Bible: Genesis 25-32

The Death of Abraham

25:1 Abraham had taken 1  another 2  wife, named Keturah. 25:2 She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 25:3 Jokshan became the father of Sheba and Dedan. 3  The descendants of Dedan were the Asshurites, Letushites, and Leummites. 25:4 The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were descendants 4  of Keturah.

25:5 Everything he owned Abraham left to his son Isaac. 25:6 But while he was still alive, Abraham gave gifts to the sons of his concubines 5  and sent them off to the east, away from his son Isaac. 6 

25:7 Abraham lived a total of 7  175 years. 25:8 Then Abraham breathed his last and died at a good old age, an old man who had lived a full life. 8  He joined his ancestors. 9  25:9 His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah 10  near Mamre, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar, the Hethite. 25:10 This was the field Abraham had purchased from the sons of Heth. 11  There Abraham was buried with his wife Sarah. 25:11 After Abraham’s death, God blessed 12  his son Isaac. Isaac lived near Beer Lahai Roi. 13 

The Sons of Ishmael

25:12 This is the account of Abraham’s son Ishmael, 14  whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s servant, bore to Abraham.

25:13 These are the names of Ishmael’s sons, by their names according to their records: 15  Nebaioth (Ishmael’s firstborn), Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 25:14 Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 25:15 Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 25:16 These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names by their settlements and their camps – twelve princes 16  according to their clans.

25:17 Ishmael lived a total of 17  137 years. He breathed his last and died; then he joined his ancestors. 18  25:18 His descendants 19  settled from Havilah to Shur, which runs next 20  to Egypt all the way 21  to Asshur. 22  They settled 23  away from all their relatives. 24 

Jacob and Esau

25:19 This is the account of Isaac, 25  the son of Abraham.

Abraham became the father of Isaac. 25:20 When Isaac was forty years old, he married Rebekah, 26  the daughter of Bethuel the Aramean from Paddan Aram and sister of Laban the Aramean. 27 

25:21 Isaac prayed to 28  the Lord on behalf of his wife because she was childless. The Lord answered his prayer, and his wife Rebekah became pregnant. 25:22 But the children struggled 29  inside her, and she said, “If it is going to be like this, I’m not so sure I want to be pregnant!” 30  So she asked the Lord, 31  25:23 and the Lord said to her,

“Two nations 32  are in your womb,

and two peoples will be separated from within you.

One people will be stronger than the other,

and the older will serve the younger.”

25:24 When the time came for Rebekah to give birth, 33  there were 34  twins in her womb. 25:25 The first came out reddish 35  all over, 36  like a hairy 37  garment, so they named him Esau. 38  25:26 When his brother came out with 39  his hand clutching Esau’s heel, they named him Jacob. 40  Isaac was sixty years old 41  when they were born.

25:27 When the boys grew up, Esau became a skilled 42  hunter, a man of the open fields, but Jacob was an even-tempered man, living in tents. 43  25:28 Isaac loved Esau because he had a taste for fresh game, 44  but Rebekah loved 45  Jacob.

25:29 Now Jacob cooked some stew, 46  and when Esau came in from the open fields, he was famished. 25:30 So Esau said to Jacob, “Feed 47  me some of the red stuff – yes, this red stuff – because I’m starving!” (That is why he was also called 48  Edom.) 49 

25:31 But Jacob replied, “First 50  sell me your birthright.” 25:32 Look,” said Esau, “I’m about to die! What use is the birthright to me? 51  25:33 But Jacob said, “Swear an oath to me now.” 52  So Esau 53  swore an oath to him and sold his birthright 54  to Jacob.

25:34 Then Jacob gave Esau some bread and lentil stew; Esau ate and drank, then got up and went out. 55  So Esau despised his birthright. 56 

Isaac and Abimelech

26:1 There was a famine in the land, subsequent to the earlier famine that occurred 57  in the days of Abraham. 58  Isaac went to Abimelech king of the Philistines at Gerar. 26:2 The Lord appeared to Isaac and said, “Do not go down to Egypt; 59  settle down in the land that I will point out to you. 60  26:3 Stay 61  in this land. Then I will be with you and will bless you, 62  for I will give all these lands to you and to your descendants, 63  and I will fulfill 64  the solemn promise I made 65  to your father Abraham. 26:4 I will multiply your descendants so they will be as numerous as the stars in the sky, and I will give them 66  all these lands. All the nations of the earth will pronounce blessings on one another using the name of your descendants. 67  26:5 All this will come to pass 68  because Abraham obeyed me 69  and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.” 70  26:6 So Isaac settled in Gerar.

26:7 When the men of that place asked him about his wife, he replied, “She is my sister.” 71  He was afraid to say, “She is my wife,” for he thought to himself, 72  “The men of this place will kill me to get 73  Rebekah because she is very beautiful.”

26:8 After Isaac 74  had been there a long time, 75  Abimelech king of the Philistines happened to look out a window and observed 76  Isaac caressing 77  his wife Rebekah. 26:9 So Abimelech summoned Isaac and said, “She is really 78  your wife! Why did you say, ‘She is my sister?” Isaac replied, “Because I thought someone might kill me to get her.” 79 

26:10 Then Abimelech exclaimed, “What in the world have you done to us? 80  One of the men 81  might easily have had sexual relations with 82  your wife, and you would have brought guilt on us! 26:11 So Abimelech commanded all the people, “Whoever touches 83  this man or his wife will surely be put to death.” 84 

26:12 When Isaac planted in that land, he reaped in the same year a hundred times what he had sown, 85  because the Lord blessed him. 86  26:13 The man became wealthy. 87  His influence continued to grow 88  until he became very prominent. 26:14 He had 89  so many sheep 90  and cattle 91  and such a great household of servants that the Philistines became jealous 92  of him. 26:15 So the Philistines took dirt and filled up 93  all the wells that his father’s servants had dug back in the days of his father Abraham.

26:16 Then Abimelech said to Isaac, “Leave us and go elsewhere, 94  for you have become much more powerful 95  than we are.” 26:17 So Isaac left there and settled in the Gerar Valley. 96  26:18 Isaac reopened 97  the wells that had been dug 98  back in the days of his father Abraham, for the Philistines had stopped them up 99  after Abraham died. Isaac 100  gave these wells 101  the same names his father had given them. 102 

26:19 When Isaac’s servants dug in the valley and discovered a well with fresh flowing 103  water there, 26:20 the herdsmen of Gerar quarreled 104  with Isaac’s herdsmen, saying, “The water belongs to us!” So Isaac 105  named the well 106  Esek 107  because they argued with him about it. 108  26:21 His servants 109  dug another well, but they quarreled over it too, so Isaac named it 110  Sitnah. 111  26:22 Then he moved away from there and dug another well. They did not quarrel over it, so Isaac 112  named it 113  Rehoboth, 114  saying, “For now the Lord has made room for us, and we will prosper in the land.”

26:23 From there Isaac 115  went up to Beer Sheba. 26:24 The Lord appeared to him that night and said, “I am the God of your father Abraham. Do not be afraid, for I am with you. I will bless you and multiply your descendants for the sake of my servant Abraham.” 26:25 Then Isaac built an altar there and worshiped 116  the Lord. He pitched his tent there, and his servants dug a well. 117 

26:26 Now Abimelech had come 118  to him from Gerar along with 119  Ahuzzah his friend 120  and Phicol the commander of his army. 26:27 Isaac asked them, “Why have you come to me? You hate me 121  and sent me away from you.” 26:28 They replied, “We could plainly see 122  that the Lord is with you. So we decided there should be 123  a pact between us 124  – between us 125  and you. Allow us to make 126  a treaty with you 26:29 so that 127  you will not do us any harm, just as we have not harmed 128  you, but have always treated you well 129  before sending you away 130  in peace. Now you are blessed by the Lord.” 131 

26:30 So Isaac 132  held a feast for them and they celebrated. 133  26:31 Early in the morning the men made a treaty with each other. 134  Isaac sent them off; they separated on good terms. 135 

26:32 That day Isaac’s servants came and told him about the well they had dug. “We’ve found water,” they reported. 136  26:33 So he named it Shibah; 137  that is why the name of the city has been Beer Sheba 138  to this day.

26:34 When 139  Esau was forty years old, 140  he married 141  Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, as well as Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite. 26:35 They caused Isaac and Rebekah great anxiety. 142 

Jacob Cheats Esau out of the Blessing

27:1 When 143  Isaac was old and his eyes were so weak that he was almost blind, 144  he called his older 145  son Esau and said to him, “My son!” “Here I am!” Esau 146  replied. 27:2 Isaac 147  said, “Since 148  I am so old, I could die at any time. 149  27:3 Therefore, take your weapons – your quiver and your bow – and go out into the open fields and hunt down some wild game 150  for me. 27:4 Then prepare for me some tasty food, the kind I love, and bring it to me. Then 151  I will eat it so that I may bless you 152  before I die.”

27:5 Now Rebekah had been listening while Isaac spoke to his son Esau. 153  When Esau went out to the open fields to hunt down some wild game and bring it back, 154  27:6 Rebekah said to her son Jacob, “Look, I overheard your father tell your brother Esau, 27:7 Bring me some wild game and prepare for me some tasty food. Then I will eat 155  it and bless you 156  in the presence of the Lord 157  before I die.’ 27:8 Now then, my son, do 158  exactly what I tell you! 159  27:9 Go to the flock and get me two of the best young goats. I’ll prepare 160  them in a tasty way for your father, just the way he loves them. 27:10 Then you will take 161  it to your father. Thus he will eat it 162  and 163  bless you before he dies.”

27:11But Esau my brother is a hairy man,” Jacob protested to his mother Rebekah, “and I have smooth skin! 164  27:12 My father may touch me! Then he’ll think I’m mocking him 165  and I’ll bring a curse on myself instead of a blessing.” 27:13 So his mother told him, “Any curse against you will fall on me, 166  my son! Just obey me! 167  Go and get them for me!

27:14 So he went and got the goats 168  and brought them to his mother. She 169  prepared some tasty food, just the way his father loved it. 27:15 Then Rebekah took her older son Esau’s best clothes, which she had with her in the house, and put them on her younger son Jacob. 27:16 She put the skins of the young goats 170  on his hands 171  and the smooth part of his neck. 27:17 Then she handed 172  the tasty food and the bread she had made to her son Jacob.

27:18 He went to his father and said, “My father!” Isaac 173  replied, “Here I am. Which are you, my son? 174  27:19 Jacob said to his father, “I am Esau, your firstborn. I’ve done as you told me. Now sit up 175  and eat some of my wild game so that you can bless me.” 176  27:20 But Isaac asked his son, “How in the world 177  did you find it so quickly, 178  my son?” “Because the Lord your God brought it to me,” 179  he replied. 180  27:21 Then Isaac said to Jacob, “Come closer so I can touch you, 181  my son, and know for certain if you really are my son Esau.” 182  27:22 So Jacob went over to his father Isaac, who felt him and said, “The voice is Jacob’s, but the hands are Esau’s.” 27:23 He did not recognize him because his hands were hairy, like his brother Esau’s hands. So Isaac blessed Jacob. 183  27:24 Then he asked, “Are you really my son Esau?” “I am,” Jacob 184  replied. 27:25 Isaac 185  said, “Bring some of the wild game for me to eat, my son. 186  Then I will bless you.” 187  So Jacob 188  brought it to him, and he ate it. He also brought him wine, and Isaac 189  drank. 27:26 Then his father Isaac said to him, “Come here and kiss me, my son.” 27:27 So Jacob 190  went over and kissed him. When Isaac caught the scent 191  of his clothing, he blessed him, saying,

Yes, 192  my son smells

like the scent of an open field

which the Lord has blessed.

27:28 May God give you

the dew of the sky 193 

and the richness 194  of the earth,

and plenty of grain and new wine.

27:29 May peoples serve you

and nations bow down to you.

You will be 195  lord 196  over your brothers,

and the sons of your mother will bow down to you. 197 

May those who curse you be cursed,

and those who bless you be blessed.”

27:30 Isaac had just finished blessing Jacob, and Jacob had scarcely left 198  his father’s 199  presence, when his brother Esau returned from the hunt. 200  27:31 He also prepared some tasty food and brought it to his father. Esau 201  said to him, “My father, get up 202  and eat some of your son’s wild game. Then you can bless me.” 203  27:32 His father Isaac asked, 204  “Who are you?” “I am your firstborn son,” 205  he replied, “Esau! 27:33 Isaac began to shake violently 206  and asked, “Then who else hunted game and brought it to me? I ate all of it just before you arrived, and I blessed him. 207  He will indeed be blessed!

27:34 When Esau heard 208  his father’s words, he wailed loudly and bitterly. 209  He said to his father, “Bless me too, my father! 27:35 But Isaac 210  replied, “Your brother came in here deceitfully and took away 211  your blessing.” 27:36 Esau exclaimed, “‘Jacobis the right name for him! 212  He has tripped me up 213  two times! He took away my birthright, and now, look, he has taken away my blessing!” Then he asked, “Have you not kept back a blessing for me?

27:37 Isaac replied to Esau, “Look! I have made him lord over you. I have made all his relatives his servants and provided him with grain and new wine. What is left that I can do for you, my son? 27:38 Esau said to his father, “Do you have only that one blessing, my father? Bless me too!” 214  Then Esau wept loudly. 215 

27:39 So his father Isaac said to him,

Indeed, 216  your home will be

away from the richness 217  of the earth,

and away from the dew of the sky above.

27:40 You will live by your sword

but you will serve your brother.

When you grow restless,

you will tear off his yoke

from your neck.” 218 

27:41 So Esau hated 219  Jacob because of the blessing his father had given to his brother. 220  Esau said privately, 221 The time 222  of mourning for my father is near; then I will kill 223  my brother Jacob!

27:42 When Rebekah heard what her older son Esau had said, 224  she quickly summoned 225  her younger son Jacob and told him, “Look, your brother Esau is planning to get revenge by killing you. 226  27:43 Now then, my son, do what I say. 227  Run away immediately 228  to my brother Laban in Haran. 27:44 Live with him for a little while 229  until your brother’s rage subsides. 27:45 Stay there 230  until your brother’s anger against you subsides and he forgets what you did to him. Then I’ll send someone to bring you back from there. 231  Why should I lose both of you in one day? 232 

27:46 Then Rebekah said to Isaac, “I am deeply depressed 233  because of these daughters of Heth. 234  If Jacob were to marry one of these daughters of Heth who live in this land, I would want to die! 235 

28:1 So Isaac called for Jacob and blessed him. Then he commanded him, “You must not marry a Canaanite woman! 236  28:2 Leave immediately 237  for Paddan Aram! Go to the house of Bethuel, your mother’s father, and find yourself a wife there, among the daughters of Laban, your mother’s brother. 28:3 May the sovereign God 238  bless you! May he make you fruitful and give you a multitude of descendants! 239  Then you will become 240  a large nation. 241  28:4 May he give you and your descendants the blessing he gave to Abraham 242  so that you may possess the land 243  God gave to Abraham, the land where you have been living as a temporary resident.” 244  28:5 So Isaac sent Jacob on his way, and he went to Paddan Aram, to Laban son of Bethuel the Aramean and brother of Rebekah, the mother of Jacob and Esau.

28:6 Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob and sent him off to Paddan Aram to find a wife there. 245  As he blessed him, 246  Isaac commanded him, “You must not marry a Canaanite woman.” 247  28:7 Jacob obeyed his father and mother and left for Paddan Aram. 28:8 Then Esau realized 248  that the Canaanite women 249  were displeasing to 250  his father Isaac. 28:9 So Esau went to Ishmael and married 251  Mahalath, the sister of Nebaioth and daughter of Abraham’s son Ishmael, along with the wives he already had.

Jacob’s Dream at Bethel

28:10 Meanwhile Jacob left Beer Sheba and set out for Haran. 28:11 He reached a certain place 252  where he decided to camp because the sun had gone down. 253  He took one of the stones 254  and placed it near his head. 255  Then he fell asleep 256  in that place 28:12 and had a dream. 257  He saw 258  a stairway 259  erected on the earth with its top reaching to the heavens. The angels of God were going up and coming down it 28:13 and the Lord stood at its top. He said, “I am the Lord, the God of your grandfather Abraham and the God of your father Isaac. 260  I will give you and your descendants the ground 261  you are lying on. 28:14 Your descendants will be like the dust of the earth, 262  and you will spread out 263  to the west, east, north, and south. All the families of the earth will pronounce blessings on one another 264  using your name and that of your descendants. 265  28:15 I am with you! 266  I will protect you wherever you go and will bring you back to this land. I will not leave you until I have done what I promised you!

28:16 Then Jacob woke up 267  and thought, 268 Surely the Lord is in this place, but I did not realize it! 28:17 He was afraid and said, “What an awesome place this is! This is nothing else than the house of God! This is the gate of heaven!

28:18 Early 269  in the morning Jacob 270  took the stone he had placed near his head 271  and set it up as a sacred stone. 272  Then he poured oil on top of it. 28:19 He called that place Bethel, 273  although the former name of the town was Luz. 28:20 Then Jacob made a vow, saying, “If God is with me and protects me on this journey I am taking and gives me food 274  to eat and clothing to wear, 28:21 and I return safely to my father’s home, 275  then the Lord will become my God. 28:22 Then this stone 276  that I have set up as a sacred stone will be the house of God, and I will surely 277  give you back a tenth of everything you give me.” 278 

The Marriages of Jacob

29:1 So Jacob moved on 279  and came to the land of the eastern people. 280  29:2 He saw 281  in the field a well with 282  three flocks of sheep lying beside it, because the flocks were watered from that well. Now 283  a large stone covered the mouth of the well. 29:3 When all the flocks were gathered there, the shepherds 284  would roll the stone off the mouth of the well and water the sheep. Then they would put the stone back in its place over the well’s mouth.

29:4 Jacob asked them, “My brothers, where are you from?” They replied, “We’re from Haran.” 29:5 So he said to them, “Do you know Laban, the grandson 285  of Nahor?” “We know him,” 286  they said. 29:6 Is he well?” 287  Jacob asked. They replied, “He is well. 288  Now look, here comes his daughter Rachel with the sheep.” 29:7 Then Jacob 289  said, “Since it is still the middle of the day, 290  it is not time for the flocks to be gathered. You should water the sheep and then go and let them graze some more.” 291  29:8 We can’t,” they said, “until all the flocks are gathered and the stone is rolled off the mouth of the well. Then we water 292  the sheep.”

29:9 While he was still speaking with them, Rachel arrived with her father’s sheep, for she was tending them. 293  29:10 When Jacob saw Rachel, the daughter of his uncle Laban, 294  and the sheep of his uncle Laban, he 295  went over 296  and rolled the stone off the mouth of the well and watered the sheep of his uncle Laban. 297  29:11 Then Jacob kissed Rachel and began to weep loudly. 298  29:12 When Jacob explained 299  to Rachel that he was a relative of her father 300  and the son of Rebekah, she ran and told her father. 29:13 When Laban heard this news about Jacob, his sister’s son, he rushed out to meet him. He embraced him and kissed him and brought him to his house. Jacob 301  told Laban how he was related to him. 302  29:14 Then Laban said to him, “You are indeed my own flesh and blood.” 303  So Jacob 304  stayed with him for a month. 305 

29:15 Then Laban said to Jacob, “Should you work 306  for me for nothing because you are my relative? 307  Tell me what your wages should be.” 29:16 (Now Laban had two daughters; 308  the older one was named Leah, and the younger one Rachel. 29:17 Leah’s eyes were tender, 309  but Rachel had a lovely figure and beautiful appearance.) 310  29:18 Since Jacob had fallen in love with 311  Rachel, he said, “I’ll serve you seven years in exchange for your younger daughter Rachel.” 29:19 Laban replied, “I’d rather give her to you than to another man. 312  Stay with me.” 29:20 So Jacob worked for seven years to acquire Rachel. 313  But they seemed like only a few days to him 314  because his love for her was so great. 315 

29:21 Finally Jacob said 316  to Laban, “Give me my wife, for my time of service is up. 317  I want to have marital relations with her.” 318  29:22 So Laban invited all the people 319  of that place and prepared a feast. 29:23 In the evening he brought his daughter Leah 320  to Jacob, 321  and Jacob 322  had marital relations with her. 323  29:24 (Laban gave his female servant Zilpah to his daughter Leah to be her servant.) 324 

29:25 In the morning Jacob discovered it was Leah! 325  So Jacob 326  said to Laban, “What in the world have you done to me! 327  Didn’t I work for you in exchange for Rachel? Why have you tricked 328  me? 29:26 It is not our custom here,” 329  Laban replied, “to give the younger daughter in marriage 330  before the firstborn. 29:27 Complete my older daughter’s bridal week. 331  Then we will give you the younger one 332  too, in exchange for seven more years of work.” 333 

29:28 Jacob did as Laban said. 334  When Jacob 335  completed Leah’s bridal week, 336  Laban gave him his daughter Rachel to be his wife. 337  29:29 (Laban gave his female servant Bilhah to his daughter Rachel to be her servant.) 338  29:30 Jacob 339  had marital relations 340  with Rachel as well. He loved Rachel more than Leah, so he worked for Laban 341  for seven more years. 342 

The Family of Jacob

29:31 When the Lord saw that Leah was unloved, 343  he enabled her to become pregnant 344  while Rachel remained childless. 29:32 So Leah became pregnant 345  and gave birth to a son. She named him Reuben, 346  for she said, “The Lord has looked with pity on my oppressed condition. 347  Surely my husband will love me now.”

29:33 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “Because the Lord heard that I was unloved, 348  he gave me this one too.” So she named him Simeon. 349 

29:34 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “Now this time my husband will show me affection, 350  because I have given birth to three sons for him.” That is why he was named Levi. 351 

29:35 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “This time I will praise the Lord.” That is why she named him Judah. 352  Then she stopped having children.

30:1 When Rachel saw that she could not give Jacob children, she 353  became jealous of her sister. She said to Jacob, “Give me children 354  or I’ll die! 30:2 Jacob became furious 355  with Rachel and exclaimed, “Am I in the place of God, who has kept you from having children? 356  30:3 She replied, “Here is my servant Bilhah! Have sexual relations with 357  her so that she can bear 358  children 359  for me 360  and I can have a family through her.” 361 

30:4 So Rachel 362  gave him her servant Bilhah as a wife, and Jacob had marital relations with 363  her. 30:5 Bilhah became pregnant 364  and gave Jacob a son. 365  30:6 Then Rachel said, “God has vindicated me. He has responded to my prayer 366  and given me a son.” That is why 367  she named him Dan. 368 

30:7 Bilhah, Rachel’s servant, became pregnant again and gave Jacob another son. 369  30:8 Then Rachel said, “I have fought a desperate struggle with my sister, but I have won.” 370  So she named him Naphtali. 371 

30:9 When Leah saw that she had stopped having children, she gave 372  her servant Zilpah to Jacob as a wife. 30:10 Soon Leah’s servant Zilpah gave Jacob a son. 373  30:11 Leah said, “How fortunate!” 374  So she named him Gad. 375 

30:12 Then Leah’s servant Zilpah gave Jacob another son. 376  30:13 Leah said, “How happy I am, 377  for women 378  will call me happy!” So she named him Asher. 379 

30:14 At the time 380  of the wheat harvest Reuben went out and found some mandrake plants 381  in a field and brought them to his mother Leah. Rachel said to Leah, “Give me some of your son’s mandrakes.” 30:15 But Leah replied, 382 Wasn’t it enough that you’ve taken away my husband? Would you take away my son’s mandrakes too?” “All right,” 383  Rachel said, “he may sleep 384  with you tonight in exchange for your son’s mandrakes.” 30:16 When Jacob came in from the fields that evening, Leah went out to meet him and said, “You must sleep 385  with me because I have paid for your services 386  with my son’s mandrakes.” So he had marital relations 387  with her that night. 30:17 God paid attention 388  to Leah; she became pregnant 389  and gave Jacob a son for the fifth time. 390  30:18 Then Leah said, “God has granted me a reward 391  because I gave my servant to my husband as a wife.” 392  So she named him Issachar. 393 

30:19 Leah became pregnant again and gave Jacob a son for the sixth time. 394  30:20 Then Leah said, “God has given me a good gift. Now my husband will honor me because I have given him six sons.” So she named him Zebulun. 395 

30:21 After that she gave birth to a daughter and named her Dinah.

30:22 Then God took note of 396  Rachel. He paid attention to her and enabled her to become pregnant. 397  30:23 She became pregnant 398  and gave birth to a son. Then she said, “God has taken away my shame.” 399  30:24 She named him Joseph, 400  saying, “May the Lord give me yet another son.”

The Flocks of Jacob

30:25 After Rachel had given birth 401  to Joseph, Jacob said to Laban, “Send 402  me on my way so that I can go 403  home to my own country. 404  30:26 Let me take my wives and my children whom I have acquired by working for you. 405  Then I’ll depart, 406  because you know how hard I’ve worked for you.” 407 

30:27 But Laban said to him, “If I have found favor in your sight, please stay here, 408  for I have learned by divination 409  that the Lord has blessed me on account of you.” 30:28 He added, “Just name your wages – I’ll pay whatever you want.” 410 

30:29You know how I have worked for you,” Jacob replied, 411 and how well your livestock have fared under my care. 412  30:30 Indeed, 413  you had little before I arrived, 414  but now your possessions have increased many times over. 415  The Lord has blessed you wherever I worked. 416  But now, how long must it be before I do something for my own family too? 417 

30:31 So Laban asked, 418  “What should I give you?” “You don’t need to give me a thing,” 419  Jacob replied, 420 but if you agree to this one condition, 421  I will continue to care for 422  your flocks and protect them: 30:32 Let me walk among 423  all your flocks today and remove from them every speckled or spotted sheep, every dark-colored lamb, 424  and the spotted or speckled goats. 425  These animals will be my wages. 426  30:33 My integrity will testify for me 427  later on. 428  When you come to verify that I’ve taken only the wages we agreed on, 429  if I have in my possession any goat that is not speckled or spotted or any sheep that is not dark-colored, it will be considered stolen.” 430  30:34 Agreed!” said Laban, “It will be as you say.” 431 

30:35 So that day Laban 432  removed the male goats that were streaked or spotted, all the female goats that were speckled or spotted (all that had any white on them), and all the dark-colored lambs, and put them in the care 433  of his sons. 30:36 Then he separated them from Jacob by a three-day journey, 434  while 435  Jacob was taking care of the rest of Laban’s flocks.

30:37 But Jacob took fresh-cut branches from poplar, almond, and plane trees. He made white streaks by peeling them, making the white inner wood in the branches visible. 30:38 Then he set up the peeled branches in all the watering troughs where the flocks came to drink. He set up the branches in front of the flocks when they were in heat and came to drink. 436  30:39 When the sheep mated 437  in front of the branches, they 438  gave birth to young that were streaked or speckled or spotted. 30:40 Jacob removed these lambs, but he made the rest of the flock face 439  the streaked and completely dark-colored animals in Laban’s flock. So he made separate flocks for himself and did not mix them with Laban’s flocks. 30:41 When the stronger females were in heat, 440  Jacob would set up the branches in the troughs in front of the flock, so they would mate near the branches. 30:42 But if the animals were weaker, he did not set the branches there. 441  So the weaker animals ended up belonging to Laban 442  and the stronger animals to Jacob. 30:43 In this way Jacob 443  became extremely prosperous. He owned 444  large flocks, male and female servants, camels, and donkeys.

Jacob’s Flight from Laban

31:1 Jacob heard that Laban’s sons were complaining, 445 Jacob has taken everything that belonged to our father! He has gotten rich 446  at our father’s expense! 447  31:2 When Jacob saw the look on Laban’s face, he could tell his attitude toward him had changed. 448 

31:3 The Lord said to Jacob, “Return to the land of your fathers 449  and to your relatives. I will be with you.” 450  31:4 So Jacob sent a message for Rachel and Leah 451  to come to the field 452  where his flocks were. 453  31:5 There he said to them, “I can tell that your father’s attitude toward me has changed, 454  but the God of my father has been with me. 31:6 You know that I’ve worked for your father as hard as I could, 455  31:7 but your father has humiliated 456  me and changed my wages ten times. But God has not permitted him to do me any harm. 31:8 If he said, 457 The speckled animals 458  will be your wage,’ then the entire flock gave birth to speckled offspring. But if he said, ‘The streaked animals will be your wage,’ then the entire flock gave birth to streaked offspring. 31:9 In this way God has snatched away your father’s livestock and given them to me.

31:10Once 459  during breeding season I saw 460  in a dream that the male goats mating with 461  the flock were streaked, speckled, and spotted. 31:11 In the dream the angel of God said to me, ‘Jacob!’ ‘Here I am!’ I replied. 31:12 Then he said, ‘Observe 462  that all the male goats mating with 463  the flock are streaked, speckled, or spotted, for I have observed all that Laban has done to you. 31:13 I am the God of Bethel, 464  where you anointed 465  the sacred stone and made a vow to me. 466  Now leave this land immediately 467  and return to your native land.’

31:14 Then Rachel and Leah replied to him, “Do we still have any portion or inheritance 468  in our father’s house? 31:15 Hasn’t he treated us like foreigners? He not only sold us, but completely wasted 469  the money paid for us! 470  31:16 Surely all the wealth that God snatched away from our father belongs to us and to our children. So now do everything God has told you.”

31:17 So Jacob immediately put his children and his wives on the camels. 471  31:18 He took 472  away all the livestock he had acquired in Paddan Aram and all his moveable property that he had accumulated. Then he set out toward the land of Canaan to return to his father Isaac. 473 

31:19 While Laban had gone to shear his sheep, 474  Rachel stole the household idols 475  that belonged to her father. 31:20 Jacob also deceived 476  Laban the Aramean by not telling him that he was leaving. 477  31:21 He left 478  with all he owned. He quickly crossed 479  the Euphrates River 480  and headed for 481  the hill country of Gilead.

31:22 Three days later Laban discovered Jacob had left. 482  31:23 So he took his relatives 483  with him and pursued Jacob 484  for seven days. 485  He caught up with 486  him in the hill country of Gilead. 31:24 But God came to Laban the Aramean in a dream at night and warned him, 487  “Be careful 488  that you neither bless nor curse Jacob.” 489 

31:25 Laban overtook Jacob, and when Jacob pitched his tent in the hill country of Gilead, Laban and his relatives set up camp there too. 490  31:26 What have you done?” Laban demanded of Jacob. “You’ve deceived me 491  and carried away my daughters as if they were captives of war! 492  31:27 Why did you run away secretly 493  and deceive me? 494  Why didn’t you tell me so I could send you off with a celebration complete with singing, tambourines, and harps? 495  31:28 You didn’t even allow me to kiss my daughters and my grandchildren 496  good-bye. You have acted foolishly! 31:29 I have 497  the power to do you harm, but the God of your father told me last night, ‘Be careful 498  that you neither bless nor curse Jacob.’ 499  31:30 Now I understand that 500  you have gone away 501  because you longed desperately 502  for your father’s house. Yet why did you steal my gods? 503 

31:31I left secretly because I was afraid!” 504  Jacob replied to Laban. “I thought 505  you might take your daughters away from me by force. 506  31:32 Whoever has taken your gods will be put to death! 507  In the presence of our relatives 508  identify whatever is yours and take it.” 509  (Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.) 510 

31:33 So Laban entered Jacob’s tent, and Leah’s tent, and the tent of the two female servants, but he did not find the idols. 511  Then he left Leah’s tent and entered Rachel’s. 512  31:34 (Now Rachel had taken the idols and put them inside her camel’s saddle 513  and sat on them.) 514  Laban searched the whole tent, but did not find them. 515  31:35 Rachel 516  said to her father, “Don’t be angry, 517  my lord. I cannot stand up 518  in your presence because I am having my period.” 519  So he searched thoroughly, 520  but did not find the idols.

31:36 Jacob became angry 521  and argued with Laban. “What did I do wrong?” he demanded of Laban. 522 What sin of mine prompted you to chase after me in hot pursuit? 523  31:37 When you searched through all my goods, did you find anything that belonged to you? 524  Set it here before my relatives and yours, 525  and let them settle the dispute between the two of us! 526 

31:38I have been with you for the past twenty years. Your ewes and female goats have not miscarried, nor have I eaten rams from your flocks. 31:39 Animals torn by wild beasts I never brought to you; I always absorbed the loss myself. 527  You always made me pay for every missing animal, 528  whether it was taken by day or at night. 31:40 I was consumed by scorching heat 529  during the day and by piercing cold 530  at night, and I went without sleep. 531  31:41 This was my lot 532  for twenty years in your house: I worked like a slave 533  for you – fourteen years for your two daughters and six years for your flocks, but you changed my wages ten times! 31:42 If the God of my father – the God of Abraham, the one whom Isaac fears 534 had not been with me, you would certainly have sent me away empty-handed! But God saw how I was oppressed and how hard I worked, 535  and he rebuked you last night.”

31:43 Laban replied 536  to Jacob, “These women 537  are my daughters, these children are my grandchildren, 538  and these flocks are my flocks. All that you see belongs to me. But how can I harm these daughters of mine today 539  or the children to whom they have given birth? 31:44 So now, come, let’s make a formal agreement, 540  you and I, and it will be 541  proof that we have made peace.” 542 

31:45 So Jacob took a stone and set it up as a memorial pillar. 31:46 Then he 543  said to his relatives, “Gather stones.” So they brought stones and put them in a pile. 544  They ate there by the pile of stones. 31:47 Laban called it Jegar Sahadutha, 545  but Jacob called it Galeed. 546 

31:48 Laban said, “This pile of stones is a witness of our agreement 547  today.” That is why it was called Galeed. 31:49 It was also called Mizpah 548  because he said, “May the Lord watch 549  between us 550  when we are out of sight of one another. 551  31:50 If you mistreat my daughters or if you take wives besides my daughters, although no one else is with us, realize 552  that God is witness to your actions.” 553 

31:51Here is this pile of stones and this pillar I have set up between me and you,” Laban said to Jacob. 554  31:52 This pile of stones and the pillar are reminders that I will not pass beyond this pile to come to harm you and that you will not pass beyond this pile and this pillar to come to harm me. 555  31:53 May the God of Abraham and the god of Nahor, 556  the gods of their father, judge between us.” Jacob took an oath by the God whom his father Isaac feared. 557  31:54 Then Jacob offered a sacrifice 558  on the mountain and invited his relatives to eat the meal. 559  They ate the meal and spent the night on the mountain.

31:55 560  Early in the morning Laban kissed 561  his grandchildren 562  and his daughters goodbye and blessed them. Then Laban left and returned home. 563 

Jacob Wrestles at Peniel

32:1 So Jacob went on his way and the angels of God 564  met him. 32:2 When Jacob saw them, he exclaimed, 565  “This is the camp of God!” So he named that place Mahanaim. 566 

32:3 Jacob sent messengers on ahead 567  to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the region 568  of Edom. 32:4 He commanded them, “This is what you must say to my lord Esau: ‘This is what your servant 569  Jacob says: I have been staying with Laban until now. 32:5 I have oxen, donkeys, sheep, and male and female servants. I have sent 570  this message 571  to inform my lord, so that I may find favor in your sight.’

32:6 The messengers returned to Jacob and said, “We went to your brother Esau. He is coming to meet you and has four hundred men with him.” 32:7 Jacob was very afraid and upset. So he divided the people who were with him into two camps, as well as the flocks, herds, and camels. 32:8 If Esau attacks one camp,” 572  he thought, 573 then the other camp will be able to escape.” 574 

32:9 Then Jacob prayed, 575  “O God of my father Abraham, God of my father Isaac, O Lord, you said 576  to me, ‘Return to your land and to your relatives and I will make you prosper.’ 577  32:10 I am not worthy of all the faithful love 578  you have shown 579  your servant. With only my walking stick 580  I crossed the Jordan, 581  but now I have become two camps. 32:11 Rescue me, 582  I pray, from the hand 583  of my brother Esau, 584  for I am afraid he will come 585  and attack me, as well as the mothers with their children. 586  32:12 But you 587  said, ‘I will certainly make you prosper 588  and will make 589  your descendants like the sand on the seashore, too numerous to count.’ 590 

32:13 Jacob 591  stayed there that night. Then he sent 592  as a gift 593  to his brother Esau 32:14 two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 32:15 thirty female camels with their young, forty cows and ten bulls, and twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys. 32:16 He entrusted them to 594  his servants, who divided them into herds. 595  He told his servants, “Pass over before me, and keep some distance between one herd and the next.” 32:17 He instructed the servant leading the first herd, 596  “When my brother Esau meets you and asks, ‘To whom do you belong? 597  Where are you going? Whose herds are you driving?’ 598  32:18 then you must say, 599 They belong 600  to your servant Jacob. 601  They have been sent as a gift to my lord Esau. 602  In fact Jacob himself is behind us.’ 603 

32:19 He also gave these instructions to the second and third servants, as well as all those who were following the herds, saying, “You must say the same thing to Esau when you meet him. 604  32:20 You must also say, ‘In fact your servant Jacob is behind us.’” 605  Jacob thought, 606 I will first appease him 607  by sending a gift ahead of me. 608  After that I will meet him. 609  Perhaps he will accept me.” 610  32:21 So the gifts were sent on ahead of him 611  while he spent that night in the camp. 612 

32:22 During the night Jacob quickly took 613  his two wives, his two female servants, and his eleven sons 614  and crossed the ford of the Jabbok. 615  32:23 He took them and sent them across the stream along with all his possessions. 616  32:24 So Jacob was left alone. Then a man 617  wrestled 618  with him until daybreak. 619  32:25 When the man 620  saw that he could not defeat Jacob, 621  he struck 622  the socket of his hip so the socket of Jacob’s hip was dislocated while he wrestled with him.

32:26 Then the man 623  said, “Let me go, for the dawn is breaking.” 624  “I will not let you go,” Jacob replied, 625 unless you bless me.” 626  32:27 The man asked him, 627 What is your name?” 628  He answered, “Jacob.” 32:28 No longer will your name be Jacob,” the man told him, 629  “but Israel, 630  because you have fought 631  with God and with men and have prevailed.”

32:29 Then Jacob asked, “Please tell me your name.” 632 Why 633  do you ask my name?” the man replied. 634  Then he blessed 635  Jacob 636  there. 32:30 So Jacob named the place Peniel, 637  explaining, 638  “Certainly 639  I have seen God face to face 640  and have survived.” 641 

32:31 The sun rose 642  over him as he crossed over Penuel, 643  but 644  he was limping because of his hip. 32:32 That is why to this day 645  the Israelites do not eat the sinew which is attached to the socket of the hip, because he struck 646  the socket of Jacob’s hip near the attached sinew.

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