Bible: Jeremiah 46-51

Prophecies Against Foreign Nations 1 

46:1 The Lord spoke to Jeremiah about the nations. 2 

The Prophecy about Egypt’s Defeat at Carchemish

46:2 He spoke about Egypt and the army of Pharaoh Necho king of Egypt which was encamped along the Euphrates River at Carchemish. Now this was the army that King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon defeated in the fourth year that Jehoiakim son of Josiah was ruling 3  over Judah. 4 

46:3Fall into ranks with your shields ready! 5 

Prepare to march into battle!

46:4 Harness the horses to the chariots!

Mount your horses!

Put on your helmets and take your positions!

Sharpen you spears!

Put on your armor!

46:5 What do I see?” 6  says the Lord. 7 

“The soldiers 8  are terrified.

They are retreating.

They have been defeated.

They are overcome with terror; 9 

they desert quickly

without looking back.

46:6 But even the swiftest cannot get away.

Even the strongest cannot escape. 10 

There in the north by the Euphrates River

they stumble and fall in defeat. 11 

46:7Who is this that rises like the Nile,

like its streams 12  turbulent at flood stage?

46:8 Egypt rises like the Nile,

like its streams turbulent at flood stage.

Egypt says, ‘I will arise and cover the earth.

I will destroy cities and the people who inhabit them.’

46:9 Go ahead and 13  charge into battle, you horsemen!

Drive furiously, you charioteers!

Let the soldiers march out into battle,

those from Ethiopia and Libya who carry shields,

and those from Lydia 14  who are armed with the bow. 15 

46:10 But that day belongs to the Lord God who rules over all. 16 

It is the day when he will pay back his enemies. 17 

His sword will devour them until its appetite is satisfied!

It will drink their blood until it is full! 18 

For the Lord God who rules over all 19  will offer them up as a sacrifice

in the land of the north by the Euphrates River.

46:11 Go up to Gilead and get medicinal ointment, 20 

you dear poor people of Egypt. 21 

But it will prove useless no matter how much medicine you use; 22 

there will be no healing for you.

46:12 The nations will hear of your devastating defeat. 23 

your cries of distress will echo throughout the earth.

In the panic of their flight one soldier will trip over another

and both of them will fall down defeated.” 24 

The Lord Predicts that Nebuchadnezzar Will Attack and Plunder Egypt

46:13 The Lord spoke to the prophet Jeremiah about Nebuchadnezzar coming to attack the land of Egypt. 25 

46:14Make an announcement throughout Egypt.

Proclaim it in Migdol, Memphis, and Tahpanhes. 26 

‘Take your positions and prepare to do battle.

For the enemy army is destroying all the nations around you.’ 27 

46:15 Why will your soldiers 28  be defeated? 29 

They will not stand because I, the Lord, will thrust 30  them down.

46:16 I will make many stumble. 31 

They will fall over one another in their hurry to flee. 32 

They will say, ‘Get up!

Let’s go back to our own people.

Let’s go back to our homelands

because the enemy is coming to destroy us.’ 33 

46:17 There at home they will say, ‘Pharaoh king of Egypt is just a big noise! 34 

He has let the most opportune moment pass by.’ 35 

46:18 I the King, whose name is the Lord who rules over all, 36  swear this:

I swear as surely as I live that 37  a conqueror is coming.

He will be as imposing as Mount Tabor is among the mountains,

as Mount Carmel is against the backdrop of the sea. 38 

46:19 Pack your bags for exile,

you inhabitants of poor dear Egypt. 39 

For Memphis will be laid waste.

It will lie in ruins 40  and be uninhabited.

46:20 Egypt is like a beautiful young cow.

But northern armies will attack her like swarms of stinging flies. 41 

46:21 Even her mercenaries 42 

will prove to be like pampered, 43  well-fed calves.

For they too will turn and run away.

They will not stand their ground

when 44  the time for them to be destroyed comes,

the time for them to be punished.

46:22 Egypt will run away, hissing like a snake, 45 

as the enemy comes marching up in force.

They will come against her with axes

as if they were woodsmen chopping down trees.

46:23 The population of Egypt is like a vast, impenetrable forest.

But I, the Lord, affirm 46  that the enemy will cut them down.

For those who chop them down will be more numerous than locusts.

They will be too numerous to count. 47 

46:24 Poor dear Egypt 48  will be put to shame.

She will be handed over to the people from the north.”

46:25 The Lord God of Israel who rules over all 49  says, “I will punish Amon, the god of Thebes. 50  I will punish Egypt, its gods, and its kings. I will punish Pharaoh and all who trust in him. 51  46:26 I will hand them over to Nebuchadnezzar and his troops, who want to kill them. But later on, people will live in Egypt again as they did in former times. I, the Lord, affirm it! 52 


A Promise of Hope for Israel


“You descendants of Jacob, my servants, 54  do not be afraid;

do not be terrified, people of Israel.

For I will rescue you and your descendants

from the faraway lands where you are captives. 55 

The descendants of Jacob will return to their land and enjoy peace.

They will be secure and no one will terrify them.

46:28 I, the Lord, tell 56  you not to be afraid,

you descendants of Jacob, my servant,

for I am with you.

Though I completely destroy all the nations where I scatter you,

I will not completely destroy you.

I will indeed discipline you but only in due measure.

I will not allow you to go entirely unpunished.” 57 

Judgment on the Philistine Cities

47:1 The Lord spoke to the prophet Jeremiah 58  about the Philistines before Pharaoh attacked Gaza. 59 

47:2Look! Enemies are gathering in the north like water rising in a river. 60 

They will be like an overflowing stream.

They will overwhelm the whole country and everything in it like a flood.

They will overwhelm the cities and their inhabitants.

People will cry out in alarm.

Everyone living in the country will cry out in pain.

47:3 Fathers will hear the hoofbeats of the enemies’ horses,

the clatter of their chariots and the rumbling of their wheels.

They will not turn back to save their children

because they will be paralyzed with fear. 61 

47:4 For the time has come

to destroy all the Philistines.

The time has come to destroy all the help

that remains for Tyre 62  and Sidon. 63 

For I, the Lord, will 64  destroy the Philistines,

that remnant that came from the island of Crete. 65 

47:5 The people of Gaza will shave their heads in mourning.

The people of Ashkelon will be struck dumb.

How long will you gash yourselves to show your sorrow, 66 

you who remain of Philistia’s power? 67 

47:6 How long will you cry out, 68  ‘Oh, sword of the Lord,

how long will it be before you stop killing? 69 

Go back into your sheath!

Stay there and rest!’ 70 

47:7 But how can it rest 71 

when I, the Lord, have 72  given it orders?

I have ordered it to attack

the people of Ashkelon and the seacoast. 73 

Judgment Against Moab

48:1 The Lord God of Israel who rules over all 74  spoke about Moab. 75 

“Sure to be judged is Nebo! Indeed, 76  it will be destroyed!

Kiriathaim 77  will suffer disgrace. It will be captured!

Its fortress 78  will suffer disgrace. It will be torn down! 79 

48:2 People will not praise Moab any more.

The enemy will capture Heshbon 80  and plot 81  how to destroy Moab, 82 

saying, ‘Come, let’s put an end to that nation!’

City of Madmen, you will also be destroyed. 83 

A destructive army will march against you. 84 

48:3 Cries of anguish will arise in Horonaim,

Oh, the ruin and great destruction!’

48:4Moab will be crushed.

Her children will cry out in distress. 85 

48:5 Indeed they will climb the slopes of Luhith,

weeping continually as they go. 86 

For on the road down to Horonaim

they will hear the cries of distress over the destruction. 87 

48:6 They will hear, ‘Run! Save yourselves!

Even if you must be like a lonely shrub in the desert!’ 88 

48:7Moab, you trust in the things you do and in your riches.

So you too will be conquered.

Your god Chemosh 89  will go into exile 90 

along with his priests and his officials.

48:8 The destroyer will come against every town.

Not one town will escape.

The towns in the valley will be destroyed.

The cities on the high plain will be laid waste. 91 

I, the Lord, have spoken! 92 

48:9 Set up a gravestone for Moab,

for it will certainly be laid in ruins! 93 

Its cities will be laid waste

and become uninhabited.”

48:10 A curse on anyone who is lax in doing the Lord’s work!

A curse on anyone who keeps from carrying out his destruction! 94 

48:11From its earliest days Moab has lived undisturbed.

It has never been taken into exile.

Its people are like wine allowed to settle undisturbed on its dregs,

never poured out from one jar to another.

They are like wine which tastes like it always did,

whose aroma has remained unchanged. 95 

48:12 But the time is coming when I will send

men against Moab who will empty it out.

They will empty the towns of their people,

then will lay those towns in ruins. 96 

I, the Lord, affirm it! 97 

48:13 The people of Moab will be disappointed by their god Chemosh.

They will be as disappointed as the people of Israel were

when they put their trust in the calf god at Bethel. 98 

48:14 How can you men of Moab say, ‘We are heroes,

men who are mighty in battle?’

48:15 Moab will be destroyed. Its towns will be invaded.

Its finest young men will be slaughtered. 99 

I, the King, the Lord who rules over all, 100  affirm it! 101 

48:16 Moab’s destruction is at hand.

Disaster will come on it quickly.

48:17 Mourn for that nation, all you nations living around it,

all of you nations that know of its fame. 102 

Mourn and say, ‘Alas, its powerful influence has been broken!

Its glory and power have been done away!’ 103 

48:18 Come down from your place of honor;

sit on the dry ground, 104  you who live in Dibon. 105 

For the one who will destroy Moab will attack you;

he will destroy your fortifications.

48:19 You who live in Aroer, 106 

stand by the road and watch.

Question the man who is fleeing and the woman who is escaping.

Ask them, ‘What has happened?’

48:20 They will answer, ‘Moab is disgraced, for it has fallen!

Wail and cry out in mourning!

Announce along the Arnon River

that Moab has been destroyed.’

48:21Judgment will come on the cities on the high plain: 107  on Holon, Jahzah, and Mephaath, 48:22 on Dibon, Nebo, and Beth Diblathaim, 48:23 on Kiriathaim, Beth Gamul, and Beth Meon, 48:24 on Kerioth and Bozrah. It will come on all the towns of Moab, both far and near. 48:25 Moab’s might will be crushed. Its power will be broken. 108  I, the Lord, affirm it! 109 

48:26Moab has vaunted itself against me.

So make him drunk with the wine of my wrath 110 

until he splashes 111  around in his own vomit,

until others treat him as a laughingstock.

48:27 For did not you people of Moab laugh at the people of Israel?

Did you think that they were nothing but thieves, 112 

that you shook your head in contempt 113 

every time you talked about them? 114 

48:28 Leave your towns, you inhabitants of Moab.

Go and live in the cliffs.

Be like a dove that makes its nest

high on the sides of a ravine. 115 

48:29 I have heard how proud the people of Moab are,

I know how haughty they are.

I have heard how arrogant, proud, and haughty they are,

what a high opinion they have of themselves. 116 

48:30 I, the Lord, affirm that 117  I know how arrogant they are.

But their pride is ill-founded.

Their boastings will prove to be false. 118 

48:31 So I will weep with sorrow for Moab.

I will cry out in sadness for all of Moab.

I will moan 119  for the people of Kir Heres.

48:32 I will weep for the grapevines of Sibmah

just like the town of Jazer weeps over them. 120 

Their branches once spread as far as the Dead Sea. 121 

They reached as far as the town of Jazer. 122 

The destroyer will ravage

her fig, date, 123  and grape crops.

48:33 Joy and gladness will disappear

from the fruitful land of Moab. 124 

I will stop the flow of wine from the winepresses.

No one will stomp on the grapes there and shout for joy. 125 

The shouts there will be shouts of soldiers,

not the shouts of those making wine. 126 

48:34 Cries of anguish raised from Heshbon and Elealeh

will be sounded as far as Jahaz. 127 

They will be sounded from Zoar as far as Horonaim and Eglath Shelishiyah.

For even the waters of Nimrim will be dried up.

48:35 I will put an end in Moab

to those who make offerings at her places of worship. 128 

I will put an end to those who sacrifice to other gods.

I, the Lord, affirm it! 129 

48:36 So my heart moans for Moab

like a flute playing a funeral song.

Yes, like a flute playing a funeral song,

my heart moans for the people of Kir Heres.

For the wealth they have gained will perish.

48:37 For all of them will shave their heads in mourning.

They will all cut off their beards to show their sorrow.

They will all make gashes in their hands.

They will all put on sackcloth. 130 

48:38 On all the housetops in Moab

and in all its public squares

there will be nothing but mourning.

For I will break Moab like an unwanted jar.

I, the Lord, affirm it! 131 

48:39 Oh, how shattered Moab will be!

Oh, how her people will wail!

Oh, how she will turn away 132  in shame!

Moab will become an object of ridicule,

a terrifying sight to all the nations that surround her.”

48:40 For the Lord says,

Look! Like an eagle with outspread wings

a nation will swoop down on Moab. 133 

48:41 Her towns 134  will be captured.

Her fortresses will be taken.

At that time the soldiers of Moab will be frightened

like a woman in labor. 135 

48:42 Moab will be destroyed and no longer be a nation, 136 

because she has vaunted herself against the Lord.

48:43 Terror, pits, and traps 137  are in store

for the people who live in Moab. 138 

I, the Lord, affirm it! 139 

48:44 Anyone who flees at the sound of terror

will fall into a pit.

Anyone who climbs out of the pit

will be caught in a trap. 140 

For the time is coming

when I will punish the people of Moab. 141 

I, the Lord, affirm it! 142 

48:45 In the shadows of the walls of Heshbon

those trying to escape will stand helpless.

For a fire will burst forth from Heshbon.

Flames will shoot out from the former territory of Sihon.

They will burn the foreheads of the people of Moab,

the skulls of those war-loving people. 143 

48:46 Moab, you are doomed! 144 

You people who worship Chemosh will be destroyed.

Your sons will be taken away captive.

Your daughters will be carried away into exile. 145 

48:47 Yet in days to come

I will reverse Moab’s ill fortune.” 146 

says the Lord. 147 

The judgment against Moab ends here.

Judgment Against Ammon

49:1 The Lord spoke about the Ammonites. 148 

“Do you think there are not any people of the nation of Israel remaining?

Do you think there are not any of them remaining to reinherit their land?

Is that why you people who worship the god Milcom 149 

have taken possession of the territory of Gad and live in his cities? 150 

49:2 Because you did that,

I, the Lord, affirm that 151  a time is coming

when I will make Rabbah, the capital city of Ammon,

hear the sound of the battle cry.

It will become a mound covered with ruins. 152 

Its villages will be burned to the ground. 153 

Then Israel will take back its land

from those who took their land from them.

I, the Lord, affirm it! 154 

49:3 Wail, you people in Heshbon, because Ai in Ammon is destroyed.

Cry out in anguish, you people in the villages surrounding 155  Rabbah.

Put on sackcloth and cry out in mourning.

Run about covered with gashes. 156 

For your god Milcom will go into exile

along with his priests and officials. 157 

49:4 Why do you brag about your great power?

Your power is ebbing away, 158  you rebellious people of Ammon, 159 

who trust in your riches and say,

‘Who would dare to attack us?’

49:5 I will bring terror on you from every side,”

says the Lord God who rules over all. 160 

“You will be scattered in every direction. 161 

No one will gather the fugitives back together.

49:6 Yet in days to come

I will reverse Ammon’s ill fortune.” 162 

says the Lord. 163 

Judgment Against Edom

49:7 The Lord who rules over all 164  spoke about Edom. 165 

“Is wisdom no longer to be found in Teman? 166 

Can Edom’s counselors not give her any good advice? 167 

Has all of their wisdom turned bad? 168 

49:8 Turn and flee! Take up refuge in remote places, 169 

you people who live in Dedan. 170 

For I will bring disaster on the descendants of Esau.

I have decided it is time for me to punish them. 171 

49:9 If grape pickers came to pick your grapes,

would they not leave a few grapes behind? 172 

If robbers came at night,

would they not pillage only what they needed? 173 

49:10 But I will strip everything away from Esau’s descendants.

I will uncover their hiding places so they cannot hide.

Their children, relatives, and neighbors will all be destroyed.

Not one of them will be left!

49:11 Leave your orphans behind and I will keep them alive.

Your widows too can depend on me.” 174 

49:12 For the Lord says, “If even those who did not deserve to drink from the cup of my wrath must drink from it, do you think you will go unpunished? You will not go unpunished, but must certainly drink from the cup of my wrath. 175  49:13 For I solemnly swear,” 176  says the Lord, “that Bozrah 177  will become a pile of ruins. It will become an object of horror and ridicule, an example to be used in curses. 178  All the towns around it will lie in ruins forever.”

49:14 I said, 179  “I have heard a message from the Lord.

A messenger has been sent among the nations to say,

‘Gather your armies and march out against her!

Prepare to do battle with her!’ 180 

49:15 The Lord says to Edom, 181 

“I will certainly make you small among nations.

I will make you despised by all humankind.

49:16 The terror you inspire in others 182 

and the arrogance of your heart have deceived you.

You may make your home in the clefts of the rocks;

you may occupy the highest places in the hills. 183 

But even if you made your home where the eagles nest,

I would bring you down from there,”

says the Lord.

49:17Edom will become an object of horror.

All who pass by it will be filled with horror;

they will hiss out their scorn

because of all the disasters that have happened to it. 184 

49:18 Edom will be destroyed like Sodom and Gomorrah

and the towns that were around them.

No one will live there.

No human being will settle in it,”

says the Lord.

49:19A lion coming up from the thick undergrowth along the Jordan 185 

scatters the sheep in the pastureland around it. 186 

So too I will chase the Edomites off their land. 187 

Then I will appoint over it whomever I choose. 188 

For there is no one like me, and there is no one who can call me to account. 189 

There is no 190  ruler 191  who can stand up against me.

49:20 So listen to what I, the Lord, have planned against Edom,

what I intend to do to 192  the people who live in Teman. 193 

Their little ones will be dragged off.

I will completely destroy their land because of what they have done. 194 

49:21 The people of the earth will quake when they hear of their downfall. 195 

Their cries of anguish will be heard all the way to the Gulf of Aqaba. 196 

49:22 Look! Like an eagle with outspread wings,

a nation will soar up and swoop down on Bozrah.

At that time the soldiers of Edom will be as fearful

as a woman in labor.” 197 

Judgment Against Damascus

49:23 The Lord spoke 198  about Damascus. 199 

“The people of Hamath and Arpad 200  will be dismayed

because they have heard bad news.

Their courage will melt away because of worry.

Their hearts will not be able to rest. 201 

49:24 The people of Damascus will lose heart and turn to flee.

Panic will grip them.

Pain and anguish will seize them

like a woman in labor.

49:25 How deserted will that once-famous city 202  be,

that city that was once filled with 203  joy! 204 

49:26 For her young men will fall in her city squares.

All her soldiers will be destroyed at that time,”

says the Lord who rules over all. 205 

49:27I will set fire to the walls of Damascus;

it will burn up the palaces of Ben Hadad.” 206 

Judgment Against Kedar and Hazor

49:28 The Lord spoke about Kedar 207  and the kingdoms of Hazor 208  that King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon conquered.

Army of Babylon, 209  go and attack Kedar.

Lay waste those who live in the eastern desert. 210 

49:29 Their tents and their flocks will be taken away.

Their tent curtains, equipment, and camels will be carried off.

People will shout 211  to them,

‘Terror is all around you!’ 212 

49:30 The Lord says, 213 Flee quickly, you who live in Hazor. 214 

Take up refuge in remote places. 215 

For King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon has laid out plans to attack you.

He has formed his strategy on how to defeat you.” 216 

49:31 The Lord says, 217 Army of Babylon, 218  go and attack

a nation that lives in peace and security.

They have no gates or walls to protect them. 219 

They live all alone.

49:32 Their camels will be taken as plunder.

Their vast herds will be taken as spoil.

I will scatter to the four winds

those desert peoples who cut their hair short at the temples. 220 

I will bring disaster against them

from every direction,” says the Lord. 221 

49:33Hazor will become a permanent wasteland,

a place where only jackals live. 222 

No one will live there.

No human being will settle in it.” 223 

Judgment Against Elam

49:34 Early in the reign 224  of King Zedekiah of Judah, the Lord spoke to the prophet Jeremiah about Elam. 225 

49:35 The Lord who rules over all said,

I will kill all the archers of Elam,

who are the chief source of her military might. 226 

49:36 I will cause enemies to blow through Elam from every direction

like the winds blowing in from the four quarters of heaven.

I will scatter the people of Elam to the four winds.

There will not be any nation where the refugees of Elam will not go. 227 

49:37 I will make the people of Elam terrified of their enemies,

who are seeking to kill them.

I will vent my fierce anger

and bring disaster upon them,” 228  says the Lord. 229 

“I will send armies chasing after them 230 

until I have completely destroyed them.

49:38 I will establish my sovereignty over Elam. 231 

I will destroy their king and their leaders,” 232  says the Lord. 233 

49:39Yet in days to come

I will reverse Elam’s ill fortune.” 234 

says the Lord. 235 

Judgment Against Babylon

50:1 The Lord spoke concerning Babylon and the land of Babylonia 236  through the prophet Jeremiah. 237 

50:2Announce 238  the news among the nations! Proclaim it!

Signal for people to pay attention! 239 

Declare the news! Do not hide it! Say:

‘Babylon will be captured.

Bel 240  will be put to shame.

Marduk will be dismayed.

Babylon’s idols will be put to shame.

Her disgusting images 241  will be dismayed. 242 

50:3 For a nation from the north 243  will attack Babylon.

It will lay her land waste.

People and animals will flee out of it.

No one will inhabit it.’

50:4When that time comes,” says the Lord, 244 

“the people of Israel and Judah will return to the land together.

They will come back with tears of repentance

as they seek the Lord their God. 245 

50:5 They will ask the way to Zion;

they will turn their faces toward it.

They will come 246  and bind themselves to the Lord

in a lasting covenant that will never be forgotten. 247 

50:6My people have been lost sheep.

Their shepherds 248  have allowed them to go astray.

They have wandered around in the mountains.

They have roamed from one mountain and hill to another. 249 

They have forgotten their resting place.

50:7 All who encountered them devoured them.

Their enemies who did this said, ‘We are not liable for punishment!

For those people have sinned against the Lord, their true pasture. 250 

They have sinned against the Lord in whom their ancestors 251  trusted.’ 252 

50:8People of Judah, 253  get out of Babylon quickly!

Leave the land of Babylonia! 254 

Be the first to depart! 255 

Be like the male goats that lead the herd.

50:9 For I will rouse into action and bring against Babylon

a host of mighty nations 256  from the land of the north.

They will set up their battle lines against her.

They will come from the north and capture her. 257 

Their arrows will be like a skilled soldier 258 

who does not return from the battle empty-handed. 259 

50:10 Babylonia 260  will be plundered.

Those who plunder it will take all they want,”

says the Lord. 261 

50:11People of Babylonia, 262  you plundered my people. 263 

That made you happy and glad.

You frolic about like calves in a pasture. 264 

Your joyous sounds are like the neighs of a stallion. 265 

50:12 But Babylonia will be put to great shame.

The land where you were born 266  will be disgraced.

Indeed, 267  Babylonia will become the least important of all nations.

It will become a dry and barren desert.

50:13 After I vent my wrath on it Babylon will be uninhabited. 268 

It will be totally desolate.

All who pass by will be filled with horror and will hiss out their scorn

because of all the disasters that have happened to it. 269 

50:14Take up your battle positions all around Babylon,

all you soldiers who are armed with bows. 270 

Shoot 271  all your arrows at her! Do not hold any back! 272 

For she has sinned against the Lord.

50:15 Shout the battle cry from all around the city.

She will throw up her hands in surrender. 273 

Her towers 274  will fall.

Her walls will be torn down.

Because I, the Lord, am wreaking revenge, 275 

take out your vengeance on her!

Do to her as she has done!

50:16 Kill all the farmers who sow the seed in the land of Babylon.

Kill all those who wield the sickle at harvest time. 276 

Let all the foreigners return to their own people.

Let them hurry back to their own lands

to escape destruction by that enemy army. 277 

50:17The people of Israel are like scattered sheep

which lions have chased away.

First the king of Assyria devoured them. 278 

Now last of all King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon has gnawed their bones. 279 

50:18 So I, the Lord God of Israel who rules over all, say: 280 

‘I will punish the king of Babylon and his land

just as I punished the king of Assyria.

50:19 But I will restore the flock of Israel to their own pasture.

They will graze on Mount Carmel and the land of Bashan.

They will eat until they are full 281 

on the hills of Ephraim and the land of Gilead. 282 

50:20 When that time comes,

no guilt will be found in Israel.

No sin will be found in Judah. 283 

For I will forgive those of them I have allowed to survive. 284 

I, the Lord, affirm it!’ 285 

50:21 The Lord says, 286 

“Attack 287  the land of Merathaim

and the people who live in Pekod! 288 

Pursue, kill, and completely destroy them! 289 

Do just as I have commanded you! 290 

50:22 The noise of battle can be heard in the land of Babylonia. 291 

There is the sound of great destruction.

50:23 Babylon hammered the whole world to pieces.

But see how that ‘hammerhas been broken and shattered! 292 

See what an object of horror

Babylon has become among the nations!

50:24 I set a trap for you, Babylon;

you were caught before you knew it.

You fought against me.

So you were found and captured. 293 

50:25 I have opened up the place where my weapons are stored. 294 

I have brought out the weapons for carrying out my wrath. 295 

For I, the Lord God who rules over all, 296 

have work to carry out in the land of Babylonia. 297 

50:26 Come from far away and attack Babylonia! 298 

Open up the places where she stores her grain!

Pile her up in ruins! 299  Destroy her completely! 300 

Do not leave anyone alive! 301 

50:27 Kill all her soldiers! 302 

Let them be slaughtered! 303 

They are doomed, 304  for their day of reckoning 305  has come,

the time for them to be punished.”

50:28 Listen! Fugitives and refugees are coming from the land of Babylon.

They are coming to Zion to declare there

how the Lord our God is getting revenge,

getting revenge for what they have done to his temple. 306 

50:29Call for archers 307  to come against Babylon!

Summon against her all who draw the bow!

Set up camp all around the city!

Do not allow anyone to escape!

Pay her back for what she has done.

Do to her what she has done to others.

For she has proudly defied me, 308 

the Holy One of Israel. 309 

50:30 So her young men will fall in her city squares.

All her soldiers will be destroyed at that time,”

says the Lord. 310 

50:31Listen! I am opposed to you, you proud city,” 311 

says the Lord God who rules over all. 312 

“Indeed, 313  your day of reckoning 314  has come,

the time when I will punish you. 315 

50:32 You will stumble and fall, you proud city;

no one will help you get up.

I will set fire to your towns;

it will burn up everything that surrounds you.” 316 

50:33 The Lord who rules over all 317  says,

“The people of Israel are oppressed.

So too are the people of Judah. 318 

All those who took them captive are holding them prisoners.

They refuse to set them free.

50:34 But the one who will rescue them 319  is strong.

He is known as the Lord who rules over all. 320 

He will strongly 321  champion their cause.

As a result 322  he will bring peace and rest to the earth,

but trouble and turmoil 323  to the people who inhabit Babylonia. 324 

50:35Destructive forces will come against the Babylonians,” 325  says the Lord. 326 

“They will come against the people who inhabit Babylonia,

against her leaders and her men of wisdom.

50:36 Destructive forces will come against her false prophets; 327 

they will be shown to be fools! 328 

Destructive forces will come against her soldiers;

they will be filled with terror! 329 

50:37 Destructive forces will come against her horses and her 330  chariots.

Destructive forces will come against all the foreign troops within her; 331 

they will be as frightened as women! 332 

Destructive forces will come against her treasures;

they will be taken away as plunder!

50:38 A drought will come upon her land;

her rivers and canals will be dried up. 333 

All of this will happen because her land is filled with idols. 334 

Her people act like madmen because of 335  those idols they fear. 336 

50:39 Therefore desert creatures and jackals will live there.

Ostriches 337  will dwell in it too. 338 

But no people will ever live there again.

No one will dwell there for all time to come. 339 

50:40 I will destroy Babylonia just like I did

Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighboring towns.

No one will live there. 340 

No human being will settle in it,”

says the Lord. 341 

50:41Look! An army is about to come from the north.

A mighty nation and many kings 342  are stirring into action

in faraway parts of the earth.

50:42 Its soldiers are armed with bows and spears.

They are cruel and show no mercy.

They sound like the roaring sea

as they ride forth on their horses.

Lined up in formation like men going into battle,

they are coming against you, fair Babylon! 343 

50:43 The king of Babylon will become paralyzed with fear 344 

when he hears news of their coming. 345 

Anguish will grip him,

agony like that of a woman giving birth to a baby. 346 

50:44A lion coming up from the thick undergrowth along the Jordan

scatters the sheep in the pastureland around it.

So too I will chase the Babylonians off of their land.

Then I will appoint over it whomever I choose.

For there is no one like me.

There is no one who can call me to account.

There is no ruler that can stand up against me.

50:45 So listen to what I, the Lord, have planned against Babylon,

what I intend to do to the people who inhabit the land of Babylonia. 347 

Their little ones will be dragged off.

I will completely destroy their land because of what they have done.

50:46 The people of the earth will quake when they hear Babylon has been captured.

Her cries of anguish will be heard by the other nations.” 348 

51:1 The Lord says,

I will cause a destructive wind 349  to blow

against 350  Babylon and the people who inhabit Babylonia. 351 

51:2 I will send people to winnow Babylonia like a wind blowing away chaff. 352 

They will winnow her and strip her land bare. 353 

This will happen when 354  they come against her from every direction,

when it is time to destroy her. 355 

51:3 Do not give her archers time to string their bows

or to put on their coats of armor. 356 

Do not spare any of her young men.

Completely destroy 357  her whole army.

51:4 Let them fall 358  slain in the land of Babylonia, 359 

mortally wounded in the streets of her cities. 360 

51:5For Israel and Judah will not be forsaken 361 

by their God, the Lord who rules over all. 362 

For the land of Babylonia is 363  full of guilt

against the Holy One of Israel. 364 

51:6 Get out of Babylonia quickly, you foreign people. 365 

Flee to save your lives.

Do not let yourselves be killed because of her sins.

For it is time for the Lord to wreak his revenge.

He will pay Babylonia 366  back for what she has done. 367 

51:7 Babylonia had been a gold cup in the Lord’s hand.

She had made the whole world drunk.

The nations had drunk from the wine of her wrath. 368 

So they have all gone mad. 369 

51:8 But suddenly Babylonia will fall and be destroyed. 370 

Cry out in mourning over it!

Get medicine for her wounds!

Perhaps she can be healed!

51:9 Foreigners living there will say, 371 

‘We tried to heal her, but she could not be healed.

Let’s leave Babylonia 372  and each go back to his own country.

For judgment on her will be vast in its proportions.

It will be like it is piled up to heaven, stacked up into the clouds.’ 373 

51:10 The exiles from Judah will say, 374 

‘The Lord has brought about a great deliverance for us! 375 

Come on, let’s go and proclaim in Zion

what the Lord our God has done!’

51:11Sharpen 376  your arrows!

Fill your quivers! 377 

The Lord will arouse a spirit of hostility in 378  the kings of Media. 379 

For he intends to destroy Babylonia.

For that is how the Lord will get his revenge

how he will get his revenge for the Babylonians’ destruction of his temple. 380 

51:12 Give the signal to attack Babylon’s wall! 381 

Bring more guards! 382 

Post them all around the city! 383 

Put men in ambush! 384 

For the Lord will do what he has planned.

He will do what he said he would do to the people of Babylon. 385 

51:13You who live along the rivers of Babylon, 386 

the time of your end has come.

You who are rich in plundered treasure,

it is time for your lives to be cut off. 387 

51:14 The Lord who rules over all 388  has solemnly sworn, 389 

‘I will fill your land with enemy soldiers.

They will swarm over it like locusts. 390 

They will raise up shouts of victory over it.’

51:15 He is the one who 391  by his power made the earth.

He is the one who by his wisdom fixed the world in place,

by his understanding he spread out the heavens.

51:16 When his voice thunders, the waters in the heavens roar.

He makes the clouds rise from the far-off horizons.

He makes the lightning flash out in the midst of the rain.

He unleashes the wind from the places where he stores it.

51:17 All idolaters will prove to be stupid and ignorant.

Every goldsmith will be disgraced by the idol he made.

For the image he forges is merely a sham.

There is no breath in any of those idols.

51:18 They are worthless, objects to be ridiculed.

When the time comes to punish them, they will be destroyed.

51:19 The Lord, who is the portion of the descendants of Jacob, is not like them.

For he is the one who created everything,

including the people of Israel whom he claims as his own. 392 

He is known as the Lord who rules over all. 393 

51:20Babylon, 394  you are my war club, 395 

my weapon for battle.

I used you to smash nations. 396 

I used you to destroy kingdoms.

51:21 I used you to smash horses and their riders. 397 

I used you to smash chariots and their drivers.

51:22 I used you to smash men and women.

I used you to smash old men and young men.

I used you to smash young men and young women.

51:23 I used you to smash shepherds and their flocks.

I used you to smash farmers and their teams of oxen.

I used you to smash governors and leaders.” 398 

51:24But I will repay Babylon

and all who live in Babylonia

for all the wicked things they did in Zion

right before the eyes of you Judeans,” 399 

says the Lord. 400 

51:25 The Lord says, 401 Beware! I am opposed to you, Babylon! 402 

You are like a destructive mountain that destroys all the earth.

I will unleash my power against you; 403 

I will roll you off the cliffs and make you like a burned-out mountain. 404 

51:26 No one will use any of your stones as a cornerstone.

No one will use any of them in the foundation of his house.

For you will lie desolate forever,” 405 

says the Lord. 406 

51:27Raise up battle flags throughout the lands.

Sound the trumpets calling the nations to do battle.

Prepare the nations to do battle against Babylonia. 407 

Call for these kingdoms to attack her:

Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz. 408 

Appoint a commander to lead the attack. 409 

Send horses 410  against her like a swarm of locusts. 411 

51:28 Prepare the nations to do battle against her. 412 

Prepare the kings of the Medes.

Prepare their governors and all their leaders. 413 

Prepare all the countries they rule to do battle against her. 414 

51:29 The earth will tremble and writhe in agony. 415 

For the Lord will carry out his plan.

He plans to make the land of Babylonia 416 

a wasteland where no one lives. 417 

51:30 The soldiers of Babylonia will stop fighting.

They will remain in their fortified cities.

They will lose their strength to do battle. 418 

They will be as frightened as women. 419 

The houses in her cities will be set on fire.

The gates of her cities will be broken down. 420 

51:31 One runner after another will come to the king of Babylon.

One messenger after another will come bringing news. 421 

They will bring news to the king of Babylon

that his whole city has been captured. 422 

51:32 They will report that the fords have been captured,

the reed marshes have been burned,

the soldiers are terrified. 423 

51:33 For the Lord God of Israel who rules over all says,

‘Fair Babylon 424  will be like a threshing floor

which has been trampled flat for harvest.

The time for her to be cut down and harvested

will come very soon.’ 425 

51:34King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon

devoured me and drove my people out.

Like a monster from the deep he swallowed me.

He filled his belly with my riches.

He made me an empty dish.

He completely cleaned me out.” 426 

51:35 The person who lives in Zion says,

May Babylon pay for the violence done to me and to my relatives.”

Jerusalem says,

May those living in Babylonia pay for the bloodshed of my people.” 427 

51:36 Therefore the Lord says,

I will stand up for your cause.

I will pay the Babylonians back for what they have done to you. 428 

I will dry up their sea.

I will make their springs run dry. 429 

51:37 Babylon will become a heap of ruins.

Jackals will make their home there. 430 

It will become an object of horror and of hissing scorn,

a place where no one lives. 431 

51:38 The Babylonians are all like lions roaring for prey.

They are like lion cubs growling for something to eat. 432 

51:39 When their appetites are all stirred up, 433 

I will set out a banquet for them.

I will make them drunk

so that they will pass out, 434 

they will fall asleep forever,

they will never wake up,” 435 

says the Lord. 436 

51:40I will lead them off to be slaughtered

like lambs, rams, and male goats.” 437 

51:41See how Babylon 438  has been captured!

See how the pride of the whole earth has been taken!

See what an object of horror

Babylon has become among the nations! 439 

51:42 The sea has swept over Babylon.

She has been covered by a multitude 440  of its waves. 441 

51:43 The towns of Babylonia have become heaps of ruins.

She has become a dry and barren desert.

No one lives in those towns any more.

No one even passes through them. 442 

51:44 I will punish the god Bel in Babylon.

I will make him spit out what he has swallowed.

The nations will not come streaming to him any longer.

Indeed, the walls of Babylon will fall.” 443 

51:45Get out of Babylon, my people!

Flee to save your lives

from the fierce anger of the Lord! 444 

51:46 Do not lose your courage or become afraid

because of the reports that are heard in the land.

For a report will come in one year.

Another report will follow it in the next.

There will be violence in the land

with ruler fighting against ruler.”

51:47So the time will certainly come 445 

when I will punish the idols of Babylon.

Her whole land will be put to shame.

All her mortally wounded will collapse in her midst. 446 

51:48 Then heaven and earth and all that is in them

will sing for joy over Babylon.

For destroyers from the north will attack it,”

says the Lord. 447 

51:49Babylon must fall 448 

because of the Israelites she has killed, 449 

just as the earth’s mortally wounded fell

because of Babylon. 450 

51:50 You who have escaped the sword, 451 

go, do not delay. 452 

Remember the Lord in a faraway land.

Think about Jerusalem. 453 

51:51We 454  are ashamed because we have been insulted. 455 

Our faces show our disgrace. 456 

For foreigners have invaded

the holy rooms 457  in the Lord’s temple.’

51:52 Yes, but the time will certainly come,” 458  says the Lord, 459 

“when I will punish her idols.

Throughout her land the mortally wounded will groan.

51:53 Even if Babylon climbs high into the sky 460 

and fortifies her elevated stronghold, 461 

I will send destroyers against her,” 462 

says the Lord. 463 

51:54 Cries of anguish will come from Babylon,

the sound of great destruction from the land of the Babylonians.

51:55 For the Lord is ready to destroy Babylon,

and put an end to her loud noise.

Their waves 464  will roar like turbulent 465  waters.

They will make a deafening noise. 466 

51:56 For a destroyer is attacking Babylon. 467 

Her warriors will be captured;

their bows will be broken. 468 

For the Lord is a God who punishes; 469 

he pays back in full. 470 

51:57I will make her officials and wise men drunk,

along with her governors, leaders, 471  and warriors.

They will fall asleep forever and never wake up,” 472 

says the King whose name is the Lord who rules over all. 473 

51:58 This is what the Lord who rules over all 474  says,

“Babylon’s thick wall 475  will be completely demolished. 476 

Her high gates will be set on fire.

The peoples strive for what does not satisfy. 477 

The nations grow weary trying to get what will be destroyed.” 478 

51:59 This is the order Jeremiah the prophet gave to Seraiah son of Neriah, son of Mahseiah, when he went to King Zedekiah of Judah in Babylon during the fourth year of his reign. 479  (Seraiah was a quartermaster.) 480  51:60 Jeremiah recorded 481  on one scroll all the judgments 482  that would come upon Babylon – all these prophecies 483  written about Babylon. 51:61 Then Jeremiah said to Seraiah, “When you arrive in Babylon, make sure 484  you read aloud all these prophecies. 485  51:62 Then say, ‘O Lord, you have announced that you will destroy this place so that no people or animals live in it any longer. Certainly it will lie desolate forever!’ 51:63 When you finish reading this scroll aloud, tie a stone to it and throw it into the middle of the Euphrates River. 486  51:64 Then say, ‘In the same way Babylon will sink and never rise again because of the judgments 487  I am ready to bring upon her; they will grow faint.’”

The prophecies of Jeremiah end here. 488 

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