Bible: Genesis 32-33

Jacob Wrestles at Peniel

32:1 So Jacob went on his way and the angels of God 1  met him. 32:2 When Jacob saw them, he exclaimed, 2  “This is the camp of God!” So he named that place Mahanaim. 3 

32:3 Jacob sent messengers on ahead 4  to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the region 5  of Edom. 32:4 He commanded them, “This is what you must say to my lord Esau: ‘This is what your servant 6  Jacob says: I have been staying with Laban until now. 32:5 I have oxen, donkeys, sheep, and male and female servants. I have sent 7  this message 8  to inform my lord, so that I may find favor in your sight.’

32:6 The messengers returned to Jacob and said, “We went to your brother Esau. He is coming to meet you and has four hundred men with him.” 32:7 Jacob was very afraid and upset. So he divided the people who were with him into two camps, as well as the flocks, herds, and camels. 32:8 If Esau attacks one camp,” 9  he thought, 10 then the other camp will be able to escape.” 11 

32:9 Then Jacob prayed, 12  “O God of my father Abraham, God of my father Isaac, O Lord, you said 13  to me, ‘Return to your land and to your relatives and I will make you prosper.’ 14  32:10 I am not worthy of all the faithful love 15  you have shown 16  your servant. With only my walking stick 17  I crossed the Jordan, 18  but now I have become two camps. 32:11 Rescue me, 19  I pray, from the hand 20  of my brother Esau, 21  for I am afraid he will come 22  and attack me, as well as the mothers with their children. 23  32:12 But you 24  said, ‘I will certainly make you prosper 25  and will make 26  your descendants like the sand on the seashore, too numerous to count.’ 27 

32:13 Jacob 28  stayed there that night. Then he sent 29  as a gift 30  to his brother Esau 32:14 two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 32:15 thirty female camels with their young, forty cows and ten bulls, and twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys. 32:16 He entrusted them to 31  his servants, who divided them into herds. 32  He told his servants, “Pass over before me, and keep some distance between one herd and the next.” 32:17 He instructed the servant leading the first herd, 33  “When my brother Esau meets you and asks, ‘To whom do you belong? 34  Where are you going? Whose herds are you driving?’ 35  32:18 then you must say, 36 They belong 37  to your servant Jacob. 38  They have been sent as a gift to my lord Esau. 39  In fact Jacob himself is behind us.’ 40 

32:19 He also gave these instructions to the second and third servants, as well as all those who were following the herds, saying, “You must say the same thing to Esau when you meet him. 41  32:20 You must also say, ‘In fact your servant Jacob is behind us.’” 42  Jacob thought, 43 I will first appease him 44  by sending a gift ahead of me. 45  After that I will meet him. 46  Perhaps he will accept me.” 47  32:21 So the gifts were sent on ahead of him 48  while he spent that night in the camp. 49 

32:22 During the night Jacob quickly took 50  his two wives, his two female servants, and his eleven sons 51  and crossed the ford of the Jabbok. 52  32:23 He took them and sent them across the stream along with all his possessions. 53  32:24 So Jacob was left alone. Then a man 54  wrestled 55  with him until daybreak. 56  32:25 When the man 57  saw that he could not defeat Jacob, 58  he struck 59  the socket of his hip so the socket of Jacob’s hip was dislocated while he wrestled with him.

32:26 Then the man 60  said, “Let me go, for the dawn is breaking.” 61  “I will not let you go,” Jacob replied, 62 unless you bless me.” 63  32:27 The man asked him, 64 What is your name?” 65  He answered, “Jacob.” 32:28 No longer will your name be Jacob,” the man told him, 66  “but Israel, 67  because you have fought 68  with God and with men and have prevailed.”

32:29 Then Jacob asked, “Please tell me your name.” 69 Why 70  do you ask my name?” the man replied. 71  Then he blessed 72  Jacob 73  there. 32:30 So Jacob named the place Peniel, 74  explaining, 75  “Certainly 76  I have seen God face to face 77  and have survived.” 78 

32:31 The sun rose 79  over him as he crossed over Penuel, 80  but 81  he was limping because of his hip. 32:32 That is why to this day 82  the Israelites do not eat the sinew which is attached to the socket of the hip, because he struck 83  the socket of Jacob’s hip near the attached sinew.

Jacob Meets Esau

33:1 Jacob looked up 84  and saw that Esau was coming 85  along with four hundred men. So he divided the children among Leah, Rachel, and the two female servants. 33:2 He put the servants and their children in front, with Leah and her children behind them, and Rachel and Joseph behind them. 86  33:3 But Jacob 87  himself went on ahead of them, and he bowed toward the ground seven times as he approached 88  his brother. 33:4 But Esau ran to meet him, embraced him, hugged his neck, and kissed him. Then they both wept. 33:5 When Esau 89  looked up 90  and saw the women and the children, he asked, “Who are these people with you?” Jacob 91  replied, “The children whom God has graciously given 92  your servant.” 33:6 The female servants came forward with their children and bowed down. 93  33:7 Then Leah came forward with her children and they bowed down. Finally Joseph and Rachel came forward and bowed down.

33:8 Esau 94  then asked, “What did you intend 95  by sending all these herds to meet me?” 96  Jacob 97  replied, “To find favor in your sight, my lord.” 33:9 But Esau said, “I have plenty, my brother. Keep what belongs to you.” 33:10 No, please take them,” Jacob said. 98 If I have found favor in your sight, accept 99  my gift from my hand. Now that I have seen your face and you have accepted me, 100  it is as if I have seen the face of God. 101  33:11 Please take my present 102  that was brought to you, for God has been generous 103  to me and I have all I need.” 104  When Jacob urged him, he took it. 105 

33:12 Then Esau 106  said, “Let’s be on our way! 107  I will go in front of you.” 33:13 But Jacob 108  said to him, “My lord knows that the children are young, 109  and that I have to look after the sheep and cattle that are nursing their young. 110  If they are driven too hard for even a single day, all the animals will die. 33:14 Let my lord go on ahead of his servant. I will travel more slowly, at the pace of the herds and the children, 111  until I come to my lord at Seir.”

33:15 So Esau said, “Let me leave some of my men with you.” 112  “Why do that?” Jacob replied. 113 My lord has already been kind enough to me.” 114 

33:16 So that same day Esau made his way back 115  to Seir. 33:17 But 116  Jacob traveled to Succoth 117  where he built himself a house and made shelters for his livestock. That is why the place was called 118  Succoth. 119 

33:18 After he left Paddan Aram, Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem in the land of Canaan, and he camped near 120  the city. 33:19 Then he purchased the portion of the field where he had pitched his tent; he bought it 121  from the sons of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for a hundred pieces of money. 122  33:20 There he set up an altar and called it “The God of Israel is God.” 123 

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