no one to make you afraid,

and many will seek your favor. 866 

11:20 But the eyes of the wicked fail, 867 

and escape 868  eludes them;

their one hope 869  is to breathe their last.” 870 

Job’s Reply to Zophar 871 

12:1 Then Job answered:

12:2Without a doubt you are the people, 872 

and wisdom will die with you. 873 

12:3 I also have understanding 874  as well as you;

I am not inferior to you. 875 

Who does not know such things as these? 876 

12:4 I am 877  a laughingstock 878  to my friends, 879 

I, who called on God and whom he answered 880 

a righteous and blameless 881  man

is a laughingstock!

12:5 For calamity, 882  there is derision

(according to the ideas of the fortunate 883 ) –

a fate 884  for those whose feet slip!

12:6 But 885  the tents of robbers are peaceful,

and those who provoke God are confident 886 

who carry their god in their hands. 887 

Knowledge of God’s Wisdom 888 

12:7But now, ask the animals and they 889  will teach you,

or the birds of the sky and they will tell you.

12:8 Or speak 890  to the earth 891  and it will teach you,

or let the fish of the sea declare to you.

12:9 Which of all these 892  does not know

that the hand of the Lord 893  has done 894  this,

12:10 in whose hand 895  is the life 896  of every creature

and the breath of all the human race. 897 

12:11 Does not the ear test words,

as 898  the tongue 899  tastes food? 900 

12:12 Is not wisdom found among the aged? 901 

Does not long life bring understanding?

12:13With God 902  are wisdom and power;

counsel and understanding are his. 903 

12:14 If 904  he tears down, it cannot be rebuilt;

if he imprisons a person, there is no escape. 905 

12:15 If he holds back the waters, then they dry up; 906 

if he releases them, 907  they destroy 908  the land.

12:16 With him are strength and prudence; 909 

both the one who goes astray 910 

and the one who misleads are his.

12:17 He 911  leads 912  counselors away stripped 913 

and makes judges 914  into fools. 915 

12:18 He loosens 916  the bonds 917  of kings

and binds a loincloth 918  around their waist.

12:19 He leads priests away stripped 919 

and overthrows 920  the potentates. 921 

12:20 He deprives the trusted advisers 922  of speech 923 

and takes away the discernment 924  of elders.

12:21 He pours contempt on noblemen

and disarms 925  the powerful. 926 

12:22 He reveals the deep things of darkness,

and brings deep shadows 927  into the light.

12:23 He makes nations great, 928  and destroys them;

he extends the boundaries of nations

and disperses 929  them. 930 

12:24 He deprives the leaders of the earth 931 

of their understanding; 932 

he makes them wander

in a trackless desert waste. 933 

12:25 They grope about in darkness 934  without light;

he makes them stagger 935  like drunkards.

Job Pleads His Cause to God 936 

13:1Indeed, my eyes have seen all this, 937 

my ears have heard and understood it.

13:2 What you know, 938  I 939  know also;

I am not inferior 940  to you!

13:3 But I wish to speak 941  to the Almighty, 942 

and I desire to argue 943  my case 944  with God.

13:4 But you, however, are inventors of lies; 945 

all of you are worthless physicians! 946 

13:5 If only you would keep completely silent! 947 

For you, that would be wisdom. 948 

13:6Listen now to my argument, 949 

and be attentive to my lipscontentions. 950 

13:7 Will you speak wickedly 951  on God’s behalf? 952 

Will you speak deceitfully for him?

13:8 Will you show him partiality? 953 

Will you argue the case 954  for God?

13:9 Would it turn out well if he would examine 955  you?

Or as one deceives 956  a man would you deceive him?

13:10 He would certainly rebuke 957  you

if you secretly 958  showed partiality!

13:11 Would not his splendor 959  terrify 960  you

and the fear he inspires 961  fall on you?

13:12 Your maxims 962  are proverbs of ashes; 963 

your defenses 964  are defenses of clay. 965 

13:13Refrain from talking 966  with me so that 967  I may speak;

then let come to me 968  what may. 969 

13:14 Why 970  do I put myself in peril, 971 

and take my life in my hands?

13:15 Even if he slays me, I will hope in him; 972 

I will surely 973  defend 974  my ways to his face!

13:16 Moreover, this will become my deliverance,

for no godless person would come before him. 975 

13:17 Listen carefully 976  to my words;

let your ears be attentive to my explanation. 977 

13:18 See now, 978  I have prepared 979  my 980  case; 981 

I know that I am right. 982 

13:19 Who 983  will contend with me?

If anyone can, I will be silent and die. 984 

13:20 Only in two things spare me, 985  O God, 986 

and then I will not hide from your face:

13:21 Remove 987  your hand 988  far from me

and stop making me afraid with your terror. 989 

13:22 Then call, 990  and I will answer,

or I will speak, and you respond to me.

13:23 How many are my 991  iniquities and sins?

Show me my transgression and my sin. 992 

13:24 Why do you hide your face 993 

and regard me as your enemy?

13:25 Do you wish to torment 994  a windblown 995  leaf

and chase after dry chaff? 996 

13:26 For you write down 997  bitter things against me

and cause me to inherit the sins of my youth. 998 

13:27 And you put my feet in the stocks 999 

and you watch all my movements; 1000 

you put marks 1001  on the soles of my feet.

13:28 So I 1002  waste away like something rotten, 1003 

like a garment eaten by moths.

The Brevity of Life

14:1Man, born of woman, 1004 

lives but a few days, 1005  and they are full of trouble. 1006 

14:2 He grows up 1007  like a flower and then withers away; 1008 

he flees like a shadow, and does not remain. 1009 

14:3 Do you fix your eye 1010  on such a one? 1011 

And do you bring me 1012  before you for judgment?

14:4 Who can make 1013  a clean thing come from an unclean? 1014 

No one!

14:5 Since man’s days 1015  are determined, 1016 

the number of his months is under your control; 1017 

you have set his limit 1018  and he cannot pass it.

14:6 Look away from him and let him desist, 1019 

until he fulfills 1020  his time like a hired man.

The Inevitability of Death

14:7But there is hope for 1021  a tree: 1022 

If it is cut down, it will sprout again,

and its new shoots will not fail.

14:8 Although its roots may grow old 1023  in the ground

and its stump begins to die 1024  in the soil, 1025 

14:9 at the scent 1026  of water it will flourish 1027 

and put forth 1028  shoots like a new plant.

14:10 But man 1029  dies and is powerless; 1030 

he expires – and where is he? 1031 

14:11 As 1032  water disappears from the sea, 1033 

or a river drains away and dries up,

14:12 so man lies down and does not rise;

until the heavens are no more, 1034 

they 1035  will not awake

nor arise from their sleep.

The Possibility of Another Life

14:13O that 1036  you would hide me in Sheol, 1037 

and conceal me till your anger has passed! 1038 

O that you would set me a time 1039 

and then remember me! 1040 

14:14 If a man dies, will he live again? 1041 

All the days of my hard service 1042  I will wait 1043 

until my release comes. 1044 

14:15 You will call 1045  and I 1046 I will answer you;

you will long for 1047  the creature you have made. 1048 

The Present Condition 1049 

14:16Surely now you count my steps; 1050 

then you would not mark 1051  my sin. 1052 

14:17 My offenses would be sealed up 1053  in a bag; 1054 

you would cover over 1055  my sin.

14:18 But as 1056  a mountain falls away and crumbles, 1057 

and as a rock will be removed from its place,

14:19 as water wears away stones,

and torrents 1058  wash away the soil, 1059 

so you destroy man’s hope. 1060 

14:20 You overpower him once for all, 1061 

and he departs;

you change 1062  his appearance

and send him away.

14:21 If 1063  his sons are honored, 1064 

he does not know it; 1065 

if they are brought low,

he does not see 1066  it.

14:22 Only his flesh has pain for himself, 1067 

and he mourns for himself.” 1068 

Eliphaz’s Second Speech 1069 

15:1 Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered:

15:2Does a wise man answer with blustery knowledge, 1070 

or fill his belly 1071  with the east wind? 1072 

15:3 Does he argue 1073  with useless 1074  talk,

with words that have no value in them?

15:4 But you even break off 1075  piety, 1076 

and hinder 1077  meditation 1078  before God.

15:5 Your sin inspires 1079  your mouth;

you choose the language 1080  of the crafty. 1081 

15:6 Your own mouth condemns 1082  you, not I;

your own lips testify against 1083  you.

15:7Were you the first man ever born?

Were you brought forth before the hills?

15:8 Do you listen in on God’s secret council? 1084 

Do you limit 1085  wisdom to yourself?

15:9 What do you know that we don’t know?

What do you understand that we don’t understand? 1086 

15:10 The gray-haired 1087  and the aged are on our side, 1088 

men far older than your father. 1089 

15:11 Are God’s consolations 1090  too trivial for you; 1091 

or a word spoken 1092  in gentleness to you?

15:12 Why 1093  has your heart carried you away, 1094 

and why do your eyes flash, 1095 

15:13 when you turn your rage 1096  against God

and allow such words to escape 1097  from your mouth?

15:14 What is man that he should be pure,

or one born of woman, that he should be righteous?

15:15 If God places no trust in his holy ones, 1098 

if even the heavens 1099  are not pure in his eyes,

15:16 how much less man, who is abominable and corrupt, 1100 

who drinks in evil like water! 1101 

15:17I will explain to you;

listen to me,

and what 1102  I have seen, I will declare, 1103 

15:18 what wise men declare,

hiding nothing,

from the tradition of 1104  their ancestors, 1105 

15:19 to whom alone the land was given

when no foreigner passed among them. 1106 

15:20 All his days 1107  the wicked man suffers torment, 1108 

throughout the number of the years

that 1109  are stored up for the tyrant. 1110 

15:21 Terrifying sounds fill 1111  his ears;

in a time of peace marauders 1112  attack him.

15:22 He does not expect 1113  to escape from darkness; 1114 

he is marked for the sword; 1115 

15:23 he wanders about – food for vultures; 1116 

he knows that the day of darkness is at hand. 1117 

15:24 Distress and anguish 1118  terrify him;

they prevail against him

like a king ready to launch an attack, 1119 

15:25 for he stretches out his hand against God, 1120 

and vaunts himself 1121  against the Almighty,

15:26 defiantly charging against him 1122 

with a thick, strong shield! 1123 

15:27 Because he covered his face with fat, 1124 

and made 1125  his hips bulge with fat, 1126 

15:28 he lived in ruined towns 1127 

and in houses where 1128  no one lives,

where they are ready to crumble into heaps. 1129 

15:29 He will not grow rich,

and his wealth will not endure,

nor will his possessions 1130  spread over the land.

15:30 He will not escape the darkness; 1131 

a flame will wither his shoots

and he will depart

by the breath of God’s mouth. 1132 

15:31 Let him not trust in what is worthless, 1133 

deceiving himself;

for worthlessness will be his reward. 1134 

15:32 Before his time 1135  he will be paid in full, 1136 

and his branches will not flourish. 1137 

15:33 Like a vine he will let his sour grapes fall, 1138 

and like an olive tree

he will shed his blossoms. 1139 

15:34 For the company of the godless is barren, 1140 

and fire 1141  consumes the tents of those who accept bribes. 1142 

15:35 They conceive 1143  trouble and bring forth evil;

their belly 1144  prepares deception.”

Job’s Reply to Eliphaz 1145 

16:1 Then Job replied:

16:2I have heard many things like these before.

What miserable comforters 1146  are you all!

16:3 Will 1147  there be an end to your 1148  windy words? 1149 

Or what provokes 1150  you that you answer? 1151 

16:4 I also could speak 1152  like you,

if 1153  you were in my place;

I could pile up 1154  words against you

and I could shake my head at you. 1155 

16:5 But 1156  I would strengthen 1157  you with my words; 1158 

comfort from my lips would bring 1159  you relief.

Abandonment by God and Man

16:6But 1160  if I speak, my pain is not relieved, 1161 

and if I refrain from speaking

– how 1162  much of it goes away?

16:7 Surely now he 1163  has worn me out,

you have devastated my entire household.

16:8 You have seized me, 1164 

and it 1165  has become a witness;

my leanness 1166  has risen up against me

and testifies against me.

16:9 His 1167  anger has torn me 1168  and persecuted 1169  me;

he has gnashed at me with his teeth;

my adversary locks 1170  his eyes on me.

16:10 People 1171  have opened their mouths against me,

they have struck my cheek in scorn; 1172 

they unite 1173  together against me.

16:11 God abandons me to evil 1174  men, 1175 

and throws 1176  me into the hands of wicked men.

16:12 I was in peace, and he has shattered me. 1177 

He has seized me by the neck and crushed me. 1178 

He has made me his target;

16:13 his archers 1179  surround me.

Without pity 1180  he pierces 1181  my kidneys

and pours out my gall 1182  on the ground.

16:14 He breaks through against me, time and time again; 1183 

he rushes 1184  against me like a warrior.

16:15 I have sewed sackcloth on my skin, 1185 

and buried 1186  my horn 1187  in the dust;

16:16 my face is reddened 1188  because of weeping, 1189 

and on my eyelids there is a deep darkness, 1190 

16:17 although 1191  there is no violence in my hands

and my prayer is pure.

An Appeal to God as Witness

16:18O earth, do not cover my blood, 1192 

nor let there be a secret 1193  place for my cry.

16:19 Even now my witness 1194  is in heaven;

my advocate 1195  is on high.

16:20 My intercessor is my friend 1196 

as my eyes pour out 1197  tears to God;

16:21 and 1198  he contends with God on behalf of man

as a man 1199  pleads 1200  for his friend.

16:22 For the years that lie ahead are few, 1201 

and then I will go on the way of no return. 1202 

17:1 My spirit is broken, 1203 

my days have faded out, 1204 

the grave 1205  awaits me.

17:2 Surely mockery 1206  is with me; 1207 

my eyes must dwell on their hostility. 1208 

17:3 Make then my pledge 1209  with you.

Who else will put up security for me? 1210 

17:4 Because 1211  you have closed their 1212  minds to understanding,

therefore you will not exalt them. 1213 

17:5 If a man denounces his friends for personal gain, 1214 

the eyes of his children will fail.

17:6 He has made me 1215  a byword 1216  to people,

I am the one in whose face they spit. 1217 

17:7 My eyes have grown dim 1218  with grief;

my whole frame 1219  is but a shadow.

17:8 Upright men are appalled 1220  at this;

the innocent man is troubled 1221  with the godless.

17:9 But the righteous man holds to his way,

and the one with clean hands grows stronger. 1222 

Anticipation of Death

17:10But turn, all of you, 1223  and come 1224  now! 1225 

I will not find a wise man among you.

17:11 My days have passed, my plans 1226  are shattered,

even 1227  the desires 1228  of my heart.

17:12 These men 1229  change 1230  night into day;

they say, 1231  ‘The light is near

in the face of darkness.’ 1232 

17:13 If 1233  I hope for the grave to be my home,

if I spread out my bed in darkness,

17:14 If I cry 1234  to corruption, 1235 You are my father,’

and to the worm, ‘My Mother,’ or ‘My sister,’

17:15 where then 1236  is my hope?

And my hope, 1237  who sees it?

17:16 Will 1238  it 1239  go down to the barred gates 1240  of death?

Will 1241  we descend 1242  together into the dust?

Bildad’s Second Speech 1243 

18:1 Then Bildad the Shuhite answered:

18:2How long until you 1244  make an end of words? 1245 

You must consider, 1246  and then 1247  we can talk.

18:3 Why should we be regarded as beasts,

and considered stupid 1248  in your sight?

18:4 You who tear yourself 1249  to pieces in your anger,

will the earth be abandoned 1250  for your sake?

Or will a rock be moved from its place? 1251 

18:5Yes, 1252  the lamp 1253  of the wicked is extinguished;

his flame of fire 1254  does not shine.

18:6 The light in his tent grows dark;

his lamp above him is extinguished. 1255 

18:7 His vigorous steps 1256  are restricted, 1257 

and his own counsel throws him down. 1258 

18:8 For he has been thrown into a net by his feet 1259 

and he wanders into a mesh. 1260 

18:9 A trap 1261  seizes him by the heel;

a snare 1262  grips him.

18:10 A rope is hidden for him 1263  on the ground

and a trap for him 1264  lies on the path.

18:11 Terrors 1265  frighten him on all sides

and dog 1266  his every step.

18:12 Calamity is 1267  hungry for him, 1268 

and misfortune is ready at his side. 1269 

18:13 It eats away parts of his skin; 1270 

the most terrible death 1271  devours his limbs.

18:14 He is dragged from the security of his tent, 1272 

and marched off 1273  to the king 1274  of terrors.

18:15 Fire resides in his tent; 1275 

over his residence burning sulfur is scattered.

18:16 Below his roots dry up,

and his branches wither above.

18:17 His memory perishes from the earth,

he has no name in the land. 1276 

18:18 He is driven 1277  from light into darkness

and is banished from the world.

18:19 He has neither children nor descendants 1278  among his people,

no survivor in those places he once stayed. 1279 

18:20 People of the west 1280  are appalled at his fate; 1281 

people of the east are seized with horror, 1282  saying, 1283 

18:21Surely such is the residence 1284  of an evil man;

and this is the place of one who has not known God.’ 1285 

Job’s Reply to Bildad 1286 

19:1 Then Job answered:

19:2How long will you torment me 1287 

and crush 1288  me with your words? 1289 

19:3 These ten times 1290  you have been reproaching me; 1291 

you are not ashamed to attack me! 1292 

19:4 But even if it were 1293  true that I have erred, 1294 

my error 1295  remains solely my concern!

19:5 If indeed 1296  you would exalt yourselves 1297  above me

and plead my disgrace against me, 1298 

19:6 know 1299  then that God has wronged me 1300 

and encircled 1301  me with his net. 1302 

Job’s Abandonment and Affliction

19:7If 1303  I cry out, 1304 Violence!’ 1305 

I receive no answer; 1306 

I cry for help,

but there is no justice.

19:8 He has blocked 1307  my way so I cannot pass,

and has set darkness 1308  over my paths.

19:9 He has stripped me of my honor

and has taken the crown off my head. 1309 

19:10 He tears me down 1310  on every side until I perish; 1311 

he uproots 1312  my hope 1313  like one uproots 1314  a tree.

19:11 Thus 1315  his anger burns against me,

and he considers me among his enemies. 1316 

19:12 His troops 1317  advance together;

they throw up 1318  a siege ramp against me,

and they camp around my tent.

Job’s Forsaken State

19:13He has put my relatives 1319  far from me;

my acquaintances only 1320  turn away from me.

19:14 My kinsmen have failed me;

my friends 1321  have forgotten me. 1322 

19:15 My guests 1323  and my servant girls

consider 1324  me a stranger;

I am a foreigner 1325  in their eyes.

19:16 I summon 1326  my servant, but he does not respond,

even though I implore 1327  him with my own mouth.

19:17 My breath is repulsive 1328  to my wife;

I am loathsome 1329  to my brothers. 1330 

19:18 Even youngsters have scorned me;

when I get up, 1331  they scoff at me. 1332 

19:19 All my closest friends 1333  detest me;

and those whom 1334  I love have turned against me. 1335 

19:20 My bones stick to my skin and my flesh; 1336 

I have escaped 1337  alive 1338  with only the skin of my teeth.

19:21 Have pity on me, my friends, have pity on me,

for the hand of God has struck me.

19:22 Why do you pursue me like God does? 1339 

Will you never be satiated with my flesh? 1340 

Job’s Assurance of Vindication

19:23O that 1341  my words were written down,

O that they were written on a scroll, 1342 

19:24 that with an iron chisel and with lead 1343 

they were engraved in a rock forever!

19:25 As for me, I know that my Redeemer 1344  lives,

and that as the last 1345 

he will stand upon the earth. 1346 

19:26 And after my skin has been destroyed, 1347 

yet in my flesh 1348  I will see God, 1349 

19:27 whom I will see for myself, 1350 

and whom my own eyes will behold,

and not another. 1351 

My heart 1352  grows faint within me. 1353 

19:28 If you say, ‘How we will pursue him,

since the root of the trouble is found in him!’ 1354 

19:29 Fear the sword yourselves,

for wrath 1355  brings the punishment 1356  by the sword,

so that you may know

that there is judgment.” 1357 

Zophar’s Second Speech 1358 

20:1 Then Zophar the Naamathite answered:

20:2This is why 1359  my troubled thoughts bring me back 1360 

because of my feelings 1361  within me.

20:3 When 1362  I hear a reproof that dishonors 1363  me,

then my understanding 1364  prompts me to answer. 1365 

20:4Surely you know 1366  that it has been from old,

ever since humankind was placed 1367  on the earth,

20:5 that the elation of the wicked is brief, 1368 

the joy of the godless 1369  lasts but a moment. 1370 

20:6 Even though his stature 1371  reaches to the heavens

and his head touches the clouds,

20:7 he will perish forever, like his own excrement; 1372 

those who used to see him will say, ‘Where is he?’

20:8 Like a dream he flies away, never again to be found, 1373 

and like a vision of the night he is put to flight.

20:9 People 1374  who had seen him will not see him again,

and the place where he was

will recognize him no longer.

20:10 His sons must recompense 1375  the poor;

his own hands 1376  must return his wealth.

20:11 His bones 1377  were full of his youthful vigor, 1378 

but that vigor will lie down with him in the dust.

20:12If 1379  evil is sweet in his mouth

and he hides it under his tongue, 1380 

20:13 if he retains it for himself

and does not let it go,

and holds it fast in his mouth, 1381 

20:14 his food is turned sour 1382  in his stomach; 1383 

it becomes the venom of serpents 1384  within him.

20:15 The wealth that he consumed 1385  he vomits up,

God will make him throw it out 1386  of his stomach.

20:16 He sucks the poison 1387  of serpents; 1388 

the fangs 1389  of a viper 1390  kill him.

20:17 He will not look on the streams, 1391 

the rivers, which are the torrents 1392 

of honey and butter. 1393 

20:18 He gives back the ill-gotten gain 1394 

without assimilating it; 1395 

he will not enjoy the wealth from his commerce. 1396 

20:19 For he has oppressed the poor and abandoned them; 1397 

he has seized a house which he did not build. 1398 

20:20 For he knows no satisfaction in his appetite; 1399 

he does not let anything he desires 1400  escape. 1401 

20:21Nothing is left for him to devour; 1402 

that is why his prosperity does not last. 1403 

20:22 In the fullness of his sufficiency, 1404 

distress 1405  overtakes him.

the full force of misery will come upon him. 1406 

20:23While he is 1407  filling his belly,

God 1408  sends his burning anger 1409  against him,

and rains down his blows upon him. 1410 

20:24 If he flees from an iron weapon,

then an arrow 1411  from a bronze bow pierces him.

20:25 When he pulls it out 1412  and it comes out of his back,

the gleaming point 1413  out of his liver,

terrors come over him.

20:26 Total darkness waits to receive his treasures; 1414 

a fire which has not been kindled 1415 

will consume him

and devour what is left in his tent.

20:27 The heavens reveal his iniquity;

the earth rises up against him.

20:28 A flood will carry off his house,

rushing waters on the day of God’s wrath.

20:29 Such is the lot God allots the wicked,

and the heritage of his appointment 1416  from God.”

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