Bible: Hebrews 8-10

The High Priest of a Better Covenant

8:1 Now the main point of what we are saying is this: 1  We have such a high priest, one who sat down at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, 2  8:2 a minister in the sanctuary and the true tabernacle that the Lord, not man, set up. 8:3 For every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices. So this one too had to have something to offer. 8:4 Now if he were on earth, he would not be a priest, since there are already priests who offer 3  the gifts prescribed by the law. 8:5 The place where they serve is 4  a sketch 5  and shadow of the heavenly sanctuary, just as Moses was warned by God as he was about to complete the tabernacle. For he says, “See that you make everything according to the design 6  shown to you on the mountain.” 7  8:6 But 8  now Jesus 9  has obtained a superior ministry, since 10  the covenant that he mediates is also better and is enacted 11  on better promises. 12 

8:7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, no one would have looked for a second one. 13  8:8 But 14  showing its fault, 15  God 16  says to them, 17 

Look, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will complete a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.

8:9It will not be like the covenant 18  that I made with their fathers, on the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they did not continue in my covenant and I had no regard for them, says the Lord.

8:10For this is the covenant that I will establish with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord. I will put 19  my laws in their minds 20  and I will inscribe them on their hearts. And I will be their God and they will be my people. 21 

8:11And there will be no need at all 22  for each one to teach his countryman or each one to teach his brother saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ since they will all know me, from the least to the greatest. 23 

8:12For I will be merciful toward their evil deeds, and their sins I will remember no longer.” 24 

8:13 When he speaks of a new covenant, 25  he makes the first obsolete. Now what is growing obsolete and aging is about to disappear. 26 

The Arrangement and Ritual of the Earthly Sanctuary

9:1 Now the first covenant, 27  in fact, had regulations for worship and its earthly sanctuary. 9:2 For a tent was prepared, the outer one, 28  which contained 29  the lampstand, the table, and the presentation of the loaves; this 30  is called the holy place. 9:3 And after the second curtain there was a tent called the holy of holies. 9:4 It contained the golden altar of incense and the ark of the covenant covered entirely with gold. In this ark 31  were the golden urn containing the manna, Aaron’s rod that budded, and the stone tablets of the covenant. 9:5 And above the ark 32  were the cherubim 33  of glory overshadowing the mercy seat. Now is not the time to speak of these things in detail. 9:6 So with these things prepared like this, the priests enter continually into the outer tent 34  as they perform their duties. 9:7 But only the high priest enters once a year into the inner tent, 35  and not without blood that he offers for himself and for the sins of the people committed in ignorance. 36  9:8 The Holy Spirit is making clear that the way into the holy place had not yet appeared as long as the old tabernacle 37  was standing. 9:9 This was a symbol for the time then present, when gifts and sacrifices were offered that could not perfect the conscience of the worshiper. 9:10 They served only for matters of food and drink 38  and various washings; they are external regulations 39  imposed until the new order came. 40 

Christ’s Service in the Heavenly Sanctuary

9:11 But now Christ has come 41  as the high priest of the good things to come. He passed through the greater and more perfect tent not made with hands, that is, not of this creation, 9:12 and he entered once for all into the most holy place not by the blood of goats and calves but by his own blood, and so he himself secured 42  eternal redemption. 9:13 For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a young cow sprinkled on those who are defiled consecrated them and provided ritual purity, 43  9:14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our 44  consciences from dead works to worship the living God.

9:15 And so he is the mediator 45  of a new covenant, so that those who are called may receive the eternal inheritance he has promised, 46  since he died 47  to set them free from the violations committed under the first covenant. 9:16 For where there is a will, the death of the one who made it must be proven. 48  9:17 For a will takes effect only at death, since it carries no force while the one who made it is alive. 9:18 So even the first covenant was inaugurated with blood. 49  9:19 For when Moses had spoken every command to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and goats with water and scarlet wool and hyssop and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people, 9:20 and said, “This is the blood of the covenant that God has commanded you to keep.” 50  9:21 And both the tabernacle and all the utensils of worship he likewise sprinkled with blood. 9:22 Indeed according to the law almost everything was purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness. 9:23 So it was necessary for the sketches 51  of the things in heaven to be purified with these sacrifices, 52  but the heavenly things themselves required 53  better sacrifices than these. 9:24 For Christ did not enter a sanctuary made with hands – the representation 54  of the true sanctuary 55 but into heaven itself, and he appears now in God’s presence for us. 9:25 And he did not enter to offer 56  himself again and again, the way the high priest enters the sanctuary year after year with blood that is not his own, 9:26 for then he would have had to suffer again and again since the foundation of the world. But now he has appeared once for all at the consummation of the ages to put away sin by his sacrifice. 9:27 And just as people 57  are appointed to die once, and then to face judgment, 58  9:28 so also, after Christ was offered once to bear the sins of many, 59  to those who eagerly await him he will appear a second time, not to bear sin 60  but to bring salvation. 61 

Concluding Exposition: Old and New Sacrifices Contrasted

10:1 For the law possesses a shadow of the good things to come but not the reality itself, and is therefore completely unable, by the same sacrifices offered continually, year after year, to perfect those who come to worship. 62  10:2 For otherwise would they not have ceased to be offered, since the worshipers would have been purified once for all and so have 63  no further consciousness of sin? 10:3 But in those sacrifices 64  there is a reminder of sins year after year. 10:4 For the blood of bulls and goats cannot take away sins. 65  10:5 So when he came into the world, he said,

Sacrifice and offering you did not desire, but a body you prepared for me.

10:6Whole burnt offerings and sin-offerings you took no delight in.

10:7Then I said, ‘Here I am: 66  I have come – it is written of me in the scroll of the book – to do your will, O God.’ 67 

10:8 When he says above, “Sacrifices and offerings and whole burnt offerings and sin-offeringsyou did not desire nor did you take delight in them” 68  (which are offered according to the law), 10:9 then he says, “Here I am: I have come to do your will.” 69  He does away with 70  the first to establish the second. 10:10 By his will 71  we have been made holy through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. 10:11 And every priest stands day after day 72  serving and offering the same sacrifices again and again – sacrifices that can never take away sins. 10:12 But when this priest 73  had offered one sacrifice for sins for all time, he sat down at the right hand 74  of God, 10:13 where he is now waiting 75  until his enemies are made a footstool for his feet. 76  10:14 For by one offering he has perfected for all time those who are made holy. 10:15 And the Holy Spirit also witnesses to us, for after saying, 77  10:16 This is the covenant that I will establish with them after those days, says the Lord. I will put 78  my laws on their hearts and I will inscribe them on their minds,” 79  10:17 then he says, 80 Their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no longer.” 81  10:18 Now where there is forgiveness of these, there is no longer any offering for sin.

Drawing Near to God in Enduring Faith

10:19 Therefore, brothers and sisters, 82  since we have confidence to enter the sanctuary by the blood of Jesus, 10:20 by the fresh and living way that he inaugurated for us 83  through the curtain, that is, through his flesh, 84  10:21 and since we have a great priest 85  over the house of God, 10:22 let us draw near with a sincere heart in the assurance that faith brings, 86  because we have had our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience 87  and our bodies washed in pure water. 10:23 And let us hold unwaveringly to the hope that we confess, for the one who made the promise is trustworthy. 10:24 And let us take thought of how to spur one another on to love and good works, 88  10:25 not abandoning our own meetings, as some are in the habit of doing, but encouraging each other, and even more so because you see the day 89  drawing near. 90 

10:26 For if we deliberately keep on sinning after receiving the knowledge of the truth, no further sacrifice for sins is left for us, 91  10:27 but only a certain fearful expectation of judgment and a fury 92  of fire that will consume God’s enemies. 93  10:28 Someone who rejected the law of Moses was put to death 94  without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. 95  10:29 How much greater punishment do you think that person deserves who has contempt for 96  the Son of God, and profanes 97  the blood of the covenant that made him holy, 98  and insults the Spirit of grace? 10:30 For we know the one who said, “Vengeance is mine, I will repay,” 99  and again, “The Lord will judge his people.” 100  10:31 It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

10:32 But remember the former days when you endured a harsh conflict of suffering after you were enlightened. 10:33 At times you were publicly exposed to abuse and afflictions, and at other times you came to share with others who were treated in that way. 10:34 For in fact you shared the sufferings of those in prison, 101  and you accepted the confiscation of your belongings with joy, because you knew that you certainly 102  had a better and lasting possession. 10:35 So do not throw away your confidence, because it 103  has great reward. 10:36 For you need endurance in order to do God’s will and so receive what is promised. 104  10:37 For just a little longer 105  and he who is coming will arrive and not delay. 106  10:38 But my righteous one will live by faith, and if he shrinks back, I 107  take no pleasure in him. 108  10:39 But we are not among those who shrink back and thus perish, but are among those who have faith and preserve their souls. 109 

NET Bible Study Environment