Bible: Genesis 24-50

The Wife for Isaac

24:1 Now Abraham was old, well advanced in years, 1  and the Lord had blessed him 2  in everything. 24:2 Abraham said to his servant, the senior one 3  in his household who was in charge of everything he had, “Put your hand under my thigh 4  24:3 so that I may make you solemnly promise 5  by the Lord, the God of heaven and the God of the earth: You must not acquire 6  a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I am living. 24:4 You must go instead to my country and to my relatives 7  to find 8  a wife for my son Isaac.”

24:5 The servant asked him, “What if the woman is not willing to come back with me 9  to this land? Must I then 10  take your son back to the land from which you came?

24:6Be careful 11  never to take my son back there!” Abraham told him. 12  24:7 The Lord, the God of heaven, who took me from my father’s house and the land of my relatives, 13  promised me with a solemn oath, 14  ‘To your descendants I will give this land.’ He will send his angel 15  before you so that you may find 16  a wife for my son from there. 24:8 But if the woman is not willing to come back with you, 17  you will be free 18  from this oath of mine. But you must not take my son back there! 24:9 So the servant placed his hand under the thigh of his master Abraham and gave his solemn promise he would carry out his wishes. 19 

24:10 Then the servant took ten of his master’s camels and departed with all kinds of gifts from his master at his disposal. 20  He journeyed 21  to the region of Aram Naharaim 22  and the city of Nahor. 24:11 He made the camels kneel down by the well 23  outside the city. It was evening, 24  the time when the women would go out to draw water. 24:12 He prayed, “O Lord, God of my master Abraham, guide me today. 25  Be faithful 26  to my master Abraham. 24:13 Here I am, standing by the spring, 27  and the daughters of the people 28  who live in the town are coming out to draw water. 24:14 I will say to a young woman, ‘Please lower your jar so I may drink.’ May the one you have chosen for your servant Isaac reply, ‘Drink, and I’ll give your camels water too.’ 29  In this way I will know that you have been faithful to my master.” 30 

24:15 Before he had finished praying, there came Rebekah 31  with her water jug on her shoulder. She was the daughter of Bethuel son of Milcah (Milcah was the wife of Abraham’s brother Nahor). 32  24:16 Now the young woman was very beautiful. She was a virgin; no man had ever had sexual relations with her. 33  She went down to the spring, filled her jug, and came back up. 24:17 Abraham’s servant 34  ran to meet her and said, “Please give me a sip of water from your jug.” 24:18 Drink, my lord,” she replied, and quickly lowering 35  her jug to her hands, she gave him a drink. 24:19 When she had done so, 36  she said, “I’ll draw water for your camels too, until they have drunk as much as they want.” 24:20 She quickly emptied 37  her jug into the watering trough and ran back to the well to draw more water until she had drawn enough for all his camels. 24:21 Silently the man watched her with interest to determine 38  if the Lord had made his journey successful 39  or not.

24:22 After the camels had finished drinking, the man took out a gold nose ring weighing a beka 40  and two gold bracelets weighing ten shekels 41  and gave them to her. 42  24:23 Whose daughter are you?” he asked. 43 Tell me, is there room in your father’s house for us to spend the night?

24:24 She said to him, “I am the daughter of Bethuel the son of Milcah, whom Milcah bore to Nahor. 44  24:25 We have plenty of straw and feed,” she added, 45 and room for you 46  to spend the night.”

24:26 The man bowed his head and worshiped the Lord, 24:27 saying “Praised be the Lord, the God of my master Abraham, who has not abandoned his faithful love 47  for my master! The Lord has led me 48  to the house 49  of my master’s relatives! 50 

24:28 The young woman ran and told her mother’s household all about 51  these things. 24:29 (Now Rebekah had a brother named Laban.) 52  Laban rushed out to meet the man at the spring. 24:30 When he saw the bracelets on his sister’s wrists and the nose ring 53  and heard his sister Rebekah say, 54 This is what the man said to me,” he went out to meet the man. There he was, standing 55  by the camels near the spring. 24:31 Laban said to him, 56  “Come, you who are blessed by the Lord! 57  Why are you standing out here when I have prepared 58  the house and a place for the camels?

24:32 So Abraham’s servant 59  went to the house and unloaded 60  the camels. Straw and feed were given 61  to the camels, and water was provided so that he and the men who were with him could wash their feet. 62  24:33 When food was served, 63  he said, “I will not eat until I have said what I want to say.” 64 Tell us,” Laban said. 65 

24:34I am the servant of Abraham,” he began. 24:35 The Lord has richly blessed my master and he has become very wealthy. 66  The Lord 67  has given him sheep and cattle, silver and gold, male and female servants, and camels and donkeys. 24:36 My master’s wife Sarah bore a son to him 68  when she was old, 69  and my master 70  has given him everything he owns. 24:37 My master made me swear an oath. He said, ‘You must not acquire a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I am living, 24:38 but you must go to the family of my father and to my relatives to find 71  a wife for my son.’ 24:39 But I said to my master, ‘What if the woman does not want to go 72  with me?’ 73  24:40 He answered, ‘The Lord, before whom I have walked, 74  will send his angel with you. He will make your journey a success and you will find a wife for my son from among my relatives, from my father’s family. 24:41 You will be free from your oath 75  if you go to my relatives and they will not give her to you. Then you will be free from your oath.’ 24:42 When I came to the spring today, I prayed, ‘O Lord, God of my master Abraham, if you have decided to make my journey successful, 76  may events unfold as follows: 77  24:43 Here I am, standing by the spring. 78  When 79  the young woman goes out to draw water, I’ll say, “Give me a little water to drink from your jug.” 24:44 Then she will reply to me, “Drink, and I’ll draw water for your camels too.” May that woman be the one whom the Lord has chosen for my master’s son.’

24:45Before I finished praying in my heart, 80  along came Rebekah 81  with her water jug on her shoulder! She went down to the spring and drew water. So I said to her, ‘Please give me a drink.’ 24:46 She quickly lowered her jug from her shoulder and said, ‘Drink, and I’ll give your camels water too.’ So I drank, and she also gave the camels water. 24:47 Then I asked her, ‘Whose daughter are you?’ She replied, ‘The daughter of Bethuel the son of Nahor, whom Milcah bore to Nahor.’ 82  I put the ring in her nose and the bracelets on her wrists. 24:48 Then I bowed down and worshiped the Lord. I praised the Lord, the God of my master Abraham, who had led me on the right path to find the granddaughter 83  of my master’s brother for his son. 24:49 Now, if you will show faithful love to my master, tell me. But if not, tell me as well, so that I may go on my way.” 84 

24:50 Then Laban and Bethuel replied, “This is the Lord’s doing. 85  Our wishes are of no concern. 86  24:51 Rebekah stands here before you. Take her and go so that she may become 87  the wife of your master’s son, just as the Lord has decided.” 88 

24:52 When Abraham’s servant heard their words, he bowed down to the ground before the Lord. 24:53 Then he 89  brought out gold, silver jewelry, and clothing and gave them to Rebekah. He also gave valuable gifts to her brother and to her mother. 24:54 After this, he and the men who were with him ate a meal and stayed there overnight. 90 

When they got up in the morning, he said, “Let me leave now so I can return to my master.” 91  24:55 But Rebekah’s 92  brother and her mother replied, “Let the girl stay with us a few more days, perhaps ten. Then she can go.” 24:56 But he said to them, “Don’t detain me – the Lord 93  has granted me success on my journey. Let me leave now so I may return 94  to my master.” 24:57 Then they said, “We’ll call the girl and find out what she wants to do.” 95  24:58 So they called Rebekah and asked her, “Do you want 96  to go with this man?” She replied, “I want to go.”

24:59 So they sent their sister Rebekah on her way, accompanied by her female attendant, with Abraham’s servant and his men. 24:60 They blessed Rebekah with these words: 97 

“Our sister, may you become the mother 98  of thousands of ten thousands!

May your descendants possess the strongholds 99  of their enemies.”

24:61 Then Rebekah and her female servants mounted the camels and rode away with 100  the man. So Abraham’s servant 101  took Rebekah and left.

24:62 Now 102  Isaac came from 103  Beer Lahai Roi, 104  for 105  he was living in the Negev. 106  24:63 He 107  went out to relax 108  in the field in the early evening. 109  Then he looked up 110  and saw that 111  there were camels approaching. 24:64 Rebekah looked up 112  and saw Isaac. She got down from her camel 24:65 and asked 113  Abraham’s servant, 114 Who is that man walking in the field toward us?” “That is my master,” the servant replied. 115  So she took her veil and covered herself.

24:66 The servant told Isaac everything that had happened. 24:67 Then Isaac brought Rebekah 116  into his mother Sarah’s tent. He took her 117  as his wife and loved her. 118  So Isaac was comforted after his mother’s death. 119 

The Death of Abraham

25:1 Abraham had taken 120  another 121  wife, named Keturah. 25:2 She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 25:3 Jokshan became the father of Sheba and Dedan. 122  The descendants of Dedan were the Asshurites, Letushites, and Leummites. 25:4 The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were descendants 123  of Keturah.

25:5 Everything he owned Abraham left to his son Isaac. 25:6 But while he was still alive, Abraham gave gifts to the sons of his concubines 124  and sent them off to the east, away from his son Isaac. 125 

25:7 Abraham lived a total of 126  175 years. 25:8 Then Abraham breathed his last and died at a good old age, an old man who had lived a full life. 127  He joined his ancestors. 128  25:9 His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah 129  near Mamre, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar, the Hethite. 25:10 This was the field Abraham had purchased from the sons of Heth. 130  There Abraham was buried with his wife Sarah. 25:11 After Abraham’s death, God blessed 131  his son Isaac. Isaac lived near Beer Lahai Roi. 132 

The Sons of Ishmael

25:12 This is the account of Abraham’s son Ishmael, 133  whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s servant, bore to Abraham.

25:13 These are the names of Ishmael’s sons, by their names according to their records: 134  Nebaioth (Ishmael’s firstborn), Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 25:14 Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 25:15 Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 25:16 These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names by their settlements and their camps – twelve princes 135  according to their clans.

25:17 Ishmael lived a total of 136  137 years. He breathed his last and died; then he joined his ancestors. 137  25:18 His descendants 138  settled from Havilah to Shur, which runs next 139  to Egypt all the way 140  to Asshur. 141  They settled 142  away from all their relatives. 143 

Jacob and Esau

25:19 This is the account of Isaac, 144  the son of Abraham.

Abraham became the father of Isaac. 25:20 When Isaac was forty years old, he married Rebekah, 145  the daughter of Bethuel the Aramean from Paddan Aram and sister of Laban the Aramean. 146 

25:21 Isaac prayed to 147  the Lord on behalf of his wife because she was childless. The Lord answered his prayer, and his wife Rebekah became pregnant. 25:22 But the children struggled 148  inside her, and she said, “If it is going to be like this, I’m not so sure I want to be pregnant!” 149  So she asked the Lord, 150  25:23 and the Lord said to her,

“Two nations 151  are in your womb,

and two peoples will be separated from within you.

One people will be stronger than the other,

and the older will serve the younger.”

25:24 When the time came for Rebekah to give birth, 152  there were 153  twins in her womb. 25:25 The first came out reddish 154  all over, 155  like a hairy 156  garment, so they named him Esau. 157  25:26 When his brother came out with 158  his hand clutching Esau’s heel, they named him Jacob. 159  Isaac was sixty years old 160  when they were born.

25:27 When the boys grew up, Esau became a skilled 161  hunter, a man of the open fields, but Jacob was an even-tempered man, living in tents. 162  25:28 Isaac loved Esau because he had a taste for fresh game, 163  but Rebekah loved 164  Jacob.

25:29 Now Jacob cooked some stew, 165  and when Esau came in from the open fields, he was famished. 25:30 So Esau said to Jacob, “Feed 166  me some of the red stuff – yes, this red stuff – because I’m starving!” (That is why he was also called 167  Edom.) 168 

25:31 But Jacob replied, “First 169  sell me your birthright.” 25:32 Look,” said Esau, “I’m about to die! What use is the birthright to me? 170  25:33 But Jacob said, “Swear an oath to me now.” 171  So Esau 172  swore an oath to him and sold his birthright 173  to Jacob.

25:34 Then Jacob gave Esau some bread and lentil stew; Esau ate and drank, then got up and went out. 174  So Esau despised his birthright. 175 

Isaac and Abimelech

26:1 There was a famine in the land, subsequent to the earlier famine that occurred 176  in the days of Abraham. 177  Isaac went to Abimelech king of the Philistines at Gerar. 26:2 The Lord appeared to Isaac and said, “Do not go down to Egypt; 178  settle down in the land that I will point out to you. 179  26:3 Stay 180  in this land. Then I will be with you and will bless you, 181  for I will give all these lands to you and to your descendants, 182  and I will fulfill 183  the solemn promise I made 184  to your father Abraham. 26:4 I will multiply your descendants so they will be as numerous as the stars in the sky, and I will give them 185  all these lands. All the nations of the earth will pronounce blessings on one another using the name of your descendants. 186  26:5 All this will come to pass 187  because Abraham obeyed me 188  and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.” 189  26:6 So Isaac settled in Gerar.

26:7 When the men of that place asked him about his wife, he replied, “She is my sister.” 190  He was afraid to say, “She is my wife,” for he thought to himself, 191  “The men of this place will kill me to get 192  Rebekah because she is very beautiful.”

26:8 After Isaac 193  had been there a long time, 194  Abimelech king of the Philistines happened to look out a window and observed 195  Isaac caressing 196  his wife Rebekah. 26:9 So Abimelech summoned Isaac and said, “She is really 197  your wife! Why did you say, ‘She is my sister?” Isaac replied, “Because I thought someone might kill me to get her.” 198 

26:10 Then Abimelech exclaimed, “What in the world have you done to us? 199  One of the men 200  might easily have had sexual relations with 201  your wife, and you would have brought guilt on us! 26:11 So Abimelech commanded all the people, “Whoever touches 202  this man or his wife will surely be put to death.” 203 

26:12 When Isaac planted in that land, he reaped in the same year a hundred times what he had sown, 204  because the Lord blessed him. 205  26:13 The man became wealthy. 206  His influence continued to grow 207  until he became very prominent. 26:14 He had 208  so many sheep 209  and cattle 210  and such a great household of servants that the Philistines became jealous 211  of him. 26:15 So the Philistines took dirt and filled up 212  all the wells that his father’s servants had dug back in the days of his father Abraham.

26:16 Then Abimelech said to Isaac, “Leave us and go elsewhere, 213  for you have become much more powerful 214  than we are.” 26:17 So Isaac left there and settled in the Gerar Valley. 215  26:18 Isaac reopened 216  the wells that had been dug 217  back in the days of his father Abraham, for the Philistines had stopped them up 218  after Abraham died. Isaac 219  gave these wells 220  the same names his father had given them. 221 

26:19 When Isaac’s servants dug in the valley and discovered a well with fresh flowing 222  water there, 26:20 the herdsmen of Gerar quarreled 223  with Isaac’s herdsmen, saying, “The water belongs to us!” So Isaac 224  named the well 225  Esek 226  because they argued with him about it. 227  26:21 His servants 228  dug another well, but they quarreled over it too, so Isaac named it 229  Sitnah. 230  26:22 Then he moved away from there and dug another well. They did not quarrel over it, so Isaac 231  named it 232  Rehoboth, 233  saying, “For now the Lord has made room for us, and we will prosper in the land.”

26:23 From there Isaac 234  went up to Beer Sheba. 26:24 The Lord appeared to him that night and said, “I am the God of your father Abraham. Do not be afraid, for I am with you. I will bless you and multiply your descendants for the sake of my servant Abraham.” 26:25 Then Isaac built an altar there and worshiped 235  the Lord. He pitched his tent there, and his servants dug a well. 236 

26:26 Now Abimelech had come 237  to him from Gerar along with 238  Ahuzzah his friend 239  and Phicol the commander of his army. 26:27 Isaac asked them, “Why have you come to me? You hate me 240  and sent me away from you.” 26:28 They replied, “We could plainly see 241  that the Lord is with you. So we decided there should be 242  a pact between us 243  – between us 244  and you. Allow us to make 245  a treaty with you 26:29 so that 246  you will not do us any harm, just as we have not harmed 247  you, but have always treated you well 248  before sending you away 249  in peace. Now you are blessed by the Lord.” 250 

26:30 So Isaac 251  held a feast for them and they celebrated. 252  26:31 Early in the morning the men made a treaty with each other. 253  Isaac sent them off; they separated on good terms. 254 

26:32 That day Isaac’s servants came and told him about the well they had dug. “We’ve found water,” they reported. 255  26:33 So he named it Shibah; 256  that is why the name of the city has been Beer Sheba 257  to this day.

26:34 When 258  Esau was forty years old, 259  he married 260  Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, as well as Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite. 26:35 They caused Isaac and Rebekah great anxiety. 261 

Jacob Cheats Esau out of the Blessing

27:1 When 262  Isaac was old and his eyes were so weak that he was almost blind, 263  he called his older 264  son Esau and said to him, “My son!” “Here I am!” Esau 265  replied. 27:2 Isaac 266  said, “Since 267  I am so old, I could die at any time. 268  27:3 Therefore, take your weapons – your quiver and your bow – and go out into the open fields and hunt down some wild game 269  for me. 27:4 Then prepare for me some tasty food, the kind I love, and bring it to me. Then 270  I will eat it so that I may bless you 271  before I die.”

27:5 Now Rebekah had been listening while Isaac spoke to his son Esau. 272  When Esau went out to the open fields to hunt down some wild game and bring it back, 273  27:6 Rebekah said to her son Jacob, “Look, I overheard your father tell your brother Esau, 27:7 Bring me some wild game and prepare for me some tasty food. Then I will eat 274  it and bless you 275  in the presence of the Lord 276  before I die.’ 27:8 Now then, my son, do 277  exactly what I tell you! 278  27:9 Go to the flock and get me two of the best young goats. I’ll prepare 279  them in a tasty way for your father, just the way he loves them. 27:10 Then you will take 280  it to your father. Thus he will eat it 281  and 282  bless you before he dies.”

27:11But Esau my brother is a hairy man,” Jacob protested to his mother Rebekah, “and I have smooth skin! 283  27:12 My father may touch me! Then he’ll think I’m mocking him 284  and I’ll bring a curse on myself instead of a blessing.” 27:13 So his mother told him, “Any curse against you will fall on me, 285  my son! Just obey me! 286  Go and get them for me!

27:14 So he went and got the goats 287  and brought them to his mother. She 288  prepared some tasty food, just the way his father loved it. 27:15 Then Rebekah took her older son Esau’s best clothes, which she had with her in the house, and put them on her younger son Jacob. 27:16 She put the skins of the young goats 289  on his hands 290  and the smooth part of his neck. 27:17 Then she handed 291  the tasty food and the bread she had made to her son Jacob.

27:18 He went to his father and said, “My father!” Isaac 292  replied, “Here I am. Which are you, my son? 293  27:19 Jacob said to his father, “I am Esau, your firstborn. I’ve done as you told me. Now sit up 294  and eat some of my wild game so that you can bless me.” 295  27:20 But Isaac asked his son, “How in the world 296  did you find it so quickly, 297  my son?” “Because the Lord your God brought it to me,” 298  he replied. 299  27:21 Then Isaac said to Jacob, “Come closer so I can touch you, 300  my son, and know for certain if you really are my son Esau.” 301  27:22 So Jacob went over to his father Isaac, who felt him and said, “The voice is Jacob’s, but the hands are Esau’s.” 27:23 He did not recognize him because his hands were hairy, like his brother Esau’s hands. So Isaac blessed Jacob. 302  27:24 Then he asked, “Are you really my son Esau?” “I am,” Jacob 303  replied. 27:25 Isaac 304  said, “Bring some of the wild game for me to eat, my son. 305  Then I will bless you.” 306  So Jacob 307  brought it to him, and he ate it. He also brought him wine, and Isaac 308  drank. 27:26 Then his father Isaac said to him, “Come here and kiss me, my son.” 27:27 So Jacob 309  went over and kissed him. When Isaac caught the scent 310  of his clothing, he blessed him, saying,

Yes, 311  my son smells

like the scent of an open field

which the Lord has blessed.

27:28 May God give you

the dew of the sky 312 

and the richness 313  of the earth,

and plenty of grain and new wine.

27:29 May peoples serve you

and nations bow down to you.

You will be 314  lord 315  over your brothers,

and the sons of your mother will bow down to you. 316 

May those who curse you be cursed,

and those who bless you be blessed.”

27:30 Isaac had just finished blessing Jacob, and Jacob had scarcely left 317  his father’s 318  presence, when his brother Esau returned from the hunt. 319  27:31 He also prepared some tasty food and brought it to his father. Esau 320  said to him, “My father, get up 321  and eat some of your son’s wild game. Then you can bless me.” 322  27:32 His father Isaac asked, 323  “Who are you?” “I am your firstborn son,” 324  he replied, “Esau! 27:33 Isaac began to shake violently 325  and asked, “Then who else hunted game and brought it to me? I ate all of it just before you arrived, and I blessed him. 326  He will indeed be blessed!

27:34 When Esau heard 327  his father’s words, he wailed loudly and bitterly. 328  He said to his father, “Bless me too, my father! 27:35 But Isaac 329  replied, “Your brother came in here deceitfully and took away 330  your blessing.” 27:36 Esau exclaimed, “‘Jacobis the right name for him! 331  He has tripped me up 332  two times! He took away my birthright, and now, look, he has taken away my blessing!” Then he asked, “Have you not kept back a blessing for me?

27:37 Isaac replied to Esau, “Look! I have made him lord over you. I have made all his relatives his servants and provided him with grain and new wine. What is left that I can do for you, my son? 27:38 Esau said to his father, “Do you have only that one blessing, my father? Bless me too!” 333  Then Esau wept loudly. 334 

27:39 So his father Isaac said to him,

Indeed, 335  your home will be

away from the richness 336  of the earth,

and away from the dew of the sky above.

27:40 You will live by your sword

but you will serve your brother.

When you grow restless,

you will tear off his yoke

from your neck.” 337 

27:41 So Esau hated 338  Jacob because of the blessing his father had given to his brother. 339  Esau said privately, 340 The time 341  of mourning for my father is near; then I will kill 342  my brother Jacob!

27:42 When Rebekah heard what her older son Esau had said, 343  she quickly summoned 344  her younger son Jacob and told him, “Look, your brother Esau is planning to get revenge by killing you. 345  27:43 Now then, my son, do what I say. 346  Run away immediately 347  to my brother Laban in Haran. 27:44 Live with him for a little while 348  until your brother’s rage subsides. 27:45 Stay there 349  until your brother’s anger against you subsides and he forgets what you did to him. Then I’ll send someone to bring you back from there. 350  Why should I lose both of you in one day? 351 

27:46 Then Rebekah said to Isaac, “I am deeply depressed 352  because of these daughters of Heth. 353  If Jacob were to marry one of these daughters of Heth who live in this land, I would want to die! 354 

28:1 So Isaac called for Jacob and blessed him. Then he commanded him, “You must not marry a Canaanite woman! 355  28:2 Leave immediately 356  for Paddan Aram! Go to the house of Bethuel, your mother’s father, and find yourself a wife there, among the daughters of Laban, your mother’s brother. 28:3 May the sovereign God 357  bless you! May he make you fruitful and give you a multitude of descendants! 358  Then you will become 359  a large nation. 360  28:4 May he give you and your descendants the blessing he gave to Abraham 361  so that you may possess the land 362  God gave to Abraham, the land where you have been living as a temporary resident.” 363  28:5 So Isaac sent Jacob on his way, and he went to Paddan Aram, to Laban son of Bethuel the Aramean and brother of Rebekah, the mother of Jacob and Esau.

28:6 Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob and sent him off to Paddan Aram to find a wife there. 364  As he blessed him, 365  Isaac commanded him, “You must not marry a Canaanite woman.” 366  28:7 Jacob obeyed his father and mother and left for Paddan Aram. 28:8 Then Esau realized 367  that the Canaanite women 368  were displeasing to 369  his father Isaac. 28:9 So Esau went to Ishmael and married 370  Mahalath, the sister of Nebaioth and daughter of Abraham’s son Ishmael, along with the wives he already had.

Jacob’s Dream at Bethel

28:10 Meanwhile Jacob left Beer Sheba and set out for Haran. 28:11 He reached a certain place 371  where he decided to camp because the sun had gone down. 372  He took one of the stones 373  and placed it near his head. 374  Then he fell asleep 375  in that place 28:12 and had a dream. 376  He saw 377  a stairway 378  erected on the earth with its top reaching to the heavens. The angels of God were going up and coming down it 28:13 and the Lord stood at its top. He said, “I am the Lord, the God of your grandfather Abraham and the God of your father Isaac. 379  I will give you and your descendants the ground 380  you are lying on. 28:14 Your descendants will be like the dust of the earth, 381  and you will spread out 382  to the west, east, north, and south. All the families of the earth will pronounce blessings on one another 383  using your name and that of your descendants. 384  28:15 I am with you! 385  I will protect you wherever you go and will bring you back to this land. I will not leave you until I have done what I promised you!

28:16 Then Jacob woke up 386  and thought, 387 Surely the Lord is in this place, but I did not realize it! 28:17 He was afraid and said, “What an awesome place this is! This is nothing else than the house of God! This is the gate of heaven!

28:18 Early 388  in the morning Jacob 389  took the stone he had placed near his head 390  and set it up as a sacred stone. 391  Then he poured oil on top of it. 28:19 He called that place Bethel, 392  although the former name of the town was Luz. 28:20 Then Jacob made a vow, saying, “If God is with me and protects me on this journey I am taking and gives me food 393  to eat and clothing to wear, 28:21 and I return safely to my father’s home, 394  then the Lord will become my God. 28:22 Then this stone 395  that I have set up as a sacred stone will be the house of God, and I will surely 396  give you back a tenth of everything you give me.” 397 

The Marriages of Jacob

29:1 So Jacob moved on 398  and came to the land of the eastern people. 399  29:2 He saw 400  in the field a well with 401  three flocks of sheep lying beside it, because the flocks were watered from that well. Now 402  a large stone covered the mouth of the well. 29:3 When all the flocks were gathered there, the shepherds 403  would roll the stone off the mouth of the well and water the sheep. Then they would put the stone back in its place over the well’s mouth.

29:4 Jacob asked them, “My brothers, where are you from?” They replied, “We’re from Haran.” 29:5 So he said to them, “Do you know Laban, the grandson 404  of Nahor?” “We know him,” 405  they said. 29:6 Is he well?” 406  Jacob asked. They replied, “He is well. 407  Now look, here comes his daughter Rachel with the sheep.” 29:7 Then Jacob 408  said, “Since it is still the middle of the day, 409  it is not time for the flocks to be gathered. You should water the sheep and then go and let them graze some more.” 410  29:8 We can’t,” they said, “until all the flocks are gathered and the stone is rolled off the mouth of the well. Then we water 411  the sheep.”

29:9 While he was still speaking with them, Rachel arrived with her father’s sheep, for she was tending them. 412  29:10 When Jacob saw Rachel, the daughter of his uncle Laban, 413  and the sheep of his uncle Laban, he 414  went over 415  and rolled the stone off the mouth of the well and watered the sheep of his uncle Laban. 416  29:11 Then Jacob kissed Rachel and began to weep loudly. 417  29:12 When Jacob explained 418  to Rachel that he was a relative of her father 419  and the son of Rebekah, she ran and told her father. 29:13 When Laban heard this news about Jacob, his sister’s son, he rushed out to meet him. He embraced him and kissed him and brought him to his house. Jacob 420  told Laban how he was related to him. 421  29:14 Then Laban said to him, “You are indeed my own flesh and blood.” 422  So Jacob 423  stayed with him for a month. 424 

29:15 Then Laban said to Jacob, “Should you work 425  for me for nothing because you are my relative? 426  Tell me what your wages should be.” 29:16 (Now Laban had two daughters; 427  the older one was named Leah, and the younger one Rachel. 29:17 Leah’s eyes were tender, 428  but Rachel had a lovely figure and beautiful appearance.) 429  29:18 Since Jacob had fallen in love with 430  Rachel, he said, “I’ll serve you seven years in exchange for your younger daughter Rachel.” 29:19 Laban replied, “I’d rather give her to you than to another man. 431  Stay with me.” 29:20 So Jacob worked for seven years to acquire Rachel. 432  But they seemed like only a few days to him 433  because his love for her was so great. 434 

29:21 Finally Jacob said 435  to Laban, “Give me my wife, for my time of service is up. 436  I want to have marital relations with her.” 437  29:22 So Laban invited all the people 438  of that place and prepared a feast. 29:23 In the evening he brought his daughter Leah 439  to Jacob, 440  and Jacob 441  had marital relations with her. 442  29:24 (Laban gave his female servant Zilpah to his daughter Leah to be her servant.) 443 

29:25 In the morning Jacob discovered it was Leah! 444  So Jacob 445  said to Laban, “What in the world have you done to me! 446  Didn’t I work for you in exchange for Rachel? Why have you tricked 447  me? 29:26 It is not our custom here,” 448  Laban replied, “to give the younger daughter in marriage 449  before the firstborn. 29:27 Complete my older daughter’s bridal week. 450  Then we will give you the younger one 451  too, in exchange for seven more years of work.” 452 

29:28 Jacob did as Laban said. 453  When Jacob 454  completed Leah’s bridal week, 455  Laban gave him his daughter Rachel to be his wife. 456  29:29 (Laban gave his female servant Bilhah to his daughter Rachel to be her servant.) 457  29:30 Jacob 458  had marital relations 459  with Rachel as well. He loved Rachel more than Leah, so he worked for Laban 460  for seven more years. 461 

The Family of Jacob

29:31 When the Lord saw that Leah was unloved, 462  he enabled her to become pregnant 463  while Rachel remained childless. 29:32 So Leah became pregnant 464  and gave birth to a son. She named him Reuben, 465  for she said, “The Lord has looked with pity on my oppressed condition. 466  Surely my husband will love me now.”

29:33 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “Because the Lord heard that I was unloved, 467  he gave me this one too.” So she named him Simeon. 468 

29:34 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “Now this time my husband will show me affection, 469  because I have given birth to three sons for him.” That is why he was named Levi. 470 

29:35 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “This time I will praise the Lord.” That is why she named him Judah. 471  Then she stopped having children.

30:1 When Rachel saw that she could not give Jacob children, she 472  became jealous of her sister. She said to Jacob, “Give me children 473  or I’ll die! 30:2 Jacob became furious 474  with Rachel and exclaimed, “Am I in the place of God, who has kept you from having children? 475  30:3 She replied, “Here is my servant Bilhah! Have sexual relations with 476  her so that she can bear 477  children 478  for me 479  and I can have a family through her.” 480 

30:4 So Rachel 481  gave him her servant Bilhah as a wife, and Jacob had marital relations with 482  her. 30:5 Bilhah became pregnant 483  and gave Jacob a son. 484  30:6 Then Rachel said, “God has vindicated me. He has responded to my prayer 485  and given me a son.” That is why 486  she named him Dan. 487 

30:7 Bilhah, Rachel’s servant, became pregnant again and gave Jacob another son. 488  30:8 Then Rachel said, “I have fought a desperate struggle with my sister, but I have won.” 489  So she named him Naphtali. 490 

30:9 When Leah saw that she had stopped having children, she gave 491  her servant Zilpah to Jacob as a wife. 30:10 Soon Leah’s servant Zilpah gave Jacob a son. 492  30:11 Leah said, “How fortunate!” 493  So she named him Gad. 494 

30:12 Then Leah’s servant Zilpah gave Jacob another son. 495  30:13 Leah said, “How happy I am, 496  for women 497  will call me happy!” So she named him Asher. 498 

30:14 At the time 499  of the wheat harvest Reuben went out and found some mandrake plants 500  in a field and brought them to his mother Leah. Rachel said to Leah, “Give me some of your son’s mandrakes.” 30:15 But Leah replied, 501 Wasn’t it enough that you’ve taken away my husband? Would you take away my son’s mandrakes too?” “All right,” 502  Rachel said, “he may sleep 503  with you tonight in exchange for your son’s mandrakes.” 30:16 When Jacob came in from the fields that evening, Leah went out to meet him and said, “You must sleep 504  with me because I have paid for your services 505  with my son’s mandrakes.” So he had marital relations 506  with her that night. 30:17 God paid attention 507  to Leah; she became pregnant 508  and gave Jacob a son for the fifth time. 509  30:18 Then Leah said, “God has granted me a reward 510  because I gave my servant to my husband as a wife.” 511  So she named him Issachar. 512 

30:19 Leah became pregnant again and gave Jacob a son for the sixth time. 513  30:20 Then Leah said, “God has given me a good gift. Now my husband will honor me because I have given him six sons.” So she named him Zebulun. 514 

30:21 After that she gave birth to a daughter and named her Dinah.

30:22 Then God took note of 515  Rachel. He paid attention to her and enabled her to become pregnant. 516  30:23 She became pregnant 517  and gave birth to a son. Then she said, “God has taken away my shame.” 518  30:24 She named him Joseph, 519  saying, “May the Lord give me yet another son.”

The Flocks of Jacob

30:25 After Rachel had given birth 520  to Joseph, Jacob said to Laban, “Send 521  me on my way so that I can go 522  home to my own country. 523  30:26 Let me take my wives and my children whom I have acquired by working for you. 524  Then I’ll depart, 525  because you know how hard I’ve worked for you.” 526 

30:27 But Laban said to him, “If I have found favor in your sight, please stay here, 527  for I have learned by divination 528  that the Lord has blessed me on account of you.” 30:28 He added, “Just name your wages – I’ll pay whatever you want.” 529 

30:29You know how I have worked for you,” Jacob replied, 530 and how well your livestock have fared under my care. 531  30:30 Indeed, 532  you had little before I arrived, 533  but now your possessions have increased many times over. 534  The Lord has blessed you wherever I worked. 535  But now, how long must it be before I do something for my own family too? 536 

30:31 So Laban asked, 537  “What should I give you?” “You don’t need to give me a thing,” 538  Jacob replied, 539 but if you agree to this one condition, 540  I will continue to care for 541  your flocks and protect them: 30:32 Let me walk among 542  all your flocks today and remove from them every speckled or spotted sheep, every dark-colored lamb, 543  and the spotted or speckled goats. 544  These animals will be my wages. 545  30:33 My integrity will testify for me 546  later on. 547  When you come to verify that I’ve taken only the wages we agreed on, 548  if I have in my possession any goat that is not speckled or spotted or any sheep that is not dark-colored, it will be considered stolen.” 549  30:34 Agreed!” said Laban, “It will be as you say.” 550 

30:35 So that day Laban 551  removed the male goats that were streaked or spotted, all the female goats that were speckled or spotted (all that had any white on them), and all the dark-colored lambs, and put them in the care 552  of his sons. 30:36 Then he separated them from Jacob by a three-day journey, 553  while 554  Jacob was taking care of the rest of Laban’s flocks.

30:37 But Jacob took fresh-cut branches from poplar, almond, and plane trees. He made white streaks by peeling them, making the white inner wood in the branches visible. 30:38 Then he set up the peeled branches in all the watering troughs where the flocks came to drink. He set up the branches in front of the flocks when they were in heat and came to drink. 555  30:39 When the sheep mated 556  in front of the branches, they 557  gave birth to young that were streaked or speckled or spotted. 30:40 Jacob removed these lambs, but he made the rest of the flock face 558  the streaked and completely dark-colored animals in Laban’s flock. So he made separate flocks for himself and did not mix them with Laban’s flocks. 30:41 When the stronger females were in heat, 559  Jacob would set up the branches in the troughs in front of the flock, so they would mate near the branches. 30:42 But if the animals were weaker, he did not set the branches there. 560  So the weaker animals ended up belonging to Laban 561  and the stronger animals to Jacob. 30:43 In this way Jacob 562  became extremely prosperous. He owned 563  large flocks, male and female servants, camels, and donkeys.

Jacob’s Flight from Laban

31:1 Jacob heard that Laban’s sons were complaining, 564 Jacob has taken everything that belonged to our father! He has gotten rich 565  at our father’s expense! 566  31:2 When Jacob saw the look on Laban’s face, he could tell his attitude toward him had changed. 567 

31:3 The Lord said to Jacob, “Return to the land of your fathers 568  and to your relatives. I will be with you.” 569  31:4 So Jacob sent a message for Rachel and Leah 570  to come to the field 571  where his flocks were. 572  31:5 There he said to them, “I can tell that your father’s attitude toward me has changed, 573  but the God of my father has been with me. 31:6 You know that I’ve worked for your father as hard as I could, 574  31:7 but your father has humiliated 575  me and changed my wages ten times. But God has not permitted him to do me any harm. 31:8 If he said, 576 The speckled animals 577  will be your wage,’ then the entire flock gave birth to speckled offspring. But if he said, ‘The streaked animals will be your wage,’ then the entire flock gave birth to streaked offspring. 31:9 In this way God has snatched away your father’s livestock and given them to me.

31:10Once 578  during breeding season I saw 579  in a dream that the male goats mating with 580  the flock were streaked, speckled, and spotted. 31:11 In the dream the angel of God said to me, ‘Jacob!’ ‘Here I am!’ I replied. 31:12 Then he said, ‘Observe 581  that all the male goats mating with 582  the flock are streaked, speckled, or spotted, for I have observed all that Laban has done to you. 31:13 I am the God of Bethel, 583  where you anointed 584  the sacred stone and made a vow to me. 585  Now leave this land immediately 586  and return to your native land.’

31:14 Then Rachel and Leah replied to him, “Do we still have any portion or inheritance 587  in our father’s house? 31:15 Hasn’t he treated us like foreigners? He not only sold us, but completely wasted 588  the money paid for us! 589  31:16 Surely all the wealth that God snatched away from our father belongs to us and to our children. So now do everything God has told you.”

31:17 So Jacob immediately put his children and his wives on the camels. 590  31:18 He took 591  away all the livestock he had acquired in Paddan Aram and all his moveable property that he had accumulated. Then he set out toward the land of Canaan to return to his father Isaac. 592 

31:19 While Laban had gone to shear his sheep, 593  Rachel stole the household idols 594  that belonged to her father. 31:20 Jacob also deceived 595  Laban the Aramean by not telling him that he was leaving. 596  31:21 He left 597  with all he owned. He quickly crossed 598  the Euphrates River 599  and headed for 600  the hill country of Gilead.

31:22 Three days later Laban discovered Jacob had left. 601  31:23 So he took his relatives 602  with him and pursued Jacob 603  for seven days. 604  He caught up with 605  him in the hill country of Gilead. 31:24 But God came to Laban the Aramean in a dream at night and warned him, 606  “Be careful 607  that you neither bless nor curse Jacob.” 608 

31:25 Laban overtook Jacob, and when Jacob pitched his tent in the hill country of Gilead, Laban and his relatives set up camp there too. 609  31:26 What have you done?” Laban demanded of Jacob. “You’ve deceived me 610  and carried away my daughters as if they were captives of war! 611  31:27 Why did you run away secretly 612  and deceive me? 613  Why didn’t you tell me so I could send you off with a celebration complete with singing, tambourines, and harps? 614  31:28 You didn’t even allow me to kiss my daughters and my grandchildren 615  good-bye. You have acted foolishly! 31:29 I have 616  the power to do you harm, but the God of your father told me last night, ‘Be careful 617  that you neither bless nor curse Jacob.’ 618  31:30 Now I understand that 619  you have gone away 620  because you longed desperately 621  for your father’s house. Yet why did you steal my gods? 622 

31:31I left secretly because I was afraid!” 623  Jacob replied to Laban. “I thought 624  you might take your daughters away from me by force. 625  31:32 Whoever has taken your gods will be put to death! 626  In the presence of our relatives 627  identify whatever is yours and take it.” 628  (Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.) 629 

31:33 So Laban entered Jacob’s tent, and Leah’s tent, and the tent of the two female servants, but he did not find the idols. 630  Then he left Leah’s tent and entered Rachel’s. 631  31:34 (Now Rachel had taken the idols and put them inside her camel’s saddle 632  and sat on them.) 633  Laban searched the whole tent, but did not find them. 634  31:35 Rachel 635  said to her father, “Don’t be angry, 636  my lord. I cannot stand up 637  in your presence because I am having my period.” 638  So he searched thoroughly, 639  but did not find the idols.

31:36 Jacob became angry 640  and argued with Laban. “What did I do wrong?” he demanded of Laban. 641 What sin of mine prompted you to chase after me in hot pursuit? 642  31:37 When you searched through all my goods, did you find anything that belonged to you? 643  Set it here before my relatives and yours, 644  and let them settle the dispute between the two of us! 645 

31:38I have been with you for the past twenty years. Your ewes and female goats have not miscarried, nor have I eaten rams from your flocks. 31:39 Animals torn by wild beasts I never brought to you; I always absorbed the loss myself. 646  You always made me pay for every missing animal, 647  whether it was taken by day or at night. 31:40 I was consumed by scorching heat 648  during the day and by piercing cold 649  at night, and I went without sleep. 650  31:41 This was my lot 651  for twenty years in your house: I worked like a slave 652  for you – fourteen years for your two daughters and six years for your flocks, but you changed my wages ten times! 31:42 If the God of my father – the God of Abraham, the one whom Isaac fears 653 had not been with me, you would certainly have sent me away empty-handed! But God saw how I was oppressed and how hard I worked, 654  and he rebuked you last night.”

31:43 Laban replied 655  to Jacob, “These women 656  are my daughters, these children are my grandchildren, 657  and these flocks are my flocks. All that you see belongs to me. But how can I harm these daughters of mine today 658  or the children to whom they have given birth? 31:44 So now, come, let’s make a formal agreement, 659  you and I, and it will be 660  proof that we have made peace.” 661 

31:45 So Jacob took a stone and set it up as a memorial pillar. 31:46 Then he 662  said to his relatives, “Gather stones.” So they brought stones and put them in a pile. 663  They ate there by the pile of stones. 31:47 Laban called it Jegar Sahadutha, 664  but Jacob called it Galeed. 665 

31:48 Laban said, “This pile of stones is a witness of our agreement 666  today.” That is why it was called Galeed. 31:49 It was also called Mizpah 667  because he said, “May the Lord watch 668  between us 669  when we are out of sight of one another. 670  31:50 If you mistreat my daughters or if you take wives besides my daughters, although no one else is with us, realize 671  that God is witness to your actions.” 672 

31:51Here is this pile of stones and this pillar I have set up between me and you,” Laban said to Jacob. 673  31:52 This pile of stones and the pillar are reminders that I will not pass beyond this pile to come to harm you and that you will not pass beyond this pile and this pillar to come to harm me. 674  31:53 May the God of Abraham and the god of Nahor, 675  the gods of their father, judge between us.” Jacob took an oath by the God whom his father Isaac feared. 676  31:54 Then Jacob offered a sacrifice 677  on the mountain and invited his relatives to eat the meal. 678  They ate the meal and spent the night on the mountain.

31:55 679  Early in the morning Laban kissed 680  his grandchildren 681  and his daughters goodbye and blessed them. Then Laban left and returned home. 682 

Jacob Wrestles at Peniel

32:1 So Jacob went on his way and the angels of God 683  met him. 32:2 When Jacob saw them, he exclaimed, 684  “This is the camp of God!” So he named that place Mahanaim. 685 

32:3 Jacob sent messengers on ahead 686  to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the region 687  of Edom. 32:4 He commanded them, “This is what you must say to my lord Esau: ‘This is what your servant 688  Jacob says: I have been staying with Laban until now. 32:5 I have oxen, donkeys, sheep, and male and female servants. I have sent 689  this message 690  to inform my lord, so that I may find favor in your sight.’

32:6 The messengers returned to Jacob and said, “We went to your brother Esau. He is coming to meet you and has four hundred men with him.” 32:7 Jacob was very afraid and upset. So he divided the people who were with him into two camps, as well as the flocks, herds, and camels. 32:8 If Esau attacks one camp,” 691  he thought, 692 then the other camp will be able to escape.” 693 

32:9 Then Jacob prayed, 694  “O God of my father Abraham, God of my father Isaac, O Lord, you said 695  to me, ‘Return to your land and to your relatives and I will make you prosper.’ 696  32:10 I am not worthy of all the faithful love 697  you have shown 698  your servant. With only my walking stick 699  I crossed the Jordan, 700  but now I have become two camps. 32:11 Rescue me, 701  I pray, from the hand 702  of my brother Esau, 703  for I am afraid he will come 704  and attack me, as well as the mothers with their children. 705  32:12 But you 706  said, ‘I will certainly make you prosper 707  and will make 708  your descendants like the sand on the seashore, too numerous to count.’ 709 

32:13 Jacob 710  stayed there that night. Then he sent 711  as a gift 712  to his brother Esau 32:14 two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 32:15 thirty female camels with their young, forty cows and ten bulls, and twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys. 32:16 He entrusted them to 713  his servants, who divided them into herds. 714  He told his servants, “Pass over before me, and keep some distance between one herd and the next.” 32:17 He instructed the servant leading the first herd, 715  “When my brother Esau meets you and asks, ‘To whom do you belong? 716  Where are you going? Whose herds are you driving?’ 717  32:18 then you must say, 718 They belong 719  to your servant Jacob. 720  They have been sent as a gift to my lord Esau. 721  In fact Jacob himself is behind us.’ 722 

32:19 He also gave these instructions to the second and third servants, as well as all those who were following the herds, saying, “You must say the same thing to Esau when you meet him. 723  32:20 You must also say, ‘In fact your servant Jacob is behind us.’” 724  Jacob thought, 725 I will first appease him 726  by sending a gift ahead of me. 727  After that I will meet him. 728  Perhaps he will accept me.” 729  32:21 So the gifts were sent on ahead of him 730  while he spent that night in the camp. 731 

32:22 During the night Jacob quickly took 732  his two wives, his two female servants, and his eleven sons 733  and crossed the ford of the Jabbok. 734  32:23 He took them and sent them across the stream along with all his possessions. 735  32:24 So Jacob was left alone. Then a man 736  wrestled 737  with him until daybreak. 738  32:25 When the man 739  saw that he could not defeat Jacob, 740  he struck 741  the socket of his hip so the socket of Jacob’s hip was dislocated while he wrestled with him.

32:26 Then the man 742  said, “Let me go, for the dawn is breaking.” 743  “I will not let you go,” Jacob replied, 744 unless you bless me.” 745  32:27 The man asked him, 746 What is your name?” 747  He answered, “Jacob.” 32:28 No longer will your name be Jacob,” the man told him, 748  “but Israel, 749  because you have fought 750  with God and with men and have prevailed.”

32:29 Then Jacob asked, “Please tell me your name.” 751 Why 752  do you ask my name?” the man replied. 753  Then he blessed 754  Jacob 755  there. 32:30 So Jacob named the place Peniel, 756  explaining, 757  “Certainly 758  I have seen God face to face 759  and have survived.” 760 

32:31 The sun rose 761  over him as he crossed over Penuel, 762  but 763  he was limping because of his hip. 32:32 That is why to this day 764  the Israelites do not eat the sinew which is attached to the socket of the hip, because he struck 765  the socket of Jacob’s hip near the attached sinew.

Jacob Meets Esau

33:1 Jacob looked up 766  and saw that Esau was coming 767  along with four hundred men. So he divided the children among Leah, Rachel, and the two female servants. 33:2 He put the servants and their children in front, with Leah and her children behind them, and Rachel and Joseph behind them. 768  33:3 But Jacob 769  himself went on ahead of them, and he bowed toward the ground seven times as he approached 770  his brother. 33:4 But Esau ran to meet him, embraced him, hugged his neck, and kissed him. Then they both wept. 33:5 When Esau 771  looked up 772  and saw the women and the children, he asked, “Who are these people with you?” Jacob 773  replied, “The children whom God has graciously given 774  your servant.” 33:6 The female servants came forward with their children and bowed down. 775  33:7 Then Leah came forward with her children and they bowed down. Finally Joseph and Rachel came forward and bowed down.

33:8 Esau 776  then asked, “What did you intend 777  by sending all these herds to meet me?” 778  Jacob 779  replied, “To find favor in your sight, my lord.” 33:9 But Esau said, “I have plenty, my brother. Keep what belongs to you.” 33:10 No, please take them,” Jacob said. 780 If I have found favor in your sight, accept 781  my gift from my hand. Now that I have seen your face and you have accepted me, 782  it is as if I have seen the face of God. 783  33:11 Please take my present 784  that was brought to you, for God has been generous 785  to me and I have all I need.” 786  When Jacob urged him, he took it. 787 

33:12 Then Esau 788  said, “Let’s be on our way! 789  I will go in front of you.” 33:13 But Jacob 790  said to him, “My lord knows that the children are young, 791  and that I have to look after the sheep and cattle that are nursing their young. 792  If they are driven too hard for even a single day, all the animals will die. 33:14 Let my lord go on ahead of his servant. I will travel more slowly, at the pace of the herds and the children, 793  until I come to my lord at Seir.”

33:15 So Esau said, “Let me leave some of my men with you.” 794  “Why do that?” Jacob replied. 795 My lord has already been kind enough to me.” 796 

33:16 So that same day Esau made his way back 797  to Seir. 33:17 But 798  Jacob traveled to Succoth 799  where he built himself a house and made shelters for his livestock. That is why the place was called 800  Succoth. 801 

33:18 After he left Paddan Aram, Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem in the land of Canaan, and he camped near 802  the city. 33:19 Then he purchased the portion of the field where he had pitched his tent; he bought it 803  from the sons of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for a hundred pieces of money. 804  33:20 There he set up an altar and called it “The God of Israel is God.” 805 

Dinah and the Shechemites

34:1 Now Dinah, Leah’s daughter whom she bore to Jacob, went to meet 806  the young women 807  of the land. 34:2 When Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite, who ruled that area, saw her, he grabbed her, forced himself on her, 808  and sexually assaulted her. 809  34:3 Then he became very attached 810  to Dinah, Jacob’s daughter. He fell in love with the young woman and spoke romantically to her. 811  34:4 Shechem said to his father Hamor, “Acquire this young girl as my wife.” 812  34:5 When 813  Jacob heard that Shechem 814  had violated his daughter Dinah, his sons were with the livestock in the field. So Jacob remained silent 815  until they came in.

34:6 Then Shechem’s father Hamor went to speak with Jacob about Dinah. 816  34:7 Now Jacob’s sons had come in from the field when they heard the news. 817  They 818  were offended 819  and very angry because Shechem 820  had disgraced Israel 821  by sexually assaulting 822  Jacob’s daughter, a crime that should not be committed. 823 

34:8 But Hamor made this appeal to them: “My son Shechem is in love with your daughter. 824  Please give her to him as his wife. 34:9 Intermarry with us. 825  Let us marry your daughters, and take our daughters as wives for yourselves. 826  34:10 You may live 827  among us, and the land will be open to you. 828  Live in it, travel freely in it, 829  and acquire property in it.”

34:11 Then Shechem said to Dinah’s 830  father and brothers, “Let me find favor in your sight, and whatever you require of me 831  I’ll give. 832  34:12 You can make the bride price and the gift I must bring very expensive, 833  and I’ll give 834  whatever you ask 835  of me. Just give me the young woman as my wife!

34:13 Jacob’s sons answered Shechem and his father Hamor deceitfully when they spoke because Shechem 836  had violated their sister Dinah. 34:14 They said to them, “We cannot give 837  our sister to a man who is not circumcised, for it would be a disgrace 838  to us. 34:15 We will give you our consent on this one condition: You must become 839  like us by circumcising 840  all your males. 34:16 Then we will give 841  you our daughters to marry, 842  and we will take your daughters as wives for ourselves, and we will live among you and become one people. 34:17 But if you do not agree to our terms 843  by being circumcised, then we will take 844  our sister 845  and depart.”

34:18 Their offer pleased Hamor and his son Shechem. 846  34:19 The young man did not delay in doing what they asked 847  because he wanted Jacob’s daughter Dinah 848  badly. (Now he was more important 849  than anyone in his father’s household.) 850  34:20 So Hamor and his son Shechem went to the gate 851  of their city and spoke to the men of their city, 34:21 These men are at peace with us. So let them live in the land and travel freely in it, for the land is wide enough 852  for them. We will take their daughters for wives, and we will give them our daughters to marry. 853  34:22 Only on this one condition will these men consent to live with us and become one people: They demand 854  that every male among us be circumcised just as they are circumcised. 34:23 If we do so, 855  won’t their livestock, their property, and all their animals become ours? So let’s consent to their demand, so they will live among us.”

34:24 All the men who assembled at the city gate 856  agreed with 857  Hamor and his son Shechem. Every male who assembled at the city gate 858  was circumcised. 34:25 In three days, when they were still in pain, two of Jacob’s sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brothers, each took his sword 859  and went to the unsuspecting city 860  and slaughtered every male. 34:26 They killed Hamor and his son Shechem with the sword, took Dinah from Shechem’s house, and left. 34:27 Jacob’s sons killed them 861  and looted the city because their sister had been violated. 862  34:28 They took their flocks, herds, and donkeys, as well as everything in the city and in the surrounding fields. 863  34:29 They captured as plunder 864  all their wealth, all their little ones, and their wives, including everything in the houses.

34:30 Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have brought ruin 865  on me by making me a foul odor 866  among the inhabitants of the land – among the Canaanites and the Perizzites. I 867  am few in number; they will join forces against me and attack me, and both I and my family will be destroyed! 34:31 But Simeon and Levi replied, 868 Should he treat our sister like a common prostitute?

The Return to Bethel

35:1 Then God said to Jacob, “Go up at once 869  to Bethel 870  and live there. Make an altar there to God, who appeared to you when you fled from your brother Esau.” 871  35:2 So Jacob told his household and all who were with him, “Get rid of the foreign gods you have among you. 872  Purify yourselves and change your clothes. 873  35:3 Let us go up at once 874  to Bethel. Then I will make 875  an altar there to God, who responded to me in my time of distress 876  and has been with me wherever I went.” 877 

35:4 So they gave Jacob all the foreign gods that were in their possession 878  and the rings that were in their ears. 879  Jacob buried them 880  under the oak 881  near Shechem 35:5 and they started on their journey. 882  The surrounding cities were afraid of God, 883  and they did not pursue the sons of Jacob.

35:6 Jacob and all those who were with him arrived at Luz (that is, Bethel) 884  in the land of Canaan. 885  35:7 He built an altar there and named the place El Bethel 886  because there God had revealed himself 887  to him when he was fleeing from his brother. 35:8 (Deborah, 888  Rebekah’s nurse, died and was buried under the oak below Bethel; thus it was named 889  Oak of Weeping.) 890 

35:9 God appeared to Jacob again after he returned from Paddan Aram and blessed him. 35:10 God said to him, “Your name is Jacob, but your name will no longer be called Jacob; Israel will be your name.” So God named him Israel. 891  35:11 Then God said to him, “I am the sovereign God. 892  Be fruitful and multiply! A nation – even a company of nations – will descend from you; kings will be among your descendants! 893  35:12 The land I gave 894  to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you. To your descendants 895  I will also give this land.” 35:13 Then God went up from the place 896  where he spoke with him. 35:14 So Jacob set up a sacred stone pillar in the place where God spoke with him. 897  He poured out a drink offering on it, and then he poured oil on it. 898  35:15 Jacob named the place 899  where God spoke with him Bethel. 900 

35:16 They traveled on from Bethel, and when Ephrath was still some distance away, 901  Rachel went into labor 902 and her labor was hard. 35:17 When her labor was at its hardest, 903  the midwife said to her, “Don’t be afraid, for you are having another son.” 904  35:18 With her dying breath, 905  she named him Ben-Oni. 906  But his father called him Benjamin instead. 907  35:19 So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem). 908  35:20 Jacob set up a marker 909  over her grave; it is 910  the Marker of Rachel’s Grave to this day.

35:21 Then Israel traveled on and pitched his tent beyond Migdal Eder. 911  35:22 While Israel was living in that land, Reuben had sexual relations with 912  Bilhah, his father’s concubine, and Israel heard about it.

Jacob had twelve sons:

35:23 The sons of Leah were Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn, as well as Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun.

35:24 The sons of Rachel were Joseph and Benjamin.

35:25 The sons of Bilhah, Rachel’s servant, were Dan and Naphtali.

35:26 The sons of Zilpah, Leah’s servant, were Gad and Asher.

These were the sons of Jacob who were born to him in Paddan Aram.

35:27 So Jacob came back to his father Isaac in Mamre, 913  to Kiriath Arba 914  (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had stayed. 915  35:28 Isaac lived to be 180 years old. 916  35:29 Then Isaac breathed his last and joined his ancestors. 917  He died an old man who had lived a full life. 918  His sons Esau and Jacob buried him.

The Descendants of Esau

36:1 What follows is the account of Esau (also known as Edom). 919 

36:2 Esau took his wives from the Canaanites: 920  Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and granddaughter 921  of Zibeon the Hivite, 36:3 in addition to Basemath the daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.

36:4 Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, Basemath bore Reuel, 36:5 and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These were the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan.

36:6 Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, all the people in his household, his livestock, his animals, and all his possessions which he had acquired in the land of Canaan and went to a land some distance away from 922  Jacob his brother 36:7 because they had too many possessions to be able to stay together and the land where they had settled 923  was not able to support them because of their livestock. 36:8 So Esau (also known as Edom) lived in the hill country of Seir. 924 

36:9 This is the account of Esau, the father 925  of the Edomites, in the hill country of Seir.

36:10 These were the names of Esau’s sons:

Eliphaz, the son of Esau’s wife Adah, and Reuel, the son of Esau’s wife Basemath.

36:11 The sons of Eliphaz were:

Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz.

36:12 Timna, a concubine of Esau’s son Eliphaz, bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These were the sons 926  of Esau’s wife Adah.

36:13 These were the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the sons 927  of Esau’s wife Basemath.

36:14 These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and granddaughter 928  of Zibeon: She bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah to Esau.

36:15 These were the chiefs 929  among the descendants 930  of Esau, the sons of Eliphaz, Esau’s firstborn: chief Teman, chief Omar, chief Zepho, chief Kenaz, 36:16 chief Korah, 931  chief Gatam, chief Amalek. These were the chiefs descended from Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were the sons 932  of Adah.

36:17 These were the sons of Esau’s son Reuel: chief Nahath, chief Zerah, chief Shammah, chief Mizzah. These were the chiefs descended from Reuel in the land of Edom; these were the sons 933  of Esau’s wife Basemath.

36:18 These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah: chief Jeush, chief Jalam, chief Korah. These were the chiefs descended from Esau’s wife Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah.

36:19 These were the sons of Esau (also known as Edom), and these were their chiefs.

36:20 These were the sons of Seir the Horite, 934  who were living in the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, 36:21 Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, the descendants 935  of Seir in the land of Edom.

36:22 The sons of Lotan were Hori and Homam; 936  Lotan’s sister was Timna.

36:23 These were the sons of Shobal: Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, 937  and Onam.

36:24 These were the sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah (who discovered the hot springs 938  in the wilderness as he pastured the donkeys of his father Zibeon).

36:25 These were the children 939  of Anah: Dishon and Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah.

36:26 These were the sons of Dishon: 940  Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Keran.

36:27 These were the sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.

36:28 These were the sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran.

36:29 These were the chiefs of the Horites: chief Lotan, chief Shobal, chief Zibeon, chief Anah, 36:30 chief Dishon, chief Ezer, chief Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, according to their chief lists in the land of Seir.

36:31 These were the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king ruled over the Israelites: 941 

36:32 Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom; the name of his city was Dinhabah.

36:33 When Bela died, Jobab the son of Zerah from Bozrah reigned in his place.

36:34 When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites reigned in his place.

36:35 When Husham died, Hadad the son of Bedad, who defeated the Midianites in the land of Moab, reigned in his place; the name of his city was Avith.

36:36 When Hadad died, Samlah from Masrekah reigned in his place.

36:37 When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth by the River 942  reigned in his place.

36:38 When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his place.

36:39 When Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor died, Hadad 943  reigned in his place; the name of his city was Pau. 944  His wife’s name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Me-Zahab.

36:40 These were the names of the chiefs of Esau, according to their families, according to their places, by their names: chief Timna, chief Alvah, chief Jetheth, 36:41 chief Oholibamah, chief Elah, chief Pinon, 36:42 chief Kenaz, chief Teman, chief Mibzar, 36:43 chief Magdiel, chief Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom, according to their settlements 945  in the land they possessed. This was Esau, the father of the Edomites.

Joseph’s Dreams

37:1 But Jacob lived in the land where his father had stayed, 946  in the land of Canaan. 947 

37:2 This is the account of Jacob.

Joseph, his seventeen-year-old son, 948  was taking care of 949  the flocks with his brothers. Now he was a youngster 950  working with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father’s wives. 951  Joseph brought back a bad report about them 952  to their father.

37:3 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his sons 953  because he was a son born to him late in life, 954  and he made a special 955  tunic for him. 37:4 When Joseph’s 956  brothers saw that their father loved him more than any of them, 957  they hated Joseph 958  and were not able to speak to him kindly. 959 

37:5 Joseph 960  had a dream, 961  and when he told his brothers about it, 962  they hated him even more. 963  37:6 He said to them, “Listen to this dream I had: 964  37:7 There we were, 965  binding sheaves of grain in the middle of the field. Suddenly my sheaf rose up and stood upright and your sheaves surrounded my sheaf and bowed down 966  to it! 37:8 Then his brothers asked him, “Do you really think you will rule over us or have dominion over us?” 967  They hated him even more 968  because of his dream and because of what he said. 969 

37:9 Then he had another dream, 970  and told it to his brothers. “Look,” 971  he said. “I had another dream. The sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me.” 37:10 When he told his father and his brothers, his father rebuked him, saying, “What is this dream that you had? 972  Will I, your mother, and your brothers really come and bow down to you? 973  37:11 His brothers were jealous 974  of him, but his father kept in mind what Joseph said. 975 

37:12 When his brothers had gone to graze their father’s flocks near Shechem, 37:13 Israel said to Joseph, “Your brothers 976  are grazing the flocks near Shechem. Come, I will send you to them.” “I’m ready,” 977  Joseph replied. 978  37:14 So Jacob 979  said to him, “Go now and check on 980  the welfare 981  of your brothers and of the flocks, and bring me word.” So Jacob 982  sent him from the valley of Hebron.

37:15 When Joseph reached Shechem, 983  a man found him wandering 984  in the field, so the man asked him, “What are you looking for? 37:16 He replied, “I’m looking for my brothers. Please tell 985  me where they are grazing their flocks.” 37:17 The man said, “They left this area, 986  for I heard them say, ‘Let’s go to Dothan.’” So Joseph went after his brothers and found them at Dothan.

37:18 Now Joseph’s brothers 987  saw him from a distance, and before he reached them, they plotted to kill him. 37:19 They said to one another, “Here comes this master of dreams! 988  37:20 Come now, let’s kill him, throw him into one of the cisterns, and then say that a wild 989  animal ate him. Then we’ll see how his dreams turn out! 990 

37:21 When Reuben heard this, he rescued Joseph 991  from their hands, 992  saying, 993 Let’s not take his life! 994  37:22 Reuben continued, 995  “Don’t shed blood! Throw him into this cistern that is here in the wilderness, but don’t lay a hand on him.” 996  (Reuben said this 997  so he could rescue Joseph 998  from them 999  and take him back to his father.)

37:23 When Joseph reached his brothers, they stripped him 1000  of his tunic, the special tunic that he wore. 37:24 Then they took him and threw him into the cistern. (Now the cistern was empty; 1001  there was no water in it.)

37:25 When they sat down to eat their food, they looked up 1002  and saw 1003  a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead. Their camels were carrying spices, balm, and myrrh down to Egypt. 1004  37:26 Then Judah said to his brothers, “What profit is there if we kill our brother and cover up his blood? 37:27 Come, let’s sell him to the Ishmaelites, but let’s not lay a hand on him, 1005  for after all, he is our brother, our own flesh.” His brothers agreed. 1006  37:28 So when the Midianite 1007  merchants passed by, Joseph’s brothers pulled 1008  him 1009  out of the cistern and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver. The Ishmaelites 1010  then took Joseph to Egypt.

37:29 Later Reuben returned to the cistern to find that Joseph was not in it! 1011  He tore his clothes, 37:30 returned to his brothers, and said, “The boy isn’t there! And I, where can I go? 37:31 So they took Joseph’s tunic, killed a young goat, 1012  and dipped the tunic in the blood. 37:32 Then they brought the special tunic to their father 1013  and said, “We found this. Determine now whether it is your son’s tunic or not.”

37:33 He recognized it and exclaimed, “It is my son’s tunic! A wild animal has eaten him! 1014  Joseph has surely been torn to pieces! 37:34 Then Jacob tore his clothes, put on sackcloth, 1015  and mourned for his son many days. 37:35 All his sons and daughters stood by 1016  him to console him, but he refused to be consoled. “No,” he said, “I will go to the grave mourning my son.” 1017  So Joseph’s 1018  father wept for him.

37:36 Now 1019  in Egypt the Midianites 1020  sold Joseph 1021  to Potiphar, one of Pharaoh’s officials, the captain of the guard. 1022 

Judah and Tamar

38:1 At that time Judah left 1023  his brothers and stayed 1024  with an Adullamite man 1025  named Hirah.

38:2 There Judah saw the daughter of a Canaanite man 1026  named Shua. 1027  Judah acquired her as a wife 1028  and had marital relations with her. 1029  38:3 She became pregnant 1030  and had a son. Judah named 1031  him Er. 38:4 She became pregnant again and had another son, whom she named Onan. 38:5 Then she had 1032  yet another son, whom she named Shelah. She gave birth to him in Kezib. 1033 

38:6 Judah acquired 1034  a wife for Er his firstborn; her name was Tamar. 38:7 But Er, Judah’s firstborn, was evil in the Lord’s sight, so the Lord killed him.

38:8 Then Judah said to Onan, “Have sexual relations with 1035  your brother’s wife and fulfill the duty of a brother-in-law to her so that you may raise 1036  up a descendant for your brother.” 1037  38:9 But Onan knew that the child 1038  would not be considered his. 1039  So whenever 1040  he had sexual relations with 1041  his brother’s wife, he withdrew prematurely 1042  so as not to give his brother a descendant. 38:10 What he did was evil in the Lord’s sight, so the Lord 1043  killed him too.

38:11 Then Judah said to his daughter-in-law Tamar, “Live as a widow in your father’s house until Shelah my son grows up.” For he thought, 1044 I don’t want him to die like his brothers.” 1045  So Tamar went and lived in her father’s house.

38:12 After some time 1046  Judah’s wife, the daughter of Shua, died. After Judah was consoled, he left for Timnah to visit his sheepshearers, along with 1047  his friend Hirah the Adullamite. 38:13 Tamar was told, 1048 Look, your father-in-law is going up 1049  to Timnah to shear his sheep.” 38:14 So she removed her widow’s clothes and covered herself with a veil. She wrapped herself and sat at the entrance to Enaim which is on the way to Timnah. (She did this because 1050  she saw that she had not been given to Shelah as a wife, even though he had now grown up.) 1051 

38:15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute 1052  because she had covered her face. 38:16 He turned aside to her along the road and said, “Come on! I want to have sex with you.” 1053  (He did not realize 1054  it was his daughter-in-law.) She asked, “What will you give me in exchange for having sex with you? 1055  38:17 He replied, “I’ll send you a young goat from the flock.” She asked, “Will you give me a pledge until you send it? 1056  38:18 He said, “What pledge should I give you?” She replied, “Your seal, your cord, and the staff that’s in your hand.” So he gave them to her and had sex with her. 1057  She became pregnant by him. 38:19 She left immediately, 1058  removed her veil, and put on her widow’s clothes.

38:20 Then Judah had his friend Hirah 1059  the Adullamite take a young goat to get back from the woman the items he had given in pledge, 1060  but Hirah 1061  could not find her. 38:21 He asked the men who were there, 1062 Where is the cult prostitute 1063  who was at Enaim by the road?” But they replied, “There has been no cult prostitute here.” 38:22 So he returned to Judah and said, “I couldn’t find her. Moreover, the men of the place said, ‘There has been no cult prostitute here.’ 38:23 Judah said, “Let her keep the things 1064  for herself. Otherwise we will appear to be dishonest. 1065  I did indeed send this young goat, but you couldn’t find her.”

38:24 After three months Judah was told, 1066 Your daughter-in-law Tamar has turned to prostitution, 1067  and as a result she has become pregnant.” 1068  Judah said, “Bring her out and let her be burned! 38:25 While they were bringing her out, she sent word 1069  to her father-in-law: “I am pregnant by the man to whom these belong.” 1070  Then she said, “Identify 1071  the one to whom the seal, cord, and staff belong.” 38:26 Judah recognized them and said, “She is more upright 1072  than I am, because I wouldn’t give her to Shelah my son.” He did not have sexual relations with her 1073  again.

38:27 When it was time for her to give birth, there were twins in her womb. 38:28 While she was giving birth, one child 1074  put out his hand, and the midwife took a scarlet thread and tied it on his hand, saying, “This one came out first.” 38:29 But then he drew back his hand, and his brother came out before him. 1075  She said, “How you have broken out of the womb!” 1076  So he was named Perez. 1077  38:30 Afterward his brother came out – the one who had the scarlet thread on his hand – and he was named Zerah. 1078 

Joseph and Potiphar’s Wife

39:1 Now Joseph had been brought down to Egypt. 1079  An Egyptian named Potiphar, an official of Pharaoh and the captain of the guard, 1080  purchased him from 1081  the Ishmaelites who had brought him there. 39:2 The Lord was with Joseph. He was successful 1082  and lived 1083  in the household of his Egyptian master. 39:3 His master observed that the Lord was with him and that the Lord made everything he was doing successful. 1084  39:4 So Joseph found favor in his sight and became his personal attendant. 1085  Potiphar appointed Joseph 1086  overseer of his household and put him in charge 1087  of everything he owned. 39:5 From the time 1088  Potiphar 1089  appointed him over his household and over all that he owned, the Lord blessed 1090  the Egyptian’s household for Joseph’s sake. The blessing of the Lord was on everything that he had, both 1091  in his house and in his fields. 1092  39:6 So Potiphar 1093  left 1094  everything he had in Joseph’s care; 1095  he gave no thought 1096  to anything except the food he ate. 1097 

Now Joseph was well built and good-looking. 1098  39:7 Soon after these things, his master’s wife took notice of 1099  Joseph and said, “Have sex with me.” 1100  39:8 But he refused, saying 1101  to his master’s wife, “Look, my master does not give any thought 1102  to his household with me here, 1103  and everything that he owns he has put into my care. 1104  39:9 There is no one greater in this household than I am. He has withheld nothing from me except you because you are his wife. So how could I do 1105  such a great evil and sin against God? 39:10 Even though she continued to speak 1106  to Joseph day after day, he did not respond 1107  to her invitation to have sex with her. 1108 

39:11 One day 1109  he went into the house to do his work when none of the household servants 1110  were there in the house. 39:12 She grabbed him by his outer garment, saying, “Have sex with me!” But he left his outer garment in her hand and ran 1111  outside. 1112  39:13 When she saw that he had left his outer garment in her hand and had run outside, 39:14 she called for her household servants and said to them, “See, my husband brought 1113  in a Hebrew man 1114  to us to humiliate us. 1115  He tried to have sex with me, 1116  but I screamed loudly. 1117  39:15 When he heard me raise 1118  my voice and scream, he left his outer garment beside me and ran outside.”

39:16 So she laid his outer garment beside her until his master came home. 39:17 This is what she said to him: 1119  “That Hebrew slave 1120  you brought to us tried to humiliate me, 1121  39:18 but when I raised my voice and screamed, he left his outer garment and ran outside.”

39:19 When his master heard his wife say, 1122 This is the way 1123  your slave treated me,” 1124  he became furious. 1125  39:20 Joseph’s master took him and threw him into the prison, 1126  the place where the king’s prisoners were confined. So he was there in the prison. 1127 

39:21 But the Lord was with Joseph and showed him kindness. 1128  He granted him favor in the sight of the prison warden. 1129  39:22 The warden put all the prisoners under Joseph’s care. He was in charge of whatever they were doing. 1130  39:23 The warden did not concern himself 1131  with anything that was in Joseph’s 1132  care because the Lord was with him and whatever he was doing the Lord was making successful.

The Cupbearer and the Baker

40:1 After these things happened, the cupbearer 1133  to the king of Egypt and the royal baker 1134  offended 1135  their master, the king of Egypt. 40:2 Pharaoh was enraged with his two officials, 1136  the cupbearer and the baker, 40:3 so he imprisoned them in the house of the captain of the guard in the same facility where Joseph was confined. 40:4 The captain of the guard appointed Joseph to be their attendant, and he served them. 1137 

They spent some time in custody. 1138  40:5 Both of them, the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt, who were confined in the prison, had a dream 1139  the same night. 1140  Each man’s dream had its own meaning. 1141  40:6 When Joseph came to them in the morning, he saw that they were looking depressed. 1142  40:7 So he asked Pharaoh’s officials, who were with him in custody in his master’s house, “Why do you look so sad today? 1143  40:8 They told him, “We both had dreams, 1144  but there is no one to interpret them.” Joseph responded, “Don’t interpretations belong to God? Tell them 1145  to me.”

40:9 So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph: 1146  “In my dream, there was a vine in front of me. 40:10 On the vine there were three branches. As it budded, its blossoms opened and its clusters ripened into grapes. 40:11 Now Pharaoh’s cup was in my hand, so I took the grapes, squeezed them into his 1147  cup, and put the cup in Pharaoh’s hand.” 1148 

40:12This is its meaning,” Joseph said to him. “The three branches represent 1149  three days. 40:13 In three more days Pharaoh will reinstate you 1150  and restore you to your office. You will put Pharaoh’s cup in his hand, just as you did before 1151  when you were cupbearer. 40:14 But remember me 1152  when it goes well for you, and show 1153  me kindness. 1154  Make mention 1155  of me to Pharaoh and bring me out of this prison, 1156  40:15 for I really was kidnapped 1157  from the land of the Hebrews and I have done nothing wrong here for which they should put me in a dungeon.”

40:16 When the chief baker saw that the interpretation of the first dream was favorable, 1158  he said to Joseph, “I also appeared in my dream and there were three baskets of white bread 1159  on my head. 40:17 In the top basket there were baked goods of every kind for Pharaoh, but the birds were eating them from the basket that was on my head.”

40:18 Joseph replied, “This is its meaning: The three baskets represent 1160  three days. 40:19 In three more days Pharaoh will decapitate you 1161  and impale you on a pole. Then the birds will eat your flesh from you.”

40:20 On the third day it was Pharaoh’s birthday, so he gave a feast for all his servants. He “lifted up” 1162  the head of the chief cupbearer and the head of the chief baker in the midst of his servants. 40:21 He restored the chief cupbearer to his former position 1163  so that he placed the cup in Pharaoh’s hand, 40:22 but the chief baker he impaled, just as Joseph had predicted. 1164  40:23 But the chief cupbearer did not remember Joseph – he forgot him. 1165 

Joseph’s Rise to Power

41:1 At the end of two full years 1166  Pharaoh had a dream. 1167  As he was standing by the Nile, 41:2 seven fine-looking, fat cows were coming up out of the Nile, 1168  and they grazed in the reeds. 41:3 Then seven bad-looking, thin cows were coming up after them from the Nile, 1169  and they stood beside the other cows at the edge of the river. 1170  41:4 The bad-looking, thin cows ate the seven fine-looking, fat cows. Then Pharaoh woke up.

41:5 Then he fell asleep again and had a second dream: There were seven heads of grain growing 1171  on one stalk, healthy 1172  and good. 41:6 Then 1173  seven heads of grain, thin and burned by the east wind, were sprouting up after them. 41:7 The thin heads swallowed up the seven healthy and full heads. Then Pharaoh woke up and realized it was a dream. 1174 

41:8 In the morning he 1175  was troubled, so he called for 1176  all the diviner-priests 1177  of Egypt and all its wise men. Pharaoh told them his dreams, 1178  but no one could interpret 1179  them for him. 1180  41:9 Then the chief cupbearer said to Pharaoh, “Today I recall my failures. 1181  41:10 Pharaoh was enraged with his servants, and he put me in prison in the house of the captain of the guards – me and the chief baker. 41:11 We each had a dream one night; each of us had a dream with its own meaning. 1182  41:12 Now a young man, a Hebrew, a servant 1183  of the captain of the guards, 1184  was with us there. We told him our dreams, 1185  and he interpreted the meaning of each of our respective dreams for us. 1186  41:13 It happened just as he had said 1187  to us – Pharaoh 1188  restored me to my office, but he impaled the baker.” 1189 

41:14 Then Pharaoh summoned 1190  Joseph. So they brought him quickly out of the dungeon; he shaved himself, changed his clothes, and came before Pharaoh. 41:15 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I had a dream, 1191  and there is no one who can interpret 1192  it. But I have heard about you, that 1193  you can interpret dreams.” 1194  41:16 Joseph replied to Pharaoh, “It is not within my power, 1195  but God will speak concerning 1196  the welfare of Pharaoh.” 1197 

41:17 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “In my dream I was standing 1198  by the edge of the Nile. 41:18 Then seven fat and fine-looking cows were coming up out of the Nile, and they grazed in the reeds. 1199  41:19 Then 1200  seven other cows came up after them; they were scrawny, very bad-looking, and lean. I had never seen such bad-looking cows 1201  as these in all the land of Egypt! 41:20 The lean, bad-looking cows ate up the seven 1202  fat cows. 41:21 When they had eaten them, 1203  no one would have known 1204  that they had done so, for they were just as bad-looking as before. Then I woke up. 41:22 I also saw in my dream 1205  seven heads of grain growing on one stalk, full and good. 41:23 Then 1206  seven heads of grain, withered and thin and burned with the east wind, were sprouting up after them. 41:24 The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven good heads of grain. So I told all this 1207  to the diviner-priests, but no one could tell me its meaning.” 1208 

41:25 Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “Both dreams of Pharaoh have the same meaning. 1209  God has revealed 1210  to Pharaoh what he is about to do. 1211  41:26 The seven good cows represent seven years, and the seven good heads of grain represent seven years. Both dreams have the same meaning. 1212  41:27 The seven lean, bad-looking cows that came up after them represent seven years, as do the seven empty heads of grain burned with the east wind. They represent 1213  seven years of famine. 41:28 This is just what I told 1214  Pharaoh: God has shown Pharaoh what he is about to do. 41:29 Seven years of great abundance are coming throughout the whole land of Egypt. 41:30 But seven years of famine will occur 1215  after them, and all the abundance will be forgotten in the land of Egypt. The famine will devastate 1216  the land. 41:31 The previous abundance of the land will not be remembered 1217  because of the famine that follows, for the famine will be very severe. 1218  41:32 The dream was repeated to Pharaoh 1219  because the matter has been decreed 1220  by God, and God will make it happen soon. 1221 

41:33So now Pharaoh should look 1222  for a wise and discerning man 1223  and give him authority 1224  over all the land of Egypt. 41:34 Pharaoh should do 1225  this – he should appoint 1226  officials 1227  throughout the land to collect one-fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt 1228  during the seven years of abundance. 41:35 They should gather all the excess food 1229  during these good years that are coming. By Pharaoh’s authority 1230  they should store up grain so the cities will have food, 1231  and they should preserve it. 1232  41:36 This food should be held in storage for the land in preparation for the seven years of famine that will occur throughout the land of Egypt. In this way the land will survive the famine.” 1233 

41:37 This advice made sense to Pharaoh and all his officials. 1234  41:38 So Pharaoh asked his officials, “Can we find a man like Joseph, 1235  one in whom the Spirit of God is present? 1236  41:39 So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Because God has enabled you to know all this, there is no one as wise and discerning 1237  as you are! 41:40 You will oversee my household, and all my people will submit to your commands. 1238  Only I, the king, will be greater than you. 1239 

41:41See here,” Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I place 1240  you in authority over all the land of Egypt.” 1241  41:42 Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his own hand and put it on Joseph’s. He clothed him with fine linen 1242  clothes and put a gold chain around his neck. 41:43 Pharaoh 1243  had him ride in the chariot used by his second-in-command, 1244  and they cried out before him, “Kneel down!” 1245  So he placed him over all the land of Egypt. 41:44 Pharaoh also said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, but without your permission 1246  no one 1247  will move his hand or his foot 1248  in all the land of Egypt.” 41:45 Pharaoh gave Joseph the name Zaphenath-Paneah. 1249  He also gave him Asenath 1250  daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, 1251  to be his wife. So Joseph took charge of 1252  all the land of Egypt.

41:46 Now Joseph was 30 years old 1253  when he began serving 1254  Pharaoh king of Egypt. Joseph was commissioned by 1255  Pharaoh and was in charge of 1256  all the land of Egypt. 41:47 During the seven years of abundance the land produced large, bountiful harvests. 1257  41:48 Joseph 1258  collected all the excess food 1259  in the land of Egypt during the seven years and stored it in the cities. 1260  In every city he put the food gathered from the fields around it. 41:49 Joseph stored up a vast amount of grain, like the sand of the sea, 1261  until he stopped measuring it because it was impossible to measure.

41:50 Two sons were born to Joseph before the famine came. 1262  Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, was their mother. 1263  41:51 Joseph named the firstborn Manasseh, 1264  saying, 1265  “Certainly 1266  God has made me forget all my trouble and all my father’s house.” 41:52 He named the second child Ephraim, 1267  saying, 1268  “Certainly 1269  God has made me fruitful in the land of my suffering.”

41:53 The seven years of abundance in the land of Egypt came to an end. 41:54 Then the seven years of famine began, 1270  just as Joseph had predicted. There was famine in all the other lands, but throughout the land of Egypt there was food. 41:55 When all the land of Egypt experienced the famine, the people cried out to Pharaoh for food. Pharaoh said to all the people of Egypt, 1271 Go to Joseph and do whatever he tells you.”

41:56 While the famine was over all the earth, 1272  Joseph opened the storehouses 1273  and sold grain to the Egyptians. The famine was severe throughout the land of Egypt. 41:57 People from every country 1274  came to Joseph in Egypt to buy grain because the famine was severe throughout the earth.

Joseph’s Brothers in Egypt

42:1 When Jacob heard 1275  there was grain in Egypt, he 1276  said to his sons, “Why are you looking at each other? 1277  42:2 He then said, “Look, I hear that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there and buy grain for us 1278  so that we may live 1279  and not die.” 1280 

42:3 So ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt. 42:4 But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, 1281  for he said, 1282 What if some accident 1283  happens 1284  to him? 42:5 So Israel’s sons came to buy grain among the other travelers, 1285  for the famine was severe in the land of Canaan.

42:6 Now Joseph was the ruler of the country, the one who sold grain to all the people of the country. 1286  Joseph’s brothers came and bowed down 1287  before him with 1288  their faces to the ground. 42:7 When Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them, but he pretended to be a stranger 1289  to them and spoke to them harshly. He asked, “Where do you come from?” They answered, 1290 From the land of Canaan, to buy grain for food.” 1291 

42:8 Joseph recognized his brothers, but they did not recognize him. 42:9 Then Joseph remembered 1292  the dreams he had dreamed about them, and he said to them, “You are spies; you have come to see if our land is vulnerable! 1293 

42:10 But they exclaimed, 1294  “No, my lord! Your servants have come to buy grain for food! 42:11 We are all the sons of one man; we are honest men! Your servants are not spies.”

42:12No,” he insisted, “but you have come to see if our land is vulnerable.” 1295  42:13 They replied, “Your servants are from a family of twelve brothers. 1296  We are the sons of one man in the land of Canaan. The youngest is with our father at this time, 1297  and one is no longer alive.” 1298 

42:14 But Joseph told them, “It is just as I said to you: 1299  You are spies! 42:15 You will be tested in this way: As surely as Pharaoh lives, 1300  you will not depart from this place unless your youngest brother comes here. 42:16 One of you must go and get 1301  your brother, while 1302  the rest of you remain in prison. 1303  In this way your words may be tested to see if 1304  you are telling the truth. 1305  If not, then, as surely as Pharaoh lives, you are spies! 42:17 He imprisoned 1306  them all for three days. 42:18 On the third day Joseph said to them, “Do as I say 1307  and you will live, 1308  for I fear God. 1309  42:19 If you are honest men, leave one of your brothers confined here in prison 1310  while the rest of you go 1311  and take grain back for your hungry families. 1312  42:20 But you must bring 1313  your youngest brother to me. Then 1314  your words will be verified 1315  and you will not die.” They did as he said. 1316 

42:21 They said to one other, 1317 Surely we’re being punished 1318  because of our brother, because we saw how distressed he was 1319  when he cried to us for mercy, but we refused to listen. That is why this distress 1320  has come on us! 42:22 Reuben said to them, “Didn’t I say to you, ‘Don’t sin against the boy,’ but you wouldn’t listen? So now we must pay for shedding his blood! 1321  42:23 (Now 1322  they did not know that Joseph could understand them, 1323  for he was speaking through an interpreter.) 1324  42:24 He turned away from them and wept. When he turned around and spoke to them again, 1325  he had Simeon taken 1326  from them and tied up 1327  before their eyes.

42:25 Then Joseph gave orders to fill 1328  their bags with grain, to return each man’s money to his sack, and to give them provisions for the journey. His orders were carried out. 1329  42:26 So they loaded their grain on their donkeys and left. 1330 

42:27 When one of them 1331  opened his sack to get feed for his donkey at their resting place, 1332  he saw his money in the mouth of his sack. 1333  42:28 He said to his brothers, “My money was returned! Here it is in my sack!” They were dismayed; 1334  they turned trembling one to another 1335  and said, “What in the world has God done to us? 1336 

42:29 They returned to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan and told him all the things that had happened to them, saying, 42:30 The man, the lord of the land, spoke harshly to us and treated us 1337  as if we were 1338  spying on the land. 42:31 But we said to him, ‘We are honest men; we are not spies! 42:32 We are from a family of twelve brothers; we are the sons of one father. 1339  One is no longer alive, 1340  and the youngest is with our father at this time 1341  in the land of Canaan.’

42:33Then the man, the lord of the land, said to us, ‘This is how I will find out if you are honest men. Leave one of your brothers with me, and take grain 1342  for your hungry households and go. 42:34 But bring your youngest brother back to me so I will know 1343  that you are honest men and not spies. 1344  Then I will give your brother back to you and you may move about freely in the land.’ 1345 

42:35 When they were emptying their sacks, there was each man’s bag of money in his sack! When they and their father saw the bags of money, they were afraid. 42:36 Their father Jacob said to them, “You are making me childless! Joseph is gone. 1346  Simeon is gone. 1347  And now you want to take 1348  Benjamin! Everything is against me.”

42:37 Then Reuben said to his father, “You may 1349  put my two sons to death if I do not bring him back to you. Put him in my care 1350  and I will bring him back to you.” 42:38 But Jacob 1351  replied, “My son will not go down there with you, for his brother is dead and he alone is left. 1352  If an accident happens to him on the journey you have to make, then you will bring down my gray hair 1353  in sorrow to the grave.” 1354 

The Second Journey to Egypt

43:1 Now the famine was severe in the land. 1355  43:2 When they finished eating the grain they had brought from Egypt, their father said to them, “Return, buy us a little more food.”

43:3 But Judah said to him, “The man solemnly warned 1356  us, ‘You will not see my face 1357  unless your brother is with you.’ 43:4 If you send 1358  our brother with us, we’ll go down and buy food for you. 43:5 But if you will not send him, we won’t go down there because the man said to us, ‘You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.’

43:6 Israel said, “Why did you bring this trouble 1359  on me by telling 1360  the man you had one more brother?

43:7 They replied, “The man questioned us 1361  thoroughly 1362  about ourselves and our family, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Do you have another brother?’ 1363  So we answered him in this way. 1364  How could we possibly know 1365  that he would say, 1366 Bring your brother down?

43:8 Then Judah said to his father Israel, “Send the boy with me and we will go immediately. 1367  Then we will live 1368  and not die – we and you and our little ones. 43:9 I myself pledge security 1369  for him; you may hold me liable. If I do not bring him back to you and place him here before you, I will bear the blame before you all my life. 1370  43:10 But if we had not delayed, we could have traveled there and back 1371  twice by now!

43:11 Then their father Israel said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: Take some of the best products of the land in your bags, and take a gift down to the man – a little balm and a little honey, spices and myrrh, pistachios and almonds. 43:12 Take double the money with you; 1372  you must take back 1373  the money that was returned in the mouths of your sacks – perhaps it was an oversight. 43:13 Take your brother too, and go right away 1374  to the man. 1375  43:14 May the sovereign God 1376  grant you mercy before the man so that he may release 1377  your other brother 1378  and Benjamin! As for me, if I lose my children I lose them.” 1379 

43:15 So the men took these gifts, and they took double the money with them, along with Benjamin. Then they hurried down to Egypt 1380  and stood before Joseph. 43:16 When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the servant who was over his household, “Bring the men to the house. Slaughter an animal and prepare it, for the men will eat with me at noon.” 43:17 The man did just as Joseph said; he 1381  brought the men into Joseph’s house. 1382 

43:18 But the men were afraid when they were brought to Joseph’s house. They said, “We are being brought in because of 1383  the money that was returned in our sacks last time. 1384  He wants to capture us, 1385  make us slaves, and take 1386  our donkeys! 43:19 So they approached the man who was in charge of Joseph’s household and spoke to him at the entrance to the house. 43:20 They said, “My lord, we did indeed come down 1387  the first time 1388  to buy food. 43:21 But when we came to the place where we spent the night, we opened our sacks and each of us found his money – the full amount 1389 in the mouth of his sack. So we have returned it. 1390  43:22 We have brought additional money with us to buy food. We do not know who put the money in our sacks!

43:23Everything is fine,” 1391  the man in charge of Joseph’s household told them. “Don’t be afraid. Your God and the God of your father has given you treasure in your sacks. 1392  I had your money.” 1393  Then he brought Simeon out to them.

43:24 The servant in charge 1394  brought the men into Joseph’s house. He gave them water, and they washed their feet. Then he gave food to their donkeys. 43:25 They got their gifts ready for Joseph’s arrival 1395  at noon, for they had heard 1396  that they were to have a meal 1397  there.

43:26 When Joseph came home, they presented him with the gifts they had brought inside, 1398  and they bowed down to the ground before him. 43:27 He asked them how they were doing. 1399  Then he said, “Is your aging father well, the one you spoke about? Is he still alive? 43:28 Your servant our father is well,” they replied. “He is still alive.” They bowed down in humility. 1400 

43:29 When Joseph looked up 1401  and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother’s son, he said, “Is this your youngest brother, whom you told me about?” Then he said, “May God be gracious to you, my son.” 1402  43:30 Joseph hurried out, for he was overcome by affection for his brother 1403  and was at the point of tears. 1404  So he went to his room and wept there.

43:31 Then he washed his face and came out. With composure he said, 1405 Set out the food.” 43:32 They set a place for him, a separate place for his brothers, 1406  and another for the Egyptians who were eating with him. (The Egyptians are not able to eat with Hebrews, for the Egyptians think it is disgusting 1407  to do so.) 1408  43:33 They sat before him, arranged by order of birth, beginning with the firstborn and ending with the youngest. 1409  The men looked at each other in astonishment. 1410  43:34 He gave them portions of the food set before him, 1411  but the portion for Benjamin was five times greater than the portions for any of the others. They drank with Joseph until they all became drunk. 1412 

The Final Test

44:1 He instructed the servant who was over his household, “Fill the sacks of the men with as much food as they can carry and put each man’s money in the mouth of his sack. 44:2 Then put 1413  my cup – the silver cup – in the mouth of the youngest one’s sack, along with the money for his grain.” He did as Joseph instructed. 1414 

44:3 When morning came, 1415  the men and their donkeys were sent off. 1416  44:4 They had not gone very far from the city 1417  when Joseph said 1418  to the servant who was over his household, “Pursue the men at once! 1419  When you overtake 1420  them, say to them, ‘Why have you repaid good with evil? 44:5 Doesn’t my master drink from this cup 1421  and use it for divination? 1422  You have done wrong!’ 1423 

44:6 When the man 1424  overtook them, he spoke these words to them. 44:7 They answered him, “Why does my lord say such things? 1425  Far be it from your servants to do such a thing! 1426  44:8 Look, the money that we found in the mouths of our sacks we brought back to you from the land of Canaan. Why then would we steal silver or gold from your master’s house? 44:9 If one of us has it, 1427  he will die, and the rest of us will become my lord’s slaves!

44:10 He replied, “You have suggested your own punishment! 1428  The one who has it will become my slave, 1429  but the rest of 1430  you will go free.” 1431  44:11 So each man quickly lowered 1432  his sack to the ground and opened it. 44:12 Then the man 1433  searched. He began with the oldest and finished with the youngest. The cup was found in Benjamin’s sack! 44:13 They all tore their clothes! Then each man loaded his donkey, and they returned to the city.

44:14 So Judah and his brothers 1434  came back to Joseph’s house. He was still there, 1435  and they threw themselves to the ground before him. 44:15 Joseph said to them, “What did you think you were doing? 1436  Don’t you know that a man like me can find out things like this by divination? 1437 

44:16 Judah replied, “What can we say 1438  to my lord? What can we speak? How can we clear ourselves? 1439  God has exposed the sin of your servants! 1440  We are now my lord’s slaves, we and the one in whose possession the cup was found.”

44:17 But Joseph said, “Far be it from me to do this! The man in whose hand the cup was found will become my slave, but the rest of 1441  you may go back 1442  to your father in peace.”

44:18 Then Judah approached him and said, “My lord, please allow your servant to speak a word with you. 1443  Please do not get angry with your servant, 1444  for you are just like Pharaoh. 1445  44:19 My lord asked his servants, ‘Do you have a father or a brother?’ 44:20 We said to my lord, ‘We have an aged father, and there is a young boy who was born when our father was old. 1446  The boy’s 1447  brother is dead. He is the only one of his mother’s sons left, 1448  and his father loves him.’

44:21Then you told your servants, ‘Bring him down to me so I can see 1449  him.’ 1450  44:22 We said to my lord, ‘The boy cannot leave his father. If he leaves his father, his father 1451  will die.’ 1452  44:23 But you said to your servants, ‘If your youngest brother does not come down with you, you will not see my face again.’ 44:24 When we returned to your servant my father, we told him the words of my lord.

44:25Then our father said, ‘Go back and buy us a little food.’ 44:26 But we replied, ‘We cannot go down there. 1453  If our youngest brother is with us, then we will go, 1454  for we won’t be permitted to see the man’s face if our youngest brother is not with us.’

44:27Then your servant my father said to us, ‘You know that my wife gave me two sons. 1455  44:28 The first disappeared 1456  and I said, “He has surely been torn to pieces.” I have not seen him since. 44:29 If you take 1457  this one from me too and an accident happens to him, then you will bring down my gray hair 1458  in tragedy 1459  to the grave.’ 1460 

44:30So now, when I return to your servant my father, and the boy is not with us – his very life is bound up in his son’s life. 1461  44:31 When he sees the boy is not with us, 1462  he will die, and your servants will bring down the gray hair of your servant our father in sorrow to the grave. 44:32 Indeed, 1463  your servant pledged security for the boy with my father, saying, ‘If I do not bring him back to you, then I will bear the blame before my father all my life.’

44:33So now, please let your servant remain as my lord’s slave instead of the boy. As for the boy, let him go back with his brothers. 44:34 For how can I go back to my father if the boy is not with me? I couldn’t bear to see 1464  my father’s pain.” 1465 

The Reconciliation of the Brothers

45:1 Joseph was no longer able to control himself before all his attendants, 1466  so he cried out, “Make everyone go out from my presence!” No one remained 1467  with Joseph when he made himself known to his brothers. 45:2 He wept loudly; 1468  the Egyptians heard it and Pharaoh’s household heard about it. 1469 

45:3 Joseph said to his brothers, “I am Joseph! Is my father still alive?” His brothers could not answer him because they were dumbfounded before him. 45:4 Joseph said to his brothers, “Come closer to me,” so they came near. Then he said, “I am Joseph your brother, whom you sold into Egypt. 45:5 Now, do not be upset and do not be angry with yourselves because you sold me here, 1470  for God sent me 1471  ahead of you to preserve life! 45:6 For these past two years there has been famine in 1472  the land and for five more years there will be neither plowing nor harvesting. 45:7 God sent me 1473  ahead of you to preserve you 1474  on the earth and to save your lives 1475  by a great deliverance. 45:8 So now, it is not you who sent me here, but God. He has made me an adviser 1476  to Pharaoh, lord over all his household, and ruler over all the land of Egypt. 45:9 Now go up to my father quickly 1477  and tell him, ‘This is what your son Joseph says: “God has made me lord of all Egypt. Come down to me; do not delay! 45:10 You will live 1478  in the land of Goshen, and you will be near me – you, your children, your grandchildren, your flocks, your herds, and everything you have. 45:11 I will provide you with food 1479  there because there will be five more years of famine. Otherwise you would become poor – you, your household, and everyone who belongs to you.”’ 45:12 You and my brother Benjamin can certainly see with your own eyes that I really am the one who speaks to you. 1480  45:13 So tell 1481  my father about all my honor in Egypt and about everything you have seen. But bring my father down here quickly! 1482 

45:14 Then he threw himself on the neck of his brother Benjamin and wept, and Benjamin wept on his neck. 45:15 He kissed all his brothers and wept over them. After this his brothers talked with him.

45:16 Now it was reported 1483  in the household of Pharaoh, “Joseph’s brothers have arrived.” It pleased 1484  Pharaoh and his servants. 45:17 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Say to your brothers, ‘Do this: Load your animals and go 1485  to the land of Canaan! 45:18 Get your father and your households and come to me! Then I will give you 1486  the best land in Egypt and you will eat 1487  the best 1488  of the land.’ 45:19 You are also commanded to say, 1489  ‘Do this: Take for yourselves wagons from the land of Egypt for your little ones and for your wives. Bring your father and come. 45:20 Don’t worry 1490  about your belongings, for the best of all the land of Egypt will be yours.’

45:21 So the sons of Israel did as he said. 1491  Joseph gave them wagons as Pharaoh had instructed, 1492  and he gave them provisions for the journey. 45:22 He gave sets of clothes to each one of them, 1493  but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and five sets of clothes. 1494  45:23 To his father he sent the following: 1495  ten donkeys loaded with the best products of Egypt and ten female donkeys loaded with grain, food, and provisions for his father’s journey. 45:24 Then he sent his brothers on their way and they left. He said to them, “As you travel don’t be overcome with fear.” 1496 

45:25 So they went up from Egypt and came to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan. 1497  45:26 They told him, “Joseph is still alive and he is ruler over all the land of Egypt!” Jacob was stunned, 1498  for he did not believe them. 45:27 But when they related to him everything Joseph had said to them, 1499  and when he saw the wagons that Joseph had sent to transport him, their father Jacob’s spirit revived. 45:28 Then Israel said, “Enough! My son Joseph is still alive! I will go and see him before I die.”

The Family of Jacob goes to Egypt

46:1 So Israel began his journey, taking with him all that he had. 1500  When he came to Beer Sheba 1501  he offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac. 46:2 God spoke to Israel in a vision during the night 1502  and said, “Jacob, Jacob!” He replied, “Here I am! 46:3 He said, “I am God, 1503  the God of your father. Do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I will make you into a great nation there. 46:4 I will go down with you to Egypt and I myself will certainly bring you back from there. 1504  Joseph will close your eyes.” 1505 

46:5 Then Jacob started out 1506  from Beer Sheba, and the sons of Israel carried their father Jacob, their little children, and their wives in the wagons that Pharaoh had sent along to transport him. 46:6 Jacob and all his descendants took their livestock and the possessions they had acquired in the land of Canaan, and they went to Egypt. 1507  46:7 He brought with him to Egypt his sons and grandsons, 1508  his daughters and granddaughters – all his descendants.

46:8 These are the names of the sons of Israel who went to Egypt – Jacob and his sons:

Reuben, the firstborn of Jacob.

46:9 The sons of Reuben:

Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.

46:10 The sons of Simeon:

Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Zohar,

and Shaul (the son of a Canaanite woman).

46:11 The sons of Levi:

Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

46:12 The sons of Judah:

Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah

(but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan).

The sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul.

46:13 The sons of Issachar:

Tola, Puah, 1509  Jashub, 1510  and Shimron.

46:14 The sons of Zebulun:

Sered, Elon, and Jahleel.

46:15 These were the sons of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob in Paddan Aram, along with Dinah his daughter. His sons and daughters numbered thirty-three in all. 1511 

46:16 The sons of Gad:

Zephon, 1512  Haggi, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi, and Areli.

46:17 The sons of Asher:

Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, Beriah, and Serah their sister.

The sons of Beriah were Heber and Malkiel.

46:18 These were the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter. She bore these to Jacob, sixteen in all.

46:19 The sons of Rachel the wife of Jacob:

Joseph and Benjamin.

46:20 Manasseh and Ephraim were born to Joseph in the land of Egypt. Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, 1513  bore them to him.

46:21 The sons of Benjamin: 1514 

Bela, Beker, Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim and Ard.

46:22 These were the sons of Rachel who were born to Jacob, fourteen in all.

46:23 The son of Dan: Hushim. 1515 

46:24 The sons of Naphtali:

Jahziel, Guni, Jezer, and Shillem.

46:25 These were the sons of Bilhah, whom Laban gave to Rachel his daughter. She bore these to Jacob, seven in all.

46:26 All the direct descendants of Jacob who went to Egypt with him were sixty-six in number. (This number does not include the wives of Jacob’s sons.) 1516  46:27 Counting the two sons 1517  of Joseph who were born to him in Egypt, all the people of the household of Jacob who were in Egypt numbered seventy. 1518 

46:28 Jacob 1519  sent Judah before him to Joseph to accompany him to Goshen. 1520  So they came to the land of Goshen. 46:29 Joseph harnessed his chariot and went up to meet his father Israel in Goshen. When he met him, 1521  he hugged his neck and wept on his neck for quite some time.

46:30 Israel said to Joseph, “Now let me die since I have seen your face and know that you are still alive.” 1522  46:31 Then Joseph said to his brothers and his father’s household, “I will go up and tell Pharaoh, 1523 My brothers and my father’s household who were in the land of Canaan have come to me. 46:32 The men are shepherds; 1524  they take care of livestock. 1525  They have brought their flocks and their herds and all that they have.’ 46:33 Pharaoh will summon you and say, ‘What is your occupation?’ 46:34 Tell him, ‘Your servants have taken care of cattle 1526  from our youth until now, both we and our fathers,’ so that you may live in the land of Goshen, 1527  for everyone who takes care of sheep is disgusting 1528  to the Egyptians.”

Joseph’s Wise Administration

47:1 Joseph went and told Pharaoh, “My father, my brothers, their flocks and herds, and all that they own have arrived from the land of

Canaan. They are now 1529  in the land of Goshen.” 47:2 He took five of his brothers and introduced them to Pharaoh. 1530 

47:3 Pharaoh said to Joseph’s 1531  brothers, “What is your occupation?” They said to Pharaoh, “Your servants take care of flocks, just as our ancestors did.” 1532  47:4 Then they said to Pharaoh, “We have come to live as temporary residents 1533  in the land. There 1534  is no pasture for your servantsflocks because the famine is severe in the land of Canaan. So now, please let your servants live in the land of Goshen.”

47:5 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Your father and your brothers have come to you. 47:6 The land of Egypt is before you; settle your father and your brothers in the best region of the land. They may live in the land of Goshen. If you know of any highly capable men 1535  among them, put them in charge 1536  of my livestock.”

47:7 Then Joseph brought in his father Jacob and presented him 1537  before Pharaoh. Jacob blessed 1538  Pharaoh. 47:8 Pharaoh said to Jacob, “How long have you lived? 1539  47:9 Jacob said to Pharaoh, “All 1540  the years of my travels 1541  are 130. All 1542  the years of my life have been few and painful; 1543  the years of my travels are not as long as those of my ancestors.” 1544  47:10 Then Jacob blessed Pharaoh and went out from his presence. 1545 

47:11 So Joseph settled his father and his brothers. He gave them territory 1546  in the land of Egypt, in the best region of the land, the land of Rameses, 1547  just as Pharaoh had commanded. 47:12 Joseph also provided food for his father, his brothers, and all his father’s household, according to the number of their little children.

47:13 But there was no food in all the land because the famine was very severe; the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan wasted away 1548  because of the famine. 47:14 Joseph collected all the money that could be found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan as payment 1549  for the grain they were buying. Then Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s palace. 1550  47:15 When the money from the lands of Egypt and Canaan was used up, all the Egyptians 1551  came to Joseph and said, “Give us food! Why should we die 1552  before your very eyes because our money has run out?

47:16 Then Joseph said, “If your money is gone, bring your livestock, and I will give you food 1553  in exchange for 1554  your livestock.” 47:17 So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and Joseph gave them food in exchange for their horses, the livestock of their flocks and herds, and their donkeys. 1555  He got them through that year by giving them food in exchange for livestock.

47:18 When that year was over, they came to him the next year and said to him, “We cannot hide from our 1556  lord that the money is used up and the livestock and the animals belong to our lord. Nothing remains before our lord except our bodies and our land. 47:19 Why should we die before your very eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land in exchange for food, and we, with our land, will become 1557  Pharaoh’s slaves. 1558  Give us seed that we may live 1559  and not die. Then the land will not become desolate.” 1560 

47:20 So Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh. Each 1561  of the Egyptians sold his field, for the famine was severe. 1562  So the land became Pharaoh’s. 47:21 Joseph 1563  made all the people slaves 1564  from one end of Egypt’s border to the other end of it. 47:22 But he did not purchase the land of the priests because the priests had an allotment from Pharaoh and they ate from their allotment that Pharaoh gave them. That is why they did not sell their land.

47:23 Joseph said to the people, “Since I have bought you and your land today for Pharaoh, here is seed for you. Cultivate 1565  the land. 47:24 When you gather in the crop, 1566  give 1567  one-fifth of it to Pharaoh, and the rest 1568  will be yours for seed for the fields and for you to eat, including those in your households and your little children.” 47:25 They replied, “You have saved our lives! You are showing us favor, 1569  and we will be Pharaoh’s slaves.” 1570 

47:26 So Joseph made it a statute, 1571  which is in effect 1572  to this day throughout the land of Egypt: One-fifth belongs to Pharaoh. Only the land of the priests did not become Pharaoh’s.

47:27 Israel settled in the land of Egypt, in the land of Goshen, and they owned land there. They were fruitful and increased rapidly in number.

47:28 Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years; the years 1573  of Jacob’s life were 147 in all. 47:29 The time 1574  for Israel to die approached, so he called for his son Joseph and said to him, “If now I have found favor in your sight, put your hand under my thigh 1575  and show me kindness and faithfulness. 1576  Do not bury me in Egypt, 47:30 but when I rest 1577  with my fathers, carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their burial place.” Joseph 1578  said, “I will do as you say.”

47:31 Jacob 1579  said, “Swear to me that you will do so.” 1580  So Joseph 1581  gave him his word. 1582  Then Israel bowed down 1583  at the head of his bed. 1584 

Manasseh and Ephraim

48:1 After these things Joseph was told, 1585 Your father is weakening.” So he took his two sons Manasseh and Ephraim with him. 48:2 When Jacob was told, 1586 Your son Joseph has just 1587  come to you,” Israel regained strength and sat up on his bed. 48:3 Jacob said to Joseph, “The sovereign God 1588  appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed me. 48:4 He said to me, ‘I am going to make you fruitful 1589  and will multiply you. 1590  I will make you into a group of nations, and I will give this land to your descendants 1591  as an everlasting possession.’ 1592 

48:5Now, as for your two sons, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you in Egypt, they will be mine. 1593  Ephraim and Manasseh will be mine just as Reuben and Simeon are. 48:6 Any children that you father 1594  after them will be yours; they will be listed 1595  under the names of their brothers in their inheritance. 1596  48:7 But as for me, when I was returning from Paddan, Rachel died – to my sorrow 1597  – in the land of Canaan. It happened along the way, some distance from Ephrath. So I buried her there on the way to Ephrath” (that is, Bethlehem). 1598 

48:8 When Israel saw Joseph’s sons, he asked, “Who are these? 48:9 Joseph said to his father, “They are the 1599  sons God has given me in this place.” His father 1600  said, “Bring them to me so I may bless them.” 1601  48:10 Now Israel’s eyes were failing 1602  because of his age; he was not able to see well. So Joseph 1603  brought his sons 1604  near to him, and his father 1605  kissed them and embraced them. 48:11 Israel said to Joseph, “I never expected 1606  to see you 1607  again, but now God has allowed me to see your children 1608  too.”

48:12 So Joseph moved them from Israel’s knees 1609  and bowed down with his face to the ground. 48:13 Joseph positioned them; 1610  he put Ephraim on his right hand across from Israel’s left hand, and Manasseh on his left hand across from Israel’s right hand. Then Joseph brought them closer to his father. 1611  48:14 Israel stretched out his right hand and placed it on Ephraim’s head, although he was the younger. 1612  Crossing his hands, he put his left hand on Manasseh’s head, for Manasseh was the firstborn.

48:15 Then he blessed Joseph and said,

May the God before whom my fathers

Abraham and Isaac walked

the God who has been my shepherd 1613 

all my life long to this day,

48:16 the Angel 1614  who has protected me 1615 

from all harm

bless these boys.

May my name be named in them, 1616 

and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac.

May they grow into a multitude on the earth.”

48:17 When Joseph saw that his father placed his right hand on Ephraim’s head, it displeased him. 1617  So he took his father’s hand to move it from Ephraim’s head to Manasseh’s head. 48:18 Joseph said to his father, “Not so, my father, for this is the firstborn. Put your right hand on his head.”

48:19 But his father refused and said, “I know, my son, I know. He too will become a nation and he too will become great. In spite of this, his younger brother will be even greater and his descendants will become a multitude 1618  of nations.” 48:20 So he blessed them that day, saying,

By you 1619  will Israel bless, 1620  saying,

May God make you like Ephraim and Manasseh.’”

So he put Ephraim before Manasseh. 1621 

48:21 Then Israel said to Joseph, “I am about to die, but God will be with you 1622  and will bring you back to the land of your fathers. 48:22 As one who is above your 1623  brothers, I give to you the mountain slope, 1624  which I took from the Amorites with my sword and my bow.”

The Blessing of Jacob

49:1 Jacob called for his sons and said, “Gather together so I can tell you 1625  what will happen to you in the future. 1626 

49:2Assemble and listen, you sons of Jacob;

listen to Israel, your father.

49:3 Reuben, you are my firstborn,

my might and the beginning of my strength,

outstanding in dignity, outstanding in power.

49:4 You are destructive 1627  like water and will not excel, 1628 

for you got on your father’s bed, 1629 

then you defiled it – he got on my couch! 1630 

49:5 Simeon and Levi are brothers,

weapons of violence are their knives! 1631 

49:6 O my soul, do not come into their council,

do not be united to their assembly, my heart, 1632 

for in their anger they have killed men,

and for pleasure they have hamstrung oxen.

49:7 Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce,

and their fury, for it was cruel.

I will divide them in Jacob,

and scatter them in Israel! 1633 

49:8 Judah, 1634  your brothers will praise you.

Your hand will be on the neck of your enemies,

your father’s sons will bow down before you.

49:9 You are a lion’s cub, Judah,

from the prey, my son, you have gone up.

He crouches and lies down like a lion;

like a lioness – who will rouse him?

49:10 The scepter will not depart from Judah,

nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, 1635 

until he comes to whom it belongs; 1636 

the nations will obey him. 1637 

49:11 Binding his foal to the vine,

and his colt to the choicest vine,

he will wash 1638  his garments in wine,

his robes in the blood of grapes.

49:12 His eyes will be dark from wine,

and his teeth white from milk. 1639 

49:13 Zebulun will live 1640  by the haven of the sea

and become a haven for ships;

his border will extend to Sidon. 1641 

49:14 Issachar is a strong-boned donkey

lying down between two saddlebags.

49:15 When he sees 1642  a good resting place,

and the pleasant land,

he will bend his shoulder to the burden

and become a slave laborer. 1643 

49:16 Dan 1644  will judge 1645  his people

as one of the tribes of Israel.

49:17 May Dan be a snake beside the road,

a viper by the path,

that bites the heels of the horse

so that its rider falls backward. 1646 

49:18 I wait for your deliverance, O Lord. 1647 

49:19 Gad will be raided by marauding bands,

but he will attack them at their heels. 1648 

49:20 Asher’s 1649  food will be rich, 1650 

and he will provide delicacies 1651  to royalty.

49:21 Naphtali is a free running doe, 1652 

he speaks delightful words. 1653 

49:22 Joseph is a fruitful bough, 1654 

a fruitful bough near a spring

whose branches 1655  climb over the wall.

49:23 The archers will attack him, 1656 

they will shoot at him and oppose him.

49:24 But his bow will remain steady,

and his hands 1657  will be skillful;

because of the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob,

because of 1658  the Shepherd, the Rock 1659  of Israel,

49:25 because of the God of your father,

who will help you, 1660 

because of the sovereign God, 1661 

who will bless you 1662 

with blessings from the sky above,

blessings from the deep that lies below,

and blessings of the breasts and womb. 1663 

49:26 The blessings of your father are greater

than 1664  the blessings of the eternal mountains 1665 

or the desirable things of the age-old hills.

They will be on the head of Joseph

and on the brow of the prince of his brothers. 1666 

49:27 Benjamin is a ravenous wolf;

in the morning devouring the prey,

and in the evening dividing the plunder.”

49:28 These 1667  are the twelve tribes of Israel. This is what their father said to them when he blessed them. He gave each of them an appropriate blessing. 1668 

49:29 Then he instructed them, 1669  “I am about to go 1670  to my people. Bury me with my fathers in the cave in the field of Ephron the Hittite. 49:30 It is the cave in the field of Machpelah, near Mamre in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought for a burial plot from Ephron the Hittite. 49:31 There they buried Abraham and his wife Sarah; there they buried Isaac and his wife Rebekah; and there I buried Leah. 49:32 The field and the cave in it were acquired from the sons of Heth.” 1671 

49:33 When Jacob finished giving these instructions to his sons, he pulled his feet up onto the bed, breathed his last breath, and went 1672  to his people.

The Burials of Jacob and Joseph

50:1 Then Joseph hugged his father’s face. 1673  He wept over him and kissed him. 50:2 Joseph instructed the physicians in his service 1674  to embalm his father, so the physicians embalmed Israel. 50:3 They took forty days, for that is the full time needed for embalming. 1675  The Egyptians mourned 1676  for him seventy days. 1677 

50:4 When the days of mourning 1678  had passed, Joseph said to Pharaoh’s royal court, 1679 If I have found favor in your sight, please say to Pharaoh, 1680  50:5 My father made me swear an oath. He said, 1681 I am about to die. Bury me 1682  in my tomb that I dug for myself there in the land of Canaan.” Now let me go and bury my father; then I will return.’ 50:6 So Pharaoh said, “Go and bury your father, just as he made you swear to do.” 1683 

50:7 So Joseph went up to bury his father; all Pharaoh’s officials went with him – the senior courtiers 1684  of his household, all the senior officials of the land of Egypt, 50:8 all Joseph’s household, his brothers, and his father’s household. But they left their little children and their flocks and herds in the land of Goshen. 50:9 Chariots and horsemen also went up with him, so it was a very large entourage. 1685 

50:10 When they came to the threshing floor of Atad 1686  on the other side of the Jordan, they mourned there with very great and bitter sorrow. 1687  There Joseph observed a seven day period of mourning for his father. 50:11 When the Canaanites who lived in the land saw them mourning at the threshing floor of Atad, they said, “This is a very sad occasion 1688  for the Egyptians.” That is why its name was called 1689  Abel Mizraim, 1690  which is beyond the Jordan.

50:12 So the sons of Jacob did for him just as he had instructed them. 50:13 His sons carried him to the land of Canaan and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, near Mamre. This is the field Abraham purchased as a burial plot from Ephron the Hittite. 50:14 After he buried his father, Joseph returned to Egypt, along with his brothers and all who had accompanied him to bury his father.

50:15 When Joseph’s brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “What if Joseph bears a grudge and wants to repay 1691  us in full 1692  for all the harm 1693  we did to him? 50:16 So they sent word 1694  to Joseph, saying, “Your father gave these instructions before he died: 50:17 Tell Joseph this: Please forgive the sin of your brothers and the wrong they did when they treated you so badly.’ Now please forgive the sin of the servants of the God of your father.” When this message was reported to him, Joseph wept. 1695  50:18 Then his brothers also came and threw themselves down before him; they said, “Here we are; we are your slaves.” 50:19 But Joseph answered them, “Don’t be afraid. Am 1696  I in the place of God? 50:20 As for you, you meant to harm me, 1697  but God intended it for a good purpose, so he could preserve the lives of many people, as you can see this day. 1698  50:21 So now, don’t be afraid. I will provide for you and your little children.” Then he consoled them and spoke kindly 1699  to them.

50:22 Joseph lived in Egypt, along with his father’s family. 1700  Joseph lived 110 years. 50:23 Joseph saw the descendants of Ephraim to the third generation. 1701  He also saw the children of Makir the son of Manasseh; they were given special inheritance rights by Joseph. 1702 

50:24 Then Joseph said to his brothers, “I am about to die. But God will surely come to you 1703  and lead you up from this land to the land he swore on oath to give 1704  to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.” 50:25 Joseph made the sons of Israel swear an oath. He said, “God will surely come to you. Then you must carry my bones up from this place.” 50:26 So Joseph died at the age of 110. 1705  After they embalmed him, his body 1706  was placed in a coffin in Egypt.

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