Bible: Genesis 16-50

The Birth of Ishmael

16:1 Now Sarai, 1  Abram’s wife, had not given birth to any children, 2  but she had an Egyptian servant 3  named Hagar. 4  16:2 So Sarai said to Abram, “Since 5  the Lord has prevented me from having children, have sexual relations with 6  my servant. Perhaps I can have a family by her.” 7  Abram did what 8  Sarai told him.

16:3 So after Abram had lived 9  in Canaan for ten years, Sarai, Abram’s wife, gave Hagar, her Egyptian servant, 10  to her husband to be his wife. 11  16:4 He had sexual relations with 12  Hagar, and she became pregnant. 13  Once Hagar realized she was pregnant, she despised Sarai. 14  16:5 Then Sarai said to Abram, “You have brought this wrong on me! 15  I allowed my servant to have sexual relations with you, 16  but when she realized 17  that she was pregnant, she despised me. 18  May the Lord judge between you and me! 19 

16:6 Abram said to Sarai, “Since your 20  servant is under your authority, 21  do to her whatever you think best.” 22  Then Sarai treated Hagar 23  harshly, 24  so she ran away from Sarai. 25 

16:7 The Lord’s angel 26  found Hagar near a spring of water in the desert – the spring that is along the road to Shur. 27  16:8 He said, “Hagar, servant of Sarai, where have you come from, and where are you going?” She replied, “I’m running away from 28  my mistress, Sarai.”

16:9 Then the Lord’s angel said to her, “Return to your mistress and submit 29  to her authority. 16:10 I will greatly multiply your descendants,” the Lord’s angel added, 30  “so that they will be too numerous to count.” 31  16:11 Then the Lord’s angel said to her,

“You are now 32  pregnant

and are about to give birth 33  to a son.

You are to name him Ishmael, 34 

for the Lord has heard your painful groans. 35 

16:12 He will be a wild donkey 36  of a man.

He will be hostile to everyone, 37 

and everyone will be hostile to him. 38 

He will live away from 39  his brothers.”

16:13 So Hagar named the Lord who spoke to her, “You are the God who sees me,” 40  for she said, “Here I have seen one who sees me! 41  16:14 That is why the well was called 42  Beer Lahai Roi. 43  (It is located 44  between Kadesh and Bered.)

16:15 So Hagar gave birth to Abram’s son, whom Abram named Ishmael. 45  16:16 (Now 46  Abram was 86 years old 47  when Hagar gave birth to Ishmael.) 48 

The Sign of the Covenant

17:1 When Abram was 99 years old, 49  the Lord appeared to him and said, 50 I am the sovereign God. 51  Walk 52  before me 53  and be blameless. 54  17:2 Then I will confirm my covenant 55  between me and you, and I will give you a multitude of descendants.” 56 

17:3 Abram bowed down with his face to the ground, 57  and God said to him, 58  17:4 As for me, 59  this 60  is my covenant with you: You will be the father of a multitude of nations. 17:5 No longer will your name be 61  Abram. Instead, your name will be Abraham 62  because I will make you 63  the father of a multitude of nations. 17:6 I will make you 64  extremely 65  fruitful. I will make nations of you, and kings will descend from you. 66  17:7 I will confirm 67  my covenant as a perpetual 68  covenant between me and you. It will extend to your descendants after you throughout their generations. I will be your God and the God of your descendants after you. 69  17:8 I will give the whole land of Canaan – the land where you are now residing 70 to you and your descendants after you as a permanent 71  possession. I will be their God.”

17:9 Then God said to Abraham, “As for you, you must keep 72  the covenantal requirement 73  I am imposing on you and your descendants after you throughout their generations. 17:10 This is my requirement that you and your descendants after you must keep: 74  Every male among you must be circumcised. 75  17:11 You must circumcise the flesh of your foreskins. This will be a reminder 76  of the covenant between me and you. 17:12 Throughout your generations every male among you who is eight days old 77  must be circumcised, whether born in your house or bought with money from any foreigner who is not one of your descendants. 17:13 They must indeed be circumcised, 78  whether born in your house or bought with money. The sign of my covenant 79  will be visible in your flesh as a permanent 80  reminder. 17:14 Any uncircumcised male 81  who has not been circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin will be cut off 82  from his people – he has failed to carry out my requirement.” 83 

17:15 Then God said to Abraham, “As for your wife, you must no longer call her Sarai; 84  Sarah 85  will be her name. 17:16 I will bless her and will give you a son through her. I will bless her and she will become a mother of nations. 86  Kings of countries 87  will come from her!

17:17 Then Abraham bowed down with his face to the ground and laughed 88  as he said to himself, 89  “Can 90  a son be born to a man who is a hundred years old? 91  Can Sarah 92  bear a child at the age of ninety? 93  17:18 Abraham said to God, “O that 94  Ishmael might live before you! 95 

17:19 God said, “No, Sarah your wife is going to bear you a son, and you will name him Isaac. 96  I will confirm my covenant with him as a perpetual 97  covenant for his descendants after him. 17:20 As for Ishmael, I have heard you. 98  I will indeed bless him, make him fruitful, and give him a multitude of descendants. 99  He will become the father of twelve princes; 100  I will make him into a great nation. 17:21 But I will establish my covenant with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you at this set time next year.” 17:22 When he finished speaking with Abraham, God went up from him. 101 

17:23 Abraham took his son Ishmael and every male in his household (whether born in his house or bought with money) 102  and circumcised them 103  on that very same day, just as God had told him to do. 17:24 Now Abraham was 99 years old 104  when he was circumcised; 105  17:25 his son Ishmael was thirteen years old 106  when he was circumcised. 17:26 Abraham and his son Ishmael were circumcised on the very same day. 17:27 All the men of his household, whether born in his household or bought with money from a foreigner, were circumcised with him.

Three Special Visitors

18:1 The Lord appeared to Abraham 107  by the oaks 108  of Mamre while 109  he was sitting at the entrance 110  to his tent during the hottest time of the day. 18:2 Abraham 111  looked up 112  and saw 113  three men standing across 114  from him. When he saw them 115  he ran from the entrance of the tent to meet them and bowed low 116  to the ground. 117 

18:3 He said, “My lord, 118  if I have found favor in your sight, do not pass by and leave your servant. 119  18:4 Let a little water be brought so that 120  you may all 121  wash your feet and rest under the tree. 18:5 And let me get 122  a bit of food 123  so that you may refresh yourselves 124  since you have passed by your servant’s home. After that you may be on your way.” 125 All right,” they replied, “you may do as you say.”

18:6 So Abraham hurried into the tent and said to Sarah, “Quick! Take 126  three measures 127  of fine flour, knead it, and make bread.” 128  18:7 Then Abraham ran to the herd and chose a fine, tender calf, and gave it to a servant, 129  who quickly prepared it. 130  18:8 Abraham 131  then took some curds and milk, along with the calf that had been prepared, and placed the food 132  before them. They ate while 133  he was standing near them under a tree.

18:9 Then they asked him, “Where is Sarah your wife?” He replied, “There, 134  in the tent.” 18:10 One of them 135  said, “I will surely return 136  to you when the season comes round again, 137  and your wife Sarah will have a son!” 138  (Now Sarah was listening at the entrance to the tent, not far behind him. 139  18:11 Abraham and Sarah were old and advancing in years; 140  Sarah had long since passed menopause.) 141  18:12 So Sarah laughed to herself, thinking, 142 After I am worn out will I have pleasure, 143  especially when my husband is old too? 144 

18:13 The Lord said to Abraham, “Why 145  did Sarah laugh and say, ‘Will I really 146  have a child when I am old?’ 18:14 Is anything impossible 147  for the Lord? I will return to you when the season comes round again and Sarah will have a son.” 148  18:15 Then Sarah lied, saying, “I did not laugh,” because she was afraid. But the Lord said, “No! You did laugh.” 149 

Abraham Pleads for Sodom

18:16 When the men got up to leave, 150  they looked out over 151  Sodom. (Now 152  Abraham was walking with them to see them on their way.) 153  18:17 Then the Lord said, “Should I hide from Abraham what I am about to do? 154  18:18 After all, Abraham 155  will surely become 156  a great and powerful nation, and all the nations on the earth will pronounce blessings on one another 157  using his name. 18:19 I have chosen him 158  so that he may command his children and his household after him to keep 159  the way of the Lord by doing 160  what is right and just. Then the Lord will give 161  to Abraham what he promised 162  him.”

18:20 So the Lord said, “The outcry against 163  Sodom and Gomorrah is so great and their sin so blatant 164  18:21 that I must go down 165  and see if they are as wicked as the outcry suggests. 166  If not, 167  I want to know.”

18:22 The two men turned 168  and headed 169  toward Sodom, but Abraham was still standing before the Lord. 170  18:23 Abraham approached and said, “Will you sweep away the godly along with the wicked? 18:24 What if there are fifty godly people in the city? Will you really wipe it out and not spare 171  the place for the sake of the fifty godly people who are in it? 18:25 Far be it from you to do such a thing – to kill the godly with the wicked, treating the godly and the wicked alike! Far be it from you! Will not the judge 172  of the whole earth do what is right? 173 

18:26 So the Lord replied, “If I find in the city of Sodom fifty godly people, I will spare the whole place for their sake.”

18:27 Then Abraham asked, “Since I have undertaken to speak to the Lord 174  (although I am but dust and ashes), 175  18:28 what if there are five less than the fifty godly people? Will you destroy 176  the whole city because five are lacking?” 177  He replied, “I will not destroy it if I find forty-five there.”

18:29 Abraham 178  spoke to him again, 179 What if forty are found there?” He replied, “I will not do it for the sake of the forty.”

18:30 Then Abraham 180  said, “May the Lord not be angry 181  so that I may speak! 182  What if thirty are found there?” He replied, “I will not do it if I find thirty there.”

18:31 Abraham 183  said, “Since I have undertaken to speak to the Lord, what if only twenty are found there?” He replied, “I will not destroy it for the sake of the twenty.”

18:32 Finally Abraham 184  said, “May the Lord not be angry so that I may speak just once more. What if ten are found there?” He replied, “I will not destroy it for the sake of the ten.”

18:33 The Lord went on his way 185  when he had finished speaking 186  to Abraham. Then Abraham returned home. 187 

The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah

19:1 The two angels came to Sodom in the evening while 188  Lot was sitting in the city’s gateway. 189  When Lot saw them, he got up to meet them and bowed down with his face toward the ground.

19:2 He said, “Here, my lords, please turn aside to your servant’s house. Stay the night 190  and wash your feet. Then you can be on your way early in the morning.” 191  “No,” they replied, “we’ll spend the night in the town square.” 192 

19:3 But he urged 193  them persistently, so they turned aside with him and entered his house. He prepared a feast for them, including bread baked without yeast, and they ate. 19:4 Before they could lie down to sleep, 194  all the men – both young and old, from every part of the city of Sodom – surrounded the house. 195  19:5 They shouted to Lot, 196 Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us so we can have sex 197  with them!

19:6 Lot went outside to them, shutting the door behind him. 19:7 He said, “No, my brothers! Don’t act so wickedly! 198  19:8 Look, I have two daughters who have never had sexual relations with 199  a man. Let me bring them out to you, and you can do to them whatever you please. 200  Only don’t do anything to these men, for they have come under the protection 201  of my roof.” 202 

19:9Out of our way!” 203  they cried, and “This man came to live here as a foreigner, 204  and now he dares to judge us! 205  We’ll do more harm 206  to you than to them!” They kept 207  pressing in on Lot until they were close enough 208  to break down the door.

19:10 So the men inside 209  reached out 210  and pulled Lot back into the house 211  as they shut the door. 19:11 Then they struck the men who were at the door of the house, from the youngest to the oldest, 212  with blindness. The men outside 213  wore themselves out trying to find the door. 19:12 Then the two visitors 214  said to Lot, “Who else do you have here? 215  Do you have 216  any sons-in-law, sons, daughters, or other relatives in the city? 217  Get them out of this 218  place 19:13 because we are about to destroy 219  it. The outcry against this place 220  is so great before the Lord that he 221  has sent us to destroy it.”

19:14 Then Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law who were going to marry his daughters. 222  He said, “Quick, get out of this place because the Lord is about to destroy 223  the city!” But his sons-in-law thought he was ridiculing them. 224 

19:15 At dawn 225  the angels hurried Lot along, saying, “Get going! Take your wife and your two daughters who are here, 226  or else you will be destroyed when the city is judged! 227  19:16 When Lot 228  hesitated, the men grabbed his hand and the hands of his wife and two daughters because the Lord had compassion on them. 229  They led them away and placed them 230  outside the city. 19:17 When they had brought them outside, they 231  said, “Run 232  for your lives! Don’t look 233  behind you or stop anywhere in the valley! 234  Escape to the mountains or you will be destroyed!

19:18 But Lot said to them, “No, please, Lord! 235  19:19 Your 236  servant has found favor with you, 237  and you have shown me great 238  kindness 239  by sparing 240  my life. But I am not able to escape to the mountains because 241  this disaster will overtake 242  me and I’ll die. 243  19:20 Look, this town 244  over here is close enough to escape to, and it’s just a little one. 245  Let me go there. 246  It’s just a little place, isn’t it? 247  Then I’ll survive.” 248 

19:21Very well,” he replied, 249 I will grant this request too 250  and will not overthrow 251  the town you mentioned. 19:22 Run there quickly, 252  for I cannot do anything until you arrive there.” (This incident explains why the town was called Zoar.) 253 

19:23 The sun had just risen 254  over the land as Lot reached Zoar. 255  19:24 Then the Lord rained down 256  sulfur and fire 257  on Sodom and Gomorrah. It was sent down from the sky by the Lord. 258  19:25 So he overthrew those cities and all that region, 259  including all the inhabitants of the cities and the vegetation that grew 260  from the ground. 19:26 But Lot’s 261  wife looked back longingly 262  and was turned into a pillar of salt.

19:27 Abraham got up early in the morning and went 263  to the place where he had stood before the Lord. 19:28 He looked out toward 264  Sodom and Gomorrah and all the land of that region. 265  As he did so, he saw the smoke rising up from the land like smoke from a furnace. 266 

19:29 So when God destroyed 267  the cities of the region, 268  God honored 269  Abraham’s request. He removed Lot 270  from the midst of the destruction when he destroyed 271  the cities Lot had lived in.

19:30 Lot went up from Zoar with his two daughters and settled in the mountains because he was afraid to live in Zoar. So he lived in a cave with his two daughters. 19:31 Later the older daughter said 272  to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is no man anywhere nearby 273  to have sexual relations with us, 274  according to the way of all the world. 19:32 Come, let’s make our father drunk with wine 275  so we can have sexual relations 276  with him and preserve 277  our family line through our father.” 278 

19:33 So that night they made their father drunk with wine, 279  and the older daughter 280  came and had sexual relations with her father. 281  But he was not aware that she had sexual relations with him and then got up. 282  19:34 So in the morning the older daughter 283  said to the younger, “Since I had sexual relations with my father last night, let’s make him drunk again tonight. 284  Then you go and have sexual relations with him so we can preserve our family line through our father.” 285  19:35 So they made their father drunk 286  that night as well, and the younger one came and had sexual relations with him. 287  But he was not aware that she had sexual relations with him and then got up. 288 

19:36 In this way both of Lot’s daughters became pregnant by their father. 19:37 The older daughter 289  gave birth to a son and named him Moab. 290  He is the ancestor of the Moabites of today. 19:38 The younger daughter also gave birth to a son and named him Ben-Ammi. 291  He is the ancestor of the Ammonites of today.

Abraham and Abimelech

20:1 Abraham journeyed from there to the Negev 292  region and settled between Kadesh and Shur. While he lived as a temporary resident 293  in Gerar, 20:2 Abraham said about his wife Sarah, “She is my sister.” So Abimelech, king of Gerar, sent for Sarah and took her.

20:3 But God appeared 294  to Abimelech in a dream at night and said to him, “You are as good as dead 295  because of the woman you have taken, for she is someone else’s wife.” 296 

20:4 Now Abimelech had not gone near her. He said, “Lord, 297  would you really slaughter an innocent nation? 298  20:5 Did Abraham 299  not say to me, ‘She is my sister? And she herself said, 300 He is my brother.’ I have done this with a clear conscience 301  and with innocent hands!

20:6 Then in the dream God replied to him, “Yes, I know that you have done this with a clear conscience. 302  That is why I have kept you 303  from sinning against me and why 304  I did not allow you to touch her. 20:7 But now give back the man’s wife. Indeed 305  he is a prophet 306  and he will pray for you; thus you will live. 307  But if you don’t give her back, 308  know that you will surely die 309  along with all who belong to you.”

20:8 Early in the morning 310  Abimelech summoned 311  all his servants. When he told them about all these things, 312  they 313  were terrified. 20:9 Abimelech summoned Abraham and said to him, “What have you done to us? What sin did I commit against you that would cause you to bring such great guilt on me and my kingdom? 314  You have done things to me that should not be done! 315  20:10 Then Abimelech asked 316  Abraham, “What prompted you to do this thing? 317 

20:11 Abraham replied, “Because I thought, 318 Surely no one fears God in this place. They will kill me because of 319  my wife.’ 20:12 What’s more, 320  she is indeed my sister, my father’s daughter, but not my mother’s daughter. She became my wife. 20:13 When God made me wander 321  from my father’s house, I told her, ‘This is what you can do to show your loyalty to me: 322  Every place we go, say about me, “He is my brother.”’

20:14 So Abimelech gave 323  sheep, cattle, and male and female servants to Abraham. He also gave his wife Sarah back to him. 20:15 Then Abimelech said, “Look, my land is before you; live wherever you please.” 324 

20:16 To Sarah he said, “Look, I have given a thousand pieces of silver 325  to your ‘brother.’ 326  This is compensation for you so that you will stand vindicated before all who are with you.” 327 

20:17 Abraham prayed to God, and God healed Abimelech, as well as his wife and female slaves so that they were able to have children. 20:18 For the Lord 328  had caused infertility to strike every woman 329  in the household of Abimelech because he took 330  Sarah, Abraham’s wife.

The Birth of Isaac

21:1 The Lord visited 331  Sarah just as he had said he would and did 332  for Sarah what he had promised. 333  21:2 So Sarah became pregnant 334  and bore Abraham a son in his old age at the appointed time that God had told him. 21:3 Abraham named his son – whom Sarah bore to him – Isaac. 335  21:4 When his son Isaac was eight days old, 336  Abraham circumcised him just as God had commanded him to do. 337  21:5 (Now Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him.) 338 

21:6 Sarah said, “God has made me laugh. 339  Everyone who hears about this 340  will laugh 341  with me.” 21:7 She went on to say, 342  “Who would 343  have said to Abraham that Sarah would nurse children? Yet I have given birth to a son for him in his old age!

21:8 The child grew and was weaned. Abraham prepared 344  a great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned. 345  21:9 But Sarah noticed 346  the son of Hagar the Egyptian – the son whom Hagar had borne to Abraham – mocking. 347  21:10 So she said to Abraham, “Banish 348  that slave woman and her son, for the son of that slave woman will not be an heir along with my son Isaac!

21:11 Sarah’s demand displeased Abraham greatly because Ishmael was his son. 349  21:12 But God said to Abraham, “Do not be upset 350  about the boy or your slave wife. Do 351  all that Sarah is telling 352  you because through Isaac your descendants will be counted. 353  21:13 But I will also make the son of the slave wife into a great nation, for he is your descendant too.”

21:14 Early in the morning Abraham took 354  some food 355  and a skin of water and gave them to Hagar. He put them on her shoulders, gave her the child, 356  and sent her away. So she went wandering 357  aimlessly through the wilderness 358  of Beer Sheba. 21:15 When the water in the skin was gone, she shoved 359  the child under one of the shrubs. 21:16 Then she went and sat down by herself across from him at quite a distance, about a bowshot 360  away; for she thought, 361 I refuse to watch the child die.” 362  So she sat across from him and wept uncontrollably. 363 

21:17 But God heard the boy’s voice. 364  The angel of God called to Hagar from heaven and asked her, “What is the matter, 365  Hagar? Don’t be afraid, for God has heard 366  the boy’s voice right where he is crying. 21:18 Get up! Help the boy up and hold him by the hand, for I will make him into a great nation.” 21:19 Then God enabled Hagar to see a well of water. 367  She went over and filled the skin with water, and then gave the boy a drink.

21:20 God was with the boy as he grew. He lived in the wilderness and became an archer. 21:21 He lived in the wilderness of Paran. 368  His mother found a wife for him from the land of Egypt. 369 

21:22 At that time Abimelech and Phicol, the commander of his army, said to Abraham, “God is with you 370  in all that you do. 21:23 Now swear to me right here in God’s name 371  that you will not deceive me, my children, or my descendants. 372  Show me, and the land 373  where you are staying, 374  the same loyalty 375  that I have shown you.” 376 

21:24 Abraham said, “I swear to do this.” 377  21:25 But Abraham lodged a complaint 378  against Abimelech concerning a well 379  that Abimelech’s servants had seized. 380  21:26 I do not know who has done this thing,” Abimelech replied. “Moreover, 381  you did not tell me. I did not hear about it until today.”

21:27 Abraham took some sheep and cattle and gave them to Abimelech. The two of them made a treaty. 382  21:28 Then Abraham set seven ewe lambs apart from the flock by themselves. 21:29 Abimelech asked Abraham, “What is the meaning of these 383  seven ewe lambs that you have set apart? 21:30 He replied, “You must take these seven ewe lambs from my hand as legal proof 384  that I dug this well.” 385  21:31 That is why he named that place 386  Beer Sheba, 387  because the two of them swore 388  an oath there.

21:32 So they made a treaty 389  at Beer Sheba. Then Abimelech and Phicol, the commander of his army, returned 390  to the land of the Philistines. 391  21:33 Abraham 392  planted a tamarisk tree 393  in Beer Sheba. There he worshiped the Lord, 394  the eternal God. 21:34 So Abraham stayed in the land of the Philistines for quite some time. 395 

The Sacrifice of Isaac

22:1 Some time after these things God tested 396  Abraham. He said to him, “Abraham!” “Here I am!” Abraham 397  replied. 22:2 God 398  said, “Take your son – your only son, whom you love, Isaac 399 and go to the land of Moriah! 400  Offer him up there as a burnt offering 401  on one of the mountains which I will indicate to 402  you.”

22:3 Early in the morning Abraham got up and saddled his donkey. 403  He took two of his young servants with him, along with his son Isaac. When he had cut the wood for the burnt offering, he started out 404  for the place God had spoken to him about.

22:4 On the third day Abraham caught sight of 405  the place in the distance. 22:5 So he 406  said to his servants, “You two stay 407  here with the donkey while 408  the boy and I go up there. We will worship 409  and then return to you.” 410 

22:6 Abraham took the wood for the burnt offering and put it on his son Isaac. Then he took the fire and the knife in his hand, 411  and the two of them walked on together. 22:7 Isaac said to his father Abraham, 412 My father?” “What is it, 413  my son?” he replied. “Here is the fire and the wood,” Isaac said, 414 but where is the lamb for the burnt offering? 22:8 God will provide 415  for himself the lamb for the burnt offering, my son,” Abraham replied. The two of them continued on together.

22:9 When they came to the place God had told him about, Abraham built the altar there 416  and arranged the wood on it. Next he tied up 417  his son Isaac and placed him on the altar on top of the wood. 22:10 Then Abraham reached out his hand, took the knife, and prepared to slaughter 418  his son. 22:11 But the Lord’s angel 419  called to him from heaven, “Abraham! Abraham!” “Here I am!” he answered. 22:12 Do not harm the boy!” 420  the angel said. 421 Do not do anything to him, for now I know 422  that you fear 423  God because you did not withhold your son, your only son, from me.”

22:13 Abraham looked up 424  and saw 425  behind him 426  a ram caught in the bushes by its horns. So he 427  went over and got the ram and offered it up as a burnt offering instead of his son. 22:14 And Abraham called the name of that place “The Lord provides.” 428  It is said to this day, 429 In the mountain of the Lord provision will be made.” 430 

22:15 The Lord’s angel called to Abraham a second time from heaven 22:16 and said, “‘I solemnly swear by my own name,’ 431  decrees the Lord, 432  ‘that because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son, 22:17 I will indeed bless you, 433  and I will greatly multiply 434  your descendants 435  so that they will be as countless as the stars in the sky or the grains of sand on the seashore. Your descendants will take possession 436  of the strongholds 437  of their enemies. 22:18 Because you have obeyed me, 438  all the nations of the earth will pronounce blessings on one another 439  using the name of your descendants.’

22:19 Then Abraham returned to his servants, and they set out together 440  for Beer Sheba where Abraham stayed. 441 

22:20 After these things Abraham was told, “Milcah 442  also has borne children to your brother Nahor 22:21 Uz the firstborn, his brother Buz, Kemuel (the father of Aram), 443  22:22 Kesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph, and Bethuel.” 22:23 (Now 444  Bethuel became the father of Rebekah.) These were the eight sons Milcah bore to Abraham’s brother Nahor. 22:24 His concubine, whose name was Reumah, also bore him children – Tebah, Gaham, Tahash, and Maacah.

The Death of Sarah

23:1 Sarah lived 127 years. 445  23:2 Then she 446  died in Kiriath Arba (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan. Abraham went to mourn for Sarah and to weep for her. 447 

23:3 Then Abraham got up from mourning his dead wife 448  and said to the sons of Heth, 449  23:4 I am a temporary settler 450  among you. Grant 451  me ownership 452  of a burial site among you so that I may 453  bury my dead.” 454 

23:5 The sons of Heth answered Abraham, 455  23:6 Listen, sir, 456  you are a mighty prince 457  among us! You may bury your dead in the choicest of our tombs. None of us will refuse you his tomb to prevent you 458  from burying your dead.”

23:7 Abraham got up and bowed down to the local people, 459  the sons of Heth. 23:8 Then he said to them, “If you agree 460  that I may bury my dead, 461  then hear me out. 462  Ask 463  Ephron the son of Zohar 23:9 if he will sell 464  me the cave of Machpelah that belongs to him; it is at the end of his field. Let him sell it to me publicly 465  for the full price, 466  so that I may own it as a burial site.”

23:10 (Now Ephron was sitting among the sons of Heth.) Ephron the Hethite 467  replied to Abraham in the hearing 468  of the sons of Heth – before all who entered the gate 469  of his city 23:11 No, my lord! Hear me out. I sell 470  you both the field and the cave that is in it. 471  In the presence of my people 472  I sell it to you. Bury your dead.”

23:12 Abraham bowed before the local people 23:13 and said to Ephron in their hearing, “Hear me, if you will. I pay 473  to you the price 474  of the field. Take it from me so that I may 475  bury my dead there.”

23:14 Ephron answered Abraham, saying to him, 23:15 Hear me, my lord. The land is worth 476  400 pieces of silver, 477  but what is that between me and you? So bury your dead.”

23:16 So Abraham agreed to Ephron’s price 478  and weighed 479  out for him 480  the price 481  that Ephron had quoted 482  in the hearing of the sons of Heth – 400 pieces of silver, according to the standard measurement at the time. 483 

23:17 So Abraham secured 484  Ephron’s field in Machpelah, next to Mamre, including the field, the cave that was in it, and all the trees that were in the field and all around its border, 23:18 as his property in the presence of the sons of Heth before all who entered the gate of Ephron’s city. 485 

23:19 After this Abraham buried his wife Sarah in the cave in the field of Machpelah next to Mamre (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan. 23:20 So Abraham secured the field and the cave that was in it as a burial site 486  from the sons of Heth.

The Wife for Isaac

24:1 Now Abraham was old, well advanced in years, 487  and the Lord had blessed him 488  in everything. 24:2 Abraham said to his servant, the senior one 489  in his household who was in charge of everything he had, “Put your hand under my thigh 490  24:3 so that I may make you solemnly promise 491  by the Lord, the God of heaven and the God of the earth: You must not acquire 492  a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I am living. 24:4 You must go instead to my country and to my relatives 493  to find 494  a wife for my son Isaac.”

24:5 The servant asked him, “What if the woman is not willing to come back with me 495  to this land? Must I then 496  take your son back to the land from which you came?

24:6Be careful 497  never to take my son back there!” Abraham told him. 498  24:7 The Lord, the God of heaven, who took me from my father’s house and the land of my relatives, 499  promised me with a solemn oath, 500  ‘To your descendants I will give this land.’ He will send his angel 501  before you so that you may find 502  a wife for my son from there. 24:8 But if the woman is not willing to come back with you, 503  you will be free 504  from this oath of mine. But you must not take my son back there! 24:9 So the servant placed his hand under the thigh of his master Abraham and gave his solemn promise he would carry out his wishes. 505 

24:10 Then the servant took ten of his master’s camels and departed with all kinds of gifts from his master at his disposal. 506  He journeyed 507  to the region of Aram Naharaim 508  and the city of Nahor. 24:11 He made the camels kneel down by the well 509  outside the city. It was evening, 510  the time when the women would go out to draw water. 24:12 He prayed, “O Lord, God of my master Abraham, guide me today. 511  Be faithful 512  to my master Abraham. 24:13 Here I am, standing by the spring, 513  and the daughters of the people 514  who live in the town are coming out to draw water. 24:14 I will say to a young woman, ‘Please lower your jar so I may drink.’ May the one you have chosen for your servant Isaac reply, ‘Drink, and I’ll give your camels water too.’ 515  In this way I will know that you have been faithful to my master.” 516 

24:15 Before he had finished praying, there came Rebekah 517  with her water jug on her shoulder. She was the daughter of Bethuel son of Milcah (Milcah was the wife of Abraham’s brother Nahor). 518  24:16 Now the young woman was very beautiful. She was a virgin; no man had ever had sexual relations with her. 519  She went down to the spring, filled her jug, and came back up. 24:17 Abraham’s servant 520  ran to meet her and said, “Please give me a sip of water from your jug.” 24:18 Drink, my lord,” she replied, and quickly lowering 521  her jug to her hands, she gave him a drink. 24:19 When she had done so, 522  she said, “I’ll draw water for your camels too, until they have drunk as much as they want.” 24:20 She quickly emptied 523  her jug into the watering trough and ran back to the well to draw more water until she had drawn enough for all his camels. 24:21 Silently the man watched her with interest to determine 524  if the Lord had made his journey successful 525  or not.

24:22 After the camels had finished drinking, the man took out a gold nose ring weighing a beka 526  and two gold bracelets weighing ten shekels 527  and gave them to her. 528  24:23 Whose daughter are you?” he asked. 529 Tell me, is there room in your father’s house for us to spend the night?

24:24 She said to him, “I am the daughter of Bethuel the son of Milcah, whom Milcah bore to Nahor. 530  24:25 We have plenty of straw and feed,” she added, 531 and room for you 532  to spend the night.”

24:26 The man bowed his head and worshiped the Lord, 24:27 saying “Praised be the Lord, the God of my master Abraham, who has not abandoned his faithful love 533  for my master! The Lord has led me 534  to the house 535  of my master’s relatives! 536 

24:28 The young woman ran and told her mother’s household all about 537  these things. 24:29 (Now Rebekah had a brother named Laban.) 538  Laban rushed out to meet the man at the spring. 24:30 When he saw the bracelets on his sister’s wrists and the nose ring 539  and heard his sister Rebekah say, 540 This is what the man said to me,” he went out to meet the man. There he was, standing 541  by the camels near the spring. 24:31 Laban said to him, 542  “Come, you who are blessed by the Lord! 543  Why are you standing out here when I have prepared 544  the house and a place for the camels?

24:32 So Abraham’s servant 545  went to the house and unloaded 546  the camels. Straw and feed were given 547  to the camels, and water was provided so that he and the men who were with him could wash their feet. 548  24:33 When food was served, 549  he said, “I will not eat until I have said what I want to say.” 550 Tell us,” Laban said. 551 

24:34I am the servant of Abraham,” he began. 24:35 The Lord has richly blessed my master and he has become very wealthy. 552  The Lord 553  has given him sheep and cattle, silver and gold, male and female servants, and camels and donkeys. 24:36 My master’s wife Sarah bore a son to him 554  when she was old, 555  and my master 556  has given him everything he owns. 24:37 My master made me swear an oath. He said, ‘You must not acquire a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I am living, 24:38 but you must go to the family of my father and to my relatives to find 557  a wife for my son.’ 24:39 But I said to my master, ‘What if the woman does not want to go 558  with me?’ 559  24:40 He answered, ‘The Lord, before whom I have walked, 560  will send his angel with you. He will make your journey a success and you will find a wife for my son from among my relatives, from my father’s family. 24:41 You will be free from your oath 561  if you go to my relatives and they will not give her to you. Then you will be free from your oath.’ 24:42 When I came to the spring today, I prayed, ‘O Lord, God of my master Abraham, if you have decided to make my journey successful, 562  may events unfold as follows: 563  24:43 Here I am, standing by the spring. 564  When 565  the young woman goes out to draw water, I’ll say, “Give me a little water to drink from your jug.” 24:44 Then she will reply to me, “Drink, and I’ll draw water for your camels too.” May that woman be the one whom the Lord has chosen for my master’s son.’

24:45Before I finished praying in my heart, 566  along came Rebekah 567  with her water jug on her shoulder! She went down to the spring and drew water. So I said to her, ‘Please give me a drink.’ 24:46 She quickly lowered her jug from her shoulder and said, ‘Drink, and I’ll give your camels water too.’ So I drank, and she also gave the camels water. 24:47 Then I asked her, ‘Whose daughter are you?’ She replied, ‘The daughter of Bethuel the son of Nahor, whom Milcah bore to Nahor.’ 568  I put the ring in her nose and the bracelets on her wrists. 24:48 Then I bowed down and worshiped the Lord. I praised the Lord, the God of my master Abraham, who had led me on the right path to find the granddaughter 569  of my master’s brother for his son. 24:49 Now, if you will show faithful love to my master, tell me. But if not, tell me as well, so that I may go on my way.” 570 

24:50 Then Laban and Bethuel replied, “This is the Lord’s doing. 571  Our wishes are of no concern. 572  24:51 Rebekah stands here before you. Take her and go so that she may become 573  the wife of your master’s son, just as the Lord has decided.” 574 

24:52 When Abraham’s servant heard their words, he bowed down to the ground before the Lord. 24:53 Then he 575  brought out gold, silver jewelry, and clothing and gave them to Rebekah. He also gave valuable gifts to her brother and to her mother. 24:54 After this, he and the men who were with him ate a meal and stayed there overnight. 576 

When they got up in the morning, he said, “Let me leave now so I can return to my master.” 577  24:55 But Rebekah’s 578  brother and her mother replied, “Let the girl stay with us a few more days, perhaps ten. Then she can go.” 24:56 But he said to them, “Don’t detain me – the Lord 579  has granted me success on my journey. Let me leave now so I may return 580  to my master.” 24:57 Then they said, “We’ll call the girl and find out what she wants to do.” 581  24:58 So they called Rebekah and asked her, “Do you want 582  to go with this man?” She replied, “I want to go.”

24:59 So they sent their sister Rebekah on her way, accompanied by her female attendant, with Abraham’s servant and his men. 24:60 They blessed Rebekah with these words: 583 

“Our sister, may you become the mother 584  of thousands of ten thousands!

May your descendants possess the strongholds 585  of their enemies.”

24:61 Then Rebekah and her female servants mounted the camels and rode away with 586  the man. So Abraham’s servant 587  took Rebekah and left.

24:62 Now 588  Isaac came from 589  Beer Lahai Roi, 590  for 591  he was living in the Negev. 592  24:63 He 593  went out to relax 594  in the field in the early evening. 595  Then he looked up 596  and saw that 597  there were camels approaching. 24:64 Rebekah looked up 598  and saw Isaac. She got down from her camel 24:65 and asked 599  Abraham’s servant, 600 Who is that man walking in the field toward us?” “That is my master,” the servant replied. 601  So she took her veil and covered herself.

24:66 The servant told Isaac everything that had happened. 24:67 Then Isaac brought Rebekah 602  into his mother Sarah’s tent. He took her 603  as his wife and loved her. 604  So Isaac was comforted after his mother’s death. 605 

The Death of Abraham

25:1 Abraham had taken 606  another 607  wife, named Keturah. 25:2 She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 25:3 Jokshan became the father of Sheba and Dedan. 608  The descendants of Dedan were the Asshurites, Letushites, and Leummites. 25:4 The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were descendants 609  of Keturah.

25:5 Everything he owned Abraham left to his son Isaac. 25:6 But while he was still alive, Abraham gave gifts to the sons of his concubines 610  and sent them off to the east, away from his son Isaac. 611 

25:7 Abraham lived a total of 612  175 years. 25:8 Then Abraham breathed his last and died at a good old age, an old man who had lived a full life. 613  He joined his ancestors. 614  25:9 His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah 615  near Mamre, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar, the Hethite. 25:10 This was the field Abraham had purchased from the sons of Heth. 616  There Abraham was buried with his wife Sarah. 25:11 After Abraham’s death, God blessed 617  his son Isaac. Isaac lived near Beer Lahai Roi. 618 

The Sons of Ishmael

25:12 This is the account of Abraham’s son Ishmael, 619  whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s servant, bore to Abraham.

25:13 These are the names of Ishmael’s sons, by their names according to their records: 620  Nebaioth (Ishmael’s firstborn), Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 25:14 Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 25:15 Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 25:16 These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names by their settlements and their camps – twelve princes 621  according to their clans.

25:17 Ishmael lived a total of 622  137 years. He breathed his last and died; then he joined his ancestors. 623  25:18 His descendants 624  settled from Havilah to Shur, which runs next 625  to Egypt all the way 626  to Asshur. 627  They settled 628  away from all their relatives. 629 

Jacob and Esau

25:19 This is the account of Isaac, 630  the son of Abraham.

Abraham became the father of Isaac. 25:20 When Isaac was forty years old, he married Rebekah, 631  the daughter of Bethuel the Aramean from Paddan Aram and sister of Laban the Aramean. 632 

25:21 Isaac prayed to 633  the Lord on behalf of his wife because she was childless. The Lord answered his prayer, and his wife Rebekah became pregnant. 25:22 But the children struggled 634  inside her, and she said, “If it is going to be like this, I’m not so sure I want to be pregnant!” 635  So she asked the Lord, 636  25:23 and the Lord said to her,

“Two nations 637  are in your womb,

and two peoples will be separated from within you.

One people will be stronger than the other,

and the older will serve the younger.”

25:24 When the time came for Rebekah to give birth, 638  there were 639  twins in her womb. 25:25 The first came out reddish 640  all over, 641  like a hairy 642  garment, so they named him Esau. 643  25:26 When his brother came out with 644  his hand clutching Esau’s heel, they named him Jacob. 645  Isaac was sixty years old 646  when they were born.

25:27 When the boys grew up, Esau became a skilled 647  hunter, a man of the open fields, but Jacob was an even-tempered man, living in tents. 648  25:28 Isaac loved Esau because he had a taste for fresh game, 649  but Rebekah loved 650  Jacob.

25:29 Now Jacob cooked some stew, 651  and when Esau came in from the open fields, he was famished. 25:30 So Esau said to Jacob, “Feed 652  me some of the red stuff – yes, this red stuff – because I’m starving!” (That is why he was also called 653  Edom.) 654 

25:31 But Jacob replied, “First 655  sell me your birthright.” 25:32 Look,” said Esau, “I’m about to die! What use is the birthright to me? 656  25:33 But Jacob said, “Swear an oath to me now.” 657  So Esau 658  swore an oath to him and sold his birthright 659  to Jacob.

25:34 Then Jacob gave Esau some bread and lentil stew; Esau ate and drank, then got up and went out. 660  So Esau despised his birthright. 661 

Isaac and Abimelech

26:1 There was a famine in the land, subsequent to the earlier famine that occurred 662  in the days of Abraham. 663  Isaac went to Abimelech king of the Philistines at Gerar. 26:2 The Lord appeared to Isaac and said, “Do not go down to Egypt; 664  settle down in the land that I will point out to you. 665  26:3 Stay 666  in this land. Then I will be with you and will bless you, 667  for I will give all these lands to you and to your descendants, 668  and I will fulfill 669  the solemn promise I made 670  to your father Abraham. 26:4 I will multiply your descendants so they will be as numerous as the stars in the sky, and I will give them 671  all these lands. All the nations of the earth will pronounce blessings on one another using the name of your descendants. 672  26:5 All this will come to pass 673  because Abraham obeyed me 674  and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.” 675  26:6 So Isaac settled in Gerar.

26:7 When the men of that place asked him about his wife, he replied, “She is my sister.” 676  He was afraid to say, “She is my wife,” for he thought to himself, 677  “The men of this place will kill me to get 678  Rebekah because she is very beautiful.”

26:8 After Isaac 679  had been there a long time, 680  Abimelech king of the Philistines happened to look out a window and observed 681  Isaac caressing 682  his wife Rebekah. 26:9 So Abimelech summoned Isaac and said, “She is really 683  your wife! Why did you say, ‘She is my sister?” Isaac replied, “Because I thought someone might kill me to get her.” 684 

26:10 Then Abimelech exclaimed, “What in the world have you done to us? 685  One of the men 686  might easily have had sexual relations with 687  your wife, and you would have brought guilt on us! 26:11 So Abimelech commanded all the people, “Whoever touches 688  this man or his wife will surely be put to death.” 689 

26:12 When Isaac planted in that land, he reaped in the same year a hundred times what he had sown, 690  because the Lord blessed him. 691  26:13 The man became wealthy. 692  His influence continued to grow 693  until he became very prominent. 26:14 He had 694  so many sheep 695  and cattle 696  and such a great household of servants that the Philistines became jealous 697  of him. 26:15 So the Philistines took dirt and filled up 698  all the wells that his father’s servants had dug back in the days of his father Abraham.

26:16 Then Abimelech said to Isaac, “Leave us and go elsewhere, 699  for you have become much more powerful 700  than we are.” 26:17 So Isaac left there and settled in the Gerar Valley. 701  26:18 Isaac reopened 702  the wells that had been dug 703  back in the days of his father Abraham, for the Philistines had stopped them up 704  after Abraham died. Isaac 705  gave these wells 706  the same names his father had given them. 707 

26:19 When Isaac’s servants dug in the valley and discovered a well with fresh flowing 708  water there, 26:20 the herdsmen of Gerar quarreled 709  with Isaac’s herdsmen, saying, “The water belongs to us!” So Isaac 710  named the well 711  Esek 712  because they argued with him about it. 713  26:21 His servants 714  dug another well, but they quarreled over it too, so Isaac named it 715  Sitnah. 716  26:22 Then he moved away from there and dug another well. They did not quarrel over it, so Isaac 717  named it 718  Rehoboth, 719  saying, “For now the Lord has made room for us, and we will prosper in the land.”

26:23 From there Isaac 720  went up to Beer Sheba. 26:24 The Lord appeared to him that night and said, “I am the God of your father Abraham. Do not be afraid, for I am with you. I will bless you and multiply your descendants for the sake of my servant Abraham.” 26:25 Then Isaac built an altar there and worshiped 721  the Lord. He pitched his tent there, and his servants dug a well. 722 

26:26 Now Abimelech had come 723  to him from Gerar along with 724  Ahuzzah his friend 725  and Phicol the commander of his army. 26:27 Isaac asked them, “Why have you come to me? You hate me 726  and sent me away from you.” 26:28 They replied, “We could plainly see 727  that the Lord is with you. So we decided there should be 728  a pact between us 729  – between us 730  and you. Allow us to make 731  a treaty with you 26:29 so that 732  you will not do us any harm, just as we have not harmed 733  you, but have always treated you well 734  before sending you away 735  in peace. Now you are blessed by the Lord.” 736 

26:30 So Isaac 737  held a feast for them and they celebrated. 738  26:31 Early in the morning the men made a treaty with each other. 739  Isaac sent them off; they separated on good terms. 740 

26:32 That day Isaac’s servants came and told him about the well they had dug. “We’ve found water,” they reported. 741  26:33 So he named it Shibah; 742  that is why the name of the city has been Beer Sheba 743  to this day.

26:34 When 744  Esau was forty years old, 745  he married 746  Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, as well as Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite. 26:35 They caused Isaac and Rebekah great anxiety. 747 

Jacob Cheats Esau out of the Blessing

27:1 When 748  Isaac was old and his eyes were so weak that he was almost blind, 749  he called his older 750  son Esau and said to him, “My son!” “Here I am!” Esau 751  replied. 27:2 Isaac 752  said, “Since 753  I am so old, I could die at any time. 754  27:3 Therefore, take your weapons – your quiver and your bow – and go out into the open fields and hunt down some wild game 755  for me. 27:4 Then prepare for me some tasty food, the kind I love, and bring it to me. Then 756  I will eat it so that I may bless you 757  before I die.”

27:5 Now Rebekah had been listening while Isaac spoke to his son Esau. 758  When Esau went out to the open fields to hunt down some wild game and bring it back, 759  27:6 Rebekah said to her son Jacob, “Look, I overheard your father tell your brother Esau, 27:7 Bring me some wild game and prepare for me some tasty food. Then I will eat 760  it and bless you 761  in the presence of the Lord 762  before I die.’ 27:8 Now then, my son, do 763  exactly what I tell you! 764  27:9 Go to the flock and get me two of the best young goats. I’ll prepare 765  them in a tasty way for your father, just the way he loves them. 27:10 Then you will take 766  it to your father. Thus he will eat it 767  and 768  bless you before he dies.”

27:11But Esau my brother is a hairy man,” Jacob protested to his mother Rebekah, “and I have smooth skin! 769  27:12 My father may touch me! Then he’ll think I’m mocking him 770  and I’ll bring a curse on myself instead of a blessing.” 27:13 So his mother told him, “Any curse against you will fall on me, 771  my son! Just obey me! 772  Go and get them for me!

27:14 So he went and got the goats 773  and brought them to his mother. She 774  prepared some tasty food, just the way his father loved it. 27:15 Then Rebekah took her older son Esau’s best clothes, which she had with her in the house, and put them on her younger son Jacob. 27:16 She put the skins of the young goats 775  on his hands 776  and the smooth part of his neck. 27:17 Then she handed 777  the tasty food and the bread she had made to her son Jacob.

27:18 He went to his father and said, “My father!” Isaac 778  replied, “Here I am. Which are you, my son? 779  27:19 Jacob said to his father, “I am Esau, your firstborn. I’ve done as you told me. Now sit up 780  and eat some of my wild game so that you can bless me.” 781  27:20 But Isaac asked his son, “How in the world 782  did you find it so quickly, 783  my son?” “Because the Lord your God brought it to me,” 784  he replied. 785  27:21 Then Isaac said to Jacob, “Come closer so I can touch you, 786  my son, and know for certain if you really are my son Esau.” 787  27:22 So Jacob went over to his father Isaac, who felt him and said, “The voice is Jacob’s, but the hands are Esau’s.” 27:23 He did not recognize him because his hands were hairy, like his brother Esau’s hands. So Isaac blessed Jacob. 788  27:24 Then he asked, “Are you really my son Esau?” “I am,” Jacob 789  replied. 27:25 Isaac 790  said, “Bring some of the wild game for me to eat, my son. 791  Then I will bless you.” 792  So Jacob 793  brought it to him, and he ate it. He also brought him wine, and Isaac 794  drank. 27:26 Then his father Isaac said to him, “Come here and kiss me, my son.” 27:27 So Jacob 795  went over and kissed him. When Isaac caught the scent 796  of his clothing, he blessed him, saying,

Yes, 797  my son smells

like the scent of an open field

which the Lord has blessed.

27:28 May God give you

the dew of the sky 798 

and the richness 799  of the earth,

and plenty of grain and new wine.

27:29 May peoples serve you

and nations bow down to you.

You will be 800  lord 801  over your brothers,

and the sons of your mother will bow down to you. 802 

May those who curse you be cursed,

and those who bless you be blessed.”

27:30 Isaac had just finished blessing Jacob, and Jacob had scarcely left 803  his father’s 804  presence, when his brother Esau returned from the hunt. 805  27:31 He also prepared some tasty food and brought it to his father. Esau 806  said to him, “My father, get up 807  and eat some of your son’s wild game. Then you can bless me.” 808  27:32 His father Isaac asked, 809  “Who are you?” “I am your firstborn son,” 810  he replied, “Esau! 27:33 Isaac began to shake violently 811  and asked, “Then who else hunted game and brought it to me? I ate all of it just before you arrived, and I blessed him. 812  He will indeed be blessed!

27:34 When Esau heard 813  his father’s words, he wailed loudly and bitterly. 814  He said to his father, “Bless me too, my father! 27:35 But Isaac 815  replied, “Your brother came in here deceitfully and took away 816  your blessing.” 27:36 Esau exclaimed, “‘Jacobis the right name for him! 817  He has tripped me up 818  two times! He took away my birthright, and now, look, he has taken away my blessing!” Then he asked, “Have you not kept back a blessing for me?

27:37 Isaac replied to Esau, “Look! I have made him lord over you. I have made all his relatives his servants and provided him with grain and new wine. What is left that I can do for you, my son? 27:38 Esau said to his father, “Do you have only that one blessing, my father? Bless me too!” 819  Then Esau wept loudly. 820 

27:39 So his father Isaac said to him,

Indeed, 821  your home will be

away from the richness 822  of the earth,

and away from the dew of the sky above.

27:40 You will live by your sword

but you will serve your brother.

When you grow restless,

you will tear off his yoke

from your neck.” 823 

27:41 So Esau hated 824  Jacob because of the blessing his father had given to his brother. 825  Esau said privately, 826 The time 827  of mourning for my father is near; then I will kill 828  my brother Jacob!

27:42 When Rebekah heard what her older son Esau had said, 829  she quickly summoned 830  her younger son Jacob and told him, “Look, your brother Esau is planning to get revenge by killing you. 831  27:43 Now then, my son, do what I say. 832  Run away immediately 833  to my brother Laban in Haran. 27:44 Live with him for a little while 834  until your brother’s rage subsides. 27:45 Stay there 835  until your brother’s anger against you subsides and he forgets what you did to him. Then I’ll send someone to bring you back from there. 836  Why should I lose both of you in one day? 837 

27:46 Then Rebekah said to Isaac, “I am deeply depressed 838  because of these daughters of Heth. 839  If Jacob were to marry one of these daughters of Heth who live in this land, I would want to die! 840 

28:1 So Isaac called for Jacob and blessed him. Then he commanded him, “You must not marry a Canaanite woman! 841  28:2 Leave immediately 842  for Paddan Aram! Go to the house of Bethuel, your mother’s father, and find yourself a wife there, among the daughters of Laban, your mother’s brother. 28:3 May the sovereign God 843  bless you! May he make you fruitful and give you a multitude of descendants! 844  Then you will become 845  a large nation. 846  28:4 May he give you and your descendants the blessing he gave to Abraham 847  so that you may possess the land 848  God gave to Abraham, the land where you have been living as a temporary resident.” 849  28:5 So Isaac sent Jacob on his way, and he went to Paddan Aram, to Laban son of Bethuel the Aramean and brother of Rebekah, the mother of Jacob and Esau.

28:6 Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob and sent him off to Paddan Aram to find a wife there. 850  As he blessed him, 851  Isaac commanded him, “You must not marry a Canaanite woman.” 852  28:7 Jacob obeyed his father and mother and left for Paddan Aram. 28:8 Then Esau realized 853  that the Canaanite women 854  were displeasing to 855  his father Isaac. 28:9 So Esau went to Ishmael and married 856  Mahalath, the sister of Nebaioth and daughter of Abraham’s son Ishmael, along with the wives he already had.

Jacob’s Dream at Bethel

28:10 Meanwhile Jacob left Beer Sheba and set out for Haran. 28:11 He reached a certain place 857  where he decided to camp because the sun had gone down. 858  He took one of the stones 859  and placed it near his head. 860  Then he fell asleep 861  in that place 28:12 and had a dream. 862  He saw 863  a stairway 864  erected on the earth with its top reaching to the heavens. The angels of God were going up and coming down it 28:13 and the Lord stood at its top. He said, “I am the Lord, the God of your grandfather Abraham and the God of your father Isaac. 865  I will give you and your descendants the ground 866  you are lying on. 28:14 Your descendants will be like the dust of the earth, 867  and you will spread out 868  to the west, east, north, and south. All the families of the earth will pronounce blessings on one another 869  using your name and that of your descendants. 870  28:15 I am with you! 871  I will protect you wherever you go and will bring you back to this land. I will not leave you until I have done what I promised you!

28:16 Then Jacob woke up 872  and thought, 873 Surely the Lord is in this place, but I did not realize it! 28:17 He was afraid and said, “What an awesome place this is! This is nothing else than the house of God! This is the gate of heaven!

28:18 Early 874  in the morning Jacob 875  took the stone he had placed near his head 876  and set it up as a sacred stone. 877  Then he poured oil on top of it. 28:19 He called that place Bethel, 878  although the former name of the town was Luz. 28:20 Then Jacob made a vow, saying, “If God is with me and protects me on this journey I am taking and gives me food 879  to eat and clothing to wear, 28:21 and I return safely to my father’s home, 880  then the Lord will become my God. 28:22 Then this stone 881  that I have set up as a sacred stone will be the house of God, and I will surely 882  give you back a tenth of everything you give me.” 883 

The Marriages of Jacob

29:1 So Jacob moved on 884  and came to the land of the eastern people. 885  29:2 He saw 886  in the field a well with 887  three flocks of sheep lying beside it, because the flocks were watered from that well. Now 888  a large stone covered the mouth of the well. 29:3 When all the flocks were gathered there, the shepherds 889  would roll the stone off the mouth of the well and water the sheep. Then they would put the stone back in its place over the well’s mouth.

29:4 Jacob asked them, “My brothers, where are you from?” They replied, “We’re from Haran.” 29:5 So he said to them, “Do you know Laban, the grandson 890  of Nahor?” “We know him,” 891  they said. 29:6 Is he well?” 892  Jacob asked. They replied, “He is well. 893  Now look, here comes his daughter Rachel with the sheep.” 29:7 Then Jacob 894  said, “Since it is still the middle of the day, 895  it is not time for the flocks to be gathered. You should water the sheep and then go and let them graze some more.” 896  29:8 We can’t,” they said, “until all the flocks are gathered and the stone is rolled off the mouth of the well. Then we water 897  the sheep.”

29:9 While he was still speaking with them, Rachel arrived with her father’s sheep, for she was tending them. 898  29:10 When Jacob saw Rachel, the daughter of his uncle Laban, 899  and the sheep of his uncle Laban, he 900  went over 901  and rolled the stone off the mouth of the well and watered the sheep of his uncle Laban. 902  29:11 Then Jacob kissed Rachel and began to weep loudly. 903  29:12 When Jacob explained 904  to Rachel that he was a relative of her father 905  and the son of Rebekah, she ran and told her father. 29:13 When Laban heard this news about Jacob, his sister’s son, he rushed out to meet him. He embraced him and kissed him and brought him to his house. Jacob 906  told Laban how he was related to him. 907  29:14 Then Laban said to him, “You are indeed my own flesh and blood.” 908  So Jacob 909  stayed with him for a month. 910 

29:15 Then Laban said to Jacob, “Should you work 911  for me for nothing because you are my relative? 912  Tell me what your wages should be.” 29:16 (Now Laban had two daughters; 913  the older one was named Leah, and the younger one Rachel. 29:17 Leah’s eyes were tender, 914  but Rachel had a lovely figure and beautiful appearance.) 915  29:18 Since Jacob had fallen in love with 916  Rachel, he said, “I’ll serve you seven years in exchange for your younger daughter Rachel.” 29:19 Laban replied, “I’d rather give her to you than to another man. 917  Stay with me.” 29:20 So Jacob worked for seven years to acquire Rachel. 918  But they seemed like only a few days to him 919  because his love for her was so great. 920 

29:21 Finally Jacob said 921  to Laban, “Give me my wife, for my time of service is up. 922  I want to have marital relations with her.” 923  29:22 So Laban invited all the people 924  of that place and prepared a feast. 29:23 In the evening he brought his daughter Leah 925  to Jacob, 926  and Jacob 927  had marital relations with her. 928  29:24 (Laban gave his female servant Zilpah to his daughter Leah to be her servant.) 929 

29:25 In the morning Jacob discovered it was Leah! 930  So Jacob 931  said to Laban, “What in the world have you done to me! 932  Didn’t I work for you in exchange for Rachel? Why have you tricked 933  me? 29:26 It is not our custom here,” 934  Laban replied, “to give the younger daughter in marriage 935  before the firstborn. 29:27 Complete my older daughter’s bridal week. 936  Then we will give you the younger one 937  too, in exchange for seven more years of work.” 938 

29:28 Jacob did as Laban said. 939  When Jacob 940  completed Leah’s bridal week, 941  Laban gave him his daughter Rachel to be his wife. 942  29:29 (Laban gave his female servant Bilhah to his daughter Rachel to be her servant.) 943  29:30 Jacob 944  had marital relations 945  with Rachel as well. He loved Rachel more than Leah, so he worked for Laban 946  for seven more years. 947 

The Family of Jacob

29:31 When the Lord saw that Leah was unloved, 948  he enabled her to become pregnant 949  while Rachel remained childless. 29:32 So Leah became pregnant 950  and gave birth to a son. She named him Reuben, 951  for she said, “The Lord has looked with pity on my oppressed condition. 952  Surely my husband will love me now.”

29:33 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “Because the Lord heard that I was unloved, 953  he gave me this one too.” So she named him Simeon. 954 

29:34 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “Now this time my husband will show me affection, 955  because I have given birth to three sons for him.” That is why he was named Levi. 956 

29:35 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “This time I will praise the Lord.” That is why she named him Judah. 957  Then she stopped having children.

30:1 When Rachel saw that she could not give Jacob children, she 958  became jealous of her sister. She said to Jacob, “Give me children 959  or I’ll die! 30:2 Jacob became furious 960  with Rachel and exclaimed, “Am I in the place of God, who has kept you from having children? 961  30:3 She replied, “Here is my servant Bilhah! Have sexual relations with 962  her so that she can bear 963  children 964  for me 965  and I can have a family through her.” 966 

30:4 So Rachel 967  gave him her servant Bilhah as a wife, and Jacob had marital relations with 968  her. 30:5 Bilhah became pregnant 969  and gave Jacob a son. 970  30:6 Then Rachel said, “God has vindicated me. He has responded to my prayer 971  and given me a son.” That is why 972  she named him Dan. 973 

30:7 Bilhah, Rachel’s servant, became pregnant again and gave Jacob another son. 974  30:8 Then Rachel said, “I have fought a desperate struggle with my sister, but I have won.” 975  So she named him Naphtali. 976 

30:9 When Leah saw that she had stopped having children, she gave 977  her servant Zilpah to Jacob as a wife. 30:10 Soon Leah’s servant Zilpah gave Jacob a son. 978  30:11 Leah said, “How fortunate!” 979  So she named him Gad. 980 

30:12 Then Leah’s servant Zilpah gave Jacob another son. 981  30:13 Leah said, “How happy I am, 982  for women 983  will call me happy!” So she named him Asher. 984 

30:14 At the time 985  of the wheat harvest Reuben went out and found some mandrake plants 986  in a field and brought them to his mother Leah. Rachel said to Leah, “Give me some of your son’s mandrakes.” 30:15 But Leah replied, 987 Wasn’t it enough that you’ve taken away my husband? Would you take away my son’s mandrakes too?” “All right,” 988  Rachel said, “he may sleep 989  with you tonight in exchange for your son’s mandrakes.” 30:16 When Jacob came in from the fields that evening, Leah went out to meet him and said, “You must sleep 990  with me because I have paid for your services 991  with my son’s mandrakes.” So he had marital relations 992  with her that night. 30:17 God paid attention 993  to Leah; she became pregnant 994  and gave Jacob a son for the fifth time. 995  30:18 Then Leah said, “God has granted me a reward 996  because I gave my servant to my husband as a wife.” 997  So she named him Issachar. 998 

30:19 Leah became pregnant again and gave Jacob a son for the sixth time. 999  30:20 Then Leah said, “God has given me a good gift. Now my husband will honor me because I have given him six sons.” So she named him Zebulun. 1000 

30:21 After that she gave birth to a daughter and named her Dinah.

30:22 Then God took note of 1001  Rachel. He paid attention to her and enabled her to become pregnant. 1002  30:23 She became pregnant 1003  and gave birth to a son. Then she said, “God has taken away my shame.” 1004  30:24 She named him Joseph, 1005  saying, “May the Lord give me yet another son.”

The Flocks of Jacob

30:25 After Rachel had given birth 1006  to Joseph, Jacob said to Laban, “Send 1007  me on my way so that I can go 1008  home to my own country. 1009  30:26 Let me take my wives and my children whom I have acquired by working for you. 1010  Then I’ll depart, 1011  because you know how hard I’ve worked for you.” 1012 

30:27 But Laban said to him, “If I have found favor in your sight, please stay here, 1013  for I have learned by divination 1014  that the Lord has blessed me on account of you.” 30:28 He added, “Just name your wages – I’ll pay whatever you want.” 1015 

30:29You know how I have worked for you,” Jacob replied, 1016 and how well your livestock have fared under my care. 1017  30:30 Indeed, 1018  you had little before I arrived, 1019  but now your possessions have increased many times over. 1020  The Lord has blessed you wherever I worked. 1021  But now, how long must it be before I do something for my own family too? 1022 

30:31 So Laban asked, 1023  “What should I give you?” “You don’t need to give me a thing,” 1024  Jacob replied, 1025 but if you agree to this one condition, 1026  I will continue to care for 1027  your flocks and protect them: 30:32 Let me walk among 1028  all your flocks today and remove from them every speckled or spotted sheep, every dark-colored lamb, 1029  and the spotted or speckled goats. 1030  These animals will be my wages. 1031  30:33 My integrity will testify for me 1032  later on. 1033  When you come to verify that I’ve taken only the wages we agreed on, 1034  if I have in my possession any goat that is not speckled or spotted or any sheep that is not dark-colored, it will be considered stolen.” 1035  30:34 Agreed!” said Laban, “It will be as you say.” 1036 

30:35 So that day Laban 1037  removed the male goats that were streaked or spotted, all the female goats that were speckled or spotted (all that had any white on them), and all the dark-colored lambs, and put them in the care 1038  of his sons. 30:36 Then he separated them from Jacob by a three-day journey, 1039  while 1040  Jacob was taking care of the rest of Laban’s flocks.

30:37 But Jacob took fresh-cut branches from poplar, almond, and plane trees. He made white streaks by peeling them, making the white inner wood in the branches visible. 30:38 Then he set up the peeled branches in all the watering troughs where the flocks came to drink. He set up the branches in front of the flocks when they were in heat and came to drink. 1041  30:39 When the sheep mated 1042  in front of the branches, they 1043  gave birth to young that were streaked or speckled or spotted. 30:40 Jacob removed these lambs, but he made the rest of the flock face 1044  the streaked and completely dark-colored animals in Laban’s flock. So he made separate flocks for himself and did not mix them with Laban’s flocks. 30:41 When the stronger females were in heat, 1045  Jacob would set up the branches in the troughs in front of the flock, so they would mate near the branches. 30:42 But if the animals were weaker, he did not set the branches there. 1046  So the weaker animals ended up belonging to Laban 1047  and the stronger animals to Jacob. 30:43 In this way Jacob 1048  became extremely prosperous. He owned 1049  large flocks, male and female servants, camels, and donkeys.

Jacob’s Flight from Laban

31:1 Jacob heard that Laban’s sons were complaining, 1050 Jacob has taken everything that belonged to our father! He has gotten rich 1051  at our father’s expense! 1052  31:2 When Jacob saw the look on Laban’s face, he could tell his attitude toward him had changed. 1053 

31:3 The Lord said to Jacob, “Return to the land of your fathers 1054  and to your relatives. I will be with you.” 1055  31:4 So Jacob sent a message for Rachel and Leah 1056  to come to the field 1057  where his flocks were. 1058  31:5 There he said to them, “I can tell that your father’s attitude toward me has changed, 1059  but the God of my father has been with me. 31:6 You know that I’ve worked for your father as hard as I could, 1060  31:7 but your father has humiliated 1061  me and changed my wages ten times. But God has not permitted him to do me any harm. 31:8 If he said, 1062 The speckled animals 1063  will be your wage,’ then the entire flock gave birth to speckled offspring. But if he said, ‘The streaked animals will be your wage,’ then the entire flock gave birth to streaked offspring. 31:9 In this way God has snatched away your father’s livestock and given them to me.

31:10Once 1064  during breeding season I saw 1065  in a dream that the male goats mating with 1066  the flock were streaked, speckled, and spotted. 31:11 In the dream the angel of God said to me, ‘Jacob!’ ‘Here I am!’ I replied. 31:12 Then he said, ‘Observe 1067  that all the male goats mating with 1068  the flock are streaked, speckled, or spotted, for I have observed all that Laban has done to you. 31:13 I am the God of Bethel, 1069  where you anointed 1070  the sacred stone and made a vow to me. 1071  Now leave this land immediately 1072  and return to your native land.’

31:14 Then Rachel and Leah replied to him, “Do we still have any portion or inheritance 1073  in our father’s house? 31:15 Hasn’t he treated us like foreigners? He not only sold us, but completely wasted 1074  the money paid for us! 1075  31:16 Surely all the wealth that God snatched away from our father belongs to us and to our children. So now do everything God has told you.”

31:17 So Jacob immediately put his children and his wives on the camels. 1076  31:18 He took 1077  away all the livestock he had acquired in Paddan Aram and all his moveable property that he had accumulated. Then he set out toward the land of Canaan to return to his father Isaac. 1078 

31:19 While Laban had gone to shear his sheep, 1079  Rachel stole the household idols 1080  that belonged to her father. 31:20 Jacob also deceived 1081  Laban the Aramean by not telling him that he was leaving. 1082  31:21 He left 1083  with all he owned. He quickly crossed 1084  the Euphrates River 1085  and headed for 1086  the hill country of Gilead.

31:22 Three days later Laban discovered Jacob had left. 1087  31:23 So he took his relatives 1088  with him and pursued Jacob 1089  for seven days. 1090  He caught up with 1091  him in the hill country of Gilead. 31:24 But God came to Laban the Aramean in a dream at night and warned him, 1092  “Be careful 1093  that you neither bless nor curse Jacob.” 1094 

31:25 Laban overtook Jacob, and when Jacob pitched his tent in the hill country of Gilead, Laban and his relatives set up camp there too. 1095  31:26 What have you done?” Laban demanded of Jacob. “You’ve deceived me 1096  and carried away my daughters as if they were captives of war! 1097  31:27 Why did you run away secretly 1098  and deceive me? 1099  Why didn’t you tell me so I could send you off with a celebration complete with singing, tambourines, and harps? 1100  31:28 You didn’t even allow me to kiss my daughters and my grandchildren 1101  good-bye. You have acted foolishly! 31:29 I have 1102  the power to do you harm, but the God of your father told me last night, ‘Be careful 1103  that you neither bless nor curse Jacob.’ 1104  31:30 Now I understand that 1105  you have gone away 1106  because you longed desperately 1107  for your father’s house. Yet why did you steal my gods? 1108 

31:31I left secretly because I was afraid!” 1109  Jacob replied to Laban. “I thought 1110  you might take your daughters away from me by force. 1111  31:32 Whoever has taken your gods will be put to death! 1112  In the presence of our relatives 1113  identify whatever is yours and take it.” 1114  (Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.) 1115 

31:33 So Laban entered Jacob’s tent, and Leah’s tent, and the tent of the two female servants, but he did not find the idols. 1116  Then he left Leah’s tent and entered Rachel’s. 1117  31:34 (Now Rachel had taken the idols and put them inside her camel’s saddle 1118  and sat on them.) 1119  Laban searched the whole tent, but did not find them. 1120  31:35 Rachel 1121  said to her father, “Don’t be angry, 1122  my lord. I cannot stand up 1123  in your presence because I am having my period.” 1124  So he searched thoroughly, 1125  but did not find the idols.

31:36 Jacob became angry 1126  and argued with Laban. “What did I do wrong?” he demanded of Laban. 1127 What sin of mine prompted you to chase after me in hot pursuit? 1128  31:37 When you searched through all my goods, did you find anything that belonged to you? 1129  Set it here before my relatives and yours, 1130  and let them settle the dispute between the two of us! 1131 

31:38I have been with you for the past twenty years. Your ewes and female goats have not miscarried, nor have I eaten rams from your flocks. 31:39 Animals torn by wild beasts I never brought to you; I always absorbed the loss myself. 1132  You always made me pay for every missing animal, 1133  whether it was taken by day or at night. 31:40 I was consumed by scorching heat 1134  during the day and by piercing cold 1135  at night, and I went without sleep. 1136  31:41 This was my lot 1137  for twenty years in your house: I worked like a slave 1138  for you – fourteen years for your two daughters and six years for your flocks, but you changed my wages ten times! 31:42 If the God of my father – the God of Abraham, the one whom Isaac fears 1139 had not been with me, you would certainly have sent me away empty-handed! But God saw how I was oppressed and how hard I worked, 1140  and he rebuked you last night.”

31:43 Laban replied 1141  to Jacob, “These women 1142  are my daughters, these children are my grandchildren, 1143  and these flocks are my flocks. All that you see belongs to me. But how can I harm these daughters of mine today 1144  or the children to whom they have given birth? 31:44 So now, come, let’s make a formal agreement, 1145  you and I, and it will be 1146  proof that we have made peace.” 1147 

31:45 So Jacob took a stone and set it up as a memorial pillar. 31:46 Then he 1148  said to his relatives, “Gather stones.” So they brought stones and put them in a pile. 1149  They ate there by the pile of stones. 31:47 Laban called it Jegar Sahadutha, 1150  but Jacob called it Galeed. 1151 

31:48 Laban said, “This pile of stones is a witness of our agreement 1152  today.” That is why it was called Galeed. 31:49 It was also called Mizpah 1153  because he said, “May the Lord watch 1154  between us 1155  when we are out of sight of one another. 1156  31:50 If you mistreat my daughters or if you take wives besides my daughters, although no one else is with us, realize 1157  that God is witness to your actions.” 1158 

31:51Here is this pile of stones and this pillar I have set up between me and you,” Laban said to Jacob. 1159  31:52 This pile of stones and the pillar are reminders that I will not pass beyond this pile to come to harm you and that you will not pass beyond this pile and this pillar to come to harm me. 1160  31:53 May the God of Abraham and the god of Nahor, 1161  the gods of their father, judge between us.” Jacob took an oath by the God whom his father Isaac feared. 1162  31:54 Then Jacob offered a sacrifice 1163  on the mountain and invited his relatives to eat the meal. 1164  They ate the meal and spent the night on the mountain.

31:55 1165  Early in the morning Laban kissed 1166  his grandchildren 1167  and his daughters goodbye and blessed them. Then Laban left and returned home. 1168 

Jacob Wrestles at Peniel

32:1 So Jacob went on his way and the angels of God 1169  met him. 32:2 When Jacob saw them, he exclaimed, 1170  “This is the camp of God!” So he named that place Mahanaim. 1171 

32:3 Jacob sent messengers on ahead 1172  to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the region 1173  of Edom. 32:4 He commanded them, “This is what you must say to my lord Esau: ‘This is what your servant 1174  Jacob says: I have been staying with Laban until now. 32:5 I have oxen, donkeys, sheep, and male and female servants. I have sent 1175  this message 1176  to inform my lord, so that I may find favor in your sight.’

32:6 The messengers returned to Jacob and said, “We went to your brother Esau. He is coming to meet you and has four hundred men with him.” 32:7 Jacob was very afraid and upset. So he divided the people who were with him into two camps, as well as the flocks, herds, and camels. 32:8 If Esau attacks one camp,” 1177  he thought, 1178 then the other camp will be able to escape.” 1179 

32:9 Then Jacob prayed, 1180  “O God of my father Abraham, God of my father Isaac, O Lord, you said 1181  to me, ‘Return to your land and to your relatives and I will make you prosper.’ 1182  32:10 I am not worthy of all the faithful love 1183  you have shown 1184  your servant. With only my walking stick 1185  I crossed the Jordan, 1186  but now I have become two camps. 32:11 Rescue me, 1187  I pray, from the hand 1188  of my brother Esau, 1189  for I am afraid he will come 1190  and attack me, as well as the mothers with their children. 1191  32:12 But you 1192  said, ‘I will certainly make you prosper 1193  and will make 1194  your descendants like the sand on the seashore, too numerous to count.’ 1195 

32:13 Jacob 1196  stayed there that night. Then he sent 1197  as a gift 1198  to his brother Esau 32:14 two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 32:15 thirty female camels with their young, forty cows and ten bulls, and twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys. 32:16 He entrusted them to 1199  his servants, who divided them into herds. 1200  He told his servants, “Pass over before me, and keep some distance between one herd and the next.” 32:17 He instructed the servant leading the first herd, 1201  “When my brother Esau meets you and asks, ‘To whom do you belong? 1202  Where are you going? Whose herds are you driving?’ 1203  32:18 then you must say, 1204 They belong 1205  to your servant Jacob. 1206  They have been sent as a gift to my lord Esau. 1207  In fact Jacob himself is behind us.’ 1208 

32:19 He also gave these instructions to the second and third servants, as well as all those who were following the herds, saying, “You must say the same thing to Esau when you meet him. 1209  32:20 You must also say, ‘In fact your servant Jacob is behind us.’” 1210  Jacob thought, 1211 I will first appease him 1212  by sending a gift ahead of me. 1213  After that I will meet him. 1214  Perhaps he will accept me.” 1215  32:21 So the gifts were sent on ahead of him 1216  while he spent that night in the camp. 1217 

32:22 During the night Jacob quickly took 1218  his two wives, his two female servants, and his eleven sons 1219  and crossed the ford of the Jabbok. 1220  32:23 He took them and sent them across the stream along with all his possessions. 1221  32:24 So Jacob was left alone. Then a man 1222  wrestled 1223  with him until daybreak. 1224  32:25 When the man 1225  saw that he could not defeat Jacob, 1226  he struck 1227  the socket of his hip so the socket of Jacob’s hip was dislocated while he wrestled with him.

32:26 Then the man 1228  said, “Let me go, for the dawn is breaking.” 1229  “I will not let you go,” Jacob replied, 1230 unless you bless me.” 1231  32:27 The man asked him, 1232 What is your name?” 1233  He answered, “Jacob.” 32:28 No longer will your name be Jacob,” the man told him, 1234  “but Israel, 1235  because you have fought 1236  with God and with men and have prevailed.”

32:29 Then Jacob asked, “Please tell me your name.” 1237 Why 1238  do you ask my name?” the man replied. 1239  Then he blessed 1240  Jacob 1241  there. 32:30 So Jacob named the place Peniel, 1242  explaining, 1243  “Certainly 1244  I have seen God face to face 1245  and have survived.” 1246 

32:31 The sun rose 1247  over him as he crossed over Penuel, 1248  but 1249  he was limping because of his hip. 32:32 That is why to this day 1250  the Israelites do not eat the sinew which is attached to the socket of the hip, because he struck 1251  the socket of Jacob’s hip near the attached sinew.

Jacob Meets Esau

33:1 Jacob looked up 1252  and saw that Esau was coming 1253  along with four hundred men. So he divided the children among Leah, Rachel, and the two female servants. 33:2 He put the servants and their children in front, with Leah and her children behind them, and Rachel and Joseph behind them. 1254  33:3 But Jacob 1255  himself went on ahead of them, and he bowed toward the ground seven times as he approached 1256  his brother. 33:4 But Esau ran to meet him, embraced him, hugged his neck, and kissed him. Then they both wept. 33:5 When Esau 1257  looked up 1258  and saw the women and the children, he asked, “Who are these people with you?” Jacob 1259  replied, “The children whom God has graciously given 1260  your servant.” 33:6 The female servants came forward with their children and bowed down. 1261  33:7 Then Leah came forward with her children and they bowed down. Finally Joseph and Rachel came forward and bowed down.

33:8 Esau 1262  then asked, “What did you intend 1263  by sending all these herds to meet me?” 1264  Jacob 1265  replied, “To find favor in your sight, my lord.” 33:9 But Esau said, “I have plenty, my brother. Keep what belongs to you.” 33:10 No, please take them,” Jacob said. 1266 If I have found favor in your sight, accept 1267  my gift from my hand. Now that I have seen your face and you have accepted me, 1268  it is as if I have seen the face of God. 1269  33:11 Please take my present 1270  that was brought to you, for God has been generous 1271  to me and I have all I need.” 1272  When Jacob urged him, he took it. 1273 

33:12 Then Esau 1274  said, “Let’s be on our way! 1275  I will go in front of you.” 33:13 But Jacob 1276  said to him, “My lord knows that the children are young, 1277  and that I have to look after the sheep and cattle that are nursing their young. 1278  If they are driven too hard for even a single day, all the animals will die. 33:14 Let my lord go on ahead of his servant. I will travel more slowly, at the pace of the herds and the children, 1279  until I come to my lord at Seir.”

33:15 So Esau said, “Let me leave some of my men with you.” 1280  “Why do that?” Jacob replied. 1281 My lord has already been kind enough to me.” 1282 

33:16 So that same day Esau made his way back 1283  to Seir. 33:17 But 1284  Jacob traveled to Succoth 1285  where he built himself a house and made shelters for his livestock. That is why the place was called 1286  Succoth. 1287 

33:18 After he left Paddan Aram, Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem in the land of Canaan, and he camped near 1288  the city. 33:19 Then he purchased the portion of the field where he had pitched his tent; he bought it 1289  from the sons of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for a hundred pieces of money. 1290  33:20 There he set up an altar and called it “The God of Israel is God.” 1291 

Dinah and the Shechemites

34:1 Now Dinah, Leah’s daughter whom she bore to Jacob, went to meet 1292  the young women 1293  of the land. 34:2 When Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite, who ruled that area, saw her, he grabbed her, forced himself on her, 1294  and sexually assaulted her. 1295  34:3 Then he became very attached 1296  to Dinah, Jacob’s daughter. He fell in love with the young woman and spoke romantically to her. 1297  34:4 Shechem said to his father Hamor, “Acquire this young girl as my wife.” 1298  34:5 When 1299  Jacob heard that Shechem 1300  had violated his daughter Dinah, his sons were with the livestock in the field. So Jacob remained silent 1301  until they came in.

34:6 Then Shechem’s father Hamor went to speak with Jacob about Dinah. 1302  34:7 Now Jacob’s sons had come in from the field when they heard the news. 1303  They 1304  were offended 1305  and very angry because Shechem 1306  had disgraced Israel 1307  by sexually assaulting 1308  Jacob’s daughter, a crime that should not be committed. 1309 

34:8 But Hamor made this appeal to them: “My son Shechem is in love with your daughter. 1310  Please give her to him as his wife. 34:9 Intermarry with us. 1311  Let us marry your daughters, and take our daughters as wives for yourselves. 1312  34:10 You may live 1313  among us, and the land will be open to you. 1314  Live in it, travel freely in it, 1315  and acquire property in it.”

34:11 Then Shechem said to Dinah’s 1316  father and brothers, “Let me find favor in your sight, and whatever you require of me 1317  I’ll give. 1318  34:12 You can make the bride price and the gift I must bring very expensive, 1319  and I’ll give 1320  whatever you ask 1321  of me. Just give me the young woman as my wife!

34:13 Jacob’s sons answered Shechem and his father Hamor deceitfully when they spoke because Shechem 1322  had violated their sister Dinah. 34:14 They said to them, “We cannot give 1323  our sister to a man who is not circumcised, for it would be a disgrace 1324  to us. 34:15 We will give you our consent on this one condition: You must become 1325  like us by circumcising 1326  all your males. 34:16 Then we will give 1327  you our daughters to marry, 1328  and we will take your daughters as wives for ourselves, and we will live among you and become one people. 34:17 But if you do not agree to our terms 1329  by being circumcised, then we will take 1330  our sister 1331  and depart.”

34:18 Their offer pleased Hamor and his son Shechem. 1332  34:19 The young man did not delay in doing what they asked 1333  because he wanted Jacob’s daughter Dinah 1334  badly. (Now he was more important 1335  than anyone in his father’s household.) 1336  34:20 So Hamor and his son Shechem went to the gate 1337  of their city and spoke to the men of their city, 34:21 These men are at peace with us. So let them live in the land and travel freely in it, for the land is wide enough 1338  for them. We will take their daughters for wives, and we will give them our daughters to marry. 1339  34:22 Only on this one condition will these men consent to live with us and become one people: They demand 1340  that every male among us be circumcised just as they are circumcised. 34:23 If we do so, 1341  won’t their livestock, their property, and all their animals become ours? So let’s consent to their demand, so they will live among us.”

34:24 All the men who assembled at the city gate 1342  agreed with 1343  Hamor and his son Shechem. Every male who assembled at the city gate 1344  was circumcised. 34:25 In three days, when they were still in pain, two of Jacob’s sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brothers, each took his sword 1345  and went to the unsuspecting city 1346  and slaughtered every male. 34:26 They killed Hamor and his son Shechem with the sword, took Dinah from Shechem’s house, and left. 34:27 Jacob’s sons killed them 1347  and looted the city because their sister had been violated. 1348  34:28 They took their flocks, herds, and donkeys, as well as everything in the city and in the surrounding fields. 1349  34:29 They captured as plunder 1350  all their wealth, all their little ones, and their wives, including everything in the houses.

34:30 Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have brought ruin 1351  on me by making me a foul odor 1352  among the inhabitants of the land – among the Canaanites and the Perizzites. I 1353  am few in number; they will join forces against me and attack me, and both I and my family will be destroyed! 34:31 But Simeon and Levi replied, 1354 Should he treat our sister like a common prostitute?

The Return to Bethel

35:1 Then God said to Jacob, “Go up at once 1355  to Bethel 1356  and live there. Make an altar there to God, who appeared to you when you fled from your brother Esau.” 1357  35:2 So Jacob told his household and all who were with him, “Get rid of the foreign gods you have among you. 1358  Purify yourselves and change your clothes. 1359  35:3 Let us go up at once 1360  to Bethel. Then I will make 1361  an altar there to God, who responded to me in my time of distress 1362  and has been with me wherever I went.” 1363 

35:4 So they gave Jacob all the foreign gods that were in their possession 1364  and the rings that were in their ears. 1365  Jacob buried them 1366  under the oak 1367  near Shechem 35:5 and they started on their journey. 1368  The surrounding cities were afraid of God, 1369  and they did not pursue the sons of Jacob.

35:6 Jacob and all those who were with him arrived at Luz (that is, Bethel) 1370  in the land of Canaan. 1371  35:7 He built an altar there and named the place El Bethel 1372  because there God had revealed himself 1373  to him when he was fleeing from his brother. 35:8 (Deborah, 1374  Rebekah’s nurse, died and was buried under the oak below Bethel; thus it was named 1375  Oak of Weeping.) 1376 

35:9 God appeared to Jacob again after he returned from Paddan Aram and blessed him. 35:10 God said to him, “Your name is Jacob, but your name will no longer be called Jacob; Israel will be your name.” So God named him Israel. 1377  35:11 Then God said to him, “I am the sovereign God. 1378  Be fruitful and multiply! A nation – even a company of nations – will descend from you; kings will be among your descendants! 1379  35:12 The land I gave 1380  to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you. To your descendants 1381  I will also give this land.” 35:13 Then God went up from the place 1382  where he spoke with him. 35:14 So Jacob set up a sacred stone pillar in the place where God spoke with him. 1383  He poured out a drink offering on it, and then he poured oil on it. 1384  35:15 Jacob named the place 1385  where God spoke with him Bethel. 1386 

35:16 They traveled on from Bethel, and when Ephrath was still some distance away, 1387  Rachel went into labor 1388 and her labor was hard. 35:17 When her labor was at its hardest, 1389  the midwife said to her, “Don’t be afraid, for you are having another son.” 1390  35:18 With her dying breath, 1391  she named him Ben-Oni. 1392  But his father called him Benjamin instead. 1393  35:19 So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem). 1394  35:20 Jacob set up a marker 1395  over her grave; it is 1396  the Marker of Rachel’s Grave to this day.

35:21 Then Israel traveled on and pitched his tent beyond Migdal Eder. 1397  35:22 While Israel was living in that land, Reuben had sexual relations with 1398  Bilhah, his father’s concubine, and Israel heard about it.

Jacob had twelve sons:

35:23 The sons of Leah were Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn, as well as Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun.

35:24 The sons of Rachel were Joseph and Benjamin.

35:25 The sons of Bilhah, Rachel’s servant, were Dan and Naphtali.

35:26 The sons of Zilpah, Leah’s servant, were Gad and Asher.

These were the sons of Jacob who were born to him in Paddan Aram.

35:27 So Jacob came back to his father Isaac in Mamre, 1399  to Kiriath Arba 1400  (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had stayed. 1401  35:28 Isaac lived to be 180 years old. 1402  35:29 Then Isaac breathed his last and joined his ancestors. 1403  He died an old man who had lived a full life. 1404  His sons Esau and Jacob buried him.

The Descendants of Esau

36:1 What follows is the account of Esau (also known as Edom). 1405 

36:2 Esau took his wives from the Canaanites: 1406  Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and granddaughter 1407  of Zibeon the Hivite, 36:3 in addition to Basemath the daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.

36:4 Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, Basemath bore Reuel, 36:5 and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These were the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan.

36:6 Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, all the people in his household, his livestock, his animals, and all his possessions which he had acquired in the land of Canaan and went to a land some distance away from 1408  Jacob his brother 36:7 because they had too many possessions to be able to stay together and the land where they had settled 1409  was not able to support them because of their livestock. 36:8 So Esau (also known as Edom) lived in the hill country of Seir. 1410 

36:9 This is the account of Esau, the father 1411  of the Edomites, in the hill country of Seir.

36:10 These were the names of Esau’s sons:

Eliphaz, the son of Esau’s wife Adah, and Reuel, the son of Esau’s wife Basemath.

36:11 The sons of Eliphaz were:

Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz.

36:12 Timna, a concubine of Esau’s son Eliphaz, bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These were the sons 1412  of Esau’s wife Adah.

36:13 These were the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the sons 1413  of Esau’s wife Basemath.

36:14 These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and granddaughter 1414  of Zibeon: She bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah to Esau.

36:15 These were the chiefs 1415  among the descendants 1416  of Esau, the sons of Eliphaz, Esau’s firstborn: chief Teman, chief Omar, chief Zepho, chief Kenaz, 36:16 chief Korah, 1417  chief Gatam, chief Amalek. These were the chiefs descended from Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were the sons 1418  of Adah.

36:17 These were the sons of Esau’s son Reuel: chief Nahath, chief Zerah, chief Shammah, chief Mizzah. These were the chiefs descended from Reuel in the land of Edom; these were the sons 1419  of Esau’s wife Basemath.

36:18 These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah: chief Jeush, chief Jalam, chief Korah. These were the chiefs descended from Esau’s wife Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah.

36:19 These were the sons of Esau (also known as Edom), and these were their chiefs.

36:20 These were the sons of Seir the Horite, 1420  who were living in the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, 36:21 Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, the descendants 1421  of Seir in the land of Edom.

36:22 The sons of Lotan were Hori and Homam; 1422  Lotan’s sister was Timna.

36:23 These were the sons of Shobal: Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, 1423  and Onam.

36:24 These were the sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah (who discovered the hot springs 1424  in the wilderness as he pastured the donkeys of his father Zibeon).

36:25 These were the children 1425  of Anah: Dishon and Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah.

36:26 These were the sons of Dishon: 1426  Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Keran.

36:27 These were the sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.

36:28 These were the sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran.

36:29 These were the chiefs of the Horites: chief Lotan, chief Shobal, chief Zibeon, chief Anah, 36:30 chief Dishon, chief Ezer, chief Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, according to their chief lists in the land of Seir.

36:31 These were the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king ruled over the Israelites: 1427 

36:32 Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom; the name of his city was Dinhabah.

36:33 When Bela died, Jobab the son of Zerah from Bozrah reigned in his place.

36:34 When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites reigned in his place.

36:35 When Husham died, Hadad the son of Bedad, who defeated the Midianites in the land of Moab, reigned in his place; the name of his city was Avith.

36:36 When Hadad died, Samlah from Masrekah reigned in his place.

36:37 When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth by the River 1428  reigned in his place.

36:38 When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his place.

36:39 When Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor died, Hadad 1429  reigned in his place; the name of his city was Pau. 1430  His wife’s name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Me-Zahab.

36:40 These were the names of the chiefs of Esau, according to their families, according to their places, by their names: chief Timna, chief Alvah, chief Jetheth, 36:41 chief Oholibamah, chief Elah, chief Pinon, 36:42 chief Kenaz, chief Teman, chief Mibzar, 36:43 chief Magdiel, chief Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom, according to their settlements 1431  in the land they possessed. This was Esau, the father of the Edomites.

Joseph’s Dreams

37:1 But Jacob lived in the land where his father had stayed, 1432  in the land of Canaan. 1433 

37:2 This is the account of Jacob.

Joseph, his seventeen-year-old son, 1434  was taking care of 1435  the flocks with his brothers. Now he was a youngster 1436  working with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father’s wives. 1437  Joseph brought back a bad report about them 1438  to their father.

37:3 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his sons 1439  because he was a son born to him late in life, 1440  and he made a special 1441  tunic for him. 37:4 When Joseph’s 1442  brothers saw that their father loved him more than any of them, 1443  they hated Joseph 1444  and were not able to speak to him kindly. 1445 

37:5 Joseph 1446  had a dream, 1447  and when he told his brothers about it, 1448  they hated him even more. 1449  37:6 He said to them, “Listen to this dream I had: 1450  37:7 There we were, 1451  binding sheaves of grain in the middle of the field. Suddenly my sheaf rose up and stood upright and your sheaves surrounded my sheaf and bowed down 1452  to it! 37:8 Then his brothers asked him, “Do you really think you will rule over us or have dominion over us?” 1453  They hated him even more 1454  because of his dream and because of what he said. 1455 

37:9 Then he had another dream, 1456  and told it to his brothers. “Look,” 1457  he said. “I had another dream. The sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me.” 37:10 When he told his father and his brothers, his father rebuked him, saying, “What is this dream that you had? 1458  Will I, your mother, and your brothers really come and bow down to you? 1459  37:11 His brothers were jealous 1460  of him, but his father kept in mind what Joseph said. 1461 

37:12 When his brothers had gone to graze their father’s flocks near Shechem, 37:13 Israel said to Joseph, “Your brothers 1462  are grazing the flocks near Shechem. Come, I will send you to them.” “I’m ready,” 1463  Joseph replied. 1464  37:14 So Jacob 1465  said to him, “Go now and check on 1466  the welfare 1467  of your brothers and of the flocks, and bring me word.” So Jacob 1468  sent him from the valley of Hebron.

37:15 When Joseph reached Shechem, 1469  a man found him wandering 1470  in the field, so the man asked him, “What are you looking for? 37:16 He replied, “I’m looking for my brothers. Please tell 1471  me where they are grazing their flocks.” 37:17 The man said, “They left this area, 1472  for I heard them say, ‘Let’s go to Dothan.’” So Joseph went after his brothers and found them at Dothan.

37:18 Now Joseph’s brothers 1473  saw him from a distance, and before he reached them, they plotted to kill him. 37:19 They said to one another, “Here comes this master of dreams! 1474  37:20 Come now, let’s kill him, throw him into one of the cisterns, and then say that a wild 1475  animal ate him. Then we’ll see how his dreams turn out! 1476 

37:21 When Reuben heard this, he rescued Joseph 1477  from their hands, 1478  saying, 1479 Let’s not take his life! 1480  37:22 Reuben continued, 1481  “Don’t shed blood! Throw him into this cistern that is here in the wilderness, but don’t lay a hand on him.” 1482  (Reuben said this 1483  so he could rescue Joseph 1484  from them 1485  and take him back to his father.)

37:23 When Joseph reached his brothers, they stripped him 1486  of his tunic, the special tunic that he wore. 37:24 Then they took him and threw him into the cistern. (Now the cistern was empty; 1487  there was no water in it.)

37:25 When they sat down to eat their food, they looked up 1488  and saw 1489  a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead. Their camels were carrying spices, balm, and myrrh down to Egypt. 1490  37:26 Then Judah said to his brothers, “What profit is there if we kill our brother and cover up his blood? 37:27 Come, let’s sell him to the Ishmaelites, but let’s not lay a hand on him, 1491  for after all, he is our brother, our own flesh.” His brothers agreed. 1492  37:28 So when the Midianite 1493  merchants passed by, Joseph’s brothers pulled 1494  him 1495  out of the cistern and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver. The Ishmaelites 1496  then took Joseph to Egypt.

37:29 Later Reuben returned to the cistern to find that Joseph was not in it! 1497  He tore his clothes, 37:30 returned to his brothers, and said, “The boy isn’t there! And I, where can I go? 37:31 So they took Joseph’s tunic, killed a young goat, 1498  and dipped the tunic in the blood. 37:32 Then they brought the special tunic to their father 1499  and said, “We found this. Determine now whether it is your son’s tunic or not.”

37:33 He recognized it and exclaimed, “It is my son’s tunic! A wild animal has eaten him! 1500  Joseph has surely been torn to pieces! 37:34 Then Jacob tore his clothes, put on sackcloth, 1501  and mourned for his son many days. 37:35 All his sons and daughters stood by 1502  him to console him, but he refused to be consoled. “No,” he said, “I will go to the grave mourning my son.” 1503  So Joseph’s 1504  father wept for him.

37:36 Now 1505  in Egypt the Midianites 1506  sold Joseph 1507  to Potiphar, one of Pharaoh’s officials, the captain of the guard. 1508 

Judah and Tamar

38:1 At that time Judah left 1509  his brothers and stayed 1510  with an Adullamite man 1511  named Hirah.

38:2 There Judah saw the daughter of a Canaanite man 1512  named Shua. 1513  Judah acquired her as a wife 1514  and had marital relations with her. 1515  38:3 She became pregnant 1516  and had a son. Judah named 1517  him Er. 38:4 She became pregnant again and had another son, whom she named Onan. 38:5 Then she had 1518  yet another son, whom she named Shelah. She gave birth to him in Kezib. 1519 

38:6 Judah acquired 1520  a wife for Er his firstborn; her name was Tamar. 38:7 But Er, Judah’s firstborn, was evil in the Lord’s sight, so the Lord killed him.

38:8 Then Judah said to Onan, “Have sexual relations with 1521  your brother’s wife and fulfill the duty of a brother-in-law to her so that you may raise 1522  up a descendant for your brother.” 1523  38:9 But Onan knew that the child 1524  would not be considered his. 1525  So whenever 1526  he had sexual relations with 1527  his brother’s wife, he withdrew prematurely 1528  so as not to give his brother a descendant. 38:10 What he did was evil in the Lord’s sight, so the Lord 1529  killed him too.

38:11 Then Judah said to his daughter-in-law Tamar, “Live as a widow in your father’s house until Shelah my son grows up.” For he thought, 1530 I don’t want him to die like his brothers.” 1531  So Tamar went and lived in her father’s house.

38:12 After some time 1532  Judah’s wife, the daughter of Shua, died. After Judah was consoled, he left for Timnah to visit his sheepshearers, along with 1533  his friend Hirah the Adullamite. 38:13 Tamar was told, 1534 Look, your father-in-law is going up 1535  to Timnah to shear his sheep.” 38:14 So she removed her widow’s clothes and covered herself with a veil. She wrapped herself and sat at the entrance to Enaim which is on the way to Timnah. (She did this because 1536  she saw that she had not been given to Shelah as a wife, even though he had now grown up.) 1537 

38:15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute 1538  because she had covered her face. 38:16 He turned aside to her along the road and said, “Come on! I want to have sex with you.” 1539  (He did not realize 1540  it was his daughter-in-law.) She asked, “What will you give me in exchange for having sex with you? 1541  38:17 He replied, “I’ll send you a young goat from the flock.” She asked, “Will you give me a pledge until you send it? 1542  38:18 He said, “What pledge should I give you?” She replied, “Your seal, your cord, and the staff that’s in your hand.” So he gave them to her and had sex with her. 1543  She became pregnant by him. 38:19 She left immediately, 1544  removed her veil, and put on her widow’s clothes.

38:20 Then Judah had his friend Hirah 1545  the Adullamite take a young goat to get back from the woman the items he had given in pledge, 1546  but Hirah 1547  could not find her. 38:21 He asked the men who were there, 1548 Where is the cult prostitute 1549  who was at Enaim by the road?” But they replied, “There has been no cult prostitute here.” 38:22 So he returned to Judah and said, “I couldn’t find her. Moreover, the men of the place said, ‘There has been no cult prostitute here.’ 38:23 Judah said, “Let her keep the things 1550  for herself. Otherwise we will appear to be dishonest. 1551  I did indeed send this young goat, but you couldn’t find her.”

38:24 After three months Judah was told, 1552 Your daughter-in-law Tamar has turned to prostitution, 1553  and as a result she has become pregnant.” 1554  Judah said, “Bring her out and let her be burned! 38:25 While they were bringing her out, she sent word 1555  to her father-in-law: “I am pregnant by the man to whom these belong.” 1556  Then she said, “Identify 1557  the one to whom the seal, cord, and staff belong.” 38:26 Judah recognized them and said, “She is more upright 1558  than I am, because I wouldn’t give her to Shelah my son.” He did not have sexual relations with her 1559  again.

38:27 When it was time for her to give birth, there were twins in her womb. 38:28 While she was giving birth, one child 1560  put out his hand, and the midwife took a scarlet thread and tied it on his hand, saying, “This one came out first.” 38:29 But then he drew back his hand, and his brother came out before him. 1561  She said, “How you have broken out of the womb!” 1562  So he was named Perez. 1563  38:30 Afterward his brother came out – the one who had the scarlet thread on his hand – and he was named Zerah. 1564 

Joseph and Potiphar’s Wife

39:1 Now Joseph had been brought down to Egypt. 1565  An Egyptian named Potiphar, an official of Pharaoh and the captain of the guard, 1566  purchased him from 1567  the Ishmaelites who had brought him there. 39:2 The Lord was with Joseph. He was successful 1568  and lived 1569  in the household of his Egyptian master. 39:3 His master observed that the Lord was with him and that the Lord made everything he was doing successful. 1570  39:4 So Joseph found favor in his sight and became his personal attendant. 1571  Potiphar appointed Joseph 1572  overseer of his household and put him in charge 1573  of everything he owned. 39:5 From the time 1574  Potiphar 1575  appointed him over his household and over all that he owned, the Lord blessed 1576  the Egyptian’s household for Joseph’s sake. The blessing of the Lord was on everything that he had, both 1577  in his house and in his fields. 1578  39:6 So Potiphar 1579  left 1580  everything he had in Joseph’s care; 1581  he gave no thought 1582  to anything except the food he ate. 1583 

Now Joseph was well built and good-looking. 1584  39:7 Soon after these things, his master’s wife took notice of 1585  Joseph and said, “Have sex with me.” 1586  39:8 But he refused, saying 1587  to his master’s wife, “Look, my master does not give any thought 1588  to his household with me here, 1589  and everything that he owns he has put into my care. 1590  39:9 There is no one greater in this household than I am. He has withheld nothing from me except you because you are his wife. So how could I do 1591  such a great evil and sin against God? 39:10 Even though she continued to speak 1592  to Joseph day after day, he did not respond 1593  to her invitation to have sex with her. 1594 

39:11 One day 1595  he went into the house to do his work when none of the household servants 1596  were there in the house. 39:12 She grabbed him by his outer garment, saying, “Have sex with me!” But he left his outer garment in her hand and ran 1597  outside. 1598  39:13 When she saw that he had left his outer garment in her hand and had run outside, 39:14 she called for her household servants and said to them, “See, my husband brought 1599  in a Hebrew man 1600  to us to humiliate us. 1601  He tried to have sex with me, 1602  but I screamed loudly. 1603  39:15 When he heard me raise 1604  my voice and scream, he left his outer garment beside me and ran outside.”

39:16 So she laid his outer garment beside her until his master came home. 39:17 This is what she said to him: 1605  “That Hebrew slave 1606  you brought to us tried to humiliate me, 1607  39:18 but when I raised my voice and screamed, he left his outer garment and ran outside.”

39:19 When his master heard his wife say, 1608 This is the way 1609  your slave treated me,” 1610  he became furious. 1611  39:20 Joseph’s master took him and threw him into the prison, 1612  the place where the king’s prisoners were confined. So he was there in the prison. 1613 

39:21 But the Lord was with Joseph and showed him kindness. 1614  He granted him favor in the sight of the prison warden. 1615  39:22 The warden put all the prisoners under Joseph’s care. He was in charge of whatever they were doing. 1616  39:23 The warden did not concern himself 1617  with anything that was in Joseph’s 1618  care because the Lord was with him and whatever he was doing the Lord was making successful.

The Cupbearer and the Baker

40:1 After these things happened, the cupbearer 1619  to the king of Egypt and the royal baker 1620  offended 1621  their master, the king of Egypt. 40:2 Pharaoh was enraged with his two officials, 1622  the cupbearer and the baker, 40:3 so he imprisoned them in the house of the captain of the guard in the same facility where Joseph was confined. 40:4 The captain of the guard appointed Joseph to be their attendant, and he served them. 1623 

They spent some time in custody. 1624  40:5 Both of them, the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt, who were confined in the prison, had a dream 1625  the same night. 1626  Each man’s dream had its own meaning. 1627  40:6 When Joseph came to them in the morning, he saw that they were looking depressed. 1628  40:7 So he asked Pharaoh’s officials, who were with him in custody in his master’s house, “Why do you look so sad today? 1629  40:8 They told him, “We both had dreams, 1630  but there is no one to interpret them.” Joseph responded, “Don’t interpretations belong to God? Tell them 1631  to me.”

40:9 So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph: 1632  “In my dream, there was a vine in front of me. 40:10 On the vine there were three branches. As it budded, its blossoms opened and its clusters ripened into grapes. 40:11 Now Pharaoh’s cup was in my hand, so I took the grapes, squeezed them into his 1633  cup, and put the cup in Pharaoh’s hand.” 1634 

40:12This is its meaning,” Joseph said to him. “The three branches represent 1635  three days. 40:13 In three more days Pharaoh will reinstate you 1636  and restore you to your office. You will put Pharaoh’s cup in his hand, just as you did before 1637  when you were cupbearer. 40:14 But remember me 1638  when it goes well for you, and show 1639  me kindness. 1640  Make mention 1641  of me to Pharaoh and bring me out of this prison, 1642  40:15 for I really was kidnapped 1643  from the land of the Hebrews and I have done nothing wrong here for which they should put me in a dungeon.”

40:16 When the chief baker saw that the interpretation of the first dream was favorable, 1644  he said to Joseph, “I also appeared in my dream and there were three baskets of white bread 1645  on my head. 40:17 In the top basket there were baked goods of every kind for Pharaoh, but the birds were eating them from the basket that was on my head.”

40:18 Joseph replied, “This is its meaning: The three baskets represent 1646  three days. 40:19 In three more days Pharaoh will decapitate you 1647  and impale you on a pole. Then the birds will eat your flesh from you.”

40:20 On the third day it was Pharaoh’s birthday, so he gave a feast for all his servants. He “lifted up” 1648  the head of the chief cupbearer and the head of the chief baker in the midst of his servants. 40:21 He restored the chief cupbearer to his former position 1649  so that he placed the cup in Pharaoh’s hand, 40:22 but the chief baker he impaled, just as Joseph had predicted. 1650  40:23 But the chief cupbearer did not remember Joseph – he forgot him. 1651 

Joseph’s Rise to Power

41:1 At the end of two full years 1652  Pharaoh had a dream. 1653  As he was standing by the Nile, 41:2 seven fine-looking, fat cows were coming up out of the Nile, 1654  and they grazed in the reeds. 41:3 Then seven bad-looking, thin cows were coming up after them from the Nile, 1655  and they stood beside the other cows at the edge of the river. 1656  41:4 The bad-looking, thin cows ate the seven fine-looking, fat cows. Then Pharaoh woke up.

41:5 Then he fell asleep again and had a second dream: There were seven heads of grain growing 1657  on one stalk, healthy 1658  and good. 41:6 Then 1659  seven heads of grain, thin and burned by the east wind, were sprouting up after them. 41:7 The thin heads swallowed up the seven healthy and full heads. Then Pharaoh woke up and realized it was a dream. 1660 

41:8 In the morning he 1661  was troubled, so he called for 1662  all the diviner-priests 1663  of Egypt and all its wise men. Pharaoh told them his dreams, 1664  but no one could interpret 1665  them for him. 1666  41:9 Then the chief cupbearer said to Pharaoh, “Today I recall my failures. 1667  41:10 Pharaoh was enraged with his servants, and he put me in prison in the house of the captain of the guards – me and the chief baker. 41:11 We each had a dream one night; each of us had a dream with its own meaning. 1668  41:12 Now a young man, a Hebrew, a servant 1669  of the captain of the guards, 1670  was with us there. We told him our dreams, 1671  and he interpreted the meaning of each of our respective dreams for us. 1672  41:13 It happened just as he had said 1673  to us – Pharaoh 1674  restored me to my office, but he impaled the baker.” 1675 

41:14 Then Pharaoh summoned 1676  Joseph. So they brought him quickly out of the dungeon; he shaved himself, changed his clothes, and came before Pharaoh. 41:15 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I had a dream, 1677  and there is no one who can interpret 1678  it. But I have heard about you, that 1679  you can interpret dreams.” 1680  41:16 Joseph replied to Pharaoh, “It is not within my power, 1681  but God will speak concerning 1682  the welfare of Pharaoh.” 1683 

41:17 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “In my dream I was standing 1684  by the edge of the Nile. 41:18 Then seven fat and fine-looking cows were coming up out of the Nile, and they grazed in the reeds. 1685  41:19 Then 1686  seven other cows came up after them; they were scrawny, very bad-looking, and lean. I had never seen such bad-looking cows 1687  as these in all the land of Egypt! 41:20 The lean, bad-looking cows ate up the seven 1688  fat cows. 41:21 When they had eaten them, 1689  no one would have known 1690  that they had done so, for they were just as bad-looking as before. Then I woke up. 41:22 I also saw in my dream 1691  seven heads of grain growing on one stalk, full and good. 41:23 Then 1692  seven heads of grain, withered and thin and burned with the east wind, were sprouting up after them. 41:24 The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven good heads of grain. So I told all this 1693  to the diviner-priests, but no one could tell me its meaning.” 1694 

41:25 Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “Both dreams of Pharaoh have the same meaning. 1695  God has revealed 1696  to Pharaoh what he is about to do. 1697  41:26 The seven good cows represent seven years, and the seven good heads of grain represent seven years. Both dreams have the same meaning. 1698  41:27 The seven lean, bad-looking cows that came up after them represent seven years, as do the seven empty heads of grain burned with the east wind. They represent 1699  seven years of famine. 41:28 This is just what I told 1700  Pharaoh: God has shown Pharaoh what he is about to do. 41:29 Seven years of great abundance are coming throughout the whole land of Egypt. 41:30 But seven years of famine will occur 1701  after them, and all the abundance will be forgotten in the land of Egypt. The famine will devastate 1702  the land. 41:31 The previous abundance of the land will not be remembered 1703  because of the famine that follows, for the famine will be very severe. 1704  41:32 The dream was repeated to Pharaoh 1705  because the matter has been decreed 1706  by God, and God will make it happen soon. 1707 

41:33So now Pharaoh should look 1708  for a wise and discerning man 1709  and give him authority 1710  over all the land of Egypt. 41:34 Pharaoh should do 1711  this – he should appoint 1712  officials 1713  throughout the land to collect one-fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt 1714  during the seven years of abundance. 41:35 They should gather all the excess food 1715  during these good years that are coming. By Pharaoh’s authority 1716  they should store up grain so the cities will have food, 1717  and they should preserve it. 1718  41:36 This food should be held in storage for the land in preparation for the seven years of famine that will occur throughout the land of Egypt. In this way the land will survive the famine.” 1719 

41:37 This advice made sense to Pharaoh and all his officials. 1720  41:38 So Pharaoh asked his officials, “Can we find a man like Joseph, 1721  one in whom the Spirit of God is present? 1722  41:39 So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Because God has enabled you to know all this, there is no one as wise and discerning 1723  as you are! 41:40 You will oversee my household, and all my people will submit to your commands. 1724  Only I, the king, will be greater than you. 1725 

41:41See here,” Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I place 1726  you in authority over all the land of Egypt.” 1727  41:42 Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his own hand and put it on Joseph’s. He clothed him with fine linen 1728  clothes and put a gold chain around his neck. 41:43 Pharaoh 1729  had him ride in the chariot used by his second-in-command, 1730  and they cried out before him, “Kneel down!” 1731  So he placed him over all the land of Egypt. 41:44 Pharaoh also said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, but without your permission 1732  no one 1733  will move his hand or his foot 1734  in all the land of Egypt.” 41:45 Pharaoh gave Joseph the name Zaphenath-Paneah. 1735  He also gave him Asenath 1736  daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, 1737  to be his wife. So Joseph took charge of 1738  all the land of Egypt.

41:46 Now Joseph was 30 years old 1739  when he began serving 1740  Pharaoh king of Egypt. Joseph was commissioned by 1741  Pharaoh and was in charge of 1742  all the land of Egypt. 41:47 During the seven years of abundance the land produced large, bountiful harvests. 1743  41:48 Joseph 1744  collected all the excess food 1745  in the land of Egypt during the seven years and stored it in the cities. 1746  In every city he put the food gathered from the fields around it. 41:49 Joseph stored up a vast amount of grain, like the sand of the sea, 1747  until he stopped measuring it because it was impossible to measure.

41:50 Two sons were born to Joseph before the famine came. 1748  Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, was their mother. 1749  41:51 Joseph named the firstborn Manasseh, 1750  saying, 1751  “Certainly 1752  God has made me forget all my trouble and all my father’s house.” 41:52 He named the second child Ephraim, 1753  saying, 1754  “Certainly 1755  God has made me fruitful in the land of my suffering.”

41:53 The seven years of abundance in the land of Egypt came to an end. 41:54 Then the seven years of famine began, 1756  just as Joseph had predicted. There was famine in all the other lands, but throughout the land of Egypt there was food. 41:55 When all the land of Egypt experienced the famine, the people cried out to Pharaoh for food. Pharaoh said to all the people of Egypt, 1757 Go to Joseph and do whatever he tells you.”

41:56 While the famine was over all the earth, 1758  Joseph opened the storehouses 1759  and sold grain to the Egyptians. The famine was severe throughout the land of Egypt. 41:57 People from every country 1760  came to Joseph in Egypt to buy grain because the famine was severe throughout the earth.

Joseph’s Brothers in Egypt

42:1 When Jacob heard 1761  there was grain in Egypt, he 1762  said to his sons, “Why are you looking at each other? 1763  42:2 He then said, “Look, I hear that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there and buy grain for us 1764  so that we may live 1765  and not die.” 1766 

42:3 So ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt. 42:4 But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, 1767  for he said, 1768 What if some accident 1769  happens 1770  to him? 42:5 So Israel’s sons came to buy grain among the other travelers, 1771  for the famine was severe in the land of Canaan.

42:6 Now Joseph was the ruler of the country, the one who sold grain to all the people of the country. 1772  Joseph’s brothers came and bowed down 1773  before him with 1774  their faces to the ground. 42:7 When Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them, but he pretended to be a stranger 1775  to them and spoke to them harshly. He asked, “Where do you come from?” They answered, 1776 From the land of Canaan, to buy grain for food.” 1777 

42:8 Joseph recognized his brothers, but they did not recognize him. 42:9 Then Joseph remembered 1778  the dreams he had dreamed about them, and he said to them, “You are spies; you have come to see if our land is vulnerable! 1779 

42:10 But they exclaimed, 1780  “No, my lord! Your servants have come to buy grain for food! 42:11 We are all the sons of one man; we are honest men! Your servants are not spies.”

42:12No,” he insisted, “but you have come to see if our land is vulnerable.” 1781  42:13 They replied, “Your servants are from a family of twelve brothers. 1782  We are the sons of one man in the land of Canaan. The youngest is with our father at this time, 1783  and one is no longer alive.” 1784 

42:14 But Joseph told them, “It is just as I said to you: 1785  You are spies! 42:15 You will be tested in this way: As surely as Pharaoh lives, 1786  you will not depart from this place unless your youngest brother comes here. 42:16 One of you must go and get 1787  your brother, while 1788  the rest of you remain in prison. 1789  In this way your words may be tested to see if 1790  you are telling the truth. 1791  If not, then, as surely as Pharaoh lives, you are spies! 42:17 He imprisoned 1792  them all for three days. 42:18 On the third day Joseph said to them, “Do as I say 1793  and you will live, 1794  for I fear God. 1795  42:19 If you are honest men, leave one of your brothers confined here in prison 1796  while the rest of you go 1797  and take grain back for your hungry families. 1798  42:20 But you must bring 1799  your youngest brother to me. Then 1800  your words will be verified 1801  and you will not die.” They did as he said. 1802 

42:21 They said to one other, 1803 Surely we’re being punished 1804  because of our brother, because we saw how distressed he was 1805  when he cried to us for mercy, but we refused to listen. That is why this distress 1806  has come on us! 42:22 Reuben said to them, “Didn’t I say to you, ‘Don’t sin against the boy,’ but you wouldn’t listen? So now we must pay for shedding his blood! 1807  42:23 (Now 1808  they did not know that Joseph could understand them, 1809  for he was speaking through an interpreter.) 1810  42:24 He turned away from them and wept. When he turned around and spoke to them again, 1811  he had Simeon taken 1812  from them and tied up 1813  before their eyes.

42:25 Then Joseph gave orders to fill 1814  their bags with grain, to return each man’s money to his sack, and to give them provisions for the journey. His orders were carried out. 1815  42:26 So they loaded their grain on their donkeys and left. 1816 

42:27 When one of them 1817  opened his sack to get feed for his donkey at their resting place, 1818  he saw his money in the mouth of his sack. 1819  42:28 He said to his brothers, “My money was returned! Here it is in my sack!” They were dismayed; 1820  they turned trembling one to another 1821  and said, “What in the world has God done to us? 1822 

42:29 They returned to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan and told him all the things that had happened to them, saying, 42:30 The man, the lord of the land, spoke harshly to us and treated us 1823  as if we were 1824  spying on the land. 42:31 But we said to him, ‘We are honest men; we are not spies! 42:32 We are from a family of twelve brothers; we are the sons of one father. 1825  One is no longer alive, 1826  and the youngest is with our father at this time 1827  in the land of Canaan.’

42:33Then the man, the lord of the land, said to us, ‘This is how I will find out if you are honest men. Leave one of your brothers with me, and take grain 1828  for your hungry households and go. 42:34 But bring your youngest brother back to me so I will know 1829  that you are honest men and not spies. 1830  Then I will give your brother back to you and you may move about freely in the land.’ 1831 

42:35 When they were emptying their sacks, there was each man’s bag of money in his sack! When they and their father saw the bags of money, they were afraid. 42:36 Their father Jacob said to them, “You are making me childless! Joseph is gone. 1832  Simeon is gone. 1833  And now you want to take 1834  Benjamin! Everything is against me.”

42:37 Then Reuben said to his father, “You may 1835  put my two sons to death if I do not bring him back to you. Put him in my care 1836  and I will bring him back to you.” 42:38 But Jacob 1837  replied, “My son will not go down there with you, for his brother is dead and he alone is left. 1838  If an accident happens to him on the journey you have to make, then you will bring down my gray hair 1839  in sorrow to the grave.” 1840 

The Second Journey to Egypt

43:1 Now the famine was severe in the land. 1841  43:2 When they finished eating the grain they had brought from Egypt, their father said to them, “Return, buy us a little more food.”

43:3 But Judah said to him, “The man solemnly warned 1842  us, ‘You will not see my face 1843  unless your brother is with you.’ 43:4 If you send 1844  our brother with us, we’ll go down and buy food for you. 43:5 But if you will not send him, we won’t go down there because the man said to us, ‘You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.’

43:6 Israel said, “Why did you bring this trouble 1845  on me by telling 1846  the man you had one more brother?

43:7 They replied, “The man questioned us 1847  thoroughly 1848  about ourselves and our family, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Do you have another brother?’ 1849  So we answered him in this way. 1850  How could we possibly know 1851  that he would say, 1852 Bring your brother down?

43:8 Then Judah said to his father Israel, “Send the boy with me and we will go immediately. 1853  Then we will live 1854  and not die – we and you and our little ones. 43:9 I myself pledge security 1855  for him; you may hold me liable. If I do not bring him back to you and place him here before you, I will bear the blame before you all my life. 1856  43:10 But if we had not delayed, we could have traveled there and back 1857  twice by now!

43:11 Then their father Israel said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: Take some of the best products of the land in your bags, and take a gift down to the man – a little balm and a little honey, spices and myrrh, pistachios and almonds. 43:12 Take double the money with you; 1858  you must take back 1859  the money that was returned in the mouths of your sacks – perhaps it was an oversight. 43:13 Take your brother too, and go right away 1860  to the man. 1861  43:14 May the sovereign God 1862  grant you mercy before the man so that he may release 1863  your other brother 1864  and Benjamin! As for me, if I lose my children I lose them.” 1865 

43:15 So the men took these gifts, and they took double the money with them, along with Benjamin. Then they hurried down to Egypt 1866  and stood before Joseph. 43:16 When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the servant who was over his household, “Bring the men to the house. Slaughter an animal and prepare it, for the men will eat with me at noon.” 43:17 The man did just as Joseph said; he 1867  brought the men into Joseph’s house. 1868 

43:18 But the men were afraid when they were brought to Joseph’s house. They said, “We are being brought in because of 1869  the money that was returned in our sacks last time. 1870  He wants to capture us, 1871  make us slaves, and take 1872  our donkeys! 43:19 So they approached the man who was in charge of Joseph’s household and spoke to him at the entrance to the house. 43:20 They said, “My lord, we did indeed come down 1873  the first time 1874  to buy food. 43:21 But when we came to the place where we spent the night, we opened our sacks and each of us found his money – the full amount 1875 in the mouth of his sack. So we have returned it. 1876  43:22 We have brought additional money with us to buy food. We do not know who put the money in our sacks!

43:23Everything is fine,” 1877  the man in charge of Joseph’s household told them. “Don’t be afraid. Your God and the God of your father has given you treasure in your sacks. 1878  I had your money.” 1879  Then he brought Simeon out to them.

43:24 The servant in charge 1880  brought the men into Joseph’s house. He gave them water, and they washed their feet. Then he gave food to their donkeys. 43:25 They got their gifts ready for Joseph’s arrival 1881  at noon, for they had heard 1882  that they were to have a meal 1883  there.

43:26 When Joseph came home, they presented him with the gifts they had brought inside, 1884  and they bowed down to the ground before him. 43:27 He asked them how they were doing. 1885  Then he said, “Is your aging father well, the one you spoke about? Is he still alive? 43:28 Your servant our father is well,” they replied. “He is still alive.” They bowed down in humility. 1886 

43:29 When Joseph looked up 1887  and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother’s son, he said, “Is this your youngest brother, whom you told me about?” Then he said, “May God be gracious to you, my son.” 1888  43:30 Joseph hurried out, for he was overcome by affection for his brother 1889  and was at the point of tears. 1890  So he went to his room and wept there.

43:31 Then he washed his face and came out. With composure he said, 1891 Set out the food.” 43:32 They set a place for him, a separate place for his brothers, 1892  and another for the Egyptians who were eating with him. (The Egyptians are not able to eat with Hebrews, for the Egyptians think it is disgusting 1893  to do so.) 1894  43:33 They sat before him, arranged by order of birth, beginning with the firstborn and ending with the youngest. 1895  The men looked at each other in astonishment. 1896  43:34 He gave them portions of the food set before him, 1897  but the portion for Benjamin was five times greater than the portions for any of the others. They drank with Joseph until they all became drunk. 1898 

The Final Test

44:1 He instructed the servant who was over his household, “Fill the sacks of the men with as much food as they can carry and put each man’s money in the mouth of his sack. 44:2 Then put 1899  my cup – the silver cup – in the mouth of the youngest one’s sack, along with the money for his grain.” He did as Joseph instructed. 1900 

44:3 When morning came, 1901  the men and their donkeys were sent off. 1902  44:4 They had not gone very far from the city 1903  when Joseph said 1904  to the servant who was over his household, “Pursue the men at once! 1905  When you overtake 1906  them, say to them, ‘Why have you repaid good with evil? 44:5 Doesn’t my master drink from this cup 1907  and use it for divination? 1908  You have done wrong!’ 1909 

44:6 When the man 1910  overtook them, he spoke these words to them. 44:7 They answered him, “Why does my lord say such things? 1911  Far be it from your servants to do such a thing! 1912  44:8 Look, the money that we found in the mouths of our sacks we brought back to you from the land of Canaan. Why then would we steal silver or gold from your master’s house? 44:9 If one of us has it, 1913  he will die, and the rest of us will become my lord’s slaves!

44:10 He replied, “You have suggested your own punishment! 1914  The one who has it will become my slave, 1915  but the rest of 1916  you will go free.” 1917  44:11 So each man quickly lowered 1918  his sack to the ground and opened it. 44:12 Then the man 1919  searched. He began with the oldest and finished with the youngest. The cup was found in Benjamin’s sack! 44:13 They all tore their clothes! Then each man loaded his donkey, and they returned to the city.

44:14 So Judah and his brothers 1920  came back to Joseph’s house. He was still there, 1921  and they threw themselves to the ground before him. 44:15 Joseph said to them, “What did you think you were doing? 1922  Don’t you know that a man like me can find out things like this by divination? 1923 

44:16 Judah replied, “What can we say 1924  to my lord? What can we speak? How can we clear ourselves? 1925  God has exposed the sin of your servants! 1926  We are now my lord’s slaves, we and the one in whose possession the cup was found.”

44:17 But Joseph said, “Far be it from me to do this! The man in whose hand the cup was found will become my slave, but the rest of 1927  you may go back 1928  to your father in peace.”

44:18 Then Judah approached him and said, “My lord, please allow your servant to speak a word with you. 1929  Please do not get angry with your servant, 1930  for you are just like Pharaoh. 1931  44:19 My lord asked his servants, ‘Do you have a father or a brother?’ 44:20 We said to my lord, ‘We have an aged father, and there is a young boy who was born when our father was old. 1932  The boy’s 1933  brother is dead. He is the only one of his mother’s sons left, 1934  and his father loves him.’

44:21Then you told your servants, ‘Bring him down to me so I can see 1935  him.’ 1936  44:22 We said to my lord, ‘The boy cannot leave his father. If he leaves his father, his father 1937  will die.’ 1938  44:23 But you said to your servants, ‘If your youngest brother does not come down with you, you will not see my face again.’ 44:24 When we returned to your servant my father, we told him the words of my lord.

44:25Then our father said, ‘Go back and buy us a little food.’ 44:26 But we replied, ‘We cannot go down there. 1939  If our youngest brother is with us, then we will go, 1940  for we won’t be permitted to see the man’s face if our youngest brother is not with us.’

44:27Then your servant my father said to us, ‘You know that my wife gave me two sons. 1941  44:28 The first disappeared 1942  and I said, “He has surely been torn to pieces.” I have not seen him since. 44:29 If you take 1943  this one from me too and an accident happens to him, then you will bring down my gray hair 1944  in tragedy 1945  to the grave.’ 1946 

44:30So now, when I return to your servant my father, and the boy is not with us – his very life is bound up in his son’s life. 1947  44:31 When he sees the boy is not with us, 1948  he will die, and your servants will bring down the gray hair of your servant our father in sorrow to the grave. 44:32 Indeed, 1949  your servant pledged security for the boy with my father, saying, ‘If I do not bring him back to you, then I will bear the blame before my father all my life.’

44:33So now, please let your servant remain as my lord’s slave instead of the boy. As for the boy, let him go back with his brothers. 44:34 For how can I go back to my father if the boy is not with me? I couldn’t bear to see 1950  my father’s pain.” 1951 

The Reconciliation of the Brothers

45:1 Joseph was no longer able to control himself before all his attendants, 1952  so he cried out, “Make everyone go out from my presence!” No one remained 1953  with Joseph when he made himself known to his brothers. 45:2 He wept loudly; 1954  the Egyptians heard it and Pharaoh’s household heard about it. 1955 

45:3 Joseph said to his brothers, “I am Joseph! Is my father still alive?” His brothers could not answer him because they were dumbfounded before him. 45:4 Joseph said to his brothers, “Come closer to me,” so they came near. Then he said, “I am Joseph your brother, whom you sold into Egypt. 45:5 Now, do not be upset and do not be angry with yourselves because you sold me here, 1956  for God sent me 1957  ahead of you to preserve life! 45:6 For these past two years there has been famine in 1958  the land and for five more years there will be neither plowing nor harvesting. 45:7 God sent me 1959  ahead of you to preserve you 1960  on the earth and to save your lives 1961  by a great deliverance. 45:8 So now, it is not you who sent me here, but God. He has made me an adviser 1962  to Pharaoh, lord over all his household, and ruler over all the land of Egypt. 45:9 Now go up to my father quickly 1963  and tell him, ‘This is what your son Joseph says: “God has made me lord of all Egypt. Come down to me; do not delay! 45:10 You will live 1964  in the land of Goshen, and you will be near me – you, your children, your grandchildren, your flocks, your herds, and everything you have. 45:11 I will provide you with food 1965  there because there will be five more years of famine. Otherwise you would become poor – you, your household, and everyone who belongs to you.”’ 45:12 You and my brother Benjamin can certainly see with your own eyes that I really am the one who speaks to you. 1966  45:13 So tell 1967  my father about all my honor in Egypt and about everything you have seen. But bring my father down here quickly! 1968 

45:14 Then he threw himself on the neck of his brother Benjamin and wept, and Benjamin wept on his neck. 45:15 He kissed all his brothers and wept over them. After this his brothers talked with him.

45:16 Now it was reported 1969  in the household of Pharaoh, “Joseph’s brothers have arrived.” It pleased 1970  Pharaoh and his servants. 45:17 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Say to your brothers, ‘Do this: Load your animals and go 1971  to the land of Canaan! 45:18 Get your father and your households and come to me! Then I will give you 1972  the best land in Egypt and you will eat 1973  the best 1974  of the land.’ 45:19 You are also commanded to say, 1975  ‘Do this: Take for yourselves wagons from the land of Egypt for your little ones and for your wives. Bring your father and come. 45:20 Don’t worry 1976  about your belongings, for the best of all the land of Egypt will be yours.’

45:21 So the sons of Israel did as he said. 1977  Joseph gave them wagons as Pharaoh had instructed, 1978  and he gave them provisions for the journey. 45:22 He gave sets of clothes to each one of them, 1979  but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and five sets of clothes. 1980  45:23 To his father he sent the following: 1981  ten donkeys loaded with the best products of Egypt and ten female donkeys loaded with grain, food, and provisions for his father’s journey. 45:24 Then he sent his brothers on their way and they left. He said to them, “As you travel don’t be overcome with fear.” 1982 

45:25 So they went up from Egypt and came to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan. 1983  45:26 They told him, “Joseph is still alive and he is ruler over all the land of Egypt!” Jacob was stunned, 1984  for he did not believe them. 45:27 But when they related to him everything Joseph had said to them, 1985  and when he saw the wagons that Joseph had sent to transport him, their father Jacob’s spirit revived. 45:28 Then Israel said, “Enough! My son Joseph is still alive! I will go and see him before I die.”

The Family of Jacob goes to Egypt

46:1 So Israel began his journey, taking with him all that he had. 1986  When he came to Beer Sheba 1987  he offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac. 46:2 God spoke to Israel in a vision during the night 1988  and said, “Jacob, Jacob!” He replied, “Here I am! 46:3 He said, “I am God, 1989  the God of your father. Do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I will make you into a great nation there. 46:4 I will go down with you to Egypt and I myself will certainly bring you back from there. 1990  Joseph will close your eyes.” 1991 

46:5 Then Jacob started out 1992  from Beer Sheba, and the sons of Israel carried their father Jacob, their little children, and their wives in the wagons that Pharaoh had sent along to transport him. 46:6 Jacob and all his descendants took their livestock and the possessions they had acquired in the land of Canaan, and they went to Egypt. 1993  46:7 He brought with him to Egypt his sons and grandsons, 1994  his daughters and granddaughters – all his descendants.

46:8 These are the names of the sons of Israel who went to Egypt – Jacob and his sons:

Reuben, the firstborn of Jacob.

46:9 The sons of Reuben:

Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.

46:10 The sons of Simeon:

Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Zohar,

and Shaul (the son of a Canaanite woman).

46:11 The sons of Levi:

Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

46:12 The sons of Judah:

Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah

(but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan).

The sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul.

46:13 The sons of Issachar:

Tola, Puah, 1995  Jashub, 1996  and Shimron.

46:14 The sons of Zebulun:

Sered, Elon, and Jahleel.

46:15 These were the sons of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob in Paddan Aram, along with Dinah his daughter. His sons and daughters numbered thirty-three in all. 1997 

46:16 The sons of Gad:

Zephon, 1998  Haggi, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi, and Areli.

46:17 The sons of Asher:

Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, Beriah, and Serah their sister.

The sons of Beriah were Heber and Malkiel.

46:18 These were the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter. She bore these to Jacob, sixteen in all.

46:19 The sons of Rachel the wife of Jacob:

Joseph and Benjamin.

46:20 Manasseh and Ephraim were born to Joseph in the land of Egypt. Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, 1999  bore them to him.

46:21 The sons of Benjamin: 2000 

Bela, Beker, Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim and Ard.

46:22 These were the sons of Rachel who were born to Jacob, fourteen in all.

46:23 The son of Dan: Hushim. 2001 

46:24 The sons of Naphtali:

Jahziel, Guni, Jezer, and Shillem.

46:25 These were the sons of Bilhah, whom Laban gave to Rachel his daughter. She bore these to Jacob, seven in all.

46:26 All the direct descendants of Jacob who went to Egypt with him were sixty-six in number. (This number does not include the wives of Jacob’s sons.) 2002  46:27 Counting the two sons 2003  of Joseph who were born to him in Egypt, all the people of the household of Jacob who were in Egypt numbered seventy. 2004 

46:28 Jacob 2005  sent Judah before him to Joseph to accompany him to Goshen. 2006  So they came to the land of Goshen. 46:29 Joseph harnessed his chariot and went up to meet his father Israel in Goshen. When he met him, 2007  he hugged his neck and wept on his neck for quite some time.

46:30 Israel said to Joseph, “Now let me die since I have seen your face and know that you are still alive.” 2008  46:31 Then Joseph said to his brothers and his father’s household, “I will go up and tell Pharaoh, 2009 My brothers and my father’s household who were in the land of Canaan have come to me. 46:32 The men are shepherds; 2010  they take care of livestock. 2011  They have brought their flocks and their herds and all that they have.’ 46:33 Pharaoh will summon you and say, ‘What is your occupation?’ 46:34 Tell him, ‘Your servants have taken care of cattle 2012  from our youth until now, both we and our fathers,’ so that you may live in the land of Goshen, 2013  for everyone who takes care of sheep is disgusting 2014  to the Egyptians.”

Joseph’s Wise Administration

47:1 Joseph went and told Pharaoh, “My father, my brothers, their flocks and herds, and all that they own have arrived from the land of

Canaan. They are now 2015  in the land of Goshen.” 47:2 He took five of his brothers and introduced them to Pharaoh. 2016 

47:3 Pharaoh said to Joseph’s 2017  brothers, “What is your occupation?” They said to Pharaoh, “Your servants take care of flocks, just as our ancestors did.” 2018  47:4 Then they said to Pharaoh, “We have come to live as temporary residents 2019  in the land. There 2020  is no pasture for your servantsflocks because the famine is severe in the land of Canaan. So now, please let your servants live in the land of Goshen.”

47:5 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Your father and your brothers have come to you. 47:6 The land of Egypt is before you; settle your father and your brothers in the best region of the land. They may live in the land of Goshen. If you know of any highly capable men 2021  among them, put them in charge 2022  of my livestock.”

47:7 Then Joseph brought in his father Jacob and presented him 2023  before Pharaoh. Jacob blessed 2024  Pharaoh. 47:8 Pharaoh said to Jacob, “How long have you lived? 2025  47:9 Jacob said to Pharaoh, “All 2026  the years of my travels 2027  are 130. All 2028  the years of my life have been few and painful; 2029  the years of my travels are not as long as those of my ancestors.” 2030  47:10 Then Jacob blessed Pharaoh and went out from his presence. 2031 

47:11 So Joseph settled his father and his brothers. He gave them territory 2032  in the land of Egypt, in the best region of the land, the land of Rameses, 2033  just as Pharaoh had commanded. 47:12 Joseph also provided food for his father, his brothers, and all his father’s household, according to the number of their little children.

47:13 But there was no food in all the land because the famine was very severe; the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan wasted away 2034  because of the famine. 47:14 Joseph collected all the money that could be found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan as payment 2035  for the grain they were buying. Then Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s palace. 2036  47:15 When the money from the lands of Egypt and Canaan was used up, all the Egyptians 2037  came to Joseph and said, “Give us food! Why should we die 2038  before your very eyes because our money has run out?

47:16 Then Joseph said, “If your money is gone, bring your livestock, and I will give you food 2039  in exchange for 2040  your livestock.” 47:17 So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and Joseph gave them food in exchange for their horses, the livestock of their flocks and herds, and their donkeys. 2041  He got them through that year by giving them food in exchange for livestock.

47:18 When that year was over, they came to him the next year and said to him, “We cannot hide from our 2042  lord that the money is used up and the livestock and the animals belong to our lord. Nothing remains before our lord except our bodies and our land. 47:19 Why should we die before your very eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land in exchange for food, and we, with our land, will become 2043  Pharaoh’s slaves. 2044  Give us seed that we may live 2045  and not die. Then the land will not become desolate.” 2046 

47:20 So Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh. Each 2047  of the Egyptians sold his field, for the famine was severe. 2048  So the land became Pharaoh’s. 47:21 Joseph 2049  made all the people slaves 2050  from one end of Egypt’s border to the other end of it. 47:22 But he did not purchase the land of the priests because the priests had an allotment from Pharaoh and they ate from their allotment that Pharaoh gave them. That is why they did not sell their land.

47:23 Joseph said to the people, “Since I have bought you and your land today for Pharaoh, here is seed for you. Cultivate 2051  the land. 47:24 When you gather in the crop, 2052  give 2053  one-fifth of it to Pharaoh, and the rest 2054  will be yours for seed for the fields and for you to eat, including those in your households and your little children.” 47:25 They replied, “You have saved our lives! You are showing us favor, 2055  and we will be Pharaoh’s slaves.” 2056 

47:26 So Joseph made it a statute, 2057  which is in effect 2058  to this day throughout the land of Egypt: One-fifth belongs to Pharaoh. Only the land of the priests did not become Pharaoh’s.

47:27 Israel settled in the land of Egypt, in the land of Goshen, and they owned land there. They were fruitful and increased rapidly in number.

47:28 Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years; the years 2059  of Jacob’s life were 147 in all. 47:29 The time 2060