Bible: Isaiah 34-66

The Lord Will Judge Edom

34:1 Come near, you nations, and listen!

Pay attention, you people!

The earth and everything it contains must listen,

the world and everything that lives in it. 1 

34:2 For the Lord is angry at all the nations

and furious with all their armies.

He will annihilate them and slaughter them.

34:3 Their slain will be left unburied, 2 

their corpses will stink; 3 

the hills will soak up their blood. 4 

34:4 All the stars in the sky will fade away, 5 

the sky will roll up like a scroll;

all its stars will wither,

like a leaf withers and falls from a vine

or a fig withers and falls from a tree. 6 

34:5 He says, 7  “Indeed, my sword has slaughtered heavenly powers. 8 

Look, it now descends on Edom, 9 

on the people I will annihilate in judgment.”

34:6 The Lord’s sword is dripping with blood,

it is covered 10  with fat;

it drips 11  with the blood of young rams and goats

and is covered 12  with the fat of rams’ kidneys.

For the Lord is holding a sacrifice 13  in Bozrah, 14 

a bloody 15  slaughter in the land of Edom.

34:7 Wild oxen will be slaughtered 16  along with them,

as well as strong bulls. 17 

Their land is drenched with blood,

their soil is covered with fat.

34:8 For the Lord has planned a day of revenge, 18 

a time when he will repay Edom for her hostility toward Zion. 19 

34:9 Edom’s 20  streams will be turned into pitch

and her soil into brimstone;

her land will become burning pitch.

34:10 Night and day it will burn; 21 

its smoke will ascend continually.

Generation after generation it will be a wasteland

and no one will ever pass through it again.

34:11 Owls and wild animals 22  will live there, 23 

all kinds of wild birds 24  will settle in it.

The Lord 25  will stretch out over her

the measuring line of ruin

and the plumb line 26  of destruction. 27 

34:12 Her nobles will have nothing left to call a kingdom

and all her officials will disappear. 28 

34:13 Her fortresses will be overgrown with thorns;

thickets and weeds will grow 29  in her fortified cities.

Jackals will settle there;

ostriches will live there. 30 

34:14 Wild animals and wild dogs will congregate there; 31 

wild goats will bleat to one another. 32 

Yes, nocturnal animals 33  will rest there

and make for themselves a nest. 34 

34:15 Owls 35  will make nests and lay eggs 36  there;

they will hatch them and protect them. 37 

Yes, hawks 38  will gather there,

each with its mate.

34:16 Carefully read the scroll of the Lord! 39 

Not one of these creatures will be missing, 40 

none will lack a mate. 41 

For the Lord has issued the decree, 42 

and his own spirit gathers them. 43 

34:17 He assigns them their allotment; 44 

he measures out their assigned place. 45 

They will live there 46  permanently;

they will settle in it through successive generations.

The Land and Its People Are Transformed

35:1 Let the desert and dry region be happy; 47 

let the wilderness 48  rejoice and bloom like a lily!

35:2 Let it richly bloom; 49 

let it rejoice and shout with delight! 50 

It is given the grandeur 51  of Lebanon,

the splendor of Carmel and Sharon.

They will see the grandeur of the Lord,

the splendor of our God.

35:3 Strengthen the hands that have gone limp,

steady the knees that shake! 52 

35:4 Tell those who panic, 53 

“Be strong! Do not fear!

Look, your God comes to avenge!

With divine retribution he comes to deliver you.” 54 

35:5 Then blind eyes will open,

deaf ears will hear.

35:6 Then the lame will leap like a deer,

the mute tongue will shout for joy;

for water will flow 55  in the desert,

streams in the wilderness. 56 

35:7 The dry soil will become a pool of water,

the parched ground springs of water.

Where jackals once lived and sprawled out,

grass, reeds, and papyrus will grow.

35:8 A thoroughfare will be there

it will be called the Way of Holiness. 57 

The unclean will not travel on it;

it is reserved for those authorized to use it 58 

fools 59  will not stray into it.

35:9 No lions will be there,

no ferocious wild animals will be on it 60 

they will not be found there.

Those delivered from bondage will travel on it,

35:10 those whom the Lord has ransomed will return that way. 61 

They will enter Zion with a happy shout.

Unending joy will crown them, 62 

happiness and joy will overwhelm 63  them;

grief and suffering will disappear. 64 

Sennacherib Invades Judah

36:1 In the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah’s reign, 65  King Sennacherib of Assyria marched up against all the fortified cities of Judah and captured them. 36:2 The king of Assyria sent his chief adviser 66  from Lachish to King Hezekiah in Jerusalem, 67  along with a large army. The chief adviser 68  stood at the conduit of the upper pool which is located on the road to the field where they wash and dry cloth. 69  36:3 Eliakim son of Hilkiah, the palace supervisor, accompanied by Shebna the scribe and Joah son of Asaph, the secretary, went out to meet him.

36:4 The chief adviser said to them, “Tell Hezekiah: ‘This is what the great king, the king of Assyria, says: “What is your source of confidence? 70  36:5 Your claim to have a strategy and military strength is just empty talk. 71  In whom are you trusting, that you would dare to rebel against me? 36:6 Look, you must be trusting in Egypt, that splintered reed staff. If someone leans on it for support, it punctures his hand and wounds him. That is what Pharaoh king of Egypt does to all who trust in him! 36:7 Perhaps you will tell me, ‘We are trusting in the Lord our God.’ But Hezekiah is the one who eliminated his high places and altars and then told the people of Judah and Jerusalem, ‘You must worship at this altar.’ 36:8 Now make a deal with my master the king of Assyria, and I will give you two thousand horses, provided you can find enough riders for them. 36:9 Certainly you will not refuse one of my master’s minor officials and trust in Egypt for chariots and horsemen. 72  36:10 Furthermore it was by the command of the Lord that I marched up against this land to destroy it. The Lord told me, ‘March up against this land and destroy it!’”’ 73 

36:11 Eliakim, Shebna, and Joah said to the chief adviser, “Speak to your servants in Aramaic, 74  for we understand it. Don’t speak with us in the Judahite dialect 75  in the hearing of the people who are on the wall.” 36:12 But the chief adviser said, “My master did not send me to speak these words only to your master and to you. 76  His message is also for the men who sit on the wall, for they will eat their own excrement and drink their own urine along with you! 77 

36:13 The chief adviser then stood there and called out loudly in the Judahite dialect, 78 Listen to the message of the great king, the king of Assyria. 36:14 This is what the king says: ‘Don’t let Hezekiah mislead you, for he is not able to rescue you! 36:15 Don’t let Hezekiah talk you into trusting in the Lord by saying, “The Lord will certainly rescue us; this city will not be handed over to the king of Assyria.” 36:16 Don’t listen to Hezekiah!’ For this is what the king of Assyria says, ‘Send me a token of your submission and surrender to me. 79  Then each of you may eat from his own vine and fig tree and drink water from his own cistern, 36:17 until I come and take you to a land just like your own – a land of grain and new wine, a land of bread and vineyards. 36:18 Hezekiah is misleading you when he says, “The Lord will rescue us.” Has any of the gods of the nations rescued his land from the power of the king of Assyria? 80  36:19 Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim? 81  Indeed, did any gods rescue Samaria 82  from my power? 83  36:20 Who among all the gods of these lands have rescued their lands from my power? So how can the Lord rescue Jerusalem from my power?’ 84  36:21 They were silent and did not respond, for the king had ordered, “Don’t respond to him.”

36:22 Eliakim son of Hilkiah, the palace supervisor, accompanied by Shebna the scribe and Joah son of Asaph, the secretary, went to Hezekiah with their clothes torn in grief 85  and reported to him what the chief adviser had said. 37:1 When King Hezekiah heard this, 86  he tore his clothes, put on sackcloth, and went to the Lord’s temple. 37:2 Eliakim the palace supervisor, Shebna the scribe, and the leading priests, 87  clothed in sackcloth, sent this message to the prophet Isaiah son of Amoz: 37:3 This is what Hezekiah says: 88  ‘This is a day of distress, insults, 89  and humiliation, 90  as when a baby is ready to leave the birth canal, but the mother lacks the strength to push it through. 91  37:4 Perhaps the Lord your God will hear all these things the chief adviser has spoken on behalf of his master, the king of Assyria, who sent him to taunt the living God. 92  When the Lord your God hears, perhaps he will punish him for the things he has said. 93  So pray for this remnant that remains.’ 94 

37:5 When King Hezekiah’s servants came to Isaiah, 37:6 Isaiah said to them, “Tell your master this: ‘This is what the Lord says: “Don’t be afraid because of the things you have heard – these insults the king of Assyria’s servants have hurled against me. 95  37:7 Look, I will take control of his mind; 96  he will receive a report and return to his own land. I will cut him down 97  with a sword in his own land.”’

37:8 When the chief adviser heard the king of Assyria had departed from Lachish, he left and went to Libnah, where the king was campaigning. 98  37:9 The king 99  heard that King Tirhakah of Ethiopia 100  was marching out to fight him. 101  He again sent 102  messengers to Hezekiah, ordering them: 37:10 Tell King Hezekiah of Judah this: ‘Don’t let your God in whom you trust mislead you when he says, “Jerusalem will not be handed over to the king of Assyria.” 37:11 Certainly you have heard how the kings of Assyria have annihilated all lands. 103  Do you really think you will be rescued? 104  37:12 Were the nations whom my predecessors 105  destroyed – the nations of Gozan, Haran, Rezeph, and the people of Eden in Telassar – rescued by their gods? 106  37:13 Where are the king of Hamath, the king of Arpad, and the kings of Lair, 107  Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivvah?’

37:14 Hezekiah took the letter 108  from the messengers and read it. 109  Then Hezekiah went up to the Lord’s temple and spread it out before the Lord. 37:15 Hezekiah prayed before the Lord: 37:16 O Lord who commands armies, O God of Israel, who is enthroned on the cherubim! 110  You alone are God over all the kingdoms of the earth. You made the sky 111  and the earth. 37:17 Pay attention, Lord, and hear! Open your eyes, Lord, and observe! Listen to this entire message Sennacherib sent and how he taunts the living God! 112  37:18 It is true, Lord, that the kings of Assyria have destroyed all the nations 113  and their lands. 37:19 They have burned the gods of the nations, 114  for they are not really gods, but only the product of human hands manufactured from wood and stone. That is why the Assyrians could destroy them. 115  37:20 Now, O Lord our God, rescue us from his power, so all the kingdoms of the earth may know that you alone are the Lord.” 116 

37:21 Isaiah son of Amoz sent this message to Hezekiah: “This is what the Lord God of Israel says: ‘Because you prayed to me concerning King Sennacherib of Assyria, 117  37:22 this is what the Lord says about him: 118 

“The virgin daughter Zion 119 

despises you – she makes fun of you;

daughter Jerusalem

shakes her head after you. 120 

37:23 Whom have you taunted and hurled insults at?

At whom have you shouted

and looked so arrogantly? 121 

At the Holy One of Israel! 122 

37:24 Through your messengers you taunted the sovereign master, 123 

‘With my many chariots I climbed up

the high mountains,

the slopes of Lebanon.

I cut down its tall cedars

and its best evergreens.

I invaded its most remote regions, 124 

its thickest woods.

37:25 I dug wells

and drank water. 125 

With the soles of my feet I dried up

all the rivers of Egypt.’

37:26 126 

Certainly you must have heard! 127 

Long ago I worked it out,

in ancient times I planned 128  it,

and now I am bringing it to pass.

The plan is this:

Fortified cities will crash

into heaps of ruins. 129 

37:27 Their residents are powerless; 130 

they are terrified and ashamed.

They are as short-lived as plants in the field

or green vegetation. 131 

They are as short-lived as grass on the rooftops 132 

when it is scorched by the east wind. 133 

37:28 I know where you live

and everything you do

and how you rage against me. 134 

37:29 Because you rage against me

and the uproar you create has reached my ears, 135 

I will put my hook in your nose, 136 

and my bridle between your lips,

and I will lead you back

the way you came.”

37:30 137 

This will be your reminder that I have spoken the truth: 138  This year you will eat what grows wild, 139  and next year 140  what grows on its own. But the year after that 141  you will plant seed and harvest crops; you will plant vines and consume their produce. 142  37:31 Those who remain in Judah will take root in the ground and bear fruit. 143 

37:32For a remnant will leave Jerusalem;

survivors will come out of Mount Zion.

The intense devotion of the Lord who commands armies 144  will accomplish this.

37:33 So this is what the Lord says about the king of Assyria:

‘He will not enter this city,

nor will he shoot an arrow here. 145 

He will not attack it with his shielded warriors, 146 

nor will he build siege works against it.

37:34 He will go back the way he came

he will not enter this city,’ says the Lord.

37:35 I will shield this city and rescue it for the sake of my reputation and because of my promise to David my servant.”’ 147 

37:36 The Lord’s messenger 148  went out and killed 185,000 troops 149  in the Assyrian camp. When they 150  got up early the next morning, there were all the corpses! 151  37:37 So King Sennacherib of Assyria broke camp and went on his way. He went home and stayed in Nineveh. 152  37:38 One day, 153  as he was worshiping 154  in the temple of his god Nisroch, 155  his sons Adrammelech and Sharezer struck him down with the sword. 156  They ran away to the land of Ararat; his son Esarhaddon replaced him as king.

The Lord Hears Hezekiah’s Prayer

38:1 In those days Hezekiah was stricken with a terminal illness. 157  The prophet Isaiah son of Amoz visited him and told him, “This is what the Lord says, ‘Give instructions to your household, for you are about to die; you will not get well.’ 38:2 Hezekiah turned his face to the wall and prayed to the Lord, 38:3 Please, Lord. Remember how I have served you 158  faithfully and with wholehearted devotion, 159  and how I have carried out your will.” 160  Then Hezekiah wept bitterly. 161 

38:4 The Lord told Isaiah, 162  38:5 Go and tell Hezekiah: ‘This is what the Lord God of your ancestor 163  David says: “I have heard your prayer; I have seen your tears. Look, I will add fifteen years to your life, 38:6 and rescue you and this city from the king of Assyria. I will shield this city.”’ 38:7 Isaiah replied, 164  “This is your sign from the Lord confirming that the Lord will do what he has said: 38:8 Look, I will make the shadow go back ten steps on the stairs of Ahaz.” 165  And then the shadow went back ten steps. 166 

Hezekiah’s Song of Thanks

38:9 This is the prayer of King Hezekiah of Judah when he was sick and then recovered from his illness:

38:10I thought, 167 

‘In the middle of my life 168  I must walk through the gates of Sheol,

I am deprived 169  of the rest of my years.’

38:11I thought,

I will no longer see the Lord 170  in the land of the living,

I will no longer look on humankind with the inhabitants of the world. 171 

38:12 My dwelling place 172  is removed and taken away 173  from me

like a shepherd’s tent.

I rolled up my life like a weaver rolls cloth; 174 

from the loom he cuts me off. 175 

You turn day into night and end my life. 176 

38:13 I cry out 177  until morning;

like a lion he shatters all my bones;

you turn day into night and end my life. 178 

38:14 Like a swallow or a thrush I chirp,

I coo 179  like a dove;

my eyes grow tired from looking up to the sky. 180 

O sovereign master, 181  I am oppressed;

help me! 182 

38:15 What can I say?

He has decreed and acted. 183 

I will walk slowly all my years because I am overcome with grief. 184 

38:16 O sovereign master, your decrees can give men life;

may years of life be restored to me. 185 

Restore my health 186  and preserve my life.’

38:17Look, the grief I experienced was for my benefit. 187 

You delivered me 188  from the pit of oblivion. 189 

For you removed all my sins from your sight. 190 

38:18 Indeed 191  Sheol does not give you thanks;

death does not 192  praise you.

Those who descend into the pit do not anticipate your faithfulness.

38:19 The living person, the living person, he gives you thanks,

as I do today.

A father tells his sons about your faithfulness.

38:20 The Lord is about to deliver me, 193 

and we will celebrate with music 194 

for the rest of our lives in the Lord’s temple.” 195 

38:21 196  Isaiah ordered, “Let them take a fig cake and apply it to the ulcerated sore and he will get well.” 38:22 Hezekiah said, “What is the confirming sign that I will go up to the Lord’s temple?

Messengers from Babylon Visit Hezekiah

39:1 At that time Merodach-Baladan son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a gift to Hezekiah, for he heard that Hezekiah had been ill and had recovered. 39:2 Hezekiah welcomed 197  them and showed them his storehouse with its silver, gold, spices, and high-quality olive oil, as well as his whole armory and everything in his treasuries. Hezekiah showed them everything in his palace and in his whole kingdom. 198  39:3 Isaiah the prophet visited King Hezekiah and asked him, “What did these men say? Where do they come from?” Hezekiah replied, “They come from the distant land of Babylon.” 39:4 Isaiah 199  asked, “What have they seen in your palace?” Hezekiah replied, “They have seen everything in my palace. I showed them everything in my treasuries.” 39:5 Isaiah said to Hezekiah, “Listen to the word of the Lord who commands armies: 39:6 Look, a time is coming when everything in your palace and the things your ancestors 200  have accumulated to this day will be carried away to Babylon; nothing will be left,’ says the Lord. 39:7 Some of your very own descendants whom you father 201  will be taken away and will be made eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.’ 39:8 Hezekiah said to Isaiah, “The Lord’s word which you have announced is appropriate.” 202  Then he thought, 203 For 204  there will be peace and stability during my lifetime.”

The Lord Returns to Jerusalem

40:1Comfort, comfort my people,”

says your 205  God.

40:2Speak kindly to 206  Jerusalem, 207  and tell her

that her time of warfare is over, 208 

that her punishment is completed. 209 

For the Lord has made her pay double 210  for all her sins.”

40:3 A voice cries out,

In the wilderness clear a way for the Lord;

construct in the desert a road for our God.

40:4 Every valley must be elevated,

and every mountain and hill leveled.

The rough terrain will become a level plain,

the rugged landscape a wide valley.

40:5 The splendor 211  of the Lord will be revealed,

and all people 212  will see it at the same time.

For 213  the Lord has decreed it.” 214 

40:6 A voice says, “Cry out!”

Another asks, 215 What should I cry out?”

The first voice responds: 216  “All people are like grass, 217 

and all their promises 218  are like the flowers in the field.

40:7 The grass dries up,

the flowers wither,

when the wind sent by the Lord 219  blows on them.

Surely humanity 220  is like grass.

40:8 The grass dries up,

the flowers wither,

but the decree of our God is forever reliable.” 221 

40:9 Go up on a high mountain, O herald Zion!

Shout out loudly, O herald Jerusalem! 222 

Shout, don’t be afraid!

Say to the towns of Judah,

Here is your God!

40:10 Look, the sovereign Lord comes as a victorious warrior; 223 

his military power establishes his rule. 224 

Look, his reward is with him;

his prize goes before him. 225 

40:11 Like a shepherd he tends his flock;

he gathers up the lambs with his arm;

he carries them close to his heart; 226 

he leads the ewes along.

The Lord is Incomparable

40:12 Who has measured out the waters 227  in the hollow of his hand,

or carefully 228  measured the sky, 229 

or carefully weighed 230  the soil of the earth,

or weighed the mountains in a balance,

or the hills on scales? 231 

40:13 Who comprehends 232  the mind 233  of the Lord,

or gives him instruction as his counselor? 234 

40:14 From whom does he receive directions? 235 

Who 236  teaches him the correct way to do things, 237 

or imparts knowledge to him,

or instructs him in skillful design? 238 

40:15 Look, the nations are like a drop in a bucket;

they are regarded as dust on the scales.

He lifts 239  the coastlands 240  as if they were dust.

40:16 Not even Lebanon could supply enough firewood for a sacrifice; 241 

its wild animals would not provide enough burnt offerings. 242 

40:17 All the nations are insignificant before him;

they are regarded as absolutely nothing. 243 

40:18 To whom can you compare God?

To what image can you liken him?

40:19 A craftsman casts 244  an idol;

a metalsmith overlays it with gold

and forges silver chains for it.

40:20 To make a contribution one selects wood that will not rot; 245 

he then seeks a skilled craftsman

to make 246  an idol that will not fall over.

40:21 Do you not know?

Do you not hear?

Has it not been told to you since the very beginning?

Have you not understood from the time the earth’s foundations were made?

40:22 He is the one who sits on the earth’s horizon; 247 

its inhabitants are like grasshoppers before him. 248 

He is the one who stretches out the sky like a thin curtain, 249 

and spreads it out 250  like a pitched tent. 251 

40:23 He is the one who reduces rulers to nothing;

he makes the earth’s leaders insignificant.

40:24 Indeed, they are barely planted;

yes, they are barely sown;

yes, they barely take root in the earth,

and then he blows on them, causing them to dry up,

and the wind carries them away like straw.

40:25To whom can you compare me? Whom do I resemble?”

says the Holy One. 252 

40:26 Look up at the sky! 253 

Who created all these heavenly lights? 254 

He is the one who leads out their ranks; 255 

he calls them all by name.

Because of his absolute power and awesome strength,

not one of them is missing.

40:27 Why do you say, Jacob,

Why do you say, Israel,

The Lord is not aware of what is happening to me, 256 

My God is not concerned with my vindication? 257 

40:28 Do you not know?

Have you not heard?

The Lord is an eternal God,

the creator of the whole earth. 258 

He does not get tired or weary;

there is no limit to his wisdom. 259 

40:29 He gives strength to those who are tired;

to the ones who lack power, he gives renewed energy.

40:30 Even youths get tired and weary;

even strong young men clumsily stumble. 260 

40:31 But those who wait for the Lord’s help 261  find renewed strength;

they rise up as if they had eagleswings, 262 

they run without growing weary,

they walk without getting tired.

The Lord Challenges the Nations

41:1Listen to me in silence, you coastlands! 263 

Let the nations find renewed strength!

Let them approach and then speak;

let us come together for debate! 264 

41:2 Who stirs up this one from the east? 265 

Who 266  officially commissions him for service? 267 

He hands nations over to him, 268 

and enables him to subdue 269  kings.

He makes them like dust with his sword,

like windblown straw with his bow. 270 

41:3 He pursues them and passes by unharmed; 271 

he advances with great speed. 272 

41:4 Who acts and carries out decrees? 273 

Who 274  summons the successive generations from the beginning?

I, the Lord, am present at the very beginning,

and at the very end – I am the one. 275 

41:5 The coastlands 276  see and are afraid;

the whole earth 277  trembles;

they approach and come.

41:6 They help one another; 278 

one says to the other, ‘Be strong!’

41:7 The craftsman encourages the metalsmith,

the one who wields the hammer encourages 279  the one who pounds on the anvil.

He approves the quality of the welding, 280 

and nails it down so it won’t fall over.”

The Lord Encourages His People

41:8You, my servant Israel,

Jacob whom I have chosen,

offspring of Abraham my friend, 281 

41:9 you whom I am bringing back 282  from the earth’s extremities,

and have summoned from the remote regions

I told you, “You are my servant.”

I have chosen you and not rejected you.

41:10 Don’t be afraid, for I am with you!

Don’t be frightened, for I am your God! 283 

I strengthen you –

yes, I help you –

yes, I uphold you with my saving right hand! 284 

41:11 Look, all who were angry at you will be ashamed and humiliated;

your adversaries 285  will be reduced to nothing 286  and perish.

41:12 When you will look for your opponents, 287  you will not find them;

your enemies 288  will be reduced to absolutely nothing.

41:13 For I am the Lord your God,

the one who takes hold of your right hand,

who says to you, ‘Don’t be afraid, I am helping you.’

41:14 Don’t be afraid, despised insignificant Jacob, 289 

men of 290  Israel.

I am helping you,” says the Lord,

your protector, 291  the Holy One of Israel. 292 

41:15Look, I am making you like 293  a sharp threshing sledge,

new and double-edged. 294 

You will thresh the mountains and crush them;

you will make the hills like straw. 295 

41:16 You will winnow them and the wind will blow them away;

the wind will scatter them.

You will rejoice in the Lord;

you will boast in the Holy One of Israel.

41:17 The oppressed and the poor look for water, but there is none;

their tongues are parched from thirst.

I, the Lord, will respond to their prayers; 296 

I, the God of Israel, will not abandon them.

41:18 I will make streams flow down the slopes

and produce springs in the middle of the valleys.

I will turn the desert into a pool of water

and the arid land into springs.

41:19 I will make cedars, acacias, myrtles, and olive trees grow in the wilderness;

I will make evergreens, firs, and cypresses grow together in the desert.

41:20 I will do this so 297  people 298  will observe and recognize,

so they will pay attention and understand

that the Lord’s power 299  has accomplished this,

and that the Holy One of Israel has brought it into being.” 300 

The Lord Challenges the Pagan Gods

41:21Present your argument,” says the Lord.

“Produce your evidence,” 301  says Jacob’s king. 302 

41:22Let them produce evidence! Let them tell us what will happen!

Tell us about your earlier predictive oracles, 303 

so we may examine them 304  and see how they were fulfilled. 305 

Or decree for us some future events!

41:23 Predict how future events will turn out, 306 

so we might know you are gods.

Yes, do something good or bad,

so we might be frightened and in awe. 307 

41:24 Look, you are nothing, and your accomplishments are nonexistent;

the one who chooses to worship you is disgusting. 308 

41:25 I have stirred up one out of the north 309  and he advances,

one from the eastern horizon who prays in my name. 310 

He steps on 311  rulers as if they were clay,

like a potter treading the clay.

41:26 Who decreed this from the beginning, so we could know?

Who announced it 312  ahead of time, so we could say, ‘He’s correct’?

Indeed, none of them decreed it!

Indeed, none of them announced it!

Indeed, no one heard you say anything!

41:27 I first decreed to Zion, ‘Look, here’s what will happen!’ 313 

I sent a herald to Jerusalem. 314 

41:28 I look, but there is no one,

among them there is no one who serves as an adviser,

that I might ask questions and receive answers.

41:29 Look, all of them are nothing, 315 

their accomplishments are nonexistent;

their metal images lack any real substance. 316 


The Lord Commissions His Special Servant


“Here is my servant whom I support,

my chosen one in whom I take pleasure.

I have placed my spirit on him;

he will make just decrees 318  for the nations. 319 

42:2 He will not cry out or shout;

he will not publicize himself in the streets. 320 

42:3 A crushed reed he will not break,

a dim wick he will not extinguish; 321 

he will faithfully make just decrees. 322 

42:4 He will not grow dim or be crushed 323 

before establishing justice on the earth;

the coastlands 324  will wait in anticipation for his decrees.” 325 

42:5 This is what the true God, 326  the Lord, says –

the one who created the sky and stretched it out,

the one who fashioned the earth and everything that lives on it, 327 

the one who gives breath to the people on it,

and life to those who live on it: 328 

42:6I, the Lord, officially commission you; 329 

I take hold of your hand.

I protect you 330  and make you a covenant mediator for people, 331 

and a light 332  to the nations, 333 

42:7 to open blind eyes, 334 

to release prisoners 335  from dungeons,

those who live in darkness from prisons.

The Lord Intervenes

42:8 I am the Lord! That is my name!

I will not share my glory with anyone else,

or the praise due me with idols.

42:9 Look, my earlier predictive oracles have come to pass; 336 

now I announce new events.

Before they begin to occur,

I reveal them to you.” 337 

42:10 Sing to the Lord a brand new song!

Praise him 338  from the horizon of the earth,

you who go down to the sea, and everything that lives in it, 339 

you coastlands 340  and those who live there!

42:11 Let the desert and its cities shout out,

the towns where the nomads of Kedar live!

Let the residents of Sela shout joyfully;

let them shout loudly from the mountaintops.

42:12 Let them give the Lord the honor he deserves; 341 

let them praise his deeds in the coastlands. 342 

42:13 The Lord emerges like a hero,

like a warrior he inspires himself for battle; 343 

he shouts, yes, he yells,

he shows his enemies his power. 344 

42:14I have been inactive 345  for a long time;

I kept quiet and held back.

Like a woman in labor I groan;

I pant and gasp. 346 

42:15 I will make the trees on the mountains and hills wither up; 347 

I will dry up all their vegetation.

I will turn streams into islands, 348 

and dry up pools of water. 349 

42:16 I will lead the blind along an unfamiliar way; 350 

I will guide them down paths they have never traveled. 351 

I will turn the darkness in front of them into light,

and level out the rough ground. 352 

This is what I will do for them.

I will not abandon them.

42:17 Those who trust in idols

will turn back and be utterly humiliated, 353 

those who say to metal images, ‘You are our gods.’

The Lord Reasons with His People

42:18Listen, you deaf ones!

Take notice, 354  you blind ones!

42:19 My servant is truly blind,

my messenger is truly deaf.

My covenant partner, 355  the servant of the Lord, is truly blind. 356 

42:20 You see 357  many things, but don’t comprehend; 358 

their ears are open, but do not hear.”

42:21 The Lord wanted to exhibit his justice

by magnifying his law and displaying it. 359 

42:22 But these people are looted and plundered;

all of them are trapped in pits 360 

and held captive 361  in prisons.

They were carried away as loot with no one to rescue them;

they were carried away as plunder, and no one says, “Bring that back! 362 

42:23 Who among you will pay attention to this?

Who will listen attentively in the future? 363 

42:24 Who handed Jacob over to the robber?

Who handed Israel over to the looters? 364 

Was it not the Lord, against whom we sinned?

They refused to follow his commands;

they disobeyed his law. 365 

42:25 So he poured out his fierce anger on them,

along with the devastation 366  of war.

Its flames encircled them, but they did not realize it; 367 

it burned against them, but they did notice. 368 

The Lord Will Rescue His People

43:1 Now, this is what the Lord says,

the one who created you, O Jacob,

and formed you, O Israel:

“Don’t be afraid, for I will protect 369  you.

I call you by name, you are mine.

43:2 When you pass through the waters, I am with you;

when you pass 370  through the streams, they will not overwhelm you.

When you walk through the fire, you will not be burned;

the flames will not harm 371  you.

43:3 For I am the Lord your God,

the Holy One of Israel, 372  your deliverer.

I have handed over Egypt as a ransom price,

Ethiopia and Seba 373  in place of you.

43:4 Since you are precious and special in my sight, 374 

and I love you,

I will hand over people in place of you,

nations in place of your life.

43:5 Don’t be afraid, for I am with you.

From the east I will bring your descendants;

from the west I will gather you.

43:6 I will say to the north, ‘Hand them over!’

and to the south, ‘Don’t hold any back!’

Bring my sons from distant lands,

and my daughters from the remote regions of the earth,

43:7 everyone who belongs to me, 375 

whom I created for my glory,

whom I formed – yes, whom I made!

The Lord Declares His Sovereignty

43:8 Bring out the people who are blind, even though they have eyes,

those who are deaf, even though they have ears!

43:9 All nations gather together,

the peoples assemble.

Who among them announced this?

Who predicted earlier events for us? 376 

Let them produce their witnesses to testify they were right;

let them listen and affirm, ‘It is true.’

43:10 You are my witnesses,” says the Lord,

“my servant whom I have chosen,

so that you may consider 377  and believe in me,

and understand that I am he.

No god was formed before me,

and none will outlive me. 378 

43:11 I, I am the Lord,

and there is no deliverer besides me.

43:12 I decreed and delivered and proclaimed,

and there was no other god among you.

You are my witnesses,” says the Lord, “that I am God.

43:13 From this day forward I am he;

no one can deliver from my power; 379 

I will act, and who can prevent it?

The Lord Will Do Something New

43:14 This is what the Lord says,

your protector, 380  the Holy One of Israel: 381 

“For your sake I send to Babylon

and make them all fugitives, 382 

turning the Babyloniansjoyful shouts into mourning songs. 383 

43:15 I am the Lord, your Holy One, 384 

the one who created Israel, your king.”

43:16 This is what the Lord says,

the one who made a road through the sea,

a pathway through the surging waters,

43:17 the one who led chariots and horses to destruction, 385 

together with a mighty army.

They fell down, 386  never to rise again;

they were extinguished, put out like a burning wick:

43:18Don’t remember these earlier events; 387 

don’t recall these former events.

43:19Look, I am about to do something new.

Now it begins to happen! 388  Do you not recognize 389  it?

Yes, I will make a road in the desert

and paths 390  in the wilderness.

43:20 The wild animals of the desert honor me,

the jackals and ostriches,

because I put water in the desert

and streams in the wilderness,

to quench the thirst of my chosen people,

43:21 the people whom I formed for myself,

so they might praise me.” 391 

The Lord Rebukes His People

43:22But you did not call for me, O Jacob;

you did not long 392  for me, O Israel.

43:23 You did not bring me lambs for your burnt offerings;

you did not honor me with your sacrifices.

I did not burden you with offerings;

I did not make you weary by demanding 393  incense.

43:24 You did not buy me aromatic reeds; 394 

you did not present to me 395  the fat of your sacrifices.

Yet you burdened me with your sins;

you made me weary with your evil deeds. 396 

43:25 I, I am the one who blots out your rebellious deeds for my sake;

your sins I do not remember.

43:26 Remind me of what happened! Let’s debate!

You, prove to me that you are right! 397 

43:27 The father of your nation 398  sinned;

your spokesmen 399  rebelled against me.

43:28 So I defiled your holy princes,

and handed Jacob over to destruction,

and subjected 400  Israel to humiliating abuse.”

The Lord Will Renew Israel

44:1Now, listen, Jacob my servant,

Israel whom I have chosen!

44:2 This is what the Lord, the one who made you, says –

the one who formed you in the womb and helps you:

“Don’t be afraid, my servant Jacob,

Jeshurun, 401  whom I have chosen!

44:3 For I will pour water on the parched ground 402 

and cause streams to flow 403  on the dry land.

I will pour my spirit on your offspring

and my blessing on your children.

44:4 They will sprout up like a tree in the grass, 404 

like poplars beside channels of water.

44:5 One will say, ‘I belong to the Lord,’

and another will use 405  the name ‘Jacob.’

One will write on his hand, ‘The Lord’s,’

and use the name ‘Israel.’ 406 

The Absurdity of Idolatry

44:6 This is what the Lord, Israel’s king, says,

their protector, 407  the Lord who commands armies:

“I am the first and I am the last,

there is no God but me.

44:7 Who is like me? Let him make his claim! 408 

Let him announce it and explain it to me –

since I established an ancient people – 409 

let them announce future events! 410 

44:8 Don’t panic! Don’t be afraid! 411 

Did I not tell you beforehand and decree it?

You are my witnesses! Is there any God but me?

There is no other sheltering rock; 412  I know of none.

44:9 All who form idols are nothing;

the things in which they delight are worthless.

Their witnesses cannot see;

they recognize nothing, so they are put to shame.

44:10 Who forms a god and casts an idol

that will prove worthless? 413 

44:11 Look, all his associates 414  will be put to shame;

the craftsmen are mere humans. 415 

Let them all assemble and take their stand!

They will panic and be put to shame.

44:12 A blacksmith works with his tool 416 

and forges metal over the coals.

He forms it 417  with hammers;

he makes it with his strong arm.

He gets hungry and loses his energy; 418 

he drinks no water and gets tired.

44:13 A carpenter takes measurements; 419 

he marks out an outline of its form; 420 

he scrapes 421  it with chisels,

and marks it with a compass.

He patterns it after the human form, 422 

like a well-built human being,

and puts it in a shrine. 423 

44:14 He cuts down cedars

and acquires a cypress 424  or an oak.

He gets 425  trees from the forest;

he plants a cedar 426  and the rain makes it grow.

44:15 A man uses it to make a fire; 427 

he takes some of it and warms himself.

Yes, he kindles a fire and bakes bread.

Then he makes a god and worships it;

he makes an idol and bows down to it. 428 

44:16 Half of it he burns in the fire

over that half he cooks 429  meat;

he roasts a meal and fills himself.

Yes, he warms himself and says,

Ah! I am warm as I look at the fire.’

44:17 With the rest of it he makes a god, his idol;

he bows down to it and worships it.

He prays to it, saying,

Rescue me, for you are my god!’

44:18 They do not comprehend or understand,

for their eyes are blind and cannot see;

their minds do not discern. 430 

44:19 No one thinks to himself,

nor do they comprehend or understand and say to themselves:

‘I burned half of it in the fire

yes, I baked bread over the coals;

I roasted meat and ate it.

With the rest of it should I make a disgusting idol?

Should I bow down to dry wood?’ 431 

44:20 He feeds on ashes; 432 

his deceived mind misleads him.

He cannot rescue himself,

nor does he say, ‘Is this not a false god I hold in my right hand?’ 433 

44:21 Remember these things, O Jacob,

O Israel, for you are my servant.

I formed you to be my servant;

O Israel, I will not forget you! 434 

44:22 I remove the guilt of your rebellious deeds as if they were a cloud,

the guilt of your sins as if they were a cloud. 435 

Come back to me, for I protect 436  you.”

44:23 Shout for joy, O sky, for the Lord intervenes; 437 

shout out, you subterranean regions 438  of the earth.

O mountains, give a joyful shout;

you too, O forest and all your trees! 439 

For the Lord protects 440  Jacob;

he reveals his splendor through Israel. 441 

The Lord Empowers Cyrus

44:24 This is what the Lord, your protector, 442  says,

the one who formed you in the womb:

“I am the Lord, who made everything,

who alone stretched out the sky,

who fashioned the earth all by myself, 443 

44:25 who frustrates the omens of the empty talkers 444 

and humiliates 445  the omen readers,

who overturns the counsel of the wise men 446 

and makes their advice 447  seem foolish,

44:26 who fulfills the oracles of his prophetic servants 448 

and brings to pass the announcements 449  of his messengers,

who says about Jerusalem, 450 She will be inhabited,’

and about the towns of Judah, ‘They will be rebuilt,

her ruins I will raise up,’

44:27 who says to the deep sea, ‘Be dry!

I will dry up your sea currents,’

44:28 who commissions 451  Cyrus, the one I appointed as shepherd 452 

to carry out all my wishes 453 

and to decree concerning Jerusalem, ‘She will be rebuilt,’

and concerning the temple, ‘It will be reconstructed.’ 454 

45:1 This is what the Lord says to his chosen 455  one,

to Cyrus, whose right hand I hold 456 

in order to subdue nations before him,

and disarm kings, 457 

to open doors before him,

so gates remain unclosed:

45:2I will go before you

and level mountains. 458 

Bronze doors I will shatter

and iron bars 459  I will hack through.

45:3 I will give you hidden treasures, 460 

riches stashed away in secret places,

so you may recognize that I am the Lord,

the one who calls you by name, the God of Israel.

45:4 For the sake of my servant Jacob,

Israel, my chosen one,

I call you by name

and give you a title of respect, even though you do not recognize 461  me.

45:5 I am the Lord, I have no peer, 462 

there is no God but me.

I arm you for battle, 463  even though you do not recognize 464  me.

45:6 I do this 465  so people 466  will recognize from east to west

that there is no God but me;

I am the Lord, I have no peer.

45:7 I am 467  the one who forms light

and creates darkness; 468 

the one who brings about peace

and creates calamity. 469 

I am the Lord, who accomplishes all these things.

45:8 O sky, rain down from above!

Let the clouds send down showers 470  of deliverance!

Let the earth absorb it 471  so salvation may grow, 472 

and deliverance may sprout up 473  along with it.

I, the Lord, create it. 474 

The Lord Gives a Warning

45:9 One who argues with his creator is in grave danger, 475 

one who is like a mere 476  shard among the other shards on the ground!

The clay should not say to the potter, 477 

“What in the world 478  are you doing?

Your work lacks skill! 479 

45:10 Danger awaits one who says 480  to his father,

What in the world 481  are you fathering?”

and to his mother,

“What in the world are you bringing forth? 482 

45:11 This is what the Lord says,

the Holy One of Israel, 483  the one who formed him,

concerning things to come: 484 

“How dare you question me 485  about my children!

How dare you tell me what to do with 486  the work of my own hands!

45:12 I made the earth,

I created the people who live 487  on it.

It was me – my hands 488  stretched out the sky, 489 

I give orders to all the heavenly lights. 490 

45:13 It is me – I stir him up and commission him; 491 

I will make all his ways level.

He will rebuild my city;

he will send my exiled people home,

but not for a price or a bribe,”

says the Lord who commands armies.

The Lord is the Nations’ Only Hope

45:14 This is what the Lord says:

“The profit 492  of Egypt and the revenue 493  of Ethiopia,

along with the Sabeans, those tall men,

will be brought to you 494  and become yours.

They will walk behind you, coming along in chains. 495 

They will bow down to you

and pray to you: 496 

‘Truly God is with 497  you; he has no peer; 498 

there is no other God!’

45:15 Yes, you are a God who keeps hidden,

O God of Israel, deliverer!

45:16 They will all be ashamed and embarrassed;

those who fashion idols will all be humiliated. 499 

45:17 Israel will be delivered once and for all by the Lord; 500 

you will never again be ashamed or humiliated. 501 

45:18 For this is what the Lord says,

the one who created the sky

he is the true God, 502 

the one who formed the earth and made it;

he established it,

he did not create it without order, 503 

he formed it to be inhabited

“I am the Lord, I have no peer.

45:19 I have not spoken in secret,

in some hidden place. 504 

I did not tell Jacob’s descendants,

Seek me in vain!’ 505 

I am the Lord,

the one who speaks honestly,

who makes reliable announcements. 506 

45:20 Gather together and come!

Approach together, you refugees from the nations!

Those who carry wooden idols know nothing,

those who pray to a god that cannot deliver.

45:21 Tell me! Present the evidence! 507 

Let them consult with one another!

Who predicted this in the past?

Who announced it beforehand?

Was it not I, the Lord?

I have no peer, there is no God but me,

a God who vindicates and delivers; 508 

there is none but me.

45:22 Turn to me so you can be delivered, 509 

all you who live in the earth’s remote regions!

For I am God, and I have no peer.

45:23 I solemnly make this oath 510 

what I say is true and reliable: 511 

‘Surely every knee will bow to me,

every tongue will solemnly affirm; 512 

45:24 they will say about me,

“Yes, the Lord is a powerful deliverer.”’ 513 

All who are angry at him will cower before him. 514 

45:25 All the descendants of Israel will be vindicated by the Lord

and will boast in him. 515 

The Lord Carries His People

46:1 Bel 516  kneels down,

Nebo 517  bends low.

Their images weigh down animals and beasts. 518 

Your heavy images are burdensome to tired animals. 519 

46:2 Together they bend low and kneel down;

they are unable to rescue the images; 520 

they themselves 521  head off into captivity. 522 

46:3Listen to me, O family of Jacob, 523 

all you who are left from the family of Israel, 524 

you who have been carried from birth, 525 

you who have been supported from the time you left the womb. 526 

46:4 Even when you are old, I will take care of you, 527 

even when you have gray hair, I will carry you.

I made you and I will support you;

I will carry you and rescue you. 528 

46:5 To whom can you compare and liken me?

Tell me whom you think I resemble, so we can be compared!

46:6 Those who empty out gold from a purse

and weigh out silver on the scale 529 

hire a metalsmith, who makes it into a god.

They then bow down and worship it.

46:7 They put it on their shoulder and carry it;

they put it in its place and it just stands there;

it does not 530  move from its place.

Even when someone cries out to it, it does not reply;

it does not deliver him from his distress.

46:8 Remember this, so you can be brave! 531 

Think about it, you rebels! 532 

46:9 Remember what I accomplished in antiquity! 533 

Truly I am God, I have no peer; 534 

I am God, and there is none like me,

46:10 who announces the end from the beginning

and reveals beforehand 535  what has not yet occurred,

who says, ‘My plan will be realized,

I will accomplish what I desire,’

46:11 who summons an eagle 536  from the east,

from a distant land, one who carries out my plan.

Yes, I have decreed, 537 

yes, I will bring it to pass;

I have formulated a plan,

yes, I will carry it out.

46:12 Listen to me, you stubborn people, 538 

you who distance yourself from doing what is right. 539 

46:13 I am bringing my deliverance near, it is not far away;

I am bringing my salvation near, 540  it does not wait.

I will save Zion; 541 

I will adorn Israel with my splendor.” 542 

Babylon Will Fall

47:1Fall down! Sit in the dirt,

O virgin 543  daughter Babylon!

Sit on the ground, not on a throne,

O daughter of the Babylonians!

Indeed, 544  you will no longer be called delicate and pampered.

47:2 Pick up millstones and grind flour!

Remove your veil,

strip off your skirt,

expose your legs,

cross the streams!

47:3 Let your private parts be exposed!

Your genitals will be on display! 545 

I will get revenge;

I will not have pity on anyone,” 546 

47:4 says our protector

the Lord who commands armies is his name,

the Holy One of Israel. 547 

47:5Sit silently! Go to a hiding place, 548 

O daughter of the Babylonians!

Indeed, 549  you will no longer be called ‘Queen of kingdoms.’

47:6 I was angry at my people;

I defiled my special possession

and handed them over to you.

You showed them no mercy; 550 

you even placed a very heavy burden on old people. 551 

47:7 You said,

I will rule forever as permanent queen!’ 552 

You did not think about these things; 553 

you did not consider how it would turn out. 554 

47:8 So now, listen to this,

O one who lives so lavishly, 555 

who lives securely,

who says to herself, 556 

‘I am unique! No one can compare to me! 557 

I will never have to live as a widow;

I will never lose my children.’ 558 

47:9 Both of these will come upon you

suddenly, in one day!

You will lose your children and be widowed. 559 

You will be overwhelmed by these tragedies, 560 

despite 561  your many incantations

and your numerous amulets. 562 

47:10 You were complacent in your evil deeds; 563 

you thought, 564 No one sees me.’

Your self-professed 565  wisdom and knowledge lead you astray,

when you say, ‘I am unique! No one can compare to me!’ 566 

47:11 Disaster will overtake you;

you will not know how to charm it away. 567 

Destruction will fall on you;

you will not be able to appease it.

Calamity will strike you suddenly,

before you recognize it. 568 

47:12 Persist 569  in trusting 570  your amulets

and your many incantations,

which you have faithfully recited 571  since your youth!

Maybe you will be successful 572 

maybe you will scare away disaster. 573 

47:13 You are tired out from listening to so much advice. 574 

Let them take their stand

the ones who see omens in the sky,

who gaze at the stars,

who make monthly predictions

let them rescue you from the disaster that is about to overtake you! 575 

47:14 Look, they are like straw,

which the fire burns up;

they cannot rescue themselves

from the heat 576  of the flames.

There are no coals to warm them,

no firelight to enjoy. 577 

47:15 They will disappoint you, 578 

those you have so faithfully dealt with since your youth. 579 

Each strays off in his own direction, 580 

leaving no one to rescue you.”

The Lord Appeals to the Exiles

48:1 Listen to this, O family of Jacob, 581 

you who are called by the name ‘Israel,’

and are descended from Judah, 582 

who take oaths in the name of the Lord,

and invoke 583  the God of Israel

but not in an honest and just manner. 584 

48:2 Indeed, they live in the holy city; 585 

they trust in 586  the God of Israel,

whose name is the Lord who commands armies.

48:3I announced events beforehand, 587 

I issued the decrees and made the predictions; 588 

suddenly I acted and they came to pass.

48:4 I did this 589  because I know how stubborn you are.

Your neck muscles are like iron

and your forehead like bronze. 590 

48:5 I announced them to you beforehand;

before they happened, I predicted them for you,

so you could never say,

My image did these things,

my idol, my cast image, decreed them.’

48:6 You have heard; now look at all the evidence! 591 

Will you not admit that what I say is true? 592 

From this point on I am announcing to you new events

that are previously unrevealed and you do not know about. 593 

48:7 Now they come into being, 594  not in the past;

before today you did not hear about them,

so you could not say,

Yes, 595  I know about them.’

48:8 You did not hear,

you do not know,

you were not told beforehand. 596 

For I know that you are very deceitful; 597 

you were labeled 598  a rebel from birth.

48:9 For the sake of my reputation 599  I hold back my anger;

for the sake of my prestige 600  I restrain myself from destroying you. 601 

48:10 Look, I have refined you, but not as silver;

I have purified you 602  in the furnace of misery.

48:11 For my sake alone 603  I will act,

for how can I allow my name to be defiled? 604 

I will not share my glory with anyone else! 605 

48:12 Listen to me, O Jacob,

Israel, whom I summoned!

I am the one;

I am present at the very beginning

and at the very end. 606 

48:13 Yes, my hand founded the earth;

my right hand spread out the sky.

I summon them;

they stand together.

48:14 All of you, gather together and listen!

Who among them 607  announced these things?

The Lord’s ally 608  will carry out his desire against Babylon;

he will exert his power against the Babylonians. 609 

48:15 I, I have spoken

yes, I have summoned him;

I lead him and he will succeed. 610 

48:16 Approach me! Listen to this!

From the very first I have not spoken in secret;

when it happens, 611  I am there.”

So now, the sovereign Lord has sent me, accompanied by his spirit. 612 

48:17 This is what the Lord, your protector, 613  says,

the Holy One of Israel: 614 

“I am the Lord your God,

who teaches you how to succeed,

who leads you in the way you should go.

48:18 If only you had obeyed my 615  commandments,

prosperity would have flowed to you like a river, 616 

deliverance would have come to you like the waves of the sea. 617 

48:19 Your descendants would have been as numerous as sand, 618 

and your children 619  like its granules.

Their name would not have been cut off

and eliminated from my presence. 620 

48:20 Leave Babylon!

Flee from the Babylonians!

Announce it with a shout of joy!

Make this known!

Proclaim it throughout the earth! 621 

Say, ‘The Lord protects 622  his servant Jacob.

48:21 They do not thirst as he leads them through dry regions;

he makes water flow out of a rock for them;

he splits open a rock and water flows out.’ 623 

48:22 There will be no prosperity for the wicked,” says the Lord.

Ideal Israel Delivers the Exiles

49:1 Listen to me, you coastlands! 624 

Pay attention, you people who live far away!

The Lord summoned me from birth; 625 

he commissioned me when my mother brought me into the world. 626 

49:2 He made my mouth like a sharp sword,

he hid me in the hollow of his hand;

he made me like a sharpened 627  arrow,

he hid me in his quiver. 628 

49:3 He said to me, “You are my servant,

Israel, through whom I will reveal my splendor.” 629 

49:4 But I thought, 630 I have worked in vain;

I have expended my energy for absolutely nothing.” 631 

But the Lord will vindicate me;

my God will reward me. 632 

49:5 So now the Lord says,

the one who formed me from birth 633  to be his servant

he did this 634  to restore Jacob to himself,

so that Israel might be gathered to him;

and I will be honored 635  in the Lord’s sight,

for my God is my source of strength 636 

49:6 he says, “Is it too insignificant a task for you to be my servant,

to reestablish the tribes of Jacob,

and restore the remnant 637  of Israel? 638 

I will make you a light to the nations, 639 

so you can bring 640  my deliverance to the remote regions of the earth.”

49:7 This is what the Lord,

the protector 641  of Israel, their Holy One, 642  says

to the one who is despised 643  and rejected 644  by nations, 645 

a servant of rulers:

“Kings will see and rise in respect, 646 

princes will bow down,

because of the faithful Lord,

the Holy One of Israel who has chosen you.”

49:8 This is what the Lord says:

“At the time I decide to show my favor, I will respond to you;

in the day of deliverance I will help you;

I will protect you 647  and make you a covenant mediator for people, 648 

to rebuild 649  the land 650 

and to reassign the desolate property.

49:9 You will say 651  to the prisoners, ‘Come out,’

and to those who are in dark dungeons, 652 Emerge.’ 653 

They will graze beside the roads;

on all the slopes they will find pasture.

49:10 They will not be hungry or thirsty;

the sun’s oppressive heat will not beat down on them, 654 

for one who has compassion on them will guide them;

he will lead them to springs of water.

49:11 I will make all my mountains into a road;

I will construct my roadways.”

49:12 Look, they come from far away!

Look, some come from the north and west,

and others from the land of Sinim! 655 

49:13 Shout for joy, O sky! 656 

Rejoice, O earth!

Let the mountains give a joyful shout!

For the Lord consoles his people

and shows compassion to the 657  oppressed.

The Lord Remembers Zion

49:14Zion said, ‘The Lord has abandoned me,

the sovereign master 658  has forgotten me.’

49:15 Can a woman forget her baby who nurses at her breast? 659 

Can she withhold compassion from the child she has borne? 660 

Even if mothers 661  were to forget,

I could never forget you! 662 

49:16 Look, I have inscribed your name 663  on my palms;

your walls are constantly before me.

49:17 Your children hurry back,

while those who destroyed and devastated you depart.

49:18 Look all around you! 664 

All of them gather to you.

As surely as I live,” says the Lord,

“you will certainly wear all of them like jewelry;

you will put them on as if you were a bride.

49:19 Yes, your land lies in ruins;

it is desolate and devastated. 665 

But now you will be too small to hold your residents,

and those who devoured you will be far away.

49:20 Yet the children born during your time of bereavement

will say within your hearing,

This place is too cramped for us, 666 

make room for us so we can live here.’ 667 

49:21 Then you will think to yourself, 668 

‘Who bore these children for me?

I was bereaved and barren,

dismissed and divorced. 669 

Who raised these children?

Look, I was left all alone;

where did these children come from?’

49:22 This is what the sovereign Lord says:

“Look I will raise my hand to the nations;

I will raise my signal flag to the peoples.

They will bring your sons in their arms

and carry your daughters on their shoulders.

49:23 Kings will be your children’s 670  guardians;

their princesses will nurse your children. 671 

With their faces to the ground they will bow down to you

and they will lick the dirt on 672  your feet.

Then you will recognize that I am the Lord;

those who wait patiently for me are not put to shame.

49:24 Can spoils be taken from a warrior,

or captives be rescued from a conqueror? 673 

49:25 Indeed,” says the Lord,

“captives will be taken from a warrior;

spoils will be rescued from a conqueror.

I will oppose your adversary

and I will rescue your children.

49:26 I will make your oppressors eat their own flesh;

they will get drunk on their own blood, as if it were wine. 674 

Then all humankind 675  will recognize that

I am the Lord, your deliverer,

your protector, 676  the powerful ruler of Jacob.” 677 

50:1 This is what the Lord says:

“Where is your mother’s divorce certificate

by which I divorced her?

Or to which of my creditors did I sell you? 678 

Look, you were sold because of your sins; 679 

because of your rebellious acts I divorced your mother. 680 

50:2 Why does no one challenge me when I come?

Why does no one respond when I call? 681 

Is my hand too weak 682  to deliver 683  you?

Do I lack the power to rescue you?

Look, with a mere shout 684  I can dry up the sea;

I can turn streams into a desert,

so the fish rot away and die

from lack of water. 685 

50:3 I can clothe the sky in darkness;

I can cover it with sackcloth.”

The Servant Perseveres

50:4 The sovereign Lord has given me the capacity to be his spokesman, 686 

so that I know how to help the weary. 687 

He wakes me up every morning;

he makes me alert so I can listen attentively as disciples do. 688 

50:5 The sovereign Lord has spoken to me clearly; 689 

I have not rebelled,

I have not turned back.

50:6 I offered my back to those who attacked, 690 

my jaws to those who tore out my beard;

I did not hide my face

from insults and spitting.

50:7 But the sovereign Lord helps me,

so I am not humiliated.

For that reason I am steadfastly resolved; 691 

I know I will not be put to shame.

50:8 The one who vindicates me is close by.

Who dares to argue with me? Let us confront each other! 692 

Who is my accuser? 693  Let him challenge me! 694 

50:9 Look, the sovereign Lord helps me.

Who dares to condemn me?

Look, all of them will wear out like clothes;

a moth will eat away at them.

50:10 Who among you fears the Lord?

Who obeys 695  his servant?

Whoever walks in deep darkness, 696 

without light,

should trust in the name of the Lord

and rely on his God.

50:11 Look, all of you who start a fire

and who equip yourselves with 697  flaming arrows, 698 

walk 699  in the light 700  of the fire you started

and among the flaming arrows you ignited! 701 

This is what you will receive from me: 702 

you will lie down in a place of pain. 703 

There is Hope for the Future

51:1Listen to me, you who pursue godliness, 704 

who seek the Lord!

Look at the rock from which you were chiseled,

at the quarry 705  from which you were dug! 706 

51:2 Look at Abraham, your father,

and Sarah, who gave you birth. 707 

When I summoned him, he was a lone individual, 708 

but I blessed him 709  and gave him numerous descendants. 710 

51:3 Certainly the Lord will console Zion;

he will console all her ruins.

He will make her wilderness like Eden,

her desert like the Garden of the Lord.

Happiness and joy will be restored to 711  her,

thanksgiving and the sound of music.

51:4 Pay attention to me, my people!

Listen to me, my people!

For 712  I will issue a decree, 713 

I will make my justice a light to the nations. 714 

51:5 I am ready to vindicate, 715 

I am ready to deliver, 716 

I will establish justice among the nations. 717 

The coastlands 718  wait patiently for me;

they wait in anticipation for the revelation of my power. 719 

51:6 Look up at the sky!

Look at the earth below!

For the sky will dissipate 720  like smoke,

and the earth will wear out like clothes;

its residents will die like gnats.

But the deliverance I give 721  is permanent;

the vindication I provide 722  will not disappear. 723 

51:7 Listen to me, you who know what is right,

you people who are aware of my law! 724 

Don’t be afraid of the insults of men;

don’t be discouraged because of their abuse!

51:8 For a moth will eat away at them like clothes;

a clothes moth will devour them like wool.

But the vindication I provide 725  will be permanent;

the deliverance I give will last.”

51:9 Wake up! Wake up!

Clothe yourself with strength, O arm of the Lord! 726 

Wake up as in former times, as in antiquity!

Did you not smash 727  the Proud One? 728 

Did you not 729  wound the sea monster? 730 

51:10 Did you not dry up the sea,

the waters of the great deep?

Did you not make 731  a path through the depths of the sea,

so those delivered from bondage 732  could cross over?

51:11 Those whom the Lord has ransomed will return;

they will enter Zion with a happy shout.

Unending joy will crown them, 733 

happiness and joy will overwhelm 734  them;

grief and suffering will disappear. 735 

51:12I, I am the one who consoles you. 736 

Why are you afraid of mortal men,

of mere human beings who are as short-lived as grass? 737 

51:13 Why do you forget 738  the Lord, who made you,

who stretched out the sky 739 

and founded the earth?

Why do you constantly tremble all day long 740 

at the anger of the oppressor,

when he makes plans to destroy?

Where is the anger of the oppressor? 741 

51:14 The one who suffers 742  will soon be released;

he will not die in prison, 743 

he will not go hungry. 744 

51:15 I am the Lord your God,

who churns up the sea so that its waves surge.

The Lord who commands armies is his name!

Zion’s Time to Celebrate

51:16 I commission you 745  as my spokesman; 746 

I cover you with the palm of my hand, 747 

to establish 748  the sky and to found the earth,

to say to Zion, ‘You are my people.’ 749 

51:17 Wake up! Wake up!

Get up, O Jerusalem!

You drank from the cup the Lord passed to you,

which was full of his anger! 750 

You drained dry

the goblet full of intoxicating wine. 751 

51:18 There was no one to lead her

among all the children she bore;

there was no one to take her by the hand

among all the children she raised.

51:19 These double disasters confronted you.

But who feels sorry for you?

Destruction and devastation,

famine and sword.

But who consoles you? 752 

51:20 Your children faint;

they lie at the head of every street

like an antelope in a snare.

They are left in a stupor by the Lord’s anger,

by the battle cry of your God. 753 

51:21 So listen to this, oppressed one,

who is drunk, but not from wine!

51:22 This is what your sovereign master, 754  the Lord your God, says:

“Look, I have removed from your hand

the cup of intoxicating wine, 755 

the goblet full of my anger. 756 

You will no longer have to drink it.

51:23 I will put it into the hand of your tormentors 757 

who said to you, ‘Lie down, so we can walk over you.’

You made your back like the ground,

and like the street for those who walked over you.”

52:1 Wake up! Wake up!

Clothe yourself with strength, O Zion!

Put on your beautiful clothes,

O Jerusalem, 758  holy city!

For uncircumcised and unclean pagans

will no longer invade you.

52:2 Shake off the dirt! 759 

Get up, captive 760  Jerusalem!

Take off the iron chains around your neck,

O captive daughter Zion!

52:3 For this is what the Lord says:

“You were sold for nothing,

and you will not be redeemed for money.”

52:4 For this is what the sovereign Lord says:

“In the beginning my people went to live temporarily in Egypt;

Assyria oppressed them for no good reason.

52:5 And now, what do we have here?” 761  says the Lord.

“Indeed my people have been carried away for nothing,

those who rule over them taunt,” 762  says the Lord,

“and my name is constantly slandered 763  all day long.

52:6 For this reason my people will know my name,

for this reason they will know 764  at that time 765  that I am the one who says,

Here I am.’

52:7 How delightful it is to see approaching over the mountains 766 

the feet of a messenger who announces peace,

a messenger who brings good news, who announces deliverance,

who says to Zion, “Your God reigns! 767 

52:8 Listen, 768  your watchmen shout;

in unison they shout for joy,

for they see with their very own eyes 769 

the Lord’s return to Zion.

52:9 In unison give a joyful shout,

O ruins of Jerusalem!

For the Lord consoles his people;

he protects 770  Jerusalem.

52:10 The Lord reveals 771  his royal power 772 

in the sight of all the nations;

the entire 773  earth sees

our God deliver. 774 

52:11 Leave! Leave! Get out of there!

Don’t touch anything unclean!

Get out of it!

Stay pure, you who carry the Lord’s holy items! 775 

52:12 Yet do not depart quickly

or leave in a panic. 776 

For the Lord goes before you;

the God of Israel is your rear guard.

The Lord Will Vindicate His Servant

52:13Look, my servant will succeed! 777 

He will be elevated, lifted high, and greatly exalted 778 

52:14 (just as many were horrified by the sight of you) 779 

he was so disfigured 780  he no longer looked like a man; 781 

52:15 his form was so marred he no longer looked human 782 

so now 783  he will startle 784  many nations.

Kings will be shocked by his exaltation, 785 

for they will witness something unannounced to them,

and they will understand something they had not heard about.

53:1 Who would have believed 786  what we 787  just heard? 788 

When 789  was the Lord’s power 790  revealed through him?

53:2 He sprouted up like a twig before God, 791 

like a root out of parched soil; 792 

he had no stately form or majesty that might catch our attention, 793 

no special appearance that we should want to follow him. 794 

53:3 He was despised and rejected by people, 795 

one who experienced pain and was acquainted with illness;

people hid their faces from him; 796 

he was despised, and we considered him insignificant. 797 

53:4 But he lifted up our illnesses,

he carried our pain; 798 

even though we thought he was being punished,

attacked by God, and afflicted for something he had done. 799 

53:5 He was wounded because of 800  our rebellious deeds,

crushed because of our sins;

he endured punishment that made us well; 801 

because of his wounds we have been healed. 802 

53:6 All of us had wandered off like sheep;

each of us had strayed off on his own path,

but the Lord caused the sin of all of us to attack him. 803 

53:7 He was treated harshly and afflicted, 804 

but he did not even open his mouth.

Like a lamb led to the slaughtering block,

like a sheep silent before her shearers,

he did not even open his mouth. 805 

53:8 He was led away after an unjust trial 806 

but who even cared? 807 

Indeed, he was cut off from the land of the living; 808 

because of the rebellion of his own 809  people he was wounded.

53:9 They intended to bury him with criminals, 810 

but he ended up in a rich man’s tomb, 811 

because 812  he had committed no violent deeds,

nor had he spoken deceitfully.

53:10 Though the Lord desired to crush him and make him ill,

once restitution is made, 813 

he will see descendants and enjoy long life, 814 

and the Lord’s purpose will be accomplished through him.

53:11 Having suffered, he will reflect on his work,

he will be satisfied when he understands what he has done. 815 

“My servant 816  will acquit many, 817 

for he carried their sins. 818 

53:12 So I will assign him a portion with the multitudes, 819 

he will divide the spoils of victory with the powerful, 820 

because he willingly submitted 821  to death

and was numbered with the rebels,

when he lifted up the sin of many

and intervened 822  on behalf of the rebels.”

Zion Will Be Secure

54:1Shout for joy, O barren one who has not given birth!

Give a joyful shout and cry out, you who have not been in labor!

For the children of the desolate one are more numerous

than the children of the married woman,” says the Lord.

54:2 Make your tent larger,

stretch your tent curtains farther out! 823 

Spare no effort,

lengthen your ropes,

and pound your stakes deep. 824 

54:3 For you will spread out to the right and to the left;

your children will conquer 825  nations

and will resettle desolate cities.

54:4 Don’t be afraid, for you will not be put to shame!

Don’t be intimidated, 826  for you will not be humiliated!

You will forget about the shame you experienced in your youth;

you will no longer remember the disgrace of your abandonment. 827 

54:5 For your husband is the one who made you –

the Lord who commands armies is his name.

He is your protector, 828  the Holy One of Israel. 829 

He is called “God of the entire earth.”

54:6Indeed, the Lord will call you back

like a wife who has been abandoned and suffers from depression, 830 

like a young wife when she has been rejected,” says your God.

54:7For a short time I abandoned 831  you,

but with great compassion I will gather you.

54:8 In a burst 832  of anger I rejected you 833  momentarily,

but with lasting devotion I will have compassion on you,”

says your protector, 834  the Lord.

54:9As far as I am concerned, this is like in Noah’s time, 835 

when I vowed that the waters of Noah’s flood 836  would never again cover the earth.

In the same way I have vowed that I will not be angry at you or shout at you.

54:10 Even if the mountains are removed

and the hills displaced,

my devotion will not be removed from you,

nor will my covenant of friendship 837  be displaced,”

says the Lord, the one who has compassion on you.

54:11O afflicted one, driven away, 838  and unconsoled!

Look, I am about to set your stones in antimony

and I lay your foundation with lapis-lazuli.

54:12 I will make your pinnacles out of gems, 839 

your gates out of beryl, 840 

and your outer wall 841  out of beautiful 842  stones.

54:13 All your children will be followers of the Lord,

and your children will enjoy great prosperity. 843 

54:14 You will be reestablished when I vindicate you. 844 

You will not experience oppression; 845 

indeed, you will not be afraid.

You will not be terrified, 846 

for nothing frightening 847  will come near you.

54:15 If anyone dares to 848  challenge you, it will not be my doing!

Whoever tries to challenge you will be defeated. 849 

54:16 Look, I create the craftsman,

who fans the coals into a fire

and forges a weapon. 850 

I create the destroyer so he might devastate.

54:17 No weapon forged to be used against you will succeed;

you will refute everyone who tries to accuse you. 851 

This is what the Lord will do for his servants

I will vindicate them,” 852 

says the Lord.

The Lord Gives an Invitation

55:1Hey, 853  all who are thirsty, come to the water!

You who have no money, come!

Buy and eat!

Come! Buy wine and milk

without money and without cost! 854 

55:2 Why pay money for something that will not nourish you? 855 

Why spend 856  your hard-earned money 857  on something that will not satisfy?

Listen carefully 858  to me and eat what is nourishing! 859 

Enjoy fine food! 860 

55:3 Pay attention and come to me!

Listen, so you can live! 861 

Then I will make an unconditional covenantal promise to 862  you,

just like the reliable covenantal promises I made to David. 863 

55:4 Look, I made him a witness to nations, 864 

a ruler and commander of nations.”

55:5 Look, you will summon nations 865  you did not previously know;

nations 866  that did not previously know you will run to you,

because of the Lord your God,

the Holy One of Israel, 867 

for he bestows honor on you.

55:6 Seek the Lord while he makes himself available; 868 

call to him while he is nearby!

55:7 The wicked need to abandon their lifestyle 869 

and sinful people their plans. 870 

They should return 871  to the Lord, and he will show mercy to them, 872 

and to their God, for he will freely forgive them. 873 

55:8Indeed, 874  my plans 875  are not like 876  your plans,

and my deeds 877  are not like 878  your deeds,

55:9 for just as the sky 879  is higher than the earth,

so my deeds 880  are superior to 881  your deeds

and my plans 882  superior to your plans.

55:10 883 

The rain and snow fall from the sky

and do not return,

but instead water the earth

and make it produce and yield crops,

and provide seed for the planter and food for those who must eat.

55:11 In the same way, the promise that I make

does not return to me, having accomplished nothing. 884 

No, it is realized as I desire

and is fulfilled as I intend.” 885 

55:12 Indeed you will go out with joy;

you will be led along in peace;

the mountains and hills will give a joyful shout before you,

and all the trees in the field will clap their hands.

55:13 Evergreens will grow in place of thorn bushes,

firs will grow in place of nettles;

they will be a monument to the Lord, 886 

a permanent reminder that will remain. 887 

The Lord Invites Outsiders to Enter

56:1 This is what the Lord says,

Promote 888  justice! Do what is right!

For I am ready to deliver you;

I am ready to vindicate you openly. 889 

56:2 The people who do this will be blessed, 890 

the people who commit themselves to obedience, 891 

who observe the Sabbath and do not defile it,

who refrain from doing anything that is wrong. 892 

56:3 No foreigner who becomes a follower of 893  the Lord should say,

The Lord will certainly 894  exclude me from his people.’

The eunuch should not say,

Look, I am like a dried-up tree.’

56:4 For this is what the Lord says:

“For the eunuchs who observe my Sabbaths

and choose what pleases me

and are faithful to 895  my covenant,

56:5 I will set up within my temple and my walls a monument 896 

that will be better than sons and daughters.

I will set up a permanent monument 897  for them that will remain.

56:6 As for foreigners who become followers of 898  the Lord and serve him,

who love the name of the Lord and want to be his servants

all who observe the Sabbath and do not defile it,

and who are faithful to 899  my covenant

56:7 I will bring them to my holy mountain;

I will make them happy in the temple where people pray to me. 900 

Their burnt offerings and sacrifices will be accepted on my altar,

for my temple will be known as a temple where all nations may pray.” 901 

56:8 The sovereign Lord says this,

the one who gathers the dispersed of Israel:

“I will still gather them up.” 902 

The Lord Denounces Israel’s Paganism

56:9 All you wild animals in the fields, come and devour,

all you wild animals in the forest!

56:10 All their watchmen 903  are blind,

they are unaware. 904 

All of them are like mute dogs,

unable to bark.

They pant, 905  lie down,

and love to snooze.

56:11 The dogs have big appetites;

they are never full. 906 

They are shepherds who have no understanding;

they all go their own way,

each one looking for monetary gain. 907 

56:12 Each one says, 908 

‘Come on, I’ll get some wine!

Let’s guzzle some beer!

Tomorrow will be just like today!

We’ll have everything we want!’ 909 

57:1 The godly 910  perish,

but no one cares. 911 

Honest people disappear, 912 

when no one 913  minds 914 

that the godly 915  disappear 916  because of 917  evil. 918 

57:2 Those who live uprightly enter a place of peace;

they rest on their beds. 919 

57:3 But approach, you sons of omen readers,

you offspring of adulteresses and prostitutes! 920 

57:4 At whom are you laughing?

At whom are you opening your mouth

and sticking out your tongue?

You are the children of rebels,

the offspring of liars, 921 

57:5 you who practice ritual sex 922  under the oaks and every green tree,

who slaughter children near the streams under the rocky overhangs. 923 

57:6 Among the smooth stones of the stream are the idols you love;

they, they are the object of your devotion. 924 

You pour out liquid offerings to them,

you make an offering.

Because of these things I will seek vengeance. 925 

57:7 On every high, elevated hill you prepare your bed;

you go up there to offer sacrifices.

57:8 Behind the door and doorpost you put your symbols. 926 

Indeed, 927  you depart from me 928  and go up

and invite them into bed with you. 929 

You purchase favors from them, 930 

you love their bed,

and gaze longingly 931  on their genitals. 932 

57:9 You take olive oil as tribute 933  to your king, 934 

along with many perfumes. 935 

You send your messengers to a distant place;

you go all the way to Sheol. 936 

57:10 Because of the long distance you must travel, you get tired, 937 

but you do not say, ‘I give up.’ 938 

You get renewed energy, 939 

so you don’t collapse. 940 

57:11 Whom are you worried about?

Whom do you fear, that you would act so deceitfully

and not remember me

or think about me? 941 

Because I have been silent for so long, 942 

you are not afraid of me. 943 

57:12 I will denounce your so-called righteousness and your deeds, 944 

but they will not help you.

57:13 When you cry out for help, let your idols 945  help you!

The wind blows them all away, 946 

a breeze carries them away. 947 

But the one who looks to me for help 948  will inherit the land

and will have access to 949  my holy mountain.”

57:14 He says, 950 

“Build it! Build it! Clear a way!

Remove all the obstacles out of the way of my people!

57:15 For this is what the high and exalted one says,

the one who rules 951  forever, whose name is holy:

“I dwell in an exalted and holy place,

but also with the discouraged and humiliated, 952 

in order to cheer up the humiliated

and to encourage the discouraged. 953 

57:16 For I will not be hostile 954  forever

or perpetually angry,

for then man’s spirit would grow faint before me, 955 

the life-giving breath I created.

57:17 I was angry because of their sinful greed;

I attacked them and angrily rejected them, 956 

yet they remained disobedient and stubborn. 957 

57:18 I have seen their behavior, 958 

but I will heal them and give them rest,

and I will once again console those who mourn. 959 

57:19 I am the one who gives them reason to celebrate. 960 

Complete prosperity 961  is available both to those who are far away and those who are nearby,”

says the Lord, “and I will heal them.

57:20 But the wicked are like a surging sea

that is unable to be quiet;

its waves toss up mud and sand.

57:21 There will be no prosperity,” says my God, “for the wicked.”

The Lord Desires Genuine Devotion

58:1Shout loudly! Don’t be quiet!

Yell as loud as a trumpet!

Confront my people with their rebellious deeds; 962 

confront Jacob’s family with their sin! 963 

58:2 They seek me day after day;

they want to know my requirements, 964 

like a nation that does what is right

and does not reject the law of their God.

They ask me for just decrees;

they want to be near God.

58:3 They lament, 965  ‘Why don’t you notice when we fast?

Why don’t you pay attention when we humble ourselves?’

Look, at the same time you fast, you satisfy your selfish desires, 966 

you oppress your workers. 967 

58:4 Look, your fasting is accompanied by 968  arguments, brawls,

and fistfights. 969 

Do not fast as you do today,

trying to make your voice heard in heaven.

58:5 Is this really the kind of fasting I want? 970 

Do I want a day when people merely humble themselves, 971 

bowing their heads like a reed

and stretching out 972  on sackcloth and ashes?

Is this really what you call a fast,

a day that is pleasing to the Lord?

58:6 No, this is the kind of fast I want. 973 

I want you 974  to remove the sinful chains,

to tear away the ropes of the burdensome yoke,

to set free the oppressed, 975 

and to break every burdensome yoke.

58:7 I want you 976  to share your food with the hungry

and to provide shelter for homeless, oppressed people. 977 

When you see someone naked, clothe him!

Don’t turn your back on your own flesh and blood! 978 

58:8 Then your light will shine like the sunrise; 979 

your restoration will quickly arrive; 980 

your godly behavior 981  will go before you,

and the Lord’s splendor will be your rear guard. 982 

58:9 Then you will call out, and the Lord will respond;

you will cry out, and he will reply, ‘Here I am.’

You must 983  remove the burdensome yoke from among you

and stop pointing fingers and speaking sinfully.

58:10 You must 984  actively help the hungry

and feed the oppressed. 985 

Then your light will dispel the darkness, 986 

and your darkness will be transformed into noonday. 987 

58:11 The Lord will continually lead you;

he will feed you even in parched regions. 988 

He will give you renewed strength, 989 

and you will be like a well-watered garden,

like a spring that continually produces water.

58:12 Your perpetual ruins will be rebuilt; 990 

you will reestablish the ancient foundations.

You will be called, ‘The one who repairs broken walls,

the one who makes the streets inhabitable again.’ 991 

58:13 You must 992  observe the Sabbath 993 

rather than doing anything you please on my holy day. 994 

You must look forward to the Sabbath 995 

and treat the Lord’s holy day with respect. 996 

You must treat it with respect by refraining from your normal activities,

and by refraining from your selfish pursuits and from making business deals. 997 

58:14 Then you will find joy in your relationship to the Lord, 998 

and I will give you great prosperity, 999 

and cause crops to grow on the land I gave to your ancestor Jacob.” 1000 

Know for certain that the Lord has spoken. 1001 

Injustice Brings Alienation from God

59:1 Look, the Lord’s hand is not too weak 1002  to deliver you;

his ear is not too deaf to hear you. 1003 

59:2 But your sinful acts have alienated you from your God;

your sins have caused him to reject you and not listen to your prayers. 1004 

59:3 For your hands are stained with blood

and your fingers with sin;

your lips speak lies,

your tongue utters malicious words.

59:4 No one is concerned about justice; 1005 

no one sets forth his case truthfully.

They depend on false words 1006  and tell lies;

they conceive of oppression 1007 

and give birth to sin.

59:5 They hatch the eggs of a poisonous snake

and spin a spider’s web.

Whoever eats their eggs will die,

a poisonous snake is hatched. 1008 

59:6 Their webs cannot be used for clothing;

they cannot cover themselves with what they make.

Their deeds are sinful;

they commit violent crimes. 1009 

59:7 They are eager to do evil, 1010 

quick to shed innocent blood. 1011 

Their thoughts are sinful;

they crush and destroy. 1012 

59:8 They are unfamiliar with peace;

their deeds are unjust. 1013 

They use deceitful methods,

and whoever deals with them is unfamiliar with peace. 1014 

Israel Confesses its Sin

59:9 For this reason deliverance 1015  is far from us 1016 

and salvation does not reach us.

We wait for light, 1017  but see only darkness; 1018 

we wait for 1019  a bright light, 1020  but live 1021  in deep darkness. 1022 

59:10 We grope along the wall like the blind,

we grope like those who cannot see; 1023 

we stumble at noontime as if it were evening.

Though others are strong, we are like dead men. 1024 

59:11 We all growl like bears,

we coo mournfully like doves;

we wait for deliverance, 1025  but there is none,

for salvation, but it is far from us.

59:12 For you are aware of our many rebellious deeds, 1026 

and our sins testify against us;

indeed, we are aware of our rebellious deeds;

we know our sins all too well. 1027 

59:13 We have rebelled and tried to deceive the Lord;

we turned back from following our God.

We stir up 1028  oppression and rebellion;

we tell lies we concocted in our minds. 1029 

59:14 Justice is driven back;

godliness 1030  stands far off.

Indeed, 1031  honesty stumbles in the city square

and morality is not even able to enter.

59:15 Honesty has disappeared;

the one who tries to avoid evil is robbed.

The Lord watches and is displeased, 1032 

for there is no justice.

The Lord Intervenes

59:16 He sees there is no advocate; 1033 

he is shocked 1034  that no one intervenes.

So he takes matters into his own hands; 1035 

his desire for justice drives him on. 1036 

59:17 He wears his desire for justice 1037  like body armor, 1038 

and his desire to deliver is like a helmet on his head. 1039 

He puts on the garments of vengeance 1040 

and wears zeal like a robe.

59:18 He repays them for what they have done,

dispensing angry judgment to his adversaries

and punishing his enemies. 1041 

He repays the coastlands. 1042 

59:19 In the west, people respect 1043  the Lord’s reputation; 1044 

in the east they recognize his splendor. 1045 

For he comes like a rushing 1046  stream

driven on by wind sent from the Lord. 1047 

59:20A protector 1048  comes to Zion,

to those in Jacob who repent of their rebellious deeds,” 1049  says the Lord.

59:21As for me, this is my promise to 1050  them,” says the Lord. “My spirit, who is upon you, and my words, which I have placed in your mouth, will not depart from your mouth or from the mouths of your children and descendants from this time forward,” 1051  says the Lord.

Zion’s Future Splendor

60:1Arise! Shine! For your light arrives!

The splendor 1052  of the Lord shines on you!

60:2 For, look, darkness covers the earth

and deep darkness covers 1053  the nations,

but the Lord shines on you;

his splendor 1054  appears over you.

60:3 Nations come to your light,

kings to your bright light.

60:4 Look all around you! 1055 

They all gather and come to you –

your sons come from far away

and your daughters are escorted by guardians.

60:5 Then you will look and smile, 1056 

you will be excited and your heart will swell with pride. 1057 

For the riches of distant lands 1058  will belong to you

and the wealth of nations will come to you.

60:6 Camel caravans will cover your roads, 1059 

young camels from Midian and Ephah.

All the merchants of Sheba 1060  will come,

bringing gold and incense

and singing praises to the Lord. 1061 

60:7 All the sheep of Kedar will be gathered to you;

the rams of Nebaioth will be available to you as sacrifices. 1062 

They will go up on my altar acceptably, 1063 

and I will bestow honor on my majestic temple.

60:8 Who are these who float along 1064  like a cloud,

who fly like doves to their shelters? 1065 

60:9 Indeed, the coastlands 1066  look eagerly for me,

the large ships 1067  are in the lead,

bringing your sons from far away,

along with their silver and gold,

to honor the Lord your God, 1068 

the Holy One of Israel, 1069  for he has bestowed honor on you.

60:10 Foreigners will rebuild your walls;

their kings will serve you.

Even though I struck you down in my anger,

I will restore my favor and have compassion on you. 1070 

60:11 Your gates will remain open at all times;

they will not be shut during the day or at night,

so that the wealth of nations may be delivered,

with their kings leading the way. 1071 

60:12 Indeed, 1072  nations or kingdoms that do not serve you will perish;

such nations will be totally destroyed. 1073 

60:13 The splendor of Lebanon will come to you,

its evergreens, firs, and cypresses together,

to beautify my palace; 1074 

I will bestow honor on my throne room. 1075 

60:14 The children of your oppressors will come bowing to you;

all who treated you with disrespect will bow down at your feet.

They will call you, ‘The City of the Lord,

Zion of the Holy One of Israel.’ 1076 

60:15 You were once abandoned

and despised, with no one passing through,

but I will make you 1077  a permanent source of pride

and joy to coming generations.

60:16 You will drink the milk of nations;

you will nurse at the breasts of kings. 1078 

Then you will recognize that I, the Lord, am your deliverer,

your protector, 1079  the powerful ruler of Jacob. 1080 

60:17 Instead of bronze, I will bring you gold,

instead of iron, I will bring you silver,

instead of wood, I will bring you 1081  bronze,

instead of stones, I will bring you 1082  iron.

I will make prosperity 1083  your overseer,

and vindication your sovereign ruler. 1084 

60:18 Sounds of violence 1085  will no longer be heard in your land,

or the sounds of 1086  destruction and devastation within your borders.

You will name your walls, ‘Deliverance,’

and your gates, ‘Praise.’

60:19 The sun will no longer supply light for you by day,

nor will the moon’s brightness shine on you;

the Lord will be your permanent source of light

the splendor of your God will shine upon you. 1087 

60:20 Your sun will no longer set;

your moon will not disappear; 1088 

the Lord will be your permanent source of light;

your time 1089  of sorrow will be over.

60:21 All of your people will be godly; 1090 

they will possess the land permanently.

I will plant them like a shoot;

they will be the product of my labor,

through whom I reveal my splendor. 1091 

60:22 The least of you will multiply into 1092  a thousand;

the smallest of you will become a large nation.

When the right time comes, I the Lord will quickly do this! 1093 

The Lord Will Rejuvenate His People

61:1 The spirit of the sovereign Lord is upon me,

because the Lord has chosen 1094  me. 1095 

He has commissioned 1096  me to encourage 1097  the poor,

to help 1098  the brokenhearted,

to decree the release of captives,

and the freeing of prisoners,

61:2 to announce the year when the Lord will show his favor,

the day when our God will seek vengeance, 1099 

to console all who mourn,

61:3 to strengthen those who mourn in Zion,

by giving them a turban, instead of ashes,

oil symbolizing joy, 1100  instead of mourning,

a garment symbolizing praise, 1101  instead of discouragement. 1102 

They will be called oaks of righteousness, 1103 

trees planted by the Lord to reveal his splendor. 1104 

61:4 They will rebuild the perpetual ruins

and restore the places that were desolate; 1105 

they will reestablish the ruined cities,

the places that have been desolate since ancient times.

61:5 1106 Foreigners will take care of 1107  your sheep;

foreigners will work in your fields and vineyards.

61:6 You will be called, ‘the Lord’s priests,

servants of our God.’ 1108 

You will enjoy 1109  the wealth of nations

and boast about 1110  the riches you receive from them. 1111 

61:7 Instead of shame, you will get a double portion; 1112 

instead of humiliation, they will rejoice over the land they receive. 1113 

Yes, 1114  they will possess a double portion in their land

and experience lasting joy.

61:8 For I, the Lord, love justice

and hate robbery and sin.

I will repay them because of my faithfulness; 1115 

I will make a permanent covenant with them.

61:9 Their descendants will be known among the nations,

their offspring among the peoples.

All who see them will recognize that

the Lord has blessed them.” 1116 

61:10 I 1117  will greatly rejoice 1118  in the Lord;

I will be overjoyed because of my God. 1119 

For he clothes me in garments of deliverance;

he puts on me a robe symbolizing vindication. 1120 

I look like a bridegroom when he wears a turban as a priest would;

I look like a bride when she puts on her jewelry. 1121 

61:11 For just as the ground produces its crops

and a garden yields its produce,

so the sovereign Lord will cause deliverance 1122  to grow,

and give his people reason to praise him in the sight of all the nations. 1123 

The Lord Takes Delight in Zion

62:1For the sake of Zion I will not be silent;

for the sake of Jerusalem 1124  I will not be quiet,

until her vindication shines brightly 1125 

and her deliverance burns like a torch.”

62:2 Nations will see your vindication,

and all kings your splendor.

You will be called by a new name

that the Lord himself will give you. 1126 

62:3 You will be a majestic crown in the hand of the Lord,

a royal turban in the hand of your God.

62:4 You will no longer be called, “Abandoned,”

and your land will no longer be called “Desolate.”

Indeed, 1127  you will be called “My Delight is in Her,” 1128 

and your land “Married.” 1129 

For the Lord will take delight in you,

and your land will be married to him. 1130 

62:5 As a young man marries a young woman,

so your sons 1131  will marry you.

As a bridegroom rejoices over a bride,

so your God will rejoice over you.

62:6 I 1132  post watchmen on your walls, O Jerusalem;

they should keep praying all day and all night. 1133 

You who pray to 1134  the Lord, don’t be silent!

62:7 Don’t allow him to rest until he reestablishes Jerusalem, 1135 

until he makes Jerusalem the pride 1136  of the earth.

62:8 The Lord swears an oath by his right hand,

by his strong arm: 1137 

“I will never again give your grain

to your enemies as food,

and foreigners will not drink your wine,

which you worked hard to produce.

62:9 But those who harvest the grain 1138  will eat it,

and will praise the Lord.

Those who pick the grapes will drink the wine 1139 

in the courts of my holy sanctuary.”

62:10 Come through! Come through the gates!

Prepare the way for the people!

Build it! Build the roadway!

Remove the stones!

Lift a signal flag for the nations!

62:11 Look, the Lord announces to the entire earth: 1140 

“Say to Daughter Zion,

Look, your deliverer comes!

Look, his reward is with him

and his reward goes before him!’ 1141 

62:12 They will be called, “The Holy People,

the Ones Protected 1142  by the Lord.”

You will be called, “Sought After,

City Not Abandoned.”

The Victorious Divine Warrior

63:1 Who is this who comes from Edom, 1143 

dressed in bright red, coming from Bozrah? 1144 

Who 1145  is this one wearing royal attire, 1146 

who marches confidently 1147  because of his great strength?

“It is I, the one who announces vindication,

and who is able to deliver! 1148 

63:2 Why are your clothes red?

Why do you look like someone who has stomped on grapes in a vat? 1149 

63:3I have stomped grapes in the winepress all by myself;

no one from the nations joined me.

I stomped on them 1150  in my anger;

I trampled them down in my rage.

Their juice splashed on my garments,

and stained 1151  all my clothes.

63:4 For I looked forward to the day of vengeance,

and then payback time arrived. 1152 

63:5 I looked, but there was no one to help;

I was shocked because there was no one offering support. 1153 

So my right arm accomplished deliverance;

my raging anger drove me on. 1154 

63:6 I trampled nations in my anger,

I made them drunk 1155  in my rage,

I splashed their blood on the ground.” 1156 

A Prayer for Divine Intervention

63:7 I will tell of the faithful acts of the Lord,

of the Lord’s praiseworthy deeds.

I will tell about all 1157  the Lord did for us,

the many good things he did for the family of Israel, 1158 

because of 1159  his compassion and great faithfulness.

63:8 He said, “Certainly they will be my people,

children who are not disloyal.” 1160 

He became their deliverer.

63:9 Through all that they suffered, he suffered too. 1161 

The messenger sent from his very presence 1162  delivered them.

In his love and mercy he protected 1163  them;

he lifted them up and carried them throughout ancient times. 1164 

63:10 But they rebelled and offended 1165  his holy Spirit, 1166 

so he turned into an enemy

and fought against them.

63:11 His people remembered the ancient times. 1167 

Where is the one who brought them up out of the sea,

along with the shepherd of 1168  his flock?

Where is the one who placed his holy Spirit among them, 1169 

63:12 the one who made his majestic power available to Moses, 1170 

who divided the water before them,

gaining for himself a lasting reputation, 1171 

63:13 who led them through the deep water?

Like a horse running on flat land 1172  they did not stumble.

63:14 Like an animal that goes down into a valley to graze, 1173 

so the Spirit of the Lord granted them rest.

In this way 1174  you guided your people,

gaining for yourself an honored reputation. 1175 

63:15 Look down from heaven and take notice,

from your holy, majestic palace!

Where are your zeal 1176  and power?

Do not hold back your tender compassion! 1177 

63:16 For you are our father,

though Abraham does not know us

and Israel does not recognize us.

You, Lord, are our father;

you have been called our protector from ancient times. 1178 

63:17 Why, Lord, do you make us stray 1179  from your ways, 1180 

and make our minds stubborn so that we do not obey you? 1181 

Return for the sake of your servants,

the tribes of your inheritance!

63:18 For a short time your special 1182  nation possessed a land, 1183 

but then our adversaries knocked down 1184  your holy sanctuary.

63:19 We existed from ancient times, 1185 

but you did not rule over them,

they were not your subjects. 1186 

64:1 1187  If only you would tear apart the sky 1188  and come down!

The mountains would tremble 1189  before you!

64:2 As when fire ignites dry wood,

or fire makes water boil,

let your adversaries know who you are, 1190 

and may the nations shake at your presence!

64:3 When you performed awesome deeds that took us by surprise, 1191 

you came down, and the mountains trembled 1192  before you.

64:4 Since ancient times no one has heard or perceived, 1193 

no eye has seen any God besides you,

who intervenes for those who wait for him.

64:5 You assist 1194  those who delight in doing what is right, 1195 

who observe your commandments. 1196 

Look, you were angry because we violated them continually.

How then can we be saved? 1197 

64:6 We are all like one who is unclean,

all our so-called righteous acts are like a menstrual rag in your sight. 1198 

We all wither like a leaf;

our sins carry us away like the wind.

64:7 No one invokes 1199  your name,

or makes an effort 1200  to take hold of you.

For you have rejected us 1201 

and handed us over to our own sins. 1202 

64:8 Yet, 1203  Lord, you are our father.

We are the clay, and you are our potter;

we are all the product of your labor. 1204 

64:9 Lord, do not be too angry!

Do not hold our sins against us continually! 1205 

Take a good look at your people, at all of us! 1206 

64:10 Your chosen 1207  cities have become a desert;

Zion has become a desert,

Jerusalem 1208  is a desolate ruin.

64:11 Our holy temple, our pride and joy, 1209 

the place where our ancestors praised you,

has been burned with fire;

all our prized possessions have been destroyed. 1210 

64:12 In light of all this, 1211  how can you still hold back, Lord?

How can you be silent and continue to humiliate us?

The Lord Will Distinguish Between Sinners and the Godly

65:1I made myself available to those who did not ask for me; 1212 

I appeared to those who did not look for me. 1213 

I said, ‘Here I am! Here I am!’

to a nation that did not invoke 1214  my name.

65:2 I spread out my hands all day long

to my rebellious people,

who lived in a way that is morally unacceptable,

and who did what they desired. 1215 

65:3 These people continually and blatantly offend me 1216 

as they sacrifice in their sacred orchards 1217 

and burn incense on brick altars. 1218 

65:4 They sit among the tombs 1219 

and keep watch all night long. 1220 

They eat pork, 1221 

and broth 1222  from unclean sacrificial meat is in their pans.

65:5 They say, ‘Keep to yourself!

Don’t get near me, for I am holier than you!’

These people are like smoke in my nostrils,

like a fire that keeps burning all day long.

65:6 Look, I have decreed: 1223 

I will not keep silent, but will pay them back;

I will pay them back exactly what they deserve, 1224 

65:7 for your sins and your ancestorssins,” 1225  says the Lord.

“Because they burned incense on the mountains

and offended 1226  me on the hills,

I will punish them in full measure.” 1227 

65:8 This is what the Lord says:

“When 1228  juice is discovered in a cluster of grapes,

someone says, ‘Don’t destroy it, for it contains juice.’ 1229 

So I will do for the sake of my servants

I will not destroy everyone. 1230 

65:9 I will bring forth descendants from Jacob,

and from Judah people to take possession of my mountains.

My chosen ones will take possession of the land; 1231 

my servants will live there.

65:10 Sharon 1232  will become a pasture for sheep,

and the Valley of Achor 1233  a place where cattle graze; 1234 

they will belong to my people, who seek me. 1235 

65:11 But as for you who abandon the Lord

and forget about worshiping at 1236  my holy mountain,

who prepare a feast for the god called ‘Fortune,’ 1237 

and fill up wine jugs for the god called ‘Destiny 1238 

65:12 I predestine you to die by the sword, 1239 

all of you will kneel down at the slaughtering block, 1240 

because I called to you, and you did not respond,

I spoke and you did not listen.

You did evil before me; 1241 

you chose to do what displeases me.”

65:13 So this is what the sovereign Lord says:

“Look, my servants will eat, but you will be hungry!

Look, my servants will drink, but you will be thirsty!

Look, my servants will rejoice, but you will be humiliated!

65:14 Look, my servants will shout for joy as happiness fills their hearts! 1242 

But you will cry out as sorrow fills your hearts; 1243 

you will wail because your spirits will be crushed. 1244 

65:15 Your names will live on in the curse formulas of my chosen ones. 1245 

The sovereign Lord will kill you,

but he will give his servants another name.

65:16 Whoever pronounces a blessing in the earth 1246 

will do so in the name of the faithful God; 1247 

whoever makes an oath in the earth

will do so in the name of the faithful God. 1248 

For past problems will be forgotten;

I will no longer think about them. 1249 

65:17 For look, I am ready to create

new heavens and a new earth! 1250 

The former ones 1251  will not be remembered;

no one will think about them anymore. 1252 

65:18 But be happy and rejoice forevermore

over what I am about to create!

For look, I am ready to create Jerusalem 1253  to be a source of joy, 1254 

and her people to be a source of happiness. 1255 

65:19 Jerusalem will bring me joy,

and my people will bring me happiness. 1256 

The sound of weeping or cries of sorrow

will never be heard in her again.

65:20 Never again will one of her infants live just a few days 1257 

or an old man die before his time. 1258 

Indeed, no one will die before the age of a hundred, 1259 

anyone who fails to reach 1260  the age of a hundred will be considered cursed.

65:21 They will build houses and live in them;

they will plant vineyards and eat their fruit.

65:22 No longer will they build a house only to have another live in it, 1261 

or plant a vineyard only to have another eat its fruit, 1262 

for my people will live as long as trees, 1263 

and my chosen ones will enjoy to the fullest what they have produced. 1264 

65:23 They will not work in vain,

or give birth to children that will experience disaster. 1265 

For the Lord will bless their children

and their descendants. 1266 

65:24 Before they even call out, 1267  I will respond;

while they are still speaking, I will hear.

65:25 A wolf and a lamb will graze together; 1268 

a lion, like an ox, will eat straw, 1269 

and a snake’s food will be dirt. 1270 

They will no longer injure or destroy

on my entire royal mountain,” 1271  says the Lord.

66:1 This is what the Lord says:

“The heavens are my throne

and the earth is my footstool.

Where then is the house you will build for me?

Where is the place where I will rest?

66:2 My hand made them; 1272 

that is how they came to be,” 1273  says the Lord.

I show special favor 1274  to the humble and contrite,

who respect what I have to say. 1275 

66:3 The one who slaughters a bull also strikes down a man; 1276 

the one who sacrifices a lamb also breaks a dog’s neck; 1277 

the one who presents an offering includes pig’s blood with it; 1278 

the one who offers incense also praises an idol. 1279 

They have decided to behave this way; 1280 

they enjoy these disgusting practices. 1281 

66:4 So I will choose severe punishment 1282  for them;

I will bring on them what they dread,

because I called, and no one responded,

I spoke and they did not listen.

They did evil before me; 1283 

they chose to do what displeases me.”

66:5 Hear the word of the Lord,

you who respect what he has to say! 1284 

Your countrymen, 1285  who hate you

and exclude you, supposedly for the sake of my name,

say, “May the Lord be glorified,

then we will witness your joy.” 1286 

But they will be put to shame.

66:6 The sound of battle comes from the city;

the sound comes from the temple!

It is the sound of the Lord paying back his enemies.

66:7 Before she goes into labor, she gives birth!

Before her contractions begin, she delivers a boy!

66:8 Who has ever heard of such a thing?

Who has ever seen this?

Can a country 1287  be brought forth in one day?

Can a nation be born in a single moment?

Yet as soon as Zion goes into labor she gives birth to sons!

66:9Do I bring a baby to the birth opening and then not deliver it?”

asks the Lord.

“Or do I bring a baby to the point of delivery and then hold it back?”

asks your God. 1288 

66:10 Be happy for Jerusalem

and rejoice with her, all you who love her!

Share in her great joy,

all you who have mourned over her!

66:11 For 1289  you will nurse from her satisfying breasts and be nourished; 1290 

you will feed with joy from her milk-filled breasts. 1291 

66:12 For this is what the Lord says:

“Look, I am ready to extend to her prosperity that will flow like a river,

the riches of nations will flow into her like a stream that floods its banks. 1292 

You will nurse from her breast 1293  and be carried at her side;

you will play on her knees.

66:13 As a mother consoles a child, 1294 

so I will console you,

and you will be consoled over Jerusalem.”

66:14 When you see this, you will be happy, 1295 

and you will be revived. 1296 

The Lord will reveal his power to his servants

and his anger to his enemies. 1297 

66:15 For look, the Lord comes with fire,

his chariots come like a windstorm, 1298 

to reveal his raging anger,

his battle cry, and his flaming arrows. 1299 

66:16 For the Lord judges all humanity 1300 

with fire and his sword;

the Lord will kill many. 1301 

66:17As for those who consecrate and ritually purify themselves so they can follow their leader and worship in the sacred orchards, 1302  those who eat the flesh of pigs and other disgusting creatures, like mice 1303 they will all be destroyed together,” 1304  says the Lord. 66:18 I hate their deeds and thoughts! So I am coming 1305  to gather all the nations and ethnic groups; 1306  they will come and witness my splendor. 66:19 I will perform a mighty act among them 1307  and then send some of those who remain to the nations – to Tarshish, Pul, 1308  Lud 1309  (known for its archers 1310 ), Tubal, Javan, 1311  and to the distant coastlands 1312  that have not heard about me or seen my splendor. They will tell the nations of my splendor. 66:20 They will bring back all your countrymen 1313  from all the nations as an offering to the Lord. They will bring them 1314  on horses, in chariots, in wagons, on mules, and on camels 1315  to my holy hill Jerusalem,” says the Lord, “just as the Israelites bring offerings to the Lord’s temple in ritually pure containers. 66:21 And I will choose some of them as priests and Levites,” says the Lord. 66:22 For just as the new heavens and the new earth I am about to make will remain standing before me,” says the Lord, “so your descendants and your name will remain. 66:23 From one month 1316  to the next and from one Sabbath to the next, all people 1317  will come to worship me,” 1318  says the Lord. 66:24 They will go out and observe the corpses of those who rebelled against me, for the maggots that eat them will not die, 1319  and the fire that consumes them will not die out. 1320  All people will find the sight abhorrent.” 1321 

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