Bible: Gen 12-50

The Obedience of Abram

12:1 Now the Lord said 1  to Abram, 2 

“Go out 3  from your country, your relatives, and your father’s household

to the land that I will show you. 4 

12:2 Then I will make you 5  into a great nation, and I will bless you, 6 

and I will make your name great, 7 

so that you will exemplify divine blessing. 8 

12:3 I will bless those who bless you, 9 

but the one who treats you lightly 10  I must curse,

and all the families of the earth will bless one another 11  by your name.”

12:4 So Abram left, 12  just as the Lord had told him to do, 13  and Lot went with him. (Now 14  Abram was 75 years old 15  when he departed from Haran.) 12:5 And Abram took his wife Sarai, his nephew 16  Lot, and all the possessions they had accumulated and the people they had acquired 17  in Haran, and they left for 18  the land of Canaan. They entered the land of Canaan.

12:6 Abram traveled through the land as far as the oak tree 19  of Moreh 20  at Shechem. 21  (At that time the Canaanites were in the land.) 22  12:7 The Lord appeared to Abram and said, “To your descendants 23  I will give this land.” So Abram 24  built an altar there to the Lord, who had appeared to him.

12:8 Then he moved from there to the hill country east of Bethel 25  and pitched his tent, with Bethel on the west and Ai on the east. There he built an altar to the Lord and worshiped the Lord. 26  12:9 Abram continually journeyed by stages 27  down to the Negev. 28 

The Promised Blessing Jeopardized

12:10 There was a famine in the land, so Abram went down to Egypt 29  to stay for a while 30  because the famine was severe. 31  12:11 As he approached 32  Egypt, he said to his wife Sarai, “Look, 33  I know that you are a beautiful woman. 34  12:12 When the Egyptians see you they will say, ‘This is his wife.’ Then they will kill me but will keep you alive. 35  12:13 So tell them 36  you are my sister 37  so that it may go well 38  for me because of you and my life will be spared 39  on account of you.”

12:14 When Abram entered Egypt, the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful. 12:15 When Pharaoh’s officials saw her, they praised her to Pharaoh. So Abram’s wife 40  was taken 41  into the household of Pharaoh, 42  12:16 and he did treat Abram well 43  on account of her. Abram received 44  sheep and cattle, male donkeys, male servants, female servants, female donkeys, and camels.

12:17 But the Lord struck Pharaoh and his household with severe diseases 45  because of Sarai, Abram’s wife. 12:18 So Pharaoh summoned Abram and said, “What is this 46  you have done to me? Why didn’t you tell me that she was your wife? 12:19 Why did you say, ‘She is my sister,’ so that I took her 47  to be my wife? 48  Here is your wife! 49  Take her and go! 50  12:20 Pharaoh gave his men orders about Abram, 51  and so they expelled him, along with his wife and all his possessions.

Abram’s Solution to the Strife

13:1 So Abram went up from Egypt into the Negev. 52  He took his wife and all his possessions with him, as well as Lot. 53  13:2 (Now Abram was very wealthy 54  in livestock, silver, and gold.) 55 

13:3 And he journeyed from place to place 56  from the Negev as far as Bethel. 57  He returned 58  to the place where he had pitched his tent 59  at the beginning, between Bethel and Ai. 13:4 This was the place where he had first built the altar, 60  and there Abram worshiped the Lord. 61 

13:5 Now Lot, who was traveling 62  with Abram, also had 63  flocks, herds, and tents. 13:6 But the land could 64  not support them while they were living side by side. 65  Because their possessions were so great, they were not able to live 66  alongside one another. 13:7 So there were quarrels 67  between Abram’s herdsmen and Lot’s herdsmen. 68  (Now the Canaanites and the Perizzites were living in the land at that time.) 69 

13:8 Abram said to Lot, “Let there be no quarreling between me and you, and between my herdsmen and your herdsmen, for we are close relatives. 70  13:9 Is not the whole land before you? Separate yourself now from me. If you go 71  to the left, then I’ll go to the right, but if you go to the right, then I’ll go to the left.”

13:10 Lot looked up and saw 72  the whole region 73  of the Jordan. He noticed 74  that all of it was well-watered (before the Lord obliterated 75  Sodom and Gomorrah) 76  like the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt, 77  all the way to Zoar. 13:11 Lot chose for himself the whole region of the Jordan and traveled 78  toward the east.

So the relatives separated from each other. 79  13:12 Abram settled in the land of Canaan, but Lot settled among the cities of the Jordan plain 80  and pitched his tents next to Sodom. 13:13 (Now 81  the people 82  of Sodom were extremely wicked rebels against the Lord.) 83 

13:14 After Lot had departed, the Lord said to Abram, 84 Look 85  from the place where you stand to the north, south, east, and west. 13:15 I will give all the land that you see to you and your descendants 86  forever. 13:16 And I will make your descendants like the dust of the earth, so that if anyone is able to count the dust of the earth, then your descendants also can be counted. 87  13:17 Get up and 88  walk throughout 89  the land, 90  for I will give it to you.”

13:18 So Abram moved his tents and went to live 91  by the oaks 92  of Mamre in Hebron, and he built an altar to the Lord there.

The Blessing of Victory for God’s People

14:1 At that time 93  Amraphel king of Shinar, 94  Arioch king of Ellasar, Kedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations 95  14:2 went to war 96  against Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar). 97  14:3 These last five kings 98  joined forces 99  in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea). 100  14:4 For twelve years 101  they had served Kedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth year 102  they rebelled. 103  14:5 In the fourteenth year, Kedorlaomer and the kings who were his allies came and defeated 104  the Rephaites in Ashteroth Karnaim, the Zuzites in Ham, the Emites in Shaveh Kiriathaim, 14:6 and the Horites in their hill country of Seir, as far as El Paran, which is near the desert. 105  14:7 Then they attacked En Mishpat (that is, Kadesh) again, 106  and they conquered all the territory of the Amalekites, as well as the Amorites who were living in Hazazon Tamar.

14:8 Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) went out and prepared for battle. In the Valley of Siddim they met 107  14:9 Kedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of nations, 108  Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar. Four kings fought against 109  five. 14:10 Now the Valley of Siddim was full of tar pits. 110  When the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, they fell into them, 111  but some survivors 112  fled to the hills. 113  14:11 The four victorious kings 114  took all the possessions and food of Sodom and Gomorrah and left. 14:12 They also took Abram’s nephew 115  Lot and his possessions when 116  they left, for Lot 117  was living in Sodom. 118 

14:13 A fugitive 119  came and told Abram the Hebrew. 120  Now Abram was living by the oaks 121  of Mamre the Amorite, the brother 122  of Eshcol and Aner. (All these were allied by treaty 123  with Abram.) 124  14:14 When Abram heard that his nephew 125  had been taken captive, he mobilized 126  his 318 trained men who had been born in his household, and he pursued the invaders 127  as far as Dan. 128  14:15 Then, during the night, 129  Abram 130  divided his forces 131  against them and defeated them. He chased them as far as Hobah, which is north 132  of Damascus. 14:16 He retrieved all the stolen property. 133  He also brought back his nephew Lot and his possessions, as well as the women and the rest of 134  the people.

14:17 After Abram 135  returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet Abram 136  in the Valley of Shaveh (known as the King’s Valley). 137  14:18 Melchizedek king of Salem 138  brought out bread and wine. (Now he was the priest of the Most High God.) 139  14:19 He blessed Abram, saying,

Blessed be Abram by 140  the Most High God,

Creator 141  of heaven and earth. 142 

14:20 Worthy of praise is 143  the Most High God,

who delivered 144  your enemies into your hand.”

Abram gave Melchizedek 145  a tenth of everything.

14:21 Then the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people and take the possessions for yourself.” 14:22 But Abram replied to the king of Sodom, “I raise my hand 146  to the Lord, the Most High God, Creator of heaven and earth, and vow 147  14:23 that I will take nothing 148  belonging to you, not even a thread or the strap of a sandal. That way you can never say, ‘It is I 149  who made Abram rich.’ 14:24 I will take nothing 150  except compensation for what the young men have eaten. 151  As for the share of the men who went with me – Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre – let them take their share.”

The Cutting of the Covenant

15:1 After these things the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision: “Fear not, Abram! I am your shield 152  and the one who will reward you in great abundance.” 153 

15:2 But Abram said, “O sovereign Lord, 154  what will you give me since 155  I continue to be 156  childless, and my heir 157  is 158  Eliezer of Damascus? 159  15:3 Abram added, 160 Since 161  you have not given me a descendant, then look, one born in my house will be my heir! 162 

15:4 But look, 163  the word of the Lord came to him: “This man 164  will not be your heir, 165  but instead 166  a son 167  who comes from your own body will be 168  your heir.” 169  15:5 The Lord 170  took him outside and said, “Gaze into the sky and count the stars – if you are able to count them!” Then he said to him, “So will your descendants be.”

15:6 Abram believed 171  the Lord, and the Lord 172  considered his response of faith 173  as proof of genuine loyalty. 174 

15:7 The Lord said 175  to him, “I am the Lord 176  who brought you out from Ur of the Chaldeans 177  to give you this land to possess.” 15:8 But 178  Abram 179  said, “O sovereign Lord, 180  by what 181  can I know that I am to possess it?

15:9 The Lord 182  said to him, “Take for me a heifer, a goat, and a ram, each three years old, along with a dove and a young pigeon.” 15:10 So Abram 183  took all these for him and then cut them in two 184  and placed each half opposite the other, 185  but he did not cut the birds in half. 15:11 When birds of prey came down on the carcasses, Abram drove them away.

15:12 When the sun went down, Abram fell sound asleep, 186  and great terror overwhelmed him. 187  15:13 Then the Lord said to Abram, “Know for certain 188  that your descendants will be strangers 189  in a foreign country. 190  They will be enslaved and oppressed 191  for four hundred years. 15:14 But I will execute judgment on the nation that they will serve. 192  Afterward they will come out with many possessions. 15:15 But as for you, 193  you will go to your ancestors 194  in peace and be buried at a good old age. 195  15:16 In the fourth generation 196  your descendants 197  will return here, for the sin of the Amorites has not yet reached its limit.” 198 

15:17 When the sun had gone down and it was dark, a smoking firepot with a flaming torch 199  passed between the animal parts. 200  15:18 That day the Lord made a covenant 201  with Abram: “To your descendants I give 202  this land, from the river of Egypt 203  to the great river, the Euphrates River 15:19 the land 204  of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, 15:20 Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites, 15:21 Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites, and Jebusites.” 205 

The Birth of Ishmael

16:1 Now Sarai, 206  Abram’s wife, had not given birth to any children, 207  but she had an Egyptian servant 208  named Hagar. 209  16:2 So Sarai said to Abram, “Since 210  the Lord has prevented me from having children, have sexual relations with 211  my servant. Perhaps I can have a family by her.” 212  Abram did what 213  Sarai told him.

16:3 So after Abram had lived 214  in Canaan for ten years, Sarai, Abram’s wife, gave Hagar, her Egyptian servant, 215  to her husband to be his wife. 216  16:4 He had sexual relations with 217  Hagar, and she became pregnant. 218  Once Hagar realized she was pregnant, she despised Sarai. 219  16:5 Then Sarai said to Abram, “You have brought this wrong on me! 220  I allowed my servant to have sexual relations with you, 221  but when she realized 222  that she was pregnant, she despised me. 223  May the Lord judge between you and me! 224 

16:6 Abram said to Sarai, “Since your 225  servant is under your authority, 226  do to her whatever you think best.” 227  Then Sarai treated Hagar 228  harshly, 229  so she ran away from Sarai. 230 

16:7 The Lord’s angel 231  found Hagar near a spring of water in the desert – the spring that is along the road to Shur. 232  16:8 He said, “Hagar, servant of Sarai, where have you come from, and where are you going?” She replied, “I’m running away from 233  my mistress, Sarai.”

16:9 Then the Lord’s angel said to her, “Return to your mistress and submit 234  to her authority. 16:10 I will greatly multiply your descendants,” the Lord’s angel added, 235  “so that they will be too numerous to count.” 236  16:11 Then the Lord’s angel said to her,

“You are now 237  pregnant

and are about to give birth 238  to a son.

You are to name him Ishmael, 239 

for the Lord has heard your painful groans. 240 

16:12 He will be a wild donkey 241  of a man.

He will be hostile to everyone, 242 

and everyone will be hostile to him. 243 

He will live away from 244  his brothers.”

16:13 So Hagar named the Lord who spoke to her, “You are the God who sees me,” 245  for she said, “Here I have seen one who sees me! 246  16:14 That is why the well was called 247  Beer Lahai Roi. 248  (It is located 249  between Kadesh and Bered.)

16:15 So Hagar gave birth to Abram’s son, whom Abram named Ishmael. 250  16:16 (Now 251  Abram was 86 years old 252  when Hagar gave birth to Ishmael.) 253 

The Sign of the Covenant

17:1 When Abram was 99 years old, 254  the Lord appeared to him and said, 255 I am the sovereign God. 256  Walk 257  before me 258  and be blameless. 259  17:2 Then I will confirm my covenant 260  between me and you, and I will give you a multitude of descendants.” 261 

17:3 Abram bowed down with his face to the ground, 262  and God said to him, 263  17:4 As for me, 264  this 265  is my covenant with you: You will be the father of a multitude of nations. 17:5 No longer will your name be 266  Abram. Instead, your name will be Abraham 267  because I will make you 268  the father of a multitude of nations. 17:6 I will make you 269  extremely 270  fruitful. I will make nations of you, and kings will descend from you. 271  17:7 I will confirm 272  my covenant as a perpetual 273  covenant between me and you. It will extend to your descendants after you throughout their generations. I will be your God and the God of your descendants after you. 274  17:8 I will give the whole land of Canaan – the land where you are now residing 275 to you and your descendants after you as a permanent 276  possession. I will be their God.”

17:9 Then God said to Abraham, “As for you, you must keep 277  the covenantal requirement 278  I am imposing on you and your descendants after you throughout their generations. 17:10 This is my requirement that you and your descendants after you must keep: 279  Every male among you must be circumcised. 280  17:11 You must circumcise the flesh of your foreskins. This will be a reminder 281  of the covenant between me and you. 17:12 Throughout your generations every male among you who is eight days old 282  must be circumcised, whether born in your house or bought with money from any foreigner who is not one of your descendants. 17:13 They must indeed be circumcised, 283  whether born in your house or bought with money. The sign of my covenant 284  will be visible in your flesh as a permanent 285  reminder. 17:14 Any uncircumcised male 286  who has not been circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin will be cut off 287  from his people – he has failed to carry out my requirement.” 288 

17:15 Then God said to Abraham, “As for your wife, you must no longer call her Sarai; 289  Sarah 290  will be her name. 17:16 I will bless her and will give you a son through her. I will bless her and she will become a mother of nations. 291  Kings of countries 292  will come from her!

17:17 Then Abraham bowed down with his face to the ground and laughed 293  as he said to himself, 294  “Can 295  a son be born to a man who is a hundred years old? 296  Can Sarah 297  bear a child at the age of ninety? 298  17:18 Abraham said to God, “O that 299  Ishmael might live before you! 300 

17:19 God said, “No, Sarah your wife is going to bear you a son, and you will name him Isaac. 301  I will confirm my covenant with him as a perpetual 302  covenant for his descendants after him. 17:20 As for Ishmael, I have heard you. 303  I will indeed bless him, make him fruitful, and give him a multitude of descendants. 304  He will become the father of twelve princes; 305  I will make him into a great nation. 17:21 But I will establish my covenant with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you at this set time next year.” 17:22 When he finished speaking with Abraham, God went up from him. 306 

17:23 Abraham took his son Ishmael and every male in his household (whether born in his house or bought with money) 307  and circumcised them 308  on that very same day, just as God had told him to do. 17:24 Now Abraham was 99 years old 309  when he was circumcised; 310  17:25 his son Ishmael was thirteen years old 311  when he was circumcised. 17:26 Abraham and his son Ishmael were circumcised on the very same day. 17:27 All the men of his household, whether born in his household or bought with money from a foreigner, were circumcised with him.

Three Special Visitors

18:1 The Lord appeared to Abraham 312  by the oaks 313  of Mamre while 314  he was sitting at the entrance 315  to his tent during the hottest time of the day. 18:2 Abraham 316  looked up 317  and saw 318  three men standing across 319  from him. When he saw them 320  he ran from the entrance of the tent to meet them and bowed low 321  to the ground. 322 

18:3 He said, “My lord, 323  if I have found favor in your sight, do not pass by and leave your servant. 324  18:4 Let a little water be brought so that 325  you may all 326  wash your feet and rest under the tree. 18:5 And let me get 327  a bit of food 328  so that you may refresh yourselves 329  since you have passed by your servant’s home. After that you may be on your way.” 330 All right,” they replied, “you may do as you say.”

18:6 So Abraham hurried into the tent and said to Sarah, “Quick! Take 331  three measures 332  of fine flour, knead it, and make bread.” 333  18:7 Then Abraham ran to the herd and chose a fine, tender calf, and gave it to a servant, 334  who quickly prepared it. 335  18:8 Abraham 336  then took some curds and milk, along with the calf that had been prepared, and placed the food 337  before them. They ate while 338  he was standing near them under a tree.

18:9 Then they asked him, “Where is Sarah your wife?” He replied, “There, 339  in the tent.” 18:10 One of them 340  said, “I will surely return 341  to you when the season comes round again, 342  and your wife Sarah will have a son!” 343  (Now Sarah was listening at the entrance to the tent, not far behind him. 344  18:11 Abraham and Sarah were old and advancing in years; 345  Sarah had long since passed menopause.) 346  18:12 So Sarah laughed to herself, thinking, 347 After I am worn out will I have pleasure, 348  especially when my husband is old too? 349 

18:13 The Lord said to Abraham, “Why 350  did Sarah laugh and say, ‘Will I really 351  have a child when I am old?’ 18:14 Is anything impossible 352  for the Lord? I will return to you when the season comes round again and Sarah will have a son.” 353  18:15 Then Sarah lied, saying, “I did not laugh,” because she was afraid. But the Lord said, “No! You did laugh.” 354 

Abraham Pleads for Sodom

18:16 When the men got up to leave, 355  they looked out over 356  Sodom. (Now 357  Abraham was walking with them to see them on their way.) 358  18:17 Then the Lord said, “Should I hide from Abraham what I am about to do? 359  18:18 After all, Abraham 360  will surely become 361  a great and powerful nation, and all the nations on the earth will pronounce blessings on one another 362  using his name. 18:19 I have chosen him 363  so that he may command his children and his household after him to keep 364  the way of the Lord by doing 365  what is right and just. Then the Lord will give 366  to Abraham what he promised 367  him.”

18:20 So the Lord said, “The outcry against 368  Sodom and Gomorrah is so great and their sin so blatant 369  18:21 that I must go down 370  and see if they are as wicked as the outcry suggests. 371  If not, 372  I want to know.”

18:22 The two men turned 373  and headed 374  toward Sodom, but Abraham was still standing before the Lord. 375  18:23 Abraham approached and said, “Will you sweep away the godly along with the wicked? 18:24 What if there are fifty godly people in the city? Will you really wipe it out and not spare 376  the place for the sake of the fifty godly people who are in it? 18:25 Far be it from you to do such a thing – to kill the godly with the wicked, treating the godly and the wicked alike! Far be it from you! Will not the judge 377  of the whole earth do what is right? 378 

18:26 So the Lord replied, “If I find in the city of Sodom fifty godly people, I will spare the whole place for their sake.”

18:27 Then Abraham asked, “Since I have undertaken to speak to the Lord 379  (although I am but dust and ashes), 380  18:28 what if there are five less than the fifty godly people? Will you destroy 381  the whole city because five are lacking?” 382  He replied, “I will not destroy it if I find forty-five there.”

18:29 Abraham 383  spoke to him again, 384 What if forty are found there?” He replied, “I will not do it for the sake of the forty.”

18:30 Then Abraham 385  said, “May the Lord not be angry 386  so that I may speak! 387  What if thirty are found there?” He replied, “I will not do it if I find thirty there.”

18:31 Abraham 388  said, “Since I have undertaken to speak to the Lord, what if only twenty are found there?” He replied, “I will not destroy it for the sake of the twenty.”

18:32 Finally Abraham 389  said, “May the Lord not be angry so that I may speak just once more. What if ten are found there?” He replied, “I will not destroy it for the sake of the ten.”

18:33 The Lord went on his way 390  when he had finished speaking 391  to Abraham. Then Abraham returned home. 392 

The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah

19:1 The two angels came to Sodom in the evening while 393  Lot was sitting in the city’s gateway. 394  When Lot saw them, he got up to meet them and bowed down with his face toward the ground.

19:2 He said, “Here, my lords, please turn aside to your servant’s house. Stay the night 395  and wash your feet. Then you can be on your way early in the morning.” 396  “No,” they replied, “we’ll spend the night in the town square.” 397 

19:3 But he urged 398  them persistently, so they turned aside with him and entered his house. He prepared a feast for them, including bread baked without yeast, and they ate. 19:4 Before they could lie down to sleep, 399  all the men – both young and old, from every part of the city of Sodom – surrounded the house. 400  19:5 They shouted to Lot, 401 Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us so we can have sex 402  with them!

19:6 Lot went outside to them, shutting the door behind him. 19:7 He said, “No, my brothers! Don’t act so wickedly! 403  19:8 Look, I have two daughters who have never had sexual relations with 404  a man. Let me bring them out to you, and you can do to them whatever you please. 405  Only don’t do anything to these men, for they have come under the protection 406  of my roof.” 407 

19:9Out of our way!” 408  they cried, and “This man came to live here as a foreigner, 409  and now he dares to judge us! 410  We’ll do more harm 411  to you than to them!” They kept 412  pressing in on Lot until they were close enough 413  to break down the door.

19:10 So the men inside 414  reached out 415  and pulled Lot back into the house 416  as they shut the door. 19:11 Then they struck the men who were at the door of the house, from the youngest to the oldest, 417  with blindness. The men outside 418  wore themselves out trying to find the door. 19:12 Then the two visitors 419  said to Lot, “Who else do you have here? 420  Do you have 421  any sons-in-law, sons, daughters, or other relatives in the city? 422  Get them out of this 423  place 19:13 because we are about to destroy 424  it. The outcry against this place 425  is so great before the Lord that he 426  has sent us to destroy it.”

19:14 Then Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law who were going to marry his daughters. 427  He said, “Quick, get out of this place because the Lord is about to destroy 428  the city!” But his sons-in-law thought he was ridiculing them. 429 

19:15 At dawn 430  the angels hurried Lot along, saying, “Get going! Take your wife and your two daughters who are here, 431  or else you will be destroyed when the city is judged! 432  19:16 When Lot 433  hesitated, the men grabbed his hand and the hands of his wife and two daughters because the Lord had compassion on them. 434  They led them away and placed them 435  outside the city. 19:17 When they had brought them outside, they 436  said, “Run 437  for your lives! Don’t look 438  behind you or stop anywhere in the valley! 439  Escape to the mountains or you will be destroyed!

19:18 But Lot said to them, “No, please, Lord! 440  19:19 Your 441  servant has found favor with you, 442  and you have shown me great 443  kindness 444  by sparing 445  my life. But I am not able to escape to the mountains because 446  this disaster will overtake 447  me and I’ll die. 448  19:20 Look, this town 449  over here is close enough to escape to, and it’s just a little one. 450  Let me go there. 451  It’s just a little place, isn’t it? 452  Then I’ll survive.” 453 

19:21Very well,” he replied, 454 I will grant this request too 455  and will not overthrow 456  the town you mentioned. 19:22 Run there quickly, 457  for I cannot do anything until you arrive there.” (This incident explains why the town was called Zoar.) 458 

19:23 The sun had just risen 459  over the land as Lot reached Zoar. 460  19:24 Then the Lord rained down 461  sulfur and fire 462  on Sodom and Gomorrah. It was sent down from the sky by the Lord. 463  19:25 So he overthrew those cities and all that region, 464  including all the inhabitants of the cities and the vegetation that grew 465  from the ground. 19:26 But Lot’s 466  wife looked back longingly 467  and was turned into a pillar of salt.

19:27 Abraham got up early in the morning and went 468  to the place where he had stood before the Lord. 19:28 He looked out toward 469  Sodom and Gomorrah and all the land of that region. 470  As he did so, he saw the smoke rising up from the land like smoke from a furnace. 471 

19:29 So when God destroyed 472  the cities of the region, 473  God honored 474  Abraham’s request. He removed Lot 475  from the midst of the destruction when he destroyed 476  the cities Lot had lived in.

19:30 Lot went up from Zoar with his two daughters and settled in the mountains because he was afraid to live in Zoar. So he lived in a cave with his two daughters. 19:31 Later the older daughter said 477  to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is no man anywhere nearby 478  to have sexual relations with us, 479  according to the way of all the world. 19:32 Come, let’s make our father drunk with wine 480  so we can have sexual relations 481  with him and preserve 482  our family line through our father.” 483 

19:33 So that night they made their father drunk with wine, 484  and the older daughter 485  came and had sexual relations with her father. 486  But he was not aware that she had sexual relations with him and then got up. 487  19:34 So in the morning the older daughter 488  said to the younger, “Since I had sexual relations with my father last night, let’s make him drunk again tonight. 489  Then you go and have sexual relations with him so we can preserve our family line through our father.” 490  19:35 So they made their father drunk 491  that night as well, and the younger one came and had sexual relations with him. 492  But he was not aware that she had sexual relations with him and then got up. 493 

19:36 In this way both of Lot’s daughters became pregnant by their father. 19:37 The older daughter 494  gave birth to a son and named him Moab. 495  He is the ancestor of the Moabites of today. 19:38 The younger daughter also gave birth to a son and named him Ben-Ammi. 496  He is the ancestor of the Ammonites of today.

Abraham and Abimelech

20:1 Abraham journeyed from there to the Negev 497  region and settled between Kadesh and Shur. While he lived as a temporary resident 498  in Gerar, 20:2 Abraham said about his wife Sarah, “She is my sister.” So Abimelech, king of Gerar, sent for Sarah and took her.

20:3 But God appeared 499  to Abimelech in a dream at night and said to him, “You are as good as dead 500  because of the woman you have taken, for she is someone else’s wife.” 501 

20:4 Now Abimelech had not gone near her. He said, “Lord, 502  would you really slaughter an innocent nation? 503  20:5 Did Abraham 504  not say to me, ‘She is my sister? And she herself said, 505 He is my brother.’ I have done this with a clear conscience 506  and with innocent hands!

20:6 Then in the dream God replied to him, “Yes, I know that you have done this with a clear conscience. 507  That is why I have kept you 508  from sinning against me and why 509  I did not allow you to touch her. 20:7 But now give back the man’s wife. Indeed 510  he is a prophet 511  and he will pray for you; thus you will live. 512  But if you don’t give her back, 513  know that you will surely die 514  along with all who belong to you.”

20:8 Early in the morning 515  Abimelech summoned 516  all his servants. When he told them about all these things, 517  they 518  were terrified. 20:9 Abimelech summoned Abraham and said to him, “What have you done to us? What sin did I commit against you that would cause you to bring such great guilt on me and my kingdom? 519  You have done things to me that should not be done! 520  20:10 Then Abimelech asked 521  Abraham, “What prompted you to do this thing? 522 

20:11 Abraham replied, “Because I thought, 523 Surely no one fears God in this place. They will kill me because of 524  my wife.’ 20:12 What’s more, 525  she is indeed my sister, my father’s daughter, but not my mother’s daughter. She became my wife. 20:13 When God made me wander 526  from my father’s house, I told her, ‘This is what you can do to show your loyalty to me: 527  Every place we go, say about me, “He is my brother.”’

20:14 So Abimelech gave 528  sheep, cattle, and male and female servants to Abraham. He also gave his wife Sarah back to him. 20:15 Then Abimelech said, “Look, my land is before you; live wherever you please.” 529 

20:16 To Sarah he said, “Look, I have given a thousand pieces of silver 530  to your ‘brother.’ 531  This is compensation for you so that you will stand vindicated before all who are with you.” 532 

20:17 Abraham prayed to God, and God healed Abimelech, as well as his wife and female slaves so that they were able to have children. 20:18 For the Lord 533  had caused infertility to strike every woman 534  in the household of Abimelech because he took 535  Sarah, Abraham’s wife.

The Birth of Isaac

21:1 The Lord visited 536  Sarah just as he had said he would and did 537  for Sarah what he had promised. 538  21:2 So Sarah became pregnant 539  and bore Abraham a son in his old age at the appointed time that God had told him. 21:3 Abraham named his son – whom Sarah bore to him – Isaac. 540  21:4 When his son Isaac was eight days old, 541  Abraham circumcised him just as God had commanded him to do. 542  21:5 (Now Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him.) 543 

21:6 Sarah said, “God has made me laugh. 544  Everyone who hears about this 545  will laugh 546  with me.” 21:7 She went on to say, 547  “Who would 548  have said to Abraham that Sarah would nurse children? Yet I have given birth to a son for him in his old age!

21:8 The child grew and was weaned. Abraham prepared 549  a great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned. 550  21:9 But Sarah noticed 551  the son of Hagar the Egyptian – the son whom Hagar had borne to Abraham – mocking. 552  21:10 So she said to Abraham, “Banish 553  that slave woman and her son, for the son of that slave woman will not be an heir along with my son Isaac!

21:11 Sarah’s demand displeased Abraham greatly because Ishmael was his son. 554  21:12 But God said to Abraham, “Do not be upset 555  about the boy or your slave wife. Do 556  all that Sarah is telling 557  you because through Isaac your descendants will be counted. 558  21:13 But I will also make the son of the slave wife into a great nation, for he is your descendant too.”

21:14 Early in the morning Abraham took 559  some food 560  and a skin of water and gave them to Hagar. He put them on her shoulders, gave her the child, 561  and sent her away. So she went wandering 562  aimlessly through the wilderness 563  of Beer Sheba. 21:15 When the water in the skin was gone, she shoved 564  the child under one of the shrubs. 21:16 Then she went and sat down by herself across from him at quite a distance, about a bowshot 565  away; for she thought, 566 I refuse to watch the child die.” 567  So she sat across from him and wept uncontrollably. 568 

21:17 But God heard the boy’s voice. 569  The angel of God called to Hagar from heaven and asked her, “What is the matter, 570  Hagar? Don’t be afraid, for God has heard 571  the boy’s voice right where he is crying. 21:18 Get up! Help the boy up and hold him by the hand, for I will make him into a great nation.” 21:19 Then God enabled Hagar to see a well of water. 572  She went over and filled the skin with water, and then gave the boy a drink.

21:20 God was with the boy as he grew. He lived in the wilderness and became an archer. 21:21 He lived in the wilderness of Paran. 573  His mother found a wife for him from the land of Egypt. 574 

21:22 At that time Abimelech and Phicol, the commander of his army, said to Abraham, “God is with you 575  in all that you do. 21:23 Now swear to me right here in God’s name 576  that you will not deceive me, my children, or my descendants. 577  Show me, and the land 578  where you are staying, 579  the same loyalty 580  that I have shown you.” 581 

21:24 Abraham said, “I swear to do this.” 582  21:25 But Abraham lodged a complaint 583  against Abimelech concerning a well 584  that Abimelech’s servants had seized. 585  21:26 I do not know who has done this thing,” Abimelech replied. “Moreover, 586  you did not tell me. I did not hear about it until today.”

21:27 Abraham took some sheep and cattle and gave them to Abimelech. The two of them made a treaty. 587  21:28 Then Abraham set seven ewe lambs apart from the flock by themselves. 21:29 Abimelech asked Abraham, “What is the meaning of these 588  seven ewe lambs that you have set apart? 21:30 He replied, “You must take these seven ewe lambs from my hand as legal proof 589  that I dug this well.” 590  21:31 That is why he named that place 591  Beer Sheba, 592  because the two of them swore 593  an oath there.

21:32 So they made a treaty 594  at Beer Sheba. Then Abimelech and Phicol, the commander of his army, returned 595  to the land of the Philistines. 596  21:33 Abraham 597  planted a tamarisk tree 598  in Beer Sheba. There he worshiped the Lord, 599  the eternal God. 21:34 So Abraham stayed in the land of the Philistines for quite some time. 600 

The Sacrifice of Isaac

22:1 Some time after these things God tested 601  Abraham. He said to him, “Abraham!” “Here I am!” Abraham 602  replied. 22:2 God 603  said, “Take your son – your only son, whom you love, Isaac 604 and go to the land of Moriah! 605  Offer him up there as a burnt offering 606  on one of the mountains which I will indicate to 607  you.”

22:3 Early in the morning Abraham got up and saddled his donkey. 608  He took two of his young servants with him, along with his son Isaac. When he had cut the wood for the burnt offering, he started out 609  for the place God had spoken to him about.

22:4 On the third day Abraham caught sight of 610  the place in the distance. 22:5 So he 611  said to his servants, “You two stay 612  here with the donkey while 613  the boy and I go up there. We will worship 614  and then return to you.” 615 

22:6 Abraham took the wood for the burnt offering and put it on his son Isaac. Then he took the fire and the knife in his hand, 616  and the two of them walked on together. 22:7 Isaac said to his father Abraham, 617 My father?” “What is it, 618  my son?” he replied. “Here is the fire and the wood,” Isaac said, 619 but where is the lamb for the burnt offering? 22:8 God will provide 620  for himself the lamb for the burnt offering, my son,” Abraham replied. The two of them continued on together.

22:9 When they came to the place God had told him about, Abraham built the altar there 621  and arranged the wood on it. Next he tied up 622  his son Isaac and placed him on the altar on top of the wood. 22:10 Then Abraham reached out his hand, took the knife, and prepared to slaughter 623  his son. 22:11 But the Lord’s angel 624  called to him from heaven, “Abraham! Abraham!” “Here I am!” he answered. 22:12 Do not harm the boy!” 625  the angel said. 626 Do not do anything to him, for now I know 627  that you fear 628  God because you did not withhold your son, your only son, from me.”

22:13 Abraham looked up 629  and saw 630  behind him 631  a ram caught in the bushes by its horns. So he 632  went over and got the ram and offered it up as a burnt offering instead of his son. 22:14 And Abraham called the name of that place “The Lord provides.” 633  It is said to this day, 634 In the mountain of the Lord provision will be made.” 635 

22:15 The Lord’s angel called to Abraham a second time from heaven 22:16 and said, “‘I solemnly swear by my own name,’ 636  decrees the Lord, 637  ‘that because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son, 22:17 I will indeed bless you, 638  and I will greatly multiply 639  your descendants 640  so that they will be as countless as the stars in the sky or the grains of sand on the seashore. Your descendants will take possession 641  of the strongholds 642  of their enemies. 22:18 Because you have obeyed me, 643  all the nations of the earth will pronounce blessings on one another 644  using the name of your descendants.’

22:19 Then Abraham returned to his servants, and they set out together 645  for Beer Sheba where Abraham stayed. 646 

22:20 After these things Abraham was told, “Milcah 647  also has borne children to your brother Nahor 22:21 Uz the firstborn, his brother Buz, Kemuel (the father of Aram), 648  22:22 Kesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph, and Bethuel.” 22:23 (Now 649  Bethuel became the father of Rebekah.) These were the eight sons Milcah bore to Abraham’s brother Nahor. 22:24 His concubine, whose name was Reumah, also bore him children – Tebah, Gaham, Tahash, and Maacah.

The Death of Sarah

23:1 Sarah lived 127 years. 650  23:2 Then she 651  died in Kiriath Arba (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan. Abraham went to mourn for Sarah and to weep for her. 652 

23:3 Then Abraham got up from mourning his dead wife 653  and said to the sons of Heth, 654  23:4 I am a temporary settler 655  among you. Grant 656  me ownership 657  of a burial site among you so that I may 658  bury my dead.” 659 

23:5 The sons of Heth answered Abraham, 660  23:6 Listen, sir, 661  you are a mighty prince 662  among us! You may bury your dead in the choicest of our tombs. None of us will refuse you his tomb to prevent you 663  from burying your dead.”

23:7 Abraham got up and bowed down to the local people, 664  the sons of Heth. 23:8 Then he said to them, “If you agree 665  that I may bury my dead, 666  then hear me out. 667  Ask 668  Ephron the son of Zohar 23:9 if he will sell 669  me the cave of Machpelah that belongs to him; it is at the end of his field. Let him sell it to me publicly 670  for the full price, 671  so that I may own it as a burial site.”

23:10 (Now Ephron was sitting among the sons of Heth.) Ephron the Hethite 672  replied to Abraham in the hearing 673  of the sons of Heth – before all who entered the gate 674  of his city 23:11 No, my lord! Hear me out. I sell 675  you both the field and the cave that is in it. 676  In the presence of my people 677  I sell it to you. Bury your dead.”

23:12 Abraham bowed before the local people 23:13 and said to Ephron in their hearing, “Hear me, if you will. I pay 678  to you the price 679  of the field. Take it from me so that I may 680  bury my dead there.”

23:14 Ephron answered Abraham, saying to him, 23:15 Hear me, my lord. The land is worth 681  400 pieces of silver, 682  but what is that between me and you? So bury your dead.”

23:16 So Abraham agreed to Ephron’s price 683  and weighed 684  out for him 685  the price 686  that Ephron had quoted 687  in the hearing of the sons of Heth – 400 pieces of silver, according to the standard measurement at the time. 688 

23:17 So Abraham secured 689  Ephron’s field in Machpelah, next to Mamre, including the field, the cave that was in it, and all the trees that were in the field and all around its border, 23:18 as his property in the presence of the sons of Heth before all who entered the gate of Ephron’s city. 690 

23:19 After this Abraham buried his wife Sarah in the cave in the field of Machpelah next to Mamre (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan. 23:20 So Abraham secured the field and the cave that was in it as a burial site 691  from the sons of Heth.

The Wife for Isaac

24:1 Now Abraham was old, well advanced in years, 692  and the Lord had blessed him 693  in everything. 24:2 Abraham said to his servant, the senior one 694  in his household who was in charge of everything he had, “Put your hand under my thigh 695  24:3 so that I may make you solemnly promise 696  by the Lord, the God of heaven and the God of the earth: You must not acquire 697  a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I am living. 24:4 You must go instead to my country and to my relatives 698  to find 699  a wife for my son Isaac.”

24:5 The servant asked him, “What if the woman is not willing to come back with me 700  to this land? Must I then 701  take your son back to the land from which you came?

24:6Be careful 702  never to take my son back there!” Abraham told him. 703  24:7 The Lord, the God of heaven, who took me from my father’s house and the land of my relatives, 704  promised me with a solemn oath, 705  ‘To your descendants I will give this land.’ He will send his angel 706  before you so that you may find 707  a wife for my son from there. 24:8 But if the woman is not willing to come back with you, 708  you will be free 709  from this oath of mine. But you must not take my son back there! 24:9 So the servant placed his hand under the thigh of his master Abraham and gave his solemn promise he would carry out his wishes. 710 

24:10 Then the servant took ten of his master’s camels and departed with all kinds of gifts from his master at his disposal. 711  He journeyed 712  to the region of Aram Naharaim 713  and the city of Nahor. 24:11 He made the camels kneel down by the well 714  outside the city. It was evening, 715  the time when the women would go out to draw water. 24:12 He prayed, “O Lord, God of my master Abraham, guide me today. 716  Be faithful 717  to my master Abraham. 24:13 Here I am, standing by the spring, 718  and the daughters of the people 719  who live in the town are coming out to draw water. 24:14 I will say to a young woman, ‘Please lower your jar so I may drink.’ May the one you have chosen for your servant Isaac reply, ‘Drink, and I’ll give your camels water too.’ 720  In this way I will know that you have been faithful to my master.” 721 

24:15 Before he had finished praying, there came Rebekah 722  with her water jug on her shoulder. She was the daughter of Bethuel son of Milcah (Milcah was the wife of Abraham’s brother Nahor). 723  24:16 Now the young woman was very beautiful. She was a virgin; no man had ever had sexual relations with her. 724  She went down to the spring, filled her jug, and came back up. 24:17 Abraham’s servant 725  ran to meet her and said, “Please give me a sip of water from your jug.” 24:18 Drink, my lord,” she replied, and quickly lowering 726  her jug to her hands, she gave him a drink. 24:19 When she had done so, 727  she said, “I’ll draw water for your camels too, until they have drunk as much as they want.” 24:20 She quickly emptied 728  her jug into the watering trough and ran back to the well to draw more water until she had drawn enough for all his camels. 24:21 Silently the man watched her with interest to determine 729  if the Lord had made his journey successful 730  or not.

24:22 After the camels had finished drinking, the man took out a gold nose ring weighing a beka 731  and two gold bracelets weighing ten shekels 732  and gave them to her. 733  24:23 Whose daughter are you?” he asked. 734 Tell me, is there room in your father’s house for us to spend the night?

24:24 She said to him, “I am the daughter of Bethuel the son of Milcah, whom Milcah bore to Nahor. 735  24:25 We have plenty of straw and feed,” she added, 736 and room for you 737  to spend the night.”

24:26 The man bowed his head and worshiped the Lord, 24:27 saying “Praised be the Lord, the God of my master Abraham, who has not abandoned his faithful love 738  for my master! The Lord has led me 739  to the house 740  of my master’s relatives! 741 

24:28 The young woman ran and told her mother’s household all about 742  these things. 24:29 (Now Rebekah had a brother named Laban.) 743  Laban rushed out to meet the man at the spring. 24:30 When he saw the bracelets on his sister’s wrists and the nose ring 744  and heard his sister Rebekah say, 745 This is what the man said to me,” he went out to meet the man. There he was, standing 746  by the camels near the spring. 24:31 Laban said to him, 747  “Come, you who are blessed by the Lord! 748  Why are you standing out here when I have prepared 749  the house and a place for the camels?

24:32 So Abraham’s servant 750  went to the house and unloaded 751  the camels. Straw and feed were given 752  to the camels, and water was provided so that he and the men who were with him could wash their feet. 753  24:33 When food was served, 754  he said, “I will not eat until I have said what I want to say.” 755 Tell us,” Laban said. 756 

24:34I am the servant of Abraham,” he began. 24:35 The Lord has richly blessed my master and he has become very wealthy. 757  The Lord 758  has given him sheep and cattle, silver and gold, male and female servants, and camels and donkeys. 24:36 My master’s wife Sarah bore a son to him 759  when she was old, 760  and my master 761  has given him everything he owns. 24:37 My master made me swear an oath. He said, ‘You must not acquire a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I am living, 24:38 but you must go to the family of my father and to my relatives to find 762  a wife for my son.’ 24:39 But I said to my master, ‘What if the woman does not want to go 763  with me?’ 764  24:40 He answered, ‘The Lord, before whom I have walked, 765  will send his angel with you. He will make your journey a success and you will find a wife for my son from among my relatives, from my father’s family. 24:41 You will be free from your oath 766  if you go to my relatives and they will not give her to you. Then you will be free from your oath.’ 24:42 When I came to the spring today, I prayed, ‘O Lord, God of my master Abraham, if you have decided to make my journey successful, 767  may events unfold as follows: 768  24:43 Here I am, standing by the spring. 769  When 770  the young woman goes out to draw water, I’ll say, “Give me a little water to drink from your jug.” 24:44 Then she will reply to me, “Drink, and I’ll draw water for your camels too.” May that woman be the one whom the Lord has chosen for my master’s son.’

24:45Before I finished praying in my heart, 771  along came Rebekah 772  with her water jug on her shoulder! She went down to the spring and drew water. So I said to her, ‘Please give me a drink.’ 24:46 She quickly lowered her jug from her shoulder and said, ‘Drink, and I’ll give your camels water too.’ So I drank, and she also gave the camels water. 24:47 Then I asked her, ‘Whose daughter are you?’ She replied, ‘The daughter of Bethuel the son of Nahor, whom Milcah bore to Nahor.’ 773  I put the ring in her nose and the bracelets on her wrists. 24:48 Then I bowed down and worshiped the Lord. I praised the Lord, the God of my master Abraham, who had led me on the right path to find the granddaughter 774  of my master’s brother for his son. 24:49 Now, if you will show faithful love to my master, tell me. But if not, tell me as well, so that I may go on my way.” 775 

24:50 Then Laban and Bethuel replied, “This is the Lord’s doing. 776  Our wishes are of no concern. 777  24:51 Rebekah stands here before you. Take her and go so that she may become 778  the wife of your master’s son, just as the Lord has decided.” 779 

24:52 When Abraham’s servant heard their words, he bowed down to the ground before the Lord. 24:53 Then he 780  brought out gold, silver jewelry, and clothing and gave them to Rebekah. He also gave valuable gifts to her brother and to her mother. 24:54 After this, he and the men who were with him ate a meal and stayed there overnight. 781 

When they got up in the morning, he said, “Let me leave now so I can return to my master.” 782  24:55 But Rebekah’s 783  brother and her mother replied, “Let the girl stay with us a few more days, perhaps ten. Then she can go.” 24:56 But he said to them, “Don’t detain me – the Lord 784  has granted me success on my journey. Let me leave now so I may return 785  to my master.” 24:57 Then they said, “We’ll call the girl and find out what she wants to do.” 786  24:58 So they called Rebekah and asked her, “Do you want 787  to go with this man?” She replied, “I want to go.”

24:59 So they sent their sister Rebekah on her way, accompanied by her female attendant, with Abraham’s servant and his men. 24:60 They blessed Rebekah with these words: 788 

“Our sister, may you become the mother 789  of thousands of ten thousands!

May your descendants possess the strongholds 790  of their enemies.”

24:61 Then Rebekah and her female servants mounted the camels and rode away with 791  the man. So Abraham’s servant 792  took Rebekah and left.

24:62 Now 793  Isaac came from 794  Beer Lahai Roi, 795  for 796  he was living in the Negev. 797  24:63 He 798  went out to relax 799  in the field in the early evening. 800  Then he looked up 801  and saw that 802  there were camels approaching. 24:64 Rebekah looked up 803  and saw Isaac. She got down from her camel 24:65 and asked 804  Abraham’s servant, 805 Who is that man walking in the field toward us?” “That is my master,” the servant replied. 806  So she took her veil and covered herself.

24:66 The servant told Isaac everything that had happened. 24:67 Then Isaac brought Rebekah 807  into his mother Sarah’s tent. He took her 808  as his wife and loved her. 809  So Isaac was comforted after his mother’s death. 810 

The Death of Abraham

25:1 Abraham had taken 811  another 812  wife, named Keturah. 25:2 She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 25:3 Jokshan became the father of Sheba and Dedan. 813  The descendants of Dedan were the Asshurites, Letushites, and Leummites. 25:4 The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were descendants 814  of Keturah.

25:5 Everything he owned Abraham left to his son Isaac. 25:6 But while he was still alive, Abraham gave gifts to the sons of his concubines 815  and sent them off to the east, away from his son Isaac. 816 

25:7 Abraham lived a total of 817  175 years. 25:8 Then Abraham breathed his last and died at a good old age, an old man who had lived a full life. 818  He joined his ancestors. 819  25:9 His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah 820  near Mamre, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar, the Hethite. 25:10 This was the field Abraham had purchased from the sons of Heth. 821  There Abraham was buried with his wife Sarah. 25:11 After Abraham’s death, God blessed 822  his son Isaac. Isaac lived near Beer Lahai Roi. 823 

The Sons of Ishmael

25:12 This is the account of Abraham’s son Ishmael, 824  whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s servant, bore to Abraham.

25:13 These are the names of Ishmael’s sons, by their names according to their records: 825  Nebaioth (Ishmael’s firstborn), Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 25:14 Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 25:15 Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 25:16 These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names by their settlements and their camps – twelve princes 826  according to their clans.

25:17 Ishmael lived a total of 827  137 years. He breathed his last and died; then he joined his ancestors. 828  25:18 His descendants 829  settled from Havilah to Shur, which runs next 830  to Egypt all the way 831  to Asshur. 832  They settled 833  away from all their relatives. 834 

Jacob and Esau

25:19 This is the account of Isaac, 835  the son of Abraham.

Abraham became the father of Isaac. 25:20 When Isaac was forty years old, he married Rebekah, 836  the daughter of Bethuel the Aramean from Paddan Aram and sister of Laban the Aramean. 837 

25:21 Isaac prayed to 838  the Lord on behalf of his wife because she was childless. The Lord answered his prayer, and his wife Rebekah became pregnant. 25:22 But the children struggled 839  inside her, and she said, “If it is going to be like this, I’m not so sure I want to be pregnant!” 840  So she asked the Lord, 841  25:23 and the Lord said to her,

“Two nations 842  are in your womb,

and two peoples will be separated from within you.

One people will be stronger than the other,

and the older will serve the younger.”

25:24 When the time came for Rebekah to give birth, 843  there were 844  twins in her womb. 25:25 The first came out reddish 845  all over, 846  like a hairy 847  garment, so they named him Esau. 848  25:26 When his brother came out with 849  his hand clutching Esau’s heel, they named him Jacob. 850  Isaac was sixty years old 851  when they were born.

25:27 When the boys grew up, Esau became a skilled 852  hunter, a man of the open fields, but Jacob was an even-tempered man, living in tents. 853  25:28 Isaac loved Esau because he had a taste for fresh game, 854  but Rebekah loved 855  Jacob.

25:29 Now Jacob cooked some stew, 856  and when Esau came in from the open fields, he was famished. 25:30 So Esau said to Jacob, “Feed 857  me some of the red stuff – yes, this red stuff – because I’m starving!” (That is why he was also called 858  Edom.) 859 

25:31 But Jacob replied, “First 860  sell me your birthright.” 25:32 Look,” said Esau, “I’m about to die! What use is the birthright to me? 861  25:33 But Jacob said, “Swear an oath to me now.” 862  So Esau 863  swore an oath to him and sold his birthright 864  to Jacob.

25:34 Then Jacob gave Esau some bread and lentil stew; Esau ate and drank, then got up and went out. 865  So Esau despised his birthright. 866 

Isaac and Abimelech

26:1 There was a famine in the land, subsequent to the earlier famine that occurred 867  in the days of Abraham. 868  Isaac went to Abimelech king of the Philistines at Gerar. 26:2 The Lord appeared to Isaac and said, “Do not go down to Egypt; 869  settle down in the land that I will point out to you. 870  26:3 Stay 871  in this land. Then I will be with you and will bless you, 872  for I will give all these lands to you and to your descendants, 873  and I will fulfill 874  the solemn promise I made 875  to your father Abraham. 26:4 I will multiply your descendants so they will be as numerous as the stars in the sky, and I will give them 876  all these lands. All the nations of the earth will pronounce blessings on one another using the name of your descendants. 877  26:5 All this will come to pass 878  because Abraham obeyed me 879  and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.” 880  26:6 So Isaac settled in Gerar.

26:7 When the men of that place asked him about his wife, he replied, “She is my sister.” 881  He was afraid to say, “She is my wife,” for he thought to himself, 882  “The men of this place will kill me to get 883  Rebekah because she is very beautiful.”

26:8 After Isaac 884  had been there a long time, 885  Abimelech king of the Philistines happened to look out a window and observed 886  Isaac caressing 887  his wife Rebekah. 26:9 So Abimelech summoned Isaac and said, “She is really 888  your wife! Why did you say, ‘She is my sister?” Isaac replied, “Because I thought someone might kill me to get her.” 889 

26:10 Then Abimelech exclaimed, “What in the world have you done to us? 890  One of the men 891  might easily have had sexual relations with 892  your wife, and you would have brought guilt on us! 26:11 So Abimelech commanded all the people, “Whoever touches 893  this man or his wife will surely be put to death.” 894 

26:12 When Isaac planted in that land, he reaped in the same year a hundred times what he had sown, 895  because the Lord blessed him. 896  26:13 The man became wealthy. 897  His influence continued to grow 898  until he became very prominent. 26:14 He had 899  so many sheep 900  and cattle 901  and such a great household of servants that the Philistines became jealous 902  of him. 26:15 So the Philistines took dirt and filled up 903  all the wells that his father’s servants had dug back in the days of his father Abraham.

26:16 Then Abimelech said to Isaac, “Leave us and go elsewhere, 904  for you have become much more powerful 905  than we are.” 26:17 So Isaac left there and settled in the Gerar Valley. 906  26:18 Isaac reopened 907  the wells that had been dug 908  back in the days of his father Abraham, for the Philistines had stopped them up 909  after Abraham died. Isaac 910  gave these wells 911  the same names his father had given them. 912 

26:19 When Isaac’s servants dug in the valley and discovered a well with fresh flowing 913  water there, 26:20 the herdsmen of Gerar quarreled 914  with Isaac’s herdsmen, saying, “The water belongs to us!” So Isaac 915  named the well 916  Esek 917  because they argued with him about it. 918  26:21 His servants 919  dug another well, but they quarreled over it too, so Isaac named it 920  Sitnah. 921  26:22 Then he moved away from there and dug another well. They did not quarrel over it, so Isaac 922  named it 923  Rehoboth, 924  saying, “For now the Lord has made room for us, and we will prosper in the land.”

26:23 From there Isaac 925  went up to Beer Sheba. 26:24 The Lord appeared to him that night and said, “I am the God of your father Abraham. Do not be afraid, for I am with you. I will bless you and multiply your descendants for the sake of my servant Abraham.” 26:25 Then Isaac built an altar there and worshiped 926  the Lord. He pitched his tent there, and his servants dug a well. 927 

26:26 Now Abimelech had come 928  to him from Gerar along with 929  Ahuzzah his friend 930  and Phicol the commander of his army. 26:27 Isaac asked them, “Why have you come to me? You hate me 931  and sent me away from you.” 26:28 They replied, “We could plainly see 932  that the Lord is with you. So we decided there should be 933  a pact between us 934  – between us 935  and you. Allow us to make 936  a treaty with you 26:29 so that 937  you will not do us any harm, just as we have not harmed 938  you, but have always treated you well 939  before sending you away 940  in peace. Now you are blessed by the Lord.” 941 

26:30 So Isaac 942  held a feast for them and they celebrated. 943  26:31 Early in the morning the men made a treaty with each other. 944  Isaac sent them off; they separated on good terms. 945 

26:32 That day Isaac’s servants came and told him about the well they had dug. “We’ve found water,” they reported. 946  26:33 So he named it Shibah; 947  that is why the name of the city has been Beer Sheba 948  to this day.

26:34 When 949  Esau was forty years old, 950  he married 951  Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, as well as Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite. 26:35 They caused Isaac and Rebekah great anxiety. 952 

Jacob Cheats Esau out of the Blessing

27:1 When 953  Isaac was old and his eyes were so weak that he was almost blind, 954  he called his older 955  son Esau and said to him, “My son!” “Here I am!” Esau 956  replied. 27:2 Isaac 957  said, “Since 958  I am so old, I could die at any time. 959  27:3 Therefore, take your weapons – your quiver and your bow – and go out into the open fields and hunt down some wild game 960  for me. 27:4 Then prepare for me some tasty food, the kind I love, and bring it to me. Then 961  I will eat it so that I may bless you 962  before I die.”

27:5 Now Rebekah had been listening while Isaac spoke to his son Esau. 963  When Esau went out to the open fields to hunt down some wild game and bring it back, 964  27:6 Rebekah said to her son Jacob, “Look, I overheard your father tell your brother Esau, 27:7 Bring me some wild game and prepare for me some tasty food. Then I will eat 965  it and bless you 966  in the presence of the Lord 967  before I die.’ 27:8 Now then, my son, do 968  exactly what I tell you! 969  27:9 Go to the flock and get me two of the best young goats. I’ll prepare 970  them in a tasty way for your father, just the way he loves them. 27:10 Then you will take 971  it to your father. Thus he will eat it 972  and 973  bless you before he dies.”

27:11But Esau my brother is a hairy man,” Jacob protested to his mother Rebekah, “and I have smooth skin! 974  27:12 My father may touch me! Then he’ll think I’m mocking him 975  and I’ll bring a curse on myself instead of a blessing.” 27:13 So his mother told him, “Any curse against you will fall on me, 976  my son! Just obey me! 977  Go and get them for me!

27:14 So he went and got the goats 978  and brought them to his mother. She 979  prepared some tasty food, just the way his father loved it. 27:15 Then Rebekah took her older son Esau’s best clothes, which she had with her in the house, and put them on her younger son Jacob. 27:16 She put the skins of the young goats 980  on his hands 981  and the smooth part of his neck. 27:17 Then she handed 982  the tasty food and the bread she had made to her son Jacob.

27:18 He went to his father and said, “My father!” Isaac 983  replied, “Here I am. Which are you, my son? 984  27:19 Jacob said to his father, “I am Esau, your firstborn. I’ve done as you told me. Now sit up 985  and eat some of my wild game so that you can bless me.” 986  27:20 But Isaac asked his son, “How in the world 987  did you find it so quickly, 988  my son?” “Because the Lord your God brought it to me,” 989  he replied. 990  27:21 Then Isaac said to Jacob, “Come closer so I can touch you, 991  my son, and know for certain if you really are my son Esau.” 992  27:22 So Jacob went over to his father Isaac, who felt him and said, “The voice is Jacob’s, but the hands are Esau’s.” 27:23 He did not recognize him because his hands were hairy, like his brother Esau’s hands. So Isaac blessed Jacob. 993  27:24 Then he asked, “Are you really my son Esau?” “I am,” Jacob 994  replied. 27:25 Isaac 995  said, “Bring some of the wild game for me to eat, my son. 996  Then I will bless you.” 997  So Jacob 998  brought it to him, and he ate it. He also brought him wine, and Isaac 999  drank. 27:26 Then his father Isaac said to him, “Come here and kiss me, my son.” 27:27 So Jacob 1000  went over and kissed him. When Isaac caught the scent 1001  of his clothing, he blessed him, saying,

Yes, 1002  my son smells

like the scent of an open field

which the Lord has blessed.

27:28 May God give you

the dew of the sky 1003 

and the richness 1004  of the earth,

and plenty of grain and new wine.

27:29 May peoples serve you

and nations bow down to you.

You will be 1005  lord 1006  over your brothers,

and the sons of your mother will bow down to you. 1007 

May those who curse you be cursed,

and those who bless you be blessed.”

27:30 Isaac had just finished blessing Jacob, and Jacob had scarcely left 1008  his father’s 1009  presence, when his brother Esau returned from the hunt. 1010  27:31 He also prepared some tasty food and brought it to his father. Esau 1011  said to him, “My father, get up 1012  and eat some of your son’s wild game. Then you can bless me.” 1013  27:32 His father Isaac asked, 1014  “Who are you?” “I am your firstborn son,” 1015  he replied, “Esau! 27:33 Isaac began to shake violently 1016  and asked, “Then who else hunted game and brought it to me? I ate all of it just before you arrived, and I blessed him. 1017  He will indeed be blessed!

27:34 When Esau heard 1018  his father’s words, he wailed loudly and bitterly. 1019  He said to his father, “Bless me too, my father! 27:35 But Isaac 1020  replied, “Your brother came in here deceitfully and took away 1021  your blessing.” 27:36 Esau exclaimed, “‘Jacobis the right name for him! 1022  He has tripped me up 1023  two times! He took away my birthright, and now, look, he has taken away my blessing!” Then he asked, “Have you not kept back a blessing for me?

27:37 Isaac replied to Esau, “Look! I have made him lord over you. I have made all his relatives his servants and provided him with grain and new wine. What is left that I can do for you, my son? 27:38 Esau said to his father, “Do you have only that one blessing, my father? Bless me too!” 1024  Then Esau wept loudly. 1025 

27:39 So his father Isaac said to him,

Indeed, 1026  your home will be

away from the richness 1027  of the earth,

and away from the dew of the sky above.

27:40 You will live by your sword

but you will serve your brother.

When you grow restless,

you will tear off his yoke

from your neck.” 1028 

27:41 So Esau hated 1029  Jacob because of the blessing his father had given to his brother. 1030  Esau said privately, 1031 The time 1032  of mourning for my father is near; then I will kill 1033  my brother Jacob!

27:42 When Rebekah heard what her older son Esau had said, 1034  she quickly summoned 1035  her younger son Jacob and told him, “Look, your brother Esau is planning to get revenge by killing you. 1036  27:43 Now then, my son, do what I say. 1037  Run away immediately 1038  to my brother Laban in Haran. 27:44 Live with him for a little while 1039  until your brother’s rage subsides. 27:45 Stay there 1040  until your brother’s anger against you subsides and he forgets what you did to him. Then I’ll send someone to bring you back from there. 1041  Why should I lose both of you in one day? 1042 

27:46 Then Rebekah said to Isaac, “I am deeply depressed 1043  because of these daughters of Heth. 1044  If Jacob were to marry one of these daughters of Heth who live in this land, I would want to die! 1045 

28:1 So Isaac called for Jacob and blessed him. Then he commanded him, “You must not marry a Canaanite woman! 1046  28:2 Leave immediately 1047  for Paddan Aram! Go to the house of Bethuel, your mother’s father, and find yourself a wife there, among the daughters of Laban, your mother’s brother. 28:3 May the sovereign God 1048  bless you! May he make you fruitful and give you a multitude of descendants! 1049  Then you will become 1050  a large nation. 1051  28:4 May he give you and your descendants the blessing he gave to Abraham 1052  so that you may possess the land 1053  God gave to Abraham, the land where you have been living as a temporary resident.” 1054  28:5 So Isaac sent Jacob on his way, and he went to Paddan Aram, to Laban son of Bethuel the Aramean and brother of Rebekah, the mother of Jacob and Esau.

28:6 Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob and sent him off to Paddan Aram to find a wife there. 1055  As he blessed him, 1056  Isaac commanded him, “You must not marry a Canaanite woman.” 1057  28:7 Jacob obeyed his father and mother and left for Paddan Aram. 28:8 Then Esau realized 1058  that the Canaanite women 1059  were displeasing to 1060  his father Isaac. 28:9 So Esau went to Ishmael and married 1061  Mahalath, the sister of Nebaioth and daughter of Abraham’s son Ishmael, along with the wives he already had.

Jacob’s Dream at Bethel

28:10 Meanwhile Jacob left Beer Sheba and set out for Haran. 28:11 He reached a certain place 1062  where he decided to camp because the sun had gone down. 1063  He took one of the stones 1064  and placed it near his head. 1065  Then he fell asleep 1066  in that place 28:12 and had a dream. 1067  He saw 1068  a stairway 1069  erected on the earth with its top reaching to the heavens. The angels of God were going up and coming down it 28:13 and the Lord stood at its top. He said, “I am the Lord, the God of your grandfather Abraham and the God of your father Isaac. 1070  I will give you and your descendants the ground 1071  you are lying on. 28:14 Your descendants will be like the dust of the earth, 1072  and you will spread out 1073  to the west, east, north, and south. All the families of the earth will pronounce blessings on one another 1074  using your name and that of your descendants. 1075  28:15 I am with you! 1076  I will protect you wherever you go and will bring you back to this land. I will not leave you until I have done what I promised you!

28:16 Then Jacob woke up 1077  and thought, 1078 Surely the Lord is in this place, but I did not realize it! 28:17 He was afraid and said, “What an awesome place this is! This is nothing else than the house of God! This is the gate of heaven!

28:18 Early 1079  in the morning Jacob 1080  took the stone he had placed near his head 1081  and set it up as a sacred stone. 1082  Then he poured oil on top of it. 28:19 He called that place Bethel, 1083  although the former name of the town was Luz. 28:20 Then Jacob made a vow, saying, “If God is with me and protects me on this journey I am taking and gives me food 1084  to eat and clothing to wear, 28:21 and I return safely to my father’s home, 1085  then the Lord will become my God. 28:22 Then this stone 1086  that I have set up as a sacred stone will be the house of God, and I will surely 1087  give you back a tenth of everything you give me.” 1088 

The Marriages of Jacob

29:1 So Jacob moved on 1089  and came to the land of the eastern people. 1090  29:2 He saw 1091  in the field a well with 1092  three flocks of sheep lying beside it, because the flocks were watered from that well. Now 1093  a large stone covered the mouth of the well. 29:3 When all the flocks were gathered there, the shepherds 1094  would roll the stone off the mouth of the well and water the sheep. Then they would put the stone back in its place over the well’s mouth.

29:4 Jacob asked them, “My brothers, where are you from?” They replied, “We’re from Haran.” 29:5 So he said to them, “Do you know Laban, the grandson 1095  of Nahor?” “We know him,” 1096  they said. 29:6 Is he well?” 1097  Jacob asked. They replied, “He is well. 1098  Now look, here comes his daughter Rachel with the sheep.” 29:7 Then Jacob 1099  said, “Since it is still the middle of the day, 1100  it is not time for the flocks to be gathered. You should water the sheep and then go and let them graze some more.” 1101  29:8 We can’t,” they said, “until all the flocks are gathered and the stone is rolled off the mouth of the well. Then we water 1102  the sheep.”

29:9 While he was still speaking with them, Rachel arrived with her father’s sheep, for she was tending them. 1103  29:10 When Jacob saw Rachel, the daughter of his uncle Laban, 1104  and the sheep of his uncle Laban, he 1105  went over 1106  and rolled the stone off the mouth of the well and watered the sheep of his uncle Laban. 1107  29:11 Then Jacob kissed Rachel and began to weep loudly. 1108  29:12 When Jacob explained 1109  to Rachel that he was a relative of her father 1110  and the son of Rebekah, she ran and told her father. 29:13 When Laban heard this news about Jacob, his sister’s son, he rushed out to meet him. He embraced him and kissed him and brought him to his house. Jacob 1111  told Laban how he was related to him. 1112  29:14 Then Laban said to him, “You are indeed my own flesh and blood.” 1113  So Jacob 1114  stayed with him for a month. 1115 

29:15 Then Laban said to Jacob, “Should you work 1116  for me for nothing because you are my relative? 1117  Tell me what your wages should be.” 29:16 (Now Laban had two daughters; 1118  the older one was named Leah, and the younger one Rachel. 29:17 Leah’s eyes were tender, 1119  but Rachel had a lovely figure and beautiful appearance.) 1120  29:18 Since Jacob had fallen in love with 1121  Rachel, he said, “I’ll serve you seven years in exchange for your younger daughter Rachel.” 29:19 Laban replied, “I’d rather give her to you than to another man. 1122  Stay with me.” 29:20 So Jacob worked for seven years to acquire Rachel. 1123  But they seemed like only a few days to him 1124  because his love for her was so great. 1125 

29:21 Finally Jacob said 1126  to Laban, “Give me my wife, for my time of service is up. 1127  I want to have marital relations with her.” 1128  29:22 So Laban invited all the people 1129  of that place and prepared a feast. 29:23 In the evening he brought his daughter Leah 1130  to Jacob, 1131  and Jacob 1132  had marital relations with her. 1133  29:24 (Laban gave his female servant Zilpah to his daughter Leah to be her servant.) 1134 

29:25 In the morning Jacob discovered it was Leah! 1135  So Jacob 1136  said to Laban, “What in the world have you done to me! 1137  Didn’t I work for you in exchange for Rachel? Why have you tricked 1138  me? 29:26 It is not our custom here,” 1139  Laban replied, “to give the younger daughter in marriage 1140  before the firstborn. 29:27 Complete my older daughter’s bridal week. 1141  Then we will give you the younger one 1142  too, in exchange for seven more years of work.” 1143 

29:28 Jacob did as Laban said. 1144  When Jacob 1145  completed Leah’s bridal week, 1146  Laban gave him his daughter Rachel to be his wife. 1147  29:29 (Laban gave his female servant Bilhah to his daughter Rachel to be her servant.) 1148  29:30 Jacob 1149  had marital relations 1150  with Rachel as well. He loved Rachel more than Leah, so he worked for Laban 1151  for seven more years. 1152 

The Family of Jacob

29:31 When the Lord saw that Leah was unloved, 1153  he enabled her to become pregnant 1154  while Rachel remained childless. 29:32 So Leah became pregnant 1155  and gave birth to a son. She named him Reuben, 1156  for she said, “The Lord has looked with pity on my oppressed condition. 1157  Surely my husband will love me now.”

29:33 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “Because the Lord heard that I was unloved, 1158  he gave me this one too.” So she named him Simeon. 1159 

29:34 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “Now this time my husband will show me affection, 1160  because I have given birth to three sons for him.” That is why he was named Levi. 1161 

29:35 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “This time I will praise the Lord.” That is why she named him Judah. 1162  Then she stopped having children.

30:1 When Rachel saw that she could not give Jacob children, she 1163  became jealous of her sister. She said to Jacob, “Give me children 1164  or I’ll die! 30:2 Jacob became furious 1165  with Rachel and exclaimed, “Am I in the place of God, who has kept you from having children? 1166  30:3 She replied, “Here is my servant Bilhah! Have sexual relations with 1167  her so that she can bear 1168  children 1169  for me 1170  and I can have a family through her.” 1171 

30:4 So Rachel 1172  gave him her servant Bilhah as a wife, and Jacob had marital relations with 1173  her. 30:5 Bilhah became pregnant 1174  and gave Jacob a son. 1175  30:6 Then Rachel said, “God has vindicated me. He has responded to my prayer 1176  and given me a son.” That is why 1177  she named him Dan. 1178 

30:7 Bilhah, Rachel’s servant, became pregnant again and gave Jacob another son. 1179  30:8 Then Rachel said, “I have fought a desperate struggle with my sister, but I have won.” 1180  So she named him Naphtali. 1181 

30:9 When Leah saw that she had stopped having children, she gave 1182  her servant Zilpah to Jacob as a wife. 30:10 Soon Leah’s servant Zilpah gave Jacob a son. 1183  30:11 Leah said, “How fortunate!” 1184  So she named him Gad. 1185 

30:12 Then Leah’s servant Zilpah gave Jacob another son. 1186  30:13 Leah said, “How happy I am, 1187  for women 1188  will call me happy!” So she named him Asher. 1189 

30:14 At the time 1190  of the wheat harvest Reuben went out and found some mandrake plants 1191  in a field and brought them to his mother Leah. Rachel said to Leah, “Give me some of your son’s mandrakes.” 30:15 But Leah replied, 1192 Wasn’t it enough that you’ve taken away my husband? Would you take away my son’s mandrakes too?” “All right,” 1193  Rachel said, “he may sleep 1194  with you tonight in exchange for your son’s mandrakes.” 30:16 When Jacob came in from the fields that evening, Leah went out to meet him and said, “You must sleep 1195  with me because I have paid for your services 1196  with my son’s mandrakes.” So he had marital relations 1197  with her that night. 30:17 God paid attention 1198  to Leah; she became pregnant 1199  and gave Jacob a son for the fifth time. 1200  30:18 Then Leah said, “God has granted me a reward 1201  because I gave my servant to my husband as a wife.” 1202  So she named him Issachar. 1203 

30:19 Leah became pregnant again and gave Jacob a son for the sixth time. 1204  30:20 Then Leah said, “God has given me a good gift. Now my husband will honor me because I have given him six sons.” So she named him Zebulun. 1205 

30:21 After that she gave birth to a daughter and named her Dinah.

30:22 Then God took note of 1206  Rachel. He paid attention to her and enabled her to become pregnant. 1207  30:23 She became pregnant 1208  and gave birth to a son. Then she said, “God has taken away my shame.” 1209  30:24 She named him Joseph, 1210  saying, “May the Lord give me yet another son.”

The Flocks of Jacob

30:25 After Rachel had given birth 1211  to Joseph, Jacob said to Laban, “Send 1212  me on my way so that I can go 1213  home to my own country. 1214  30:26 Let me take my wives and my children whom I have acquired by working for you. 1215  Then I’ll depart, 1216  because you know how hard I’ve worked for you.” 1217 

30:27 But Laban said to him, “If I have found favor in your sight, please stay here, 1218  for I have learned by divination 1219  that the Lord has blessed me on account of you.” 30:28 He added, “Just name your wages – I’ll pay whatever you want.” 1220 

30:29You know how I have worked for you,” Jacob replied, 1221 and how well your livestock have fared under my care. 1222  30:30 Indeed, 1223  you had little before I arrived, 1224  but now your possessions have increased many times over. 1225  The Lord has blessed you wherever I worked. 1226  But now, how long must it be before I do something for my own family too? 1227 

30:31 So Laban asked, 1228  “What should I give you?” “You don’t need to give me a thing,” 1229  Jacob replied, 1230 but if you agree to this one condition, 1231  I will continue to care for 1232  your flocks and protect them: 30:32 Let me walk among 1233  all your flocks today and remove from them every speckled or spotted sheep, every dark-colored lamb, 1234  and the spotted or speckled goats. 1235  These animals will be my wages. 1236  30:33 My integrity will testify for me 1237  later on. 1238  When you come to verify that I’ve taken only the wages we agreed on, 1239  if I have in my possession any goat that is not speckled or spotted or any sheep that is not dark-colored, it will be considered stolen.” 1240  30:34 Agreed!” said Laban, “It will be as you say.” 1241 

30:35 So that day Laban 1242  removed the male goats that were streaked or spotted, all the female goats that were speckled or spotted (all that had any white on them), and all the dark-colored lambs, and put them in the care 1243  of his sons. 30:36 Then he separated them from Jacob by a three-day journey, 1244  while 1245  Jacob was taking care of the rest of Laban’s flocks.

30:37 But Jacob took fresh-cut branches from poplar, almond, and plane trees. He made white streaks by peeling them, making the white inner wood in the branches visible. 30:38 Then he set up the peeled branches in all the watering troughs where the flocks came to drink. He set up the branches in front of the flocks when they were in heat and came to drink. 1246  30:39 When the sheep mated 1247  in front of the branches, they 1248  gave birth to young that were streaked or speckled or spotted. 30:40 Jacob removed these lambs, but he made the rest of the flock face 1249  the streaked and completely dark-colored animals in Laban’s flock. So he made separate flocks for himself and did not mix them with Laban’s flocks. 30:41 When the stronger females were in heat, 1250  Jacob would set up the branches in the troughs in front of the flock, so they would mate near the branches. 30:42 But if the animals were weaker, he did not set the branches there. 1251  So the weaker animals ended up belonging to Laban 1252  and the stronger animals to Jacob. 30:43 In this way Jacob 1253  became extremely prosperous. He owned 1254  large flocks, male and female servants, camels, and donkeys.

Jacob’s Flight from Laban

31:1 Jacob heard that Laban’s sons were complaining, 1255 Jacob has taken everything that belonged to our father! He has gotten rich 1256  at our father’s expense! 1257  31:2 When Jacob saw the look on Laban’s face, he could tell his attitude toward him had changed. 1258 

31:3 The Lord said to Jacob, “Return to the land of your fathers 1259  and to your relatives. I will be with you.” 1260  31:4 So Jacob sent a message for Rachel and Leah 1261  to come to the field 1262  where his flocks were. 1263  31:5 There he said to them, “I can tell that your father’s attitude toward me has changed, 1264  but the God of my father has been with me. 31:6 You know that I’ve worked for your father as hard as I could, 1265  31:7 but your father has humiliated 1266  me and changed my wages ten times. But God has not permitted him to do me any harm. 31:8 If he said, 1267 The speckled animals 1268  will be your wage,’ then the entire flock gave birth to speckled offspring. But if he said, ‘The streaked animals will be your wage,’ then the entire flock gave birth to streaked offspring. 31:9 In this way God has snatched away your father’s livestock and given them to me.

31:10Once 1269  during breeding season I saw 1270  in a dream that the male goats mating with 1271  the flock were streaked, speckled, and spotted. 31:11 In the dream the angel of God said to me, ‘Jacob!’ ‘Here I am!’ I replied. 31:12 Then he said, ‘Observe 1272  that all the male goats mating with 1273  the flock are streaked, speckled, or spotted, for I have observed all that Laban has done to you. 31:13 I am the God of Bethel, 1274  where you anointed 1275  the sacred stone and made a vow to me. 1276  Now leave this land immediately 1277  and return to your native land.’

31:14 Then Rachel and Leah replied to him, “Do we still have any portion or inheritance 1278  in our father’s house? 31:15 Hasn’t he treated us like foreigners? He not only sold us, but completely wasted 1279  the money paid for us! 1280  31:16 Surely all the wealth that God snatched away from our father belongs to us and to our children. So now do everything God has told you.”

31:17 So Jacob immediately put his children and his wives on the camels. 1281  31:18 He took 1282  away all the livestock he had acquired in Paddan Aram and all his moveable property that he had accumulated. Then he set out toward the land of Canaan to return to his father Isaac. 1283 

31:19 While Laban had gone to shear his sheep, 1284  Rachel stole the household idols 1285  that belonged to her father. 31:20 Jacob also deceived 1286  Laban the Aramean by not telling him that he was leaving. 1287  31:21 He left 1288  with all he owned. He quickly crossed 1289  the Euphrates River 1290  and headed for 1291  the hill country of Gilead.

31:22 Three days later Laban discovered Jacob had left. 1292  31:23 So he took his relatives 1293  with him and pursued Jacob 1294  for seven days. 1295  He caught up with 1296  him in the hill country of Gilead. 31:24 But God came to Laban the Aramean in a dream at night and warned him, 1297  “Be careful 1298  that you neither bless nor curse Jacob.” 1299 

31:25 Laban overtook Jacob, and when Jacob pitched his tent in the hill country of Gilead, Laban and his relatives set up camp there too. 1300  31:26 What have you done?” Laban demanded of Jacob. “You’ve deceived me 1301  and carried away my daughters as if they were captives of war! 1302  31:27 Why did you run away secretly 1303  and deceive me? 1304  Why didn’t you tell me so I could send you off with a celebration complete with singing, tambourines, and harps? 1305  31:28 You didn’t even allow me to kiss my daughters and my grandchildren 1306  good-bye. You have acted foolishly! 31:29 I have 1307  the power to do you harm, but the God of your father told me last night, ‘Be careful 1308  that you neither bless nor curse Jacob.’ 1309  31:30 Now I understand that 1310  you have gone away 1311  because you longed desperately 1312  for your father’s house. Yet why did you steal my gods? 1313 

31:31I left secretly because I was afraid!” 1314  Jacob replied to Laban. “I thought 1315  you might take your daughters away from me by force. 1316  31:32 Whoever has taken your gods will be put to death! 1317  In the presence of our relatives 1318  identify whatever is yours and take it.” 1319  (Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.) 1320 

31:33 So Laban entered Jacob’s tent, and Leah’s tent, and the tent of the two female servants, but he did not find the idols. 1321  Then he left Leah’s tent and entered Rachel’s. 1322  31:34 (Now Rachel had taken the idols and put them inside her camel’s saddle 1323  and sat on them.) 1324  Laban searched the whole tent, but did not find them. 1325  31:35 Rachel 1326  said to her father, “Don’t be angry, 1327  my lord. I cannot stand up 1328  in your presence because I am having my period.” 1329  So he searched thoroughly, 1330  but did not find the idols.

31:36 Jacob became angry 1331  and argued with Laban. “What did I do wrong?” he demanded of Laban. 1332 What sin of mine prompted you to chase after me in hot pursuit? 1333  31:37 When you searched through all my goods, did you find anything that belonged to you? 1334  Set it here before my relatives and yours, 1335  and let them settle the dispute between the two of us! 1336 

31:38I have been with you for the past twenty years. Your ewes and female goats have not miscarried, nor have I eaten rams from your flocks. 31:39 Animals torn by wild beasts I never brought to you; I always absorbed the loss myself. 1337  You always made me pay for every missing animal, 1338  whether it was taken by day or at night. 31:40 I was consumed by scorching heat 1339  during the day and by piercing cold 1340  at night, and I went without sleep. 1341  31:41 This was my lot 1342  for twenty years in your house: I worked like a slave 1343  for you – fourteen years for your two daughters and six years for your flocks, but you changed my wages ten times! 31:42 If the God of my father – the God of Abraham, the one whom Isaac fears 1344 had not been with me, you would certainly have sent me away empty-handed! But God saw how I was oppressed and how hard I worked, 1345  and he rebuked you last night.”

31:43 Laban replied 1346  to Jacob, “These women 1347  are my daughters, these children are my grandchildren, 1348  and these flocks are my flocks. All that you see belongs to me. But how can I harm these daughters of mine today 1349  or the children to whom they have given birth? 31:44 So now, come, let’s make a formal agreement, 1350  you and I, and it will be 1351  proof that we have made peace.” 1352 

31:45 So Jacob took a stone and set it up as a memorial pillar. 31:46 Then he 1353  said to his relatives, “Gather stones.” So they brought stones and put them in a pile. 1354  They ate there by the pile of stones. 31:47 Laban called it Jegar Sahadutha, 1355  but Jacob called it Galeed. 1356 

31:48 Laban said, “This pile of stones is a witness of our agreement 1357  today.” That is why it was called Galeed. 31:49 It was also called Mizpah 1358  because he said, “May the Lord watch 1359  between us 1360  when we are out of sight of one another. 1361  31:50 If you mistreat my daughters or if you take wives besides my daughters, although no one else is with us, realize 1362  that God is witness to your actions.” 1363 

31:51Here is this pile of stones and this pillar I have set up between me and you,” Laban said to Jacob. 1364  31:52 This pile of stones and the pillar are reminders that I will not pass beyond this pile to come to harm you and that you will not pass beyond this pile and this pillar to come to harm me. 1365  31:53 May the God of Abraham and the god of Nahor, 1366  the gods of their father, judge between us.” Jacob took an oath by the God whom his father Isaac feared. 1367  31:54 Then Jacob offered a sacrifice 1368  on the mountain and invited his relatives to eat the meal. 1369  They ate the meal and spent the night on the mountain.

31:55 1370  Early in the morning Laban kissed 1371  his grandchildren 1372  and his daughters goodbye and blessed them. Then Laban left and returned home. 1373 

Jacob Wrestles at Peniel

32:1 So Jacob went on his way and the angels of God 1374  met him. 32:2 When Jacob saw them, he exclaimed, 1375  “This is the camp of God!” So he named that place Mahanaim. 1376 

32:3 Jacob sent messengers on ahead 1377  to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the region 1378  of Edom. 32:4 He commanded them, “This is what you must say to my lord Esau: ‘This is what your servant 1379  Jacob says: I have been staying with Laban until now. 32:5 I have oxen, donkeys, sheep, and male and female servants. I have sent 1380  this message 1381  to inform my lord, so that I may find favor in your sight.’

32:6 The messengers returned to Jacob and said, “We went to your brother Esau. He is coming to meet you and has four hundred men with him.” 32:7 Jacob was very afraid and upset. So he divided the people who were with him into two camps, as well as the flocks, herds, and camels. 32:8 If Esau attacks one camp,” 1382  he thought, 1383 then the other camp will be able to escape.” 1384 

32:9 Then Jacob prayed, 1385  “O God of my father Abraham, God of my father Isaac, O Lord, you said 1386  to me, ‘Return to your land and to your relatives and I will make you prosper.’ 1387  32:10 I am not worthy of all the faithful love 1388  you have shown 1389  your servant. With only my walking stick 1390  I crossed the Jordan, 1391  but now I have become two camps. 32:11 Rescue me, 1392  I pray, from the hand 1393  of my brother Esau, 1394  for I am afraid he will come 1395  and attack me, as well as the mothers with their children. 1396  32:12 But you 1397  said, ‘I will certainly make you prosper 1398  and will make 1399  your descendants like the sand on the seashore, too numerous to count.’ 1400 

32:13 Jacob 1401  stayed there that night. Then he sent 1402  as a gift 1403  to his brother Esau 32:14 two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 32:15 thirty female camels with their young, forty cows and ten bulls, and twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys. 32:16 He entrusted them to 1404  his servants, who divided them into herds. 1405  He told his servants, “Pass over before me, and keep some distance between one herd and the next.” 32:17 He instructed the servant leading the first herd, 1406  “When my brother Esau meets you and asks, ‘To whom do you belong? 1407  Where are you going? Whose herds are you driving?’ 1408  32:18 then you must say, 1409 They belong 1410  to your servant Jacob. 1411  They have been sent as a gift to my lord Esau. 1412  In fact Jacob himself is behind us.’ 1413 

32:19 He also gave these instructions to the second and third servants, as well as all those who were following the herds, saying, “You must say the same thing to Esau when you meet him. 1414  32:20 You must also say, ‘In fact your servant Jacob is behind us.’” 1415  Jacob thought, 1416 I will first appease him 1417  by sending a gift ahead of me. 1418  After that I will meet him. 1419  Perhaps he will accept me.” 1420  32:21 So the gifts were sent on ahead of him 1421  while he spent that night in the camp. 1422 

32:22 During the night Jacob quickly took 1423  his two wives, his two female servants, and his eleven sons 1424  and crossed the ford of the Jabbok. 1425  32:23 He took them and sent them across the stream along with all his possessions. 1426  32:24 So Jacob was left alone. Then a man 1427  wrestled 1428  with him until daybreak. 1429  32:25 When the man 1430  saw that he could not defeat Jacob, 1431  he struck 1432  the socket of his hip so the socket of Jacob’s hip was dislocated while he wrestled with him.

32:26 Then the man 1433  said, “Let me go, for the dawn is breaking.” 1434  “I will not let you go,” Jacob replied, 1435 unless you bless me.” 1436  32:27 The man asked him, 1437 What is your name?” 1438  He answered, “Jacob.” 32:28 No longer will your name be Jacob,” the man told him, 1439  “but Israel, 1440  because you have fought 1441  with God and with men and have prevailed.”

32:29 Then Jacob asked, “Please tell me your name.” 1442 Why 1443  do you ask my name?” the man replied. 1444  Then he blessed 1445  Jacob 1446  there. 32:30 So Jacob named the place Peniel, 1447  explaining, 1448  “Certainly 1449  I have seen God face to face 1450  and have survived.” 1451 

32:31 The sun rose 1452  over him as he crossed over Penuel, 1453  but 1454  he was limping because of his hip. 32:32 That is why to this day 1455  the Israelites do not eat the sinew which is attached to the socket of the hip, because he struck 1456  the socket of Jacob’s hip near the attached sinew.

Jacob Meets Esau

33:1 Jacob looked up 1457  and saw that Esau was coming 1458  along with four hundred men. So he divided the children among Leah, Rachel, and the two female servants. 33:2 He put the servants and their children in front, with Leah and her children behind them, and Rachel and Joseph behind them. 1459  33:3 But Jacob 1460  himself went on ahead of them, and he bowed toward the ground seven times as he approached 1461  his brother. 33:4 But Esau ran to meet him, embraced him, hugged his neck, and kissed him. Then they both wept. 33:5 When Esau 1462  looked up 1463  and saw the women and the children, he asked, “Who are these people with you?” Jacob 1464  replied, “The children whom God has graciously given 1465  your servant.” 33:6 The female servants came forward with their children and bowed down. 1466  33:7 Then Leah came forward with her children and they bowed down. Finally Joseph and Rachel came forward and bowed down.

33:8 Esau 1467  then asked, “What did you intend 1468  by sending all these herds to meet me?” 1469  Jacob 1470  replied, “To find favor in your sight, my lord.” 33:9 But Esau said, “I have plenty, my brother. Keep what belongs to you.” 33:10 No, please take them,” Jacob said. 1471 If I have found favor in your sight, accept 1472  my gift from my hand. Now that I have seen your face and you have accepted me, 1473  it is as if I have seen the face of God. 1474  33:11 Please take my present 1475  that was brought to you, for God has been generous 1476  to me and I have all I need.” 1477  When Jacob urged him, he took it. 1478 

33:12 Then Esau 1479  said, “Let’s be on our way! 1480  I will go in front of you.” 33:13 But Jacob 1481  said to him, “My lord knows that the children are young, 1482  and that I have to look after the sheep and cattle that are nursing their young. 1483  If they are driven too hard for even a single day, all the animals will die. 33:14 Let my lord go on ahead of his servant. I will travel more slowly, at the pace of the herds and the children, 1484  until I come to my lord at Seir.”

33:15 So Esau said, “Let me leave some of my men with you.” 1485  “Why do that?” Jacob replied. 1486 My lord has already been kind enough to me.” 1487 

33:16 So that same day Esau made his way back 1488  to Seir. 33:17 But 1489  Jacob traveled to Succoth 1490  where he built himself a house and made shelters for his livestock. That is why the place was called 1491  Succoth. 1492 

33:18 After he left Paddan Aram, Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem in the land of Canaan, and he camped near 1493  the city. 33:19 Then he purchased the portion of the field where he had pitched his tent; he bought it 1494  from the sons of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for a hundred pieces of money. 1495  33:20 There he set up an altar and called it “The God of Israel is God.” 1496 

Dinah and the Shechemites

34:1 Now Dinah, Leah’s daughter whom she bore to Jacob, went to meet 1497  the young women 1498  of the land. 34:2 When Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite, who ruled that area, saw her, he grabbed her, forced himself on her, 1499  and sexually assaulted her. 1500  34:3 Then he became very attached 1501  to Dinah, Jacob’s daughter. He fell in love with the young woman and spoke romantically to her. 1502  34:4 Shechem said to his father Hamor, “Acquire this young girl as my wife.” 1503  34:5 When 1504  Jacob heard that Shechem 1505  had violated his daughter Dinah, his sons were with the livestock in the field. So Jacob remained silent 1506  until they came in.

34:6 Then Shechem’s father Hamor went to speak with Jacob about Dinah. 1507  34:7 Now Jacob’s sons had come in from the field when they heard the news. 1508  They 1509  were offended 1510  and very angry because Shechem 1511  had disgraced Israel 1512  by sexually assaulting 1513  Jacob’s daughter, a crime that should not be committed. 1514 

34:8 But Hamor made this appeal to them: “My son Shechem is in love with your daughter. 1515  Please give her to him as his wife. 34:9 Intermarry with us. 1516  Let us marry your daughters, and take our daughters as wives for yourselves. 1517  34:10 You may live 1518  among us, and the land will be open to you. 1519  Live in it, travel freely in it, 1520  and acquire property in it.”

34:11 Then Shechem said to Dinah’s 1521  father and brothers, “Let me find favor in your sight, and whatever you require of me 1522  I’ll give. 1523  34:12 You can make the bride price and the gift I must bring very expensive, 1524  and I’ll give 1525  whatever you ask 1526  of me. Just give me the young woman as my wife!

34:13 Jacob’s sons answered Shechem and his father Hamor deceitfully when they spoke because Shechem 1527  had violated their sister Dinah. 34:14 They said to them, “We cannot give 1528  our sister to a man who is not circumcised, for it would be a disgrace 1529  to us. 34:15 We will give you our consent on this one condition: You must become 1530  like us by circumcising 1531  all your males. 34:16 Then we will give 1532  you our daughters to marry, 1533  and we will take your daughters as wives for ourselves, and we will live among you and become one people. 34:17 But if you do not agree to our terms 1534  by being circumcised, then we will take 1535  our sister 1536  and depart.”

34:18 Their offer pleased Hamor and his son Shechem. 1537  34:19 The young man did not delay in doing what they asked 1538  because he wanted Jacob’s daughter Dinah 1539  badly. (Now he was more important 1540  than anyone in his father’s household.) 1541  34:20 So Hamor and his son Shechem went to the gate 1542  of their city and spoke to the men of their city, 34:21 These men are at peace with us. So let them live in the land and travel freely in it, for the land is wide enough 1543  for them. We will take their daughters for wives, and we will give them our daughters to marry. 1544  34:22 Only on this one condition will these men consent to live with us and become one people: They demand 1545  that every male among us be circumcised just as they are circumcised. 34:23 If we do so, 1546  won’t their livestock, their property, and all their animals become ours? So let’s consent to their demand, so they will live among us.”

34:24 All the men who assembled at the city gate 1547  agreed with 1548  Hamor and his son Shechem. Every male who assembled at the city gate 1549  was circumcised. 34:25 In three days, when they were still in pain, two of Jacob’s sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brothers, each took his sword 1550  and went to the unsuspecting city 1551  and slaughtered every male. 34:26 They killed Hamor and his son Shechem with the sword, took Dinah from Shechem’s house, and left. 34:27 Jacob’s sons killed them 1552  and looted the city because their sister had been violated. 1553  34:28 They took their flocks, herds, and donkeys, as well as everything in the city and in the surrounding fields. 1554  34:29 They captured as plunder 1555  all their wealth, all their little ones, and their wives, including everything in the houses.

34:30 Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have brought ruin 1556  on me by making me a foul odor 1557  among the inhabitants of the land – among the Canaanites and the Perizzites. I 1558  am few in number; they will join forces against me and attack me, and both I and my family will be destroyed! 34:31 But Simeon and Levi replied, 1559 Should he treat our sister like a common prostitute?

The Return to Bethel

35:1 Then God said to Jacob, “Go up at once 1560  to Bethel 1561  and live there. Make an altar there to God, who appeared to you when you fled from your brother Esau.” 1562  35:2 So Jacob told his household and all who were with him, “Get rid of the foreign gods you have among you. 1563  Purify yourselves and change your clothes. 1564  35:3 Let us go up at once 1565  to Bethel. Then I will make 1566  an altar there to God, who responded to me in my time of distress 1567  and has been with me wherever I went.” 1568 

35:4 So they gave Jacob all the foreign gods that were in their possession 1569  and the rings that were in their ears. 1570  Jacob buried them 1571  under the oak 1572  near Shechem 35:5 and they started on their journey. 1573  The surrounding cities were afraid of God, 1574  and they did not pursue the sons of Jacob.

35:6 Jacob and all those who were with him arrived at Luz (that is, Bethel) 1575  in the land of Canaan. 1576  35:7 He built an altar there and named the place El Bethel 1577  because there God had revealed himself 1578  to him when he was fleeing from his brother. 35:8 (Deborah, 1579  Rebekah’s nurse, died and was buried under the oak below Bethel; thus it was named 1580  Oak of Weeping.) 1581 

35:9 God appeared to Jacob again after he returned from Paddan Aram and blessed him. 35:10 God said to him, “Your name is Jacob, but your name will no longer be called Jacob; Israel will be your name.” So God named him Israel. 1582  35:11 Then God said to him, “I am the sovereign God. 1583  Be fruitful and multiply! A nation – even a company of nations – will descend from you; kings will be among your descendants! 1584  35:12 The land I gave 1585  to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you. To your descendants 1586  I will also give this land.” 35:13 Then God went up from the place 1587  where he spoke with him. 35:14 So Jacob set up a sacred stone pillar in the place where God spoke with him. 1588  He poured out a drink offering on it, and then he poured oil on it. 1589  35:15 Jacob named the place 1590  where God spoke with him Bethel. 1591 

35:16 They traveled on from Bethel, and when Ephrath was still some distance away, 1592  Rachel went into labor 1593 and her labor was hard. 35:17 When her labor was at its hardest, 1594  the midwife said to her, “Don’t be afraid, for you are having another son.” 1595  35:18 With her dying breath, 1596  she named him Ben-Oni. 1597  But his father called him Benjamin instead. 1598  35:19 So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem). 1599  35:20 Jacob set up a marker 1600  over her grave; it is 1601  the Marker of Rachel’s Grave to this day.

35:21 Then Israel traveled on and pitched his tent beyond Migdal Eder. 1602  35:22 While Israel was living in that land, Reuben had sexual relations with 1603  Bilhah, his father’s concubine, and Israel heard about it.

Jacob had twelve sons:

35:23 The sons of Leah were Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn, as well as Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun.

35:24 The sons of Rachel were Joseph and Benjamin.

35:25 The sons of Bilhah, Rachel’s servant, were Dan and Naphtali.

35:26 The sons of Zilpah, Leah’s servant, were Gad and Asher.

These were the sons of Jacob who were born to him in Paddan Aram.

35:27 So Jacob came back to his father Isaac in Mamre, 1604  to Kiriath Arba 1605  (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had stayed. 1606  35:28 Isaac lived to be 180 years old. 1607  35:29 Then Isaac breathed his last and joined his ancestors. 1608  He died an old man who had lived a full life. 1609  His sons Esau and Jacob buried him.

The Descendants of Esau

36:1 What follows is the account of Esau (also known as Edom). 1610 

36:2 Esau took his wives from the Canaanites: 1611  Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and granddaughter 1612  of Zibeon the Hivite, 36:3 in addition to Basemath the daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.

36:4 Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, Basemath bore Reuel, 36:5 and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These were the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan.

36:6 Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, all the people in his household, his livestock, his animals, and all his possessions which he had acquired in the land of Canaan and went to a land some distance away from 1613  Jacob his brother 36:7 because they had too many possessions to be able to stay together and the land where they had settled 1614  was not able to support them because of their livestock. 36:8 So Esau (also known as Edom) lived in the hill country of Seir. 1615 

36:9 This is the account of Esau, the father 1616  of the Edomites, in the hill country of Seir.

36:10 These were the names of Esau’s sons:

Eliphaz, the son of Esau’s wife Adah, and Reuel, the son of Esau’s wife Basemath.

36:11 The sons of Eliphaz were:

Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz.

36:12 Timna, a concubine of Esau’s son Eliphaz, bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These were the sons 1617  of Esau’s wife Adah.

36:13 These were the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the sons 1618  of Esau’s wife Basemath.

36:14 These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and granddaughter 1619  of Zibeon: She bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah to Esau.

36:15 These were the chiefs 1620  among the descendants 1621  of Esau, the sons of Eliphaz, Esau’s firstborn: chief Teman, chief Omar, chief Zepho, chief Kenaz, 36:16 chief Korah, 1622  chief Gatam, chief Amalek. These were the chiefs descended from Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were the sons 1623  of Adah.

36:17 These were the sons of Esau’s son Reuel: chief Nahath, chief Zerah, chief Shammah, chief Mizzah. These were the chiefs descended from Reuel in the land of Edom; these were the sons 1624  of Esau’s wife Basemath.

36:18 These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah: chief Jeush, chief Jalam, chief Korah. These were the chiefs descended from Esau’s wife Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah.

36:19 These were the sons of Esau (also known as Edom), and these were their chiefs.

36:20 These were the sons of Seir the Horite, 1625  who were living in the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, 36:21 Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, the descendants 1626  of Seir in the land of Edom.

36:22 The sons of Lotan were Hori and Homam; 1627  Lotan’s sister was Timna.

36:23 These were the sons of Shobal: Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, 1628  and Onam.

36:24 These were the sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah (who discovered the hot springs 1629  in the wilderness as he pastured the donkeys of his father Zibeon).

36:25 These were the children 1630  of Anah: Dishon and Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah.

36:26 These were the sons of Dishon: 1631  Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Keran.

36:27 These were the sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.

36:28 These were the sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran.

36:29 These were the chiefs of the Horites: chief Lotan, chief Shobal, chief Zibeon, chief Anah, 36:30 chief Dishon, chief Ezer, chief Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, according to their chief lists in the land of Seir.

36:31 These were the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king ruled over the Israelites: 1632 

36:32 Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom; the name of his city was Dinhabah.

36:33 When Bela died, Jobab the son of Zerah from Bozrah reigned in his place.

36:34 When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites reigned in his place.

36:35 When Husham died, Hadad the son of Bedad, who defeated the Midianites in the land of Moab, reigned in his place; the name of his city was Avith.

36:36 When Hadad died, Samlah from Masrekah reigned in his place.

36:37 When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth by the River 1633  reigned in his place.

36:38 When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his place.

36:39 When Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor died, Hadad 1634  reigned in his place; the name of his city was Pau. 1635  His wife’s name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Me-Zahab.

36:40 These were the names of the chiefs of Esau, according to their families, according to their places, by their names: chief Timna, chief Alvah, chief Jetheth, 36:41 chief Oholibamah, chief Elah, chief Pinon, 36:42 chief Kenaz, chief Teman, chief Mibzar, 36:43 chief Magdiel, chief Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom, according to their settlements 1636  in the land they possessed. This was Esau, the father of the Edomites.

Joseph’s Dreams

37:1 But Jacob lived in the land where his father had stayed, 1637  in the land of Canaan. 1638 

37:2 This is the account of Jacob.

Joseph, his seventeen-year-old son, 1639  was taking care of 1640  the flocks with his brothers. Now he was a youngster 1641  working with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father’s wives. 1642  Joseph brought back a bad report about them 1643  to their father.

37:3 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his sons 1644  because he was a son born to him late in life, 1645  and he made a special 1646  tunic for him. 37:4 When Joseph’s 1647  brothers saw that their father loved him more than any of them, 1648  they hated Joseph 1649  and were not able to speak to him kindly. 1650 

37:5 Joseph 1651  had a dream, 1652  and when he told his brothers about it, 1653  they hated him even more. 1654  37:6 He said to them, “Listen to this dream I had: 1655  37:7 There we were, 1656  binding sheaves of grain in the middle of the field. Suddenly my sheaf rose up and stood upright and your sheaves surrounded my sheaf and bowed down 1657  to it! 37:8 Then his brothers asked him, “Do you really think you will rule over us or have dominion over us?” 1658  They hated him even more 1659  because of his dream and because of what he said. 1660 

37:9 Then he had another dream, 1661  and told it to his brothers. “Look,” 1662  he said. “I had another dream. The sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me.” 37:10 When he told his father and his brothers, his father rebuked him, saying, “What is this dream that you had? 1663  Will I, your mother, and your brothers really come and bow down to you? 1664  37:11 His brothers were jealous 1665  of him, but his father kept in mind what Joseph said. 1666 

37:12 When his brothers had gone to graze their father’s flocks near Shechem, 37:13 Israel said to Joseph, “Your brothers 1667  are grazing the flocks near Shechem. Come, I will send you to them.” “I’m ready,” 1668  Joseph replied. 1669  37:14 So Jacob 1670  said to him, “Go now and check on 1671  the welfare 1672  of your brothers and of the flocks, and bring me word.” So Jacob 1673  sent him from the valley of Hebron.

37:15 When Joseph reached Shechem, 1674  a man found him wandering 1675  in the field, so the man asked him, “What are you looking for? 37:16 He replied, “I’m looking for my brothers. Please tell 1676  me where they are grazing their flocks.” 37:17 The man said, “They left this area, 1677  for I heard them say, ‘Let’s go to Dothan.’” So Joseph went after his brothers and found them at Dothan.

37:18 Now Joseph’s brothers 1678  saw him from a distance, and before he reached them, they plotted to kill him. 37:19 They said to one another, “Here comes this master of dreams! 1679  37:20 Come now, let’s kill him, throw him into one of the cisterns, and then say that a wild 1680  animal ate him. Then we’ll see how his dreams turn out! 1681 

37:21 When Reuben heard this, he rescued Joseph 1682  from their hands, 1683  saying, 1684 Let’s not take his life! 1685  37:22 Reuben continued, 1686  “Don’t shed blood! Throw him into this cistern that is here in the wilderness, but don’t lay a hand on him.” 1687  (Reuben said this 1688  so he could rescue Joseph 1689  from them 1690  and take him back to his father.)

37:23 When Joseph reached his brothers, they stripped him 1691  of his tunic, the special tunic that he wore. 37:24 Then they took him and threw him into the cistern. (Now the cistern was empty; 1692  there was no water in it.)

37:25 When they sat down to eat their food, they looked up 1693  and saw 1694  a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead. Their camels were carrying spices, balm, and myrrh down to Egypt. 1695  37:26 Then Judah said to his brothers, “What profit is there if we kill our brother and cover up his blood? 37:27 Come, let’s sell him to the Ishmaelites, but let’s not lay a hand on him, 1696  for after all, he is our brother, our own flesh.” His brothers agreed. 1697  37:28 So when the Midianite 1698  merchants passed by, Joseph’s brothers pulled 1699  him 1700  out of the cistern and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver. The Ishmaelites 1701  then took Joseph to Egypt.

37:29 Later Reuben returned to the cistern to find that Joseph was not in it! 1702  He tore his clothes, 37:30 returned to his brothers, and said, “The boy isn’t there! And I, where can I go? 37:31 So they took Joseph’s tunic, killed a young goat, 1703  and dipped the tunic in the blood. 37:32 Then they brought the special tunic to their father 1704  and said, “We found this. Determine now whether it is your son’s tunic or not.”

37:33 He recognized it and exclaimed, “It is my son’s tunic! A wild animal has eaten him! 1705  Joseph has surely been torn to pieces! 37:34 Then Jacob tore his clothes, put on sackcloth, 1706  and mourned for his son many days. 37:35 All his sons and daughters stood by 1707  him to console him, but he refused to be consoled. “No,” he said, “I will go to the grave mourning my son.” 1708  So Joseph’s 1709  father wept for him.

37:36 Now 1710  in Egypt the Midianites 1711  sold Joseph 1712  to Potiphar, one of Pharaoh’s officials, the captain of the guard. 1713 

Judah and Tamar

38:1 At that time Judah left 1714  his brothers and stayed 1715  with an Adullamite man 1716  named Hirah.

38:2 There Judah saw the daughter of a Canaanite man 1717  named Shua. 1718  Judah acquired her as a wife 1719  and had marital relations with her. 1720  38:3 She became pregnant 1721  and had a son. Judah named 1722  him Er. 38:4 She became pregnant again and had another son, whom she named Onan. 38:5 Then she had 1723  yet another son, whom she named Shelah. She gave birth to him in Kezib. 1724 

38:6 Judah acquired 1725  a wife for Er his firstborn; her name was Tamar. 38:7 But Er, Judah’s firstborn, was evil in the Lord’s sight, so the Lord killed him.

38:8 Then Judah said to Onan, “Have sexual relations with 1726  your brother’s wife and fulfill the duty of a brother-in-law to her so that you may raise 1727  up a descendant for your brother.” 1728  38:9 But Onan knew that the child 1729  would not be considered his. 1730  So whenever 1731  he had sexual relations with 1732  his brother’s wife, he withdrew prematurely 1733  so as not to give his brother a descendant. 38:10 What he did was evil in the Lord’s sight, so the Lord 1734  killed him too.

38:11 Then Judah said to his daughter-in-law Tamar, “Live as a widow in your father’s house until Shelah my son grows up.” For he thought, 1735 I don’t want him to die like his brothers.” 1736  So Tamar went and lived in her father’s house.

38:12 After some time 1737  Judah’s wife, the daughter of Shua, died. After Judah was consoled, he left for Timnah to visit his sheepshearers, along with 1738  his friend Hirah the Adullamite. 38:13 Tamar was told, 1739 Look, your father-in-law is going up 1740  to Timnah to shear his sheep.” 38:14 So she removed her widow’s clothes and covered herself with a veil. She wrapped herself and sat at the entrance to Enaim which is on the way to Timnah. (She did this because 1741  she saw that she had not been given to Shelah as a wife, even though he had now grown up.) 1742 

38:15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute 1743  because she had covered her face. 38:16 He turned aside to her along the road and said, “Come on! I want to have sex with you.” 1744  (He did not realize 1745  it was his daughter-in-law.) She asked, “What will you give me in exchange for having sex with you? 1746  38:17 He replied, “I’ll send you a young goat from the flock.” She asked, “Will you give me a pledge until you send it? 1747  38:18 He said, “What pledge should I give you?” She replied, “Your seal, your cord, and the staff that’s in your hand.” So he gave them to her and had sex with her. 1748  She became pregnant by him. 38:19 She left immediately, 1749  removed her veil, and put on her widow’s clothes.

38:20 Then Judah had his friend Hirah 1750  the Adullamite take a young goat to get back from the woman the items he had given in pledge, 1751  but Hirah 1752  could not find her. 38:21 He asked the men who were there, 1753 Where is the cult prostitute 1754  who was at Enaim by the road?” But they replied, “There has been no cult prostitute here.” 38:22 So he returned to Judah and said, “I couldn’t find her. Moreover, the men of the place said, ‘There has been no cult prostitute here.’ 38:23 Judah said, “Let her keep the things 1755  for herself. Otherwise we will appear to be dishonest. 1756  I did indeed send this young goat, but you couldn’t find her.”

38:24 After three months Judah was told, 1757 Your daughter-in-law Tamar has turned to prostitution, 1758  and as a result she has become pregnant.” 1759  Judah said, “Bring her out and let her be burned! 38:25 While they were bringing her out, she sent word 1760  to her father-in-law: “I am pregnant by the man to whom these belong.” 1761  Then she said, “Identify 1762  the one to whom the seal, cord, and staff belong.” 38:26 Judah recognized them and said, “She is more upright 1763  than I am, because I wouldn’t give her to Shelah my son.” He did not have sexual relations with her 1764  again.

38:27 When it was time for her to give birth, there were twins in her womb. 38:28 While she was giving birth, one child 1765  put out his hand, and the midwife took a scarlet thread and tied it on his hand, saying, “This one came out first.” 38:29 But then he drew back his hand, and his brother came out before him. 1766  She said, “How you have broken out of the womb!” 1767  So he was named Perez. 1768  38:30 Afterward his brother came out – the one who had the scarlet thread on his hand – and he was named Zerah. 1769 

Joseph and Potiphar’s Wife

39:1 Now Joseph had been brought down to Egypt. 1770  An Egyptian named Potiphar, an official of Pharaoh and the captain of the guard, 1771  purchased him from 1772  the Ishmaelites who had brought him there. 39:2 The Lord was with Joseph. He was successful 1773  and lived 1774  in the household of his Egyptian master. 39:3 His master observed that the Lord was with him and that the Lord made everything he was doing successful. 1775  39:4 So Joseph found favor in his sight and became his personal attendant. 1776  Potiphar appointed Joseph 1777  overseer of his household and put him in charge 1778  of everything he owned. 39:5 From the time 1779  Potiphar 1780  appointed him over his household and over all that he owned, the Lord blessed 1781  the Egyptian’s household for Joseph’s sake. The blessing of the Lord was on everything that he had, both 1782  in his house and in his fields. 1783  39:6 So Potiphar 1784  left 1785  everything he had in Joseph’s care; 1786  he gave no thought 1787  to anything except the food he ate. 1788 

Now Joseph was well built and good-looking. 1789  39:7 Soon after these things, his master’s wife took notice of 1790  Joseph and said, “Have sex with me.” 1791  39:8 But he refused, saying 1792  to his master’s wife, “Look, my master does not give any thought 1793  to his household with me here, 1794  and everything that he owns he has put into my care. 1795  39:9 There is no one greater in this household than I am. He has withheld nothing from me except you because you are his wife. So how could I do 1796  such a great evil and sin against God? 39:10 Even though she continued to speak 1797  to Joseph day after day, he did not respond 1798  to her invitation to have sex with her. 1799 

39:11 One day 1800  he went into the house to do his work when none of the household servants 1801  were there in the house. 39:12 She grabbed him by his outer garment, saying, “Have sex with me!” But he left his outer garment in her hand and ran 1802  outside. 1803  39:13 When she saw that he had left his outer garment in her hand and had run outside, 39:14 she called for her household servants and said to them, “See, my husband brought 1804  in a Hebrew man 1805  to us to humiliate us. 1806  He tried to have sex with me, 1807  but I screamed loudly. 1808  39:15 When he heard me raise 1809  my voice and scream, he left his outer garment beside me and ran outside.”

39:16 So she laid his outer garment beside her until his master came home. 39:17 This is what she said to him: 1810  “That Hebrew slave 1811  you brought to us tried to humiliate me, 1812  39:18 but when I raised my voice and screamed, he left his outer garment and ran outside.”

39:19 When his master heard his wife say, 1813 This is the way 1814  your slave treated me,” 1815  he became furious. 1816  39:20 Joseph’s master took him and threw him into the prison, 1817  the place where the king’s prisoners were confined. So he was there in the prison. 1818 

39:21 But the Lord was with Joseph and showed him kindness. 1819  He granted him favor in the sight of the prison warden. 1820  39:22 The warden put all the prisoners under Joseph’s care. He was in charge of whatever they were doing. 1821  39:23 The warden did not concern himself 1822  with anything that was in Joseph’s 1823  care because the Lord was with him and whatever he was doing the Lord was making successful.

The Cupbearer and the Baker

40:1 After these things happened, the cupbearer 1824  to the king of Egypt and the royal baker 1825  offended 1826  their master, the king of Egypt. 40:2 Pharaoh was enraged with his two officials, 1827  the cupbearer and the baker, 40:3 so he imprisoned them in the house of the captain of the guard in the same facility where Joseph was confined. 40:4 The captain of the guard appointed Joseph to be their attendant, and he served them. 1828 

They spent some time in custody. 1829  40:5 Both of them, the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt, who were confined in the prison, had a dream 1830  the same night. 1831  Each man’s dream had its own meaning. 1832  40:6 When Joseph came to them in the morning, he saw that they were looking depressed. 1833  40:7 So he asked Pharaoh’s officials, who were with him in custody in his master’s house, “Why do you look so sad today? 1834  40:8 They told him, “We both had dreams, 1835  but there is no one to interpret them.” Joseph responded, “Don’t interpretations belong to God? Tell them 1836  to me.”

40:9 So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph: 1837  “In my dream, there was a vine in front of me. 40:10 On the vine there were three branches. As it budded, its blossoms opened and its clusters ripened into grapes. 40:11 Now Pharaoh’s cup was in my hand, so I took the grapes, squeezed them into his 1838  cup, and put the cup in Pharaoh’s hand.” 1839 

40:12This is its meaning,” Joseph said to him. “The three branches represent 1840  three days. 40:13 In three more days Pharaoh will reinstate you 1841  and restore you to your office. You will put Pharaoh’s cup in his hand, just as you did before 1842  when you were cupbearer. 40:14 But remember me 1843  when it goes well for you, and show 1844  me kindness. 1845  Make mention 1846  of me to Pharaoh and bring me out of this prison, 1847  40:15 for I really was kidnapped 1848  from the land of the Hebrews and I have done nothing wrong here for which they should put me in a dungeon.”

40:16 When the chief baker saw that the interpretation of the first dream was favorable, 1849  he said to Joseph, “I also appeared in my dream and there were three baskets of white bread 1850  on my head. 40:17 In the top basket there were baked goods of every kind for Pharaoh, but the birds were eating them from the basket that was on my head.”

40:18 Joseph replied, “This is its meaning: The three baskets represent 1851  three days. 40:19 In three more days Pharaoh will decapitate you 1852  and impale you on a pole. Then the birds will eat your flesh from you.”

40:20 On the third day it was Pharaoh’s birthday, so he gave a feast for all his servants. He “lifted up” 1853  the head of the chief cupbearer and the head of the chief baker in the midst of his servants. 40:21 He restored the chief cupbearer to his former position 1854  so that he placed the cup in Pharaoh’s hand, 40:22 but the chief baker he impaled, just as Joseph had predicted. 1855  40:23 But the chief cupbearer did not remember Joseph – he forgot him. 1856 

Joseph’s Rise to Power

41:1 At the end of two full years 1857  Pharaoh had a dream. 1858  As he was standing by the Nile, 41:2 seven fine-looking, fat cows were coming up out of the Nile, 1859  and they grazed in the reeds. 41:3 Then seven bad-looking, thin cows were coming up after them from the Nile, 1860  and they stood beside the other cows at the edge of the river. 1861  41:4 The bad-looking, thin cows ate the seven fine-looking, fat cows. Then Pharaoh woke up.

41:5 Then he fell asleep again and had a second dream: There were seven heads of grain growing 1862  on one stalk, healthy 1863  and good. 41:6 Then 1864  seven heads of grain, thin and burned by the east wind, were sprouting up after them. 41:7 The thin heads swallowed up the seven healthy and full heads. Then Pharaoh woke up and realized it was a dream. 1865 

41:8 In the morning he 1866  was troubled, so he called for 1867  all the diviner-priests 1868  of Egypt and all its wise men. Pharaoh told them his dreams, 1869  but no one could interpret 1870  them for him. 1871  41:9 Then the chief cupbearer said to Pharaoh, “Today I recall my failures. 1872  41:10 Pharaoh was enraged with his servants, and he put me in prison in the house of the captain of the guards – me and the chief baker. 41:11 We each had a dream one night; each of us had a dream with its own meaning. 1873  41:12 Now a young man, a Hebrew, a servant 1874  of the captain of the guards, 1875  was with us there. We told him our dreams, 1876  and he interpreted the meaning of each of our respective dreams for us. 1877  41:13 It happened just as he had said 1878  to us – Pharaoh 1879  restored me to my office, but he impaled the baker.” 1880 

41:14 Then Pharaoh summoned 1881  Joseph. So they brought him quickly out of the dungeon; he shaved himself, changed his clothes, and came before Pharaoh. 41:15 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I had a dream, 1882  and there is no one who can interpret 1883  it. But I have heard about you, that 1884  you can interpret dreams.” 1885  41:16 Joseph replied to Pharaoh, “It is not within my power, 1886  but God will speak concerning 1887  the welfare of Pharaoh.” 1888 

41:17 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “In my dream I was standing 1889  by the edge of the Nile. 41:18 Then seven fat and fine-looking cows were coming up out of the Nile, and they grazed in the reeds. 1890  41:19 Then 1891  seven other cows came up after them; they were scrawny, very bad-looking, and lean. I had never seen such bad-looking cows 1892  as these in all the land of Egypt! 41:20 The lean, bad-looking cows ate up the seven 1893  fat cows. 41:21 When they had eaten them, 1894  no one would have known 1895  that they had done so, for they were just as bad-looking as before. Then I woke up. 41:22 I also saw in my dream 1896  seven heads of grain growing on one stalk, full and good. 41:23 Then 1897  seven heads of grain, withered and thin and burned with the east wind, were sprouting up after them. 41:24 The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven good heads of grain. So I told all this 1898  to the diviner-priests, but no one could tell me its meaning.” 1899 

41:25 Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “Both dreams of Pharaoh have the same meaning. 1900  God has revealed 1901  to Pharaoh what he is about to do. 1902  41:26 The seven good cows represent seven years, and the seven good heads of grain represent seven years. Both dreams have the same meaning. 1903  41:27 The seven lean, bad-looking cows that came up after them represent seven years, as do the seven empty heads of grain burned with the east wind. They represent 1904  seven years of famine. 41:28 This is just what I told 1905  Pharaoh: God has shown Pharaoh what he is about to do. 41:29 Seven years of great abundance are coming throughout the whole land of Egypt. 41:30 But seven years of famine will occur 1906  after them, and all the abundance will be forgotten in the land of Egypt. The famine will devastate 1907  the land. 41:31 The previous abundance of the land will not be remembered 1908  because of the famine that follows, for the famine will be very severe. 1909  41:32 The dream was repeated to Pharaoh 1910  because the matter has been decreed 1911  by God, and God will make it happen soon. 1912 

41:33So now Pharaoh should look 1913  for a wise and discerning man 1914  and give him authority 1915  over all the land of Egypt. 41:34 Pharaoh should do 1916  this – he should appoint 1917  officials 1918  throughout the land to collect one-fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt 1919  during the seven years of abundance. 41:35 They should gather all the excess food 1920  during these good years that are coming. By Pharaoh’s authority 1921  they should store up grain so the cities will have food, 1922  and they should preserve it. 1923  41:36 This food should be held in storage for the land in preparation for the seven years of famine that will occur throughout the land of Egypt. In this way the land will survive the famine.” 1924 

41:37 This advice made sense to Pharaoh and all his officials. 1925  41:38 So Pharaoh asked his officials, “Can we find a man like Joseph, 1926  one in whom the Spirit of God is present? 1927  41:39 So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Because God has enabled you to know all this, there is no one as wise and discerning 1928  as you are! 41:40 You will oversee my household, and all my people will submit to your commands. 1929  Only I, the king, will be greater than you. 1930 

41:41See here,” Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I place 1931  you in authority over all the land of Egypt.” 1932  41:42 Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his own hand and put it on Joseph’s. He clothed him with fine linen 1933  clothes and put a gold chain around his neck. 41:43 Pharaoh 1934  had him ride in the chariot used by his second-in-command, 1935  and they cried out before him, “Kneel down!” 1936  So he placed him over all the land of Egypt. 41:44 Pharaoh also said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, but without your permission 1937  no one 1938  will move his hand or his foot 1939  in all the land of Egypt.” 41:45 Pharaoh gave Joseph the name Zaphenath-Paneah. 1940  He also gave him Asenath 1941  daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, 1942  to be his wife. So Joseph took charge of 1943  all the land of Egypt.

41:46 Now Joseph was 30 years old 1944  when he began serving 1945  Pharaoh king of Egypt. Joseph was commissioned by 1946  Pharaoh and was in charge of 1947  all the land of Egypt. 41:47 During the seven years of abundance the land produced large, bountiful harvests. 1948  41:48 Joseph 1949  collected all the excess food 1950  in the land of Egypt during the seven years and stored it in the cities. 1951  In every city he put the food gathered from the fields around it. 41:49 Joseph stored up a vast amount of grain, like the sand of the sea, 1952  until he stopped measuring it because it was impossible to measure.

41:50 Two sons were born to Joseph before the famine came. 1953  Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, was their mother. 1954  41:51 Joseph named the firstborn Manasseh, 1955  saying, 1956  “Certainly 1957  God has made me forget all my trouble and all my father’s house.” 41:52 He named the second child Ephraim, 1958  saying, 1959  “Certainly 1960  God has made me fruitful in the land of my suffering.”

41:53 The seven years of abundance in the land of Egypt came to an end. 41:54 Then the seven years of famine began, 1961  just as Joseph had predicted. There was famine in all the other lands, but throughout the land of Egypt there was food. 41:55 When all the land of Egypt experienced the famine, the people cried out to Pharaoh for food. Pharaoh said to all the people of Egypt, 1962 Go to Joseph and do whatever he tells you.”

41:56 While the famine was over all the earth, 1963  Joseph opened the storehouses 1964  and sold grain to the Egyptians. The famine was severe throughout the land of Egypt. 41:57 People from every country 1965  came to Joseph in Egypt to buy grain because the famine was severe throughout the earth.

Joseph’s Brothers in Egypt

42:1 When Jacob heard 1966  there was grain in Egypt, he 1967  said to his sons, “Why are you looking at each other? 1968  42:2 He then said, “Look, I hear that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there and buy grain for us 1969  so that we may live 1970  and not die.” 1971 

42:3 So ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt. 42:4 But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, 1972  for he said, 1973 What if some accident 1974  happens 1975  to him? 42:5 So Israel’s sons came to buy grain among the other travelers, 1976  for the famine was severe in the land of Canaan.

42:6 Now Joseph was the ruler of the country, the one who sold grain to all the people of the country. 1977  Joseph’s brothers came and bowed down 1978  before him with 1979  their faces to the ground. 42:7 When Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them, but he pretended to be a stranger 1980  to them and spoke to them harshly. He asked, “Where do you come from?” They answered, 1981 From the land of Canaan, to buy grain for food.” 1982 

42:8 Joseph recognized his brothers, but they did not recognize him. 42:9 Then Joseph remembered 1983  the dreams he had dreamed about them, and he said to them, “You are spies; you have come to see if our land is vulnerable! 1984 

42:10 But they exclaimed, 1985  “No, my lord! Your servants have come to buy grain for food! 42:11 We are all the sons of one man; we are honest men! Your servants are not spies.”

42:12No,” he insisted, “but you have come to see if our land is vulnerable.” 1986  42:13 They replied, “Your servants are from a family of twelve brothers. 1987  We are the sons of one man in the land of Canaan. The youngest is with our father at this time, 1988  and one is no longer alive.” 1989 

42:14 But Joseph told them, “It is just as I said to you: 1990  You are spies! 42:15 You will be tested in this way: As surely as Pharaoh lives, 1991  you will not depart from this place unless your youngest brother comes here. 42:16 One of you must go and get 1992  your brother, while 1993  the rest of you remain in prison. 1994  In this way your words may be tested to see if 1995  you are telling the truth. 1996  If not, then, as surely as Pharaoh lives, you are spies! 42:17 He imprisoned 1997  them all for three days. 42:18 On the third day Joseph said to them, “Do as I say 1998  and you will live, 1999  for I fear God. 2000  42:19 If you are honest men, leave one of your brothers confined here in prison 2001  while the rest of you go 2002  and take grain back for your hungry families. 2003  42:20 But you must bring 2004  your youngest brother to me. Then 2005  your words will be verified 2006  and you will not die.” They did as he said. 2007 

42:21 They said to one other, 2008 Surely we’re being punished 2009  because of our brother, because we saw how distressed he was 2010  when he cried to us for mercy, but we refused to listen. That is why this distress 2011  has come on us! 42:22 Reuben said to them, “Didn’t I say to you, ‘Don’t sin against the boy,’ but you wouldn’t listen? So now we must pay for shedding his blood! 2012  42:23 (Now 2013  they did not know that Joseph could understand them, 2014  for he was speaking through an interpreter.) 2015  42:24 He turned away from them and wept. When he turned around and spoke to them again, 2016  he had Simeon taken 2017  from them and tied up 2018  before their eyes.

42:25 Then Joseph gave orders to fill 2019  their bags with grain, to return each man’s money to his sack, and to give them provisions for the journey. His orders were carried out. 2020  42:26 So they loaded their grain on their donkeys and left. 2021 

42:27 When one of them 2022  opened his sack to get feed for his donkey at their resting place, 2023  he saw his money in the mouth of his sack. 2024  42:28 He said to his brothers, “My money was returned! Here it is in my sack!” They were dismayed; 2025  they turned trembling one to another 2026  and said, “What in the world has God done to us? 2027 

42:29 They returned to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan and told him all the things that had happened to them, saying, 42:30 The man, the lord of the land, spoke harshly to us and treated us 2028  as if we were 2029  spying on the land. 42:31 But we said to him, ‘We are honest men; we are not spies! 42:32 We are from a family of twelve brothers; we are the sons of one father. 2030  One is no longer alive, 2031  and the youngest is with our father at this time 2032  in the land of Canaan.’

42:33Then the man, the lord of the land, said to us, ‘This is how I will find out if you are honest men. Leave one of your brothers with me, and take grain 2033  for your hungry households and go. 42:34 But bring your youngest brother back to me so I will know 2034  that you are honest men and not spies. 2035  Then I will give your brother back to you and you may move about freely in the land.’ 2036 

42:35 When they were emptying their sacks, there was each man’s bag of money in his sack! When they and their father saw the bags of money, they were afraid. 42:36 Their father Jacob said to them, “You are making me childless! Joseph is gone. 2037  Simeon is gone. 2038  And now you want to take 2039  Benjamin! Everything is against me.”

42:37 Then Reuben said to his father, “You may 2040  put my two sons to death if I do not bring him back to you. Put him in my care 2041  and I will bring him back to you.” 42:38 But Jacob 2042  replied, “My son will not go down there with you, for his brother is dead and he alone is left. 2043  If an accident happens to him on the journey you have to make, then you will bring down my gray hair 2044  in sorrow to the grave.” 2045 

The Second Journey to Egypt

43:1 Now the famine was severe in the land. 2046  43:2 When they finished eating the grain they had brought from Egypt, their father said to them, “Return, buy us a little more food.”

43:3 But Judah said to him, “The man solemnly warned 2047  us, ‘You will not see my face 2048  unless your brother is with you.’ 43:4 If you send 2049  our brother with us, we’ll go down and buy food for you. 43:5 But if you will not send him, we won’t go down there because the man said to us, ‘You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.’

43:6 Israel said, “Why did you bring this trouble 2050  on me by telling 2051  the man you had one more brother?

43:7 They replied, “The man questioned us 2052  thoroughly 2053  about ourselves and our family, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Do you have another brother?’ 2054  So we answered him in this way. 2055  How could we possibly know 2056  that he would say, 2057 Bring your brother down?

43:8 Then Judah said to his father Israel, “Send the boy with me and we will go immediately. 2058  Then we will live 2059  and not die – we and you and our little ones. 43:9 I myself pledge security 2060  for him; you may hold me liable. If I do not bring him back to you and place him here before you, I will bear the blame before you all my life. 2061  43:10 But if we had not delayed, we could have traveled there and back 2062  twice by now!

43:11 Then their father Israel said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: Take some of the best products of the land in your bags, and take a gift down to the man – a little balm and a little honey, spices and myrrh, pistachios and almonds. 43:12 Take double the money with you; 2063  you must take back 2064  the money that was returned in the mouths of your sacks – perhaps it was an oversight. 43:13 Take your brother too, and go right away 2065  to the man. 2066  43:14 May the sovereign God 2067  grant you mercy before the man so that he may release 2068  your other brother 2069  and Benjamin! As for me, if I lose my children I lose them.” 2070 

43:15 So the men took these gifts, and they took double the money with them, along with Benjamin. Then they hurried down to Egypt 2071  and stood before Joseph. 43:16 When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the servant who was over his household, “Bring the men to the house. Slaughter an animal and prepare it, for the men will eat with me at noon.” 43:17 The man did just as Joseph said; he 2072  brought the men into Joseph’s house. 2073 

43:18 But the men were afraid when they were brought to Joseph’s house. They said, “We are being brought in because of 2074  the money that was returned in our sacks last time. 2075  He wants to capture us, 2076  make us slaves, and take 2077  our donkeys! 43:19 So they approached the man who was in charge of Joseph’s household and spoke to him at the entrance to the house. 43:20 They said, “My lord, we did indeed come down 2078  the first time 2079  to buy food. 43:21 But when we came to the place where we spent the night, we opened our sacks and each of us found his money – the full amount 2080 in the mouth of his sack. So we have returned it. 2081  43:22 We have brought additional money with us to buy food. We do not know who put the money in our sacks!

43:23Everything is fine,” 2082  the man in charge of Joseph’s household told them. “Don’t be afraid. Your God and the God of your father has given you treasure in your sacks. 2083  I had your money.” 2084  Then he brought Simeon out to them.

43:24 The servant in charge 2085  brought the men into Joseph’s house. He gave them water, and they washed their feet. Then he gave food to their donkeys. 43:25 They got their gifts ready for Joseph’s arrival 2086  at noon, for they had heard 2087  that they were to have a meal 2088  there.

43:26 When Joseph came home, they presented him with the gifts they had brought inside, 2089  and they bowed down to the ground before him. 43:27 He asked them how they were doing. 2090  Then he said, “Is your aging father well, the one you spoke about? Is he still alive? 43:28 Your servant our father is well,” they replied. “He is still alive.” They bowed down in humility. 2091 

43:29 When Joseph looked up 2092  and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother’s son, he said, “Is this your youngest brother, whom you told me about?” Then he said, “May God be gracious to you, my son.” 2093  43:30 Joseph hurried out, for he was overcome by affection for his brother 2094  and was at the point of tears. 2095  So he went to his room and wept there.

43:31 Then he washed his face and came out. With composure he said, 2096 Set out the food.” 43:32 They set a place for him, a separate place for his brothers, 2097  and another for the Egyptians who were eating with him. (The Egyptians are not able to eat with Hebrews, for the Egyptians think it is disgusting 2098  to do so.) 2099  43:33 They sat before him, arranged by order of birth, beginning with the firstborn and ending with the youngest. 2100  The men looked at each other in astonishment. 2101  43:34 He gave them portions of the food set before him, 2102  but the portion for Benjamin was five times greater than the portions for any of the others. They drank with Joseph until they all became drunk. 2103 

The Final Test

44:1 He instructed the servant who was over his household, “Fill the sacks of the men with as much food as they can carry and put each man’s money in the mouth of his sack. 44:2 Then put 2104  my cup – the silver cup – in the mouth of the youngest one’s sack, along with the money for his grain.” He did as Joseph instructed. 2105 

44:3 When morning came, 2106  the men and their donkeys were sent off. 2107  44:4 They had not gone very far from the city 2108  when Joseph said 2109  to the servant who was over his household, “Pursue the men at once! 2110  When you overtake 2111  them, say to them, ‘Why have you repaid good with evil? 44:5 Doesn’t my master drink from this cup 2112  and use it for divination? 2113  You have done wrong!’ 2114 

44:6 When the man 2115  overtook them, he spoke these words to them. 44:7 They answered him, “Why does my lord say such things? 2116  Far be it from your servants to do such a thing! 2117  44:8 Look, the money that we found in the mouths of our sacks we brought back to you from the land of Canaan. Why then would we steal silver or gold from your master’s house? 44:9 If one of us has it, 2118  he will die, and the rest of us will become my lord’s slaves!

44:10 He replied, “You have suggested your own punishment! 2119  The one who has it will become my slave, 2120  but the rest of 2121  you will go free.” 2122  44:11 So each man quickly lowered 2123  his sack to the ground and opened it. 44:12 Then the man 2124  searched. He began with the oldest and finished with the youngest. The cup was found in Benjamin’s sack! 44:13 They all tore their clothes! Then each man loaded his donkey, and they returned to the city.

44:14 So Judah and his brothers 2125  came back to Joseph’s house. He was still there, 2126  and they threw themselves to the ground before him. 44:15 Joseph said to them, “What did you think you were doing? 2127  Don’t you know that a man like me can find out things like this by divination? 2128 

44:16 Judah replied, “What can we say 2129  to my lord? What can we speak? How can we clear ourselves? 2130  God has exposed the sin of your servants! 2131  We are now my lord’s slaves, we and the one in whose possession the cup was found.”

44:17 But Joseph said, “Far be it from me to do this! The man in whose hand the cup was found will become my slave, but the rest of 2132  you may go back 2133  to your father in peace.”

44:18 Then Judah approached him and said, “My lord, please allow your servant to speak a word with you. 2134  Please do not get angry with your servant, 2135  for you are just like Pharaoh. 2136  44:19 My lord asked his servants, ‘Do you have a father or a brother?’ 44:20 We said to my lord, ‘We have an aged father, and there is a young boy who was born when our father was old. 2137  The boy’s 2138  brother is dead. He is the only one of his mother’s sons left, 2139  and his father loves him.’

44:21Then you told your servants, ‘Bring him down to me so I can see 2140  him.’ 2141  44:22 We said to my lord, ‘The boy cannot leave his father. If he leaves his father, his father 2142  will die.’ 2143  44:23 But you said to your servants, ‘If your youngest brother does not come down with you, you will not see my face again.’ 44:24 When we returned to your servant my father, we told him the words of my lord.

44:25Then our father said, ‘Go back and buy us a little food.’ 44:26 But we replied, ‘We cannot go down there. 2144  If our youngest brother is with us, then we will go, 2145  for we won’t be permitted to see the man’s face if our youngest brother is not with us.’

44:27Then your servant my father said to us, ‘You know that my wife gave me two sons. 2146  44:28 The first disappeared 2147  and I said, “He has surely been torn to pieces.” I have not seen him since. 44:29 If you take 2148  this one from me too and an accident happens to him, then you will bring down my gray hair 2149  in tragedy 2150  to the grave.’ 2151 

44:30So now, when I return to your servant my father, and the boy is not with us – his very life is bound up in his son’s life. 2152  44:31 When he sees the boy is not with us, 2153  he will die, and your servants will bring down the gray hair of your servant our father in sorrow to the grave. 44:32 Indeed, 2154  your servant pledged security for the boy with my father, saying, ‘If I do not bring him back to you, then I will bear the blame before my father all my life.’

44:33So now, please let your servant remain as my lord’s slave instead of the boy. As for the boy, let him go back with his brothers. 44:34 For how can I go back to my father if the boy is not with me? I couldn’t <