Bible: Gen 11-16

The Dispersion of the Nations at Babel

11:1 The whole earth 1  had a common language and a common vocabulary. 2  11:2 When the people 3  moved eastward, 4  they found a plain in Shinar 5  and settled there. 11:3 Then they said to one another, 6 Come, let’s make bricks and bake them thoroughly.” 7  (They had brick instead of stone and tar 8  instead of mortar.) 9  11:4 Then they said, “Come, let’s build ourselves a city and a tower with its top in the heavens 10  so that 11  we may make a name for ourselves. Otherwise 12  we will be scattered 13  across the face of the entire earth.”

11:5 But the Lord came down to see the city and the tower that the people 14  had started 15  building. 11:6 And the Lord said, “If as one people all sharing a common language 16  they have begun to do this, then 17  nothing they plan to do will be beyond them. 18  11:7 Come, let’s go down and confuse 19  their language so they won’t be able to understand each other.” 20 

11:8 So the Lord scattered them from there across the face of the entire earth, and they stopped building 21  the city. 11:9 That is why its name was called 22  Babel 23 because there the Lord confused the language of the entire world, and from there the Lord scattered them across the face of the entire earth.

The Genealogy of Shem

11:10 This is the account of Shem.

Shem was 100 old when he became the father of Arphaxad, two years after the flood. 11:11 And after becoming the father of Arphaxad, Shem lived 500 years and had other 24  sons and daughters.

11:12 When Arphaxad had lived 35 years, he became the father of Shelah. 11:13 And after he became the father of Shelah, Arphaxad lived 403 years and had other 25  sons and daughters. 26 

11:14 When Shelah had lived 30 years, he became the father of Eber. 11:15 And after he became the father of Eber, Shelah lived 403 years and had other 27  sons and daughters.

11:16 When Eber had lived 34 years, he became the father of Peleg. 11:17 And after he became the father of Peleg, Eber lived 430 years and had other sons and daughters.

11:18 When Peleg had lived 30 years, he became the father of Reu. 11:19 And after he became the father of Reu, Peleg lived 209 years and had other sons and daughters.

11:20 When Reu had lived 32 years, he became the father of Serug. 11:21 And after he became the father of Serug, Reu lived 207 years and had other sons and daughters.

11:22 When Serug had lived 30 years, he became the father of Nahor. 11:23 And after he became the father of Nahor, Serug lived 200 years and had other sons and daughters.

11:24 When Nahor had lived 29 years, he became the father of Terah. 11:25 And after he became the father of Terah, Nahor lived 119 years and had other sons and daughters.

11:26 When Terah had lived 70 years, he became the father of Abram, Nahor, and Haran.

The Record of Terah

11:27 This is the account of Terah.

Terah became the father of Abram, Nahor, and Haran. And Haran became the father of Lot. 11:28 Haran died in the land of his birth, in Ur of the Chaldeans, 28  while his father Terah was still alive. 29  11:29 And Abram and Nahor took wives for themselves. The name of Abram’s wife was Sarai, 30  and the name of Nahor’s wife was Milcah; 31  she was the daughter of Haran, the father of both Milcah and Iscah. 11:30 But Sarai was barren; she had no children.

11:31 Terah took his son Abram, his grandson Lot (the son of Haran), and his daughter-in-law Sarai, his son Abram’s wife, and with them he set out from Ur of the Chaldeans to go to Canaan. When they came to Haran, they settled there. 11:32 The lifetime 32  of Terah was 205 years, and he 33  died in Haran.

The Obedience of Abram

12:1 Now the Lord said 34  to Abram, 35 

“Go out 36  from your country, your relatives, and your father’s household

to the land that I will show you. 37 

12:2 Then I will make you 38  into a great nation, and I will bless you, 39 

and I will make your name great, 40 

so that you will exemplify divine blessing. 41 

12:3 I will bless those who bless you, 42 

but the one who treats you lightly 43  I must curse,

and all the families of the earth will bless one another 44  by your name.”

12:4 So Abram left, 45  just as the Lord had told him to do, 46  and Lot went with him. (Now 47  Abram was 75 years old 48  when he departed from Haran.) 12:5 And Abram took his wife Sarai, his nephew 49  Lot, and all the possessions they had accumulated and the people they had acquired 50  in Haran, and they left for 51  the land of Canaan. They entered the land of Canaan.

12:6 Abram traveled through the land as far as the oak tree 52  of Moreh 53  at Shechem. 54  (At that time the Canaanites were in the land.) 55  12:7 The Lord appeared to Abram and said, “To your descendants 56  I will give this land.” So Abram 57  built an altar there to the Lord, who had appeared to him.

12:8 Then he moved from there to the hill country east of Bethel 58  and pitched his tent, with Bethel on the west and Ai on the east. There he built an altar to the Lord and worshiped the Lord. 59  12:9 Abram continually journeyed by stages 60  down to the Negev. 61 

The Promised Blessing Jeopardized

12:10 There was a famine in the land, so Abram went down to Egypt 62  to stay for a while 63  because the famine was severe. 64  12:11 As he approached 65  Egypt, he said to his wife Sarai, “Look, 66  I know that you are a beautiful woman. 67  12:12 When the Egyptians see you they will say, ‘This is his wife.’ Then they will kill me but will keep you alive. 68  12:13 So tell them 69  you are my sister 70  so that it may go well 71  for me because of you and my life will be spared 72  on account of you.”

12:14 When Abram entered Egypt, the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful. 12:15 When Pharaoh’s officials saw her, they praised her to Pharaoh. So Abram’s wife 73  was taken 74  into the household of Pharaoh, 75  12:16 and he did treat Abram well 76  on account of her. Abram received 77  sheep and cattle, male donkeys, male servants, female servants, female donkeys, and camels.

12:17 But the Lord struck Pharaoh and his household with severe diseases 78  because of Sarai, Abram’s wife. 12:18 So Pharaoh summoned Abram and said, “What is this 79  you have done to me? Why didn’t you tell me that she was your wife? 12:19 Why did you say, ‘She is my sister,’ so that I took her 80  to be my wife? 81  Here is your wife! 82  Take her and go! 83  12:20 Pharaoh gave his men orders about Abram, 84  and so they expelled him, along with his wife and all his possessions.

Abram’s Solution to the Strife

13:1 So Abram went up from Egypt into the Negev. 85  He took his wife and all his possessions with him, as well as Lot. 86  13:2 (Now Abram was very wealthy 87  in livestock, silver, and gold.) 88 

13:3 And he journeyed from place to place 89  from the Negev as far as Bethel. 90  He returned 91  to the place where he had pitched his tent 92  at the beginning, between Bethel and Ai. 13:4 This was the place where he had first built the altar, 93  and there Abram worshiped the Lord. 94 

13:5 Now Lot, who was traveling 95  with Abram, also had 96  flocks, herds, and tents. 13:6 But the land could 97  not support them while they were living side by side. 98  Because their possessions were so great, they were not able to live 99  alongside one another. 13:7 So there were quarrels 100  between Abram’s herdsmen and Lot’s herdsmen. 101  (Now the Canaanites and the Perizzites were living in the land at that time.) 102 

13:8 Abram said to Lot, “Let there be no quarreling between me and you, and between my herdsmen and your herdsmen, for we are close relatives. 103  13:9 Is not the whole land before you? Separate yourself now from me. If you go 104  to the left, then I’ll go to the right, but if you go to the right, then I’ll go to the left.”

13:10 Lot looked up and saw 105  the whole region 106  of the Jordan. He noticed 107  that all of it was well-watered (before the Lord obliterated 108  Sodom and Gomorrah) 109  like the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt, 110  all the way to Zoar. 13:11 Lot chose for himself the whole region of the Jordan and traveled 111  toward the east.

So the relatives separated from each other. 112  13:12 Abram settled in the land of Canaan, but Lot settled among the cities of the Jordan plain 113  and pitched his tents next to Sodom. 13:13 (Now 114  the people 115  of Sodom were extremely wicked rebels against the Lord.) 116 

13:14 After Lot had departed, the Lord said to Abram, 117 Look 118  from the place where you stand to the north, south, east, and west. 13:15 I will give all the land that you see to you and your descendants 119  forever. 13:16 And I will make your descendants like the dust of the earth, so that if anyone is able to count the dust of the earth, then your descendants also can be counted. 120  13:17 Get up and 121  walk throughout 122  the land, 123  for I will give it to you.”

13:18 So Abram moved his tents and went to live 124  by the oaks 125  of Mamre in Hebron, and he built an altar to the Lord there.

The Blessing of Victory for God’s People

14:1 At that time 126  Amraphel king of Shinar, 127  Arioch king of Ellasar, Kedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations 128  14:2 went to war 129  against Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar). 130  14:3 These last five kings 131  joined forces 132  in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea). 133  14:4 For twelve years 134  they had served Kedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth year 135  they rebelled. 136  14:5 In the fourteenth year, Kedorlaomer and the kings who were his allies came and defeated 137  the Rephaites in Ashteroth Karnaim, the Zuzites in Ham, the Emites in Shaveh Kiriathaim, 14:6 and the Horites in their hill country of Seir, as far as El Paran, which is near the desert. 138  14:7 Then they attacked En Mishpat (that is, Kadesh) again, 139  and they conquered all the territory of the Amalekites, as well as the Amorites who were living in Hazazon Tamar.

14:8 Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) went out and prepared for battle. In the Valley of Siddim they met 140  14:9 Kedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of nations, 141  Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar. Four kings fought against 142  five. 14:10 Now the Valley of Siddim was full of tar pits. 143  When the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, they fell into them, 144  but some survivors 145  fled to the hills. 146  14:11 The four victorious kings 147  took all the possessions and food of Sodom and Gomorrah and left. 14:12 They also took Abram’s nephew 148  Lot and his possessions when 149  they left, for Lot 150  was living in Sodom. 151 

14:13 A fugitive 152  came and told Abram the Hebrew. 153  Now Abram was living by the oaks 154  of Mamre the Amorite, the brother 155  of Eshcol and Aner. (All these were allied by treaty 156  with Abram.) 157  14:14 When Abram heard that his nephew 158  had been taken captive, he mobilized 159  his 318 trained men who had been born in his household, and he pursued the invaders 160  as far as Dan. 161  14:15 Then, during the night, 162  Abram 163  divided his forces 164  against them and defeated them. He chased them as far as Hobah, which is north 165  of Damascus. 14:16 He retrieved all the stolen property. 166  He also brought back his nephew Lot and his possessions, as well as the women and the rest of 167  the people.

14:17 After Abram 168  returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet Abram 169  in the Valley of Shaveh (known as the King’s Valley). 170  14:18 Melchizedek king of Salem 171  brought out bread and wine. (Now he was the priest of the Most High God.) 172  14:19 He blessed Abram, saying,

Blessed be Abram by 173  the Most High God,

Creator 174  of heaven and earth. 175 

14:20 Worthy of praise is 176  the Most High God,

who delivered 177  your enemies into your hand.”

Abram gave Melchizedek 178  a tenth of everything.

14:21 Then the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people and take the possessions for yourself.” 14:22 But Abram replied to the king of Sodom, “I raise my hand 179  to the Lord, the Most High God, Creator of heaven and earth, and vow 180  14:23 that I will take nothing 181  belonging to you, not even a thread or the strap of a sandal. That way you can never say, ‘It is I 182  who made Abram rich.’ 14:24 I will take nothing 183  except compensation for what the young men have eaten. 184  As for the share of the men who went with me – Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre – let them take their share.”

The Cutting of the Covenant

15:1 After these things the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision: “Fear not, Abram! I am your shield 185  and the one who will reward you in great abundance.” 186 

15:2 But Abram said, “O sovereign Lord, 187  what will you give me since 188  I continue to be 189  childless, and my heir 190  is 191  Eliezer of Damascus? 192  15:3 Abram added, 193 Since 194  you have not given me a descendant, then look, one born in my house will be my heir! 195 

15:4 But look, 196  the word of the Lord came to him: “This man 197  will not be your heir, 198  but instead 199  a son 200  who comes from your own body will be 201  your heir.” 202  15:5 The Lord 203  took him outside and said, “Gaze into the sky and count the stars – if you are able to count them!” Then he said to him, “So will your descendants be.”

15:6 Abram believed 204  the Lord, and the Lord 205  considered his response of faith 206  as proof of genuine loyalty. 207 

15:7 The Lord said 208  to him, “I am the Lord 209  who brought you out from Ur of the Chaldeans 210  to give you this land to possess.” 15:8 But 211  Abram 212  said, “O sovereign Lord, 213  by what 214  can I know that I am to possess it?

15:9 The Lord 215  said to him, “Take for me a heifer, a goat, and a ram, each three years old, along with a dove and a young pigeon.” 15:10 So Abram 216  took all these for him and then cut them in two 217  and placed each half opposite the other, 218  but he did not cut the birds in half. 15:11 When birds of prey came down on the carcasses, Abram drove them away.

15:12 When the sun went down, Abram fell sound asleep, 219  and great terror overwhelmed him. 220  15:13 Then the Lord said to Abram, “Know for certain 221  that your descendants will be strangers 222  in a foreign country. 223  They will be enslaved and oppressed 224  for four hundred years. 15:14 But I will execute judgment on the nation that they will serve. 225  Afterward they will come out with many possessions. 15:15 But as for you, 226  you will go to your ancestors 227  in peace and be buried at a good old age. 228  15:16 In the fourth generation 229  your descendants 230  will return here, for the sin of the Amorites has not yet reached its limit.” 231 

15:17 When the sun had gone down and it was dark, a smoking firepot with a flaming torch 232  passed between the animal parts. 233  15:18 That day the Lord made a covenant 234  with Abram: “To your descendants I give 235  this land, from the river of Egypt 236  to the great river, the Euphrates River 15:19 the land 237  of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, 15:20 Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites, 15:21 Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites, and Jebusites.” 238 

The Birth of Ishmael

16:1 Now Sarai, 239  Abram’s wife, had not given birth to any children, 240  but she had an Egyptian servant 241  named Hagar. 242  16:2 So Sarai said to Abram, “Since 243  the Lord has prevented me from having children, have sexual relations with 244  my servant. Perhaps I can have a family by her.” 245  Abram did what 246  Sarai told him.

16:3 So after Abram had lived 247  in Canaan for ten years, Sarai, Abram’s wife, gave Hagar, her Egyptian servant, 248  to her husband to be his wife. 249  16:4 He had sexual relations with 250  Hagar, and she became pregnant. 251  Once Hagar realized she was pregnant, she despised Sarai. 252  16:5 Then Sarai said to Abram, “You have brought this wrong on me! 253  I allowed my servant to have sexual relations with you, 254  but when she realized 255  that she was pregnant, she despised me. 256  May the Lord judge between you and me! 257 

16:6 Abram said to Sarai, “Since your 258  servant is under your authority, 259  do to her whatever you think best.” 260  Then Sarai treated Hagar 261  harshly, 262  so she ran away from Sarai. 263 

16:7 The Lord’s angel 264  found Hagar near a spring of water in the desert – the spring that is along the road to Shur. 265  16:8 He said, “Hagar, servant of Sarai, where have you come from, and where are you going?” She replied, “I’m running away from 266  my mistress, Sarai.”

16:9 Then the Lord’s angel said to her, “Return to your mistress and submit 267  to her authority. 16:10 I will greatly multiply your descendants,” the Lord’s angel added, 268  “so that they will be too numerous to count.” 269  16:11 Then the Lord’s angel said to her,

“You are now 270  pregnant

and are about to give birth 271  to a son.

You are to name him Ishmael, 272 

for the Lord has heard your painful groans. 273 

16:12 He will be a wild donkey 274  of a man.

He will be hostile to everyone, 275 

and everyone will be hostile to him. 276 

He will live away from 277  his brothers.”

16:13 So Hagar named the Lord who spoke to her, “You are the God who sees me,” 278  for she said, “Here I have seen one who sees me! 279  16:14 That is why the well was called 280  Beer Lahai Roi. 281  (It is located 282  between Kadesh and Bered.)

16:15 So Hagar gave birth to Abram’s son, whom Abram named Ishmael. 283  16:16 (Now 284  Abram was 86 years old 285  when Hagar gave birth to Ishmael.) 286 

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