Bible: Gen 11:27-25:18

The Record of Terah

11:27 This is the account of Terah.

Terah became the father of Abram, Nahor, and Haran. And Haran became the father of Lot. 11:28 Haran died in the land of his birth, in Ur of the Chaldeans, 1  while his father Terah was still alive. 2  11:29 And Abram and Nahor took wives for themselves. The name of Abram’s wife was Sarai, 3  and the name of Nahor’s wife was Milcah; 4  she was the daughter of Haran, the father of both Milcah and Iscah. 11:30 But Sarai was barren; she had no children.

11:31 Terah took his son Abram, his grandson Lot (the son of Haran), and his daughter-in-law Sarai, his son Abram’s wife, and with them he set out from Ur of the Chaldeans to go to Canaan. When they came to Haran, they settled there. 11:32 The lifetime 5  of Terah was 205 years, and he 6  died in Haran.

The Obedience of Abram

12:1 Now the Lord said 7  to Abram, 8 

“Go out 9  from your country, your relatives, and your father’s household

to the land that I will show you. 10 

12:2 Then I will make you 11  into a great nation, and I will bless you, 12 

and I will make your name great, 13 

so that you will exemplify divine blessing. 14 

12:3 I will bless those who bless you, 15 

but the one who treats you lightly 16  I must curse,

and all the families of the earth will bless one another 17  by your name.”

12:4 So Abram left, 18  just as the Lord had told him to do, 19  and Lot went with him. (Now 20  Abram was 75 years old 21  when he departed from Haran.) 12:5 And Abram took his wife Sarai, his nephew 22  Lot, and all the possessions they had accumulated and the people they had acquired 23  in Haran, and they left for 24  the land of Canaan. They entered the land of Canaan.

12:6 Abram traveled through the land as far as the oak tree 25  of Moreh 26  at Shechem. 27  (At that time the Canaanites were in the land.) 28  12:7 The Lord appeared to Abram and said, “To your descendants 29  I will give this land.” So Abram 30  built an altar there to the Lord, who had appeared to him.

12:8 Then he moved from there to the hill country east of Bethel 31  and pitched his tent, with Bethel on the west and Ai on the east. There he built an altar to the Lord and worshiped the Lord. 32  12:9 Abram continually journeyed by stages 33  down to the Negev. 34 

The Promised Blessing Jeopardized

12:10 There was a famine in the land, so Abram went down to Egypt 35  to stay for a while 36  because the famine was severe. 37  12:11 As he approached 38  Egypt, he said to his wife Sarai, “Look, 39  I know that you are a beautiful woman. 40  12:12 When the Egyptians see you they will say, ‘This is his wife.’ Then they will kill me but will keep you alive. 41  12:13 So tell them 42  you are my sister 43  so that it may go well 44  for me because of you and my life will be spared 45  on account of you.”

12:14 When Abram entered Egypt, the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful. 12:15 When Pharaoh’s officials saw her, they praised her to Pharaoh. So Abram’s wife 46  was taken 47  into the household of Pharaoh, 48  12:16 and he did treat Abram well 49  on account of her. Abram received 50  sheep and cattle, male donkeys, male servants, female servants, female donkeys, and camels.

12:17 But the Lord struck Pharaoh and his household with severe diseases 51  because of Sarai, Abram’s wife. 12:18 So Pharaoh summoned Abram and said, “What is this 52  you have done to me? Why didn’t you tell me that she was your wife? 12:19 Why did you say, ‘She is my sister,’ so that I took her 53  to be my wife? 54  Here is your wife! 55  Take her and go! 56  12:20 Pharaoh gave his men orders about Abram, 57  and so they expelled him, along with his wife and all his possessions.

Abram’s Solution to the Strife

13:1 So Abram went up from Egypt into the Negev. 58  He took his wife and all his possessions with him, as well as Lot. 59  13:2 (Now Abram was very wealthy 60  in livestock, silver, and gold.) 61 

13:3 And he journeyed from place to place 62  from the Negev as far as Bethel. 63  He returned 64  to the place where he had pitched his tent 65  at the beginning, between Bethel and Ai. 13:4 This was the place where he had first built the altar, 66  and there Abram worshiped the Lord. 67 

13:5 Now Lot, who was traveling 68  with Abram, also had 69  flocks, herds, and tents. 13:6 But the land could 70  not support them while they were living side by side. 71  Because their possessions were so great, they were not able to live 72  alongside one another. 13:7 So there were quarrels 73  between Abram’s herdsmen and Lot’s herdsmen. 74  (Now the Canaanites and the Perizzites were living in the land at that time.) 75 

13:8 Abram said to Lot, “Let there be no quarreling between me and you, and between my herdsmen and your herdsmen, for we are close relatives. 76  13:9 Is not the whole land before you? Separate yourself now from me. If you go 77  to the left, then I’ll go to the right, but if you go to the right, then I’ll go to the left.”

13:10 Lot looked up and saw 78  the whole region 79  of the Jordan. He noticed 80  that all of it was well-watered (before the Lord obliterated 81  Sodom and Gomorrah) 82  like the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt, 83  all the way to Zoar. 13:11 Lot chose for himself the whole region of the Jordan and traveled 84  toward the east.

So the relatives separated from each other. 85  13:12 Abram settled in the land of Canaan, but Lot settled among the cities of the Jordan plain 86  and pitched his tents next to Sodom. 13:13 (Now 87  the people 88  of Sodom were extremely wicked rebels against the Lord.) 89 

13:14 After Lot had departed, the Lord said to Abram, 90 Look 91  from the place where you stand to the north, south, east, and west. 13:15 I will give all the land that you see to you and your descendants 92  forever. 13:16 And I will make your descendants like the dust of the earth, so that if anyone is able to count the dust of the earth, then your descendants also can be counted. 93  13:17 Get up and 94  walk throughout 95  the land, 96  for I will give it to you.”

13:18 So Abram moved his tents and went to live 97  by the oaks 98  of Mamre in Hebron, and he built an altar to the Lord there.

The Blessing of Victory for God’s People

14:1 At that time 99  Amraphel king of Shinar, 100  Arioch king of Ellasar, Kedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations 101  14:2 went to war 102  against Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar). 103  14:3 These last five kings 104  joined forces 105  in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea). 106  14:4 For twelve years 107  they had served Kedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth year 108  they rebelled. 109  14:5 In the fourteenth year, Kedorlaomer and the kings who were his allies came and defeated 110  the Rephaites in Ashteroth Karnaim, the Zuzites in Ham, the Emites in Shaveh Kiriathaim, 14:6 and the Horites in their hill country of Seir, as far as El Paran, which is near the desert. 111  14:7 Then they attacked En Mishpat (that is, Kadesh) again, 112  and they conquered all the territory of the Amalekites, as well as the Amorites who were living in Hazazon Tamar.

14:8 Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) went out and prepared for battle. In the Valley of Siddim they met 113  14:9 Kedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of nations, 114  Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar. Four kings fought against 115  five. 14:10 Now the Valley of Siddim was full of tar pits. 116  When the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, they fell into them, 117  but some survivors 118  fled to the hills. 119  14:11 The four victorious kings 120  took all the possessions and food of Sodom and Gomorrah and left. 14:12 They also took Abram’s nephew 121  Lot and his possessions when 122  they left, for Lot 123  was living in Sodom. 124 

14:13 A fugitive 125  came and told Abram the Hebrew. 126  Now Abram was living by the oaks 127  of Mamre the Amorite, the brother 128  of Eshcol and Aner. (All these were allied by treaty 129  with Abram.) 130  14:14 When Abram heard that his nephew 131  had been taken captive, he mobilized 132  his 318 trained men who had been born in his household, and he pursued the invaders 133  as far as Dan. 134  14:15 Then, during the night, 135  Abram 136  divided his forces 137  against them and defeated them. He chased them as far as Hobah, which is north 138  of Damascus. 14:16 He retrieved all the stolen property. 139  He also brought back his nephew Lot and his possessions, as well as the women and the rest of 140  the people.

14:17 After Abram 141  returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet Abram 142  in the Valley of Shaveh (known as the King’s Valley). 143  14:18 Melchizedek king of Salem 144  brought out bread and wine. (Now he was the priest of the Most High God.) 145  14:19 He blessed Abram, saying,

Blessed be Abram by 146  the Most High God,

Creator 147  of heaven and earth. 148 

14:20 Worthy of praise is 149  the Most High God,

who delivered 150  your enemies into your hand.”

Abram gave Melchizedek 151  a tenth of everything.

14:21 Then the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people and take the possessions for yourself.” 14:22 But Abram replied to the king of Sodom, “I raise my hand 152  to the Lord, the Most High God, Creator of heaven and earth, and vow 153  14:23 that I will take nothing 154  belonging to you, not even a thread or the strap of a sandal. That way you can never say, ‘It is I 155  who made Abram rich.’ 14:24 I will take nothing 156  except compensation for what the young men have eaten. 157  As for the share of the men who went with me – Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre – let them take their share.”

The Cutting of the Covenant

15:1 After these things the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision: “Fear not, Abram! I am your shield 158  and the one who will reward you in great abundance.” 159 

15:2 But Abram said, “O sovereign Lord, 160  what will you give me since 161  I continue to be 162  childless, and my heir 163  is 164  Eliezer of Damascus? 165  15:3 Abram added, 166 Since 167  you have not given me a descendant, then look, one born in my house will be my heir! 168 

15:4 But look, 169  the word of the Lord came to him: “This man 170  will not be your heir, 171  but instead 172  a son 173  who comes from your own body will be 174  your heir.” 175  15:5 The Lord 176  took him outside and said, “Gaze into the sky and count the stars – if you are able to count them!” Then he said to him, “So will your descendants be.”

15:6 Abram believed 177  the Lord, and the Lord 178  considered his response of faith 179  as proof of genuine loyalty. 180 

15:7 The Lord said 181  to him, “I am the Lord 182  who brought you out from Ur of the Chaldeans 183  to give you this land to possess.” 15:8 But 184  Abram 185  said, “O sovereign Lord, 186  by what 187  can I know that I am to possess it?

15:9 The Lord 188  said to him, “Take for me a heifer, a goat, and a ram, each three years old, along with a dove and a young pigeon.” 15:10 So Abram 189  took all these for him and then cut them in two 190  and placed each half opposite the other, 191  but he did not cut the birds in half. 15:11 When birds of prey came down on the carcasses, Abram drove them away.

15:12 When the sun went down, Abram fell sound asleep, 192  and great terror overwhelmed him. 193  15:13 Then the Lord said to Abram, “Know for certain 194  that your descendants will be strangers 195  in a foreign country. 196  They will be enslaved and oppressed 197  for four hundred years. 15:14 But I will execute judgment on the nation that they will serve. 198  Afterward they will come out with many possessions. 15:15 But as for you, 199  you will go to your ancestors 200  in peace and be buried at a good old age. 201  15:16 In the fourth generation 202  your descendants 203  will return here, for the sin of the Amorites has not yet reached its limit.” 204 

15:17 When the sun had gone down and it was dark, a smoking firepot with a flaming torch 205  passed between the animal parts. 206  15:18 That day the Lord made a covenant 207  with Abram: “To your descendants I give 208  this land, from the river of Egypt 209  to the great river, the Euphrates River 15:19 the land 210  of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, 15:20 Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites, 15:21 Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites, and Jebusites.” 211 

The Birth of Ishmael

16:1 Now Sarai, 212  Abram’s wife, had not given birth to any children, 213  but she had an Egyptian servant 214  named Hagar. 215  16:2 So Sarai said to Abram, “Since 216  the Lord has prevented me from having children, have sexual relations with 217  my servant. Perhaps I can have a family by her.” 218  Abram did what 219  Sarai told him.

16:3 So after Abram had lived 220  in Canaan for ten years, Sarai, Abram’s wife, gave Hagar, her Egyptian servant, 221  to her husband to be his wife. 222  16:4 He had sexual relations with 223  Hagar, and she became pregnant. 224  Once Hagar realized she was pregnant, she despised Sarai. 225  16:5 Then Sarai said to Abram, “You have brought this wrong on me! 226  I allowed my servant to have sexual relations with you, 227  but when she realized 228  that she was pregnant, she despised me. 229  May the Lord judge between you and me! 230 

16:6 Abram said to Sarai, “Since your 231  servant is under your authority, 232  do to her whatever you think best.” 233  Then Sarai treated Hagar 234  harshly, 235  so she ran away from Sarai. 236 

16:7 The Lord’s angel 237  found Hagar near a spring of water in the desert – the spring that is along the road to Shur. 238  16:8 He said, “Hagar, servant of Sarai, where have you come from, and where are you going?” She replied, “I’m running away from 239  my mistress, Sarai.”

16:9 Then the Lord’s angel said to her, “Return to your mistress and submit 240  to her authority. 16:10 I will greatly multiply your descendants,” the Lord’s angel added, 241  “so that they will be too numerous to count.” 242  16:11 Then the Lord’s angel said to her,

“You are now 243  pregnant

and are about to give birth 244  to a son.

You are to name him Ishmael, 245 

for the Lord has heard your painful groans. 246 

16:12 He will be a wild donkey 247  of a man.

He will be hostile to everyone, 248 

and everyone will be hostile to him. 249 

He will live away from 250  his brothers.”

16:13 So Hagar named the Lord who spoke to her, “You are the God who sees me,” 251  for she said, “Here I have seen one who sees me! 252  16:14 That is why the well was called 253  Beer Lahai Roi. 254  (It is located 255  between Kadesh and Bered.)

16:15 So Hagar gave birth to Abram’s son, whom Abram named Ishmael. 256  16:16 (Now 257  Abram was 86 years old 258  when Hagar gave birth to Ishmael.) 259 

The Sign of the Covenant

17:1 When Abram was 99 years old, 260  the Lord appeared to him and said, 261 I am the sovereign God. 262  Walk 263  before me 264  and be blameless. 265  17:2 Then I will confirm my covenant 266  between me and you, and I will give you a multitude of descendants.” 267 

17:3 Abram bowed down with his face to the ground, 268  and God said to him, 269  17:4 As for me, 270  this 271  is my covenant with you: You will be the father of a multitude of nations. 17:5 No longer will your name be 272  Abram. Instead, your name will be Abraham 273  because I will make you 274  the father of a multitude of nations. 17:6 I will make you 275  extremely 276  fruitful. I will make nations of you, and kings will descend from you. 277  17:7 I will confirm 278  my covenant as a perpetual 279  covenant between me and you. It will extend to your descendants after you throughout their generations. I will be your God and the God of your descendants after you. 280  17:8 I will give the whole land of Canaan – the land where you are now residing 281 to you and your descendants after you as a permanent 282  possession. I will be their God.”

17:9 Then God said to Abraham, “As for you, you must keep 283  the covenantal requirement 284  I am imposing on you and your descendants after you throughout their generations. 17:10 This is my requirement that you and your descendants after you must keep: 285  Every male among you must be circumcised. 286  17:11 You must circumcise the flesh of your foreskins. This will be a reminder 287  of the covenant between me and you. 17:12 Throughout your generations every male among you who is eight days old 288  must be circumcised, whether born in your house or bought with money from any foreigner who is not one of your descendants. 17:13 They must indeed be circumcised, 289  whether born in your house or bought with money. The sign of my covenant 290  will be visible in your flesh as a permanent 291  reminder. 17:14 Any uncircumcised male 292  who has not been circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin will be cut off 293  from his people – he has failed to carry out my requirement.” 294 

17:15 Then God said to Abraham, “As for your wife, you must no longer call her Sarai; 295  Sarah 296  will be her name. 17:16 I will bless her and will give you a son through her. I will bless her and she will become a mother of nations. 297  Kings of countries 298  will come from her!

17:17 Then Abraham bowed down with his face to the ground and laughed 299  as he said to himself, 300  “Can 301  a son be born to a man who is a hundred years old? 302  Can Sarah 303  bear a child at the age of ninety? 304  17:18 Abraham said to God, “O that 305  Ishmael might live before you! 306 

17:19 God said, “No, Sarah your wife is going to bear you a son, and you will name him Isaac. 307  I will confirm my covenant with him as a perpetual 308  covenant for his descendants after him. 17:20 As for Ishmael, I have heard you. 309  I will indeed bless him, make him fruitful, and give him a multitude of descendants. 310  He will become the father of twelve princes; 311  I will make him into a great nation. 17:21 But I will establish my covenant with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you at this set time next year.” 17:22 When he finished speaking with Abraham, God went up from him. 312 

17:23 Abraham took his son Ishmael and every male in his household (whether born in his house or bought with money) 313  and circumcised them 314  on that very same day, just as God had told him to do. 17:24 Now Abraham was 99 years old 315  when he was circumcised; 316  17:25 his son Ishmael was thirteen years old 317  when he was circumcised. 17:26 Abraham and his son Ishmael were circumcised on the very same day. 17:27 All the men of his household, whether born in his household or bought with money from a foreigner, were circumcised with him.

Three Special Visitors

18:1 The Lord appeared to Abraham 318  by the oaks 319  of Mamre while 320  he was sitting at the entrance 321  to his tent during the hottest time of the day. 18:2 Abraham 322  looked up 323  and saw 324  three men standing across 325  from him. When he saw them 326  he ran from the entrance of the tent to meet them and bowed low 327  to the ground. 328 

18:3 He said, “My lord, 329  if I have found favor in your sight, do not pass by and leave your servant. 330  18:4 Let a little water be brought so that 331  you may all 332  wash your feet and rest under the tree. 18:5 And let me get 333  a bit of food 334  so that you may refresh yourselves 335  since you have passed by your servant’s home. After that you may be on your way.” 336 All right,” they replied, “you may do as you say.”

18:6 So Abraham hurried into the tent and said to Sarah, “Quick! Take 337  three measures 338  of fine flour, knead it, and make bread.” 339  18:7 Then Abraham ran to the herd and chose a fine, tender calf, and gave it to a servant, 340  who quickly prepared it. 341  18:8 Abraham 342  then took some curds and milk, along with the calf that had been prepared, and placed the food 343  before them. They ate while 344  he was standing near them under a tree.

18:9 Then they asked him, “Where is Sarah your wife?” He replied, “There, 345  in the tent.” 18:10 One of them 346  said, “I will surely return 347  to you when the season comes round again, 348  and your wife Sarah will have a son!” 349  (Now Sarah was listening at the entrance to the tent, not far behind him. 350  18:11 Abraham and Sarah were old and advancing in years; 351  Sarah had long since passed menopause.) 352  18:12 So Sarah laughed to herself, thinking, 353 After I am worn out will I have pleasure, 354  especially when my husband is old too? 355 

18:13 The Lord said to Abraham, “Why 356  did Sarah laugh and say, ‘Will I really 357  have a child when I am old?’ 18:14 Is anything impossible 358  for the Lord? I will return to you when the season comes round again and Sarah will have a son.” 359  18:15 Then Sarah lied, saying, “I did not laugh,” because she was afraid. But the Lord said, “No! You did laugh.” 360 

Abraham Pleads for Sodom

18:16 When the men got up to leave, 361  they looked out over 362  Sodom. (Now 363  Abraham was walking with them to see them on their way.) 364  18:17 Then the Lord said, “Should I hide from Abraham what I am about to do? 365  18:18 After all, Abraham 366  will surely become 367  a great and powerful nation, and all the nations on the earth will pronounce blessings on one another 368  using his name. 18:19 I have chosen him 369  so that he may command his children and his household after him to keep 370  the way of the Lord by doing 371  what is right and just. Then the Lord will give 372  to Abraham what he promised 373  him.”

18:20 So the Lord said, “The outcry against 374  Sodom and Gomorrah is so great and their sin so blatant 375  18:21 that I must go down 376  and see if they are as wicked as the outcry suggests. 377  If not, 378  I want to know.”

18:22 The two men turned 379  and headed 380  toward Sodom, but Abraham was still standing before the Lord. 381  18:23 Abraham approached and said, “Will you sweep away the godly along with the wicked? 18:24 What if there are fifty godly people in the city? Will you really wipe it out and not spare 382  the place for the sake of the fifty godly people who are in it? 18:25 Far be it from you to do such a thing – to kill the godly with the wicked, treating the godly and the wicked alike! Far be it from you! Will not the judge 383  of the whole earth do what is right? 384 

18:26 So the Lord replied, “If I find in the city of Sodom fifty godly people, I will spare the whole place for their sake.”

18:27 Then Abraham asked, “Since I have undertaken to speak to the Lord 385  (although I am but dust and ashes), 386  18:28 what if there are five less than the fifty godly people? Will you destroy 387  the whole city because five are lacking?” 388  He replied, “I will not destroy it if I find forty-five there.”

18:29 Abraham 389  spoke to him again, 390 What if forty are found there?” He replied, “I will not do it for the sake of the forty.”

18:30 Then Abraham 391  said, “May the Lord not be angry 392  so that I may speak! 393  What if thirty are found there?” He replied, “I will not do it if I find thirty there.”

18:31 Abraham 394  said, “Since I have undertaken to speak to the Lord, what if only twenty are found there?” He replied, “I will not destroy it for the sake of the twenty.”

18:32 Finally Abraham 395  said, “May the Lord not be angry so that I may speak just once more. What if ten are found there?” He replied, “I will not destroy it for the sake of the ten.”

18:33 The Lord went on his way 396  when he had finished speaking 397  to Abraham. Then Abraham returned home. 398 

The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah

19:1 The two angels came to Sodom in the evening while 399  Lot was sitting in the city’s gateway. 400  When Lot saw them, he got up to meet them and bowed down with his face toward the ground.

19:2 He said, “Here, my lords, please turn aside to your servant’s house. Stay the night 401  and wash your feet. Then you can be on your way early in the morning.” 402  “No,” they replied, “we’ll spend the night in the town square.” 403 

19:3 But he urged 404  them persistently, so they turned aside with him and entered his house. He prepared a feast for them, including bread baked without yeast, and they ate. 19:4 Before they could lie down to sleep, 405  all the men – both young and old, from every part of the city of Sodom – surrounded the house. 406  19:5 They shouted to Lot, 407 Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us so we can have sex 408  with them!

19:6 Lot went outside to them, shutting the door behind him. 19:7 He said, “No, my brothers! Don’t act so wickedly! 409  19:8 Look, I have two daughters who have never had sexual relations with 410  a man. Let me bring them out to you, and you can do to them whatever you please. 411  Only don’t do anything to these men, for they have come under the protection 412  of my roof.” 413 

19:9Out of our way!” 414  they cried, and “This man came to live here as a foreigner, 415  and now he dares to judge us! 416  We’ll do more harm 417  to you than to them!” They kept 418  pressing in on Lot until they were close enough 419  to break down the door.

19:10 So the men inside 420  reached out 421  and pulled Lot back into the house 422  as they shut the door. 19:11 Then they struck the men who were at the door of the house, from the youngest to the oldest, 423  with blindness. The men outside 424  wore themselves out trying to find the door. 19:12 Then the two visitors 425  said to Lot, “Who else do you have here? 426  Do you have 427  any sons-in-law, sons, daughters, or other relatives in the city? 428  Get them out of this 429  place 19:13 because we are about to destroy 430  it. The outcry against this place 431  is so great before the Lord that he 432  has sent us to destroy it.”

19:14 Then Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law who were going to marry his daughters. 433  He said, “Quick, get out of this place because the Lord is about to destroy 434  the city!” But his sons-in-law thought he was ridiculing them. 435 

19:15 At dawn 436  the angels hurried Lot along, saying, “Get going! Take your wife and your two daughters who are here, 437  or else you will be destroyed when the city is judged! 438  19:16 When Lot 439  hesitated, the men grabbed his hand and the hands of his wife and two daughters because the Lord had compassion on them. 440  They led them away and placed them 441  outside the city. 19:17 When they had brought them outside, they 442  said, “Run 443  for your lives! Don’t look 444  behind you or stop anywhere in the valley! 445  Escape to the mountains or you will be destroyed!

19:18 But Lot said to them, “No, please, Lord! 446  19:19 Your 447  servant has found favor with you, 448  and you have shown me great 449  kindness 450  by sparing 451  my life. But I am not able to escape to the mountains because 452  this disaster will overtake 453  me and I’ll die. 454  19:20 Look, this town 455  over here is close enough to escape to, and it’s just a little one. 456  Let me go there. 457  It’s just a little place, isn’t it? 458  Then I’ll survive.” 459 

19:21Very well,” he replied, 460 I will grant this request too 461  and will not overthrow 462  the town you mentioned. 19:22 Run there quickly, 463  for I cannot do anything until you arrive there.” (This incident explains why the town was called Zoar.) 464 

19:23 The sun had just risen 465  over the land as Lot reached Zoar. 466  19:24 Then the Lord rained down 467  sulfur and fire 468  on Sodom and Gomorrah. It was sent down from the sky by the Lord. 469  19:25 So he overthrew those cities and all that region, 470  including all the inhabitants of the cities and the vegetation that grew 471  from the ground. 19:26 But Lot’s 472  wife looked back longingly 473  and was turned into a pillar of salt.

19:27 Abraham got up early in the morning and went 474  to the place where he had stood before the Lord. 19:28 He looked out toward 475  Sodom and Gomorrah and all the land of that region. 476  As he did so, he saw the smoke rising up from the land like smoke from a furnace. 477 

19:29 So when God destroyed 478  the cities of the region, 479  God honored 480  Abraham’s request. He removed Lot 481  from the midst of the destruction when he destroyed 482  the cities Lot had lived in.

19:30 Lot went up from Zoar with his two daughters and settled in the mountains because he was afraid to live in Zoar. So he lived in a cave with his two daughters. 19:31 Later the older daughter said 483  to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is no man anywhere nearby 484  to have sexual relations with us, 485  according to the way of all the world. 19:32 Come, let’s make our father drunk with wine 486  so we can have sexual relations 487  with him and preserve 488  our family line through our father.” 489 

19:33 So that night they made their father drunk with wine, 490  and the older daughter 491  came and had sexual relations with her father. 492  But he was not aware that she had sexual relations with him and then got up. 493  19:34 So in the morning the older daughter 494  said to the younger, “Since I had sexual relations with my father last night, let’s make him drunk again tonight. 495  Then you go and have sexual relations with him so we can preserve our family line through our father.” 496  19:35 So they made their father drunk 497  that night as well, and the younger one came and had sexual relations with him. 498  But he was not aware that she had sexual relations with him and then got up. 499 

19:36 In this way both of Lot’s daughters became pregnant by their father. 19:37 The older daughter 500  gave birth to a son and named him Moab. 501  He is the ancestor of the Moabites of today. 19:38 The younger daughter also gave birth to a son and named him Ben-Ammi. 502  He is the ancestor of the Ammonites of today.

Abraham and Abimelech

20:1 Abraham journeyed from there to the Negev 503  region and settled between Kadesh and Shur. While he lived as a temporary resident 504  in Gerar, 20:2 Abraham said about his wife Sarah, “She is my sister.” So Abimelech, king of Gerar, sent for Sarah and took her.

20:3 But God appeared 505  to Abimelech in a dream at night and said to him, “You are as good as dead 506  because of the woman you have taken, for she is someone else’s wife.” 507 

20:4 Now Abimelech had not gone near her. He said, “Lord, 508  would you really slaughter an innocent nation? 509  20:5 Did Abraham 510  not say to me, ‘She is my sister? And she herself said, 511 He is my brother.’ I have done this with a clear conscience 512  and with innocent hands!

20:6 Then in the dream God replied to him, “Yes, I know that you have done this with a clear conscience. 513  That is why I have kept you 514  from sinning against me and why 515  I did not allow you to touch her. 20:7 But now give back the man’s wife. Indeed 516  he is a prophet 517  and he will pray for you; thus you will live. 518  But if you don’t give her back, 519  know that you will surely die 520  along with all who belong to you.”

20:8 Early in the morning 521  Abimelech summoned 522  all his servants. When he told them about all these things, 523  they 524  were terrified. 20:9 Abimelech summoned Abraham and said to him, “What have you done to us? What sin did I commit against you that would cause you to bring such great guilt on me and my kingdom? 525  You have done things to me that should not be done! 526  20:10 Then Abimelech asked 527  Abraham, “What prompted you to do this thing? 528 

20:11 Abraham replied, “Because I thought, 529 Surely no one fears God in this place. They will kill me because of 530  my wife.’ 20:12 What’s more, 531  she is indeed my sister, my father’s daughter, but not my mother’s daughter. She became my wife. 20:13 When God made me wander 532  from my father’s house, I told her, ‘This is what you can do to show your loyalty to me: 533  Every place we go, say about me, “He is my brother.”’

20:14 So Abimelech gave 534  sheep, cattle, and male and female servants to Abraham. He also gave his wife Sarah back to him. 20:15 Then Abimelech said, “Look, my land is before you; live wherever you please.” 535 

20:16 To Sarah he said, “Look, I have given a thousand pieces of silver 536  to your ‘brother.’ 537  This is compensation for you so that you will stand vindicated before all who are with you.” 538 

20:17 Abraham prayed to God, and God healed Abimelech, as well as his wife and female slaves so that they were able to have children. 20:18 For the Lord 539  had caused infertility to strike every woman 540  in the household of Abimelech because he took 541  Sarah, Abraham’s wife.

The Birth of Isaac

21:1 The Lord visited 542  Sarah just as he had said he would and did 543  for Sarah what he had promised. 544  21:2 So Sarah became pregnant 545  and bore Abraham a son in his old age at the appointed time that God had told him. 21:3 Abraham named his son – whom Sarah bore to him – Isaac. 546  21:4 When his son Isaac was eight days old, 547  Abraham circumcised him just as God had commanded him to do. 548  21:5 (Now Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him.) 549 

21:6 Sarah said, “God has made me laugh. 550  Everyone who hears about this 551  will laugh 552  with me.” 21:7 She went on to say, 553  “Who would 554  have said to Abraham that Sarah would nurse children? Yet I have given birth to a son for him in his old age!

21:8 The child grew and was weaned. Abraham prepared 555  a great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned. 556  21:9 But Sarah noticed 557  the son of Hagar the Egyptian – the son whom Hagar had borne to Abraham – mocking. 558  21:10 So she said to Abraham, “Banish 559  that slave woman and her son, for the son of that slave woman will not be an heir along with my son Isaac!

21:11 Sarah’s demand displeased Abraham greatly because Ishmael was his son. 560  21:12 But God said to Abraham, “Do not be upset 561  about the boy or your slave wife. Do 562  all that Sarah is telling 563  you because through Isaac your descendants will be counted. 564  21:13 But I will also make the son of the slave wife into a great nation, for he is your descendant too.”

21:14 Early in the morning Abraham took 565  some food 566  and a skin of water and gave them to Hagar. He put them on her shoulders, gave her the child, 567  and sent her away. So she went wandering 568  aimlessly through the wilderness 569  of Beer Sheba. 21:15 When the water in the skin was gone, she shoved 570  the child under one of the shrubs. 21:16 Then she went and sat down by herself across from him at quite a distance, about a bowshot 571  away; for she thought, 572 I refuse to watch the child die.” 573  So she sat across from him and wept uncontrollably. 574 

21:17 But God heard the boy’s voice. 575  The angel of God called to Hagar from heaven and asked her, “What is the matter, 576  Hagar? Don’t be afraid, for God has heard 577  the boy’s voice right where he is crying. 21:18 Get up! Help the boy up and hold him by the hand, for I will make him into a great nation.” 21:19 Then God enabled Hagar to see a well of water. 578  She went over and filled the skin with water, and then gave the boy a drink.

21:20 God was with the boy as he grew. He lived in the wilderness and became an archer. 21:21 He lived in the wilderness of Paran. 579  His mother found a wife for him from the land of Egypt. 580 

21:22 At that time Abimelech and Phicol, the commander of his army, said to Abraham, “God is with you 581  in all that you do. 21:23 Now swear to me right here in God’s name 582  that you will not deceive me, my children, or my descendants. 583  Show me, and the land 584  where you are staying, 585  the same loyalty 586  that I have shown you.” 587 

21:24 Abraham said, “I swear to do this.” 588  21:25 But Abraham lodged a complaint 589  against Abimelech concerning a well 590  that Abimelech’s servants had seized. 591  21:26 I do not know who has done this thing,” Abimelech replied. “Moreover, 592  you did not tell me. I did not hear about it until today.”

21:27 Abraham took some sheep and cattle and gave them to Abimelech. The two of them made a treaty. 593  21:28 Then Abraham set seven ewe lambs apart from the flock by themselves. 21:29 Abimelech asked Abraham, “What is the meaning of these 594  seven ewe lambs that you have set apart? 21:30 He replied, “You must take these seven ewe lambs from my hand as legal proof 595  that I dug this well.” 596  21:31 That is why he named that place 597  Beer Sheba, 598  because the two of them swore 599  an oath there.

21:32 So they made a treaty 600  at Beer Sheba. Then Abimelech and Phicol, the commander of his army, returned 601  to the land of the Philistines. 602  21:33 Abraham 603  planted a tamarisk tree 604  in Beer Sheba. There he worshiped the Lord, 605  the eternal God. 21:34 So Abraham stayed in the land of the Philistines for quite some time. 606 

The Sacrifice of Isaac

22:1 Some time after these things God tested 607  Abraham. He said to him, “Abraham!” “Here I am!” Abraham 608  replied. 22:2 God 609  said, “Take your son – your only son, whom you love, Isaac 610 and go to the land of Moriah! 611  Offer him up there as a burnt offering 612  on one of the mountains which I will indicate to 613  you.”

22:3 Early in the morning Abraham got up and saddled his donkey. 614  He took two of his young servants with him, along with his son Isaac. When he had cut the wood for the burnt offering, he started out 615  for the place God had spoken to him about.

22:4 On the third day Abraham caught sight of 616  the place in the distance. 22:5 So he 617  said to his servants, “You two stay 618  here with the donkey while 619  the boy and I go up there. We will worship 620  and then return to you.” 621 

22:6 Abraham took the wood for the burnt offering and put it on his son Isaac. Then he took the fire and the knife in his hand, 622  and the two of them walked on together. 22:7 Isaac said to his father Abraham, 623 My father?” “What is it, 624  my son?” he replied. “Here is the fire and the wood,” Isaac said, 625 but where is the lamb for the burnt offering? 22:8 God will provide 626  for himself the lamb for the burnt offering, my son,” Abraham replied. The two of them continued on together.

22:9 When they came to the place God had told him about, Abraham built the altar there 627  and arranged the wood on it. Next he tied up 628  his son Isaac and placed him on the altar on top of the wood. 22:10 Then Abraham reached out his hand, took the knife, and prepared to slaughter 629  his son. 22:11 But the Lord’s angel 630  called to him from heaven, “Abraham! Abraham!” “Here I am!” he answered. 22:12 Do not harm the boy!” 631  the angel said. 632 Do not do anything to him, for now I know 633  that you fear 634  God because you did not withhold your son, your only son, from me.”

22:13 Abraham looked up 635  and saw 636  behind him 637  a ram caught in the bushes by its horns. So he 638  went over and got the ram and offered it up as a burnt offering instead of his son. 22:14 And Abraham called the name of that place “The Lord provides.” 639  It is said to this day, 640 In the mountain of the Lord provision will be made.” 641 

22:15 The Lord’s angel called to Abraham a second time from heaven 22:16 and said, “‘I solemnly swear by my own name,’ 642  decrees the Lord, 643  ‘that because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son, 22:17 I will indeed bless you, 644  and I will greatly multiply 645  your descendants 646  so that they will be as countless as the stars in the sky or the grains of sand on the seashore. Your descendants will take possession 647  of the strongholds 648  of their enemies. 22:18 Because you have obeyed me, 649  all the nations of the earth will pronounce blessings on one another 650  using the name of your descendants.’

22:19 Then Abraham returned to his servants, and they set out together 651  for Beer Sheba where Abraham stayed. 652 

22:20 After these things Abraham was told, “Milcah 653  also has borne children to your brother Nahor 22:21 Uz the firstborn, his brother Buz, Kemuel (the father of Aram), 654  22:22 Kesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph, and Bethuel.” 22:23 (Now 655  Bethuel became the father of Rebekah.) These were the eight sons Milcah bore to Abraham’s brother Nahor. 22:24 His concubine, whose name was Reumah, also bore him children – Tebah, Gaham, Tahash, and Maacah.

The Death of Sarah

23:1 Sarah lived 127 years. 656  23:2 Then she 657  died in Kiriath Arba (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan. Abraham went to mourn for Sarah and to weep for her. 658 

23:3 Then Abraham got up from mourning his dead wife 659  and said to the sons of Heth, 660  23:4 I am a temporary settler 661  among you. Grant 662  me ownership 663  of a burial site among you so that I may 664  bury my dead.” 665 

23:5 The sons of Heth answered Abraham, 666  23:6 Listen, sir, 667  you are a mighty prince 668  among us! You may bury your dead in the choicest of our tombs. None of us will refuse you his tomb to prevent you 669  from burying your dead.”

23:7 Abraham got up and bowed down to the local people, 670  the sons of Heth. 23:8 Then he said to them, “If you agree 671  that I may bury my dead, 672  then hear me out. 673  Ask 674  Ephron the son of Zohar 23:9 if he will sell 675  me the cave of Machpelah that belongs to him; it is at the end of his field. Let him sell it to me publicly 676  for the full price, 677  so that I may own it as a burial site.”

23:10 (Now Ephron was sitting among the sons of Heth.) Ephron the Hethite 678  replied to Abraham in the hearing 679  of the sons of Heth – before all who entered the gate 680  of his city 23:11 No, my lord! Hear me out. I sell 681  you both the field and the cave that is in it. 682  In the presence of my people 683  I sell it to you. Bury your dead.”

23:12 Abraham bowed before the local people 23:13 and said to Ephron in their hearing, “Hear me, if you will. I pay 684  to you the price 685  of the field. Take it from me so that I may 686  bury my dead there.”

23:14 Ephron answered Abraham, saying to him, 23:15 Hear me, my lord. The land is worth 687  400 pieces of silver, 688  but what is that between me and you? So bury your dead.”

23:16 So Abraham agreed to Ephron’s price 689  and weighed 690  out for him 691  the price 692  that Ephron had quoted 693  in the hearing of the sons of Heth – 400 pieces of silver, according to the standard measurement at the time. 694 

23:17 So Abraham secured 695  Ephron’s field in Machpelah, next to Mamre, including the field, the cave that was in it, and all the trees that were in the field and all around its border, 23:18 as his property in the presence of the sons of Heth before all who entered the gate of Ephron’s city. 696 

23:19 After this Abraham buried his wife Sarah in the cave in the field of Machpelah next to Mamre (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan. 23:20 So Abraham secured the field and the cave that was in it as a burial site 697  from the sons of Heth.

The Wife for Isaac

24:1 Now Abraham was old, well advanced in years, 698  and the Lord had blessed him 699  in everything. 24:2 Abraham said to his servant, the senior one 700  in his household who was in charge of everything he had, “Put your hand under my thigh 701  24:3 so that I may make you solemnly promise 702  by the Lord, the God of heaven and the God of the earth: You must not acquire 703  a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I am living. 24:4 You must go instead to my country and to my relatives 704  to find 705  a wife for my son Isaac.”

24:5 The servant asked him, “What if the woman is not willing to come back with me 706  to this land? Must I then 707  take your son back to the land from which you came?

24:6Be careful 708  never to take my son back there!” Abraham told him. 709  24:7 The Lord, the God of heaven, who took me from my father’s house and the land of my relatives, 710  promised me with a solemn oath, 711  ‘To your descendants I will give this land.’ He will send his angel 712  before you so that you may find 713  a wife for my son from there. 24:8 But if the woman is not willing to come back with you, 714  you will be free 715  from this oath of mine. But you must not take my son back there! 24:9 So the servant placed his hand under the thigh of his master Abraham and gave his solemn promise he would carry out his wishes. 716 

24:10 Then the servant took ten of his master’s camels and departed with all kinds of gifts from his master at his disposal. 717  He journeyed 718  to the region of Aram Naharaim 719  and the city of Nahor. 24:11 He made the camels kneel down by the well 720  outside the city. It was evening, 721  the time when the women would go out to draw water. 24:12 He prayed, “O Lord, God of my master Abraham, guide me today. 722  Be faithful 723  to my master Abraham. 24:13 Here I am, standing by the spring, 724  and the daughters of the people 725  who live in the town are coming out to draw water. 24:14 I will say to a young woman, ‘Please lower your jar so I may drink.’ May the one you have chosen for your servant Isaac reply, ‘Drink, and I’ll give your camels water too.’ 726  In this way I will know that you have been faithful to my master.” 727 

24:15 Before he had finished praying, there came Rebekah 728  with her water jug on her shoulder. She was the daughter of Bethuel son of Milcah (Milcah was the wife of Abraham’s brother Nahor). 729  24:16 Now the young woman was very beautiful. She was a virgin; no man had ever had sexual relations with her. 730  She went down to the spring, filled her jug, and came back up. 24:17 Abraham’s servant 731  ran to meet her and said, “Please give me a sip of water from your jug.” 24:18 Drink, my lord,” she replied, and quickly lowering 732  her jug to her hands, she gave him a drink. 24:19 When she had done so, 733  she said, “I’ll draw water for your camels too, until they have drunk as much as they want.” 24:20 She quickly emptied 734  her jug into the watering trough and ran back to the well to draw more water until she had drawn enough for all his camels. 24:21 Silently the man watched her with interest to determine 735  if the Lord had made his journey successful 736  or not.

24:22 After the camels had finished drinking, the man took out a gold nose ring weighing a beka 737  and two gold bracelets weighing ten shekels 738  and gave them to her. 739  24:23 Whose daughter are you?” he asked. 740 Tell me, is there room in your father’s house for us to spend the night?

24:24 She said to him, “I am the daughter of Bethuel the son of Milcah, whom Milcah bore to Nahor. 741  24:25 We have plenty of straw and feed,” she added, 742 and room for you 743  to spend the night.”

24:26 The man bowed his head and worshiped the Lord, 24:27 saying “Praised be the Lord, the God of my master Abraham, who has not abandoned his faithful love 744  for my master! The Lord has led me 745  to the house 746  of my master’s relatives! 747 

24:28 The young woman ran and told her mother’s household all about 748  these things. 24:29 (Now Rebekah had a brother named Laban.) 749  Laban rushed out to meet the man at the spring. 24:30 When he saw the bracelets on his sister’s wrists and the nose ring 750  and heard his sister Rebekah say, 751 This is what the man said to me,” he went out to meet the man. There he was, standing 752  by the camels near the spring. 24:31 Laban said to him, 753  “Come, you who are blessed by the Lord! 754  Why are you standing out here when I have prepared 755  the house and a place for the camels?

24:32 So Abraham’s servant 756  went to the house and unloaded 757  the camels. Straw and feed were given 758  to the camels, and water was provided so that he and the men who were with him could wash their feet. 759  24:33 When food was served, 760  he said, “I will not eat until I have said what I want to say.” 761 Tell us,” Laban said. 762 

24:34I am the servant of Abraham,” he began. 24:35 The Lord has richly blessed my master and he has become very wealthy. 763  The Lord 764  has given him sheep and cattle, silver and gold, male and female servants, and camels and donkeys. 24:36 My master’s wife Sarah bore a son to him 765  when she was old, 766  and my master 767  has given him everything he owns. 24:37 My master made me swear an oath. He said, ‘You must not acquire a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I am living, 24:38 but you must go to the family of my father and to my relatives to find 768  a wife for my son.’ 24:39 But I said to my master, ‘What if the woman does not want to go 769  with me?’ 770  24:40 He answered, ‘The Lord, before whom I have walked, 771  will send his angel with you. He will make your journey a success and you will find a wife for my son from among my relatives, from my father’s family. 24:41 You will be free from your oath 772  if you go to my relatives and they will not give her to you. Then you will be free from your oath.’ 24:42 When I came to the spring today, I prayed, ‘O Lord, God of my master Abraham, if you have decided to make my journey successful, 773  may events unfold as follows: 774  24:43 Here I am, standing by the spring. 775  When 776  the young woman goes out to draw water, I’ll say, “Give me a little water to drink from your jug.” 24:44 Then she will reply to me, “Drink, and I’ll draw water for your camels too.” May that woman be the one whom the Lord has chosen for my master’s son.’

24:45Before I finished praying in my heart, 777  along came Rebekah 778  with her water jug on her shoulder! She went down to the spring and drew water. So I said to her, ‘Please give me a drink.’ 24:46 She quickly lowered her jug from her shoulder and said, ‘Drink, and I’ll give your camels water too.’ So I drank, and she also gave the camels water. 24:47 Then I asked her, ‘Whose daughter are you?’ She replied, ‘The daughter of Bethuel the son of Nahor, whom Milcah bore to Nahor.’ 779  I put the ring in her nose and the bracelets on her wrists. 24:48 Then I bowed down and worshiped the Lord. I praised the Lord, the God of my master Abraham, who had led me on the right path to find the granddaughter 780  of my master’s brother for his son. 24:49 Now, if you will show faithful love to my master, tell me. But if not, tell me as well, so that I may go on my way.” 781 

24:50 Then Laban and Bethuel replied, “This is the Lord’s doing. 782  Our wishes are of no concern. 783  24:51 Rebekah stands here before you. Take her and go so that she may become 784  the wife of your master’s son, just as the Lord has decided.” 785 

24:52 When Abraham’s servant heard their words, he bowed down to the ground before the Lord. 24:53 Then he 786  brought out gold, silver jewelry, and clothing and gave them to Rebekah. He also gave valuable gifts to her brother and to her mother. 24:54 After this, he and the men who were with him ate a meal and stayed there overnight. 787 

When they got up in the morning, he said, “Let me leave now so I can return to my master.” 788  24:55 But Rebekah’s 789  brother and her mother replied, “Let the girl stay with us a few more days, perhaps ten. Then she can go.” 24:56 But he said to them, “Don’t detain me – the Lord 790  has granted me success on my journey. Let me leave now so I may return 791  to my master.” 24:57 Then they said, “We’ll call the girl and find out what she wants to do.” 792  24:58 So they called Rebekah and asked her, “Do you want 793  to go with this man?” She replied, “I want to go.”

24:59 So they sent their sister Rebekah on her way, accompanied by her female attendant, with Abraham’s servant and his men. 24:60 They blessed Rebekah with these words: 794 

“Our sister, may you become the mother 795  of thousands of ten thousands!

May your descendants possess the strongholds 796  of their enemies.”

24:61 Then Rebekah and her female servants mounted the camels and rode away with 797  the man. So Abraham’s servant 798  took Rebekah and left.

24:62 Now 799  Isaac came from 800  Beer Lahai Roi, 801  for 802  he was living in the Negev. 803  24:63 He 804  went out to relax 805  in the field in the early evening. 806  Then he looked up 807  and saw that 808  there were camels approaching. 24:64 Rebekah looked up 809  and saw Isaac. She got down from her camel 24:65 and asked 810  Abraham’s servant, 811 Who is that man walking in the field toward us?” “That is my master,” the servant replied. 812  So she took her veil and covered herself.

24:66 The servant told Isaac everything that had happened. 24:67 Then Isaac brought Rebekah 813  into his mother Sarah’s tent. He took her 814  as his wife and loved her. 815  So Isaac was comforted after his mother’s death. 816 

The Death of Abraham

25:1 Abraham had taken 817  another 818  wife, named Keturah. 25:2 She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 25:3 Jokshan became the father of Sheba and Dedan. 819  The descendants of Dedan were the Asshurites, Letushites, and Leummites. 25:4 The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were descendants 820  of Keturah.

25:5 Everything he owned Abraham left to his son Isaac. 25:6 But while he was still alive, Abraham gave gifts to the sons of his concubines 821  and sent them off to the east, away from his son Isaac. 822 

25:7 Abraham lived a total of 823  175 years. 25:8 Then Abraham breathed his last and died at a good old age, an old man who had lived a full life. 824  He joined his ancestors. 825  25:9 His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah 826  near Mamre, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar, the Hethite. 25:10 This was the field Abraham had purchased from the sons of Heth. 827  There Abraham was buried with his wife Sarah. 25:11 After Abraham’s death, God blessed 828  his son Isaac. Isaac lived near Beer Lahai Roi. 829 

The Sons of Ishmael

25:12 This is the account of Abraham’s son Ishmael, 830  whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s servant, bore to Abraham.

25:13 These are the names of Ishmael’s sons, by their names according to their records: 831  Nebaioth (Ishmael’s firstborn), Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 25:14 Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 25:15 Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 25:16 These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names by their settlements and their camps – twelve princes 832  according to their clans.

25:17 Ishmael lived a total of 833  137 years. He breathed his last and died; then he joined his ancestors. 834  25:18 His descendants 835  settled from Havilah to Shur, which runs next 836  to Egypt all the way 837  to Asshur. 838  They settled 839  away from all their relatives. 840 

NET Bible Study Environment