Bible: Genesis 27-36
Jacob Cheats Esau out of the Blessing
27:1 When 1 Isaac was old and his eyes were so weak that he was almost blind, 2 he called his older 3 son Esau and said to him, “My son!” “Here I am!” Esau 4 replied. 27:2 Isaac 5 said, “Since 6 I am so old, I could die at any time. 7 27:3 Therefore, take your weapons – your quiver and your bow – and go out into the open fields and hunt down some wild game 8 for me. 27:4 Then prepare for me some tasty food, the kind I love, and bring it to me. Then 9 I will eat it so that I may bless you 10 before I die.”
27:5 Now Rebekah had been listening while Isaac spoke to his son Esau. 11 When Esau went out to the open fields to hunt down some wild game and bring it back, 12 27:6 Rebekah said to her son Jacob, “Look, I overheard your father tell your brother Esau, 27:7 ‘Bring me some wild game and prepare for me some tasty food. Then I will eat 13 it and bless you 14 in the presence of the
27:11 “But Esau my brother is a hairy man,” Jacob protested to his mother Rebekah, “and I have smooth skin! 22 27:12 My father may touch me! Then he’ll think I’m mocking him 23 and I’ll bring a curse on myself instead of a blessing.” 27:13 So his mother told him, “Any curse against you will fall on me, 24 my son! Just obey me! 25 Go and get them for me!”
27:14 So he went and got the goats 26 and brought them to his mother. She 27 prepared some tasty food, just the way his father loved it. 27:15 Then Rebekah took her older son Esau’s best clothes, which she had with her in the house, and put them on her younger son Jacob. 27:16 She put the skins of the young goats 28 on his hands 29 and the smooth part of his neck. 27:17 Then she handed 30 the tasty food and the bread she had made to her son Jacob.
27:18 He went to his father and said, “My father!” Isaac 31 replied, “Here I am. Which are you, my son?” 32 27:19 Jacob said to his father, “I am Esau, your firstborn. I’ve done as you told me. Now sit up 33 and eat some of my wild game so that you can bless me.” 34 27:20 But Isaac asked his son, “How in the world 35 did you find it so quickly, 36 my son?” “Because the
“Yes, 50 my son smells
like the scent of an open field
27:28 May God give you
the dew of the sky 51
and the richness 52 of the earth,
and plenty of grain and new wine.
27:29 May peoples serve you
and nations bow down to you.
and the sons of your mother will bow down to you. 55
May those who curse you be cursed,
and those who bless you be blessed.”
27:30 Isaac had just finished blessing Jacob, and Jacob had scarcely left 56 his father’s 57 presence, when his brother Esau returned from the hunt. 58 27:31 He also prepared some tasty food and brought it to his father. Esau 59 said to him, “My father, get up 60 and eat some of your son’s wild game. Then you can bless me.” 61 27:32 His father Isaac asked, 62 “Who are you?” “I am your firstborn son,” 63 he replied, “Esau!” 27:33 Isaac began to shake violently 64 and asked, “Then who else hunted game and brought it to me? I ate all of it just before you arrived, and I blessed him. 65 He will indeed be blessed!”
27:34 When Esau heard 66 his father’s words, he wailed loudly and bitterly. 67 He said to his father, “Bless me too, my father!” 27:35 But Isaac 68 replied, “Your brother came in here deceitfully and took away 69 your blessing.” 27:36 Esau exclaimed, “‘Jacob’ is the right name for him! 70 He has tripped me up 71 two times! He took away my birthright, and now, look, he has taken away my blessing!” Then he asked, “Have you not kept back a blessing for me?”
27:37 Isaac replied to Esau, “Look! I have made him lord over you. I have made all his relatives his servants and provided him with grain and new wine. What is left that I can do for you, my son?” 27:38 Esau said to his father, “Do you have only that one blessing, my father? Bless me too!” 72 Then Esau wept loudly. 73
27:39 So his father Isaac said to him,
“Indeed, 74 your home will be
away from the richness 75 of the earth,
and away from the dew of the sky above.
27:40 You will live by your sword
but you will serve your brother.
When you grow restless,
you will tear off his yoke
from your neck.” 76
27:41 So Esau hated 77 Jacob because of the blessing his father had given to his brother. 78 Esau said privately, 79 “The time 80 of mourning for my father is near; then I will kill 81 my brother Jacob!”
27:42 When Rebekah heard what her older son Esau had said, 82 she quickly summoned 83 her younger son Jacob and told him, “Look, your brother Esau is planning to get revenge by killing you. 84 27:43 Now then, my son, do what I say. 85 Run away immediately 86 to my brother Laban in Haran. 27:44 Live with him for a little while 87 until your brother’s rage subsides. 27:45 Stay there 88 until your brother’s anger against you subsides and he forgets what you did to him. Then I’ll send someone to bring you back from there. 89 Why should I lose both of you in one day?” 90
27:46 Then Rebekah said to Isaac, “I am deeply depressed 91 because of these daughters of Heth. 92 If Jacob were to marry one of these daughters of Heth who live in this land, I would want to die!” 93
28:1 So Isaac called for Jacob and blessed him. Then he commanded him, “You must not marry a Canaanite woman! 94 28:2 Leave immediately 95 for Paddan Aram! Go to the house of Bethuel, your mother’s father, and find yourself a wife there, among the daughters of Laban, your mother’s brother. 28:3 May the sovereign God 96 bless you! May he make you fruitful and give you a multitude of descendants! 97 Then you will become 98 a large nation. 99 28:4 May he give you and your descendants the blessing he gave to Abraham 100 so that you may possess the land 101 God gave to Abraham, the land where you have been living as a temporary resident.” 102 28:5 So Isaac sent Jacob on his way, and he went to Paddan Aram, to Laban son of Bethuel the Aramean and brother of Rebekah, the mother of Jacob and Esau.
28:6 Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob and sent him off to Paddan Aram to find a wife there. 103 As he blessed him, 104 Isaac commanded him, “You must not marry a Canaanite woman.” 105 28:7 Jacob obeyed his father and mother and left for Paddan Aram. 28:8 Then Esau realized 106 that the Canaanite women 107 were displeasing to 108 his father Isaac. 28:9 So Esau went to Ishmael and married 109 Mahalath, the sister of Nebaioth and daughter of Abraham’s son Ishmael, along with the wives he already had.
Jacob’s Dream at Bethel
28:10 Meanwhile Jacob left Beer Sheba and set out for Haran. 28:11 He reached a certain place 110 where he decided to camp because the sun had gone down. 111 He took one of the stones 112 and placed it near his head. 113 Then he fell asleep 114 in that place 28:12 and had a dream. 115 He saw 116 a stairway 117 erected on the earth with its top reaching to the heavens. The angels of God were going up and coming down it 28:13 and the
28:16 Then Jacob woke up 125 and thought, 126 “Surely the
28:18 Early 127 in the morning Jacob 128 took the stone he had placed near his head 129 and set it up as a sacred stone. 130 Then he poured oil on top of it. 28:19 He called that place Bethel, 131 although the former name of the town was Luz. 28:20 Then Jacob made a vow, saying, “If God is with me and protects me on this journey I am taking and gives me food 132 to eat and clothing to wear, 28:21 and I return safely to my father’s home, 133 then the
The Marriages of Jacob
29:1 So Jacob moved on 137 and came to the land of the eastern people. 138 29:2 He saw 139 in the field a well with 140 three flocks of sheep lying beside it, because the flocks were watered from that well. Now 141 a large stone covered the mouth of the well. 29:3 When all the flocks were gathered there, the shepherds 142 would roll the stone off the mouth of the well and water the sheep. Then they would put the stone back in its place over the well’s mouth.
29:4 Jacob asked them, “My brothers, where are you from?” They replied, “We’re from Haran.” 29:5 So he said to them, “Do you know Laban, the grandson 143 of Nahor?” “We know him,” 144 they said. 29:6 “Is he well?” 145 Jacob asked. They replied, “He is well. 146 Now look, here comes his daughter Rachel with the sheep.” 29:7 Then Jacob 147 said, “Since it is still the middle of the day, 148 it is not time for the flocks to be gathered. You should water the sheep and then go and let them graze some more.” 149 29:8 “We can’t,” they said, “until all the flocks are gathered and the stone is rolled off the mouth of the well. Then we water 150 the sheep.”
29:9 While he was still speaking with them, Rachel arrived with her father’s sheep, for she was tending them. 151 29:10 When Jacob saw Rachel, the daughter of his uncle Laban, 152 and the sheep of his uncle Laban, he 153 went over 154 and rolled the stone off the mouth of the well and watered the sheep of his uncle Laban. 155 29:11 Then Jacob kissed Rachel and began to weep loudly. 156 29:12 When Jacob explained 157 to Rachel that he was a relative of her father 158 and the son of Rebekah, she ran and told her father. 29:13 When Laban heard this news about Jacob, his sister’s son, he rushed out to meet him. He embraced him and kissed him and brought him to his house. Jacob 159 told Laban how he was related to him. 160 29:14 Then Laban said to him, “You are indeed my own flesh and blood.” 161 So Jacob 162 stayed with him for a month. 163
29:15 Then Laban said to Jacob, “Should you work 164 for me for nothing because you are my relative? 165 Tell me what your wages should be.” 29:16 (Now Laban had two daughters; 166 the older one was named Leah, and the younger one Rachel. 29:17 Leah’s eyes were tender, 167 but Rachel had a lovely figure and beautiful appearance.) 168 29:18 Since Jacob had fallen in love with 169 Rachel, he said, “I’ll serve you seven years in exchange for your younger daughter Rachel.” 29:19 Laban replied, “I’d rather give her to you than to another man. 170 Stay with me.” 29:20 So Jacob worked for seven years to acquire Rachel. 171 But they seemed like only a few days to him 172 because his love for her was so great. 173
29:21 Finally Jacob said 174 to Laban, “Give me my wife, for my time of service is up. 175 I want to have marital relations with her.” 176 29:22 So Laban invited all the people 177 of that place and prepared a feast. 29:23 In the evening he brought his daughter Leah 178 to Jacob, 179 and Jacob 180 had marital relations with her. 181 29:24 (Laban gave his female servant Zilpah to his daughter Leah to be her servant.) 182
29:25 In the morning Jacob discovered it was Leah! 183 So Jacob 184 said to Laban, “What in the world have you done to me! 185 Didn’t I work for you in exchange for Rachel? Why have you tricked 186 me?” 29:26 “It is not our custom here,” 187 Laban replied, “to give the younger daughter in marriage 188 before the firstborn. 29:27 Complete my older daughter’s bridal week. 189 Then we will give you the younger one 190 too, in exchange for seven more years of work.” 191
29:28 Jacob did as Laban said. 192 When Jacob 193 completed Leah’s bridal week, 194 Laban gave him his daughter Rachel to be his wife. 195 29:29 (Laban gave his female servant Bilhah to his daughter Rachel to be her servant.) 196 29:30 Jacob 197 had marital relations 198 with Rachel as well. He loved Rachel more than Leah, so he worked for Laban 199 for seven more years. 200
The Family of Jacob
29:31 When the
29:34 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “Now this time my husband will show me affection, 208 because I have given birth to three sons for him.” That is why he was named Levi. 209
29:35 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “This time I will praise the
30:1 When Rachel saw that she could not give Jacob children, she 211 became jealous of her sister. She said to Jacob, “Give me children 212 or I’ll die!” 30:2 Jacob became furious 213 with Rachel and exclaimed, “Am I in the place of God, who has kept you from having children?” 214 30:3 She replied, “Here is my servant Bilhah! Have sexual relations with 215 her so that she can bear 216 children 217 for me 218 and I can have a family through her.” 219
30:4 So Rachel 220 gave him her servant Bilhah as a wife, and Jacob had marital relations with 221 her. 30:5 Bilhah became pregnant 222 and gave Jacob a son. 223 30:6 Then Rachel said, “God has vindicated me. He has responded to my prayer 224 and given me a son.” That is why 225 she named him Dan. 226
30:7 Bilhah, Rachel’s servant, became pregnant again and gave Jacob another son. 227 30:8 Then Rachel said, “I have fought a desperate struggle with my sister, but I have won.” 228 So she named him Naphtali. 229
30:9 When Leah saw that she had stopped having children, she gave 230 her servant Zilpah to Jacob as a wife. 30:10 Soon Leah’s servant Zilpah gave Jacob a son. 231 30:11 Leah said, “How fortunate!” 232 So she named him Gad. 233
30:14 At the time 238 of the wheat harvest Reuben went out and found some mandrake plants 239 in a field and brought them to his mother Leah. Rachel said to Leah, “Give me some of your son’s mandrakes.” 30:15 But Leah replied, 240 “Wasn’t it enough that you’ve taken away my husband? Would you take away my son’s mandrakes too?” “All right,” 241 Rachel said, “he may sleep 242 with you tonight in exchange for your son’s mandrakes.” 30:16 When Jacob came in from the fields that evening, Leah went out to meet him and said, “You must sleep 243 with me because I have paid for your services 244 with my son’s mandrakes.” So he had marital relations 245 with her that night. 30:17 God paid attention 246 to Leah; she became pregnant 247 and gave Jacob a son for the fifth time. 248 30:18 Then Leah said, “God has granted me a reward 249 because I gave my servant to my husband as a wife.” 250 So she named him Issachar. 251
30:19 Leah became pregnant again and gave Jacob a son for the sixth time. 252 30:20 Then Leah said, “God has given me a good gift. Now my husband will honor me because I have given him six sons.” So she named him Zebulun. 253
30:21 After that she gave birth to a daughter and named her Dinah.
30:22 Then God took note of 254 Rachel. He paid attention to her and enabled her to become pregnant. 255 30:23 She became pregnant 256 and gave birth to a son. Then she said, “God has taken away my shame.” 257 30:24 She named him Joseph, 258 saying, “May the
The Flocks of Jacob
30:25 After Rachel had given birth 259 to Joseph, Jacob said to Laban, “Send 260 me on my way so that I can go 261 home to my own country. 262 30:26 Let me take my wives and my children whom I have acquired by working for you. 263 Then I’ll depart, 264 because you know how hard I’ve worked for you.” 265
30:27 But Laban said to him, “If I have found favor in your sight, please stay here, 266 for I have learned by divination 267 that the
30:29 “You know how I have worked for you,” Jacob replied, 269 “and how well your livestock have fared under my care. 270 30:30 Indeed, 271 you had little before I arrived, 272 but now your possessions have increased many times over. 273 The
30:31 So Laban asked, 276 “What should I give you?” “You don’t need to give me a thing,” 277 Jacob replied, 278 “but if you agree to this one condition, 279 I will continue to care for 280 your flocks and protect them: 30:32 Let me walk among 281 all your flocks today and remove from them every speckled or spotted sheep, every dark-colored lamb, 282 and the spotted or speckled goats. 283 These animals will be my wages. 284 30:33 My integrity will testify for me 285 later on. 286 When you come to verify that I’ve taken only the wages we agreed on, 287 if I have in my possession any goat that is not speckled or spotted or any sheep that is not dark-colored, it will be considered stolen.” 288 30:34 “Agreed!” said Laban, “It will be as you say.” 289
30:35 So that day Laban 290 removed the male goats that were streaked or spotted, all the female goats that were speckled or spotted (all that had any white on them), and all the dark-colored lambs, and put them in the care 291 of his sons. 30:36 Then he separated them from Jacob by a three-day journey, 292 while 293 Jacob was taking care of the rest of Laban’s flocks.
30:37 But Jacob took fresh-cut branches from poplar, almond, and plane trees. He made white streaks by peeling them, making the white inner wood in the branches visible. 30:38 Then he set up the peeled branches in all the watering troughs where the flocks came to drink. He set up the branches in front of the flocks when they were in heat and came to drink. 294 30:39 When the sheep mated 295 in front of the branches, they 296 gave birth to young that were streaked or speckled or spotted. 30:40 Jacob removed these lambs, but he made the rest of the flock face 297 the streaked and completely dark-colored animals in Laban’s flock. So he made separate flocks for himself and did not mix them with Laban’s flocks. 30:41 When the stronger females were in heat, 298 Jacob would set up the branches in the troughs in front of the flock, so they would mate near the branches. 30:42 But if the animals were weaker, he did not set the branches there. 299 So the weaker animals ended up belonging to Laban 300 and the stronger animals to Jacob. 30:43 In this way Jacob 301 became extremely prosperous. He owned 302 large flocks, male and female servants, camels, and donkeys.
Jacob’s Flight from Laban
31:1 Jacob heard that Laban’s sons were complaining, 303 “Jacob has taken everything that belonged to our father! He has gotten rich 304 at our father’s expense!” 305 31:2 When Jacob saw the look on Laban’s face, he could tell his attitude toward him had changed. 306
31:10 “Once 317 during breeding season I saw 318 in a dream that the male goats mating with 319 the flock were streaked, speckled, and spotted. 31:11 In the dream the angel of God said to me, ‘Jacob!’ ‘Here I am!’ I replied. 31:12 Then he said, ‘Observe 320 that all the male goats mating with 321 the flock are streaked, speckled, or spotted, for I have observed all that Laban has done to you. 31:13 I am the God of Bethel, 322 where you anointed 323 the sacred stone and made a vow to me. 324 Now leave this land immediately 325 and return to your native land.’”
31:14 Then Rachel and Leah replied to him, “Do we still have any portion or inheritance 326 in our father’s house? 31:15 Hasn’t he treated us like foreigners? He not only sold us, but completely wasted 327 the money paid for us! 328 31:16 Surely all the wealth that God snatched away from our father belongs to us and to our children. So now do everything God has told you.”
31:17 So Jacob immediately put his children and his wives on the camels. 329 31:18 He took 330 away all the livestock he had acquired in Paddan Aram and all his moveable property that he had accumulated. Then he set out toward the land of Canaan to return to his father Isaac. 331
31:19 While Laban had gone to shear his sheep, 332 Rachel stole the household idols 333 that belonged to her father. 31:20 Jacob also deceived 334 Laban the Aramean by not telling him that he was leaving. 335 31:21 He left 336 with all he owned. He quickly crossed 337 the Euphrates River 338 and headed for 339 the hill country of Gilead.
31:22 Three days later Laban discovered Jacob had left. 340 31:23 So he took his relatives 341 with him and pursued Jacob 342 for seven days. 343 He caught up with 344 him in the hill country of Gilead. 31:24 But God came to Laban the Aramean in a dream at night and warned him, 345 “Be careful 346 that you neither bless nor curse Jacob.” 347
31:25 Laban overtook Jacob, and when Jacob pitched his tent in the hill country of Gilead, Laban and his relatives set up camp there too. 348 31:26 “What have you done?” Laban demanded of Jacob. “You’ve deceived me 349 and carried away my daughters as if they were captives of war! 350 31:27 Why did you run away secretly 351 and deceive me? 352 Why didn’t you tell me so I could send you off with a celebration complete with singing, tambourines, and harps? 353 31:28 You didn’t even allow me to kiss my daughters and my grandchildren 354 good-bye. You have acted foolishly! 31:29 I have 355 the power to do you harm, but the God of your father told me last night, ‘Be careful 356 that you neither bless nor curse Jacob.’ 357 31:30 Now I understand that 358 you have gone away 359 because you longed desperately 360 for your father’s house. Yet why did you steal my gods?” 361
31:31 “I left secretly because I was afraid!” 362 Jacob replied to Laban. “I thought 363 you might take your daughters away from me by force. 364 31:32 Whoever has taken your gods will be put to death! 365 In the presence of our relatives 366 identify whatever is yours and take it.” 367 (Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.) 368
31:33 So Laban entered Jacob’s tent, and Leah’s tent, and the tent of the two female servants, but he did not find the idols. 369 Then he left Leah’s tent and entered Rachel’s. 370 31:34 (Now Rachel had taken the idols and put them inside her camel’s saddle 371 and sat on them.) 372 Laban searched the whole tent, but did not find them. 373 31:35 Rachel 374 said to her father, “Don’t be angry, 375 my lord. I cannot stand up 376 in your presence because I am having my period.” 377 So he searched thoroughly, 378 but did not find the idols.
31:36 Jacob became angry 379 and argued with Laban. “What did I do wrong?” he demanded of Laban. 380 “What sin of mine prompted you to chase after me in hot pursuit? 381 31:37 When you searched through all my goods, did you find anything that belonged to you? 382 Set it here before my relatives and yours, 383 and let them settle the dispute between the two of us! 384
31:38 “I have been with you for the past twenty years. Your ewes and female goats have not miscarried, nor have I eaten rams from your flocks. 31:39 Animals torn by wild beasts I never brought to you; I always absorbed the loss myself. 385 You always made me pay for every missing animal, 386 whether it was taken by day or at night. 31:40 I was consumed by scorching heat 387 during the day and by piercing cold 388 at night, and I went without sleep. 389 31:41 This was my lot 390 for twenty years in your house: I worked like a slave 391 for you – fourteen years for your two daughters and six years for your flocks, but you changed my wages ten times! 31:42 If the God of my father – the God of Abraham, the one whom Isaac fears 392 – had not been with me, you would certainly have sent me away empty-handed! But God saw how I was oppressed and how hard I worked, 393 and he rebuked you last night.”
31:43 Laban replied 394 to Jacob, “These women 395 are my daughters, these children are my grandchildren, 396 and these flocks are my flocks. All that you see belongs to me. But how can I harm these daughters of mine today 397 or the children to whom they have given birth? 31:44 So now, come, let’s make a formal agreement, 398 you and I, and it will be 399 proof that we have made peace.” 400
31:45 So Jacob took a stone and set it up as a memorial pillar. 31:46 Then he 401 said to his relatives, “Gather stones.” So they brought stones and put them in a pile. 402 They ate there by the pile of stones. 31:47 Laban called it Jegar Sahadutha, 403 but Jacob called it Galeed. 404
31:48 Laban said, “This pile of stones is a witness of our agreement 405 today.” That is why it was called Galeed. 31:49 It was also called Mizpah 406 because he said, “May the
31:51 “Here is this pile of stones and this pillar I have set up between me and you,” Laban said to Jacob. 412 31:52 “This pile of stones and the pillar are reminders that I will not pass beyond this pile to come to harm you and that you will not pass beyond this pile and this pillar to come to harm me. 413 31:53 May the God of Abraham and the god of Nahor, 414 the gods of their father, judge between us.” Jacob took an oath by the God whom his father Isaac feared. 415 31:54 Then Jacob offered a sacrifice 416 on the mountain and invited his relatives to eat the meal. 417 They ate the meal and spent the night on the mountain.
Jacob Wrestles at Peniel
32:3 Jacob sent messengers on ahead 425 to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the region 426 of Edom. 32:4 He commanded them, “This is what you must say to my lord Esau: ‘This is what your servant 427 Jacob says: I have been staying with Laban until now. 32:5 I have oxen, donkeys, sheep, and male and female servants. I have sent 428 this message 429 to inform my lord, so that I may find favor in your sight.’”
32:6 The messengers returned to Jacob and said, “We went to your brother Esau. He is coming to meet you and has four hundred men with him.” 32:7 Jacob was very afraid and upset. So he divided the people who were with him into two camps, as well as the flocks, herds, and camels. 32:8 “If Esau attacks one camp,” 430 he thought, 431 “then the other camp will be able to escape.” 432
32:9 Then Jacob prayed, 433 “O God of my father Abraham, God of my father Isaac, O
32:13 Jacob 449 stayed there that night. Then he sent 450 as a gift 451 to his brother Esau 32:14 two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 32:15 thirty female camels with their young, forty cows and ten bulls, and twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys. 32:16 He entrusted them to 452 his servants, who divided them into herds. 453 He told his servants, “Pass over before me, and keep some distance between one herd and the next.” 32:17 He instructed the servant leading the first herd, 454 “When my brother Esau meets you and asks, ‘To whom do you belong? 455 Where are you going? Whose herds are you driving?’ 456 32:18 then you must say, 457 ‘They belong 458 to your servant Jacob. 459 They have been sent as a gift to my lord Esau. 460 In fact Jacob himself is behind us.’” 461
32:19 He also gave these instructions to the second and third servants, as well as all those who were following the herds, saying, “You must say the same thing to Esau when you meet him. 462 32:20 You must also say, ‘In fact your servant Jacob is behind us.’” 463 Jacob thought, 464 “I will first appease him 465 by sending a gift ahead of me. 466 After that I will meet him. 467 Perhaps he will accept me.” 468 32:21 So the gifts were sent on ahead of him 469 while he spent that night in the camp. 470
32:22 During the night Jacob quickly took 471 his two wives, his two female servants, and his eleven sons 472 and crossed the ford of the Jabbok. 473 32:23 He took them and sent them across the stream along with all his possessions. 474 32:24 So Jacob was left alone. Then a man 475 wrestled 476 with him until daybreak. 477 32:25 When the man 478 saw that he could not defeat Jacob, 479 he struck 480 the socket of his hip so the socket of Jacob’s hip was dislocated while he wrestled with him.
32:26 Then the man 481 said, “Let me go, for the dawn is breaking.” 482 “I will not let you go,” Jacob replied, 483 “unless you bless me.” 484 32:27 The man asked him, 485 “What is your name?” 486 He answered, “Jacob.” 32:28 “No longer will your name be Jacob,” the man told him, 487 “but Israel, 488 because you have fought 489 with God and with men and have prevailed.”
32:29 Then Jacob asked, “Please tell me your name.” 490 “Why 491 do you ask my name?” the man replied. 492 Then he blessed 493 Jacob 494 there. 32:30 So Jacob named the place Peniel, 495 explaining, 496 “Certainly 497 I have seen God face to face 498 and have survived.” 499
32:31 The sun rose 500 over him as he crossed over Penuel, 501 but 502 he was limping because of his hip. 32:32 That is why to this day 503 the Israelites do not eat the sinew which is attached to the socket of the hip, because he struck 504 the socket of Jacob’s hip near the attached sinew.
Jacob Meets Esau
33:1 Jacob looked up 505 and saw that Esau was coming 506 along with four hundred men. So he divided the children among Leah, Rachel, and the two female servants. 33:2 He put the servants and their children in front, with Leah and her children behind them, and Rachel and Joseph behind them. 507 33:3 But Jacob 508 himself went on ahead of them, and he bowed toward the ground seven times as he approached 509 his brother. 33:4 But Esau ran to meet him, embraced him, hugged his neck, and kissed him. Then they both wept. 33:5 When Esau 510 looked up 511 and saw the women and the children, he asked, “Who are these people with you?” Jacob 512 replied, “The children whom God has graciously given 513 your servant.” 33:6 The female servants came forward with their children and bowed down. 514 33:7 Then Leah came forward with her children and they bowed down. Finally Joseph and Rachel came forward and bowed down.
33:8 Esau 515 then asked, “What did you intend 516 by sending all these herds to meet me?” 517 Jacob 518 replied, “To find favor in your sight, my lord.” 33:9 But Esau said, “I have plenty, my brother. Keep what belongs to you.” 33:10 “No, please take them,” Jacob said. 519 “If I have found favor in your sight, accept 520 my gift from my hand. Now that I have seen your face and you have accepted me, 521 it is as if I have seen the face of God. 522 33:11 Please take my present 523 that was brought to you, for God has been generous 524 to me and I have all I need.” 525 When Jacob urged him, he took it. 526
33:12 Then Esau 527 said, “Let’s be on our way! 528 I will go in front of you.” 33:13 But Jacob 529 said to him, “My lord knows that the children are young, 530 and that I have to look after the sheep and cattle that are nursing their young. 531 If they are driven too hard for even a single day, all the animals will die. 33:14 Let my lord go on ahead of his servant. I will travel more slowly, at the pace of the herds and the children, 532 until I come to my lord at Seir.”
33:16 So that same day Esau made his way back 536 to Seir. 33:17 But 537 Jacob traveled to Succoth 538 where he built himself a house and made shelters for his livestock. That is why the place was called 539 Succoth. 540
33:18 After he left Paddan Aram, Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem in the land of Canaan, and he camped near 541 the city. 33:19 Then he purchased the portion of the field where he had pitched his tent; he bought it 542 from the sons of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for a hundred pieces of money. 543 33:20 There he set up an altar and called it “The God of Israel is God.” 544
Dinah and the Shechemites
34:1 Now Dinah, Leah’s daughter whom she bore to Jacob, went to meet 545 the young women 546 of the land. 34:2 When Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite, who ruled that area, saw her, he grabbed her, forced himself on her, 547 and sexually assaulted her. 548 34:3 Then he became very attached 549 to Dinah, Jacob’s daughter. He fell in love with the young woman and spoke romantically to her. 550 34:4 Shechem said to his father Hamor, “Acquire this young girl as my wife.” 551 34:5 When 552 Jacob heard that Shechem 553 had violated his daughter Dinah, his sons were with the livestock in the field. So Jacob remained silent 554 until they came in.
34:6 Then Shechem’s father Hamor went to speak with Jacob about Dinah. 555 34:7 Now Jacob’s sons had come in from the field when they heard the news. 556 They 557 were offended 558 and very angry because Shechem 559 had disgraced Israel 560 by sexually assaulting 561 Jacob’s daughter, a crime that should not be committed. 562
34:8 But Hamor made this appeal to them: “My son Shechem is in love with your daughter. 563 Please give her to him as his wife. 34:9 Intermarry with us. 564 Let us marry your daughters, and take our daughters as wives for yourselves. 565 34:10 You may live 566 among us, and the land will be open to you. 567 Live in it, travel freely in it, 568 and acquire property in it.”
34:11 Then Shechem said to Dinah’s 569 father and brothers, “Let me find favor in your sight, and whatever you require of me 570 I’ll give. 571 34:12 You can make the bride price and the gift I must bring very expensive, 572 and I’ll give 573 whatever you ask 574 of me. Just give me the young woman as my wife!”
34:13 Jacob’s sons answered Shechem and his father Hamor deceitfully when they spoke because Shechem 575 had violated their sister Dinah. 34:14 They said to them, “We cannot give 576 our sister to a man who is not circumcised, for it would be a disgrace 577 to us. 34:15 We will give you our consent on this one condition: You must become 578 like us by circumcising 579 all your males. 34:16 Then we will give 580 you our daughters to marry, 581 and we will take your daughters as wives for ourselves, and we will live among you and become one people. 34:17 But if you do not agree to our terms 582 by being circumcised, then we will take 583 our sister 584 and depart.”
34:18 Their offer pleased Hamor and his son Shechem. 585 34:19 The young man did not delay in doing what they asked 586 because he wanted Jacob’s daughter Dinah 587 badly. (Now he was more important 588 than anyone in his father’s household.) 589 34:20 So Hamor and his son Shechem went to the gate 590 of their city and spoke to the men of their city, 34:21 “These men are at peace with us. So let them live in the land and travel freely in it, for the land is wide enough 591 for them. We will take their daughters for wives, and we will give them our daughters to marry. 592 34:22 Only on this one condition will these men consent to live with us and become one people: They demand 593 that every male among us be circumcised just as they are circumcised. 34:23 If we do so, 594 won’t their livestock, their property, and all their animals become ours? So let’s consent to their demand, so they will live among us.”
34:24 All the men who assembled at the city gate 595 agreed with 596 Hamor and his son Shechem. Every male who assembled at the city gate 597 was circumcised. 34:25 In three days, when they were still in pain, two of Jacob’s sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brothers, each took his sword 598 and went to the unsuspecting city 599 and slaughtered every male. 34:26 They killed Hamor and his son Shechem with the sword, took Dinah from Shechem’s house, and left. 34:27 Jacob’s sons killed them 600 and looted the city because their sister had been violated. 601 34:28 They took their flocks, herds, and donkeys, as well as everything in the city and in the surrounding fields. 602 34:29 They captured as plunder 603 all their wealth, all their little ones, and their wives, including everything in the houses.
34:30 Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have brought ruin 604 on me by making me a foul odor 605 among the inhabitants of the land – among the Canaanites and the Perizzites. I 606 am few in number; they will join forces against me and attack me, and both I and my family will be destroyed!” 34:31 But Simeon and Levi replied, 607 “Should he treat our sister like a common prostitute?”
The Return to Bethel
35:1 Then God said to Jacob, “Go up at once 608 to Bethel 609 and live there. Make an altar there to God, who appeared to you when you fled from your brother Esau.” 610 35:2 So Jacob told his household and all who were with him, “Get rid of the foreign gods you have among you. 611 Purify yourselves and change your clothes. 612 35:3 Let us go up at once 613 to Bethel. Then I will make 614 an altar there to God, who responded to me in my time of distress 615 and has been with me wherever I went.” 616
35:4 So they gave Jacob all the foreign gods that were in their possession 617 and the rings that were in their ears. 618 Jacob buried them 619 under the oak 620 near Shechem 35:5 and they started on their journey. 621 The surrounding cities were afraid of God, 622 and they did not pursue the sons of Jacob.
35:6 Jacob and all those who were with him arrived at Luz (that is, Bethel) 623 in the land of Canaan. 624 35:7 He built an altar there and named the place El Bethel 625 because there God had revealed himself 626 to him when he was fleeing from his brother. 35:8 (Deborah, 627 Rebekah’s nurse, died and was buried under the oak below Bethel; thus it was named 628 Oak of Weeping.) 629
35:9 God appeared to Jacob again after he returned from Paddan Aram and blessed him. 35:10 God said to him, “Your name is Jacob, but your name will no longer be called Jacob; Israel will be your name.” So God named him Israel. 630 35:11 Then God said to him, “I am the sovereign God. 631 Be fruitful and multiply! A nation – even a company of nations – will descend from you; kings will be among your descendants! 632 35:12 The land I gave 633 to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you. To your descendants 634 I will also give this land.” 35:13 Then God went up from the place 635 where he spoke with him. 35:14 So Jacob set up a sacred stone pillar in the place where God spoke with him. 636 He poured out a drink offering on it, and then he poured oil on it. 637 35:15 Jacob named the place 638 where God spoke with him Bethel. 639
35:16 They traveled on from Bethel, and when Ephrath was still some distance away, 640 Rachel went into labor 641 – and her labor was hard. 35:17 When her labor was at its hardest, 642 the midwife said to her, “Don’t be afraid, for you are having another son.” 643 35:18 With her dying breath, 644 she named him Ben-Oni. 645 But his father called him Benjamin instead. 646 35:19 So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem). 647 35:20 Jacob set up a marker 648 over her grave; it is 649 the Marker of Rachel’s Grave to this day.
35:21 Then Israel traveled on and pitched his tent beyond Migdal Eder. 650 35:22 While Israel was living in that land, Reuben had sexual relations with 651 Bilhah, his father’s concubine, and Israel heard about it.
Jacob had twelve sons:
35:23 The sons of Leah were Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn, as well as Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun.
35:24 The sons of Rachel were Joseph and Benjamin.
35:25 The sons of Bilhah, Rachel’s servant, were Dan and Naphtali.
35:26 The sons of Zilpah, Leah’s servant, were Gad and Asher.
These were the sons of Jacob who were born to him in Paddan Aram.
35:27 So Jacob came back to his father Isaac in Mamre, 652 to Kiriath Arba 653 (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had stayed. 654 35:28 Isaac lived to be 180 years old. 655 35:29 Then Isaac breathed his last and joined his ancestors. 656 He died an old man who had lived a full life. 657 His sons Esau and Jacob buried him.
The Descendants of Esau
36:1 What follows is the account of Esau (also known as Edom). 658
36:2 Esau took his wives from the Canaanites: 659 Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and granddaughter 660 of Zibeon the Hivite, 36:3 in addition to Basemath the daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.
36:4 Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, Basemath bore Reuel, 36:5 and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These were the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan.
36:6 Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, all the people in his household, his livestock, his animals, and all his possessions which he had acquired in the land of Canaan and went to a land some distance away from 661 Jacob his brother 36:7 because they had too many possessions to be able to stay together and the land where they had settled 662 was not able to support them because of their livestock. 36:8 So Esau (also known as Edom) lived in the hill country of Seir. 663
36:9 This is the account of Esau, the father 664 of the Edomites, in the hill country of Seir.
36:10 These were the names of Esau’s sons:
Eliphaz, the son of Esau’s wife Adah, and Reuel, the son of Esau’s wife Basemath.
36:11 The sons of Eliphaz were:
Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz.
36:12 Timna, a concubine of Esau’s son Eliphaz, bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These were the sons 665 of Esau’s wife Adah.
36:13 These were the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the sons 666 of Esau’s wife Basemath.
36:14 These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and granddaughter 667 of Zibeon: She bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah to Esau.
36:15 These were the chiefs 668 among the descendants 669 of Esau, the sons of Eliphaz, Esau’s firstborn: chief Teman, chief Omar, chief Zepho, chief Kenaz, 36:16 chief Korah, 670 chief Gatam, chief Amalek. These were the chiefs descended from Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were the sons 671 of Adah.
36:17 These were the sons of Esau’s son Reuel: chief Nahath, chief Zerah, chief Shammah, chief Mizzah. These were the chiefs descended from Reuel in the land of Edom; these were the sons 672 of Esau’s wife Basemath.
36:18 These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah: chief Jeush, chief Jalam, chief Korah. These were the chiefs descended from Esau’s wife Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah.
36:19 These were the sons of Esau (also known as Edom), and these were their chiefs.
36:20 These were the sons of Seir the Horite, 673 who were living in the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, 36:21 Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, the descendants 674 of Seir in the land of Edom.
36:22 The sons of Lotan were Hori and Homam; 675 Lotan’s sister was Timna.
36:23 These were the sons of Shobal: Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, 676 and Onam.
36:24 These were the sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah (who discovered the hot springs 677 in the wilderness as he pastured the donkeys of his father Zibeon).
36:25 These were the children 678 of Anah: Dishon and Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah.
36:26 These were the sons of Dishon: 679 Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Keran.
36:27 These were the sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.
36:28 These were the sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran.
36:29 These were the chiefs of the Horites: chief Lotan, chief Shobal, chief Zibeon, chief Anah, 36:30 chief Dishon, chief Ezer, chief Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, according to their chief lists in the land of Seir.
36:31 These were the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king ruled over the Israelites: 680
36:32 Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom; the name of his city was Dinhabah.
36:33 When Bela died, Jobab the son of Zerah from Bozrah reigned in his place.
36:34 When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites reigned in his place.
36:35 When Husham died, Hadad the son of Bedad, who defeated the Midianites in the land of Moab, reigned in his place; the name of his city was Avith.
36:36 When Hadad died, Samlah from Masrekah reigned in his place.
36:37 When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth by the River 681 reigned in his place.
36:38 When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his place.
36:40 These were the names of the chiefs of Esau, according to their families, according to their places, by their names: chief Timna, chief Alvah, chief Jetheth, 36:41 chief Oholibamah, chief Elah, chief Pinon, 36:42 chief Kenaz, chief Teman, chief Mibzar, 36:43 chief Magdiel, chief Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom, according to their settlements 684 in the land they possessed. This was Esau, the father of the Edomites.