Bible: Genesis 37-50

Joseph’s Dreams

37:1 But Jacob lived in the land where his father had stayed, 1  in the land of Canaan. 2 

37:2 This is the account of Jacob.

Joseph, his seventeen-year-old son, 3  was taking care of 4  the flocks with his brothers. Now he was a youngster 5  working with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father’s wives. 6  Joseph brought back a bad report about them 7  to their father.

37:3 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his sons 8  because he was a son born to him late in life, 9  and he made a special 10  tunic for him. 37:4 When Joseph’s 11  brothers saw that their father loved him more than any of them, 12  they hated Joseph 13  and were not able to speak to him kindly. 14 

37:5 Joseph 15  had a dream, 16  and when he told his brothers about it, 17  they hated him even more. 18  37:6 He said to them, “Listen to this dream I had: 19  37:7 There we were, 20  binding sheaves of grain in the middle of the field. Suddenly my sheaf rose up and stood upright and your sheaves surrounded my sheaf and bowed down 21  to it! 37:8 Then his brothers asked him, “Do you really think you will rule over us or have dominion over us?” 22  They hated him even more 23  because of his dream and because of what he said. 24 

37:9 Then he had another dream, 25  and told it to his brothers. “Look,” 26  he said. “I had another dream. The sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me.” 37:10 When he told his father and his brothers, his father rebuked him, saying, “What is this dream that you had? 27  Will I, your mother, and your brothers really come and bow down to you? 28  37:11 His brothers were jealous 29  of him, but his father kept in mind what Joseph said. 30 

37:12 When his brothers had gone to graze their father’s flocks near Shechem, 37:13 Israel said to Joseph, “Your brothers 31  are grazing the flocks near Shechem. Come, I will send you to them.” “I’m ready,” 32  Joseph replied. 33  37:14 So Jacob 34  said to him, “Go now and check on 35  the welfare 36  of your brothers and of the flocks, and bring me word.” So Jacob 37  sent him from the valley of Hebron.

37:15 When Joseph reached Shechem, 38  a man found him wandering 39  in the field, so the man asked him, “What are you looking for? 37:16 He replied, “I’m looking for my brothers. Please tell 40  me where they are grazing their flocks.” 37:17 The man said, “They left this area, 41  for I heard them say, ‘Let’s go to Dothan.’” So Joseph went after his brothers and found them at Dothan.

37:18 Now Joseph’s brothers 42  saw him from a distance, and before he reached them, they plotted to kill him. 37:19 They said to one another, “Here comes this master of dreams! 43  37:20 Come now, let’s kill him, throw him into one of the cisterns, and then say that a wild 44  animal ate him. Then we’ll see how his dreams turn out! 45 

37:21 When Reuben heard this, he rescued Joseph 46  from their hands, 47  saying, 48 Let’s not take his life! 49  37:22 Reuben continued, 50  “Don’t shed blood! Throw him into this cistern that is here in the wilderness, but don’t lay a hand on him.” 51  (Reuben said this 52  so he could rescue Joseph 53  from them 54  and take him back to his father.)

37:23 When Joseph reached his brothers, they stripped him 55  of his tunic, the special tunic that he wore. 37:24 Then they took him and threw him into the cistern. (Now the cistern was empty; 56  there was no water in it.)

37:25 When they sat down to eat their food, they looked up 57  and saw 58  a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead. Their camels were carrying spices, balm, and myrrh down to Egypt. 59  37:26 Then Judah said to his brothers, “What profit is there if we kill our brother and cover up his blood? 37:27 Come, let’s sell him to the Ishmaelites, but let’s not lay a hand on him, 60  for after all, he is our brother, our own flesh.” His brothers agreed. 61  37:28 So when the Midianite 62  merchants passed by, Joseph’s brothers pulled 63  him 64  out of the cistern and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver. The Ishmaelites 65  then took Joseph to Egypt.

37:29 Later Reuben returned to the cistern to find that Joseph was not in it! 66  He tore his clothes, 37:30 returned to his brothers, and said, “The boy isn’t there! And I, where can I go? 37:31 So they took Joseph’s tunic, killed a young goat, 67  and dipped the tunic in the blood. 37:32 Then they brought the special tunic to their father 68  and said, “We found this. Determine now whether it is your son’s tunic or not.”

37:33 He recognized it and exclaimed, “It is my son’s tunic! A wild animal has eaten him! 69  Joseph has surely been torn to pieces! 37:34 Then Jacob tore his clothes, put on sackcloth, 70  and mourned for his son many days. 37:35 All his sons and daughters stood by 71  him to console him, but he refused to be consoled. “No,” he said, “I will go to the grave mourning my son.” 72  So Joseph’s 73  father wept for him.

37:36 Now 74  in Egypt the Midianites 75  sold Joseph 76  to Potiphar, one of Pharaoh’s officials, the captain of the guard. 77 

Judah and Tamar

38:1 At that time Judah left 78  his brothers and stayed 79  with an Adullamite man 80  named Hirah.

38:2 There Judah saw the daughter of a Canaanite man 81  named Shua. 82  Judah acquired her as a wife 83  and had marital relations with her. 84  38:3 She became pregnant 85  and had a son. Judah named 86  him Er. 38:4 She became pregnant again and had another son, whom she named Onan. 38:5 Then she had 87  yet another son, whom she named Shelah. She gave birth to him in Kezib. 88 

38:6 Judah acquired 89  a wife for Er his firstborn; her name was Tamar. 38:7 But Er, Judah’s firstborn, was evil in the Lord’s sight, so the Lord killed him.

38:8 Then Judah said to Onan, “Have sexual relations with 90  your brother’s wife and fulfill the duty of a brother-in-law to her so that you may raise 91  up a descendant for your brother.” 92  38:9 But Onan knew that the child 93  would not be considered his. 94  So whenever 95  he had sexual relations with 96  his brother’s wife, he withdrew prematurely 97  so as not to give his brother a descendant. 38:10 What he did was evil in the Lord’s sight, so the Lord 98  killed him too.

38:11 Then Judah said to his daughter-in-law Tamar, “Live as a widow in your father’s house until Shelah my son grows up.” For he thought, 99 I don’t want him to die like his brothers.” 100  So Tamar went and lived in her father’s house.

38:12 After some time 101  Judah’s wife, the daughter of Shua, died. After Judah was consoled, he left for Timnah to visit his sheepshearers, along with 102  his friend Hirah the Adullamite. 38:13 Tamar was told, 103 Look, your father-in-law is going up 104  to Timnah to shear his sheep.” 38:14 So she removed her widow’s clothes and covered herself with a veil. She wrapped herself and sat at the entrance to Enaim which is on the way to Timnah. (She did this because 105  she saw that she had not been given to Shelah as a wife, even though he had now grown up.) 106 

38:15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute 107  because she had covered her face. 38:16 He turned aside to her along the road and said, “Come on! I want to have sex with you.” 108  (He did not realize 109  it was his daughter-in-law.) She asked, “What will you give me in exchange for having sex with you? 110  38:17 He replied, “I’ll send you a young goat from the flock.” She asked, “Will you give me a pledge until you send it? 111  38:18 He said, “What pledge should I give you?” She replied, “Your seal, your cord, and the staff that’s in your hand.” So he gave them to her and had sex with her. 112  She became pregnant by him. 38:19 She left immediately, 113  removed her veil, and put on her widow’s clothes.

38:20 Then Judah had his friend Hirah 114  the Adullamite take a young goat to get back from the woman the items he had given in pledge, 115  but Hirah 116  could not find her. 38:21 He asked the men who were there, 117 Where is the cult prostitute 118  who was at Enaim by the road?” But they replied, “There has been no cult prostitute here.” 38:22 So he returned to Judah and said, “I couldn’t find her. Moreover, the men of the place said, ‘There has been no cult prostitute here.’ 38:23 Judah said, “Let her keep the things 119  for herself. Otherwise we will appear to be dishonest. 120  I did indeed send this young goat, but you couldn’t find her.”

38:24 After three months Judah was told, 121 Your daughter-in-law Tamar has turned to prostitution, 122  and as a result she has become pregnant.” 123  Judah said, “Bring her out and let her be burned! 38:25 While they were bringing her out, she sent word 124  to her father-in-law: “I am pregnant by the man to whom these belong.” 125  Then she said, “Identify 126  the one to whom the seal, cord, and staff belong.” 38:26 Judah recognized them and said, “She is more upright 127  than I am, because I wouldn’t give her to Shelah my son.” He did not have sexual relations with her 128  again.

38:27 When it was time for her to give birth, there were twins in her womb. 38:28 While she was giving birth, one child 129  put out his hand, and the midwife took a scarlet thread and tied it on his hand, saying, “This one came out first.” 38:29 But then he drew back his hand, and his brother came out before him. 130  She said, “How you have broken out of the womb!” 131  So he was named Perez. 132  38:30 Afterward his brother came out – the one who had the scarlet thread on his hand – and he was named Zerah. 133 

Joseph and Potiphar’s Wife

39:1 Now Joseph had been brought down to Egypt. 134  An Egyptian named Potiphar, an official of Pharaoh and the captain of the guard, 135  purchased him from 136  the Ishmaelites who had brought him there. 39:2 The Lord was with Joseph. He was successful 137  and lived 138  in the household of his Egyptian master. 39:3 His master observed that the Lord was with him and that the Lord made everything he was doing successful. 139  39:4 So Joseph found favor in his sight and became his personal attendant. 140  Potiphar appointed Joseph 141  overseer of his household and put him in charge 142  of everything he owned. 39:5 From the time 143  Potiphar 144  appointed him over his household and over all that he owned, the Lord blessed 145  the Egyptian’s household for Joseph’s sake. The blessing of the Lord was on everything that he had, both 146  in his house and in his fields. 147  39:6 So Potiphar 148  left 149  everything he had in Joseph’s care; 150  he gave no thought 151  to anything except the food he ate. 152 

Now Joseph was well built and good-looking. 153  39:7 Soon after these things, his master’s wife took notice of 154  Joseph and said, “Have sex with me.” 155  39:8 But he refused, saying 156  to his master’s wife, “Look, my master does not give any thought 157  to his household with me here, 158  and everything that he owns he has put into my care. 159  39:9 There is no one greater in this household than I am. He has withheld nothing from me except you because you are his wife. So how could I do 160  such a great evil and sin against God? 39:10 Even though she continued to speak 161  to Joseph day after day, he did not respond 162  to her invitation to have sex with her. 163 

39:11 One day 164  he went into the house to do his work when none of the household servants 165  were there in the house. 39:12 She grabbed him by his outer garment, saying, “Have sex with me!” But he left his outer garment in her hand and ran 166  outside. 167  39:13 When she saw that he had left his outer garment in her hand and had run outside, 39:14 she called for her household servants and said to them, “See, my husband brought 168  in a Hebrew man 169  to us to humiliate us. 170  He tried to have sex with me, 171  but I screamed loudly. 172  39:15 When he heard me raise 173  my voice and scream, he left his outer garment beside me and ran outside.”

39:16 So she laid his outer garment beside her until his master came home. 39:17 This is what she said to him: 174  “That Hebrew slave 175  you brought to us tried to humiliate me, 176  39:18 but when I raised my voice and screamed, he left his outer garment and ran outside.”

39:19 When his master heard his wife say, 177 This is the way 178  your slave treated me,” 179  he became furious. 180  39:20 Joseph’s master took him and threw him into the prison, 181  the place where the king’s prisoners were confined. So he was there in the prison. 182 

39:21 But the Lord was with Joseph and showed him kindness. 183  He granted him favor in the sight of the prison warden. 184  39:22 The warden put all the prisoners under Joseph’s care. He was in charge of whatever they were doing. 185  39:23 The warden did not concern himself 186  with anything that was in Joseph’s 187  care because the Lord was with him and whatever he was doing the Lord was making successful.

The Cupbearer and the Baker

40:1 After these things happened, the cupbearer 188  to the king of Egypt and the royal baker 189  offended 190  their master, the king of Egypt. 40:2 Pharaoh was enraged with his two officials, 191  the cupbearer and the baker, 40:3 so he imprisoned them in the house of the captain of the guard in the same facility where Joseph was confined. 40:4 The captain of the guard appointed Joseph to be their attendant, and he served them. 192 

They spent some time in custody. 193  40:5 Both of them, the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt, who were confined in the prison, had a dream 194  the same night. 195  Each man’s dream had its own meaning. 196  40:6 When Joseph came to them in the morning, he saw that they were looking depressed. 197  40:7 So he asked Pharaoh’s officials, who were with him in custody in his master’s house, “Why do you look so sad today? 198  40:8 They told him, “We both had dreams, 199  but there is no one to interpret them.” Joseph responded, “Don’t interpretations belong to God? Tell them 200  to me.”

40:9 So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph: 201  “In my dream, there was a vine in front of me. 40:10 On the vine there were three branches. As it budded, its blossoms opened and its clusters ripened into grapes. 40:11 Now Pharaoh’s cup was in my hand, so I took the grapes, squeezed them into his 202  cup, and put the cup in Pharaoh’s hand.” 203 

40:12This is its meaning,” Joseph said to him. “The three branches represent 204  three days. 40:13 In three more days Pharaoh will reinstate you 205  and restore you to your office. You will put Pharaoh’s cup in his hand, just as you did before 206  when you were cupbearer. 40:14 But remember me 207  when it goes well for you, and show 208  me kindness. 209  Make mention 210  of me to Pharaoh and bring me out of this prison, 211  40:15 for I really was kidnapped 212  from the land of the Hebrews and I have done nothing wrong here for which they should put me in a dungeon.”

40:16 When the chief baker saw that the interpretation of the first dream was favorable, 213  he said to Joseph, “I also appeared in my dream and there were three baskets of white bread 214  on my head. 40:17 In the top basket there were baked goods of every kind for Pharaoh, but the birds were eating them from the basket that was on my head.”

40:18 Joseph replied, “This is its meaning: The three baskets represent 215  three days. 40:19 In three more days Pharaoh will decapitate you 216  and impale you on a pole. Then the birds will eat your flesh from you.”

40:20 On the third day it was Pharaoh’s birthday, so he gave a feast for all his servants. He “lifted up” 217  the head of the chief cupbearer and the head of the chief baker in the midst of his servants. 40:21 He restored the chief cupbearer to his former position 218  so that he placed the cup in Pharaoh’s hand, 40:22 but the chief baker he impaled, just as Joseph had predicted. 219  40:23 But the chief cupbearer did not remember Joseph – he forgot him. 220 

Joseph’s Rise to Power

41:1 At the end of two full years 221  Pharaoh had a dream. 222  As he was standing by the Nile, 41:2 seven fine-looking, fat cows were coming up out of the Nile, 223  and they grazed in the reeds. 41:3 Then seven bad-looking, thin cows were coming up after them from the Nile, 224  and they stood beside the other cows at the edge of the river. 225  41:4 The bad-looking, thin cows ate the seven fine-looking, fat cows. Then Pharaoh woke up.

41:5 Then he fell asleep again and had a second dream: There were seven heads of grain growing 226  on one stalk, healthy 227  and good. 41:6 Then 228  seven heads of grain, thin and burned by the east wind, were sprouting up after them. 41:7 The thin heads swallowed up the seven healthy and full heads. Then Pharaoh woke up and realized it was a dream. 229 

41:8 In the morning he 230  was troubled, so he called for 231  all the diviner-priests 232  of Egypt and all its wise men. Pharaoh told them his dreams, 233  but no one could interpret 234  them for him. 235  41:9 Then the chief cupbearer said to Pharaoh, “Today I recall my failures. 236  41:10 Pharaoh was enraged with his servants, and he put me in prison in the house of the captain of the guards – me and the chief baker. 41:11 We each had a dream one night; each of us had a dream with its own meaning. 237  41:12 Now a young man, a Hebrew, a servant 238  of the captain of the guards, 239  was with us there. We told him our dreams, 240  and he interpreted the meaning of each of our respective dreams for us. 241  41:13 It happened just as he had said 242  to us – Pharaoh 243  restored me to my office, but he impaled the baker.” 244 

41:14 Then Pharaoh summoned 245  Joseph. So they brought him quickly out of the dungeon; he shaved himself, changed his clothes, and came before Pharaoh. 41:15 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I had a dream, 246  and there is no one who can interpret 247  it. But I have heard about you, that 248  you can interpret dreams.” 249  41:16 Joseph replied to Pharaoh, “It is not within my power, 250  but God will speak concerning 251  the welfare of Pharaoh.” 252 

41:17 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “In my dream I was standing 253  by the edge of the Nile. 41:18 Then seven fat and fine-looking cows were coming up out of the Nile, and they grazed in the reeds. 254  41:19 Then 255  seven other cows came up after them; they were scrawny, very bad-looking, and lean. I had never seen such bad-looking cows 256  as these in all the land of Egypt! 41:20 The lean, bad-looking cows ate up the seven 257  fat cows. 41:21 When they had eaten them, 258  no one would have known 259  that they had done so, for they were just as bad-looking as before. Then I woke up. 41:22 I also saw in my dream 260  seven heads of grain growing on one stalk, full and good. 41:23 Then 261  seven heads of grain, withered and thin and burned with the east wind, were sprouting up after them. 41:24 The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven good heads of grain. So I told all this 262  to the diviner-priests, but no one could tell me its meaning.” 263 

41:25 Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “Both dreams of Pharaoh have the same meaning. 264  God has revealed 265  to Pharaoh what he is about to do. 266  41:26 The seven good cows represent seven years, and the seven good heads of grain represent seven years. Both dreams have the same meaning. 267  41:27 The seven lean, bad-looking cows that came up after them represent seven years, as do the seven empty heads of grain burned with the east wind. They represent 268  seven years of famine. 41:28 This is just what I told 269  Pharaoh: God has shown Pharaoh what he is about to do. 41:29 Seven years of great abundance are coming throughout the whole land of Egypt. 41:30 But seven years of famine will occur 270  after them, and all the abundance will be forgotten in the land of Egypt. The famine will devastate 271  the land. 41:31 The previous abundance of the land will not be remembered 272  because of the famine that follows, for the famine will be very severe. 273  41:32 The dream was repeated to Pharaoh 274  because the matter has been decreed 275  by God, and God will make it happen soon. 276 

41:33So now Pharaoh should look 277  for a wise and discerning man 278  and give him authority 279  over all the land of Egypt. 41:34 Pharaoh should do 280  this – he should appoint 281  officials 282  throughout the land to collect one-fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt 283  during the seven years of abundance. 41:35 They should gather all the excess food 284  during these good years that are coming. By Pharaoh’s authority 285  they should store up grain so the cities will have food, 286  and they should preserve it. 287  41:36 This food should be held in storage for the land in preparation for the seven years of famine that will occur throughout the land of Egypt. In this way the land will survive the famine.” 288 

41:37 This advice made sense to Pharaoh and all his officials. 289  41:38 So Pharaoh asked his officials, “Can we find a man like Joseph, 290  one in whom the Spirit of God is present? 291  41:39 So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Because God has enabled you to know all this, there is no one as wise and discerning 292  as you are! 41:40 You will oversee my household, and all my people will submit to your commands. 293  Only I, the king, will be greater than you. 294 

41:41See here,” Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I place 295  you in authority over all the land of Egypt.” 296  41:42 Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his own hand and put it on Joseph’s. He clothed him with fine linen 297  clothes and put a gold chain around his neck. 41:43 Pharaoh 298  had him ride in the chariot used by his second-in-command, 299  and they cried out before him, “Kneel down!” 300  So he placed him over all the land of Egypt. 41:44 Pharaoh also said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, but without your permission 301  no one 302  will move his hand or his foot 303  in all the land of Egypt.” 41:45 Pharaoh gave Joseph the name Zaphenath-Paneah. 304  He also gave him Asenath 305  daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, 306  to be his wife. So Joseph took charge of 307  all the land of Egypt.

41:46 Now Joseph was 30 years old 308  when he began serving 309  Pharaoh king of Egypt. Joseph was commissioned by 310  Pharaoh and was in charge of 311  all the land of Egypt. 41:47 During the seven years of abundance the land produced large, bountiful harvests. 312  41:48 Joseph 313  collected all the excess food 314  in the land of Egypt during the seven years and stored it in the cities. 315  In every city he put the food gathered from the fields around it. 41:49 Joseph stored up a vast amount of grain, like the sand of the sea, 316  until he stopped measuring it because it was impossible to measure.

41:50 Two sons were born to Joseph before the famine came. 317  Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, was their mother. 318  41:51 Joseph named the firstborn Manasseh, 319  saying, 320  “Certainly 321  God has made me forget all my trouble and all my father’s house.” 41:52 He named the second child Ephraim, 322  saying, 323  “Certainly 324  God has made me fruitful in the land of my suffering.”

41:53 The seven years of abundance in the land of Egypt came to an end. 41:54 Then the seven years of famine began, 325  just as Joseph had predicted. There was famine in all the other lands, but throughout the land of Egypt there was food. 41:55 When all the land of Egypt experienced the famine, the people cried out to Pharaoh for food. Pharaoh said to all the people of Egypt, 326 Go to Joseph and do whatever he tells you.”

41:56 While the famine was over all the earth, 327  Joseph opened the storehouses 328  and sold grain to the Egyptians. The famine was severe throughout the land of Egypt. 41:57 People from every country 329  came to Joseph in Egypt to buy grain because the famine was severe throughout the earth.

Joseph’s Brothers in Egypt

42:1 When Jacob heard 330  there was grain in Egypt, he 331  said to his sons, “Why are you looking at each other? 332  42:2 He then said, “Look, I hear that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there and buy grain for us 333  so that we may live 334  and not die.” 335 

42:3 So ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt. 42:4 But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, 336  for he said, 337 What if some accident 338  happens 339  to him? 42:5 So Israel’s sons came to buy grain among the other travelers, 340  for the famine was severe in the land of Canaan.

42:6 Now Joseph was the ruler of the country, the one who sold grain to all the people of the country. 341  Joseph’s brothers came and bowed down 342  before him with 343  their faces to the ground. 42:7 When Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them, but he pretended to be a stranger 344  to them and spoke to them harshly. He asked, “Where do you come from?” They answered, 345 From the land of Canaan, to buy grain for food.” 346 

42:8 Joseph recognized his brothers, but they did not recognize him. 42:9 Then Joseph remembered 347  the dreams he had dreamed about them, and he said to them, “You are spies; you have come to see if our land is vulnerable! 348 

42:10 But they exclaimed, 349  “No, my lord! Your servants have come to buy grain for food! 42:11 We are all the sons of one man; we are honest men! Your servants are not spies.”

42:12No,” he insisted, “but you have come to see if our land is vulnerable.” 350  42:13 They replied, “Your servants are from a family of twelve brothers. 351  We are the sons of one man in the land of Canaan. The youngest is with our father at this time, 352  and one is no longer alive.” 353 

42:14 But Joseph told them, “It is just as I said to you: 354  You are spies! 42:15 You will be tested in this way: As surely as Pharaoh lives, 355  you will not depart from this place unless your youngest brother comes here. 42:16 One of you must go and get 356  your brother, while 357  the rest of you remain in prison. 358  In this way your words may be tested to see if 359  you are telling the truth. 360  If not, then, as surely as Pharaoh lives, you are spies! 42:17 He imprisoned 361  them all for three days. 42:18 On the third day Joseph said to them, “Do as I say 362  and you will live, 363  for I fear God. 364  42:19 If you are honest men, leave one of your brothers confined here in prison 365  while the rest of you go 366  and take grain back for your hungry families. 367  42:20 But you must bring 368  your youngest brother to me. Then 369  your words will be verified 370  and you will not die.” They did as he said. 371 

42:21 They said to one other, 372 Surely we’re being punished 373  because of our brother, because we saw how distressed he was 374  when he cried to us for mercy, but we refused to listen. That is why this distress 375  has come on us! 42:22 Reuben said to them, “Didn’t I say to you, ‘Don’t sin against the boy,’ but you wouldn’t listen? So now we must pay for shedding his blood! 376  42:23 (Now 377  they did not know that Joseph could understand them, 378  for he was speaking through an interpreter.) 379  42:24 He turned away from them and wept. When he turned around and spoke to them again, 380  he had Simeon taken 381  from them and tied up 382  before their eyes.

42:25 Then Joseph gave orders to fill 383  their bags with grain, to return each man’s money to his sack, and to give them provisions for the journey. His orders were carried out. 384  42:26 So they loaded their grain on their donkeys and left. 385 

42:27 When one of them 386  opened his sack to get feed for his donkey at their resting place, 387  he saw his money in the mouth of his sack. 388  42:28 He said to his brothers, “My money was returned! Here it is in my sack!” They were dismayed; 389  they turned trembling one to another 390  and said, “What in the world has God done to us? 391 

42:29 They returned to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan and told him all the things that had happened to them, saying, 42:30 The man, the lord of the land, spoke harshly to us and treated us 392  as if we were 393  spying on the land. 42:31 But we said to him, ‘We are honest men; we are not spies! 42:32 We are from a family of twelve brothers; we are the sons of one father. 394  One is no longer alive, 395  and the youngest is with our father at this time 396  in the land of Canaan.’

42:33Then the man, the lord of the land, said to us, ‘This is how I will find out if you are honest men. Leave one of your brothers with me, and take grain 397  for your hungry households and go. 42:34 But bring your youngest brother back to me so I will know 398  that you are honest men and not spies. 399  Then I will give your brother back to you and you may move about freely in the land.’ 400 

42:35 When they were emptying their sacks, there was each man’s bag of money in his sack! When they and their father saw the bags of money, they were afraid. 42:36 Their father Jacob said to them, “You are making me childless! Joseph is gone. 401  Simeon is gone. 402  And now you want to take 403  Benjamin! Everything is against me.”

42:37 Then Reuben said to his father, “You may 404  put my two sons to death if I do not bring him back to you. Put him in my care 405  and I will bring him back to you.” 42:38 But Jacob 406  replied, “My son will not go down there with you, for his brother is dead and he alone is left. 407  If an accident happens to him on the journey you have to make, then you will bring down my gray hair 408  in sorrow to the grave.” 409 

The Second Journey to Egypt

43:1 Now the famine was severe in the land. 410  43:2 When they finished eating the grain they had brought from Egypt, their father said to them, “Return, buy us a little more food.”

43:3 But Judah said to him, “The man solemnly warned 411  us, ‘You will not see my face 412  unless your brother is with you.’ 43:4 If you send 413  our brother with us, we’ll go down and buy food for you. 43:5 But if you will not send him, we won’t go down there because the man said to us, ‘You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.’

43:6 Israel said, “Why did you bring this trouble 414  on me by telling 415  the man you had one more brother?

43:7 They replied, “The man questioned us 416  thoroughly 417  about ourselves and our family, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Do you have another brother?’ 418  So we answered him in this way. 419  How could we possibly know 420  that he would say, 421 Bring your brother down?

43:8 Then Judah said to his father Israel, “Send the boy with me and we will go immediately. 422  Then we will live 423  and not die – we and you and our little ones. 43:9 I myself pledge security 424  for him; you may hold me liable. If I do not bring him back to you and place him here before you, I will bear the blame before you all my life. 425  43:10 But if we had not delayed, we could have traveled there and back 426  twice by now!

43:11 Then their father Israel said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: Take some of the best products of the land in your bags, and take a gift down to the man – a little balm and a little honey, spices and myrrh, pistachios and almonds. 43:12 Take double the money with you; 427  you must take back 428  the money that was returned in the mouths of your sacks – perhaps it was an oversight. 43:13 Take your brother too, and go right away 429  to the man. 430  43:14 May the sovereign God 431  grant you mercy before the man so that he may release 432  your other brother 433  and Benjamin! As for me, if I lose my children I lose them.” 434 

43:15 So the men took these gifts, and they took double the money with them, along with Benjamin. Then they hurried down to Egypt 435  and stood before Joseph. 43:16 When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the servant who was over his household, “Bring the men to the house. Slaughter an animal and prepare it, for the men will eat with me at noon.” 43:17 The man did just as Joseph said; he 436  brought the men into Joseph’s house. 437 

43:18 But the men were afraid when they were brought to Joseph’s house. They said, “We are being brought in because of 438  the money that was returned in our sacks last time. 439  He wants to capture us, 440  make us slaves, and take 441  our donkeys! 43:19 So they approached the man who was in charge of Joseph’s household and spoke to him at the entrance to the house. 43:20 They said, “My lord, we did indeed come down 442  the first time 443  to buy food. 43:21 But when we came to the place where we spent the night, we opened our sacks and each of us found his money – the full amount 444 in the mouth of his sack. So we have returned it. 445  43:22 We have brought additional money with us to buy food. We do not know who put the money in our sacks!

43:23Everything is fine,” 446  the man in charge of Joseph’s household told them. “Don’t be afraid. Your God and the God of your father has given you treasure in your sacks. 447  I had your money.” 448  Then he brought Simeon out to them.

43:24 The servant in charge 449  brought the men into Joseph’s house. He gave them water, and they washed their feet. Then he gave food to their donkeys. 43:25 They got their gifts ready for Joseph’s arrival 450  at noon, for they had heard 451  that they were to have a meal 452  there.

43:26 When Joseph came home, they presented him with the gifts they had brought inside, 453  and they bowed down to the ground before him. 43:27 He asked them how they were doing. 454  Then he said, “Is your aging father well, the one you spoke about? Is he still alive? 43:28 Your servant our father is well,” they replied. “He is still alive.” They bowed down in humility. 455 

43:29 When Joseph looked up 456  and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother’s son, he said, “Is this your youngest brother, whom you told me about?” Then he said, “May God be gracious to you, my son.” 457  43:30 Joseph hurried out, for he was overcome by affection for his brother 458  and was at the point of tears. 459  So he went to his room and wept there.

43:31 Then he washed his face and came out. With composure he said, 460 Set out the food.” 43:32 They set a place for him, a separate place for his brothers, 461  and another for the Egyptians who were eating with him. (The Egyptians are not able to eat with Hebrews, for the Egyptians think it is disgusting 462  to do so.) 463  43:33 They sat before him, arranged by order of birth, beginning with the firstborn and ending with the youngest. 464  The men looked at each other in astonishment. 465  43:34 He gave them portions of the food set before him, 466  but the portion for Benjamin was five times greater than the portions for any of the others. They drank with Joseph until they all became drunk. 467 

The Final Test

44:1 He instructed the servant who was over his household, “Fill the sacks of the men with as much food as they can carry and put each man’s money in the mouth of his sack. 44:2 Then put 468  my cup – the silver cup – in the mouth of the youngest one’s sack, along with the money for his grain.” He did as Joseph instructed. 469 

44:3 When morning came, 470  the men and their donkeys were sent off. 471  44:4 They had not gone very far from the city 472  when Joseph said 473  to the servant who was over his household, “Pursue the men at once! 474  When you overtake 475  them, say to them, ‘Why have you repaid good with evil? 44:5 Doesn’t my master drink from this cup 476  and use it for divination? 477  You have done wrong!’ 478 

44:6 When the man 479  overtook them, he spoke these words to them. 44:7 They answered him, “Why does my lord say such things? 480  Far be it from your servants to do such a thing! 481  44:8 Look, the money that we found in the mouths of our sacks we brought back to you from the land of Canaan. Why then would we steal silver or gold from your master’s house? 44:9 If one of us has it, 482  he will die, and the rest of us will become my lord’s slaves!

44:10 He replied, “You have suggested your own punishment! 483  The one who has it will become my slave, 484  but the rest of 485  you will go free.” 486  44:11 So each man quickly lowered 487  his sack to the ground and opened it. 44:12 Then the man 488  searched. He began with the oldest and finished with the youngest. The cup was found in Benjamin’s sack! 44:13 They all tore their clothes! Then each man loaded his donkey, and they returned to the city.

44:14 So Judah and his brothers 489  came back to Joseph’s house. He was still there, 490  and they threw themselves to the ground before him. 44:15 Joseph said to them, “What did you think you were doing? 491  Don’t you know that a man like me can find out things like this by divination? 492 

44:16 Judah replied, “What can we say 493  to my lord? What can we speak? How can we clear ourselves? 494  God has exposed the sin of your servants! 495  We are now my lord’s slaves, we and the one in whose possession the cup was found.”

44:17 But Joseph said, “Far be it from me to do this! The man in whose hand the cup was found will become my slave, but the rest of 496  you may go back 497  to your father in peace.”

44:18 Then Judah approached him and said, “My lord, please allow your servant to speak a word with you. 498  Please do not get angry with your servant, 499  for you are just like Pharaoh. 500  44:19 My lord asked his servants, ‘Do you have a father or a brother?’ 44:20 We said to my lord, ‘We have an aged father, and there is a young boy who was born when our father was old. 501  The boy’s 502  brother is dead. He is the only one of his mother’s sons left, 503  and his father loves him.’

44:21Then you told your servants, ‘Bring him down to me so I can see 504  him.’ 505  44:22 We said to my lord, ‘The boy cannot leave his father. If he leaves his father, his father 506  will die.’ 507  44:23 But you said to your servants, ‘If your youngest brother does not come down with you, you will not see my face again.’ 44:24 When we returned to your servant my father, we told him the words of my lord.

44:25Then our father said, ‘Go back and buy us a little food.’ 44:26 But we replied, ‘We cannot go down there. 508  If our youngest brother is with us, then we will go, 509  for we won’t be permitted to see the man’s face if our youngest brother is not with us.’

44:27Then your servant my father said to us, ‘You know that my wife gave me two sons. 510  44:28 The first disappeared 511  and I said, “He has surely been torn to pieces.” I have not seen him since. 44:29 If you take 512  this one from me too and an accident happens to him, then you will bring down my gray hair 513  in tragedy 514  to the grave.’ 515 

44:30So now, when I return to your servant my father, and the boy is not with us – his very life is bound up in his son’s life. 516  44:31 When he sees the boy is not with us, 517  he will die, and your servants will bring down the gray hair of your servant our father in sorrow to the grave. 44:32 Indeed, 518  your servant pledged security for the boy with my father, saying, ‘If I do not bring him back to you, then I will bear the blame before my father all my life.’

44:33So now, please let your servant remain as my lord’s slave instead of the boy. As for the boy, let him go back with his brothers. 44:34 For how can I go back to my father if the boy is not with me? I couldn’t bear to see 519  my father’s pain.” 520 

The Reconciliation of the Brothers

45:1 Joseph was no longer able to control himself before all his attendants, 521  so he cried out, “Make everyone go out from my presence!” No one remained 522  with Joseph when he made himself known to his brothers. 45:2 He wept loudly; 523  the Egyptians heard it and Pharaoh’s household heard about it. 524 

45:3 Joseph said to his brothers, “I am Joseph! Is my father still alive?” His brothers could not answer him because they were dumbfounded before him. 45:4 Joseph said to his brothers, “Come closer to me,” so they came near. Then he said, “I am Joseph your brother, whom you sold into Egypt. 45:5 Now, do not be upset and do not be angry with yourselves because you sold me here, 525  for God sent me 526  ahead of you to preserve life! 45:6 For these past two years there has been famine in 527  the land and for five more years there will be neither plowing nor harvesting. 45:7 God sent me 528  ahead of you to preserve you 529  on the earth and to save your lives 530  by a great deliverance. 45:8 So now, it is not you who sent me here, but God. He has made me an adviser 531  to Pharaoh, lord over all his household, and ruler over all the land of Egypt. 45:9 Now go up to my father quickly 532  and tell him, ‘This is what your son Joseph says: “God has made me lord of all Egypt. Come down to me; do not delay! 45:10 You will live 533  in the land of Goshen, and you will be near me – you, your children, your grandchildren, your flocks, your herds, and everything you have. 45:11 I will provide you with food 534  there because there will be five more years of famine. Otherwise you would become poor – you, your household, and everyone who belongs to you.”’ 45:12 You and my brother Benjamin can certainly see with your own eyes that I really am the one who speaks to you. 535  45:13 So tell 536  my father about all my honor in Egypt and about everything you have seen. But bring my father down here quickly! 537 

45:14 Then he threw himself on the neck of his brother Benjamin and wept, and Benjamin wept on his neck. 45:15 He kissed all his brothers and wept over them. After this his brothers talked with him.

45:16 Now it was reported 538  in the household of Pharaoh, “Joseph’s brothers have arrived.” It pleased 539  Pharaoh and his servants. 45:17 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Say to your brothers, ‘Do this: Load your animals and go 540  to the land of Canaan! 45:18 Get your father and your households and come to me! Then I will give you 541  the best land in Egypt and you will eat 542  the best 543  of the land.’ 45:19 You are also commanded to say, 544  ‘Do this: Take for yourselves wagons from the land of Egypt for your little ones and for your wives. Bring your father and come. 45:20 Don’t worry 545  about your belongings, for the best of all the land of Egypt will be yours.’

45:21 So the sons of Israel did as he said. 546  Joseph gave them wagons as Pharaoh had instructed, 547  and he gave them provisions for the journey. 45:22 He gave sets of clothes to each one of them, 548  but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and five sets of clothes. 549  45:23 To his father he sent the following: 550  ten donkeys loaded with the best products of Egypt and ten female donkeys loaded with grain, food, and provisions for his father’s journey. 45:24 Then he sent his brothers on their way and they left. He said to them, “As you travel don’t be overcome with fear.” 551 

45:25 So they went up from Egypt and came to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan. 552  45:26 They told him, “Joseph is still alive and he is ruler over all the land of Egypt!” Jacob was stunned, 553  for he did not believe them. 45:27 But when they related to him everything Joseph had said to them, 554  and when he saw the wagons that Joseph had sent to transport him, their father Jacob’s spirit revived. 45:28 Then Israel said, “Enough! My son Joseph is still alive! I will go and see him before I die.”

The Family of Jacob goes to Egypt

46:1 So Israel began his journey, taking with him all that he had. 555  When he came to Beer Sheba 556  he offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac. 46:2 God spoke to Israel in a vision during the night 557  and said, “Jacob, Jacob!” He replied, “Here I am! 46:3 He said, “I am God, 558  the God of your father. Do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I will make you into a great nation there. 46:4 I will go down with you to Egypt and I myself will certainly bring you back from there. 559  Joseph will close your eyes.” 560 

46:5 Then Jacob started out 561  from Beer Sheba, and the sons of Israel carried their father Jacob, their little children, and their wives in the wagons that Pharaoh had sent along to transport him. 46:6 Jacob and all his descendants took their livestock and the possessions they had acquired in the land of Canaan, and they went to Egypt. 562  46:7 He brought with him to Egypt his sons and grandsons, 563  his daughters and granddaughters – all his descendants.

46:8 These are the names of the sons of Israel who went to Egypt – Jacob and his sons:

Reuben, the firstborn of Jacob.

46:9 The sons of Reuben:

Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.

46:10 The sons of Simeon:

Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Zohar,

and Shaul (the son of a Canaanite woman).

46:11 The sons of Levi:

Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

46:12 The sons of Judah:

Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah

(but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan).

The sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul.

46:13 The sons of Issachar:

Tola, Puah, 564  Jashub, 565  and Shimron.

46:14 The sons of Zebulun:

Sered, Elon, and Jahleel.

46:15 These were the sons of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob in Paddan Aram, along with Dinah his daughter. His sons and daughters numbered thirty-three in all. 566 

46:16 The sons of Gad:

Zephon, 567  Haggi, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi, and Areli.

46:17 The sons of Asher:

Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, Beriah, and Serah their sister.

The sons of Beriah were Heber and Malkiel.

46:18 These were the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter. She bore these to Jacob, sixteen in all.

46:19 The sons of Rachel the wife of Jacob:

Joseph and Benjamin.

46:20 Manasseh and Ephraim were born to Joseph in the land of Egypt. Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, 568  bore them to him.

46:21 The sons of Benjamin: 569 

Bela, Beker, Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim and Ard.

46:22 These were the sons of Rachel who were born to Jacob, fourteen in all.

46:23 The son of Dan: Hushim. 570 

46:24 The sons of Naphtali:

Jahziel, Guni, Jezer, and Shillem.

46:25 These were the sons of Bilhah, whom Laban gave to Rachel his daughter. She bore these to Jacob, seven in all.

46:26 All the direct descendants of Jacob who went to Egypt with him were sixty-six in number. (This number does not include the wives of Jacob’s sons.) 571  46:27 Counting the two sons 572  of Joseph who were born to him in Egypt, all the people of the household of Jacob who were in Egypt numbered seventy. 573 

46:28 Jacob 574  sent Judah before him to Joseph to accompany him to Goshen. 575  So they came to the land of Goshen. 46:29 Joseph harnessed his chariot and went up to meet his father Israel in Goshen. When he met him, 576  he hugged his neck and wept on his neck for quite some time.

46:30 Israel said to Joseph, “Now let me die since I have seen your face and know that you are still alive.” 577  46:31 Then Joseph said to his brothers and his father’s household, “I will go up and tell Pharaoh, 578 My brothers and my father’s household who were in the land of Canaan have come to me. 46:32 The men are shepherds; 579  they take care of livestock. 580  They have brought their flocks and their herds and all that they have.’ 46:33 Pharaoh will summon you and say, ‘What is your occupation?’ 46:34 Tell him, ‘Your servants have taken care of cattle 581  from our youth until now, both we and our fathers,’ so that you may live in the land of Goshen, 582  for everyone who takes care of sheep is disgusting 583  to the Egyptians.”

Joseph’s Wise Administration

47:1 Joseph went and told Pharaoh, “My father, my brothers, their flocks and herds, and all that they own have arrived from the land of

Canaan. They are now 584  in the land of Goshen.” 47:2 He took five of his brothers and introduced them to Pharaoh. 585 

47:3 Pharaoh said to Joseph’s 586  brothers, “What is your occupation?” They said to Pharaoh, “Your servants take care of flocks, just as our ancestors did.” 587  47:4 Then they said to Pharaoh, “We have come to live as temporary residents 588  in the land. There 589  is no pasture for your servantsflocks because the famine is severe in the land of Canaan. So now, please let your servants live in the land of Goshen.”

47:5 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Your father and your brothers have come to you. 47:6 The land of Egypt is before you; settle your father and your brothers in the best region of the land. They may live in the land of Goshen. If you know of any highly capable men 590  among them, put them in charge 591  of my livestock.”

47:7 Then Joseph brought in his father Jacob and presented him 592  before Pharaoh. Jacob blessed 593  Pharaoh. 47:8 Pharaoh said to Jacob, “How long have you lived? 594  47:9 Jacob said to Pharaoh, “All 595  the years of my travels 596  are 130. All 597  the years of my life have been few and painful; 598  the years of my travels are not as long as those of my ancestors.” 599  47:10 Then Jacob blessed Pharaoh and went out from his presence. 600 

47:11 So Joseph settled his father and his brothers. He gave them territory 601  in the land of Egypt, in the best region of the land, the land of Rameses, 602  just as Pharaoh had commanded. 47:12 Joseph also provided food for his father, his brothers, and all his father’s household, according to the number of their little children.

47:13 But there was no food in all the land because the famine was very severe; the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan wasted away 603  because of the famine. 47:14 Joseph collected all the money that could be found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan as payment 604  for the grain they were buying. Then Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s palace. 605  47:15 When the money from the lands of Egypt and Canaan was used up, all the Egyptians 606  came to Joseph and said, “Give us food! Why should we die 607  before your very eyes because our money has run out?

47:16 Then Joseph said, “If your money is gone, bring your livestock, and I will give you food 608  in exchange for 609  your livestock.” 47:17 So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and Joseph gave them food in exchange for their horses, the livestock of their flocks and herds, and their donkeys. 610  He got them through that year by giving them food in exchange for livestock.

47:18 When that year was over, they came to him the next year and said to him, “We cannot hide from our 611  lord that the money is used up and the livestock and the animals belong to our lord. Nothing remains before our lord except our bodies and our land. 47:19 Why should we die before your very eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land in exchange for food, and we, with our land, will become 612  Pharaoh’s slaves. 613  Give us seed that we may live 614  and not die. Then the land will not become desolate.” 615 

47:20 So Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh. Each 616  of the Egyptians sold his field, for the famine was severe. 617  So the land became Pharaoh’s. 47:21 Joseph 618  made all the people slaves 619  from one end of Egypt’s border to the other end of it. 47:22 But he did not purchase the land of the priests because the priests had an allotment from Pharaoh and they ate from their allotment that Pharaoh gave them. That is why they did not sell their land.

47:23 Joseph said to the people, “Since I have bought you and your land today for Pharaoh, here is seed for you. Cultivate 620  the land. 47:24 When you gather in the crop, 621  give 622  one-fifth of it to Pharaoh, and the rest 623  will be yours for seed for the fields and for you to eat, including those in your households and your little children.” 47:25 They replied, “You have saved our lives! You are showing us favor, 624  and we will be Pharaoh’s slaves.” 625 

47:26 So Joseph made it a statute, 626  which is in effect 627  to this day throughout the land of Egypt: One-fifth belongs to Pharaoh. Only the land of the priests did not become Pharaoh’s.

47:27 Israel settled in the land of Egypt, in the land of Goshen, and they owned land there. They were fruitful and increased rapidly in number.

47:28 Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years; the years 628  of Jacob’s life were 147 in all. 47:29 The time 629  for Israel to die approached, so he called for his son Joseph and said to him, “If now I have found favor in your sight, put your hand under my thigh 630  and show me kindness and faithfulness. 631  Do not bury me in Egypt, 47:30 but when I rest 632  with my fathers, carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their burial place.” Joseph 633  said, “I will do as you say.”

47:31 Jacob 634  said, “Swear to me that you will do so.” 635  So Joseph 636  gave him his word. 637  Then Israel bowed down 638  at the head of his bed. 639 

Manasseh and Ephraim

48:1 After these things Joseph was told, 640 Your father is weakening.” So he took his two sons Manasseh and Ephraim with him. 48:2 When Jacob was told, 641 Your son Joseph has just 642  come to you,” Israel regained strength and sat up on his bed. 48:3 Jacob said to Joseph, “The sovereign God 643  appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed me. 48:4 He said to me, ‘I am going to make you fruitful 644  and will multiply you. 645  I will make you into a group of nations, and I will give this land to your descendants 646  as an everlasting possession.’ 647 

48:5Now, as for your two sons, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you in Egypt, they will be mine. 648  Ephraim and Manasseh will be mine just as Reuben and Simeon are. 48:6 Any children that you father 649  after them will be yours; they will be listed 650  under the names of their brothers in their inheritance. 651  48:7 But as for me, when I was returning from Paddan, Rachel died – to my sorrow 652  – in the land of Canaan. It happened along the way, some distance from Ephrath. So I buried her there on the way to Ephrath” (that is, Bethlehem). 653 

48:8 When Israel saw Joseph’s sons, he asked, “Who are these? 48:9 Joseph said to his father, “They are the 654  sons God has given me in this place.” His father 655  said, “Bring them to me so I may bless them.” 656  48:10 Now Israel’s eyes were failing 657  because of his age; he was not able to see well. So Joseph 658  brought his sons 659  near to him, and his father 660  kissed them and embraced them. 48:11 Israel said to Joseph, “I never expected 661  to see you 662  again, but now God has allowed me to see your children 663  too.”

48:12 So Joseph moved them from Israel’s knees 664  and bowed down with his face to the ground. 48:13 Joseph positioned them; 665  he put Ephraim on his right hand across from Israel’s left hand, and Manasseh on his left hand across from Israel’s right hand. Then Joseph brought them closer to his father. 666  48:14 Israel stretched out his right hand and placed it on Ephraim’s head, although he was the younger. 667  Crossing his hands, he put his left hand on Manasseh’s head, for Manasseh was the firstborn.

48:15 Then he blessed Joseph and said,

May the God before whom my fathers

Abraham and Isaac walked

the God who has been my shepherd 668 

all my life long to this day,

48:16 the Angel 669  who has protected me 670 

from all harm

bless these boys.

May my name be named in them, 671 

and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac.

May they grow into a multitude on the earth.”

48:17 When Joseph saw that his father placed his right hand on Ephraim’s head, it displeased him. 672  So he took his father’s hand to move it from Ephraim’s head to Manasseh’s head. 48:18 Joseph said to his father, “Not so, my father, for this is the firstborn. Put your right hand on his head.”

48:19 But his father refused and said, “I know, my son, I know. He too will become a nation and he too will become great. In spite of this, his younger brother will be even greater and his descendants will become a multitude 673  of nations.” 48:20 So he blessed them that day, saying,

By you 674  will Israel bless, 675  saying,

May God make you like Ephraim and Manasseh.’”

So he put Ephraim before Manasseh. 676 

48:21 Then Israel said to Joseph, “I am about to die, but God will be with you 677  and will bring you back to the land of your fathers. 48:22 As one who is above your 678  brothers, I give to you the mountain slope, 679  which I took from the Amorites with my sword and my bow.”

The Blessing of Jacob

49:1 Jacob called for his sons and said, “Gather together so I can tell you 680  what will happen to you in the future. 681 

49:2Assemble and listen, you sons of Jacob;

listen to Israel, your father.

49:3 Reuben, you are my firstborn,

my might and the beginning of my strength,

outstanding in dignity, outstanding in power.

49:4 You are destructive 682  like water and will not excel, 683 

for you got on your father’s bed, 684 

then you defiled it – he got on my couch! 685 

49:5 Simeon and Levi are brothers,

weapons of violence are their knives! 686 

49:6 O my soul, do not come into their council,

do not be united to their assembly, my heart, 687 

for in their anger they have killed men,

and for pleasure they have hamstrung oxen.

49:7 Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce,

and their fury, for it was cruel.

I will divide them in Jacob,

and scatter them in Israel! 688 

49:8 Judah, 689  your brothers will praise you.

Your hand will be on the neck of your enemies,

your father’s sons will bow down before you.

49:9 You are a lion’s cub, Judah,

from the prey, my son, you have gone up.

He crouches and lies down like a lion;

like a lioness – who will rouse him?

49:10 The scepter will not depart from Judah,

nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, 690 

until he comes to whom it belongs; 691 

the nations will obey him. 692 

49:11 Binding his foal to the vine,

and his colt to the choicest vine,

he will wash 693  his garments in wine,

his robes in the blood of grapes.

49:12 His eyes will be dark from wine,

and his teeth white from milk. 694 

49:13 Zebulun will live 695  by the haven of the sea

and become a haven for ships;

his border will extend to Sidon. 696 

49:14 Issachar is a strong-boned donkey

lying down between two saddlebags.

49:15 When he sees 697  a good resting place,

and the pleasant land,

he will bend his shoulder to the burden

and become a slave laborer. 698 

49:16 Dan 699  will judge 700  his people

as one of the tribes of Israel.

49:17 May Dan be a snake beside the road,

a viper by the path,

that bites the heels of the horse

so that its rider falls backward. 701 

49:18 I wait for your deliverance, O Lord. 702 

49:19 Gad will be raided by marauding bands,

but he will attack them at their heels. 703 

49:20 Asher’s 704  food will be rich, 705 

and he will provide delicacies 706  to royalty.

49:21 Naphtali is a free running doe, 707 

he speaks delightful words. 708 

49:22 Joseph is a fruitful bough, 709 

a fruitful bough near a spring

whose branches 710  climb over the wall.

49:23 The archers will attack him, 711 

they will shoot at him and oppose him.

49:24 But his bow will remain steady,

and his hands 712  will be skillful;

because of the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob,

because of 713  the Shepherd, the Rock 714  of Israel,

49:25 because of the God of your father,

who will help you, 715 

because of the sovereign God, 716 

who will bless you 717 

with blessings from the sky above,

blessings from the deep that lies below,

and blessings of the breasts and womb. 718 

49:26 The blessings of your father are greater

than 719  the blessings of the eternal mountains 720 

or the desirable things of the age-old hills.

They will be on the head of Joseph

and on the brow of the prince of his brothers. 721 

49:27 Benjamin is a ravenous wolf;

in the morning devouring the prey,

and in the evening dividing the plunder.”

49:28 These 722  are the twelve tribes of Israel. This is what their father said to them when he blessed them. He gave each of them an appropriate blessing. 723 

49:29 Then he instructed them, 724  “I am about to go 725  to my people. Bury me with my fathers in the cave in the field of Ephron the Hittite. 49:30 It is the cave in the field of Machpelah, near Mamre in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought for a burial plot from Ephron the Hittite. 49:31 There they buried Abraham and his wife Sarah; there they buried Isaac and his wife Rebekah; and there I buried Leah. 49:32 The field and the cave in it were acquired from the sons of Heth.” 726 

49:33 When Jacob finished giving these instructions to his sons, he pulled his feet up onto the bed, breathed his last breath, and went 727  to his people.

The Burials of Jacob and Joseph

50:1 Then Joseph hugged his father’s face. 728  He wept over him and kissed him. 50:2 Joseph instructed the physicians in his service 729  to embalm his father, so the physicians embalmed Israel. 50:3 They took forty days, for that is the full time needed for embalming. 730  The Egyptians mourned 731  for him seventy days. 732 

50:4 When the days of mourning 733  had passed, Joseph said to Pharaoh’s royal court, 734 If I have found favor in your sight, please say to Pharaoh, 735  50:5 My father made me swear an oath. He said, 736 I am about to die. Bury me 737  in my tomb that I dug for myself there in the land of Canaan.” Now let me go and bury my father; then I will return.’ 50:6 So Pharaoh said, “Go and bury your father, just as he made you swear to do.” 738 

50:7 So Joseph went up to bury his father; all Pharaoh’s officials went with him – the senior courtiers 739  of his household, all the senior officials of the land of Egypt, 50:8 all Joseph’s household, his brothers, and his father’s household. But they left their little children and their flocks and herds in the land of Goshen. 50:9 Chariots and horsemen also went up with him, so it was a very large entourage. 740 

50:10 When they came to the threshing floor of Atad 741  on the other side of the Jordan, they mourned there with very great and bitter sorrow. 742  There Joseph observed a seven day period of mourning for his father. 50:11 When the Canaanites who lived in the land saw them mourning at the threshing floor of Atad, they said, “This is a very sad occasion 743  for the Egyptians.” That is why its name was called 744  Abel Mizraim, 745  which is beyond the Jordan.

50:12 So the sons of Jacob did for him just as he had instructed them. 50:13 His sons carried him to the land of Canaan and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, near Mamre. This is the field Abraham purchased as a burial plot from Ephron the Hittite. 50:14 After he buried his father, Joseph returned to Egypt, along with his brothers and all who had accompanied him to bury his father.

50:15 When Joseph’s brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “What if Joseph bears a grudge and wants to repay 746  us in full 747  for all the harm 748  we did to him? 50:16 So they sent word 749  to Joseph, saying, “Your father gave these instructions before he died: 50:17 Tell Joseph this: Please forgive the sin of your brothers and the wrong they did when they treated you so badly.’ Now please forgive the sin of the servants of the God of your father.” When this message was reported to him, Joseph wept. 750  50:18 Then his brothers also came and threw themselves down before him; they said, “Here we are; we are your slaves.” 50:19 But Joseph answered them, “Don’t be afraid. Am 751  I in the place of God? 50:20 As for you, you meant to harm me, 752  but God intended it for a good purpose, so he could preserve the lives of many people, as you can see this day. 753  50:21 So now, don’t be afraid. I will provide for you and your little children.” Then he consoled them and spoke kindly 754  to them.

50:22 Joseph lived in Egypt, along with his father’s family. 755  Joseph lived 110 years. 50:23 Joseph saw the descendants of Ephraim to the third generation. 756  He also saw the children of Makir the son of Manasseh; they were given special inheritance rights by Joseph. 757 

50:24 Then Joseph said to his brothers, “I am about to die. But God will surely come to you 758  and lead you up from this land to the land he swore on oath to give 759  to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.” 50:25 Joseph made the sons of Israel swear an oath. He said, “God will surely come to you. Then you must carry my bones up from this place.” 50:26 So Joseph died at the age of 110. 760  After they embalmed him, his body 761  was placed in a coffin in Egypt.

NET Bible Study Environment