Bible: Genesis 25-50

The Death of Abraham

25:1 Abraham had taken 1  another 2  wife, named Keturah. 25:2 She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 25:3 Jokshan became the father of Sheba and Dedan. 3  The descendants of Dedan were the Asshurites, Letushites, and Leummites. 25:4 The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were descendants 4  of Keturah.

25:5 Everything he owned Abraham left to his son Isaac. 25:6 But while he was still alive, Abraham gave gifts to the sons of his concubines 5  and sent them off to the east, away from his son Isaac. 6 

25:7 Abraham lived a total of 7  175 years. 25:8 Then Abraham breathed his last and died at a good old age, an old man who had lived a full life. 8  He joined his ancestors. 9  25:9 His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah 10  near Mamre, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar, the Hethite. 25:10 This was the field Abraham had purchased from the sons of Heth. 11  There Abraham was buried with his wife Sarah. 25:11 After Abraham’s death, God blessed 12  his son Isaac. Isaac lived near Beer Lahai Roi. 13 

The Sons of Ishmael

25:12 This is the account of Abraham’s son Ishmael, 14  whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s servant, bore to Abraham.

25:13 These are the names of Ishmael’s sons, by their names according to their records: 15  Nebaioth (Ishmael’s firstborn), Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 25:14 Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 25:15 Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 25:16 These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names by their settlements and their camps – twelve princes 16  according to their clans.

25:17 Ishmael lived a total of 17  137 years. He breathed his last and died; then he joined his ancestors. 18  25:18 His descendants 19  settled from Havilah to Shur, which runs next 20  to Egypt all the way 21  to Asshur. 22  They settled 23  away from all their relatives. 24 

Jacob and Esau

25:19 This is the account of Isaac, 25  the son of Abraham.

Abraham became the father of Isaac. 25:20 When Isaac was forty years old, he married Rebekah, 26  the daughter of Bethuel the Aramean from Paddan Aram and sister of Laban the Aramean. 27 

25:21 Isaac prayed to 28  the Lord on behalf of his wife because she was childless. The Lord answered his prayer, and his wife Rebekah became pregnant. 25:22 But the children struggled 29  inside her, and she said, “If it is going to be like this, I’m not so sure I want to be pregnant!” 30  So she asked the Lord, 31  25:23 and the Lord said to her,

“Two nations 32  are in your womb,

and two peoples will be separated from within you.

One people will be stronger than the other,

and the older will serve the younger.”

25:24 When the time came for Rebekah to give birth, 33  there were 34  twins in her womb. 25:25 The first came out reddish 35  all over, 36  like a hairy 37  garment, so they named him Esau. 38  25:26 When his brother came out with 39  his hand clutching Esau’s heel, they named him Jacob. 40  Isaac was sixty years old 41  when they were born.

25:27 When the boys grew up, Esau became a skilled 42  hunter, a man of the open fields, but Jacob was an even-tempered man, living in tents. 43  25:28 Isaac loved Esau because he had a taste for fresh game, 44  but Rebekah loved 45  Jacob.

25:29 Now Jacob cooked some stew, 46  and when Esau came in from the open fields, he was famished. 25:30 So Esau said to Jacob, “Feed 47  me some of the red stuff – yes, this red stuff – because I’m starving!” (That is why he was also called 48  Edom.) 49 

25:31 But Jacob replied, “First 50  sell me your birthright.” 25:32 Look,” said Esau, “I’m about to die! What use is the birthright to me? 51  25:33 But Jacob said, “Swear an oath to me now.” 52  So Esau 53  swore an oath to him and sold his birthright 54  to Jacob.

25:34 Then Jacob gave Esau some bread and lentil stew; Esau ate and drank, then got up and went out. 55  So Esau despised his birthright. 56 

Isaac and Abimelech

26:1 There was a famine in the land, subsequent to the earlier famine that occurred 57  in the days of Abraham. 58  Isaac went to Abimelech king of the Philistines at Gerar. 26:2 The Lord appeared to Isaac and said, “Do not go down to Egypt; 59  settle down in the land that I will point out to you. 60  26:3 Stay 61  in this land. Then I will be with you and will bless you, 62  for I will give all these lands to you and to your descendants, 63  and I will fulfill 64  the solemn promise I made 65  to your father Abraham. 26:4 I will multiply your descendants so they will be as numerous as the stars in the sky, and I will give them 66  all these lands. All the nations of the earth will pronounce blessings on one another using the name of your descendants. 67  26:5 All this will come to pass 68  because Abraham obeyed me 69  and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.” 70  26:6 So Isaac settled in Gerar.

26:7 When the men of that place asked him about his wife, he replied, “She is my sister.” 71  He was afraid to say, “She is my wife,” for he thought to himself, 72  “The men of this place will kill me to get 73  Rebekah because she is very beautiful.”

26:8 After Isaac 74  had been there a long time, 75  Abimelech king of the Philistines happened to look out a window and observed 76  Isaac caressing 77  his wife Rebekah. 26:9 So Abimelech summoned Isaac and said, “She is really 78  your wife! Why did you say, ‘She is my sister?” Isaac replied, “Because I thought someone might kill me to get her.” 79 

26:10 Then Abimelech exclaimed, “What in the world have you done to us? 80  One of the men 81  might easily have had sexual relations with 82  your wife, and you would have brought guilt on us! 26:11 So Abimelech commanded all the people, “Whoever touches 83  this man or his wife will surely be put to death.” 84 

26:12 When Isaac planted in that land, he reaped in the same year a hundred times what he had sown, 85  because the Lord blessed him. 86  26:13 The man became wealthy. 87  His influence continued to grow 88  until he became very prominent. 26:14 He had 89  so many sheep 90  and cattle 91  and such a great household of servants that the Philistines became jealous 92  of him. 26:15 So the Philistines took dirt and filled up 93  all the wells that his father’s servants had dug back in the days of his father Abraham.

26:16 Then Abimelech said to Isaac, “Leave us and go elsewhere, 94  for you have become much more powerful 95  than we are.” 26:17 So Isaac left there and settled in the Gerar Valley. 96  26:18 Isaac reopened 97  the wells that had been dug 98  back in the days of his father Abraham, for the Philistines had stopped them up 99  after Abraham died. Isaac 100  gave these wells 101  the same names his father had given them. 102 

26:19 When Isaac’s servants dug in the valley and discovered a well with fresh flowing 103  water there, 26:20 the herdsmen of Gerar quarreled 104  with Isaac’s herdsmen, saying, “The water belongs to us!” So Isaac 105  named the well 106  Esek 107  because they argued with him about it. 108  26:21 His servants 109  dug another well, but they quarreled over it too, so Isaac named it 110  Sitnah. 111  26:22 Then he moved away from there and dug another well. They did not quarrel over it, so Isaac 112  named it 113  Rehoboth, 114  saying, “For now the Lord has made room for us, and we will prosper in the land.”

26:23 From there Isaac 115  went up to Beer Sheba. 26:24 The Lord appeared to him that night and said, “I am the God of your father Abraham. Do not be afraid, for I am with you. I will bless you and multiply your descendants for the sake of my servant Abraham.” 26:25 Then Isaac built an altar there and worshiped 116  the Lord. He pitched his tent there, and his servants dug a well. 117 

26:26 Now Abimelech had come 118  to him from Gerar along with 119  Ahuzzah his friend 120  and Phicol the commander of his army. 26:27 Isaac asked them, “Why have you come to me? You hate me 121  and sent me away from you.” 26:28 They replied, “We could plainly see 122  that the Lord is with you. So we decided there should be 123  a pact between us 124  – between us 125  and you. Allow us to make 126  a treaty with you 26:29 so that 127  you will not do us any harm, just as we have not harmed 128  you, but have always treated you well 129  before sending you away 130  in peace. Now you are blessed by the Lord.” 131 

26:30 So Isaac 132  held a feast for them and they celebrated. 133  26:31 Early in the morning the men made a treaty with each other. 134  Isaac sent them off; they separated on good terms. 135 

26:32 That day Isaac’s servants came and told him about the well they had dug. “We’ve found water,” they reported. 136  26:33 So he named it Shibah; 137  that is why the name of the city has been Beer Sheba 138  to this day.

26:34 When 139  Esau was forty years old, 140  he married 141  Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, as well as Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite. 26:35 They caused Isaac and Rebekah great anxiety. 142 

Jacob Cheats Esau out of the Blessing

27:1 When 143  Isaac was old and his eyes were so weak that he was almost blind, 144  he called his older 145  son Esau and said to him, “My son!” “Here I am!” Esau 146  replied. 27:2 Isaac 147  said, “Since 148  I am so old, I could die at any time. 149  27:3 Therefore, take your weapons – your quiver and your bow – and go out into the open fields and hunt down some wild game 150  for me. 27:4 Then prepare for me some tasty food, the kind I love, and bring it to me. Then 151  I will eat it so that I may bless you 152  before I die.”

27:5 Now Rebekah had been listening while Isaac spoke to his son Esau. 153  When Esau went out to the open fields to hunt down some wild game and bring it back, 154  27:6 Rebekah said to her son Jacob, “Look, I overheard your father tell your brother Esau, 27:7 Bring me some wild game and prepare for me some tasty food. Then I will eat 155  it and bless you 156  in the presence of the Lord 157  before I die.’ 27:8 Now then, my son, do 158  exactly what I tell you! 159  27:9 Go to the flock and get me two of the best young goats. I’ll prepare 160  them in a tasty way for your father, just the way he loves them. 27:10 Then you will take 161  it to your father. Thus he will eat it 162  and 163  bless you before he dies.”

27:11But Esau my brother is a hairy man,” Jacob protested to his mother Rebekah, “and I have smooth skin! 164  27:12 My father may touch me! Then he’ll think I’m mocking him 165  and I’ll bring a curse on myself instead of a blessing.” 27:13 So his mother told him, “Any curse against you will fall on me, 166  my son! Just obey me! 167  Go and get them for me!

27:14 So he went and got the goats 168  and brought them to his mother. She 169  prepared some tasty food, just the way his father loved it. 27:15 Then Rebekah took her older son Esau’s best clothes, which she had with her in the house, and put them on her younger son Jacob. 27:16 She put the skins of the young goats 170  on his hands 171  and the smooth part of his neck. 27:17 Then she handed 172  the tasty food and the bread she had made to her son Jacob.

27:18 He went to his father and said, “My father!” Isaac 173  replied, “Here I am. Which are you, my son? 174  27:19 Jacob said to his father, “I am Esau, your firstborn. I’ve done as you told me. Now sit up 175  and eat some of my wild game so that you can bless me.” 176  27:20 But Isaac asked his son, “How in the world 177  did you find it so quickly, 178  my son?” “Because the Lord your God brought it to me,” 179  he replied. 180  27:21 Then Isaac said to Jacob, “Come closer so I can touch you, 181  my son, and know for certain if you really are my son Esau.” 182  27:22 So Jacob went over to his father Isaac, who felt him and said, “The voice is Jacob’s, but the hands are Esau’s.” 27:23 He did not recognize him because his hands were hairy, like his brother Esau’s hands. So Isaac blessed Jacob. 183  27:24 Then he asked, “Are you really my son Esau?” “I am,” Jacob 184  replied. 27:25 Isaac 185  said, “Bring some of the wild game for me to eat, my son. 186  Then I will bless you.” 187  So Jacob 188  brought it to him, and he ate it. He also brought him wine, and Isaac 189  drank. 27:26 Then his father Isaac said to him, “Come here and kiss me, my son.” 27:27 So Jacob 190  went over and kissed him. When Isaac caught the scent 191  of his clothing, he blessed him, saying,

Yes, 192  my son smells

like the scent of an open field

which the Lord has blessed.

27:28 May God give you

the dew of the sky 193 

and the richness 194  of the earth,

and plenty of grain and new wine.

27:29 May peoples serve you

and nations bow down to you.

You will be 195  lord 196  over your brothers,

and the sons of your mother will bow down to you. 197 

May those who curse you be cursed,

and those who bless you be blessed.”

27:30 Isaac had just finished blessing Jacob, and Jacob had scarcely left 198  his father’s 199  presence, when his brother Esau returned from the hunt. 200  27:31 He also prepared some tasty food and brought it to his father. Esau 201  said to him, “My father, get up 202  and eat some of your son’s wild game. Then you can bless me.” 203  27:32 His father Isaac asked, 204  “Who are you?” “I am your firstborn son,” 205  he replied, “Esau! 27:33 Isaac began to shake violently 206  and asked, “Then who else hunted game and brought it to me? I ate all of it just before you arrived, and I blessed him. 207  He will indeed be blessed!

27:34 When Esau heard 208  his father’s words, he wailed loudly and bitterly. 209  He said to his father, “Bless me too, my father! 27:35 But Isaac 210  replied, “Your brother came in here deceitfully and took away 211  your blessing.” 27:36 Esau exclaimed, “‘Jacobis the right name for him! 212  He has tripped me up 213  two times! He took away my birthright, and now, look, he has taken away my blessing!” Then he asked, “Have you not kept back a blessing for me?

27:37 Isaac replied to Esau, “Look! I have made him lord over you. I have made all his relatives his servants and provided him with grain and new wine. What is left that I can do for you, my son? 27:38 Esau said to his father, “Do you have only that one blessing, my father? Bless me too!” 214  Then Esau wept loudly. 215 

27:39 So his father Isaac said to him,

Indeed, 216  your home will be

away from the richness 217  of the earth,

and away from the dew of the sky above.

27:40 You will live by your sword

but you will serve your brother.

When you grow restless,

you will tear off his yoke

from your neck.” 218 

27:41 So Esau hated 219  Jacob because of the blessing his father had given to his brother. 220  Esau said privately, 221 The time 222  of mourning for my father is near; then I will kill 223  my brother Jacob!

27:42 When Rebekah heard what her older son Esau had said, 224  she quickly summoned 225  her younger son Jacob and told him, “Look, your brother Esau is planning to get revenge by killing you. 226  27:43 Now then, my son, do what I say. 227  Run away immediately 228  to my brother Laban in Haran. 27:44 Live with him for a little while 229  until your brother’s rage subsides. 27:45 Stay there 230  until your brother’s anger against you subsides and he forgets what you did to him. Then I’ll send someone to bring you back from there. 231  Why should I lose both of you in one day? 232 

27:46 Then Rebekah said to Isaac, “I am deeply depressed 233  because of these daughters of Heth. 234  If Jacob were to marry one of these daughters of Heth who live in this land, I would want to die! 235 

28:1 So Isaac called for Jacob and blessed him. Then he commanded him, “You must not marry a Canaanite woman! 236  28:2 Leave immediately 237  for Paddan Aram! Go to the house of Bethuel, your mother’s father, and find yourself a wife there, among the daughters of Laban, your mother’s brother. 28:3 May the sovereign God 238  bless you! May he make you fruitful and give you a multitude of descendants! 239  Then you will become 240  a large nation. 241  28:4 May he give you and your descendants the blessing he gave to Abraham 242  so that you may possess the land 243  God gave to Abraham, the land where you have been living as a temporary resident.” 244  28:5 So Isaac sent Jacob on his way, and he went to Paddan Aram, to Laban son of Bethuel the Aramean and brother of Rebekah, the mother of Jacob and Esau.

28:6 Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob and sent him off to Paddan Aram to find a wife there. 245  As he blessed him, 246  Isaac commanded him, “You must not marry a Canaanite woman.” 247  28:7 Jacob obeyed his father and mother and left for Paddan Aram. 28:8 Then Esau realized 248  that the Canaanite women 249  were displeasing to 250  his father Isaac. 28:9 So Esau went to Ishmael and married 251  Mahalath, the sister of Nebaioth and daughter of Abraham’s son Ishmael, along with the wives he already had.

Jacob’s Dream at Bethel

28:10 Meanwhile Jacob left Beer Sheba and set out for Haran. 28:11 He reached a certain place 252  where he decided to camp because the sun had gone down. 253  He took one of the stones 254  and placed it near his head. 255  Then he fell asleep 256  in that place 28:12 and had a dream. 257  He saw 258  a stairway 259  erected on the earth with its top reaching to the heavens. The angels of God were going up and coming down it 28:13 and the Lord stood at its top. He said, “I am the Lord, the God of your grandfather Abraham and the God of your father Isaac. 260  I will give you and your descendants the ground 261  you are lying on. 28:14 Your descendants will be like the dust of the earth, 262  and you will spread out 263  to the west, east, north, and south. All the families of the earth will pronounce blessings on one another 264  using your name and that of your descendants. 265  28:15 I am with you! 266  I will protect you wherever you go and will bring you back to this land. I will not leave you until I have done what I promised you!

28:16 Then Jacob woke up 267  and thought, 268 Surely the Lord is in this place, but I did not realize it! 28:17 He was afraid and said, “What an awesome place this is! This is nothing else than the house of God! This is the gate of heaven!

28:18 Early 269  in the morning Jacob 270  took the stone he had placed near his head 271  and set it up as a sacred stone. 272  Then he poured oil on top of it. 28:19 He called that place Bethel, 273  although the former name of the town was Luz. 28:20 Then Jacob made a vow, saying, “If God is with me and protects me on this journey I am taking and gives me food 274  to eat and clothing to wear, 28:21 and I return safely to my father’s home, 275  then the Lord will become my God. 28:22 Then this stone 276  that I have set up as a sacred stone will be the house of God, and I will surely 277  give you back a tenth of everything you give me.” 278 

The Marriages of Jacob

29:1 So Jacob moved on 279  and came to the land of the eastern people. 280  29:2 He saw 281  in the field a well with 282  three flocks of sheep lying beside it, because the flocks were watered from that well. Now 283  a large stone covered the mouth of the well. 29:3 When all the flocks were gathered there, the shepherds 284  would roll the stone off the mouth of the well and water the sheep. Then they would put the stone back in its place over the well’s mouth.

29:4 Jacob asked them, “My brothers, where are you from?” They replied, “We’re from Haran.” 29:5 So he said to them, “Do you know Laban, the grandson 285  of Nahor?” “We know him,” 286  they said. 29:6 Is he well?” 287  Jacob asked. They replied, “He is well. 288  Now look, here comes his daughter Rachel with the sheep.” 29:7 Then Jacob 289  said, “Since it is still the middle of the day, 290  it is not time for the flocks to be gathered. You should water the sheep and then go and let them graze some more.” 291  29:8 We can’t,” they said, “until all the flocks are gathered and the stone is rolled off the mouth of the well. Then we water 292  the sheep.”

29:9 While he was still speaking with them, Rachel arrived with her father’s sheep, for she was tending them. 293  29:10 When Jacob saw Rachel, the daughter of his uncle Laban, 294  and the sheep of his uncle Laban, he 295  went over 296  and rolled the stone off the mouth of the well and watered the sheep of his uncle Laban. 297  29:11 Then Jacob kissed Rachel and began to weep loudly. 298  29:12 When Jacob explained 299  to Rachel that he was a relative of her father 300  and the son of Rebekah, she ran and told her father. 29:13 When Laban heard this news about Jacob, his sister’s son, he rushed out to meet him. He embraced him and kissed him and brought him to his house. Jacob 301  told Laban how he was related to him. 302  29:14 Then Laban said to him, “You are indeed my own flesh and blood.” 303  So Jacob 304  stayed with him for a month. 305 

29:15 Then Laban said to Jacob, “Should you work 306  for me for nothing because you are my relative? 307  Tell me what your wages should be.” 29:16 (Now Laban had two daughters; 308  the older one was named Leah, and the younger one Rachel. 29:17 Leah’s eyes were tender, 309  but Rachel had a lovely figure and beautiful appearance.) 310  29:18 Since Jacob had fallen in love with 311  Rachel, he said, “I’ll serve you seven years in exchange for your younger daughter Rachel.” 29:19 Laban replied, “I’d rather give her to you than to another man. 312  Stay with me.” 29:20 So Jacob worked for seven years to acquire Rachel. 313  But they seemed like only a few days to him 314  because his love for her was so great. 315 

29:21 Finally Jacob said 316  to Laban, “Give me my wife, for my time of service is up. 317  I want to have marital relations with her.” 318  29:22 So Laban invited all the people 319  of that place and prepared a feast. 29:23 In the evening he brought his daughter Leah 320  to Jacob, 321  and Jacob 322  had marital relations with her. 323  29:24 (Laban gave his female servant Zilpah to his daughter Leah to be her servant.) 324 

29:25 In the morning Jacob discovered it was Leah! 325  So Jacob 326  said to Laban, “What in the world have you done to me! 327  Didn’t I work for you in exchange for Rachel? Why have you tricked 328  me? 29:26 It is not our custom here,” 329  Laban replied, “to give the younger daughter in marriage 330  before the firstborn. 29:27 Complete my older daughter’s bridal week. 331  Then we will give you the younger one 332  too, in exchange for seven more years of work.” 333 

29:28 Jacob did as Laban said. 334  When Jacob 335  completed Leah’s bridal week, 336  Laban gave him his daughter Rachel to be his wife. 337  29:29 (Laban gave his female servant Bilhah to his daughter Rachel to be her servant.) 338  29:30 Jacob 339  had marital relations 340  with Rachel as well. He loved Rachel more than Leah, so he worked for Laban 341  for seven more years. 342 

The Family of Jacob

29:31 When the Lord saw that Leah was unloved, 343  he enabled her to become pregnant 344  while Rachel remained childless. 29:32 So Leah became pregnant 345  and gave birth to a son. She named him Reuben, 346  for she said, “The Lord has looked with pity on my oppressed condition. 347  Surely my husband will love me now.”

29:33 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “Because the Lord heard that I was unloved, 348  he gave me this one too.” So she named him Simeon. 349 

29:34 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “Now this time my husband will show me affection, 350  because I have given birth to three sons for him.” That is why he was named Levi. 351 

29:35 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “This time I will praise the Lord.” That is why she named him Judah. 352  Then she stopped having children.

30:1 When Rachel saw that she could not give Jacob children, she 353  became jealous of her sister. She said to Jacob, “Give me children 354  or I’ll die! 30:2 Jacob became furious 355  with Rachel and exclaimed, “Am I in the place of God, who has kept you from having children? 356  30:3 She replied, “Here is my servant Bilhah! Have sexual relations with 357  her so that she can bear 358  children 359  for me 360  and I can have a family through her.” 361 

30:4 So Rachel 362  gave him her servant Bilhah as a wife, and Jacob had marital relations with 363  her. 30:5 Bilhah became pregnant 364  and gave Jacob a son. 365  30:6 Then Rachel said, “God has vindicated me. He has responded to my prayer 366  and given me a son.” That is why 367  she named him Dan. 368 

30:7 Bilhah, Rachel’s servant, became pregnant again and gave Jacob another son. 369  30:8 Then Rachel said, “I have fought a desperate struggle with my sister, but I have won.” 370  So she named him Naphtali. 371 

30:9 When Leah saw that she had stopped having children, she gave 372  her servant Zilpah to Jacob as a wife. 30:10 Soon Leah’s servant Zilpah gave Jacob a son. 373  30:11 Leah said, “How fortunate!” 374  So she named him Gad. 375 

30:12 Then Leah’s servant Zilpah gave Jacob another son. 376  30:13 Leah said, “How happy I am, 377  for women 378  will call me happy!” So she named him Asher. 379 

30:14 At the time 380  of the wheat harvest Reuben went out and found some mandrake plants 381  in a field and brought them to his mother Leah. Rachel said to Leah, “Give me some of your son’s mandrakes.” 30:15 But Leah replied, 382 Wasn’t it enough that you’ve taken away my husband? Would you take away my son’s mandrakes too?” “All right,” 383  Rachel said, “he may sleep 384  with you tonight in exchange for your son’s mandrakes.” 30:16 When Jacob came in from the fields that evening, Leah went out to meet him and said, “You must sleep 385  with me because I have paid for your services 386  with my son’s mandrakes.” So he had marital relations 387  with her that night. 30:17 God paid attention 388  to Leah; she became pregnant 389  and gave Jacob a son for the fifth time. 390  30:18 Then Leah said, “God has granted me a reward 391  because I gave my servant to my husband as a wife.” 392  So she named him Issachar. 393 

30:19 Leah became pregnant again and gave Jacob a son for the sixth time. 394  30:20 Then Leah said, “God has given me a good gift. Now my husband will honor me because I have given him six sons.” So she named him Zebulun. 395 

30:21 After that she gave birth to a daughter and named her Dinah.

30:22 Then God took note of 396  Rachel. He paid attention to her and enabled her to become pregnant. 397  30:23 She became pregnant 398  and gave birth to a son. Then she said, “God has taken away my shame.” 399  30:24 She named him Joseph, 400  saying, “May the Lord give me yet another son.”

The Flocks of Jacob

30:25 After Rachel had given birth 401  to Joseph, Jacob said to Laban, “Send 402  me on my way so that I can go 403  home to my own country. 404  30:26 Let me take my wives and my children whom I have acquired by working for you. 405  Then I’ll depart, 406  because you know how hard I’ve worked for you.” 407 

30:27 But Laban said to him, “If I have found favor in your sight, please stay here, 408  for I have learned by divination 409  that the Lord has blessed me on account of you.” 30:28 He added, “Just name your wages – I’ll pay whatever you want.” 410 

30:29You know how I have worked for you,” Jacob replied, 411 and how well your livestock have fared under my care. 412  30:30 Indeed, 413  you had little before I arrived, 414  but now your possessions have increased many times over. 415  The Lord has blessed you wherever I worked. 416  But now, how long must it be before I do something for my own family too? 417 

30:31 So Laban asked, 418  “What should I give you?” “You don’t need to give me a thing,” 419  Jacob replied, 420 but if you agree to this one condition, 421  I will continue to care for 422  your flocks and protect them: 30:32 Let me walk among 423  all your flocks today and remove from them every speckled or spotted sheep, every dark-colored lamb, 424  and the spotted or speckled goats. 425  These animals will be my wages. 426  30:33 My integrity will testify for me 427  later on. 428  When you come to verify that I’ve taken only the wages we agreed on, 429  if I have in my possession any goat that is not speckled or spotted or any sheep that is not dark-colored, it will be considered stolen.” 430  30:34 Agreed!” said Laban, “It will be as you say.” 431 

30:35 So that day Laban 432  removed the male goats that were streaked or spotted, all the female goats that were speckled or spotted (all that had any white on them), and all the dark-colored lambs, and put them in the care 433  of his sons. 30:36 Then he separated them from Jacob by a three-day journey, 434  while 435  Jacob was taking care of the rest of Laban’s flocks.

30:37 But Jacob took fresh-cut branches from poplar, almond, and plane trees. He made white streaks by peeling them, making the white inner wood in the branches visible. 30:38 Then he set up the peeled branches in all the watering troughs where the flocks came to drink. He set up the branches in front of the flocks when they were in heat and came to drink. 436  30:39 When the sheep mated 437  in front of the branches, they 438  gave birth to young that were streaked or speckled or spotted. 30:40 Jacob removed these lambs, but he made the rest of the flock face 439  the streaked and completely dark-colored animals in Laban’s flock. So he made separate flocks for himself and did not mix them with Laban’s flocks. 30:41 When the stronger females were in heat, 440  Jacob would set up the branches in the troughs in front of the flock, so they would mate near the branches. 30:42 But if the animals were weaker, he did not set the branches there. 441  So the weaker animals ended up belonging to Laban 442  and the stronger animals to Jacob. 30:43 In this way Jacob 443  became extremely prosperous. He owned 444  large flocks, male and female servants, camels, and donkeys.

Jacob’s Flight from Laban

31:1 Jacob heard that Laban’s sons were complaining, 445 Jacob has taken everything that belonged to our father! He has gotten rich 446  at our father’s expense! 447  31:2 When Jacob saw the look on Laban’s face, he could tell his attitude toward him had changed. 448 

31:3 The Lord said to Jacob, “Return to the land of your fathers 449  and to your relatives. I will be with you.” 450  31:4 So Jacob sent a message for Rachel and Leah 451  to come to the field 452  where his flocks were. 453  31:5 There he said to them, “I can tell that your father’s attitude toward me has changed, 454  but the God of my father has been with me. 31:6 You know that I’ve worked for your father as hard as I could, 455  31:7 but your father has humiliated 456  me and changed my wages ten times. But God has not permitted him to do me any harm. 31:8 If he said, 457 The speckled animals 458  will be your wage,’ then the entire flock gave birth to speckled offspring. But if he said, ‘The streaked animals will be your wage,’ then the entire flock gave birth to streaked offspring. 31:9 In this way God has snatched away your father’s livestock and given them to me.

31:10Once 459  during breeding season I saw 460  in a dream that the male goats mating with 461  the flock were streaked, speckled, and spotted. 31:11 In the dream the angel of God said to me, ‘Jacob!’ ‘Here I am!’ I replied. 31:12 Then he said, ‘Observe 462  that all the male goats mating with 463  the flock are streaked, speckled, or spotted, for I have observed all that Laban has done to you. 31:13 I am the God of Bethel, 464  where you anointed 465  the sacred stone and made a vow to me. 466  Now leave this land immediately 467  and return to your native land.’

31:14 Then Rachel and Leah replied to him, “Do we still have any portion or inheritance 468  in our father’s house? 31:15 Hasn’t he treated us like foreigners? He not only sold us, but completely wasted 469  the money paid for us! 470  31:16 Surely all the wealth that God snatched away from our father belongs to us and to our children. So now do everything God has told you.”

31:17 So Jacob immediately put his children and his wives on the camels. 471  31:18 He took 472  away all the livestock he had acquired in Paddan Aram and all his moveable property that he had accumulated. Then he set out toward the land of Canaan to return to his father Isaac. 473 

31:19 While Laban had gone to shear his sheep, 474  Rachel stole the household idols 475  that belonged to her father. 31:20 Jacob also deceived 476  Laban the Aramean by not telling him that he was leaving. 477  31:21 He left 478  with all he owned. He quickly crossed 479  the Euphrates River 480  and headed for 481  the hill country of Gilead.

31:22 Three days later Laban discovered Jacob had left. 482  31:23 So he took his relatives 483  with him and pursued Jacob 484  for seven days. 485  He caught up with 486  him in the hill country of Gilead. 31:24 But God came to Laban the Aramean in a dream at night and warned him, 487  “Be careful 488  that you neither bless nor curse Jacob.” 489 

31:25 Laban overtook Jacob, and when Jacob pitched his tent in the hill country of Gilead, Laban and his relatives set up camp there too. 490  31:26 What have you done?” Laban demanded of Jacob. “You’ve deceived me 491  and carried away my daughters as if they were captives of war! 492  31:27 Why did you run away secretly 493  and deceive me? 494  Why didn’t you tell me so I could send you off with a celebration complete with singing, tambourines, and harps? 495  31:28 You didn’t even allow me to kiss my daughters and my grandchildren 496  good-bye. You have acted foolishly! 31:29 I have 497  the power to do you harm, but the God of your father told me last night, ‘Be careful 498  that you neither bless nor curse Jacob.’ 499  31:30 Now I understand that 500  you have gone away 501  because you longed desperately 502  for your father’s house. Yet why did you steal my gods? 503 

31:31I left secretly because I was afraid!” 504  Jacob replied to Laban. “I thought 505  you might take your daughters away from me by force. 506  31:32 Whoever has taken your gods will be put to death! 507  In the presence of our relatives 508  identify whatever is yours and take it.” 509  (Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.) 510 

31:33 So Laban entered Jacob’s tent, and Leah’s tent, and the tent of the two female servants, but he did not find the idols. 511  Then he left Leah’s tent and entered Rachel’s. 512  31:34 (Now Rachel had taken the idols and put them inside her camel’s saddle 513  and sat on them.) 514  Laban searched the whole tent, but did not find them. 515  31:35 Rachel 516  said to her father, “Don’t be angry, 517  my lord. I cannot stand up 518  in your presence because I am having my period.” 519  So he searched thoroughly, 520  but did not find the idols.

31:36 Jacob became angry 521  and argued with Laban. “What did I do wrong?” he demanded of Laban. 522 What sin of mine prompted you to chase after me in hot pursuit? 523  31:37 When you searched through all my goods, did you find anything that belonged to you? 524  Set it here before my relatives and yours, 525  and let them settle the dispute between the two of us! 526 

31:38I have been with you for the past twenty years. Your ewes and female goats have not miscarried, nor have I eaten rams from your flocks. 31:39 Animals torn by wild beasts I never brought to you; I always absorbed the loss myself. 527  You always made me pay for every missing animal, 528  whether it was taken by day or at night. 31:40 I was consumed by scorching heat 529  during the day and by piercing cold 530  at night, and I went without sleep. 531  31:41 This was my lot 532  for twenty years in your house: I worked like a slave 533  for you – fourteen years for your two daughters and six years for your flocks, but you changed my wages ten times! 31:42 If the God of my father – the God of Abraham, the one whom Isaac fears 534 had not been with me, you would certainly have sent me away empty-handed! But God saw how I was oppressed and how hard I worked, 535  and he rebuked you last night.”

31:43 Laban replied 536  to Jacob, “These women 537  are my daughters, these children are my grandchildren, 538  and these flocks are my flocks. All that you see belongs to me. But how can I harm these daughters of mine today 539  or the children to whom they have given birth? 31:44 So now, come, let’s make a formal agreement, 540  you and I, and it will be 541  proof that we have made peace.” 542 

31:45 So Jacob took a stone and set it up as a memorial pillar. 31:46 Then he 543  said to his relatives, “Gather stones.” So they brought stones and put them in a pile. 544  They ate there by the pile of stones. 31:47 Laban called it Jegar Sahadutha, 545  but Jacob called it Galeed. 546 

31:48 Laban said, “This pile of stones is a witness of our agreement 547  today.” That is why it was called Galeed. 31:49 It was also called Mizpah 548  because he said, “May the Lord watch 549  between us 550  when we are out of sight of one another. 551  31:50 If you mistreat my daughters or if you take wives besides my daughters, although no one else is with us, realize 552  that God is witness to your actions.” 553 

31:51Here is this pile of stones and this pillar I have set up between me and you,” Laban said to Jacob. 554  31:52 This pile of stones and the pillar are reminders that I will not pass beyond this pile to come to harm you and that you will not pass beyond this pile and this pillar to come to harm me. 555  31:53 May the God of Abraham and the god of Nahor, 556  the gods of their father, judge between us.” Jacob took an oath by the God whom his father Isaac feared. 557  31:54 Then Jacob offered a sacrifice 558  on the mountain and invited his relatives to eat the meal. 559  They ate the meal and spent the night on the mountain.

31:55 560  Early in the morning Laban kissed 561  his grandchildren 562  and his daughters goodbye and blessed them. Then Laban left and returned home. 563 

Jacob Wrestles at Peniel

32:1 So Jacob went on his way and the angels of God 564  met him. 32:2 When Jacob saw them, he exclaimed, 565  “This is the camp of God!” So he named that place Mahanaim. 566 

32:3 Jacob sent messengers on ahead 567  to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the region 568  of Edom. 32:4 He commanded them, “This is what you must say to my lord Esau: ‘This is what your servant 569  Jacob says: I have been staying with Laban until now. 32:5 I have oxen, donkeys, sheep, and male and female servants. I have sent 570  this message 571  to inform my lord, so that I may find favor in your sight.’

32:6 The messengers returned to Jacob and said, “We went to your brother Esau. He is coming to meet you and has four hundred men with him.” 32:7 Jacob was very afraid and upset. So he divided the people who were with him into two camps, as well as the flocks, herds, and camels. 32:8 If Esau attacks one camp,” 572  he thought, 573 then the other camp will be able to escape.” 574 

32:9 Then Jacob prayed, 575  “O God of my father Abraham, God of my father Isaac, O Lord, you said 576  to me, ‘Return to your land and to your relatives and I will make you prosper.’ 577  32:10 I am not worthy of all the faithful love 578  you have shown 579  your servant. With only my walking stick 580  I crossed the Jordan, 581  but now I have become two camps. 32:11 Rescue me, 582  I pray, from the hand 583  of my brother Esau, 584  for I am afraid he will come 585  and attack me, as well as the mothers with their children. 586  32:12 But you 587  said, ‘I will certainly make you prosper 588  and will make 589  your descendants like the sand on the seashore, too numerous to count.’ 590 

32:13 Jacob 591  stayed there that night. Then he sent 592  as a gift 593  to his brother Esau 32:14 two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 32:15 thirty female camels with their young, forty cows and ten bulls, and twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys. 32:16 He entrusted them to 594  his servants, who divided them into herds. 595  He told his servants, “Pass over before me, and keep some distance between one herd and the next.” 32:17 He instructed the servant leading the first herd, 596  “When my brother Esau meets you and asks, ‘To whom do you belong? 597  Where are you going? Whose herds are you driving?’ 598  32:18 then you must say, 599 They belong 600  to your servant Jacob. 601  They have been sent as a gift to my lord Esau. 602  In fact Jacob himself is behind us.’ 603 

32:19 He also gave these instructions to the second and third servants, as well as all those who were following the herds, saying, “You must say the same thing to Esau when you meet him. 604  32:20 You must also say, ‘In fact your servant Jacob is behind us.’” 605  Jacob thought, 606 I will first appease him 607  by sending a gift ahead of me. 608  After that I will meet him. 609  Perhaps he will accept me.” 610  32:21 So the gifts were sent on ahead of him 611  while he spent that night in the camp. 612 

32:22 During the night Jacob quickly took 613  his two wives, his two female servants, and his eleven sons 614  and crossed the ford of the Jabbok. 615  32:23 He took them and sent them across the stream along with all his possessions. 616  32:24 So Jacob was left alone. Then a man 617  wrestled 618  with him until daybreak. 619  32:25 When the man 620  saw that he could not defeat Jacob, 621  he struck 622  the socket of his hip so the socket of Jacob’s hip was dislocated while he wrestled with him.

32:26 Then the man 623  said, “Let me go, for the dawn is breaking.” 624  “I will not let you go,” Jacob replied, 625 unless you bless me.” 626  32:27 The man asked him, 627 What is your name?” 628  He answered, “Jacob.” 32:28 No longer will your name be Jacob,” the man told him, 629  “but Israel, 630  because you have fought 631  with God and with men and have prevailed.”

32:29 Then Jacob asked, “Please tell me your name.” 632 Why 633  do you ask my name?” the man replied. 634  Then he blessed 635  Jacob 636  there. 32:30 So Jacob named the place Peniel, 637  explaining, 638  “Certainly 639  I have seen God face to face 640  and have survived.” 641 

32:31 The sun rose 642  over him as he crossed over Penuel, 643  but 644  he was limping because of his hip. 32:32 That is why to this day 645  the Israelites do not eat the sinew which is attached to the socket of the hip, because he struck 646  the socket of Jacob’s hip near the attached sinew.

Jacob Meets Esau

33:1 Jacob looked up 647  and saw that Esau was coming 648  along with four hundred men. So he divided the children among Leah, Rachel, and the two female servants. 33:2 He put the servants and their children in front, with Leah and her children behind them, and Rachel and Joseph behind them. 649  33:3 But Jacob 650  himself went on ahead of them, and he bowed toward the ground seven times as he approached 651  his brother. 33:4 But Esau ran to meet him, embraced him, hugged his neck, and kissed him. Then they both wept. 33:5 When Esau 652  looked up 653  and saw the women and the children, he asked, “Who are these people with you?” Jacob 654  replied, “The children whom God has graciously given 655  your servant.” 33:6 The female servants came forward with their children and bowed down. 656  33:7 Then Leah came forward with her children and they bowed down. Finally Joseph and Rachel came forward and bowed down.

33:8 Esau 657  then asked, “What did you intend 658  by sending all these herds to meet me?” 659  Jacob 660  replied, “To find favor in your sight, my lord.” 33:9 But Esau said, “I have plenty, my brother. Keep what belongs to you.” 33:10 No, please take them,” Jacob said. 661 If I have found favor in your sight, accept 662  my gift from my hand. Now that I have seen your face and you have accepted me, 663  it is as if I have seen the face of God. 664  33:11 Please take my present 665  that was brought to you, for God has been generous 666  to me and I have all I need.” 667  When Jacob urged him, he took it. 668 

33:12 Then Esau 669  said, “Let’s be on our way! 670  I will go in front of you.” 33:13 But Jacob 671  said to him, “My lord knows that the children are young, 672  and that I have to look after the sheep and cattle that are nursing their young. 673  If they are driven too hard for even a single day, all the animals will die. 33:14 Let my lord go on ahead of his servant. I will travel more slowly, at the pace of the herds and the children, 674  until I come to my lord at Seir.”

33:15 So Esau said, “Let me leave some of my men with you.” 675  “Why do that?” Jacob replied. 676 My lord has already been kind enough to me.” 677 

33:16 So that same day Esau made his way back 678  to Seir. 33:17 But 679  Jacob traveled to Succoth 680  where he built himself a house and made shelters for his livestock. That is why the place was called 681  Succoth. 682 

33:18 After he left Paddan Aram, Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem in the land of Canaan, and he camped near 683  the city. 33:19 Then he purchased the portion of the field where he had pitched his tent; he bought it 684  from the sons of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for a hundred pieces of money. 685  33:20 There he set up an altar and called it “The God of Israel is God.” 686 

Dinah and the Shechemites

34:1 Now Dinah, Leah’s daughter whom she bore to Jacob, went to meet 687  the young women 688  of the land. 34:2 When Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite, who ruled that area, saw her, he grabbed her, forced himself on her, 689  and sexually assaulted her. 690  34:3 Then he became very attached 691  to Dinah, Jacob’s daughter. He fell in love with the young woman and spoke romantically to her. 692  34:4 Shechem said to his father Hamor, “Acquire this young girl as my wife.” 693  34:5 When 694  Jacob heard that Shechem 695  had violated his daughter Dinah, his sons were with the livestock in the field. So Jacob remained silent 696  until they came in.

34:6 Then Shechem’s father Hamor went to speak with Jacob about Dinah. 697  34:7 Now Jacob’s sons had come in from the field when they heard the news. 698  They 699  were offended 700  and very angry because Shechem 701  had disgraced Israel 702  by sexually assaulting 703  Jacob’s daughter, a crime that should not be committed. 704 

34:8 But Hamor made this appeal to them: “My son Shechem is in love with your daughter. 705  Please give her to him as his wife. 34:9 Intermarry with us. 706  Let us marry your daughters, and take our daughters as wives for yourselves. 707  34:10 You may live 708  among us, and the land will be open to you. 709  Live in it, travel freely in it, 710  and acquire property in it.”

34:11 Then Shechem said to Dinah’s 711  father and brothers, “Let me find favor in your sight, and whatever you require of me 712  I’ll give. 713  34:12 You can make the bride price and the gift I must bring very expensive, 714  and I’ll give 715  whatever you ask 716  of me. Just give me the young woman as my wife!

34:13 Jacob’s sons answered Shechem and his father Hamor deceitfully when they spoke because Shechem 717  had violated their sister Dinah. 34:14 They said to them, “We cannot give 718  our sister to a man who is not circumcised, for it would be a disgrace 719  to us. 34:15 We will give you our consent on this one condition: You must become 720  like us by circumcising 721  all your males. 34:16 Then we will give 722  you our daughters to marry, 723  and we will take your daughters as wives for ourselves, and we will live among you and become one people. 34:17 But if you do not agree to our terms 724  by being circumcised, then we will take 725  our sister 726  and depart.”

34:18 Their offer pleased Hamor and his son Shechem. 727  34:19 The young man did not delay in doing what they asked 728  because he wanted Jacob’s daughter Dinah 729  badly. (Now he was more important 730  than anyone in his father’s household.) 731  34:20 So Hamor and his son Shechem went to the gate 732  of their city and spoke to the men of their city, 34:21 These men are at peace with us. So let them live in the land and travel freely in it, for the land is wide enough 733  for them. We will take their daughters for wives, and we will give them our daughters to marry. 734  34:22 Only on this one condition will these men consent to live with us and become one people: They demand 735  that every male among us be circumcised just as they are circumcised. 34:23 If we do so, 736  won’t their livestock, their property, and all their animals become ours? So let’s consent to their demand, so they will live among us.”

34:24 All the men who assembled at the city gate 737  agreed with 738  Hamor and his son Shechem. Every male who assembled at the city gate 739  was circumcised. 34:25 In three days, when they were still in pain, two of Jacob’s sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brothers, each took his sword 740  and went to the unsuspecting city 741  and slaughtered every male. 34:26 They killed Hamor and his son Shechem with the sword, took Dinah from Shechem’s house, and left. 34:27 Jacob’s sons killed them 742  and looted the city because their sister had been violated. 743  34:28 They took their flocks, herds, and donkeys, as well as everything in the city and in the surrounding fields. 744  34:29 They captured as plunder 745  all their wealth, all their little ones, and their wives, including everything in the houses.

34:30 Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have brought ruin 746  on me by making me a foul odor 747  among the inhabitants of the land – among the Canaanites and the Perizzites. I 748  am few in number; they will join forces against me and attack me, and both I and my family will be destroyed! 34:31 But Simeon and Levi replied, 749 Should he treat our sister like a common prostitute?

The Return to Bethel

35:1 Then God said to Jacob, “Go up at once 750  to Bethel 751  and live there. Make an altar there to God, who appeared to you when you fled from your brother Esau.” 752  35:2 So Jacob told his household and all who were with him, “Get rid of the foreign gods you have among you. 753  Purify yourselves and change your clothes. 754  35:3 Let us go up at once 755  to Bethel. Then I will make 756  an altar there to God, who responded to me in my time of distress 757  and has been with me wherever I went.” 758 

35:4 So they gave Jacob all the foreign gods that were in their possession 759  and the rings that were in their ears. 760  Jacob buried them 761  under the oak 762  near Shechem 35:5 and they started on their journey. 763  The surrounding cities were afraid of God, 764  and they did not pursue the sons of Jacob.

35:6 Jacob and all those who were with him arrived at Luz (that is, Bethel) 765  in the land of Canaan. 766  35:7 He built an altar there and named the place El Bethel 767  because there God had revealed himself 768  to him when he was fleeing from his brother. 35:8 (Deborah, 769  Rebekah’s nurse, died and was buried under the oak below Bethel; thus it was named 770  Oak of Weeping.) 771 

35:9 God appeared to Jacob again after he returned from Paddan Aram and blessed him. 35:10 God said to him, “Your name is Jacob, but your name will no longer be called Jacob; Israel will be your name.” So God named him Israel. 772  35:11 Then God said to him, “I am the sovereign God. 773  Be fruitful and multiply! A nation – even a company of nations – will descend from you; kings will be among your descendants! 774  35:12 The land I gave 775  to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you. To your descendants 776  I will also give this land.” 35:13 Then God went up from the place 777  where he spoke with him. 35:14 So Jacob set up a sacred stone pillar in the place where God spoke with him. 778  He poured out a drink offering on it, and then he poured oil on it. 779  35:15 Jacob named the place 780  where God spoke with him Bethel. 781 

35:16 They traveled on from Bethel, and when Ephrath was still some distance away, 782  Rachel went into labor 783 and her labor was hard. 35:17 When her labor was at its hardest, 784  the midwife said to her, “Don’t be afraid, for you are having another son.” 785  35:18 With her dying breath, 786  she named him Ben-Oni. 787  But his father called him Benjamin instead. 788  35:19 So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem). 789  35:20 Jacob set up a marker 790  over her grave; it is 791  the Marker of Rachel’s Grave to this day.

35:21 Then Israel traveled on and pitched his tent beyond Migdal Eder. 792  35:22 While Israel was living in that land, Reuben had sexual relations with 793  Bilhah, his father’s concubine, and Israel heard about it.

Jacob had twelve sons:

35:23 The sons of Leah were Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn, as well as Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun.

35:24 The sons of Rachel were Joseph and Benjamin.

35:25 The sons of Bilhah, Rachel’s servant, were Dan and Naphtali.

35:26 The sons of Zilpah, Leah’s servant, were Gad and Asher.

These were the sons of Jacob who were born to him in Paddan Aram.

35:27 So Jacob came back to his father Isaac in Mamre, 794  to Kiriath Arba 795  (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had stayed. 796  35:28 Isaac lived to be 180 years old. 797  35:29 Then Isaac breathed his last and joined his ancestors. 798  He died an old man who had lived a full life. 799  His sons Esau and Jacob buried him.

The Descendants of Esau

36:1 What follows is the account of Esau (also known as Edom). 800 

36:2 Esau took his wives from the Canaanites: 801  Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and granddaughter 802  of Zibeon the Hivite, 36:3 in addition to Basemath the daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.

36:4 Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, Basemath bore Reuel, 36:5 and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These were the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan.

36:6 Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, all the people in his household, his livestock, his animals, and all his possessions which he had acquired in the land of Canaan and went to a land some distance away from 803  Jacob his brother 36:7 because they had too many possessions to be able to stay together and the land where they had settled 804  was not able to support them because of their livestock. 36:8 So Esau (also known as Edom) lived in the hill country of Seir. 805 

36:9 This is the account of Esau, the father 806  of the Edomites, in the hill country of Seir.

36:10 These were the names of Esau’s sons:

Eliphaz, the son of Esau’s wife Adah, and Reuel, the son of Esau’s wife Basemath.

36:11 The sons of Eliphaz were:

Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz.

36:12 Timna, a concubine of Esau’s son Eliphaz, bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These were the sons 807  of Esau’s wife Adah.

36:13 These were the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the sons 808  of Esau’s wife Basemath.

36:14 These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and granddaughter 809  of Zibeon: She bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah to Esau.

36:15 These were the chiefs 810  among the descendants 811  of Esau, the sons of Eliphaz, Esau’s firstborn: chief Teman, chief Omar, chief Zepho, chief Kenaz, 36:16 chief Korah, 812  chief Gatam, chief Amalek. These were the chiefs descended from Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were the sons 813  of Adah.

36:17 These were the sons of Esau’s son Reuel: chief Nahath, chief Zerah, chief Shammah, chief Mizzah. These were the chiefs descended from Reuel in the land of Edom; these were the sons 814  of Esau’s wife Basemath.

36:18 These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah: chief Jeush, chief Jalam, chief Korah. These were the chiefs descended from Esau’s wife Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah.

36:19 These were the sons of Esau (also known as Edom), and these were their chiefs.

36:20 These were the sons of Seir the Horite, 815  who were living in the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, 36:21 Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, the descendants 816  of Seir in the land of Edom.

36:22 The sons of Lotan were Hori and Homam; 817  Lotan’s sister was Timna.

36:23 These were the sons of Shobal: Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, 818  and Onam.

36:24 These were the sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah (who discovered the hot springs 819  in the wilderness as he pastured the donkeys of his father Zibeon).

36:25 These were the children 820  of Anah: Dishon and Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah.

36:26 These were the sons of Dishon: 821  Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Keran.

36:27 These were the sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.

36:28 These were the sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran.

36:29 These were the chiefs of the Horites: chief Lotan, chief Shobal, chief Zibeon, chief Anah, 36:30 chief Dishon, chief Ezer, chief Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, according to their chief lists in the land of Seir.

36:31 These were the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king ruled over the Israelites: 822 

36:32 Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom; the name of his city was Dinhabah.

36:33 When Bela died, Jobab the son of Zerah from Bozrah reigned in his place.

36:34 When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites reigned in his place.

36:35 When Husham died, Hadad the son of Bedad, who defeated the Midianites in the land of Moab, reigned in his place; the name of his city was Avith.

36:36 When Hadad died, Samlah from Masrekah reigned in his place.

36:37 When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth by the River 823  reigned in his place.

36:38 When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his place.

36:39 When Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor died, Hadad 824  reigned in his place; the name of his city was Pau. 825  His wife’s name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Me-Zahab.

36:40 These were the names of the chiefs of Esau, according to their families, according to their places, by their names: chief Timna, chief Alvah, chief Jetheth, 36:41 chief Oholibamah, chief Elah, chief Pinon, 36:42 chief Kenaz, chief Teman, chief Mibzar, 36:43 chief Magdiel, chief Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom, according to their settlements 826  in the land they possessed. This was Esau, the father of the Edomites.

Joseph’s Dreams

37:1 But Jacob lived in the land where his father had stayed, 827  in the land of Canaan. 828 

37:2 This is the account of Jacob.

Joseph, his seventeen-year-old son, 829  was taking care of 830  the flocks with his brothers. Now he was a youngster 831  working with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father’s wives. 832  Joseph brought back a bad report about them 833  to their father.

37:3 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his sons 834  because he was a son born to him late in life, 835  and he made a special 836  tunic for him. 37:4 When Joseph’s 837  brothers saw that their father loved him more than any of them, 838  they hated Joseph 839  and were not able to speak to him kindly. 840 

37:5 Joseph 841  had a dream, 842  and when he told his brothers about it, 843  they hated him even more. 844  37:6 He said to them, “Listen to this dream I had: 845  37:7 There we were, 846  binding sheaves of grain in the middle of the field. Suddenly my sheaf rose up and stood upright and your sheaves surrounded my sheaf and bowed down 847  to it! 37:8 Then his brothers asked him, “Do you really think you will rule over us or have dominion over us?” 848  They hated him even more 849  because of his dream and because of what he said. 850 

37:9 Then he had another dream, 851  and told it to his brothers. “Look,” 852  he said. “I had another dream. The sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me.” 37:10 When he told his father and his brothers, his father rebuked him, saying, “What is this dream that you had? 853  Will I, your mother, and your brothers really come and bow down to you? 854  37:11 His brothers were jealous 855  of him, but his father kept in mind what Joseph said. 856 

37:12 When his brothers had gone to graze their father’s flocks near Shechem, 37:13 Israel said to Joseph, “Your brothers 857  are grazing the flocks near Shechem. Come, I will send you to them.” “I’m ready,” 858  Joseph replied. 859  37:14 So Jacob 860  said to him, “Go now and check on 861  the welfare 862  of your brothers and of the flocks, and bring me word.” So Jacob 863  sent him from the valley of Hebron.

37:15 When Joseph reached Shechem, 864  a man found him wandering 865  in the field, so the man asked him, “What are you looking for? 37:16 He replied, “I’m looking for my brothers. Please tell 866  me where they are grazing their flocks.” 37:17 The man said, “They left this area, 867  for I heard them say, ‘Let’s go to Dothan.’” So Joseph went after his brothers and found them at Dothan.

37:18 Now Joseph’s brothers 868  saw him from a distance, and before he reached them, they plotted to kill him. 37:19 They said to one another, “Here comes this master of dreams! 869  37:20 Come now, let’s kill him, throw him into one of the cisterns, and then say that a wild 870  animal ate him. Then we’ll see how his dreams turn out! 871 

37:21 When Reuben heard this, he rescued Joseph 872  from their hands, 873  saying, 874 Let’s not take his life! 875  37:22 Reuben continued, 876  “Don’t shed blood! Throw him into this cistern that is here in the wilderness, but don’t lay a hand on him.” 877  (Reuben said this 878  so he could rescue Joseph 879  from them 880  and take him back to his father.)

37:23 When Joseph reached his brothers, they stripped him 881  of his tunic, the special tunic that he wore. 37:24 Then they took him and threw him into the cistern. (Now the cistern was empty; 882  there was no water in it.)

37:25 When they sat down to eat their food, they looked up 883  and saw 884  a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead. Their camels were carrying spices, balm, and myrrh down to Egypt. 885  37:26 Then Judah said to his brothers, “What profit is there if we kill our brother and cover up his blood? 37:27 Come, let’s sell him to the Ishmaelites, but let’s not lay a hand on him, 886  for after all, he is our brother, our own flesh.” His brothers agreed. 887  37:28 So when the Midianite 888  merchants passed by, Joseph’s brothers pulled 889  him 890  out of the cistern and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver. The Ishmaelites 891  then took Joseph to Egypt.

37:29 Later Reuben returned to the cistern to find that Joseph was not in it! 892  He tore his clothes, 37:30 returned to his brothers, and said, “The boy isn’t there! And I, where can I go? 37:31 So they took Joseph’s tunic, killed a young goat, 893  and dipped the tunic in the blood. 37:32 Then they brought the special tunic to their father 894  and said, “We found this. Determine now whether it is your son’s tunic or not.”

37:33 He recognized it and exclaimed, “It is my son’s tunic! A wild animal has eaten him! 895  Joseph has surely been torn to pieces! 37:34 Then Jacob tore his clothes, put on sackcloth, 896  and mourned for his son many days. 37:35 All his sons and daughters stood by 897  him to console him, but he refused to be consoled. “No,” he said, “I will go to the grave mourning my son.” 898  So Joseph’s 899  father wept for him.

37:36 Now 900  in Egypt the Midianites 901  sold Joseph 902  to Potiphar, one of Pharaoh’s officials, the captain of the guard. 903 

Judah and Tamar

38:1 At that time Judah left 904  his brothers and stayed 905  with an Adullamite man 906  named Hirah.

38:2 There Judah saw the daughter of a Canaanite man 907  named Shua. 908  Judah acquired her as a wife 909  and had marital relations with her. 910  38:3 She became pregnant 911  and had a son. Judah named 912  him Er. 38:4 She became pregnant again and had another son, whom she named Onan. 38:5 Then she had 913  yet another son, whom she named Shelah. She gave birth to him in Kezib. 914 

38:6 Judah acquired 915  a wife for Er his firstborn; her name was Tamar. 38:7 But Er, Judah’s firstborn, was evil in the Lord’s sight, so the Lord killed him.

38:8 Then Judah said to Onan, “Have sexual relations with 916  your brother’s wife and fulfill the duty of a brother-in-law to her so that you may raise 917  up a descendant for your brother.” 918  38:9 But Onan knew that the child 919  would not be considered his. 920  So whenever 921  he had sexual relations with 922  his brother’s wife, he withdrew prematurely 923  so as not to give his brother a descendant. 38:10 What he did was evil in the Lord’s sight, so the Lord 924  killed him too.

38:11 Then Judah said to his daughter-in-law Tamar, “Live as a widow in your father’s house until Shelah my son grows up.” For he thought, 925 I don’t want him to die like his brothers.” 926  So Tamar went and lived in her father’s house.

38:12 After some time 927  Judah’s wife, the daughter of Shua, died. After Judah was consoled, he left for Timnah to visit his sheepshearers, along with 928  his friend Hirah the Adullamite. 38:13 Tamar was told, 929 Look, your father-in-law is going up 930  to Timnah to shear his sheep.” 38:14 So she removed her widow’s clothes and covered herself with a veil. She wrapped herself and sat at the entrance to Enaim which is on the way to Timnah. (She did this because 931  she saw that she had not been given to Shelah as a wife, even though he had now grown up.) 932 

38:15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute 933  because she had covered her face. 38:16 He turned aside to her along the road and said, “Come on! I want to have sex with you.” 934  (He did not realize 935  it was his daughter-in-law.) She asked, “What will you give me in exchange for having sex with you? 936  38:17 He replied, “I’ll send you a young goat from the flock.” She asked, “Will you give me a pledge until you send it? 937  38:18 He said, “What pledge should I give you?” She replied, “Your seal, your cord, and the staff that’s in your hand.” So he gave them to her and had sex with her. 938  She became pregnant by him. 38:19 She left immediately, 939  removed her veil, and put on her widow’s clothes.

38:20 Then Judah had his friend Hirah 940  the Adullamite take a young goat to get back from the woman the items he had given in pledge, 941  but Hirah 942  could not find her. 38:21 He asked the men who were there, 943 Where is the cult prostitute 944  who was at Enaim by the road?” But they replied, “There has been no cult prostitute here.” 38:22 So he returned to Judah and said, “I couldn’t find her. Moreover, the men of the place said, ‘There has been no cult prostitute here.’ 38:23 Judah said, “Let her keep the things 945  for herself. Otherwise we will appear to be dishonest. 946  I did indeed send this young goat, but you couldn’t find her.”

38:24 After three months Judah was told, 947 Your daughter-in-law Tamar has turned to prostitution, 948  and as a result she has become pregnant.” 949  Judah said, “Bring her out and let her be burned! 38:25 While they were bringing her out, she sent word 950  to her father-in-law: “I am pregnant by the man to whom these belong.” 951  Then she said, “Identify 952  the one to whom the seal, cord, and staff belong.” 38:26 Judah recognized them and said, “She is more upright 953  than I am, because I wouldn’t give her to Shelah my son.” He did not have sexual relations with her 954  again.

38:27 When it was time for her to give birth, there were twins in her womb. 38:28 While she was giving birth, one child 955  put out his hand, and the midwife took a scarlet thread and tied it on his hand, saying, “This one came out first.” 38:29 But then he drew back his hand, and his brother came out before him. 956  She said, “How you have broken out of the womb!” 957  So he was named Perez. 958  38:30 Afterward his brother came out – the one who had the scarlet thread on his hand – and he was named Zerah. 959 

Joseph and Potiphar’s Wife

39:1 Now Joseph had been brought down to Egypt. 960  An Egyptian named Potiphar, an official of Pharaoh and the captain of the guard, 961  purchased him from 962  the Ishmaelites who had brought him there. 39:2 The Lord was with Joseph. He was successful 963  and lived 964  in the household of his Egyptian master. 39:3 His master observed that the Lord was with him and that the Lord made everything he was doing successful. 965  39:4 So Joseph found favor in his sight and became his personal attendant. 966  Potiphar appointed Joseph 967  overseer of his household and put him in charge 968  of everything he owned. 39:5 From the time 969  Potiphar 970  appointed him over his household and over all that he owned, the Lord blessed 971  the Egyptian’s household for Joseph’s sake. The blessing of the Lord was on everything that he had, both 972  in his house and in his fields. 973  39:6 So Potiphar 974  left 975  everything he had in Joseph’s care; 976  he gave no thought 977  to anything except the food he ate. 978 

Now Joseph was well built and good-looking. 979  39:7 Soon after these things, his master’s wife took notice of 980  Joseph and said, “Have sex with me.” 981  39:8 But he refused, saying 982  to his master’s wife, “Look, my master does not give any thought 983  to his household with me here, 984  and everything that he owns he has put into my care. 985  39:9 There is no one greater in this household than I am. He has withheld nothing from me except you because you are his wife. So how could I do 986  such a great evil and sin against God? 39:10 Even though she continued to speak 987  to Joseph day after day, he did not respond 988  to her invitation to have sex with her. 989 

39:11 One day 990  he went into the house to do his work when none of the household servants 991  were there in the house. 39:12 She grabbed him by his outer garment, saying, “Have sex with me!” But he left his outer garment in her hand and ran 992  outside. 993  39:13 When she saw that he had left his outer garment in her hand and had run outside, 39:14 she called for her household servants and said to them, “See, my husband brought 994  in a Hebrew man 995  to us to humiliate us. 996  He tried to have sex with me, 997  but I screamed loudly. 998  39:15 When he heard me raise 999  my voice and scream, he left his outer garment beside me and ran outside.”

39:16 So she laid his outer garment beside her until his master came home. 39:17 This is what she said to him: 1000  “That Hebrew slave 1001  you brought to us tried to humiliate me, 1002  39:18 but when I raised my voice and screamed, he left his outer garment and ran outside.”

39:19 When his master heard his wife say, 1003 This is the way 1004  your slave treated me,” 1005  he became furious. 1006  39:20 Joseph’s master took him and threw him into the prison, 1007  the place where the king’s prisoners were confined. So he was there in the prison. 1008 

39:21 But the Lord was with Joseph and showed him kindness. 1009  He granted him favor in the sight of the prison warden. 1010  39:22 The warden put all the prisoners under Joseph’s care. He was in charge of whatever they were doing. 1011  39:23 The warden did not concern himself 1012  with anything that was in Joseph’s 1013  care because the Lord was with him and whatever he was doing the Lord was making successful.

The Cupbearer and the Baker

40:1 After these things happened, the cupbearer 1014  to the king of Egypt and the royal baker 1015  offended 1016  their master, the king of Egypt. 40:2 Pharaoh was enraged with his two officials, 1017  the cupbearer and the baker, 40:3 so he imprisoned them in the house of the captain of the guard in the same facility where Joseph was confined. 40:4 The captain of the guard appointed Joseph to be their attendant, and he served them. 1018 

They spent some time in custody. 1019  40:5 Both of them, the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt, who were confined in the prison, had a dream 1020  the same night. 1021  Each man’s dream had its own meaning. 1022  40:6 When Joseph came to them in the morning, he saw that they were looking depressed. 1023  40:7 So he asked Pharaoh’s officials, who were with him in custody in his master’s house, “Why do you look so sad today? 1024  40:8 They told him, “We both had dreams, 1025  but there is no one to interpret them.” Joseph responded, “Don’t interpretations belong to God? Tell them 1026  to me.”

40:9 So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph: 1027  “In my dream, there was a vine in front of me. 40:10 On the vine there were three branches. As it budded, its blossoms opened and its clusters ripened into grapes. 40:11 Now Pharaoh’s cup was in my hand, so I took the grapes, squeezed them into his 1028  cup, and put the cup in Pharaoh’s hand.” 1029 

40:12This is its meaning,” Joseph said to him. “The three branches represent 1030  three days. 40:13 In three more days Pharaoh will reinstate you 1031  and restore you to your office. You will put Pharaoh’s cup in his hand, just as you did before 1032  when you were cupbearer. 40:14 But remember me 1033  when it goes well for you, and show 1034  me kindness. 1035  Make mention 1036  of me to Pharaoh and bring me out of this prison, 1037  40:15 for I really was kidnapped 1038  from the land of the Hebrews and I have done nothing wrong here for which they should put me in a dungeon.”

40:16 When the chief baker saw that the interpretation of the first dream was favorable, 1039  he said to Joseph, “I also appeared in my dream and there were three baskets of white bread 1040  on my head. 40:17 In the top basket there were baked goods of every kind for Pharaoh, but the birds were eating them from the basket that was on my head.”

40:18 Joseph replied, “This is its meaning: The three baskets represent 1041  three days. 40:19 In three more days Pharaoh will decapitate you 1042  and impale you on a pole. Then the birds will eat your flesh from you.”

40:20 On the third day it was Pharaoh’s birthday, so he gave a feast for all his servants. He “lifted up” 1043  the head of the chief cupbearer and the head of the chief baker in the midst of his servants. 40:21 He restored the chief cupbearer to his former position 1044  so that he placed the cup in Pharaoh’s hand, 40:22 but the chief baker he impaled, just as Joseph had predicted. 1045  40:23 But the chief cupbearer did not remember Joseph – he forgot him. 1046 

Joseph’s Rise to Power

41:1 At the end of two full years 1047  Pharaoh had a dream. 1048  As he was standing by the Nile, 41:2 seven fine-looking, fat cows were coming up out of the Nile, 1049  and they grazed in the reeds. 41:3 Then seven bad-looking, thin cows were coming up after them from the Nile, 1050  and they stood beside the other cows at the edge of the river. 1051  41:4 The bad-looking, thin cows ate the seven fine-looking, fat cows. Then Pharaoh woke up.

41:5 Then he fell asleep again and had a second dream: There were seven heads of grain growing 1052  on one stalk, healthy 1053  and good. 41:6 Then 1054  seven heads of grain, thin and burned by the east wind, were sprouting up after them. 41:7 The thin heads swallowed up the seven healthy and full heads. Then Pharaoh woke up and realized it was a dream. 1055 

41:8 In the morning he 1056  was troubled, so he called for 1057  all the diviner-priests 1058  of Egypt and all its wise men. Pharaoh told them his dreams, 1059  but no one could interpret 1060  them for him. 1061  41:9 Then the chief cupbearer said to Pharaoh, “Today I recall my failures. 1062  41:10 Pharaoh was enraged with his servants, and he put me in prison in the house of the captain of the guards – me and the chief baker. 41:11 We each had a dream one night; each of us had a dream with its own meaning. 1063  41:12 Now a young man, a Hebrew, a servant 1064  of the captain of the guards, 1065  was with us there. We told him our dreams, 1066  and he interpreted the meaning of each of our respective dreams for us. 1067  41:13 It happened just as he had said 1068  to us – Pharaoh 1069  restored me to my office, but he impaled the baker.” 1070 

41:14 Then Pharaoh summoned 1071  Joseph. So they brought him quickly out of the dungeon; he shaved himself, changed his clothes, and came before Pharaoh. 41:15 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I had a dream, 1072  and there is no one who can interpret 1073  it. But I have heard about you, that 1074  you can interpret dreams.” 1075  41:16 Joseph replied to Pharaoh, “It is not within my power, 1076  but God will speak concerning 1077  the welfare of Pharaoh.” 1078 

41:17 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “In my dream I was standing 1079  by the edge of the Nile. 41:18 Then seven fat and fine-looking cows were coming up out of the Nile, and they grazed in the reeds. 1080  41:19 Then 1081  seven other cows came up after them; they were scrawny, very bad-looking, and lean. I had never seen such bad-looking cows 1082  as these in all the land of Egypt! 41:20 The lean, bad-looking cows ate up the seven 1083  fat cows. 41:21 When they had eaten them, 1084  no one would have known 1085  that they had done so, for they were just as bad-looking as before. Then I woke up. 41:22 I also saw in my dream 1086  seven heads of grain growing on one stalk, full and good. 41:23 Then 1087  seven heads of grain, withered and thin and burned with the east wind, were sprouting up after them. 41:24 The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven good heads of grain. So I told all this 1088  to the diviner-priests, but no one could tell me its meaning.” 1089 

41:25 Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “Both dreams of Pharaoh have the same meaning. 1090  God has revealed 1091  to Pharaoh what he is about to do. 1092  41:26 The seven good cows represent seven years, and the seven good heads of grain represent seven years. Both dreams have the same meaning. 1093  41:27 The seven lean, bad-looking cows that came up after them represent seven years, as do the seven empty heads of grain burned with the east wind. They represent 1094  seven years of famine. 41:28 This is just what I told 1095  Pharaoh: God has shown Pharaoh what he is about to do. 41:29 Seven years of great abundance are coming throughout the whole land of Egypt. 41:30 But seven years of famine will occur 1096  after them, and all the abundance will be forgotten in the land of Egypt. The famine will devastate 1097  the land. 41:31 The previous abundance of the land will not be remembered 1098  because of the famine that follows, for the famine will be very severe. 1099  41:32 The dream was repeated to Pharaoh 1100  because the matter has been decreed 1101  by God, and God will make it happen soon. 1102 

41:33So now Pharaoh should look 1103  for a wise and discerning man 1104  and give him authority 1105  over all the land of Egypt. 41:34 Pharaoh should do 1106  this – he should appoint 1107  officials 1108  throughout the land to collect one-fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt 1109  during the seven years of abundance. 41:35 They should gather all the excess food 1110  during these good years that are coming. By Pharaoh’s authority 1111  they should store up grain so the cities will have food, 1112  and they should preserve it. 1113  41:36 This food should be held in storage for the land in preparation for the seven years of famine that will occur throughout the land of Egypt. In this way the land will survive the famine.” 1114 

41:37 This advice made sense to Pharaoh and all his officials. 1115  41:38 So Pharaoh asked his officials, “Can we find a man like Joseph, 1116  one in whom the Spirit of God is present? 1117  41:39 So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Because God has enabled you to know all this, there is no one as wise and discerning 1118  as you are! 41:40 You will oversee my household, and all my people will submit to your commands. 1119  Only I, the king, will be greater than you. 1120 

41:41See here,” Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I place 1121  you in authority over all the land of Egypt.” 1122  41:42 Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his own hand and put it on Joseph’s. He clothed him with fine linen 1123  clothes and put a gold chain around his neck. 41:43 Pharaoh 1124  had him ride in the chariot used by his second-in-command, 1125  and they cried out before him, “Kneel down!” 1126  So he placed him over all the land of Egypt. 41:44 Pharaoh also said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, but without your permission 1127  no one 1128  will move his hand or his foot 1129  in all the land of Egypt.” 41:45 Pharaoh gave Joseph the name Zaphenath-Paneah. 1130  He also gave him Asenath 1131  daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, 1132  to be his wife. So Joseph took charge of 1133  all the land of Egypt.

41:46 Now Joseph was 30 years old 1134  when he began serving 1135  Pharaoh king of Egypt. Joseph was commissioned by 1136  Pharaoh and was in charge of 1137  all the land of Egypt. 41:47 During the seven years of abundance the land produced large, bountiful harvests. 1138  41:48 Joseph 1139  collected all the excess food 1140  in the land of Egypt during the seven years and stored it in the cities. 1141  In every city he put the food gathered from the fields around it. 41:49 Joseph stored up a vast amount of grain, like the sand of the sea, 1142  until he stopped measuring it because it was impossible to measure.

41:50 Two sons were born to Joseph before the famine came. 1143  Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, was their mother. 1144  41:51 Joseph named the firstborn Manasseh, 1145  saying, 1146  “Certainly 1147  God has made me forget all my trouble and all my father’s house.” 41:52 He named the second child Ephraim, 1148  saying, 1149  “Certainly 1150  God has made me fruitful in the land of my suffering.”

41:53 The seven years of abundance in the land of Egypt came to an end. 41:54 Then the seven years of famine began, 1151  just as Joseph had predicted. There was famine in all the other lands, but throughout the land of Egypt there was food. 41:55 When all the land of Egypt experienced the famine, the people cried out to Pharaoh for food. Pharaoh said to all the people of Egypt, 1152 Go to Joseph and do whatever he tells you.”

41:56 While the famine was over all the earth, 1153  Joseph opened the storehouses 1154  and sold grain to the Egyptians. The famine was severe throughout the land of Egypt. 41:57 People from every country 1155  came to Joseph in Egypt to buy grain because the famine was severe throughout the earth.

Joseph’s Brothers in Egypt

42:1 When Jacob heard 1156  there was grain in Egypt, he 1157  said to his sons, “Why are you looking at each other? 1158  42:2 He then said, “Look, I hear that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there and buy grain for us 1159  so that we may live 1160  and not die.” 1161 

42:3 So ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt. 42:4 But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, 1162  for he said, 1163 What if some accident 1164  happens 1165  to him? 42:5 So Israel’s sons came to buy grain among the other travelers, 1166  for the famine was severe in the land of Canaan.

42:6 Now Joseph was the ruler of the country, the one who sold grain to all the people of the country. 1167  Joseph’s brothers came and bowed down 1168  before him with 1169  their faces to the ground. 42:7 When Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them, but he pretended to be a stranger 1170  to them and spoke to them harshly. He asked, “Where do you come from?” They answered, 1171 From the land of Canaan, to buy grain for food.” 1172 

42:8 Joseph recognized his brothers, but they did not recognize him. 42:9 Then Joseph remembered 1173  the dreams he had dreamed about them, and he said to them, “You are spies; you have come to see if our land is vulnerable! 1174 

42:10 But they exclaimed, 1175  “No, my lord! Your servants have come to buy grain for food! 42:11 We are all the sons of one man; we are honest men! Your servants are not spies.”

42:12No,” he insisted, “but you have come to see if our land is vulnerable.” 1176  42:13 They replied, “Your servants are from a family of twelve brothers. 1177  We are the sons of one man in the land of Canaan. The youngest is with our father at this time, 1178  and one is no longer alive.” 1179 

42:14 But Joseph told them, “It is just as I said to you: 1180  You are spies! 42:15 You will be tested in this way: As surely as Pharaoh lives, 1181  you will not depart from this place unless your youngest brother comes here. 42:16 One of you must go and get 1182  your brother, while 1183  the rest of you remain in prison. 1184  In this way your words may be tested to see if 1185  you are telling the truth. 1186  If not, then, as surely as Pharaoh lives, you are spies! 42:17 He imprisoned 1187  them all for three days. 42:18 On the third day Joseph said to them, “Do as I say 1188  and you will live, 1189  for I fear God. 1190  42:19 If you are honest men, leave one of your brothers confined here in prison 1191  while the rest of you go 1192  and take grain back for your hungry families. 1193  42:20 But you must bring 1194  your youngest brother to me. Then 1195  your words will be verified 1196  and you will not die.” They did as he said. 1197 

42:21 They said to one other, 1198 Surely we’re being punished 1199  because of our brother, because we saw how distressed he was 1200  when he cried to us for mercy, but we refused to listen. That is why this distress 1201  has come on us! 42:22 Reuben said to them, “Didn’t I say to you, ‘Don’t sin against the boy,’ but you wouldn’t listen? So now we must pay for shedding his blood! 1202  42:23 (Now 1203  they did not know that Joseph could understand them, 1204  for he was speaking through an interpreter.) 1205  42:24 He turned away from them and wept. When he turned around and spoke to them again, 1206  he had Simeon taken 1207  from them and tied up 1208  before their eyes.

42:25 Then Joseph gave orders to fill 1209  their bags with grain, to return each man’s money to his sack, and to give them provisions for the journey. His orders were carried out. 1210  42:26 So they loaded their grain on their donkeys and left. 1211 

42:27 When one of them 1212  opened his sack to get feed for his donkey at their resting place, 1213  he saw his money in the mouth of his sack. 1214  42:28 He said to his brothers, “My money was returned! Here it is in my sack!” They were dismayed; 1215  they turned trembling one to another 1216  and said, “What in the world has God done to us? 1217 

42:29 They returned to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan and told him all the things that had happened to them, saying, 42:30 The man, the lord of the land, spoke harshly to us and treated us 1218  as if we were 1219  spying on the land. 42:31 But we said to him, ‘We are honest men; we are not spies! 42:32 We are from a family of twelve brothers; we are the sons of one father. 1220  One is no longer alive, 1221  and the youngest is with our father at this time 1222  in the land of Canaan.’

42:33Then the man, the lord of the land, said to us, ‘This is how I will find out if you are honest men. Leave one of your brothers with me, and take grain 1223  for your hungry households and go. 42:34 But bring your youngest brother back to me so I will know 1224  that you are honest men and not spies. 1225  Then I will give your brother back to you and you may move about freely in the land.’ 1226 

42:35 When they were emptying their sacks, there was each man’s bag of money in his sack! When they and their father saw the bags of money, they were afraid. 42:36 Their father Jacob said to them, “You are making me childless! Joseph is gone. 1227  Simeon is gone. 1228  And now you want to take 1229  Benjamin! Everything is against me.”

42:37 Then Reuben said to his father, “You may 1230  put my two sons to death if I do not bring him back to you. Put him in my care 1231  and I will bring him back to you.” 42:38 But Jacob 1232  replied, “My son will not go down there with you, for his brother is dead and he alone is left. 1233  If an accident happens to him on the journey you have to make, then you will bring down my gray hair 1234  in sorrow to the grave.” 1235 

The Second Journey to Egypt

43:1 Now the famine was severe in the land. 1236  43:2 When they finished eating the grain they had brought from Egypt, their father said to them, “Return, buy us a little more food.”

43:3 But Judah said to him, “The man solemnly warned 1237  us, ‘You will not see my face 1238  unless your brother is with you.’ 43:4 If you send 1239  our brother with us, we’ll go down and buy food for you. 43:5 But if you will not send him, we won’t go down there because the man said to us, ‘You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.’

43:6 Israel said, “Why did you bring this trouble 1240  on me by telling 1241  the man you had one more brother?

43:7 They replied, “The man questioned us 1242  thoroughly 1243  about ourselves and our family, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Do you have another brother?’ 1244  So we answered him in this way. 1245  How could we possibly know 1246  that he would say, 1247 Bring your brother down?

43:8 Then Judah said to his father Israel, “Send the boy with me and we will go immediately. 1248  Then we will live 1249  and not die – we and you and our little ones. 43:9 I myself pledge security 1250  for him; you may hold me liable. If I do not bring him back to you and place him here before you, I will bear the blame before you all my life. 1251  43:10 But if we had not delayed, we could have traveled there and back 1252  twice by now!

43:11 Then their father Israel said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: Take some of the best products of the land in your bags, and take a gift down to the man – a little balm and a little honey, spices and myrrh, pistachios and almonds. 43:12 Take double the money with you; 1253  you must take back 1254  the money that was returned in the mouths of your sacks – perhaps it was an oversight. 43:13 Take your brother too, and go right away 1255  to the man. 1256  43:14 May the sovereign God 1257  grant you mercy before the man so that he may release 1258  your other brother 1259  and Benjamin! As for me, if I lose my children I lose them.” 1260 

43:15 So the men took these gifts, and they took double the money with them, along with Benjamin. Then they hurried down to Egypt 1261  and stood before Joseph. 43:16 When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the servant who was over his household, “Bring the men to the house. Slaughter an animal and prepare it, for the men will eat with me at noon.” 43:17 The man did just as Joseph said; he 1262  brought the men into Joseph’s house. 1263 

43:18 But the men were afraid when they were brought to Joseph’s house. They said, “We are being brought in because of 1264  the money that was returned in our sacks last time. 1265  He wants to capture us, 1266  make us slaves, and take 1267  our donkeys! 43:19 So they approached the man who was in charge of Joseph’s household and spoke to him at the entrance to the house. 43:20 They said, “My lord, we did indeed come down 1268  the first time 1269  to buy food. 43:21 But when we came to the place where we spent the night, we opened our sacks and each of us found his money – the full amount 1270 in the mouth of his sack. So we have returned it. 1271  43:22 We have brought additional money with us to buy food. We do not know who put the money in our sacks!

43:23Everything is fine,” 1272  the man in charge of Joseph’s household told them. “Don’t be afraid. Your God and the God of your father has given you treasure in your sacks. 1273  I had your money.” 1274  Then he brought Simeon out to them.

43:24 The servant in charge 1275  brought the men into Joseph’s house. He gave them water, and they washed their feet. Then he gave food to their donkeys. 43:25 They got their gifts ready for Joseph’s arrival 1276  at noon, for they had heard 1277  that they were to have a meal 1278  there.

43:26 When Joseph came home, they presented him with the gifts they had brought inside, 1279  and they bowed down to the ground before him. 43:27 He asked them how they were doing. 1280  Then he said, “Is your aging father well, the one you spoke about? Is he still alive? 43:28 Your servant our father is well,” they replied. “He is still alive.” They bowed down in humility. 1281 

43:29 When Joseph looked up 1282  and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother’s son, he said, “Is this your youngest brother, whom you told me about?” Then he said, “May God be gracious to you, my son.” 1283  43:30 Joseph hurried out, for he was overcome by affection for his brother 1284  and was at the point of tears. 1285  So he went to his room and wept there.

43:31 Then he washed his face and came out. With composure he said, 1286 Set out the food.” 43:32 They set a place for him, a separate place for his brothers, 1287  and another for the Egyptians who were eating with him. (The Egyptians are not able to eat with Hebrews, for the Egyptians think it is disgusting 1288  to do so.) 1289  43:33 They sat before him, arranged by order of birth, beginning with the firstborn and ending with the youngest. 1290  The men looked at each other in astonishment. 1291  43:34 He gave them portions of the food set before him, 1292  but the portion for Benjamin was five times greater than the portions for any of the others. They drank with Joseph until they all became drunk. 1293 

The Final Test

44:1 He instructed the servant who was over his household, “Fill the sacks of the men with as much food as they can carry and put each man’s money in the mouth of his sack. 44:2 Then put 1294  my cup – the silver cup – in the mouth of the youngest one’s sack, along with the money for his grain.” He did as Joseph instructed. 1295 

44:3 When morning came, 1296  the men and their donkeys were sent off. 1297  44:4 They had not gone very far from the city 1298  when Joseph said 1299  to the servant who was over his household, “Pursue the men at once! 1300  When you overtake 1301  them, say to them, ‘Why have you repaid good with evil? 44:5 Doesn’t my master drink from this cup 1302  and use it for divination? 1303  You have done wrong!’ 1304 

44:6 When the man 1305  overtook them, he spoke these words to them. 44:7 They answered him, “Why does my lord say such things? 1306  Far be it from your servants to do such a thing! 1307  44:8 Look, the money that we found in the mouths of our sacks we brought back to you from the land of Canaan. Why then would we steal silver or gold from your master’s house? 44:9 If one of us has it, 1308  he will die, and the rest of us will become my lord’s slaves!

44:10 He replied, “You have suggested your own punishment! 1309  The one who has it will become my slave, 1310  but the rest of 1311  you will go free.” 1312  44:11 So each man quickly lowered 1313  his sack to the ground and opened it. 44:12 Then the man 1314  searched. He began with the oldest and finished with the youngest. The cup was found in Benjamin’s sack! 44:13 They all tore their clothes! Then each man loaded his donkey, and they returned to the city.

44:14 So Judah and his brothers 1315  came back to Joseph’s house. He was still there, 1316  and they threw themselves to the ground before him. 44:15 Joseph said to them, “What did you think you were doing? 1317  Don’t you know that a man like me can find out things like this by divination? 1318 

44:16 Judah replied, “What can we say 1319  to my lord? What can we speak? How can we clear ourselves? 1320  God has exposed the sin of your servants! 1321  We are now my lord’s slaves, we and the one in whose possession the cup was found.”

44:17 But Joseph said, “Far be it from me to do this! The man in whose hand the cup was found will become my slave, but the rest of 1322  you may go back 1323  to your father in peace.”

44:18 Then Judah approached him and said, “My lord, please allow your servant to speak a word with you. 1324  Please do not get angry with your servant, 1325  for you are just like Pharaoh. 1326  44:19 My lord asked his servants, ‘Do you have a father or a brother?’ 44:20 We said to my lord, ‘We have an aged father, and there is a young boy who was born when our father was old. 1327  The boy’s 1328  brother is dead. He is the only one of his mother’s sons left, 1329  and his father loves him.’

44:21Then you told your servants, ‘Bring him down to me so I can see 1330  him.’ 1331  44:22 We said to my lord, ‘The boy cannot leave his father. If he leaves his father, his father 1332  will die.’ 1333  44:23 But you said to your servants, ‘If your youngest brother does not come down with you, you will not see my face again.’ 44:24 When we returned to your servant my father, we told him the words of my lord.

44:25Then our father said, ‘Go back and buy us a little food.’ 44:26 But we replied, ‘We cannot go down there. 1334  If our youngest brother is with us, then we will go, 1335  for we won’t be permitted to see the man’s face if our youngest brother is not with us.’

44:27Then your servant my father said to us, ‘You know that my wife gave me two sons. 1336  44:28 The first disappeared 1337  and I said, “He has surely been torn to pieces.” I have not seen him since. 44:29 If you take 1338  this one from me too and an accident happens to him, then you will bring down my gray hair 1339  in tragedy 1340  to the grave.’ 1341 

44:30So now, when I return to your servant my father, and the boy is not with us – his very life is bound up in his son’s life. 1342  44:31 When he sees the boy is not with us, 1343  he will die, and your servants will bring down the gray hair of your servant our father in sorrow to the grave. 44:32 Indeed, 1344  your servant pledged security for the boy with my father, saying, ‘If I do not bring him back to you, then I will bear the blame before my father all my life.’

44:33So now, please let your servant remain as my lord’s slave instead of the boy. As for the boy, let him go back with his brothers. 44:34 For how can I go back to my father if the boy is not with me? I couldn’t bear to see 1345  my father’s pain.” 1346 

The Reconciliation of the Brothers

45:1 Joseph was no longer able to control himself before all his attendants, 1347  so he cried out, “Make everyone go out from my presence!” No one remained 1348  with Joseph when he made himself known to his brothers. 45:2 He wept loudly; 1349  the Egyptians heard it and Pharaoh’s household heard about it. 1350 

45:3 Joseph said to his brothers, “I am Joseph! Is my father still alive?” His brothers could not answer him because they were dumbfounded before him. 45:4 Joseph said to his brothers, “Come closer to me,” so they came near. Then he said, “I am Joseph your brother, whom you sold into Egypt. 45:5 Now, do not be upset and do not be angry with yourselves because you sold me here, 1351  for God sent me 1352  ahead of you to preserve life! 45:6 For these past two years there has been famine in 1353  the land and for five more years there will be neither plowing nor harvesting. 45:7 God sent me 1354  ahead of you to preserve you 1355  on the earth and to save your lives 1356  by a great deliverance. 45:8 So now, it is not you who sent me here, but God. He has made me an adviser 1357  to Pharaoh, lord over all his household, and ruler over all the land of Egypt. 45:9 Now go up to my father quickly 1358  and tell him, ‘This is what your son Joseph says: “God has made me lord of all Egypt. Come down to me; do not delay! 45:10 You will live 1359  in the land of Goshen, and you will be near me – you, your children, your grandchildren, your flocks, your herds, and everything you have. 45:11 I will provide you with food 1360  there because there will be five more years of famine. Otherwise you would become poor – you, your household, and everyone who belongs to you.”’ 45:12 You and my brother Benjamin can certainly see with your own eyes that I really am the one who speaks to you. 1361  45:13 So tell 1362  my father about all my honor in Egypt and about everything you have seen. But bring my father down here quickly! 1363 

45:14 Then he threw himself on the neck of his brother Benjamin and wept, and Benjamin wept on his neck. 45:15 He kissed all his brothers and wept over them. After this his brothers talked with him.

45:16 Now it was reported 1364  in the household of Pharaoh, “Joseph’s brothers have arrived.” It pleased 1365  Pharaoh and his servants. 45:17 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Say to your brothers, ‘Do this: Load your animals and go 1366  to the land of Canaan! 45:18 Get your father and your households and come to me! Then I will give you 1367  the best land in Egypt and you will eat 1368  the best 1369  of the land.’ 45:19 You are also commanded to say, 1370  ‘Do this: Take for yourselves wagons from the land of Egypt for your little ones and for your wives. Bring your father and come. 45:20 Don’t worry 1371  about your belongings, for the best of all the land of Egypt will be yours.’

45:21 So the sons of Israel did as he said. 1372  Joseph gave them wagons as Pharaoh had instructed, 1373  and he gave them provisions for the journey. 45:22 He gave sets of clothes to each one of them, 1374  but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and five sets of clothes. 1375  45:23 To his father he sent the following: 1376  ten donkeys loaded with the best products of Egypt and ten female donkeys loaded with grain, food, and provisions for his father’s journey. 45:24 Then he sent his brothers on their way and they left. He said to them, “As you travel don’t be overcome with fear.” 1377 

45:25 So they went up from Egypt and came to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan. 1378  45:26 They told him, “Joseph is still alive and he is ruler over all the land of Egypt!” Jacob was stunned, 1379  for he did not believe them. 45:27 But when they related to him everything Joseph had said to them, 1380  and when he saw the wagons that Joseph had sent to transport him, their father Jacob’s spirit revived. 45:28 Then Israel said, “Enough! My son Joseph is still alive! I will go and see him before I die.”

The Family of Jacob goes to Egypt

46:1 So Israel began his journey, taking with him all that he had. 1381  When he came to Beer Sheba 1382  he offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac. 46:2 God spoke to Israel in a vision during the night 1383  and said, “Jacob, Jacob!” He replied, “Here I am! 46:3 He said, “I am God, 1384  the God of your father. Do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I will make you into a great nation there. 46:4 I will go down with you to Egypt and I myself will certainly bring you back from there. 1385  Joseph will close your eyes.” 1386 

46:5 Then Jacob started out 1387  from Beer Sheba, and the sons of Israel carried their father Jacob, their little children, and their wives in the wagons that Pharaoh had sent along to transport him. 46:6 Jacob and all his descendants took their livestock and the possessions they had acquired in the land of Canaan, and they went to Egypt. 1388  46:7 He brought with him to Egypt his sons and grandsons, 1389  his daughters and granddaughters – all his descendants.

46:8 These are the names of the sons of Israel who went to Egypt – Jacob and his sons:

Reuben, the firstborn of Jacob.

46:9 The sons of Reuben:

Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.

46:10 The sons of Simeon:

Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Zohar,

and Shaul (the son of a Canaanite woman).

46:11 The sons of Levi:

Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

46:12 The sons of Judah:

Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah

(but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan).

The sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul.

46:13 The sons of Issachar:

Tola, Puah, 1390  Jashub, 1391  and Shimron.

46:14 The sons of Zebulun:

Sered, Elon, and Jahleel.

46:15 These were the sons of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob in Paddan Aram, along with Dinah his daughter. His sons and daughters numbered thirty-three in all. 1392 

46:16 The sons of Gad:

Zephon, 1393  Haggi, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi, and Areli.

46:17 The sons of Asher:

Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, Beriah, and Serah their sister.

The sons of Beriah were Heber and Malkiel.

46:18 These were the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter. She bore these to Jacob, sixteen in all.

46:19 The sons of Rachel the wife of Jacob:

Joseph and Benjamin.

46:20 Manasseh and Ephraim were born to Joseph in the land of Egypt. Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, 1394  bore them to him.

46:21 The sons of Benjamin: 1395 

Bela, Beker, Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim and Ard.

46:22 These were the sons of Rachel who were born to Jacob, fourteen in all.

46:23 The son of Dan: Hushim. 1396 

46:24 The sons of Naphtali:

Jahziel, Guni, Jezer, and Shillem.

46:25 These were the sons of Bilhah, whom Laban gave to Rachel his daughter. She bore these to Jacob, seven in all.

46:26 All the direct descendants of Jacob who went to Egypt with him were sixty-six in number. (This number does not include the wives of Jacob’s sons.) 1397  46:27 Counting the two sons 1398  of Joseph who were born to him in Egypt, all the people of the household of Jacob who were in Egypt numbered seventy. 1399 

46:28 Jacob 1400  sent Judah before him to Joseph to accompany him to Goshen. 1401  So they came to the land of Goshen. 46:29 Joseph harnessed his chariot and went up to meet his father Israel in Goshen. When he met him, 1402  he hugged his neck and wept on his neck for quite some time.

46:30 Israel said to Joseph, “Now let me die since I have seen your face and know that you are still alive.” 1403  46:31 Then Joseph said to his brothers and his father’s household, “I will go up and tell Pharaoh, 1404 My brothers and my father’s household who were in the land of Canaan have come to me. 46:32 The men are shepherds; 1405  they take care of livestock. 1406  They have brought their flocks and their herds and all that they have.’ 46:33 Pharaoh will summon you and say, ‘What is your occupation?’ 46:34 Tell him, ‘Your servants have taken care of cattle 1407  from our youth until now, both we and our fathers,’ so that you may live in the land of Goshen, 1408  for everyone who takes care of sheep is disgusting 1409  to the Egyptians.”

Joseph’s Wise Administration

47:1 Joseph went and told Pharaoh, “My father, my brothers, their flocks and herds, and all that they own have arrived from the land of

Canaan. They are now 1410  in the land of Goshen.” 47:2 He took five of his brothers and introduced them to Pharaoh. 1411 

47:3 Pharaoh said to Joseph’s 1412  brothers, “What is your occupation?” They said to Pharaoh, “Your servants take care of flocks, just as our ancestors did.” 1413  47:4 Then they said to Pharaoh, “We have come to live as temporary residents 1414  in the land. There 1415  is no pasture for your servantsflocks because the famine is severe in the land of Canaan. So now, please let your servants live in the land of Goshen.”

47:5 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Your father and your brothers have come to you. 47:6 The land of Egypt is before you; settle your father and your brothers in the best region of the land. They may live in the land of Goshen. If you know of any highly capable men 1416  among them, put them in charge 1417  of my livestock.”

47:7 Then Joseph brought in his father Jacob and presented him 1418  before Pharaoh. Jacob blessed 1419  Pharaoh. 47:8 Pharaoh said to Jacob, “How long have you lived? 1420  47:9 Jacob said to Pharaoh, “All 1421  the years of my travels 1422  are 130. All 1423  the years of my life have been few and painful; 1424  the years of my travels are not as long as those of my ancestors.” 1425  47:10 Then Jacob blessed Pharaoh and went out from his presence. 1426 

47:11 So Joseph settled his father and his brothers. He gave them territory 1427  in the land of Egypt, in the best region of the land, the land of Rameses, 1428  just as Pharaoh had commanded. 47:12 Joseph also provided food for his father, his brothers, and all his father’s household, according to the number of their little children.

47:13 But there was no food in all the land because the famine was very severe; the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan wasted away 1429  because of the famine. 47:14 Joseph collected all the money that could be found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan as payment 1430  for the grain they were buying. Then Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s palace. 1431  47:15 When the money from the lands of Egypt and Canaan was used up, all the Egyptians 1432  came to Joseph and said, “Give us food! Why should we die 1433  before your very eyes because our money has run out?

47:16 Then Joseph said, “If your money is gone, bring your livestock, and I will give you food 1434  in exchange for 1435  your livestock.” 47:17 So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and Joseph gave them food in exchange for their horses, the livestock of their flocks and herds, and their donkeys. 1436  He got them through that year by giving them food in exchange for livestock.

47:18 When that year was over, they came to him the next year and said to him, “We cannot hide from our 1437  lord that the money is used up and the livestock and the animals belong to our lord. Nothing remains before our lord except our bodies and our land. 47:19 Why should we die before your very eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land in exchange for food, and we, with our land, will become 1438  Pharaoh’s slaves. 1439  Give us seed that we may live 1440  and not die. Then the land will not become desolate.” 1441 

47:20 So Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh. Each 1442  of the Egyptians sold his field, for the famine was severe. 1443  So the land became Pharaoh’s. 47:21 Joseph 1444  made all the people slaves 1445  from one end of Egypt’s border to the other end of it. 47:22 But he did not purchase the land of the priests because the priests had an allotment from Pharaoh and they ate from their allotment that Pharaoh gave them. That is why they did not sell their land.

47:23 Joseph said to the people, “Since I have bought you and your land today for Pharaoh, here is seed for you. Cultivate 1446  the land. 47:24 When you gather in the crop, 1447  give 1448  one-fifth of it to Pharaoh, and the rest 1449  will be yours for seed for the fields and for you to eat, including those in your households and your little children.” 47:25 They replied, “You have saved our lives! You are showing us favor, 1450  and we will be Pharaoh’s slaves.” 1451 

47:26 So Joseph made it a statute, 1452  which is in effect 1453  to this day throughout the land of Egypt: One-fifth belongs to Pharaoh. Only the land of the priests did not become Pharaoh’s.

47:27 Israel settled in the land of Egypt, in the land of Goshen, and they owned land there. They were fruitful and increased rapidly in number.

47:28 Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years; the years 1454  of Jacob’s life were 147 in all. 47:29 The time 1455  for Israel to die approached, so he called for his son Joseph and said to him, “If now I have found favor in your sight, put your hand under my thigh 1456  and show me kindness and faithfulness. 1457  Do not bury me in Egypt, 47:30 but when I rest 1458  with my fathers, carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their burial place.” Joseph 1459  said, “I will do as you say.”

47:31 Jacob 1460  said, “Swear to me that you will do so.” 1461  So Joseph 1462  gave him his word. 1463  Then Israel bowed down 1464  at the head of his bed. 1465 

Manasseh and Ephraim

48:1 After these things Joseph was told, 1466 Your father is weakening.” So he took his two sons Manasseh and Ephraim with him. 48:2 When Jacob was told, 1467 Your son Joseph has just 1468  come to you,” Israel regained strength and sat up on his bed. 48:3 Jacob said to Joseph, “The sovereign God 1469  appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed me. 48:4 He said to me, ‘I am going to make you fruitful 1470  and will multiply you. 1471  I will make you into a group of nations, and I will give this land to your descendants 1472  as an everlasting possession.’ 1473 

48:5Now, as for your two sons, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you in Egypt, they will be mine. 1474  Ephraim and Manasseh will be mine just as Reuben and Simeon are. 48:6 Any children that you father 1475  after them will be yours; they will be listed 1476  under the names of their brothers in their inheritance. 1477  48:7 But as for me, when I was returning from Paddan, Rachel died – to my sorrow 1478  – in the land of Canaan. It happened along the way, some distance from Ephrath. So I buried her there on the way to Ephrath” (that is, Bethlehem). 1479 

48:8 When Israel saw Joseph’s sons, he asked, “Who are these? 48:9 Joseph said to his father, “They are the 1480  sons God has given me in this place.” His father 1481  said, “Bring them to me so I may bless them.” 1482  48:10 Now Israel’s eyes were failing 1483  because of his age; he was not able to see well. So Joseph 1484  brought his sons 1485  near to him, and his father 1486  kissed them and embraced them. 48:11 Israel said to Joseph, “I never expected 1487  to see you 1488  again, but now God has allowed me to see your children 1489  too.”

48:12 So Joseph moved them from Israel’s knees 1490  and bowed down with his face to the ground. 48:13 Joseph positioned them; 1491  he put Ephraim on his right hand across from Israel’s left hand, and Manasseh on his left hand across from Israel’s right hand. Then Joseph brought them closer to his father. 1492  48:14 Israel stretched out his right hand and placed it on Ephraim’s head, although he was the younger. 1493  Crossing his hands, he put his left hand on Manasseh’s head, for Manasseh was the firstborn.

48:15 Then he blessed Joseph and said,

May the God before whom my fathers

Abraham and Isaac walked

the God who has been my shepherd 1494 

all my life long to this day,

48:16 the Angel 1495  who has protected me 1496 

from all harm

bless these boys.

May my name be named in them, 1497 

and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac.

May they grow into a multitude on the earth.”

48:17 When Joseph saw that his father placed his right hand on Ephraim’s head, it displeased him. 1498  So he took his father’s hand to move it from Ephraim’s head to Manasseh’s head. 48:18 Joseph said to his father, “Not so, my father, for this is the firstborn. Put your right hand on his head.”

48:19 But his father refused and said, “I know, my son, I know. He too will become a nation and he too will become great. In spite of this, his younger brother will be even greater and his descendants will become a multitude 1499  of nations.” 48:20 So he blessed them that day, saying,

By you 1500  will Israel bless, 1501  saying,

May God make you like Ephraim and Manasseh.’”

So he put Ephraim before Manasseh. 1502 

48:21 Then Israel said to Joseph, “I am about to die, but God will be with you 1503  and will bring you back to the land of your fathers. 48:22 As one who is above your 1504  brothers, I give to you the mountain slope, 1505  which I took from the Amorites with my sword and my bow.”

The Blessing of Jacob

49:1 Jacob called for his sons and said, “Gather together so I can tell you 1506  what will happen to you in the future. 1507 

49:2Assemble and listen, you sons of Jacob;

listen to Israel, your father.

49:3 Reuben, you are my firstborn,

my might and the beginning of my strength,

outstanding in dignity, outstanding in power.

49:4 You are destructive 1508  like water and will not excel, 1509 

for you got on your father’s bed, 1510 

then you defiled it – he got on my couch! 1511 

49:5 Simeon and Levi are brothers,

weapons of violence are their knives! 1512 

49:6 O my soul, do not come into their council,

do not be united to their assembly, my heart, 1513 

for in their anger they have killed men,

and for pleasure they have hamstrung oxen.

49:7 Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce,

and their fury, for it was cruel.

I will divide them in Jacob,

and scatter them in Israel! 1514 

49:8 Judah, 1515  your brothers will praise you.

Your hand will be on the neck of your enemies,

your father’s sons will bow down before you.

49:9 You are a lion’s cub, Judah,

from the prey, my son, you have gone up.

He crouches and lies down like a lion;

like a lioness – who will rouse him?

49:10 The scepter will not depart from Judah,

nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, 1516 

until he comes to whom it belongs; 1517 

the nations will obey him. 1518 

49:11 Binding his foal to the vine,

and his colt to the choicest vine,

he will wash 1519  his garments in wine,

his robes in the blood of grapes.

49:12 His eyes will be dark from wine,

and his teeth white from milk. 1520 

49:13 Zebulun will live 1521  by the haven of the sea

and become a haven for ships;

his border will extend to Sidon. 1522 

49:14 Issachar is a strong-boned donkey

lying down between two saddlebags.

49:15 When he sees 1523  a good resting place,

and the pleasant land,

he will bend his shoulder to the burden

and become a slave laborer. 1524 

49:16 Dan 1525  will judge 1526  his people

as one of the tribes of Israel.

49:17 May Dan be a snake beside the road,

a viper by the path,

that bites the heels of the horse

so that its rider falls backward. 1527 

49:18 I wait for your deliverance, O Lord. 1528 

49:19 Gad will be raided by marauding bands,

but he will attack them at their heels. 1529 

49:20 Asher’s 1530  food will be rich, 1531 

and he will provide delicacies 1532  to royalty.

49:21 Naphtali is a free running doe, 1533 

he speaks delightful words. 1534 

49:22 Joseph is a fruitful bough, 1535 

a fruitful bough near a spring

whose branches 1536  climb over the wall.

49:23 The archers will attack him, 1537 

they will shoot at him and oppose him.

49:24 But his bow will remain steady,

and his hands 1538  will be skillful;

because of the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob,

because of 1539  the Shepherd, the Rock 1540  of Israel,

49:25 because of the God of your father,

who will help you, 1541 

because of the sovereign God, 1542 

who will bless you 1543 

with blessings from the sky above,

blessings from the deep that lies below,

and blessings of the breasts and womb. 1544 

49:26 The blessings of your father are greater

than 1545  the blessings of the eternal mountains 1546 

or the desirable things of the age-old hills.

They will be on the head of Joseph

and on the brow of the prince of his brothers. 1547 

49:27 Benjamin is a ravenous wolf;

in the morning devouring the prey,

and in the evening dividing the plunder.”

49:28 These 1548  are the twelve tribes of Israel. This is what their father said to them when he blessed them. He gave each of them an appropriate blessing. 1549 

49:29 Then he instructed them, 1550  “I am about to go 1551  to my people. Bury me with my fathers in the cave in the field of Ephron the Hittite. 49:30 It is the cave in the field of Machpelah, near Mamre in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought for a burial plot from Ephron the Hittite. 49:31 There they buried Abraham and his wife Sarah; there they buried Isaac and his wife Rebekah; and there I buried Leah. 49:32 The field and the cave in it were acquired from the sons of Heth.” 1552 

49:33 When Jacob finished giving these instructions to his sons, he pulled his feet up onto the bed, breathed his last breath, and went 1553  to his people.

The Burials of Jacob and Joseph

50:1 Then Joseph hugged his father’s face. 1554  He wept over him and kissed him. 50:2 Joseph instructed the physicians in his service 1555  to embalm his father, so the physicians embalmed Israel. 50:3 They took forty days, for that is the full time needed for embalming. 1556  The Egyptians mourned 1557  for him seventy days. 1558 

50:4 When the days of mourning 1559  had passed, Joseph said to Pharaoh’s royal court, 1560 If I have found favor in your sight, please say to Pharaoh, 1561  50:5 My father made me swear an oath. He said, 1562 I am about to die. Bury me 1563  in my tomb that I dug for myself there in the land of Canaan.” Now let me go and bury my father; then I will return.’ 50:6 So Pharaoh said, “Go and bury your father, just as he made you swear to do.” 1564 

50:7 So Joseph went up to bury his father; all Pharaoh’s officials went with him – the senior courtiers 1565  of his household, all the senior officials of the land of Egypt, 50:8 all Joseph’s household, his brothers, and his father’s household. But they left their little children and their flocks and herds in the land of Goshen. 50:9 Chariots and horsemen also went up with him, so it was a very large entourage. 1566 

50:10 When they came to the threshing floor of Atad 1567  on the other side of the Jordan, they mourned there with very great and bitter sorrow. 1568  There Joseph observed a seven day period of mourning for his father. 50:11 When the Canaanites who lived in the land saw them mourning at the threshing floor of Atad, they said, “This is a very sad occasion 1569  for the Egyptians.” That is why its name was called 1570  Abel Mizraim, 1571  which is beyond the Jordan.

50:12 So the sons of Jacob did for him just as he had instructed them. 50:13 His sons carried him to the land of Canaan and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, near Mamre. This is the field Abraham purchased as a burial plot from Ephron the Hittite. 50:14 After he buried his father, Joseph returned to Egypt, along with his brothers and all who had accompanied him to bury his father.

50:15 When Joseph’s brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “What if Joseph bears a grudge and wants to repay 1572  us in full 1573  for all the harm 1574  we did to him? 50:16 So they sent word 1575  to Joseph, saying, “Your father gave these instructions before he died: 50:17 Tell Joseph this: Please forgive the sin of your brothers and the wrong they did when they treated you so badly.’ Now please forgive the sin of the servants of the God of your father.” When this message was reported to him, Joseph wept. 1576  50:18 Then his brothers also came and threw themselves down before him; they said, “Here we are; we are your slaves.” 50:19 But Joseph answered them, “Don’t be afraid. Am 1577  I in the place of God? 50:20 As for you, you meant to harm me, 1578  but God intended it for a good purpose, so he could preserve the lives of many people, as you can see this day. 1579  50:21 So now, don’t be afraid. I will provide for you and your little children.” Then he consoled them and spoke kindly 1580  to them.

50:22 Joseph lived in Egypt, along with his father’s family. 1581  Joseph lived 110 years. 50:23 Joseph saw the descendants of Ephraim to the third generation. 1582  He also saw the children of Makir the son of Manasseh; they were given special inheritance rights by Joseph. 1583 

50:24 Then Joseph said to his brothers, “I am about to die. But God will surely come to you 1584  and lead you up from this land to the land he swore on oath to give 1585  to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.” 50:25 Joseph made the sons of Israel swear an oath. He said, “God will surely come to you. Then you must carry my bones up from this place.” 50:26 So Joseph died at the age of 110. 1586  After they embalmed him, his body 1587  was placed in a coffin in Egypt.

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