Bible: Hosea 1-3
This is the word of the
Symbols of Sin and Judgment: The Prostitute and Her Children
1:2 When the
1:6 She conceived again and gave birth to a daughter. Then the
1:8 When 37 she had weaned ‘No Pity’ (Lo-Ruhamah) she conceived again and gave birth to another son. 1:9 Then the
The Restoration of Israel
1:10 42 However, 43 in the future the number of the people 44 of Israel will be like the sand of the sea which can be neither measured nor numbered. Although 45 it was said to them, “You are not my people,” it will be said to them, “You are 46 children 47 of the living God!” 1:11 Then the people 48 of Judah and the people of Israel will be gathered together. They will appoint for themselves one leader, 49 and will flourish in the land. 50 Certainly, 51 the day of Jezreel will be great! 2:1 Then you will call 52 your 53 brother, “My People” (Ammi)! You will call your sister, “Pity” (Ruhamah)!
Idolatrous Israel Will Be Punished Like a Prostitute
(for 56 she is not my wife, and I am not her husband),
and turn away from her sexually immoral behavior. 59
2:3 Otherwise, I will strip her naked,
and expose her like she was when she was born.
I will turn her land into a wilderness
and make her country a parched land,
so that I might kill 60 her with thirst.
2:4 I will have no pity on her children, 61
because they are children conceived in adultery. 62
2:5 For their mother has committed adultery;
she who conceived them has acted shamefully.
they are the ones who give me my bread and my water,
my wool, my flax, my olive oil, and my wine. 65
’s Discipline Will Bring Israel Back
2:7 Then she will pursue her lovers, but she will not catch 71 them;
she will seek them, but she will not find them. 72
Then she will say,
because I was better off then than I am now.” 75
Agricultural Fertility Withdrawn from Israel
who gave her the grain, the new wine, and the olive oil;
and that it was I who 80 lavished on her the silver and gold –
and my new wine when it ripens; 85
I will take away my wool and my flax
and no one will be able to rescue her from me! 90
2:11 I will put an end to all her celebration:
her annual religious festivals,
monthly new moon celebrations,
and weekly Sabbath festivities –
all her appointed festivals.
2:12 I will destroy her vines and fig trees,
about which she said, “These are my wages for prostitution 91
that my lovers gave to me!”
I will turn her cultivated vines and fig trees 92 into an uncultivated thicket,
so that wild animals 93 will devour them.
2:13 “I will punish her for the festival days
when she burned incense to the Baal idols; 94
she adorned herself with earrings and jewelry,
and went after her lovers,
Future Repentance and Restoration of Israel
2:14 However, in the future I will allure her; 97
I will lead 98 her back into the wilderness,
and speak tenderly to her.
2:15 From there I will give back her vineyards to her,
There she will sing as she did when she was young, 101
when 102 she came up from the land of Egypt.
2:16 “At that time,” 103 declares the
so that you will never again utter their names!” 111
New Covenant Relationship with Repentant Israel
2:18 “At that time 112 I will make a covenant for them with the wild animals,
the birds of the air, and the creatures that crawl on the ground.
I will abolish 113 the warrior’s bow and sword
– that is, every weapon of warfare 114 – from the land,
and I will allow them to live securely.” 115
2:19 I will commit myself to you 116 forever;
I will commit myself to you in 117 righteousness and justice,
in steadfast love and tender compassion.
2:20 I will commit myself to you in faithfulness;
Agricultural Fertility Restored to the Repentant Nation
“I will respond to the sky,
and the sky 123 will respond to the ground;
2:22 then the ground will respond to the grain, the new wine, and the olive oil;
and they will respond to ‘God Plants’ (Jezreel)! 124
2:23 Then I will plant her as my own 125 in the land.
I will have pity on ‘No Pity’ (Lo-Ruhamah).
I will say to ‘Not My People’ (Lo-Ammi), ‘You are my people!’
An Illustration of God’s Love for Idolatrous Israel