Bible: Hebrews 1:1-2:18

Introduction: God Has Spoken Fully and Finally in His Son

1:1 After God spoke long ago 1  in various portions 2  and in various ways 3  to our ancestors 4  through the prophets, 1:2 in these last days he has spoken to us in a son, 5  whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom he created the world. 6  1:3 The Son is 7  the radiance of his glory and the representation of his essence, and he sustains all things by his powerful word, 8  and so when he had accomplished cleansing for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high. 9  1:4 Thus he became 10  so far better than the angels as 11  he has inherited a name superior to theirs.

The Son Is Superior to Angels

1:5 For to which of the angels did God 12  ever say, “You are my son! Today I have fathered you? 13  And in another place 14  he says, 15 I will be his father and he will be my son.” 16  1:6 But when he again brings 17  his firstborn into the world, he says, “Let all the angels of God worship him! 18  1:7 And he says 19  of the angels, “He makes 20  his angels spirits and his ministers a flame of fire,” 21  1:8 but of 22  the Son he says, 23 

Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, 24 

and a righteous scepter 25  is the scepter of your kingdom.

1:9 You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness.

So God, your God, has anointed you over your companions 26  with the oil of rejoicing.” 27 

1:10 And,

You founded the earth in the beginning, Lord, 28 

and the heavens are the works of your hands.

1:11 They will perish, but you continue.

And they will all grow old like a garment,

1:12 and like a robe you will fold them up

and like a garment 29  they will be changed,

but you are the same and your years will never run out.” 30 

1:13 But to which of the angels 31  has he ever said, “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet? 32  1:14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent out to serve those 33  who will inherit salvation?

Warning Against Drifting Away

2:1 Therefore we must pay closer attention to what we have heard, so that we do not drift away. 2:2 For if the message spoken through angels 34  proved to be so firm that every violation 35  or disobedience received its just penalty, 2:3 how will we escape if we neglect such a great salvation? It was first communicated through the Lord and was confirmed to us by those who heard him, 2:4 while God confirmed their witness 36  with signs and wonders and various miracles and gifts of the Holy Spirit distributed 37  according to his will.

Exposition of Psalm 8: Jesus and the Destiny of Humanity

2:5 For he did not put the world to come, 38  about which we are speaking, 39  under the control of angels. 2:6 Instead someone testified somewhere:

What is man that you think of him 40  or the son of man that you care for him?

2:7 You made him lower than the angels for a little while.

You crowned him with glory and honor. 41 

2:8 You put all things under his control.” 42 

For when he put all things under his control, he left nothing outside of his control. At present we do not yet see all things under his control, 43  2:9 but we see Jesus, who was made lower than the angels for a little while, 44  now crowned with glory and honor because he suffered death, 45  so that by God’s grace he would experience 46  death on behalf of everyone. 2:10 For it was fitting for him, for whom and through whom all things exist, 47  in bringing many sons to glory, to make the pioneer 48  of their salvation perfect through sufferings. 2:11 For indeed he who makes holy and those being made holy all have the same origin, 49  and so 50  he is not ashamed to call them brothers and sisters, 51  2:12 saying, “I will proclaim your name to my brothers; 52  in the midst of the assembly I will praise you.” 53  2:13 Again he says, 54  “I will be confident in him,” and again, “Here I am, 55  with 56  the children God has given me.” 57  2:14 Therefore, since the children share in flesh and blood, he likewise shared in 58  their humanity, 59  so that through death he could destroy 60  the one who holds the power of death (that is, the devil), 2:15 and set free those who were held in slavery all their lives by their fear of death. 2:16 For surely his concern is not for angels, but he is concerned for Abraham’s descendants. 2:17 Therefore he had 61  to be made like his brothers and sisters 62  in every respect, so that he could become a merciful and faithful high priest in things relating to God, to make atonement 63  for the sins of the people. 2:18 For since he himself suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are tempted.

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