Bible: Gen 12-50
The Obedience of Abram
“Go out 3 from your country, your relatives, and your father’s household
to the land that I will show you. 4
and I will make your name great, 7
so that you will exemplify divine blessing. 8
12:3 I will bless those who bless you, 9
but the one who treats you lightly 10 I must curse,
and all the families of the earth will bless one another 11 by your name.”
12:4 So Abram left, 12 just as the
12:6 Abram traveled through the land as far as the oak tree 19 of Moreh 20 at Shechem. 21 (At that time the Canaanites were in the land.) 22 12:7 The
12:8 Then he moved from there to the hill country east of Bethel 25 and pitched his tent, with Bethel on the west and Ai on the east. There he built an altar to the
The Promised Blessing Jeopardized
12:10 There was a famine in the land, so Abram went down to Egypt 29 to stay for a while 30 because the famine was severe. 31 12:11 As he approached 32 Egypt, he said to his wife Sarai, “Look, 33 I know that you are a beautiful woman. 34 12:12 When the Egyptians see you they will say, ‘This is his wife.’ Then they will kill me but will keep you alive. 35 12:13 So tell them 36 you are my sister 37 so that it may go well 38 for me because of you and my life will be spared 39 on account of you.”
12:14 When Abram entered Egypt, the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful. 12:15 When Pharaoh’s officials saw her, they praised her to Pharaoh. So Abram’s wife 40 was taken 41 into the household of Pharaoh, 42 12:16 and he did treat Abram well 43 on account of her. Abram received 44 sheep and cattle, male donkeys, male servants, female servants, female donkeys, and camels.
12:17 But the
Abram’s Solution to the Strife
13:3 And he journeyed from place to place 56 from the Negev as far as Bethel. 57 He returned 58 to the place where he had pitched his tent 59 at the beginning, between Bethel and Ai. 13:4 This was the place where he had first built the altar, 60 and there Abram worshiped the
13:5 Now Lot, who was traveling 62 with Abram, also had 63 flocks, herds, and tents. 13:6 But the land could 64 not support them while they were living side by side. 65 Because their possessions were so great, they were not able to live 66 alongside one another. 13:7 So there were quarrels 67 between Abram’s herdsmen and Lot’s herdsmen. 68 (Now the Canaanites and the Perizzites were living in the land at that time.) 69
13:8 Abram said to Lot, “Let there be no quarreling between me and you, and between my herdsmen and your herdsmen, for we are close relatives. 70 13:9 Is not the whole land before you? Separate yourself now from me. If you go 71 to the left, then I’ll go to the right, but if you go to the right, then I’ll go to the left.”
13:10 Lot looked up and saw 72 the whole region 73 of the Jordan. He noticed 74 that all of it was well-watered (before the
So the relatives separated from each other. 79 13:12 Abram settled in the land of Canaan, but Lot settled among the cities of the Jordan plain 80 and pitched his tents next to Sodom. 13:13 (Now 81 the people 82 of Sodom were extremely wicked rebels against the
13:14 After Lot had departed, the
The Blessing of Victory for God’s People
14:1 At that time 93 Amraphel king of Shinar, 94 Arioch king of Ellasar, Kedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations 95 14:2 went to war 96 against Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar). 97 14:3 These last five kings 98 joined forces 99 in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea). 100 14:4 For twelve years 101 they had served Kedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth year 102 they rebelled. 103 14:5 In the fourteenth year, Kedorlaomer and the kings who were his allies came and defeated 104 the Rephaites in Ashteroth Karnaim, the Zuzites in Ham, the Emites in Shaveh Kiriathaim, 14:6 and the Horites in their hill country of Seir, as far as El Paran, which is near the desert. 105 14:7 Then they attacked En Mishpat (that is, Kadesh) again, 106 and they conquered all the territory of the Amalekites, as well as the Amorites who were living in Hazazon Tamar.
14:8 Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) went out and prepared for battle. In the Valley of Siddim they met 107 14:9 Kedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of nations, 108 Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar. Four kings fought against 109 five. 14:10 Now the Valley of Siddim was full of tar pits. 110 When the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, they fell into them, 111 but some survivors 112 fled to the hills. 113 14:11 The four victorious kings 114 took all the possessions and food of Sodom and Gomorrah and left. 14:12 They also took Abram’s nephew 115 Lot and his possessions when 116 they left, for Lot 117 was living in Sodom. 118
14:13 A fugitive 119 came and told Abram the Hebrew. 120 Now Abram was living by the oaks 121 of Mamre the Amorite, the brother 122 of Eshcol and Aner. (All these were allied by treaty 123 with Abram.) 124 14:14 When Abram heard that his nephew 125 had been taken captive, he mobilized 126 his 318 trained men who had been born in his household, and he pursued the invaders 127 as far as Dan. 128 14:15 Then, during the night, 129 Abram 130 divided his forces 131 against them and defeated them. He chased them as far as Hobah, which is north 132 of Damascus. 14:16 He retrieved all the stolen property. 133 He also brought back his nephew Lot and his possessions, as well as the women and the rest of 134 the people.
14:17 After Abram 135 returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet Abram 136 in the Valley of Shaveh (known as the King’s Valley). 137 14:18 Melchizedek king of Salem 138 brought out bread and wine. (Now he was the priest of the Most High God.) 139 14:19 He blessed Abram, saying,
“Blessed be Abram by 140 the Most High God,
14:20 Worthy of praise is 143 the Most High God,
who delivered 144 your enemies into your hand.”
Abram gave Melchizedek 145 a tenth of everything.
14:21 Then the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people and take the possessions for yourself.” 14:22 But Abram replied to the king of Sodom, “I raise my hand 146 to the
The Cutting of the Covenant
15:2 But Abram said, “O sovereign
15:4 But look, 163 the word of the
15:12 When the sun went down, Abram fell sound asleep, 186 and great terror overwhelmed him. 187 15:13 Then the
15:17 When the sun had gone down and it was dark, a smoking firepot with a flaming torch 199 passed between the animal parts. 200 15:18 That day the
The Birth of Ishmael
16:1 Now Sarai, 206 Abram’s wife, had not given birth to any children, 207 but she had an Egyptian servant 208 named Hagar. 209 16:2 So Sarai said to Abram, “Since 210 the
16:3 So after Abram had lived 214 in Canaan for ten years, Sarai, Abram’s wife, gave Hagar, her Egyptian servant, 215 to her husband to be his wife. 216 16:4 He had sexual relations with 217 Hagar, and she became pregnant. 218 Once Hagar realized she was pregnant, she despised Sarai. 219 16:5 Then Sarai said to Abram, “You have brought this wrong on me! 220 I allowed my servant to have sexual relations with you, 221 but when she realized 222 that she was pregnant, she despised me. 223 May the
16:9 Then the
“You are now 237 pregnant
and are about to give birth 238 to a son.
You are to name him Ishmael, 239
16:12 He will be a wild donkey 241 of a man.
He will be hostile to everyone, 242
and everyone will be hostile to him. 243
He will live away from 244 his brothers.”
16:13 So Hagar named the
The Sign of the Covenant
17:1 When Abram was 99 years old, 254 the
17:3 Abram bowed down with his face to the ground, 262 and God said to him, 263 17:4 “As for me, 264 this 265 is my covenant with you: You will be the father of a multitude of nations. 17:5 No longer will your name be 266 Abram. Instead, your name will be Abraham 267 because I will make you 268 the father of a multitude of nations. 17:6 I will make you 269 extremely 270 fruitful. I will make nations of you, and kings will descend from you. 271 17:7 I will confirm 272 my covenant as a perpetual 273 covenant between me and you. It will extend to your descendants after you throughout their generations. I will be your God and the God of your descendants after you. 274 17:8 I will give the whole land of Canaan – the land where you are now residing 275 – to you and your descendants after you as a permanent 276 possession. I will be their God.”
17:9 Then God said to Abraham, “As for you, you must keep 277 the covenantal requirement 278 I am imposing on you and your descendants after you throughout their generations. 17:10 This is my requirement that you and your descendants after you must keep: 279 Every male among you must be circumcised. 280 17:11 You must circumcise the flesh of your foreskins. This will be a reminder 281 of the covenant between me and you. 17:12 Throughout your generations every male among you who is eight days old 282 must be circumcised, whether born in your house or bought with money from any foreigner who is not one of your descendants. 17:13 They must indeed be circumcised, 283 whether born in your house or bought with money. The sign of my covenant 284 will be visible in your flesh as a permanent 285 reminder. 17:14 Any uncircumcised male 286 who has not been circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin will be cut off 287 from his people – he has failed to carry out my requirement.” 288
17:15 Then God said to Abraham, “As for your wife, you must no longer call her Sarai; 289 Sarah 290 will be her name. 17:16 I will bless her and will give you a son through her. I will bless her and she will become a mother of nations. 291 Kings of countries 292 will come from her!”
17:17 Then Abraham bowed down with his face to the ground and laughed 293 as he said to himself, 294 “Can 295 a son be born to a man who is a hundred years old? 296 Can Sarah 297 bear a child at the age of ninety?” 298 17:18 Abraham said to God, “O that 299 Ishmael might live before you!” 300
17:19 God said, “No, Sarah your wife is going to bear you a son, and you will name him Isaac. 301 I will confirm my covenant with him as a perpetual 302 covenant for his descendants after him. 17:20 As for Ishmael, I have heard you. 303 I will indeed bless him, make him fruitful, and give him a multitude of descendants. 304 He will become the father of twelve princes; 305 I will make him into a great nation. 17:21 But I will establish my covenant with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you at this set time next year.” 17:22 When he finished speaking with Abraham, God went up from him. 306
17:23 Abraham took his son Ishmael and every male in his household (whether born in his house or bought with money) 307 and circumcised them 308 on that very same day, just as God had told him to do. 17:24 Now Abraham was 99 years old 309 when he was circumcised; 310 17:25 his son Ishmael was thirteen years old 311 when he was circumcised. 17:26 Abraham and his son Ishmael were circumcised on the very same day. 17:27 All the men of his household, whether born in his household or bought with money from a foreigner, were circumcised with him.
Three Special Visitors
18:3 He said, “My lord, 323 if I have found favor in your sight, do not pass by and leave your servant. 324 18:4 Let a little water be brought so that 325 you may all 326 wash your feet and rest under the tree. 18:5 And let me get 327 a bit of food 328 so that you may refresh yourselves 329 since you have passed by your servant’s home. After that you may be on your way.” 330 “All right,” they replied, “you may do as you say.”
18:6 So Abraham hurried into the tent and said to Sarah, “Quick! Take 331 three measures 332 of fine flour, knead it, and make bread.” 333 18:7 Then Abraham ran to the herd and chose a fine, tender calf, and gave it to a servant, 334 who quickly prepared it. 335 18:8 Abraham 336 then took some curds and milk, along with the calf that had been prepared, and placed the food 337 before them. They ate while 338 he was standing near them under a tree.
18:9 Then they asked him, “Where is Sarah your wife?” He replied, “There, 339 in the tent.” 18:10 One of them 340 said, “I will surely return 341 to you when the season comes round again, 342 and your wife Sarah will have a son!” 343 (Now Sarah was listening at the entrance to the tent, not far behind him. 344 18:11 Abraham and Sarah were old and advancing in years; 345 Sarah had long since passed menopause.) 346 18:12 So Sarah laughed to herself, thinking, 347 “After I am worn out will I have pleasure, 348 especially when my husband is old too?” 349
Abraham Pleads for Sodom
18:16 When the men got up to leave, 355 they looked out over 356 Sodom. (Now 357 Abraham was walking with them to see them on their way.) 358 18:17 Then the
18:20 So the
18:22 The two men turned 373 and headed 374 toward Sodom, but Abraham was still standing before the
18:26 So the
18:27 Then Abraham asked, “Since I have undertaken to speak to the Lord 379 (although I am but dust and ashes), 380 18:28 what if there are five less than the fifty godly people? Will you destroy 381 the whole city because five are lacking?” 382 He replied, “I will not destroy it if I find forty-five there.”
18:31 Abraham 388 said, “Since I have undertaken to speak to the Lord, what if only twenty are found there?” He replied, “I will not destroy it for the sake of the twenty.”
18:32 Finally Abraham 389 said, “May the Lord not be angry so that I may speak just once more. What if ten are found there?” He replied, “I will not destroy it for the sake of the ten.”
The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah
19:2 He said, “Here, my lords, please turn aside to your servant’s house. Stay the night 395 and wash your feet. Then you can be on your way early in the morning.” 396 “No,” they replied, “we’ll spend the night in the town square.” 397
19:3 But he urged 398 them persistently, so they turned aside with him and entered his house. He prepared a feast for them, including bread baked without yeast, and they ate. 19:4 Before they could lie down to sleep, 399 all the men – both young and old, from every part of the city of Sodom – surrounded the house. 400 19:5 They shouted to Lot, 401 “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us so we can have sex 402 with them!”
19:6 Lot went outside to them, shutting the door behind him. 19:7 He said, “No, my brothers! Don’t act so wickedly! 403 19:8 Look, I have two daughters who have never had sexual relations with 404 a man. Let me bring them out to you, and you can do to them whatever you please. 405 Only don’t do anything to these men, for they have come under the protection 406 of my roof.” 407
19:9 “Out of our way!” 408 they cried, and “This man came to live here as a foreigner, 409 and now he dares to judge us! 410 We’ll do more harm 411 to you than to them!” They kept 412 pressing in on Lot until they were close enough 413 to break down the door.
19:10 So the men inside 414 reached out 415 and pulled Lot back into the house 416 as they shut the door. 19:11 Then they struck the men who were at the door of the house, from the youngest to the oldest, 417 with blindness. The men outside 418 wore themselves out trying to find the door. 19:12 Then the two visitors 419 said to Lot, “Who else do you have here? 420 Do you have 421 any sons-in-law, sons, daughters, or other relatives in the city? 422 Get them out of this 423 place 19:13 because we are about to destroy 424 it. The outcry against this place 425 is so great before the
19:14 Then Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law who were going to marry his daughters. 427 He said, “Quick, get out of this place because the
19:15 At dawn 430 the angels hurried Lot along, saying, “Get going! Take your wife and your two daughters who are here, 431 or else you will be destroyed when the city is judged!” 432 19:16 When Lot 433 hesitated, the men grabbed his hand and the hands of his wife and two daughters because the
19:18 But Lot said to them, “No, please, Lord! 440 19:19 Your 441 servant has found favor with you, 442 and you have shown me great 443 kindness 444 by sparing 445 my life. But I am not able to escape to the mountains because 446 this disaster will overtake 447 me and I’ll die. 448 19:20 Look, this town 449 over here is close enough to escape to, and it’s just a little one. 450 Let me go there. 451 It’s just a little place, isn’t it? 452 Then I’ll survive.” 453
19:21 “Very well,” he replied, 454 “I will grant this request too 455 and will not overthrow 456 the town you mentioned. 19:22 Run there quickly, 457 for I cannot do anything until you arrive there.” (This incident explains why the town was called Zoar.) 458
19:23 The sun had just risen 459 over the land as Lot reached Zoar. 460 19:24 Then the
19:27 Abraham got up early in the morning and went 468 to the place where he had stood before the
19:29 So when God destroyed 472 the cities of the region, 473 God honored 474 Abraham’s request. He removed Lot 475 from the midst of the destruction when he destroyed 476 the cities Lot had lived in.
19:30 Lot went up from Zoar with his two daughters and settled in the mountains because he was afraid to live in Zoar. So he lived in a cave with his two daughters. 19:31 Later the older daughter said 477 to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is no man anywhere nearby 478 to have sexual relations with us, 479 according to the way of all the world. 19:32 Come, let’s make our father drunk with wine 480 so we can have sexual relations 481 with him and preserve 482 our family line through our father.” 483
19:33 So that night they made their father drunk with wine, 484 and the older daughter 485 came and had sexual relations with her father. 486 But he was not aware that she had sexual relations with him and then got up. 487 19:34 So in the morning the older daughter 488 said to the younger, “Since I had sexual relations with my father last night, let’s make him drunk again tonight. 489 Then you go and have sexual relations with him so we can preserve our family line through our father.” 490 19:35 So they made their father drunk 491 that night as well, and the younger one came and had sexual relations with him. 492 But he was not aware that she had sexual relations with him and then got up. 493
19:36 In this way both of Lot’s daughters became pregnant by their father. 19:37 The older daughter 494 gave birth to a son and named him Moab. 495 He is the ancestor of the Moabites of today. 19:38 The younger daughter also gave birth to a son and named him Ben-Ammi. 496 He is the ancestor of the Ammonites of today.
Abraham and Abimelech
20:1 Abraham journeyed from there to the Negev 497 region and settled between Kadesh and Shur. While he lived as a temporary resident 498 in Gerar, 20:2 Abraham said about his wife Sarah, “She is my sister.” So Abimelech, king of Gerar, sent for Sarah and took her.
20:4 Now Abimelech had not gone near her. He said, “Lord, 502 would you really slaughter an innocent nation? 503 20:5 Did Abraham 504 not say to me, ‘She is my sister’? And she herself said, 505 ‘He is my brother.’ I have done this with a clear conscience 506 and with innocent hands!”
20:6 Then in the dream God replied to him, “Yes, I know that you have done this with a clear conscience. 507 That is why I have kept you 508 from sinning against me and why 509 I did not allow you to touch her. 20:7 But now give back the man’s wife. Indeed 510 he is a prophet 511 and he will pray for you; thus you will live. 512 But if you don’t give her back, 513 know that you will surely die 514 along with all who belong to you.”
20:8 Early in the morning 515 Abimelech summoned 516 all his servants. When he told them about all these things, 517 they 518 were terrified. 20:9 Abimelech summoned Abraham and said to him, “What have you done to us? What sin did I commit against you that would cause you to bring such great guilt on me and my kingdom? 519 You have done things to me that should not be done!” 520 20:10 Then Abimelech asked 521 Abraham, “What prompted you to do this thing?” 522
20:11 Abraham replied, “Because I thought, 523 ‘Surely no one fears God in this place. They will kill me because of 524 my wife.’ 20:12 What’s more, 525 she is indeed my sister, my father’s daughter, but not my mother’s daughter. She became my wife. 20:13 When God made me wander 526 from my father’s house, I told her, ‘This is what you can do to show your loyalty to me: 527 Every place we go, say about me, “He is my brother.”’”
20:14 So Abimelech gave 528 sheep, cattle, and male and female servants to Abraham. He also gave his wife Sarah back to him. 20:15 Then Abimelech said, “Look, my land is before you; live wherever you please.” 529
20:17 Abraham prayed to God, and God healed Abimelech, as well as his wife and female slaves so that they were able to have children. 20:18 For the
The Birth of Isaac
21:6 Sarah said, “God has made me laugh. 544 Everyone who hears about this 545 will laugh 546 with me.” 21:7 She went on to say, 547 “Who would 548 have said to Abraham that Sarah would nurse children? Yet I have given birth to a son for him in his old age!”
21:8 The child grew and was weaned. Abraham prepared 549 a great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned. 550 21:9 But Sarah noticed 551 the son of Hagar the Egyptian – the son whom Hagar had borne to Abraham – mocking. 552 21:10 So she said to Abraham, “Banish 553 that slave woman and her son, for the son of that slave woman will not be an heir along with my son Isaac!”
21:11 Sarah’s demand displeased Abraham greatly because Ishmael was his son. 554 21:12 But God said to Abraham, “Do not be upset 555 about the boy or your slave wife. Do 556 all that Sarah is telling 557 you because through Isaac your descendants will be counted. 558 21:13 But I will also make the son of the slave wife into a great nation, for he is your descendant too.”
21:14 Early in the morning Abraham took 559 some food 560 and a skin of water and gave them to Hagar. He put them on her shoulders, gave her the child, 561 and sent her away. So she went wandering 562 aimlessly through the wilderness 563 of Beer Sheba. 21:15 When the water in the skin was gone, she shoved 564 the child under one of the shrubs. 21:16 Then she went and sat down by herself across from him at quite a distance, about a bowshot 565 away; for she thought, 566 “I refuse to watch the child die.” 567 So she sat across from him and wept uncontrollably. 568
21:17 But God heard the boy’s voice. 569 The angel of God called to Hagar from heaven and asked her, “What is the matter, 570 Hagar? Don’t be afraid, for God has heard 571 the boy’s voice right where he is crying. 21:18 Get up! Help the boy up and hold him by the hand, for I will make him into a great nation.” 21:19 Then God enabled Hagar to see a well of water. 572 She went over and filled the skin with water, and then gave the boy a drink.
21:22 At that time Abimelech and Phicol, the commander of his army, said to Abraham, “God is with you 575 in all that you do. 21:23 Now swear to me right here in God’s name 576 that you will not deceive me, my children, or my descendants. 577 Show me, and the land 578 where you are staying, 579 the same loyalty 580 that I have shown you.” 581
21:24 Abraham said, “I swear to do this.” 582 21:25 But Abraham lodged a complaint 583 against Abimelech concerning a well 584 that Abimelech’s servants had seized. 585 21:26 “I do not know who has done this thing,” Abimelech replied. “Moreover, 586 you did not tell me. I did not hear about it until today.”
21:27 Abraham took some sheep and cattle and gave them to Abimelech. The two of them made a treaty. 587 21:28 Then Abraham set seven ewe lambs apart from the flock by themselves. 21:29 Abimelech asked Abraham, “What is the meaning of these 588 seven ewe lambs that you have set apart?” 21:30 He replied, “You must take these seven ewe lambs from my hand as legal proof 589 that I dug this well.” 590 21:31 That is why he named that place 591 Beer Sheba, 592 because the two of them swore 593 an oath there.
21:32 So they made a treaty 594 at Beer Sheba. Then Abimelech and Phicol, the commander of his army, returned 595 to the land of the Philistines. 596 21:33 Abraham 597 planted a tamarisk tree 598 in Beer Sheba. There he worshiped the
The Sacrifice of Isaac
22:1 Some time after these things God tested 601 Abraham. He said to him, “Abraham!” “Here I am!” Abraham 602 replied. 22:2 God 603 said, “Take your son – your only son, whom you love, Isaac 604 – and go to the land of Moriah! 605 Offer him up there as a burnt offering 606 on one of the mountains which I will indicate to 607 you.”
22:3 Early in the morning Abraham got up and saddled his donkey. 608 He took two of his young servants with him, along with his son Isaac. When he had cut the wood for the burnt offering, he started out 609 for the place God had spoken to him about.
22:4 On the third day Abraham caught sight of 610 the place in the distance. 22:5 So he 611 said to his servants, “You two stay 612 here with the donkey while 613 the boy and I go up there. We will worship 614 and then return to you.” 615
22:6 Abraham took the wood for the burnt offering and put it on his son Isaac. Then he took the fire and the knife in his hand, 616 and the two of them walked on together. 22:7 Isaac said to his father Abraham, 617 “My father?” “What is it, 618 my son?” he replied. “Here is the fire and the wood,” Isaac said, 619 “but where is the lamb for the burnt offering?” 22:8 “God will provide 620 for himself the lamb for the burnt offering, my son,” Abraham replied. The two of them continued on together.
22:9 When they came to the place God had told him about, Abraham built the altar there 621 and arranged the wood on it. Next he tied up 622 his son Isaac and placed him on the altar on top of the wood. 22:10 Then Abraham reached out his hand, took the knife, and prepared to slaughter 623 his son. 22:11 But the
22:13 Abraham looked up 629 and saw 630 behind him 631 a ram caught in the bushes by its horns. So he 632 went over and got the ram and offered it up as a burnt offering instead of his son. 22:14 And Abraham called the name of that place “The
22:20 After these things Abraham was told, “Milcah 647 also has borne children to your brother Nahor – 22:21 Uz the firstborn, his brother Buz, Kemuel (the father of Aram), 648 22:22 Kesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph, and Bethuel.” 22:23 (Now 649 Bethuel became the father of Rebekah.) These were the eight sons Milcah bore to Abraham’s brother Nahor. 22:24 His concubine, whose name was Reumah, also bore him children – Tebah, Gaham, Tahash, and Maacah.
The Death of Sarah
23:3 Then Abraham got up from mourning his dead wife 653 and said to the sons of Heth, 654 23:4 “I am a temporary settler 655 among you. Grant 656 me ownership 657 of a burial site among you so that I may 658 bury my dead.” 659
23:5 The sons of Heth answered Abraham, 660 23:6 “Listen, sir, 661 you are a mighty prince 662 among us! You may bury your dead in the choicest of our tombs. None of us will refuse you his tomb to prevent you 663 from burying your dead.”
23:7 Abraham got up and bowed down to the local people, 664 the sons of Heth. 23:8 Then he said to them, “If you agree 665 that I may bury my dead, 666 then hear me out. 667 Ask 668 Ephron the son of Zohar 23:9 if he will sell 669 me the cave of Machpelah that belongs to him; it is at the end of his field. Let him sell it to me publicly 670 for the full price, 671 so that I may own it as a burial site.”
23:10 (Now Ephron was sitting among the sons of Heth.) Ephron the Hethite 672 replied to Abraham in the hearing 673 of the sons of Heth – before all who entered the gate 674 of his city – 23:11 “No, my lord! Hear me out. I sell 675 you both the field and the cave that is in it. 676 In the presence of my people 677 I sell it to you. Bury your dead.”
23:12 Abraham bowed before the local people 23:13 and said to Ephron in their hearing, “Hear me, if you will. I pay 678 to you the price 679 of the field. Take it from me so that I may 680 bury my dead there.”
23:16 So Abraham agreed to Ephron’s price 683 and weighed 684 out for him 685 the price 686 that Ephron had quoted 687 in the hearing of the sons of Heth – 400 pieces of silver, according to the standard measurement at the time. 688
23:17 So Abraham secured 689 Ephron’s field in Machpelah, next to Mamre, including the field, the cave that was in it, and all the trees that were in the field and all around its border, 23:18 as his property in the presence of the sons of Heth before all who entered the gate of Ephron’s city. 690
23:19 After this Abraham buried his wife Sarah in the cave in the field of Machpelah next to Mamre (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan. 23:20 So Abraham secured the field and the cave that was in it as a burial site 691 from the sons of Heth.
The Wife for Isaac
24:1 Now Abraham was old, well advanced in years, 692 and the
24:6 “Be careful 702 never to take my son back there!” Abraham told him. 703 24:7 “The
24:10 Then the servant took ten of his master’s camels and departed with all kinds of gifts from his master at his disposal. 711 He journeyed 712 to the region of Aram Naharaim 713 and the city of Nahor. 24:11 He made the camels kneel down by the well 714 outside the city. It was evening, 715 the time when the women would go out to draw water. 24:12 He prayed, “O
24:15 Before he had finished praying, there came Rebekah 722 with her water jug on her shoulder. She was the daughter of Bethuel son of Milcah (Milcah was the wife of Abraham’s brother Nahor). 723 24:16 Now the young woman was very beautiful. She was a virgin; no man had ever had sexual relations with her. 724 She went down to the spring, filled her jug, and came back up. 24:17 Abraham’s servant 725 ran to meet her and said, “Please give me a sip of water from your jug.” 24:18 “Drink, my lord,” she replied, and quickly lowering 726 her jug to her hands, she gave him a drink. 24:19 When she had done so, 727 she said, “I’ll draw water for your camels too, until they have drunk as much as they want.” 24:20 She quickly emptied 728 her jug into the watering trough and ran back to the well to draw more water until she had drawn enough for all his camels. 24:21 Silently the man watched her with interest to determine 729 if the
24:22 After the camels had finished drinking, the man took out a gold nose ring weighing a beka 731 and two gold bracelets weighing ten shekels 732 and gave them to her. 733 24:23 “Whose daughter are you?” he asked. 734 “Tell me, is there room in your father’s house for us to spend the night?”
24:24 She said to him, “I am the daughter of Bethuel the son of Milcah, whom Milcah bore to Nahor. 735 24:25 We have plenty of straw and feed,” she added, 736 “and room for you 737 to spend the night.”
24:26 The man bowed his head and worshiped the
24:28 The young woman ran and told her mother’s household all about 742 these things. 24:29 (Now Rebekah had a brother named Laban.) 743 Laban rushed out to meet the man at the spring. 24:30 When he saw the bracelets on his sister’s wrists and the nose ring 744 and heard his sister Rebekah say, 745 “This is what the man said to me,” he went out to meet the man. There he was, standing 746 by the camels near the spring. 24:31 Laban said to him, 747 “Come, you who are blessed by the
24:32 So Abraham’s servant 750 went to the house and unloaded 751 the camels. Straw and feed were given 752 to the camels, and water was provided so that he and the men who were with him could wash their feet. 753 24:33 When food was served, 754 he said, “I will not eat until I have said what I want to say.” 755 “Tell us,” Laban said. 756
24:34 “I am the servant of Abraham,” he began. 24:35 “The
24:45 “Before I finished praying in my heart, 771 along came Rebekah 772 with her water jug on her shoulder! She went down to the spring and drew water. So I said to her, ‘Please give me a drink.’ 24:46 She quickly lowered her jug from her shoulder and said, ‘Drink, and I’ll give your camels water too.’ So I drank, and she also gave the camels water. 24:47 Then I asked her, ‘Whose daughter are you?’ She replied, ‘The daughter of Bethuel the son of Nahor, whom Milcah bore to Nahor.’ 773 I put the ring in her nose and the bracelets on her wrists. 24:48 Then I bowed down and worshiped the
24:50 Then Laban and Bethuel replied, “This is the
24:52 When Abraham’s servant heard their words, he bowed down to the ground before the
When they got up in the morning, he said, “Let me leave now so I can return to my master.” 782 24:55 But Rebekah’s 783 brother and her mother replied, “Let the girl stay with us a few more days, perhaps ten. Then she can go.” 24:56 But he said to them, “Don’t detain me – the
24:59 So they sent their sister Rebekah on her way, accompanied by her female attendant, with Abraham’s servant and his men. 24:60 They blessed Rebekah with these words: 788
“Our sister, may you become the mother 789 of thousands of ten thousands!
May your descendants possess the strongholds 790 of their enemies.”
24:62 Now 793 Isaac came from 794 Beer Lahai Roi, 795 for 796 he was living in the Negev. 797 24:63 He 798 went out to relax 799 in the field in the early evening. 800 Then he looked up 801 and saw that 802 there were camels approaching. 24:64 Rebekah looked up 803 and saw Isaac. She got down from her camel 24:65 and asked 804 Abraham’s servant, 805 “Who is that man walking in the field toward us?” “That is my master,” the servant replied. 806 So she took her veil and covered herself.
24:66 The servant told Isaac everything that had happened. 24:67 Then Isaac brought Rebekah 807 into his mother Sarah’s tent. He took her 808 as his wife and loved her. 809 So Isaac was comforted after his mother’s death. 810
The Death of Abraham
25:1 Abraham had taken 811 another 812 wife, named Keturah. 25:2 She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 25:3 Jokshan became the father of Sheba and Dedan. 813 The descendants of Dedan were the Asshurites, Letushites, and Leummites. 25:4 The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were descendants 814 of Keturah.
25:5 Everything he owned Abraham left to his son Isaac. 25:6 But while he was still alive, Abraham gave gifts to the sons of his concubines 815 and sent them off to the east, away from his son Isaac. 816
25:7 Abraham lived a total of 817 175 years. 25:8 Then Abraham breathed his last and died at a good old age, an old man who had lived a full life. 818 He joined his ancestors. 819 25:9 His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah 820 near Mamre, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar, the Hethite. 25:10 This was the field Abraham had purchased from the sons of Heth. 821 There Abraham was buried with his wife Sarah. 25:11 After Abraham’s death, God blessed 822 his son Isaac. Isaac lived near Beer Lahai Roi. 823
The Sons of Ishmael
25:12 This is the account of Abraham’s son Ishmael, 824 whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s servant, bore to Abraham.
25:13 These are the names of Ishmael’s sons, by their names according to their records: 825 Nebaioth (Ishmael’s firstborn), Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 25:14 Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 25:15 Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 25:16 These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names by their settlements and their camps – twelve princes 826 according to their clans.
25:17 Ishmael lived a total of 827 137 years. He breathed his last and died; then he joined his ancestors. 828 25:18 His descendants 829 settled from Havilah to Shur, which runs next 830 to Egypt all the way 831 to Asshur. 832 They settled 833 away from all their relatives. 834
Jacob and Esau
25:19 This is the account of Isaac, 835 the son of Abraham.
25:21 Isaac prayed to 838 the
“Two nations 842 are in your womb,
and two peoples will be separated from within you.
One people will be stronger than the other,
and the older will serve the younger.”
25:24 When the time came for Rebekah to give birth, 843 there were 844 twins in her womb. 25:25 The first came out reddish 845 all over, 846 like a hairy 847 garment, so they named him Esau. 848 25:26 When his brother came out with 849 his hand clutching Esau’s heel, they named him Jacob. 850 Isaac was sixty years old 851 when they were born.
25:27 When the boys grew up, Esau became a skilled 852 hunter, a man of the open fields, but Jacob was an even-tempered man, living in tents. 853 25:28 Isaac loved Esau because he had a taste for fresh game, 854 but Rebekah loved 855 Jacob.
25:29 Now Jacob cooked some stew, 856 and when Esau came in from the open fields, he was famished. 25:30 So Esau said to Jacob, “Feed 857 me some of the red stuff – yes, this red stuff – because I’m starving!” (That is why he was also called 858 Edom.) 859
25:31 But Jacob replied, “First 860 sell me your birthright.” 25:32 “Look,” said Esau, “I’m about to die! What use is the birthright to me?” 861 25:33 But Jacob said, “Swear an oath to me now.” 862 So Esau 863 swore an oath to him and sold his birthright 864 to Jacob.
Isaac and Abimelech
26:1 There was a famine in the land, subsequent to the earlier famine that occurred 867 in the days of Abraham. 868 Isaac went to Abimelech king of the Philistines at Gerar. 26:2 The
26:7 When the men of that place asked him about his wife, he replied, “She is my sister.” 881 He was afraid to say, “She is my wife,” for he thought to himself, 882 “The men of this place will kill me to get 883 Rebekah because she is very beautiful.”
26:8 After Isaac 884 had been there a long time, 885 Abimelech king of the Philistines happened to look out a window and observed 886 Isaac caressing 887 his wife Rebekah. 26:9 So Abimelech summoned Isaac and said, “She is really 888 your wife! Why did you say, ‘She is my sister’?” Isaac replied, “Because I thought someone might kill me to get her.” 889
26:10 Then Abimelech exclaimed, “What in the world have you done to us? 890 One of the men 891 might easily have had sexual relations with 892 your wife, and you would have brought guilt on us!” 26:11 So Abimelech commanded all the people, “Whoever touches 893 this man or his wife will surely be put to death.” 894
26:12 When Isaac planted in that land, he reaped in the same year a hundred times what he had sown, 895 because the
26:16 Then Abimelech said to Isaac, “Leave us and go elsewhere, 904 for you have become much more powerful 905 than we are.” 26:17 So Isaac left there and settled in the Gerar Valley. 906 26:18 Isaac reopened 907 the wells that had been dug 908 back in the days of his father Abraham, for the Philistines had stopped them up 909 after Abraham died. Isaac 910 gave these wells 911 the same names his father had given them. 912
26:19 When Isaac’s servants dug in the valley and discovered a well with fresh flowing 913 water there, 26:20 the herdsmen of Gerar quarreled 914 with Isaac’s herdsmen, saying, “The water belongs to us!” So Isaac 915 named the well 916 Esek 917 because they argued with him about it. 918 26:21 His servants 919 dug another well, but they quarreled over it too, so Isaac named it 920 Sitnah. 921 26:22 Then he moved away from there and dug another well. They did not quarrel over it, so Isaac 922 named it 923 Rehoboth, 924 saying, “For now the
26:23 From there Isaac 925 went up to Beer Sheba. 26:24 The
26:26 Now Abimelech had come 928 to him from Gerar along with 929 Ahuzzah his friend 930 and Phicol the commander of his army. 26:27 Isaac asked them, “Why have you come to me? You hate me 931 and sent me away from you.” 26:28 They replied, “We could plainly see 932 that the
26:32 That day Isaac’s servants came and told him about the well they had dug. “We’ve found water,” they reported. 946 26:33 So he named it Shibah; 947 that is why the name of the city has been Beer Sheba 948 to this day.
26:34 When 949 Esau was forty years old, 950 he married 951 Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, as well as Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite. 26:35 They caused Isaac and Rebekah great anxiety. 952
Jacob Cheats Esau out of the Blessing
27:1 When 953 Isaac was old and his eyes were so weak that he was almost blind, 954 he called his older 955 son Esau and said to him, “My son!” “Here I am!” Esau 956 replied. 27:2 Isaac 957 said, “Since 958 I am so old, I could die at any time. 959 27:3 Therefore, take your weapons – your quiver and your bow – and go out into the open fields and hunt down some wild game 960 for me. 27:4 Then prepare for me some tasty food, the kind I love, and bring it to me. Then 961 I will eat it so that I may bless you 962 before I die.”
27:5 Now Rebekah had been listening while Isaac spoke to his son Esau. 963 When Esau went out to the open fields to hunt down some wild game and bring it back, 964 27:6 Rebekah said to her son Jacob, “Look, I overheard your father tell your brother Esau, 27:7 ‘Bring me some wild game and prepare for me some tasty food. Then I will eat 965 it and bless you 966 in the presence of the
27:11 “But Esau my brother is a hairy man,” Jacob protested to his mother Rebekah, “and I have smooth skin! 974 27:12 My father may touch me! Then he’ll think I’m mocking him 975 and I’ll bring a curse on myself instead of a blessing.” 27:13 So his mother told him, “Any curse against you will fall on me, 976 my son! Just obey me! 977 Go and get them for me!”
27:14 So he went and got the goats 978 and brought them to his mother. She 979 prepared some tasty food, just the way his father loved it. 27:15 Then Rebekah took her older son Esau’s best clothes, which she had with her in the house, and put them on her younger son Jacob. 27:16 She put the skins of the young goats 980 on his hands 981 and the smooth part of his neck. 27:17 Then she handed 982 the tasty food and the bread she had made to her son Jacob.
27:18 He went to his father and said, “My father!” Isaac 983 replied, “Here I am. Which are you, my son?” 984 27:19 Jacob said to his father, “I am Esau, your firstborn. I’ve done as you told me. Now sit up 985 and eat some of my wild game so that you can bless me.” 986 27:20 But Isaac asked his son, “How in the world 987 did you find it so quickly, 988 my son?” “Because the
“Yes, 1002 my son smells
like the scent of an open field
27:28 May God give you
the dew of the sky 1003
and the richness 1004 of the earth,
and plenty of grain and new wine.
27:29 May peoples serve you
and nations bow down to you.
and the sons of your mother will bow down to you. 1007
May those who curse you be cursed,
and those who bless you be blessed.”
27:30 Isaac had just finished blessing Jacob, and Jacob had scarcely left 1008 his father’s 1009 presence, when his brother Esau returned from the hunt. 1010 27:31 He also prepared some tasty food and brought it to his father. Esau 1011 said to him, “My father, get up 1012 and eat some of your son’s wild game. Then you can bless me.” 1013 27:32 His father Isaac asked, 1014 “Who are you?” “I am your firstborn son,” 1015 he replied, “Esau!” 27:33 Isaac began to shake violently 1016 and asked, “Then who else hunted game and brought it to me? I ate all of it just before you arrived, and I blessed him. 1017 He will indeed be blessed!”
27:34 When Esau heard 1018 his father’s words, he wailed loudly and bitterly. 1019 He said to his father, “Bless me too, my father!” 27:35 But Isaac 1020 replied, “Your brother came in here deceitfully and took away 1021 your blessing.” 27:36 Esau exclaimed, “‘Jacob’ is the right name for him! 1022 He has tripped me up 1023 two times! He took away my birthright, and now, look, he has taken away my blessing!” Then he asked, “Have you not kept back a blessing for me?”
27:37 Isaac replied to Esau, “Look! I have made him lord over you. I have made all his relatives his servants and provided him with grain and new wine. What is left that I can do for you, my son?” 27:38 Esau said to his father, “Do you have only that one blessing, my father? Bless me too!” 1024 Then Esau wept loudly. 1025
27:39 So his father Isaac said to him,
“Indeed, 1026 your home will be
away from the richness 1027 of the earth,
and away from the dew of the sky above.
27:40 You will live by your sword
but you will serve your brother.
When you grow restless,
you will tear off his yoke
from your neck.” 1028
27:41 So Esau hated 1029 Jacob because of the blessing his father had given to his brother. 1030 Esau said privately, 1031 “The time 1032 of mourning for my father is near; then I will kill 1033 my brother Jacob!”
27:42 When Rebekah heard what her older son Esau had said, 1034 she quickly summoned 1035 her younger son Jacob and told him, “Look, your brother Esau is planning to get revenge by killing you. 1036 27:43 Now then, my son, do what I say. 1037 Run away immediately 1038 to my brother Laban in Haran. 27:44 Live with him for a little while 1039 until your brother’s rage subsides. 27:45 Stay there 1040 until your brother’s anger against you subsides and he forgets what you did to him. Then I’ll send someone to bring you back from there. 1041 Why should I lose both of you in one day?” 1042
27:46 Then Rebekah said to Isaac, “I am deeply depressed 1043 because of these daughters of Heth. 1044 If Jacob were to marry one of these daughters of Heth who live in this land, I would want to die!” 1045
28:1 So Isaac called for Jacob and blessed him. Then he commanded him, “You must not marry a Canaanite woman! 1046 28:2 Leave immediately 1047 for Paddan Aram! Go to the house of Bethuel, your mother’s father, and find yourself a wife there, among the daughters of Laban, your mother’s brother. 28:3 May the sovereign God 1048 bless you! May he make you fruitful and give you a multitude of descendants! 1049 Then you will become 1050 a large nation. 1051 28:4 May he give you and your descendants the blessing he gave to Abraham 1052 so that you may possess the land 1053 God gave to Abraham, the land where you have been living as a temporary resident.” 1054 28:5 So Isaac sent Jacob on his way, and he went to Paddan Aram, to Laban son of Bethuel the Aramean and brother of Rebekah, the mother of Jacob and Esau.
28:6 Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob and sent him off to Paddan Aram to find a wife there. 1055 As he blessed him, 1056 Isaac commanded him, “You must not marry a Canaanite woman.” 1057 28:7 Jacob obeyed his father and mother and left for Paddan Aram. 28:8 Then Esau realized 1058 that the Canaanite women 1059 were displeasing to 1060 his father Isaac. 28:9 So Esau went to Ishmael and married 1061 Mahalath, the sister of Nebaioth and daughter of Abraham’s son Ishmael, along with the wives he already had.
Jacob’s Dream at Bethel
28:10 Meanwhile Jacob left Beer Sheba and set out for Haran. 28:11 He reached a certain place 1062 where he decided to camp because the sun had gone down. 1063 He took one of the stones 1064 and placed it near his head. 1065 Then he fell asleep 1066 in that place 28:12 and had a dream. 1067 He saw 1068 a stairway 1069 erected on the earth with its top reaching to the heavens. The angels of God were going up and coming down it 28:13 and the
28:16 Then Jacob woke up 1077 and thought, 1078 “Surely the
28:18 Early 1079 in the morning Jacob 1080 took the stone he had placed near his head 1081 and set it up as a sacred stone. 1082 Then he poured oil on top of it. 28:19 He called that place Bethel, 1083 although the former name of the town was Luz. 28:20 Then Jacob made a vow, saying, “If God is with me and protects me on this journey I am taking and gives me food 1084 to eat and clothing to wear, 28:21 and I return safely to my father’s home, 1085 then the
The Marriages of Jacob
29:1 So Jacob moved on 1089 and came to the land of the eastern people. 1090 29:2 He saw 1091 in the field a well with 1092 three flocks of sheep lying beside it, because the flocks were watered from that well. Now 1093 a large stone covered the mouth of the well. 29:3 When all the flocks were gathered there, the shepherds 1094 would roll the stone off the mouth of the well and water the sheep. Then they would put the stone back in its place over the well’s mouth.
29:4 Jacob asked them, “My brothers, where are you from?” They replied, “We’re from Haran.” 29:5 So he said to them, “Do you know Laban, the grandson 1095 of Nahor?” “We know him,” 1096 they said. 29:6 “Is he well?” 1097 Jacob asked. They replied, “He is well. 1098 Now look, here comes his daughter Rachel with the sheep.” 29:7 Then Jacob 1099 said, “Since it is still the middle of the day, 1100 it is not time for the flocks to be gathered. You should water the sheep and then go and let them graze some more.” 1101 29:8 “We can’t,” they said, “until all the flocks are gathered and the stone is rolled off the mouth of the well. Then we water 1102 the sheep.”
29:9 While he was still speaking with them, Rachel arrived with her father’s sheep, for she was tending them. 1103 29:10 When Jacob saw Rachel, the daughter of his uncle Laban, 1104 and the sheep of his uncle Laban, he 1105 went over 1106 and rolled the stone off the mouth of the well and watered the sheep of his uncle Laban. 1107 29:11 Then Jacob kissed Rachel and began to weep loudly. 1108 29:12 When Jacob explained 1109 to Rachel that he was a relative of her father 1110 and the son of Rebekah, she ran and told her father. 29:13 When Laban heard this news about Jacob, his sister’s son, he rushed out to meet him. He embraced him and kissed him and brought him to his house. Jacob 1111 told Laban how he was related to him. 1112 29:14 Then Laban said to him, “You are indeed my own flesh and blood.” 1113 So Jacob 1114 stayed with him for a month. 1115
29:15 Then Laban said to Jacob, “Should you work 1116 for me for nothing because you are my relative? 1117 Tell me what your wages should be.” 29:16 (Now Laban had two daughters; 1118 the older one was named Leah, and the younger one Rachel. 29:17 Leah’s eyes were tender, 1119 but Rachel had a lovely figure and beautiful appearance.) 1120 29:18 Since Jacob had fallen in love with 1121 Rachel, he said, “I’ll serve you seven years in exchange for your younger daughter Rachel.” 29:19 Laban replied, “I’d rather give her to you than to another man. 1122 Stay with me.” 29:20 So Jacob worked for seven years to acquire Rachel. 1123 But they seemed like only a few days to him 1124 because his love for her was so great. 1125
29:21 Finally Jacob said 1126 to Laban, “Give me my wife, for my time of service is up. 1127 I want to have marital relations with her.” 1128 29:22 So Laban invited all the people 1129 of that place and prepared a feast. 29:23 In the evening he brought his daughter Leah 1130 to Jacob, 1131 and Jacob 1132 had marital relations with her. 1133 29:24 (Laban gave his female servant Zilpah to his daughter Leah to be her servant.) 1134
29:25 In the morning Jacob discovered it was Leah! 1135 So Jacob 1136 said to Laban, “What in the world have you done to me! 1137 Didn’t I work for you in exchange for Rachel? Why have you tricked 1138 me?” 29:26 “It is not our custom here,” 1139 Laban replied, “to give the younger daughter in marriage 1140 before the firstborn. 29:27 Complete my older daughter’s bridal week. 1141 Then we will give you the younger one 1142 too, in exchange for seven more years of work.” 1143
29:28 Jacob did as Laban said. 1144 When Jacob 1145 completed Leah’s bridal week, 1146 Laban gave him his daughter Rachel to be his wife. 1147 29:29 (Laban gave his female servant Bilhah to his daughter Rachel to be her servant.) 1148 29:30 Jacob 1149 had marital relations 1150 with Rachel as well. He loved Rachel more than Leah, so he worked for Laban 1151 for seven more years. 1152
The Family of Jacob
29:31 When the
29:34 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “Now this time my husband will show me affection, 1160 because I have given birth to three sons for him.” That is why he was named Levi. 1161
29:35 She became pregnant again and had another son. She said, “This time I will praise the
30:1 When Rachel saw that she could not give Jacob children, she 1163 became jealous of her sister. She said to Jacob, “Give me children 1164 or I’ll die!” 30:2 Jacob became furious 1165 with Rachel and exclaimed, “Am I in the place of God, who has kept you from having children?” 1166 30:3 She replied, “Here is my servant Bilhah! Have sexual relations with 1167 her so that she can bear 1168 children 1169 for me 1170 and I can have a family through her.” 1171
30:4 So Rachel 1172 gave him her servant Bilhah as a wife, and Jacob had marital relations with 1173 her. 30:5 Bilhah became pregnant 1174 and gave Jacob a son. 1175 30:6 Then Rachel said, “God has vindicated me. He has responded to my prayer 1176 and given me a son.” That is why 1177 she named him Dan. 1178
30:7 Bilhah, Rachel’s servant, became pregnant again and gave Jacob another son. 1179 30:8 Then Rachel said, “I have fought a desperate struggle with my sister, but I have won.” 1180 So she named him Naphtali. 1181
30:9 When Leah saw that she had stopped having children, she gave 1182 her servant Zilpah to Jacob as a wife. 30:10 Soon Leah’s servant Zilpah gave Jacob a son. 1183 30:11 Leah said, “How fortunate!” 1184 So she named him Gad. 1185
30:14 At the time 1190 of the wheat harvest Reuben went out and found some mandrake plants 1191 in a field and brought them to his mother Leah. Rachel said to Leah, “Give me some of your son’s mandrakes.” 30:15 But Leah replied, 1192 “Wasn’t it enough that you’ve taken away my husband? Would you take away my son’s mandrakes too?” “All right,” 1193 Rachel said, “he may sleep 1194 with you tonight in exchange for your son’s mandrakes.” 30:16 When Jacob came in from the fields that evening, Leah went out to meet him and said, “You must sleep 1195 with me because I have paid for your services 1196 with my son’s mandrakes.” So he had marital relations 1197 with her that night. 30:17 God paid attention 1198 to Leah; she became pregnant 1199 and gave Jacob a son for the fifth time. 1200 30:18 Then Leah said, “God has granted me a reward 1201 because I gave my servant to my husband as a wife.” 1202 So she named him Issachar. 1203
30:19 Leah became pregnant again and gave Jacob a son for the sixth time. 1204 30:20 Then Leah said, “God has given me a good gift. Now my husband will honor me because I have given him six sons.” So she named him Zebulun. 1205
30:21 After that she gave birth to a daughter and named her Dinah.
30:22 Then God took note of 1206 Rachel. He paid attention to her and enabled her to become pregnant. 1207 30:23 She became pregnant 1208 and gave birth to a son. Then she said, “God has taken away my shame.” 1209 30:24 She named him Joseph, 1210 saying, “May the
The Flocks of Jacob
30:25 After Rachel had given birth 1211 to Joseph, Jacob said to Laban, “Send 1212 me on my way so that I can go 1213 home to my own country. 1214 30:26 Let me take my wives and my children whom I have acquired by working for you. 1215 Then I’ll depart, 1216 because you know how hard I’ve worked for you.” 1217
30:27 But Laban said to him, “If I have found favor in your sight, please stay here, 1218 for I have learned by divination 1219 that the
30:29 “You know how I have worked for you,” Jacob replied, 1221 “and how well your livestock have fared under my care. 1222 30:30 Indeed, 1223 you had little before I arrived, 1224 but now your possessions have increased many times over. 1225 The
30:31 So Laban asked, 1228 “What should I give you?” “You don’t need to give me a thing,” 1229 Jacob replied, 1230 “but if you agree to this one condition, 1231 I will continue to care for 1232 your flocks and protect them: 30:32 Let me walk among 1233 all your flocks today and remove from them every speckled or spotted sheep, every dark-colored lamb, 1234 and the spotted or speckled goats. 1235 These animals will be my wages. 1236 30:33 My integrity will testify for me 1237 later on. 1238 When you come to verify that I’ve taken only the wages we agreed on, 1239 if I have in my possession any goat that is not speckled or spotted or any sheep that is not dark-colored, it will be considered stolen.” 1240 30:34 “Agreed!” said Laban, “It will be as you say.” 1241
30:35 So that day Laban 1242 removed the male goats that were streaked or spotted, all the female goats that were speckled or spotted (all that had any white on them), and all the dark-colored lambs, and put them in the care 1243 of his sons. 30:36 Then he separated them from Jacob by a three-day journey, 1244 while 1245 Jacob was taking care of the rest of Laban’s flocks.
30:37 But Jacob took fresh-cut branches from poplar, almond, and plane trees. He made white streaks by peeling them, making the white inner wood in the branches visible. 30:38 Then he set up the peeled branches in all the watering troughs where the flocks came to drink. He set up the branches in front of the flocks when they were in heat and came to drink. 1246 30:39 When the sheep mated 1247 in front of the branches, they 1248 gave birth to young that were streaked or speckled or spotted. 30:40 Jacob removed these lambs, but he made the rest of the flock face 1249 the streaked and completely dark-colored animals in Laban’s flock. So he made separate flocks for himself and did not mix them with Laban’s flocks. 30:41 When the stronger females were in heat, 1250 Jacob would set up the branches in the troughs in front of the flock, so they would mate near the branches. 30:42 But if the animals were weaker, he did not set the branches there. 1251 So the weaker animals ended up belonging to Laban 1252 and the stronger animals to Jacob. 30:43 In this way Jacob 1253 became extremely prosperous. He owned 1254 large flocks, male and female servants, camels, and donkeys.
Jacob’s Flight from Laban
31:1 Jacob heard that Laban’s sons were complaining, 1255 “Jacob has taken everything that belonged to our father! He has gotten rich 1256 at our father’s expense!” 1257 31:2 When Jacob saw the look on Laban’s face, he could tell his attitude toward him had changed. 1258
31:10 “Once 1269 during breeding season I saw 1270 in a dream that the male goats mating with 1271 the flock were streaked, speckled, and spotted. 31:11 In the dream the angel of God said to me, ‘Jacob!’ ‘Here I am!’ I replied. 31:12 Then he said, ‘Observe 1272 that all the male goats mating with 1273 the flock are streaked, speckled, or spotted, for I have observed all that Laban has done to you. 31:13 I am the God of Bethel, 1274 where you anointed 1275 the sacred stone and made a vow to me. 1276 Now leave this land immediately 1277 and return to your native land.’”
31:14 Then Rachel and Leah replied to him, “Do we still have any portion or inheritance 1278 in our father’s house? 31:15 Hasn’t he treated us like foreigners? He not only sold us, but completely wasted 1279 the money paid for us! 1280 31:16 Surely all the wealth that God snatched away from our father belongs to us and to our children. So now do everything God has told you.”
31:17 So Jacob immediately put his children and his wives on the camels. 1281 31:18 He took 1282 away all the livestock he had acquired in Paddan Aram and all his moveable property that he had accumulated. Then he set out toward the land of Canaan to return to his father Isaac. 1283
31:19 While Laban had gone to shear his sheep, 1284 Rachel stole the household idols 1285 that belonged to her father. 31:20 Jacob also deceived 1286 Laban the Aramean by not telling him that he was leaving. 1287 31:21 He left 1288 with all he owned. He quickly crossed 1289 the Euphrates River 1290 and headed for 1291 the hill country of Gilead.
31:22 Three days later Laban discovered Jacob had left. 1292 31:23 So he took his relatives 1293 with him and pursued Jacob 1294 for seven days. 1295 He caught up with 1296 him in the hill country of Gilead. 31:24 But God came to Laban the Aramean in a dream at night and warned him, 1297 “Be careful 1298 that you neither bless nor curse Jacob.” 1299
31:25 Laban overtook Jacob, and when Jacob pitched his tent in the hill country of Gilead, Laban and his relatives set up camp there too. 1300 31:26 “What have you done?” Laban demanded of Jacob. “You’ve deceived me 1301 and carried away my daughters as if they were captives of war! 1302 31:27 Why did you run away secretly 1303 and deceive me? 1304 Why didn’t you tell me so I could send you off with a celebration complete with singing, tambourines, and harps? 1305 31:28 You didn’t even allow me to kiss my daughters and my grandchildren 1306 good-bye. You have acted foolishly! 31:29 I have 1307 the power to do you harm, but the God of your father told me last night, ‘Be careful 1308 that you neither bless nor curse Jacob.’ 1309 31:30 Now I understand that 1310 you have gone away 1311 because you longed desperately 1312 for your father’s house. Yet why did you steal my gods?” 1313
31:31 “I left secretly because I was afraid!” 1314 Jacob replied to Laban. “I thought 1315 you might take your daughters away from me by force. 1316 31:32 Whoever has taken your gods will be put to death! 1317 In the presence of our relatives 1318 identify whatever is yours and take it.” 1319 (Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.) 1320
31:33 So Laban entered Jacob’s tent, and Leah’s tent, and the tent of the two female servants, but he did not find the idols. 1321 Then he left Leah’s tent and entered Rachel’s. 1322 31:34 (Now Rachel had taken the idols and put them inside her camel’s saddle 1323 and sat on them.) 1324 Laban searched the whole tent, but did not find them. 1325 31:35 Rachel 1326 said to her father, “Don’t be angry, 1327 my lord. I cannot stand up 1328 in your presence because I am having my period.” 1329 So he searched thoroughly, 1330 but did not find the idols.
31:36 Jacob became angry 1331 and argued with Laban. “What did I do wrong?” he demanded of Laban. 1332 “What sin of mine prompted you to chase after me in hot pursuit? 1333 31:37 When you searched through all my goods, did you find anything that belonged to you? 1334 Set it here before my relatives and yours, 1335 and let them settle the dispute between the two of us! 1336
31:38 “I have been with you for the past twenty years. Your ewes and female goats have not miscarried, nor have I eaten rams from your flocks. 31:39 Animals torn by wild beasts I never brought to you; I always absorbed the loss myself. 1337 You always made me pay for every missing animal, 1338 whether it was taken by day or at night. 31:40 I was consumed by scorching heat 1339 during the day and by piercing cold 1340 at night, and I went without sleep. 1341 31:41 This was my lot 1342 for twenty years in your house: I worked like a slave 1343 for you – fourteen years for your two daughters and six years for your flocks, but you changed my wages ten times! 31:42 If the God of my father – the God of Abraham, the one whom Isaac fears 1344 – had not been with me, you would certainly have sent me away empty-handed! But God saw how I was oppressed and how hard I worked, 1345 and he rebuked you last night.”
31:43 Laban replied 1346 to Jacob, “These women 1347 are my daughters, these children are my grandchildren, 1348 and these flocks are my flocks. All that you see belongs to me. But how can I harm these daughters of mine today 1349 or the children to whom they have given birth? 31:44 So now, come, let’s make a formal agreement, 1350 you and I, and it will be 1351 proof that we have made peace.” 1352
31:45 So Jacob took a stone and set it up as a memorial pillar. 31:46 Then he 1353 said to his relatives, “Gather stones.” So they brought stones and put them in a pile. 1354 They ate there by the pile of stones. 31:47 Laban called it Jegar Sahadutha, 1355 but Jacob called it Galeed. 1356
31:48 Laban said, “This pile of stones is a witness of our agreement 1357 today.” That is why it was called Galeed. 31:49 It was also called Mizpah 1358 because he said, “May the
31:51 “Here is this pile of stones and this pillar I have set up between me and you,” Laban said to Jacob. 1364 31:52 “This pile of stones and the pillar are reminders that I will not pass beyond this pile to come to harm you and that you will not pass beyond this pile and this pillar to come to harm me. 1365 31:53 May the God of Abraham and the god of Nahor, 1366 the gods of their father, judge between us.” Jacob took an oath by the God whom his father Isaac feared. 1367 31:54 Then Jacob offered a sacrifice 1368 on the mountain and invited his relatives to eat the meal. 1369 They ate the meal and spent the night on the mountain.
Jacob Wrestles at Peniel
32:3 Jacob sent messengers on ahead 1377 to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the region 1378 of Edom. 32:4 He commanded them, “This is what you must say to my lord Esau: ‘This is what your servant 1379 Jacob says: I have been staying with Laban until now. 32:5 I have oxen, donkeys, sheep, and male and female servants. I have sent 1380 this message 1381 to inform my lord, so that I may find favor in your sight.’”
32:6 The messengers returned to Jacob and said, “We went to your brother Esau. He is coming to meet you and has four hundred men with him.” 32:7 Jacob was very afraid and upset. So he divided the people who were with him into two camps, as well as the flocks, herds, and camels. 32:8 “If Esau attacks one camp,” 1382 he thought, 1383 “then the other camp will be able to escape.” 1384
32:9 Then Jacob prayed, 1385 “O God of my father Abraham, God of my father Isaac, O
32:13 Jacob 1401 stayed there that night. Then he sent 1402 as a gift 1403 to his brother Esau 32:14 two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 32:15 thirty female camels with their young, forty cows and ten bulls, and twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys. 32:16 He entrusted them to 1404 his servants, who divided them into herds. 1405 He told his servants, “Pass over before me, and keep some distance between one herd and the next.” 32:17 He instructed the servant leading the first herd, 1406 “When my brother Esau meets you and asks, ‘To whom do you belong? 1407 Where are you going? Whose herds are you driving?’ 1408 32:18 then you must say, 1409 ‘They belong 1410 to your servant Jacob. 1411 They have been sent as a gift to my lord Esau. 1412 In fact Jacob himself is behind us.’” 1413
32:19 He also gave these instructions to the second and third servants, as well as all those who were following the herds, saying, “You must say the same thing to Esau when you meet him. 1414 32:20 You must also say, ‘In fact your servant Jacob is behind us.’” 1415 Jacob thought, 1416 “I will first appease him 1417 by sending a gift ahead of me. 1418 After that I will meet him. 1419 Perhaps he will accept me.” 1420 32:21 So the gifts were sent on ahead of him 1421 while he spent that night in the camp. 1422
32:22 During the night Jacob quickly took 1423 his two wives, his two female servants, and his eleven sons 1424 and crossed the ford of the Jabbok. 1425 32:23 He took them and sent them across the stream along with all his possessions. 1426 32:24 So Jacob was left alone. Then a man 1427 wrestled 1428 with him until daybreak. 1429 32:25 When the man 1430 saw that he could not defeat Jacob, 1431 he struck 1432 the socket of his hip so the socket of Jacob’s hip was dislocated while he wrestled with him.
32:26 Then the man 1433 said, “Let me go, for the dawn is breaking.” 1434 “I will not let you go,” Jacob replied, 1435 “unless you bless me.” 1436 32:27 The man asked him, 1437 “What is your name?” 1438 He answered, “Jacob.” 32:28 “No longer will your name be Jacob,” the man told him, 1439 “but Israel, 1440 because you have fought 1441 with God and with men and have prevailed.”
32:29 Then Jacob asked, “Please tell me your name.” 1442 “Why 1443 do you ask my name?” the man replied. 1444 Then he blessed 1445 Jacob 1446 there. 32:30 So Jacob named the place Peniel, 1447 explaining, 1448 “Certainly 1449 I have seen God face to face 1450 and have survived.” 1451
32:31 The sun rose 1452 over him as he crossed over Penuel, 1453 but 1454 he was limping because of his hip. 32:32 That is why to this day 1455 the Israelites do not eat the sinew which is attached to the socket of the hip, because he struck 1456 the socket of Jacob’s hip near the attached sinew.
Jacob Meets Esau
33:1 Jacob looked up 1457 and saw that Esau was coming 1458 along with four hundred men. So he divided the children among Leah, Rachel, and the two female servants. 33:2 He put the servants and their children in front, with Leah and her children behind them, and Rachel and Joseph behind them. 1459 33:3 But Jacob 1460 himself went on ahead of them, and he bowed toward the ground seven times as he approached 1461 his brother. 33:4 But Esau ran to meet him, embraced him, hugged his neck, and kissed him. Then they both wept. 33:5 When Esau 1462 looked up 1463 and saw the women and the children, he asked, “Who are these people with you?” Jacob 1464 replied, “The children whom God has graciously given 1465 your servant.” 33:6 The female servants came forward with their children and bowed down. 1466 33:7 Then Leah came forward with her children and they bowed down. Finally Joseph and Rachel came forward and bowed down.
33:8 Esau 1467 then asked, “What did you intend 1468 by sending all these herds to meet me?” 1469 Jacob 1470 replied, “To find favor in your sight, my lord.” 33:9 But Esau said, “I have plenty, my brother. Keep what belongs to you.” 33:10 “No, please take them,” Jacob said. 1471 “If I have found favor in your sight, accept 1472 my gift from my hand. Now that I have seen your face and you have accepted me, 1473 it is as if I have seen the face of God. 1474 33:11 Please take my present 1475 that was brought to you, for God has been generous 1476 to me and I have all I need.” 1477 When Jacob urged him, he took it. 1478
33:12 Then Esau 1479 said, “Let’s be on our way! 1480 I will go in front of you.” 33:13 But Jacob 1481 said to him, “My lord knows that the children are young, 1482 and that I have to look after the sheep and cattle that are nursing their young. 1483 If they are driven too hard for even a single day, all the animals will die. 33:14 Let my lord go on ahead of his servant. I will travel more slowly, at the pace of the herds and the children, 1484 until I come to my lord at Seir.”
33:16 So that same day Esau made his way back 1488 to Seir. 33:17 But 1489 Jacob traveled to Succoth 1490 where he built himself a house and made shelters for his livestock. That is why the place was called 1491 Succoth. 1492
33:18 After he left Paddan Aram, Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem in the land of Canaan, and he camped near 1493 the city. 33:19 Then he purchased the portion of the field where he had pitched his tent; he bought it 1494 from the sons of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for a hundred pieces of money. 1495 33:20 There he set up an altar and called it “The God of Israel is God.” 1496
Dinah and the Shechemites
34:1 Now Dinah, Leah’s daughter whom she bore to Jacob, went to meet 1497 the young women 1498 of the land. 34:2 When Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite, who ruled that area, saw her, he grabbed her, forced himself on her, 1499 and sexually assaulted her. 1500 34:3 Then he became very attached 1501 to Dinah, Jacob’s daughter. He fell in love with the young woman and spoke romantically to her. 1502 34:4 Shechem said to his father Hamor, “Acquire this young girl as my wife.” 1503 34:5 When 1504 Jacob heard that Shechem 1505 had violated his daughter Dinah, his sons were with the livestock in the field. So Jacob remained silent 1506 until they came in.
34:6 Then Shechem’s father Hamor went to speak with Jacob about Dinah. 1507 34:7 Now Jacob’s sons had come in from the field when they heard the news. 1508 They 1509 were offended 1510 and very angry because Shechem 1511 had disgraced Israel 1512 by sexually assaulting 1513 Jacob’s daughter, a crime that should not be committed. 1514
34:8 But Hamor made this appeal to them: “My son Shechem is in love with your daughter. 1515 Please give her to him as his wife. 34:9 Intermarry with us. 1516 Let us marry your daughters, and take our daughters as wives for yourselves. 1517 34:10 You may live 1518 among us, and the land will be open to you. 1519 Live in it, travel freely in it, 1520 and acquire property in it.”
34:11 Then Shechem said to Dinah’s 1521 father and brothers, “Let me find favor in your sight, and whatever you require of me 1522 I’ll give. 1523 34:12 You can make the bride price and the gift I must bring very expensive, 1524 and I’ll give 1525 whatever you ask 1526 of me. Just give me the young woman as my wife!”
34:13 Jacob’s sons answered Shechem and his father Hamor deceitfully when they spoke because Shechem 1527 had violated their sister Dinah. 34:14 They said to them, “We cannot give 1528 our sister to a man who is not circumcised, for it would be a disgrace 1529 to us. 34:15 We will give you our consent on this one condition: You must become 1530 like us by circumcising 1531 all your males. 34:16 Then we will give 1532 you our daughters to marry, 1533 and we will take your daughters as wives for ourselves, and we will live among you and become one people. 34:17 But if you do not agree to our terms 1534 by being circumcised, then we will take 1535 our sister 1536 and depart.”
34:18 Their offer pleased Hamor and his son Shechem. 1537 34:19 The young man did not delay in doing what they asked 1538 because he wanted Jacob’s daughter Dinah 1539 badly. (Now he was more important 1540 than anyone in his father’s household.) 1541 34:20 So Hamor and his son Shechem went to the gate 1542 of their city and spoke to the men of their city, 34:21 “These men are at peace with us. So let them live in the land and travel freely in it, for the land is wide enough 1543 for them. We will take their daughters for wives, and we will give them our daughters to marry. 1544 34:22 Only on this one condition will these men consent to live with us and become one people: They demand 1545 that every male among us be circumcised just as they are circumcised. 34:23 If we do so, 1546 won’t their livestock, their property, and all their animals become ours? So let’s consent to their demand, so they will live among us.”
34:24 All the men who assembled at the city gate 1547 agreed with 1548 Hamor and his son Shechem. Every male who assembled at the city gate 1549 was circumcised. 34:25 In three days, when they were still in pain, two of Jacob’s sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brothers, each took his sword 1550 and went to the unsuspecting city 1551 and slaughtered every male. 34:26 They killed Hamor and his son Shechem with the sword, took Dinah from Shechem’s house, and left. 34:27 Jacob’s sons killed them 1552 and looted the city because their sister had been violated. 1553 34:28 They took their flocks, herds, and donkeys, as well as everything in the city and in the surrounding fields. 1554 34:29 They captured as plunder 1555 all their wealth, all their little ones, and their wives, including everything in the houses.
34:30 Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have brought ruin 1556 on me by making me a foul odor 1557 among the inhabitants of the land – among the Canaanites and the Perizzites. I 1558 am few in number; they will join forces against me and attack me, and both I and my family will be destroyed!” 34:31 But Simeon and Levi replied, 1559 “Should he treat our sister like a common prostitute?”
The Return to Bethel
35:1 Then God said to Jacob, “Go up at once 1560 to Bethel 1561 and live there. Make an altar there to God, who appeared to you when you fled from your brother Esau.” 1562 35:2 So Jacob told his household and all who were with him, “Get rid of the foreign gods you have among you. 1563 Purify yourselves and change your clothes. 1564 35:3 Let us go up at once 1565 to Bethel. Then I will make 1566 an altar there to God, who responded to me in my time of distress 1567 and has been with me wherever I went.” 1568
35:4 So they gave Jacob all the foreign gods that were in their possession 1569 and the rings that were in their ears. 1570 Jacob buried them 1571 under the oak 1572 near Shechem 35:5 and they started on their journey. 1573 The surrounding cities were afraid of God, 1574 and they did not pursue the sons of Jacob.
35:6 Jacob and all those who were with him arrived at Luz (that is, Bethel) 1575 in the land of Canaan. 1576 35:7 He built an altar there and named the place El Bethel 1577 because there God had revealed himself 1578 to him when he was fleeing from his brother. 35:8 (Deborah, 1579 Rebekah’s nurse, died and was buried under the oak below Bethel; thus it was named 1580 Oak of Weeping.) 1581
35:9 God appeared to Jacob again after he returned from Paddan Aram and blessed him. 35:10 God said to him, “Your name is Jacob, but your name will no longer be called Jacob; Israel will be your name.” So God named him Israel. 1582 35:11 Then God said to him, “I am the sovereign God. 1583 Be fruitful and multiply! A nation – even a company of nations – will descend from you; kings will be among your descendants! 1584 35:12 The land I gave 1585 to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you. To your descendants 1586 I will also give this land.” 35:13 Then God went up from the place 1587 where he spoke with him. 35:14 So Jacob set up a sacred stone pillar in the place where God spoke with him. 1588 He poured out a drink offering on it, and then he poured oil on it. 1589 35:15 Jacob named the place 1590 where God spoke with him Bethel. 1591
35:16 They traveled on from Bethel, and when Ephrath was still some distance away, 1592 Rachel went into labor 1593 – and her labor was hard. 35:17 When her labor was at its hardest, 1594 the midwife said to her, “Don’t be afraid, for you are having another son.” 1595 35:18 With her dying breath, 1596 she named him Ben-Oni. 1597 But his father called him Benjamin instead. 1598 35:19 So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem). 1599 35:20 Jacob set up a marker 1600 over her grave; it is 1601 the Marker of Rachel’s Grave to this day.
35:21 Then Israel traveled on and pitched his tent beyond Migdal Eder. 1602 35:22 While Israel was living in that land, Reuben had sexual relations with 1603 Bilhah, his father’s concubine, and Israel heard about it.
Jacob had twelve sons:
35:23 The sons of Leah were Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn, as well as Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun.
35:24 The sons of Rachel were Joseph and Benjamin.
35:25 The sons of Bilhah, Rachel’s servant, were Dan and Naphtali.
35:26 The sons of Zilpah, Leah’s servant, were Gad and Asher.
These were the sons of Jacob who were born to him in Paddan Aram.
35:27 So Jacob came back to his father Isaac in Mamre, 1604 to Kiriath Arba 1605 (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had stayed. 1606 35:28 Isaac lived to be 180 years old. 1607 35:29 Then Isaac breathed his last and joined his ancestors. 1608 He died an old man who had lived a full life. 1609 His sons Esau and Jacob buried him.
The Descendants of Esau
36:1 What follows is the account of Esau (also known as Edom). 1610
36:2 Esau took his wives from the Canaanites: 1611 Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and granddaughter 1612 of Zibeon the Hivite, 36:3 in addition to Basemath the daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.
36:4 Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, Basemath bore Reuel, 36:5 and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These were the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan.
36:6 Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, all the people in his household, his livestock, his animals, and all his possessions which he had acquired in the land of Canaan and went to a land some distance away from 1613 Jacob his brother 36:7 because they had too many possessions to be able to stay together and the land where they had settled 1614 was not able to support them because of their livestock. 36:8 So Esau (also known as Edom) lived in the hill country of Seir. 1615
36:9 This is the account of Esau, the father 1616 of the Edomites, in the hill country of Seir.
36:10 These were the names of Esau’s sons:
Eliphaz, the son of Esau’s wife Adah, and Reuel, the son of Esau’s wife Basemath.
36:11 The sons of Eliphaz were:
Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz.
36:12 Timna, a concubine of Esau’s son Eliphaz, bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These were the sons 1617 of Esau’s wife Adah.
36:13 These were the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the sons 1618 of Esau’s wife Basemath.
36:14 These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and granddaughter 1619 of Zibeon: She bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah to Esau.
36:15 These were the chiefs 1620 among the descendants 1621 of Esau, the sons of Eliphaz, Esau’s firstborn: chief Teman, chief Omar, chief Zepho, chief Kenaz, 36:16 chief Korah, 1622 chief Gatam, chief Amalek. These were the chiefs descended from Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were the sons 1623 of Adah.
36:17 These were the sons of Esau’s son Reuel: chief Nahath, chief Zerah, chief Shammah, chief Mizzah. These were the chiefs descended from Reuel in the land of Edom; these were the sons 1624 of Esau’s wife Basemath.
36:18 These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah: chief Jeush, chief Jalam, chief Korah. These were the chiefs descended from Esau’s wife Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah.
36:19 These were the sons of Esau (also known as Edom), and these were their chiefs.
36:20 These were the sons of Seir the Horite, 1625 who were living in the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, 36:21 Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, the descendants 1626 of Seir in the land of Edom.
36:22 The sons of Lotan were Hori and Homam; 1627 Lotan’s sister was Timna.
36:23 These were the sons of Shobal: Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, 1628 and Onam.
36:24 These were the sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah (who discovered the hot springs 1629 in the wilderness as he pastured the donkeys of his father Zibeon).
36:25 These were the children 1630 of Anah: Dishon and Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah.
36:26 These were the sons of Dishon: 1631 Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Keran.
36:27 These were the sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.
36:28 These were the sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran.
36:29 These were the chiefs of the Horites: chief Lotan, chief Shobal, chief Zibeon, chief Anah, 36:30 chief Dishon, chief Ezer, chief Dishan. These were the chiefs of the Horites, according to their chief lists in the land of Seir.
36:31 These were the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king ruled over the Israelites: 1632
36:32 Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom; the name of his city was Dinhabah.
36:33 When Bela died, Jobab the son of Zerah from Bozrah reigned in his place.
36:34 When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites reigned in his place.
36:35 When Husham died, Hadad the son of Bedad, who defeated the Midianites in the land of Moab, reigned in his place; the name of his city was Avith.
36:36 When Hadad died, Samlah from Masrekah reigned in his place.
36:37 When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth by the River 1633 reigned in his place.
36:38 When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his place.
36:40 These were the names of the chiefs of Esau, according to their families, according to their places, by their names: chief Timna, chief Alvah, chief Jetheth, 36:41 chief Oholibamah, chief Elah, chief Pinon, 36:42 chief Kenaz, chief Teman, chief Mibzar, 36:43 chief Magdiel, chief Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom, according to their settlements 1636 in the land they possessed. This was Esau, the father of the Edomites.
37:2 This is the account of Jacob.
Joseph, his seventeen-year-old son, 1639 was taking care of 1640 the flocks with his brothers. Now he was a youngster 1641 working with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father’s wives. 1642 Joseph brought back a bad report about them 1643 to their father.
37:3 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his sons 1644 because he was a son born to him late in life, 1645 and he made a special 1646 tunic for him. 37:4 When Joseph’s 1647 brothers saw that their father loved him more than any of them, 1648 they hated Joseph 1649 and were not able to speak to him kindly. 1650
37:5 Joseph 1651 had a dream, 1652 and when he told his brothers about it, 1653 they hated him even more. 1654 37:6 He said to them, “Listen to this dream I had: 1655 37:7 There we were, 1656 binding sheaves of grain in the middle of the field. Suddenly my sheaf rose up and stood upright and your sheaves surrounded my sheaf and bowed down 1657 to it!” 37:8 Then his brothers asked him, “Do you really think you will rule over us or have dominion over us?” 1658 They hated him even more 1659 because of his dream and because of what he said. 1660
37:9 Then he had another dream, 1661 and told it to his brothers. “Look,” 1662 he said. “I had another dream. The sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me.” 37:10 When he told his father and his brothers, his father rebuked him, saying, “What is this dream that you had? 1663 Will I, your mother, and your brothers really come and bow down to you?” 1664 37:11 His brothers were jealous 1665 of him, but his father kept in mind what Joseph said. 1666
37:12 When his brothers had gone to graze their father’s flocks near Shechem, 37:13 Israel said to Joseph, “Your brothers 1667 are grazing the flocks near Shechem. Come, I will send you to them.” “I’m ready,” 1668 Joseph replied. 1669 37:14 So Jacob 1670 said to him, “Go now and check on 1671 the welfare 1672 of your brothers and of the flocks, and bring me word.” So Jacob 1673 sent him from the valley of Hebron.
37:15 When Joseph reached Shechem, 1674 a man found him wandering 1675 in the field, so the man asked him, “What are you looking for?” 37:16 He replied, “I’m looking for my brothers. Please tell 1676 me where they are grazing their flocks.” 37:17 The man said, “They left this area, 1677 for I heard them say, ‘Let’s go to Dothan.’” So Joseph went after his brothers and found them at Dothan.
37:18 Now Joseph’s brothers 1678 saw him from a distance, and before he reached them, they plotted to kill him. 37:19 They said to one another, “Here comes this master of dreams! 1679 37:20 Come now, let’s kill him, throw him into one of the cisterns, and then say that a wild 1680 animal ate him. Then we’ll see how his dreams turn out!” 1681
37:21 When Reuben heard this, he rescued Joseph 1682 from their hands, 1683 saying, 1684 “Let’s not take his life!” 1685 37:22 Reuben continued, 1686 “Don’t shed blood! Throw him into this cistern that is here in the wilderness, but don’t lay a hand on him.” 1687 (Reuben said this 1688 so he could rescue Joseph 1689 from them 1690 and take him back to his father.)
37:23 When Joseph reached his brothers, they stripped him 1691 of his tunic, the special tunic that he wore. 37:24 Then they took him and threw him into the cistern. (Now the cistern was empty; 1692 there was no water in it.)
37:25 When they sat down to eat their food, they looked up 1693 and saw 1694 a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead. Their camels were carrying spices, balm, and myrrh down to Egypt. 1695 37:26 Then Judah said to his brothers, “What profit is there if we kill our brother and cover up his blood? 37:27 Come, let’s sell him to the Ishmaelites, but let’s not lay a hand on him, 1696 for after all, he is our brother, our own flesh.” His brothers agreed. 1697 37:28 So when the Midianite 1698 merchants passed by, Joseph’s brothers pulled 1699 him 1700 out of the cistern and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver. The Ishmaelites 1701 then took Joseph to Egypt.
37:29 Later Reuben returned to the cistern to find that Joseph was not in it! 1702 He tore his clothes, 37:30 returned to his brothers, and said, “The boy isn’t there! And I, where can I go?” 37:31 So they took Joseph’s tunic, killed a young goat, 1703 and dipped the tunic in the blood. 37:32 Then they brought the special tunic to their father 1704 and said, “We found this. Determine now whether it is your son’s tunic or not.”
37:33 He recognized it and exclaimed, “It is my son’s tunic! A wild animal has eaten him! 1705 Joseph has surely been torn to pieces!” 37:34 Then Jacob tore his clothes, put on sackcloth, 1706 and mourned for his son many days. 37:35 All his sons and daughters stood by 1707 him to console him, but he refused to be consoled. “No,” he said, “I will go to the grave mourning my son.” 1708 So Joseph’s 1709 father wept for him.
Judah and Tamar
38:2 There Judah saw the daughter of a Canaanite man 1717 named Shua. 1718 Judah acquired her as a wife 1719 and had marital relations with her. 1720 38:3 She became pregnant 1721 and had a son. Judah named 1722 him Er. 38:4 She became pregnant again and had another son, whom she named Onan. 38:5 Then she had 1723 yet another son, whom she named Shelah. She gave birth to him in Kezib. 1724
38:6 Judah acquired 1725 a wife for Er his firstborn; her name was Tamar. 38:7 But Er, Judah’s firstborn, was evil in the
38:8 Then Judah said to Onan, “Have sexual relations with 1726 your brother’s wife and fulfill the duty of a brother-in-law to her so that you may raise 1727 up a descendant for your brother.” 1728 38:9 But Onan knew that the child 1729 would not be considered his. 1730 So whenever 1731 he had sexual relations with 1732 his brother’s wife, he withdrew prematurely 1733 so as not to give his brother a descendant. 38:10 What he did was evil in the
38:11 Then Judah said to his daughter-in-law Tamar, “Live as a widow in your father’s house until Shelah my son grows up.” For he thought, 1735 “I don’t want him to die like his brothers.” 1736 So Tamar went and lived in her father’s house.
38:12 After some time 1737 Judah’s wife, the daughter of Shua, died. After Judah was consoled, he left for Timnah to visit his sheepshearers, along with 1738 his friend Hirah the Adullamite. 38:13 Tamar was told, 1739 “Look, your father-in-law is going up 1740 to Timnah to shear his sheep.” 38:14 So she removed her widow’s clothes and covered herself with a veil. She wrapped herself and sat at the entrance to Enaim which is on the way to Timnah. (She did this because 1741 she saw that she had not been given to Shelah as a wife, even though he had now grown up.) 1742
38:15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute 1743 because she had covered her face. 38:16 He turned aside to her along the road and said, “Come on! I want to have sex with you.” 1744 (He did not realize 1745 it was his daughter-in-law.) She asked, “What will you give me in exchange for having sex with you?” 1746 38:17 He replied, “I’ll send you a young goat from the flock.” She asked, “Will you give me a pledge until you send it?” 1747 38:18 He said, “What pledge should I give you?” She replied, “Your seal, your cord, and the staff that’s in your hand.” So he gave them to her and had sex with her. 1748 She became pregnant by him. 38:19 She left immediately, 1749 removed her veil, and put on her widow’s clothes.
38:20 Then Judah had his friend Hirah 1750 the Adullamite take a young goat to get back from the woman the items he had given in pledge, 1751 but Hirah 1752 could not find her. 38:21 He asked the men who were there, 1753 “Where is the cult prostitute 1754 who was at Enaim by the road?” But they replied, “There has been no cult prostitute here.” 38:22 So he returned to Judah and said, “I couldn’t find her. Moreover, the men of the place said, ‘There has been no cult prostitute here.’” 38:23 Judah said, “Let her keep the things 1755 for herself. Otherwise we will appear to be dishonest. 1756 I did indeed send this young goat, but you couldn’t find her.”
38:24 After three months Judah was told, 1757 “Your daughter-in-law Tamar has turned to prostitution, 1758 and as a result she has become pregnant.” 1759 Judah said, “Bring her out and let her be burned!” 38:25 While they were bringing her out, she sent word 1760 to her father-in-law: “I am pregnant by the man to whom these belong.” 1761 Then she said, “Identify 1762 the one to whom the seal, cord, and staff belong.” 38:26 Judah recognized them and said, “She is more upright 1763 than I am, because I wouldn’t give her to Shelah my son.” He did not have sexual relations with her 1764 again.
38:27 When it was time for her to give birth, there were twins in her womb. 38:28 While she was giving birth, one child 1765 put out his hand, and the midwife took a scarlet thread and tied it on his hand, saying, “This one came out first.” 38:29 But then he drew back his hand, and his brother came out before him. 1766 She said, “How you have broken out of the womb!” 1767 So he was named Perez. 1768 38:30 Afterward his brother came out – the one who had the scarlet thread on his hand – and he was named Zerah. 1769
Joseph and Potiphar’s Wife
39:1 Now Joseph had been brought down to Egypt. 1770 An Egyptian named Potiphar, an official of Pharaoh and the captain of the guard, 1771 purchased him from 1772 the Ishmaelites who had brought him there. 39:2 The
Now Joseph was well built and good-looking. 1789 39:7 Soon after these things, his master’s wife took notice of 1790 Joseph and said, “Have sex with me.” 1791 39:8 But he refused, saying 1792 to his master’s wife, “Look, my master does not give any thought 1793 to his household with me here, 1794 and everything that he owns he has put into my care. 1795 39:9 There is no one greater in this household than I am. He has withheld nothing from me except you because you are his wife. So how could I do 1796 such a great evil and sin against God?” 39:10 Even though she continued to speak 1797 to Joseph day after day, he did not respond 1798 to her invitation to have sex with her. 1799
39:11 One day 1800 he went into the house to do his work when none of the household servants 1801 were there in the house. 39:12 She grabbed him by his outer garment, saying, “Have sex with me!” But he left his outer garment in her hand and ran 1802 outside. 1803 39:13 When she saw that he had left his outer garment in her hand and had run outside, 39:14 she called for her household servants and said to them, “See, my husband brought 1804 in a Hebrew man 1805 to us to humiliate us. 1806 He tried to have sex with me, 1807 but I screamed loudly. 1808 39:15 When he heard me raise 1809 my voice and scream, he left his outer garment beside me and ran outside.”
39:16 So she laid his outer garment beside her until his master came home. 39:17 This is what she said to him: 1810 “That Hebrew slave 1811 you brought to us tried to humiliate me, 1812 39:18 but when I raised my voice and screamed, he left his outer garment and ran outside.”
39:19 When his master heard his wife say, 1813 “This is the way 1814 your slave treated me,” 1815 he became furious. 1816 39:20 Joseph’s master took him and threw him into the prison, 1817 the place where the king’s prisoners were confined. So he was there in the prison. 1818
39:21 But the
The Cupbearer and the Baker
40:1 After these things happened, the cupbearer 1824 to the king of Egypt and the royal baker 1825 offended 1826 their master, the king of Egypt. 40:2 Pharaoh was enraged with his two officials, 1827 the cupbearer and the baker, 40:3 so he imprisoned them in the house of the captain of the guard in the same facility where Joseph was confined. 40:4 The captain of the guard appointed Joseph to be their attendant, and he served them. 1828
They spent some time in custody. 1829 40:5 Both of them, the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt, who were confined in the prison, had a dream 1830 the same night. 1831 Each man’s dream had its own meaning. 1832 40:6 When Joseph came to them in the morning, he saw that they were looking depressed. 1833 40:7 So he asked Pharaoh’s officials, who were with him in custody in his master’s house, “Why do you look so sad today?” 1834 40:8 They told him, “We both had dreams, 1835 but there is no one to interpret them.” Joseph responded, “Don’t interpretations belong to God? Tell them 1836 to me.”
40:9 So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph: 1837 “In my dream, there was a vine in front of me. 40:10 On the vine there were three branches. As it budded, its blossoms opened and its clusters ripened into grapes. 40:11 Now Pharaoh’s cup was in my hand, so I took the grapes, squeezed them into his 1838 cup, and put the cup in Pharaoh’s hand.” 1839
40:12 “This is its meaning,” Joseph said to him. “The three branches represent 1840 three days. 40:13 In three more days Pharaoh will reinstate you 1841 and restore you to your office. You will put Pharaoh’s cup in his hand, just as you did before 1842 when you were cupbearer. 40:14 But remember me 1843 when it goes well for you, and show 1844 me kindness. 1845 Make mention 1846 of me to Pharaoh and bring me out of this prison, 1847 40:15 for I really was kidnapped 1848 from the land of the Hebrews and I have done nothing wrong here for which they should put me in a dungeon.”
40:16 When the chief baker saw that the interpretation of the first dream was favorable, 1849 he said to Joseph, “I also appeared in my dream and there were three baskets of white bread 1850 on my head. 40:17 In the top basket there were baked goods of every kind for Pharaoh, but the birds were eating them from the basket that was on my head.”
40:18 Joseph replied, “This is its meaning: The three baskets represent 1851 three days. 40:19 In three more days Pharaoh will decapitate you 1852 and impale you on a pole. Then the birds will eat your flesh from you.”
40:20 On the third day it was Pharaoh’s birthday, so he gave a feast for all his servants. He “lifted up” 1853 the head of the chief cupbearer and the head of the chief baker in the midst of his servants. 40:21 He restored the chief cupbearer to his former position 1854 so that he placed the cup in Pharaoh’s hand, 40:22 but the chief baker he impaled, just as Joseph had predicted. 1855 40:23 But the chief cupbearer did not remember Joseph – he forgot him. 1856
Joseph’s Rise to Power
41:1 At the end of two full years 1857 Pharaoh had a dream. 1858 As he was standing by the Nile, 41:2 seven fine-looking, fat cows were coming up out of the Nile, 1859 and they grazed in the reeds. 41:3 Then seven bad-looking, thin cows were coming up after them from the Nile, 1860 and they stood beside the other cows at the edge of the river. 1861 41:4 The bad-looking, thin cows ate the seven fine-looking, fat cows. Then Pharaoh woke up.
41:5 Then he fell asleep again and had a second dream: There were seven heads of grain growing 1862 on one stalk, healthy 1863 and good. 41:6 Then 1864 seven heads of grain, thin and burned by the east wind, were sprouting up after them. 41:7 The thin heads swallowed up the seven healthy and full heads. Then Pharaoh woke up and realized it was a dream. 1865
41:8 In the morning he 1866 was troubled, so he called for 1867 all the diviner-priests 1868 of Egypt and all its wise men. Pharaoh told them his dreams, 1869 but no one could interpret 1870 them for him. 1871 41:9 Then the chief cupbearer said to Pharaoh, “Today I recall my failures. 1872 41:10 Pharaoh was enraged with his servants, and he put me in prison in the house of the captain of the guards – me and the chief baker. 41:11 We each had a dream one night; each of us had a dream with its own meaning. 1873 41:12 Now a young man, a Hebrew, a servant 1874 of the captain of the guards, 1875 was with us there. We told him our dreams, 1876 and he interpreted the meaning of each of our respective dreams for us. 1877 41:13 It happened just as he had said 1878 to us – Pharaoh 1879 restored me to my office, but he impaled the baker.” 1880
41:14 Then Pharaoh summoned 1881 Joseph. So they brought him quickly out of the dungeon; he shaved himself, changed his clothes, and came before Pharaoh. 41:15 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I had a dream, 1882 and there is no one who can interpret 1883 it. But I have heard about you, that 1884 you can interpret dreams.” 1885 41:16 Joseph replied to Pharaoh, “It is not within my power, 1886 but God will speak concerning 1887 the welfare of Pharaoh.” 1888
41:17 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “In my dream I was standing 1889 by the edge of the Nile. 41:18 Then seven fat and fine-looking cows were coming up out of the Nile, and they grazed in the reeds. 1890 41:19 Then 1891 seven other cows came up after them; they were scrawny, very bad-looking, and lean. I had never seen such bad-looking cows 1892 as these in all the land of Egypt! 41:20 The lean, bad-looking cows ate up the seven 1893 fat cows. 41:21 When they had eaten them, 1894 no one would have known 1895 that they had done so, for they were just as bad-looking as before. Then I woke up. 41:22 I also saw in my dream 1896 seven heads of grain growing on one stalk, full and good. 41:23 Then 1897 seven heads of grain, withered and thin and burned with the east wind, were sprouting up after them. 41:24 The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven good heads of grain. So I told all this 1898 to the diviner-priests, but no one could tell me its meaning.” 1899
41:25 Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “Both dreams of Pharaoh have the same meaning. 1900 God has revealed 1901 to Pharaoh what he is about to do. 1902 41:26 The seven good cows represent seven years, and the seven good heads of grain represent seven years. Both dreams have the same meaning. 1903 41:27 The seven lean, bad-looking cows that came up after them represent seven years, as do the seven empty heads of grain burned with the east wind. They represent 1904 seven years of famine. 41:28 This is just what I told 1905 Pharaoh: God has shown Pharaoh what he is about to do. 41:29 Seven years of great abundance are coming throughout the whole land of Egypt. 41:30 But seven years of famine will occur 1906 after them, and all the abundance will be forgotten in the land of Egypt. The famine will devastate 1907 the land. 41:31 The previous abundance of the land will not be remembered 1908 because of the famine that follows, for the famine will be very severe. 1909 41:32 The dream was repeated to Pharaoh 1910 because the matter has been decreed 1911 by God, and God will make it happen soon. 1912
41:33 “So now Pharaoh should look 1913 for a wise and discerning man 1914 and give him authority 1915 over all the land of Egypt. 41:34 Pharaoh should do 1916 this – he should appoint 1917 officials 1918 throughout the land to collect one-fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt 1919 during the seven years of abundance. 41:35 They should gather all the excess food 1920 during these good years that are coming. By Pharaoh’s authority 1921 they should store up grain so the cities will have food, 1922 and they should preserve it. 1923 41:36 This food should be held in storage for the land in preparation for the seven years of famine that will occur throughout the land of Egypt. In this way the land will survive the famine.” 1924
41:37 This advice made sense to Pharaoh and all his officials. 1925 41:38 So Pharaoh asked his officials, “Can we find a man like Joseph, 1926 one in whom the Spirit of God is present?” 1927 41:39 So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Because God has enabled you to know all this, there is no one as wise and discerning 1928 as you are! 41:40 You will oversee my household, and all my people will submit to your commands. 1929 Only I, the king, will be greater than you. 1930
41:41 “See here,” Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I place 1931 you in authority over all the land of Egypt.” 1932 41:42 Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his own hand and put it on Joseph’s. He clothed him with fine linen 1933 clothes and put a gold chain around his neck. 41:43 Pharaoh 1934 had him ride in the chariot used by his second-in-command, 1935 and they cried out before him, “Kneel down!” 1936 So he placed him over all the land of Egypt. 41:44 Pharaoh also said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, but without your permission 1937 no one 1938 will move his hand or his foot 1939 in all the land of Egypt.” 41:45 Pharaoh gave Joseph the name Zaphenath-Paneah. 1940 He also gave him Asenath 1941 daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, 1942 to be his wife. So Joseph took charge of 1943 all the land of Egypt.
41:46 Now Joseph was 30 years old 1944 when he began serving 1945 Pharaoh king of Egypt. Joseph was commissioned by 1946 Pharaoh and was in charge of 1947 all the land of Egypt. 41:47 During the seven years of abundance the land produced large, bountiful harvests. 1948 41:48 Joseph 1949 collected all the excess food 1950 in the land of Egypt during the seven years and stored it in the cities. 1951 In every city he put the food gathered from the fields around it. 41:49 Joseph stored up a vast amount of grain, like the sand of the sea, 1952 until he stopped measuring it because it was impossible to measure.
41:50 Two sons were born to Joseph before the famine came. 1953 Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, was their mother. 1954 41:51 Joseph named the firstborn Manasseh, 1955 saying, 1956 “Certainly 1957 God has made me forget all my trouble and all my father’s house.” 41:52 He named the second child Ephraim, 1958 saying, 1959 “Certainly 1960 God has made me fruitful in the land of my suffering.”
41:53 The seven years of abundance in the land of Egypt came to an end. 41:54 Then the seven years of famine began, 1961 just as Joseph had predicted. There was famine in all the other lands, but throughout the land of Egypt there was food. 41:55 When all the land of Egypt experienced the famine, the people cried out to Pharaoh for food. Pharaoh said to all the people of Egypt, 1962 “Go to Joseph and do whatever he tells you.”
41:56 While the famine was over all the earth, 1963 Joseph opened the storehouses 1964 and sold grain to the Egyptians. The famine was severe throughout the land of Egypt. 41:57 People from every country 1965 came to Joseph in Egypt to buy grain because the famine was severe throughout the earth.
Joseph’s Brothers in Egypt
42:1 When Jacob heard 1966 there was grain in Egypt, he 1967 said to his sons, “Why are you looking at each other?” 1968 42:2 He then said, “Look, I hear that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there and buy grain for us 1969 so that we may live 1970 and not die.” 1971
42:3 So ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt. 42:4 But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, 1972 for he said, 1973 “What if some accident 1974 happens 1975 to him?” 42:5 So Israel’s sons came to buy grain among the other travelers, 1976 for the famine was severe in the land of Canaan.
42:6 Now Joseph was the ruler of the country, the one who sold grain to all the people of the country. 1977 Joseph’s brothers came and bowed down 1978 before him with 1979 their faces to the ground. 42:7 When Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them, but he pretended to be a stranger 1980 to them and spoke to them harshly. He asked, “Where do you come from?” They answered, 1981 “From the land of Canaan, to buy grain for food.” 1982
42:8 Joseph recognized his brothers, but they did not recognize him. 42:9 Then Joseph remembered 1983 the dreams he had dreamed about them, and he said to them, “You are spies; you have come to see if our land is vulnerable!” 1984
42:10 But they exclaimed, 1985 “No, my lord! Your servants have come to buy grain for food! 42:11 We are all the sons of one man; we are honest men! Your servants are not spies.”
42:12 “No,” he insisted, “but you have come to see if our land is vulnerable.” 1986 42:13 They replied, “Your servants are from a family of twelve brothers. 1987 We are the sons of one man in the land of Canaan. The youngest is with our father at this time, 1988 and one is no longer alive.” 1989
42:14 But Joseph told them, “It is just as I said to you: 1990 You are spies! 42:15 You will be tested in this way: As surely as Pharaoh lives, 1991 you will not depart from this place unless your youngest brother comes here. 42:16 One of you must go and get 1992 your brother, while 1993 the rest of you remain in prison. 1994 In this way your words may be tested to see if 1995 you are telling the truth. 1996 If not, then, as surely as Pharaoh lives, you are spies!” 42:17 He imprisoned 1997 them all for three days. 42:18 On the third day Joseph said to them, “Do as I say 1998 and you will live, 1999 for I fear God. 2000 42:19 If you are honest men, leave one of your brothers confined here in prison 2001 while the rest of you go 2002 and take grain back for your hungry families. 2003 42:20 But you must bring 2004 your youngest brother to me. Then 2005 your words will be verified 2006 and you will not die.” They did as he said. 2007
42:21 They said to one other, 2008 “Surely we’re being punished 2009 because of our brother, because we saw how distressed he was 2010 when he cried to us for mercy, but we refused to listen. That is why this distress 2011 has come on us!” 42:22 Reuben said to them, “Didn’t I say to you, ‘Don’t sin against the boy,’ but you wouldn’t listen? So now we must pay for shedding his blood!” 2012 42:23 (Now 2013 they did not know that Joseph could understand them, 2014 for he was speaking through an interpreter.) 2015 42:24 He turned away from them and wept. When he turned around and spoke to them again, 2016 he had Simeon taken 2017 from them and tied up 2018 before their eyes.
42:25 Then Joseph gave orders to fill 2019 their bags with grain, to return each man’s money to his sack, and to give them provisions for the journey. His orders were carried out. 2020 42:26 So they loaded their grain on their donkeys and left. 2021
42:27 When one of them 2022 opened his sack to get feed for his donkey at their resting place, 2023 he saw his money in the mouth of his sack. 2024 42:28 He said to his brothers, “My money was returned! Here it is in my sack!” They were dismayed; 2025 they turned trembling one to another 2026 and said, “What in the world has God done to us?” 2027
42:29 They returned to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan and told him all the things that had happened to them, saying, 42:30 “The man, the lord of the land, spoke harshly to us and treated us 2028 as if we were 2029 spying on the land. 42:31 But we said to him, ‘We are honest men; we are not spies! 42:32 We are from a family of twelve brothers; we are the sons of one father. 2030 One is no longer alive, 2031 and the youngest is with our father at this time 2032 in the land of Canaan.’
42:33 “Then the man, the lord of the land, said to us, ‘This is how I will find out if you are honest men. Leave one of your brothers with me, and take grain 2033 for your hungry households and go. 42:34 But bring your youngest brother back to me so I will know 2034 that you are honest men and not spies. 2035 Then I will give your brother back to you and you may move about freely in the land.’” 2036
42:35 When they were emptying their sacks, there was each man’s bag of money in his sack! When they and their father saw the bags of money, they were afraid. 42:36 Their father Jacob said to them, “You are making me childless! Joseph is gone. 2037 Simeon is gone. 2038 And now you want to take 2039 Benjamin! Everything is against me.”
42:37 Then Reuben said to his father, “You may 2040 put my two sons to death if I do not bring him back to you. Put him in my care 2041 and I will bring him back to you.” 42:38 But Jacob 2042 replied, “My son will not go down there with you, for his brother is dead and he alone is left. 2043 If an accident happens to him on the journey you have to make, then you will bring down my gray hair 2044 in sorrow to the grave.” 2045
The Second Journey to Egypt
43:1 Now the famine was severe in the land. 2046 43:2 When they finished eating the grain they had brought from Egypt, their father said to them, “Return, buy us a little more food.”
43:3 But Judah said to him, “The man solemnly warned 2047 us, ‘You will not see my face 2048 unless your brother is with you.’ 43:4 If you send 2049 our brother with us, we’ll go down and buy food for you. 43:5 But if you will not send him, we won’t go down there because the man said to us, ‘You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.’”
43:7 They replied, “The man questioned us 2052 thoroughly 2053 about ourselves and our family, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Do you have another brother?’ 2054 So we answered him in this way. 2055 How could we possibly know 2056 that he would say, 2057 ‘Bring your brother down’?”
43:8 Then Judah said to his father Israel, “Send the boy with me and we will go immediately. 2058 Then we will live 2059 and not die – we and you and our little ones. 43:9 I myself pledge security 2060 for him; you may hold me liable. If I do not bring him back to you and place him here before you, I will bear the blame before you all my life. 2061 43:10 But if we had not delayed, we could have traveled there and back 2062 twice by now!”
43:11 Then their father Israel said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: Take some of the best products of the land in your bags, and take a gift down to the man – a little balm and a little honey, spices and myrrh, pistachios and almonds. 43:12 Take double the money with you; 2063 you must take back 2064 the money that was returned in the mouths of your sacks – perhaps it was an oversight. 43:13 Take your brother too, and go right away 2065 to the man. 2066 43:14 May the sovereign God 2067 grant you mercy before the man so that he may release 2068 your other brother 2069 and Benjamin! As for me, if I lose my children I lose them.” 2070
43:15 So the men took these gifts, and they took double the money with them, along with Benjamin. Then they hurried down to Egypt 2071 and stood before Joseph. 43:16 When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the servant who was over his household, “Bring the men to the house. Slaughter an animal and prepare it, for the men will eat with me at noon.” 43:17 The man did just as Joseph said; he 2072 brought the men into Joseph’s house. 2073
43:18 But the men were afraid when they were brought to Joseph’s house. They said, “We are being brought in because of 2074 the money that was returned in our sacks last time. 2075 He wants to capture us, 2076 make us slaves, and take 2077 our donkeys!” 43:19 So they approached the man who was in charge of Joseph’s household and spoke to him at the entrance to the house. 43:20 They said, “My lord, we did indeed come down 2078 the first time 2079 to buy food. 43:21 But when we came to the place where we spent the night, we opened our sacks and each of us found his money – the full amount 2080 – in the mouth of his sack. So we have returned it. 2081 43:22 We have brought additional money with us to buy food. We do not know who put the money in our sacks!”
43:23 “Everything is fine,” 2082 the man in charge of Joseph’s household told them. “Don’t be afraid. Your God and the God of your father has given you treasure in your sacks. 2083 I had your money.” 2084 Then he brought Simeon out to them.
43:24 The servant in charge 2085 brought the men into Joseph’s house. He gave them water, and they washed their feet. Then he gave food to their donkeys. 43:25 They got their gifts ready for Joseph’s arrival 2086 at noon, for they had heard 2087 that they were to have a meal 2088 there.
43:26 When Joseph came home, they presented him with the gifts they had brought inside, 2089 and they bowed down to the ground before him. 43:27 He asked them how they were doing. 2090 Then he said, “Is your aging father well, the one you spoke about? Is he still alive?” 43:28 “Your servant our father is well,” they replied. “He is still alive.” They bowed down in humility. 2091
43:29 When Joseph looked up 2092 and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother’s son, he said, “Is this your youngest brother, whom you told me about?” Then he said, “May God be gracious to you, my son.” 2093 43:30 Joseph hurried out, for he was overcome by affection for his brother 2094 and was at the point of tears. 2095 So he went to his room and wept there.
43:31 Then he washed his face and came out. With composure he said, 2096 “Set out the food.” 43:32 They set a place for him, a separate place for his brothers, 2097 and another for the Egyptians who were eating with him. (The Egyptians are not able to eat with Hebrews, for the Egyptians think it is disgusting 2098 to do so.) 2099 43:33 They sat before him, arranged by order of birth, beginning with the firstborn and ending with the youngest. 2100 The men looked at each other in astonishment. 2101 43:34 He gave them portions of the food set before him, 2102 but the portion for Benjamin was five times greater than the portions for any of the others. They drank with Joseph until they all became drunk. 2103
The Final Test
44:1 He instructed the servant who was over his household, “Fill the sacks of the men with as much food as they can carry and put each man’s money in the mouth of his sack. 44:2 Then put 2104 my cup – the silver cup – in the mouth of the youngest one’s sack, along with the money for his grain.” He did as Joseph instructed. 2105
44:3 When morning came, 2106 the men and their donkeys were sent off. 2107 44:4 They had not gone very far from the city 2108 when Joseph said 2109 to the servant who was over his household, “Pursue the men at once! 2110 When you overtake 2111 them, say to them, ‘Why have you repaid good with evil? 44:5 Doesn’t my master drink from this cup 2112 and use it for divination? 2113 You have done wrong!’” 2114
44:6 When the man 2115 overtook them, he spoke these words to them. 44:7 They answered him, “Why does my lord say such things? 2116 Far be it from your servants to do such a thing! 2117 44:8 Look, the money that we found in the mouths of our sacks we brought back to you from the land of Canaan. Why then would we steal silver or gold from your master’s house? 44:9 If one of us has it, 2118 he will die, and the rest of us will become my lord’s slaves!”
44:10 He replied, “You have suggested your own punishment! 2119 The one who has it will become my slave, 2120 but the rest of 2121 you will go free.” 2122 44:11 So each man quickly lowered 2123 his sack to the ground and opened it. 44:12 Then the man 2124 searched. He began with the oldest and finished with the youngest. The cup was found in Benjamin’s sack! 44:13 They all tore their clothes! Then each man loaded his donkey, and they returned to the city.
44:14 So Judah and his brothers 2125 came back to Joseph’s house. He was still there, 2126 and they threw themselves to the ground before him. 44:15 Joseph said to them, “What did you think you were doing? 2127 Don’t you know that a man like me can find out things like this by divination?” 2128
44:16 Judah replied, “What can we say 2129 to my lord? What can we speak? How can we clear ourselves? 2130 God has exposed the sin of your servants! 2131 We are now my lord’s slaves, we and the one in whose possession the cup was found.”
44:18 Then Judah approached him and said, “My lord, please allow your servant to speak a word with you. 2134 Please do not get angry with your servant, 2135 for you are just like Pharaoh. 2136 44:19 My lord asked his servants, ‘Do you have a father or a brother?’ 44:20 We said to my lord, ‘We have an aged father, and there is a young boy who was born when our father was old. 2137 The boy’s 2138 brother is dead. He is the only one of his mother’s sons left, 2139 and his father loves him.’
44:21 “Then you told your servants, ‘Bring him down to me so I can see 2140 him.’ 2141 44:22 We said to my lord, ‘The boy cannot leave his father. If he leaves his father, his father 2142 will die.’ 2143 44:23 But you said to your servants, ‘If your youngest brother does not come down with you, you will not see my face again.’ 44:24 When we returned to your servant my father, we told him the words of my lord.
44:25 “Then our father said, ‘Go back and buy us a little food.’ 44:26 But we replied, ‘We cannot go down there. 2144 If our youngest brother is with us, then we will go, 2145 for we won’t be permitted to see the man’s face if our youngest brother is not with us.’
44:27 “Then your servant my father said to us, ‘You know that my wife gave me two sons. 2146 44:28 The first disappeared 2147 and I said, “He has surely been torn to pieces.” I have not seen him since. 44:29 If you take 2148 this one from me too and an accident happens to him, then you will bring down my gray hair 2149 in tragedy 2150 to the grave.’ 2151
44:30 “So now, when I return to your servant my father, and the boy is not with us – his very life is bound up in his son’s life. 2152 44:31 When he sees the boy is not with us, 2153 he will die, and your servants will bring down the gray hair of your servant our father in sorrow to the grave. 44:32 Indeed, 2154 your servant pledged security for the boy with my father, saying, ‘If I do not bring him back to you, then I will bear the blame before my father all my life.’
44:33 “So now, please let your servant remain as my lord’s slave instead of the boy. As for the boy, let him go back with his brothers. 44:34 For how can I go back to my father if the boy is not with me? I couldn’t <