Bible: Genesis 24-50
The Wife for Isaac
24:1 Now Abraham was old, well advanced in years, 1 and the
24:6 “Be careful 11 never to take my son back there!” Abraham told him. 12 24:7 “The
24:10 Then the servant took ten of his master’s camels and departed with all kinds of gifts from his master at his disposal. 20 He journeyed 21 to the region of Aram Naharaim 22 and the city of Nahor. 24:11 He made the camels kneel down by the well 23 outside the city. It was evening, 24 the time when the women would go out to draw water. 24:12 He prayed, “O
24:15 Before he had finished praying, there came Rebekah 31 with her water jug on her shoulder. She was the daughter of Bethuel son of Milcah (Milcah was the wife of Abraham’s brother Nahor). 32 24:16 Now the young woman was very beautiful. She was a virgin; no man had ever had sexual relations with her. 33 She went down to the spring, filled her jug, and came back up. 24:17 Abraham’s servant 34 ran to meet her and said, “Please give me a sip of water from your jug.” 24:18 “Drink, my lord,” she replied, and quickly lowering 35 her jug to her hands, she gave him a drink. 24:19 When she had done so, 36 she said, “I’ll draw water for your camels too, until they have drunk as much as they want.” 24:20 She quickly emptied 37 her jug into the watering trough and ran back to the well to draw more water until she had drawn enough for all his camels. 24:21 Silently the man watched her with interest to determine 38 if the
24:22 After the camels had finished drinking, the man took out a gold nose ring weighing a beka 40 and two gold bracelets weighing ten shekels 41 and gave them to her. 42 24:23 “Whose daughter are you?” he asked. 43 “Tell me, is there room in your father’s house for us to spend the night?”
24:26 The man bowed his head and worshiped the
24:28 The young woman ran and told her mother’s household all about 51 these things. 24:29 (Now Rebekah had a brother named Laban.) 52 Laban rushed out to meet the man at the spring. 24:30 When he saw the bracelets on his sister’s wrists and the nose ring 53 and heard his sister Rebekah say, 54 “This is what the man said to me,” he went out to meet the man. There he was, standing 55 by the camels near the spring. 24:31 Laban said to him, 56 “Come, you who are blessed by the
24:32 So Abraham’s servant 59 went to the house and unloaded 60 the camels. Straw and feed were given 61 to the camels, and water was provided so that he and the men who were with him could wash their feet. 62 24:33 When food was served, 63 he said, “I will not eat until I have said what I want to say.” 64 “Tell us,” Laban said. 65
24:34 “I am the servant of Abraham,” he began. 24:35 “The
24:45 “Before I finished praying in my heart, 80 along came Rebekah 81 with her water jug on her shoulder! She went down to the spring and drew water. So I said to her, ‘Please give me a drink.’ 24:46 She quickly lowered her jug from her shoulder and said, ‘Drink, and I’ll give your camels water too.’ So I drank, and she also gave the camels water. 24:47 Then I asked her, ‘Whose daughter are you?’ She replied, ‘The daughter of Bethuel the son of Nahor, whom Milcah bore to Nahor.’ 82 I put the ring in her nose and the bracelets on her wrists. 24:48 Then I bowed down and worshiped the
24:50 Then Laban and Bethuel replied, “This is the
24:52 When Abraham’s servant heard their words, he bowed down to the ground before the
When they got up in the morning, he said, “Let me leave now so I can return to my master.” 91 24:55 But Rebekah’s 92 brother and her mother replied, “Let the girl stay with us a few more days, perhaps ten. Then she can go.” 24:56 But he said to them, “Don’t detain me – the
24:59 So they sent their sister Rebekah on her way, accompanied by her female attendant, with Abraham’s servant and his men. 24:60 They blessed Rebekah with these words: 97
“Our sister, may you become the mother 98 of thousands of ten thousands!
May your descendants possess the strongholds 99 of their enemies.”
24:62 Now 102 Isaac came from 103 Beer Lahai Roi, 104 for 105 he was living in the Negev. 106 24:63 He 107 went out to relax 108 in the field in the early evening. 109 Then he looked up 110 and saw that 111 there were camels approaching. 24:64 Rebekah looked up 112 and saw Isaac. She got down from her camel 24:65 and asked 113 Abraham’s servant, 114 “Who is that man walking in the field toward us?” “That is my master,” the servant replied. 115 So she took her veil and covered herself.
24:66 The servant told Isaac everything that had happened. 24:67 Then Isaac brought Rebekah 116 into his mother Sarah’s tent. He took her 117 as his wife and loved her. 118 So Isaac was comforted after his mother’s death. 119
The Death of Abraham
25:1 Abraham had taken 120 another 121 wife, named Keturah. 25:2 She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 25:3 Jokshan became the father of Sheba and Dedan. 122 The descendants of Dedan were the Asshurites, Letushites, and Leummites. 25:4 The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were descendants 123 of Keturah.
25:5 Everything he owned Abraham left to his son Isaac. 25:6 But while he was still alive, Abraham gave gifts to the sons of his concubines 124 and sent them off to the east, away from his son Isaac. 125
25:7 Abraham lived a total of 126 175 years. 25:8 Then Abraham breathed his last and died at a good old age, an old man who had lived a full life. 127 He joined his ancestors. 128 25:9 His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah 129 near Mamre, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar, the Hethite. 25:10 This was the field Abraham had purchased from the sons of Heth. 130 There Abraham was buried with his wife Sarah. 25:11 After Abraham’s death, God blessed 131 his son Isaac. Isaac lived near Beer Lahai Roi. 132
The Sons of Ishmael
25:12 This is the account of Abraham’s son Ishmael, 133 whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s servant, bore to Abraham.
25:13 These are the names of Ishmael’s sons, by their names according to their records: 134 Nebaioth (Ishmael’s firstborn), Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 25:14 Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 25:15 Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 25:16 These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names by their settlements and their camps – twelve princes 135 according to their clans.
25:17 Ishmael lived a total of 136 137 years. He breathed his last and died; then he joined his ancestors. 137 25:18 His descendants 138 settled from Havilah to Shur, which runs next 139 to Egypt all the way 140 to Asshur. 141 They settled 142 away from all their relatives. 143
Jacob and Esau
25:19 This is the account of Isaac, 144 the son of Abraham.
25:21 Isaac prayed to 147 the
“Two nations 151 are in your womb,
and two peoples will be separated from within you.
One people will be stronger than the other,
and the older will serve the younger.”
25:24 When the time came for Rebekah to give birth, 152 there were 153 twins in her womb. 25:25 The first came out reddish 154 all over, 155 like a hairy 156 garment, so they named him Esau. 157 25:26 When his brother came out with 158 his hand clutching Esau’s heel, they named him Jacob. 159 Isaac was sixty years old 160 when they were born.
25:27 When the boys grew up, Esau became a skilled 161 hunter, a man of the open fields, but Jacob was an even-tempered man, living in tents. 162 25:28 Isaac loved Esau because he had a taste for fresh game, 163 but Rebekah loved 164 Jacob.
25:29 Now Jacob cooked some stew, 165 and when Esau came in from the open fields, he was famished. 25:30 So Esau said to Jacob, “Feed 166 me some of the red stuff – yes, this red stuff – because I’m starving!” (That is why he was also called 167 Edom.) 168
25:31 But Jacob replied, “First 169 sell me your birthright.” 25:32 “Look,” said Esau, “I’m about to die! What use is the birthright to me?” 170 25:33 But Jacob said, “Swear an oath to me now.” 171 So Esau 172 swore an oath to him and sold his birthright 173 to Jacob.
Isaac and Abimelech
26:1 There was a famine in the land, subsequent to the earlier famine that occurred 176 in the days of Abraham. 177 Isaac went to Abimelech king of the Philistines at Gerar. 26:2 The
26:7 When the men of that place asked him about his wife, he replied, “She is my sister.” 190 He was afraid to say, “She is my wife,” for he thought to himself, 191 “The men of this place will kill me to get 192 Rebekah because she is very beautiful.”
26:8 After Isaac 193 had been there a long time, 194 Abimelech king of the Philistines happened to look out a window and observed 195 Isaac caressing 196 his wife Rebekah. 26:9 So Abimelech summoned Isaac and said, “She is really 197 your wife! Why did you say, ‘She is my sister’?” Isaac replied, “Because I thought someone might kill me to get her.” 198
26:10 Then Abimelech exclaimed, “What in the world have you done to us? 199 One of the men 200 might easily have had sexual relations with 201 your wife, and you would have brought guilt on us!” 26:11 So Abimelech commanded all the people, “Whoever touches 202 this man or his wife will surely be put to death.” 203
26:12 When Isaac planted in that land, he reaped in the same year a hundred times what he had sown, 204 because the
26:16 Then Abimelech said to Isaac, “Leave us and go elsewhere, 213 for you have become much more powerful 214 than we are.” 26:17 So Isaac left there and settled in the Gerar Valley. 215 26:18 Isaac reopened 216 the wells that had been dug 217 back in the days of his father Abraham, for the Philistines had stopped them up 218 after Abraham died. Isaac 219 gave these wells 220 the same names his father had given them. 221
26:19 When Isaac’s servants dug in the valley and discovered a well with fresh flowing 222 water there, 26:20 the herdsmen of Gerar quarreled 223 with Isaac’s herdsmen, saying, “The water belongs to us!” So Isaac 224 named the well 225 Esek 226 because they argued with him about it. 227 26:21 His servants 228 dug another well, but they quarreled over it too, so Isaac named it 229 Sitnah. 230 26:22 Then he moved away from there and dug another well. They did not quarrel over it, so Isaac 231 named it 232 Rehoboth, 233 saying, “For now the
26:23 From there Isaac 234 went up to Beer Sheba. 26:24 The
26:26 Now Abimelech had come 237 to him from Gerar along with 238 Ahuzzah his friend 239 and Phicol the commander of his army. 26:27 Isaac asked them, “Why have you come to me? You hate me 240 and sent me away from you.” 26:28 They replied, “We could plainly see 241 that the
26:32 That day Isaac’s servants came and told him about the well they had dug. “We’ve found water,” they reported. 255 26:33 So he named it Shibah; 256 that is why the name of the city has been Beer Sheba 257 to this day.
26:34 When 258 Esau was forty years old, 259 he married 260 Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, as well as Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite. 26:35 They caused Isaac and Rebekah great anxiety. 261
Jacob Cheats Esau out of the Blessing
27:1 When 262 Isaac was old and his eyes were so weak that he was almost blind, 263 he called his older 264 son Esau and said to him, “My son!” “Here I am!” Esau 265 replied. 27:2 Isaac 266 said, “Since 267 I am so old, I could die at any time. 268 27:3 Therefore, take your weapons – your quiver and your bow – and go out into the open fields and hunt down some wild game 269 for me. 27:4 Then prepare for me some tasty food, the kind I love, and bring it to me. Then 270 I will eat it so that I may bless you 271 before I die.”
27:5 Now Rebekah had been listening while Isaac spoke to his son Esau. 272 When Esau went out to the open fields to hunt down some wild game and bring it back, 273 27:6 Rebekah said to her son Jacob, “Look, I overheard your father tell your brother Esau, 27:7 ‘Bring me some wild game and prepare for me some tasty food. Then I will eat 274 it and bless you 275 in the presence of the
27:11 “But Esau my brother is a hairy man,” Jacob protested to his mother Rebekah, “and I have smooth skin! 283 27:12 My father may touch me! Then he’ll think I’m mocking him 284 and I’ll bring a curse on myself instead of a blessing.” 27:13 So his mother told him, “Any curse against you will fall on me, 285 my son! Just obey me! 286 Go and get them for me!”
27:14 So he went and got the goats 287 and brought them to his mother. She 288 prepared some tasty food, just the way his father loved it. 27:15 Then Rebekah took her older son Esau’s best clothes, which she had with her in the house, and put them on her younger son Jacob. 27:16 She put the skins of the young goats 289 on his hands 290 and the smooth part of his neck. 27:17 Then she handed 291 the tasty food and the bread she had made to her son Jacob.
27:18 He went to his father and said, “My father!” Isaac 292 replied, “Here I am. Which are you, my son?” 293 27:19 Jacob said to his father, “I am Esau, your firstborn. I’ve done as you told me. Now sit up 294 and eat some of my wild game so that you can bless me.” 295 27:20 But Isaac asked his son, “How in the world 296 did you find it so quickly, 297 my son?” “Because the
“Yes, 311 my son smells
like the scent of an open field
27:28 May God give you
the dew of the sky 312
and the richness 313 of the earth,
and plenty of grain and new wine.
27:29 May peoples serve you
and nations bow down to you.
and the sons of your mother will bow down to you. 316
May those who curse you be cursed,
and those who bless you be blessed.”
27:30 Isaac had just finished blessing Jacob, and Jacob had scarcely left 317 his father’s 318 presence, when his brother Esau returned from the hunt. 319 27:31 He also prepared some tasty food and brought it to his father. Esau 320 said to him, “My father, get up 321 and eat some of your son’s wild game. Then you can bless me.” 322 27:32 His father Isaac asked, 323 “Who are you?” “I am your firstborn son,” 324 he replied, “Esau!” 27:33 Isaac began to shake violently 325 and asked, “Then who else hunted game and brought it to me? I ate all of it just before you arrived, and I blessed him. 326 He will indeed be blessed!”
27:34 When Esau heard 327 his father’s words, he wailed loudly and bitterly. 328 He said to his father, “Bless me too, my father!” 27:35 But Isaac 329 replied, “Your brother came in here deceitfully and took away 330 your blessing.” 27:36 Esau exclaimed, “‘Jacob’ is the right name for him! 331 He has tripped me up 332 two times! He took away my birthright, and now, look, he has taken away my blessing!” Then he asked, “Have you not kept back a blessing for me?”
27:37 Isaac replied to Esau, “Look! I have made him lord over you. I have made all his relatives his servants and provided him with grain and new wine. What is left that I can do for you, my son?” 27:38 Esau said to his father, “Do you have only that one blessing, my father? Bless me too!” 333 Then Esau wept loudly. 334
27:39 So his father Isaac said to him,
“Indeed, 335 your home will be
away from the richness 336 of the earth,
and away from the dew of the sky above.
27:40 You will live by your sword
but you will serve your brother.
When you grow restless,
you will tear off his yoke
from your neck.” 337
27:41 So Esau hated 338 Jacob because of the blessing his father had given to his brother. 339 Esau said privately, 340 “The time 341 of mourning for my father is near; then I will kill 342 my brother Jacob!”
27:42 When Rebekah heard what her older son Esau had said, 343 she quickly summoned 344 her younger son Jacob and told him, “Look, your brother Esau is planning to get revenge by killing you. 345 27:43 Now then, my son, do what I say. 346 Run away immediately 347 to my brother Laban in Haran. 27:44 Live with him for a little while 348 until your brother’s rage subsides. 27:45 Stay there 349 until your brother’s anger against you subsides and he forgets what you did to him. Then I’ll send someone to bring you back from there. 350 Why should I lose both of you in one day?” 351
27:46 Then Rebekah said to Isaac, “I am deeply depressed 352 because of these daughters of Heth. 353 If Jacob were to marry one of these daughters of Heth who live in this land, I would want to die!” 354
28:1 So Isaac called for Jacob and blessed him. Then he commanded him, “You must not marry a Canaanite woman! 355 28:2 Leave immediately 356 for Paddan Aram! Go to the house of Bethuel, your mother’s father, and find yourself a wife there, among the daughters of Laban, your mother’s brother. 28:3 May the sovereign God 357 bless you! May he make you fruitful and give you a multitude of descendants! 358 Then you will become 359 a large nation. 360 28:4 May he give you and your descendants the blessing he gave to Abraham 361 so that you may possess the land 362 God gave to Abraham, the land where you have been living as a temporary resident.” 363 28:5 So Isaac sent Jacob on his way, and he went to Paddan Aram, to Laban son of Bethuel the Aramean and brother of Rebekah, the mother of Jacob and Esau.
28:6 Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob and sent him off to Paddan Aram to find a wife there. 364 As he blessed him, 365 Isaac commanded him, “You must not marry a Canaanite woman.” 366 28:7 Jacob obeyed his father and mother and left for Paddan Aram. 28:8 Then Esau realized 367 that the Canaanite women 368 were displeasing to 369 his father Isaac. 28:9 So Esau went to Ishmael and married 370 Mahalath, the sister of Nebaioth and daughter of Abraham’s son Ishmael, along with the wives he already had.
Jacob’s Dream at Bethel
28:10 Meanwhile Jacob left Beer Sheba and set out for Haran. 28:11 He reached a certain place 371 where he decided to camp because the sun had gone down. 372 He took one of the stones 373 and placed it near his head. 374 Then he fell asleep 375 in that place 28:12 and had a dream. 376 He saw 377 a stairway 378 erected on the earth with its top reaching to the heavens. The angels of God were going up and coming down it 28:13 and the
28:16 Then Jacob woke up 386 and thought, 387 “Surely the
28:18 Early 388 in the morning Jacob 389 took the stone he had placed near his head 390 and set it up as a sacred stone. 391 Then he poured oil on top of it. 28:19 He called that place Bethel, 392 although the former name of the town was Luz. 28:20 Then Jacob made a vow, saying, “If God is with me and protects me on this journey I am taking and gives me food 393 to eat and clothing to wear, 28:21 and I return safely to my father’s home, 394 then the
The Marriages of Jacob
29:1 So Jacob moved on 398 and came to the land of the eastern people. 399 29:2 He saw 400 in the field a well with 401 three flocks of sheep lying beside it, because the flocks were watered from that well. Now 402 a large stone covered the mouth of the well. 29:3 When all the flocks were gathered there, the shepherds 403 would roll the stone off the mouth of the well and water the sheep. Then they would put the stone back in its place over the well’s mouth.
29:4 Jacob asked them, “My brothers, where are you from?” They replied, “We’re from Haran.” 29:5 So he said to them, “Do you know Laban, the grandson 404 of Nahor?” “We know him,” 405 they said. 29:6 “Is he well?” 406 Jacob asked. They replied, “He is well. 407 Now look, here comes his daughter Rachel with the sheep.” 29:7 Then Jacob 408 said, “Since it is still the middle of the day, 409 it is not time for the flocks to be gathered. You should water the sheep and then go and let them graze some more.” 410 29:8 “We can’t,” they said, “until all the flocks are gathered and the stone is rolled off the mouth of the well. Then we water 411 the sheep.”
29:9 While he was still speaking with them, Rachel arrived with her father’s sheep, for she was tending them. 412 29:10 When Jacob saw Rachel, the daughter of his uncle Laban, 413 and the sheep of his uncle Laban, he 414 went over 415 and rolled the stone off the mouth of the well and watered the sheep of his uncle Laban. 416 29:11 Then Jacob kissed Rachel and began to weep loudly. 417 29:12 When Jacob explained 418 to Rachel that he was a relative of her father 419 and the son of Rebekah, she ran and told her father. 29:13 When Laban heard this news about Jacob, his sister’s son, he rushed out to meet him. He embraced him and kissed him and brought him to his house. Jacob 420 told Laban how he was related to him. 421 29:14 Then Laban said to him, “You are indeed my own flesh and blood.” 422 So Jacob 423 stayed with him for a month. 424
29:15 Then Laban said to Jacob, “Should you work 425 for me for nothing because you are my relative? 426 Tell me what your wages should be.” 29:16 (Now Laban had two daughters; 427 the older one was named Leah, and the younger one Rachel. 29:17 Leah’s eyes were tender, 428 but Rachel had a lovely figure and beautiful appearance.) 429 29:18 Since Jacob had fallen in love with 430 Rachel, he said, “I’ll serve you seven years in exchange for your younger daughter Rachel.” 29:19 Laban replied, “I’d rather give her to you than to another man. 431 Stay with me.” 29:20 So Jacob worked for seven years to acquire Rachel. 432 But they seemed like only a few days to him 433 because his love for her was so great. 434
29:21 Finally Jacob said 435 to Laban, “Give me my wife, for my time of service is up. 436 I want to have marital relations with her.” 437 29:22 So Laban invited all the people 438 of that place and prepared a feast. 29:23 In the evening he brought his daughter Leah 439 to Jacob, 440 and Jacob 441 had marital relations with her. 442 29:24 (Laban gave his female servant Zilpah to his daughter Leah to be her servant.) 443
29:25 In the morning Jacob discovered it was Leah! 444 So Jacob 445 said to Laban, “What in the world have you done to me! 446 Didn’t I work for you in exchange for Rachel? Why have you tricked 447 me?” 29:26 “It is not our custom here,” 448 Laban replied, “to give the younger daughter in marriage 449 before the firstborn. 29:27 Complete my older daughter’s bridal week. 450 Then we will give you the younger one 451 too, in exchange for seven more years of work.” 452
29:28 Jacob did as Laban said. 453 When Jacob 454 completed Leah’s bridal week, 455 Laban gave him his daughter Rachel to be his wife. 456 29:29 (Laban gave his female servant Bilhah to his daughter Rachel to be her servant.) 457 29:30 Jacob 458 had marital relations 459 with Rachel as well. He loved Rachel more than Leah, so he worked for Laban 460 for seven more years. 461
The Family of Jacob
29:31 When the
29:34 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “Now this time my husband will show me affection, 469 because I have given birth to three sons for him.” That is why he was named Levi. 470
29:35 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “This time I will praise the
30:1 When Rachel saw that she could not give Jacob children, she 472 became jealous of her sister. She said to Jacob, “Give me children 473 or I’ll die!” 30:2 Jacob became furious 474 with Rachel and exclaimed, “Am I in the place of God, who has kept you from having children?” 475 30:3 She replied, “Here is my servant Bilhah! Have sexual relations with 476 her so that she can bear 477 children 478 for me 479 and I can have a family through her.” 480
30:4 So Rachel 481 gave him her servant Bilhah as a wife, and Jacob had marital relations with 482 her. 30:5 Bilhah became pregnant 483 and gave Jacob a son. 484 30:6 Then Rachel said, “God has vindicated me. He has responded to my prayer 485 and given me a son.” That is why 486 she named him Dan. 487
30:7 Bilhah, Rachel’s servant, became pregnant again and gave Jacob another son. 488 30:8 Then Rachel said, “I have fought a desperate struggle with my sister, but I have won.” 489 So she named him Naphtali. 490
30:9 When Leah saw that she had stopped having children, she gave 491 her servant Zilpah to Jacob as a wife. 30:10 Soon Leah’s servant Zilpah gave Jacob a son. 492 30:11 Leah said, “How fortunate!” 493 So she named him Gad. 494
30:14 At the time 499 of the wheat harvest Reuben went out and found some mandrake plants 500 in a field and brought them to his mother Leah. Rachel said to Leah, “Give me some of your son’s mandrakes.” 30:15 But Leah replied, 501 “Wasn’t it enough that you’ve taken away my husband? Would you take away my son’s mandrakes too?” “All right,” 502 Rachel said, “he may sleep 503 with you tonight in exchange for your son’s mandrakes.” 30:16 When Jacob came in from the fields that evening, Leah went out to meet him and said, “You must sleep 504 with me because I have paid for your services 505 with my son’s mandrakes.” So he had marital relations 506 with her that night. 30:17 God paid attention 507 to Leah; she became pregnant 508 and gave Jacob a son for the fifth time. 509 30:18 Then Leah said, “God has granted me a reward 510 because I gave my servant to my husband as a wife.” 511 So she named him Issachar. 512
30:19 Leah became pregnant again and gave Jacob a son for the sixth time. 513 30:20 Then Leah said, “God has given me a good gift. Now my husband will honor me because I have given him six sons.” So she named him Zebulun. 514
30:21 After that she gave birth to a daughter and named her Dinah.
30:22 Then God took note of 515 Rachel. He paid attention to her and enabled her to become pregnant. 516 30:23 She became pregnant 517 and gave birth to a son. Then she said, “God has taken away my shame.” 518 30:24 She named him Joseph, 519 saying, “May the
The Flocks of Jacob
30:25 After Rachel had given birth 520 to Joseph, Jacob said to Laban, “Send 521 me on my way so that I can go 522 home to my own country. 523 30:26 Let me take my wives and my children whom I have acquired by working for you. 524 Then I’ll depart, 525 because you know how hard I’ve worked for you.” 526
30:27 But Laban said to him, “If I have found favor in your sight, please stay here, 527 for I have learned by divination 528 that the
30:29 “You know how I have worked for you,” Jacob replied, 530 “and how well your livestock have fared under my care. 531 30:30 Indeed, 532 you had little before I arrived, 533 but now your possessions have increased many times over. 534 The
30:31 So Laban asked, 537 “What should I give you?” “You don’t need to give me a thing,” 538 Jacob replied, 539 “but if you agree to this one condition, 540 I will continue to care for 541 your flocks and protect them: 30:32 Let me walk among 542 all your flocks today and remove from them every speckled or spotted sheep, every dark-colored lamb, 543 and the spotted or speckled goats. 544 These animals will be my wages. 545 30:33 My integrity will testify for me 546 later on. 547 When you come to verify that I’ve taken only the wages we agreed on, 548 if I have in my possession any goat that is not speckled or spotted or any sheep that is not dark-colored, it will be considered stolen.” 549 30:34 “Agreed!” said Laban, “It will be as you say.” 550
30:35 So that day Laban 551 removed the male goats that were streaked or spotted, all the female goats that were speckled or spotted (all that had any white on them), and all the dark-colored lambs, and put them in the care 552 of his sons. 30:36 Then he separated them from Jacob by a three-day journey, 553 while 554 Jacob was taking care of the rest of Laban’s flocks.
30:37 But Jacob took fresh-cut branches from poplar, almond, and plane trees. He made white streaks by peeling them, making the white inner wood in the branches visible. 30:38 Then he set up the peeled branches in all the watering troughs where the flocks came to drink. He set up the branches in front of the flocks when they were in heat and came to drink. 555 30:39 When the sheep mated 556 in front of the branches, they 557 gave birth to young that were streaked or speckled or spotted. 30:40 Jacob removed these lambs, but he made the rest of the flock face 558 the streaked and completely dark-colored animals in Laban’s flock. So he made separate flocks for himself and did not mix them with Laban’s flocks. 30:41 When the stronger females were in heat, 559 Jacob would set up the branches in the troughs in front of the flock, so they would mate near the branches. 30:42 But if the animals were weaker, he did not set the branches there. 560 So the weaker animals ended up belonging to Laban 561 and the stronger animals to Jacob. 30:43 In this way Jacob 562 became extremely prosperous. He owned 563 large flocks, male and female servants, camels, and donkeys.
Jacob’s Flight from Laban
31:1 Jacob heard that Laban’s sons were complaining, 564 “Jacob has taken everything that belonged to our father! He has gotten rich 565 at our father’s expense!” 566 31:2 When Jacob saw the look on Laban’s face, he could tell his attitude toward him had changed. 567
31:10 “Once 578 during breeding season I saw 579 in a dream that the male goats mating with 580 the flock were streaked, speckled, and spotted. 31:11 In the dream the angel of God said to me, ‘Jacob!’ ‘Here I am!’ I replied. 31:12 Then he said, ‘Observe 581 that all the male goats mating with 582 the flock are streaked, speckled, or spotted, for I have observed all that Laban has done to you. 31:13 I am the God of Bethel, 583 where you anointed 584 the sacred stone and made a vow to me. 585 Now leave this land immediately 586 and return to your native land.’”
31:14 Then Rachel and Leah replied to him, “Do we still have any portion or inheritance 587 in our father’s house? 31:15 Hasn’t he treated us like foreigners? He not only sold us, but completely wasted 588 the money paid for us! 589 31:16 Surely all the wealth that God snatched away from our father belongs to us and to our children. So now do everything God has told you.”
31:17 So Jacob immediately put his children and his wives on the camels. 590 31:18 He took 591 away all the livestock he had acquired in Paddan Aram and all his moveable property that he had accumulated. Then he set out toward the land of Canaan to return to his father Isaac. 592
31:19 While Laban had gone to shear his sheep, 593 Rachel stole the household idols 594 that belonged to her father. 31:20 Jacob also deceived 595 Laban the Aramean by not telling him that he was leaving. 596 31:21 He left 597 with all he owned. He quickly crossed 598 the Euphrates River 599 and headed for 600 the hill country of Gilead.
31:22 Three days later Laban discovered Jacob had left. 601 31:23 So he took his relatives 602 with him and pursued Jacob 603 for seven days. 604 He caught up with 605 him in the hill country of Gilead. 31:24 But God came to Laban the Aramean in a dream at night and warned him, 606 “Be careful 607 that you neither bless nor curse Jacob.” 608
31:25 Laban overtook Jacob, and when Jacob pitched his tent in the hill country of Gilead, Laban and his relatives set up camp there too. 609 31:26 “What have you done?” Laban demanded of Jacob. “You’ve deceived me 610 and carried away my daughters as if they were captives of war! 611 31:27 Why did you run away secretly 612 and deceive me? 613 Why didn’t you tell me so I could send you off with a celebration complete with singing, tambourines, and harps? 614 31:28 You didn’t even allow me to kiss my daughters and my grandchildren 615 good-bye. You have acted foolishly! 31:29 I have 616 the power to do you harm, but the God of your father told me last night, ‘Be careful 617 that you neither bless nor curse Jacob.’ 618 31:30 Now I understand that 619 you have gone away 620 because you longed desperately 621 for your father’s house. Yet why did you steal my gods?” 622
31:31 “I left secretly because I was afraid!” 623 Jacob replied to Laban. “I thought 624 you might take your daughters away from me by force. 625 31:32 Whoever has taken your gods will be put to death! 626 In the presence of our relatives 627 identify whatever is yours and take it.” 628 (Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.) 629
31:33 So Laban entered Jacob’s tent, and Leah’s tent, and the tent of the two female servants, but he did not find the idols. 630 Then he left Leah’s tent and entered Rachel’s. 631 31:34 (Now Rachel had taken the idols and put them inside her camel’s saddle 632 and sat on them.) 633 Laban searched the whole tent, but did not find them. 634 31:35 Rachel 635 said to her father, “Don’t be angry, 636 my lord. I cannot stand up 637 in your presence because I am having my period.” 638 So he searched thoroughly, 639 but did not find the idols.
31:36 Jacob became angry 640 and argued with Laban. “What did I do wrong?” he demanded of Laban. 641 “What sin of mine prompted you to chase after me in hot pursuit? 642 31:37 When you searched through all my goods, did you find anything that belonged to you? 643 Set it here before my relatives and yours, 644 and let them settle the dispute between the two of us! 645
31:38 “I have been with you for the past twenty years. Your ewes and female goats have not miscarried, nor have I eaten rams from your flocks. 31:39 Animals torn by wild beasts I never brought to you; I always absorbed the loss myself. 646 You always made me pay for every missing animal, 647 whether it was taken by day or at night. 31:40 I was consumed by scorching heat 648 during the day and by piercing cold 649 at night, and I went without sleep. 650 31:41 This was my lot 651 for twenty years in your house: I worked like a slave 652 for you – fourteen years for your two daughters and six years for your flocks, but you changed my wages ten times! 31:42 If the God of my father – the God of Abraham, the one whom Isaac fears 653 – had not been with me, you would certainly have sent me away empty-handed! But God saw how I was oppressed and how hard I worked, 654 and he rebuked you last night.”
31:43 Laban replied 655 to Jacob, “These women 656 are my daughters, these children are my grandchildren, 657 and these flocks are my flocks. All that you see belongs to me. But how can I harm these daughters of mine today 658 or the children to whom they have given birth? 31:44 So now, come, let’s make a formal agreement, 659 you and I, and it will be 660 proof that we have made peace.” 661
31:45 So Jacob took a stone and set it up as a memorial pillar. 31:46 Then he 662 said to his relatives, “Gather stones.” So they brought stones and put them in a pile. 663 They ate there by the pile of stones. 31:47 Laban called it Jegar Sahadutha, 664 but Jacob called it Galeed. 665
31:48 Laban said, “This pile of stones is a witness of our agreement 666 today.” That is why it was called Galeed. 31:49 It was also called Mizpah 667 because he said, “May the
31:51 “Here is this pile of stones and this pillar I have set up between me and you,” Laban said to Jacob. 673 31:52 “This pile of stones and the pillar are reminders that I will not pass beyond this pile to come to harm you and that you will not pass beyond this pile and this pillar to come to harm me. 674 31:53 May the God of Abraham and the god of Nahor, 675 the gods of their father, judge between us.” Jacob took an oath by the God whom his father Isaac feared. 676 31:54 Then Jacob offered a sacrifice 677 on the mountain and invited his relatives to eat the meal. 678 They ate the meal and spent the night on the mountain.
Jacob Wrestles at Peniel
32:3 Jacob sent messengers on ahead 686 to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the region 687 of Edom. 32:4 He commanded them, “This is what you must say to my lord Esau: ‘This is what your servant 688 Jacob says: I have been staying with Laban until now. 32:5 I have oxen, donkeys, sheep, and male and female servants. I have sent 689 this message 690 to inform my lord, so that I may find favor in your sight.’”
32:6 The messengers returned to Jacob and said, “We went to your brother Esau. He is coming to meet you and has four hundred men with him.” 32:7 Jacob was very afraid and upset. So he divided the people who were with him into two camps, as well as the flocks, herds, and camels. 32:8 “If Esau attacks one camp,” 691 he thought, 692 “then the other camp will be able to escape.” 693
32:9 Then Jacob prayed, 694 “O God of my father Abraham, God of my father Isaac, O
32:13 Jacob 710 stayed there that night. Then he sent 711 as a gift 712 to his brother Esau 32:14 two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 32:15 thirty female camels with their young, forty cows and ten bulls, and twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys. 32:16 He entrusted them to 713 his servants, who divided them into herds. 714 He told his servants, “Pass over before me, and keep some distance between one herd and the next.” 32:17 He instructed the servant leading the first herd, 715 “When my brother Esau meets you and asks, ‘To whom do you belong? 716 Where are you going? Whose herds are you driving?’ 717 32:18 then you must say, 718 ‘They belong 719 to your servant Jacob. 720 They have been sent as a gift to my lord Esau. 721 In fact Jacob himself is behind us.’” 722
32:19 He also gave these instructions to the second and third servants, as well as all those who were following the herds, saying, “You must say the same thing to Esau when you meet him. 723 32:20 You must also say, ‘In fact your servant Jacob is behind us.’” 724 Jacob thought, 725 “I will first appease him 726 by sending a gift ahead of me. 727 After that I will meet him. 728 Perhaps he will accept me.” 729 32:21 So the gifts were sent on ahead of him 730 while he spent that night in the camp. 731
32:22 During the night Jacob quickly took 732 his two wives, his two female servants, and his eleven sons 733 and crossed the ford of the Jabbok. 734 32:23 He took them and sent them across the stream along with all his possessions. 735 32:24 So Jacob was left alone. Then a man 736 wrestled 737 with him until daybreak. 738 32:25 When the man 739 saw that he could not defeat Jacob, 740 he struck 741 the socket of his hip so the socket of Jacob’s hip was dislocated while he wrestled with him.
32:26 Then the man 742 said, “Let me go, for the dawn is breaking.” 743 “I will not let you go,” Jacob replied, 744 “unless you bless me.” 745 32:27 The man asked him, 746 “What is your name?” 747 He answered, “Jacob.” 32:28 “No longer will your name be Jacob,” the man told him, 748 “but Israel, 749 because you have fought 750 with God and with men and have prevailed.”
32:29 Then Jacob asked, “Please tell me your name.” 751 “Why 752 do you ask my name?” the man replied. 753 Then he blessed 754 Jacob 755 there. 32:30 So Jacob named the place Peniel, 756 explaining, 757 “Certainly 758 I have seen God face to face 759 and have survived.” 760
32:31 The sun rose 761 over him as he crossed over Penuel, 762 but 763 he was limping because of his hip. 32:32 That is why to this day 764 the Israelites do not eat the sinew which is attached to the socket of the hip, because he struck 765 the socket of Jacob’s hip near the attached sinew.
Jacob Meets Esau
33:1 Jacob looked up 766 and saw that Esau was coming 767 along with four hundred men. So he divided the children among Leah, Rachel, and the two female servants. 33:2 He put the servants and their children in front, with Leah and her children behind them, and Rachel and Joseph behind them. 768 33:3 But Jacob 769 himself went on ahead of them, and he bowed toward the ground seven times as he approached 770 his brother. 33:4 But Esau ran to meet him, embraced him, hugged his neck, and kissed him. Then they both wept. 33:5 When Esau 771 looked up 772 and saw the women and the children, he asked, “Who are these people with you?” Jacob 773 replied, “The children whom God has graciously given 774 your servant.” 33:6 The female servants came forward with their children and bowed down. 775 33:7 Then Leah came forward with her children and they bowed down. Finally Joseph and Rachel came forward and bowed down.
33:8 Esau 776 then asked, “What did you intend 777 by sending all these herds to meet me?” 778 Jacob 779 replied, “To find favor in your sight, my lord.” 33:9 But Esau said, “I have plenty, my brother. Keep what belongs to you.” 33:10 “No, please take them,” Jacob said. 780 “If I have found favor in your sight, accept 781 my gift from my hand. Now that I have seen your face and you have accepted me, 782 it is as if I have seen the face of God. 783 33:11 Please take my present 784 that was brought to you, for God has been generous 785 to me and I have all I need.” 786 When Jacob urged him, he took it. 787
33:12 Then Esau 788 said, “Let’s be on our way! 789 I will go in front of you.” 33:13 But Jacob 790 said to him, “My lord knows that the children are young, 791 and that I have to look after the sheep and cattle that are nursing their young. 792 If they are driven too hard for even a single day, all the animals will die. 33:14 Let my lord go on ahead of his servant. I will travel more slowly, at the pace of the herds and the children, 793 until I come to my lord at Seir.”
33:16 So that same day Esau made his way back 797 to Seir. 33:17 But 798 Jacob traveled to Succoth 799 where he built himself a house and made shelters for his livestock. That is why the place was called 800 Succoth. 801
33:18 After he left Paddan Aram, Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem in the land of Canaan, and he camped near 802 the city. 33:19 Then he purchased the portion of the field where he had pitched his tent; he bought it 803 from the sons of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for a hundred pieces of money. 804 33:20 There he set up an altar and called it “The God of Israel is God.” 805
Dinah and the Shechemites
34:1 Now Dinah, Leah’s daughter whom she bore to Jacob, went to meet 806 the young women 807 of the land. 34:2 When Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite, who ruled that area, saw her, he grabbed her, forced himself on her, 808 and sexually assaulted her. 809 34:3 Then he became very attached 810 to Dinah, Jacob’s daughter. He fell in love with the young woman and spoke romantically to her. 811 34:4 Shechem said to his father Hamor, “Acquire this young girl as my wife.” 812 34:5 When 813 Jacob heard that Shechem 814 had violated his daughter Dinah, his sons were with the livestock in the field. So Jacob remained silent 815 until they came in.
34:6 Then Shechem’s father Hamor went to speak with Jacob about Dinah. 816 34:7 Now Jacob’s sons had come in from the field when they heard the news. 817 They 818 were offended 819 and very angry because Shechem 820 had disgraced Israel 821 by sexually assaulting 822 Jacob’s daughter, a crime that should not be committed. 823
34:8 But Hamor made this appeal to them: “My son Shechem is in love with your daughter. 824 Please give her to him as his wife. 34:9 Intermarry with us. 825 Let us marry your daughters, and take our daughters as wives for yourselves. 826 34:10 You may live 827 among us, and the land will be open to you. 828 Live in it, travel freely in it, 829 and acquire property in it.”
34:11 Then Shechem said to Dinah’s 830 father and brothers, “Let me find favor in your sight, and whatever you require of me 831 I’ll give. 832 34:12 You can make the bride price and the gift I must bring very expensive, 833 and I’ll give 834 whatever you ask 835 of me. Just give me the young woman as my wife!”
34:13 Jacob’s sons answered Shechem and his father Hamor deceitfully when they spoke because Shechem 836 had violated their sister Dinah. 34:14 They said to them, “We cannot give 837 our sister to a man who is not circumcised, for it would be a disgrace 838 to us. 34:15 We will give you our consent on this one condition: You must become 839 like us by circumcising 840 all your males. 34:16 Then we will give 841 you our daughters to marry, 842 and we will take your daughters as wives for ourselves, and we will live among you and become one people. 34:17 But if you do not agree to our terms 843 by being circumcised, then we will take 844 our sister 845 and depart.”
34:18 Their offer pleased Hamor and his son Shechem. 846 34:19 The young man did not delay in doing what they asked 847 because he wanted Jacob’s daughter Dinah 848 badly. (Now he was more important 849 than anyone in his father’s household.) 850 34:20 So Hamor and his son Shechem went to the gate 851 of their city and spoke to the men of their city, 34:21 “These men are at peace with us. So let them live in the land and travel freely in it, for the land is wide enough 852 for them. We will take their daughters for wives, and we will give them our daughters to marry. 853 34:22 Only on this one condition will these men consent to live with us and become one people: They demand 854 that every male among us be circumcised just as they are circumcised. 34:23 If we do so, 855 won’t their livestock, their property, and all their animals become ours? So let’s consent to their demand, so they will live among us.”
34:24 All the men who assembled at the city gate 856 agreed with 857 Hamor and his son Shechem. Every male who assembled at the city gate 858 was circumcised. 34:25 In three days, when they were still in pain, two of Jacob’s sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brothers, each took his sword 859 and went to the unsuspecting city 860 and slaughtered every male. 34:26 They killed Hamor and his son Shechem with the sword, took Dinah from Shechem’s house, and left. 34:27 Jacob’s sons killed them 861 and looted the city because their sister had been violated. 862 34:28 They took their flocks, herds, and donkeys, as well as everything in the city and in the surrounding fields. 863 34:29 They captured as plunder 864 all their wealth, all their little ones, and their wives, including everything in the houses.
34:30 Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have brought ruin 865 on me by making me a foul odor 866 among the inhabitants of the land – among the Canaanites and the Perizzites. I 867 am few in number; they will join forces against me and attack me, and both I and my family will be destroyed!” 34:31 But Simeon and Levi replied, 868 “Should he treat our sister like a common prostitute?”
The Return to Bethel
35:1 Then God said to Jacob, “Go up at once 869 to Bethel 870 and live there. Make an altar there to God, who appeared to you when you fled from your brother Esau.” 871 35:2 So Jacob told his household and all who were with him, “Get rid of the foreign gods you have among you. 872 Purify yourselves and change your clothes. 873 35:3 Let us go up at once 874 to Bethel. Then I will make 875 an altar there to God, who responded to me in my time of distress 876 and has been with me wherever I went.” 877
35:4 So they gave Jacob all the foreign gods that were in their possession 878 and the rings that were in their ears. 879 Jacob buried them 880 under the oak 881 near Shechem 35:5 and they started on their journey. 882 The surrounding cities were afraid of God, 883 and they did not pursue the sons of Jacob.
35:6 Jacob and all those who were with him arrived at Luz (that is, Bethel) 884 in the land of Canaan. 885 35:7 He built an altar there and named the place El Bethel 886 because there God had revealed himself 887 to him when he was fleeing from his brother. 35:8 (Deborah, 888 Rebekah’s nurse, died and was buried under the oak below Bethel; thus it was named 889 Oak of Weeping.) 890
35:9 God appeared to Jacob again after he returned from Paddan Aram and blessed him. 35:10 God said to him, “Your name is Jacob, but your name will no longer be called Jacob; Israel will be your name.” So God named him Israel. 891 35:11 Then God said to him, “I am the sovereign God. 892 Be fruitful and multiply! A nation – even a company of nations – will descend from you; kings will be among your descendants! 893 35:12 The land I gave 894 to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you. To your descendants 895 I will also give this land.” 35:13 Then God went up from the place 896 where he spoke with him. 35:14 So Jacob set up a sacred stone pillar in the place where God spoke with him. 897 He poured out a drink offering on it, and then he poured oil on it. 898 35:15 Jacob named the place 899 where God spoke with him Bethel. 900
35:16 They traveled on from Bethel, and when Ephrath was still some distance away, 901 Rachel went into labor 902 – and her labor was hard. 35:17 When her labor was at its hardest, 903 the midwife said to her, “Don’t be afraid, for you are having another son.” 904 35:18 With her dying breath, 905 she named him Ben-Oni. 906 But his father called him Benjamin instead. 907 35:19 So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem). 908 35:20 Jacob set up a marker 909 over her grave; it is 910 the Marker of Rachel’s Grave to this day.
35:21 Then Israel traveled on and pitched his tent beyond Migdal Eder. 911 35:22 While Israel was living in that land, Reuben had sexual relations with 912 Bilhah, his father’s concubine, and Israel heard about it.
Jacob had twelve sons:
35:23 The sons of Leah were Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn, as well as Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun.
35:24 The sons of Rachel were Joseph and Benjamin.
35:25 The sons of Bilhah, Rachel’s servant, were Dan and Naphtali.
35:26 The sons of Zilpah, Leah’s servant, were Gad and Asher.
These were the sons of Jacob who were born to him in Paddan Aram.
35:27 So Jacob came back to his father Isaac in Mamre, 913 to Kiriath Arba 914 (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had stayed. 915 35:28 Isaac lived to be 180 years old. 916 35:29 Then Isaac breathed his last and joined his ancestors. 917 He died an old man who had lived a full life. 918 His sons Esau and Jacob buried him.
The Descendants of Esau
36:1 What follows is the account of Esau (also known as Edom). 919
36:2 Esau took his wives from the Canaanites: 920 Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and granddaughter 921 of Zibeon the Hivite, 36:3 in addition to Basemath the daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.
36:4 Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, Basemath bore Reuel, 36:5 and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These were the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan.
36:6 Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, all the people in his household, his livestock, his animals, and all his possessions which he had acquired in the land of Canaan and went to a land some distance away from 922 Jacob his brother 36:7 because they had too many possessions to be able to stay together and the land where they had settled 923 was not able to support them because of their livestock. 36:8 So Esau (also known as Edom) lived in the hill country of Seir. 924
36:9 This is the account of Esau, the father 925 of the Edomites, in the hill country of Seir.
36:10 These were the names of Esau’s sons:
Eliphaz, the son of Esau’s wife Adah, and Reuel, the son of Esau’s wife Basemath.
36:11 The sons of Eliphaz were:
Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz.
36:12 Timna, a concubine of Esau’s son Eliphaz, bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These were the sons 926 of Esau’s wife Adah.
36:13 These were the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the sons 927 of Esau’s wife Basemath.
36:14 These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and granddaughter 928 of Zibeon: She bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah to Esau.
36:15 These were the chiefs 929 among the descendants 930 of Esau, the sons of Eliphaz, Esau’s firstborn: chief Teman, chief Omar, chief Zepho, chief Kenaz, 36:16 chief Korah, 931 chief Gatam, chief Amalek. These were the chiefs descended from Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were the sons 932 of Adah.
36:17 These were the sons of Esau’s son Reuel: chief Nahath, chief Zerah, chief Shammah, chief Mizzah. These were the chiefs descended from Reuel in the land of Edom; these were the sons 933 of Esau’s wife Basemath.
36:18 These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah: chief Jeush, chief Jalam, chief Korah. These were the chiefs descended from Esau’s wife Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah.
36:19 These were the sons of Esau (also known as Edom), and these were their chiefs.
36:20 These were the sons of Seir the Horite, 934 who were living in the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, 36:21 Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, the descendants 935 of Seir in the land of Edom.
36:22 The sons of Lotan were Hori and Homam; 936 Lotan’s sister was Timna.
36:23 These were the sons of Shobal: Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, 937 and Onam.
36:24 These were the sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah (who discovered the hot springs 938 in the wilderness as he pastured the donkeys of his father Zibeon).
36:25 These were the children 939 of Anah: Dishon and Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah.
36:26 These were the sons of Dishon: 940 Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Keran.
36:27 These were the sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.
36:28 These were the sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran.
36:29 These were the chiefs of the Horites: chief Lotan, chief Shobal, chief Zibeon, chief Anah, 36:30 chief Dishon, chief Ezer, chief Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, according to their chief lists in the land of Seir.
36:31 These were the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king ruled over the Israelites: 941
36:32 Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom; the name of his city was Dinhabah.
36:33 When Bela died, Jobab the son of Zerah from Bozrah reigned in his place.
36:34 When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites reigned in his place.
36:35 When Husham died, Hadad the son of Bedad, who defeated the Midianites in the land of Moab, reigned in his place; the name of his city was Avith.
36:36 When Hadad died, Samlah from Masrekah reigned in his place.
36:37 When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth by the River 942 reigned in his place.
36:38 When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his place.
36:40 These were the names of the chiefs of Esau, according to their families, according to their places, by their names: chief Timna, chief Alvah, chief Jetheth, 36:41 chief Oholibamah, chief Elah, chief Pinon, 36:42 chief Kenaz, chief Teman, chief Mibzar, 36:43 chief Magdiel, chief Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom, according to their settlements 945 in the land they possessed. This was Esau, the father of the Edomites.
37:2 This is the account of Jacob.
Joseph, his seventeen-year-old son, 948 was taking care of 949 the flocks with his brothers. Now he was a youngster 950 working with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father’s wives. 951 Joseph brought back a bad report about them 952 to their father.
37:3 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his sons 953 because he was a son born to him late in life, 954 and he made a special 955 tunic for him. 37:4 When Joseph’s 956 brothers saw that their father loved him more than any of them, 957 they hated Joseph 958 and were not able to speak to him kindly. 959
37:5 Joseph 960 had a dream, 961 and when he told his brothers about it, 962 they hated him even more. 963 37:6 He said to them, “Listen to this dream I had: 964 37:7 There we were, 965 binding sheaves of grain in the middle of the field. Suddenly my sheaf rose up and stood upright and your sheaves surrounded my sheaf and bowed down 966 to it!” 37:8 Then his brothers asked him, “Do you really think you will rule over us or have dominion over us?” 967 They hated him even more 968 because of his dream and because of what he said. 969
37:9 Then he had another dream, 970 and told it to his brothers. “Look,” 971 he said. “I had another dream. The sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me.” 37:10 When he told his father and his brothers, his father rebuked him, saying, “What is this dream that you had? 972 Will I, your mother, and your brothers really come and bow down to you?” 973 37:11 His brothers were jealous 974 of him, but his father kept in mind what Joseph said. 975
37:12 When his brothers had gone to graze their father’s flocks near Shechem, 37:13 Israel said to Joseph, “Your brothers 976 are grazing the flocks near Shechem. Come, I will send you to them.” “I’m ready,” 977 Joseph replied. 978 37:14 So Jacob 979 said to him, “Go now and check on 980 the welfare 981 of your brothers and of the flocks, and bring me word.” So Jacob 982 sent him from the valley of Hebron.
37:15 When Joseph reached Shechem, 983 a man found him wandering 984 in the field, so the man asked him, “What are you looking for?” 37:16 He replied, “I’m looking for my brothers. Please tell 985 me where they are grazing their flocks.” 37:17 The man said, “They left this area, 986 for I heard them say, ‘Let’s go to Dothan.’” So Joseph went after his brothers and found them at Dothan.
37:18 Now Joseph’s brothers 987 saw him from a distance, and before he reached them, they plotted to kill him. 37:19 They said to one another, “Here comes this master of dreams! 988 37:20 Come now, let’s kill him, throw him into one of the cisterns, and then say that a wild 989 animal ate him. Then we’ll see how his dreams turn out!” 990
37:21 When Reuben heard this, he rescued Joseph 991 from their hands, 992 saying, 993 “Let’s not take his life!” 994 37:22 Reuben continued, 995 “Don’t shed blood! Throw him into this cistern that is here in the wilderness, but don’t lay a hand on him.” 996 (Reuben said this 997 so he could rescue Joseph 998 from them 999 and take him back to his father.)
37:23 When Joseph reached his brothers, they stripped him 1000 of his tunic, the special tunic that he wore. 37:24 Then they took him and threw him into the cistern. (Now the cistern was empty; 1001 there was no water in it.)
37:25 When they sat down to eat their food, they looked up 1002 and saw 1003 a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead. Their camels were carrying spices, balm, and myrrh down to Egypt. 1004 37:26 Then Judah said to his brothers, “What profit is there if we kill our brother and cover up his blood? 37:27 Come, let’s sell him to the Ishmaelites, but let’s not lay a hand on him, 1005 for after all, he is our brother, our own flesh.” His brothers agreed. 1006 37:28 So when the Midianite 1007 merchants passed by, Joseph’s brothers pulled 1008 him 1009 out of the cistern and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver. The Ishmaelites 1010 then took Joseph to Egypt.
37:29 Later Reuben returned to the cistern to find that Joseph was not in it! 1011 He tore his clothes, 37:30 returned to his brothers, and said, “The boy isn’t there! And I, where can I go?” 37:31 So they took Joseph’s tunic, killed a young goat, 1012 and dipped the tunic in the blood. 37:32 Then they brought the special tunic to their father 1013 and said, “We found this. Determine now whether it is your son’s tunic or not.”
37:33 He recognized it and exclaimed, “It is my son’s tunic! A wild animal has eaten him! 1014 Joseph has surely been torn to pieces!” 37:34 Then Jacob tore his clothes, put on sackcloth, 1015 and mourned for his son many days. 37:35 All his sons and daughters stood by 1016 him to console him, but he refused to be consoled. “No,” he said, “I will go to the grave mourning my son.” 1017 So Joseph’s 1018 father wept for him.
Judah and Tamar
38:2 There Judah saw the daughter of a Canaanite man 1026 named Shua. 1027 Judah acquired her as a wife 1028 and had marital relations with her. 1029 38:3 She became pregnant 1030 and had a son. Judah named 1031 him Er. 38:4 She became pregnant again and had another son, whom she named Onan. 38:5 Then she had 1032 yet another son, whom she named Shelah. She gave birth to him in Kezib. 1033
38:6 Judah acquired 1034 a wife for Er his firstborn; her name was Tamar. 38:7 But Er, Judah’s firstborn, was evil in the
38:8 Then Judah said to Onan, “Have sexual relations with 1035 your brother’s wife and fulfill the duty of a brother-in-law to her so that you may raise 1036 up a descendant for your brother.” 1037 38:9 But Onan knew that the child 1038 would not be considered his. 1039 So whenever 1040 he had sexual relations with 1041 his brother’s wife, he withdrew prematurely 1042 so as not to give his brother a descendant. 38:10 What he did was evil in the
38:11 Then Judah said to his daughter-in-law Tamar, “Live as a widow in your father’s house until Shelah my son grows up.” For he thought, 1044 “I don’t want him to die like his brothers.” 1045 So Tamar went and lived in her father’s house.
38:12 After some time 1046 Judah’s wife, the daughter of Shua, died. After Judah was consoled, he left for Timnah to visit his sheepshearers, along with 1047 his friend Hirah the Adullamite. 38:13 Tamar was told, 1048 “Look, your father-in-law is going up 1049 to Timnah to shear his sheep.” 38:14 So she removed her widow’s clothes and covered herself with a veil. She wrapped herself and sat at the entrance to Enaim which is on the way to Timnah. (She did this because 1050 she saw that she had not been given to Shelah as a wife, even though he had now grown up.) 1051
38:15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute 1052 because she had covered her face. 38:16 He turned aside to her along the road and said, “Come on! I want to have sex with you.” 1053 (He did not realize 1054 it was his daughter-in-law.) She asked, “What will you give me in exchange for having sex with you?” 1055 38:17 He replied, “I’ll send you a young goat from the flock.” She asked, “Will you give me a pledge until you send it?” 1056 38:18 He said, “What pledge should I give you?” She replied, “Your seal, your cord, and the staff that’s in your hand.” So he gave them to her and had sex with her. 1057 She became pregnant by him. 38:19 She left immediately, 1058 removed her veil, and put on her widow’s clothes.
38:20 Then Judah had his friend Hirah 1059 the Adullamite take a young goat to get back from the woman the items he had given in pledge, 1060 but Hirah 1061 could not find her. 38:21 He asked the men who were there, 1062 “Where is the cult prostitute 1063 who was at Enaim by the road?” But they replied, “There has been no cult prostitute here.” 38:22 So he returned to Judah and said, “I couldn’t find her. Moreover, the men of the place said, ‘There has been no cult prostitute here.’” 38:23 Judah said, “Let her keep the things 1064 for herself. Otherwise we will appear to be dishonest. 1065 I did indeed send this young goat, but you couldn’t find her.”
38:24 After three months Judah was told, 1066 “Your daughter-in-law Tamar has turned to prostitution, 1067 and as a result she has become pregnant.” 1068 Judah said, “Bring her out and let her be burned!” 38:25 While they were bringing her out, she sent word 1069 to her father-in-law: “I am pregnant by the man to whom these belong.” 1070 Then she said, “Identify 1071 the one to whom the seal, cord, and staff belong.” 38:26 Judah recognized them and said, “She is more upright 1072 than I am, because I wouldn’t give her to Shelah my son.” He did not have sexual relations with her 1073 again.
38:27 When it was time for her to give birth, there were twins in her womb. 38:28 While she was giving birth, one child 1074 put out his hand, and the midwife took a scarlet thread and tied it on his hand, saying, “This one came out first.” 38:29 But then he drew back his hand, and his brother came out before him. 1075 She said, “How you have broken out of the womb!” 1076 So he was named Perez. 1077 38:30 Afterward his brother came out – the one who had the scarlet thread on his hand – and he was named Zerah. 1078
Joseph and Potiphar’s Wife
39:1 Now Joseph had been brought down to Egypt. 1079 An Egyptian named Potiphar, an official of Pharaoh and the captain of the guard, 1080 purchased him from 1081 the Ishmaelites who had brought him there. 39:2 The
Now Joseph was well built and good-looking. 1098 39:7 Soon after these things, his master’s wife took notice of 1099 Joseph and said, “Have sex with me.” 1100 39:8 But he refused, saying 1101 to his master’s wife, “Look, my master does not give any thought 1102 to his household with me here, 1103 and everything that he owns he has put into my care. 1104 39:9 There is no one greater in this household than I am. He has withheld nothing from me except you because you are his wife. So how could I do 1105 such a great evil and sin against God?” 39:10 Even though she continued to speak 1106 to Joseph day after day, he did not respond 1107 to her invitation to have sex with her. 1108
39:11 One day 1109 he went into the house to do his work when none of the household servants 1110 were there in the house. 39:12 She grabbed him by his outer garment, saying, “Have sex with me!” But he left his outer garment in her hand and ran 1111 outside. 1112 39:13 When she saw that he had left his outer garment in her hand and had run outside, 39:14 she called for her household servants and said to them, “See, my husband brought 1113 in a Hebrew man 1114 to us to humiliate us. 1115 He tried to have sex with me, 1116 but I screamed loudly. 1117 39:15 When he heard me raise 1118 my voice and scream, he left his outer garment beside me and ran outside.”
39:16 So she laid his outer garment beside her until his master came home. 39:17 This is what she said to him: 1119 “That Hebrew slave 1120 you brought to us tried to humiliate me, 1121 39:18 but when I raised my voice and screamed, he left his outer garment and ran outside.”
39:19 When his master heard his wife say, 1122 “This is the way 1123 your slave treated me,” 1124 he became furious. 1125 39:20 Joseph’s master took him and threw him into the prison, 1126 the place where the king’s prisoners were confined. So he was there in the prison. 1127
39:21 But the
The Cupbearer and the Baker
40:1 After these things happened, the cupbearer 1133 to the king of Egypt and the royal baker 1134 offended 1135 their master, the king of Egypt. 40:2 Pharaoh was enraged with his two officials, 1136 the cupbearer and the baker, 40:3 so he imprisoned them in the house of the captain of the guard in the same facility where Joseph was confined. 40:4 The captain of the guard appointed Joseph to be their attendant, and he served them. 1137
They spent some time in custody. 1138 40:5 Both of them, the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt, who were confined in the prison, had a dream 1139 the same night. 1140 Each man’s dream had its own meaning. 1141 40:6 When Joseph came to them in the morning, he saw that they were looking depressed. 1142 40:7 So he asked Pharaoh’s officials, who were with him in custody in his master’s house, “Why do you look so sad today?” 1143 40:8 They told him, “We both had dreams, 1144 but there is no one to interpret them.” Joseph responded, “Don’t interpretations belong to God? Tell them 1145 to me.”
40:9 So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph: 1146 “In my dream, there was a vine in front of me. 40:10 On the vine there were three branches. As it budded, its blossoms opened and its clusters ripened into grapes. 40:11 Now Pharaoh’s cup was in my hand, so I took the grapes, squeezed them into his 1147 cup, and put the cup in Pharaoh’s hand.” 1148
40:12 “This is its meaning,” Joseph said to him. “The three branches represent 1149 three days. 40:13 In three more days Pharaoh will reinstate you 1150 and restore you to your office. You will put Pharaoh’s cup in his hand, just as you did before 1151 when you were cupbearer. 40:14 But remember me 1152 when it goes well for you, and show 1153 me kindness. 1154 Make mention 1155 of me to Pharaoh and bring me out of this prison, 1156 40:15 for I really was kidnapped 1157 from the land of the Hebrews and I have done nothing wrong here for which they should put me in a dungeon.”
40:16 When the chief baker saw that the interpretation of the first dream was favorable, 1158 he said to Joseph, “I also appeared in my dream and there were three baskets of white bread 1159 on my head. 40:17 In the top basket there were baked goods of every kind for Pharaoh, but the birds were eating them from the basket that was on my head.”
40:18 Joseph replied, “This is its meaning: The three baskets represent 1160 three days. 40:19 In three more days Pharaoh will decapitate you 1161 and impale you on a pole. Then the birds will eat your flesh from you.”
40:20 On the third day it was Pharaoh’s birthday, so he gave a feast for all his servants. He “lifted up” 1162 the head of the chief cupbearer and the head of the chief baker in the midst of his servants. 40:21 He restored the chief cupbearer to his former position 1163 so that he placed the cup in Pharaoh’s hand, 40:22 but the chief baker he impaled, just as Joseph had predicted. 1164 40:23 But the chief cupbearer did not remember Joseph – he forgot him. 1165
Joseph’s Rise to Power
41:1 At the end of two full years 1166 Pharaoh had a dream. 1167 As he was standing by the Nile, 41:2 seven fine-looking, fat cows were coming up out of the Nile, 1168 and they grazed in the reeds. 41:3 Then seven bad-looking, thin cows were coming up after them from the Nile, 1169 and they stood beside the other cows at the edge of the river. 1170 41:4 The bad-looking, thin cows ate the seven fine-looking, fat cows. Then Pharaoh woke up.
41:5 Then he fell asleep again and had a second dream: There were seven heads of grain growing 1171 on one stalk, healthy 1172 and good. 41:6 Then 1173 seven heads of grain, thin and burned by the east wind, were sprouting up after them. 41:7 The thin heads swallowed up the seven healthy and full heads. Then Pharaoh woke up and realized it was a dream. 1174
41:8 In the morning he 1175 was troubled, so he called for 1176 all the diviner-priests 1177 of Egypt and all its wise men. Pharaoh told them his dreams, 1178 but no one could interpret 1179 them for him. 1180 41:9 Then the chief cupbearer said to Pharaoh, “Today I recall my failures. 1181 41:10 Pharaoh was enraged with his servants, and he put me in prison in the house of the captain of the guards – me and the chief baker. 41:11 We each had a dream one night; each of us had a dream with its own meaning. 1182 41:12 Now a young man, a Hebrew, a servant 1183 of the captain of the guards, 1184 was with us there. We told him our dreams, 1185 and he interpreted the meaning of each of our respective dreams for us. 1186 41:13 It happened just as he had said 1187 to us – Pharaoh 1188 restored me to my office, but he impaled the baker.” 1189
41:14 Then Pharaoh summoned 1190 Joseph. So they brought him quickly out of the dungeon; he shaved himself, changed his clothes, and came before Pharaoh. 41:15 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I had a dream, 1191 and there is no one who can interpret 1192 it. But I have heard about you, that 1193 you can interpret dreams.” 1194 41:16 Joseph replied to Pharaoh, “It is not within my power, 1195 but God will speak concerning 1196 the welfare of Pharaoh.” 1197
41:17 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “In my dream I was standing 1198 by the edge of the Nile. 41:18 Then seven fat and fine-looking cows were coming up out of the Nile, and they grazed in the reeds. 1199 41:19 Then 1200 seven other cows came up after them; they were scrawny, very bad-looking, and lean. I had never seen such bad-looking cows 1201 as these in all the land of Egypt! 41:20 The lean, bad-looking cows ate up the seven 1202 fat cows. 41:21 When they had eaten them, 1203 no one would have known 1204 that they had done so, for they were just as bad-looking as before. Then I woke up. 41:22 I also saw in my dream 1205 seven heads of grain growing on one stalk, full and good. 41:23 Then 1206 seven heads of grain, withered and thin and burned with the east wind, were sprouting up after them. 41:24 The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven good heads of grain. So I told all this 1207 to the diviner-priests, but no one could tell me its meaning.” 1208
41:25 Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “Both dreams of Pharaoh have the same meaning. 1209 God has revealed 1210 to Pharaoh what he is about to do. 1211 41:26 The seven good cows represent seven years, and the seven good heads of grain represent seven years. Both dreams have the same meaning. 1212 41:27 The seven lean, bad-looking cows that came up after them represent seven years, as do the seven empty heads of grain burned with the east wind. They represent 1213 seven years of famine. 41:28 This is just what I told 1214 Pharaoh: God has shown Pharaoh what he is about to do. 41:29 Seven years of great abundance are coming throughout the whole land of Egypt. 41:30 But seven years of famine will occur 1215 after them, and all the abundance will be forgotten in the land of Egypt. The famine will devastate 1216 the land. 41:31 The previous abundance of the land will not be remembered 1217 because of the famine that follows, for the famine will be very severe. 1218 41:32 The dream was repeated to Pharaoh 1219 because the matter has been decreed 1220 by God, and God will make it happen soon. 1221
41:33 “So now Pharaoh should look 1222 for a wise and discerning man 1223 and give him authority 1224 over all the land of Egypt. 41:34 Pharaoh should do 1225 this – he should appoint 1226 officials 1227 throughout the land to collect one-fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt 1228 during the seven years of abundance. 41:35 They should gather all the excess food 1229 during these good years that are coming. By Pharaoh’s authority 1230 they should store up grain so the cities will have food, 1231 and they should preserve it. 1232 41:36 This food should be held in storage for the land in preparation for the seven years of famine that will occur throughout the land of Egypt. In this way the land will survive the famine.” 1233
41:37 This advice made sense to Pharaoh and all his officials. 1234 41:38 So Pharaoh asked his officials, “Can we find a man like Joseph, 1235 one in whom the Spirit of God is present?” 1236 41:39 So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Because God has enabled you to know all this, there is no one as wise and discerning 1237 as you are! 41:40 You will oversee my household, and all my people will submit to your commands. 1238 Only I, the king, will be greater than you. 1239
41:41 “See here,” Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I place 1240 you in authority over all the land of Egypt.” 1241 41:42 Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his own hand and put it on Joseph’s. He clothed him with fine linen 1242 clothes and put a gold chain around his neck. 41:43 Pharaoh 1243 had him ride in the chariot used by his second-in-command, 1244 and they cried out before him, “Kneel down!” 1245 So he placed him over all the land of Egypt. 41:44 Pharaoh also said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, but without your permission 1246 no one 1247 will move his hand or his foot 1248 in all the land of Egypt.” 41:45 Pharaoh gave Joseph the name Zaphenath-Paneah. 1249 He also gave him Asenath 1250 daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, 1251 to be his wife. So Joseph took charge of 1252 all the land of Egypt.
41:46 Now Joseph was 30 years old 1253 when he began serving 1254 Pharaoh king of Egypt. Joseph was commissioned by 1255 Pharaoh and was in charge of 1256 all the land of Egypt. 41:47 During the seven years of abundance the land produced large, bountiful harvests. 1257 41:48 Joseph 1258 collected all the excess food 1259 in the land of Egypt during the seven years and stored it in the cities. 1260 In every city he put the food gathered from the fields around it. 41:49 Joseph stored up a vast amount of grain, like the sand of the sea, 1261 until he stopped measuring it because it was impossible to measure.
41:50 Two sons were born to Joseph before the famine came. 1262 Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, was their mother. 1263 41:51 Joseph named the firstborn Manasseh, 1264 saying, 1265 “Certainly 1266 God has made me forget all my trouble and all my father’s house.” 41:52 He named the second child Ephraim, 1267 saying, 1268 “Certainly 1269 God has made me fruitful in the land of my suffering.”
41:53 The seven years of abundance in the land of Egypt came to an end. 41:54 Then the seven years of famine began, 1270 just as Joseph had predicted. There was famine in all the other lands, but throughout the land of Egypt there was food. 41:55 When all the land of Egypt experienced the famine, the people cried out to Pharaoh for food. Pharaoh said to all the people of Egypt, 1271 “Go to Joseph and do whatever he tells you.”
41:56 While the famine was over all the earth, 1272 Joseph opened the storehouses 1273 and sold grain to the Egyptians. The famine was severe throughout the land of Egypt. 41:57 People from every country 1274 came to Joseph in Egypt to buy grain because the famine was severe throughout the earth.
Joseph’s Brothers in Egypt
42:1 When Jacob heard 1275 there was grain in Egypt, he 1276 said to his sons, “Why are you looking at each other?” 1277 42:2 He then said, “Look, I hear that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there and buy grain for us 1278 so that we may live 1279 and not die.” 1280
42:3 So ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt. 42:4 But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, 1281 for he said, 1282 “What if some accident 1283 happens 1284 to him?” 42:5 So Israel’s sons came to buy grain among the other travelers, 1285 for the famine was severe in the land of Canaan.
42:6 Now Joseph was the ruler of the country, the one who sold grain to all the people of the country. 1286 Joseph’s brothers came and bowed down 1287 before him with 1288 their faces to the ground. 42:7 When Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them, but he pretended to be a stranger 1289 to them and spoke to them harshly. He asked, “Where do you come from?” They answered, 1290 “From the land of Canaan, to buy grain for food.” 1291
42:8 Joseph recognized his brothers, but they did not recognize him. 42:9 Then Joseph remembered 1292 the dreams he had dreamed about them, and he said to them, “You are spies; you have come to see if our land is vulnerable!” 1293
42:10 But they exclaimed, 1294 “No, my lord! Your servants have come to buy grain for food! 42:11 We are all the sons of one man; we are honest men! Your servants are not spies.”
42:12 “No,” he insisted, “but you have come to see if our land is vulnerable.” 1295 42:13 They replied, “Your servants are from a family of twelve brothers. 1296 We are the sons of one man in the land of Canaan. The youngest is with our father at this time, 1297 and one is no longer alive.” 1298
42:14 But Joseph told them, “It is just as I said to you: 1299 You are spies! 42:15 You will be tested in this way: As surely as Pharaoh lives, 1300 you will not depart from this place unless your youngest brother comes here. 42:16 One of you must go and get 1301 your brother, while 1302 the rest of you remain in prison. 1303 In this way your words may be tested to see if 1304 you are telling the truth. 1305 If not, then, as surely as Pharaoh lives, you are spies!” 42:17 He imprisoned 1306 them all for three days. 42:18 On the third day Joseph said to them, “Do as I say 1307 and you will live, 1308 for I fear God. 1309 42:19 If you are honest men, leave one of your brothers confined here in prison 1310 while the rest of you go 1311 and take grain back for your hungry families. 1312 42:20 But you must bring 1313 your youngest brother to me. Then 1314 your words will be verified 1315 and you will not die.” They did as he said. 1316
42:21 They said to one other, 1317 “Surely we’re being punished 1318 because of our brother, because we saw how distressed he was 1319 when he cried to us for mercy, but we refused to listen. That is why this distress 1320 has come on us!” 42:22 Reuben said to them, “Didn’t I say to you, ‘Don’t sin against the boy,’ but you wouldn’t listen? So now we must pay for shedding his blood!” 1321 42:23 (Now 1322 they did not know that Joseph could understand them, 1323 for he was speaking through an interpreter.) 1324 42:24 He turned away from them and wept. When he turned around and spoke to them again, 1325 he had Simeon taken 1326 from them and tied up 1327 before their eyes.
42:25 Then Joseph gave orders to fill 1328 their bags with grain, to return each man’s money to his sack, and to give them provisions for the journey. His orders were carried out. 1329 42:26 So they loaded their grain on their donkeys and left. 1330
42:27 When one of them 1331 opened his sack to get feed for his donkey at their resting place, 1332 he saw his money in the mouth of his sack. 1333 42:28 He said to his brothers, “My money was returned! Here it is in my sack!” They were dismayed; 1334 they turned trembling one to another 1335 and said, “What in the world has God done to us?” 1336
42:29 They returned to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan and told him all the things that had happened to them, saying, 42:30 “The man, the lord of the land, spoke harshly to us and treated us 1337 as if we were 1338 spying on the land. 42:31 But we said to him, ‘We are honest men; we are not spies! 42:32 We are from a family of twelve brothers; we are the sons of one father. 1339 One is no longer alive, 1340 and the youngest is with our father at this time 1341 in the land of Canaan.’
42:33 “Then the man, the lord of the land, said to us, ‘This is how I will find out if you are honest men. Leave one of your brothers with me, and take grain 1342 for your hungry households and go. 42:34 But bring your youngest brother back to me so I will know 1343 that you are honest men and not spies. 1344 Then I will give your brother back to you and you may move about freely in the land.’” 1345
42:35 When they were emptying their sacks, there was each man’s bag of money in his sack! When they and their father saw the bags of money, they were afraid. 42:36 Their father Jacob said to them, “You are making me childless! Joseph is gone. 1346 Simeon is gone. 1347 And now you want to take 1348 Benjamin! Everything is against me.”
42:37 Then Reuben said to his father, “You may 1349 put my two sons to death if I do not bring him back to you. Put him in my care 1350 and I will bring him back to you.” 42:38 But Jacob 1351 replied, “My son will not go down there with you, for his brother is dead and he alone is left. 1352 If an accident happens to him on the journey you have to make, then you will bring down my gray hair 1353 in sorrow to the grave.” 1354
The Second Journey to Egypt
43:1 Now the famine was severe in the land. 1355 43:2 When they finished eating the grain they had brought from Egypt, their father said to them, “Return, buy us a little more food.”
43:3 But Judah said to him, “The man solemnly warned 1356 us, ‘You will not see my face 1357 unless your brother is with you.’ 43:4 If you send 1358 our brother with us, we’ll go down and buy food for you. 43:5 But if you will not send him, we won’t go down there because the man said to us, ‘You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.’”
43:7 They replied, “The man questioned us 1361 thoroughly 1362 about ourselves and our family, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Do you have another brother?’ 1363 So we answered him in this way. 1364 How could we possibly know 1365 that he would say, 1366 ‘Bring your brother down’?”
43:8 Then Judah said to his father Israel, “Send the boy with me and we will go immediately. 1367 Then we will live 1368 and not die – we and you and our little ones. 43:9 I myself pledge security 1369 for him; you may hold me liable. If I do not bring him back to you and place him here before you, I will bear the blame before you all my life. 1370 43:10 But if we had not delayed, we could have traveled there and back 1371 twice by now!”
43:11 Then their father Israel said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: Take some of the best products of the land in your bags, and take a gift down to the man – a little balm and a little honey, spices and myrrh, pistachios and almonds. 43:12 Take double the money with you; 1372 you must take back 1373 the money that was returned in the mouths of your sacks – perhaps it was an oversight. 43:13 Take your brother too, and go right away 1374 to the man. 1375 43:14 May the sovereign God 1376 grant you mercy before the man so that he may release 1377 your other brother 1378 and Benjamin! As for me, if I lose my children I lose them.” 1379
43:15 So the men took these gifts, and they took double the money with them, along with Benjamin. Then they hurried down to Egypt 1380 and stood before Joseph. 43:16 When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the servant who was over his household, “Bring the men to the house. Slaughter an animal and prepare it, for the men will eat with me at noon.” 43:17 The man did just as Joseph said; he 1381 brought the men into Joseph’s house. 1382
43:18 But the men were afraid when they were brought to Joseph’s house. They said, “We are being brought in because of 1383 the money that was returned in our sacks last time. 1384 He wants to capture us, 1385 make us slaves, and take 1386 our donkeys!” 43:19 So they approached the man who was in charge of Joseph’s household and spoke to him at the entrance to the house. 43:20 They said, “My lord, we did indeed come down 1387 the first time 1388 to buy food. 43:21 But when we came to the place where we spent the night, we opened our sacks and each of us found his money – the full amount 1389 – in the mouth of his sack. So we have returned it. 1390 43:22 We have brought additional money with us to buy food. We do not know who put the money in our sacks!”
43:23 “Everything is fine,” 1391 the man in charge of Joseph’s household told them. “Don’t be afraid. Your God and the God of your father has given you treasure in your sacks. 1392 I had your money.” 1393 Then he brought Simeon out to them.
43:24 The servant in charge 1394 brought the men into Joseph’s house. He gave them water, and they washed their feet. Then he gave food to their donkeys. 43:25 They got their gifts ready for Joseph’s arrival 1395 at noon, for they had heard 1396 that they were to have a meal 1397 there.
43:26 When Joseph came home, they presented him with the gifts they had brought inside, 1398 and they bowed down to the ground before him. 43:27 He asked them how they were doing. 1399 Then he said, “Is your aging father well, the one you spoke about? Is he still alive?” 43:28 “Your servant our father is well,” they replied. “He is still alive.” They bowed down in humility. 1400
43:29 When Joseph looked up 1401 and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother’s son, he said, “Is this your youngest brother, whom you told me about?” Then he said, “May God be gracious to you, my son.” 1402 43:30 Joseph hurried out, for he was overcome by affection for his brother 1403 and was at the point of tears. 1404 So he went to his room and wept there.
43:31 Then he washed his face and came out. With composure he said, 1405 “Set out the food.” 43:32 They set a place for him, a separate place for his brothers, 1406 and another for the Egyptians who were eating with him. (The Egyptians are not able to eat with Hebrews, for the Egyptians think it is disgusting 1407 to do so.) 1408 43:33 They sat before him, arranged by order of birth, beginning with the firstborn and ending with the youngest. 1409 The men looked at each other in astonishment. 1410 43:34 He gave them portions of the food set before him, 1411 but the portion for Benjamin was five times greater than the portions for any of the others. They drank with Joseph until they all became drunk. 1412
The Final Test
44:1 He instructed the servant who was over his household, “Fill the sacks of the men with as much food as they can carry and put each man’s money in the mouth of his sack. 44:2 Then put 1413 my cup – the silver cup – in the mouth of the youngest one’s sack, along with the money for his grain.” He did as Joseph instructed. 1414
44:3 When morning came, 1415 the men and their donkeys were sent off. 1416 44:4 They had not gone very far from the city 1417 when Joseph said 1418 to the servant who was over his household, “Pursue the men at once! 1419 When you overtake 1420 them, say to them, ‘Why have you repaid good with evil? 44:5 Doesn’t my master drink from this cup 1421 and use it for divination? 1422 You have done wrong!’” 1423
44:6 When the man 1424 overtook them, he spoke these words to them. 44:7 They answered him, “Why does my lord say such things? 1425 Far be it from your servants to do such a thing! 1426 44:8 Look, the money that we found in the mouths of our sacks we brought back to you from the land of Canaan. Why then would we steal silver or gold from your master’s house? 44:9 If one of us has it, 1427 he will die, and the rest of us will become my lord’s slaves!”
44:10 He replied, “You have suggested your own punishment! 1428 The one who has it will become my slave, 1429 but the rest of 1430 you will go free.” 1431 44:11 So each man quickly lowered 1432 his sack to the ground and opened it. 44:12 Then the man 1433 searched. He began with the oldest and finished with the youngest. The cup was found in Benjamin’s sack! 44:13 They all tore their clothes! Then each man loaded his donkey, and they returned to the city.
44:14 So Judah and his brothers 1434 came back to Joseph’s house. He was still there, 1435 and they threw themselves to the ground before him. 44:15 Joseph said to them, “What did you think you were doing? 1436 Don’t you know that a man like me can find out things like this by divination?” 1437
44:16 Judah replied, “What can we say 1438 to my lord? What can we speak? How can we clear ourselves? 1439 God has exposed the sin of your servants! 1440 We are now my lord’s slaves, we and the one in whose possession the cup was found.”
44:18 Then Judah approached him and said, “My lord, please allow your servant to speak a word with you. 1443 Please do not get angry with your servant, 1444 for you are just like Pharaoh. 1445 44:19 My lord asked his servants, ‘Do you have a father or a brother?’ 44:20 We said to my lord, ‘We have an aged father, and there is a young boy who was born when our father was old. 1446 The boy’s 1447 brother is dead. He is the only one of his mother’s sons left, 1448 and his father loves him.’
44:21 “Then you told your servants, ‘Bring him down to me so I can see 1449 him.’ 1450 44:22 We said to my lord, ‘The boy cannot leave his father. If he leaves his father, his father 1451 will die.’ 1452 44:23 But you said to your servants, ‘If your youngest brother does not come down with you, you will not see my face again.’ 44:24 When we returned to your servant my father, we told him the words of my lord.
44:25 “Then our father said, ‘Go back and buy us a little food.’ 44:26 But we replied, ‘We cannot go down there. 1453 If our youngest brother is with us, then we will go, 1454 for we won’t be permitted to see the man’s face if our youngest brother is not with us.’
44:27 “Then your servant my father said to us, ‘You know that my wife gave me two sons. 1455 44:28 The first disappeared 1456 and I said, “He has surely been torn to pieces.” I have not seen him since. 44:29 If you take 1457 this one from me too and an accident happens to him, then you will bring down my gray hair 1458 in tragedy 1459 to the grave.’ 1460
44:30 “So now, when I return to your servant my father, and the boy is not with us – his very life is bound up in his son’s life. 1461 44:31 When he sees the boy is not with us, 1462 he will die, and your servants will bring down the gray hair of your servant our father in sorrow to the grave. 44:32 Indeed, 1463 your servant pledged security for the boy with my father, saying, ‘If I do not bring him back to you, then I will bear the blame before my father all my life.’
44:33 “So now, please let your servant remain as my lord’s slave instead of the boy. As for the boy, let him go back with his brothers. 44:34 For how can I go back to my father if the boy is not with me? I couldn’t bear to see 1464 my father’s pain.” 1465
The Reconciliation of the Brothers
45:1 Joseph was no longer able to control himself before all his attendants, 1466 so he cried out, “Make everyone go out from my presence!” No one remained 1467 with Joseph when he made himself known to his brothers. 45:2 He wept loudly; 1468 the Egyptians heard it and Pharaoh’s household heard about it. 1469
45:3 Joseph said to his brothers, “I am Joseph! Is my father still alive?” His brothers could not answer him because they were dumbfounded before him. 45:4 Joseph said to his brothers, “Come closer to me,” so they came near. Then he said, “I am Joseph your brother, whom you sold into Egypt. 45:5 Now, do not be upset and do not be angry with yourselves because you sold me here, 1470 for God sent me 1471 ahead of you to preserve life! 45:6 For these past two years there has been famine in 1472 the land and for five more years there will be neither plowing nor harvesting. 45:7 God sent me 1473 ahead of you to preserve you 1474 on the earth and to save your lives 1475 by a great deliverance. 45:8 So now, it is not you who sent me here, but God. He has made me an adviser 1476 to Pharaoh, lord over all his household, and ruler over all the land of Egypt. 45:9 Now go up to my father quickly 1477 and tell him, ‘This is what your son Joseph says: “God has made me lord of all Egypt. Come down to me; do not delay! 45:10 You will live 1478 in the land of Goshen, and you will be near me – you, your children, your grandchildren, your flocks, your herds, and everything you have. 45:11 I will provide you with food 1479 there because there will be five more years of famine. Otherwise you would become poor – you, your household, and everyone who belongs to you.”’ 45:12 You and my brother Benjamin can certainly see with your own eyes that I really am the one who speaks to you. 1480 45:13 So tell 1481 my father about all my honor in Egypt and about everything you have seen. But bring my father down here quickly!” 1482
45:14 Then he threw himself on the neck of his brother Benjamin and wept, and Benjamin wept on his neck. 45:15 He kissed all his brothers and wept over them. After this his brothers talked with him.
45:16 Now it was reported 1483 in the household of Pharaoh, “Joseph’s brothers have arrived.” It pleased 1484 Pharaoh and his servants. 45:17 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Say to your brothers, ‘Do this: Load your animals and go 1485 to the land of Canaan! 45:18 Get your father and your households and come to me! Then I will give you 1486 the best land in Egypt and you will eat 1487 the best 1488 of the land.’ 45:19 You are also commanded to say, 1489 ‘Do this: Take for yourselves wagons from the land of Egypt for your little ones and for your wives. Bring your father and come. 45:20 Don’t worry 1490 about your belongings, for the best of all the land of Egypt will be yours.’”
45:21 So the sons of Israel did as he said. 1491 Joseph gave them wagons as Pharaoh had instructed, 1492 and he gave them provisions for the journey. 45:22 He gave sets of clothes to each one of them, 1493 but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and five sets of clothes. 1494 45:23 To his father he sent the following: 1495 ten donkeys loaded with the best products of Egypt and ten female donkeys loaded with grain, food, and provisions for his father’s journey. 45:24 Then he sent his brothers on their way and they left. He said to them, “As you travel don’t be overcome with fear.” 1496
45:25 So they went up from Egypt and came to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan. 1497 45:26 They told him, “Joseph is still alive and he is ruler over all the land of Egypt!” Jacob was stunned, 1498 for he did not believe them. 45:27 But when they related to him everything Joseph had said to them, 1499 and when he saw the wagons that Joseph had sent to transport him, their father Jacob’s spirit revived. 45:28 Then Israel said, “Enough! My son Joseph is still alive! I will go and see him before I die.”
The Family of Jacob goes to Egypt
46:1 So Israel began his journey, taking with him all that he had. 1500 When he came to Beer Sheba 1501 he offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac. 46:2 God spoke to Israel in a vision during the night 1502 and said, “Jacob, Jacob!” He replied, “Here I am!” 46:3 He said, “I am God, 1503 the God of your father. Do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I will make you into a great nation there. 46:4 I will go down with you to Egypt and I myself will certainly bring you back from there. 1504 Joseph will close your eyes.” 1505
46:5 Then Jacob started out 1506 from Beer Sheba, and the sons of Israel carried their father Jacob, their little children, and their wives in the wagons that Pharaoh had sent along to transport him. 46:6 Jacob and all his descendants took their livestock and the possessions they had acquired in the land of Canaan, and they went to Egypt. 1507 46:7 He brought with him to Egypt his sons and grandsons, 1508 his daughters and granddaughters – all his descendants.
46:8 These are the names of the sons of Israel who went to Egypt – Jacob and his sons:
Reuben, the firstborn of Jacob.
46:9 The sons of Reuben:
Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.
46:10 The sons of Simeon:
Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Zohar,
and Shaul (the son of a Canaanite woman).
46:11 The sons of Levi:
Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.
46:12 The sons of Judah:
Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah
(but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan).
The sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul.
46:13 The sons of Issachar:
46:14 The sons of Zebulun:
Sered, Elon, and Jahleel.
46:15 These were the sons of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob in Paddan Aram, along with Dinah his daughter. His sons and daughters numbered thirty-three in all. 1511
46:16 The sons of Gad:
Zephon, 1512 Haggi, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi, and Areli.
46:17 The sons of Asher:
Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, Beriah, and Serah their sister.
The sons of Beriah were Heber and Malkiel.
46:18 These were the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter. She bore these to Jacob, sixteen in all.
46:19 The sons of Rachel the wife of Jacob:
Joseph and Benjamin.
46:20 Manasseh and Ephraim were born to Joseph in the land of Egypt. Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, 1513 bore them to him.
46:21 The sons of Benjamin: 1514
Bela, Beker, Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim and Ard.
46:22 These were the sons of Rachel who were born to Jacob, fourteen in all.
46:23 The son of Dan: Hushim. 1515
46:24 The sons of Naphtali:
Jahziel, Guni, Jezer, and Shillem.
46:25 These were the sons of Bilhah, whom Laban gave to Rachel his daughter. She bore these to Jacob, seven in all.
46:26 All the direct descendants of Jacob who went to Egypt with him were sixty-six in number. (This number does not include the wives of Jacob’s sons.) 1516 46:27 Counting the two sons 1517 of Joseph who were born to him in Egypt, all the people of the household of Jacob who were in Egypt numbered seventy. 1518
46:28 Jacob 1519 sent Judah before him to Joseph to accompany him to Goshen. 1520 So they came to the land of Goshen. 46:29 Joseph harnessed his chariot and went up to meet his father Israel in Goshen. When he met him, 1521 he hugged his neck and wept on his neck for quite some time.
46:30 Israel said to Joseph, “Now let me die since I have seen your face and know that you are still alive.” 1522 46:31 Then Joseph said to his brothers and his father’s household, “I will go up and tell Pharaoh, 1523 ‘My brothers and my father’s household who were in the land of Canaan have come to me. 46:32 The men are shepherds; 1524 they take care of livestock. 1525 They have brought their flocks and their herds and all that they have.’ 46:33 Pharaoh will summon you and say, ‘What is your occupation?’ 46:34 Tell him, ‘Your servants have taken care of cattle 1526 from our youth until now, both we and our fathers,’ so that you may live in the land of Goshen, 1527 for everyone who takes care of sheep is disgusting 1528 to the Egyptians.”
Joseph’s Wise Administration
47:1 Joseph went and told Pharaoh, “My father, my brothers, their flocks and herds, and all that they own have arrived from the land of
47:3 Pharaoh said to Joseph’s 1531 brothers, “What is your occupation?” They said to Pharaoh, “Your servants take care of flocks, just as our ancestors did.” 1532 47:4 Then they said to Pharaoh, “We have come to live as temporary residents 1533 in the land. There 1534 is no pasture for your servants’ flocks because the famine is severe in the land of Canaan. So now, please let your servants live in the land of Goshen.”
47:5 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Your father and your brothers have come to you. 47:6 The land of Egypt is before you; settle your father and your brothers in the best region of the land. They may live in the land of Goshen. If you know of any highly capable men 1535 among them, put them in charge 1536 of my livestock.”
47:7 Then Joseph brought in his father Jacob and presented him 1537 before Pharaoh. Jacob blessed 1538 Pharaoh. 47:8 Pharaoh said to Jacob, “How long have you lived?” 1539 47:9 Jacob said to Pharaoh, “All 1540 the years of my travels 1541 are 130. All 1542 the years of my life have been few and painful; 1543 the years of my travels are not as long as those of my ancestors.” 1544 47:10 Then Jacob blessed Pharaoh and went out from his presence. 1545
47:11 So Joseph settled his father and his brothers. He gave them territory 1546 in the land of Egypt, in the best region of the land, the land of Rameses, 1547 just as Pharaoh had commanded. 47:12 Joseph also provided food for his father, his brothers, and all his father’s household, according to the number of their little children.
47:13 But there was no food in all the land because the famine was very severe; the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan wasted away 1548 because of the famine. 47:14 Joseph collected all the money that could be found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan as payment 1549 for the grain they were buying. Then Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s palace. 1550 47:15 When the money from the lands of Egypt and Canaan was used up, all the Egyptians 1551 came to Joseph and said, “Give us food! Why should we die 1552 before your very eyes because our money has run out?”
47:16 Then Joseph said, “If your money is gone, bring your livestock, and I will give you food 1553 in exchange for 1554 your livestock.” 47:17 So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and Joseph gave them food in exchange for their horses, the livestock of their flocks and herds, and their donkeys. 1555 He got them through that year by giving them food in exchange for livestock.
47:18 When that year was over, they came to him the next year and said to him, “We cannot hide from our 1556 lord that the money is used up and the livestock and the animals belong to our lord. Nothing remains before our lord except our bodies and our land. 47:19 Why should we die before your very eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land in exchange for food, and we, with our land, will become 1557 Pharaoh’s slaves. 1558 Give us seed that we may live 1559 and not die. Then the land will not become desolate.” 1560
47:20 So Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh. Each 1561 of the Egyptians sold his field, for the famine was severe. 1562 So the land became Pharaoh’s. 47:21 Joseph 1563 made all the people slaves 1564 from one end of Egypt’s border to the other end of it. 47:22 But he did not purchase the land of the priests because the priests had an allotment from Pharaoh and they ate from their allotment that Pharaoh gave them. That is why they did not sell their land.
47:23 Joseph said to the people, “Since I have bought you and your land today for Pharaoh, here is seed for you. Cultivate 1565 the land. 47:24 When you gather in the crop, 1566 give 1567 one-fifth of it to Pharaoh, and the rest 1568 will be yours for seed for the fields and for you to eat, including those in your households and your little children.” 47:25 They replied, “You have saved our lives! You are showing us favor, 1569 and we will be Pharaoh’s slaves.” 1570
47:27 Israel settled in the land of Egypt, in the land of Goshen, and they owned land there. They were fruitful and increased rapidly in number.
47:28 Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years; the years 1573 of Jacob’s life were 147 in all. 47:29 The time 1574 for Israel to die approached, so he called for his son Joseph and said to him, “If now I have found favor in your sight, put your hand under my thigh 1575 and show me kindness and faithfulness. 1576 Do not bury me in Egypt, 47:30 but when I rest 1577 with my fathers, carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their burial place.” Joseph 1578 said, “I will do as you say.”
Manasseh and Ephraim
48:1 After these things Joseph was told, 1585 “Your father is weakening.” So he took his two sons Manasseh and Ephraim with him. 48:2 When Jacob was told, 1586 “Your son Joseph has just 1587 come to you,” Israel regained strength and sat up on his bed. 48:3 Jacob said to Joseph, “The sovereign God 1588 appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed me. 48:4 He said to me, ‘I am going to make you fruitful 1589 and will multiply you. 1590 I will make you into a group of nations, and I will give this land to your descendants 1591 as an everlasting possession.’ 1592
48:5 “Now, as for your two sons, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you in Egypt, they will be mine. 1593 Ephraim and Manasseh will be mine just as Reuben and Simeon are. 48:6 Any children that you father 1594 after them will be yours; they will be listed 1595 under the names of their brothers in their inheritance. 1596 48:7 But as for me, when I was returning from Paddan, Rachel died – to my sorrow 1597 – in the land of Canaan. It happened along the way, some distance from Ephrath. So I buried her there on the way to Ephrath” (that is, Bethlehem). 1598
48:8 When Israel saw Joseph’s sons, he asked, “Who are these?” 48:9 Joseph said to his father, “They are the 1599 sons God has given me in this place.” His father 1600 said, “Bring them to me so I may bless them.” 1601 48:10 Now Israel’s eyes were failing 1602 because of his age; he was not able to see well. So Joseph 1603 brought his sons 1604 near to him, and his father 1605 kissed them and embraced them. 48:11 Israel said to Joseph, “I never expected 1606 to see you 1607 again, but now God has allowed me to see your children 1608 too.”
48:12 So Joseph moved them from Israel’s knees 1609 and bowed down with his face to the ground. 48:13 Joseph positioned them; 1610 he put Ephraim on his right hand across from Israel’s left hand, and Manasseh on his left hand across from Israel’s right hand. Then Joseph brought them closer to his father. 1611 48:14 Israel stretched out his right hand and placed it on Ephraim’s head, although he was the younger. 1612 Crossing his hands, he put his left hand on Manasseh’s head, for Manasseh was the firstborn.
48:15 Then he blessed Joseph and said,
“May the God before whom my fathers
Abraham and Isaac walked –
the God who has been my shepherd 1613
all my life long to this day,
from all harm –
bless these boys.
May my name be named in them, 1616
and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac.
May they grow into a multitude on the earth.”
48:17 When Joseph saw that his father placed his right hand on Ephraim’s head, it displeased him. 1617 So he took his father’s hand to move it from Ephraim’s head to Manasseh’s head. 48:18 Joseph said to his father, “Not so, my father, for this is the firstborn. Put your right hand on his head.”
48:19 But his father refused and said, “I know, my son, I know. He too will become a nation and he too will become great. In spite of this, his younger brother will be even greater and his descendants will become a multitude 1618 of nations.” 48:20 So he blessed them that day, saying,
‘May God make you like Ephraim and Manasseh.’”
So he put Ephraim before Manasseh. 1621
48:21 Then Israel said to Joseph, “I am about to die, but God will be with you 1622 and will bring you back to the land of your fathers. 48:22 As one who is above your 1623 brothers, I give to you the mountain slope, 1624 which I took from the Amorites with my sword and my bow.”
The Blessing of Jacob
49:2 “Assemble and listen, you sons of Jacob;
listen to Israel, your father.
49:3 Reuben, you are my firstborn,
my might and the beginning of my strength,
outstanding in dignity, outstanding in power.
for you got on your father’s bed, 1629
then you defiled it – he got on my couch! 1630
49:5 Simeon and Levi are brothers,
weapons of violence are their knives! 1631
49:6 O my soul, do not come into their council,
do not be united to their assembly, my heart, 1632
for in their anger they have killed men,
and for pleasure they have hamstrung oxen.
49:7 Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce,
and their fury, for it was cruel.
I will divide them in Jacob,
and scatter them in Israel! 1633
49:8 Judah, 1634 your brothers will praise you.
Your hand will be on the neck of your enemies,
your father’s sons will bow down before you.
49:9 You are a lion’s cub, Judah,
from the prey, my son, you have gone up.
He crouches and lies down like a lion;
like a lioness – who will rouse him?
49:10 The scepter will not depart from Judah,
nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, 1635
until he comes to whom it belongs; 1636
the nations will obey him. 1637
49:11 Binding his foal to the vine,
and his colt to the choicest vine,
he will wash 1638 his garments in wine,
his robes in the blood of grapes.
49:12 His eyes will be dark from wine,
and his teeth white from milk. 1639
49:13 Zebulun will live 1640 by the haven of the sea
and become a haven for ships;
his border will extend to Sidon. 1641
49:14 Issachar is a strong-boned donkey
lying down between two saddlebags.
49:15 When he sees 1642 a good resting place,
and the pleasant land,
he will bend his shoulder to the burden
and become a slave laborer. 1643
as one of the tribes of Israel.
49:17 May Dan be a snake beside the road,
a viper by the path,
that bites the heels of the horse
so that its rider falls backward. 1646
49:18 I wait for your deliverance, O
49:19 Gad will be raided by marauding bands,
but he will attack them at their heels. 1648
and he will provide delicacies 1651 to royalty.
49:21 Naphtali is a free running doe, 1652
he speaks delightful words. 1653
49:22 Joseph is a fruitful bough, 1654
a fruitful bough near a spring
whose branches 1655 climb over the wall.
49:23 The archers will attack him, 1656
they will shoot at him and oppose him.
49:24 But his bow will remain steady,
and his hands 1657 will be skillful;
because of the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob,
49:25 because of the God of your father,
who will help you, 1660
because of the sovereign God, 1661
who will bless you 1662
with blessings from the sky above,
blessings from the deep that lies below,
and blessings of the breasts and womb. 1663
49:26 The blessings of your father are greater
or the desirable things of the age-old hills.
They will be on the head of Joseph
and on the brow of the prince of his brothers. 1666
49:27 Benjamin is a ravenous wolf;
in the morning devouring the prey,
and in the evening dividing the plunder.”
49:29 Then he instructed them, 1669 “I am about to go 1670 to my people. Bury me with my fathers in the cave in the field of Ephron the Hittite. 49:30 It is the cave in the field of Machpelah, near Mamre in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought for a burial plot from Ephron the Hittite. 49:31 There they buried Abraham and his wife Sarah; there they buried Isaac and his wife Rebekah; and there I buried Leah. 49:32 The field and the cave in it were acquired from the sons of Heth.” 1671
49:33 When Jacob finished giving these instructions to his sons, he pulled his feet up onto the bed, breathed his last breath, and went 1672 to his people.
The Burials of Jacob and Joseph
50:1 Then Joseph hugged his father’s face. 1673 He wept over him and kissed him. 50:2 Joseph instructed the physicians in his service 1674 to embalm his father, so the physicians embalmed Israel. 50:3 They took forty days, for that is the full time needed for embalming. 1675 The Egyptians mourned 1676 for him seventy days. 1677
50:4 When the days of mourning 1678 had passed, Joseph said to Pharaoh’s royal court, 1679 “If I have found favor in your sight, please say to Pharaoh, 1680 50:5 ‘My father made me swear an oath. He said, 1681 “I am about to die. Bury me 1682 in my tomb that I dug for myself there in the land of Canaan.” Now let me go and bury my father; then I will return.’” 50:6 So Pharaoh said, “Go and bury your father, just as he made you swear to do.” 1683
50:7 So Joseph went up to bury his father; all Pharaoh’s officials went with him – the senior courtiers 1684 of his household, all the senior officials of the land of Egypt, 50:8 all Joseph’s household, his brothers, and his father’s household. But they left their little children and their flocks and herds in the land of Goshen. 50:9 Chariots and horsemen also went up with him, so it was a very large entourage. 1685
50:10 When they came to the threshing floor of Atad 1686 on the other side of the Jordan, they mourned there with very great and bitter sorrow. 1687 There Joseph observed a seven day period of mourning for his father. 50:11 When the Canaanites who lived in the land saw them mourning at the threshing floor of Atad, they said, “This is a very sad occasion 1688 for the Egyptians.” That is why its name was called 1689 Abel Mizraim, 1690 which is beyond the Jordan.
50:12 So the sons of Jacob did for him just as he had instructed them. 50:13 His sons carried him to the land of Canaan and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, near Mamre. This is the field Abraham purchased as a burial plot from Ephron the Hittite. 50:14 After he buried his father, Joseph returned to Egypt, along with his brothers and all who had accompanied him to bury his father.
50:15 When Joseph’s brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “What if Joseph bears a grudge and wants to repay 1691 us in full 1692 for all the harm 1693 we did to him?” 50:16 So they sent word 1694 to Joseph, saying, “Your father gave these instructions before he died: 50:17 ‘Tell Joseph this: Please forgive the sin of your brothers and the wrong they did when they treated you so badly.’ Now please forgive the sin of the servants of the God of your father.” When this message was reported to him, Joseph wept. 1695 50:18 Then his brothers also came and threw themselves down before him; they said, “Here we are; we are your slaves.” 50:19 But Joseph answered them, “Don’t be afraid. Am 1696 I in the place of God? 50:20 As for you, you meant to harm me, 1697 but God intended it for a good purpose, so he could preserve the lives of many people, as you can see this day. 1698 50:21 So now, don’t be afraid. I will provide for you and your little children.” Then he consoled them and spoke kindly 1699 to them.
50:22 Joseph lived in Egypt, along with his father’s family. 1700 Joseph lived 110 years. 50:23 Joseph saw the descendants of Ephraim to the third generation. 1701 He also saw the children of Makir the son of Manasseh; they were given special inheritance rights by Joseph. 1702
50:24 Then Joseph said to his brothers, “I am about to die. But God will surely come to you 1703 and lead you up from this land to the land he swore on oath to give 1704 to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.” 50:25 Joseph made the sons of Israel swear an oath. He said, “God will surely come to you. Then you must carry my bones up from this place.” 50:26 So Joseph died at the age of 110. 1705 After they embalmed him, his body 1706 was placed in a coffin in Egypt.