Bible: Heb 7-10

The Nature of Melchizedek’s Priesthood

7:1 Now this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, met Abraham as he was returning from defeating the kings and blessed him. 1  7:2 To him 2  also Abraham apportioned a tithe 3  of everything. 4  His name first means 5  king of righteousness, then king of Salem, that is, king of peace. 7:3 Without father, without mother, without genealogy, he has neither beginning of days nor end of life but is like the son of God, and he remains a priest for all time. 7:4 But see how great he must be, if 6  Abraham the patriarch gave him a tithe 7  of his plunder. 7:5 And those of the sons of Levi who receive the priestly office 8  have authorization according to the law to collect a tithe from the people, that is, from their fellow countrymen, 9  although they too are descendants of Abraham. 10  7:6 But Melchizedek 11  who does not share their ancestry 12  collected a tithe 13  from Abraham and blessed 14  the one who possessed the promise. 7:7 Now without dispute the inferior is blessed by the superior, 7:8 and in one case tithes are received by mortal men, while in the other by him who is affirmed to be alive. 7:9 And it could be said that Levi himself, who receives tithes, paid a tithe through Abraham. 7:10 For he was still in his ancestor Abraham’s loins 15  when Melchizedek met him.

Jesus and the Priesthood of Melchizedek

7:11 So if perfection had in fact been possible through the Levitical priesthood – for on that basis 16  the people received the law – what further need would there have been for another priest to arise, said to be in the order of Melchizedek and not in Aaron’s order? 7:12 For when the priesthood changes, a change in the law must come 17  as well. 7:13 Yet the one these things are spoken about belongs to 18  a different tribe, and no one from that tribe 19  has ever officiated at the altar. 7:14 For it is clear that our Lord is descended from Judah, yet Moses said nothing about priests in connection with that tribe. 7:15 And this is even clearer if another priest arises in the likeness of Melchizedek, 7:16 who has become a priest not by a legal regulation about physical descent 20  but by the power of an indestructible life. 7:17 For here is the testimony about him: 21 You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.” 22  7:18 On the one hand a former command is set aside 23  because it is weak and useless, 24  7:19 for the law made nothing perfect. On the other hand a better hope is introduced, through which we draw near to God. 7:20 And since 25  this was not done without a sworn affirmation – for the others have become priests without a sworn affirmation, 7:21 but Jesus 26  did so 27  with a sworn affirmation by the one who said to him, “The Lord has sworn and will not change his mind, ‘You are a priest forever’” 28  7:22 accordingly Jesus has become the guarantee 29  of a better covenant. 7:23 And the others 30  who became priests were numerous, because death prevented them 31  from continuing in office, 32  7:24 but he holds his priesthood permanently since he lives forever. 7:25 So he is able to save completely those who come to God through him, because he always lives to intercede for them. 7:26 For it is indeed fitting for us to have such a high priest: holy, innocent, undefiled, separate from sinners, and exalted above the heavens. 7:27 He has no need to do every day what those priests do, to offer sacrifices first for their own sins and then for the sins of the people, since he did this in offering himself once for all. 7:28 For the law appoints as high priests men subject to weakness, 33  but the word of solemn affirmation that came after the law appoints a son made perfect forever.

The High Priest of a Better Covenant

8:1 Now the main point of what we are saying is this: 34  We have such a high priest, one who sat down at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, 35  8:2 a minister in the sanctuary and the true tabernacle that the Lord, not man, set up. 8:3 For every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices. So this one too had to have something to offer. 8:4 Now if he were on earth, he would not be a priest, since there are already priests who offer 36  the gifts prescribed by the law. 8:5 The place where they serve is 37  a sketch 38  and shadow of the heavenly sanctuary, just as Moses was warned by God as he was about to complete the tabernacle. For he says, “See that you make everything according to the design 39  shown to you on the mountain.” 40  8:6 But 41  now Jesus 42  has obtained a superior ministry, since 43  the covenant that he mediates is also better and is enacted 44  on better promises. 45 

8:7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, no one would have looked for a second one. 46  8:8 But 47  showing its fault, 48  God 49  says to them, 50 

Look, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will complete a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.

8:9It will not be like the covenant 51  that I made with their fathers, on the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they did not continue in my covenant and I had no regard for them, says the Lord.

8:10For this is the covenant that I will establish with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord. I will put 52  my laws in their minds 53  and I will inscribe them on their hearts. And I will be their God and they will be my people. 54 

8:11And there will be no need at all 55  for each one to teach his countryman or each one to teach his brother saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ since they will all know me, from the least to the greatest. 56 

8:12For I will be merciful toward their evil deeds, and their sins I will remember no longer.” 57 

8:13 When he speaks of a new covenant, 58  he makes the first obsolete. Now what is growing obsolete and aging is about to disappear. 59 

The Arrangement and Ritual of the Earthly Sanctuary

9:1 Now the first covenant, 60  in fact, had regulations for worship and its earthly sanctuary. 9:2 For a tent was prepared, the outer one, 61  which contained 62  the lampstand, the table, and the presentation of the loaves; this 63  is called the holy place. 9:3 And after the second curtain there was a tent called the holy of holies. 9:4 It contained the golden altar of incense and the ark of the covenant covered entirely with gold. In this ark 64  were the golden urn containing the manna, Aaron’s rod that budded, and the stone tablets of the covenant. 9:5 And above the ark 65  were the cherubim 66  of glory overshadowing the mercy seat. Now is not the time to speak of these things in detail. 9:6 So with these things prepared like this, the priests enter continually into the outer tent 67  as they perform their duties. 9:7 But only the high priest enters once a year into the inner tent, 68  and not without blood that he offers for himself and for the sins of the people committed in ignorance. 69  9:8 The Holy Spirit is making clear that the way into the holy place had not yet appeared as long as the old tabernacle 70  was standing. 9:9 This was a symbol for the time then present, when gifts and sacrifices were offered that could not perfect the conscience of the worshiper. 9:10 They served only for matters of food and drink 71  and various washings; they are external regulations 72  imposed until the new order came. 73 

Christ’s Service in the Heavenly Sanctuary

9:11 But now Christ has come 74  as the high priest of the good things to come. He passed through the greater and more perfect tent not made with hands, that is, not of this creation, 9:12 and he entered once for all into the most holy place not by the blood of goats and calves but by his own blood, and so he himself secured 75  eternal redemption. 9:13 For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a young cow sprinkled on those who are defiled consecrated them and provided ritual purity, 76  9:14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our 77  consciences from dead works to worship the living God.

9:15 And so he is the mediator 78  of a new covenant, so that those who are called may receive the eternal inheritance he has promised, 79  since he died 80  to set them free from the violations committed under the first covenant. 9:16 For where there is a will, the death of the one who made it must be proven. 81  9:17 For a will takes effect only at death, since it carries no force while the one who made it is alive. 9:18 So even the first covenant was inaugurated with blood. 82  9:19 For when Moses had spoken every command to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and goats with water and scarlet wool and hyssop and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people, 9:20 and said, “This is the blood of the covenant that God has commanded you to keep.” 83  9:21 And both the tabernacle and all the utensils of worship he likewise sprinkled with blood. 9:22 Indeed according to the law almost everything was purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness. 9:23 So it was necessary for the sketches 84  of the things in heaven to be purified with these sacrifices, 85  but the heavenly things themselves required 86  better sacrifices than these. 9:24 For Christ did not enter a sanctuary made with hands – the representation 87  of the true sanctuary 88 but into heaven itself, and he appears now in God’s presence for us. 9:25 And he did not enter to offer 89  himself again and again, the way the high priest enters the sanctuary year after year with blood that is not his own, 9:26 for then he would have had to suffer again and again since the foundation of the world. But now he has appeared once for all at the consummation of the ages to put away sin by his sacrifice. 9:27 And just as people 90  are appointed to die once, and then to face judgment, 91  9:28 so also, after Christ was offered once to bear the sins of many, 92  to those who eagerly await him he will appear a second time, not to bear sin 93  but to bring salvation. 94 

Concluding Exposition: Old and New Sacrifices Contrasted

10:1 For the law possesses a shadow of the good things to come but not the reality itself, and is therefore completely unable, by the same sacrifices offered continually, year after year, to perfect those who come to worship. 95  10:2 For otherwise would they not have ceased to be offered, since the worshipers would have been purified once for all and so have 96  no further consciousness of sin? 10:3 But in those sacrifices 97  there is a reminder of sins year after year. 10:4 For the blood of bulls and goats cannot take away sins. 98  10:5 So when he came into the world, he said,

Sacrifice and offering you did not desire, but a body you prepared for me.

10:6Whole burnt offerings and sin-offerings you took no delight in.

10:7Then I said, ‘Here I am: 99  I have come – it is written of me in the scroll of the book – to do your will, O God.’ 100 

10:8 When he says above, “Sacrifices and offerings and whole burnt offerings and sin-offeringsyou did not desire nor did you take delight in them” 101  (which are offered according to the law), 10:9 then he says, “Here I am: I have come to do your will.” 102  He does away with 103  the first to establish the second. 10:10 By his will 104  we have been made holy through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. 10:11 And every priest stands day after day 105  serving and offering the same sacrifices again and again – sacrifices that can never take away sins. 10:12 But when this priest 106  had offered one sacrifice for sins for all time, he sat down at the right hand 107  of God, 10:13 where he is now waiting 108  until his enemies are made a footstool for his feet. 109  10:14 For by one offering he has perfected for all time those who are made holy. 10:15 And the Holy Spirit also witnesses to us, for after saying, 110  10:16 This is the covenant that I will establish with them after those days, says the Lord. I will put 111  my laws on their hearts and I will inscribe them on their minds,” 112  10:17 then he says, 113 Their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no longer.” 114  10:18 Now where there is forgiveness of these, there is no longer any offering for sin.

Drawing Near to God in Enduring Faith

10:19 Therefore, brothers and sisters, 115  since we have confidence to enter the sanctuary by the blood of Jesus, 10:20 by the fresh and living way that he inaugurated for us 116  through the curtain, that is, through his flesh, 117  10:21 and since we have a great priest 118  over the house of God, 10:22 let us draw near with a sincere heart in the assurance that faith brings, 119  because we have had our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience 120  and our bodies washed in pure water. 10:23 And let us hold unwaveringly to the hope that we confess, for the one who made the promise is trustworthy. 10:24 And let us take thought of how to spur one another on to love and good works, 121  10:25 not abandoning our own meetings, as some are in the habit of doing, but encouraging each other, and even more so because you see the day 122  drawing near. 123 

10:26 For if we deliberately keep on sinning after receiving the knowledge of the truth, no further sacrifice for sins is left for us, 124  10:27 but only a certain fearful expectation of judgment and a fury 125  of fire that will consume God’s enemies. 126  10:28 Someone who rejected the law of Moses was put to death 127  without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. 128  10:29 How much greater punishment do you think that person deserves who has contempt for 129  the Son of God, and profanes 130  the blood of the covenant that made him holy, 131  and insults the Spirit of grace? 10:30 For we know the one who said, “Vengeance is mine, I will repay,” 132  and again, “The Lord will judge his people.” 133  10:31 It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

10:32 But remember the former days when you endured a harsh conflict of suffering after you were enlightened. 10:33 At times you were publicly exposed to abuse and afflictions, and at other times you came to share with others who were treated in that way. 10:34 For in fact you shared the sufferings of those in prison, 134  and you accepted the confiscation of your belongings with joy, because you knew that you certainly 135  had a better and lasting possession. 10:35 So do not throw away your confidence, because it 136  has great reward. 10:36 For you need endurance in order to do God’s will and so receive what is promised. 137  10:37 For just a little longer 138  and he who is coming will arrive and not delay. 139  10:38 But my righteous one will live by faith, and if he shrinks back, I 140  take no pleasure in him. 141  10:39 But we are not among those who shrink back and thus perish, but are among those who have faith and preserve their souls. 142 

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