Bible: Genesis 11:27-25:18
The Record of Terah
11:27 This is the account of Terah.
Terah became the father of Abram, Nahor, and Haran. And Haran became the father of Lot. 11:28 Haran died in the land of his birth, in Ur of the Chaldeans, 1 while his father Terah was still alive. 2 11:29 And Abram and Nahor took wives for themselves. The name of Abram’s wife was Sarai, 3 and the name of Nahor’s wife was Milcah; 4 she was the daughter of Haran, the father of both Milcah and Iscah. 11:30 But Sarai was barren; she had no children.
11:31 Terah took his son Abram, his grandson Lot (the son of Haran), and his daughter-in-law Sarai, his son Abram’s wife, and with them he set out from Ur of the Chaldeans to go to Canaan. When they came to Haran, they settled there. 11:32 The lifetime 5 of Terah was 205 years, and he 6 died in Haran.
The Obedience of Abram
“Go out 9 from your country, your relatives, and your father’s household
to the land that I will show you. 10
and I will make your name great, 13
so that you will exemplify divine blessing. 14
12:3 I will bless those who bless you, 15
but the one who treats you lightly 16 I must curse,
and all the families of the earth will bless one another 17 by your name.”
12:4 So Abram left, 18 just as the
12:6 Abram traveled through the land as far as the oak tree 25 of Moreh 26 at Shechem. 27 (At that time the Canaanites were in the land.) 28 12:7 The
12:8 Then he moved from there to the hill country east of Bethel 31 and pitched his tent, with Bethel on the west and Ai on the east. There he built an altar to the
The Promised Blessing Jeopardized
12:10 There was a famine in the land, so Abram went down to Egypt 35 to stay for a while 36 because the famine was severe. 37 12:11 As he approached 38 Egypt, he said to his wife Sarai, “Look, 39 I know that you are a beautiful woman. 40 12:12 When the Egyptians see you they will say, ‘This is his wife.’ Then they will kill me but will keep you alive. 41 12:13 So tell them 42 you are my sister 43 so that it may go well 44 for me because of you and my life will be spared 45 on account of you.”
12:14 When Abram entered Egypt, the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful. 12:15 When Pharaoh’s officials saw her, they praised her to Pharaoh. So Abram’s wife 46 was taken 47 into the household of Pharaoh, 48 12:16 and he did treat Abram well 49 on account of her. Abram received 50 sheep and cattle, male donkeys, male servants, female servants, female donkeys, and camels.
12:17 But the
Abram’s Solution to the Strife
13:3 And he journeyed from place to place 62 from the Negev as far as Bethel. 63 He returned 64 to the place where he had pitched his tent 65 at the beginning, between Bethel and Ai. 13:4 This was the place where he had first built the altar, 66 and there Abram worshiped the
13:5 Now Lot, who was traveling 68 with Abram, also had 69 flocks, herds, and tents. 13:6 But the land could 70 not support them while they were living side by side. 71 Because their possessions were so great, they were not able to live 72 alongside one another. 13:7 So there were quarrels 73 between Abram’s herdsmen and Lot’s herdsmen. 74 (Now the Canaanites and the Perizzites were living in the land at that time.) 75
13:8 Abram said to Lot, “Let there be no quarreling between me and you, and between my herdsmen and your herdsmen, for we are close relatives. 76 13:9 Is not the whole land before you? Separate yourself now from me. If you go 77 to the left, then I’ll go to the right, but if you go to the right, then I’ll go to the left.”
13:10 Lot looked up and saw 78 the whole region 79 of the Jordan. He noticed 80 that all of it was well-watered (before the
So the relatives separated from each other. 85 13:12 Abram settled in the land of Canaan, but Lot settled among the cities of the Jordan plain 86 and pitched his tents next to Sodom. 13:13 (Now 87 the people 88 of Sodom were extremely wicked rebels against the
13:14 After Lot had departed, the
The Blessing of Victory for God’s People
14:1 At that time 99 Amraphel king of Shinar, 100 Arioch king of Ellasar, Kedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations 101 14:2 went to war 102 against Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar). 103 14:3 These last five kings 104 joined forces 105 in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea). 106 14:4 For twelve years 107 they had served Kedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth year 108 they rebelled. 109 14:5 In the fourteenth year, Kedorlaomer and the kings who were his allies came and defeated 110 the Rephaites in Ashteroth Karnaim, the Zuzites in Ham, the Emites in Shaveh Kiriathaim, 14:6 and the Horites in their hill country of Seir, as far as El Paran, which is near the desert. 111 14:7 Then they attacked En Mishpat (that is, Kadesh) again, 112 and they conquered all the territory of the Amalekites, as well as the Amorites who were living in Hazazon Tamar.
14:8 Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) went out and prepared for battle. In the Valley of Siddim they met 113 14:9 Kedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of nations, 114 Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar. Four kings fought against 115 five. 14:10 Now the Valley of Siddim was full of tar pits. 116 When the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, they fell into them, 117 but some survivors 118 fled to the hills. 119 14:11 The four victorious kings 120 took all the possessions and food of Sodom and Gomorrah and left. 14:12 They also took Abram’s nephew 121 Lot and his possessions when 122 they left, for Lot 123 was living in Sodom. 124
14:13 A fugitive 125 came and told Abram the Hebrew. 126 Now Abram was living by the oaks 127 of Mamre the Amorite, the brother 128 of Eshcol and Aner. (All these were allied by treaty 129 with Abram.) 130 14:14 When Abram heard that his nephew 131 had been taken captive, he mobilized 132 his 318 trained men who had been born in his household, and he pursued the invaders 133 as far as Dan. 134 14:15 Then, during the night, 135 Abram 136 divided his forces 137 against them and defeated them. He chased them as far as Hobah, which is north 138 of Damascus. 14:16 He retrieved all the stolen property. 139 He also brought back his nephew Lot and his possessions, as well as the women and the rest of 140 the people.
14:17 After Abram 141 returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet Abram 142 in the Valley of Shaveh (known as the King’s Valley). 143 14:18 Melchizedek king of Salem 144 brought out bread and wine. (Now he was the priest of the Most High God.) 145 14:19 He blessed Abram, saying,
“Blessed be Abram by 146 the Most High God,
14:20 Worthy of praise is 149 the Most High God,
who delivered 150 your enemies into your hand.”
Abram gave Melchizedek 151 a tenth of everything.
14:21 Then the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people and take the possessions for yourself.” 14:22 But Abram replied to the king of Sodom, “I raise my hand 152 to the
The Cutting of the Covenant
15:2 But Abram said, “O sovereign
15:4 But look, 169 the word of the
15:12 When the sun went down, Abram fell sound asleep, 192 and great terror overwhelmed him. 193 15:13 Then the
15:17 When the sun had gone down and it was dark, a smoking firepot with a flaming torch 205 passed between the animal parts. 206 15:18 That day the
The Birth of Ishmael
16:1 Now Sarai, 212 Abram’s wife, had not given birth to any children, 213 but she had an Egyptian servant 214 named Hagar. 215 16:2 So Sarai said to Abram, “Since 216 the
16:3 So after Abram had lived 220 in Canaan for ten years, Sarai, Abram’s wife, gave Hagar, her Egyptian servant, 221 to her husband to be his wife. 222 16:4 He had sexual relations with 223 Hagar, and she became pregnant. 224 Once Hagar realized she was pregnant, she despised Sarai. 225 16:5 Then Sarai said to Abram, “You have brought this wrong on me! 226 I allowed my servant to have sexual relations with you, 227 but when she realized 228 that she was pregnant, she despised me. 229 May the
16:9 Then the
“You are now 243 pregnant
and are about to give birth 244 to a son.
You are to name him Ishmael, 245
16:12 He will be a wild donkey 247 of a man.
He will be hostile to everyone, 248
and everyone will be hostile to him. 249
He will live away from 250 his brothers.”
16:13 So Hagar named the
The Sign of the Covenant
17:1 When Abram was 99 years old, 260 the
17:3 Abram bowed down with his face to the ground, 268 and God said to him, 269 17:4 “As for me, 270 this 271 is my covenant with you: You will be the father of a multitude of nations. 17:5 No longer will your name be 272 Abram. Instead, your name will be Abraham 273 because I will make you 274 the father of a multitude of nations. 17:6 I will make you 275 extremely 276 fruitful. I will make nations of you, and kings will descend from you. 277 17:7 I will confirm 278 my covenant as a perpetual 279 covenant between me and you. It will extend to your descendants after you throughout their generations. I will be your God and the God of your descendants after you. 280 17:8 I will give the whole land of Canaan – the land where you are now residing 281 – to you and your descendants after you as a permanent 282 possession. I will be their God.”
17:9 Then God said to Abraham, “As for you, you must keep 283 the covenantal requirement 284 I am imposing on you and your descendants after you throughout their generations. 17:10 This is my requirement that you and your descendants after you must keep: 285 Every male among you must be circumcised. 286 17:11 You must circumcise the flesh of your foreskins. This will be a reminder 287 of the covenant between me and you. 17:12 Throughout your generations every male among you who is eight days old 288 must be circumcised, whether born in your house or bought with money from any foreigner who is not one of your descendants. 17:13 They must indeed be circumcised, 289 whether born in your house or bought with money. The sign of my covenant 290 will be visible in your flesh as a permanent 291 reminder. 17:14 Any uncircumcised male 292 who has not been circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin will be cut off 293 from his people – he has failed to carry out my requirement.” 294
17:15 Then God said to Abraham, “As for your wife, you must no longer call her Sarai; 295 Sarah 296 will be her name. 17:16 I will bless her and will give you a son through her. I will bless her and she will become a mother of nations. 297 Kings of countries 298 will come from her!”
17:17 Then Abraham bowed down with his face to the ground and laughed 299 as he said to himself, 300 “Can 301 a son be born to a man who is a hundred years old? 302 Can Sarah 303 bear a child at the age of ninety?” 304 17:18 Abraham said to God, “O that 305 Ishmael might live before you!” 306
17:19 God said, “No, Sarah your wife is going to bear you a son, and you will name him Isaac. 307 I will confirm my covenant with him as a perpetual 308 covenant for his descendants after him. 17:20 As for Ishmael, I have heard you. 309 I will indeed bless him, make him fruitful, and give him a multitude of descendants. 310 He will become the father of twelve princes; 311 I will make him into a great nation. 17:21 But I will establish my covenant with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you at this set time next year.” 17:22 When he finished speaking with Abraham, God went up from him. 312
17:23 Abraham took his son Ishmael and every male in his household (whether born in his house or bought with money) 313 and circumcised them 314 on that very same day, just as God had told him to do. 17:24 Now Abraham was 99 years old 315 when he was circumcised; 316 17:25 his son Ishmael was thirteen years old 317 when he was circumcised. 17:26 Abraham and his son Ishmael were circumcised on the very same day. 17:27 All the men of his household, whether born in his household or bought with money from a foreigner, were circumcised with him.
Three Special Visitors
18:3 He said, “My lord, 329 if I have found favor in your sight, do not pass by and leave your servant. 330 18:4 Let a little water be brought so that 331 you may all 332 wash your feet and rest under the tree. 18:5 And let me get 333 a bit of food 334 so that you may refresh yourselves 335 since you have passed by your servant’s home. After that you may be on your way.” 336 “All right,” they replied, “you may do as you say.”
18:6 So Abraham hurried into the tent and said to Sarah, “Quick! Take 337 three measures 338 of fine flour, knead it, and make bread.” 339 18:7 Then Abraham ran to the herd and chose a fine, tender calf, and gave it to a servant, 340 who quickly prepared it. 341 18:8 Abraham 342 then took some curds and milk, along with the calf that had been prepared, and placed the food 343 before them. They ate while 344 he was standing near them under a tree.
18:9 Then they asked him, “Where is Sarah your wife?” He replied, “There, 345 in the tent.” 18:10 One of them 346 said, “I will surely return 347 to you when the season comes round again, 348 and your wife Sarah will have a son!” 349 (Now Sarah was listening at the entrance to the tent, not far behind him. 350 18:11 Abraham and Sarah were old and advancing in years; 351 Sarah had long since passed menopause.) 352 18:12 So Sarah laughed to herself, thinking, 353 “After I am worn out will I have pleasure, 354 especially when my husband is old too?” 355
Abraham Pleads for Sodom
18:16 When the men got up to leave, 361 they looked out over 362 Sodom. (Now 363 Abraham was walking with them to see them on their way.) 364 18:17 Then the
18:20 So the
18:22 The two men turned 379 and headed 380 toward Sodom, but Abraham was still standing before the
18:26 So the
18:27 Then Abraham asked, “Since I have undertaken to speak to the Lord 385 (although I am but dust and ashes), 386 18:28 what if there are five less than the fifty godly people? Will you destroy 387 the whole city because five are lacking?” 388 He replied, “I will not destroy it if I find forty-five there.”
18:31 Abraham 394 said, “Since I have undertaken to speak to the Lord, what if only twenty are found there?” He replied, “I will not destroy it for the sake of the twenty.”
18:32 Finally Abraham 395 said, “May the Lord not be angry so that I may speak just once more. What if ten are found there?” He replied, “I will not destroy it for the sake of the ten.”
The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah
19:2 He said, “Here, my lords, please turn aside to your servant’s house. Stay the night 401 and wash your feet. Then you can be on your way early in the morning.” 402 “No,” they replied, “we’ll spend the night in the town square.” 403
19:3 But he urged 404 them persistently, so they turned aside with him and entered his house. He prepared a feast for them, including bread baked without yeast, and they ate. 19:4 Before they could lie down to sleep, 405 all the men – both young and old, from every part of the city of Sodom – surrounded the house. 406 19:5 They shouted to Lot, 407 “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us so we can have sex 408 with them!”
19:6 Lot went outside to them, shutting the door behind him. 19:7 He said, “No, my brothers! Don’t act so wickedly! 409 19:8 Look, I have two daughters who have never had sexual relations with 410 a man. Let me bring them out to you, and you can do to them whatever you please. 411 Only don’t do anything to these men, for they have come under the protection 412 of my roof.” 413
19:9 “Out of our way!” 414 they cried, and “This man came to live here as a foreigner, 415 and now he dares to judge us! 416 We’ll do more harm 417 to you than to them!” They kept 418 pressing in on Lot until they were close enough 419 to break down the door.
19:10 So the men inside 420 reached out 421 and pulled Lot back into the house 422 as they shut the door. 19:11 Then they struck the men who were at the door of the house, from the youngest to the oldest, 423 with blindness. The men outside 424 wore themselves out trying to find the door. 19:12 Then the two visitors 425 said to Lot, “Who else do you have here? 426 Do you have 427 any sons-in-law, sons, daughters, or other relatives in the city? 428 Get them out of this 429 place 19:13 because we are about to destroy 430 it. The outcry against this place 431 is so great before the
19:14 Then Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law who were going to marry his daughters. 433 He said, “Quick, get out of this place because the
19:15 At dawn 436 the angels hurried Lot along, saying, “Get going! Take your wife and your two daughters who are here, 437 or else you will be destroyed when the city is judged!” 438 19:16 When Lot 439 hesitated, the men grabbed his hand and the hands of his wife and two daughters because the
19:18 But Lot said to them, “No, please, Lord! 446 19:19 Your 447 servant has found favor with you, 448 and you have shown me great 449 kindness 450 by sparing 451 my life. But I am not able to escape to the mountains because 452 this disaster will overtake 453 me and I’ll die. 454 19:20 Look, this town 455 over here is close enough to escape to, and it’s just a little one. 456 Let me go there. 457 It’s just a little place, isn’t it? 458 Then I’ll survive.” 459
19:21 “Very well,” he replied, 460 “I will grant this request too 461 and will not overthrow 462 the town you mentioned. 19:22 Run there quickly, 463 for I cannot do anything until you arrive there.” (This incident explains why the town was called Zoar.) 464
19:23 The sun had just risen 465 over the land as Lot reached Zoar. 466 19:24 Then the
19:27 Abraham got up early in the morning and went 474 to the place where he had stood before the
19:29 So when God destroyed 478 the cities of the region, 479 God honored 480 Abraham’s request. He removed Lot 481 from the midst of the destruction when he destroyed 482 the cities Lot had lived in.
19:30 Lot went up from Zoar with his two daughters and settled in the mountains because he was afraid to live in Zoar. So he lived in a cave with his two daughters. 19:31 Later the older daughter said 483 to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is no man anywhere nearby 484 to have sexual relations with us, 485 according to the way of all the world. 19:32 Come, let’s make our father drunk with wine 486 so we can have sexual relations 487 with him and preserve 488 our family line through our father.” 489
19:33 So that night they made their father drunk with wine, 490 and the older daughter 491 came and had sexual relations with her father. 492 But he was not aware that she had sexual relations with him and then got up. 493 19:34 So in the morning the older daughter 494 said to the younger, “Since I had sexual relations with my father last night, let’s make him drunk again tonight. 495 Then you go and have sexual relations with him so we can preserve our family line through our father.” 496 19:35 So they made their father drunk 497 that night as well, and the younger one came and had sexual relations with him. 498 But he was not aware that she had sexual relations with him and then got up. 499
19:36 In this way both of Lot’s daughters became pregnant by their father. 19:37 The older daughter 500 gave birth to a son and named him Moab. 501 He is the ancestor of the Moabites of today. 19:38 The younger daughter also gave birth to a son and named him Ben-Ammi. 502 He is the ancestor of the Ammonites of today.
Abraham and Abimelech
20:1 Abraham journeyed from there to the Negev 503 region and settled between Kadesh and Shur. While he lived as a temporary resident 504 in Gerar, 20:2 Abraham said about his wife Sarah, “She is my sister.” So Abimelech, king of Gerar, sent for Sarah and took her.
20:4 Now Abimelech had not gone near her. He said, “Lord, 508 would you really slaughter an innocent nation? 509 20:5 Did Abraham 510 not say to me, ‘She is my sister’? And she herself said, 511 ‘He is my brother.’ I have done this with a clear conscience 512 and with innocent hands!”
20:6 Then in the dream God replied to him, “Yes, I know that you have done this with a clear conscience. 513 That is why I have kept you 514 from sinning against me and why 515 I did not allow you to touch her. 20:7 But now give back the man’s wife. Indeed 516 he is a prophet 517 and he will pray for you; thus you will live. 518 But if you don’t give her back, 519 know that you will surely die 520 along with all who belong to you.”
20:8 Early in the morning 521 Abimelech summoned 522 all his servants. When he told them about all these things, 523 they 524 were terrified. 20:9 Abimelech summoned Abraham and said to him, “What have you done to us? What sin did I commit against you that would cause you to bring such great guilt on me and my kingdom? 525 You have done things to me that should not be done!” 526 20:10 Then Abimelech asked 527 Abraham, “What prompted you to do this thing?” 528
20:11 Abraham replied, “Because I thought, 529 ‘Surely no one fears God in this place. They will kill me because of 530 my wife.’ 20:12 What’s more, 531 she is indeed my sister, my father’s daughter, but not my mother’s daughter. She became my wife. 20:13 When God made me wander 532 from my father’s house, I told her, ‘This is what you can do to show your loyalty to me: 533 Every place we go, say about me, “He is my brother.”’”
20:14 So Abimelech gave 534 sheep, cattle, and male and female servants to Abraham. He also gave his wife Sarah back to him. 20:15 Then Abimelech said, “Look, my land is before you; live wherever you please.” 535
20:17 Abraham prayed to God, and God healed Abimelech, as well as his wife and female slaves so that they were able to have children. 20:18 For the
The Birth of Isaac
21:6 Sarah said, “God has made me laugh. 550 Everyone who hears about this 551 will laugh 552 with me.” 21:7 She went on to say, 553 “Who would 554 have said to Abraham that Sarah would nurse children? Yet I have given birth to a son for him in his old age!”
21:8 The child grew and was weaned. Abraham prepared 555 a great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned. 556 21:9 But Sarah noticed 557 the son of Hagar the Egyptian – the son whom Hagar had borne to Abraham – mocking. 558 21:10 So she said to Abraham, “Banish 559 that slave woman and her son, for the son of that slave woman will not be an heir along with my son Isaac!”
21:11 Sarah’s demand displeased Abraham greatly because Ishmael was his son. 560 21:12 But God said to Abraham, “Do not be upset 561 about the boy or your slave wife. Do 562 all that Sarah is telling 563 you because through Isaac your descendants will be counted. 564 21:13 But I will also make the son of the slave wife into a great nation, for he is your descendant too.”
21:14 Early in the morning Abraham took 565 some food 566 and a skin of water and gave them to Hagar. He put them on her shoulders, gave her the child, 567 and sent her away. So she went wandering 568 aimlessly through the wilderness 569 of Beer Sheba. 21:15 When the water in the skin was gone, she shoved 570 the child under one of the shrubs. 21:16 Then she went and sat down by herself across from him at quite a distance, about a bowshot 571 away; for she thought, 572 “I refuse to watch the child die.” 573 So she sat across from him and wept uncontrollably. 574
21:17 But God heard the boy’s voice. 575 The angel of God called to Hagar from heaven and asked her, “What is the matter, 576 Hagar? Don’t be afraid, for God has heard 577 the boy’s voice right where he is crying. 21:18 Get up! Help the boy up and hold him by the hand, for I will make him into a great nation.” 21:19 Then God enabled Hagar to see a well of water. 578 She went over and filled the skin with water, and then gave the boy a drink.
21:22 At that time Abimelech and Phicol, the commander of his army, said to Abraham, “God is with you 581 in all that you do. 21:23 Now swear to me right here in God’s name 582 that you will not deceive me, my children, or my descendants. 583 Show me, and the land 584 where you are staying, 585 the same loyalty 586 that I have shown you.” 587
21:24 Abraham said, “I swear to do this.” 588 21:25 But Abraham lodged a complaint 589 against Abimelech concerning a well 590 that Abimelech’s servants had seized. 591 21:26 “I do not know who has done this thing,” Abimelech replied. “Moreover, 592 you did not tell me. I did not hear about it until today.”
21:27 Abraham took some sheep and cattle and gave them to Abimelech. The two of them made a treaty. 593 21:28 Then Abraham set seven ewe lambs apart from the flock by themselves. 21:29 Abimelech asked Abraham, “What is the meaning of these 594 seven ewe lambs that you have set apart?” 21:30 He replied, “You must take these seven ewe lambs from my hand as legal proof 595 that I dug this well.” 596 21:31 That is why he named that place 597 Beer Sheba, 598 because the two of them swore 599 an oath there.
21:32 So they made a treaty 600 at Beer Sheba. Then Abimelech and Phicol, the commander of his army, returned 601 to the land of the Philistines. 602 21:33 Abraham 603 planted a tamarisk tree 604 in Beer Sheba. There he worshiped the
The Sacrifice of Isaac
22:1 Some time after these things God tested 607 Abraham. He said to him, “Abraham!” “Here I am!” Abraham 608 replied. 22:2 God 609 said, “Take your son – your only son, whom you love, Isaac 610 – and go to the land of Moriah! 611 Offer him up there as a burnt offering 612 on one of the mountains which I will indicate to 613 you.”
22:3 Early in the morning Abraham got up and saddled his donkey. 614 He took two of his young servants with him, along with his son Isaac. When he had cut the wood for the burnt offering, he started out 615 for the place God had spoken to him about.
22:4 On the third day Abraham caught sight of 616 the place in the distance. 22:5 So he 617 said to his servants, “You two stay 618 here with the donkey while 619 the boy and I go up there. We will worship 620 and then return to you.” 621
22:6 Abraham took the wood for the burnt offering and put it on his son Isaac. Then he took the fire and the knife in his hand, 622 and the two of them walked on together. 22:7 Isaac said to his father Abraham, 623 “My father?” “What is it, 624 my son?” he replied. “Here is the fire and the wood,” Isaac said, 625 “but where is the lamb for the burnt offering?” 22:8 “God will provide 626 for himself the lamb for the burnt offering, my son,” Abraham replied. The two of them continued on together.
22:9 When they came to the place God had told him about, Abraham built the altar there 627 and arranged the wood on it. Next he tied up 628 his son Isaac and placed him on the altar on top of the wood. 22:10 Then Abraham reached out his hand, took the knife, and prepared to slaughter 629 his son. 22:11 But the
22:13 Abraham looked up 635 and saw 636 behind him 637 a ram caught in the bushes by its horns. So he 638 went over and got the ram and offered it up as a burnt offering instead of his son. 22:14 And Abraham called the name of that place “The
22:20 After these things Abraham was told, “Milcah 653 also has borne children to your brother Nahor – 22:21 Uz the firstborn, his brother Buz, Kemuel (the father of Aram), 654 22:22 Kesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph, and Bethuel.” 22:23 (Now 655 Bethuel became the father of Rebekah.) These were the eight sons Milcah bore to Abraham’s brother Nahor. 22:24 His concubine, whose name was Reumah, also bore him children – Tebah, Gaham, Tahash, and Maacah.
The Death of Sarah
23:3 Then Abraham got up from mourning his dead wife 659 and said to the sons of Heth, 660 23:4 “I am a temporary settler 661 among you. Grant 662 me ownership 663 of a burial site among you so that I may 664 bury my dead.” 665
23:5 The sons of Heth answered Abraham, 666 23:6 “Listen, sir, 667 you are a mighty prince 668 among us! You may bury your dead in the choicest of our tombs. None of us will refuse you his tomb to prevent you 669 from burying your dead.”
23:7 Abraham got up and bowed down to the local people, 670 the sons of Heth. 23:8 Then he said to them, “If you agree 671 that I may bury my dead, 672 then hear me out. 673 Ask 674 Ephron the son of Zohar 23:9 if he will sell 675 me the cave of Machpelah that belongs to him; it is at the end of his field. Let him sell it to me publicly 676 for the full price, 677 so that I may own it as a burial site.”
23:10 (Now Ephron was sitting among the sons of Heth.) Ephron the Hethite 678 replied to Abraham in the hearing 679 of the sons of Heth – before all who entered the gate 680 of his city – 23:11 “No, my lord! Hear me out. I sell 681 you both the field and the cave that is in it. 682 In the presence of my people 683 I sell it to you. Bury your dead.”
23:12 Abraham bowed before the local people 23:13 and said to Ephron in their hearing, “Hear me, if you will. I pay 684 to you the price 685 of the field. Take it from me so that I may 686 bury my dead there.”
23:16 So Abraham agreed to Ephron’s price 689 and weighed 690 out for him 691 the price 692 that Ephron had quoted 693 in the hearing of the sons of Heth – 400 pieces of silver, according to the standard measurement at the time. 694
23:17 So Abraham secured 695 Ephron’s field in Machpelah, next to Mamre, including the field, the cave that was in it, and all the trees that were in the field and all around its border, 23:18 as his property in the presence of the sons of Heth before all who entered the gate of Ephron’s city. 696
23:19 After this Abraham buried his wife Sarah in the cave in the field of Machpelah next to Mamre (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan. 23:20 So Abraham secured the field and the cave that was in it as a burial site 697 from the sons of Heth.
The Wife for Isaac
24:1 Now Abraham was old, well advanced in years, 698 and the
24:6 “Be careful 708 never to take my son back there!” Abraham told him. 709 24:7 “The
24:10 Then the servant took ten of his master’s camels and departed with all kinds of gifts from his master at his disposal. 717 He journeyed 718 to the region of Aram Naharaim 719 and the city of Nahor. 24:11 He made the camels kneel down by the well 720 outside the city. It was evening, 721 the time when the women would go out to draw water. 24:12 He prayed, “O
24:15 Before he had finished praying, there came Rebekah 728 with her water jug on her shoulder. She was the daughter of Bethuel son of Milcah (Milcah was the wife of Abraham’s brother Nahor). 729 24:16 Now the young woman was very beautiful. She was a virgin; no man had ever had sexual relations with her. 730 She went down to the spring, filled her jug, and came back up. 24:17 Abraham’s servant 731 ran to meet her and said, “Please give me a sip of water from your jug.” 24:18 “Drink, my lord,” she replied, and quickly lowering 732 her jug to her hands, she gave him a drink. 24:19 When she had done so, 733 she said, “I’ll draw water for your camels too, until they have drunk as much as they want.” 24:20 She quickly emptied 734 her jug into the watering trough and ran back to the well to draw more water until she had drawn enough for all his camels. 24:21 Silently the man watched her with interest to determine 735 if the
24:22 After the camels had finished drinking, the man took out a gold nose ring weighing a beka 737 and two gold bracelets weighing ten shekels 738 and gave them to her. 739 24:23 “Whose daughter are you?” he asked. 740 “Tell me, is there room in your father’s house for us to spend the night?”
24:24 She said to him, “I am the daughter of Bethuel the son of Milcah, whom Milcah bore to Nahor. 741 24:25 We have plenty of straw and feed,” she added, 742 “and room for you 743 to spend the night.”
24:26 The man bowed his head and worshiped the
24:28 The young woman ran and told her mother’s household all about 748 these things. 24:29 (Now Rebekah had a brother named Laban.) 749 Laban rushed out to meet the man at the spring. 24:30 When he saw the bracelets on his sister’s wrists and the nose ring 750 and heard his sister Rebekah say, 751 “This is what the man said to me,” he went out to meet the man. There he was, standing 752 by the camels near the spring. 24:31 Laban said to him, 753 “Come, you who are blessed by the
24:32 So Abraham’s servant 756 went to the house and unloaded 757 the camels. Straw and feed were given 758 to the camels, and water was provided so that he and the men who were with him could wash their feet. 759 24:33 When food was served, 760 he said, “I will not eat until I have said what I want to say.” 761 “Tell us,” Laban said. 762
24:34 “I am the servant of Abraham,” he began. 24:35 “The
24:45 “Before I finished praying in my heart, 777 along came Rebekah 778 with her water jug on her shoulder! She went down to the spring and drew water. So I said to her, ‘Please give me a drink.’ 24:46 She quickly lowered her jug from her shoulder and said, ‘Drink, and I’ll give your camels water too.’ So I drank, and she also gave the camels water. 24:47 Then I asked her, ‘Whose daughter are you?’ She replied, ‘The daughter of Bethuel the son of Nahor, whom Milcah bore to Nahor.’ 779 I put the ring in her nose and the bracelets on her wrists. 24:48 Then I bowed down and worshiped the
24:50 Then Laban and Bethuel replied, “This is the
24:52 When Abraham’s servant heard their words, he bowed down to the ground before the
When they got up in the morning, he said, “Let me leave now so I can return to my master.” 788 24:55 But Rebekah’s 789 brother and her mother replied, “Let the girl stay with us a few more days, perhaps ten. Then she can go.” 24:56 But he said to them, “Don’t detain me – the
24:59 So they sent their sister Rebekah on her way, accompanied by her female attendant, with Abraham’s servant and his men. 24:60 They blessed Rebekah with these words: 794
“Our sister, may you become the mother 795 of thousands of ten thousands!
May your descendants possess the strongholds 796 of their enemies.”
24:62 Now 799 Isaac came from 800 Beer Lahai Roi, 801 for 802 he was living in the Negev. 803 24:63 He 804 went out to relax 805 in the field in the early evening. 806 Then he looked up 807 and saw that 808 there were camels approaching. 24:64 Rebekah looked up 809 and saw Isaac. She got down from her camel 24:65 and asked 810 Abraham’s servant, 811 “Who is that man walking in the field toward us?” “That is my master,” the servant replied. 812 So she took her veil and covered herself.
24:66 The servant told Isaac everything that had happened. 24:67 Then Isaac brought Rebekah 813 into his mother Sarah’s tent. He took her 814 as his wife and loved her. 815 So Isaac was comforted after his mother’s death. 816
The Death of Abraham
25:1 Abraham had taken 817 another 818 wife, named Keturah. 25:2 She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 25:3 Jokshan became the father of Sheba and Dedan. 819 The descendants of Dedan were the Asshurites, Letushites, and Leummites. 25:4 The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were descendants 820 of Keturah.
25:5 Everything he owned Abraham left to his son Isaac. 25:6 But while he was still alive, Abraham gave gifts to the sons of his concubines 821 and sent them off to the east, away from his son Isaac. 822
25:7 Abraham lived a total of 823 175 years. 25:8 Then Abraham breathed his last and died at a good old age, an old man who had lived a full life. 824 He joined his ancestors. 825 25:9 His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah 826 near Mamre, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar, the Hethite. 25:10 This was the field Abraham had purchased from the sons of Heth. 827 There Abraham was buried with his wife Sarah. 25:11 After Abraham’s death, God blessed 828 his son Isaac. Isaac lived near Beer Lahai Roi. 829
The Sons of Ishmael
25:12 This is the account of Abraham’s son Ishmael, 830 whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s servant, bore to Abraham.
25:13 These are the names of Ishmael’s sons, by their names according to their records: 831 Nebaioth (Ishmael’s firstborn), Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 25:14 Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 25:15 Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 25:16 These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names by their settlements and their camps – twelve princes 832 according to their clans.
25:17 Ishmael lived a total of 833 137 years. He breathed his last and died; then he joined his ancestors. 834 25:18 His descendants 835 settled from Havilah to Shur, which runs next 836 to Egypt all the way 837 to Asshur. 838 They settled 839 away from all their relatives. 840