Bible: Jeremiah 26-52

Jeremiah Is Put on Trial as a False Prophet 1 

26:1 The Lord spoke to Jeremiah 2  at the beginning of the reign 3  of Josiah’s son, King Jehoiakim of Judah. 26:2 The Lord said, “Go stand in the courtyard of the Lord’s temple. 4  Speak out to all the people who are coming from the towns of Judah to worship in the Lord’s temple. Tell them everything I command you to tell them. Do not leave out a single word! 26:3 Maybe they will pay attention and each of them will stop living the evil way they do. 5  If they do that, then I will forgo destroying them 6  as I had intended to do because of the wicked things they have been doing. 7  26:4 Tell them that the Lord says, 8 You must obey me! You must live according to the way I have instructed you in my laws. 9  26:5 You must pay attention to the exhortations of my servants the prophets. I have sent them to you over and over again. 10  But you have not paid any attention to them. 26:6 If you do not obey me, 11  then I will do to this temple what I did to Shiloh. 12  And I will make this city an example to be used in curses by people from all the nations on the earth.’

26:7 The priests, the prophets, and all the people heard Jeremiah say these things in the Lord’s temple. 26:8 Jeremiah had just barely finished saying all the Lord had commanded him to say to all the people. All at once some 13  of the priests, the prophets, and the people grabbed him and shouted, “You deserve to die! 14  26:9 How dare you claim the Lord’s authority to prophesy such things! How dare you claim his authority to prophesy that this temple will become like Shiloh and that this city will become an uninhabited ruin!” 15  Then all the people crowded around Jeremiah.

26:10 However, some of the officials 16  of Judah heard about what was happening 17  and they rushed up to the Lord’s temple from the royal palace. They set up court 18  at the entrance of the New Gate of the Lord’s temple. 19  26:11 Then the priests and the prophets made their charges before the officials and all the people. They said, 20 This man should be condemned to die 21  because he prophesied against this city. You have heard him do so 22  with your own ears.”

26:12 Then Jeremiah made his defense before all the officials and all the people. 23 The Lord sent me to prophesy everything you have heard me say against this temple and against this city. 26:13 But correct the way you have been living and do what is right. 24  Obey the Lord your God. If you do, the Lord will forgo destroying you as he threatened he would. 25  26:14 As to my case, I am in your power. 26  Do to me what you deem fair and proper. 26:15 But you should take careful note of this: If you put me to death, you will bring on yourselves and this city and those who live in it the guilt of murdering an innocent man. For the Lord has sent me to speak all this where you can hear it. That is the truth! 27 

26:16 Then the officials and all the people rendered their verdict to the priests and the prophets. They said, 28  “This man should not be condemned to die. 29  For he has spoken to us under the authority of the Lord our God.” 30  26:17 Then some of the elders of Judah 31  stepped forward and spoke to all the people gathered there. They said, 26:18 Micah from Moresheth 32  prophesied during the time Hezekiah was king of Judah. 33  He told all the people of Judah,

The Lord who rules over all 34  says,

Zion 35  will become a plowed field.

Jerusalem 36  will become a pile of rubble.

The temple mount will become a mere wooded ridge.”’ 37 

26:19 King Hezekiah and all the people of Judah did not put him to death, did they? Did not Hezekiah show reverence for the Lord and seek the Lord’s favor? 38  Did not 39  the Lord forgo destroying them 40  as he threatened he would? But we are on the verge of bringing great disaster on ourselves.” 41 

26:20 Now there was another man 42  who prophesied as the Lord’s representative 43  against this city and this land just as Jeremiah did. His name was Uriah son of Shemaiah from Kiriath Jearim. 44  26:21 When the king and all his bodyguards 45  and officials heard what he was prophesying, 46  the king sought to have him executed. But Uriah found out about it and fled to Egypt out of fear. 47  26:22 However, King Jehoiakim sent some men to Egypt, including Elnathan son of Achbor, 48  26:23 and they brought Uriah back from there. 49  They took him to King Jehoiakim, who had him executed and had his body thrown into the burial place of the common people. 50 

26:24 However, Ahikam son of Shaphan 51  used his influence to keep Jeremiah from being handed over and executed by the people. 52 

Jeremiah Counsels Submission to Babylon

27:1 The Lord spoke to Jeremiah 53  early in the reign of Josiah’s son, King Zedekiah of Judah. 54  27:2 The Lord told me, 55 Make a yoke 56  out of leather straps and wooden crossbars and put it on your neck. 27:3 Use it to send messages to the kings of Edom, Moab, Ammon, Tyre, 57  and Sidon. 58  Send them through 59  the envoys who have come to Jerusalem 60  to King Zedekiah of Judah. 27:4 Charge them to give their masters a message from me. Tell them, ‘The Lord God of Israel who rules over all 61  says to give your masters this message. 62  27:5 I made the earth and the people and animals on it by my mighty power and great strength, 63  and I give it to whomever I see fit. 64  27:6 I have at this time placed all these nations of yours under the power 65  of my servant, 66  King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. I have even made all the wild animals subject to him. 67  27:7 All nations must serve him and his son and grandson 68  until the time comes for his own nation to fall. 69  Then many nations and great kings will in turn subjugate Babylon. 70  27:8 But suppose a nation or a kingdom will not be subject to King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. Suppose it will not submit to the yoke of servitude to 71  him. I, the Lord, affirm that 72  I will punish that nation. I will use the king of Babylon to punish it 73  with war, 74  starvation, and disease until I have destroyed it. 75  27:9 So do not listen to your prophets or to those who claim to predict the future by divination, 76  by dreams, by consulting the dead, 77  or by practicing magic. They keep telling you, ‘You do not need to be 78  subject to the king of Babylon.’ 27:10 Do not listen to them, 79  because their prophecies are lies. 80  Listening to them will only cause you 81  to be taken far away from your native land. I will drive you out of your country and you will die in exile. 82  27:11 Things will go better for the nation that submits to the yoke of servitude to 83  the king of Babylon and is subject to him. I will leave that nation 84  in its native land. Its people can continue to farm it and live in it. I, the Lord, affirm it!”’ 85 

27:12 I told King Zedekiah of Judah the same thing. I said, 86 Submit 87  to the yoke of servitude to 88  the king of Babylon. Be subject to him and his people. Then you will continue to live. 27:13 There is no reason why you and your people should die in war 89  or from starvation or disease! 90  That’s what the Lord says will happen to any nation 91  that will not be subject to the king of Babylon. 27:14 Do not listen to the prophets who are telling you that you do not need to serve 92  the king of Babylon. For they are prophesying lies to you. 27:15 For I, the Lord, affirm 93  that I did not send them. They are prophesying lies to you. If you 94  listen to them, I will drive you and the prophets who are prophesying lies out of the land and you will all die in exile.” 95 

27:16 I also told the priests and all the people, “The Lord says, ‘Do not listen to what your prophets are saying. They are prophesying to you that 96  the valuable articles taken from the Lord’s temple will be brought back from Babylon very soon. 97  But they are prophesying a lie to you. 27:17 Do not listen to them. Be subject to the king of Babylon. Then you 98  will continue to live. Why should this city be made a pile of rubble?’ 99  27:18 I also told them, 100  “If they are really prophets and the Lord is speaking to them, 101  let them pray earnestly to the Lord who rules over all. 102  Let them plead with him not to let the valuable articles that are still left in the Lord’s temple, in the royal palace, and in Jerusalem be taken away 103  to Babylon. 27:19 For the Lord who rules over all 104  has already spoken about the two bronze pillars, 105  the large bronze basin called ‘The Sea,’ 106  and the movable bronze stands. 107  He has already spoken about the rest of the valuable articles that are left in this city. 27:20 He has already spoken about these things that King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon did not take away when he carried Jehoiakim’s son King Jeconiah of Judah and the nobles of Judah and Jerusalem away as captives. 108  27:21 Indeed, the Lord God of Israel who rules over all 109  has already spoken 110  about the valuable articles that are left in the Lord’s temple, in the royal palace of Judah, and in Jerusalem. 27:22 He has said, ‘They will be carried off to Babylon. They will remain there until it is time for me to show consideration for them again. 111  Then I will bring them back and restore them to this place.’ I, the Lord, affirm this! 112 

Jeremiah Confronted by a False Prophet

28:1 The following events occurred in that same year, early in the reign of King Zedekiah of Judah. To be more precise, it was the fifth month of the fourth year of his reign. 113  The prophet Hananiah son of Azzur, who was from Gibeon, spoke to Jeremiah 114  in the Lord’s temple in the presence of the priests and all the people. 115  28:2 The Lord God of Israel who rules over all 116  says, ‘I will break the yoke of servitude 117  to the king of Babylon. 28:3 Before two years are over, I will bring back to this place everything that King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon took from it and carried away to Babylon. 28:4 I will also bring back to this place Jehoiakim’s son King Jeconiah of Judah and all the exiles who were taken to Babylon.’ Indeed, the Lord affirms, 118 I will break the yoke of servitude to the king of Babylon.’

28:5 Then the prophet Jeremiah responded to the prophet Hananiah in the presence of the priests and all the people who were standing in the Lord’s temple. 28:6 The prophet Jeremiah said, “Amen! May the Lord do all this! May the Lord make your prophecy come true! May he bring back to this place from Babylon all the valuable articles taken from the Lord’s temple and the people who were carried into exile. 28:7 But listen to what I say to you and to all these people. 119  28:8 From earliest times, the prophets who preceded you and me invariably 120  prophesied war, disaster, 121  and plagues against many countries and great kingdoms. 28:9 So if a prophet prophesied 122  peace and prosperity, it was only known that the Lord truly sent him when what he prophesied came true.”

28:10 The prophet Hananiah then took the yoke off the prophet Jeremiah’s neck and broke it. 28:11 Then he spoke up in the presence of all the people. “The Lord says, ‘In the same way I will break the yoke of servitude of all the nations to King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon 123  before two years are over.’” After he heard this, the prophet Jeremiah departed and went on his way. 124 

28:12 But shortly after the prophet Hananiah had broken the yoke off the prophet Jeremiah’s neck, the Lord spoke to Jeremiah. 28:13 Go and tell Hananiah that the Lord says, 125 You have indeed broken the wooden yoke. But you have 126  only succeeded in replacing it with an iron one! 127  28:14 For the Lord God of Israel who rules over all 128  says, “I have put an irresistible yoke of servitude on all these nations 129  so they will serve King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. And they will indeed serve him. I have even given him control over the wild animals.”’ 130  28:15 Then the prophet Jeremiah told the prophet Hananiah, “Listen, Hananiah! The Lord did not send you! You are making these people trust in a lie! 131  28:16 So the Lord says, ‘I will most assuredly remove 132  you from the face of the earth. You will die this very year because you have counseled rebellion against the Lord.’ 133 

28:17 In the seventh month of that very same year 134  the prophet Hananiah died.

Jeremiah’s Letter to the Exiles

29:1 The prophet Jeremiah sent a letter to the exiles Nebuchadnezzar had carried off from Jerusalem 135  to Babylon. It was addressed to the elders who were left among the exiles, to the priests, to the prophets, and to all the other people who were exiled in Babylon. 136  29:2 He sent it after King Jeconiah, the queen mother, the palace officials, 137  the leaders of Judah and Jerusalem, the craftsmen, and the metal workers had been exiled from Jerusalem. 138  29:3 He sent it with Elasah son of Shaphan 139  and Gemariah son of Hilkiah. 140  King Zedekiah of Judah had sent these men to Babylon to King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. 141  The letter said:

29:4The Lord God of Israel who rules over all 142  says to all those he sent 143  into exile to Babylon from Jerusalem, 144  29:5 Build houses and settle down. Plant gardens and eat what they produce. 29:6 Marry and have sons and daughters. Find wives for your sons and allow your daughters get married so that they too can have sons and daughters. Grow in number; do not dwindle away. 29:7 Work to see that the city where I sent you as exiles enjoys peace and prosperity. Pray to the Lord for it. For as it prospers you will prosper.’

29:8For the Lord God of Israel who rules over all 145  says, ‘Do not let the prophets or those among you who claim to be able to predict the future by divination 146  deceive you. And do not pay any attention to the dreams that you are encouraging them to dream. 29:9 They are prophesying lies to you and claiming my authority to do so. 147  But I did not send them. I, the Lord, affirm it!’ 148 

29:10For the Lord says, ‘Only when the seventy years of Babylonian rule 149  are over will I again take up consideration for you. 150  Then I will fulfill my gracious promise to you and restore 151  you to your homeland. 152  29:11 For I know what I have planned for you,’ says the Lord. 153  ‘I have plans to prosper you, not to harm you. I have plans to give you 154  a future filled with hope. 155  29:12 When you call out to me and come to me in prayer, 156  I will hear your prayers. 157  29:13 When you seek me in prayer and worship, you will find me available to you. If you seek me with all your heart and soul, 158  29:14 I will make myself available to you,’ 159  says the Lord. 160  ‘Then I will reverse your plight 161  and will regather you from all the nations and all the places where I have exiled you,’ says the Lord. 162  ‘I will bring you back to the place from which I exiled you.’

29:15You say, ‘The Lord has raised up prophets of good news 163  for us here in Babylon.’ 29:16 But just listen to what the Lord has to say about 164  the king who occupies David’s throne and all your fellow countrymen who are still living in this city of Jerusalem 165  and were not carried off into exile with you. 29:17 The Lord who rules over all 166  says, ‘I will bring war, 167  starvation, and disease on them. I will treat them like figs that are so rotten 168  they cannot be eaten. 29:18 I will chase after them with war, 169  starvation, and disease. I will make all the kingdoms of the earth horrified at what happens to them. I will make them examples of those who are cursed, objects of horror, hissing scorn, and ridicule among all the nations where I exile them. 29:19 For they have not paid attention to what I said to them through my servants the prophets whom I sent to them over and over again,’ 170  says the Lord. 171  ‘And you exiles 172  have not paid any attention to them either,’ says the Lord. 173  29:20 So pay attention to what I, the Lord, have said, 174  all you exiles whom I have sent to Babylon from Jerusalem.’

29:21The Lord God of Israel who rules over all 175  also has something to say about Ahab son of Kolaiah and Zedekiah son of Maaseiah, who are prophesying lies to you and claiming my authority to do so. 176  ‘I will hand them over to King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon and he will execute them before your very eyes. 29:22 And all the exiles of Judah who are in Babylon will use them as examples when they put a curse on anyone. They will say, “May the Lord treat you like Zedekiah and Ahab whom the king of Babylon roasted to death in the fire! 177  29:23 This will happen to them because they have done what is shameful 178  in Israel. They have committed adultery with their neighborswives and have spoken lies while claiming my authority. 179  They have spoken words that I did not command them to speak. I know what they have done. I have been a witness to it,’ says the Lord.” 180 

A Response to the Letter and a Subsequent Letter

29:24 The Lord told Jeremiah, “Tell 181  Shemaiah the Nehelamite 182  29:25 that the Lord God of Israel who rules over all 183  has a message for him. 184  Tell him, 185  ‘On your own initiative 186  you sent a letter 187  to the priest Zephaniah son of Maaseiah 188  and to all the other priests and to all the people in Jerusalem. 189  In your letter you said to Zephaniah, 190  29:26 The Lord has made you priest in place of Jehoiada. 191  He has put you in charge in the Lord’s temple of controlling 192  any lunatic 193  who pretends to be a prophet. 194  And it is your duty to put any such person in the stocks 195  with an iron collar around his neck. 196  29:27 You should have reprimanded Jeremiah from Anathoth who is pretending to be a prophet among you! 197  29:28 For he has even sent a message to us here in Babylon. He wrote and told us, 198  “You will be there a long time. Build houses and settle down. Plant gardens and eat what they produce.”’ 199 

29:29 Zephaniah the priest read that letter to the prophet Jeremiah. 200  29:30 Then the Lord spoke to Jeremiah. 29:31 Send a message to all the exiles in Babylon. Tell them, ‘The Lord has spoken about Shemaiah the Nehelamite. “Shemaiah has spoken to you as a prophet even though I did not send him. He is making you trust in a lie. 201  29:32 Because he has done this,” 202  the Lord says, “I will punish Shemaiah the Nehelamite and his whole family. There will not be any of them left to experience the good things that I will do for my people. I, the Lord, affirm it! For he counseled rebellion against the Lord.”’ 203 

Introduction to the Book of Consolation

30:1 The Lord spoke to Jeremiah. 204  30:2 The Lord God of Israel says, 205 Write everything that I am about to tell you in a scroll. 206  30:3 For I, the Lord, affirm 207  that the time will come when I will reverse the plight 208  of my people, Israel and Judah,’ says the Lord. ‘I will bring them back to the land I gave their ancestors 209  and they will take possession of it once again.’ 210 

Israel and Judah Will Be Delivered after a Time of Deep Distress

30:4 So here is what the Lord has to say about Israel and Judah. 211 

30:5 Yes, 212  here is what he says:

“You hear cries of panic and of terror;

there is no peace in sight. 213 

30:6 Ask yourselves this and consider it carefully: 214 

Have you ever seen a man give birth to a baby?

Why then do I see all these strong men

grabbing their stomachs in pain like 215  a woman giving birth?

And why do their faces

turn so deathly pale?

30:7 Alas, what a terrible time of trouble it is! 216 

There has never been any like it.

It is a time of trouble for the descendants of Jacob,

but some of them will be rescued out of it. 217 

30:8 When the time for them to be rescued comes,” 218 

says the Lord who rules over all, 219 

“I will rescue you from foreign subjugation. 220 

I will deliver you from captivity. 221 

Foreigners will then no longer subjugate them.

30:9 But they will be subject 222  to the Lord their God

and to the Davidic ruler whom I will raise up as king over them. 223 

30:10 So I, the Lord, tell you not to be afraid,

you descendants of Jacob, my servants. 224 

Do not be terrified, people of Israel.

For I will rescue you and your descendants

from a faraway land where you are captives. 225 

The descendants of Jacob will return to their land and enjoy peace.

They will be secure and no one will terrify them. 226 

30:11 For I, the Lord, affirm 227  that

I will be with you and will rescue you.

I will completely destroy all the nations where I scattered you.

But I will not completely destroy you.

I will indeed discipline you, but only in due measure.

I will not allow you to go entirely unpunished.” 228 

The Lord Will Heal the Wounds of Judah

30:12 Moreover, 229  the Lord says to the people of Zion, 230 

“Your injuries are incurable;

your wounds are severe. 231 

30:13 There is no one to plead your cause.

There are no remedies for your wounds. 232 

There is no healing for you.

30:14 All your allies have abandoned you. 233 

They no longer have any concern for you.

For I have attacked you like an enemy would.

I have chastened you cruelly.

For your wickedness is so great

and your sin is so much. 234 

30:15 Why do you complain about your injuries,

that your pain is incurable?

I have done all this to you

because your wickedness is so great

and your sin is so much.

30:16 But 235  all who destroyed you will be destroyed.

All your enemies will go into exile.

Those who plundered you will be plundered.

I will cause those who pillaged you to be pillaged. 236 

30:17 Yes, 237  I will restore you to health.

I will heal your wounds.

I, the Lord, affirm it! 238 

For you have been called an outcast,

Zion, whom no one cares for.”

The Lord Will Restore Israel and Judah

30:18 The Lord says,

I will restore the ruined houses of the descendants of Jacob.

I will show compassion on their ruined homes. 239 

Every city will be rebuilt on its former ruins. 240 

Every fortified dwelling will occupy its traditional site. 241 

30:19 Out of those places you will hear songs of thanksgiving 242 

and the sounds of laughter and merriment.

I will increase their number and they will not dwindle away. 243 

I will bring them honor and they will no longer be despised.

30:20 The descendants of Jacob will enjoy their former privileges.

Their community will be reestablished in my favor 244 

and I will punish all who try to oppress them.

30:21 One of their own people will be their leader.

Their ruler will come from their own number. 245 

I will invite him to approach me, and he will do so. 246 

For no one would dare approach me on his own. 247 

I, the Lord, affirm it! 248 

30:22 Then you will again be my people

and I will be your God. 249 

30:23 Just watch! The wrath of the Lord

will come like a storm.

Like a raging storm it will rage down

on the heads of those who are wicked.

30:24 The anger of the Lord will not turn back

until he has fully carried out his intended purposes.

In days to come you will come to understand this. 250 

31:1 At that time I will be the God of all the clans of Israel 251 

and they will be my people.

I, the Lord, affirm it! 252 

Israel Will Be Restored and Join Judah in Worship

31:2 The Lord says,

The people of Israel who survived

death at the hands of the enemy 253 

will find favor in the wilderness

as they journey to find rest for themselves.

31:3 In a far-off land the Lord will manifest himself to them.

He will say to them, ‘I have loved you with an everlasting love.

That is why I have continued to be faithful to you. 254 

31:4 I will rebuild you, my dear children Israel, 255 

so that you will once again be built up.

Once again you will take up the tambourine

and join in the happy throng of dancers. 256 

31:5 Once again you will plant vineyards

on the hills of Samaria. 257 

Those who plant them

will once again enjoy their fruit. 258 

31:6 Yes, a time is coming

when watchmen 259  will call out on the mountains of Ephraim,

Come! Let us go to Zion

to worship the Lord our God!”’ 260 

31:7 Moreover, 261  the Lord says,

Sing for joy for the descendants of Jacob.

Utter glad shouts for that foremost of the nations. 262 

Make your praises heard. 263 

Then say, Lord, rescue your people.

Deliver those of Israel who remain alive.’ 264 

31:8 Then I will reply, 265  ‘I will bring them back from the land of the north.

I will gather them in from the distant parts of the earth.

Blind and lame people will come with them,

so will pregnant women and women about to give birth.

A vast throng of people will come back here.

31:9 They will come back shedding tears of contrition.

I will bring them back praying prayers of repentance. 266 

I will lead them besides streams of water,

along smooth paths where they will never stumble. 267 

I will do this because I am Israel’s father;

Ephraim 268  is my firstborn son.’

31:10 Hear what the Lord has to say, O nations.

Proclaim it in the faraway lands along the sea.

Say, “The one who scattered Israel will regather them.

He will watch over his people like a shepherd watches over his flock.”

31:11 For the Lord will rescue the descendants of Jacob.

He will secure their release 269  from those who had overpowered them. 270 

31:12 They will come and shout for joy on Mount Zion.

They will be radiant with joy 271  over the good things the Lord provides,

the grain, the fresh wine, the olive oil,

the young sheep and calves he has given to them.

They will be like a well-watered garden

and will not grow faint or weary any more.

31:13 The Lord says, 272  “At that time young women will dance and be glad.

Young men and old men will rejoice. 273 

I will turn their grief into gladness.

I will give them comfort and joy in place of their sorrow.

31:14 I will provide the priests with abundant provisions. 274 

My people will be filled to the full with the good things I provide.”

31:15 The Lord says,

A sound is heard in Ramah, 275 

a sound of crying in bitter grief.

It is the sound of Rachel weeping for her children

and refusing to be comforted, because her children are gone.” 276 

31:16 The Lord says to her, 277 

“Stop crying! Do not shed any more tears! 278 

For your heartfelt repentance 279  will be rewarded.

Your children will return from the land of the enemy.

I, the Lord, affirm it! 280 

31:17 Indeed, there is hope for your posterity. 281 

Your children will return to their own territory.

I, the Lord, affirm it! 282 

31:18 I have indeed 283  heard the people of Israel 284  say mournfully,

We were like a calf untrained to the yoke. 285 

You disciplined us and we learned from it. 286 

Let us come back to you and we will do so, 287 

for you are the Lord our God.

31:19 For after we turned away from you we repented.

After we came to our senses 288  we beat our breasts in sorrow. 289 

We are ashamed and humiliated

because of the disgraceful things we did previously.’ 290 

31:20 Indeed, the people of Israel are my dear children.

They are the children I take delight in. 291 

For even though I must often rebuke them,

I still remember them with fondness.

So I am deeply moved with pity for them 292 

and will surely have compassion on them.

I, the Lord, affirm it! 293 

31:21 I will say, 294  ‘My dear children of Israel, 295  keep in mind

the road you took when you were carried off. 296 

Mark off in your minds the landmarks.

Make a mental note of telltale signs marking the way back.

Return, my dear children of Israel.

Return to these cities of yours.

31:22 How long will you vacillate, 297 

you who were once like an unfaithful daughter? 298 

For I, the Lord, promise 299  to bring about something new 300  on the earth,

something as unique as a woman protecting a man!’ 301 

Judah Will Be Restored

31:23 The Lord God of Israel who rules over all 302  says,

I will restore the people of Judah to their land and to their towns.

When I do, they will again say 303  of Jerusalem, 304 

‘May the Lord bless you, you holy mountain,

the place where righteousness dwells.’ 305 

31:24 The land of Judah will be inhabited by people who live in its towns

as well as by farmers and shepherds with their flocks. 306 

31:25 I will fully satisfy the needs of those who are weary

and fully refresh the souls of those who are faint. 307 

31:26 Then they will say, ‘Under these conditions I can enjoy sweet sleep

when I wake up and look around.’ 308 

Israel and Judah Will Be Repopulated

31:27Indeed, a time is coming,” 309  says the Lord, 310  “when I will cause people and animals to sprout up in the lands of Israel and Judah. 311  31:28 In the past I saw to it that they were uprooted and torn down, that they were destroyed and demolished. But now I will see to it that they are built up and firmly planted. 312  I, the Lord, affirm it! 313 

The Lord Will Make a New Covenant with Israel and Judah

31:29When that time comes, people will no longer say, ‘The parents have eaten sour grapes, but the children’s teeth have grown numb.’ 314  31:30 Rather, each person will die for his own sins. The teeth of the person who eats the sour grapes will themselves grow numb. 315 

31:31Indeed, a time is coming,” says the Lord, 316  “when I will make a new covenant 317  with the people of Israel and Judah. 318  31:32 It will not be like the old 319  covenant that I made with their ancestors 320  when I delivered them 321  from Egypt. For they violated that covenant, even though I was like a faithful husband to them,” 322  says the Lord. 323  31:33 But I will make a new covenant with the whole nation of Israel 324  after I plant them back in the land,” 325  says the Lord. 326  “I will 327  put my law within them 328  and write it on their hearts and minds. 329  I will be their God and they will be my people. 330 

31:34People will no longer need to teach their neighbors and relatives to know me. 331  For all of them, from the least important to the most important, will know me,” 332  says the Lord. “For 333  I will forgive their sin and will no longer call to mind the wrong they have done.”

The Lord Guarantees Israel’s Continuance

31:35 The Lord has made a promise to Israel.

He promises it as the one who fixed the sun to give light by day

and the moon and stars to give light by night.

He promises it as the one who stirs up the sea so that its waves roll.

He promises it as the one who is known as the Lord who rules over all. 334 

31:36 The Lord affirms, 335 The descendants of Israel will not

cease forever to be a nation in my sight.

That could only happen if the fixed ordering of the heavenly lights

were to cease to operate before me.” 336 

31:37 The Lord says, “I will not reject all the descendants of Israel

because of all that they have done. 337 

That could only happen if the heavens above could be measured

or the foundations of the earth below could all be explored,” 338 

says the Lord. 339 

Jerusalem Will Be Enlarged

31:38Indeed a time is coming,” 340  says the Lord, 341  “when the city of Jerusalem 342  will be rebuilt as my special city. 343  It will be built from the Tower of Hananel westward to the Corner Gate. 344  31:39 The boundary line will extend beyond that, straight west from there to the Hill of Gareb and then turn southward to Goah. 345  31:40 The whole valley where dead bodies and sacrificial ashes are thrown 346  and all the terraced fields 347  out to the Kidron Valley 348  on the east as far north 349  as the Horse Gate 350  will be included within this city that is sacred to the Lord. 351  The city will never again be torn down or destroyed.”

Jeremiah Buys a Field

32:1 In the tenth year that Zedekiah was ruling over Judah the Lord spoke to Jeremiah. 352  That was the same as the eighteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar.

32:2 Now at that time, 353  the armies of the king of Babylon were besieging Jerusalem. 354  The prophet Jeremiah was confined in the courtyard of the guardhouse 355  attached to the royal palace of Judah. 32:3 For King Zedekiah 356  had confined Jeremiah there after he had reproved him for prophesying as he did. He had asked Jeremiah, “Why do you keep prophesying these things? Why do you keep saying that the Lord says, ‘I will hand this city over to the king of Babylon? I will let him capture it. 357  32:4 King Zedekiah of Judah will not escape from the Babylonians. 358  He will certainly be handed over to the king of Babylon. He must answer personally to the king of Babylon and confront him face to face. 359  32:5 Zedekiah will be carried off to Babylon and will remain there until I have fully dealt with him. 360  I, the Lord, affirm it! 361  Even if you 362  continue to fight against the Babylonians, 363  you cannot win.’

32:6 So now, Jeremiah said, “The Lord told me, 364  32:7 Hanamel, the son of your uncle Shallum, will come to you soon. He will say to you, “Buy my field at Anathoth because you are entitled 365  as my closest relative to buy it.”’ 366  32:8 Now it happened just as the Lord had said! My cousin Hanamel 367  came to me in the courtyard of the guardhouse. He said to me, ‘Buy my field which is at Anathoth in the territory of the tribe of Benjamin. Buy it for yourself since you are entitled as my closest relative to take possession of it for yourself.’ When this happened, I recognized that the Lord had indeed spoken to me. 32:9 So I bought the field at Anathoth from my cousin Hanamel. I weighed out seven ounces of silver and gave it to him to pay for it. 368  32:10 I signed the deed of purchase, 369  sealed it, and had some men serve as witnesses to the purchase. 370  I weighed out the silver for him on a scale. 32:11 There were two copies of the deed of purchase. One was sealed and contained the order of transfer and the conditions of purchase. 371  The other was left unsealed. 32:12 I took both copies of the deed of purchase 372  and gave them to Baruch son of Neriah, the son of Mahseiah. I gave them to him in the presence 373  of my cousin 374  Hanamel, the witnesses who had signed the deed of purchase, and all the Judeans who were housed in the courtyard of the guardhouse. 32:13 In the presence of all these people I instructed Baruch, 32:14 The Lord God of Israel who rules over all 375  says, “Take these documents, both the sealed copy of the deed of purchase and the unsealed copy. Put them in a clay jar so that they may be preserved for a long time to come.”’ 376  32:15 For the Lord God of Israel who rules over all 377  says, “Houses, fields, and vineyards will again be bought in this land.”’ 378 

Jeremiah’s Prayer of Praise and Bewilderment

32:16After I had given the copies of the deed of purchase to Baruch son of Neriah, I prayed to the Lord, 32:17 Oh, Lord God, 379  you did indeed 380  make heaven and earth by your mighty power and great strength. 381  Nothing is too hard for you! 32:18 You show unfailing love to thousands. 382  But you also punish children for the sins of their parents. 383  You are the great and powerful God who is known as the Lord who rules over all. 384  32:19 You plan great things and you do mighty deeds. 385  You see everything people do. 386  You reward each of them for the way they live and for the things they do. 387  32:20 You did miracles and amazing deeds in the land of Egypt which have had lasting effect. By this means you gained both in Israel and among humankind a renown that lasts to this day. 388  32:21 You used your mighty power and your great strength to perform miracles and amazing deeds and to bring great terror on the Egyptians. By this means you brought your people Israel out of the land of Egypt. 389  32:22 You kept the promise that you swore on oath to their ancestors. 390  You gave them a land flowing with milk and honey. 391  32:23 But when they came in and took possession of it, they did not obey you or live as you had instructed them. They did not do anything that you commanded them to do. 392  So you brought all this disaster on them. 32:24 Even now siege ramps have been built up around the city 393  in order to capture it. War, 394  starvation, and disease are sure to make the city fall into the hands of the Babylonians 395  who are attacking it. 396  Lord, 397  you threatened that this would happen. Now you can see that it is already taking place. 398  32:25 The city is sure to fall into the hands of the Babylonians. 399  Yet, in spite of this, 400  you, Lord God, 401  have said to me, “Buy that field with silver and have the transaction legally witnessed.”’ 402 

The Lord Answers Jeremiah’s Prayer

32:26 The Lord answered Jeremiah. 403  32:27 I am the Lord, the God of all humankind. There is, indeed, nothing too difficult for me. 404  32:28 Therefore I, the Lord, say: 405  ‘I will indeed hand 406  this city over to King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon and the Babylonian army. 407  They will capture it. 32:29 The Babylonian soldiers 408  that are attacking this city will break into it and set it on fire. They will burn it down along with the houses where people have made me angry by offering sacrifices to the god Baal and by pouring out drink offerings to other gods on their rooftops. 409  32:30 This will happen because the people of Israel and Judah have repeatedly done what displeases me 410  from their earliest history until now 411  and because they 412  have repeatedly made me angry by the things they have done. 413  I, the Lord, affirm it! 414  32:31 This will happen because 415  the people of this city have aroused my anger and my wrath since the time they built it until now. 416  They have made me so angry that I am determined to remove 417  it from my sight. 32:32 I am determined to do so because the people of Israel and Judah have made me angry with all their wickedness – they, their kings, their officials, their priests, their prophets, and especially the people of Judah and the citizens of Jerusalem 418  have done this wickedness. 419  32:33 They have turned away from me instead of turning to me. 420  I tried over and over again 421  to instruct them, but they did not listen and respond to correction. 422  32:34 They set up their disgusting idols in the temple which I have claimed for my own 423  and defiled it. 32:35 They built places of worship for the god Baal in the Valley of Ben Hinnom so that they could sacrifice their sons and daughters to the god Molech. 424  Such a disgusting practice was not something I commanded them to do! It never even entered my mind to command them to do such a thing! So Judah is certainly liable for punishment.’ 425 

32:36You and your people 426  are right in saying, ‘War, 427  starvation, and disease are sure to make this city fall into the hands of the king of Babylon.’ 428  But now I, the Lord God of Israel, have something further to say about this city: 429  32:37 I will certainly regather my people from all the countries where I will have exiled 430  them in my anger, fury, and great wrath. I will bring them back to this place and allow them to live here in safety. 32:38 They will be my people, and I will be their God. 431  32:39 I will give them a single-minded purpose to live in a way that always shows respect for me. They will want to do that for 432  their own good and the good of the children who descend from them. 32:40 I will make a lasting covenant 433  with them that I will never stop doing good to them. 434  I will fill their hearts and minds with respect for me so that 435  they will never again turn 436  away from me. 32:41 I will take delight in doing good to them. I will faithfully and wholeheartedly plant them 437  firmly in the land.’

32:42For I, the Lord, say: 438  ‘I will surely bring on these people all the good fortune that I am hereby promising them. I will be just as sure to do that as I have been in bringing all this great disaster on them. 439  32:43 You and your people 440  are saying that this land will become desolate, uninhabited by either people or animals. You are saying that it will be handed over to the Babylonians. 441  But fields 442  will again be bought in this land. 443  32:44 Fields will again be bought with silver, and deeds of purchase signed, sealed, and witnessed. This will happen in the territory of Benjamin, the villages surrounding Jerusalem, the towns in Judah, the southern hill country, the western foothills, and southern Judah. 444  For I will restore them to their land. 445  I, the Lord, affirm it!’ 446 

The Lord Promises a Second Time to Restore Israel and Judah

33:1 The Lord spoke 447  to Jeremiah a second time while he was still confined in the courtyard of the guardhouse. 448  33:2 I, the Lord, do these things. I, the Lord, form the plan to bring them about. 449  I am known as the Lord. I say to you, 33:3 Call on me in prayer and I will answer you. I will show you great and mysterious 450  things which you still do not know about.’ 33:4 For I, the Lord God of Israel, have something more to say about the houses in this city and the royal buildings which have been torn down for defenses against the siege ramps and military incursions of the Babylonians: 451  33:5 The defenders of the city will go out and fight with the Babylonians. 452  But they will only fill those houses and buildings with the dead bodies of the people that I will kill in my anger and my wrath. 453  That will happen because I have decided to turn my back on 454  this city on account of the wicked things they have done. 455  33:6 But I will most surely 456  heal the wounds of this city and restore it and its people to health. 457  I will show them abundant 458  peace and security. 33:7 I will restore Judah and Israel 459  and will rebuild them as they were in days of old. 460  33:8 I will purify them from all the sin that they committed against me. I will forgive all their sins which they committed in rebelling against me. 461  33:9 All the nations will hear about all the good things which I will do to them. This city will bring me fame, honor, and praise before them for the joy that I bring it. The nations will tremble in awe at all the peace and prosperity that I will provide for it.’ 462 

33:10I, the Lord, say: 463  ‘You and your people are saying 464  about this place, “It lies in ruins. There are no people or animals in it.” That is true. The towns of Judah and the streets of Jerusalem 465  will soon be desolate, uninhabited either by people or by animals. But happy sounds will again be heard in these places. 33:11 Once again there will be sounds 466  of joy and gladness and the glad celebrations of brides and grooms. 467  Once again people will bring their thank offerings to the temple of the Lord and will say, “Give thanks to the Lord who rules over all. For the Lord is good and his unfailing love lasts forever.” 468  For I, the Lord, affirm 469  that I will restore the land to what it was 470  in days of old.’ 471 

33:12I, the Lord who rules over all, say: 472  ‘This place will indeed lie in ruins. There will be no people or animals in it. But there will again be in it and in its towns sheepfolds where shepherds can rest their sheep. 33:13 I, the Lord, say that shepherds will once again count their sheep as they pass into the fold. 473  They will do this in all the towns in the southern hill country, the western foothills, the southern hill country, the territory of Benjamin, the villages surrounding Jerusalem, and the towns of Judah.’ 474 

The Lord Reaffirms His Covenant with David, Israel, and Levi

33:14I, the Lord, affirm: 475  ‘The time will certainly come when I will fulfill my gracious promise concerning the nations of Israel and Judah. 476  33:15 In those days and at that time I will raise up for them a righteous descendant 477  of David.

‘He will do what is just and right in the land. 33:16 Under his rule Judah will enjoy safety 478  and Jerusalem 479  will live in security. At that time Jerusalem will be called “The Lord has provided us with justice.” 480  33:17 For I, the Lord, promise: “David will never lack a successor to occupy 481  the throne over the nation of Israel. 482  33:18 Nor will the Levitical priests ever lack someone to stand before me and continually offer up burnt offerings, sacrifice cereal offerings, and offer the other sacrifices.”’ 483 

33:19 The Lord spoke further to Jeremiah. 484  33:20 I, Lord, make the following promise: 485  ‘I have made a covenant with the day 486  and with the night that they will always come at their proper times. Only if you people 487  could break that covenant 33:21 could my covenant with my servant David and my covenant with the Levites ever be broken. So David will by all means always have a descendant to occupy his throne as king and the Levites will by all means always have priests who will minister before me. 488  33:22 I will make the children who follow one another in the line of my servant David very numerous. I will also make the Levites who minister before me very numerous. I will make them all as numerous as the stars in the sky and as the sands which are on the seashore.’ 489 

33:23 The Lord spoke still further to Jeremiah. 490  33:24 You have surely noticed what these people are saying, haven’t you? They are saying, 491 The Lord has rejected the two families of Israel and Judah 492  that he chose.’ So they have little regard that my people will ever again be a nation. 493  33:25 But I, the Lord, make the following promise: 494  I have made a covenant governing the coming of day and night. I have established the fixed laws governing heaven and earth. 33:26 Just as surely as I have done this, so surely will I never reject the descendants of Jacob. Nor will I ever refuse to choose one of my servant David’s descendants to rule over the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Indeed, 495  I will restore them 496  and show mercy to them.”

The Lord Makes an Ominous Promise to Zedekiah

34:1 The Lord spoke to Jeremiah while King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon was attacking Jerusalem 497  and the towns around it with a large army. This army consisted of troops from his own army and from the kingdoms and peoples of the lands under his dominion. 498  34:2 The Lord God of Israel told Jeremiah 499  to go and give King Zedekiah of Judah a message. He told Jeremiah 500  to tell him, “The Lord says, ‘I am going to 501  hand this city over to the king of Babylon and he will burn it down. 34:3 You yourself will not escape his clutches, but will certainly be captured and handed over to him. You must confront the king of Babylon face to face and answer to him personally. 502  Then you must go to Babylon. 34:4 However, listen to what I, the Lord, promise you, King Zedekiah of Judah. I, the Lord, promise that 503  you will not die in battle or be executed. 504  34:5 You will die a peaceful death. They will burn incense at your burial just as they did at the burial of your ancestors, the former kings who preceded you. 505  They will mourn for you, saying, “Poor, poor master!” 506  Indeed, you have my own word on this. 507  I, the Lord, affirm it!’ 508 

34:6 The prophet Jeremiah told all this to King Zedekiah of Judah in Jerusalem. 34:7 He did this while the army of the king of Babylon was attacking Jerusalem and the cities of Lachish and Azekah. He was attacking these cities because they were the only fortified cities of Judah which were still holding out. 509 

The Lord Threatens to Destroy Those Who Wronged Their Slaves

34:8 The Lord spoke to Jeremiah after King Zedekiah had made a covenant 510  with all the people in Jerusalem 511  to grant their slaves their freedom. 34:9 Everyone was supposed to free their male and female Hebrew slaves. No one was supposed to keep a fellow Judean enslaved. 512  34:10 All the people and their leaders had agreed to this. They had agreed to free their male and female slaves and not keep them enslaved any longer. They originally complied with the covenant and freed them. 513  34:11 But later 514  they had changed their minds. They had taken back their male and female slaves that they had freed and forced them to be slaves again. 515  34:12 That was when the Lord spoke to Jeremiah, 516  34:13 The Lord God of Israel has a message for you. 517  ‘I made a covenant with your ancestors 518  when I brought them out of Egypt where they had been slaves. 519  It stipulated, 520  34:14 Every seven years each of you must free any fellow Hebrews who have sold themselves to you. After they have served you for six years, you shall set them free.” 521  But your ancestors did not obey me or pay any attention to me. 34:15 Recently, however, you yourselves 522  showed a change of heart and did what is pleasing to me. You granted your fellow countrymen their freedom and you made a covenant to that effect in my presence in the house that I have claimed for my own. 523  34:16 But then you turned right around 524  and showed that you did not honor me. 525  Each of you took back your male and female slaves whom you had freed as they desired, and you forced them to be your slaves again. 526  34:17 So I, the Lord, say: “You have not really obeyed me and granted freedom to your neighbor and fellow countryman. 527  Therefore, I will grant you freedom, the freedom 528  to die in war, or by starvation or disease. I, the Lord, affirm it! 529  I will make all the kingdoms of the earth horrified at what happens to you. 530  34:18 I will punish those people who have violated their covenant with me. I will make them like the calf they cut in two and passed between its pieces. 531  I will do so because they did not keep the terms of the covenant they made in my presence. 532  34:19 I will punish the leaders of Judah and Jerusalem, the court officials, 533  the priests, and all the other people of the land who passed between the pieces of the calf. 534  34:20 I will hand them over to their enemies who want to kill them. Their dead bodies will become food for the birds and the wild animals. 535  34:21 I will also hand King Zedekiah of Judah and his officials over to their enemies who want to kill them. I will hand them over to the army of the king of Babylon, even though they have temporarily withdrawn from attacking you. 536  34:22 For I, the Lord, affirm that 537  I will soon give the order and bring them back to this city. They will fight against it and capture it and burn it down. I will also make the towns of Judah desolate so that there will be no one living in them.”’

Judah’s Unfaithfulness Contrasted with the Rechabites’ Fai

35:1 The Lord spoke to Jeremiah when Jehoiakim 538  son of Josiah was ruling over Judah. 539  35:2 Go to the Rechabite community. 540  Invite them to come into one of the side rooms 541  of the Lord’s temple and offer them some wine to drink.” 35:3 So I went and got Jaazaniah son of Jeremiah the grandson of Habazziniah, his brothers, all his sons, and all the rest of the Rechabite community. 35:4 I took them to the Lord’s temple. I took them into the room where the disciples of the prophet Hanan son of Igdaliah stayed. 542  That room was next to the one where the temple officers stayed and above the room where Maaseiah son of Shallum, one of the doorkeepers 543  of the temple, stayed. 35:5 Then I set cups and pitchers full of wine in front of the members of the Rechabite community and said to them, “Have some wine.” 544  35:6 But they answered, “We do not drink wine because our ancestor Jonadab son of Rechab commanded us not to. He told us, ‘You and your children must never drink wine. 35:7 Do not build houses. Do not plant crops. Do not plant a vineyard or own one. 545  Live in tents all your lives. If you do these things you will 546  live a long time in the land that you wander about on.’ 547  35:8 We and our wives and our sons and daughters have obeyed everything our ancestor Jonadab commanded us. We have never drunk wine. 548  35:9 We have not built any houses to live in. We do not own any vineyards, fields, or crops. 35:10 We have lived in tents. We have obeyed our ancestor Jonadab and done exactly as he commanded us. 549  35:11 But when King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon invaded the land we said, ‘Let’s get up and go to Jerusalem 550  to get away from the Babylonian 551  and Aramean armies.’ That is why we are staying here in Jerusalem.”

35:12 Then the Lord spoke to Jeremiah. 35:13 The Lord God of Israel who rules over all 552  told him, “Go and speak to the people of Judah and the citizens of Jerusalem. Tell them, 553  ‘I, the Lord, say: 554  “You must learn a lesson from this 555  about obeying what I say! 556  35:14 Jonadab son of Rechab ordered his descendants not to drink wine. His orders have been carried out. 557  To this day his descendants have drunk no wine because they have obeyed what their ancestor commanded them. But I 558  have spoken to you over and over again, 559  but you have not obeyed me! 35:15 I sent all my servants the prophets to warn you over and over again. They said, “Every one of you, stop doing the evil things you have been doing and do what is right. 560  Do not pay allegiance to other gods 561  and worship them. Then you can continue to live in this land that I gave to you and your ancestors.” But you did not pay any attention or listen to me. 35:16 Yes, 562  the descendants of Jonadab son of Rechab have carried out the orders that their ancestor gave them. But you people 563  have not obeyed me! 35:17 So I, the Lord, the God who rules over all, the God of Israel, say: 564  “I will soon bring on Judah and all the citizens of Jerusalem all the disaster that I threatened to bring on them. I will do this because I spoke to them but they did not listen. I called out to them but they did not answer.”’

35:18 Then Jeremiah spoke to the Rechabite community, “The Lord God of Israel who rules over all 565  says, ‘You have obeyed the orders of your ancestor Jonadab. You have followed all his instructions. You have done exactly as he commanded you.’ 35:19 So the Lord God of Israel who rules over all says, ‘Jonadab son of Rechab will never lack a male descendant to serve me.’ 566 

Jehoiakim Burns the Scroll Containing the Lord’s Messages

36:1 The Lord spoke to Jeremiah in the fourth year 567  that Jehoiakim son of Josiah was ruling over Judah. 568  36:2 Get a scroll. 569  Write on it everything I have told you to say 570  about Israel, Judah, and all the other nations since I began to speak to you in the reign of Josiah until now. 571  36:3 Perhaps when the people of Judah hear about all the disaster I intend to bring on them, they will all stop doing the evil things they have been doing. 572  If they do, I will forgive their sins and the wicked things they have done.” 573 

36:4 So Jeremiah summoned Baruch son of Neriah. Then Jeremiah dictated to Baruch everything the Lord had told him to say and Baruch wrote it all down in a scroll. 574  36:5 Then Jeremiah told Baruch, “I am no longer allowed to go 575  into the Lord’s temple. 36:6 So you go there the next time all the people of Judah come in from their towns to fast 576  in the Lord’s temple. Read out loud where all of them can hear you what I told you the Lord said, which you wrote in the scroll. 577  36:7 Perhaps then they will ask the Lord for mercy and will all stop doing the evil things they have been doing. 578  For the Lord has threatened to bring great anger and wrath against these people.” 579 

36:8 So Baruch son of Neriah did exactly what the prophet Jeremiah had told him to do. He read what the Lord had said from the scroll in the temple of the Lord. 580  36:9 All the people living in Jerusalem 581  and all the people who came into Jerusalem from the towns of Judah came to observe a fast before the Lord. The fast took place in the ninth month of the fifth year that Jehoiakim son of Josiah was ruling over Judah. 582  36:10 At that time Baruch went into the temple of the Lord. He stood in the entrance of the room of Gemariah the son of Shaphan who had been the royal secretary. 583  That room was in the upper court 584  near the entrance of the New Gate. 585  There, where all the people could hear him, he read from the scroll what Jeremiah had said. 586 

36:11 Micaiah, who was the son of Gemariah and the grandson of Shaphan, heard Baruch read from the scroll everything the Lord had said. 587  36:12 He went down to the chamber of the royal secretary in the king’s palace and found all the court officials in session there. Elishama 588  the royal secretary, Delaiah son of Shemaiah, Elnathan son of Achbor, 589  Gemariah son of Shaphan, Zedekiah son of Hananiah, and all the other officials were seated there. 36:13 Micaiah told them everything he had heard Baruch read from the scroll in the hearing of the people. 590  36:14 All the officials sent Jehudi, who was the son of Nethaniah and the grandson of Cushi, to Baruch. They ordered him to tell Baruch, “Come here and bring with you 591  the scroll you read in the hearing of the people.” 592  So Baruch son of Neriah went to them, carrying the scroll in his hand. 593  36:15 They said to him, “Please sit down and read it to us.” So Baruch sat down and read it to them. 594  36:16 When they had heard it all, 595  they expressed their alarm to one another. 596  Then they said to Baruch, “We must certainly give the king a report about everything you have read! 597  36:17 Then they asked Baruch, “How did you come to write all these words? Do they actually come from Jeremiah’s mouth? 598  36:18 Baruch answered, “Yes, they came from his own mouth. He dictated all these words to me and I wrote them down in ink on this scroll.” 599  36:19 Then the officials said to Baruch, “You and Jeremiah must go and hide. You must not let anyone know where you are.” 600 

36:20 The officials put the scroll in the room of Elishama, the royal secretary, for safekeeping. 601  Then they went to the court and reported everything 602  to the king. 603  36:21 The king sent Jehudi to get the scroll. He went and got it from the room of Elishama, the royal secretary. Then he himself 604  read it to the king and all the officials who were standing around him. 36:22 Since it was the ninth month of the year, the king was sitting in his winter quarters. 605  A fire was burning in the firepot in front of him. 606  36:23 As soon as Jehudi had read three or four columns 607  of the scroll, the king 608  would cut them off with a penknife 609  and throw them on the fire in the firepot. He kept doing so until the whole scroll was burned up in the fire. 610  36:24 Neither he nor any of his attendants showed any alarm when they heard all that had been read. Nor did they tear their clothes to show any grief or sorrow. 611  36:25 The king did not even listen to Elnathan, Delaiah, and Gemariah, who had urged him not to burn the scroll. 612  36:26 He also ordered Jerahmeel, who was one of the royal princes, 613  Seraiah son of Azriel, and Shelemiah son of Abdeel to arrest the scribe Baruch and the prophet Jeremiah. However, the Lord hid them.

Baruch and Jeremiah Write Another Scroll

36:27 The Lord spoke to Jeremiah after Jehoiakim had burned the scroll containing what Jeremiah had spoken and Baruch had written down. 614  36:28 Get another 615  scroll and write on it everything 616  that was written on the original scroll 617  that King Jehoiakim of Judah burned. 36:29 Tell King Jehoiakim of Judah, ‘The Lord says, “You burned the scroll. You asked 618  Jeremiah, ‘How dare you write in this scroll that the king of Babylon will certainly come and destroy this land and wipe out all the people and animals on it?’ 619  36:30 So the Lord says concerning King Jehoiakim of Judah, “None of his line will occupy the throne of David. 620  His dead body will be thrown out to be exposed to scorching heat by day and frost by night. 621  36:31 I will punish him and his descendants and the officials who serve him for the wicked things they have done. 622  I will bring on them, the citizens of Jerusalem, 623  and the people of Judah all the disaster that I threatened to do to them. I will punish them because I threatened them but they still paid no heed.”’ 624  36:32 Then Jeremiah got another scroll and gave it to the scribe Baruch son of Neriah. As Jeremiah dictated, Baruch wrote on this scroll everything that had been on the scroll that King Jehoiakim of Judah burned in the fire. They also added on this scroll several other messages of the same kind. 625 

Introduction to Incidents During the Reign of Zedekiah

37:1 Zedekiah son of Josiah succeeded Jeconiah 626  son of Jehoiakim as king. He was elevated to the throne of the land of Judah by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. 627  37:2 Neither he nor the officials who served him nor the people of Judah paid any attention to what the Lord said through the prophet Jeremiah. 628 

The Lord Responds to Zedekiah’s Hope for Help

37:3 King Zedekiah sent 629  Jehucal 630  son of Shelemiah and the priest Zephaniah 631  son of Maaseiah to the prophet Jeremiah. He told them to say, “Please pray to the Lord our God on our behalf.” 37:4 (Now Jeremiah had not yet been put in prison. 632  So he was still free to come and go among the people as he pleased. 633  37:5 At that time the Babylonian forces 634  had temporarily given up their siege against Jerusalem. 635  They had had it under siege, but withdrew when they heard that the army of Pharaoh had set out from Egypt. 636 ) 37:6 The Lord gave the prophet Jeremiah a message for them. He told him to tell them, 637  37:7 The Lord God of Israel says, ‘Give a message to the king of Judah who sent you to ask me to help him. 638  Tell him, “The army of Pharaoh that was on its way to help you will go back home to Egypt. 639  37:8 Then the Babylonian forces 640  will return. They will attack the city and will capture it and burn it down. 37:9 Moreover, I, the Lord, warn you not to deceive yourselves into thinking that the Babylonian forces 641  will go away and leave you alone. For they will not go away. 642  37:10 For even if you were to defeat all the Babylonian forces 643  fighting against you so badly that only wounded men were left lying in their tents, they would get up and burn this city down.”’ 644 

Jeremiah is Charged with Deserting, Arrested, and Imprisoned

37:11 The following events also occurred 645  while the Babylonian forces 646  had temporarily withdrawn from Jerusalem 647  because the army of Pharaoh was coming. 37:12 Jeremiah started to leave Jerusalem to go to the territory of Benjamin. He wanted to make sure he got his share of the property that was being divided up among his family there. 648  37:13 But he only got as far as the Benjamin Gate. 649  There an officer in charge of the guards named Irijah, 650  who was the son of Shelemiah and the grandson of Hananiah, stopped him. He seized Jeremiah and said, 651 You are deserting to the Babylonians! 652  37:14 Jeremiah answered, “That’s a lie! I am not deserting to the Babylonians.” 653  But Irijah would not listen to him. Irijah put Jeremiah under arrest and took him to the officials. 37:15 The officials were very angry 654  at Jeremiah. They had him flogged and put in prison in the house of Jonathan, the royal secretary, which they had converted into a place for confining prisoners. 655 

37:16 So 656  Jeremiah was put in prison in a cell in the dungeon in Jonathan’s house. 657  He 658  was kept there for a long time. 37:17 Then King Zedekiah had him brought to the palace. There he questioned him privately and asked him, 659 Is there any message from the Lord?” Jeremiah answered, “Yes, there is.” Then he announced, 660  “You will be handed over to the king of Babylon.” 661  37:18 Then Jeremiah asked King Zedekiah, “What crime have I committed against you, or the officials who serve you, or the people of Judah? What have I done to make you people throw me into prison? 662  37:19 Where now are the prophets who prophesied to you that 663  the king of Babylon would not attack you or this land? 37:20 But now please listen, your royal Majesty, 664  and grant my plea for mercy. 665  Do not send me back to the house of Jonathan, the royal secretary. If you do, I will die there.” 666  37:21 Then King Zedekiah ordered that Jeremiah be committed to the courtyard of the guardhouse. He also ordered that a loaf of bread 667  be given to him every day from the baker’s street until all the bread in the city was gone. So Jeremiah was kept 668  in the courtyard of the guardhouse.

Jeremiah Is Charged with Treason and Put in a Cistern to Die

38:1 Now Shephatiah son of Mattan, Gedaliah son of Pashhur, Jehucal 669  son of Shelemiah, and Pashhur 670  son of Malkijah had heard 671  the things that Jeremiah had been telling the people. They had heard him say, 38:2 The Lord says, ‘Those who stay in this city will die in battle or of starvation or disease. 672  Those who leave the city and surrender to the Babylonians 673  will live. They will escape with their lives.’ 674  38:3 They had also heard him say, 675 The Lord says, ‘This city will certainly be handed over to the army of the king of Babylon. They will capture it.’ 676  38:4 So these officials said to the king, “This man must be put to death. For he is demoralizing 677  the soldiers who are left in the city as well as all the other people there by these things he is saying. 678  This 679  man is not seeking to help these people but is trying to harm them.” 680  38:5 King Zedekiah said to them, “Very well, you can do what you want with him. 681  For I cannot do anything to stop you.” 682  38:6 So the officials 683  took Jeremiah and put him in the cistern 684  of Malkijah, one of the royal princes, 685  that was in the courtyard of the guardhouse. There was no water in the cistern, only mud. So when they lowered Jeremiah into the cistern with ropes he sank in the mud. 686 

An Ethiopian Official Rescues Jeremiah from the Cistern

38:7 An Ethiopian, Ebed Melech, 687  a court official in the royal palace, heard that Jeremiah had been put 688  in the cistern. While the king was holding court 689  at the Benjamin Gate, 38:8 Ebed Melech departed the palace and went to speak to the king. He said to him, 38:9 Your royal Majesty, those men have been very wicked in all that they have done to the prophet Jeremiah. They have thrown him into a cistern and he is sure to die of starvation there because there is no food left in the city. 690  38:10 Then the king gave Ebed Melech the Ethiopian the following order: “Take thirty 691  men with you from here and go pull the prophet Jeremiah out of the cistern before he dies.” 38:11 So Ebed Melech took the men with him and went to a room under the treasure room in the palace. 692  He got some worn-out clothes and old rags 693  from there and let them down by ropes to Jeremiah in the cistern. 38:12 Ebed Melech 694  called down to Jeremiah, “Put these rags and worn-out clothes under your armpits to pad the ropes. 695  Jeremiah did as Ebed Melech instructed. 696  38:13 So they pulled Jeremiah up from the cistern with ropes. Jeremiah, however, still remained confined 697  to the courtyard of the guardhouse.

Jeremiah Responds to Zedekiah’s Request for Secret Advice

38:14 Some time later 698  Zedekiah sent and had Jeremiah brought to him at the third entrance 699  of the Lord’s temple. The king said to Jeremiah, “I would like to ask you a question. Do not hide anything from me when you answer.” 700  38:15 Jeremiah said to Zedekiah, “If I answer you, you will certainly kill me. 701  If I give you advice, you will not listen to me.” 38:16 So King Zedekiah made a secret promise to Jeremiah and sealed it with an oath. He promised, 702 As surely as the Lord lives who has given us life and breath, 703  I promise you this: I will not kill you or hand you over to those men who want to kill you.” 704 

38:17 Then Jeremiah said to Zedekiah, “The Lord, the God who rules over all, the God of Israel, 705  says, ‘You must surrender to the officers of the king of Babylon. If you do, your life will be spared 706  and this city will not be burned down. Indeed, you and your whole family will be spared. 38:18 But if you do not surrender to the officers of the king of Babylon, this city will be handed over to the Babylonians 707  and they will burn it down. You yourself will not escape from them.’ 708  38:19 Then King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, “I am afraid of the Judeans who have deserted to the Babylonians. 709  The Babylonians might hand me over to them and they will torture me.” 710  38:20 Then Jeremiah answered, “You will not be handed over to them. Please obey the Lord by doing what I have been telling you. 711  Then all will go well with you and your life will be spared. 712  38:21 But if you refuse to surrender, the Lord has shown me a vision of what will happen. Here is what I saw: 38:22 All the women who are left in the royal palace of Judah will be led out to the officers of the king of Babylon. They will taunt you saying, 713 

‘Your trusted friends misled you;

they have gotten the best of you.

Now that your feet are stuck in the mud,

they have turned their backs on you.’ 714 

38:23All your wives and your children will be turned over to the Babylonians. 715  You yourself will not escape from them but will be captured by the 716  king of Babylon. This city will be burned down.” 717 

38:24 Then Zedekiah told Jeremiah, “Do not let anyone know about the conversation we have had. 718  If you do, you will die. 719  38:25 The officials may hear that I have talked with you. They may come to you and say, ‘Tell us what you said to the king and what the king said to you. 720  Do not hide anything from us. If you do, we will kill you.’ 721  38:26 If they do this, tell 722  them, ‘I was pleading with the king not to send me back to die in the dungeon of Jonathan’s house.’ 723  38:27 All the officials did indeed come and question Jeremiah. 724  He told them exactly what the king had instructed him to say. 725  They stopped questioning him any further because no one had actually heard their conversation. 726  38:28 So Jeremiah remained confined 727  in the courtyard of the guardhouse until the day Jerusalem 728  was captured.

The Fall of Jerusalem and Its Aftermath

The following events occurred when Jerusalem 729  was captured. 730 

39:1 King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came against Jerusalem with his whole army and laid siege to it. The siege began in the tenth month of the ninth year that Zedekiah ruled over Judah. 731  39:2 It lasted until the ninth day of the fourth month of Zedekiah’s eleventh year. 732  On that day they broke through the city walls. 39:3 Then Nergal-Sharezer of Samgar, Nebo-Sarsekim, who was a chief officer, Nergal-Sharezer, who was a high official, 733  and all the other officers of the king of Babylon came and set up quarters 734  in the Middle Gate. 735  39:4 When King Zedekiah of Judah and all his soldiers saw them, they tried to escape. They departed from the city during the night. They took a path through the king’s garden and passed out through the gate between the two walls. 736  Then they headed for the Jordan Valley. 737  39:5 But the Babylonian 738  army chased after them. They caught up with Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho 739  and captured him. 740  They took him to King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon at Riblah 741  in the territory of Hamath and Nebuchadnezzar passed sentence on him there. 39:6 There at Riblah the king of Babylon had Zedekiah’s sons put to death while Zedekiah was forced to watch. The king of Babylon also had all the nobles of Judah put to death. 39:7 Then he had Zedekiah’s eyes put out and had him bound in chains 742  to be led off to Babylon. 39:8 The Babylonians 743  burned down the royal palace, the temple of the Lord, and the people’s homes, 744  and they tore down the wall of Jerusalem. 745  39:9 Then Nebuzaradan, the captain of the royal guard, 746  took captive the rest of the people who were left in the city. He carried them off to Babylon along with the people who had deserted to him. 747  39:10 But he 748  left behind in the land of Judah some of the poor people who owned nothing. He gave them fields and vineyards at that time.

39:11 Now King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon had issued orders concerning Jeremiah. He had passed them on through Nebuzaradan, the captain of his royal guard, 749  39:12 Find Jeremiah 750  and look out for him. 751  Do not do anything to harm him, 752  but do with him whatever he tells you.” 39:13 So Nebuzaradan, the captain of the royal guard, Nebushazban, who was a chief officer, Nergal-Sharezer, who was a high official, 753  and all the other officers of the king of Babylon 39:14 sent and had Jeremiah brought from the courtyard of the guardhouse. They turned him over to Gedaliah, 754  the son of Ahikam and the grandson of Shaphan, to take him home with him. 755  But Jeremiah stayed among the people. 756 

39:15

Ebed Melech Is Promised Deliverance because of His Faith

757 

Now the Lord had spoken to Jeremiah while he was still confined in the courtyard of the guardhouse, 758  39:16 Go 759  and tell Ebed-Melech the Ethiopian, ‘The Lord God of Israel who rules over all says, “I will carry out against this city what I promised. It will mean disaster and not good fortune for it. 760  When that disaster happens, you will be there to see it. 761  39:17 But I will rescue you when it happens. 762  I, the Lord, affirm it! 763  You will not be handed over to those whom you fear. 764  39:18 I will certainly save you. You will not fall victim to violence. 765  You will escape with your life 766  because you trust in me. I, the Lord, affirm it!”’ 767 

Jeremiah Is Set Free A Second Time

40:1 The Lord spoke to Jeremiah 768  after Nebuzaradan the captain of the royal guard had set him free at Ramah. 769  He had taken him there in chains 770  along with all the people from Jerusalem 771  and Judah who were being carried off to exile to Babylon. 40:2 The captain of the royal guard took Jeremiah aside and said to him, “The Lord your God threatened this place with this disaster. 40:3 Now he has brought it about. The Lord has done just as he threatened to do. This disaster has happened because you people sinned against the Lord and did not obey him. 772  40:4 But now, Jeremiah, today I will set you free 773  from the chains on your wrists. If you would like to come to Babylon with me, come along and I will take care of you. 774  But if you prefer not to come to Babylon with me, you are not required to do so. 775  You are free to go anywhere in the land you want to go. 776  Go wherever you choose.” 777  40:5 Before Jeremiah could turn to leave, the captain of the guard added, “Go back 778  to Gedaliah, the son of Ahikam and grandson of Shaphan, whom the king of Babylon appointed to govern 779  the towns of Judah. Go back and live with him 780  among the people. Or go wherever else you choose.” Then the captain of the guard gave Jeremiah some food and a present and let him go. 40:6 So Jeremiah went to Gedaliah son of Ahikam at Mizpah 781  and lived there with him. He stayed there to live among the people who had been left in the land of Judah. 782 

A Small Judean Province is Established at Mizpah

40:7 Now some of the officers of the Judean army and their troops had been hiding in the countryside. They heard that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam to govern 783  the country. They also heard that he had been put in charge over the men, women, and children from the poorer classes of the land who had not been carried off into exile in Babylon. 784  40:8 So 785  all these officers and their troops came to Gedaliah at Mizpah. The officers who came were Ishmael son of Nethaniah, Johanan and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth, the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, and Jezaniah son of the Maacathite. 786  40:9 Gedaliah, the son of Ahikam and grandson of Shaphan, took an oath so as to give them and their troops some assurance of safety. 787  “Do not be afraid to submit to the Babylonians. 788  Settle down in the land and submit to the king of Babylon. Then things will go well for you. 40:10 I for my part will stay at Mizpah to represent you before the Babylonians 789  whenever they come to us. You for your part go ahead and harvest the wine, the dates, the figs, 790  and the olive oil, and store them in jars. Go ahead and settle down in the towns that you have taken over.” 791  40:11 Moreover, all the Judeans who were in Moab, Ammon, Edom, and all the other countries heard what had happened. They heard that the king of Babylon had allowed some people to stay in Judah and that he had appointed Gedaliah, the son of Ahikam and grandson of Shaphan, to govern them. 40:12 So all these Judeans returned to the land of Judah from the places where they had been scattered. They came to Gedaliah at Mizpah. Thus they harvested a large amount of wine and dates and figs. 792 

Ishmael Murders Gedaliah and Carries the Judeans at Mizpah off as Capt

40:13 Johanan and all the officers of the troops that had been hiding in the open country came to Gedaliah at Mizpah. 40:14 They said to him, “Are you at all aware 793  that King Baalis of Ammon has sent Ishmael son of Nethaniah to kill you?” But Gedaliah son of Ahikam would not believe them. 40:15 Then Johanan son of Kareah spoke privately to Gedaliah there at Mizpah, “Let me go and kill Ishmael the son of Nethaniah before anyone knows about it. Otherwise he will kill you 794  and all the Judeans who have rallied around you will be scattered. Then what remains of Judah will disappear.” 40:16 But Gedaliah son of Ahikam said to Johanan son of Kareah, “Do not do that 795  because what you are saying about Ishmael is not true.” 796 

41:1 But in the seventh month 797  Ishmael, the son of Nethaniah and grandson of Elishama who was a member of the royal family and had been one of Zedekiah’s chief officers, came with ten of his men to Gedaliah son of Ahikam at Mizpah. While they were eating a meal together with him there at Mizpah, 41:2 Ishmael son of Nethaniah and the ten men who were with him stood up, pulled out their swords, and killed Gedaliah, the son of Ahikam and grandson of Shaphan. Thus Ishmael killed the man that the king of Babylon had appointed to govern the country. 41:3 Ishmael also killed all the Judeans 798  who were with Gedaliah at Mizpah and the Babylonian 799  soldiers who happened to be there. 800 

41:4 On the day after Gedaliah had been murdered, before anyone even knew about it, 41:5 eighty men arrived from Shechem, Shiloh, and Samaria. 801  They had shaved off their beards, torn their clothes, and cut themselves to show they were mourning. 802  They were carrying grain offerings and incense to present at the temple of the Lord in Jerusalem. 803  41:6 Ishmael son of Nethaniah went out from Mizpah to meet them. He was pretending to cry 804  as he walked along. When he met them, he said to them, “Come with me to meet Gedaliah son of Ahikam.” 805  41:7 But as soon as they were inside the city, Ishmael son of Nethaniah and the men who were with him slaughtered them and threw their bodies 806  in a cistern. 41:8 But there were ten men among them who said 807  to Ishmael, “Do not kill us. For we will give you the stores of wheat, barley, olive oil, and honey we have hidden in a field. 808  So he spared their lives and did not kill 809  them along with the rest. 810  41:9 Now the cistern where Ishmael threw all the dead bodies of those he had killed was a large one 811  that King Asa had constructed as part of his defenses against King Baasha of Israel. 812  Ishmael son of Nethaniah filled it with dead bodies. 813  41:10 Then Ishmael took captive all the people who were still left alive in Mizpah. This included the royal princesses 814  and all the rest of the people in Mizpah that Nebuzaradan, the captain of the royal guard, had put under the authority of Gedaliah son of Ahikam. Ishmael son of Nethaniah took all these people captive and set out to cross over to the Ammonites.

Johanan Rescues the People Ishmael Had Carried Off

41:11 Johanan son of Kareah and all the army officers who were with him heard about all the atrocities 815  that Ishmael son of Nethaniah had committed. 41:12 So they took all their troops and went to fight against Ishmael son of Nethaniah. They caught up with him near the large pool 816  at Gibeon. 41:13 When all the people that Ishmael had taken captive saw 817  Johanan son of Kareah and all the army officers with him, they were glad. 41:14 All those people that Ishmael had taken captive from Mizpah turned and went over to Johanan son of Kareah. 41:15 But Ishmael son of Nethaniah managed to escape from Johanan along with eight of his men, and he went on over to Ammon.

41:16 Johanan son of Kareah and all the army officers who were with him led off all the people who had been left alive at Mizpah. They had rescued them from Ishmael son of Nethaniah after he killed Gedaliah son of Ahikam. They led off the men, women, children, soldiers, and court officials whom they had brought away from Gibeon. 41:17 They set out to go to Egypt to get away from the Babylonians, 818  but stopped at Geruth Kimham 819  near Bethlehem. 820  41:18 They were afraid of what the Babylonians might do 821  because Ishmael son of Nethaniah had killed Gedaliah son of Ahikam, whom the king of Babylon had appointed to govern the country.

The Survivors Ask the Lord for Advice but Refuse to Follow It

42:1 Then all the army officers, including Johanan son of Kareah and Jezaniah son of Hoshaiah 822  and all the people of every class, 823  went to the prophet Jeremiah. 42:2 They said to him, “Please grant our request 824  and pray to the Lord your God for all those of us who are still left alive here. 825  For, as you yourself can see, there are only a few of us left out of the many there were before. 826  42:3 Pray that the Lord your God will tell us where we should go and what we should do.” 42:4 The prophet Jeremiah answered them, “Agreed! 827  I will indeed pray to the Lord your God as you have asked. I will tell you everything the Lord replies in response to you. 828  I will not keep anything back from you.” 42:5 They answered Jeremiah, “May the Lord be a true and faithful witness against us if we do not do just as 829  the Lord sends you to tell us to do. 42:6 We will obey what the Lord our God to whom we are sending you tells us to do. It does not matter whether we like what he tells us or not. We will obey what he tells us to do so that things will go well for us.” 830 

42:7 Ten days later the Lord spoke to Jeremiah. 42:8 So Jeremiah summoned Johanan son of Kareah and all the army officers who were with him and all the people of every class. 831  42:9 Then Jeremiah said to them, “You sent me to the Lord God of Israel to make your request known to him. Here is what he says to you: 832  42:10 If you will just stay 833  in this land, I will build you up. I will not tear you down. I will firmly plant you. 834  I will not uproot you. For I am filled with sorrow because of the disaster that I have brought on you. 42:11 Do not be afraid of the king of Babylon whom you now fear. 835  Do not be afraid of him because I will be with you to save you and to rescue you from his power. I, the Lord, affirm it! 836  42:12 I will have compassion on you so that he in turn will have mercy on you and allow you to return to your land.’

42:13You must not disobey the Lord your God by saying, ‘We will not stay in this land.’ 42:14 You must not say, ‘No, we will not stay. Instead we will go and live in the land of Egypt where we will not face war, 837  or hear the enemy’s trumpet calls, 838  or starve for lack of food.’ 839  42:15 If you people who remain in Judah do that, then listen to what the Lord says. The Lord God of Israel who rules over all 840  says, ‘If you are so determined 841  to go to Egypt that you go and settle there, 42:16 the wars you fear will catch up with you there in the land of Egypt. The starvation you are worried about will follow you there to 842  Egypt. You will die there. 843  42:17 All the people who are determined to go and settle in Egypt will die from war, starvation, or disease. No one will survive or escape the disaster I will bring on them.’ 42:18 For 844  the Lord God of Israel who rules over all 845  says, ‘If you go to Egypt, I will pour out my wrath on you just as I poured out my anger and wrath on the citizens of Jerusalem. 846  You will become an object of horror and ridicule, an example of those who have been cursed and that people use in pronouncing a curse. 847  You will never see this place again.’ 848 

42:19The Lord has told you people who remain in Judah, ‘Do not go to Egypt.’ Be very sure of this: I warn you 849  here and now. 850  42:20 You are making a fatal mistake. 851  For you sent me to the Lord your God and asked me, ‘Pray to the Lord our God for us. Tell us what the Lord our God says and we will do it.’ 852  42:21 This day 853  I have told you what he said. 854  But you do not want to obey the Lord by doing what he sent me to tell you. 855  42:22 So now be very sure of this: You will die from war, starvation, or disease in the place where you want to go and live.”

43:1 Jeremiah finished telling all the people all these things the Lord their God had sent him to tell them. 856  43:2 Then Azariah 857  son of Hoshaiah, Johanan son of Kareah, and other arrogant men said to Jeremiah, “You are telling a lie! The Lord our God did not send you to tell us, ‘You must not go to Egypt and settle there.’ 43:3 But Baruch son of Neriah is stirring you up against us. 858  He wants to hand us over 859  to the Babylonians 860  so that they will kill us or carry us off into exile in Babylon.” 43:4 So Johanan son of Kareah, all the army officers, and all the rest of the people did not obey the Lord’s command to stay in the land. 43:5 Instead Johanan son of Kareah and all the army officers led off all the Judean remnant who had come back to live in the land of Judah from all the nations where they had been scattered. 861  43:6 They also led off all the men, women, children, and royal princesses 862  that Nebuzaradan, the captain of the royal guard, had left with Gedaliah, 863  the son of Ahikam and grandson of Shaphan. This included the prophet Jeremiah and Baruch son of Neriah. 43:7 They went on to Egypt 864  because they refused to obey the Lord, and came to Tahpanhes. 865 

Jeremiah Predicts that Nebuchadnezzar Will Plunder Egypt and Its Gods

43:8 At Tahpanhes the Lord spoke to Jeremiah. 866  43:9 Take some large stones 867  and bury them in the mortar of the clay pavement 868  at the entrance of Pharaoh’s residence 869  here in Tahpanhes. Do it while the people of Judah present there are watching. 870  43:10 Then tell them, 871 The Lord God of Israel who rules over all 872  says, “I will bring 873  my servant 874  King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. I will set his throne over these stones which I 875  have buried. He will pitch his royal tent 876  over them. 43:11 He will come and attack Egypt. Those who are destined to die of disease will die of disease. Those who are destined to be carried off into exile will be carried off into exile. Those who are destined to die in war will die in war. 877  43:12 He will set fire 878  to the temples of the gods of Egypt. He will burn their gods or carry them off as captives. 879  He will pick Egypt clean like a shepherd picks the lice from his clothing. 880  He will leave there unharmed. 881  43:13 He will demolish the sacred pillars in the temple of the sun 882  in Egypt and will burn down the temples of the gods of Egypt.”’

The Lord Will Punish the Judean Exiles in Egypt for Their Idolatry

44:1 The Lord spoke to Jeremiah concerning 883  all the Judeans who were living in the land of Egypt, those in Migdol, Tahpanhes, Memphis, and in the region of southern Egypt. 884  44:2 The Lord God of Israel who rules over all 885  says, ‘You have seen all the disaster I brought on Jerusalem 886  and all the towns of Judah. Indeed, they now lie in ruins and are deserted. 887  44:3 This happened because of the wickedness the people living there did. 888  They made me angry 889  by worshiping and offering sacrifice to 890  other gods whom neither they nor you nor your ancestors 891  previously knew. 892  44:4 I sent my servants the prophets to you people over and over 893  again warning you not to do this disgusting thing I hate. 894  44:5 But the people of Jerusalem and Judah 895  would not listen or pay any attention. They would not stop the wickedness they were doing nor quit sacrificing to other gods. 896  44:6 So my anger and my wrath were poured out and burned like a fire through the towns of Judah and the streets of Jerusalem. That is why they have become the desolate ruins that they are today.’

44:7So now the Lord, the God who rules over all, the God of Israel, 897  asks, ‘Why will you do such great harm to yourselves? Why should every man, woman, child, and baby of yours be destroyed from the midst of Judah? Why should you leave yourselves without a remnant? 44:8 That is what will result from your making me angry by what you are doing. 898  You are making me angry by sacrificing to other gods here in the land of Egypt where you live. You will be destroyed for doing that! You will become an example used in curses 899  and an object of ridicule among all the nations of the earth. 900  44:9 Have you forgotten all the wicked things that have been done in the towns of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem by your ancestors, by the kings of Judah and their 901  wives, by you and your wives? 44:10 To this day your people 902  have shown no contrition! They have not revered me nor followed the laws and statutes I commanded 903  you and your ancestors.’

44:11Because of this, the Lord God of Israel who rules over all says, ‘I am determined to bring disaster on you, 904  even to the point of destroying all the Judeans here. 905  44:12 I will see to it that all the Judean remnant that was determined to go 906  and live in the land of Egypt will be destroyed. Here in the land of Egypt they will fall in battle 907  or perish from starvation. People of every class 908  will die in war or from starvation. They will become an object of horror and ridicule, an example of those who have been cursed and that people use in pronouncing a curse. 909  44:13 I will punish those who live in the land of Egypt with war, starvation, and disease just as I punished Jerusalem. 44:14 None of the Judean remnant who have come to live in the land of Egypt will escape or survive to return to the land of Judah. Though they long to return and live there, none of them shall return except a few fugitives.’ 910 

44:15 Then all the men who were aware that their wives were sacrificing to other gods, as well as all their wives, answered Jeremiah. There was a great crowd of them representing all the people who lived in northern and southern Egypt. 911  They answered, 44:16 We will not listen to what you claim the Lord has spoken to us! 912  44:17 Instead we will do everything we vowed we would do. 913  We will sacrifice and pour out drink offerings to the goddess called the Queen of Heaven 914  just as we and our ancestors, our kings, and our leaders previously did in the towns of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem. For then we had plenty of food, were well-off, and had no troubles. 915  44:18 But ever since we stopped sacrificing and pouring out drink offerings to the Queen of Heaven, we have been in great need. Our people have died in wars or of starvation.” 916  44:19 The women added, 917  “We did indeed sacrifice and pour out drink offerings to the Queen of Heaven. But it was with the full knowledge and approval of our husbands that we made cakes in her image and poured out drink offerings to her.” 918 

44:20 Then Jeremiah replied to all the people, both men and women, who responded to him in this way. 919  44:21 The Lord did indeed remember and call to mind what you did! He remembered the sacrifices you and your ancestors, your kings, your leaders, and all the rest of the people of the land offered to other gods 920  in the towns of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem. 921  44:22 Finally the Lord could no longer endure your wicked deeds and the disgusting things you did. That is why your land has become the desolate, uninhabited ruin that it is today. That is why it has become a proverbial example used in curses. 922  44:23 You have sacrificed to other gods! You have sinned against the Lord! You have not obeyed the Lord! You have not followed his laws, his statutes, and his decrees! That is why this disaster that is evident to this day has happened to you.” 923 

44:24 Then Jeremiah spoke to all the people, particularly to all the women. 924 Listen to what the Lord has to say all you people of Judah who are in Egypt. 44:25 The Lord God of Israel who rules over all says, ‘You women 925  have confirmed by your actions what you vowed with your lips! You said, “We will certainly carry out our vows to sacrifice and pour out drink offerings to the Queen of Heaven.” Well, then fulfill your vows! Carry them out!’ 926  44:26 But 927  listen to what the Lord has to say, all you people of Judah who are living in the land of Egypt. The Lord says, ‘I hereby swear by my own great name that none of the people of Judah who are living anywhere in Egypt will ever again invoke my name in their oaths! Never again will any of them use it in an oath saying, “As surely as the Lord God lives….” 928  44:27 I will indeed 929  see to it that disaster, not prosperity, happens to them. 930  All the people of Judah who are in the land of Egypt will die in war or from starvation until not one of them is left. 44:28 Some who survive in battle will return to the land of Judah from the land of Egypt. But they will be very few indeed! 931  Then the Judean remnant who have come to live in the land of Egypt will know whose word proves true, 932  mine or theirs.’ 44:29 Moreover the Lord says, 933 I will make something happen to prove that I will punish you in this place. I will do it so that you will know that my threats to bring disaster on you will prove true. 934  44:30 I, the Lord, promise that 935  I will hand Pharaoh Hophra 936  king of Egypt over to his enemies who are seeking to kill him. I will do that just as surely as I handed King Zedekiah of Judah over to King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, his enemy who was seeking to kill him.’

Baruch is Rebuked but also Comforted

45:1 The prophet Jeremiah spoke to Baruch son of Neriah while he was writing down in a scroll the words that Jeremiah spoke to him. 937  This happened in the fourth year that Jehoiakim son of Josiah was ruling over Judah. 938  45:2 The Lord God of Israel has a message for you, Baruch. 45:3 You have said, “I feel so hopeless! 939  For the Lord has added sorrow to my suffering. 940  I am worn out from groaning. I can’t find any rest.”’

45:4 The Lord told Jeremiah, 941  “Tell Baruch, 942  ‘The Lord says, “I am about to tear down what I have built and to uproot what I have planted. I will do this throughout the whole earth. 943  45:5 Are you looking for great things for yourself? Do not look for such things. For I, the Lord, affirm 944  that I am about to bring disaster on all humanity. 945  But I will allow you to escape with your life 946  wherever you go.”’

Prophecies Against Foreign Nations 947 

46:1 The Lord spoke to Jeremiah about the nations. 948 

The Prophecy about Egypt’s Defeat at Carchemish

46:2 He spoke about Egypt and the army of Pharaoh Necho king of Egypt which was encamped along the Euphrates River at Carchemish. Now this was the army that King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon defeated in the fourth year that Jehoiakim son of Josiah was ruling 949  over Judah. 950 

46:3Fall into ranks with your shields ready! 951 

Prepare to march into battle!

46:4 Harness the horses to the chariots!

Mount your horses!

Put on your helmets and take your positions!

Sharpen you spears!

Put on your armor!

46:5 What do I see?” 952  says the Lord. 953 

“The soldiers 954  are terrified.

They are retreating.

They have been defeated.

They are overcome with terror; 955 

they desert quickly

without looking back.

46:6 But even the swiftest cannot get away.

Even the strongest cannot escape. 956 

There in the north by the Euphrates River

they stumble and fall in defeat. 957 

46:7Who is this that rises like the Nile,

like its streams 958  turbulent at flood stage?

46:8 Egypt rises like the Nile,

like its streams turbulent at flood stage.

Egypt says, ‘I will arise and cover the earth.

I will destroy cities and the people who inhabit them.’

46:9 Go ahead and 959  charge into battle, you horsemen!

Drive furiously, you charioteers!

Let the soldiers march out into battle,

those from Ethiopia and Libya who carry shields,

and those from Lydia 960  who are armed with the bow. 961 

46:10 But that day belongs to the Lord God who rules over all. 962 

It is the day when he will pay back his enemies. 963 

His sword will devour them until its appetite is satisfied!

It will drink their blood until it is full! 964 

For the Lord God who rules over all 965  will offer them up as a sacrifice

in the land of the north by the Euphrates River.

46:11 Go up to Gilead and get medicinal ointment, 966 

you dear poor people of Egypt. 967 

But it will prove useless no matter how much medicine you use; 968 

there will be no healing for you.

46:12 The nations will hear of your devastating defeat. 969 

your cries of distress will echo throughout the earth.

In the panic of their flight one soldier will trip over another

and both of them will fall down defeated.” 970 

The Lord Predicts that Nebuchadnezzar Will Attack and Plunder Egypt

46:13 The Lord spoke to the prophet Jeremiah about Nebuchadnezzar coming to attack the land of Egypt. 971 

46:14Make an announcement throughout Egypt.

Proclaim it in Migdol, Memphis, and Tahpanhes. 972 

‘Take your positions and prepare to do battle.

For the enemy army is destroying all the nations around you.’ 973 

46:15 Why will your soldiers 974  be defeated? 975 

They will not stand because I, the Lord, will thrust 976  them down.

46:16 I will make many stumble. 977 

They will fall over one another in their hurry to flee. 978 

They will say, ‘Get up!

Let’s go back to our own people.

Let’s go back to our homelands

because the enemy is coming to destroy us.’ 979 

46:17 There at home they will say, ‘Pharaoh king of Egypt is just a big noise! 980 

He has let the most opportune moment pass by.’ 981 

46:18 I the King, whose name is the Lord who rules over all, 982  swear this:

I swear as surely as I live that 983  a conqueror is coming.

He will be as imposing as Mount Tabor is among the mountains,

as Mount Carmel is against the backdrop of the sea. 984 

46:19 Pack your bags for exile,

you inhabitants of poor dear Egypt. 985 

For Memphis will be laid waste.

It will lie in ruins 986  and be uninhabited.

46:20 Egypt is like a beautiful young cow.

But northern armies will attack her like swarms of stinging flies. 987 

46:21 Even her mercenaries 988 

will prove to be like pampered, 989  well-fed calves.

For they too will turn and run away.

They will not stand their ground

when 990  the time for them to be destroyed comes,

the time for them to be punished.

46:22 Egypt will run away, hissing like a snake, 991 

as the enemy comes marching up in force.

They will come against her with axes

as if they were woodsmen chopping down trees.

46:23 The population of Egypt is like a vast, impenetrable forest.

But I, the Lord, affirm 992  that the enemy will cut them down.

For those who chop them down will be more numerous than locusts.

They will be too numerous to count. 993 

46:24 Poor dear Egypt 994  will be put to shame.

She will be handed over to the people from the north.”

46:25 The Lord God of Israel who rules over all 995  says, “I will punish Amon, the god of Thebes. 996  I will punish Egypt, its gods, and its kings. I will punish Pharaoh and all who trust in him. 997  46:26 I will hand them over to Nebuchadnezzar and his troops, who want to kill them. But later on, people will live in Egypt again as they did in former times. I, the Lord, affirm it! 998 

46:27

A Promise of Hope for Israel

999 

“You descendants of Jacob, my servants, 1000  do not be afraid;

do not be terrified, people of Israel.

For I will rescue you and your descendants

from the faraway lands where you are captives. 1001 

The descendants of Jacob will return to their land and enjoy peace.

They will be secure and no one will terrify them.

46:28 I, the Lord, tell 1002  you not to be afraid,

you descendants of Jacob, my servant,

for I am with you.

Though I completely destroy all the nations where I scatter you,

I will not completely destroy you.

I will indeed discipline you but only in due measure.

I will not allow you to go entirely unpunished.” 1003 

Judgment on the Philistine Cities

47:1 The Lord spoke to the prophet Jeremiah 1004  about the Philistines before Pharaoh attacked Gaza. 1005 

47:2Look! Enemies are gathering in the north like water rising in a river. 1006 

They will be like an overflowing stream.

They will overwhelm the whole country and everything in it like a flood.

They will overwhelm the cities and their inhabitants.

People will cry out in alarm.

Everyone living in the country will cry out in pain.

47:3 Fathers will hear the hoofbeats of the enemies’ horses,

the clatter of their chariots and the rumbling of their wheels.

They will not turn back to save their children

because they will be paralyzed with fear. 1007 

47:4 For the time has come

to destroy all the Philistines.

The time has come to destroy all the help

that remains for Tyre 1008  and Sidon. 1009 

For I, the Lord, will 1010  destroy the Philistines,

that remnant that came from the island of Crete. 1011 

47:5 The people of Gaza will shave their heads in mourning.

The people of Ashkelon will be struck dumb.

How long will you gash yourselves to show your sorrow, 1012 

you who remain of Philistia’s power? 1013 

47:6 How long will you cry out, 1014  ‘Oh, sword of the Lord,

how long will it be before you stop killing? 1015 

Go back into your sheath!

Stay there and rest!’ 1016 

47:7 But how can it rest 1017 

when I, the Lord, have 1018  given it orders?

I have ordered it to attack

the people of Ashkelon and the seacoast. 1019 

Judgment Against Moab

48:1 The Lord God of Israel who rules over all 1020  spoke about Moab. 1021 

“Sure to be judged is Nebo! Indeed, 1022  it will be destroyed!

Kiriathaim 1023  will suffer disgrace. It will be captured!

Its fortress 1024  will suffer disgrace. It will be torn down! 1025 

48:2 People will not praise Moab any more.

The enemy will capture Heshbon 1026  and plot 1027  how to destroy Moab, 1028 

saying, ‘Come, let’s put an end to that nation!’

City of Madmen, you will also be destroyed. 1029 

A destructive army will march against you. 1030 

48:3 Cries of anguish will arise in Horonaim,

Oh, the ruin and great destruction!’

48:4Moab will be crushed.

Her children will cry out in distress. 1031 

48:5 Indeed they will climb the slopes of Luhith,

weeping continually as they go. 1032 

For on the road down to Horonaim

they will hear the cries of distress over the destruction. 1033 

48:6 They will hear, ‘Run! Save yourselves!

Even if you must be like a lonely shrub in the desert!’ 1034 

48:7Moab, you trust in the things you do and in your riches.

So you too will be conquered.

Your god Chemosh 1035  will go into exile 1036 

along with his priests and his officials.

48:8 The destroyer will come against every town.

Not one town will escape.

The towns in the valley will be destroyed.

The cities on the high plain will be laid waste. 1037 

I, the Lord, have spoken! 1038 

48:9 Set up a gravestone for Moab,

for it will certainly be laid in ruins! 1039 

Its cities will be laid waste

and become uninhabited.”

48:10 A curse on anyone who is lax in doing the Lord’s work!

A curse on anyone who keeps from carrying out his destruction! 1040 

48:11From its earliest days Moab has lived undisturbed.

It has never been taken into exile.

Its people are like wine allowed to settle undisturbed on its dregs,

never poured out from one jar to another.

They are like wine which tastes like it always did,

whose aroma has remained unchanged. 1041 

48:12 But the time is coming when I will send

men against Moab who will empty it out.

They will empty the towns of their people,

then will lay those towns in ruins. 1042 

I, the Lord, affirm it! 1043 

48:13 The people of Moab will be disappointed by their god Chemosh.

They will be as disappointed as the people of Israel were

when they put their trust in the calf god at Bethel. 1044 

48:14 How can you men of Moab say, ‘We are heroes,

men who are mighty in battle?’

48:15 Moab will be destroyed. Its towns will be invaded.

Its finest young men will be slaughtered. 1045 

I, the King, the Lord who rules over all, 1046  affirm it! 1047 

48:16 Moab’s destruction is at hand.

Disaster will come on it quickly.

48:17 Mourn for that nation, all you nations living around it,

all of you nations that know of its fame. 1048 

Mourn and say, ‘Alas, its powerful influence has been broken!

Its glory and power have been done away!’ 1049 

48:18 Come down from your place of honor;

sit on the dry ground, 1050  you who live in Dibon. 1051 

For the one who will destroy Moab will attack you;

he will destroy your fortifications.

48:19 You who live in Aroer, 1052 

stand by the road and watch.

Question the man who is fleeing and the woman who is escaping.

Ask them, ‘What has happened?’

48:20 They will answer, ‘Moab is disgraced, for it has fallen!

Wail and cry out in mourning!

Announce along the Arnon River

that Moab has been destroyed.’

48:21Judgment will come on the cities on the high plain: 1053  on Holon, Jahzah, and Mephaath, 48:22 on Dibon, Nebo, and Beth Diblathaim, 48:23 on Kiriathaim, Beth Gamul, and Beth Meon, 48:24 on Kerioth and Bozrah. It will come on all the towns of Moab, both far and near. 48:25 Moab’s might will be crushed. Its power will be broken. 1054  I, the Lord, affirm it! 1055 

48:26Moab has vaunted itself against me.

So make him drunk with the wine of my wrath 1056 

until he splashes 1057  around in his own vomit,

until others treat him as a laughingstock.

48:27 For did not you people of Moab laugh at the people of Israel?

Did you think that they were nothing but thieves, 1058 

that you shook your head in contempt 1059 

every time you talked about them? 1060 

48:28 Leave your towns, you inhabitants of Moab.

Go and live in the cliffs.

Be like a dove that makes its nest

high on the sides of a ravine. 1061 

48:29 I have heard how proud the people of Moab are,

I know how haughty they are.

I have heard how arrogant, proud, and haughty they are,

what a high opinion they have of themselves. 1062 

48:30 I, the Lord, affirm that 1063  I know how arrogant they are.

But their pride is ill-founded.

Their boastings will prove to be false. 1064 

48:31 So I will weep with sorrow for Moab.

I will cry out in sadness for all of Moab.

I will moan 1065  for the people of Kir Heres.

48:32 I will weep for the grapevines of Sibmah

just like the town of Jazer weeps over them. 1066 

Their branches once spread as far as the Dead Sea. 1067 

They reached as far as the town of Jazer. 1068 

The destroyer will ravage

her fig, date, 1069  and grape crops.

48:33 Joy and gladness will disappear

from the fruitful land of Moab. 1070 

I will stop the flow of wine from the winepresses.

No one will stomp on the grapes there and shout for joy. 1071 

The shouts there will be shouts of soldiers,

not the shouts of those making wine. 1072 

48:34 Cries of anguish raised from Heshbon and Elealeh

will be sounded as far as Jahaz. 1073 

They will be sounded from Zoar as far as Horonaim and Eglath Shelishiyah.

For even the waters of Nimrim will be dried up.

48:35 I will put an end in Moab

to those who make offerings at her places of worship. 1074 

I will put an end to those who sacrifice to other gods.

I, the Lord, affirm it! 1075 

48:36 So my heart moans for Moab

like a flute playing a funeral song.

Yes, like a flute playing a funeral song,

my heart moans for the people of Kir Heres.

For the wealth they have gained will perish.

48:37 For all of them will shave their heads in mourning.

They will all cut off their beards to show their sorrow.

They will all make gashes in their hands.

They will all put on sackcloth. 1076 

48:38 On all the housetops in Moab

and in all its public squares

there will be nothing but mourning.

For I will break Moab like an unwanted jar.

I, the Lord, affirm it! 1077 

48:39 Oh, how shattered Moab will be!

Oh, how her people will wail!

Oh, how she will turn away 1078  in shame!

Moab will become an object of ridicule,

a terrifying sight to all the nations that surround her.”

48:40 For the Lord says,

Look! Like an eagle with outspread wings

a nation will swoop down on Moab. 1079 

48:41 Her towns 1080  will be captured.

Her fortresses will be taken.

At that time the soldiers of Moab will be frightened

like a woman in labor. 1081 

48:42 Moab will be destroyed and no longer be a nation, 1082 

because she has vaunted herself against the Lord.

48:43 Terror, pits, and traps 1083  are in store

for the people who live in Moab. 1084 

I, the Lord, affirm it! 1085 

48:44 Anyone who flees at the sound of terror

will fall into a pit.

Anyone who climbs out of the pit

will be caught in a trap. 1086 

For the time is coming

when I will punish the people of Moab. 1087 

I, the Lord, affirm it! 1088 

48:45 In the shadows of the walls of Heshbon

those trying to escape will stand helpless.

For a fire will burst forth from Heshbon.

Flames will shoot out from the former territory of Sihon.

They will burn the foreheads of the people of Moab,

the skulls of those war-loving people. 1089 

48:46 Moab, you are doomed! 1090 

You people who worship Chemosh will be destroyed.

Your sons will be taken away captive.

Your daughters will be carried away into exile. 1091 

48:47 Yet in days to come

I will reverse Moab’s ill fortune.” 1092 

says the Lord. 1093 

The judgment against Moab ends here.

Judgment Against Ammon

49:1 The Lord spoke about the Ammonites. 1094 

“Do you think there are not any people of the nation of Israel remaining?

Do you think there are not any of them remaining to reinherit their land?

Is that why you people who worship the god Milcom 1095 

have taken possession of the territory of Gad and live in his cities? 1096 

49:2 Because you did that,

I, the Lord, affirm that 1097  a time is coming

when I will make Rabbah, the capital city of Ammon,

hear the sound of the battle cry.

It will become a mound covered with ruins. 1098 

Its villages will be burned to the ground. 1099 

Then Israel will take back its land

from those who took their land from them.

I, the Lord, affirm it! 1100 

49:3 Wail, you people in Heshbon, because Ai in Ammon is destroyed.

Cry out in anguish, you people in the villages surrounding 1101  Rabbah.

Put on sackcloth and cry out in mourning.

Run about covered with gashes. 1102 

For your god Milcom will go into exile

along with his priests and officials. 1103 

49:4 Why do you brag about your great power?

Your power is ebbing away, 1104  you rebellious people of Ammon, 1105 

who trust in your riches and say,

‘Who would dare to attack us?’

49:5 I will bring terror on you from every side,”

says the Lord God who rules over all. 1106 

“You will be scattered in every direction. 1107 

No one will gather the fugitives back together.

49:6 Yet in days to come

I will reverse Ammon’s ill fortune.” 1108 

says the Lord. 1109 

Judgment Against Edom

49:7 The Lord who rules over all 1110  spoke about Edom. 1111 

“Is wisdom no longer to be found in Teman? 1112 

Can Edom’s counselors not give her any good advice? 1113 

Has all of their wisdom turned bad? 1114 

49:8 Turn and flee! Take up refuge in remote places, 1115 

you people who live in Dedan. 1116 

For I will bring disaster on the descendants of Esau.

I have decided it is time for me to punish them. 1117 

49:9 If grape pickers came to pick your grapes,

would they not leave a few grapes behind? 1118 

If robbers came at night,

would they not pillage only what they needed? 1119 

49:10 But I will strip everything away from Esau’s descendants.

I will uncover their hiding places so they cannot hide.

Their children, relatives, and neighbors will all be destroyed.

Not one of them will be left!

49:11 Leave your orphans behind and I will keep them alive.

Your widows too can depend on me.” 1120 

49:12 For the Lord says, “If even those who did not deserve to drink from the cup of my wrath must drink from it, do you think you will go unpunished? You will not go unpunished, but must certainly drink from the cup of my wrath. 1121  49:13 For I solemnly swear,” 1122  says the Lord, “that Bozrah 1123  will become a pile of ruins. It will become an object of horror and ridicule, an example to be used in curses. 1124  All the towns around it will lie in ruins forever.”

49:14 I said, 1125  “I have heard a message from the Lord.

A messenger has been sent among the nations to say,

‘Gather your armies and march out against her!

Prepare to do battle with her!’ 1126 

49:15 The Lord says to Edom, 1127 

“I will certainly make you small among nations.

I will make you despised by all humankind.

49:16 The terror you inspire in others 1128 

and the arrogance of your heart have deceived you.

You may make your home in the clefts of the rocks;

you may occupy the highest places in the hills. 1129 

But even if you made your home where the eagles nest,

I would bring you down from there,”

says the Lord.

49:17Edom will become an object of horror.

All who pass by it will be filled with horror;

they will hiss out their scorn

because of all the disasters that have happened to it. 1130 

49:18 Edom will be destroyed like Sodom and Gomorrah

and the towns that were around them.

No one will live there.

No human being will settle in it,”

says the Lord.

49:19A lion coming up from the thick undergrowth along the Jordan 1131 

scatters the sheep in the pastureland around it. 1132 

So too I will chase the Edomites off their land. 1133 

Then I will appoint over it whomever I choose. 1134 

For there is no one like me, and there is no one who can call me to account. 1135 

There is no 1136  ruler 1137  who can stand up against me.

49:20 So listen to what I, the Lord, have planned against Edom,

what I intend to do to 1138  the people who live in Teman. 1139 

Their little ones will be dragged off.

I will completely destroy their land because of what they have done. 1140 

49:21 The people of the earth will quake when they hear of their downfall. 1141 

Their cries of anguish will be heard all the way to the Gulf of Aqaba. 1142 

49:22 Look! Like an eagle with outspread wings,

a nation will soar up and swoop down on Bozrah.

At that time the soldiers of Edom will be as fearful

as a woman in labor.” 1143 

Judgment Against Damascus

49:23 The Lord spoke 1144  about Damascus. 1145 

“The people of Hamath and Arpad 1146  will be dismayed

because they have heard bad news.

Their courage will melt away because of worry.

Their hearts will not be able to rest. 1147 

49:24 The people of Damascus will lose heart and turn to flee.

Panic will grip them.

Pain and anguish will seize them

like a woman in labor.

49:25 How deserted will that once-famous city 1148  be,

that city that was once filled with 1149  joy! 1150 

49:26 For her young men will fall in her city squares.

All her soldiers will be destroyed at that time,”

says the Lord who rules over all. 1151 

49:27I will set fire to the walls of Damascus;

it will burn up the palaces of Ben Hadad.” 1152 

Judgment Against Kedar and Hazor

49:28 The Lord spoke about Kedar 1153  and the kingdoms of Hazor 1154  that King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon conquered.

Army of Babylon, 1155  go and attack Kedar.

Lay waste those who live in the eastern desert. 1156 

49:29 Their tents and their flocks will be taken away.

Their tent curtains, equipment, and camels will be carried off.

People will shout 1157  to them,

‘Terror is all around you!’ 1158 

49:30 The Lord says, 1159 Flee quickly, you who live in Hazor. 1160 

Take up refuge in remote places. 1161 

For King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon has laid out plans to attack you.

He has formed his strategy on how to defeat you.” 1162 

49:31 The Lord says, 1163 Army of Babylon, 1164  go and attack

a nation that lives in peace and security.

They have no gates or walls to protect them. 1165 

They live all alone.

49:32 Their camels will be taken as plunder.

Their vast herds will be taken as spoil.

I will scatter to the four winds

those desert peoples who cut their hair short at the temples. 1166 

I will bring disaster against them

from every direction,” says the Lord. 1167 

49:33Hazor will become a permanent wasteland,

a place where only jackals live. 1168 

No one will live there.

No human being will settle in it.” 1169 

Judgment Against Elam

49:34 Early in the reign 1170  of King Zedekiah of Judah, the Lord spoke to the prophet Jeremiah about Elam. 1171 

49:35 The Lord who rules over all said,

I will kill all the archers of Elam,

who are the chief source of her military might. 1172 

49:36 I will cause enemies to blow through Elam from every direction

like the winds blowing in from the four quarters of heaven.

I will scatter the people of Elam to the four winds.

There will not be any nation where the refugees of Elam will not go. 1173 

49:37 I will make the people of Elam terrified of their enemies,

who are seeking to kill them.

I will vent my fierce anger

and bring disaster upon them,” 1174  says the Lord. 1175 

“I will send armies chasing after them 1176 

until I have completely destroyed them.

49:38 I will establish my sovereignty over Elam. 1177 

I will destroy their king and their leaders,” 1178  says the Lord. 1179 

49:39Yet in days to come

I will reverse Elam’s ill fortune.” 1180 

says the Lord. 1181 

Judgment Against Babylon

50:1 The Lord spoke concerning Babylon and the land of Babylonia 1182  through the prophet Jeremiah. 1183 

50:2Announce 1184  the news among the nations! Proclaim it!

Signal for people to pay attention! 1185 

Declare the news! Do not hide it! Say:

‘Babylon will be captured.

Bel 1186  will be put to shame.

Marduk will be dismayed.

Babylon’s idols will be put to shame.

Her disgusting images 1187  will be dismayed. 1188 

50:3 For a nation from the north 1189  will attack Babylon.

It will lay her land waste.

People and animals will flee out of it.

No one will inhabit it.’

50:4When that time comes,” says the Lord, 1190 

“the people of Israel and Judah will return to the land together.

They will come back with tears of repentance

as they seek the Lord their God. 1191 

50:5 They will ask the way to Zion;

they will turn their faces toward it.

They will come 1192  and bind themselves to the Lord

in a lasting covenant that will never be forgotten. 1193 

50:6My people have been lost sheep.

Their shepherds 1194  have allowed them to go astray.

They have wandered around in the mountains.

They have roamed from one mountain and hill to another. 1195 

They have forgotten their resting place.

50:7 All who encountered them devoured them.

Their enemies who did this said, ‘We are not liable for punishment!

For those people have sinned against the Lord, their true pasture. 1196 

They have sinned against the Lord in whom their ancestors 1197  trusted.’ 1198 

50:8People of Judah, 1199  get out of Babylon quickly!

Leave the land of Babylonia! 1200 

Be the first to depart! 1201 

Be like the male goats that lead the herd.

50:9 For I will rouse into action and bring against Babylon

a host of mighty nations 1202  from the land of the north.

They will set up their battle lines against her.

They will come from the north and capture her. 1203 

Their arrows will be like a skilled soldier 1204 

who does not return from the battle empty-handed. 1205 

50:10 Babylonia 1206  will be plundered.

Those who plunder it will take all they want,”

says the Lord. 1207 

50:11People of Babylonia, 1208  you plundered my people. 1209 

That made you happy and glad.

You frolic about like calves in a pasture. 1210 

Your joyous sounds are like the neighs of a stallion. 1211 

50:12 But Babylonia will be put to great shame.

The land where you were born 1212  will be disgraced.

Indeed, 1213  Babylonia will become the least important of all nations.

It will become a dry and barren desert.

50:13 After I vent my wrath on it Babylon will be uninhabited. 1214 

It will be totally desolate.

All who pass by will be filled with horror and will hiss out their scorn

because of all the disasters that have happened to it. 1215 

50:14Take up your battle positions all around Babylon,

all you soldiers who are armed with bows. 1216 

Shoot 1217  all your arrows at her! Do not hold any back! 1218 

For she has sinned against the Lord.

50:15 Shout the battle cry from all around the city.

She will throw up her hands in surrender. 1219 

Her towers 1220  will fall.

Her walls will be torn down.

Because I, the Lord, am wreaking revenge, 1221 

take out your vengeance on her!

Do to her as she has done!

50:16 Kill all the farmers who sow the seed in the land of Babylon.

Kill all those who wield the sickle at harvest time. 1222 

Let all the foreigners return to their own people.

Let them hurry back to their own lands

to escape destruction by that enemy army. 1223 

50:17The people of Israel are like scattered sheep

which lions have chased away.

First the king of Assyria devoured them. 1224 

Now last of all King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon has gnawed their bones. 1225 

50:18 So I, the Lord God of Israel who rules over all, say: 1226 

‘I will punish the king of Babylon and his land

just as I punished the king of Assyria.

50:19 But I will restore the flock of Israel to their own pasture.

They will graze on Mount Carmel and the land of Bashan.

They will eat until they are full 1227 

on the hills of Ephraim and the land of Gilead. 1228 

50:20 When that time comes,

no guilt will be found in Israel.

No sin will be found in Judah. 1229 

For I will forgive those of them I have allowed to survive. 1230 

I, the Lord, affirm it!’ 1231 

50:21 The Lord says, 1232 

“Attack 1233  the land of Merathaim

and the people who live in Pekod! 1234 

Pursue, kill, and completely destroy them! 1235 

Do just as I have commanded you! 1236 

50:22 The noise of battle can be heard in the land of Babylonia. 1237 

There is the sound of great destruction.

50:23 Babylon hammered the whole world to pieces.

But see how that ‘hammerhas been broken and shattered! 1238 

See what an object of horror

Babylon has become among the nations!

50:24 I set a trap for you, Babylon;

you were caught before you knew it.

You fought against me.

So you were found and captured. 1239 

50:25 I have opened up the place where my weapons are stored. 1240 

I have brought out the weapons for carrying out my wrath. 1241 

For I, the Lord God who rules over all, 1242 

have work to carry out in the land of Babylonia. 1243 

50:26 Come from far away and attack Babylonia! 1244 

Open up the places where she stores her grain!

Pile her up in ruins! 1245  Destroy her completely! 1246 

Do not leave anyone alive! 1247 

50:27 Kill all her soldiers! 1248 

Let them be slaughtered! 1249 

They are doomed, 1250  for their day of reckoning 1251  has come,

the time for them to be punished.”

50:28 Listen! Fugitives and refugees are coming from the land of Babylon.

They are coming to Zion to declare there

how the Lord our God is getting revenge,

getting revenge for what they have done to his temple. 1252 

50:29Call for archers 1253  to come against Babylon!

Summon against her all who draw the bow!

Set up camp all around the city!

Do not allow anyone to escape!

Pay her back for what she has done.

Do to her what she has done to others.

For she has proudly defied me, 1254 

the Holy One of Israel. 1255 

50:30 So her young men will fall in her city squares.

All her soldiers will be destroyed at that time,”

says the Lord. 1256 

50:31Listen! I am opposed to you, you proud city,” 1257 

says the Lord God who rules over all. 1258 

“Indeed, 1259  your day of reckoning 1260  has come,

the time when I will punish you. 1261 

50:32 You will stumble and fall, you proud city;

no one will help you get up.

I will set fire to your towns;

it will burn up everything that surrounds you.” 1262 

50:33 The Lord who rules over all 1263  says,

“The people of Israel are oppressed.

So too are the people of Judah. 1264 

All those who took them captive are holding them prisoners.

They refuse to set them free.

50:34 But the one who will rescue them 1265  is strong.

He is known as the Lord who rules over all. 1266 

He will strongly 1267  champion their cause.

As a result 1268  he will bring peace and rest to the earth,

but trouble and turmoil 1269  to the people who inhabit Babylonia. 1270 

50:35Destructive forces will come against the Babylonians,” 1271  says the Lord. 1272 

“They will come against the people who inhabit Babylonia,

against her leaders and her men of wisdom.

50:36 Destructive forces will come against her false prophets; 1273 

they will be shown to be fools! 1274 

Destructive forces will come against her soldiers;

they will be filled with terror! 1275 

50:37 Destructive forces will come against her horses and her 1276  chariots.

Destructive forces will come against all the foreign troops within her; 1277 

they will be as frightened as women! 1278 

Destructive forces will come against her treasures;

they will be taken away as plunder!

50:38 A drought will come upon her land;

her rivers and canals will be dried up. 1279 

All of this will happen because her land is filled with idols. 1280 

Her people act like madmen because of 1281  those idols they fear. 1282 

50:39 Therefore desert creatures and jackals will live there.

Ostriches 1283  will dwell in it too. 1284 

But no people will ever live there again.

No one will dwell there for all time to come. 1285 

50:40 I will destroy Babylonia just like I did

Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighboring towns.

No one will live there. 1286 

No human being will settle in it,”

says the Lord. 1287 

50:41Look! An army is about to come from the north.

A mighty nation and many kings 1288  are stirring into action

in faraway parts of the earth.

50:42 Its soldiers are armed with bows and spears.

They are cruel and show no mercy.

They sound like the roaring sea

as they ride forth on their horses.

Lined up in formation like men going into battle,

they are coming against you, fair Babylon! 1289 

50:43 The king of Babylon will become paralyzed with fear 1290 

when he hears news of their coming. 1291 

Anguish will grip him,

agony like that of a woman giving birth to a baby. 1292 

50:44A lion coming up from the thick undergrowth along the Jordan

scatters the sheep in the pastureland around it.

So too I will chase the Babylonians off of their land.

Then I will appoint over it whomever I choose.

For there is no one like me.

There is no one who can call me to account.

There is no ruler that can stand up against me.

50:45 So listen to what I, the Lord, have planned against Babylon,

what I intend to do to the people who inhabit the land of Babylonia. 1293 

Their little ones will be dragged off.

I will completely destroy their land because of what they have done.

50:46 The people of the earth will quake when they hear Babylon has been captured.

Her cries of anguish will be heard by the other nations.” 1294 

51:1 The Lord says,

I will cause a destructive wind 1295  to blow

against 1296  Babylon and the people who inhabit Babylonia. 1297 

51:2 I will send people to winnow Babylonia like a wind blowing away chaff. 1298 

They will winnow her and strip her land bare. 1299 

This will happen when 1300  they come against her from every direction,

when it is time to destroy her. 1301 

51:3 Do not give her archers time to string their bows

or to put on their coats of armor. 1302 

Do not spare any of her young men.

Completely destroy 1303  her whole army.

51:4 Let them fall 1304  slain in the land of Babylonia, 1305 

mortally wounded in the streets of her cities. 1306 

51:5For Israel and Judah will not be forsaken 1307 

by their God, the Lord who rules over all. 1308 

For the land of Babylonia is 1309  full of guilt

against the Holy One of Israel. 1310 

51:6 Get out of Babylonia quickly, you foreign people. 1311 

Flee to save your lives.

Do not let yourselves be killed because of her sins.

For it is time for the Lord to wreak his revenge.

He will pay Babylonia 1312  back for what she has done. 1313 

51:7 Babylonia had been a gold cup in the Lord’s hand.

She had made the whole world drunk.

The nations had drunk from the wine of her wrath. 1314 

So they have all gone mad. 1315 

51:8 But suddenly Babylonia will fall and be destroyed. 1316 

Cry out in mourning over it!

Get medicine for her wounds!

Perhaps she can be healed!

51:9 Foreigners living there will say, 1317 

‘We tried to heal her, but she could not be healed.

Let’s leave Babylonia 1318  and each go back to his own country.

For judgment on her will be vast in its proportions.

It will be like it is piled up to heaven, stacked up into the clouds.’ 1319 

51:10 The exiles from Judah will say, 1320 

‘The Lord has brought about a great deliverance for us! 1321 

Come on, let’s go and proclaim in Zion

what the Lord our God has done!’

51:11Sharpen 1322  your arrows!

Fill your quivers! 1323 

The Lord will arouse a spirit of hostility in 1324  the kings of Media. 1325 

For he intends to destroy Babylonia.

For that is how the Lord will get his revenge

how he will get his revenge for the Babylonians’ destruction of his temple. 1326 

51:12 Give the signal to attack Babylon’s wall! 1327 

Bring more guards! 1328 

Post them all around the city! 1329 

Put men in ambush! 1330 

For the Lord will do what he has planned.

He will do what he said he would do to the people of Babylon. 1331 

51:13You who live along the rivers of Babylon, 1332 

the time of your end has come.

You who are rich in plundered treasure,

it is time for your lives to be cut off. 1333 

51:14 The Lord who rules over all 1334  has solemnly sworn, 1335 

‘I will fill your land with enemy soldiers.

They will swarm over it like locusts. 1336 

They will raise up shouts of victory over it.’

51:15 He is the one who 1337  by his power made the earth.

He is the one who by his wisdom fixed the world in place,

by his understanding he spread out the heavens.

51:16 When his voice thunders, the waters in the heavens roar.

He makes the clouds rise from the far-off horizons.

He makes the lightning flash out in the midst of the rain.

He unleashes the wind from the places where he stores it.

51:17 All idolaters will prove to be stupid and ignorant.

Every goldsmith will be disgraced by the idol he made.

For the image he forges is merely a sham.

There is no breath in any of those idols.

51:18 They are worthless, objects to be ridiculed.

When the time comes to punish them, they will be destroyed.

51:19 The Lord, who is the portion of the descendants of Jacob, is not like them.

For he is the one who created everything,

including the people of Israel whom he claims as his own. 1338 

He is known as the Lord who rules over all. 1339 

51:20Babylon, 1340  you are my war club, 1341 

my weapon for battle.

I used you to smash nations. 1342 

I used you to destroy kingdoms.

51:21 I used you to smash horses and their riders. 1343 

I used you to smash chariots and their drivers.

51:22 I used you to smash men and women.

I used you to smash old men and young men.

I used you to smash young men and young women.

51:23 I used you to smash shepherds and their flocks.

I used you to smash farmers and their teams of oxen.

I used you to smash governors and leaders.” 1344 

51:24But I will repay Babylon

and all who live in Babylonia

for all the wicked things they did in Zion

right before the eyes of you Judeans,” 1345 

says the Lord. 1346 

51:25 The Lord says, 1347 Beware! I am opposed to you, Babylon! 1348 

You are like a destructive mountain that destroys all the earth.

I will unleash my power against you; 1349 

I will roll you off the cliffs and make you like a burned-out mountain. 1350 

51:26 No one will use any of your stones as a cornerstone.

No one will use any of them in the foundation of his house.

For you will lie desolate forever,” 1351 

says the Lord. 1352 

51:27Raise up battle flags throughout the lands.

Sound the trumpets calling the nations to do battle.

Prepare the nations to do battle against Babylonia. 1353 

Call for these kingdoms to attack her:

Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz. 1354 

Appoint a commander to lead the attack. 1355 

Send horses 1356  against her like a swarm of locusts. 1357 

51:28 Prepare the nations to do battle against her. 1358 

Prepare the kings of the Medes.

Prepare their governors and all their leaders. 1359 

Prepare all the countries they rule to do battle against her. 1360 

51:29 The earth will tremble and writhe in agony. 1361 

For the Lord will carry out his plan.

He plans to make the land of Babylonia 1362 

a wasteland where no one lives. 1363 

51:30 The soldiers of Babylonia will stop fighting.

They will remain in their fortified cities.

They will lose their strength to do battle. 1364 

They will be as frightened as women. 1365 

The houses in her cities will be set on fire.

The gates of her cities will be broken down. 1366 

51:31 One runner after another will come to the king of Babylon.

One messenger after another will come bringing news. 1367 

They will bring news to the king of Babylon

that his whole city has been captured. 1368 

51:32 They will report that the fords have been captured,

the reed marshes have been burned,

the soldiers are terrified. 1369 

51:33 For the Lord God of Israel who rules over all says,

‘Fair Babylon 1370  will be like a threshing floor

which has been trampled flat for harvest.

The time for her to be cut down and harvested

will come very soon.’ 1371 

51:34King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon

devoured me and drove my people out.

Like a monster from the deep he swallowed me.

He filled his belly with my riches.

He made me an empty dish.

He completely cleaned me out.” 1372 

51:35 The person who lives in Zion says,

May Babylon pay for the violence done to me and to my relatives.”

Jerusalem says,

May those living in Babylonia pay for the bloodshed of my people.” 1373 

51:36 Therefore the Lord says,

I will stand up for your cause.

I will pay the Babylonians back for what they have done to you. 1374 

I will dry up their sea.

I will make their springs run dry. 1375 

51:37 Babylon will become a heap of ruins.

Jackals will make their home there. 1376 

It will become an object of horror and of hissing scorn,

a place where no one lives. 1377 

51:38 The Babylonians are all like lions roaring for prey.

They are like lion cubs growling for something to eat. 1378 

51:39 When their appetites are all stirred up, 1379 

I will set out a banquet for them.

I will make them drunk

so that they will pass out, 1380 

they will fall asleep forever,

they will never wake up,” 1381 

says the Lord. 1382 

51:40I will lead them off to be slaughtered

like lambs, rams, and male goats.” 1383 

51:41See how Babylon 1384  has been captured!

See how the pride of the whole earth has been taken!

See what an object of horror

Babylon has become among the nations! 1385 

51:42 The sea has swept over Babylon.

She has been covered by a multitude 1386  of its waves. 1387 

51:43 The towns of Babylonia have become heaps of ruins.

She has become a dry and barren desert.

No one lives in those towns any more.

No one even passes through them. 1388 

51:44 I will punish the god Bel in Babylon.

I will make him spit out what he has swallowed.

The nations will not come streaming to him any longer.

Indeed, the walls of Babylon will fall.” 1389 

51:45Get out of Babylon, my people!

Flee to save your lives

from the fierce anger of the Lord! 1390 

51:46 Do not lose your courage or become afraid

because of the reports that are heard in the land.

For a report will come in one year.

Another report will follow it in the next.

There will be violence in the land

with ruler fighting against ruler.”

51:47So the time will certainly come 1391 

when I will punish the idols of Babylon.

Her whole land will be put to shame.

All her mortally wounded will collapse in her midst. 1392 

51:48 Then heaven and earth and all that is in them

will sing for joy over Babylon.

For destroyers from the north will attack it,”

says the Lord. 1393 

51:49Babylon must fall 1394 

because of the Israelites she has killed, 1395 

just as the earth’s mortally wounded fell

because of Babylon. 1396 

51:50 You who have escaped the sword, 1397 

go, do not delay. 1398 

Remember the Lord in a faraway land.

Think about Jerusalem. 1399 

51:51We 1400  are ashamed because we have been insulted. 1401 

Our faces show our disgrace. 1402 

For foreigners have invaded

the holy rooms 1403  in the Lord’s temple.’

51:52 Yes, but the time will certainly come,” 1404  says the Lord, 1405 

“when I will punish her idols.

Throughout her land the mortally wounded will groan.

51:53 Even if Babylon climbs high into the sky 1406 

and fortifies her elevated stronghold, 1407 

I will send destroyers against her,” 1408 

says the Lord. 1409 

51:54 Cries of anguish will come from Babylon,

the sound of great destruction from the land of the Babylonians.

51:55 For the Lord is ready to destroy Babylon,

and put an end to her loud noise.

Their waves 1410  will roar like turbulent 1411  waters.

They will make a deafening noise. 1412 

51:56 For a destroyer is attacking Babylon. 1413 

Her warriors will be captured;

their bows will be broken. 1414 

For the Lord is a God who punishes; 1415 

he pays back in full. 1416 

51:57I will make her officials and wise men drunk,

along with her governors, leaders, 1417  and warriors.

They will fall asleep forever and never wake up,” 1418 

says the King whose name is the Lord who rules over all. 1419 

51:58 This is what the Lord who rules over all 1420  says,

“Babylon’s thick wall 1421  will be completely demolished. 1422 

Her high gates will be set on fire.

The peoples strive for what does not satisfy. 1423 

The nations grow weary trying to get what will be destroyed.” 1424 

51:59 This is the order Jeremiah the prophet gave to Seraiah son of Neriah, son of Mahseiah, when he went to King Zedekiah of Judah in Babylon during the fourth year of his reign. 1425  (Seraiah was a quartermaster.) 1426  51:60 Jeremiah recorded 1427  on one scroll all the judgments 1428  that would come upon Babylon – all these prophecies 1429  written about Babylon. 51:61 Then Jeremiah said to Seraiah, “When you arrive in Babylon, make sure 1430  you read aloud all these prophecies. 1431  51:62 Then say, ‘O Lord, you have announced that you will destroy this place so that no people or animals live in it any longer. Certainly it will lie desolate forever!’ 51:63 When you finish reading this scroll aloud, tie a stone to it and throw it into the middle of the Euphrates River. 1432  51:64 Then say, ‘In the same way Babylon will sink and never rise again because of the judgments 1433  I am ready to bring upon her; they will grow faint.’”

The prophecies of Jeremiah end here. 1434 

52:1

The Fall of Jerusalem

1435 

Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he ruled in Jerusalem 1436  for eleven years. His mother’s name was Hamutal 1437  daughter of Jeremiah, from Libnah. 52:2 He did what displeased the Lord 1438  just as Jehoiakim had done.

52:3 What follows is a record of what happened to Jerusalem and Judah because of the Lord’s anger when he drove them out of his sight. 1439  Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon. 52:4 King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came against Jerusalem with his whole army and set up camp outside it. 1440  They built siege ramps all around it. He arrived on the tenth day of the tenth month in the ninth year that Zedekiah ruled over Judah. 1441  52:5 The city remained under siege until Zedekiah’s eleventh year. 52:6 By the ninth day of the fourth month 1442  the famine in the city was so severe the residents 1443  had no food. 52:7 They broke through the city walls, and all the soldiers tried to escape. They left the city during the night. They went through the gate between the two walls that is near the king’s garden. 1444  (The Babylonians had the city surrounded.) Then they headed for the Jordan Valley. 1445  52:8 But the Babylonian army chased after the king. They caught up with Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho, 1446  and his entire army deserted him. 52:9 They captured him and brought him up to the king of Babylon at Riblah 1447  in the territory of Hamath and he passed sentence on him there. 52:10 The king of Babylon had Zedekiah’s sons put to death while Zedekiah was forced to watch. He also had all the nobles of Judah put to death there at Riblah. 52:11 He had Zedekiah’s eyes put out and had him bound in chains. 1448  Then the king of Babylon had him led off to Babylon and he was imprisoned there until the day he died.

52:12 On the tenth 1449  day of the fifth month, 1450  in the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, Nebuzaradan, the captain of the royal guard 1451  who served 1452  the king of Babylon, arrived in Jerusalem. 52:13 He burned down the Lord’s temple, the royal palace, and all the houses in Jerusalem, including every large house. 52:14 The whole Babylonian army that came with the captain of the royal guard tore down the walls that surrounded Jerusalem. 52:15 Nebuzaradan, the captain of the royal guard, took into exile some of the poor, 1453  the rest of the people who remained in the city, those who had deserted to him, and the rest of the craftsmen. 52:16 But he 1454  left behind some of the poor 1455  and gave them fields and vineyards.

52:17 The Babylonians broke the two bronze pillars in the temple of the Lord, as well as the movable stands and the large bronze basin called the “The Sea.” 1456  They took all the bronze to Babylon. 52:18 They also took the pots, shovels, 1457  trimming shears, 1458  basins, pans, and all the bronze utensils used by the priests. 1459  52:19 The captain of the royal guard took the gold and silver bowls, censers, 1460  basins, pots, lampstands, pans, and vessels. 1461  52:20 The bronze of the items that King Solomon made for the Lord’s temple (including the two pillars, the large bronze basin called “The Sea,” the twelve bronze bulls under “The Sea,” and the movable stands 1462 ) was too heavy to be weighed. 52:21 Each of the pillars was about 27 feet 1463  high, about 18 feet 1464  in circumference, three inches 1465  thick, and hollow. 52:22 The bronze top of one pillar was about seven and one-half feet 1466  high and had bronze latticework and pomegranate-shaped ornaments all around it. The second pillar with its pomegranate-shaped ornaments was like it. 52:23 There were ninety-six pomegranate-shaped ornaments on the sides; in all there were one hundred pomegranate-shaped ornaments over the latticework that went around it.

52:24 The captain of the royal guard took Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the priest who was second in rank, and the three doorkeepers. 1467  52:25 From the city he took an official who was in charge of the soldiers, seven of the king’s advisers who were discovered in the city, an official army secretary who drafted citizens 1468  for military service, and sixty citizens who were discovered in the middle of the city. 52:26 Nebuzaradan, the captain of the royal guard, took them and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah. 52:27 The king of Babylon ordered them to be executed 1469  at Riblah in the territory of Hamath.

So Judah was taken into exile away from its land. 52:28 Here is the official record of the number of people 1470  Nebuchadnezzar carried into exile: In the seventh year, 1471  3,023 Jews; 52:29 in Nebuchadnezzar’s eighteenth year, 1472  832 people from Jerusalem; 52:30 in Nebuchadnezzar’s twenty-third year, 1473  Nebuzaradan, the captain of the royal guard, carried into exile 745 Judeans. In all 4,600 people went into exile.

Jehoiachin in Exile

52:31 In the thirty-seventh year of the exile of King Jehoiachin of Judah, on the twenty-fifth 1474  day of the twelfth month, 1475  Evil-Merodach, in the first year of his reign, pardoned 1476  King Jehoiachin of Judah and released him from prison. 52:32 He spoke kindly to him and gave him a more prestigious position than 1477  the other kings who were with him in Babylon. 52:33 Jehoiachin 1478  took off his prison clothes and ate daily in the king’s presence for the rest of his life. 52:34 He was given daily provisions by the king of Babylon for the rest of his life until the day he died.

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