Bible: Genesis 12-19

The Obedience of Abram

12:1 Now the Lord said 1  to Abram, 2 

“Go out 3  from your country, your relatives, and your father’s household

to the land that I will show you. 4 

12:2 Then I will make you 5  into a great nation, and I will bless you, 6 

and I will make your name great, 7 

so that you will exemplify divine blessing. 8 

12:3 I will bless those who bless you, 9 

but the one who treats you lightly 10  I must curse,

and all the families of the earth will bless one another 11  by your name.”

12:4 So Abram left, 12  just as the Lord had told him to do, 13  and Lot went with him. (Now 14  Abram was 75 years old 15  when he departed from Haran.) 12:5 And Abram took his wife Sarai, his nephew 16  Lot, and all the possessions they had accumulated and the people they had acquired 17  in Haran, and they left for 18  the land of Canaan. They entered the land of Canaan.

12:6 Abram traveled through the land as far as the oak tree 19  of Moreh 20  at Shechem. 21  (At that time the Canaanites were in the land.) 22  12:7 The Lord appeared to Abram and said, “To your descendants 23  I will give this land.” So Abram 24  built an altar there to the Lord, who had appeared to him.

12:8 Then he moved from there to the hill country east of Bethel 25  and pitched his tent, with Bethel on the west and Ai on the east. There he built an altar to the Lord and worshiped the Lord. 26  12:9 Abram continually journeyed by stages 27  down to the Negev. 28 

The Promised Blessing Jeopardized

12:10 There was a famine in the land, so Abram went down to Egypt 29  to stay for a while 30  because the famine was severe. 31  12:11 As he approached 32  Egypt, he said to his wife Sarai, “Look, 33  I know that you are a beautiful woman. 34  12:12 When the Egyptians see you they will say, ‘This is his wife.’ Then they will kill me but will keep you alive. 35  12:13 So tell them 36  you are my sister 37  so that it may go well 38  for me because of you and my life will be spared 39  on account of you.”

12:14 When Abram entered Egypt, the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful. 12:15 When Pharaoh’s officials saw her, they praised her to Pharaoh. So Abram’s wife 40  was taken 41  into the household of Pharaoh, 42  12:16 and he did treat Abram well 43  on account of her. Abram received 44  sheep and cattle, male donkeys, male servants, female servants, female donkeys, and camels.

12:17 But the Lord struck Pharaoh and his household with severe diseases 45  because of Sarai, Abram’s wife. 12:18 So Pharaoh summoned Abram and said, “What is this 46  you have done to me? Why didn’t you tell me that she was your wife? 12:19 Why did you say, ‘She is my sister,’ so that I took her 47  to be my wife? 48  Here is your wife! 49  Take her and go! 50  12:20 Pharaoh gave his men orders about Abram, 51  and so they expelled him, along with his wife and all his possessions.

Abram’s Solution to the Strife

13:1 So Abram went up from Egypt into the Negev. 52  He took his wife and all his possessions with him, as well as Lot. 53  13:2 (Now Abram was very wealthy 54  in livestock, silver, and gold.) 55 

13:3 And he journeyed from place to place 56  from the Negev as far as Bethel. 57  He returned 58  to the place where he had pitched his tent 59  at the beginning, between Bethel and Ai. 13:4 This was the place where he had first built the altar, 60  and there Abram worshiped the Lord. 61 

13:5 Now Lot, who was traveling 62  with Abram, also had 63  flocks, herds, and tents. 13:6 But the land could 64  not support them while they were living side by side. 65  Because their possessions were so great, they were not able to live 66  alongside one another. 13:7 So there were quarrels 67  between Abram’s herdsmen and Lot’s herdsmen. 68  (Now the Canaanites and the Perizzites were living in the land at that time.) 69 

13:8 Abram said to Lot, “Let there be no quarreling between me and you, and between my herdsmen and your herdsmen, for we are close relatives. 70  13:9 Is not the whole land before you? Separate yourself now from me. If you go 71  to the left, then I’ll go to the right, but if you go to the right, then I’ll go to the left.”

13:10 Lot looked up and saw 72  the whole region 73  of the Jordan. He noticed 74  that all of it was well-watered (before the Lord obliterated 75  Sodom and Gomorrah) 76  like the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt, 77  all the way to Zoar. 13:11 Lot chose for himself the whole region of the Jordan and traveled 78  toward the east.

So the relatives separated from each other. 79  13:12 Abram settled in the land of Canaan, but Lot settled among the cities of the Jordan plain 80  and pitched his tents next to Sodom. 13:13 (Now 81  the people 82  of Sodom were extremely wicked rebels against the Lord.) 83 

13:14 After Lot had departed, the Lord said to Abram, 84 Look 85  from the place where you stand to the north, south, east, and west. 13:15 I will give all the land that you see to you and your descendants 86  forever. 13:16 And I will make your descendants like the dust of the earth, so that if anyone is able to count the dust of the earth, then your descendants also can be counted. 87  13:17 Get up and 88  walk throughout 89  the land, 90  for I will give it to you.”

13:18 So Abram moved his tents and went to live 91  by the oaks 92  of Mamre in Hebron, and he built an altar to the Lord there.

The Blessing of Victory for God’s People

14:1 At that time 93  Amraphel king of Shinar, 94  Arioch king of Ellasar, Kedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations 95  14:2 went to war 96  against Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar). 97  14:3 These last five kings 98  joined forces 99  in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea). 100  14:4 For twelve years 101  they had served Kedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth year 102  they rebelled. 103  14:5 In the fourteenth year, Kedorlaomer and the kings who were his allies came and defeated 104  the Rephaites in Ashteroth Karnaim, the Zuzites in Ham, the Emites in Shaveh Kiriathaim, 14:6 and the Horites in their hill country of Seir, as far as El Paran, which is near the desert. 105  14:7 Then they attacked En Mishpat (that is, Kadesh) again, 106  and they conquered all the territory of the Amalekites, as well as the Amorites who were living in Hazazon Tamar.

14:8 Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) went out and prepared for battle. In the Valley of Siddim they met 107  14:9 Kedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of nations, 108  Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar. Four kings fought against 109  five. 14:10 Now the Valley of Siddim was full of tar pits. 110  When the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, they fell into them, 111  but some survivors 112  fled to the hills. 113  14:11 The four victorious kings 114  took all the possessions and food of Sodom and Gomorrah and left. 14:12 They also took Abram’s nephew 115  Lot and his possessions when 116  they left, for Lot 117  was living in Sodom. 118 

14:13 A fugitive 119  came and told Abram the Hebrew. 120  Now Abram was living by the oaks 121  of Mamre the Amorite, the brother 122  of Eshcol and Aner. (All these were allied by treaty 123  with Abram.) 124  14:14 When Abram heard that his nephew 125  had been taken captive, he mobilized 126  his 318 trained men who had been born in his household, and he pursued the invaders 127  as far as Dan. 128  14:15 Then, during the night, 129  Abram 130  divided his forces 131  against them and defeated them. He chased them as far as Hobah, which is north 132  of Damascus. 14:16 He retrieved all the stolen property. 133  He also brought back his nephew Lot and his possessions, as well as the women and the rest of 134  the people.

14:17 After Abram 135  returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet Abram 136  in the Valley of Shaveh (known as the King’s Valley). 137  14:18 Melchizedek king of Salem 138  brought out bread and wine. (Now he was the priest of the Most High God.) 139  14:19 He blessed Abram, saying,

Blessed be Abram by 140  the Most High God,

Creator 141  of heaven and earth. 142 

14:20 Worthy of praise is 143  the Most High God,

who delivered 144  your enemies into your hand.”

Abram gave Melchizedek 145  a tenth of everything.

14:21 Then the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people and take the possessions for yourself.” 14:22 But Abram replied to the king of Sodom, “I raise my hand 146  to the Lord, the Most High God, Creator of heaven and earth, and vow 147  14:23 that I will take nothing 148  belonging to you, not even a thread or the strap of a sandal. That way you can never say, ‘It is I 149  who made Abram rich.’ 14:24 I will take nothing 150  except compensation for what the young men have eaten. 151  As for the share of the men who went with me – Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre – let them take their share.”

The Cutting of the Covenant

15:1 After these things the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision: “Fear not, Abram! I am your shield 152  and the one who will reward you in great abundance.” 153 

15:2 But Abram said, “O sovereign Lord, 154  what will you give me since 155  I continue to be 156  childless, and my heir 157  is 158  Eliezer of Damascus? 159  15:3 Abram added, 160 Since 161  you have not given me a descendant, then look, one born in my house will be my heir! 162 

15:4 But look, 163  the word of the Lord came to him: “This man 164  will not be your heir, 165  but instead 166  a son 167  who comes from your own body will be 168  your heir.” 169  15:5 The Lord 170  took him outside and said, “Gaze into the sky and count the stars – if you are able to count them!” Then he said to him, “So will your descendants be.”

15:6 Abram believed 171  the Lord, and the Lord 172  considered his response of faith 173  as proof of genuine loyalty. 174 

15:7 The Lord said 175  to him, “I am the Lord 176  who brought you out from Ur of the Chaldeans 177  to give you this land to possess.” 15:8 But 178  Abram 179  said, “O sovereign Lord, 180  by what 181  can I know that I am to possess it?

15:9 The Lord 182  said to him, “Take for me a heifer, a goat, and a ram, each three years old, along with a dove and a young pigeon.” 15:10 So Abram 183  took all these for him and then cut them in two 184  and placed each half opposite the other, 185  but he did not cut the birds in half. 15:11 When birds of prey came down on the carcasses, Abram drove them away.

15:12 When the sun went down, Abram fell sound asleep, 186  and great terror overwhelmed him. 187  15:13 Then the Lord said to Abram, “Know for certain 188  that your descendants will be strangers 189  in a foreign country. 190  They will be enslaved and oppressed 191  for four hundred years. 15:14 But I will execute judgment on the nation that they will serve. 192  Afterward they will come out with many possessions. 15:15 But as for you, 193  you will go to your ancestors 194  in peace and be buried at a good old age. 195  15:16 In the fourth generation 196  your descendants 197  will return here, for the sin of the Amorites has not yet reached its limit.” 198 

15:17 When the sun had gone down and it was dark, a smoking firepot with a flaming torch 199  passed between the animal parts. 200  15:18 That day the Lord made a covenant 201  with Abram: “To your descendants I give 202  this land, from the river of Egypt 203  to the great river, the Euphrates River 15:19 the land 204  of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, 15:20 Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites, 15:21 Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites, and Jebusites.” 205 

The Birth of Ishmael

16:1 Now Sarai, 206  Abram’s wife, had not given birth to any children, 207  but she had an Egyptian servant 208  named Hagar. 209  16:2 So Sarai said to Abram, “Since 210  the Lord has prevented me from having children, have sexual relations with 211  my servant. Perhaps I can have a family by her.” 212  Abram did what 213  Sarai told him.

16:3 So after Abram had lived 214  in Canaan for ten years, Sarai, Abram’s wife, gave Hagar, her Egyptian servant, 215  to her husband to be his wife. 216  16:4 He had sexual relations with 217  Hagar, and she became pregnant. 218  Once Hagar realized she was pregnant, she despised Sarai. 219  16:5 Then Sarai said to Abram, “You have brought this wrong on me! 220  I allowed my servant to have sexual relations with you, 221  but when she realized 222  that she was pregnant, she despised me. 223  May the Lord judge between you and me! 224 

16:6 Abram said to Sarai, “Since your 225  servant is under your authority, 226  do to her whatever you think best.” 227  Then Sarai treated Hagar 228  harshly, 229  so she ran away from Sarai. 230 

16:7 The Lord’s angel 231  found Hagar near a spring of water in the desert – the spring that is along the road to Shur. 232  16:8 He said, “Hagar, servant of Sarai, where have you come from, and where are you going?” She replied, “I’m running away from 233  my mistress, Sarai.”

16:9 Then the Lord’s angel said to her, “Return to your mistress and submit 234  to her authority. 16:10 I will greatly multiply your descendants,” the Lord’s angel added, 235  “so that they will be too numerous to count.” 236  16:11 Then the Lord’s angel said to her,

“You are now 237  pregnant

and are about to give birth 238  to a son.

You are to name him Ishmael, 239 

for the Lord has heard your painful groans. 240 

16:12 He will be a wild donkey 241  of a man.

He will be hostile to everyone, 242 

and everyone will be hostile to him. 243 

He will live away from 244  his brothers.”

16:13 So Hagar named the Lord who spoke to her, “You are the God who sees me,” 245  for she said, “Here I have seen one who sees me! 246  16:14 That is why the well was called 247  Beer Lahai Roi. 248  (It is located 249  between Kadesh and Bered.)

16:15 So Hagar gave birth to Abram’s son, whom Abram named Ishmael. 250  16:16 (Now 251  Abram was 86 years old 252  when Hagar gave birth to Ishmael.) 253 

The Sign of the Covenant

17:1 When Abram was 99 years old, 254  the Lord appeared to him and said, 255 I am the sovereign God. 256  Walk 257  before me 258  and be blameless. 259  17:2 Then I will confirm my covenant 260  between me and you, and I will give you a multitude of descendants.” 261 

17:3 Abram bowed down with his face to the ground, 262  and God said to him, 263  17:4 As for me, 264  this 265  is my covenant with you: You will be the father of a multitude of nations. 17:5 No longer will your name be 266  Abram. Instead, your name will be Abraham 267  because I will make you 268  the father of a multitude of nations. 17:6 I will make you 269  extremely 270  fruitful. I will make nations of you, and kings will descend from you. 271  17:7 I will confirm 272  my covenant as a perpetual 273  covenant between me and you. It will extend to your descendants after you throughout their generations. I will be your God and the God of your descendants after you. 274  17:8 I will give the whole land of Canaan – the land where you are now residing 275 to you and your descendants after you as a permanent 276  possession. I will be their God.”

17:9 Then God said to Abraham, “As for you, you must keep 277  the covenantal requirement 278  I am imposing on you and your descendants after you throughout their generations. 17:10 This is my requirement that you and your descendants after you must keep: 279  Every male among you must be circumcised. 280  17:11 You must circumcise the flesh of your foreskins. This will be a reminder 281  of the covenant between me and you. 17:12 Throughout your generations every male among you who is eight days old 282  must be circumcised, whether born in your house or bought with money from any foreigner who is not one of your descendants. 17:13 They must indeed be circumcised, 283  whether born in your house or bought with money. The sign of my covenant 284  will be visible in your flesh as a permanent 285  reminder. 17:14 Any uncircumcised male 286  who has not been circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin will be cut off 287  from his people – he has failed to carry out my requirement.” 288 

17:15 Then God said to Abraham, “As for your wife, you must no longer call her Sarai; 289  Sarah 290  will be her name. 17:16 I will bless her and will give you a son through her. I will bless her and she will become a mother of nations. 291  Kings of countries 292  will come from her!

17:17 Then Abraham bowed down with his face to the ground and laughed 293  as he said to himself, 294  “Can 295  a son be born to a man who is a hundred years old? 296  Can Sarah 297  bear a child at the age of ninety? 298  17:18 Abraham said to God, “O that 299  Ishmael might live before you! 300 

17:19 God said, “No, Sarah your wife is going to bear you a son, and you will name him Isaac. 301  I will confirm my covenant with him as a perpetual 302  covenant for his descendants after him. 17:20 As for Ishmael, I have heard you. 303  I will indeed bless him, make him fruitful, and give him a multitude of descendants. 304  He will become the father of twelve princes; 305  I will make him into a great nation. 17:21 But I will establish my covenant with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you at this set time next year.” 17:22 When he finished speaking with Abraham, God went up from him. 306 

17:23 Abraham took his son Ishmael and every male in his household (whether born in his house or bought with money) 307  and circumcised them 308  on that very same day, just as God had told him to do. 17:24 Now Abraham was 99 years old 309  when he was circumcised; 310  17:25 his son Ishmael was thirteen years old 311  when he was circumcised. 17:26 Abraham and his son Ishmael were circumcised on the very same day. 17:27 All the men of his household, whether born in his household or bought with money from a foreigner, were circumcised with him.

Three Special Visitors

18:1 The Lord appeared to Abraham 312  by the oaks 313  of Mamre while 314  he was sitting at the entrance 315  to his tent during the hottest time of the day. 18:2 Abraham 316  looked up 317  and saw 318  three men standing across 319  from him. When he saw them 320  he ran from the entrance of the tent to meet them and bowed low 321  to the ground. 322 

18:3 He said, “My lord, 323  if I have found favor in your sight, do not pass by and leave your servant. 324  18:4 Let a little water be brought so that 325  you may all 326  wash your feet and rest under the tree. 18:5 And let me get 327  a bit of food 328  so that you may refresh yourselves 329  since you have passed by your servant’s home. After that you may be on your way.” 330 All right,” they replied, “you may do as you say.”

18:6 So Abraham hurried into the tent and said to Sarah, “Quick! Take 331  three measures 332  of fine flour, knead it, and make bread.” 333  18:7 Then Abraham ran to the herd and chose a fine, tender calf, and gave it to a servant, 334  who quickly prepared it. 335  18:8 Abraham 336  then took some curds and milk, along with the calf that had been prepared, and placed the food 337  before them. They ate while 338  he was standing near them under a tree.

18:9 Then they asked him, “Where is Sarah your wife?” He replied, “There, 339  in the tent.” 18:10 One of them 340  said, “I will surely return 341  to you when the season comes round again, 342  and your wife Sarah will have a son!” 343  (Now Sarah was listening at the entrance to the tent, not far behind him. 344  18:11 Abraham and Sarah were old and advancing in years; 345  Sarah had long since passed menopause.) 346  18:12 So Sarah laughed to herself, thinking, 347 After I am worn out will I have pleasure, 348  especially when my husband is old too? 349 

18:13 The Lord said to Abraham, “Why 350  did Sarah laugh and say, ‘Will I really 351  have a child when I am old?’ 18:14 Is anything impossible 352  for the Lord? I will return to you when the season comes round again and Sarah will have a son.” 353  18:15 Then Sarah lied, saying, “I did not laugh,” because she was afraid. But the Lord said, “No! You did laugh.” 354 

Abraham Pleads for Sodom

18:16 When the men got up to leave, 355  they looked out over 356  Sodom. (Now 357  Abraham was walking with them to see them on their way.) 358  18:17 Then the Lord said, “Should I hide from Abraham what I am about to do? 359  18:18 After all, Abraham 360  will surely become 361  a great and powerful nation, and all the nations on the earth will pronounce blessings on one another 362  using his name. 18:19 I have chosen him 363  so that he may command his children and his household after him to keep 364  the way of the Lord by doing 365  what is right and just. Then the Lord will give 366  to Abraham what he promised 367  him.”

18:20 So the Lord said, “The outcry against 368  Sodom and Gomorrah is so great and their sin so blatant 369  18:21 that I must go down 370  and see if they are as wicked as the outcry suggests. 371  If not, 372  I want to know.”

18:22 The two men turned 373  and headed 374  toward Sodom, but Abraham was still standing before the Lord. 375  18:23 Abraham approached and said, “Will you sweep away the godly along with the wicked? 18:24 What if there are fifty godly people in the city? Will you really wipe it out and not spare 376  the place for the sake of the fifty godly people who are in it? 18:25 Far be it from you to do such a thing – to kill the godly with the wicked, treating the godly and the wicked alike! Far be it from you! Will not the judge 377  of the whole earth do what is right? 378 

18:26 So the Lord replied, “If I find in the city of Sodom fifty godly people, I will spare the whole place for their sake.”

18:27 Then Abraham asked, “Since I have undertaken to speak to the Lord 379  (although I am but dust and ashes), 380  18:28 what if there are five less than the fifty godly people? Will you destroy 381  the whole city because five are lacking?” 382  He replied, “I will not destroy it if I find forty-five there.”

18:29 Abraham 383  spoke to him again, 384 What if forty are found there?” He replied, “I will not do it for the sake of the forty.”

18:30 Then Abraham 385  said, “May the Lord not be angry 386  so that I may speak! 387  What if thirty are found there?” He replied, “I will not do it if I find thirty there.”

18:31 Abraham 388  said, “Since I have undertaken to speak to the Lord, what if only twenty are found there?” He replied, “I will not destroy it for the sake of the twenty.”

18:32 Finally Abraham 389  said, “May the Lord not be angry so that I may speak just once more. What if ten are found there?” He replied, “I will not destroy it for the sake of the ten.”

18:33 The Lord went on his way 390  when he had finished speaking 391  to Abraham. Then Abraham returned home. 392 

The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah

19:1 The two angels came to Sodom in the evening while 393  Lot was sitting in the city’s gateway. 394  When Lot saw them, he got up to meet them and bowed down with his face toward the ground.

19:2 He said, “Here, my lords, please turn aside to your servant’s house. Stay the night 395  and wash your feet. Then you can be on your way early in the morning.” 396  “No,” they replied, “we’ll spend the night in the town square.” 397 

19:3 But he urged 398  them persistently, so they turned aside with him and entered his house. He prepared a feast for them, including bread baked without yeast, and they ate. 19:4 Before they could lie down to sleep, 399  all the men – both young and old, from every part of the city of Sodom – surrounded the house. 400  19:5 They shouted to Lot, 401 Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us so we can have sex 402  with them!

19:6 Lot went outside to them, shutting the door behind him. 19:7 He said, “No, my brothers! Don’t act so wickedly! 403  19:8 Look, I have two daughters who have never had sexual relations with 404  a man. Let me bring them out to you, and you can do to them whatever you please. 405  Only don’t do anything to these men, for they have come under the protection 406  of my roof.” 407 

19:9Out of our way!” 408  they cried, and “This man came to live here as a foreigner, 409  and now he dares to judge us! 410  We’ll do more harm 411  to you than to them!” They kept 412  pressing in on Lot until they were close enough 413  to break down the door.

19:10 So the men inside 414  reached out 415  and pulled Lot back into the house 416  as they shut the door. 19:11 Then they struck the men who were at the door of the house, from the youngest to the oldest, 417  with blindness. The men outside 418  wore themselves out trying to find the door. 19:12 Then the two visitors 419  said to Lot, “Who else do you have here? 420  Do you have 421  any sons-in-law, sons, daughters, or other relatives in the city? 422  Get them out of this 423  place 19:13 because we are about to destroy 424  it. The outcry against this place 425  is so great before the Lord that he 426  has sent us to destroy it.”

19:14 Then Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law who were going to marry his daughters. 427  He said, “Quick, get out of this place because the Lord is about to destroy 428  the city!” But his sons-in-law thought he was ridiculing them. 429 

19:15 At dawn 430  the angels hurried Lot along, saying, “Get going! Take your wife and your two daughters who are here, 431  or else you will be destroyed when the city is judged! 432  19:16 When Lot 433  hesitated, the men grabbed his hand and the hands of his wife and two daughters because the Lord had compassion on them. 434  They led them away and placed them 435  outside the city. 19:17 When they had brought them outside, they 436  said, “Run 437  for your lives! Don’t look 438  behind you or stop anywhere in the valley! 439  Escape to the mountains or you will be destroyed!

19:18 But Lot said to them, “No, please, Lord! 440  19:19 Your 441  servant has found favor with you, 442  and you have shown me great 443  kindness 444  by sparing 445  my life. But I am not able to escape to the mountains because 446  this disaster will overtake 447  me and I’ll die. 448  19:20 Look, this town 449  over here is close enough to escape to, and it’s just a little one. 450  Let me go there. 451  It’s just a little place, isn’t it? 452  Then I’ll survive.” 453 

19:21Very well,” he replied, 454 I will grant this request too 455  and will not overthrow 456  the town you mentioned. 19:22 Run there quickly, 457  for I cannot do anything until you arrive there.” (This incident explains why the town was called Zoar.) 458 

19:23 The sun had just risen 459  over the land as Lot reached Zoar. 460  19:24 Then the Lord rained down 461  sulfur and fire 462  on Sodom and Gomorrah. It was sent down from the sky by the Lord. 463  19:25 So he overthrew those cities and all that region, 464  including all the inhabitants of the cities and the vegetation that grew 465  from the ground. 19:26 But Lot’s 466  wife looked back longingly 467  and was turned into a pillar of salt.

19:27 Abraham got up early in the morning and went 468  to the place where he had stood before the Lord. 19:28 He looked out toward 469  Sodom and Gomorrah and all the land of that region. 470  As he did so, he saw the smoke rising up from the land like smoke from a furnace. 471 

19:29 So when God destroyed 472  the cities of the region, 473  God honored 474  Abraham’s request. He removed Lot 475  from the midst of the destruction when he destroyed 476  the cities Lot had lived in.

19:30 Lot went up from Zoar with his two daughters and settled in the mountains because he was afraid to live in Zoar. So he lived in a cave with his two daughters. 19:31 Later the older daughter said 477  to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is no man anywhere nearby 478  to have sexual relations with us, 479  according to the way of all the world. 19:32 Come, let’s make our father drunk with wine 480  so we can have sexual relations 481  with him and preserve 482  our family line through our father.” 483 

19:33 So that night they made their father drunk with wine, 484  and the older daughter 485  came and had sexual relations with her father. 486  But he was not aware that she had sexual relations with him and then got up. 487  19:34 So in the morning the older daughter 488  said to the younger, “Since I had sexual relations with my father last night, let’s make him drunk again tonight. 489  Then you go and have sexual relations with him so we can preserve our family line through our father.” 490  19:35 So they made their father drunk 491  that night as well, and the younger one came and had sexual relations with him. 492  But he was not aware that she had sexual relations with him and then got up. 493 

19:36 In this way both of Lot’s daughters became pregnant by their father. 19:37 The older daughter 494  gave birth to a son and named him Moab. 495  He is the ancestor of the Moabites of today. 19:38 The younger daughter also gave birth to a son and named him Ben-Ammi. 496  He is the ancestor of the Ammonites of today.

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