Bible: Isaiah 1-39

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1:1 Here is the message about Judah and Jerusalem 1  that was revealed to Isaiah son of Amoz during the time when Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah reigned over Judah. 2 

Obedience, not Sacrifice

1:2 Listen, O heavens,

pay attention, O earth! 3 

For the Lord speaks:

“I raised children, 4  I brought them up, 5 

but 6  they have rebelled 7  against me!

1:3 An ox recognizes its owner,

a donkey recognizes where its owner puts its food; 8 

but Israel does not recognize me, 9 

my people do not understand.”

1:4 10 

The sinful nation is as good as dead, 11 

the people weighed down by evil deeds.

They are offspring who do wrong,

children 12  who do wicked things.

They have abandoned the Lord,

and rejected the Holy One of Israel. 13 

They are alienated from him. 14 

1:5 15 

Why do you insist on being battered?

Why do you continue to rebel? 16 

Your head has a massive wound, 17 

your whole body is weak. 18 

1:6 From the soles of your feet to your head,

there is no spot that is unharmed. 19 

There are only bruises, cuts,

and open wounds.

They have not been cleansed 20  or bandaged,

nor have they been treated 21  with olive oil. 22 

1:7 Your land is devastated,

your cities burned with fire.

Right before your eyes your crops

are being destroyed by foreign invaders. 23 

They leave behind devastation and destruction. 24 

1:8 Daughter Zion 25  is left isolated,

like a hut in a vineyard,

or a shelter in a cucumber field;

she is a besieged city. 26 

1:9 If the Lord who commands armies 27  had not left us a few survivors,

we would have quickly become like Sodom, 28 

we would have become like Gomorrah.

1:10 Listen to the Lord’s word,

you leaders of Sodom! 29 

Pay attention to our God’s rebuke, 30 

people of Gomorrah!

1:11Of what importance to me are your many sacrifices?” 31 

says the Lord.

“I am stuffed with 32  burnt sacrifices

of rams and the fat from steers.

The blood of bulls, lambs, and goats

I do not want. 33 

1:12 When you enter my presence,

do you actually think I want this

animals trampling on my courtyards? 34 

1:13 Do not bring any more meaningless 35  offerings;

I consider your incense detestable! 36 

You observe new moon festivals, Sabbaths, and convocations,

but I cannot tolerate sin-stained celebrations! 37 

1:14 I hate your new moon festivals and assemblies;

they are a burden

that I am tired of carrying.

1:15 When you spread out your hands in prayer,

I look the other way; 38 

when you offer your many prayers,

I do not listen,

because your hands are covered with blood. 39 

1:16 40 

Wash! Cleanse yourselves!

Remove your sinful deeds 41 

from my sight.

Stop sinning!

1:17 Learn to do what is right!

Promote justice!

Give the oppressed reason to celebrate! 42 

Take up the cause of the orphan!

Defend the rights of the widow! 43 

1:18 44 

Come, let’s consider your options,” 45  says the Lord.

“Though your sins have stained you like the color red,

you can become 46  white like snow;

though they are as easy to see as the color scarlet,

you can become 47  white like wool. 48 

1:19 If you have a willing attitude and obey, 49 

then you will again eat the good crops of the land.

1:20 But if you refuse and rebel,

you will be devoured 50  by the sword.”

Know for certain that the Lord has spoken. 51 

Purifying Judgment

1:21 How tragic that the once-faithful city

has become a prostitute! 52 

She was once a center of 53  justice,

fairness resided in her,

but now only murderers. 54 

1:22 Your 55  silver has become scum, 56 

your beer is diluted with water. 57 

1:23 Your officials are rebels, 58 

they associate with 59  thieves.

All of them love bribery,

and look for 60  payoffs. 61 

They do not take up the cause of the orphan, 62 

or defend the rights of the widow. 63 

1:24 Therefore, the sovereign Lord who commands armies, 64 

the powerful ruler of Israel, 65  says this:

“Ah, I will seek vengeance 66  against my adversaries,

I will take revenge against my enemies. 67 

1:25 I will attack you; 68 

I will purify your metal with flux. 69 

I will remove all your slag. 70 

1:26 I will reestablish honest judges as in former times,

wise advisers as in earlier days. 71 

Then you will be called, ‘The Just City,

Faithful Town.’

1:27 72 

Zion will be freed by justice, 73 

and her returnees by righteousness. 74 

1:28 All rebellious sinners will be shattered, 75 

those who abandon the Lord will perish.

1:29 Indeed, they 76  will be ashamed of the sacred trees

you 77  find so desirable;

you will be embarrassed because of the sacred orchards 78 

where you choose to worship.

1:30 For you will be like a tree whose leaves wither,

like an orchard 79  that is unwatered.

1:31 The powerful will be like 80  a thread of yarn,

their deeds like a spark;

both will burn together,

and no one will put out the fire.

The Future Glory of Jerusalem

2:1 Here is the message about Judah and Jerusalem 81  that was revealed to Isaiah son of Amoz. 82 

2:2 In the future 83 

the mountain of the Lord’s temple will endure 84 

as the most important of mountains,

and will be the most prominent of hills. 85 

All the nations will stream to it,

2:3 many peoples will come and say,

Come, let us go up to the Lord’s mountain,

to the temple of the God of Jacob,

so 86  he can teach us his requirements, 87 

and 88  we can follow his standards.” 89 

For Zion will be the center for moral instruction; 90 

the Lord will issue edicts from Jerusalem. 91 

2:4 He will judge disputes between nations;

he will settle cases for many peoples.

They will beat their swords into plowshares, 92 

and their spears into pruning hooks. 93 

Nations will not take up the sword against other nations,

and they will no longer train for war.

2:5 O descendants 94  of Jacob,

come, let us walk in the Lord’s guiding light. 95 

The Lord’s Day of Judgment

2:6 Indeed, O Lord, 96  you have abandoned your people,

the descendants of Jacob.

For diviners from the east are everywhere; 97 

they consult omen readers like the Philistines do. 98 

Plenty of foreigners are around. 99 

2:7 Their land is full of gold and silver;

there is no end to their wealth. 100 

Their land is full of horses;

there is no end to their chariots. 101 

2:8 Their land is full of worthless idols;

they worship 102  the product of their own hands,

what their own fingers have fashioned.

2:9 Men bow down to them in homage,

they lie flat on the ground in worship. 103 

Don’t spare them! 104 

2:10 Go up into the rocky cliffs,

hide in the ground.

Get away from the dreadful judgment of the Lord, 105 

from his royal splendor!

2:11 Proud men will be brought low,

arrogant men will be humiliated; 106 

the Lord alone will be exalted 107 

in that day.

2:12 Indeed, the Lord who commands armies has planned a day of judgment, 108 

for 109  all the high and mighty,

for all who are proud – they will be humiliated;

2:13 for all the cedars of Lebanon,

that are so high and mighty,

for all the oaks of Bashan; 110 

2:14 for all the tall mountains,

for all the high hills, 111 

2:15 for every high tower,

for every fortified wall,

2:16 for all the large ships, 112 

for all the impressive 113  ships. 114 

2:17 Proud men will be humiliated,

arrogant men will be brought low; 115 

the Lord alone will be exalted 116 

in that day.

2:18 The worthless idols will be completely eliminated. 117 

2:19 They 118  will go into caves in the rocky cliffs

and into holes in the ground, 119 

trying to escape the dreadful judgment of the Lord 120 

and his royal splendor,

when he rises up to terrify the earth. 121 

2:20 At that time 122  men will throw

their silver and gold idols,

which they made for themselves to worship, 123 

into the caves where rodents and bats live, 124 

2:21 so they themselves can go into the crevices of the rocky cliffs

and the openings under the rocky overhangs, 125 

trying to escape the dreadful judgment of the Lord 126 

and his royal splendor,

when he rises up to terrify the earth. 127 

2:22 Stop trusting in human beings,

whose life’s breath is in their nostrils.

For why should they be given special consideration?

A Coming Leadership Crisis

3:1 Look, the sovereign Lord who commands armies 128 

is about to remove from Jerusalem 129  and Judah

every source of security, including 130 

all the food and water, 131 

3:2 the mighty men and warriors,

judges and prophets,

omen readers and leaders, 132 

3:3 captains of groups of fifty,

the respected citizens, 133 

advisers and those skilled in magical arts, 134 

and those who know incantations.

3:4 The Lord says, 135  “I will make youths their officials;

malicious young men 136  will rule over them.

3:5 The people will treat each other harshly;

men will oppose each other;

neighbors will fight. 137 

Youths will proudly defy the elderly

and riffraff will challenge those who were once respected. 138 

3:6 Indeed, a man will grab his brother

right in his father’s house 139  and say, 140 

‘You own a coat

you be our leader!

This heap of ruins will be under your control.’ 141 

3:7 At that time 142  the brother will shout, 143 

‘I am no doctor, 144 

I have no food or coat in my house;

don’t make me a leader of the people!’

3:8 Jerusalem certainly stumbles,

Judah falls,

for their words and their actions offend the Lord; 145 

they rebel against his royal authority. 146 

3:9 The look on their faces 147  testifies to their guilt; 148 

like the people of Sodom they openly boast of their sin. 149 

Too bad for them! 150 

For they bring disaster on themselves.

3:10 Tell the innocent 151  it will go well with them, 152 

for they will be rewarded for what they have done. 153 

3:11 Too bad for the wicked sinners!

For they will get exactly what they deserve. 154 

3:12 Oppressors treat my 155  people cruelly;

creditors rule over them. 156 

My people’s leaders mislead them;

they give you confusing directions. 157 

3:13 The Lord takes his position to judge;

he stands up to pass sentence on his people. 158 

3:14 The Lord comes to pronounce judgment

on the leaders of his people and their officials.

He says, 159  “It is you 160  who have ruined 161  the vineyard! 162 

You have stashed in your houses what you have stolen from the poor. 163 

3:15 Why do you crush my people

and grind the faces of the poor?” 164 

The sovereign Lord who commands armies 165  has spoken.

Washing Away Impurity

3:16 The Lord says,

The women 166  of Zion are proud.

They walk with their heads high 167 

and flirt with their eyes.

They skip along 168 

and the jewelry on their ankles jingles. 169 

3:17 So 170  the sovereign master 171  will afflict the foreheads of Zion’s women 172  with skin diseases, 173 

the Lord will make the front of their heads bald.” 174 

3:18 175 

At that time 176  the sovereign master will remove their beautiful ankle jewelry, 177  neck ornaments, crescent shaped ornaments, 3:19 earrings, bracelets, veils, 3:20 headdresses, ankle ornaments, sashes, sachets, 178  amulets, 3:21 rings, nose rings, 3:22 festive dresses, robes, shawls, purses, 3:23 garments, vests, head coverings, and gowns. 179 

3:24 A putrid stench will replace the smell of spices, 180 

a rope will replace a belt,

baldness will replace braided locks of hair,

a sackcloth garment will replace a fine robe,

and a prisoner’s brand will replace beauty.

3:25 Your 181  men will fall by the sword,

your strong men will die in battle. 182 

3:26 Her gates will mourn and lament;

deprived of her people, she will sit on the ground. 183 

4:1 Seven women will grab hold of

one man at that time. 184 

They will say, “We will provide 185  our own food,

we will provide 186  our own clothes;

but let us belong to you 187 

take away our shame!” 188 

The Branch of the Lord

4:2 At that time 189 

the crops given by the Lord will bring admiration and honor; 190 

the produce of the land will be a source of pride and delight

to those who remain in Israel. 191 

4:3 Those remaining in Zion, 192  those left in Jerusalem, 193 

will be called “holy,” 194 

all in Jerusalem who are destined to live. 195 

4:4 At that time 196  the sovereign master 197  will wash the excrement 198  from Zion’s women,

he will rinse the bloodstains from Jerusalem’s midst, 199 

as he comes to judge

and to bring devastation. 200 

4:5 Then the Lord will create

over all of Mount Zion 201 

and over its convocations

a cloud and smoke by day

and a bright flame of fire by night; 202 

indeed a canopy will accompany the Lord’s glorious presence. 203 

4:6 By day it will be a shelter to provide shade from the heat,

as well as safety and protection from the heavy downpour. 204 

A Love Song Gone Sour

5:1 I 205  will sing to my love

a song to my lover about his vineyard. 206 

My love had a vineyard

on a fertile hill. 207 

5:2 He built a hedge around it, 208  removed its stones,

and planted a vine.

He built a tower in the middle of it,

and constructed a winepress.

He waited for it to produce edible grapes,

but it produced sour ones instead. 209 

5:3 So now, residents of Jerusalem, 210 

people 211  of Judah,

you decide between me and my vineyard!

5:4 What more can I do for my vineyard

beyond what I have already done?

When I waited for it to produce edible grapes,

why did it produce sour ones instead?

5:5 Now I will inform you

what I am about to do to my vineyard:

I will remove its hedge and turn it into pasture, 212 

I will break its wall and allow animals to graze there. 213 

5:6 I will make it a wasteland;

no one will prune its vines or hoe its ground, 214 

and thorns and briers will grow there.

I will order the clouds

not to drop any rain on it.

5:7 Indeed 215  Israel 216  is the vineyard of the Lord who commands armies,

the people 217  of Judah are the cultivated place in which he took delight.

He waited for justice, but look what he got – disobedience! 218 

He waited for fairness, but look what he got – cries for help! 219 

Disaster is Coming

5:8 Those who accumulate houses are as good as dead, 220 

those who also accumulate landed property 221 

until there is no land left, 222 

and you are the only landowners remaining within the land. 223 

5:9 The Lord who commands armies told me this: 224 

“Many houses will certainly become desolate,

large, impressive houses will have no one living in them. 225 

5:10 Indeed, a large vineyard 226  will produce just a few gallons, 227 

and enough seed to yield several bushels 228  will produce less than a bushel.” 229 

5:11 Those who get up early to drink beer are as good as dead, 230 

those who keep drinking long after dark

until they are intoxicated with wine. 231 

5:12 They have stringed instruments, 232  tambourines, flutes,

and wine at their parties.

So they do not recognize what the Lord is doing,

they do not perceive what he is bringing about. 233 

5:13 Therefore my 234  people will be deported 235 

because of their lack of understanding.

Their 236  leaders will have nothing to eat, 237 

their 238  masses will have nothing to drink. 239 

5:14 So Death 240  will open up its throat,

and open wide its mouth; 241 

Zion’s dignitaries and masses will descend into it,

including those who revel and celebrate within her. 242 

5:15 Men will be humiliated,

they will be brought low;

the proud will be brought low. 243 

5:16 The Lord who commands armies will be exalted 244  when he punishes, 245 

the sovereign God’s authority will be recognized when he judges. 246 

5:17 Lambs 247  will graze as if in their pastures,

amid the ruins the rich sojourners will graze. 248 

5:18 Those who pull evil along using cords of emptiness are as good as dead, 249 

who pull sin as with cart ropes. 250 

5:19 They say, “Let him hurry, let him act quickly, 251 

so we can see;

let the plan of the Holy One of Israel 252  take shape 253  and come to pass,

then we will know it!

5:20 Those who call evil good and good evil are as good as dead, 254 

who turn darkness into light and light into darkness,

who turn bitter into sweet and sweet into bitter. 255 

5:21 Those who think they are wise are as good as dead, 256 

those who think they possess understanding. 257 

5:22 Those who are champions 258  at drinking wine are as good as dead, 259 

who display great courage when mixing strong drinks.

5:23 They pronounce the guilty innocent for a payoff,

they ignore the just cause of the innocent. 260 

5:24 Therefore, as flaming fire 261  devours straw,

and dry grass disintegrates in the flames,

so their root will rot,

and their flower will blow away like dust. 262 

For they have rejected the law of the Lord who commands armies,

they have spurned the commands 263  of the Holy One of Israel. 264 

5:25 So the Lord is furious 265  with his people;

he lifts 266  his hand and strikes them.

The mountains shake,

and corpses lie like manure 267  in the middle of the streets.

Despite all this, his anger does not subside,

and his hand is ready to strike again. 268 

5:26 He lifts a signal flag for a distant nation, 269 

he whistles for it to come from the far regions of the earth.

Look, they 270  come quickly and swiftly.

5:27 None tire or stumble,

they don’t stop to nap or sleep.

They don’t loosen their belts,

or unstrap their sandals to rest. 271 

5:28 Their arrows are sharpened,

and all their bows are prepared. 272 

The hooves of their horses are hard as flint, 273 

and their chariot wheels are like a windstorm. 274 

5:29 Their roar is like a lion’s;

they roar like young lions.

They growl and seize their prey;

they drag it away and no one can come to the rescue.

5:30 At that time 275  they will growl over their prey, 276 

it will sound like sea waves crashing against rocks. 277 

One will look out over the land and see the darkness of disaster,

clouds will turn the light into darkness. 278 

Isaiah’s Commission

6:1 In the year of King Uzziah’s death, 279  I saw the sovereign master 280  seated on a high, elevated throne. The hem of his robe filled the temple. 6:2 Seraphs 281  stood over him; each one had six wings. With two wings they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, 282  and they used the remaining two to fly. 6:3 They called out to one another, “Holy, holy, holy 283  is the Lord who commands armies! 284  His majestic splendor fills the entire earth!” 6:4 The sound of their voices shook the door frames, 285  and the temple was filled with smoke.

6:5 I said, “Too bad for me! I am destroyed, 286  for my lips are contaminated by sin, 287  and I live among people whose lips are contaminated by sin. 288  My eyes have seen the king, the Lord who commands armies.” 289  6:6 But then one of the seraphs flew toward me. In his hand was a hot coal he had taken from the altar with tongs. 6:7 He touched my mouth with it and said, “Look, this coal has touched your lips. Your evil is removed; your sin is forgiven.” 290  6:8 I heard the voice of the sovereign master say, “Whom will I send? Who will go on our behalf?” 291  I answered, “Here I am, send me! 6:9 He said, “Go and tell these people:

‘Listen continually, but don’t understand!

Look continually, but don’t perceive!’

6:10 Make the hearts of these people calloused;

make their ears deaf and their eyes blind!

Otherwise they might see with their eyes and hear with their ears,

their hearts might understand and they might repent and be healed.” 292 

6:11 I replied, “How long, sovereign master?” He said,

Until cities are in ruins and unpopulated,

and houses are uninhabited,

and the land is ruined and devastated,

6:12 and the Lord has sent the people off to a distant place,

and the very heart of the land is completely abandoned. 293 

6:13 Even if only a tenth of the people remain in the land, it will again be destroyed, 294  like one of the large sacred trees 295  or an Asherah pole, when a sacred pillar on a high place is thrown down. 296  That sacred pillar symbolizes the special chosen family.” 297 

Ahaz Receives a Sign

7:1 During 298  the reign of Ahaz son of Jotham, son of Uzziah, king of Judah, King Rezin of Syria and King Pekah son of Remaliah of Israel marched up to Jerusalem 299  to do battle, but they were unable to prevail against it. 300 

7:2 It was reported to the family 301  of David, “Syria has allied with 302  Ephraim.” They and their people were emotionally shaken, just as the trees of the forest shake before the wind. 303  7:3 So the Lord told Isaiah, “Go out with your son Shear-jashub 304  and meet Ahaz at the end of the conduit of the upper pool which is located on the road to the field where they wash and dry cloth. 305  7:4 Tell him, ‘Make sure you stay calm! 306  Don’t be afraid! Don’t be intimidated 307  by these two stubs of smoking logs, 308  or by the raging anger of Rezin, Syria, and the son of Remaliah. 7:5 Syria has plotted with Ephraim and the son of Remaliah to bring about your demise. 309  7:6 They say, “Let’s attack Judah, terrorize it, and conquer it. 310  Then we’ll set up the son of Tabeel as its king.” 311  7:7 For this reason the sovereign master, 312  the Lord, says:

“It will not take place;

it will not happen.

7:8 For Syria’s leader is Damascus,

and the leader of Damascus is Rezin.

Within sixty-five years Ephraim will no longer exist as a nation. 313 

7:9 Ephraim’s leader is Samaria,

and Samaria’s leader is the son of Remaliah.

If your faith does not remain firm,

then you will not remain secure.” 314 

7:10 The Lord again spoke to Ahaz: 7:11 Ask for a confirming sign from the Lord your God. You can even ask for something miraculous.” 315  7:12 But Ahaz responded, “I don’t want to ask; I don’t want to put the Lord to a test.” 316  7:13 So Isaiah replied, 317 Pay attention, 318  family 319  of David. 320  Do you consider it too insignificant to try the patience of men? Is that why you are also trying the patience of my God? 7:14 For this reason the sovereign master himself will give you a confirming sign. 321  Look, this 322  young woman 323  is about to conceive 324  and will give birth to a son. You, young woman, will name him 325  Immanuel. 326  7:15 He will eat sour milk 327  and honey, which will help him know how 328  to reject evil and choose what is right. 7:16 Here is why this will be so: 329  Before the child knows how to reject evil and choose what is right, the land 330  whose two kings you fear will be desolate. 331  7:17 The Lord will bring on you, your people, and your father’s family a time 332  unlike any since Ephraim departed from Judah – the king of Assyria! 333 

7:18 At that time 334  the Lord will whistle for flies from the distant streams of Egypt and for bees from the land of Assyria. 335  7:19 All of them will come and make their home 336  in the ravines between the cliffs, and in the crevices of the cliffs, in all the thorn bushes, and in all the watering holes. 337  7:20 At that time 338  the sovereign master will use a razor hired from the banks of the Euphrates River, 339  the king of Assyria, to shave the head and the pubic hair; 340  it will also shave off the beard. 7:21 At that time 341  a man will keep alive a young cow from the herd and a couple of goats. 7:22 From the abundance of milk they produce, 342  he will have sour milk for his meals. Indeed, everyone left in the heart of the land will eat sour milk and honey. 7:23 At that time 343  every place where there had been a thousand vines worth a thousand shekels will be overrun 344  with thorns and briers. 7:24 With bow and arrow 345  men will hunt 346  there, for the whole land will be covered 347  with thorns and briers. 7:25 They will stay away from all the hills that were cultivated, for fear of the thorns and briers. 348  Cattle will graze there and sheep will trample on them. 349 

A Sign-Child is Born

8:1 The Lord told me, “Take a large tablet 350  and inscribe these words 351  on it with an ordinary stylus: 352  ‘Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz.’ 353  8:2 Then I will summon 354  as my reliable witnesses Uriah the priest and Zechariah son of Jeberekiah.” 8:3 I then had sexual relations with the prophetess; she conceived and gave birth to a son. The Lord told me, “Name him Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz, 8:4 for before the child knows how to cry out, ‘My fatheror ‘My mother,’ the wealth of Damascus and the plunder of Samaria 355  will be carried off by the king of Assyria.” 356 

8:5 The Lord spoke to me again: 8:6 These people 357  have rejected the gently flowing waters of Shiloah 358  and melt in fear over Rezin and the son of Remaliah. 359  8:7 So look, the sovereign master 360  is bringing up against them the turbulent and mighty waters of the Euphrates River 361 the king of Assyria and all his majestic power. It will reach flood stage and overflow its banks. 362  8:8 It will spill into Judah, flooding and engulfing, as it reaches to the necks of its victims. He will spread his wings out over your entire land, 363  O Immanuel.” 364 

8:9 You will be broken, 365  O nations;

you will be shattered! 366 

Pay attention, all you distant lands of the earth!

Get ready for battle, and you will be shattered!

Get ready for battle, and you will be shattered! 367 

8:10 Devise your strategy, but it will be thwarted!

Issue your orders, but they will not be executed! 368 

For God is with us! 369 

The Lord Encourages Isaiah

8:11 Indeed this is what the Lord told me. He took hold of me firmly and warned me not to act like these people: 370 

8:12Do not say, ‘Conspiracy,’ every time these people say the word. 371 

Don’t be afraid of what scares them; don’t be terrified.

8:13 You must recognize the authority of the Lord who commands armies. 372 

He is the one you must respect;

he is the one you must fear. 373 

8:14 He will become a sanctuary, 374 

but a stone that makes a person trip,

and a rock that makes one stumble

to the two houses of Israel. 375 

He will become 376  a trap and a snare

to the residents of Jerusalem. 377 

8:15 Many will stumble over the stone and the rock, 378 

and will fall and be seriously injured,

and will be ensnared and captured.”

8:16 Tie up the scroll as legal evidence, 379 

seal the official record of God’s instructions and give it to my followers. 380 

8:17 I will wait patiently for the Lord,

who has rejected the family of Jacob; 381 

I will wait for him.

8:18 Look, I and the sons whom the Lord has given me 382  are reminders and object lessons 383  in Israel, sent from the Lord who commands armies, who lives on Mount Zion.

8:19

Darkness Turns to Light as an Ideal King Arrives

384 

They will say to you, “Seek oracles at the pits used to conjure up underworld spirits, from the magicians who chirp and mutter incantations. 385  Should people not seek oracles from their gods, by asking the dead about the destiny of the living? 386  8:20 Then you must recall the Lord’s instructions and the prophetic testimony of what would happen. 387  Certainly they say such things because their minds are spiritually darkened. 388  8:21 They will pass through the land 389  destitute and starving. Their hunger will make them angry, 390  and they will curse their king and their God 391  as they look upward. 8:22 When one looks out over the land, he sees 392  distress and darkness, gloom 393  and anxiety, darkness and people forced from the land. 394  9:1 395  The gloom will be dispelled for those who were anxious. 396 

In earlier times he 397  humiliated

the land of Zebulun,

and the land of Naphtali; 398 

but now he brings honor 399 

to the way of the sea,

the region beyond the Jordan,

and Galilee of the nations. 400 

9:2 The people walking in darkness

see a bright light; 401 

light shines

on those who live in a land of deep darkness. 402 

9:3 You 403  have enlarged the nation;

you give them great joy. 404 

They rejoice in your presence

as harvesters rejoice;

as warriors celebrate 405  when they divide up the plunder.

9:4 For their oppressive yoke

and the club that strikes their shoulders,

the cudgel the oppressor uses on them, 406 

you have shattered, as in the day of Midian’s defeat. 407 

9:5 Indeed every boot that marches and shakes the earth 408 

and every garment dragged through blood

is used as fuel for the fire.

9:6 For a child has been 409  born to us,

a son has been given to us.

He shoulders responsibility

and is called: 410 

Extraordinary Strategist, 411 

Mighty God, 412 

Everlasting Father, 413 

Prince of Peace. 414 

9:7 His dominion will be vast 415 

and he will bring immeasurable prosperity. 416 

He will rule on David’s throne

and over David’s kingdom, 417 

establishing it 418  and strengthening it

by promoting justice and fairness, 419 

from this time forward and forevermore.

The Lord’s intense devotion to his people 420  will accomplish this.

9:8

God’s Judgment Intensifies

421 

The sovereign master 422  decreed judgment 423  on Jacob,

and it fell on Israel. 424 

9:9 All the people were aware 425  of it,

the people of Ephraim and those living in Samaria. 426 

Yet with pride and an arrogant attitude, they said, 427 

9:10The bricks have fallen,

but we will rebuild with chiseled stone;

the sycamore fig trees have been cut down,

but we will replace them with cedars.” 428 

9:11 Then the Lord provoked 429  their adversaries to attack them, 430 

he stirred up 431  their enemies

9:12 Syria from the east,

and the Philistines from the west,

they gobbled up Israelite territory. 432 

Despite all this, his anger does not subside,

and his hand is ready to strike again. 433 

9:13 The people did not return to the one who struck them,

they did not seek reconciliation 434  with the Lord who commands armies.

9:14 So the Lord cut off Israel’s head and tail,

both the shoots and stalk 435  in one day.

9:15 The leaders and the highly respected people 436  are the head,

the prophets who teach lies are the tail.

9:16 The leaders of this nation were misleading people,

and the people being led were destroyed. 437 

9:17 So the sovereign master was not pleased 438  with their young men,

he took no pity 439  on their orphans and widows;

for the whole nation was godless 440  and did wicked things, 441 

every mouth was speaking disgraceful words. 442 

Despite all this, his anger does not subside,

and his hand is ready to strike again. 443 

9:18 For 444  evil burned like a fire, 445 

it consumed thorns and briers;

it burned up the thickets of the forest,

and they went up in smoke. 446 

9:19 Because of the anger of the Lord who commands armies, the land was scorched, 447 

and the people became fuel for the fire. 448 

People had no compassion on one another. 449 

9:20 They devoured 450  on the right, but were still hungry,

they ate on the left, but were not satisfied.

People even ate 451  the flesh of their own arm! 452 

9:21 Manasseh fought against 453  Ephraim,

and Ephraim against Manasseh;

together they fought against Judah.

Despite all this, his anger does not subside,

and his hand is ready to strike again. 454 

10:1 Those who enact unjust policies are as good as dead, 455 

those who are always instituting unfair regulations, 456 

10:2 to keep the poor from getting fair treatment,

and to deprive 457  the oppressed among my people of justice,

so they can steal what widows own,

and loot what belongs to orphans. 458 

10:3 What will you do on judgment day, 459 

when destruction arrives from a distant place?

To whom will you run for help?

Where will you leave your wealth?

10:4 You will have no place to go, except to kneel with the prisoners,

or to fall among those who have been killed. 460 

Despite all this, his anger does not subside,

and his hand is ready to strike again. 461 

The Lord Turns on Arrogant Assyria

10:5 Assyria, the club I use to vent my anger, is as good as dead, 462 

a cudgel with which I angrily punish. 463 

10:6 I sent him 464  against a godless 465  nation,

I ordered him to attack the people with whom I was angry, 466 

to take plunder and to carry away loot,

to trample them down 467  like dirt in the streets.

10:7 But he does not agree with this,

his mind does not reason this way, 468 

for his goal is to destroy,

and to eliminate many nations. 469 

10:8 Indeed, 470  he says:

“Are not my officials all kings?

10:9 Is not Calneh like Carchemish?

Hamath like Arpad?

Samaria like Damascus? 471 

10:10 I overpowered kingdoms ruled by idols, 472 

whose carved images were more impressive than Jerusalem’s 473  or Samaria’s.

10:11 As I have done to Samaria and its idols,

so I will do to Jerusalem and its idols.” 474 

10:12 But when 475  the sovereign master 476  finishes judging 477  Mount Zion and Jerusalem, then I 478  will punish the king of Assyria for what he has proudly planned and for the arrogant attitude he displays. 479  10:13 For he says:

“By my strong hand I have accomplished this,

by my strategy that I devised.

I invaded the territory of nations, 480 

and looted their storehouses.

Like a mighty conqueror, 481  I brought down rulers. 482 

10:14 My hand discovered the wealth of the nations, as if it were in a nest,

as one gathers up abandoned eggs,

I gathered up the whole earth.

There was no wing flapping,

or open mouth chirping.” 483 

10:15 Does an ax exalt itself over the one who wields it,

or a saw magnify itself over the one who cuts with it? 484 

As if a scepter should brandish the one who raises it,

or a staff should lift up what is not made of wood!

10:16 For this reason 485  the sovereign master, the Lord who commands armies, will make his healthy ones emaciated. 486  His majestic glory will go up in smoke. 487 

10:17 The light of Israel 488  will become a fire,

their Holy One 489  will become a flame;

it will burn and consume the Assyrian king’s 490  briers

and his thorns in one day.

10:18 The splendor of his forest and his orchard

will be completely destroyed, 491 

as when a sick man’s life ebbs away. 492 

10:19 There will be so few trees left in his forest,

a child will be able to count them. 493 

10:20 At that time 494  those left in Israel, those who remain of the family 495  of Jacob, will no longer rely on a foreign leader that abuses them. 496  Instead they will truly 497  rely on the Lord, the Holy One of Israel. 498  10:21 A remnant will come back, a remnant of Jacob, to the mighty God. 499  10:22 For though your people, Israel, are as numerous as 500  the sand on the seashore, only a remnant will come back. 501  Destruction has been decreed; 502  just punishment 503  is about to engulf you. 504  10:23 The sovereign master, the Lord who commands armies, is certainly ready to carry out the decreed destruction throughout the land. 505 

10:24 So 506  here is what the sovereign master, the Lord who commands armies, says: “My people who live in Zion, do not be afraid of Assyria, even though they beat you with a club and lift their cudgel against you as Egypt did. 507  10:25 For very soon my fury 508  will subside, and my anger will be directed toward their destruction.” 10:26 The Lord who commands armies is about to beat them 509  with a whip, similar to the way he struck down Midian at the rock of Oreb. 510  He will use his staff against the sea, lifting it up as he did in Egypt. 511 

10:27 At that time 512 

the Lord will remove their burden from your shoulders, 513 

and their yoke from your neck;

the yoke will be taken off because your neck will be too large. 514 

10:28 515 

They 516  attacked 517  Aiath,

moved through Migron,

depositing their supplies at Micmash.

10:29 They went through the pass,

spent the night at Geba.

Ramah trembled,

Gibeah of Saul ran away.

10:30 Shout out, daughter of Gallim!

Pay attention, Laishah!

Answer her, Anathoth! 518 

10:31 Madmenah flees,

the residents of Gebim have hidden.

10:32 This very day, standing in Nob,

they shake their fist at Daughter Zion’s mountain 519 

at the hill of Jerusalem.

10:33 Look, the sovereign master, the Lord who commands armies,

is ready to cut off the branches with terrifying power. 520 

The tallest trees 521  will be cut down,

the loftiest ones will be brought low.

10:34 The thickets of the forest will be chopped down with an ax,

and mighty Lebanon will fall. 522 

An Ideal King Establishes a Kingdom of Peace

11:1 A shoot will grow out of Jesse’s 523  root stock,

a bud will sprout 524  from his roots.

11:2 The Lord’s spirit will rest on him 525 

a spirit that gives extraordinary wisdom, 526 

a spirit that provides the ability to execute plans, 527 

a spirit that produces absolute loyalty to the Lord. 528 

11:3 He will take delight in obeying the Lord. 529 

He will not judge by mere appearances, 530 

or make decisions on the basis of hearsay. 531 

11:4 He will treat the poor fairly, 532 

and make right decisions 533  for the downtrodden of the earth. 534 

He will strike the earth with the rod of his mouth, 535 

and order the wicked to be executed. 536 

11:5 Justice will be like a belt around his waist,

integrity will be like a belt around his hips. 537 

11:6 A wolf will reside 538  with a lamb,

and a leopard will lie down with a young goat;

an ox and a young lion will graze together, 539 

as a small child leads them along.

11:7 A cow and a bear will graze together,

their young will lie down together. 540 

A lion, like an ox, will eat straw.

11:8 A baby 541  will play

over the hole of a snake; 542 

over the nest 543  of a serpent

an infant 544  will put his hand. 545 

11:9 They will no longer injure or destroy

on my entire royal mountain. 546 

For there will be universal submission to the Lord’s sovereignty,

just as the waters completely cover the sea. 547 

Israel is Reclaimed and Reunited

11:10 At that time 548  a root from Jesse 549  will stand like a signal flag for the nations. Nations will look to him for guidance, 550  and his residence will be majestic. 11:11 At that time 551  the sovereign master 552  will again lift his hand 553  to reclaim 554  the remnant of his people 555  from Assyria, Egypt, Pathros, 556  Cush, 557  Elam, Shinar, 558  Hamath, and the seacoasts. 559 

11:12 He will lift a signal flag for the nations;

he will gather Israel’s dispersed people 560 

and assemble Judah’s scattered people

from the four corners of the earth.

11:13 Ephraim’s jealousy will end, 561 

and Judah’s hostility 562  will be eliminated.

Ephraim will no longer be jealous of Judah,

and Judah will no longer be hostile toward Ephraim.

11:14 They will swoop down 563  on the Philistine hills to the west; 564 

together they will loot the people of the east.

They will take over Edom and Moab, 565 

and the Ammonites will be their subjects.

11:15 The Lord will divide 566  the gulf 567  of the Egyptian Sea; 568 

he will wave his hand over the Euphrates River 569  and send a strong wind, 570 

he will turn it into seven dried-up streams, 571 

and enable them to walk across in their sandals.

11:16 There will be a highway leading out of Assyria

for the remnant of his people, 572 

just as there was for Israel,

when 573  they went up from the land of Egypt.

12:1 At that time 574  you will say:

“I praise you, O Lord,

for even though you were angry with me,

your anger subsided, and you consoled me.

12:2 Look, God is my deliverer! 575 

I will trust in him 576  and not fear.

For the Lord gives me strength and protects me; 577 

he has become my deliverer.” 578 

12:3 Joyfully you will draw water

from the springs of deliverance. 579 

12:4 At that time 580  you will say:

“Praise the Lord!

Ask him for help! 581 

Publicize his mighty acts among the nations!

Make it known that he is unique! 582 

12:5 Sing to the Lord, for he has done magnificent things,

let this be known 583  throughout the earth!

12:6 Cry out and shout for joy, O citizens of Zion,

for the Holy One of Israel 584  acts mightily 585  among you!

13:1

The Lord Will Judge Babylon

586 

This is a message about Babylon that God revealed to Isaiah son of Amoz: 587 

13:2 588 

On a bare hill raise a signal flag,

shout to them,

wave your hand,

so they might enter the gates of the princes!

13:3 I have given orders to my chosen soldiers; 589 

I have summoned the warriors through whom I will vent my anger, 590 

my boasting, arrogant ones. 591 

13:4 592 

There is a loud noise on the mountains

it sounds like a large army! 593 

There is great commotion among the kingdoms 594 

nations are being assembled!

The Lord who commands armies is mustering

forces for battle.

13:5 They come from a distant land,

from the horizon. 595 

It is the Lord with his instruments of judgment, 596 

coming to destroy the whole earth. 597 

13:6 Wail, for the Lord’s day of judgment 598  is near;

it comes with all the destructive power of the sovereign judge. 599 

13:7 For this reason all hands hang limp, 600 

every human heart loses its courage. 601 

13:8 They panic

cramps and pain seize hold of them

like those of a woman who is straining to give birth.

They look at one another in astonishment;

their faces are flushed red. 602 

13:9 Look, the Lord’s day of judgment 603  is coming;

it is a day of cruelty and savage, raging anger, 604 

destroying 605  the earth 606 

and annihilating its sinners.

13:10 Indeed the stars in the sky and their constellations

no longer give out their light; 607 

the sun is darkened as soon as it rises,

and the moon does not shine. 608 

13:11 609 

I will punish the world for its evil, 610 

and wicked people for their sin.

I will put an end to the pride of the insolent,

I will bring down the arrogance of tyrants. 611 

13:12 I will make human beings more scarce than pure gold,

and people more scarce 612  than gold from Ophir.

13:13 So I will shake the heavens, 613 

and the earth will shake loose from its foundation, 614 

because of the fury of the Lord who commands armies,

in the day he vents his raging anger. 615 

13:14 Like a frightened gazelle 616 

or a sheep with no shepherd,

each will turn toward home, 617 

each will run to his homeland.

13:15 Everyone who is caught will be stabbed;

everyone who is seized 618  will die 619  by the sword.

13:16 Their children will be smashed to pieces before their very eyes;

their houses will be looted

and their wives raped.

13:17 Look, I am stirring up the Medes to attack them; 620 

they are not concerned about silver,

nor are they interested in gold. 621 

13:18 Their arrows will cut young men to ribbons; 622 

they have no compassion on a person’s offspring, 623 

they will not 624  look with pity on children.

13:19 Babylon, the most admired 625  of kingdoms,

the Chaldeanssource of honor and pride, 626 

will be destroyed by God

just as Sodom and Gomorrah were. 627 

13:20 No one will live there again;

no one will ever reside there again. 628 

No bedouin 629  will camp 630  there,

no shepherds will rest their flocks 631  there.

13:21 Wild animals will rest there,

the ruined 632  houses will be full of hyenas. 633 

Ostriches will live there,

wild goats will skip among the ruins. 634 

13:22 Wild dogs will yip in her ruined fortresses,

jackals will yelp in the once-splendid palaces. 635 

Her time is almost up, 636 

her days will not be prolonged. 637 

14:1 The Lord will certainly have compassion on Jacob; 638  he will again choose Israel as his special people 639  and restore 640  them to their land. Resident foreigners will join them and unite with the family 641  of Jacob. 14:2 Nations will take them and bring them back to their own place. Then the family of Jacob will make foreigners their servants as they settle in the Lord’s land. 642  They will make their captors captives and rule over the ones who oppressed them. 14:3 When the Lord gives you relief from your suffering and anxiety, 643  and from the hard labor which you were made to perform, 14:4 you will taunt the king of Babylon with these words: 644 

“Look how the oppressor has met his end!

Hostility 645  has ceased!

14:5 The Lord has broken the club of the wicked,

the scepter of rulers.

14:6 It 646  furiously struck down nations

with unceasing blows. 647 

It angrily ruled over nations,

oppressing them without restraint. 648 

14:7 The whole earth rests and is quiet;

they break into song.

14:8 The evergreens also rejoice over your demise, 649 

as do the cedars of Lebanon, singing, 650 

‘Since you fell asleep, 651 

no woodsman comes up to chop us down!’ 652 

14:9 Sheol 653  below is stirred up about you,

ready to meet you when you arrive.

It rouses 654  the spirits of the dead for you,

all the former leaders of the earth; 655 

it makes all the former kings of the nations

rise from their thrones. 656 

14:10 All of them respond to you, saying:

‘You too have become weak like us!

You have become just like us!

14:11 Your splendor 657  has been brought down to Sheol,

as well as the sound of your stringed instruments. 658 

You lie on a bed of maggots,

with a blanket of worms over you. 659 

14:12 Look how you have fallen from the sky,

O shining one, son of the dawn! 660 

You have been cut down to the ground,

O conqueror 661  of the nations! 662 

14:13 You said to yourself, 663 

“I will climb up to the sky.

Above the stars of El 664 

I will set up my throne.

I will rule on the mountain of assembly

on the remote slopes of Zaphon. 665 

14:14 I will climb up to the tops 666  of the clouds;

I will make myself like the Most High! 667 

14:15 But you were brought down 668  to Sheol,

to the remote slopes of the pit. 669 

14:16 Those who see you stare at you,

they look at you carefully, thinking: 670 

“Is this the man who shook the earth,

the one who made kingdoms tremble?

14:17 Is this the one who made the world like a desert,

who ruined its 671  cities,

and refused to free his prisoners so they could return home?”’ 672 

14:18 673 

As for all the kings of the nations,

all of them 674  lie down in splendor, 675 

each in his own tomb. 676 

14:19 But you have been thrown out of your grave

like a shoot that is thrown away. 677 

You lie among 678  the slain,

among those who have been slashed by the sword,

among those headed for 679  the stones of the pit, 680 

as if you were a mangled corpse. 681 

14:20 You will not be buried with them, 682 

because you destroyed your land

and killed your people.

The offspring of the wicked

will never be mentioned again.

14:21 Prepare to execute 683  his sons

for the sins their ancestors have committed. 684 

They must not rise up and take possession of the earth,

or fill the surface of the world with cities.” 685 

14:22I will rise up against them,”

says the Lord who commands armies.

I will blot out all remembrance of Babylon and destroy all her people, 686 

including the offspring she produces,” 687 

says the Lord.

14:23I will turn her into a place that is overrun with wild animals 688 

and covered with pools of stagnant water.

I will get rid of her, just as one sweeps away dirt with a broom,” 689 

says the Lord who commands armies.

14:24 690 

The Lord who commands armies makes this solemn vow:

“Be sure of this:

Just as I have intended, so it will be;

just as I have planned, it will happen.

14:25 I will break Assyria 691  in my land,

I will trample them 692  underfoot on my hills.

Their yoke will be removed from my people,

the burden will be lifted from their shoulders. 693 

14:26 This is the plan I have devised for the whole earth;

my hand is ready to strike all the nations.” 694 

14:27 Indeed, 695  the Lord who commands armies has a plan,

and who can possibly frustrate it?

His hand is ready to strike,

and who can possibly stop it? 696 

The Lord Will Judge the Philistines

14:28 In the year King Ahaz died, 697  this message was revealed: 698 

14:29 Don’t be so happy, all you Philistines,

just because the club that beat you has been broken! 699 

For a viper will grow out of the serpent’s root,

and its fruit will be a darting adder. 700 

14:30 The poor will graze in my pastures; 701 

the needy will rest securely.

But I will kill your root by famine;

it will put to death all your survivors. 702 

14:31 Wail, O city gate!

Cry out, O city!

Melt with fear, 703  all you Philistines!

For out of the north comes a cloud of smoke,

and there are no stragglers in its ranks. 704 

14:32 How will they respond to the messengers of this nation? 705 

Indeed, the Lord has made Zion secure;

the oppressed among his people will find safety in her.

The Lord Will Judge Moab

15:1 Here is a message about Moab:

Indeed, in a night it is devastated,

Ar of Moab is destroyed!

Indeed, in a night it is devastated,

Kir of Moab is destroyed!

15:2 They went up to the temple, 706 

the people of Dibon went up to the high places to lament. 707 

Because of what happened to Nebo and Medeba, 708  Moab wails.

Every head is shaved bare,

every beard is trimmed off. 709 

15:3 In their streets they wear sackcloth;

on their roofs and in their town squares

all of them wail,

they fall down weeping.

15:4 The people of 710  Heshbon and Elealeh cry out,

their voices are heard as far away as Jahaz.

For this reason Moab’s soldiers shout in distress;

their courage wavers. 711 

15:5 My heart cries out because of Moab’s plight, 712 

and for the fugitives 713  stretched out 714  as far as Zoar and Eglath Shelishiyah.

For they weep as they make their way up the ascent of Luhith;

they loudly lament their demise on the road to Horonaim. 715 

15:6 For the waters of Nimrim are gone; 716 

the grass is dried up,

the vegetation has disappeared,

and there are no plants.

15:7 For this reason what they have made and stored up,

they carry over the Stream of the Poplars.

15:8 Indeed, the cries of distress echo throughout Moabite territory;

their wailing can be heard in Eglaim and Beer Elim. 717 

15:9 Indeed, the waters of Dimon 718  are full of blood!

Indeed, I will heap even more trouble on Dimon. 719 

A lion will attack 720  the Moabite fugitives

and the people left in the land.

16:1 Send rams as tribute to the ruler of the land, 721 

from Sela in the desert 722 

to the hill of Daughter Zion.

16:2 At the fords of the Arnon 723 

the Moabite women are like a bird

that flies about when forced from its nest. 724 

16:3Bring a plan, make a decision! 725 

Provide some shade in the middle of the day! 726 

Hide the fugitives! Do not betray 727  the one who tries to escape!

16:4 Please let the Moabite fugitives live 728  among you.

Hide them 729  from the destroyer!”

Certainly 730  the one who applies pressure will cease, 731 

the destroyer will come to an end,

those who trample will disappear 732  from the earth.

16:5 Then a trustworthy king will be established;

he will rule in a reliable manner,

this one from David’s family. 733 

He will be sure to make just decisions

and will be experienced in executing justice. 734 

16:6 We have heard about Moab’s pride,

their great arrogance,

their boasting, pride, and excess. 735 

But their boastful claims are empty! 736 

16:7 So Moab wails over its demise 737 

they all wail!

Completely devastated, they moan

about what has happened to the raisin cakes of Kir Hareseth. 738 

16:8 For the fields of Heshbon are dried up,

as well as the vines of Sibmah.

The rulers of the nations trample all over its vines,

which reach Jazer and spread to the desert;

their shoots spread out and cross the sea.

16:9 So I weep along with Jazer 739 

over the vines of Sibmah.

I will saturate you 740  with my tears, Heshbon and Elealeh,

for the conquering invaders shout triumphantly

over your fruit and crops. 741 

16:10 Joy and happiness disappear from the orchards,

and in the vineyards no one rejoices or shouts;

no one treads out juice in the wine vats 742 

I have brought the joyful shouts to an end. 743 

16:11 So my heart constantly sighs for Moab, like the strumming of a harp, 744 

my inner being sighs 745  for Kir Hareseth. 746 

16:12 When the Moabites plead with all their might at their high places, 747 

and enter their temples to pray, their prayers will be ineffective! 748 

16:13 This is the message the Lord previously announced about Moab. 16:14 Now the Lord makes this announcement: “Within exactly three years 749  Moab’s splendor will disappear, along with all her many people; there will be just a few, insignificant survivors left.” 750 

The Lord Will Judge Damascus

17:1 Here is a message about Damascus:

“Look, Damascus is no longer a city,

it is a heap of ruins!

17:2 The cities of Aroer are abandoned. 751 

They will be used for herds,

which will lie down there in peace. 752 

17:3 Fortified cities will disappear from Ephraim,

and Damascus will lose its kingdom. 753 

The survivors in Syria

will end up like the splendor of the Israelites,”

says the Lord who commands armies.

17:4At that time 754 

Jacob’s splendor will be greatly diminished, 755 

and he will become skin and bones. 756 

17:5 It will be as when one gathers the grain harvest,

and his hand gleans the ear of grain.

It will be like one gathering the ears of grain

in the Valley of Rephaim.

17:6 There will be some left behind,

like when an olive tree is beaten

two or three ripe olives remain toward the very top,

four or five on its fruitful branches,”

says the Lord God of Israel.

17:7 At that time 757  men will trust in their creator; 758 

they will depend on 759  the Holy One of Israel. 760 

17:8 They will no longer trust in 761  the altars their hands made,

or depend on the Asherah poles and incense altars their fingers made. 762 

17:9 At that time 763  their fortified cities will be

like the abandoned summits of the Amorites, 764 

which they abandoned because of the Israelites;

there will be desolation.

17:10 For you ignore 765  the God who rescues you;

you pay no attention to your strong protector. 766 

So this is what happens:

You cultivate beautiful plants

and plant exotic vines. 767 

17:11 The day you begin cultivating, you do what you can to make it grow; 768 

the morning you begin planting, you do what you can to make it sprout.

Yet the harvest will disappear 769  in the day of disease

and incurable pain.

17:12 The many nations massing together are as good as dead, 770 

those who make a commotion as loud as the roaring of the sea’s waves. 771 

The people making such an uproar are as good as dead, 772 

those who make an uproar as loud as the roaring of powerful waves. 773 

17:13 Though these people make an uproar as loud as the roaring of powerful waves, 774 

when he shouts at 775  them, they will flee to a distant land,

driven before the wind like dead weeds on the hills,

or like dead thistles 776  before a strong gale.

17:14 In the evening there is sudden terror; 777 

by morning they vanish. 778 

This is the fate of those who try to plunder us,

the destiny of those who try to loot us! 779 

The Lord Will Judge a Distant Land in the South

18:1 The land of buzzing wings is as good as dead, 780 

the one beyond the rivers of Cush,

18:2 that sends messengers by sea,

who glide over the water’s surface in boats made of papyrus.

Go, you swift messengers,

to a nation of tall, smooth-skinned people, 781 

to a people that are feared far and wide, 782 

to a nation strong and victorious, 783 

whose land rivers divide. 784 

18:3 All you who live in the world,

who reside on the earth,

you will see a signal flag raised on the mountains;

you will hear a trumpet being blown.

18:4 For this is what the Lord has told me:

“I will wait 785  and watch from my place,

like scorching heat produced by the sunlight, 786 

like a cloud of mist 787  in the heat 788  of harvest.” 789 

18:5 For before the harvest, when the bud has sprouted,

and the ripening fruit appears, 790 

he will cut off the unproductive shoots 791  with pruning knives;

he will prune the tendrils. 792 

18:6 They will all be left 793  for the birds of the hills

and the wild animals; 794 

the birds will eat them during the summer,

and all the wild animals will eat them during the winter.

18:7 At that time

tribute will be brought to the Lord who commands armies,

by a people that are tall and smooth-skinned,

a people that are feared far and wide,

a nation strong and victorious,

whose land rivers divide. 795 

The tribute 796  will be brought to the place where the Lord who commands armies has chosen to reside, on Mount Zion. 797 

The Lord Will Judge Egypt

19:1 Here is a message about Egypt:

Look, the Lord rides on a swift-moving cloud

and approaches Egypt.

The idols of Egypt tremble before him;

the Egyptians lose their courage. 798 

19:2I will provoke civil strife in Egypt, 799 

brothers will fight with each other,

as will neighbors,

cities, and kingdoms. 800 

19:3 The Egyptians will panic, 801 

and I will confuse their strategy. 802 

They will seek guidance from the idols and from the spirits of the dead,

from the pits used to conjure up underworld spirits, and from the magicians. 803 

19:4 I will hand Egypt over to a harsh master;

a powerful king will rule over them,”

says the sovereign master, 804  the Lord who commands armies.

19:5 The water of the sea will be dried up,

and the river will dry up and be empty. 805 

19:6 The canals 806  will stink; 807 

the streams of Egypt will trickle and then dry up;

the bulrushes and reeds will decay,

19:7 along with the plants by the mouth of the river. 808 

All the cultivated land near the river

will turn to dust and be blown away. 809 

19:8 The fishermen will mourn and lament,

all those who cast a fishhook into the river,

and those who spread out a net on the water’s surface will grieve. 810 

19:9 Those who make clothes from combed flax will be embarrassed;

those who weave will turn pale. 811 

19:10 Those who make cloth 812  will be demoralized; 813 

all the hired workers will be depressed. 814 

19:11 The officials of Zoan are nothing but fools; 815 

Pharaoh’s wise advisers give stupid advice.

How dare you say to Pharaoh,

I am one of the sages,

one well-versed in the writings of the ancient kings? 816 

19:12 But where, oh where, are your wise men? 817 

Let them tell you, let them find out

what the Lord who commands armies has planned for Egypt.

19:13 The officials of Zoan are fools,

the officials of Memphis 818  are misled;

the rulers 819  of her tribes lead Egypt astray.

19:14 The Lord has made them undiscerning; 820 

they lead Egypt astray in all she does,

so that she is like a drunk sliding around in his own vomit. 821 

19:15 Egypt will not be able to do a thing,

head or tail, shoots and stalk. 822 

19:16 At that time 823  the Egyptians 824  will be like women. 825  They will tremble and fear because the Lord who commands armies brandishes his fist against them. 826  19:17 The land of Judah will humiliate Egypt. Everyone who hears about Judah will be afraid because of what the Lord who commands armies is planning to do to them. 827 

19:18 At that time five cities 828  in the land of Egypt will speak the language of Canaan and swear allegiance to the Lord who commands armies. One will be called the City of the Sun. 829  19:19 At that time there will be an altar for the Lord in the middle of the land of Egypt, as well as a sacred pillar 830  dedicated to the Lord at its border. 19:20 It 831  will become a visual reminder in the land of Egypt of 832  the Lord who commands armies. When they cry out to the Lord because of oppressors, he will send them a deliverer and defender 833  who will rescue them. 19:21 The Lord will reveal himself to the Egyptians, and they 834  will acknowledge the Lord’s authority 835  at that time. 836  They will present sacrifices and offerings; they will make vows to the Lord and fulfill them. 19:22 The Lord will strike Egypt, striking and then healing them. They will turn to the Lord and he will listen to their prayers 837  and heal them.

19:23 At that time there will be a highway from Egypt to Assyria. The Assyrians will visit Egypt, and the Egyptians will visit Assyria. The Egyptians and Assyrians will worship together. 838  19:24 At that time Israel will be the third member of the group, along with Egypt and Assyria, and will be a recipient of blessing 839  in the earth. 840  19:25 The Lord who commands armies will pronounce a blessing over the earth, saying, 841 Blessed be my people, Egypt, and the work of my hands, Assyria, and my special possession, 842  Israel!

20:1 The Lord revealed the following message during the year in which King Sargon of Assyria sent his commanding general to Ashdod, and he fought against it and captured it. 843  20:2 At that time the Lord announced through 844  Isaiah son of Amoz: “Go, remove the sackcloth from your waist and take your sandals off your feet.” He did as instructed and walked around in undergarments 845  and barefoot. 20:3 Later the Lord explained, “In the same way that my servant Isaiah has walked around in undergarments and barefoot for the past three years, as an object lesson and omen pertaining to Egypt and Cush, 20:4 so the king of Assyria will lead away the captives of Egypt and the exiles of Cush, both young and old. They will be in undergarments and barefoot, with the buttocks exposed; the Egyptians will be publicly humiliated. 846  20:5 Those who put their hope in Cush and took pride in Egypt will be afraid and embarrassed. 847  20:6 At that time 848  those who live on this coast 849  will say, ‘Look what has happened to our source of hope to whom we fled for help, expecting to be rescued from the king of Assyria! How can we escape now?’

The Lord Will Judge Babylon

21:1 Here is a message about the Desert by the Sea: 850 

Like strong winds blowing in the south, 851 

one invades from the desert,

from a land that is feared.

21:2 I have received a distressing message: 852 

“The deceiver deceives,

the destroyer destroys.

Attack, you Elamites!

Lay siege, you Medes!

I will put an end to all the groaning! 853 

21:3 For this reason my stomach churns; 854 

cramps overwhelm me

like the contractions of a woman in labor.

I am disturbed 855  by what I hear,

horrified by what I see.

21:4 My heart palpitates, 856 

I shake in fear; 857 

the twilight I desired

has brought me terror.

21:5 Arrange the table,

lay out 858  the carpet,

eat and drink! 859 

Get up, you officers,

smear oil on the shields! 860 

21:6 For this is what the sovereign master 861  has told me:

“Go, post a guard!

He must report what he sees.

21:7 When he sees chariots,

teams of horses, 862 

riders on donkeys,

riders on camels,

he must be alert,

very alert.”

21:8 Then the guard 863  cries out:

“On the watchtower, O sovereign master, 864 

I stand all day long;

at my post

I am stationed every night.

21:9 Look what’s coming!

A charioteer,

a team of horses.” 865 

When questioned, he replies, 866 

“Babylon has fallen, fallen!

All the idols of her gods lie shattered on the ground!

21:10 O my downtrodden people, crushed like stalks on the threshing floor, 867 

what I have heard

from the Lord who commands armies,

the God of Israel,

I have reported to you.

Bad News for Seir

21:11 Here is a message about Dumah: 868 

Someone calls to me from Seir, 869 

“Watchman, what is left of the night?

Watchman, what is left of the night? 870 

21:12 The watchman replies,

Morning is coming, but then night. 871 

If you want to ask, ask;

come back again.” 872 

The Lord Will Judge Arabia

21:13 Here is a message about Arabia:

In the thicket of Arabia you spend the night,

you Dedanite caravans.

21:14 Bring out some water for the thirsty.

You who live in the land of Tema,

bring some food for the fugitives.

21:15 For they flee from the swords

from the drawn sword

and from the battle-ready bow

and from the severity of the battle.

21:16 For this is what the sovereign master 873  has told me: “Within exactly one year 874  all the splendor of Kedar will come to an end. 21:17 Just a handful of archers, the warriors of Kedar, will be left.” 875  Indeed, 876  the Lord God of Israel has spoken.

The Lord Will Judge Jerusalem

22:1 Here is a message about the Valley of Vision: 877 

What is the reason 878 

that all of you go up to the rooftops?

22:2 The noisy city is full of raucous sounds;

the town is filled with revelry. 879 

Your slain were not cut down by the sword;

they did not die in battle. 880 

22:3 881 

All your leaders ran away together

they fled to a distant place;

all your refugees 882  were captured together

they were captured without a single arrow being shot. 883 

22:4 So I say:

“Don’t look at me! 884 

I am weeping bitterly.

Don’t try 885  to console me

concerning the destruction of my defenseless people.” 886 

22:5 For the sovereign master, 887  the Lord who commands armies,

has planned a day of panic, defeat, and confusion. 888 

In the Valley of Vision 889  people shout 890 

and cry out to the hill. 891 

22:6 The Elamites picked up the quiver,

and came with chariots and horsemen; 892 

the men of Kir 893  prepared 894  the shield. 895 

22:7 Your very best valleys were full of chariots; 896 

horsemen confidently took their positions 897  at the gate.

22:8 They 898  removed the defenses 899  of Judah.

At that time 900  you looked

for the weapons in the House of the Forest. 901 

22:9 You saw the many breaks

in the walls of the city of David; 902 

you stored up water in the lower pool.

22:10 You counted the houses in Jerusalem, 903 

and demolished houses so you could have material to reinforce the wall. 904 

22:11 You made a reservoir between the two walls

for the water of the old pool

but you did not trust in 905  the one who made it; 906 

you did not depend on 907  the one who formed it long ago!

22:12 At that time the sovereign master, the Lord who commands armies, called for weeping and mourning,

for shaved heads and sackcloth. 908 

22:13 But look, there is outright celebration! 909 

You say, “Kill the ox and slaughter the sheep,

eat meat and drink wine.

Eat and drink, for tomorrow we die! 910 

22:14 The Lord who commands armies told me this: 911  “Certainly this sin will not be forgiven as long as you live,” 912  says the sovereign master, the Lord who commands armies.

22:15 This is what the sovereign master, the Lord who commands armies, says:

“Go visit this administrator, Shebna, who supervises the palace, 913  and tell him: 914 

22:16What right do you have to be here? What relatives do you have buried here? 915 

Why 916  do you chisel out a tomb for yourself here?

He chisels out his burial site in an elevated place,

he carves out his tomb on a cliff.

22:17 Look, the Lord will throw you far away, 917  you mere man! 918 

He will wrap you up tightly. 919 

22:18 He will wind you up tightly into a ball

and throw you into a wide, open land. 920 

There you will die,

and there with you will be your impressive chariots, 921 

which bring disgrace to the house of your master. 922 

22:19 I will remove you from 923  your office;

you will be thrown down 924  from your position.

22:20At that time 925  I will summon my servant Eliakim, son of Hilkiah. 22:21 I will put your robe on him, tie your belt around him, and transfer your authority to him. 926  He will become a protector of 927  the residents of Jerusalem and of the people 928  of Judah. 22:22 I will place the key 929  to the house of David on his shoulder. When he opens the door, no one can close it; when he closes the door, no one can open it. 22:23 I will fasten him like a peg into a solid place; 930  he will bring honor and respect to his father’s family. 931  22:24 His father’s family will gain increasing prominence because of him, 932  including the offspring and the offshoots. 933  All the small containers, including the bowls and all the jars will hang from this peg.’ 934 

22:25At that time,” 935  says the Lord who commands armies, “the peg fastened into a solid place will come loose. It will be cut off and fall, and the load hanging on it will be cut off.” 936  Indeed, 937  the Lord has spoken.

The Lord Will Judge Tyre

23:1 Here is a message about Tyre:

Wail, you large ships, 938 

for the port is too devastated to enter! 939 

From the land of Cyprus 940  this news is announced to them.

23:2 Lament, 941  you residents of the coast,

you merchants of Sidon 942  who travel over the sea,

whose agents sail over 23:3 the deep waters! 943 

Grain from the Shihor region, 944 

crops grown near the Nile 945  she receives; 946 

she is the trade center 947  of the nations.

23:4 Be ashamed, O Sidon,

for the sea 948  says this, O fortress of the sea:

“I have not gone into labor

or given birth;

I have not raised young men

or brought up young women.” 949 

23:5 When the news reaches Egypt,

they will be shaken by what has happened to Tyre. 950 

23:6 Travel to Tarshish!

Wail, you residents of the coast!

23:7 Is this really your boisterous city 951 

whose origins are in the distant past, 952 

and whose feet led her to a distant land to reside?

23:8 Who planned this for royal Tyre, 953 

whose merchants are princes,

whose traders are the dignitaries 954  of the earth?

23:9 The Lord who commands armies planned it

to dishonor the pride that comes from all her beauty, 955 

to humiliate all the dignitaries of the earth.

23:10 Daughter Tarshish, travel back to your land, as one crosses the Nile;

there is no longer any marketplace in Tyre. 956 

23:11 The Lord stretched out his hand over the sea, 957 

he shook kingdoms;

he 958  gave the order

to destroy Canaan’s fortresses. 959 

23:12 He said,

You will no longer celebrate,

oppressed 960  virgin daughter Sidon!

Get up, travel to Cyprus,

but you will find no relief there.” 961 

23:13 Look at the land of the Chaldeans,

these people who have lost their identity! 962 

The Assyrians have made it a home for wild animals.

They erected their siege towers, 963 

demolished 964  its fortresses,

and turned it into a heap of ruins. 965 

23:14 Wail, you large ships, 966 

for your fortress is destroyed!

23:15 At that time 967  Tyre will be forgotten for seventy years, 968  the typical life span of a king. 969  At the end of seventy years Tyre will try to attract attention again, like the prostitute in the popular song: 970 

23:16Take the harp,

go through the city,

forgotten prostitute!

Play it well,

play lots of songs,

so you’ll be noticed! 971 

23:17 At the end of seventy years 972  the Lord will revive 973  Tyre. She will start making money again by selling her services to all the earth’s kingdoms. 974  23:18 Her profits and earnings will be set apart for the Lord. They will not be stored up or accumulated, for her profits will be given to those who live in the Lord’s presence and will be used to purchase large quantities of food and beautiful clothes. 975 

The Lord Will Judge the Earth

24:1 Look, the Lord is ready to devastate the earth

and leave it in ruins;

he will mar its surface

and scatter its inhabitants.

24:2 Everyone will suffer – the priest as well as the people, 976 

the master as well as the servant, 977 

the elegant lady as well as the female attendant, 978 

the seller as well as the buyer, 979 

the borrower as well as the lender, 980 

the creditor as well as the debtor. 981 

24:3 The earth will be completely devastated

and thoroughly ransacked.

For the Lord has decreed this judgment. 982 

24:4 The earth 983  dries up 984  and withers,

the world shrivels up and withers;

the prominent people of the earth 985  fade away.

24:5 The earth is defiled by 986  its inhabitants, 987 

for they have violated laws,

disregarded the regulation, 988 

and broken the permanent treaty. 989 

24:6 So a treaty curse 990  devours the earth;

its inhabitants pay for their guilt. 991 

This is why the inhabitants of the earth disappear, 992 

and are reduced to just a handful of people. 993 

24:7 The new wine dries up,

the vines shrivel up,

all those who like to celebrate 994  groan.

24:8 The happy sound 995  of the tambourines stops,

the revelry of those who celebrate comes to a halt,

the happy sound of the harp ceases.

24:9 They no longer sing and drink wine; 996 

the beer tastes bitter to those who drink it.

24:10 The ruined town 997  is shattered;

all of the houses are shut up tight. 998 

24:11 They howl in the streets because of what happened to the wine; 999 

all joy turns to sorrow; 1000 

celebrations disappear from the earth. 1001 

24:12 The city is left in ruins; 1002 

the gate is reduced to rubble. 1003 

24:13 This is what will happen throughout 1004  the earth,

among the nations.

It will be like when they beat an olive tree,

and just a few olives are left at the end of the harvest. 1005 

24:14 They 1006  lift their voices and shout joyfully;

they praise 1007  the majesty of the Lord in the west.

24:15 So in the east 1008  extol the Lord,

along the seacoasts extol 1009  the fame 1010  of the Lord God of Israel.

24:16 From the ends of the earth we 1011  hear songs

the Just One is majestic. 1012 

But I 1013  say, “I’m wasting away! I’m wasting away! I’m doomed!

Deceivers deceive, deceivers thoroughly deceive!” 1014 

24:17 Terror, pit, and snare

are ready to overtake you inhabitants of the earth! 1015 

24:18 The one who runs away from the sound of the terror

will fall into the pit; 1016 

the one who climbs out of the pit,

will be trapped by the snare.

For the floodgates of the heavens 1017  are opened up 1018 

and the foundations of the earth shake.

24:19 The earth is broken in pieces,

the earth is ripped to shreds,

the earth shakes violently. 1019 

24:20 The earth will stagger around 1020  like a drunk;

it will sway back and forth like a hut in a windstorm. 1021 

Its sin will weigh it down,

and it will fall and never get up again.

The Lord Will Become King

24:21 At that time 1022  the Lord will punish 1023 

the heavenly forces in the heavens 1024 

and the earthly kings on the earth.

24:22 They will be imprisoned in a pit, 1025 

locked up in a prison,

and after staying there for a long time, 1026  they will be punished. 1027 

24:23 The full moon will be covered up, 1028 

the bright sun 1029  will be darkened; 1030 

for the Lord who commands armies will rule 1031 

on Mount Zion in Jerusalem 1032 

in the presence of his assembly, in majestic splendor. 1033 

25:1 O Lord, you are my God! 1034 

I will exalt you in praise, I will extol your fame. 1035 

For you have done extraordinary things,

and executed plans made long ago exactly as you decreed. 1036 

25:2 Indeed, 1037  you have made the city 1038  into a heap of rubble,

the fortified town into a heap of ruins;

the fortress of foreigners 1039  is no longer a city,

it will never be rebuilt.

25:3 So a strong nation will extol you;

the towns of 1040  powerful nations will fear you.

25:4 For you are a protector for the poor,

a protector for the needy in their distress,

a shelter from the rainstorm,

a shade from the heat.

Though the breath of tyrants 1041  is like a winter rainstorm, 1042 

25:5 like heat 1043  in a dry land,

you humble the boasting foreigners. 1044 

Just as the shadow of a cloud causes the heat to subside, 1045 

so he causes the song of tyrants to cease. 1046 

25:6 The Lord who commands armies will hold a banquet for all the nations on this mountain. 1047 

At this banquet there will be plenty of meat and aged wine

tender meat and choicest wine. 1048 

25:7 On this mountain he will swallow up

the shroud that is over all the peoples, 1049 

the woven covering that is over all the nations; 1050 

25:8 he will swallow up death permanently. 1051 

The sovereign Lord will wipe away the tears from every face,

and remove his people’s disgrace from all the earth.

Indeed, the Lord has announced it! 1052 

25:9 At that time they will say, 1053 

“Look, here 1054  is our God!

We waited for him and he delivered us.

Here 1055  is the Lord! We waited for him.

Let’s rejoice and celebrate his deliverance!

25:10 For the Lord’s power will make this mountain secure. 1056 

Moab will be trampled down where it stands, 1057 

as a heap of straw is trampled down in 1058  a manure pile.

25:11 Moab 1059  will spread out its hands in the middle of it, 1060 

just as a swimmer spreads his hands to swim;

the Lord 1061  will bring down Moab’s 1062  pride as it spreads its hands. 1063 

25:12 The fortified city (along with the very tops of your 1064  walls) 1065  he will knock down,

he will bring it down, he will throw it down to the dusty ground. 1066 

Judah Will Celebrate

26:1 At that time 1067  this song will be sung in the land of Judah:

“We have a strong city!

The Lord’s 1068  deliverance, like walls and a rampart, makes it secure. 1069 

26:2 Open the gates so a righteous nation can enter

one that remains trustworthy.

26:3 You keep completely safe the people who maintain their faith,

for they trust in you. 1070 

26:4 Trust in the Lord from this time forward, 1071 

even in Yah, the Lord, an enduring protector! 1072 

26:5 Indeed, 1073  the Lord knocks down those who live in a high place,

he brings down an elevated town;

he brings it down to the ground, 1074 

he throws it down to the dust.

26:6 It is trampled underfoot

by the feet of the oppressed,

by the soles of the poor.”

26:7

God’s People Anticipate Vindication

1075 

The way of the righteous is level,

the path of the righteous that you make is straight. 1076 

26:8 Yes, as your judgments unfold, 1077 

O Lord, we wait for you.

We desire your fame and reputation to grow. 1078 

26:9 I 1079  look for 1080  you during the night,

my spirit within me seeks you at dawn,

for when your judgments come upon the earth,

those who live in the world learn about justice. 1081 

26:10 If the wicked are shown mercy,

they do not learn about justice. 1082 

Even in a land where right is rewarded, they act unjustly; 1083 

they do not see the Lord’s majesty revealed.

26:11 O Lord, you are ready to act, 1084 

but they don’t even notice.

They will see and be put to shame by your angry judgment against humankind, 1085 

yes, fire will consume your enemies. 1086 

26:12 O Lord, you make us secure, 1087 

for even all we have accomplished, you have done for us. 1088 

26:13 O Lord, our God,

masters other than you have ruled us,

but we praise your name alone.

26:14 The dead do not come back to life,

the spirits of the dead do not rise. 1089 

That is because 1090  you came in judgment 1091  and destroyed them,

you wiped out all memory of them.

26:15 You have made the nation larger, 1092  O Lord,

you have made the nation larger and revealed your splendor, 1093 

you have extended all the borders of the land.

26:16 O Lord, in distress they looked for you;

they uttered incantations because of your discipline. 1094 

26:17 As when a pregnant woman gets ready to deliver

and strains and cries out because of her labor pains,

so were we because of you, O Lord.

26:18 We were pregnant, we strained,

we gave birth, as it were, to wind. 1095 

We cannot produce deliverance on the earth;

people to populate the world are not born. 1096 

26:19 1097 

Your dead will come back to life;

your corpses will rise up.

Wake up and shout joyfully, you who live in the ground! 1098 

For you will grow like plants drenched with the morning dew, 1099 

and the earth will bring forth its dead spirits. 1100 

26:20 Go, my people! Enter your inner rooms!

Close your doors behind you!

Hide for a little while,

until his angry judgment is over! 1101 

26:21 For look, the Lord is coming out of the place where he lives, 1102 

to punish the sin of those who live on the earth.

The earth will display the blood shed on it;

it will no longer cover up its slain. 1103 

27:1 At that time 1104  the Lord will punish

with his destructive, 1105  great, and powerful sword

Leviathan the fast-moving 1106  serpent,

Leviathan the squirming serpent;

he will kill the sea monster. 1107 

27:2 When that time comes, 1108 

sing about a delightful vineyard! 1109 

27:3 I, the Lord, protect it; 1110 

I water it regularly. 1111 

I guard it night and day,

so no one can harm it. 1112 

27:4 I am not angry.

I wish I could confront some thorns and briers!

Then I would march against them 1113  for battle;

I would set them 1114  all on fire,

27:5 unless they became my subjects 1115 

and made peace with me;

let them make peace with me. 1116 

27:6 The time is coming when Jacob will take root; 1117 

Israel will blossom and grow branches.

The produce 1118  will fill the surface of the world. 1119 

27:7 Has the Lord struck down Israel like he did their oppressors? 1120 

Has Israel been killed like their enemies? 1121 

27:8 When you summon her for divorce, you prosecute her; 1122 

he drives her away 1123  with his strong wind in the day of the east wind. 1124 

27:9 So in this way Jacob’s sin will be forgiven, 1125 

and this is how they will show they are finished sinning: 1126 

They will make all the stones of the altars 1127 

like crushed limestone,

and the Asherah poles and the incense altars will no longer stand. 1128 

27:10 For the fortified city 1129  is left alone;

it is a deserted settlement

and abandoned like the desert.

Calves 1130  graze there;

they lie down there

and eat its branches bare. 1131 

27:11 When its branches get brittle, 1132  they break;

women come and use them for kindling. 1133 

For these people lack understanding, 1134 

therefore the one who made them has no compassion on them;

the one who formed them has no mercy on them.

27:12 At that time 1135  the Lord will shake the tree, 1136  from the Euphrates River 1137  to the Stream of Egypt. Then you will be gathered up one by one, O Israelites. 1138  27:13 At that time 1139  a large 1140  trumpet will be blown, and the ones lost 1141  in the land of Assyria will come, as well as the refugees in 1142  the land of Egypt. They will worship the Lord on the holy mountain in Jerusalem. 1143 

The Lord Will Judge Samaria

28:1 The splendid crown of Ephraim’s drunkards is doomed, 1144 

the withering flower, its beautiful splendor, 1145 

situated 1146  at the head of a rich valley,

the crown of those overcome with wine. 1147 

28:2 Look, the sovereign master 1148  sends a strong, powerful one. 1149 

With the force of a hailstorm or a destructive windstorm, 1150 

with the might of a driving, torrential rainstorm, 1151 

he will knock that crown 1152  to the ground with his hand. 1153 

28:3 The splendid crown of Ephraim’s drunkards

will be trampled underfoot.

28:4 The withering flower, its beautiful splendor,

situated at the head of a rich valley,

will be like an early fig before harvest

as soon as someone notices it,

he grabs it and swallows it. 1154 

28:5 At that time 1155  the Lord who commands armies will become a beautiful crown

and a splendid diadem for the remnant of his people.

28:6 He will give discernment to the one who makes judicial decisions,

and strength to those who defend the city from attackers. 1156 

28:7 Even these men 1157  stagger because of wine,

they stumble around because of beer

priests and prophets stagger because of beer,

they are confused 1158  because of wine,

they stumble around because of beer;

they stagger while seeing prophetic visions, 1159 

they totter while making legal decisions. 1160 

28:8 Indeed, all the tables are covered with vomit;

no place is untouched. 1161 

28:9 Who is the Lord 1162  trying to teach?

To whom is he explaining a message? 1163 

Those just weaned from milk!

Those just taken from their mother’s breast! 1164 

28:10 Indeed, they will hear meaningless gibberish,

senseless babbling,

a syllable here, a syllable there. 1165 

28:11 For with mocking lips and a foreign tongue

he will speak to these people. 1166 

28:12 In the past he said to them, 1167 

“This is where security can be found.

Provide security for the one who is exhausted!

This is where rest can be found.” 1168 

But they refused to listen.

28:13 So the Lord’s word to them will sound like

meaningless gibberish,

senseless babbling,

a syllable here, a syllable there. 1169 

As a result, they will fall on their backsides when they try to walk, 1170 

and be injured, ensnared, and captured. 1171 

The Lord Will Judge Jerusalem

28:14 Therefore, listen to the Lord’s word,

you who mock,

you rulers of these people

who reside in Jerusalem! 1172 

28:15 For you say,

We have made a treaty with death,

with Sheol 1173  we have made an agreement. 1174 

When the overwhelming judgment sweeps by 1175 

it will not reach us.

For we have made a lie our refuge,

we have hidden ourselves in a deceitful word.” 1176 

28:16 Therefore, this is what the sovereign master, the Lord, says:

“Look, I am laying 1177  a stone in Zion,

an approved 1178  stone,

set in place as a precious cornerstone for the foundation. 1179 

The one who maintains his faith will not panic. 1180 

28:17 I will make justice the measuring line,

fairness the plumb line;

hail will sweep away the unreliable refuge, 1181 

the floodwaters will overwhelm the hiding place.

28:18 Your treaty with death will be dissolved; 1182 

your agreement 1183  with Sheol will not last. 1184 

When the overwhelming judgment sweeps by, 1185 

you will be overrun by it. 1186 

28:19 Whenever it sweeps by, it will overtake you;

indeed, 1187  every morning it will sweep by,

it will come through during the day and the night.” 1188 

When this announcement is understood,

it will cause nothing but terror.

28:20 For the bed is too short to stretch out on,

and the blanket is too narrow to wrap around oneself. 1189 

28:21 For the Lord will rise up, as he did at Mount Perazim, 1190 

he will rouse himself, as he did in the Valley of Gibeon, 1191 

to accomplish his work,

his peculiar work,

to perform his task,

his strange task. 1192 

28:22 So now, do not mock,

or your chains will become heavier!

For I have heard a message about decreed destruction,

from the sovereign master, the Lord who commands armies, against the entire land. 1193 

28:23 Pay attention and listen to my message! 1194 

Be attentive and listen to what I have to say! 1195 

28:24 Does a farmer just keep on plowing at planting time? 1196 

Does he keep breaking up and harrowing his ground?

28:25 Once he has leveled its surface,

does he not scatter the seed of the caraway plant,

sow the seed of the cumin plant,

and plant the wheat, barley, and grain in their designated places? 1197 

28:26 His God instructs him;

he teaches him the principles of agriculture. 1198 

28:27 Certainly 1199  caraway seed is not threshed with a sledge,

nor is the wheel of a cart rolled over cumin seed. 1200 

Certainly caraway seed is beaten with a stick,

and cumin seed with a flail.

28:28 Grain is crushed,

though one certainly does not thresh it forever.

The wheel of one’s wagon rolls over it,

but his horses do not crush it.

28:29 This also comes from the Lord who commands armies,

who gives supernatural guidance and imparts great wisdom. 1201 

Ariel is Besieged

29:1 Ariel is as good as dead 1202 

Ariel, the town David besieged! 1203 

Keep observing your annual rituals,

celebrate your festivals on schedule. 1204 

29:2 I will threaten Ariel,

and she will mourn intensely

and become like an altar hearth 1205  before me.

29:3 I will lay siege to you on all sides; 1206 

I will besiege you with troops; 1207 

I will raise siege works against you.

29:4 You will fall;

while lying on the ground 1208  you will speak;

from the dust where you lie, your words will be heard. 1209 

Your voice will sound like a spirit speaking from the underworld; 1210 

from the dust you will chirp as if muttering an incantation. 1211 

29:5 But the horde of invaders will be like fine dust,

the horde of tyrants 1212  like chaff that is blown away.

It will happen suddenly, in a flash.

29:6 Judgment will come from the Lord who commands armies, 1213 

accompanied by thunder, earthquake, and a loud noise,

by a strong gale, a windstorm, and a consuming flame of fire.

29:7 It will be like a dream, a night vision.

There will be a horde from all the nations that fight against Ariel,

those who attack her and her stronghold and besiege her.

29:8 It will be like a hungry man dreaming that he is eating,

only to awaken and find that his stomach is empty. 1214 

It will be like a thirsty man dreaming that he is drinking,

only to awaken and find that he is still weak and his thirst unquenched. 1215 

So it will be for the horde from all the nations

that fight against Mount Zion.

God’s People are Spiritually Insensitive

29:9 You will be shocked and amazed! 1216 

You are totally blind! 1217 

They are drunk, 1218  but not because of wine;

they stagger, 1219  but not because of beer.

29:10 For the Lord has poured out on you

a strong urge to sleep deeply. 1220 

He has shut your eyes (the prophets),

and covered your heads (the seers).

29:11 To you this entire prophetic revelation 1221  is like words in a sealed scroll. When they hand it to one who can read 1222  and say, “Read this,” he responds, “I can’t, because it is sealed.” 29:12 Or when they hand the scroll to one who can’t read 1223  and say, “Read this,” he says, “I can’t read.” 1224 

29:13 The sovereign master 1225  says,

These people say they are loyal to me; 1226 

they say wonderful things about me, 1227 

but they are not really loyal to me. 1228 

Their worship consists of

nothing but man-made ritual. 1229 

29:14 Therefore I will again do an amazing thing for these people

an absolutely extraordinary deed. 1230 

Wise men will have nothing to say,

the sages will have no explanations.” 1231 

29:15 Those who try to hide their plans from the Lord are as good as dead, 1232 

who do their work in secret and boast, 1233 

“Who sees us? Who knows what we’re doing? 1234 

29:16 Your thinking is perverse! 1235 

Should the potter be regarded as clay? 1236 

Should the thing made say 1237  about its maker, “He didn’t make me”?

Or should the pottery say about the potter, “He doesn’t understand?

Changes are Coming

29:17 In just a very short time 1238 

Lebanon will turn into an orchard,

and the orchard will be considered a forest. 1239 

29:18 At that time 1240  the deaf will be able to hear words read from a scroll,

and the eyes of the blind will be able to see through deep darkness. 1241 

29:19 The downtrodden will again rejoice in the Lord;

the poor among humankind will take delight 1242  in the Holy One of Israel. 1243 

29:20 For tyrants will disappear,

those who taunt will vanish,

and all those who love to do wrong will be eliminated 1244 

29:21 those who bear false testimony against a person, 1245 

who entrap the one who arbitrates at the city gate 1246 

and deprive the innocent of justice by making false charges. 1247 

29:22 So this is what the Lord, the one who delivered Abraham, says to the family of Jacob: 1248 

“Jacob will no longer be ashamed;

their faces will no longer show their embarrassment. 1249 

29:23 For when they see their children,

whom I will produce among them, 1250 

they will honor 1251  my name.

They will honor the Holy One of Jacob; 1252 

they will respect 1253  the God of Israel.

29:24 Those who stray morally will gain understanding; 1254 

those who complain will acquire insight. 1255 

Egypt Will Prove Unreliable

30:1The rebellious 1256  children are as good as dead,” 1257  says the Lord,

“those who make plans without consulting me, 1258 

who form alliances without consulting my Spirit, 1259 

and thereby compound their sin. 1260 

30:2 They travel down to Egypt

without seeking my will, 1261 

seeking Pharaoh’s protection,

and looking for safety in Egypt’s protective shade. 1262 

30:3 But Pharaoh’s protection will bring you nothing but shame,

and the safety of Egypt’s protective shade nothing but humiliation.

30:4 Though his 1263  officials are in Zoan

and his messengers arrive at Hanes, 1264 

30:5 all will be put to shame 1265 

because of a nation that cannot help them,

who cannot give them aid or help,

but only shame and disgrace.”

30:6 This is a message 1266  about the animals in the Negev:

Through a land of distress and danger,

inhabited by lionesses and roaring lions, 1267 

by snakes and darting adders, 1268 

they transport 1269  their wealth on the backs of donkeys,

their riches on the humps of camels,

to a nation that cannot help them. 1270 

30:7 Egypt is totally incapable of helping. 1271 

For this reason I call her

‘Proud one 1272  who is silenced.’ 1273 

30:8 Now go, write it 1274  down on a tablet in their presence, 1275 

inscribe it on a scroll,

so that it might be preserved for a future time

as an enduring witness. 1276 

30:9 For these are rebellious people

they are lying children,

children unwilling to obey the Lord’s law. 1277 

30:10 They 1278  say to the visionaries, “See no more visions!”

and to the seers, “Don’t relate messages to us about what is right! 1279 

Tell us nice things,

relate deceptive messages. 1280 

30:11 Turn aside from the way,

stray off the path. 1281 

Remove from our presence the Holy One of Israel.” 1282 

30:12 For this reason this is what the Holy One of Israel says:

“You have rejected this message; 1283 

you trust instead in your ability to oppress and trick, 1284 

and rely on that kind of behavior. 1285 

30:13 So this sin will become your downfall.

You will be like a high wall

that bulges and cracks and is ready to collapse;

it crumbles suddenly, in a flash. 1286 

30:14 It shatters in pieces like a clay jar,

so shattered to bits that none of it can be salvaged. 1287 

Among its fragments one cannot find a shard large enough 1288 

to scoop a hot coal from a fire 1289 

or to skim off water from a cistern.” 1290 

30:15 For this is what the master, the Lord, the Holy One of Israel says:

“If you repented and patiently waited for me, you would be delivered; 1291 

if you calmly trusted in me you would find strength, 1292 

but you are unwilling.

30:16 You say, ‘No, we will flee on horses,’

so you will indeed flee.

You say, ‘We will ride on fast horses,’

so your pursuers will be fast.

30:17 One thousand will scurry at the battle cry of one enemy soldier; 1293 

at the battle cry of five enemy soldiers you will all run away, 1294 

until the remaining few are as isolated 1295 

as a flagpole on a mountaintop

or a signal flag on a hill.”

The Lord Will Not Abandon His People

30:18 For this reason the Lord is ready to show you mercy;

he sits on his throne, ready to have compassion on you. 1296 

Indeed, the Lord is a just God;

all who wait for him in faith will be blessed. 1297 

30:19 For people will live in Zion;

in Jerusalem 1298  you will weep no more. 1299 

When he hears your cry of despair, he will indeed show you mercy;

when he hears it, he will respond to you. 1300 

30:20 The sovereign master 1301  will give you distress to eat

and suffering to drink; 1302 

but your teachers will no longer be hidden;

your eyes will see them. 1303 

30:21 You 1304  will hear a word spoken behind you, saying,

This is the correct 1305  way, walk in it,”

whether you are heading to the right or the left.

30:22 You will desecrate your silver-plated idols 1306 

and your gold-plated images. 1307 

You will throw them away as if they were a menstrual rag,

saying to them, “Get out!

30:23 He will water the seed you plant in the ground,

and the ground will produce crops in abundance. 1308 

At that time 1309  your cattle will graze in wide pastures.

30:24 The oxen and donkeys used in plowing 1310 

will eat seasoned feed winnowed with a shovel and pitchfork. 1311 

30:25 On every high mountain

and every high hill

there will be streams flowing with water,

at the time of 1312  great slaughter when the fortified towers collapse.

30:26 The light of the full moon will be like the sun’s glare

and the sun’s glare will be seven times brighter,

like the light of seven days, 1313 

when the Lord binds up his people’s fractured bones 1314 

and heals their severe wound. 1315 

30:27 Look, the name 1316  of the Lord comes from a distant place

in raging anger and awesome splendor. 1317 

He speaks angrily

and his word is like destructive fire. 1318 

30:28 His battle cry overwhelms like a flooding river 1319 

that reaches one’s neck.

He shakes the nations in a sieve that isolates the chaff; 1320 

he puts a bit into the mouth of the nations and leads them to destruction. 1321 

30:29 You will sing

as you do in the evening when you are celebrating a festival.

You will be happy like one who plays a flute

as he goes to the mountain of the Lord, the Rock who shelters Israel. 1322 

30:30 The Lord will give a mighty shout 1323 

and intervene in power, 1324 

with furious anger and flaming, destructive fire, 1325 

with a driving rainstorm and hailstones.

30:31 Indeed, the Lord’s shout will shatter Assyria; 1326 

he will beat them with a club.

30:32 Every blow from his punishing cudgel, 1327 

with which the Lord will beat them, 1328 

will be accompanied by music from the 1329  tambourine and harp,

and he will attack them with his weapons. 1330 

30:33 For 1331  the burial place is already prepared; 1332 

it has been made deep and wide for the king. 1333 

The firewood is piled high on it. 1334 

The Lord’s breath, like a stream flowing with brimstone,

will ignite it.

Egypt Will Disappoint

31:1 Those who go down to Egypt for help are as good as dead, 1335 

those who rely on war horses,

and trust in Egypt’s many chariots 1336 

and in their many, many horsemen. 1337 

But they do not rely on the Holy One of Israel 1338 

and do not seek help from the Lord.

31:2 Yet he too is wise 1339  and he will bring disaster;

he does not retract his decree. 1340 

He will attack the wicked nation, 1341 

and the nation that helps 1342  those who commit sin. 1343 

31:3 The Egyptians are mere humans, not God;

their horses are made of flesh, not spirit.

The Lord will strike with 1344  his hand;

the one who helps will stumble

and the one being helped will fall.

Together they will perish. 1345 

The Lord Will Defend Zion

31:4 Indeed, this is what the Lord says to me:

“The Lord will be like a growling lion,

like a young lion growling over its prey. 1346 

Though a whole group of shepherds gathers against it,

it is not afraid of their shouts

or intimidated by their yelling. 1347 

In this same way the Lord who commands armies will descend

to do battle on Mount Zion and on its hill. 1348 

31:5 Just as birds hover over a nest, 1349 

so the Lord who commands armies will protect Jerusalem. 1350 

He will protect and deliver it;

as he passes over 1351  he will rescue it.

31:6 You Israelites! Return to the one against whom you have so blatantly rebelled! 1352  31:7 For at that time 1353  everyone will get rid of 1354  the silver and gold idols your hands sinfully made. 1355 

31:8 Assyria will fall by a sword, but not one human-made; 1356 

a sword not made by humankind will destroy them. 1357 

They will run away from this sword 1358 

and their young men will be forced to do hard labor.

31:9 They will surrender their stronghold 1359  because of fear; 1360 

their officers will be afraid of the Lord’s battle flag.” 1361 

This is what the Lord says

the one whose fire is in Zion,

whose firepot is in Jerusalem. 1362 

Justice and Wisdom Will Prevail

32:1 Look, a king will promote fairness; 1363 

officials will promote justice. 1364 

32:2 Each of them 1365  will be like a shelter from the wind

and a refuge from a rainstorm;

like streams of water in a dry region

and like the shade of a large cliff in a parched land.

32:3 Eyes 1366  will no longer be blind 1367 

and ears 1368  will be attentive.

32:4 The mind that acts rashly will possess discernment 1369 

and the tongue that stutters will speak with ease and clarity.

32:5 A fool will no longer be called honorable;

a deceiver will no longer be called principled.

32:6 For a fool speaks disgraceful things; 1370 

his mind plans out sinful deeds. 1371 

He commits godless deeds 1372 

and says misleading things about the Lord;

he gives the hungry nothing to satisfy their appetite 1373 

and gives the thirsty nothing to drink. 1374 

32:7 A deceiver’s methods are evil; 1375 

he dreams up evil plans 1376 

to ruin the poor with lies,

even when the needy are in the right. 1377 

32:8 An honorable man makes honorable plans;

his honorable character gives him security. 1378 

The Lord Will Give True Security

32:9 You complacent 1379  women,

get up and listen to me!

You carefree 1380  daughters,

pay attention to what I say!

32:10 In a year’s time 1381 

you carefree ones will shake with fear,

for the grape 1382  harvest will fail,

and the fruit harvest will not arrive.

32:11 Tremble, you complacent ones!

Shake with fear, you carefree ones!

Strip off your clothes and expose yourselves –

put sackcloth on your waist! 1383 

32:12 Mourn over the field, 1384 

over the delightful fields

and the fruitful vine!

32:13 Mourn 1385  over the land of my people,

which is overgrown with thorns and briers,

and over all the once-happy houses 1386 

in the city filled with revelry. 1387 

32:14 For the fortress is neglected;

the once-crowded 1388  city is abandoned.

Hill 1389  and watchtower

are permanently uninhabited. 1390 

Wild donkeys love to go there,

and flocks graze there. 1391 

32:15 This desolation will continue until new life is poured out on us from heaven. 1392 

Then the desert will become an orchard

and the orchard will be considered a forest. 1393 

32:16 Justice will settle down in the desert

and fairness will live in the orchard. 1394 

32:17 Fairness will produce peace 1395 

and result in lasting security. 1396 

32:18 My people will live in peaceful settlements,

in secure homes,

and in safe, quiet places. 1397 

32:19 Even if the forest is destroyed 1398 

and the city is annihilated, 1399 

32:20 you will be blessed,

you who plant seed by all the banks of the streams, 1400 

you who let your ox and donkey graze. 1401 

The Lord Will Restore Zion

33:1 The destroyer is as good as dead, 1402 

you who have not been destroyed!

The deceitful one is as good as dead, 1403 

the one whom others have not deceived!

When you are through destroying, you will be destroyed;

when you finish 1404  deceiving, others will deceive you!

33:2 Lord, be merciful to us! We wait for you.

Give us strength each morning! 1405 

Deliver us when distress comes. 1406 

33:3 The nations run away when they hear a loud noise; 1407 

the nations scatter when you spring into action! 1408 

33:4 Your plunder 1409  disappears as if locusts were eating it; 1410 

they swarm over it like locusts! 1411 

33:5 The Lord is exalted, 1412 

indeed, 1413  he lives in heaven; 1414 

he fills Zion with justice and fairness.

33:6 He is your constant source of stability; 1415 

he abundantly provides safety and great wisdom; 1416 

he gives all this to those who fear him. 1417 

33:7 Look, ambassadors 1418  cry out in the streets;

messengers sent to make peace 1419  weep bitterly.

33:8 Highways are empty, 1420 

there are no travelers. 1421 

Treaties are broken, 1422 

witnesses are despised, 1423 

human life is treated with disrespect. 1424 

33:9 The land 1425  dries up 1426  and withers away;

the forest of Lebanon shrivels up 1427  and decays.

Sharon 1428  is like the desert; 1429 

Bashan and Carmel 1430  are parched. 1431 

33:10Now I will rise up,” says the Lord.

“Now I will exalt myself;

now I will magnify myself. 1432 

33:11 You conceive straw, 1433 

you give birth to chaff;

your breath is a fire that destroys you. 1434 

33:12 The nations will be burned to ashes; 1435 

like thorn bushes that have been cut down, they will be set on fire.

33:13 You who are far away, listen to what I have done!

You who are close by, recognize my strength!

33:14 Sinners are afraid in Zion;

panic 1436  grips the godless. 1437 

They say, 1438  ‘Who among us can coexist with destructive fire?

Who among us can coexist with unquenchable 1439  fire?’

33:15 The one who lives 1440  uprightly 1441 

and speaks honestly;

the one who refuses to profit from oppressive measures

and rejects a bribe; 1442 

the one who does not plot violent crimes 1443 

and does not seek to harm others 1444 

33:16 This is the person who will live in a secure place; 1445 

he will find safety in the rocky, mountain strongholds; 1446 

he will have food

and a constant supply of water.

33:17 You will see a king in his splendor; 1447 

you will see a wide land. 1448 

33:18 Your mind will recall the terror you experienced, 1449 

and you will ask yourselves, 1450  “Where is the scribe?

Where is the one who weighs the money?

Where is the one who counts the towers? 1451 

33:19 You will no longer see a defiant 1452  people

whose language you do not comprehend, 1453 

whose derisive speech you do not understand. 1454 

33:20 Look at Zion, the city where we hold religious festivals!

You 1455  will see Jerusalem, 1456 

a peaceful settlement,

a tent that stays put; 1457 

its stakes will never be pulled up;

none of its ropes will snap in two.

33:21 Instead the Lord will rule there as our mighty king. 1458 

Rivers and wide streams will flow through it; 1459 

no war galley will enter; 1460 

no large ships will sail through. 1461 

33:22 For the Lord, our ruler,

the Lord, our commander,

the Lord, our king

he will deliver us.

33:23 Though at this time your ropes are slack, 1462 

the mast is not secured, 1463 

and the sail 1464  is not unfurled,

at that time you will divide up a great quantity of loot; 1465 

even the lame will drag off plunder. 1466 

33:24 No resident of Zion 1467  will say, “I am ill;

the people who live there will have their sin forgiven.

The Lord Will Judge Edom

34:1 Come near, you nations, and listen!

Pay attention, you people!

The earth and everything it contains must listen,

the world and everything that lives in it. 1468 

34:2 For the Lord is angry at all the nations

and furious with all their armies.

He will annihilate them and slaughter them.

34:3 Their slain will be left unburied, 1469 

their corpses will stink; 1470 

the hills will soak up their blood. 1471 

34:4 All the stars in the sky will fade away, 1472 

the sky will roll up like a scroll;

all its stars will wither,

like a leaf withers and falls from a vine

or a fig withers and falls from a tree. 1473 

34:5 He says, 1474  “Indeed, my sword has slaughtered heavenly powers. 1475 

Look, it now descends on Edom, 1476 

on the people I will annihilate in judgment.”

34:6 The Lord’s sword is dripping with blood,

it is covered 1477  with fat;

it drips 1478  with the blood of young rams and goats

and is covered 1479  with the fat of rams’ kidneys.

For the Lord is holding a sacrifice 1480  in Bozrah, 1481 

a bloody 1482  slaughter in the land of Edom.

34:7 Wild oxen will be slaughtered 1483  along with them,

as well as strong bulls. 1484 

Their land is drenched with blood,

their soil is covered with fat.

34:8 For the Lord has planned a day of revenge, 1485 

a time when he will repay Edom for her hostility toward Zion. 1486 

34:9 Edom’s 1487  streams will be turned into pitch

and her soil into brimstone;

her land will become burning pitch.

34:10 Night and day it will burn; 1488 

its smoke will ascend continually.

Generation after generation it will be a wasteland

and no one will ever pass through it again.

34:11 Owls and wild animals 1489  will live there, 1490 

all kinds of wild birds 1491  will settle in it.

The Lord 1492  will stretch out over her

the measuring line of ruin

and the plumb line 1493  of destruction. 1494 

34:12 Her nobles will have nothing left to call a kingdom

and all her officials will disappear. 1495 

34:13 Her fortresses will be overgrown with thorns;

thickets and weeds will grow 1496  in her fortified cities.

Jackals will settle there;

ostriches will live there. 1497 

34:14 Wild animals and wild dogs will congregate there; 1498 

wild goats will bleat to one another. 1499 

Yes, nocturnal animals 1500  will rest there

and make for themselves a nest. 1501 

34:15 Owls 1502  will make nests and lay eggs 1503  there;

they will hatch them and protect them. 1504 

Yes, hawks 1505  will gather there,

each with its mate.

34:16 Carefully read the scroll of the Lord! 1506 

Not one of these creatures will be missing, 1507 

none will lack a mate. 1508 

For the Lord has issued the decree, 1509 

and his own spirit gathers them. 1510 

34:17 He assigns them their allotment; 1511 

he measures out their assigned place. 1512 

They will live there 1513  permanently;

they will settle in it through successive generations.

The Land and Its People Are Transformed

35:1 Let the desert and dry region be happy; 1514 

let the wilderness 1515  rejoice and bloom like a lily!

35:2 Let it richly bloom; 1516 

let it rejoice and shout with delight! 1517 

It is given the grandeur 1518  of Lebanon,

the splendor of Carmel and Sharon.

They will see the grandeur of the Lord,

the splendor of our God.

35:3 Strengthen the hands that have gone limp,

steady the knees that shake! 1519 

35:4 Tell those who panic, 1520 

“Be strong! Do not fear!

Look, your God comes to avenge!

With divine retribution he comes to deliver you.” 1521 

35:5 Then blind eyes will open,

deaf ears will hear.

35:6 Then the lame will leap like a deer,

the mute tongue will shout for joy;

for water will flow 1522  in the desert,

streams in the wilderness. 1523 

35:7 The dry soil will become a pool of water,

the parched ground springs of water.

Where jackals once lived and sprawled out,

grass, reeds, and papyrus will grow.

35:8 A thoroughfare will be there

it will be called the Way of Holiness. 1524 

The unclean will not travel on it;

it is reserved for those authorized to use it 1525 

fools 1526  will not stray into it.

35:9 No lions will be there,

no ferocious wild animals will be on it 1527 

they will not be found there.

Those delivered from bondage will travel on it,

35:10 those whom the Lord has ransomed will return that way. 1528 

They will enter Zion with a happy shout.

Unending joy will crown them, 1529 

happiness and joy will overwhelm 1530  them;

grief and suffering will disappear. 1531 

Sennacherib Invades Judah

36:1 In the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah’s reign, 1532  King Sennacherib of Assyria marched up against all the fortified cities of Judah and captured them. 36:2 The king of Assyria sent his chief adviser 1533  from Lachish to King Hezekiah in Jerusalem, 1534  along with a large army. The chief adviser 1535  stood at the conduit of the upper pool which is located on the road to the field where they wash and dry cloth. 1536  36:3 Eliakim son of Hilkiah, the palace supervisor, accompanied by Shebna the scribe and Joah son of Asaph, the secretary, went out to meet him.

36:4 The chief adviser said to them, “Tell Hezekiah: ‘This is what the great king, the king of Assyria, says: “What is your source of confidence? 1537  36:5 Your claim to have a strategy and military strength is just empty talk. 1538  In whom are you trusting, that you would dare to rebel against me? 36:6 Look, you must be trusting in Egypt, that splintered reed staff. If someone leans on it for support, it punctures his hand and wounds him. That is what Pharaoh king of Egypt does to all who trust in him! 36:7 Perhaps you will tell me, ‘We are trusting in the Lord our God.’ But Hezekiah is the one who eliminated his high places and altars and then told the people of Judah and Jerusalem, ‘You must worship at this altar.’ 36:8 Now make a deal with my master the king of Assyria, and I will give you two thousand horses, provided you can find enough riders for them. 36:9 Certainly you will not refuse one of my master’s minor officials and trust in Egypt for chariots and horsemen. 1539  36:10 Furthermore it was by the command of the Lord that I marched up against this land to destroy it. The Lord told me, ‘March up against this land and destroy it!’”’ 1540 

36:11 Eliakim, Shebna, and Joah said to the chief adviser, “Speak to your servants in Aramaic, 1541  for we understand it. Don’t speak with us in the Judahite dialect 1542  in the hearing of the people who are on the wall.” 36:12 But the chief adviser said, “My master did not send me to speak these words only to your master and to you. 1543  His message is also for the men who sit on the wall, for they will eat their own excrement and drink their own urine along with you! 1544 

36:13 The chief adviser then stood there and called out loudly in the Judahite dialect, 1545 Listen to the message of the great king, the king of Assyria. 36:14 This is what the king says: ‘Don’t let Hezekiah mislead you, for he is not able to rescue you! 36:15 Don’t let Hezekiah talk you into trusting in the Lord by saying, “The Lord will certainly rescue us; this city will not be handed over to the king of Assyria.” 36:16 Don’t listen to Hezekiah!’ For this is what the king of Assyria says, ‘Send me a token of your submission and surrender to me. 1546  Then each of you may eat from his own vine and fig tree and drink water from his own cistern, 36:17 until I come and take you to a land just like your own – a land of grain and new wine, a land of bread and vineyards. 36:18 Hezekiah is misleading you when he says, “The Lord will rescue us.” Has any of the gods of the nations rescued his land from the power of the king of Assyria? 1547  36:19 Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim? 1548  Indeed, did any gods rescue Samaria 1549  from my power? 1550  36:20 Who among all the gods of these lands have rescued their lands from my power? So how can the Lord rescue Jerusalem from my power?’ 1551  36:21 They were silent and did not respond, for the king had ordered, “Don’t respond to him.”

36:22 Eliakim son of Hilkiah, the palace supervisor, accompanied by Shebna the scribe and Joah son of Asaph, the secretary, went to Hezekiah with their clothes torn in grief 1552  and reported to him what the chief adviser had said. 37:1 When King Hezekiah heard this, 1553  he tore his clothes, put on sackcloth, and went to the Lord’s temple. 37:2 Eliakim the palace supervisor, Shebna the scribe, and the leading priests, 1554  clothed in sackcloth, sent this message to the prophet Isaiah son of Amoz: 37:3 This is what Hezekiah says: 1555  ‘This is a day of distress, insults, 1556  and humiliation, 1557  as when a baby is ready to leave the birth canal, but the mother lacks the strength to push it through. 1558  37:4 Perhaps the Lord your God will hear all these things the chief adviser has spoken on behalf of his master, the king of Assyria, who sent him to taunt the living God. 1559  When the Lord your God hears, perhaps he will punish him for the things he has said. 1560  So pray for this remnant that remains.’ 1561 

37:5 When King Hezekiah’s servants came to Isaiah, 37:6 Isaiah said to them, “Tell your master this: ‘This is what the Lord says: “Don’t be afraid because of the things you have heard – these insults the king of Assyria’s servants have hurled against me. 1562  37:7 Look, I will take control of his mind; 1563  he will receive a report and return to his own land. I will cut him down 1564  with a sword in his own land.”’

37:8 When the chief adviser heard the king of Assyria had departed from Lachish, he left and went to Libnah, where the king was campaigning. 1565  37:9 The king 1566  heard that King Tirhakah of Ethiopia 1567  was marching out to fight him. 1568  He again sent 1569  messengers to Hezekiah, ordering them: 37:10 Tell King Hezekiah of Judah this: ‘Don’t let your God in whom you trust mislead you when he says, “Jerusalem will not be handed over to the king of Assyria.” 37:11 Certainly you have heard how the kings of Assyria have annihilated all lands. 1570  Do you really think you will be rescued? 1571  37:12 Were the nations whom my predecessors 1572  destroyed – the nations of Gozan, Haran, Rezeph, and the people of Eden in Telassar – rescued by their gods? 1573  37:13 Where are the king of Hamath, the king of Arpad, and the kings of Lair, 1574  Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivvah?’

37:14 Hezekiah took the letter 1575  from the messengers and read it. 1576  Then Hezekiah went up to the Lord’s temple and spread it out before the Lord. 37:15 Hezekiah prayed before the Lord: 37:16 O Lord who commands armies, O God of Israel, who is enthroned on the cherubim! 1577  You alone are God over all the kingdoms of the earth. You made the sky 1578  and the earth. 37:17 Pay attention, Lord, and hear! Open your eyes, Lord, and observe! Listen to this entire message Sennacherib sent and how he taunts the living God! 1579  37:18 It is true, Lord, that the kings of Assyria have destroyed all the nations 1580  and their lands. 37:19 They have burned the gods of the nations, 1581  for they are not really gods, but only the product of human hands manufactured from wood and stone. That is why the Assyrians could destroy them. 1582  37:20 Now, O Lord our God, rescue us from his power, so all the kingdoms of the earth may know that you alone are the Lord.” 1583 

37:21 Isaiah son of Amoz sent this message to Hezekiah: “This is what the Lord God of Israel says: ‘Because you prayed to me concerning King Sennacherib of Assyria, 1584  37:22 this is what the Lord says about him: 1585 

“The virgin daughter Zion 1586 

despises you – she makes fun of you;

daughter Jerusalem

shakes her head after you. 1587 

37:23 Whom have you taunted and hurled insults at?

At whom have you shouted

and looked so arrogantly? 1588 

At the Holy One of Israel! 1589 

37:24 Through your messengers you taunted the sovereign master, 1590 

‘With my many chariots I climbed up

the high mountains,

the slopes of Lebanon.

I cut down its tall cedars

and its best evergreens.

I invaded its most remote regions, 1591 

its thickest woods.

37:25 I dug wells

and drank water. 1592 

With the soles of my feet I dried up

all the rivers of Egypt.’

37:26 1593 

Certainly you must have heard! 1594 

Long ago I worked it out,

in ancient times I planned 1595  it,

and now I am bringing it to pass.

The plan is this:

Fortified cities will crash

into heaps of ruins. 1596 

37:27 Their residents are powerless; 1597 

they are terrified and ashamed.

They are as short-lived as plants in the field

or green vegetation. 1598 

They are as short-lived as grass on the rooftops 1599 

when it is scorched by the east wind. 1600 

37:28 I know where you live

and everything you do

and how you rage against me. 1601 

37:29 Because you rage against me

and the uproar you create has reached my ears, 1602 

I will put my hook in your nose, 1603 

and my bridle between your lips,

and I will lead you back

the way you came.”

37:30 1604 

This will be your reminder that I have spoken the truth: 1605  This year you will eat what grows wild, 1606  and next year 1607  what grows on its own. But the year after that 1608  you will plant seed and harvest crops; you will plant vines and consume their produce. 1609  37:31 Those who remain in Judah will take root in the ground and bear fruit. 1610 

37:32For a remnant will leave Jerusalem;

survivors will come out of Mount Zion.

The intense devotion of the Lord who commands armies 1611  will accomplish this.

37:33 So this is what the Lord says about the king of Assyria:

‘He will not enter this city,

nor will he shoot an arrow here. 1612 

He will not attack it with his shielded warriors, 1613 

nor will he build siege works against it.

37:34 He will go back the way he came

he will not enter this city,’ says the Lord.

37:35 I will shield this city and rescue it for the sake of my reputation and because of my promise to David my servant.”’ 1614 

37:36 The Lord’s messenger 1615  went out and killed 185,000 troops 1616  in the Assyrian camp. When they 1617  got up early the next morning, there were all the corpses! 1618  37:37 So King Sennacherib of Assyria broke camp and went on his way. He went home and stayed in Nineveh. 1619  37:38 One day, 1620  as he was worshiping 1621  in the temple of his god Nisroch, 1622  his sons Adrammelech and Sharezer struck him down with the sword. 1623  They ran away to the land of Ararat; his son Esarhaddon replaced him as king.

The Lord Hears Hezekiah’s Prayer

38:1 In those days Hezekiah was stricken with a terminal illness. 1624  The prophet Isaiah son of Amoz visited him and told him, “This is what the Lord says, ‘Give instructions to your household, for you are about to die; you will not get well.’ 38:2 Hezekiah turned his face to the wall and prayed to the Lord, 38:3 Please, Lord. Remember how I have served you 1625  faithfully and with wholehearted devotion, 1626  and how I have carried out your will.” 1627  Then Hezekiah wept bitterly. 1628 

38:4 The Lord told Isaiah, 1629  38:5 Go and tell Hezekiah: ‘This is what the Lord God of your ancestor 1630  David says: “I have heard your prayer; I have seen your tears. Look, I will add fifteen years to your life, 38:6 and rescue you and this city from the king of Assyria. I will shield this city.”’ 38:7 Isaiah replied, 1631  “This is your sign from the Lord confirming that the Lord will do what he has said: 38:8 Look, I will make the shadow go back ten steps on the stairs of Ahaz.” 1632  And then the shadow went back ten steps. 1633 

Hezekiah’s Song of Thanks

38:9 This is the prayer of King Hezekiah of Judah when he was sick and then recovered from his illness:

38:10I thought, 1634 

‘In the middle of my life 1635  I must walk through the gates of Sheol,

I am deprived 1636  of the rest of my years.’

38:11I thought,

I will no longer see the Lord 1637  in the land of the living,

I will no longer look on humankind with the inhabitants of the world. 1638 

38:12 My dwelling place 1639  is removed and taken away 1640  from me

like a shepherd’s tent.

I rolled up my life like a weaver rolls cloth; 1641 

from the loom he cuts me off. 1642 

You turn day into night and end my life. 1643 

38:13 I cry out 1644  until morning;

like a lion he shatters all my bones;

you turn day into night and end my life. 1645 

38:14 Like a swallow or a thrush I chirp,

I coo 1646  like a dove;

my eyes grow tired from looking up to the sky. 1647 

O sovereign master, 1648  I am oppressed;

help me! 1649 

38:15 What can I say?

He has decreed and acted. 1650 

I will walk slowly all my years because I am overcome with grief. 1651 

38:16 O sovereign master, your decrees can give men life;

may years of life be restored to me. 1652 

Restore my health 1653  and preserve my life.’

38:17Look, the grief I experienced was for my benefit. 1654 

You delivered me 1655  from the pit of oblivion. 1656 

For you removed all my sins from your sight. 1657 

38:18 Indeed 1658  Sheol does not give you thanks;

death does not 1659  praise you.

Those who descend into the pit do not anticipate your faithfulness.

38:19 The living person, the living person, he gives you thanks,

as I do today.

A father tells his sons about your faithfulness.

38:20 The Lord is about to deliver me, 1660 

and we will celebrate with music 1661 

for the rest of our lives in the Lord’s temple.” 1662 

38:21 1663  Isaiah ordered, “Let them take a fig cake and apply it to the ulcerated sore and he will get well.” 38:22 Hezekiah said, “What is the confirming sign that I will go up to the Lord’s temple?

Messengers from Babylon Visit Hezekiah

39:1 At that time Merodach-Baladan son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a gift to Hezekiah, for he heard that Hezekiah had been ill and had recovered. 39:2 Hezekiah welcomed 1664  them and showed them his storehouse with its silver, gold, spices, and high-quality olive oil, as well as his whole armory and everything in his treasuries. Hezekiah showed them everything in his palace and in his whole kingdom. 1665  39:3 Isaiah the prophet visited King Hezekiah and asked him, “What did these men say? Where do they come from?” Hezekiah replied, “They come from the distant land of Babylon.” 39:4 Isaiah 1666  asked, “What have they seen in your palace?” Hezekiah replied, “They have seen everything in my palace. I showed them everything in my treasuries.” 39:5 Isaiah said to Hezekiah, “Listen to the word of the Lord who commands armies: 39:6 Look, a time is coming when everything in your palace and the things your ancestors 1667  have accumulated to this day will be carried away to Babylon; nothing will be left,’ says the Lord. 39:7 Some of your very own descendants whom you father 1668  will be taken away and will be made eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.’ 39:8 Hezekiah said to Isaiah, “The Lord’s word which you have announced is appropriate.” 1669  Then he thought, 1670 For 1671  there will be peace and stability during my lifetime.”

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